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1.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 23(1): 22-25, jan.-mar. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1443751

ABSTRACT

Introdução: As Disfunções temporomandibulares (DTM) incluem desordens dos músculos da mastigação, das articulações temporomandibulares e da inervação local, frequentemente associadas a dor orofacial e que resultam em mioartropatias do Sistema Mastigatório. A tendência atual tende a começar com tratamento conservador e progredir a procedimentos mais invasivos na falha dos tratamentos iniciais. Relato de caso: O presente relato visa mostrar o resultado de uma técnica invasiva para o tratamento de uma DTM grave, com a aplicação do ácido hialurônico e de corticoide através de uma punção guiado por ultrassonografia. A paciente apresentava dor crônica e perda importante de peso devido a limitação da abertura da boca. A RM demonstrou disfunção das ATMs, com sinais de deslocamento parcial do disco direito anteromedialmente. Foi realizada a aplicação bilateral intra-articular de ácido hialurônico e de corticoide através de uma punção guiado por ultrassonografia. Considerações Finais: A associação destas classes na punção de ATMs ainda não está bem estabelecida havendo necessidade de estudos complementares para avaliar eficácia, como este relato de caso, que se mostrou favorável com grande melhora clínica da paciente... (AU)


Introduction: Temporomandibular dysfunctions (TMD) include disorders of the masticatory muscles, temporomandibular joints, and local innervation, often associated with orofacial pain and resulting in myoarthropathies of the masticatory system. The current trend tends to begin with conservative treatment and progress to more invasive procedures if the initial treatments fail. Case Report: The present report aims to show the result of an invasive technique for the treatment of a severe TMD, with the application of hyaluronic acid and corticoid through an ultrasound-guided puncture. The patient presented with chronic pain and significant weight loss due to limited mouth opening. MRI demonstrated TMJ dysfunction, with signs of partial anteromedial dislocation of the right disc. Bilateral intra-articular application of hyaluronic acid and corticoid was performed through an ultrasound guided puncture. Final considerations: The association of these classes in TMJ puncture is still not well established, and further studies are needed to evaluate efficacy, as in this case report, which proved favorable, with great clinical improvement for the patient... (AU)


Introducción: Los trastornos temporomandibulares (TTM) incluyen trastornos de los músculos masticatorios, de las articulaciones temporomandibulares y de la inervación local, a menudo asociados a dolor orofacial y que dan lugar a mioartropatías del sistema masticatorio. La tendencia actual es comenzar con un tratamiento conservador y progresar hacia procedimientos más invasivos al fracasar los tratamientos iniciales. Informe de un caso: El presente informe pretende mostrar el resultado de una técnica invasiva para el tratamiento de un TTM severo, con la aplicación de ácido hialurónico y corticoide a través de una punción guiada por ecografía. El paciente presentaba dolor crónico y una importante pérdida de peso debido a la limitación de la apertura bucal. La RMN demostró una disfunción de la ATM, con signos de dislocación parcial del disco derecho anteromedialmente. Se realizó la aplicación intraarticular bilateral de ácido hialurónico y corticoide mediante una punción guiada por ecografía. Consideraciones finales: La asociación de estas clases en la punción de la ATM aún no está bien establecida y se necesitan más estudios para evaluar la eficacia, como en el reporte de este caso, que resultó favorable con gran mejoría clínica del paciente... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Conservative Treatment , Hyaluronic Acid/pharmacology
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(3): 699-704, jun. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514323

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: One of the most important minimally invasive treatments today in temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJ- OA) is the intra-articular exogenous hyaluronic acid (HA) injection, which has yielded good results in pain relief and improves mandibular function with few side effects. However, the effectiveness of HA continues to be controversial, partly due to the heterogeneity in the injection protocols in their molecular weight, viscosity and frequency of infiltration, among other properties. The aim of this review is to identify the differences in the histological and clinical effects of the different types of HA and the frequency of infiltration on TMJ-OA treatment. Materials and methods: A bibliographic search was performed in the PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus databases. The search was limited up to September 2022. Search terms included "osteoarthritis", "hyaluronic acid, "molecular weight", "concentration", "viscosity", "dose" and "temporomandibular", using AND/OR as Boolean terms. Results: Exogenous HA in its different molecular weights offers an improvement in histological and clinical characteristics. Apparently, low and medium molecular weight HA presents better results. No clinical studies related to the degree of HA viscosity were found. Respect to the frequency of infiltration, single injection, weekly injections for 3 weeks, weekly injections for 5 weeks and other protocols are used. However, their comparison is complex. There seems to be differences in the effects of the different HA preparations for the treatment of TMJ-OA, mainly in their molecular weight. However, the evidence remains scant.


Uno de los tratamientos mínimamente invasivos más importantes en la actualidad en la artrosis de la articulación temporomandibular (OATM) es la inyección intraarticular de ácido hialurónico (AH) exógeno, que ha dado buenos resultados en el alivio del dolor y mejora la función mandibular con pocos efectos secundarios. Sin embargo, la efectividad del AH continúa siendo controversial, en parte debido a la heterogeneidad en los protocolos de inyección en cuanto a su peso molecular, viscosidad y frecuencia de infiltración, entre otras propiedades. El objetivo de esta revisión fue identificar las diferencias en los efectos histológicos y clínicos de los diferentes tipos de HA y la frecuencia de infiltración en el tratamiento de TMJ-OA. Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en las bases de datos PubMed, Web of Science y Scopus. La búsqueda se limitó hasta septiembre de 2022. Los términos de búsqueda incluyeron "osteoartritis", "ácido hialurónico", "peso molecular", "concentración", "viscosidad", "dosis" y "temporomandibular", utilizando AND/OR como términos booleanos. El HA exógeno en sus diferentes pesos moleculares ofrece una mejora en las características histológicas y clínicas. Aparentemente, el AH de bajo y medio peso molecular presenta mejores resultados. No se encontraron estudios clínicos relacionados con el grado de viscosidad del HA. Respecto a la frecuencia de infiltración, se utilizan inyecciones únicas, inyecciones semanales durante 3 semanas, inyecciones semanales durante 5 semanas y otros protocolos. Sin embargo, su comparación es compleja. Parece haber diferencias en los efectos de las diferentes preparaciones de HA para el tratamiento de la OA-TMJ, principalmente en su peso molecular. Sin embargo, la evidencia sigue siendo escasa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoarthritis/drug therapy , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/drug therapy , Hyaluronic Acid/administration & dosage , Viscosity/drug effects , Injections , Molecular Weight
3.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e22690, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1505850

ABSTRACT

Abstract Improving vaccine immunity and reducing antigen usage are major challenges in the clinical application of vaccines. Microneedles have been proven to be painless, minimally invasive, highly efficient, and have good patient compliance. Compared with traditional transdermal drug delivery, it can effectively deliver a large-molecular-weight drug into the skin, resulting in a corresponding immune response. However, few studies have examined the relationship between microneedle loading dose and immune effects. In this study, the hyaluronic acid (HA) conical and pyramidal dissolving microneedles were prepared by the two-step vacuum drying method, respectively. The model drug ovalbumin (OVA) was added to HA to prepare dissolving microneedles with different loading amounts. The mass ratios of HA to OVA were 5:1, 5:3, and 5:5. The mechanical properties of the dissolving microneedles were characterized using nanoindentation and in vitro puncture studies. The immune effects of the matrix and drug content were studied in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. Finally, the diffusion behavior of OVA and the binding mode of HA and OVA in the microneedles were simulated using Materials Studio and Autodocking software. The experimental results showed that the conical microneedles exhibited better mechanical properties. When the mass ratio of HA to OVA was 5:3, the immune effect can be improved by 37.01% compared to subcutaneous injection, and achieved a better immune effect with relatively fewer drugs. This conclusion is consistent with molecular simulations. This study provides theoretical and experimental support for the drug loading and efficacy of microneedles with different drug loadings


Subject(s)
Injections, Subcutaneous/adverse effects , Pharmaceutical Preparations/analysis , Vaccines/analysis , Immunization/classification , Mechanical Tests/instrumentation , Hyaluronic Acid/agonists , Antigens/adverse effects
4.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 114-121, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971160

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) combined with autologous Meek microskin transplantation on patients with extensive burns. Methods: The prospective self-controlled study was conducted. From May 2019 to June 2022, 16 patients with extensive burns admitted to the 990th Hospital of PLA Joint Logistics Support Force met the inclusion criteria, while 3 patients were excluded according to the exclusion criteria, and 13 patients were finally selected, including 10 males and 3 females, aged 24-61 (42±13) years. A total of 20 trial areas (40 wounds, with area of 10 cm×10 cm in each wound) were selected. Two adjacent wounds in each trial area were divided into hUCMSC+gel group applied with hyaluronic acid gel containing hUCMSCs and gel only group applied with hyaluronic acid gel only according to the random number table, with 20 wounds in each group. Afterwards the wounds in two groups were transplanted with autologous Meek microskin grafts with an extension ratio of 1∶6. In 2, 3, and 4 weeks post operation, the wound healing was observed, the wound healing rate was calculated, and the wound healing time was recorded. The specimen of wound secretion was collected for microorganism culture if there was purulent secretion on the wound post operation. In 3, 6, and 12 months post operation, the scar hyperplasia in wound was assessed using the Vancouver scar scale (VSS). In 3 months post operation, the wound tissue was collected for hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining to observe the morphological changes and for immunohistochemical staining to observe the positive expressions of Ki67 and vimentin and to count the number of positive cells. Data were statistically analyzed with paired samples t test and Bonferronni correction. Results: In 2, 3, and 4 weeks post operation, the wound healing rates in hUCMSC+gel group were (80±11)%, (84±12)%, and (92±9)%, respectively, which were significantly higher than (67±18)%, (74±21)%, and (84±16)% in gel only group (with t values of 4.01, 3.52, and 3.66, respectively, P<0.05). The wound healing time in hUCMSC+gel group was (31±11) d, which was significantly shorter than (36±13) d in gel only group (t=-3.68, P<0.05). The microbiological culture of the postoperative wound secretion specimens from the adjacent wounds in 2 groups was identical, with negative results in 4 trial areas and positive results in 16 trial areas. In 3, 6, and 12 months post operation, the VSS scores of wounds in gel only group were 7.8±1.9, 6.7±2.1, and 5.4±1.6, which were significantly higher than 6.8±1.8, 5.6±1.6, and 4.0±1.4 in hUCMSC+gel group, respectively (with t values of -4.79, -4.37, and -5.47, respectively, P<0.05). In 3 months post operation, HE staining showed an increase in epidermal layer thickness and epidermal crest in wound in hUCMSC+gel group compared with those in gel only group, and immunohistochemical staining showed a significant increase in the number of Ki67 positive cells in wound in hUCMSC+gel group compared with those in gel only group (t=4.39, P<0.05), with no statistically significant difference in the number of vimentin positive cells in wound between the 2 groups (P>0.05). Conclusions: The application of hyaluronic acid gel containing hUCMSCs to the wound is simple to perform and is therefore a preferable route. Topical application of hUCMSCs can promote healing of the autologous Meek microskin grafted area in patients with extensive burns, shorten wound healing time, and alleviate scar hyperplasia. The above effects may be related to the increased epidermal thickness and epidermal crest, and active cell proliferation.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Burns/surgery , Cicatrix , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Hyaluronic Acid/therapeutic use , Hyperplasia , Ki-67 Antigen , Prospective Studies , Umbilical Cord , Vimentin
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982256

ABSTRACT

Soft tissue is an indispensable tissue in human body. It plays an important role in protecting the body from external physical, chemical or biological factors. Mild soft tissue injuries can self-heal, while severe soft tissue injuries may require related treatment. Natural polymers (such as chitosan, hyaluronic acid, and collagen) and synthetic polymers (such as polyethylene glycol and polylactic acid) exhibit good biocompatibility, biodegradability and low toxicity. It can be used for soft tissue repairs for antibacterial, hemostatic and wound healing purposes. Their related properties can be enhanced through modification or preparation of composite materials. Commonly used soft tissue repairs include wound dressings, biological patches, medical tissue adhesives, and tissue engineering scaffolds. This study introduces the properties, mechanisms of action and applications of various soft tissue repair medical materials, including chitosan, hyaluronic acid, collagen, polyethylene glycol and polylactic acid, and provides an outlook on the application prospects of soft tissue repair medical materials and products.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biocompatible Materials/chemistry , Chitosan/chemistry , Hyaluronic Acid , Tissue Scaffolds/chemistry , Collagen/chemistry , Polymers/chemistry , Polyethylene Glycols , Soft Tissue Injuries
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982046

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To design and prepare silk fibroin/hyaluronic acid composite hydrogel.@*METHODS@#The thiol modified silk fibroin and the double-bond modified hyaluronic acid were rapidly cured into gels through thiol-ene click polymerization under ultraviolet light condition. The grafting rate of modified silk fibroin and hyaluronic acid was characterized by 1H NMR spectroscopy; the gel point and the internal microstructure of hydrogels were characterized by rheological test and scanning electron microscopy; the mechanical properties were characterized by compression test; the swelling rate and degradation rate were determined by mass method. The hydrogel was co-cultured with the cells, the cytotoxicity was measured by the lactate dehydrogenase method, the cell adhesion was measured by the float count method, and the cell growth and differentiation on the surface of the gel were observed by scanning electron microscope and fluorescence microscope.@*RESULTS@#The functional group substitution degrees of modified silk fibroin and hyaluronic acid were 17.99% and 48.03%, respectively. The prepared silk fibroin/hyaluronic acid composite hydrogel had a gel point of 40-60 s and had a porous structure inside the gel. The compressive strength was as high as 450 kPa and it would not break after ten cycles. The water absorption capacity of the composite hydrogel was 4-10 times of its own weight. Degradation experiments showed that the hydrogel was biodegradable, and the degradation rate reached 28%-42% after 35 d. The cell biology experiments showed that the cytotoxicity of the composite gel was low, the cell adhesion was good, and the growth and differentiation of the cells on the surface of the gel were good.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The photocurable silk fibroin/hyaluronic acid composite hydrogel can form a gel quickly, and has excellent mechanical properties, adjustable swelling rate and degradation degree, good biocompatibility, so it has promising application prospects in biomedicine.


Subject(s)
Fibroins/chemistry , Hydrogels/chemistry , Hyaluronic Acid/chemistry , Biocompatible Materials/chemistry , Click Chemistry , Sulfhydryl Compounds , Silk/chemistry
7.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1235-1238, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007478

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To compare the clinical efficacy and safety of acupuncture and sodium hyaluronate eye drop in the treatment of aqueous deficiency dry eye.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients (120 eyes) with aqueous deficiency dry eye were randomly divided into an observation group (30 cases, 1 case dropped out) and a control group (30 cases, 1 case dropped out). In the control group, sodium hyaluronate eye drop were used, one drop at a time, 4 times a day, for 14 consecutive days. In the observation group, acupuncture was applied at bilateral Shangjingming (Extra), Cuanzhu (BL 2), Sizhukong (TE 23), Taiyang (EX-HN 5), and Tongziliao (GB 1) , once a day, treatment for 6 days with the interval of 1 day was required, for 14 consecutive days. The tear meniscus height (TMH), Schirmer Ⅰ test (SⅠT), ocular surface disease index (OSDI) score, non-invasive tear break-up time (NIBUT), and corneal fluorescein sodium staining (FLS) score were compared between the two groups before and after treatment, and the safety of the treatment of the two groups was observed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with those before treatment, after treatment, TMH, SⅠT and NIBUT were increased (P<0.01, P<0.05), and FLS scores were decreased (P<0.01) in the two groups; the score of OSDI was reduced (P<0.01) in the observation group. After treatment, in the observation group, TMH and SⅠT were higher than those in the control group (P<0.01), and the score of OSDI was lower than that in the control group (P<0.01). No adverse reactions and adverse events were observed in the two groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Acupuncture and sodium hyaluronate eye drop can both effectively treat aqueous deficiency dry eye, acupuncture has obvious advantages in improving TMH and basic tear secretion, and reducing the subjective symptoms of patients. Acupuncture for dry eye is safe.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hyaluronic Acid , Acupuncture Therapy , Dry Eye Syndromes/therapy , Eye , Tears , Ophthalmic Solutions , Fluorescein
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009092

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the feasibility of a dual-crosslinked injectable hydrogel derived from acellular musclar matrix (AMM) for promoting myoblasts proliferation and myogenic differentiation.@*METHODS@#Firstly, hyaluronic acid was oxidized with NaIO 4 and methylated to prepare methacrylamidated oxidized hyaluronic acid (MOHA). Then, AMM obtained by washing enzymatically treated muscle tissue was aminolyzed to prepare aminated AMM (AAMM). MOHA hydrogel and AAMM were crosslinked using Schiff based reaction and UV radiation to prepare a dual-crosslinked MOHA/AAMM injectable hydrogel. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) was used to characterize MOHA, AAMM, and MOHA/AAMM hydrogels. The injectability of MOHA/AAMM hydrogel were evaluated by manual injection, and the gelation performance was assessed by UV crosslinking. The rheological properties and Young's modulus of the hydrogel were examined through mechanical tests. The degradation rate of the hydrogel was assessed by immersing it in PBS. The active components of the hydrogel were verified using immunofluorescence staining and ELISA assay kits. The promotion of cell proliferation by the hydrogel was tested using live/dead staining and cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8) assays after co-culturing with C2C12 myoblasts for 9 days. The effect of the hydrogel on myogenic differentiation was evaluated by immunofluorescence staining and real time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR).@*RESULTS@#FTIR spectra confirmed the successful preparation of MOHA/AAMM hydrogel. The hydrogel exhibited good injectability and gelation ability. Compared to MOHA hydrogel, MOHA/AAMM hydrogel exhibited higher viscosity and Young's modulus, a reduced degradation rate, and contained a higher amount of collagen (including collagen type Ⅰ and collagen type Ⅲ) as well as bioactive factors (including epidermal growth factor, fibroblast growth factor 2, vascular endothelial growth factor, and insulin-like growth factor 1). The live/dead cell staining and CCK-8 assay indicated that with prolonged incubation time, there was a significant increase in viable cells and a decrease in dead cells in the C2C12 myoblasts within the MOHA/AAMM hydrogel. Compared with MOHA hydrogel, the difference was significant at each time point ( P<0.05). Immunofluorescence staining and RT-qPCR analysis demonstrated that the deposition of IGF-1 and expression levels of myogenic-related genes (including Myogenin, Troponin T, and myosin heavy chain) in the MOHA/AAMM group were significantly higher than those in the MOHA group ( P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The MOHA/AAMM hydrogel prepared based on AMM can promote myoblasts proliferation and myogenic differentiation, providing a novel dual-crosslinked injectable hydrogel for muscle tissue engineering.


Subject(s)
Hydrogels , Hyaluronic Acid/pharmacology , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Tissue Engineering/methods , Cell Differentiation , Myoblasts/metabolism , Cell Proliferation
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009003

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To prepare a novel hyaluronic acid methacrylate (HAMA) hydrogel microspheres loaded polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane-diclofenac sodium (POSS-DS) patricles, then investigate its physicochemical characteristics and in vitro and in vivo biological properties.@*METHODS@#Using sulfhydryl POSS (POSS-SH) as a nano-construction platform, polyethylene glycol and DS were chemically linked through the "click chemistry" method to construct functional nanoparticle POSS-DS. The composition was analyzed by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and the morphology was characterized by transmission electron microscopy. In order to achieve drug sustained release, POSS-DS was encapsulated in HAMA, and hybrid hydrogel microspheres were prepared by microfluidic technology, namely HAMA@POSS-DS. The morphology of the hybrid hydrogel microspheres was characterized by optical microscope and scanning electron microscope. The in vitro degradation and drug release efficiency were observed. Cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8) and live/dead staining were used to detect the effect on chondrocyte proliferation. Moreover, a chondrocyte inflammation model was constructed and cultured with HAMA@POSS-DS. The relevant inflammatory indicators, including collagen type Ⅱ, aggrecan (AGG), matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP-13), recombinant A disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin 5 (Adamts5), and recombinant tachykinin precursor 1 (TAC1) were detected by immunofluorescence staining and real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR, with normal cultured chondrocytes and the chondrocyte inflammation model without treatment as control group and blank group respectively to further evaluate their anti-inflammatory activity. Finally, by constructing a rat model of knee osteoarthritis, the effectiveness of HAMA@POSS-DS on osteoarthritis was evaluated by X-ray film and Micro-CT examination.@*RESULTS@#The overall particle size of POSS-DS nanoparticles was uniform with a diameter of about 100 nm. HAMA@POSS-DS hydrogel microspheres were opaque spheres with a diameter of about 100 μm and a spherical porous structure. The degradation period was 9 weeks, during which the loaded POSS-DS nanoparticles were slowly released. CCK-8 and live/dead staining showed no obvious cytotoxicity at HAMA@POSS-DS, and POSS-DS released by HAMA@POSS-DS significantly promoted cell proliferation (P<0.05). In the chondrocyte anti-inflammatory experiment, the relative expression of collagen type Ⅱ mRNA in HAMA@POSS-DS group was significantly higher than that in control group and blank group (P<0.05). The relative expression level of AGG mRNA was significantly higher than that of blank group (P<0.05). The relative expressions of MMP-13, Adamts5, and TAC1 mRNA in HAMA@POSS-DS group were significantly lower than those in blank group (P<0.05). In vivo experiments showed that the joint space width decreased after operation in rats with osteoarthritis, but HAMA@POSS-DS delayed the process of joint space narrowing and significantly improved the periarticular osteophytosis (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#HAMA@POSS-DS can effectively regulate the local inflammatory microenvironment and significantly promote chondrocyte proliferation, which is conducive to promoting cartilage regeneration and repair in osteoarthritis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Matrix Metalloproteinase 13 , Microspheres , Hydrogels , Collagen Type II , Diclofenac , Inflammation , Osteoarthritis, Knee/drug therapy , Hyaluronic Acid , Aggrecans
10.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(6): 1022-1029, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423636

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate in vitro the viability of mesenchymal stem cells derived from adipose tissue (AD-MSCs) in different commercial solutions of hyaluronic acid (HA) before and after being sowed in collagen I/III membrane. Methods In the first stage, the interaction between AD-MSCs was analyzed with seven different commercial products of HA, phosphate buffered saline (PBS), and bovine fetal serum (BFS), performed by counting living and dead cells after 24, 48 and 72 hours. Five products with a higher number of living cells were selected and the interaction between HA with AD-MSCs and type I/III collagen membrane was evaluated by counting living and dead cells in the same time interval (24, 48 and 72 hours). Results In both situations analyzed (HA + AD-MSCs and HA + AD-MSCs + membrane), BFS presented the highest percentage of living cells after 24, 48 and 72 hours, a result higher than that of HA. Conclusion The association of HA with AD-MSCs, with or without membrane, showed no superiority in cell viability when compared with BFS.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar in vitro a viabilidade das células-tronco mesenquimais derivadas do tecido adiposo (AD-CTMs) em diferentes soluções comerciais de ácido hialurônico (AH) antes e após serem semeadas em membrana de colágeno I/III. Métodos Na primeira etapa, analisou-se a interação entre AD-CTMs com sete diferentes produtos comerciais de AH, salina tamponada com fosfato (PBS, na sigla em inglês) e soro fetal bovino (SFB), realizada pela contagem das células vivas e mortas após 24, 48 e 72 horas. Foram selecionados cinco produtos com maior número de células vivas e avaliou-se a interação entre o AH com AD-CTMs e a membrana de colágeno tipo I/III pela contagem de células vivas e mortas no mesmo intervalo de tempo (24, 48 e 72 horas). Resultados Em ambas as situações analisadas (AH + AD-CTM e AH + AD-CTM + membrana), o SFB apresentou a maior porcentagem de células vivas após 24, 48 e 72 horas, resultado superior ao do AH. Conclusão A associação do AH com as AD-CTMs, com ou sem a membrana, não demonstrou superioridade na viabilidade celular quando comparado com SFB.


Subject(s)
In Vitro Techniques , Cartilage, Articular , Collagen Type I , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Hyaluronic Acid
11.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(3): 402-408, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388020

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aimed to compare the effects of intraarticular infiltration of platelet-rich plasma with those of hyaluronic acid infiltration in the treatment of patients with primary knee osteoarthritis. Methods A randomized clinical trial was conducted with 29 patients who received an intraarticular infiltration with hyaluronic acid (control group) or platelet-rich plasma. Clinical outcomes were assessed using the visual analog scale for pain and the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) questionnaire before and after the intervention. In addition, the posttreatment adverse effects were recorded. Categorical variables were analyzed using the chi-square and Fisher exact tests, whereas continuous variables were analyzed using the Student t test, analysis of variance, and the Wilcoxon test; all calculations were performed with the Stats package of the R software. Results An independent analysis of each group revealed a statistical difference within the first months, with improvement in the pain and function scores, but worsening on the 6th month after the procedure. There was no difference in the outcomes between the groups receiving hyaluronic acid or platelet-rich plasma. There was no serious adverse effect or allergic reaction during the entire follow-up period. Conclusion Intraarticular infiltration with hyaluronic acid or platelet-rich plasma in patients with primary knee gonarthrosis resulted in temporary improvement of functional symptoms and pain. There was no difference between interventions.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar o efeito da infiltração intraarticular do plasma rico em plaqueta com a do ácido hialurônico no tratamento de pacientes com osteoartrose primária de joelho. Métodos Realizou-se um ensaio clínico randomizado com 29 pacientes, sendo um grupo submetido à infiltração com ácido hialurônico (controle) e o outro com plasma rico em plaquetas. Os desfechos clínicos avaliados foram a escala visual analógica da dor; o questionário Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC), antes e depois da intervenção; e os efeitos adversos após as aplicações. Utilizou-se os testes do qui-quadrado e exato de Fisher para as variáveis categóricas, e o teste t de Student, análise de variância, e Wilcoxon para as variáveis contínuas, através do software R. Resultados A análise independente de cada grupo revelou uma diferença estatística nos meses iniciais, com melhora dos escores de dor e função; porém, com piora no 6° mês após o procedimento. Não houve diferença dos desfechos avaliados entre os grupos que foram submetidos à infiltração com ácido hialurônico ou com plasma rico em plaquetas. Não houve efeito adverso grave ou reação alérgica durante todo o seguimento. Conclusão A infiltração intraarticular com ácido hialurônico ou plasma rico em plaquetas nos joelhos dos pacientes com gonartrose primária apresentou melhora temporária dos sintomas de função e dor. Não houve diferença entre as duas intervenções.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoarthritis/therapy , Benchmarking , Platelet-Rich Plasma/drug effects , Hyaluronic Acid/therapeutic use , Anesthesia, Local , Knee/pathology
12.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 29(1): 14-21, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1369635

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: La osteoartrosis (OA) es una artropatía incurable mono o poliarticular. En la rodilla es la enfermedad degenerativa más común, con gran incidencia de los factores mecánicos. El arsenal terapéutico para el manejo de la OA de rodilla (OAR) comprende medidas no farmacológicas, farmacológicas, medicación de técnicas intraarticulares y cirugía. Los objetivos de este trabajo fueron evaluar la eficacia en términos de dolor, función articular y calidad de vida de los pacientes infiltrados con ácido hialurónico (AH) de alto peso molecular (PM), doblemente reticulado (Cientific Synovial®, en adelante: CS) así como la seguridad de su uso. Adicionalmente se intentó objetivar el tiempo libre de prótesis en pacientes con esta indicación. Materiales y métodos: Se efectuó un diseño pre y post (un solo grupo) para pacientes con gonartrosis. Se analizó una muestra de cuarenta y seis pacientes (n = 46) a quienes se dividió en dos grupos según clasificación de Kellgren-Lawrence (KL). Un grupo KL 1­2 fue infiltrado con AH 40 mg (CS40), y otro grupo KL 3­4 fue infiltrado con AH 60 mg (CS60). A todos los pacientes se les suministró el cuestionario KOOS-12 (Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score) pre y postinfiltración y se efectuó estadística descriptiva e inferencial apropiada. Conclusiones: el AH de alto PM y doblemente reticulado (Cientific Synovial®) mejoró estadística y clínicamente todos los parámetros de eficacia analizados por medio del cuestionario KOOS-12. El preparado se mostró seguro y sin aparición de efectos adversos de relevancia. Tanto en los pacientes con indicación previa de reemplazo total de rodilla (RTR) rechazada (n = 12) como en el resto de los pacientes de la muestra se verificó la supervivencia libre de prótesis hasta el final del estudio


Objectives: Osteoarthrosis (OA) is an incurable mono or polyarticular arthropathy and in the knee it is the most common degenerative disease with a high incidence of mechanical factors. The therapeutic arsenal for the management of knee OA (OAR) includes non-pharmacological and pharmacological measures, medication and intra-articular techniques, and surgery. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the efficacy in terms of pain, joint function and quality of life of patients infiltrated with double cross-linked high molecular weight (MW) hyaluronic acid (HA) (Cientific Synovial®, ­CS­) as well as the safety of its use. Additionally, we tried to objectify the prosthesis-free time in patients with this indication. Materials and methods: a pre - post design (single group) was carried out for patients with knee osteoarthritis. A sample of fortysix patients (n = 46) was analyzed who were divided into two groups according to the Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) classification. A group KL 1­2 was infiltrated with HA 40 mg (CS40) and another group KL 3­4 was infiltrated with HA 60 mg (CS60). All patients filled out the KOOS-12 questionnaire (Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score) pre and post infiltration and appropriate descriptive and inferential statistics were performed. Conclusions: The double-crosslinked, high-MW HA (Cientific Synovial®) improved statistically and clinically all the efficacy parameters analyzed using the KOOS-12 questionnaire. The preparation was shown to be safe and without the appearance of significant adverse effects. Both in the patients with a previous indication for total knee replacement (TKR) rejected (n = 12), as in the rest of the patients in the sample, prosthesis-free survival was verified until the end of the study


Subject(s)
Treatment Outcome , Osteoarthritis, Knee/therapy , Viscosupplementation , Hyaluronic Acid/therapeutic use
13.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 42: e239357, 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1422381

ABSTRACT

Esta pesquisa buscou mapear conteúdos relativos ao antienvelhecimento em revistas de grande circulação e no noticiário brasileiro, entre 1º de janeiro de 2016 e 31 de dezembro de 2019. Foram investigadas as revistas Claudia, Boa Forma, VIP e Carbono Uomo. Houve ainda coleta no portal de notícias G1, da Rede Globo de Televisão, voltado ao público geral. Foram criados dois corpora distintos formados pelos conteúdos do G1 e das revistas que, então, foram submetidos à Classificação Hierárquica Descendente pelo software IRaMuTeQ, dando origem a dois subcorpora e quatro classes para cada um. Os resultados apontam uma forte tendência mercadológica nas revistas, que buscam conduzir os leitores ao consumo de produtos e à realização de procedimentos estéticos. Por outro lado, as notícias jornalísticas apregoam um modelo de vida mais saudável como principal prática antienvelhecimento, ao mesmo tempo que alertam sobre os riscos envolvidos nos procedimentos e produtos estéticos irregulares. Em geral, o conteúdo das revistas dissipa representações sociais que idealizam um padrão de beleza do corpo jovial, associando a velhice à fealdade, enquanto o do portal de notícias G1 voltam-se à saúde e longevidade.(AU)


This survey aimed to map anti-aging content, in magazines with wide circulation and also in Brazilian news, between January 1, 2016 and December 31, 2019. Claudia, Boa Forma, VIP and Carbono Uomo magazines were studied. News were also collected from the G1 news portal, from Globo television network, aimed at the general audience. Two distinct corpora formed by the contents of the G1 and the magazines were created, which were then submitted to the Descending Hierarchical Classification, by the IRaMuTeQ software, leading to two subcorpora and four classes for each. The results show a strong market orientation in the magazines, which aim to lead readers to purchase products and undertake aesthetic procedures. The news reports, on the other way, promote a healthier life model as the main anti-aging practice, while warning about the risks involved in irregular aesthetic procedures and products. In general, the content of the magazines spreads social representations which idealize a pattern of beauty of a young body, connecting old age with ugliness, whereas that of the G1 news portal are focused on health and longevity.(AU)


Esta iniciativa buscó mapear material de antienvejecimiento, en revistas de gran tirada y en las noticias de Brasil, entre el 1 de enero de 2016 y el 31 de diciembre de 2019. Se analizaron las revistas Claudia, Boa Forma, VIP y Carbono Uomo. También se recogieron noticias del sitio de noticias G1 y de la red de televisión Globo, ambas dirigidas al público en general. Se crearon dos corpora distintos formados por el contenido del G1 y de las revistas, que luego fueron sometidos a la Clasificación Jerárquica Descendente, por el software IRaMuTeQ, dando lugar a dos subcorpora y cuatro clases para cada uno de los corpora. Los resultados señalan una fuerte orientación del mercado de promoción en las revistas, que buscan llevar a los lectores a consumir productos y realizar procedimientos estéticos. En cambio, las noticias periodísticas difunden un modelo de vida más saludable como la principal práctica antienvejecimiento, mientras que al mismo tiempo advierten sobre los riesgos que implican los procedimientos irregulares y los productos estéticos. De forma general, el contenido de las revistas difunde representaciones sociales que idealizan un estándar de belleza del cuerpo joven, asociando la vejez con la fealdad, mientras que el del portal de noticias G1 se orienta a la salud y la longevidad.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aging , Cosmetic Techniques , Social Representation , Mass Media , Propaganda , Psychology , Rejuvenation , Self Concept , Surgery, Plastic , Beauty , Behavior , Collagen , Botulinum Toxins, Type A , Cosmetics , Hormone Replacement Therapy , Healthy Lifestyle , Healthy Aging , Dry Needling , Body-Shaming , Hyaluronic Acid , Lasers , Antioxidants
14.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 358-377, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939883

ABSTRACT

According to literature, certain microorganism productions mediate biological effects. However, their beneficial characteristics remain unclear. Nowadays, scientists concentrate on obtaining natural materials from live creatures as new sources to produce innovative smart biomaterials for increasing tissue reconstruction in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. The present review aims to introduce microorganism-derived biological macromolecules, such as pullulan, alginate, dextran, curdlan, and hyaluronic acid, and their available sources for tissue engineering. Growing evidence indicates that these materials can be used as biological material in scaffolds to enhance regeneration in damaged tissues and contribute to cosmetic and dermatological applications. These natural-based materials are attractive in pharmaceutical, regenerative medicine, and biomedical applications. This study provides a detailed overview of natural-based biomaterials, their chemical and physical properties, and new directions for future research and therapeutic applications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biocompatible Materials/chemistry , Hyaluronic Acid , Regenerative Medicine , Tissue Engineering , Tissue Scaffolds/chemistry
15.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(4): 83-95, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345517

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the bone repair in surgical defects of rats treated with hyaluronic acid (HA) associated or not with Hevea brasiliensis fraction protein (F-1). Bone defect were created in 15 albino Wistar rats divided into 3 groups (n=5): Control group (1) - blood clot; HA group (2) - 0.5% hyaluronic acid; HAF1 group (3) - 0.1% F-1 protein fraction dissolved in 0.5% hyaluronic acid. After 4 weeks, the animals were euthanized and the bone repair was evaluated through histomorphometric analysis, zymography and immunohistochemistry. The neoformed bone area did not show a significant difference (p = 0.757), but there was a tendency for bone trabeculation to increase in the groups HA and HAF1. For immunohistochemically analysis, there was a difference in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) labeling (p = 0.023), being higher in the groups HA and HAF1 than the control group. No significant difference in bone sialoprotein (BSP) (p = 0.681), osteocalcin (p = 0.954), however, significant difference in platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (CD-31) (p = 0.040), with HAF1 group being significantly lower than the control. For zymographic analysis, there was no significant difference for metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) (p = 0.068), but there was a tendency to increase MMP-2 in the HA group. Despite the influence on angiogenic factors and the apparent tendency for greater trabeculation in the HA and HAF1 groups, there was no significant difference in the area of ​​newly formed bone tissue in the analyzed period.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou o reparo ósseo em defeitos cirúrgicos de ratos tratados com ácido hialurônico (AH) associado ou não à fração proteica de Hevea brasiliensis (F-1). Foram criados defeitos ósseos em 15 ratos albinos Wistar divididos em 3 grupos (n = 5): Grupo controle (1) - coágulo sanguíneo; Grupo HA (2) - ácido hialurônico 0,5%; Grupo HAF1 (3) - fração proteica F-1 0,1% dissolvida em ácido hialurônico a 0,5%. Após 4 semanas, os animais foram submetidos à eutanásia e o reparo ósseo avaliado por meio de análise histomorfométrica, zimografia e imunohistoquímica. A área óssea neoformada não apresentou diferença significativa (p = 0,757), mas houve tendência de aumento da trabeculação óssea nos grupos HA e HAF1. Para a análise imunoistoquímica, houve diferença na marcação do fator de crescimento endotelial vascular (VEGF) (p = 0,023), sendo maior nos grupos HA e HAF1 do que no grupo controle. Nenhuma diferença significativa na sialoproteína óssea (BSP) (p = 0,681), osteocalcina (p = 0,954), no entanto, diferenças significativas foram encontradas para a molécula de adesão de células endoteliais plaquetárias-1 (CD-31) (p = 0,040), com o grupo HAF1 sendo significativamente inferior ao controle. Para a análise zimográfica, não houve diferença significativa para metaloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) (p = 0,068), mas houve tendência de aumento da MMP-2 no grupo HA. Apesar da influência sobre os fatores angiogênicos e da aparente tendência de maior trabeculação nos grupos HA e HAF1, não houve diferença significativa na área de tecido ósseo neoformado no período analisado.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Hyaluronic Acid , Latex , Bone Regeneration , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
16.
Int. j. morphol ; 39(4): 1028-1035, ago. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385441

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The aim of the article was to study changes in periodontal tissues in rats with spontaneous periodontitis (SP) and to evaluate the effect of hyaluronic acid (HA) on the state of the periodontium. Wistar rats with signs of SP were divided into 6 groups: 1) intact group; 2) intact animals with HA "HD-1,0 MDa"; 3) SP group; 4) SP with HA "S-2,4 MDa"; 5) SP with HA "ST-2,4 MDa"; 6) SP with HA "HD-1,0 MDa". The study of the periodontium rats with SP noted the main structural changes (collagen reduction, resorption of alveolar bone, dilatation and stasis of the vessels of the periodontium, gingival papilla and tooth pulp), which were assessed as moderate. Morphological evidence of inflammation was infiltration of neutrophils into the connective tissue of the gums, without the formation of abscesses. Local administration of HA did not cause additional structural damage in periodontal tissues of rats with SP, but also did not affect changes in the microvascular system of periodontium and tooth pulp, periodontal ligaments, only a tendency to inhibit alveolar bone resorption in rats was noted. One can consider the tendency to improve the condition of periodontal tissues in the group of rats injected with high molecular HA and HA with mannitol (2.4 MDa).


RESUMEN: El objetivo del artículo fue estudiar los cambios en los tejidos periodontales en ratas con periodontitis espontánea (PE) y evaluar el efecto del ácido hialurónico (HA) sobre el estado del periodonto. Las ratas Wistar con signos de PE se dividieron en 6 grupos: 1) grupo intacto; 2) animales intactos con HA "HD-1,0 MDa"; 3) grupo PE; 4) PE con HA "S-2,4 MDa"; 5) PE con HA "ST-2,4 MDa"; 6) PE con HA "HD-1,0 MDa". En las ratas con PS se observaron los principales cambios estructurales (reducción de colágeno, reabsorción del hueso alveolar, dilatación y estasis de los vasos del periodonto, papila gingival y pulpa dentaria), que fueron evaluados como moderados. La evidencia morfológica de inflamación fue la infiltración de neutrófilos en el tejido conectivo de las encías, sin la formación de abscesos. La administración local de HA no causó daño estructural adicional en los tejidos periodontales de las ratas con PE, pero tampoco se produjo cambios en el sistema microvascular del periodonto y en la pulpa dental y ligamentos periodontales.Se observó una tendencia a inhibir la resorción del hueso alveolar. Se puede considerar la tendencia a mejorar el estado de los tejidos periodontales en el grupo de ratas inyectadas con HA de alto peso molecular y HA con manitol (2,4 MDa).


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Periodontitis , Periodontium/drug effects , Hyaluronic Acid/pharmacology , Rats, Wistar , Inflammation
17.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 10(4): 1-11, ago. 31, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1393504

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the regenerating effect of hyaluronic acid on circumferential bone defects in albino Wistar rats. Material and Methods: An experimental type study was designed and carried out with 15 albino male Wistar rats, 4 months old and weighing between 250 and 350 grams. Two circumferential bone defects 3mm in diameter and 0.8mm deep were created in the calvaria of the parietal bone (on both sides of the midline). One defect was filled with a demineralized bone matrix (control group); while the other defect was filled with the combination of a demineralized bone matrix plus hyaluronic acid (experimental group). Five experimental rats were euthanized at 30, 60 and 90 days after surgery and they were histologically evaluated following the parameters proposed by Heiple. Results: The experimental group presented a better degree of bone regeneration at 30 and 60 postoperative days. Conclusion: Hyaluronic acid is effective in bone regeneration of circumferential bone defects.


Objetivo: Determinar el efecto regenerador del ácido hialurónico en defectos óseos circunferenciales en ratas albinas Wista. Material y Métodos: Se diseñó un estudio de tipo experimental y se trabajó con 15 ratas albinas Wistar (todas macho) de 4 meses de edad y con un peso entre 250 a 350 gr. Se crearon en todas 2 defectos óseos circunferenciales de 3mm de diámetro y 0.8 mm de profundidad en la calota del hueso parietal (a ambos lados de la línea media). Un defecto fue rellenado con una matriz ósea desmineralizada (grupo control); mientras que el otro defecto fue rellenado con la combinación de una matriz ósea desmineralizada más el ácido hialurónico (grupo experimental). Se realizó la eutanasia a 05 ratas de experimentación a los 30, 60 y 90 días postquirúrgicos y se evaluaron histológicamente siguiendo los parámetros propuestos por Heiple. Resultados: El grupo experimental presentó un mejor grado de regeneración ósea en los 30 y 60 días postoperatorios. Conclusiones: El ácido hialurónico es eficaz en la regeneración ósea de defectos óseos circunferenciales.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Bone Regeneration/physiology , Hyaluronic Acid , Wound Healing , Biocompatible Materials , Bone Matrix , Rats, Wistar
18.
Int. j. morphol ; 39(3): 816-822, jun. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385394

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The purpose of this study was to evaluate by morphological methods, if a mixture of Fibroquel® and hyaluronic acid implanted in an animal model of cranial bone injury could promote bone regeneration. 12 Wistar rats were divided in three groups, control group, bone injury without treatment and bone injury with treatment. After experimental period, bone samples were taken and stained with H & E, Masson trichrome, PAS-D, immunohistochemistry with anti-PCNA monoclonal antibody and applied a semiquantitative morphometric method. Treatment group showed extensive areas of collagen fibers in contact with normal bone tissue, areas of normal histology, PAS positive material and less cellular proliferation. We demonstrated for the first time that a mixture of Fibroquel® and hyaluronic acid implanted in an animal model of cranial bone injury promotes bone regeneration.


RESUMEN: El propósito de este estudio fue evaluar por métodos morfológicos, si una mezcla de Fibroquel® y ácido hialurónico implantado en un modelo animal de lesión del hueso craneal podría promover la regeneración ósea. Se dividieron 12 ratas Wistar en tres grupos, grupo control, lesión ósea sin tratamiento y lesión ósea con tratamiento. Después del período experimental, se tomaron muestras de hueso y se tiñeron con H & E, tricrómico de Masson, PAS-D, inmunohistoquímica con anticuerpo monoclonal anti-PCNA y se aplicó un método morfométrico semicuantitativo. El grupo de tratamiento mostró áreas extensas de fibras de colágeno en contacto con tejido óseo normal, áreas de histología normal, material PAS positivo y menor proliferación celular. Demostramos por primera vez que una mezcla de Fibroquel® y ácido hialurónico implantado en un modelo animal de lesión del hueso craneal promueve la regeneración ósea.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Skull/drug effects , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Povidone/pharmacology , Collagen Type I/pharmacology , Hyaluronic Acid/pharmacology , Immunohistochemistry , Rats, Wistar
19.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 10(2): 1-10, abr. 30, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1382212

ABSTRACT

Objetive: The degenerative diseases of the tempo-romandibular joint (TMJ) are characterized by a progressive destruction of the articular tissues of the condyle and the glenoid fossa. The main aim of this review is to describe the effectiveness of the hyaluronic acid (HA) in the treatment of degenerative diseases of the TMJ in accordance with the available scientific evidence. Material and Methods: A literature search was made in the following databases EBSCO, Pubmed, Cochraneand Trip Database, using the keywords hyaluronic, hyaluronan, NaH, hyaluronate, TMJ, TMD, CMD, craniomandibular, orofacial pain and temporomandibular. There were no date or language restrictions applied. Results: After applying inclusion and exclusion criteria, 14 studies were included in this review (11 randomized controlled clinical trials and 3 non-randomized clinical trials). Conclusion: The studies reported a decrease in pain and improvement in functional parameters after treatment of TMJ osteoarthritis with HA . The use of arthrocentesis associated with the administration of HA provides effects synergistic, reaching a superiority the protocols with multiple injections with respect to those of a single session. The adverse effects related to the injection of HA with or without associated arthrocentesis were minor and transitory.


Resumen: Objetivo: Las enfermedades degenerativas de la articulación temporomandibular (ATM) se caracterizan por una destrucción progresiva de tejidos articulares en el cóndilo y la fosa glenoidea. El objetivo principal de esta revisión es describir la efectividad del uso de ácido hialurónico en el tratamiento de enfermedades degenerativas de la articulación temporomandibular de acuerdo con la evidencia científica disponible. Material y Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda de la literatura en las bases de datos electrónicas EBSCO, PubMed, Cochrane y Trip Database, utilizando las palabras claves hyaluronic, hyaluronan, NaH, hyaluronate, tmj, tmd, cmd, craniomandibular, orofacial pain y temporomandibular, sin límite de fecha ni de idioma hasta Mayo del año 2020, complementada con una búsqueda retrógrada. Resultados: Con base en los criterios de inclusión y exclusión, 14 estudios fueron incluidos en esta revisión (11 ensayos clínicos controlados aleatorizados y 3 ensayos clínicos controlados no aleatorizados). Conclusión: Los estudios reportaron una disminución del dolor y mejora en los parámetros funcionales luego del tratamiento de osteoartritis de la ATM con AH. El uso de artrocentesis asociada a la administración del AH provee efectos sinérgicos, alcanzando una superioridad los protocolos con múltiples inyecciones con respecto a aquellos de una sola sesión. Los efectos adversos relacionados con la inyección de AH con o sin artrocentesis asociada fueron menores y transitorios.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoarthritis/drug therapy , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/drug therapy , Hyaluronic Acid/administration & dosage , Facial Pain , Viscosupplementation , Arthrocentesis
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