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1.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 20(1): 51-60, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, MTYCI | ID: biblio-1145969

ABSTRACT

El extracto de cloroformo (CE) y las fracciones obtenidas de las raíces de Aldama arenaria se evaluaron para determinar su actividad antiproliferativa in vitro contra 10 líneas celulares tumorales humanas [leucemia (K-562), mama (MCF-7), ovario que expresa un fenotipo resistente a múltiples fármacos (NCI/ADR-RES), melanoma (UACC-62), pulmón (NCI-H460), próstata (PC-3), colon (HT29), ovario (OVCAR-3), glioma (U251) y riñón (786-0)]. CE presentó actividad antiproliferativa débil a moderada (log GI50 medio 1.07), mientras que las fracciones 3 y 4, enriquecidas con diterpenos de tipo pimarane [ent-pimara-8 (14), ácido 15-dien-19-oico y ent-8(14),15-pimaradien-3ß-ol], presentaron actividad moderada a potente para la mayoría de las líneas celulares, con un log GI50 medio de 0.62 y 0.59, respectivamente. Los resultados mostraron una acción antiproliferativa in vitro prometedora de las muestras obtenidas de A. arenaria, con los mejores resultados para NCI/ADR-RES, HT29 y OVCAR-3, y valores de TGI que van desde 5.95 a 28.71 µg.mL-1, demostrando que los compuestos de esta clase pueden ser prototipos potenciales para el descubrimiento de nuevos agentes terapéuticos.


Chloroform extract (CE) and fractions obtained from Aldama arenaria roots were evaluated for their in vitro antiproliferative activity against 10 human tumor cell lines [leukemia (K-562), breast (MCF-7), ovary expressing a multidrug-resistant phenotype (NCI/ADR-RES), melanoma (UACC-62), lung (NCI-H460), prostate (PC-3), colon (HT29), ovary (OVCAR-3), glioma (U251), and kidney (786-0)]. CE presented weak to moderate antiproliferative activity (mean log GI50 1.07), whereas fractions 3 and 4, enriched with pimarane-type diterpenes [ent-pimara-8(14),15-dien-19-oic acid and ent-8(14),15-pimaradien-3ß-ol], presented moderate to potent activity for most cell lines, with mean log GI50 of 0.62 and 0.59, respectively. The results showed promising in vitro antiproliferative action of the samples obtained from A. arenaria, with the best results for NCI/ADR-RES, HT29, and OVCAR-3, and TGI values ranging from 5.95 to 28.71 µg.mL-1, demonstrating that compounds of this class may be potential prototypes for the discovery of new therapeutic agents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arenaria Plant/chemistry , Antineoplastic Agents , Plants, Medicinal , In Vitro Techniques , Brazil , Plant Extracts , Chromatography , Medicine, Traditional
2.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 14(1): 7-13, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146465

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La enfermedad del hígado graso no alcohólico (EHGNA) es la forma más común de enfermedad hepática. A nivel celular se caracteriza por la acumulación de triglicéridos (TG) en forma de gotas lipídicas (GL) dando lugar a esteatosis e inflamación. Entre los factores relevantes para la síntesis de TG se encuentran las enzimas DGAT1/2 que catalizan la etapa final de la síntesis de TG, y la proteína FABP4 que transporta lípidos intracelulares y se expresa en modelos de enfermedad hepática dependiente de obesidad. Por otra parte, TNF-α es una reconocida citoquina involucrada en el proceso inflamatorio en la EHGNA. La medicina popular del norte de Chile ha utilizado la planta Lampaya medicinalis Phil. (Verbenaceae) para el tratamiento de algunas enfermedades inflamatorias. OBJETIVO: Evaluar el efecto de un extracto hidroalcóholico de lampaya (EHL) sobre la esteatosis y expresión de marcadores de inflamación en hepatocitos tratados con ácidos grasos. Diseño experimental: Estudio in vitro en cultivos de la línea celular humana HepG2 tratadas con ácido oleico (AO) y ácido palmítico (AP). MÉTODOS: Se incubó hepatocitos HepG2 con AO/AP por 24 horas en presencia o no de EHL. Se evaluó la presencia de GL y el contenido de TG intracelulares por Oil Red O y Nile Red, respectivamente. La expresión de DGAT1/2, FABP4 y TNF-α fue evaluada por qPCR. RESULTADOS: Los hepatocitos tratados con AO/AP mostraron un aumento en las GL y TG, así como una mayor expresión de DGAT2 en comparación al control. El cotratamiento con EHL revirtió los efectos inducidos por AO/AP. CONCLUSIONES: EHL revierte el incremento en las GL, TG y en la expresión de DGAT2 inducido por AO/AP en células HepG2. Estos hallazgos sugieren un efecto hepatoprotector de la Lampaya contra la esteatosis, y apoyarían su uso complementario en el tratamiento de patologías con componente inflamatorio como la EHGNA.


Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disease. At the cellular level, it is characterized by the accumulation of triglycerides (TG) in the form of lipid droplets (LD), which leads to steatosis and inflammation. Among relevant factors for TG synthesis are the enzymes DGAT1/2 catalyzing the final stage of TG synthesis, and the protein FABP4 which transports intracellular lipids and is expressed in cell models of obesity-dependent liver disease. Additionally, TNF-α is a cytokine involved in the inflammatory process associated to NAFDL. Lampaya medicinalis Phil. (Verbenaceae) is a plant used in folk medicine in northern Chile to treat some inflammatory diseases. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of the hydroalcoholic extract of lampaya (HEL) on steatosis and the expression of inflammatory markers in hepatocytes treated with fatty acids. Study design: In vitro study in cultures of the human HepG2 cell line treated with oleic acid (OA) and palmitic acid (PA). METHODS: HepG2 hepatocytes were incubated with OA/PA for 24 hours in the presence and absence of HEL. The formation of LD and the accumulation of intracellular TG were assessed by Oil Red O and Nile Red, respectively. The expression of DGAT1/2, FABP4 and TNF-α was assessed by qPCR. RESULTS: The treatment with OA/PA increased the levels of LD and TG as well as the expression of DGAT2 in HepG2 hepatocytes compared to control cells. HEL cotreatment counteracted OA/PA-induced effects. CONCLUSIONS: HEL prevents the increase in LD and TG levels and DGAT2 expression induced by OA/PA in HepG2 cells. These findings suggest that lampaya may have a protective effect against hepatic steatosis, which would support its complementary use in the treatment of pathologies associated with inflammation, such as NAFLD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Hepatocytes/drug effects , Verbenaceae/chemistry , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/drug therapy , Triglycerides/analysis , In Vitro Techniques , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Cell Survival , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Cell Culture Techniques , Oleic Acid , Ethanol/chemistry , Hep G2 Cells/drug effects , Inflammation
3.
Arq. Inst. Biol ; 88: e00502019, 2021. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1146668

ABSTRACT

The present study assessed the efficacy of formulated biocontrol agents and nitrogen fertilization on southern blight control. Antagonism test in vitro was performed to assess the inhibitory activity of Bacillus methylotrophicus and Trichoderma asperellum against the growth of Sclerotium rolfsii. Tomato seedlings were transplanted into the substrate added with ammonium nitrate doses and inoculated with the formulated biocontrol agents Ônix (B. methylotrophicus) or Quality (T. asperellum). Subsequently, seedlings were inoculated with S. rolfsii. Plant mortality, shoot and root weight were assessed 11 days after the last inoculation. Agents had effective inhibitory activity against S. rolfsii; thus, they could reduce southern blight severity when combined with ammonium nitrate. However, plant mortality was not reduced by them.(AU)


Subject(s)
Bacillus , Trichoderma , Lycopersicon esculentum , In Vitro Techniques , Pest Control, Biological , Ammonium Compounds
4.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(4): 658-663, dic. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134554

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Orthodontic accessories bonding in tooth enamel has been a critical step since the introduction of direct bonding techniques due to the importance of bracket stability. The aim of this study was to evaluate adhesion strength of different adhesive systems used for bracket bonding on dental surface. The present in vitro study was made from the analysis of shear strength of steel and ceramic brackets bonding with six different types of orthodontic adhesives. The brackets were bonded to 120 human extracted first premolar teeth with Orthocem®, Orthocem® + Ambar Universal® primer, Orthobond Plus®, Biofix®, Transbond XT®, Ortholink VLC®. Shear strength tests were performed on a universal testing machine EZ-Test-Shimadzu® and the data were analyzed using ANOVA test with Post-Hoc Bonferroni and 95 % statistical significance (p <0.05). Transbond XT® and Ortholink VLC® resin values showed greater shear resistance for steel brackets bonding and Transbond XT® and Orthobond Plus® adhesives showed better adhesion results for ceramic brackets bonding.


RESUMEN: La unión de accesorios de ortodoncia en el esmalte dental ha sido un paso crítico desde la introducción de las técnicas de unión directa debido a la importancia de la estabilidad del soporte. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la fuerza de adhesión de diferentes sistemas adhesivos utilizados para la unión de brackets en la superficie dental. El presente estudio in vitro se realizó a partir del análisis de la resistencia al corte de brackets de acero y de cerámica unidos con seis tipos diferentes de adhesivos de ortodoncia. Los brackets se unieron a 120 primeros premolares extraídos con los adhesivos Orthocem®, Orthocem® + Ambar Universal® primer, Orthobond Plus®, Biofix®, Transbond XT®, Ortholink VLC®. Las pruebas de resistencia al corte se realizaron en una máquina de prueba universal EZ-Test-Shimadzu® y los datos se analizaron usando la prueba ANOVA con Bonferroni Post-Hoc y 95 % de significación estadística (p <0,05). Los valores de resina Transbond XT® y Ortholink VLC® mostraron una mayor resistencia al corte para la unión de brackets de acero y los adhesivos Transbond XT® y Orthobond Plus® mostraron mejores resultados de adhesión para la unión de brackets cerámicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Bonding , Orthodontic Brackets , Dental Cements , Orthodontics , Stainless Steel , In Vitro Techniques , Materials Testing , Ceramics , Resin Cements , Shear Strength
5.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 36(6): 2041-2049, 01-11-2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1148052

ABSTRACT

The selection of potato plants (Solanum tuberosum L.) that are efficient in the use of phosphorus (P) plays an important role in increasing crop productivity, reducing the cost of production due to the high price of phosphate fertilizers, as well as reducing the pollution of the environment due to the better use of the applied fertilizers. The objective of this work was to compare the method of selection of potato clones for the efficiency of use and response to P between in vitro and off - soil systems with the use of sand as substrate. To that end, potato clones SMIC 148-A, Dakota Rose, SMINIA 793101-3, SMIB 106-7, SMIF 212-3, SMIJ 319-1 and P 150 were cultivated at low and high levels of P in the culture systems in vitro (1,935 and 19,346 mg P L-1) and off-soil (2.32 and 23.2 mg P L-1). The selection of potato clones using only as a criterion the accumulation of P under low nutrient level is not adequate, both in off-soil and in vitro cultivation. Clones selected as being more efficient in the use of P in in vitro cultivation do not prove to be necessarily more efficient in off-soil cultivation. No clone remains in the same classification group regarding the efficiency of use and response to P, based on the production of dry mass, in the two cropping systems.


A seleção de plantas de batata (Solanum tuberosum L.) que são eficientes no uso de fósforo (P) desempenha um papel importante no aumento da produtividade das culturas. reduzindo o custo de produção devido ao alto preço dos fertilizantes fosfatados. além de reduzir a poluição do meio ambiente devido ao melhor uso dos fertilizantes aplicados. O objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar o método de seleção de clones de batata quanto à eficiência de uso e resposta ao P entre sistemas in vitro e fora do solo com o uso de areia como substrato. Para o efeito. os clones de batata SMIC 148-A. Dakota Rose. SMINIA 793101-3. SMIB 106-7. SMIF 212-3. SMIJ 319-1 e P 150 foram cultivados a baixos e altos níveis de P nos sistemas de cultivo in vitro (1.935 e 19.346 mg P L-1) e fora do solo (2.32 e 23.2 mg P L-1). A seleção de clones de batata utilizando apenas como critério o acúmulo de P em baixo nível de nutrientes não é adequada. tanto no cultivo fora do solo quanto no in vitro. Clones selecionados como mais eficientes no uso de P em cultivo in vitro não se mostraram necessariamente mais eficientes no cultivo fora do solo. Nenhum clone permanece no mesmo grupo de classificação quanto à eficiência de uso e resposta ao P. baseado na produção de massa seca nos dois sistemas de cultivo.


Subject(s)
In Vitro Techniques , Solanum tuberosum
6.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(5): 597-604, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144213

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study aims to compare the in vitro wear rate of crosslinked, high molecular weight polyethylene coupled to 36-mm diameter ceramic heads and 32-mm diameter metal heads. Methods Ceramic-on-polyethylene (36 mm) and metal-on-polyethylene (32 mm) tribological pairs were submitted to biomechanical tests in a simulator to determine the wear rate after 15 × 106 cycles. Results A statistically significant difference (p= 0.0005) was detected when comparing the wear rate of assemblies with metallic heads (average wear: 14.12 mg/MC) and ceramic heads (average wear: 7.46 mg/MC). Conclusion The present study demonstrated the lower wear rate in prosthetic assemblies using 36-mm crosslinked ceramic-on-polyethylene tribological pairs compared to 32-mm crosslinked metal-on-polyethylene assemblies. This finding demonstrates the effectiveness of ceramic-on-polyethylene tribological pairs, even with large diameter heads.


Resumo Objetivo: O objetivo do presente estudo foi comparar, in vitro, a taxa de desgaste do polietileno de alto peso molecular reticulado acoplado a cabeças cerâmicas de 36 mm de diâmetro e acoplado a cabeças metálicas de 32 mm de diâmetro. Métodos: Foram realizados ensaios biomecânicos em simulador de desgaste para os pares tribológicos cerâmica-poli (36 mm) e metal-poli (32 mm) a fim de verificar a taxa de desgaste após em 15 × 106 ciclos. Resultados: Na comparação entre as medidas de taxa de desgaste dos conjuntos com cabeças metálicas (média:14,12 mg/MC) e cerâmicas (média:7,46 mg/MC) houve diferença estatitsticamente significativa (p= 0,0005). Conclusão: O presente estudo demonstrou menor taxa de desgaste em conjuntos protéticos que utilizaram o par tribológico cerâmica-polietileno reticulado de 36 mm em comparação aos conjuntos com metal-polietileno reticulado de 32 mm. Tal achado demonstra a eficácia do par tribológico cerâmica-poli, mesmo com a utilização de cabeças de grande diâmetro.


Subject(s)
Prosthesis Design , Weights and Measures , In Vitro Techniques , Ceramics , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Polyethylene , Hip
7.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud; 20200900. 10 p.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, MINSAPERU | ID: biblio-1118773

ABSTRACT

El documento contiene las pautas para garantizar la seguridad, calidad y desempeño en el desarrollo y validación de proyectos de investigación vinculados a los dispositivos de diagnóstico in vitro (DMDIVD), que permitan una autorización para la fabricación y uso.


Subject(s)
Research , Research Design , In Vitro Techniques , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Equipment and Supplies
8.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 54(3): 321-331, set. 2020. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130606

ABSTRACT

Los flavivirus transmitidos por mosquitos son una amenaza actual y emergente en todo el mundo. Dentro de este género, el virus Encefalitis San Luis (VESL) causa una forma severa de enfermedad neuroinvasiva donde la respuesta inmune es un componente crucial de la defensa del huésped. En este trabajo se investigó la interacción entre VESL y células de la inmunidad innata, en un modelo de infección in vitro de monocitos humanos (células U937) con cepas de distinta virulencia y condiciones epidemiológicas de aislamiento (CbaAr-4005 y 78V-6507). Se evaluó la capacidad de infectar y replicar del virus, como también el efecto citopático y la cinética de viabilidad de monocitos durante la infección. Los resultados demostraron la susceptibilidad de los monocitos a la infección, replicación y muerte por ambas cepas virales. Sin embargo, se hallaron diferencias significativas entre ellas. La cepa epidémica y de mayor virulencia CbaAr-4005 registró una tasa de infección y replicación superior a la de la cepa endémica y de menor virulencia 78V-6507. Se comprobó también que el VESL indujo la muerte de monocitos humanos, dependiendo del tiempo post-infección (pi) y de la cepa. Así, CbaAr-4005 provocó a partir del día 3 pi el doble de mortalidad celular que 78V-6507. Además, en los monocitos infectados se observaron alteraciones de parámetros morfológicos que podrían relacionarse con el tipo de mecanismo de muerte celular asociado a la infección por VESL.


Mosquitoes borne Flavivirus infections are an actual and emergent worldwide threat to human health. Within this genus, Saint Louis Encephalitis Virus (SLEV) causes a severe neuroinvasive disease where immune response is crucial for host survival. In this study the interaction between SLEV and innate immune cells was evaluated. An in vitro infection model with human monocytes (U937 cells) and strains with variations in virulence and isolation conditions (CbaAr-4005 and 78V-6507) were used. Infection capacity, replication capacity, cytopathic effect and monocyte viability kinetics were measured. The results showed susceptibility to infection and replication to both strains. However, significant differences were found among them. CbaAr-4005, the epidemic and more virulent strain, showed higher infection and replication ratios compared to 78V-6507. SLEV infection that induces cell death of human monocytes was also found in a post-infection time and in a strain dependent manner. Since day 3 post-infection, twice the mortality in CbaAr-4005 infected cells was observed. Furthermore, infected monocytes showed alterations in morphologic parameters that could be related with apoptosis mechanisms associated to SLEV infections.


Os Flavivírus transmitidos por mosquitos são uma ameaça atual e emergente no mundo todo. Nesse gênero, o vírus Encefalite Saint Louis (VESL) causa uma forma grave de doença neuroinvasiva onde a resposta imune é um componente crucial da defesa do hospedeiro. Neste trabalho nos investigamos a interação entre VESL e células de imunidade inata em um modelo de infecção in vitro de monócitos humanos (células U937) com estirpe de diferentes virulências e condições epidemiológicas de isolamento (CbaAr-4005 e 78V-6507). Foi avaliada a capacidade do vírus de infectar e replicar , assim como o efeito citopático e a viabilidade cinética dos monócitos durante a infecção. Os resultados demonstraram a suscetibilidade dos monócitos à infecção, replicação e morte por ambas as estirpes virais. No entanto, foram detectadas diferenças significativas entre eles. A estirpe epidémica e de maior virulenta CbaAr-4005 teve uma maior taxa de infecção e replicação do que a estirpe endémica e menos virulenta 78V-6507. Foi comprovado também que o VESL induziu a morte de monócitos humanos, dependendo do tempo pós-infecção (pi) e da estirpe. Assim, a CbaAr-4005 causou a partir do dia 3 pi o dobro da mortalidade celular o que a 78V- 6507. Além disso, alterações nos parâmetros morfológicos foram observadas nos monócitos infectados que poderiam estar relacionadas ao tipo de mecanismo de morte celular associado à infecção pelo VESL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Virulence , Flavivirus Infections , U937 Cells , Encephalitis , Encephalitis Virus, St. Louis , Encephalitis Viruses/growth & development , Flavivirus , Patient Isolation , Viruses , In Vitro Techniques , Kinetics , Cells , Disease , Incidence , Causality , Mortality , Apoptosis , Parameters , Culicidae
9.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 36(5): 1498-1506, 01-09-2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147328

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ammoniation by urea on the nutritional value of elephant grass hay harvested after flowering. A completely randomized design, in double factorial designs with an additional treatment: 4 urea doses (2, 4, 6 and 8%) x 2 treatment periods (30 and 45 days) + 1 (Control) with four replicates each, was employed. Dry matter, ash, ether extract, neutral detergent fiber, acid detergent fiber, cellulose, lignin, neutral detergent fiber corrected for the ash and the protein, total nitrogen, acid detergent insoluble nitrogen, neutral detergent insoluble nitrogen, non-protein nitrogen, in vitro gas production and carbohydrates fractionation were analyzed. The treatments influenced the contents of DM, EE, NDF, ADF, lignin, cellulose, NDFap, fraction A + B1, fraction B2, fraction C, TN, NPN, ADIN, NDIN, L and Vf2. There was a positive linear effect of urea dose for NDF, ADIN, NDIN and L, positive linear effect on fraction A + B1, NT and NPN, and positive quadratic effect for Vf2, with absolute maximum point of 4.5%. Elephant grass hay harvested after flowering has its nutritional value improved, with a minimum dose of 4.5% urea on a dry matter basis.(AU)


Objetivou-se avaliar o efeito da amonização com ureia sobre o valor nutritivo do feno de capim elefante colheitado após florescimento. O estudo foi delineado, em esquema fatorial duplo com um tratamento adicional: 4 doses de ureia (2, 4, 6 e 8%) x 2 período de tratamento (30 e 45 dias) + 1 tratamento controle, com 4 repetições cada. As variáveis analisadas foram: matéria seca (MS), cinzas, extrato etéreo (EE), fibra em detergente neutro (FDN) e ácido (FDA), FDN corrigida para cinzas e proteínas (FDNcp), celulose, lignina, nitrogênio total (NT), nitrogênio insolúvel em detergente ácido (NIDA) e neutro (NIDN), nitrogênio não proteico (NNP). Produção de gases in vitro proveniente dos carboidratos não fibrosos (Vf1) e fibrosos (Vf2), taxa de fermentação dos carboidratos não fibrosos (k1) e fibrosos (k2) e tempo de colonização bacteriana do substrato (L), além do fracionamento de carboidratos. Os tratamentos influenciaram os teores de MS, EE, FDN, FDA, lignina, celulose, FDNcp, fração A + B1, fração B2, fração C dos carboidratos, NT, NNP, NIDA, NIDN, L e Vf2. Houve efeito linear decrescente de dose de ureia para FDNcp, NIDA, NIDN e L, crescente para fração A+B1, NT e NNP, e, quadrático crescente de dose de ureia para Vf2, com ponto máximo absoluto de 4,5% de ureia obtido após derivar a equação de regressão aos 45 dias de tratamento do feno. Concluindo que feno de capim elefante colheitado após florescimento tem seu valor nutricional melhorado, com dose mínima de 4,5% de ureia em base da matéria seca.(AU)


Subject(s)
Urea , Pennisetum , Nutritive Value , In Vitro Techniques , Carbohydrates , Gases , Nitrogen
10.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(4): 1085-1092, July-Aug. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1139937

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of flunixin meglumine administration on pregnancy rates and luteal phase characteristics in bovine embryo recipients at the moment of embryo transfer. In experiment 1, in vitro produced embryos were transferred to 184 females divided as control and treated group (recipients treated with 1.1mg/kg flunixin meglumine). In experiment 2, 22 females were divided as control group; group 2 (animals submitted to a reproductive tract manipulation similar to an embryo transfer on the 7th day after estrous); and group 3 (females submitted to a manipulation and treatment with 1.1mg/kg flunixin meglumine). In experiment 1 no difference was observed between control and treated groups (40.2% and 44.6%, respectively) for pregnancy rates. In experiment 2 no difference was observed on the length of luteal phase between groups, however, animals in group 2 presented lower plasma progesterone concentrations than the control group and group 3. Therefore, we concluded that although the administration of flunixin meglumine at the moment of embryo transfer inhibited the reduction plasma progesterone concentrations, it was not effective in increasing pregnancy rates of bovine recipients.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os efeitos da administração de flunixina meglumina sobre as taxas de prenhez e características da fase lútea da receptora no momento da transferência de embriões em bovinos. No experimento 1, embriões produzidos in vitro foram transferidos para 184 fêmeas, divididas em grupos controle e tratado (tratados com 1,1mg/kg de flunixina meglumina). No experimento 2, 22 fêmeas foram divididas em grupo controle (n=7); grupo 2 (n=8; animais submetidos à manipulação do trato reprodutivo semelhante à transferência de embriões no sétimo dia pós-cio); e grupo 3 (n=7; fêmeas submetidas à manipulação e ao tratamento com 1,1mg/kg de flunixina meglumina). No experimento 1, não foi observada diferença nos grupos controle e tratado (40,2% e 44,6%, respectivamente) para as taxas de prenhez. No experimento 2, não houve diferença na extensão da fase lútea entre os grupos, entretanto os animais do grupo 2 apresentaram concentrações plasmáticas de progesterona mais baixas que o grupo controle e o grupo 3. Portanto, conclui-se que a administração de flunixina meglumina no momento da transferência de embriões inibiu a redução das concentrações plasmáticas de progesterona, no entanto não foi eficaz para aumentar as taxas de prenhez de receptoras em bovinos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Cattle , Pregnancy Rate , Embryo Culture Techniques/veterinary , Luteal Phase/physiology , Meglumine , Progesterone , In Vitro Techniques/veterinary
11.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(4): 312-323, ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138627

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: El objetivo de este trabajo fue establecer el efecto de la borra de café sobre la movilidad y los parámetros funcionales de los espermatozoides humanos in vitro. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: La borra de café, un subproducto obtenido en establecimientos especializados en la preparación de café soluble a base de grano, se diluyo en tampón fosfato salino y se mezcló en proporciones iguales con las muestras de semen de 16 voluntarios aparentemente sanos. A cada muestra se le determinó el efecto sobre la movilidad espermática en función del tiempo (30, 60, 90 y 120 minutos, n=16) y sobre los parámetros funcionales (n=6) por medio de citometría de flujo: potencial de membrana mitocondrial, producción de especies reactivas de oxígeno y lipoperoxidación de la membrana espermática. RESULTADOS: La incubación de los espermatozoides con la borra de café evidencio un cambio positivo en la movilidad espermática. Adicionalmente, la incubación con la borra de café incremento significativamente el potencial de membrana mitocondrial en los espermatozoides. CONCLUSIÓN: La borra de café, seguramente debido a los compuestos antioxidantes, afecta positivamente la movilidad espermática aumentando el potencial de membrana mitocondrial. Por lo tanto, esto es un paso inicial en la búsqueda de un suplemento de origen natural que aumente la calidad seminal.


OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work is to establish the effect of spent coffee grounds on the motility and functional parameters of human spermatozoa, in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Spent coffee grounds, a by-product obtained in specialized establishments in the preparation of soluble coffee based on grain, was diluted in saline phosphate buffer and mixed in equal proportions with semen samples from 16 apparently healthy volunteers. Each sample was determined the effect on sperm motility as a function of time (30, 60, 90 and 120 minutes, n=16) and on functional parameters (n=6) by means of flow cytometry: mitochondrial membrane potential, reactive oxygen species production and membrane lipoperoxidation. RESULTS: The incubation of the spermatozoa with the spent coffee grounds showed a positive change in sperm motility. Additionally, incubation with spent coffee grounds significantly increased the mitochondrial membrane potential in human sperm cells. CONCLUSION: Spent coffee grounds, probably due to antioxidant compounds, positively affects sperm motility by increasing mitochondrial membrane potential. Therefore, this is an initial step in the search for a supplement of natural origin that increases seminal quality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Semen/drug effects , Sperm Motility/drug effects , Spermatozoa/drug effects , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Coffee/chemistry , Semen/physiology , Sperm Motility/physiology , Spermatozoa/physiology , Time Factors , In Vitro Techniques
12.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 108(2): 46-51, mayo-ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121108

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Comparar ex vivo la eficacia del instrumento XP-endo Finisher y del sistema EndoActivator en la reducción/eliminación del biofilm microbiano en conductos radiculares infectados. Materiales y métodos: Se utilizaron 23 premolares inferiores humanos extraídos cuya longitud fue estandarizada en 17 mm. Todos los conductos se prepararon con el sistema WaveOne Gold Medium (#35.06). Los dientes se esterilizaron, se inocularon con Enterococcus faecalis y se separaron en dos grupos experimentales de 10 piezas cada uno. De los 3 dientes remanentes, 1 fue utilizado como control positivo y 2, como controles negativos. En el grupo 1, las soluciones irrigantes se agitaron con XP-endo Finisher. En el grupo 2, se utilizó EndoActivator. Se tomaron muestras antes de la contaminación, luego de esta y después de la agitación de los irrigantes mediante conos de papel estériles. La carga microbiana fue sembrada en agar sangre y los conos se cultivaron en caldo tripteína de soja. La remoción de la carga microbiana se determinó por la presencia o ausencia de turbiedad del medio. Las unidades formadoras de colonias (UFC) remanentes se cuantificaron y los resultados se categorizaron como R1 (≤10 UFC) o R2 (>10 UFC). Los datos fueron analizados mediante la prueba de Fisher. Resultados: No hubo diferencias significativas entre XP-endo Finisher y EndoActivator (P>0,05). El número de usos no influyó sobre la capacidad operativa de ambos instrumentos (AU)


Aim: To compare ex vivo the effectiveness of the XP-endo Finisher and the EndoActivator in biofilm reduction/ removal from infected root canals. Materials and methods: Twenty three extracted human single-rooted lower premolars were selected and standardised to 17 mm in length. All the canals were prepared with WaveOne Gold Medium reciprocating files (#35.06). The teeth were autoclaved and inoculated with Enterococcus faecalis. The infected teeth were then assigned to 2 experimental groups of 10 teeth each according to the final irrigation/agitation protocol. Of the three remaining teeth, one was used as a positive control, and the other two were used as negative controls. In Group 1 the irrigating solutions were agitated with XP-endo Finisher while in Group 2 the EndoActivator was used. All root canals were sampled before and after contamination, and again after irrigant agitation with sterile paper points. The microbial load was spread on blood agar plates and the paper points were cultured in sterile trypticase soy broth. The removal of the microbial load was determined by visual observation of the turbidity of the media and by quantification of the number of colony-forming units (UFC). The results were categorized as R1 (≤10 UFC) or R2 (>10 UFC). Data were analysed by the Fisher's exact test at P<0.05. Results: No significant differences was found between XP-endo Finisher and EndoActivator (P>0.05) regarding their effectiveness in the reduction/removal of the microbial biofilm. The number of uses of both instruments did not affect their operative performance (AU) Conclusion: XPF and EA were both equally effective for microbial biofilm reduction/removal from ex vivo infected root canals (AU)


Subject(s)
Root Canal Irrigants/chemistry , Dental High-Speed Equipment , Biofilms , Dental Instruments , Dental Pulp Cavity/microbiology , In Vitro Techniques , Colony Count, Microbial/methods , Efficacy , Statistical Analysis , Enterococcus faecalis/isolation & purification , Culture Media
14.
Rev. Eugenio Espejo ; 14(1): 1-7, 20200615.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116633

ABSTRACT

Se realizó una investigación analítica realizada in vitro en el laboratorio general del Hospital "Carlos Andrade Marín". La población estuvo compuesta por 20 barras de gutapercha marca Meta®Biomed (Korea), distribuidas en cuatro grupos compuestos por 5 barras atendiendo a características preestablecidas en cuanto a realización de termoplastificación y manipulación. Solo el 15% de las muestras se registró indicios de crecimiento bacteriano, de las que el 66,67% pertenecieron al grupo de barras sólidas de gutapercha que fueron manipuladas, estableciéndose diferencias significativas con respecto al resto de los grupos (p≤0.01), según la prueba de T-stu-dents. La mayoría de las muestras no mostró indicios de crecimiento bacteriano. Sin embargo, dos de las tres muestras que manifestaron esa actividad microbiológica pertenecieron al grupo de las barras sólidas de gutapercha que fueron manipuladas.


An in vitro analytical research was carried out in the general laboratory of the "Carlos Andrade Marín" Hospital. The population consisted of 20 bars of Meta®Biomed brand gutta-percha (Korea) distributed in four groups made up of 5 bars according to the pre-established characteristics in terms of thermoplasticization and handling. Only 15% of the selected samples showed signs of bacterial growth, of which 66.67% belonged to the group of solid gutta-percha bars that were manipulated, establishing specific differences with respect to the rest of the groups (p≤0.01), according to the T-students test. Most of the samples have no evidence of bacterial growth. However, two of the three samples that showed this microbiological activity belonged to the group of solid gutta-percha bars that were manipulated


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Bacterial Growth , Infection Control, Dental , Gutta-Percha , In Vitro Techniques , Hospitals
15.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 36(4): 1261-1273, 01-06-2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147239

ABSTRACT

Bamboo species are an alternative for the composition of forest plantations. However, their potential has not been explored due to the hard time in producing large-scale clonal plants. Thus, the aim this work was to evaluate the in vitro establishment, bud multiplication and ex vitro rooting of Bambusa vulgaris. The first experiment tested different systemic and contact fungicide solutions, based on exposure time, during the establishment phase. Established explants were subjected to evaluation of residual fungicide effect on subcultures during the multiplication and elongation phases. The second experiment evaluated the influence of activated carbon on ex vitro survival and on adventitious rooting. Explant immersion in liquid culture medium added with 1.0 mL of fungicide for 120 hours has favored the in vitro establishment and reduced fungal contamination. On the other hand, it favored the shoot emission of shoots per explant during the multiplication phase. Both rooting induction culture medium and mini-incubator system use were effective in enabling adventitious root formation. The presence of activated carbon in the rooting induction culture medium resulted in a higher clonal plant survival rate.


As espécies de bambus são uma alternativa para a composição de plantios florestais. Entretanto, esse potencial não tem sido explorado devido à dificuldade de produção de mudas clonais em larga escala. Assim, objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o estabelecimento in vitro, a multiplicação e o enraizamento ex vitro de Bambusa vulgaris. No primeiro experimento foram testadas diferentes soluções de fungicida sistêmico e de contato em relação ao tempo de exposição durante a fase de estabelecimento. Os explantes estabelecidos foram avaliados quanto ao efeito residual do fungicida durante subcultivos nas fases de multiplicação e alongamento. No segundo experimento, foi avaliada a influência do carvão ativado sobre a sobrevivência e enraizamento ex vitro. Durante o estabelecimento in vitro, a imersão de explantes em meio de cultura líquido contendo alíquota de 1,0 mL de fungicida durante 120 horas favoreceu o estabelecimento e reduziu a contaminação fúngica, enquanto na fase de multiplicação, houve o favorecimento da emissão de brotos por explante. O meio de cultura de indução ao enraizamento e uso de sistema de mini-estufim foram efetivos para a formação de raízes adventícias e a presença de carvão ativado resultou em uma maior sobrevivência das mudas clonais.


Subject(s)
In Vitro Techniques , Bambusa
16.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(3): 729-736, May-June, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1128889

ABSTRACT

This study investigated in vitro the efficacy of four different extenders (TES-TRIS and TRIS with LDL low-density lipoprotein at concentrations of 10 or 5%) on the longevity of buffalo sperm in the refrigeration process at 5ºC. Sperm motility was assessed every 24 hours up to 72 hours of incubation using computer assisted sperm analysis and sperm membrane integrity was examined by the hypoosmotic test (HOST) at T1, T24, T48 and T72 hours. Eleven buffaloes (1 ejaculate per buffalo) of the Murrah breed were used, ranging in age from 4 to 5 years. Immediately after collection, each ejaculate was fractionated into 4 aliquots, and each aliquot was diluted in one of four diluents to obtain 50x106SPTZ/mL. The samples were packed in 0.5mL straws and refrigerated (-0.25°C/min) to 5°C and maintained at this temperature until evaluation. Prior to evaluation the samples were heated at 37°C for 30 seconds. The statistical package used for analysis was STATA 12.0 "Statistical Analysis Software" and means were compared by the Friedman test (P<0.05). The results of sperm kinetics and HOST indicate that the TRIS diluent with 10% LDL could be a promising alternative for semen refrigeration at 5ºC, to be used in conventional and fixed time artificial insemination.(AU)


Este estudo investigou in vitro a eficácia de quatro diferentes extensores (TES-TRIS e TRIS com lipoproteína de baixa densidade - LDL, nas concentrações de 10 ou 5%) sobre a longevidade espermática de búfalos no processo de refrigeração a 5ºC. A motilidade espermática foi avaliada a cada 24 horas até 72 horas de incubação, por sistema computadorizado "CASA", e a integridade de membrana espermática foi examinada pelo teste hiposmótico (HOST) em T1, T24, T48 e T72 horas. Foram utilizados 11 búfalos (um ejaculado por búfalo) da raça Murrah, com idade variando de quatro a cinco anos. Imediatamente após a coleta, cada ejaculado foi fracionado em quatro alíquotas, e cada alíquota foi diluída em um dos quatro diluidores para a obtenção de 50x106 SPTZ/mL. As amostras foram envasadas em palhetas de 0,5 mL, refrigeradas (-0,25oC/minuto) até 5oC e mantidas nessa temperatura até a avaliação. Previamente à avaliação, as amostras foram aquecidas a 37oC por 30 segundos. O pacote estatístico utilizado para as análises foi o STATA 12.0 "Statistical Analysis Software", e as médias foram comparadas pelo teste de Friedman (P<0,05). Os resultados de cinética e HOST até o tempo de 48 horas indicam que o diluidor TRIS com 10% LDL seria uma alternativa promissora para a refrigeração do sêmen a 5ºC, a ser utilizado na inseminação artificial e na inseminação artificial em tempo fixo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Semen Preservation/veterinary , Sperm Motility , Buffaloes , Lipoproteins, LDL , In Vitro Techniques , Insemination, Artificial , Indicator Dilution Techniques/veterinary
17.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(3): 862-870, May-June, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1129541

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro the probiotic potential and absorption of Saccharomyces cerevisiae for the aflatoxin B1 in simulated fish intestinal tract conditions. Three yeast strains were used, two from brewery: S. cerevisiae RC1 and S. cerevisiae RC3 and one from a fish farming environment: S. cerevisiae A8L2. The selected yeasts were subjected to the following in vitro tests: homologous inhibition, self-aggregation, co-aggregation, antibacterial activity, gastrointestinal conditions tolerance and adsorption of AFB1. All S. cerevisiae strains showed good capability of self-aggregation and co-aggregation with pathogenic bacteria. All yeast strains were able to survive the gastrointestinal conditions. In acidic conditions, the factors (strain vs. time) had interaction (P=0.0317), resulting in significant variation among the strains tested in the time periods analyzed. It was observed that there was also interaction (P=0.0062) in intestinal conditions, with an increased number of cells in the 12-hour period for all strains tested. In the adsorption test, the A8L2 strain was statistically more effective (P<0.005) for both AFB1 concentrations evaluated in this study (10 and 25ng/mL). Thus, it was observed that the strains of S. cerevisiae have potential probiotic and adsorbent of AFB1.(AU)


Objetivou-se, com esta pesquisa, avaliar in vitro o potencial probiótico e adsorvente de Saccharomyces cerevisiae para aflatoxina B1 em condições simuladas do trato intestinal de peixes. Foram utilizadas três cepas de leveduras, sendo duas provenientes de cervejaria: S. cerevisiae RC1 e S. cerevisiae RC3, e uma de ambiente de piscicultura: S. cerevisiae A8L2. As leveduras selecionadas foram submetidas aos seguintes testes in vitro: inibição homóloga, autoagregação, coagregação, atividade antibacteriana, viabilidade às condições gastrointestinais e adsorção de AFB1. Todas as estirpes de S. cerevisiae mostraram boa capacidade de autoagregação e coagregação com bactérias patogênicas. Todas as estirpes de levedura foram capazes de sobreviver às condições gastrointestinais. Em condições ácidas, os fatores (cepa x tempo) tiveram interação (P=0,0317), resultando em variações significativas entre as cepas testadas nos períodos de tempo analisados. Observou-se que também houve interação (P=0,0062) em condições intestinais, havendo um aumento do número de células no período de 12h para todas as cepas avaliadas. No ensaio de adsorção, a estirpe A8L2 foi a mais eficaz estatisticamente (P<0,005), para as duas concentrações de AFB1 avaliadas neste estudo (10 e 25ng. mL-1). Dessa forma, conclui-se que as cepas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae possuem potencial probiótico e adsorvente de AFB1.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Aflatoxin B1/antagonists & inhibitors , Probiotics/therapeutic use , Fishes/physiology , Intestines/microbiology , In Vitro Techniques , Adsorption
18.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(2): 236-241, June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090680

ABSTRACT

There is no information about the possible impact in denture retention after the use of common denture adhesives (DAs) when poor denture foundations (PDF) are present. Moreover, there is a lack of information about which current formulation provides greater retention and for how long. Twelve models from edentulous patients with different ridge shape and border height were used and complete dentures were manufactured. Four different formulation brands of DAs were tested after 10 minutes and three, six, nine, and 12 hours of DA application using a universal testing machine. The Fittydent® and Fixodent® adhesives had the highest retention at 12 hours. The PDF group increased on average its retention by 400 %. However, the group presented lower retention compared to the good denture foundation group. In conclusion, DAs significantly increased denture retention. The PDF group were the most benefited with the application of DAs. The Fixodent® paste had the highest retention.


No existe información acerca del posible impacto en la retención de dentaduras después del uso de adhesivos dentales comunes (DAs) cuando existen rebordes alveolares deficientes (PDF). Más aun, existe una falta de información acerca de cuál formula actual provee mayor retención y por cuanto tiempo. Doce modelos de pacientes edentulos con diferentes formas y alturas en sus rebordes alveolares fueron usados, y dentaduras completas les fueron realizadas. Cuatro diferentes fórmulas y marcas de DAs fueron evaluadas después de 10 minutos, tres, seis, nueve y 12 horas de que se aplicó el DA usando una maquina universal de pruebas. Los adhesivos Fittydent® y Fixodent® presentaron la retención más alta a las 12 horas. El grupo con PDF incrementó su retención hasta en un 400 %. Sin embargo, el grupo presentó menor retención cuando se comparó con el grupo que posee adecuados procesos alveolares. Los DAs incrementaron significativamente la retención de las dentaduras. El grupo PDF fue el más beneficiado con la aplicación de DAs. La pasta Fixodent® provee la más alta retención.


Subject(s)
Humans , Denture Retention/methods , Dental Cements/chemistry , Alveolar Process , In Vitro Techniques , Adhesives
19.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 19(3): 321-333, mayo 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116432

ABSTRACT

In this study the in vitro investigation of the inhibitory effect of ethanol extract of Viburnum opulus L. bark sample on Streptococcus mutans planctonic cells and biofilm has been intended. A Scanning electron microscopy analysis has been performed in order to investigate the inhibitory effect of the extract on Streptococcus mutans biofilms. Furthermore, the Exopolysaccharide and dextran production of this bacteria have been identified in the presence of the extract. It has been found out that the bark extract with the concentration of 2,5 mg/mL is able to inhibit more than 50% of the cells in the different times development phases. According to this, the exopolymeric matrix on the biofilm surface disperses and the Exopolysaccharide and dextran production get lowered in the presence of bark extract compared to the control group. It is considered that this extract can be used as an alternative approach for the new chemotherapeutic strategies against tooth decay.


En este estudio se investigó el efecto inhibitorio in vitro del extracto de etanólico de una muestra de corteza de Viburnum opulus L. en biopelículas de células planctónicas de Streptococcus mutans. Se realizó un análisis de microscopía electrónica de barrido para investigar el efecto inhibitorio del extracto sobre las biopelículas de Streptococcus mutans. Además, se identificó la producción de exopolisacárido y dextrano de esta bacteria en presencia del extracto. Se descubrió que el extracto de corteza con una concentración de 2,5 mg/ml inhibió más del 50% de las células en las diferentes fases de desarrollo. Consecuentemente, la matriz exopolimérica en la superficie de la biopelícula se dispersa y la producción de exopolisacárido y dextrano se reduce en presencia de extracto de corteza en comparación con el grupo de control. Se sugiere que este extracto puede ser usado como un enfoque alternativo para las nuevas estrategias quimioterapéuticas contra la carie dental.


Subject(s)
Streptococcus mutans/drug effects , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Viburnum opulus/pharmacology , Viburnum/chemistry , Polysaccharides, Bacterial/analysis , Streptococcus mutans/metabolism , In Vitro Techniques , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Dextrans/analysis , Biofilms/drug effects , Ethanol , Biofouling
20.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(2): 104-110, abr. 30, 2020. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151903

ABSTRACT

Background: Micronucleus is a microscopically visible cyto-plasmic chromatin mass in the extranuclear vicinity, originating from aberrant mitosis, which consists of eccentric chromosomes that have failed to reach spindle poles during mitosis. The present study was designed to evaluate and compare cytogenetic changes in the buccal mucosa of smokers and non-smokers based on the occurrence of micronuclei. The study aimed to determine the correlation between the micronuclei count and the frequency and duration of smoking habit. Materials and Methods: Two groups (smokers and non-smokers) of 34 individuals each were examined. Cytological buccal smears were taken from participants using a moistened wooden spatula and stained with standard Papanicolaou stain. Presence of micronuclei was assessed at 40X magnification using a light microscope and a count per 500 cells was determined. The results of the study were analyzed statistically using Mann-Whitney U test, Spearman's rank correlation coefficient and Student t-test. Result: Smears from smokers showed a significant increase in the total number of micronuclei per 500 cell count compared to non-smokers. There was a strong positive correlation between the occurrence of micronuclei and the frequency and duration of smoking. A age-related increase in older age groups was also observed. Conclusion: The study reveals a strong positive correlation between the occurrence of micronuclei and the frequency and duration of smoking. This observation is vital in the utilization of the micronuclei detection in smears as a prognostic, educational and interventional tool in the management of patients with smoking habits.


Antecedentes: El micronúcleo es una masa de cromatina citoplasmática microscópicamente visible en el área extranuclear, que se origina a partir de la mitosis aberrante, y que consiste en cromosomas excéntricos que no han podido alcanzar los polos del huso durante la mitosis. El presente estudio fue diseñado para evaluar y comparar los cambios citogenéticos en la mucosa bucal de fumadores y no fumadores en función de la aparición de micronúcleos. El estudio tuvo como objetivo determinar la correlación entre el recuento de micronúcleos y la frecuencia y duración del hábito de fumar. Materiales and Métodos: Se examinaron dos grupos (fumadores y no fumadores) de 34 individuos cada uno. Se tomaron frotis bucales citológicos de todos los participantes con una espátula de madera humedecida y se tiñeron con la tinción estándar de Papanicolaou. La presencia de micronúcleos se evaluó al microscopio óptico con un aumento de 40X y se determinó un recuento por 500 células. Los resultados del estudio se analizaron estadísticamente utilizando la prueba U de Mann-Whitney, el coeficiente de correlación de rango de Spearman y la prueba t de Student. Resultados: Los frotis de fumadores mostraron un aumento significativo en el número total de micronúcleos por 500 células en comparación con los no fumadores. Hubo una fuerte correlación positiva entre la aparición de micronúcleos y la frecuencia y duración del tabaquismo. También se observó un aumento relacionado con la edad en los grupos de mayor edad. Conclusión: el estudio revela una fuerte correlación positiva entre la aparición de micronúcleos y la frecuencia y duración del tabaquismo. Esta observación es vital en la utilización de la detección de micronúcleos en frotis como una herramienta pronostica, educativa e intervencionista en el manejo de pacientes con hábitos de fumar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Micronucleus Tests , Micronuclei, Chromosome-Defective , Tobacco Use/adverse effects , Tobacco Smoking/adverse effects , Mouth Mucosa/cytology , In Vitro Techniques , Chromosome Aberrations , Non-Smokers , India
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