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1.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(3): 318-326, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375642

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Uncontrolled blood pressure has been associated with poor adherence to drug treatment. Objectives: To assess blood pressure control in hypertensive patients attending primary health centers after implementation of a pharmaceutical follow-up program in a city of the north of Brazil. Methods: Observational, cross sectional, descriptive study with 163 hypertensive patients attending public primary health care centers - one located on the riverside and one in the urban area of the city of Santarem, western Pará, Brazil. Adherence to the anti-hypertensive treatment was assessed using the eight-item Morisky test. Pharmacotherapy follow-up (Dader method) of patients with uncontrolled hypertension and non-adherent to anti-hypertensive treatment was performed. Results of the normality test showed that the data did not follow a normal distribution. Continuous variables were then compared using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test, and categorical variables by the likelihood ratio and the McNemar tests. Statistical significance was set at 5%. Results: Of the total sample, 94.5% were not adherent to anti-hypertensive drug therapy and 77.2% had uncontrolled hypertension. Adherence rate was higher in men than women (p=0.006). Pharmacotherapy follow-up improved blood pressure levels, particularly systolic blood pressure (p<0.001). Conclusion: An individualized pharmacotherapeutic follow-up, considering regional and cultural specificities, can contribute to the treatment of hypertensin in the primary care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Pharmacists , Pharmaceutical Services , Primary Health Care/methods , Medication Adherence , Hypertension/drug therapy , Personal Health Services/methods , Brazil , Health Centers , Urban Health , Drug Therapy/methods , Hypertension/prevention & control
4.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(3): 342-353, May-June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375653

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Public programs that provide access to essential medications have played an important role in the care of hypertensive and diabetic patients. However, access in small municipalities has been poorly studied. Objectives: To describe the sociodemographic profile and the medication and health service usage of patients with systemic arterial hypertension and/or diabetes mellitus in a small municipality who use the public medication access programs Health has no Price (Saúde Não Tem Preço - SNTP) and the Minas Pharmacy Network. Methods: This cross-sectional study with 341 participants was conducted in 2019. Home interviews were conducted using a standardized, semi-structured questionnaire. The data are expressed as absolute and relative frequencies, and Pearson's chi-square test was used for comparisons between proportions (α = 5%). Results: Most of the participants (70.68%) had hypertension only, 11.14% had diabetes only, and 18.18% had both. Regarding the origin of the hypertension medications, 82.67% were provided by the Minas Pharmacy Network and/or SNTP programs. Regarding oral hypoglycemic agents and insulins, 88.61% were provided by the Minas Pharmacy Network and/or SNTP. Most participants were female (63.1%), at least 65 years of age (50.30%), non-White (66.96%), resided in an urban area (67.16%), were illiterate or had a low education level (89.94%), and had a maximum income ≤ 2 times the federal minimum salary (89.19%). Overall user perception was significantly better for SNTP (p=0.010). Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that programs which provide access to essential medications are important sources of hypertension and diabetes medications in the study area, especially for people with low incomes.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , National Drug Policy , Access to Essential Medicines and Health Technologies , Hypertension/epidemiology , Pharmaceutical Services/supply & distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/drug therapy , Hypertension/drug therapy
6.
Rev. méd. Maule ; 37(1): 53-60, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397628

ABSTRACT

Hypertension in black patients is usually more frequent and associated with higher morbidity and mortality. Due to demographic changes in the Chilean population, dealing with this group of patients has become more frequent. The case of a young Haitian patient with severe hypertension and target organ damage is presented.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Hypertension/diagnosis , Hypertension/drug therapy , Blood Pressure Determination , Prevalence , Blacks , Hypertension/complications , Hypertension/physiopathology , Hypertension/epidemiology , Antihypertensive Agents
7.
Rev. bras. hipertens ; 29(1): 14-18, 10 març. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP, CONASS, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1367456

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Clinical case of a female patient referred to our Institution at the age of seven years old with Systemic Arterial Hypertension. The patient had been severely obese since she was 4 years old and high blood pressure levels were detected in several medical consultations a few months ago. She has a history of prematurity, a sedentary lifestyle, and an inadequate diet, in addition to a family history of obesity and high blood pressure. We discussed the investigation of the etiology, the presence of target organ lesions, and the treatment of arterial blood pressure in youth. In the follow-up, there was adequate control of blood pressure after initiation of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, with great difficulty in weight reduction. Even under nutritional guidelines and reinforcement regarding lifestyle changes, the patient had a weight gain of 25 kilos. We report this case in view of the significant increase in the prevalence of Systemic Arterial Hypertension in children and adolescents. There are multifactorial aspects to the development of this scenario, largely associated with an inadequate lifestyle. The difficulties related to its management and the presence of comorbidities, especially obesity, highlight the need for a multidisciplinary approach so that the evolution of the patient's condition becomes as desired.


RESUMO Caso clínico de uma paciente do sexo feminino, encaminhada a nossa Instituição aos sete anos de idade por provável Hipertensão Arterial Sistêmica. A paciente apresentava obesidade grave desde os quatro anos e há alguns meses foram detectadas medidas de pressão arterial elevadas em várias consultas médicas. Tem antecedentes de prematuridade, sedentarismo e dieta inadequada, além de história familiar também de obesidade e hipertensão arterial. Discutimos as condutas quanto a investigação da etiologia, da presença de lesões de órgãos alvo e do tratamento. Na evolução, houve controle adequado da pressão arterial após início de inibidores da enzima de conversão da angiotensina, mas grande dificuldade na redução do peso. Ao longo do seguimento, mesmo sob orientações nutricionais e reforço quanto a modificações do estilo de vida, a paciente apresentou ganho ponderal de 25 quilos. Relatamos este caso atendendo a necessidade de discussão do tema frente ao aumento significativo da prevalência de HAS em crianças e adolescente. Existem aspectos multifatoriais para o desenvolvimento da hipertensão arterial na infância, em grande parte associada a um estilo de vida inadequado. As dificuldades relacionadas ao seu manejo a presença de comorbidades, em especial da obesidade, ressaltam a necessidade de uma abordagem multiprofissional para que a evolução do quadro da paciente venha a ser o desejado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Sedentary Behavior , Pediatric Obesity , Hypertension/drug therapy , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use
8.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(1): 23-32, Jan-Abr. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362667

ABSTRACT

O descarte inadequado de medicamentos pode levar a impactos ambientais negativos e deve ser considerado um problema de saúde pública. O presente estudo teve como objetivo levantar dados quantitativos e qualitativos relacionados ao perfil dos medicamentos descartados no município de Governador Valadares - MG. O trabalho foi desenvolvido nas UAPS/ESF que possuíam farmácias, e também na Farmácia Central/Policlínica Municipal. Nesses locais, foi realizada uma análise dos medicamentos descartados no período de julho de 2017 a maio de 2018. Por meio dos dados obtidos nesse período foi possível perceber que as principais classes de medicamentos descartadas foram os inibidores da enzima conversora de angiotensina, antagonistas da angiotensina II, agentes betabloqueadores, diuréticos, hipoglicemiantes, contraceptivos hormonais e agentes modificadores de lipídeos. Além disso, foi realizada uma ação de educação em saúde e aplicado um questionário semiestruturado aos usuários participantes dos grupos operativos. Dos 34 usuários respondentes do questionário, 23 (69,70%) não tinham acesso a informação sobre o local correto de descarte e armazenamento de medicamentos. Após a ação de educação em saúde verificou-se um aumento no quantitativo de medicamentos descartados pelos usuários nas UAPS/ESF Mãe de Deus I e II, Altinópolis III e IV, Santa Rita II, São Pedro I e II e Esperança e Nossa Senhora das Graças. O trabalho desenvolvido permitiu apresentar dados relevantes para a gestão municipal demonstrando a importância do farmacêutico no cuidado em saúde e o caráter epidemiológico local da prevalência das doenças crônico não transmissíveis.


The inadequate disposal of drugs can lead to negative environmental impacts and should be treated as a public health problem. This study aimed at surveying quantitative and qualitative data related to the profile of drugs discarded in the city of Governador Valadares - MG. The work was developed in the UAPS / ESF that had pharmacies, and also in the Central Pharmacy/Municipal Polyclinic. In these locations, an analysis of the drugs discarded between July 2017 and May 2018 was carried out. Through the data obtained in this period, it was possible to notice that the main classes of drugs discarded were angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin II antagonists, beta-blocking agents, diuretics, hypoglycemic agents, hormonal contraceptives, and lipid-modifying agents. In addition, a health education action was carried out and a semi-structured questionnaire was applied to users participating in the operating groups. From the 34 users who responded the questionnaire, 23 (69.70%) did not have access to information on the correct place to dispose and store medicines. After the health education action, there was an increase in the amount of drugs discarded by users in the UAPS/ESF Mãe de Deus I and II, Altinópolis III and IV, Santa Rita II, São Pedro I and II, and Esperança and Nossa Senhora das Graças. The work carried out made it possible to present relevant data for municipal management, demonstrating the importance of the pharmacist in health care and the local epidemiological character of the prevalence of chronic non-communicable diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pharmacies/supply & distribution , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Patients , Pharmacists/supply & distribution , Tablets/supply & distribution , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/supply & distribution , Health Centers , Public Health/education , Health Education , Municipal Management/legislation & jurisprudence , Delivery of Health Care , Diabetes Mellitus/drug therapy , Drug Storage , Environment , Hypertension/drug therapy , Hypoglycemic Agents/supply & distribution , Lipids/supply & distribution
9.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(3): 614-622, mar. 2022. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364355

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Aparentemente, a pior resposta a algumas classes de anti-hipertensivos, especialmente inibidores da enzima conversora da angiotensina e bloqueadores de receptor de angiotensina, pela população negra, explicaria, pelo menos parcialmente, o pior controle da hipertensão entre esses indivíduos. Entretanto, a maioria das evidências vêm de estudos norte-americanos. Objetivos Este estudo tem o objetivo de investigar a associação entre raça/cor da pele autorrelatadas e controle de PA em participantes do Estudo Longitudinal de Saúde do Adulto (ELSA-Brasil) utilizando várias classes de anti-hipertensivos em monoterapia. Métodos O estudo envolveu uma análise transversal, realizada com participantes da linha de base do ELSA-Brasil. O controle de pressão arterial foi a variável de resposta, participantes com valores de PA ≥140/90 mmHg foram considerados descontrolados em relação aos níveis de pressão arterial. A raça/cor da pele foi autorrelatada (branco, pardo, negro). Todos os participantes tiveram que responder perguntas sobre uso contínuo de medicamentos. A associação entre o controle de PA e raça/cor da pele foi estimada por regressão logística. O nível de significância adotado nesse estudo foi de 5%. Resultados Do total de 1.795 usuários de anti-hipertensivos em monoterapia na linha de base, 55,5% se declararam brancos, 27,9%, pardos e 16,7%, negros. Mesmo depois de padronizar em relação a variáveis de confusão, negros em uso de inibidores da enzima conversora de angiotensina (IECA), bloqueadores de receptor de angiotensina (BRA), diuréticos tiazídicos (DIU tiazídicos) e betabloqueadores (BB) in monoterapia tinham controle de pressão arterial pior em comparação a brancos. Conclusões Os resultados deste estudo sugerem que, nesta amostra de brasileiros adultos utilizando anti-hipertensivos em monoterapia, as diferenças de controle de pressão arterial entre os vários grupos raciais não são explicadas pela possível eficácia mais baixa dos IECA e BRA em indivíduos negros.


Abstract Background It seems that the worst response to some classes of antihypertensive drugs, especially angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers, on the part of the Black population, would at least partially explain the worse control of hypertension among these individuals. However, most of the evidence comes from American studies. Objectives This study aims to investigate the association between self-reported race/skin color and BP control in participants of the Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil), using different classes of antihypertensive drugs in monotherapy. Methods The study involved a cross-sectional analysis, carried out with participants from the baseline of ELSA-Brasil. Blood pressure control was the response variable, participants with BP values ≥140/90 mmHg were considered out of control in relation to blood pressure levels. Race/skin color was self-reported (White, Brown, Black). All participants were asked about the continuous use of medication. Association between BP control and race/skin color was estimated through logistic regression. The level of significance adopted in this study was of 5%. Results Of the total of 1,795 users of antihypertensive drugs in monotherapy at baseline, 55.5% declared themselves White, 27.9% Brown, and 16.7% Black. Even after adjusting for confounding variables, Blacks using angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI), angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB), thiazide diuretics (thiazide DIU), and beta-blockers (BB) in monotherapy had worse blood pressure control compared to Whites. Conclusions Our results suggest that in this sample of Brazilian adults using antihypertensive drugs in monotherapy, the differences in blood pressure control between different racial groups are not explained by the possible lower effectiveness of ACEIs and ARBs in Black individuals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Hypertension/drug therapy , Hypertension/epidemiology , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , Antihypertensive Agents/pharmacology , United States , Blood Pressure , Brazil , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Calcium Channel Blockers/therapeutic use , Cross-Sectional Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists/therapeutic use , Race Factors
10.
Rev. bras. hipertens ; 29(1): 6-9, 10 març. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367446

ABSTRACT

Homem de 53 anos, hipertenso e portador de bronquite, admitido em um serviço de urgência no dia 15 de dezembro de 2020 devido sintomas gripais, febre e cefaleia iniciados há oito dias. Após constatação de acometimento pulmonar importante mediante tomografia computadorizada (TC) de tórax, sugestivo de infecção pelo vírus SARS-CoV2, o paciente foi internado em unidade de terapia intensiva. Foi intubado no décimo dia de internação, e, dois dias após, evoluiu com labilidade pressórica importante, recorrendo ao uso de noradrenalina e nitroprussiato, além de outros anti-hipertensivos, conforme a necessidade. O quadro predominante foi a hipertensão arterial sistêmica, manifestada principalmente com a mudança de decúbito, sendo o maior valor pressórico registrado de 240x90 mmHg. A disautonomia também se manifestou por ausência de dejeções, sudorese excessiva e espasmos musculares. A frequência cardíaca se manteve estável e dentro dos parâmetros de normalidade.A partir do trigésimo dia de internação, observou-se melhora progressiva do quadro e reestabelecimento da homeostase. Obteve alta após 59 dias de internação, sem sequelas significativas. A explicação mais razoável para o caso é o aumento da resistência vascular periférica, por ação da angiotensina II, associada à supressão do sistema parassimpático, o que explica, também, a incompetência do barorreflexo para compensação da frequência cardíaca. Adicionalmente, o paciente estava em uso de carvedilol. Este caso enfatiza o desafio diagnóstico precoce da disautonomia em pacientes críticos, devido a carência de ferramentas adequadas para uso na prática cotidiana. A estimulação vagal pode constituir opção terapêutica eficaz, mas carece de mais estudos


A 53-year-old male, hypertensive and with bronchitis, was admitted to the emergency department on December 15, 2020 due to flu-like symptoms, fever and headache that started eight days ago. After finding significant lung involvement by chest computed tomography (CT) suggestive of SARS-CoV2 virus infection, the patient was admitted to the intensive care unit. He was intubated on the tenth day of hospitalization, and, 2 days later, he evolved with significant pressure lability, using norepinephrine and nitroprusside, in addition to other antihypertensive drugs, as needed. The predominant state was hypertension, expressed mainly when there is interference from the patient's position in bed. The highest pressure value recorded was 240x90 mmHg. Dysautonomy was also manifested by the absence of stools, excessive sweating and muscle spasms. Heart rate remains stable and within normal limits. From the thirtieth day of hospitalization onwards, there was an evolution with progressive improvement and restoration of homeostasis. He was discharged after 59 days of hospitalization, without sequelae. The most reasonable explanation for the case is the increase in peripheral vascular resistance, due to the action of angiotensin II, associated with the suppression of the parasympathetic system, which also explains the incompetence of the baroreflex to compensate the heart rate. Additionally, the patient was using carvedilol. This case emphasizes the importance of tools that early identify dysautonomy, prepare the team. Vagal stimulation can be an effective therapeutic option, but further studies are needed


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome/drug therapy , Primary Dysautonomias/drug therapy , COVID-19/drug therapy , Hypertension/drug therapy
11.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 102-110, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929186

ABSTRACT

Consecutively hospitalized patients with confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Wuhan, China were retrospectively enrolled from January 2020 to March 2020 to investigate the association between the use of renin-angiotensin system inhibitor (RAS-I) and the outcome of this disease. Associations between the use of RAS-I (angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) or angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB)), ACEI, and ARB and in-hospital mortality were analyzed using multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression models in overall and subgroup of hypertension status. A total of 2771 patients with COVID-19 were included, with moderate and severe cases accounting for 45.0% and 36.5%, respectively. A total of 195 (7.0%) patients died. RAS-I (hazard ratio (HR)= 0.499, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.325-0.767) and ARB (HR = 0.410, 95% CI 0.240-0.700) use was associated with a reduced risk of all-cause mortality among patients with COVID-19. For patients with hypertension, RAS-I and ARB applications were also associated with a reduced risk of mortality with HR of 0.352 (95% CI 0.162-0.764) and 0.279 (95% CI 0.115-0.677), respectively. RAS-I exhibited protective effects on the survival outcome of COVID-19. ARB use was associated with a reduced risk of all-cause mortality among patients with COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists/therapeutic use , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , COVID-19 , Humans , Hypertension/drug therapy , Renin-Angiotensin System , Retrospective Studies
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928192

ABSTRACT

This study aims to systematically evaluate the effect of oral Chinese patent medicines on hypertension with network Meta-analysis. Randomized controlled trials on the treatment of hypertension with oral Chinese patent medicine combined with conventional western medicine were retrieved from China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI), Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, EMbase, and Cochrane Library(from establishment of the database to August 2021). Two researchers independently screened the articles, extracted the data, and evaluated article quality. Then R 4.1.0 was employed for data analysis. Finally, 195 eligible articles were screened out, involving 22 546 patients and 18 oral Chinese patent medicines. The results of the network Meta-analysis are as follows. In terms of reducing systolic blood pressure(SBP) and diastolic blood pressure(DBP), Xuesaitong, Qiangli Dingxuan Tablets, Songling Xuemaikang Capsules combined with conventional western medicine are superior. In improving blood lipids, the overall effects of Xinmaitong Capsules, Compound Xueshuantong Capsules, Ginkgo Folium preparations, Yindan Xinnaotong Soft Capsules, and Naoxintong Capsules combined with conventional western medicine are outstanding. In terms of regulating endothelial function, Yindan Xinnaotong Soft Capsules, Xinmaitong Capsules, Zhenju Jiangya Tablets, Compound Danshen Dripping Pills, Xuesaitong with conventional western medicine have certain advantages. As for the safety, the incidence of adverse reactions of conventional western medicine combined with oral Chinese patent medicines is lower than that of conventional western medicine alone. In summary, compared with conventional western medicine alone, the 18 oral Chinese patent medicines combined with conventional western medicine in the treatment of hypertension show advantages in improving blood pressure, blood lipids, and endothelial function. Among them, Xuesaitong, Qiangli Dingxuan Tablets, and Songling Xuemaikang Capsules may be the best oral Chinese patent medicines for lowering blood pressure. The conclusion needs to be further verified by more high-quality studies.


Subject(s)
Antihypertensive Agents , Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Humans , Hypertension/drug therapy , Network Meta-Analysis , Nonprescription Drugs
13.
Ciênc. cuid. saúde ; 21: e57088, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1384520

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: descrever o perfil dos pacientes com crise hipertensiva atendidos em uma Unidade de Pronto Atendimento. Método: estudo transversal descritivo, realizado por meio da análise de 80 prontuários de pacientes com quadro de crise hipertensiva, atendidos em uma unidade de pronto atendimento, entre o período de março de 2018 a fevereiro de 2019. Os dados foram coletados por meio de roteiro estruturado e receberam tratamento estatístico descritivo. Resultados: Após a análise dos 80 prontuários, constatou-se que a média de idade entre os pacientes atendidos foi de 58,03, sendo a faixa etária adulta a mais prevalente (53,8%). Constatou-se que a média da pressão arterial sistólica foi significativamente maior em homens em relação às mulheres (p=0,013). Quanto à sintomatologia, a cefaleia foi a mais prevalente, com 35,0%. Verificou-se que durante o atendimento da crise hipertensiva, a maioria dos pacientes fez uso de apenas uma droga para redução da PA, sendo o inibidor adrenérgico de ação central o mais citado. Quanto ao desfecho, grande parte dos pacientes recebeu alta (93,8%) logo após o atendimento, porém, 6,3% permaneceram em internamento de curta permanência até a estabilização do quadro. Considerações finais: Este estudo possibilitou a caracterização da população com crise hipertensiva atendida em um pronto atendimento, a qual evidencia uma possível fragilidade existente entre a articulação dos níveis de atenção à saúde.


RESUMEN Objetivo: describir el perfil de los pacientes con crisis hipertensiva atendidos en una Unidad de Pronta Atención. Método: estudio transversal descriptivo, realizado por medio del análisis de 80 registros médicos de pacientes con cuadro de crisis hipertensiva, atendidos en una unidad de pronta atención, entre el período de marzo de 2018 a febrero de 2019. Los datos fueron recogidos por medio de guion estructurado y recibieron tratamiento estadístico descriptivo. Resultados: después del análisis de los 80 registros médicos, se constató que el promedio de edad entre los pacientes atendidos fue de 58,03, siendo la franja etaria adulta la más prevalente (53,8%). Se constató que el promedio de la presión arterial sistólica fue significativamente mayor en hombres que en las mujeres (p=0,013). En cuanto a la sintomatología, la cefalea fue la más prevalente, con 35,0%. Se verificó que, durante la atención de la crisis hipertensiva, la mayoría de los pacientes hizo uso de solo una droga para reducción de la PA, siendo el inhibidor adrenérgico de acción central el más relatado. Respecto al resultado, gran parte de los pacientes recibió el alta (93,8%) inmediatamente después de la atención, sin embargo, el 6,3% permaneció en internamiento de corta estancia hasta la estabilización del cuadro. Consideraciones finales: este estudio posibilitó la caracterización de la población con crisis hipertensiva atendida en una pronta atención, la cual evidencia una posible fragilidad existente entre la articulación de los niveles de atención a la salud.


ABSTRACT Objective: to describe the profile of patients with hypertensive crisis treated at an Emergency Care Unit. Method: descriptive cross-sectional study carried out through the analysis of 80 medical records of patients with hypertensive crisis, treated at an emergency care unit, between March 2018 and February 2019. Data were collected using a structured script and were subjected to descriptive statistical treatment. Results: after analyzing the 80 medical records, it was found that the mean age of the treated patients was 58.03, with the adult age group being the most prevalent (53.8%). It was found that the mean systolic blood pressure was significantly higher in men than in women (p=0.013). As for symptoms, headache was the most prevalent, with 35.0%. It was found that during the treatment of the hypertensive crisis, most patients used only one drug to reduce BP, with centrally acting antiadrenergic drugs being the most cited. Regarding the outcome, most of the patients were discharged (93.8%) soon after treatment; however, 6.3% remained in short-term hospitalization until their condition stabilized. Final considerations: this study made it possible to characterize the population with hypertensive crisis treated in an emergency room, showing a possible fragility in the articulation between health care levell


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Patients/psychology , Health Profile , Emergency Medical Services/statistics & numerical data , Emergency Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Hypertension/diagnosis , Hypertension/drug therapy , Medical Records/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Nursing/statistics & numerical data , Delivery of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Emergency Service, Hospital/standards , Arterial Pressure , Arterial Pressure/drug effects , Clinical Study , Hospitals, Packaged/statistics & numerical data , Hypertension/nursing , Hypertension/epidemiology
16.
Motriz (Online) ; 28: e10220006522, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394486

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aim: The study aimed to conduct a cost-utility analysis of traditional drug therapy (TDT) provided for hypertensive patients at primary care in comparison to the protocol based on combination with an exercise program (TDT+E) in real-life conditions, adopting a health system perspective. Methods: Longitudinal study based on enrollment of 49 hypertensive adults distributed into two groups, for 12 months. Quality-adjusted life years were estimated using health-related quality of life. Direct health care costs were calculated including inputs and human resources in primary care from medical records. Sensitivity analysis was performed based on multivariate and probabilistic scenarios. Results: Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios of TDT+E in comparison to TDT were +79.69. Sensitivity analysis showed that TDT+E presented advantages considering uncertainties. Conclusion: Our findings show that exercise programs may improve quality of life and life expectancy among hypertensive patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Primary Health Care/methods , Quality of Life , Exercise , Cost-Benefit Analysis/economics , Hypertension/drug therapy , Longitudinal Studies , Health Care Costs
17.
Rev. bras. hipertens ; 28(4): 297-304, 10 dez. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367469

ABSTRACT

Caso clínico de homem de 31 anos, branco, casado, cozinheiro, natural do Nepal, procedente de São Paulo há 4 anos, em acompanhamento ambulatorial após encaminhamento do pronto-socorro (PS) por angina atípica e pressão alta sic. Pela análise do prontuário verificou-se que o paciente permaneceu no PS por 48 horas e ao exame físico a ausculta cardíaca era normal e a pressão arterial (PA) 140X85 mm Hg. O eletrocardiograma (ECG) mostrava critérios eletrocardiográficos para hipertrofia ventricular esquerda (HVE) e alterações da repolarização ventricular e os marcadores de necrose miocárdica apresentavam aumentos discretos. Na consulta ambulatorial o paciente não referia queixas, a PA estava normal e foram realizados: monitorização ambulatorial da pressão arterial (MAPA) de 24 horas, ecocardiograma (ECO) e angiotomografia de coronárias. A MAPA mostrou níveis pressóricos normais (vigília e sono respectivamente 112x65 e 106x51 mmHg), o ECO não detectou HVE e a angiotomografia de coronárias não identificou obstruções coronarianas e o escore de cálcio era zero. A ressonância magnética de coração (RMC) mostrou aumento da espessura miocárdica de ventrículo direito (VD), hipertrofia miocárdica assimétrica de predomínio septal acometendo paredes anterior e lateral do ventrículo esquerdo (VE) com maior espessura no segmento inferoseptal medial (25 mm). Detectou-se presença de realce tardio mesocárdico nas inserções superior e inferior do VD na região do septo interventricular, além de realce tardio heterogêneo em segmentos antero-septal e ínfero-septal mediobasal. A massa de fibrose miocárdica foi estimada em 6,4g (2,2% da massa total do VE). Todos esses achados são típicos de cardiomiopatia hipertrófica (CMH) com predomínio septal e envolvimento do VD. Este caso chamou a atenção por se tratar de paciente com apresentação clínica de angina, hipertensão e critérios de HVE pelo ECG não confirmada pelo ECO em que a RMC fez o diagnóstico de CMH. Portanto, a avaliação multimodal com diversas técnicas diagnósticas muitas vezes se faz necessária para a confirmação diagnóstica da CMH.


Clinical case of 31-year-old male patient, white, married, born in Nepal living in São Paulo for 4 years, refered to the emergency room (ER) for atypical angina and high blood pressure sic. He remained under observation for 48 hours, and during this period the physical examination showed normal cardiac auscultation and blood pressure (BP) 140X85 mm Hg. The electrocardiogram (ECG) had criteria for left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and ventricular repolarization abnormality. He also had a slight increase of myocardial necrosis markers. As his symptoms improved, he was sent to the cardiac ambulatory. When the patient returned to the ambulatory he had no cardiac complaints, his BP was normal. It was then requested 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM), echocardiography (ECHO), and coronary angiotomography. The ABPM presented normal blood pressure levels (awake and asleep respectively 112x65 and 106x51 mmHg), the ECHO did not show LVH, coronary angiotomography did not detect coronary obstructions and the calcium score was zero. A cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) of the heart was performed which showed increased myocardial thickness of the right ventricle (RV), asymmetric myocardial hypertrophy of septal interventricular that also affecting anterior and lateral walls of the left ventricle (LV) with greater thickness in the medial inferoseptal segment (25 mm). It also presented signal of late mesocardial enhancement in the superior and inferior RV insertions of the interventricular septum and heterogeneous late enhancement in anteroseptal and inferoseptal mediobasal segments. The myocardial fibrosis mass was estimated in 6.4g (2.2% of the total LV mass). All these findings are typical of septal hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) with involvement of the RV. This case drew attention because it was a patient with a clinical presentation of angina, hypertension, and criteria for LVH by the ECG not confirmed by ECHO, but the CMR characterized as HCM. Therefore, multimodal evaluation diagnostic techniques in patient with electrocardiographic criteria of LVH without correlation with ECHO imagens were essential to the diagnosis of HCM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/diagnostic imaging , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/diagnostic imaging , Diagnosis, Differential , Hypertension/drug therapy
18.
Rev. bras. hipertens ; 28(4): 283-287, 10 dez. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367465

ABSTRACT

A doença cardiovascular (DCV) representa um fardo individual e social em pacientes com diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DM2). A diabetes é uma doença crônica onerosa do ponto de vista social e econômico. O seu tratamento inclui medidas não farmacológicas, como dieta e exercício físico, bem como a adição de medicamentos em pacientes que não atingem controle glicêmico satisfatório através de medidas comportamentais. Medicamentos da classe inibidores de SGLT2 (iSGLT2), objeto deste manuscrito, têm sido associados com a redução de eventos cardiovasculares e mortalidade, além de redução da pressão arterial e peso, sem conferir aumento de risco de hipoglicemia


Cardiovascular disease (CVD) represents an individual and social burden in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Diabetes is a chronic, socially and economically costly disease. Its treatment includes non-pharmacological measures, such as diet and exercise, as well as the addition of medication in patients who do not achieve satisfactory glycemic control through behavioral approach. Drugs as SGLT2 inhibitor (SGLT2i), object of this manuscript, have been associated with a reduction in cardiovascular events and mortality, in addition to a reduction in blood pressure and weight, without increasing the risk of hypoglycemia.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus/drug therapy , Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 Inhibitors/adverse effects , Hypertension/drug therapy
19.
Rev. bras. hipertens ; 28(4): 293-296, 10 dez. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367468

ABSTRACT

A doença hipertensiva é o principal fator de risco para a mortalidade cardiovascular no mundo. Para tentar melhorar esse cenário, podem-se vislumbrar três ações estratégicas: melhorar o acesso aos cuidados em saúde, aumentar a adesão ao tratamento anti-hipertensivo e quebrar os paradigmas da inércia terapêutica. A hipertensão arterial é doença cujo diagnóstico é rápido, de baixo custo e relativamente fácil. Entretanto, apenas uma em cada cinco pessoas hipertensas está com a pressão arterial controlada. Logo, se as metas pressóricas recomendadas não forem atingidas e mantidas, há maior risco de desfechos cardiovasculares ruins. Estratégias de educação em saúde podem acarretar em maior adesão ao tratamento. Para tanto, deve-se incentivar o esclarecimento da população sobre essa doença, fornecendo-lhe informações pertinentes. Além disso, o profissional médico deve estabelecer estratégias para atingir a meta pressórica, para seus pacientes, por meio do tratamento efetivo. As diretrizes médicas se propõem a oferecer as melhores evidências em diagnóstico e tratamento. No entanto, por vezes, podem ser um tanto confusas e até mesmo complexas para serem utilizadas rotineiramente. A fim de tornar mais simples e objetiva a busca de informações, baseadas em evidências científicas atuais, na conduta dos pacientes hipertensos, propõe-se um fluxograma para consulta rápida. Nele, a hipertensão arterial é conduzida desde o diagnóstico até o tratamento


Hypertensive disease is the main risk factor for cardiovascular mortality worldwide. To improve this scenario, three strategic actions can be envisaged: improving access to health care, increasing adherence to antihypertensive treatment, and breaking the paradigms of therapeutic inertia. Hypertension is a disease whose diagnosis is quick, inexpensive, and relatively easy. However, only one in five people with hypertension has controlled blood pressure. Therefore, if the recommended blood pressure goals are not met and maintained, there is an increased risk of poor cardiovascular outcomes. Health education strategies can lead to greater adherence to treatment. Therefore, the population should be informed about this disease, providing them with pertinent information. In addition, the medical professional must establish strategies to reach the blood pressure goal, for their patients, through effective treatment. Medical guidelines purport to provide the best evidence in diagnosis and treatment. However, sometimes they can be quite confusing and even complex to use routinely. To make the search for information, based on current scientific evidence, in the management of hypertensive patients simpler and more objective, a flowchart for quick consultation is proposed. In it, arterial hypertension is conducted from diagnosis to treatment


Subject(s)
Humans , Medication Adherence , Hypertension/diagnosis , Hypertension/drug therapy
20.
Rev. méd. Maule ; 36(2): 81-91, dic. 2021. graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378586

ABSTRACT

Arterial Hypertension (HT) is one of the most widely spread chronic diseases in the world, with a suspicion in the Chilean population of 27.6%, according to the results of the 2017 National Health Survey. Reponsible for high morbidity and mortality, being, in Chile, the main risk factor related to years of life lost due to disability and premature death (DALYs). This fact has motivaded a constant publication of clinical practices guidelines and recomendations from many scientific societies in whole wide world. Hypertension represents a significant proportion of medical consultations for the primary care doctors. In fact, may be a huge challenge to get acceptable percentages of compensation in blood pressure, and mainly, to reduce morbidity and mortality in their patients. Because of this, we propose a set of questions and answers to guide the management of hypertension un primary care, based on the recommendation of the main guidelines of clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Primary Health Care/standards , Hypertension/drug therapy , Chronic Disease/therapy , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Combined Modality Therapy , Hypertension/therapy
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