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1.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e244422, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1431118

ABSTRACT

Funções executivas (FE) referem-se ao conjunto de habilidades que, de forma integrada, coordenam o comportamento e a cognição. Assim, o comprometimento no desenvolvimento das FE está ligado a vários desfechos negativos ao longo da vida. Portanto, a avaliação dessas habilidades na infância é essencial para identificar e prevenir prejuízos na vida adulta. Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar evidências de validade do Teste Informatizado para Avaliação das Funções Executivas (Tafe) pelo critério de idade e pelo padrão de correlação entre medidas do TAFE e outras medidas de FE. Para isso, foi utilizada uma amostra de 51 crianças, entre 4 e 10 anos de idade, matriculadas em uma escola privada na cidade de Goiânia (GO), da pré-escola ao 4º ano do ensino fundamental. Como instrumentos, foram utilizados, além do Tafe, as tarefas de Bloco de Corsi, Teste de Trilhas A e B, Teste de Trilhas Pré-Escolares, Teste de Stroop Pré-Escolares e Subteste Dígitos da Escala Wechsler de Inteligência. Foram conduzidas análises estatísticas Kruskal Wallis para verificar a evidência de validade por relação com idade e análises de correlação não paramétrica de Spearman para avaliar as evidências de validade convergente. O instrumento investigado mostrou-se efetivo para discriminar entre as diferentes faixas etárias, assim, sensível ao desenvolvimento das FE. Os resultados obtidos no Tafe correlacionaram-se aos obtidos em outros testes que também avaliaram FE, mostrando claros padrões de convergência. Logo, as análises dos resultados fornecem evidências de validade ao Tafe, derivadas a partir de diferentes estratégias de investigação.(AU)


Executive functions (EF) refer to the set of skills that, in an integrated way, coordinate behavior and cognition. Thus, the commitment in developing EF is linked to several negative outcomes throughout life. Therefore, the assessment of these abilities in childhood is essential to identify and prevent possible harm in adult life. This study aimed to investigate evidences of validity of the Computerized Test for Evaluation of Executive Functions (TAFE) by the age criterion and by the pattern of correlation between TAFE measures and other EF measures. To this end, a sample of 51 children, between 4 and 10 years old, enrolled in a private school in the municipality of Goiânia (GO), from preschool to the 4th year of elementary school, was used. As instruments, in addition to TAFE, the tasks of Corsi Block, Trails Test A and B, Preschool Trails Test, Preschool Stroop Test and the Digits Subtest of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale were used. Kruskal Wallis statistical analyzes were conducted to verify the evidence of validity by age criteria and Spearman's nonparametric correlation analysis to assess evidence of convergent validation. The instrument investigated was effective to discriminate between different age groups, thus being sensitive to the development of EF. The results obtained in TAFE were correlated with those obtained in other tests that also assess FE, showing patterns of convergence. Therefore, the analysis of the results provides validation evidence to TAFE, derived from different investigation methods.(AU)


Las funciones ejecutivas (FE) se refieren al conjunto de habilidades que coordinan la conducta y la cognición. Así, el deterioro en el desarrollo de FE está relacionado con varios resultados negativos durante la vida. Por tanto, la valoración de estas habilidades en la infancia es fundamental para identificar y prevenir posibles daños en la vida adulta. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar la evidencia de validez de la Prueba Computarizada para Evaluación de Funciones Ejecutivas (Tafe) por el criterio de edad y convergencia entre las medidas Tafe y otras medidas de FE. Para ello, se utilizó una muestra de 51 niños, de entre 4 y 10 años de edad, matriculados en un colegio privado de Goiânia (Goiás, Brasil) desde la preescolar hasta 4.º de primaria. Como instrumentos, además del Tafe, se utilizaron las tareas de Bloque de Corsi, el Test de los senderos A y B, el Test de los Senderos Preescolares, el Test de Stroop Preescolar y la Subprueba de Dígitos de la Escala Wechsler de Inteligencia. Se realizaron análisis estadísticos de Kruskal Wallis para verificar la validez por criterios de edad y análisis de correlación no-paramétrica de Spearman para evaluar la evidencia de validez convergente. Tafe demostró ser efectivo para discriminar entre diferentes grupos de edad, así es sensible al desarrollo de FE. Los resultados en Tafe se correlacionaron con los obtenidos en otras pruebas de FE, lo que muestra claros patrones de convergencia. Por tanto, el análisis aporta evidencias de validez para Tafe, derivadas de diferentes estrategias de investigación.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Cognition , Pliability , Inhibition, Psychological , Memory, Short-Term , Perception , Aptitude Tests , Play and Playthings , Play Therapy , Primary Health Care , Problem Solving , Psychological Phenomena , Psychological Tests , Psychology , Mental Recall , Recreation , Retention, Psychology , Attention , Schools , Auditory Perception , Social Adjustment , Social Support , Speech Perception , Stress, Psychological , Task Performance and Analysis , Technology , Therapeutics , Thinking , Wechsler Scales , Behavior , Behavioral Sciences , Neurosciences , Adaptation, Psychological , Child , Child Care , Child, Preschool , Environmental Monitoring , Organizations , Child Health , Cognitive Dissonance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Consciousness , Intuition , Neurobehavioral Manifestations , Behavioral Disciplines and Activities , Self Efficacy , Creativity , Recognition, Psychology , Personal Autonomy , Access to Information , Comprehension , Growth and Development , Discrimination, Psychological , Education , Emotions , Planning , Cerebrum , Resilience, Psychological , Executive Function , Stroop Test , Mindfulness , Spatial Memory , Self-Control , Metacognition , Wechsler Memory Scale , Memory and Learning Tests , Self-Management , Mentalization , Frustration , Systematic Review , Emotional Regulation , Multidimensional Scaling Analysis , Self-Testing , Functional Status , Social Interaction , Cognitive Training , Processing Speed , Psychological Growth , Higher Nervous Activity , Human Activities , Imagination , Language Development , Language Development Disorders , Learning , Mental Processes , Motor Activity , Neuropsychological Tests , Neuropsychology
2.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e243813, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1431124

ABSTRACT

Este estudo propõe analisar as relações e os processos de subjetivação de mulheres quebradeiras de coco babaçu decorrentes das intervenções de políticas desenvolvimentistas em seus territórios de vida e reverberações no Movimento Interestadual de Quebradeiras de Coco Babaçu (MIQCB). Sob a perspectiva ético-estético-política da Cartografia, acompanhamos as narrativas das histórias de vida de 24 mulheres, suas atividades cotidianas e eventos do MIQCB, também analisamos os documentos das políticas. Entendemos que, ao passo que tais políticas de desenvolvimento rural contribuem para a melhoria das condições de vida, em termos materiais e simbólicos, elas também produzem ressonâncias relacionadas ao modo de subjetivação do tipo "empresário de si", que agenciam seus modos de viver, de produzir e de se relacionar consigo e com os outros na lógica capitalista neoliberal. A resistência às capturas neoliberais também estão presentes ao ampliarem as mobilizações coletivas do próprio movimento, articulando com outros na produção de um "comum".(AU)


This study proposes to analyze the relations and the processes of subjectivation of babassu coconut-breaker women arising from developmental policy interventions in their territories of life and reverberations in the Babassu Coconut-breaker Interstate Movement (MIQCB). From the ethical-aesthetic-political perspective of Cartography, we followed the narratives of the life stories of 24 women, their daily activities and promoted events by MIQCB, we also analyzed the policy documents. We understand that while these policies of rural development contribute to improve the living conditions, in material and symbolic terms, they also produce resonances related to the "self-entrepreneur" mode of subjectivation, which has been handling their ways of living, producing, and relating to themselves and others in the neoliberal capitalist logic. Resistance to neoliberal captures is also present as they expand the collective mobilizations of the movement itself, articulating with others, in the production of a "common."(AU)


Este estudio tiene como objetivo analizar los procesos de subjetivación de las mujeres que rompen coco babaçu que surgen de las intervenciones de las políticas de desarrollo en sus territorios de vida y las reverberaciones en el Movimiento Interestadual de las Mujeres que Rompen Coco Babaçu (MIQCB). Desde la perspectiva ético-estético-política de la Cartografía, seguimos las narraciones de las historias de vida de 24 mujeres, sus actividades diarias y eventos del MIQCB, y también analizamos los documentos de las políticas. Si bien estas políticas han contribuido a mejorar las condiciones de vida de las mujeres, en términos materiales y simbólicos, también han producido resonancias del modo de subjetivación "autoempresarial", que ha agenciado sus formas de vivir, producir y relacionarse consigo mismas y con los demás en la lógica capitalista neoliberal. La resistencia a las capturas neoliberales también está presente cuando amplían las movilizaciones colectivas del propio movimiento, articulándose con otros en la producción de un "común".(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Growth and Development , Economics , Government , Politics , Poverty , Psychology , Psychology, Social , Public Policy , Retirement , Rural Population , Social Desirability , Social Justice , Social Problems , Social Sciences , Soil , Women's Rights , Wood , Health Policy, Planning and Management , Socioeconomic Planning , Social Control Policies , Legislation, Environmental , Brazil , Water , Exercise , Ethnicity , Economic Development , Poverty Areas , Land Use , Rural Areas , Forests , Organizations , Environmental Health , Conflict of Interest , Workload , Family Planning Policy , Entrepreneurship , Agrochemicals , Interview , Collective Bargaining , Commerce , Crops, Agricultural , Environmental Management , Natural Resources Exploitation , Natural Resources , Renewable Resources , Natural Reservations , Flora , Conservation of Natural Resources , Cultural Diversity , Nature , Feminism , Extraction and Processing Industry , Natural Resources Management , Rural Economy , Capitalism , State , Public Power , Biodiversity , Agriculture , Efficiency , Environment , Environment and Public Health , Health Sciences, Technology, and Innovation Management , Projects , Job Market , Health Surveillance of Products , Control and Sanitary Supervision of Foods and Beverages , Foods Containing Coconut , Machinery , Sustainable Agriculture , Non-Renewable Resources , Agribusiness , Environmental Communication , Femininity , Environmental Policy , Small Business , Ethnic Violence , Sociological Factors , Food , Work-Life Balance , Political Activism , Stakeholder Participation , Socioeconomic Rights , Occupied Territories , Sustainable Development , Social Programs , Indigenous Peoples , Right to Work , Empowerment , Social Inclusion , Gender Equity , Gender Role , Social Vulnerability , Environmental Responsability , Socio-Environmental Responsibility , Diversity, Equity, Inclusion , Working Conditions , Wildlife Trade , Health Services Needs and Demand , Housing , Human Activities , Human Rights , Labor Unions , Life Change Events , Anthropology , Mining , Occupational Groups
3.
Bol. malariol. salud ambient ; 62(2): 328-334, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1391351

ABSTRACT

Se ha evidenciado el detrioro del ambiente y la necesidad en promover prácticas que permitan minimizar el impacto negativo de las actividades humanas sobre la salud del planeta. La inserción de los estudiantes universitarios puede proporcionar solución a estos problemas. Siendo indispensable crear planes y estrategias para promoveer el desarrollo de buenas prácticas con responsabilidad, mejorar el desempeño ambiental y disminuir el impacto del efecto del cambio climático. En este contexto, se planteó establecer la percepción y aplicación de las prácticas ambientales en el estudiantado y docentes de la Universidad Regional Autónoma de los Andes. Como resultado se observó actitud de preocupación sobre la preservación del ambiente, los estudiantes manifestaron realizar actividades como siembra de árboles, uso de transporte alternativos y disposición de desechos peligrosos de manera segura, con evidencia estadisticamente significativa. Sin embargo, la percepción, en general, sobre las buenas prácticas ambientales fueron deficiente, la importancia atribuida fue mayor en las categorias "uso eficiente de los recursos" (IF= 0,84), seguida por "promoción de la salud ambiental" (IF=0,51), "gestión de los desechos" (IF= 0,5), y "clima sostenible" (IF= 0,46). Por ende, es escencial que desde las universidades se fomenten campañas permanentes de formación e información integrando a la comunidad activamente en las buenas prácticas ambientales(AU)


The deterioration of the environment and the need to promote practices that minimize the negative impact of human activities on the health of the planet have been evidenced. The insertion of university students can provide a solution to these problems. It is essential to create plans and strategies to promote the development of good practices with responsibility, improve environmental performance and reduce the impact of the effect of climate change. In this context, it was proposed to establish the perception and application of environmental practices in the students and teachers of the Universidad Regional Autónoma de los Andes. As a result, an attitude of concern about the preservation of the environment was observed, the students reported carrying out activities such as planting trees, using alternative transportation and disposing of hazardous waste safely, with statistically significant evidence. However, the perception, in general, about good environmental practices was deficient, the importance attributed was greater in the categories "efficient use of resources" (IF= 0.84), followed by "promotion of environmental health" (IF=0.51), "waste management" (IF= 0.5), and "sustainable climate" (IF= 0.46). Therefore, it is essential that universities promote permanent training and information campaigns actively integrating the community in good environmental practices(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Students , Universities , Environmental Health , Climate Change , Environmental Health Education , Human Activities
4.
Psicol. Estud. (Online) ; 27: e47630, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1365271

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O texto, resultado de um estudo teórico, reflete sobre o potencial do pensamento do filósofo Martin Heidegger no que se refere às possibilidades nele contidas de reexperimentar o fundo a partir do qual os nossos empreendimentos teóricos e práticos se constituem. A ênfase recai sobre a desconstrução e fecundidade nela presente para a psicologia e para outras ciências humanas. Situaremos o problema, apresentaremos em traços gerais o seu pensamento e apontaremos alguns desafios que representam indícios de uma terapia para as explicações, teorias e práticas de cuidado com o ser humano. Esse movimento para dentro do ambiente não tematizado onde vivemos e pensamos, mas que é a condição de possibilidade deste mesmo ambiente, se constitui como acesso à condição humana, na direção da proximidade com o inaugural. E permite a compreensão e liberação do ser humano para além dos projetos ônticos, resultando em terapia das terapias especializadas, em terapia da condição humana no mundo.


RESUMEN El texto, resultado de un estudio teorético, refleja sobre el potencial del pensamiento del filósofo Martin Heidegger en lo que se refiere a las posibilidades en él contenidas de reexperimentar el fondo desde donde se desarrollan nuestros emprendimientos teóricos y prácticos. El énfasis recae sobre la deconstrucción y la fecundidad en ella presente para la psicología y para otras ciencias humanas. Situaremos el problema, presentaremos en trazos generales su pensamiento y apuntaremos algunos desafíos que representan indicios de una terapia para las explicaciones, teorías y prácticas de cuidado con el ser humano. Este movimiento hacia el ambiente no tematizado donde vivimos y pensamos, pero que es la condición de posibilidad de este mismo ambiente, se constituye como acceso a la condición humana, en la dirección de la cercanía con lo inaugural. Y permite una comprensión y liberación del ser humano más allá de los proyectos ónticos, resultando en una terapia de las terapias especializadas, en una terapia de la condición humana en el mundo.


ABSTRACT The text, result of a theoretical study, reflects on the potential of the philosopher Martin Heidegger's thinking about the possibilities contained therein to re-experience the background from where our theoretical and practical undertakings are constituted. The emphasis lies on deconstruction and fecundity present in it for psychology and other human sciences. We will situate the problem, present in general outlines his thinking and present some challenges that represent indications of a therapyfor the explanations, theories and practices of care for the human being. This movement into the non-thematized environment where we live and think, but which is the condition of possibility of the same environment, is constituted as access to the human condition, in the direction of proximity to the inaugural. And it allows an understanding and liberation of the human being beyond ontic projects, resulting in a therapy of specialized therapies, a therapy of the human condition in the world.


Subject(s)
Therapeutics , Human Activities/psychology , Metaphysics , Philosophy , Science/education , Thinking , Humans , Environment , Humanities/psychology , Language
5.
Rev. cuba. salud pública ; 47(1): e1663, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289568

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los intereses y roles permiten comprender la manera en que las personas son motivadas a realizar las actividades que llenan sus vidas y a establecer patrones de comportamiento; estos elementos conforman la vida cotidiana, afectan el proceso de jubilación y el desempeño ocupacional posterior. Objetivo: Caracterizar los intereses y roles de los trabajadores prejubilables de la Universidad del Valle, Campus San Fernando, Cali, Colombia. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal a 52 trabajadores prejubilables, a los cuales se les aplicó dos instrumentos: el Listado de Intereses modificado de Kielhofner y Neville (1983) y el Listado de Roles de Oakley, Kielhofner y Barris (1985). Los datos fueron analizados mediante distribuciones de frecuencia. Resultados: Las actividades que plantearon los trabajadores prejubilables se correlacionan con sus intereses y estos con la participación que tienen y desean tener en el presente y en el futuro. Los roles se encuentran internalizados, pero existen diferencias en la asignación de valor, entre hombres y mujeres y se observa una disminución en la brecha de participación laboral por sexo. Conclusiones: Para enfrentar los cambios venideros después de la jubilación es necesario un ajuste en las actividades y transformaciones en los roles a desempeñar por los prejubilados que se incorporen a su cotidianidad, para así tener más posibilidades de reaccionar con formas adaptativas positivas a su nueva realidad(AU)


Introduction: Interests and roles allow us to understand the way in which people are motivated to carry out the activities that fill their lives and to establish patterns of behavior; these elements make up daily life, they affect the retirement process and subsequent occupational performance. Objective: To characterize the interests and roles of early retirement workers at Universidad del Valle, San Fernando Campus, Cali, Colombia. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out on 52 early retirement workers, to whom two instruments were applied: the modified List of Interests by Kielhofner and Neville (1983) and the List of Roles by Oakley, Kielhofner and Barris (1985). The data were analyzed using frequency distributions. Results: The activities proposed by the early retirement workers correlate with their interests and their interests with their participation and what they wish to have in the present and in the future. The roles are internalized, but there are differences in assigning values between men and women. Additionally, a decrease in the labor participation gap by sex is observed. Conclusion: To face the changes after retirement, it is necessary to adjustment the activities and transformations of the roles to be played by early retirees when they joint heir daily lives; thus they would have greater possibility of reacting with positive adaptive ways to their new reality(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Retirement , Stakeholder Participation/psychology , Human Activities , Motivation , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Colombia
6.
São Paulo; s.n; 2021. 242 p
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1398710

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O objeto deste estudo é a fundamentação do processo de trabalho em terapia ocupacional (TO), construída a partir da saúde coletiva latino-americana, filiada ao Materialismo Histórico-Dialético (MHD). A partir de Karl Marx e György Lukács, adotou-se particularmente a inflexão de Ricardo Bruno Mendes-Gonçalves para a saúde. A dimensão ontológica da teoria marxiana permite analisar as atividades humanas como processos de trabalho orientados por um fim, decompondo-os em seus elementos, relacionados entre si dialeticamente. Assim, torna-se possível uma análise pormenorizada de cada prática social, valendo-se das categorias que fundamentam a teoria referida. Objetivos: Compreender e sistematizar o processo de trabalho em TO no setor saúde, de acordo com o referencial da saúde coletiva latino-americana, fundada no MHD, além de sistematizar processo de construção coletiva de conhecimento sobre as práticas, como ferramenta de fortalecimento de trabalhadores em TO. Método: Pesquisa-ação emancipatória, com os eixos: a participação radical de todos os envolvidos, que significa compreender os participantes como pesquisadores internos em relação horizontal com os externos; a construção dialética de conhecimento, em diálogo entre realidade e teoria, experiência individual e determinações coletivas dos fenômenos analisados; e a transformação social, no sentido da superação do capitalismo. Foram realizadas dez oficinas emancipatórias, com dez terapeutas ocupacionais e análise da produção coletiva durante o percurso. Incorporou-se a categoria mediações como elemento metodológico de análise da totalidade social, com base em José Paulo Netto, Reinaldo Pontes e István Mészáros. Resultados: A pesquisa indica a atividade humana como objeto do processo de trabalho em TO, definida nos termos da categoria trabalho no referencial do MHD, que determina seu caráter dinâmico e complexo na mediação que realiza no cotidiano dos sujeitos. A contribuição singular da profissão para o trabalho emancipatório coletivo foi identificada como análise emancipatória das atividades humanas, através dos elementos dos processos de trabalho que as compõem e sua dialética. Identificou-se o produto final do trabalho em TO como a participação radical dos sujeitos acompanhados, reconhecidos como membros de uma classe social e ontologicamente coletivos, em sua singularidade, bem como considerando os impactos de suas relações sociais. Como ferramentas da prática, foram identificados quatro elementos metodológicos: a análise emancipatória da atividade humana, a proposição emancipatória de atividades, a operacionalização da participação radical e a intervenção sobre o tecido social. Compreendeu-se o cotidiano como o meio em que o processo de trabalho se estabelece, complexo da reprodução social, que é política e histórica. Conclusões: O diálogo entre a saúde coletiva latino-americana e a TO social reconhece a chamada questão social como parte do objeto de ambas, o que denota uma radicalidade em comum: a da assunção do papel emancipatório do trabalho coletivo. Defende-se que a especificidade da prática em TO no setor saúde está relacionada à análise emancipatória da complexidade de operacionalização da práxis social e seus impactos na determinação social da saúde. Análise e intervenção, ambas fundadas na dialética entre atividade humana e cotidiano, concretizado na participação radical dos sujeitos envolvidos, potencializam a composição da práxis revolucionária coletiva que, no horizonte da utopia concreta, gerará os meios para produzir uma nova sociedade.


Introduction: The ontological dimension of marxist theory allows the analysis of human activities as working processes oriented by an intention, by decomposing them into its elements that relate to each other dialectically. This thesis studied the foundations of occupational therapy (OT) working process, based on Latin-American collective health affiliated with Dialectical Historical Materialism (DHM). Based on Karl Marx and György Lukács, it was adopted Ricardo Bruno Mendes-Gonçalves inflections for health field of practices. It is proposed that detailed analysis of every social practice is possible, based on the categories of the referred theory. Objectives: To understand and systematize the working process in OT in the health field, based on the Latin American collective health framework, founded on the DHM, and to systematize the methodological process of collective construction of knowledge about OT practices, as a tool for strengthening workers. Method: Emancipatory action research, comprising as main elements: the radical participation of all those involved, which means understanding the participants as internal researchers in a horizontal relationship with the external researchers; the dialectical development of knowledge, in a dialogue between reality and theory, individual experience and collective determinations of the analyzed phenomena; and social transformation, meaning the seek for overcoming capitalism. Ten emancipatory workshops were held, with ten occupational therapists with permanent analysis of collective production along the way. The theoretical category mediations was incorporated as a methodological element for the analysis of social totality, based on José Paulo Netto, Reinaldo Pontes and István Mészáros. Results: Human activity was identified as the object of the working process in OT, defined by the category work in the DHM theory, which determines its dynamic and complex characteristics in the mediation it performs in the everyday lives of individuals. The emancipatory analysis of human activities, based on the elements of the working processes that compose them and their dialectics were considered the singular contribution of OT to collective emancipatory praxis. The final product of OT practice was identified as the radical participation of the individuals, recognized as members of a social class and ontologically collective individuals, either in their singularity as well as by the impacts of their social relations. As tools of practice, four methodological elements were identified: the emancipatory analysis of human activity, the emancipatory proposition of activities, the operationalization of radical participation and the intervention in the social fabric. Everyday life was understood as the means in which the working process is established, a complex of social reproduction, which is political and historical. Conclusions: The dialogue between Latin American collective health and Brazilian social OT recognizes the social issues as part of the object of both, which points to a common radicality in the assumption of the emancipatory role of collective work. OT practice in the health field is related to the emancipatory analysis of the complexity of operationalizing social praxis and its impacts on the social determination of health. Analysis and intervention, both founded on the dialectics between human activity and everyday life, materialized in the radical participation of individuals, enhance the composition of the collective revolutionary praxis that, in the horizon of concrete utopia, will generate the means to produce a new society.


Subject(s)
Public Health , Nursing , Occupational Therapy , Professional Training , Social Determination of Health , Human Activities
7.
Psicol. rev ; 29(2): 310-334, dez.2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1396154

ABSTRACT

Este estudo teórico-metodológico teve por objetivo sistematizar o conceito de unidade afetivo-cognitiva a partir da Psicologia Histórico-Cultural. Esse objetivo se justifica pela escassez de estudos acerca do tema na Psicologia e pela observância de que há uma predominância de visões dualistas acerca da razão e da emoção nos estudos psicológicos. Nesse sentido, o estudo da unidade afetivo-cognitiva pode trazer acréscimos à Psicologia por discutir os aspectos metodológicos da cisão razão/emoção e por evidenciar a união entre esses processos como parte essencial do processo humano de apreensão da realidade. Sendo assim, buscou-se discutir a constituição da consciência humana e da estrutura da atividade como unidades de análise da unidade afetivo-cognitiva. A partir de Leontiev e Vigotski, analisou-se a estrutura da atividade humana e sua expressão pelos significados sociais e sentidos pessoais como unidade afetivo-cognitiva. Essa investigação resultou na constatação de que a estrutura da atividade e a constituição da consciência humana demandam funções afetivo-cognitivas para formar a imagem subjetiva da realidade objetiva no psiquismo humano. Por isso, indicou-se, conforme afirma Vigotski, que entender a unidade afetivo-cognitiva como sistema semântico da consciência demanda o destrinchamento da relação entre a atividade humana e a forma como o ser torna essa atividade consciente.


This theoretical-methodological study aimed to systematize the concept of affective-cognitive unity in Historical-Cultural Psychology. This objective is justified by the scarcity of studies on the subject in Psychology and based on the observation that there is a predominance of dualistic views on reason and emotion in psychological studies. In this sense, the study of the affective--cognitive unit can present improvements to Psychology by discussing the methodological aspects of the reason/emotion split and for making evident the union between these processes as an essential part of the human process of apprehension of reality. Thus, we sought to discuss the constitution of human consciousness and the structure of activity as units of analysis of the affective--cognitive unity. Based on Leontiev and Vygotsky, we analyzed the structure of human activity and its expression by social meanings and personal senses as an affective-cognitive unit. This investigation resulted in the realization that the structure of activity and the constitution of human consciousness demand affective-cognitive functions to form the subjective image of objective reality in the human psyche. Therefore, it was pointed out, as Vygotsky states, that understanding the affective-cognitive unity as a semantic system of consciou-sness requires the study of how human activity relates to the way that the human being is aware and conscious of this activity.


Este estudio, teórico-metodológico, tuvo como objetivo sistematizar el concepto de unidad afectivo-cognitiva a partir de la Psicología Histórico-Cultural. Este objetivo se justifica por la escasez de estudios acerca del tema en la Psicología y por la observancia de que hay un predominio de visiones dualistas acerca de la razón y la emoción en los estudios psicológicos. En este sentido, el estudio de la unidad afectivo-cognitiva puede incrementar a la Psicología por discutir los aspectos metodológicos de la escisión razón / emoción y por evidenciar, la unión entre estos procesos como parte esencial del proceso humano de aprehensión de la realidad. Siendo así, se buscó discutir la constitución de la conciencia humana y de la estructura de la actividad como unidades de análisis de la unidad afectivo-cognitiva. A partir de Leontiev y Vigotski, se analizó la estructura de la actividad humana y su expresión por los significados sociales y sentidos personales como unidad afectivo-cognitiva. Esta investigación resultó en la constatación de que la estructura de la actividad y la constitución de la conciencia humana demandan funciones afectivo-cognitivas para formar la imagen subjetiva de la realidad objetiva en el psiquismo humano. Por eso, se indica, según afirma Vigotski, que entender la unidad afectivo-cognitiva como sistema semántico de la conciencia, demanda desmenuzar la relación entre la actividad humana y la forma como el ser hace esa actividad consciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cognition , Affect , Concept Formation , Conscience , Human Activities/psychology
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828129

ABSTRACT

With the rapid improvement of the perception and computing capacity of mobile devices such as smart phones, human activity recognition using mobile devices as the carrier has been a new research hot-spot. The inertial information collected by the acceleration sensor in the smart mobile device is used for human activity recognition. Compared with the common computer vision recognition, it has the following advantages: convenience, low cost, and better reflection of the essence of human motion. Based on the WISDM data set collected by smart phones, the inertial navigation information and the deep learning algorithm-convolutional neural network (CNN) were adopted to build a human activity recognition model in this paper. The K nearest neighbor algorithm (KNN) and the random forest algorithm were compared with the CNN network in the recognition accuracy to evaluate the performance of the CNN network. The classification accuracy of CNN model reached 92.73%, which was much higher than KNN and random forest. Experimental results show that the CNN algorithm model can achieve more accurate human activity recognition and has broad application prospects in predicting and promoting human health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Algorithms , Cluster Analysis , Human Activities , Motion , Neural Networks, Computer
10.
Psicol. rev ; 28(2): 395-420, dez. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1395667

ABSTRACT

Historicamente, a Psicologia do Esporte e do Exercício esteve majoritariamente direcionada aos esportes organizados. No entanto, há psicólogos do esporte que adaptam as técnicas e conceitos desta área a demais contextos da performance humana, o que exige uma melhor compreensão sobre as implicações teórico-práticas destas iniciativas. O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar uma análise crítica sobre esta tendência, baseada em estudos teóricos e empíricos sobre Psicologia da Performance. O conceito de Psicologia da Performance pode representar uma unidade existente entre as pesquisas e intervenções direcionadas a diversas atividades humanas. Ao expandir seu escopo, a Psicologia do Esporte dá origem a uma Psicologia da Performance, auxiliando diferentes grupos de pessoas que atuam rotineiramente na busca por níveis máximos de desempenho. Através de uma análise temática de documentos-semente sobre o tema, identificou-se que os principais setores para estas aplicações são: (1) o desenvolvimento pessoal; (2) o mundo empresarial; (3) o mundo artístico; e (4) as forças armadas. Compreender como essa área está se constituindo e os contextos de sua aplicação pode contribuir para a ampliação do campo de trabalho do psicólogo do esporte e para a expansão da psicologia do esporte, especialmente no contexto brasileiro.


Historically, the Sport and Exercise Psychology has been mostly oriented to organized sports. However, there are sports psychologists who adapt concepts and techniques of this area to several contexts of human performance, which requires a better understanding of the theoretical and practical implications of these enterprises. The purpose of this article is to present a critical analysis of this trend, based on theoretical and empirical studies about Performance Psychology. The concept of Performance Psychology may represent an exis-ting unity between research and interventions on different human activities. By expanding its scope, Sport Psychology gives rise to Performance Psycho-logy, which makes it possible to assist several groups of people that routinely seek maximum levels of performance. Through a thematic analysis of seed documents on the subject, it was identified that the main sectors for these applications are: (1) personal development; (2) the business world; (3) the artistic world; and (4) the military. Understanding the contexts of application and how this area is being constituted may contribute to the expansion of Sport Psychology field, as well as the expansion of work possibilities of sports psychologists, especially in the Brazilian context.


Históricamente, la Psicología del Deporte y del Ejercicio estuvo mayoritaria-mente dirigida a los deportes organizados. Sin embargo, hay psicólogos del deporte que adaptan las técnicas y conceptos de esta área a otros contextos del performance humano, requiriendo una mejor comprensión sobre las impli-caciones teórico-prácticas de estas iniciativas. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar un análisis crítico sobre esta tendencia, basada en estudios teóricos y empíricos sobre Psicología del Performance. El concepto de Psicología del Performance puede representar una unidad existente entre investigaciones e intervenciones dirigidas a diversas actividades humanas. Al expandir su alcance, la Psicología del Deporte da origen a una Psicología del Perfor-mance, ayudando a diferentes grupos de personas que actúan rutinariamente buscando los niveles máximos de desempeño. A través de un análisis temático de documentos-semilla sobre el tema, se identificó que los principales sectores para estas aplicaciones son: (1) el desarrollo personal; (2) el mundo empre-sarial; (3) el mundo artístico; y (4) las fuerzas armadas. Comprender cómo esta área se está constituyendo y los contextos de su aplicación pueden contri-buir a la ampliación del campo de trabajo del psicólogo del deporte y para la expansión de la Psicología del Deporte, especialmente en el contexto brasileño.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Psychology, Sports/trends , Professional Practice , Psychology, Sports/methods , Correlation of Data , Human Activities/psychology
11.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 38(4): e312, oct.-dic. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093416

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Achatina (Lissachatina) fulica was introduced in Cuba in 2014 for african religious purposes and nowadays, mainly by human activity, it is widespread all over the country and, where besides a general nuisance for people it is a pest and also a public health concern, since it is one of the natural intermediate host of Angiostrongylus cantonensis, ethiological agent of the meningoencephalitis. As in Havana is experiencing the explosive phase of the invasion, LABCEL has been receiving samples of these molluscs for identification and search for Angiostrongylus cantonensis larvae. While examining samples of A. fulica different larvae were obtained, as strongylides found in the interior of the pallial cavity of A. fulica.This is the first report in San Miguel del Padron and Regla municipalities of the development of larvae in A. Fulica evidencing the health importance of this mollusc in the potential transmission of eosinophilic meningoencephalitis. Since the spread of A. fulica is pointed out in the literature as one of the main causative spread of the meningoencephalitis caused by A. cantonensis the authors emphasize the need of sanitary vigilance of snails and rats from vulnerable areas for A. cantonensis introduction as the port side areas like these municipalities.


RESUMEN Achatina (Lissachatina) fulica se introdujo en Cuba en 2014 con fines religiosos africanos y hoy en día, principalmente por actividad humana, está muy extendida en todo el país y, además de una molestia general para las personas, es una plaga y también un problema de salud pública, ya que es uno de los huéspedes intermedios naturales de Angiostrongylus cantonensis, agente etiológico de la meningoencefalitis. Como en La Habana está experimentando la fase explosiva de la invasión, LABCEL ha estado recibiendo muestras de estos moluscos para su identificación y búsqueda de larvas de Angiostrongylus cantonensis. Mientras se examinaban muestras de A. fulica, se obtuvieron diferentes larvas, como strongylides encontrados en el interior de la cavidad paliar de A. fulica. Este es el primer informe en los municipios de San Miguel del Padrón y Regla sobre el desarrollo de larvas en A. Fulica evidenciando La importancia para la salud de este molusco en la transmisión potencial de la meningoencefalitis eosinofílica. Dado que la propagación de A. fulica se señala en la literatura como una de las principales causas de la meningoencefalitis causada por A. cantonensis, los autores enfatizan la necesidad de vigilancia sanitaria de caracoles y ratas de áreas vulnerables para la introducción de A. cantonensis como zonas de babor como estos municipios.


Subject(s)
Humans , Snails , Health Surveillance , Research Report , Human Activities , Angiostrongylus cantonensis , Mollusca
12.
Salud trab. (Maracay) ; 27(2): 119-120, Dic. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LIVECS, LILACS | ID: biblio-1102515
13.
Tempus (Brasília) ; 13(2): 217-233, nov. 2019.
Article in French | LILACS | ID: biblio-1427739

ABSTRACT

Adotamos uma perspectiva antropológica sobre trabalho e aprendizagem, que é também a perspectiva da ergologia. Isto permite-nos ver a competência de uma forma dinâmica.A representação dinâmica opõe-se a uma representação estática da competência. A representação estática é denunciada em todos os lugares como desumanizante, pois só considera o ato profissional de forma impessoal. A pessoa humana é supostamente intercambiável e sua atividade é ignorada. Pelo contrário, como vemos no diagrama dos "seis ingredientes da competência", a abordagem ergológica quer manter unido o ato e o ator. Não devem ser separados, mas também não devem ser confundidos. É a representação dinâmica da competência que permite: (a) não violentar à atividade humana, reconhecendo o sujeito em seu ato quando está em situação de trabalho; (b) e, no entanto, ser capaz de distinguir o ato profissional de forma impessoal, de modo a permitir a organização do trabalho e da formação - e a produção de quadros de referência. (AU)


We adopt an anthropological perspective on work and learning, which is also the perspective of ergology. This allows us to look at the competence in a dynamic way. Dynamic representation is opposed to a static representation of competence. A static representation is everywhere denounced as dehumanizing because it only considers the professional act in an impersonal way. The human person is supposedly interchangeable and his activity is ignored. On the contrary, as we see with the diagram of the "six ingredients of competence", the ergological approach wants to hold together the act and the actor. They should not be separated, but neither should they be confused. It is the dynamic representation of the competence that allows: (a) no longer to do violence to human activity by recognizing the subject in his act when he is in a work situation; (b) and nevertheless to be able to distinguish the professional act in an impersonal way, so as to allow the organization of work and training and the production of reference frames. (AU)


Adoptamos una perspectiva antropológica sobre el trabajo y el aprendizaje, que es también la perspectiva de la ergología. Esto nos permite ver la competencia de una manera dinámica. La representación dinámica se opone a una representación estática de la competencia. La representación estática es denunciada en todas partes como deshumanizadora porque sólo considera el acto profesional de manera impersonal. La persona humana es supuestamente intercambiable y su actividad es ignorada. Por lo contrario, como vemos en el diagrama de los "seis ingredientes de la competencia", el enfoque ergológico quiere mantener unidos el acto y el actor. No deben separarse, pero tampoco deben confundirse. Es la representación dinámica de la competencia lo que permite: a) dejar de violentar la actividad humana al reconocer al sujeto en su acto cuando se encuentre en una situación de trabajo; b) y, sin embargo, poder distinguir el acto profesional desde un punto de vista impersonal, a fin de permitir la organización del trabajo y de la formación, así como la elaboración de marcos de referencia. (AU)


A partir d'un éclairage anthropologique sur le travail et l'apprentissage, celui de l'ergologie, nous pouvons regarder la compétence dans une perspective dynamique. Celle-ci s'oppose à une représentation statique de la compétence, qui est partout dénoncée comme déshumanisante dans la mesure où l'acte professionnel est le seul à être pris en compte, de façon impersonnelle. La personne humaine est regardée comme interchangeable et son activité est ignorée.Au contraire, comme l'illustre le schéma des six ingrédients de la compétence, la démarche ergologique veut tenir ensemble l'acte et l'acteur. Il s'agit de ne pas les séparer mais aussi de ne pas les confondre. C'est la représentation dynamique de la compétence qui permet : (a) de ne plus faire violence à l'activité humaine en reconnaissant le sujet dans son acte lorsqu'il est en situation de travail ; (b) de pouvoir tout de même considérer l'acte professionnel en tant que tel, donc sous un angle impersonnel, de façon à permettre l'organisation du travail et de la formation et l'établissement des référentiels. (AU)


Subject(s)
Professional Competence , Teaching , Working Conditions , Human Activities
14.
Acta amaz ; 49(3): 183-192, jul. - set. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1119030

ABSTRACT

The Neotropical otter, Lontra longicaudis (Mustelidae) is a semi-aquatic mustelid that exploits a variety of freshwater habitats. To understand the relative influence of human activities and environmental factors affecting its distribution and habitat use, we conducted systematic, seasonal surveys of otter signs along the middle Guamá River, in Pará state in the eastern Brazilian Amazon. We applied generalized additive models to compare distribution of otters along the river with data collected on environmental factors (landcover type derived from satellite imagery, and in situ measurements of physicochemical water characteristics) and anthropogenic factors (fishing gear in the river and human habitation along the river). Most otter signs (indicators of otter habitat use) occurred along the shoreline of the main river channel during the dry season; we observed fewer signs during peak flow, probably because the shoreline and floodplain are flooded, which hid signs and made access to the floodplain difficult. The best-fit model included variables for proportion of forest, presence of fishing gear and boats, bank steepness, and presence of rock formations and sand banks. Otter occurrence was negatively related to forested area and positively related to the presence of fishing gear and boats. Otters are likely attracted to fish trapped in fishing gear because they can easily predate on the trapped fish. (AU)


Subject(s)
Otters , Amazonian Ecosystem , Human Activities
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763946

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Human motion analysis can be applied to the diagnosis of musculoskeletal diseases, rehabilitation therapies, fall detection, and estimation of energy expenditure. To analyze human motion with micro-Doppler signatures measured by radar, a deep learning algorithm is one of the most effective approaches. Because deep learning requires a large data set, the high cost involved in measuring large amounts of human data is an intrinsic problem. The objective of this study is to augment human motion micro-Doppler data employing generative adversarial networks (GANs) to improve the accuracy of human motion classification. METHODS: To test data augmentation provided by GANs, authentic data for 7 human activities were collected using micro-Doppler radar. Each motion yielded 144 data samples. Software including GPU driver, CUDA library, cuDNN library, and Anaconda were installed to train the GANs. Keras-GPU, SciPy, Pillow, OpenCV, Matplotlib, and Git were used to create an Anaconda environment. The data produced by GANs were saved every 300 epochs, and the training was stopped at 3,000 epochs. The images generated from each epoch were evaluated, and the best images were selected. RESULTS: Each data set of the micro-Doppler signatures, consisting of 144 data samples, was augmented to produce 1,472 synthesized spectrograms of 64 × 64. Using the augmented spectrograms, the deep neural network was trained, increasing the accuracy of human motion classification. CONCLUSIONS: Data augmentation to increase the amount of training data was successfully conducted through the use of GANs. Thus, augmented micro-Doppler data can contribute to improving the accuracy of human motion recognition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Boidae , Classification , Dataset , Diagnosis , Energy Metabolism , Human Activities , Learning , Motion Perception , Musculoskeletal Diseases , Rehabilitation , Supervised Machine Learning
16.
J. appl. sci. environ. manag ; 23(1): 195-199, 2019. ilus
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1263388

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: The physical and chemical characteristics of River Niger, Illushi an important fishing site in Edo State which is currently impacted by human activities, was investigated between the month of April and November, 2017. Surface water samples were collected from three (3) sampling stations covering a total distance of 2600metres from upstream to downstream, and a total of seventeen (17) physical/chemical parameters were investigated. Findings from this study revealed that Air temperature had an average mean value of 27±0.72 mg/L, Water temperature was 26.21±0.63 mg/L, the river was generally acidic with the average pH of 6.27±0.18, Turbidity was 107.28±30.9, Conductivity was 57.08±8.29, Total Dissolved Solid was 34.9±4.78, Total Suspended Solid was 71.7±21.17 mg/L, Alkalinity was 26.62±4.78 mg/L, Chloride was 17.29±1.41 mg/L, Hardness was 26.81±2.59 mg/L, Phosphate was 2.20±0.09 mg/L, Nitrate was 3.19±0.94 mg/L, Sulphate was 25.81±10.78 mg/L, Calcium was 8.69±1.74 mg/L, Magnesium was 2.66±0.39 mg/L, Dissolved Oxygen was 4.47±0.46 mg/L and Biochemical Oxygen Demand was 7.29±3.25 mg/L. This study depicts that turbidity, dissolved oxygen, biochemical oxygen demand, air, and water temperature were higher than the recommended limit for drinkable water. It, therefore, stresses the need for compliance of environmental laws to prevent the river from further deterioration


Subject(s)
Groundwater , Human Activities , Nigeria , Rivers
17.
Rev. biol. trop ; 66(3): 1101-1117, jul.-sep. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-977370

ABSTRACT

Abstract Human pressures have placed many tropical estuaries in developing countries under increased levels of stress. The Caroni Swamp Ramsar Site, the largest mangrove swamp along the west coast of Trinidad, has been subjected to high levels of anthropogenic impacts including hydrological alteration and pollution from land-based sources since the 1920's. While most of these impacts have been well documented, limited information exists on the macrobenthic communities in the swamp. This study addresses the paucity of information. The macrobenthic fauna in the main waterways of Caroni Swamp was sampled at 12 locations using a Van Veen 0.025 m2 grab, once in the dry (April) and wet (August) season of 2015 with a total of 144 samples. The samples were sorted, counted and species were identified to the lowest possible taxonomic level. A total of 55 taxa were identified with polychaetes being the most abundant taxa. The ecological status of the macrobenthos was assessed using AZTI's Marine Biotic Index (AMBI) and the multivariate-AMBI (M-AMBI). Physicochemical parameters were measured with a YSI multiparameter metre. Chemical analyses were also conducted on nitrates, nitrites, ammonia and reactive phosphates using standard methods. Overall, AMBI characterised the Caroni Swamp as "slightly disturbed" with a macrobenthic community of "poor" ecological status according to M-AMBI. Generally, the quality of the environment improves from the dry season to the wet season. However, seasonal variations in AMBI and M-AMBI were found to be site specific as some showed improvement in ecological status and macrozoobenthos quality while others showed degradation from the dry season to the wet season. The stations to the North of the swamp showed improvement from the dry season to the wet season while the opposite was observed in the more Southern stations. One notable characteristic of the swamp was the high levels of pollutants, particularly ammonia, recorded in one of its major waterways, the Caroni River. This is in contrast to the other waterways within the swamp which experience much lower levels of pollutant input from land-based sources. The assessment of the Caroni Swamp using AMBI and M-AMBI may be useful for informing management strategies to conserve the wetland and improve environmental quality. Rev. Biol. Trop. 66(3): 1101-1117. Epub 2018 September 01.


Resumen Los estuarios tropicales de países en desarrollo han experimentado un aumento en los niveles de estrés debido a la presión humana. El sitio Ramsar pantano Caroní, el manglar más grande de la costa oeste de Trinidad, ha estado sujeto a altos niveles de impacto antropogénico, incluyendo alteraciones hidrológicas y contaminación de fuentes terrestres desde la década de 1920. Aunque la mayoría de estos impactos han sido bien documentados, existe información limitada sobre las comunidades macrobentónicas en el pantano. Este estudio aborda esta escasez de información. Se muestreó la fauna macrobentónica en el canal principal del pantano Caroní en 12 localidades utilizando una draga Van Veen de 0.025 m2, una vez durante la época seca (Abril) y la época lluviosa (Agosto) 2015, con un total de 144 muestras. Las muestras fueron ordenadas, contadas y las especies se identificaron al menor nivel taxonómico posible. Se identificaron un total de 55 taxa, siendo los poliquetos el taxa más abundante. El estatus ecológico del macrobentos se evaluó utilizando el Índice Marino Biótico de AZTI (AMBI) y el AMBI-multivariado (M-AMBI). Los parámetros fisicoquímicos se midieron con un multiparámetro YSI. Los análisis químicos también se realizaron para nitratos, nitritos, amonio y fostatos activos utilizando métodos estándar. En conjunto, el índice AMBI caracterizó el pantano Caroní como "levemente alterado" con una comunidad macrobentónica de categoría "pobre" de acuerdo al M-AMBI. Generalmente, la calidad de los ambientes incrementa desde la época seca hasta la época lluviosa. Sin embargo, las variaciones estacionales en los índices AMBI y M-AMBI fueron específicas a la localidad, mostrando algunas un incremento en el estatus ecológico y calidad del macrozoobentos, mientras que otros mostraron una degradación de la época seca a la época lluviosa. Las estaciones al norte del pantano mostraron una mejora de la época seca a la época lluviosa, mientras que se presentó lo contrario en las estaciones más al sur. Una característica notable del pantano fueron los altos niveles de contaminantes, particularmente amonio, registrado en uno de los canales principales del río Caroní. Esto contrasta con los otros canales del pantano que experimentan niveles menores de aporte de contaminantes de fuentes terrestres. La evaluación del pantano Caroní utilizando los índíces AMBI y M-AMBI puede ser una base útil de información para las estrategias de manejo y conservación del humedal y mejorar su calidad ambiental.


Subject(s)
Polychaeta/growth & development , Seasons , Trinidad and Tobago , Benthic Fauna/analysis , Benthic Fauna/adverse effects , Benthic Flora/analysis , Wetlands , Ammonium Compounds/adverse effects , Human Activities , Water Pollutants/adverse effects , Environment
18.
Safety and Health at Work ; : 224-231, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715503

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Organizations are pursing complex and diverse aims to generate higher profits. Many workers experience high work intensity such as workload and work pressure in this organizational environment. Especially, psychological burden is a commonly used term in workplace of Republic of Korea. This study focused on defining the psychological burden from the perspective of occupational safety and health and tried to develop a scale for psychological burden. METHODS: The 48 preliminary questionnaire items for psychological burden were prepared by a focus group interview with 16 workers through the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire II and Mindful Awareness Attention Scale. The preliminary items were surveyed with 572 workers, and exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, and correlation analysis were conducted for a new scale. RESULTS: As a result of the exploratory factor analysis, five factors were extracted: organizational activity, human error, safety and health workload, work attitude, and negative self-management. These factors had significant correlations and reliability, and the stability of the model for validity was confirmed using confirmatory factor analysis. CONCLUSION: The developed scale for psychological burden can measure workers' psychological burden in relation to safety and health. Despite some limitations, this study has applicability in the workplace, given the relatively small-sized questionnaire.


Subject(s)
Focus Groups , Human Activities , Occupational Health , Republic of Korea , Self Care
19.
Acta fisiátrica ; 24(2): 56-61, jun. 2017. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-906673

ABSTRACT

Indivíduos acometidos pelo Acidente Vascular Cerebral (AVC) comumente apresentam um baixo nível de atividade física (AF), o que é fator de risco para recorrência do AVC, surgimento de outras doenças cardiovasculares e aumento das incapacidades. A manutenção de um bom nível de AF associa-se a uma melhora funcional e da saúde desses indivíduos. Objetivo: Comparar o nível de AF de indivíduos saudáveis e indivíduos pós-AVC usuários da atenção primária do SUS. Método: Todos os indivíduos pós-AVC (G1; n=37) usuários de uma Unidade Básica de Saúde (UBS) da cidade de Belo Horizonte, MG com condições clínicas para responder a um questionário, e indivíduos saudáveis pareados (G2; n=37), também usuários da UBS, foram avaliados quanto ao nível de AF pelo questionário Perfil de Atividade Humana (PAH). Estatísticas descritivas, teste-t de student, teste qui-quadrado e teste de Mann-Whitney foram utilizados para as análises (α=0,05). Resultados: Os grupos foram semelhantes quanto à idade, sexo e nível de exercício físico (p>0,05). Houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos para todas as variáveis do PAH (0,001≤p≤0,011). Conclusão: Indivíduos pós-AVC apresentaram piores pontuações ou classificações quando comparados a indivíduos saudáveis pareados para todos os desfechos do PAH relacionados ao nível de atividade física


Subjects with stroke have a low physical activity level which may lead to recurrence of stroke events, occurrence of other cardiovascular diseases and increase of disabilities. The maintenance of an adequate physical activity level is associated with improvements on functionality and health of these subjects. Objective: To compare the physical activity levels of subjects with stroke and matched healthy subjects from a Primary Health Care unit. Method: Subjects with stroke (G1; n = 37) from a Primary Health Care unit, with clinical conditions to answer a questionnaire, and healthy matched subjects (G2; n = 37), from the same unit, were assessed for physical activity level by the Human Activity Profile (HAP) questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, t-test student, chi-square test and Mann-Whitney test were used for analysis (α = 0.05). Results: The groups were similar in age, sex and exercise level (p>0.05). There was a significant difference between groups on HAP (0.001≤p≤0.011). Conclusion: Individuals with stroke are worse classified and have worse scores on physical activities levels of the HAP, when compared to matched healthy individuals


Subject(s)
Humans , Unified Health System , Physical Therapy Modalities , Stroke , Healthy Volunteers , Human Activities , Motor Activity
20.
Rev. enferm. neurol ; 16(2)mayo-ago. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-966697

ABSTRACT

El ruido es considerado uno de los principales contaminantes ambientales, su estudio no se ha desarrollado con profundidad en el ámbito de enfermería, hay evidencia científica que demuestra cambios fisiopatológicos y comportamentales en los individuos que están expuestos durante un tiempo prolongado; predisponiendo cambios en su vida cotidiana. El profesional de enfermería no es la excepción, el desarrollo de sus actividades se ejerce en un ambiente de ruido continuo, por lo que es de interés analizar que respuestas humanas genera en el profesional de enfermería, de un hospital de segundo nivel de atención. Se trata de un estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal, en el que buscó identificar las respuestas humanas del profesional de enfermería ante la contaminación acústica. La población se conformó por 35 profesionales de enfermería. Se aplicó el test confort auditivo de María Gómez-Cano Alfaro del Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo (RD286/ 2006); tiene una composición mixta de 36 ítems divididos en seis dimensiones. Las variables sociodemográficas demostraron clínica y estadísticamente significancia, por lo que son un factor de riesgo para en la presencia de respuestas humanas (molestia, ansiedad, angustia y estrés) (RM=3.500, IC.95% .372-32.978; p>0.250). El ambiente laboral donde se desenvuelven los profesionales de enfermería analizados, determinó que la contaminación acústica a la que se exponen aumenta significativamente con relación al ruido de interferencia y, en menor grado, con el ruido propio de la atmósfera laboral, lo que se tradujo en la presencia de respuestas humanas negativas como el estrés y el enojo *p< (0.015). Por lo consiguiente el ruido es un factor generador de respuestas humanas negativas, en el profesional de enfermería, cuando es sometido por un periodo prolongado generándole molestia, estrés, ansiedad y enojo, pudiendo ser este un factor de distracción durante la jornada laboral. Palabras claves: respuestas humanas, profesional de enfermería, contaminación acústica y ruido.


Subject(s)
Humans , Human Activities , Noise
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