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1.
Fisioter. Bras ; 22(6): 895-903, Fevereiro 7, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358380

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A terapia Cuevas Medek Exercises (CME) é um método fisioterapêutico de manuseio sem comandos verbais, pois não busca reações voluntárias e, sim, acessar a via cortical involuntária. As correções dos movimentos acontecem pelo estímulo sensorial da mão do terapeuta. Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito da CME na displasia do desenvolvimento de quadril (DDQ) de uma paciente com paralisia cerebral (PC). Métodos: A pesquisa é caracterizada como estudo de caso, tendo como participante uma menina de seis anos com PC, tetraparesia e displasia bilateral de quadril. As intervenções começaram após avaliação desenvolvida pelo método CME, radiografia de quadril e classificação nos níveis do Sistema de Classificação da Função Motora Grossa (GMFCS). A criança foi submetida a terapia CME para tratar a DDQ durante 10 meses, totalizando 136 sessões (45 minutos cada), composta de quatro a seis exercícios repetidos, seis vezes em média. Foram registrados o tempo e/ou quantas repetições conseguiu realizar. Resultados: Evoluiu de 55 para 61 pontos no score do CME, melhorou sua idade motora e, na radiografia de quadril, o esquerdo passou de subluxado para quadril de risco. Conclusão: A paciente melhorou idade motora, controle de tronco e bipedestação, autonomia e encaixe do quadril em ambos os lados. (AU)


Subject(s)
Child , Cerebral Palsy , Hip , Methods , Developmental Disabilities , Physical Therapy Modalities
2.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(4): 631-636, fev 11, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359508

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar os efeitos de um programa de prevenção de lesão sobre a função muscular do quadril, a amplitude de movimento (ADM) de dorsiflexão do tornozelo e o controle postural em militares. Metodologia: foram incluídos no estudo nove militares (30,56±8,33 anos), que foram avaliados pré e pós intervenção por meio dos seguintes instrumentos: a) Avaliação funcional do quadril através dos testes funcionais para o músculo glúteo máximo e glúteo médio; b) Avaliação da ADM de dorsiflexão do tornozelo, por meio do teste de Lunge realizado com uma fita métrica; c) Avaliação do equilíbrio, por meio da Posturografia Dinâmica Computadorizada (sistema EquiTest® NeuroCom), incluindo os testes de organização sensorial (TOS), que é dividido em seis condições e o índice geral do equilíbrio (composite). Os militares foram submetidos a um programa de prevenção de lesão durante 10 semanas, aplicado 2 vezes semanais com duração de aproximadamente 50 minutos. O programa foi constituído de exercícios em 4 categorias, incluindo aquecimento / corrida, fortalecimento muscular, equilíbrio e alongamento. Resultados: houve melhorias significativas sobre a função muscular de glúteo médio não-dominante (p=0,01), a ADM de dorsiflexão do tornozelo dominante (p=0,02) e sobre o controle postural, através do aumento da condição V dos TOS (p=0,04), valor de composite (p=0,02) e do sistema vestibular (p=0,03). Conclusão: O programa de exercícios proposto melhorou os parâmetros de função muscular glútea, mobilidade de tornozelo e controle postural em militares.


Objective: to analyze the effects of an injury prevention program on hip muscle function, range of motion (ADM) of ankle dorsiflexion and postural control in the military. Methodology: nine military personnel (30.56 ± 8.33 years) were included in the study, who were evaluated before and after intervention through the following instruments: a) Functional assessment of the hip ­ through functional tests for the gluteus maximus and gluteus medius muscles; b) Evaluation of the ADM of ankle dorsiflexion ­ by means of the Lunge test performed with a tape measure; c) Evaluation of balance ­ through Computational Dynamic Posturography (EquiTest® NeuroCom system), including sensory organization tests (TOS), which is divided into six conditions and the general equilibrium index (composite). The military underwent an injury prevention program for 10 weeks, applied twice weekly with a duration of approximately 50 minutes. The program consisted of exercises in 4 categories, including warm up / running, muscle strengthening, balance and stretching. Results: there were significant improvements in non-dominant gluteus medial muscle function (p = 0.01), dominant ankle dorsiflexion ROM (p = 0.02) and postural control, through an increase in the TOS V condition (p = 0.04), composite value (p = 0.02) and vestibular system (p = 0.03). Conclusion: a exercises program improved of gluteal muscle function, ankle mobility and postural control in the military.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Buttocks , Exercise , Postural Balance , Muscle Strength , Hip , Ankle , Military Personnel , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Evaluation Studies as Topic
3.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e59078, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366713

ABSTRACT

This study is aimed to estimate and measure reference values in the normal range of motion of extremity joints in females and to provide a database for the assessment of impairments related to the mobility of the joints. This observational cross-sectional study was conducted at seven major educational institutes areas of Rawalpindi and Islamabad in Pakistan from January to June 2020 with a sample size of 600 healthy females aged 15 to 45 years and divided into three groups through non-probability sampling technique. In study Instruments, an electronic Goniometer was used for the measurement of the range of motions for different joints and then those ranges were recorded. The questionnaire had two sections demographic characteristics and ROM for both upper and lower limbs. Data was analyzed using SPSS V21. A p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.In the result,Out of 600 participants,there was a statistically significant difference of (p < 0.001) in both upper and lower extremities motion between all the three groups for the measurements and noticeably no significant difference (p > 0.005) between group 1, 2 comparisons for the knee joint extension.To conclude, In most joints, the range of motion increases with age. The transition from group 1 to group 2 was aided by increased hormone participation in growth, an active lifestyle, and generally good health. Because of degenerative changes and joint stiffness, group 3's range of motion deteriorated, leading to a sedentary lifestyle and lack of physical activity. Standardized biomechanical measurements can help health practitioners, such as physiotherapists, choose appropriate therapy interventions to assess musculoskeletal disorders. To resolve the inconsistencies in the reliability and validity of goniometry values, more research is required.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Reference Values , Range of Motion, Articular , Shoulder Joint/physiology , Biomechanical Phenomena/physiology , Exercise/physiology , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Multicenter Study , Elbow Joint/physiology , Arthrometry, Articular , Sedentary Behavior , Physical Therapists , Hip/physiology , Knee Joint/physiology , Life Style
4.
Repert. med. cir ; 31(2): 187-193, 2022. ilus.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1390634

ABSTRACT

La prevalencia de artrosis de cadera en personas mayores de 45 años es de 9.2% y 27% de ellos evidencian signos radiológicos de la enfermedad, siendo el dolor uno de los motivos de consulta más comunes de quienes acuden al médico general y al ortopedista. La historia clínica precisa y el examen físico adecuado pueden llevar al clínico a determinar el origen del dolor. Sin embargo, nuestra experiencia en la consulta es que la mayoría de los médicos generales no conocen cuáles son los síntomas de la patología de la cadera. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar una guía práctica de su evaluación clínica y la patología más común, que sea útil para el estudiante de medicina, el médico general y el especialista. El artículo se desarrollará en el orden en que se realiza la evaluación de la cadera para al final poder tener un diagnóstico claro.


The prevalence of osteoarthritis of the hip among people over 45 years of age is 9.2% and 27% of them show radiological signs of this joint disorder, with pain being one of the most common reasons for consultation of patients seen by general practitioners and orthopedic surgeons. An accurate clinical history and a proper physical examination can lead the clinician to determine the origin of the pain. However, our experience in office visits shows that most general practitioners are unaware of the symptoms of hip disorders. The purpose of this article is to present a practice guideline for clinical examination of the hip and the most common disorders, which is useful for the medical student, general practitioner and specialist. The article will outline the steps in which hip evaluation is performed to obtain a clear diagnosis in the end


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Physical Examination , Hip , Pain , Osteoarthritis, Hip , Joints
5.
Univ. salud ; 23(3): 255-262, sep.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341772

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El momento articular durante la marcha se ha relacionado con diferentes procesos clínicos en la población adulto mayor, en Colombia no se cuentan con reportes propios. Objetivo: Analizar el momento aductor de la cadera durante la marcha de adultos mayores asintomáticos. Materiales y métodos: Se evaluó a 110 participantes siguiendo las referencias del software VICON NEXUS 2.8.1 modelo Full Body, se utilizó 2 plataformas de fuerza y el volumen de captura estuvo delimitado por 8 cámaras opto eléctricas Bonita 10. Se incluyó variables antropométricas, sociodemográficas, espaciotemporales y cinéticas durante la fase de apoyo, resaltando los dos picos máximos del momento aductor. Resultados: Las cifras del Pico Momento Aductor 1 y 2 (PMA1 y PMA2) fueron de 0,76 y 0,70 Nm/Kg respectivamente, estos picos se relacionaron con masa, talla e índice de masa corporal. Se construyó así una referencia para el análisis de adultos mayores asintomáticos. Conclusiones: La gráfica del momento aductor de la cadera es similar a la descrita por otros investigadores, pero en menor magnitud que en la población sintomática de coxartrosis.


Abstract Introduction: Although joint moment during waking has been associated with different clinical processes in the elderly population, there is a lack of reports in Colombia. Objective: To analyze the hip adductor moment during gait in asymptomatic older adults. Materials and methods: 110 participants were assessed using the VICON NEXUS 2.8.1. Full Body model software. 2 force platforms were used and the capture volume was delimited through 8 Bonita-10 optoelectronic cameras. Anthropometric, sociodemographic, spatiotemporal, and kinetic variables were included during the support phase, highlighting the two maximum peaks of the adductor moment. Results: The figures for Adductor Moment Peaks 1 and 2 (AMP1 and AMP2) were 0.76 and 0.70 Nm/Kg, respectively, which were related to mass, height and body mass index. Thus, a reference for the analysis of asymptomatic older adults was developed. Conclusion: The hip adductor moment graph is similar to that described by other researchers, but to a lesser extent than the values seen in coxarthrosis symptomatic population.


Subject(s)
Aged , Gait , Kinetics , Hip
6.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 35(2): e329, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1357327

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las enfermedades que afectan la articulación de la cadera son numerosas, y dentro de las variantes de tratamiento quirúrgico se encuentra la artroscopia, la que ha ganado gran popularidad en la actualidad por sus ventajas. Objetivo: Actualizar la información sobre la artroscopia de cadera como modalidad de tratamiento quirúrgica mínimo-invasiva en relación con sus indicaciones y contraindicaciones. Métodos: Se realiza una búsqueda y análisis de la información sobre el tema en el período comprendido entre el primero de septiembre y el 31 de octubre de 2020. Se emplearon las siguientes palabras para la búsqueda: hip arthroscopy, snapping hip syndrome, impingement hip síndrome, y a partir de la información obtenida se revisaron 307 artículos publicados en las bases de datos PubMed, Hinari, SciELO y Medline, mediante el gestor de búsqueda y administrador de referencias EndNote. De ellos se seleccionaron 47 citas de los últimos cinco años para la revisión. Análisis y síntesis de la información: Se hace referencia a los trabajos publicados que abordan información sobre la artroscopia de cadera. Se analizan las indicaciones tanto en entidades intrarticulares como periarticulares, con especial énfasis en las primeras y el choque femoroacetabular. Con relación a las contraindicaciones se dividen en absolutas y relativas para su mejor comprensión. Conclusiones: La artroscopia de la cadera es un método quirúrgico útil en una gran variedad de afecciones de la articulación y sus ventajas son numerosas. Esta modalidad quirúrgica permite el diagnóstico de entidades difíciles de detectar por los métodos imagenológicos disponibles en la actualidad y por ende el tratamiento efectivo desde etapas tempranas con el propósito de conservar la articulación(AU)


Introduction: The diseases that affect the hip joint are numerous, and among the variants of surgical treatment is arthroscopy, which has gained great popularity today due to its advantages. Objective: To bring up to date the information on hip arthroscopy as a minimally invasive surgical treatment modality in relation to its indications and contraindications. Methods: A search and analysis of information on the subject was carried out from September 1 to October 31, 2020. The following search words were used: hip arthroscopy, snapping hip syndrome, impingement hip syndrome. Founded on the information obtained, 307 articles published in PubMed, Hinari, SciELO and Medline databases were reviewed, using the EndNote search manager and reference manager. Forty-seven citations of the total were selected for this review. They were published in the last five years. Analysis and synthesis of the information: Reference is made to published papers that address information on hip arthroscopy. Indications for both intra-articular and peri-articular entities are analyzed, with special emphasis on the former and femoroacetabular impingement. In relation to the contraindications, they are divided into absolute and relative for their better understanding. Conclusions: Arthroscopy of the hip is a useful surgical method in wide variety of joint conditions and its advantages are numerous. This surgical modality allows the diagnosis of entities that are difficult to detect by currently available imaging methods and therefore effective treatment from early stages in order to preserve the joint(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroscopy , Contraindications, Procedure , Hip
7.
Cuad. Hosp. Clín ; 62(2): 26-34, dic. 2021. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358049

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: la displasia de cadera es una de las causas más importantes y prevenibles de discapacidad durante la primera infancia. Es una enfermedad que se presenta en niños menores de 1 año, pero puede tener consecuencias importantes en la edad adulta, incluso puede desencadenar una osteoartrosis de cadera y/o invalidez en adultos jóvenes. OBJETIVO: determinar la correlación entre displasia de cadera con sus factores de riesgo en lactantes de 2 a 12 meses, evaluados en consultorio externo de Traumatología del Hospital Municipal Achacachi en el periodo de mayo ­ 2017 hasta abril ­ 2018. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: el tipo de investigación es descriptivo, diseño de tipo caso ­ control. Se estudiaron 128 pacientes lactantes de ambos sexos, que asistieron a su control en el consultorio de traumatología. La correlación entre factores de riesgo y displasia de cadera se determinó mediante la fórmula de Odds Ratio. RESULTADOS: el género femenino es el factor de riesgo con mayor asociación con la displasia de cadera, con un Odds Ratio de 139.04 veces más de padecer de displasia de cadera, seguida de la presentación podálica o transversa (12.58), las gestantes primíparas (4.52), los productos gemelares (3.71), los antecedentes familiares (2.54) y el Oligohidramnios (2.06). CONCLUSIÓN: existe relación importante entre los factores de riesgo (clínicos, obstétricos y fetales), con el desarrollo de displasia de cadera.(AU)


INTRODUCTION: hip dysplasia is one of the most important and preventable causes of disability during early childhood. It is a disease that occurs in children younger than 1 year, but it can have important consequences in adulthood, it can even trigger hip osteoarthritis and / or disability in young adults. OBJECTIVE: to determine the correlation between Hip Dysplasia with its risk factors in infants from 2 to 12 months, evaluated in an external Traumatology office of the Hospital Municipal Achacachi in the period from May - 2017 to April - 2018. MATERIAL AND METHODS: the type of research is descriptive, case control type design. 128 lactating patients of both sexes were studied, who attended their control in the traumatology office. The correlation between risk factors and hip dysplasia was determined using the Odds Ratio formula. RESULTS: female gender is the risk factor with the highest association with hip dysplasia, with an Odds Ratio of 139.04 times more than having Hip dysplasia, followed by breech or transverse presentation (12.58), primiparous pregnant women (4.52), twin products (3.71), Family History (2.54) and Oligohydramnios (2.06). CONCLUSIONS: there is an important relationship between risk factors (clinical, obstetric and fetal), with the development of Hip Dysplasia.(AU)


Subject(s)
Infant , Traumatology , Risk Factors , Hip , Odds Ratio
8.
Rev. SOBECC (Online) ; v26(n4): 199-204, 31-12-2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1367529

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Estimar os intervalos de tempo envolvidos no reprocessamento de materiais consignados temporários de prótese total de quadril em um centro de material e esterilização de um hospital privado de São Paulo (SP). Método: Estudo exploratório-descritivo, de campo, com abordagem quantitativa. A amostra foi composta de 41 processamentos de materiais consignados. Os intervalos de tempo foram registrados com auxílio de cronômetro digital, hora inicial e final de cada atividade. O cálculo amostral foi estimado com intervalo de confiança de 95%. Resultados: O tempo total do processamento teve mediana de 10 horas, o tempo efe-tivo total foi de 4,9 horas e o intervalo de tempo entre o fim do reprocessamento e o horário da cirurgia foi de 4,7 horas de antecedência. Houve cancelamento de uma cirurgia em virtude do atraso na entrega do material. Conclusão: Nesta pesquisa foram mensurados os tempos de reprocessamento de materiais consignados, sendo mantido o rigor metodológico em todas as etapas, com estimativas que respeitaram o intervalo de confiança, o que faz deste estudo passível de reprodução. Sugere-se que profissionais de outras instituições realizem tais mensurações, de modo que permitam a construção de indicadores, auxiliando enfermeiros na tomada de decisão.


Objective: To estimate the time intervals necessary to reprocess loaner items for total hip replacement in a sterile processing department of a private hospital in São Paulo (SP). Method: This is an exploratory, descriptive field study with a quantitative approach. The sample consisted of 41 processing cycles for loaner items. Intervals were recorded using a digital stopwatch, including the start and end times of each activity. Sample calculation was estimated with a 95% confidence interval. Results: Median total processing time was 10 hours, total effective time was 4.9 hours, and the interval between the end of reprocessing and the time of surgery was 4.7 hours in advance. One surgery was canceled due to delayed delivery of the item. Conclusions: This study measured the reprocessing times of loaner items, maintaining the methodological rigor at all stages, with estimates that respected the confidence interval, making this investigation reproduci-ble. We suggest that professionals from other facilities perform these measurements to allow the construction of indicators that can help nurses in decision-making.


Objetivo: Estimar los intervalos de tiempo involucrados en el reprocesamiento de materiales consignados temporalmente para reemplazo total de cadera en un Centro de Material y Esterilización de un hospital privado de São Paulo. Método: Estudio de campo exploratorio-descriptivo con enfoque cuantita-tivo. La muestra consistió en 41 procesamientos de materiales consignados. Los intervalos de tiempo se registraron con la ayuda de un cronómetro digital, hora de inicio y finalización de cada actividad. El cálculo del tamaño de la muestra se estimó con un intervalo de confianza del 95%. Resultados: El tiempo total de procesamiento tuvo una mediana de 10 horas; el tiempo efectivo total fue de 4,9 horas y el intervalo de tiempo entre el final del reprocesamiento y el momento de la cirugía fue de 4,7 horas antes. Se canceló una cirugía debido al retraso en la entrega del material. Conclusión: En esta investigación se midieron los tiem-pos de reprocesamiento de los materiales consignados, manteniendo el rigor metodológico en todas las etapas, con estimaciones que respetaron el intervalo de confianza, haciendo este estudio susceptible de reproducción. Se sugiere que profesionales de otras instituciones realicen dichas mediciones, de manera que per-mitan la construcción de indicadores, ayudando a las enfermeras en la toma de decisiones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prostheses and Implants , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Denture, Complete , Sterilization , Hospitals, Private , Hip
9.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 28(4): 63-69, ago. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342443

ABSTRACT

O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar a amplitude de movimento articular de praticantes de um programa de condicionamento extremo. O estudo transversal, descritivo, caracteriza-se por uma pesquisa quanti-qualitativa. Os praticantes responderam perguntas sociodemográficas, relacionadas à prática da modalidade, se possuía alguma dor/desconforto articular e realizaram testes para a avaliação da amplitude articular de ombro, punho, quadril e tornozelo. Os testes realizados foram: Reverse Wall Slide para o ombro, Weight-Bearing Box Test para o punho, Supine Kness-To-Chest para o quadril e Weight-Bearing Lunge Test para a articulação do tornozelo. Foram avaliados 46 praticantes, sendo 26 mulheres e 20 homens. Os resultados foram analisados e apresentados de forma descritiva com cálculo da média e desvio padrão. Nos praticantes avaliados cerca de 30,43%; 80,45%; 58,69% e 60,28% apresentaram avaliação positiva para a amplitude de movimento de ombro, punho, quadril e tornozelo, respectivamente. Foi encontrado correlação positiva e fraca somente entre o resultado do teste de mobilidade do tornozelo e dor/desconforto.(AU)


The objective of this study was to evaluate the range of articular movement of practitioners of an extreme conditioning program. The cross-sectional, descriptive study is characterized by quantitative and qualitative research. The practitioners answered sociodemographic questions, related to the practice of the sport, if they had any joint pain / discomfort and performed tests to assess the shoulder, wrist, hip and ankle joint amplitude. The tests performed were: Reverse Wall Slide for the shoulder mobility, WeightBearing Box Test for the wrist mobility, Supine Kness-To-Chest for the hip mobility and Weight-Bearing Lunge Test for the ankle mobility. Was evaluated 46 practitioners, 26 women and 20 men. The results were analyzed and presented descriptively with calculation of the mean and standard deviation. In the evaluated practitioners about 30.43%; 80.45%; 58.69% and 60.28% had a positive evaluation for the range of motion of the shoulder, wrist, hip and ankle, respectively. A positive and weak correlation was found only between the result of the ankle mobility test and pain / discomfort.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pain , Shoulder , Range of Motion, Articular , Seismic Waves Amplitude , Hip , Ankle , Ankle Joint , Sports , Women , Men
10.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(2): 244-250, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251349

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To perform a retrospective and cross-sectional assessment to determine the pain and positional improvement of all patients with spastic cerebral palsy (CP) and severe hip deformity who underwent a McHale procedure in our center. A second objective was to analyze the potential complications from the procedure. Methods All consecutive patients treated between 1995 and 2017 were analyzed. Clinically, the patients should present pain on hip mobilization, difficulty in positioning for sitting and hygiene care, and medical records with complete data; functionally was assessed through the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS). In the preoperative radiographs, we analyzed the migration percentage (MP), the type of deformity according to the Melbourne Cerebral Palsy Hip Classification Scale (MCPHCS), and the type of deformity of the femoral head. After the surgery, we assessed the proximal migration of the proximal femoral fragment, implant changes and/or failure, and potential heterotopic ossification. The outcomes were reported as successful (D1) in patients presenting remission of pain, painless mobility, and improved positioning, or unsuccessful (D2) in those presenting procedural failure that required a new surgery. Results In total, 47 patients (53 hips) were treated. Functionally, 43 patients were classified as GMFCS V (91%), 3 as GMFCS IV patients (6%), and 1 as GMFCS III (2%). The mean age was 13 years and 2 months. The follow-up ranged from 1 year to 15 years and 4 months, with an average of 4 years and 8 months. A total of 36 patients (41 hips) presented successful (D1) outcomes after the McHale procedure, corresponding to 77% of our cases, whereas 11 (23%) cases had unsuccessful (D2) outcomes. Conclusion The McHale procedure is a treatment option for GMFCS IV and V, but we must be aware of the potential complications.


Resumo Objetivo Fazer uma avaliação retrospectiva e transversal quanto à melhora da dor e do posicionamento de todos os pacientes portadores de paralisia cerebral (PC) espástica com deformidade grave no quadril submetidos ao procedimento de McHale em nosso centro. Secundariamente, objetivou-se analisar as possíveis complicações do procedimento. Métodos Foram analisados todos os pacientes consecutivos tratados no período entre 1995 e 2017. Clinicamente, os pacientes deveriam apresentar dor à mobilização do quadril, dificuldade de posicionamento para se sentar e para os cuidados de higiene, e prontuário médico com dados completos; quanto ao grau de função motora, utilizou-se o Sistema de Classificação da Função Motora Grossa (Gross Motor Function Classification System, GMFCS, em inglês). A avaliação radiográfica no período pré-operatório analisou a porcentagem de migração (PM), o tipo de deformidade de acordo com a Escala de Classificação de Quadril na Paralisia Cerebral de Melbourne (Melbourne Cerebral Palsy Hip Classification Scale, MCPHS), e a deformidade da cabeça femoral. No período pós-operatório, analisaram-se a presença de migração proximal do fragmento do fêmur proximal, as alterações e/ou a falha do implante utilizado, e a possível ossificação heterotópica. Consideraram-se como desfechos: D1- satisfatório: remissão da dor, mobilidade indolor, melhora do posicionamento; e D2- insatisfatório: falha no procedimento, que necessitou de reabordagem cirúrgica. Resultados No total, 47 pacientes (53 quadris) foram tratados. Funcionalmente, quanto à classificação no GMFCS, 43 pacientes eram GMFCS V (91%), 3 pacientes eram GMFCS IV (6%), e 1 paciente era GMFCS III (2%). A média da idade foi de 13 anos e 2 meses. O tempo de seguimento variou de 1 ano a 15 anos e 4 meses, com média de 4 anos e 8 meses. Quanto ao desfecho da cirurgia de McHale, ele foi satifatório (D1) em 36 pacientes (41 quadris), perfazendo 77% dos nossos casos, e insatisfatório (D2) em 11 (23%) casos. Conclusão A cirurgia de McHale é uma opção no tratamento para os níveis IV e V, mas devemos estar alertas para as possíveis complicações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Period , Congenital Abnormalities , Cerebral Palsy , Retrospective Studies , Hip/abnormalities , Hip/surgery , Muscle Spasticity
11.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(2): 175-180, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251344

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate knee alignment in the frontal plane and pelvic balance during the step-down test in female and male soccer players. Methods Cross-sectional study carried out with male and female soccer players from under-15 and under-17 teams of a professional club in Southern Brazil. The step-down test was performed, filmed with a video camera, and evaluated according to the angular measurements obtained during movement using the Kinovea software (open source), version 0.8.24. Results The sample consisted of 38 individuals, 19 males and 19 females. Female athletes had a greater varus angle (9.42º ± 1.65º) compared to male athletes (3.91º ± 2.0º; p = 0.04). There was no difference regarding the unilateral pelvic drop between the groups. In addition, the association between the hip-related pelvic drop and the projection angle on the frontal plane of the knee was weak in both genders. Conclusion Even though the pelvic drop was observed in both genders, young female athletes had greater varus knee angles on the step-down test, which require greater attention to minimize the risk of injury.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o alinhamento do joelho no plano frontal e o equilíbrio pélvico durante a descida de um degrau comparando atletas de futebol feminino e masculino. Métodos Estudo transversal, realizado com atletas de futebol das categorias sub-15 e sub-17, de ambos os sexos, de um clube profissional do Sul do Brasil. Foi realizado o teste de descida de um degrau, o qual foi filmado por uma câmera de vídeo, e, em sua avaliação, traçaram-se as medidas angulares durante o movimento por meio do software Kinovea (código aberto), versão 0.8.24. Resultados A amostra foi composta por 38 indivíduos, 19 do sexo masculino e 19 do sexo feminino. As atletas do sexo feminino apresentaram maior ângulo em varo (9,42º ± 1,65º) quando comparadas com os atletas masculinos (3,91º ± 2,0º; p = 0,04). Não houve diferença em relação à queda unilateral da pelve (drop pélvico) entre os grupos, e a associação entre o drop pélvico do quadril e o ângulo de projeção no plano frontal do joelho foi fraca em ambos os sexos. Conclusão Apesar de ambos os sexos terem apresentado queda pélvica, as atletas de base do sexo feminino apresentaram maior angulação do joelho em varo no teste de descida do degrau, e necessitam maior atenção para minimizar o risco de lesão.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pelvis , Soccer , Weights and Measures , Genu Varum , Athletes , Hip , Knee
12.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(2): 251-255, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251334

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aims to identify the energy required for synthetic proximal femoral fracture after removal of three implant types: cannulated screws, dynamic hip screws (DHS), and proximal femoral nail (PFN). Methods Twenty-five synthetic proximal femur bones were used: 10 were kept intact as the control group (CG), 5 were submitted to the placement and removal of 3 cannulated screws in an inverted triangle configuration (CSG), 5 were submitted to the placement and removal of a dynamic compression screw (DHSG), and 5 were submitted to the placement and removal of a proximal femur nail (PFNG). All samples were biomechanically analyzed simulating a fall on the greater trochanter using a servo-hydraulic machine to determine the energy (in Joules [J]) required for fracture. Results All samples presented basicervical fractures. The energy required for fracture was 7.1 J, 6.6 J, 6 J, and 6.7 J for the CG, CSG, DHSG and PFNG, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference (considering a 95% confidence interval) in energy among the study groups (p = 0.34). Conclusion There was no statistically significant difference in the energy required to cause a synthetic proximal femoral fracture after removing all three implant types and simulating a fall over the greater trochanter.


Resumo Objetivo Identificar a energia necessária para ocorrência de fratura do fêmur proximal em osso sintético após retirada de três modelos de implantes: parafusos canulados, parafuso dinâmico do quadril (dynamic hip screw-DHS) e haste femoral proximal (proximal femoral nail-PFN). Métodos Foram utilizados 25 modelos de ossos sintéticos da extremidade proximal do fêmur: 10 unidades de grupo controle (GC), 5 unidades após colocação e retirada de 3 parafusos canulados colocados em configuração de triângulo invertido (GPC), 5 unidades após colocação e retirada do parafuso de compressão dinâmico (GDHS), e 5 unidades após colocação e retirada da haste de fêmur proximal (GPFN). Uma análise biomecânica foi realizada em todas as amostras simulando uma queda sobre o grande trocânter utilizando uma máquina servo-hidráulica com o objetivo de verificar a energia (em Joules [J]) necessária até a ocorrência de fratura nos diferentes grupos. Resultados Todos os grupos apresentaram fratura basocervical. Os grupos GC, GPC, GDHS e GPFN apresentaram, respectivamente, valores de 7.1J, 6.6J, 6J e 6.7J de energia até ocorrência da fratura. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa (intervalo de confiança de 95%) na energia entre os grupos de estudo (p = 0,34). Conclusão Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa nos valores de energia necessária para ocorrência de fratura da extremidade proximal do fêmur após a retirada de três tipos de implantes utilizando modelos sintéticos simulando queda sobre o grande trocânter.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Device Removal , Fractures, Bone , Fracture Fixation , Hip/surgery , Hip Fractures
13.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(1): 121-124, Jan.-Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288646

ABSTRACT

Abstract Slipped capital femoral epiphysiolysis (SCFE) may result in femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) of the hip in up to one third of the cases. Residual deformity of the cam-type, or "pistol-grip", is associated with chondrolabral injury, resulting in pain, functional disability, and early osteoarthritis. The arthroscopic treatment with osteochondroplasty proved to be beneficial in a selected case of FAI secondary to SCFE.


Resumo A epifisiólise capital femoral proximal (ECFP) pode resultar em impacto femoroacetabular (IFA) do quadril em até um terço dos casos. A deformidade residual em came ou "cabo de pistola" está associada a lesão condrolabral, resultando em dor, incapacidade funcional, e osteoartrose precoce. O tratamento artroscópico com osteocondroplastia mostrou-se benéfico em um caso selecionado de IFA secundário a ECFP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Arthroscopy , Femoracetabular Impingement , Hip
14.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(1): 109-113, Jan.-Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288640

ABSTRACT

Abstract The method presented here consists of a minimally invasive surgical technique for osteosynthesis of transtrochanteric fractures with Dynamic Hip Screw (DHS) 135º. It is indicated in the treatment of 31-A1 and 31-A2 fractures (Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen Classification - AO) that meet the prerequisites required for using DHS. The surgery is performed, preferably, before 48 hours after the fracture. With the use of the same instruments as the traditional surgical technique and the aid of the C-arm, a closed reduction of the fracture and implantation of the DHS is performed by a 2-cm surgical incision, through dissection of the underlying tissues, with minimal bleeding and damage to the soft parts. In the immediate postoperative period, the patient is encouraged to orthostatism and walk with full load, which anticipates hospital discharge and favors early functional rehabilitation. Outpatient return is scheduled at 2, 6, 12 and 24 weeks postoperatively, with radiographic evaluation to assess fracture healing.


Resumo O método aqui apresentado consiste em técnica cirúrgica minimamente invasiva para osteossíntese de fraturas transtrocantéricas com Dynamic Hip Screw (DHS) 135º. Esta técnica é indicada no tratamento de fraturas 31-A1 e 31-A2 (Classificação Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen - AO) que cumpram os pré-requisitos exigidos para o uso do DHS. A cirurgia é realizada, preferencialmente, antes de 48 horas após o acometimento da fratura. Com a utilização do mesmo instrumental da técnica cirúrgica tradicional e auxílio do arco-C, realiza-se redução incruenta da fratura e implantação do DHS por incisão cirúrgica com 2 cm, através de dissecção dos tecidos subjacentes, com mínimo sangramento e agressão às partes moles. No pós-operatório imediato, o paciente é estimulado ao ortostatismo e à deambulação com carga total, o que antecipa a alta hospitalar e favorece a reabilitação funcional precoce. O retorno ambulatorial é agendado com 2, 6, 12 e 24 semanas de pós-operatório, com avaliação radiográfica, a fim de avaliar a consolidação da fratura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fracture Healing , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Femoral Fractures , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Hip , Hip Fractures
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921942

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical efficacy of focused extracorporeal shock wave therapy with centrifugal exercise in the treatment of greater trochanteric pain syndrome.@*METHODS@#From September 2017 to June 2019, 53 eligible cases of greater trochanteric pain syndrome were randomly divided into observation group (29 cases) and control group (24 cases). In observation group, there were 8 males and 21 females, aged from 38 to 62 years old with an average of (49.96±6.39) years old; the course of disease ranged from 6 to 13 months with an average of (8.58±1.99) months;treated with focused extracorporeal shock wave therapy with centrifugal exercise. In control group, there were 5 males and 19 females, aged from 39 to 62 years old with an average of (52.79±5.86) years old;the course of disease ranged from 6 to 14 months with an average of (9.04±2.51) months;treated with centrifugal exercise alone. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and hip Harris score were measured before ESWT treatment and at 1, 2, and 6 months to evaluate relieve degree of pain and functional recovery of hip joint, respectively.@*RESULTS@#At 1 month after treatment, there were no significant differences in VAS, hip Harris score and treatment success rate (all @*CONCLUSION@#In treatment of greater trochanteric pain syndrome, focused extracorporeal shock wave therapy with centrifugal exercise could significantly relieve symptoms of lateral hip pain, improve functional recovery of hip joint with good safety. This treatment strategy is worthy of application and promotion in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthralgia , Bursitis , Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy , Female , Hip , Hip Joint , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888334

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the feasibility and clinical effects of arthroscopic treatment for the calcific tendinitis at soft tissues around hip.@*METHODS@#A total of 16 patients diagnosed as the calcific tendinitis at soft tissues around hip from May 2013 to July 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. All the 16 patients received arthroscopic procedures. There were 10 males and 6 females with an average age of 35 to 63 (44.50±6.67) years old and 9 left hips, 6 right hips were involved. The course of disease were 1 to 8(3.18±1.97) days. Clinical effects were evaluated with visual analogue scale(VAS), modified Harris hip scores (HHS), nonarthritic hip score (NAHS) and imaging examinations before operation, 1 day after operation and the final follow-up.@*RESULTS@#All 16 patients successfully finished the arthroscopic procedures in 0.5 to 1.2 (0.75±0.21) hours. Primary healing of incision were obtained without any complications of infection, wound hematocele and neurovascular injury. All 16 patients received an average postoperative follow-up of 6 to 12 (9.6±2.3) months. Before operation, the VAS were 7.88±0.72, modified HHS were 29.25±3.23, NAHS were 27.42±3.08. The 1st day postoperative VAS were 2.19±0.66, modified HHS were 82.56± 5.64, NAHS were 82.11±2.94, all the difference were statistically significant between before and 1 day after operation (@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopic treatment for the calcific tendinitis at soft tissues around hip is effective.It has advantages of minimal invasive, rapid pain relief, rapid hip joint function recovery and definite clinical effects.


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthroscopy , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Hip/surgery , Hip Joint/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Tendinopathy/surgery , Treatment Outcome
20.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(6): 715-721, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156207

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the functional outcomes of patients diagnosed with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) older than 60 years, compared with those of patients of age 40 years or younger. Methods This was a retrospective review of patients with FAI who underwent hip arthroscopy between 2010 and 2015. The patients were adults aged over 60 years with Tönnis ≤ 1 matched in a 1:1 ratio with adults aged 40 years or younger, according to the type of deformity (cam, pincer, or mixed), sex, and the date when the surgery was performed. Results Thirty-four patients were included in each group. The mean age was 30.6 ± 6.9 years and 65.6 ± 4.6 years in the control and case groups, respectively. There were no significant differences between the groups at 1-year follow-up (p > 0.05). In the group with older patients (case group), we observed a change in the total Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) score from 46.3 to 22.0 in the 1st postoperative year, while the control cases improved in the WOMAC score from 38.1 to 7.2 in relation to the preoperative stage. Conclusion In the group of patients ≤ 40 years old, a considerable change was observed in the WOMAC score without a statistical significance compared with the > 60 years group. This observation suggests that hip arthroscopy is beneficial when there is an appropriate selection of patients with FAI, regardless the age of the patient.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os resultados funcionais de pacientes diagnosticados com impacto femoroacetabular (IFA) e com mais de 60 anos de idade em comparação aos resultados de pacientes com até 40 anos de idade. Métodos Esta é uma revisão retrospectiva de pacientes com IFA submetidos à artroscopia do quadril entre 2010 e 2015. Os pacientes eram adultos com mais de 60 anos de idade e Tönnis ≤ 1, alocados na proporção de 1:1 com adultos de até 40 anos de idade, de acordo com o tipo de deformidade (came, pincer, ou misto), sexo e data de realização da cirurgia. Resultados Trinta e quatro pacientes foram incluídos em cada grupo. A idade média foi de 30,6 ± 6,9 anos e 65,6 ± 4,6 anos nos grupos controle e de casos, respectivamente. Não houve diferenças significativas entre os grupos no acompanhamento de 1 ano (p > 0.05). No primeiro ano após a cirurgia, a pontuação Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) passou de 46,3 para 22,0 no grupo de pacientes mais velhos (casos) e de 38,1 para 7,2 no grupo controle em comparação ao estágio pré-operatório. Conclusão O grupo de pacientes com até 40 anos de idade apresentou uma mudança considerável na pontuação WOMAC, mas sem significado estatístico em comparação ao grupo de pacientes acima de 60 anos. Essa observação sugere que a artroscopia do quadril é benéfica quando a seleção de pacientes com IFA é apropriada, independentemente da idade dos indivíduos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis , Arthroscopy , General Surgery , Congenital Abnormalities , Training Support , Control Groups , Patient Selection , Femoracetabular Impingement , Health Facility Moving , Hip
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