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Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 49: Pub. 1831, 2021. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1363715


Lymphoma is a neoplasm of hematopoietic origin that affects canines. The proper establishment of prognosis and rapid institution of treatment are essential for a better quality of life, and immunophenotyping is one of the tools used for this purpose. The objective of this study was to perform a clonality test for immunophenotypic characterization of canine lymphomas using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for antigen receptor rearrangements (PARR) technique in real-time from samples fixed in formalin and embedded in paraffin. The 23 analyzed samples were fixed in formalin and embedded in paraffin canine lymphoma from the collection Laboratory of Histopathology of the Animal Pathology Area of the Departament of Veterinary Medicine - Federal Rural University of Pernambuco (UFRPE). Samples were processed, their DNA was extracted, quantified, diluted, and standardized at a concentration of 50 ng/µL. After extraction, all samples were subjected to conventional PCR for endogenous control (detection of the IgM target region), in which the extracted DNA was amplified in a final volume of 25 µL. The 128 bp amplified product was detected by 1.5% agarose gel electrophoresis. Of the 23 samples analyzed for the detection of the conserved region referring to the endogenous gene, 91.30% (21/23) amplified the conserved region Cµ by conventional PCR, and two samples 8.70% (2/23) were negative. Endogenous control positive samples were subjected to real-time PCR-PARR for detection of IgH Major and IgH Minor for B lymphocytes (LB), and TCRy for lymphocytes T (LT) target regions. All reactions were performed in duplicate to reduce the risk of false-positive or false-negative results due to technical errors. Samples previously confirmed by immunohistochemistry were used as positive controls for T cell and B cell lymphoma, and MilliQ water was used as a negative reaction control. After amplification, the melting curve gradually increased the temperature by 1o C/5 s to 95o C during continuous fluorescence monitoring. Of the 21 samples analyzed, 100.00% (21/21) demonstrated clonal amplification. Of these, 57.15% (12/21) were positive for phenotype B, and 42.85% (9/21) were positive for phenotype T. Due to the importance of researching and confirming samples from files fixed and embedded in paraffin samples in laboratories, PCR-PARR is a good tool for this purpose. In the present study, real-time PCR analysis demonstrated greater sensitivity in the characterization of the immunophenotype of lymphomas from old samples fixed in formalin and embedded in paraffin. The temperature of melting curve analysis may vary depending on the amount of DNA and its quality. In the present study, it was found that the average melting temperature in the samples varied between ± 3o C when compared to that in the control sample for LB and LT, 83.5o C and 80o C, respectively: in the literature, there is a relative difference in this temperature, which may vary up to 4o C. Real-time PCR-PARR was satisfactory in the characterization of the immunophenotype of canine lymphomas from formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded samples; therefore, its use is recommended for both retrospective studies. The use of PCR-PARR associated with histopathological and/or cytopathological examination in cases of canine lymphomas strongly helps pathologists, provide a safe establishment of the immunophenotype, minimize errors, and optimize the diagnosis, thus directly contributing to the establishment of the prognosis.(AU)

Animals , Immunophenotyping/veterinary , Dog Diseases/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Lymphoid Tissue , Lymphoma/veterinary , Dogs
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(3): 787-793, May-June, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1129177


The immunophenotype is regarded as an independent prognostic factor in high-grade lymphomas, seeing that lymphomas of T-cell origin are associated with shorter survival time. Although a number of studies have evaluated the immunophenotypical profile of lymphoma in the USA and Europe, Brazilian research on the matter remains scarce. Exact characterization of the histopathological type is crucial to establish proper treatment and prognosis. This study evaluated the database of immunohistochemistry laboratories that perform immunophenotyping of canine lymphoma in Brazil. A total of 203 cases of multicentric lymphoma were classified according to the WHO classification. Immunophenotyping was able to identify 71.4% lymphomas of B-cell line, 27.1% of T-cell line and 1.5% of non-B cells and non-T cell lines. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma was the most common with 59.1% of the cases. Among T-cell lymphomas, lymphoblastic was the most common (11.33% of the cases). Even though canine lymphomas tend to be high-grade, indolent lymphomas comprised 11.82% of the cases and T-zone lymphoma was the most prevalent (8.86%). The immunophenotype of multicentric lymphoma in Brazil is similar to those in other parts of the world, which suggests similar etiologic factors to the development of this disease.(AU)

O imunofenótipo é considerado um fator prognóstico independente em linfomas de alto grau, visto que os linfomas de origem de células T estão associados a menor tempo de sobrevida. Apesar de vários estudos terem avaliado o perfil imunofenotípico do linfoma nos EUA e na Europa, a pesquisa brasileira sobre o assunto ainda é escassa. A caracterização exata do tipo histopatológico é crucial para estabelecer o tratamento e o prognóstico adequados. Este estudo avaliou a base de dados de laboratórios de imuno-histoquímica que realizam imunofenotipagem do linfoma canino no Brasil. Um total de 203 casos de linfoma multicêntrico foi classificado de acordo com a classificação da OMS. A imunofenotipagem foi capaz de identificar 71,4% dos linfomas da linhagem de células B, 27,1% da linhagem de células T e 1,5% das linhagens de células não B e não T. O linfoma difuso de grandes células B foi o mais comum em 59,1% dos casos. Entre os linfomas de células T, o linfoblástico foi o mais comum (11, 33% dos casos). Embora os linfomas caninos tendam a ser de alto grau, os linfomas indolentes representaram 11,82% dos casos e o linfoma da zona T foi o mais prevalente (8,86%). O imunofenótipo do linfoma multicêntrico no Brasil é semelhante ao de outras partes do mundo, o que sugere fatores etiológicos semelhantes ao desenvolvimento dessa doença.(AU)

Animals , Dogs , Immunophenotyping/veterinary , Lymphoma, B-Cell/classification , Lymphoma, T-Cell/classification , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/classification , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/classification , Brazil
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(5): 1571-1581, set.-out. 2019. graf, ilus
Article in English | VETINDEX, LILACS | ID: biblio-1038673


There is a growing interest in the study of unspecialized mesenchymal stem cells, for there are still some discussions about their in vitro behavior. Regenerative medicine is a science undergoing improvement which develops treatments as cell therapy using somatic stem cells. In several studies, adipose tissue is presented as a source of multipotent adult cells that has several advantages over other tissue sources. This study aimed to characterize and evaluate the tagging of mesenchymal stem cells from the agoutis adipose tissue (Dasyprocta prymonolopha), with fluorescent intracytoplasmic nanocrystals. Fibroblast cells were observed, plastic adherent, with extended self-renewal, ability to form colonies, multipotency by differentiation into three lineages, population CD90 + and CD45 - expression, which issued high red fluorescence after the tagging with fluorescent nanocrystals by different paths and cryopreserved for future use. It is possible to conclude that mesenchymal stem cells from agouti adipose tissue have biological characteristics and in vitro behavior that demonstrate its potential for use in clinical tests.(AU)

Há um interesse crescente no estudo das células estaminais mesenquimais, não especializadas, pois ainda existem algumas discussões sobre seu comportamento in vitro. A medicina regenerativa é uma ciência em fase de crescimento que desenvolve tratamentos como terapia celular utilizando células estaminais somáticas. Em vários estudos, o tecido adiposo é apresentado como uma fonte de células adultas multipotentes que tem várias vantagens em relação a outras fontes de tecido. Este estudo teve como objetivo caracterizar e avaliar a marcação de células estaminais mesenquimais do tecido adiposo de cutias (Dasyprocta prymnolopha) com nanocristais intracitoplasmáticos fluorescentes. Observaram-se células fibroblásticas, aderentes ao plástico, com autorrenovação prolongada, capacidade de formar colônias, diferenciação em três linhagens, população CD90 + e expressão CD45, que emitiram alta fluorescência vermelha após a marcação com nanocristais fluorescentes por diferentes vias, e criopreservadas para uso futuro. É possível concluir que as células estaminais mesenquimais do tecido adiposo de cutias têm características biológicas e comportamentos in vitro que demonstram seu potencial para uso em testes clínicos.(AU)

Animals , Adipose Tissue/cytology , Immunophenotyping/veterinary , Regenerative Medicine/methods , Nanoparticles , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Dasyproctidae/genetics
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(7): 492-498, July 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1040704


Lymphoma is a neoplasm that originates from solid hematopoietic tissues and is one of the most common tumors in dogs. The goal of the present study was to perform a retrospective study of canine lymphomas diagnosed at the "Laboratório Regional de Diagnóstico", at the "Faculdade de Veterinária" of the "Universidade Federal de Pelotas" (LRD-UFPel) from 2000 to 2017, to determine the epidemiology and anatomical distribution, and to evaluate the histopathological and immunohistochemical aspects of each case according to the adapted Kiel classification. The protocols for necropsies and biopsies in the laboratory were reviewed. Lymphoma was diagnosed in 77 dogs. Approximately 37.7% (29/77) of affected dogs had no defined breed, while dogs with defined breeds accounted for 58.4% (45/77) of the diagnoses. The occurrence in males (40/77) was slightly higher than that in females (36/77), and the mean age was 8.1 years (1.4-17 years). The most affected age group was between six and 10 years of age with 31 cases (40.2%). Regarding the anatomical classification, the multicentric form was the most prevalent, accounting for 71.4% (55/77) of the diagnoses. In 40 cases that immunophenotyping was performed, B-cell lymphomas represented 62.5% of the diagnoses (25/40), while T-cell lymphomas corresponded to 37.5% of the diagnoses (15/40). The degree of malignancy according to the modified Kiel classification was low in 35% of lymphomas (14/40) and high in 65% of cases (26/40). The multicentric form was more frequent in the region of influence of the LRD-UFPel. Identification of the immunophenotype can improve the quality of life and survival in affected dogs since it allows the most appropriate treatment for each patient.(AU)

O linfoma é uma neoplasia com origem nos tecidos hematopoiéticos sólidos e é um dos tumores mais frequentes em cães. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi efetuar um estudo retrospectivo dos linfomas caninos recebidos no Laboratório Regional de Diagnóstico, da Faculdade de Veterinária da Universidade Federal de Pelotas (LRD-UFPel) de 2000 a 2017, determinando a epidemiologia e a distribuição anatômica, bem como os aspectos histopatológicos e imuno-histoquímicos de cada caso de acordo com a classificação de Kiel adaptada. Foram revisados os protocolos de necropsias e biópsias recebidos no laboratório identificando-se 77 casos de cães com diagnóstico de linfoma. A doença afetou cães sem raça definida em 37,7% (29/77) dos casos, enquanto os cães com raças definidas tiveram 58,4% (45/77) dos diagnósticos. A ocorrência em machos (40/77) foi discretamente maior do que em fêmeas (36/77) e a idade média foi de 8,1 anos (1,4-17 anos). A faixa etária mais acometida foi entre seis e 10 anos de idade com 31 casos (40,2%). Quanto à classificação anatômica a forma multicêntrica foi a mais prevalente atingindo 71,4% (55/77) dos diagnósticos. Em 40 casos em que a imunofenotipagem foi realizada, os linfomas de células B representaram 62,5% dos casos (25/40), enquanto os linfomas de células T equivaleram a 37,5% dos diagnósticos (15/40). O grau de malignidade de acordo com a classificação de Kiel modificada foi baixo em 35% dos linfomas (14/40) e alto em 65% dos casos (26/40). Conclui-se que a forma multicêntrica é mais frequente na região de influência do LRD-UFPel e que a identificação do imunofenótipo pode melhorar a qualidade de vida e dar maior sobrevida aos cães afetados uma vez que permite o tratamento mais adequado para cada caso.(AU)

Animals , Dogs , Immunophenotyping/veterinary , Lymphoma/veterinary , Brazil , Lymphoma/epidemiology
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 70(6): 1823-1832, nov.-dez. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-970530


The hematological and immunological development of calves from birth to 6 months of age was performed by hemogram and cellular phenotype. Ten male Holstein calves were assessed in 13 moments: before colostrum intake (D0), every 2 days until the 10th day of life (D2 to D10), at the 15th day after birth (D15), and then monthly up to 6 months (D180). Calves presented hemoconcentration on day (D) 0 and showed a gradual decrease in hematimetric rates until D180. The inversion of the neutrophilic for lymphocytic profile was observed on D4. The percentage of CD3+ cells on D10 was higher than D30 up to D180. The number of CD4+ and CD8+ cells did not change between time points. The number of CD21+ lymphocytes was significantly higher at early time points of D0 up to D15, compared on D30 until D150. In conclusion, the neonatal period was marked by stress leukogram in the first 4 days, and low number of B lymphocytes. These might be risk factors for bacterial infections responsible for navel inflammation and diarrhea. The increase in the number of B cells from 30 days of age demonstrated that the calves were functional and able to generate an immune response.(AU)

O desenvolvimento hematológico e o imunológico de bezerros do nascimento aos seis meses de idade foram avaliados por meio hemograma e imunofenotipagem dos linfócitos. Para tanto, 10 bezerros machos Holandeses foram avaliados em 13 momentos: antes da ingestão do colostro (D0), a cada dois dias até o 10º dia (D2 a D10), 15º dia (D15) e, em seguida, mensalmente até seis meses de idade (D180). Os bezerros apresentaram hemoconcentração em D0 e decréscimo gradual dos índices hematimétricos até D180. A inversão do perfil neutrofílico para linfocítico foi observada em D4. Os valores de CD3+ (%) em D10 foram maiores que aqueles observados em D30 até D180. CD4+ e CD8+ não apresentaram alterações entre os momentos. Os linfócitos B CD21+ aumentaram significativamente a partir dos primeiros momentos D0 até D15, em comparação com os momentos subsequentes D30 até D150. Em conclusão, o período neonatal foi caracterizado pelo leucograma de estresse nos primeiros quatro dias e o baixo número de linfócitos B. Esses fatos podem ser considerados como fatores de risco para infecções bacterianas responsáveis pelas inflamações umbilicais e pela diarreia. Por outro lado, o aumento de células B após os 30 dias de vida demonstrou que os bezerros foram capazes de gerar uma resposta imune.(AU)

Animals , Infant , Cattle , Cattle/immunology , Cattle/blood , Immunophenotyping/veterinary , Flow Cytometry/veterinary
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 69(3): 570-578, jun. 2017. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-846889


A fasciolose é uma doença parasitária causada por trematódeo do gênero Fasciola sp., que pode ocasionar fibrose hepática. Objetivou-se caracterizar o imunofenótipo das células que participam da fibrogênese de fígados bovinos frente à infecção por F. hepatica. Foram utilizados fragmentos dos lobos direito e esquerdo de 74 fígados bovinos com fasciolose. Os fragmentos foram submetidos a processamento histológico, coloração com tricrômico de Masson e imuno-histoquímica. Utilizaram-se análise estatística descritiva e teste de correlação de Spearmann com 5% de probabilidade. Na classificação do grau de fibrose, observou-se prevalência do grau 1, com associação positiva e significativa entre o grau de fibrose e o lobo hepático esquerdo (ρ=0,41; P<0,0001). Os imunofenótipos observados foram células estreladas hepáticas (CEHs) no parênquima e miofibroblastos (MFs) no espaço porta (EP). Não foram encontrados fibroblastos. Não houve correlação significativa entre o grau de fibrose e a quantidade de CEH nos lobos hepáticos, direito e esquerdo. Verificou-se aumento do número de estruturas portais, bem como do número de camadas circundando cada estrutura no EP, contudo não houve influência de qualquer estrutura sobre o grau de fibrose hepática (P>0,05). Concluiu-se que as células CEH e os MFs participam da fibrogênese de fígados bovinos com fasciolose crônica.(AU)

Fascioliasis is a parasitic disease caused by a fluke of the genus Fasciola sp., which can lead to end liver fibrosis. This study aimed to characterize the immunophenotype of cells that participate in the fibrogenesis of livers of cattle that face infection by F. hepatica. Fragments of the right and left lobes of 74 cattle livers with fascioliasis were used. The fragments were subjected to histological analysis, Masson's trichrome special stain, and immunohistochemistry. A descriptive statistical analysis was used, with a 5% probability in Spearman correlation test. The classification of degree of fibrosis revealed prevalence of grade 1, with a positive and significant association between the degree of fibrosis and the left hepatic lobe (ρ = 0.41; p <0.0001). The observed immunophenotypes corresponded to hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) in the parenchyma and myofibroblasts (MFs) in the portal tract (PT). Fibroblasts were not found. There was no significant correlation between the degree of fibrosis and the amount of HSC in right and left hepatic lobes. There was an increase in the number of portal structures, as well as in the number of layers surrounding each structure of the PT, but there was no influence of any structure of the PT on the degree of liver fibrosis (P>0.05). HSCs and MFs were concluded to play a role in the fibrogenesis of cattle livers with chronic fascioliasis.(AU)

Animals , Cattle , Fasciola hepatica/classification , Fascioliasis/diagnosis , Immunophenotyping/veterinary , Liver Cirrhosis/veterinary , Immunohistochemistry/veterinary
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 37(3): 278-286, Mar. 2017. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-842066


Stem cells are undifferentiated cells with a high proliferation potential. These cells can be characterized by their in vivo ability to self-renew and to differentiate into specialized cell lines. The most used stem cell types, in both human and veterinary fields, are the mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) derived from bone marrow and adipose tissue. Nowadays, there is a great interest in using stem cells derived from fetal tissues, such as amniotic membrane (AM) and umbilical cord tissue (UCT), which can be obtained non-invasively at delivery time. Due to the scarcity of studies in bovine species, the aim of this study was to isolate, characterize, differentiate and cryopreserve MSC derived from the mesenchymal layer of amniotic membrane (AM), for the first time, and umbilical cord tissue (UCT) of dairy cow neonates after assisted delivery (AD) and from fetus at initial third of pregnancy (IT) obtained in slaughterhouse. Cells were isolated by enzymatic digestion of the tissue fragments with 0.1% collagenase solution. Six samples of AM and UCT at delivery time and six samples of AM and UCT at first trimester of pregnancy were subjected to morphology evaluation, imunophenotype characterization, in vitro osteogenic, adipogenic and chondrogenic differentiation and viability analysis after cryopreservation. All samples showed adherence to plastic and fibroblast-like morphology. Immunocytochemistry revealed expression of CD 44, NANOG and OCT-4 and lack of expression of MHC II in MSC from all samples. Flow cytometry demonstrated that cells from all samples expressed CD 44, did not or low expressed CD 34 (AM: IT-0.3%a, AD-3.4%b; UCT: 0.4%, 1.4%) and MHC II (AM: IT-1.05%a, AD-9.7%b; UCT: IT-0.7%a, AD-5.7%b). They were also capable of trilineage mesenchymal differentiation and showed 80% viability after cryopreservation. According to the results, bovine AM and UCT-derived cells, either obtained at delivery time or from slaughterhouse, are a painless and non-invasive source of MSC and can be used for stem cell banking.(AU)

As células tronco mesenquimais (CTMs) estão presentes na maioria dos tecidos adultos e possuem grande capacidade de multiplicação. Quando cultivadas in vitro são capazes de se auto renovar e dar origem a novos tipos celulares. As células tronco mais utilizadas, tanto na medicina humana como na medicina veterinária são as células tronco mesenquimais derivadas da medula óssea e do tecido adiposo. Atualmente, uma grande tendência para a utilização de CTMs obtidas de tecidos fetais, como a membrana amniótica (MA), matriz extravascular do cordão umbilical (TCU) e sangue do cordão umbilical (SCU) pode ser observada, já que estas fontes podem ser colhidas no momento do parto por uma técnica não invasiva. Dessa forma, o objetivo deste estudo foi isolar, caracterizar, diferenciar e criopreservar CTMs obtidas de MA e TCU de fetos bovinos colhidos no momento do parto e de fetos do terço inicial da gestação em abatedouro-frigorífico. As células foram recuperadas por meio de digestão enzimática tecidual, realizada com solução de colagenase 0,1%. Foram colhidas amostras de MA e TCU no momento do parto (n=6) e de MA e TCU no terço inicial de gestação (n=6), as quais foram submetidas às análises morfológicas, imunofenotípica por imunocitoquímica e citometria de fluxo, diferenciações in vitro nas linhagens osteogênica, adipogênica e condrogênica e ainda, avaliação da viabilidade após a criopreservação por citometria de fluxo. Todas as amostras dos diferentes grupos demonstraram adesão ao plástico e morfologia fibroblastóide. No ensaio imunocitoquímico todas as amostras foram imunomarcadas para CD44, NANOG e Oct-4, com ausência de marcação para MHC II. Na análise imunofenotipica por citometria de fluxo, todas as amostras apresentaram marcação para CD44, ausência de marcação para ou baixíssima expressão de CD34 (MA: TI-0,3%a, PA-3.4%b; TCU: TI-0,4%, PA-1.4%) e nula ou baixa expressão de MHC II (MA: TI-1.5%a, PA-9.7%b; UCT: TI-0.7%a, PA-5.7%b. Apresentaram também capacidade de diferenciação in vitro nas três linhagens mesodermais e quando analisadas pós criopreservação por citometria de fluxo, todas as amostras apresentaram viabilidade de 80%. Estes resultados indicam que MA e TCU, obtidos tanto no momento de parto como em abatedouro, de fetos bovinos podem ser utilizados como fonte não invasiva e indolor de CTMs e possibilitam a formação de bancos de armazenamento de células.(AU)

Animals , Cattle , Adult Stem Cells , Amnion , Cryopreservation/veterinary , Fetal Stem Cells , Flow Cytometry/veterinary , Immunophenotyping/veterinary
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 54(2): 129-138, 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-875079


Lymphocytes and macrophages are the main white cells involved in fetal-maternal tolerance. Little is known about these leukocytes in bovine placenta, such as the quantity and location of these cells. Thus, the objective of this study was to identify lymphocyte and macrophage populations in bovine placenta using specific markers and flow cytometry. This study analyzed samples of placentomes and intercaruncular regions of cows in the three quarters of pregnancy. In the placentomes, during the first quarter of pregnancy, mean percentage of labeled CD3+ cells was 2.34%; CD8+, 1.28%; CD14+, 1.66%; and CD335+, 0.96%. For the intercaruncular region, percentage of CD3+ cells was 0.71%; CD8+, 1.63%; CD14+, 2.81%; and CD335+, 2.81%. In the second quarter, placentomes showed 0.94% CD3+ cells; 0.77% CD8+; 0.72% CD14+; and 0.51% CD335+. In the intercaruncular region, percentage of labeled CD3+ cells was 0.50%; CD8+, 1.81%; CD14+, 2.64%; and CD335+, 0.51%. In the third quarter, placentomes showed labeling of 0.88% CD3+; 0.66% CD8+; 1.06% CD14+; and 0.74% CD335+ cells. In the intercaruncular region, percentage of labeled CD3+ cells was 0.19%; CD8+, 2.23%; CD14+, 2.43%; and CD335+, 0.16%. The results showed that there was a greater immunomarking of leukocytes CD3+ and CD335+ in the placentome when compared to the intercaruncular region during the third trimester. It can be concluded that leukocytes populations in bovine placenta is reduced, probably because of the syndesmochorial characteristic of bovine placenta. This represents a significant barrier for the immunological system of the mother, sharply decreasing the exposure of the conceptus to the mother's immune system.(AU)

Linfócitos e macrófagos são os principais leucócitos envolvidos na tolerância materno-fetal. Pouco se sabe sobre esses leucócitos na placenta bovina, como por exemplo, a quantidade e localização dessas células. Assim, o objetivo desse estudo foi identificar populações de linfócitos e macrófagos na placenta bovina utilizando marcadores específicos e citometria de fluxo. Este estudo analisou amostras de placentônios da região intercaruncular de bovinos nos três trimestres da gestação. No primeiro trimestre, nos placentônios, a porcentagem média de células CD3+ foi 2,34%; CD8+, 1,28%; CD14+, 1,66%; e CD335+, 0,96%. Na região intercaruncular, a porcentagem de células CD3+ foi 0,71%; CD8+, 1,63%; CD14+, 2,81%; e CD335+, 2,81%. No segundo trimestre, os placentônios apresentaram 0,94% de células CD3+; 0,77% de CD8+; 0,72% de CD14+e 0,51% de CD335+. Na região intercaruncular, a porcentagem de células CD3+ foi 0,50%; CD8+, 1,81%; CD14+, 2,64%; e CD335+, 0,51%. No terceiro trimestre, os placentônios apresentaram 0,88% de células marcadas CD3+; 0,66% de CD8+; 1,06% de CD14+ e 0,74% de CD335+. Na região intercaruncular, a porcentagem de células CD3+ foi 0,19%; CD8+, 2,23%; CD14+, 2,43% e CD335+, 0,16%. Os resultados mostraram que a imunomarcação de leucócitos na região do placentônio foi maior do que na região intercaruncular no terceiro trimestre. Concluiu-se que a população de leucócitos CD3+ e CD335+ na placenta bovina está reduzida, provavelmente devido à sua característica sindesmocorial. Essa característica representa uma barreira significante para o sistema imunológico da mãe, o que diminui drasticamente a exposição do concepto ao sistema de defesa da mãe.(AU)

Animals , Female , Cattle , Immunophenotyping/veterinary , Leukocytes/physiology , Placenta/anatomy & histology , Placenta/ultrastructure , Immune System Phenomena
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 36(4): 345-350, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-787571


A gestação é um estado fisiológico que exige adaptações imunológicas para que transcorra normalmente. Nesse período a mãe e o feto apresentam uma relação imunológica, ou seja, a interface materno fetal. A enzima indoleamina 2,3 dioxigenase (IDO) desempenha um papel importante na tolerância materno fetal, por ser responsável pela metabolização do triptofano, impedindo por diversas vias a proliferação principalmente de linfócitos TCD8. Diversos tipos celulares estão presentes na interface materno fetal e vários deles podem expressar a IDO. Os leucócitos com perfil Th1 produzem uma citocina conhecida: o interferon γ que estimula a expressão da IDO em vários tipos celulares. Os linfócitos são divididos em subpopulações de acordo com sua função e fenótipo. Seus tipos incluem linfócitos T, linfócitos B e as células natural killer (NK). Hormônios também atuam nesse processo a progesterona que exerce função determinante sobre a resposta imunológica materna podendo alterar o prognóstico gestacional e o estrógeno essencial para a tolerância materno fetal e manutenção da prenhez. Dessa maneira este trabalho tem por objetivo principal identificar os linfócitos presentes na placenta bovina em cultivo que expressam IDO (linfócitos T, linfócitos B e células NK), frente a estimulação por progesterona, estrógeno e interferon γ nas diversas fases gestacionais utilizando a citometria de fluxo. Segundo os resultados no período de 67,5 a 77, 5 dias com a adição de interferon γ a expressão da enzima IDO aumentou discretamente nos linfócitos TCD3, TCD4, e diferente dos linfócitos T CD8 apresentaram uma elevada expressão da enzima (4,48 ± 2,12 - 8,65± 4,91)....

Pregnancy is a physiological state that requires immune adaptation in order to be successfully carried on. During this period, mother and fetus establish an immune tolerance status at the maternal fetal interface. Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) plays an important role in maternal-fetal tolerance by metabolizing tryptophan, impairs by several pathways, mainly T CD8 cells proliferation. Several cell types are present in the maternal fetal interface and several of them can express IDO. Leucocytes with Th1 produce a cytokine known as interferon γ that stimulates the expression of IDO in several cell types. Lymphocytes are divided into sub-populations according to their function and phenotype: T lymphocytes, B lymphocytes and natural killer cells (NK). Hormones also involved in this process where progesterone exerts decisive role on maternal immune response that may change gestational outcome and estrogen is essential for fetal maternal tolerance and maintenance of pregnancy. Therefore, the main objective of this study was to identify lymphocytes in the bovine placental cell culture that are sensitive to progesterone, estrogen and interferon γ, IDO expression in various gestational stages using flow cytometry. According to the results in the gestational period from 67.5 to 77.5 days with the addition of interferon γ expression IDO was slightly increased in TCD3 lymphocytes, CD4, and differently from the other T cells CD8 displayed an higher expression of the enzyme (4.48±2.12 to 8.65±4.91)...

Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Cattle , Immunophenotyping/veterinary , /analysis , Lymphocytes/classification , Lymphocytes/immunology , Placenta , Placenta/physiology , Immune Tolerance/physiology , B-Lymphocytes , Estrogens/analysis , Interferon-gamma/analysis , Killer Cells, Natural , Progesterone/analysis , T-Lymphocytes
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 68(1): 1-9, jan.-fev. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-771895


Lymphoma is the most common hematopoietic malignancy in dogs and one of the most frequent among all neoplastic diseases in this species. It can occur in several anatomical locations with distinct histological and immunophenotypes. Depending on the host immune response towards the tumor, prognosis information could be collected. Because its well established immunosuppressant, antitumor activity, the function of regulatory T cells (Tregs) in canine neoplasias has been investigated. In this study, we sought to quantify, using flow cytometry, the Tregs subpopulation in peripheral blood of healthy dogs (10) and in those diagnosed with type-B (14) and type-T (8) multicentric lymphoma before (at diagnosis) and after the first cycle (5-week) of 19-week Madison-Wisconsin (MW) protocol of chemotherapy. Our results indicated that dogs with lymphoma showed higher percentage of Tregs (18,84±2,56) when compared to healthy dogs (4,70±0,50) (P<0,01). In addition, 5-week chemotherapy treatment reduced the Tregs subpopulation (7,54±1,08) to levels similar to control (4,70±0,50) (P>0,05). There was no difference in Tregs percentage between B-type (17,45±2,77) and T-type (21,27±5,27) lymphoma (P>0,05). With this, we conclude that canine lymphoma increases Tregs in the peripheral blood and the MW protocol of chemotherapy reduces this cell subpopulation to control values.

O linfoma é a neoplasia hematopoiética mais comum nos cães e uma das mais frequentes, dentre todas as neoplasias, nesta espécie. Apresenta-se em diversas localizações anatômicas e pode apresentar classificações histológicas e imunofenotipos distintos. Dependendo da resposta imune do paciente frente à instalação de um tumor, algumas informações sobre o prognóstico podem ser obtidas. Atualmente, as células T reguladoras (Tregs) vêm sendo estudadas em algumas neoplasias caninas, por seu comprovado potencial imunossupressor, principalmente por inibir a resposta antitumoral. Neste contexto, o presente trabalho teve como objetivos quantificar, por citometria de fluxo, as células Tregs em sangue periférico de cães com linfoma multicêntrico de imunofenótipos B e T, respectivamente 14 e 8 cães, no momento do diagnóstico e após o primeiro ciclo de quimioterapia antineoplásica com o protocolo Madison-Wisconsin (MW) de 19 semanas adaptado, e comparar com cães saudáveis (n=10), buscando quantificá-las em cães com linfoma de diferentes imunofenótipos antes e após a 5ª semana do protocolo MW. Os resultados mostraram que cães com linfoma apresentaram uma porcentagem significativamente maior de Tregs (18,84±2,56) quando comparada aos cães sem neoplasia (4,70±0,50) (P<0,01). Além disso, após a quinta semana de tratamento houve uma significante redução da população de Tregs (7,54±1,08), atingindo valores semelhantes a dos cães controle (4,70±0,50) (P>0,05). Não houve diferença nas Tregs em relação aos imunofenotipos B (17,45±2,77) e T (21,27±5,27) (P>0,05). Concluiu-se que o linfoma em cães leva a um aumento de células Tregs e que o tratamento com o protocolo quimioterápico MW reduz significativamente as células Tregs em sangue periférico, atingindo valores próximos aos dos cães saudáveis.

Animals , Dogs , Lymphoma, T-Cell/veterinary , Hematologic Neoplasms/veterinary , Prognosis , Drug Therapy/veterinary , Histological Techniques , Histology , Immunosuppressive Agents , Immunophenotyping/veterinary , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 34(4): 349-354, abr. 2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-712724


This paper describes the epidemiological, clinical and immunohistochemical characteristics of canine lymphomas diagnosed in the region of Porto Alegre, Brazil. Thirty dogs were enrolled in the study; most of them were male (60 percent), mixed-breed (23 percent) and middle-aged or older. The majority (87 percent) of affected dogs showed the multicentric form. The B-cell phenotype was most frequently detected (62 percent); 37 percent of the animals were in clinical stage IV, and 83 percent were classified as sub-stage "b". Lymphadenopathy was observed in 67 percent of the cases, and dyspnea, prostration, decreased appetite and vomiting were the most common clinical signs encountered. Anemia was a frequently encountered laboratory alteration (57 percent), as were leukocytosis (40 percent), thrombocytopenia (33 percent), lymphopenia (30 percent), hyperglobulinemia (20 percent) and hypercalcemia (13 percent). The results of this study indicate that the clinical features of dogs with lymphoma in the region of Porto Alegre are similar to those observed worldwide.

Esse trabalho apresenta os achados epidemiológicos, clínicos e imuno-histoquímicos de linfomas caninos diagnosticados na região de Porto Alegre. Trinta cães foram incluídos no estudo; sendo principalmente machos (60 por cento), sem raça definida (23 por cento) e de meia-idade a idosos. A maioria (87 por cento) dos cães afetados apresentou a forma anatômica multicêntrica. O imunofenótipo B foi detectado com mais frequência (62 por cento); 37 por cento dos cães apresentavam estadiamento clínico IV e 83 por cento encontravam-se no subestádio "b". Linfadenopatia foi observada em 67 por cento dos casos; outros sinais clínicos comumente detectados foram dispneia, prostração, diminuição do apetite e vômitos. Anemia foi a alteração laboratorial mais frequente (57 por cento), seguida por leucocitose (40 por cento), trombocitopenia (33 por cento), linfopenia (30 por cento), hiperglobulinemia (20 por cento), hiperproteinemia (17 por cento) e hipercalcemia (13 por cento). Os resultados do presente estudo indicam que as características epidemiológicas e clínicas de cães com linfoma na região de Porto Alegre são semelhantes às observadas em todo o mundo.

Animals , Dogs , Critical Pathways , Dogs , Lymphatic Diseases/veterinary , Epidemiologic Studies , Immunohistochemistry/veterinary , Lymphoma/veterinary , Paraneoplastic Syndromes/veterinary , B-Lymphocytes , Immunophenotyping/veterinary , Signs and Symptoms/veterinary
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 34(4): 385-389, abr. 2014. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-712730


Considerando a importância do uso do sangue do cordão umbilical como fonte potencial de células tronco hematopoiéticas e o uso do suíno doméstico (Sus scrofa) como modelo para pesquisas biomédicas em medicina regenerativa, e por outro lado, visando dar um contributo sobre a quantificação das subpopulações linfocitárias no sangue do cordão umbilical e periférico, objetivou-se quantificar as células CD4+, CD5+ e CD8+ nas amostras de sangue de suínos neonatos. Analisaram-se as amostras do sangue do cordão umbilical e periférico de 48 leitões de linhagem Topigs, provenientes de porcas hígidas, inseminadas artificialmente e de parto natural. Foram coletadas amostras de sangue do cordão umbilical e periférico no momento do nascimento, por meio de venopunção da veia umbilical e seio venoso retro-oftálmico, respectivamente. As quantificações imunofenotípicas de células CD4+, CD5+ e CD8+ foram obtidas por citometria de fluxo. Os valores médios obtidos para as contagens das células CD4+, CD5+ e CD8+ do sangue do cordão umbilical e periférico apresentaram-se inferiores aos reportados para o sangue periférico de suínos adultos, sugerindo um componente imunológico imaturo. A proporção CD4+: CD8+ obtida no sangue do cordão umbilical (3,2±1,2 por cento) e no sangue periférico (3,2±1,7 por cento) ilustrou a predominância dos linfócitos TCD4+ com relação aos TCD8+. A quantidade relativa de células CD4+ e CD8+ no sangue do cordão umbilical e periférico foi de 1,37±0,86 por cento e 1,15±0,57 por cento, respectivamente.

Considering the importance of umbilical cord blood as a potential source of stem cell and, on the other hand, the use of the domestic swine (Sus scrofa) as a useful model for biomedical research in regenerative medicine and aiming to contribute about the quantification of lymphocyte subsets in umbilical cord blood and peripheral blood of newborn piglets, this study aimed to quantify CD4+, CD5+ and CD8+ cells from umbilical cord blood and peripheral blood from pigs at term blood samples. Were analyzed samples of the umbilical cord blood and peripheral of 48 piglets of Topigs lineage, from healthy mothers, artificially inseminated and natural birth. Blood samples were collected from the umbilical cord at birth, by the umbilical vein, and peripheral blood by venous sinus retro-ophthalmic. The immunological measurements of CD4+, CD5+ and CD8+ were obtained by flow cytometry. The relative average values for the CD4+, CD5+ e CD8+ counts in umbilical cord blood and peripheral blood of newborn piglets were inferior to those reported for peripheral blood in adult pigs, suggesting immunological immaturity. The ratio CD4+:CD8+ in umbilical cord blood (3.2±1.2 percent) and peripheral blood (3.2±1.7 percent) showed a predominance of TCD4+ over TCD8+. The percentage of CD4+ and CD8+ cells was 1.37±0.86 percent and 1.15±0.57 percent, respectively, in umbilical cord blood and peripheral blood.

Animals , Female , Blood Chemical Analysis/veterinary , /analysis , /analysis , /analysis , Blood Circulation , Immunophenotyping/veterinary , Fetal Blood/immunology , Swine/genetics , Stem Cells/cytology , Flow Cytometry/veterinary
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 33(9): 1151-1154, set. 2013. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-694066


The objective of the study was to isolate, cultivate and characterize equine peripheral blood-derived multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (PbMSCs). Peripheral blood was collected, followed by the isolation of mononuclear cells using density gradient reagents, and the cultivation of adherent cells. Monoclonal mouse anti-horse CD13, mouse anti-horse CD44, and mouse anti-rat CD90 antibodies were used for the immunophenotypic characterization of the surface of the PbMSCs. These cells were also cultured in specific media for adipogenic and chondrogenic differentiation. There was no expression of the CD13 marker, but CD44 and CD90 were expressed in all of the passages tested. After 14 days of cell differentiation into adipocytes, lipid droplets were observed upon Oil Red O (ORO) staining. Twenty-one days after chondrogenic differentiation, the cells were stained with Alcian Blue. Although the technique for the isolation of these cells requires improvement, the present study demonstrates the partial characterization of PbMSCs, classifying them as a promising type of progenitor cells for use in equine cell therapy.

O objetivo deste estudo foi isolar, cultivar e caracterizar as células mesenquimais multipotentes estromais derivadas do sangue periférico (SpCTMs) equino. O sangue periférico foi coletado, seguido do isolamento das células mononucleadas utilizando o reagente de gradiente de densidade e o cultivo das células aderentes. Os anticorpos monoclonais mouse anti-horse CD13, mouse anti-horse CD44 e mouse anti-rat CD90 foram utilizados para a caracterização imunofenotípica da superfície das SpCTMs. Estas células também foram cultivadas utilizando meio de cultura específico para a diferenciação adipogênica e condrogênica. Não houve expressão do marcador CD13, mas os marcadores CD44 e CD90 foram expressos em todas as passagens testadas. Após 14 dias da diferenciação das células em adipócitos, gotículas de lipídeos foram observados através da coloração com Oil Red O. Vinte e um dias após a diferenciação condrogênica, as células foram coradas com o Alcian Blue. Embora a técnica de isolamento destas células necessite ser otimizada, o presente estudo demonstra a caracterização parcial das SpCTMs, classificando-as como um tipo de células progenitoras promissoras para o uso na terapia celular em equinos.

Animals , Adult , Horses/blood , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Blood Cells/classification , Multipotent Stem Cells/physiology , Immunophenotyping/veterinary
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-169633


Recent studies have shown that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are able to differentiate into multi-lineage cells such as adipocytes, chondroblasts, and osteoblasts. Amniotic membrane from whole placenta is a good source of stem cells in humans. This membrane can potentially be used for wound healing and corneal surface reconstruction. Moreover, it can be easily obtained after delivery and is usually discarded as classified waste. In the present study, we successfully isolated and characterized equine amniotic membrane-derived mesenchymal stem cells (eAM-MSCs) that were cultured and maintained in low glucose Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium. The proliferation of eAM-MSCs was measured based on the cumulative population doubling level (CPDL). Immunophenotyping of eAM-MSCs by flow cytometry showed that the major population was of mesenchymal origin. To confirm differentiation potential, a multi-lineage differentiation assay was conducted. We found that under appropriate conditions, eAM-MSCs are capable of multi-lineage differentiation. Our results indicated that eAM-MSCs may be a good source of stem cells, making them potentially useful for veterinary regenerative medicine and cell-based therapy.

Animals , Female , Adipogenesis , Amnion/cytology , Cell Differentiation , Cell Lineage , Cell Proliferation , Chondrogenesis , Flow Cytometry/veterinary , Horses , Immunophenotyping/veterinary , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Osteogenesis
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-178953


Studies were performed to determine the effects of Bcell suppression on the pathogenesis of Subgroup J avian leukosis virus (ALV-J) in broiler chickens. Neonatal chickens were treated with cyclophosphamide (CY) or PBS, and then infected with ALV-J (ADOL-7501) at 2 weeks of age. CY treatment induced B cell specific immunosuppression throughout the experiment confirmed by decreased bursal weight, intact lymphocyte mitogenetic activity stimulated by Con A and increased relative subpopulation of CD3-positive cells as measured by flow cytometry. Chickens in this experiment had Mareks disease virus exposure prior to three weeks of age as determined by the presence of lymphocytic infiltration and antibody. Virus neutralizing antibody against ALV-J was first observed at 6 weeks post-infection in some of the infected chickens in the PBS group. As expected, none of the chickens from the CY group and uninfected chickens developed virus-neutralizing antibody. The viremic status was measured by real time RT-PCR using SYBR green I dye. The percentage of viremic chickens was significantly higher, and more chickens had high titered viremia, in the CY treated group. No neoplastic foci consistent with ALVJ infection were observed in any of the experimental chickens. The frequency and intensity of viral antigen expression determined by immunohistochemistry was significantly higher in tissues from CY treated birds than those of PBS treated chickens at 3 weeks post-infection. This study showed that B cell specific immunosuppression with CY treatment in chickens resulted in increase in viremia and viral antigen load in tissues.

Animals , Avian Leukosis/immunology , Avian Leukosis Virus/genetics , Body Weight/physiology , Bursa of Fabricius/immunology , Chickens , Concanavalin A/immunology , Cyclophosphamide/pharmacology , Flow Cytometry/veterinary , Immunocompromised Host , Immunohistochemistry/veterinary , Immunophenotyping/veterinary , Immunosuppressive Agents/pharmacology , Lymphocyte Activation/drug effects , Organic Chemicals/chemistry , Poultry Diseases/immunology , RNA, Viral/chemistry , Random Allocation , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Spleen/immunology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Viremia/veterinary