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1.
Rev. Soc. Argent. Diabetes ; 56(suple. 2): 29-35, may. - ago. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1396486

ABSTRACT

La presente recomendación busca brindar un marco de seguridad para la prescripción de actividad física en niños, niñas y adolescentes con diabetes mellitus tipo 1 (DM1), considerando la evaluación de las situaciones que puedan presentarse antes, durante y después de su práctica. Incluye las estrategias terapéuticas sobre el tipo de ejercicio, el control glucémico capilar (o mediante el uso de monitoreo continuo de glucosa, MCG) y la adecuación de la insulinoterapia y de la ingesta de hidratos de carbono. Se prioriza que, para optimizar los beneficios del ejercicio como parte del tratamiento de la DM1, es importante una completa y constante educación diabetológica para el paciente y sus cuidadores brindada por un equipo interdisciplinario entrenado en el manejo integral de niños, niñas y adolescentes con DM1.


These recommendations seek to provide a safety framework for the prescription of physical activity in children and adolescents with DM1, considering the evaluation of the situations that may arise before, during and after the practice of physical activity. It includes therapeutic strategies on the type of exercise, intensive capillary glycemic control or through the use of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) and the adequacy of insulin therapy and carbohydrate intake. It is prioritized that to optimize the benefits of exercise as part of the treatment of DM1, a complete and constant diabetes education is important, provided by an interdisciplinary team trained in the comprehensive management of children and adolescents with DM1


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 , Sports , Carbohydrates , Exercise , Glycemic Control , Glucose , Insulin
2.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 26: e-1433, abr.2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1377624

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: sintetizar a produção científica sobre a técnica da autoaplicação de insulina em adultos com diabetes Mellitus no contexto domiciliar Método: revisão integrativa realizada entre dezembro de 2019 e janeiro de 2020, a partir da busca de publicações em periódicos indexados no PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, SCOPUS, Web of Science, LILACS e BDENF utilizando-se os termos controlados diabetes Mellitus, self care, insulin, health education, disposable equipment, medical wastedisposal e self administration e seus correspondentes em português, combinados com o operador booleano AND. Foram incluídos artigos originais publicados entre 2009 e 2019, nos idiomas inglês, português e espanhol e que responderam à questão norteadora: qual a produção científica sobre a técnica da autoaplicação de insulina em adultos com diabetes Mellitus no contexto domiciliar nos últimos 10 anos? Resultados: compuseram a amostra final oito artigos. Predominaram estudos realizados no Brasil, por enfermeiros no contexto da atenção primária à saúde. Em relação à técnica de autoaplicação de insulina, os resultados foram agrupados em quatro eixos: pré-aplicação, técnica de preparo da insulina, aplicação e pós-aplicação. Observaram-se ações inadequadas em todos os eixos tais como: transporte, armazenamento, autoaplicação, reutilização de agulhas e descarte incorreto. Tais inadequações podem resultar em procedimentos dolorosos, prejuízos no controle glicêmico e complicações para a saúde da pessoa com diabetes Mellitus. Conclusão: os resultados evidenciaram que a realidade da autoaplicação de insulina em adultos com diabetes Mellitus no domicílio pode ser modificada a partir da educação em saúde pelo enfermeiro, bem como colaborar para o planejamento das ações estratégicas para diminuir tais problemas.(AU)


Objective: to synthesize the scientific production on the technique of self-administration of insulin in adults with diabetes Mellitus in the home context. Method: integrative review carried out between December 2019 and January 2020, based on the search for publications in journals indexed in PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, SCOPUS, Web of Science, LILACS and BDENF using the controlled terms diabetes Mellitus, self-care, insulin, health education, disposable equipment, medical waste disposal and self-administration and their corresponding words in Portuguese, combined with the Boolean operator AND. Original articles published between 2009 and 2019, in English, Portuguese and Spanish, were included, which answered the guiding question: what is the scientific production on the technique of self-administration of insulin in adults with diabetes Mellitus in the home context in the last 10 years? Results: the final sample comprised eight articles. Studies carried out in Brazil by nurses in the context of primary health care predominated. Regarding the insulin self-administration technique, the results were grouped into four axes: pre-administration, insulin preparation technique, administration, and post-administration. Inadequate actions were observed in all axes such as: transport, storage, self-application, reuse of needles and incorrect disposal. Such inadequacies can result in painful procedures, impaired glycemic control, and health complications for the person with diabetes Mellitus. Conclusion: the results showed that the reality of self-administration of insulin in adults with diabetes Mellitus at home can be modified based on health education by nurses, as well as collaborating in the planning of strategic actions to reduce such problems.(AU)


Objetivo: sintetizar la producción científica sobre la técnica de autoadministración de insulina en adultos con diabetes Mellitus en el contexto domiciliario. Método: revisión integradora realizada entre diciembre de 2019 y enero de 2020, a partir de la búsqueda de publicaciones en revistas indexadas en PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, SCOPUS, Web of Science, LILACS y BDENF utilizando los términos controlados diabetes Mellitus, self care, insulin, health education, disposable equipment, medical wastedisposal y self administration y sus equivalentes en portugués, combinados con el operador booleano AND. Se incluyeron artículos originales publicados entre 2009 y 2019, en inglés, portugués y español, que respondieron a la pregunta orientadora: ¿cuál es la producción científica sobre la técnica de autoadministración de insulina en adultos con diabetes Mellitus en el contexto domiciliario en los últimos 10 años? Resultados: la muestra final estuvo formada por ocho artículos. Predominaron los estudios realizados en Brasil por enfermeros en el contexto de la atención primaria de salud. En cuanto a la técnica de auto aplicación de insulina, los resultados se agruparon en cuatro ejes: antes de la aplicación, técnica de preparación de insulina, aplicación y post aplicación. Se observaron acciones inadecuadas en todos los ejes, tales como: transporte, almacenamiento, auto aplicación, reutilización de agujas y disposición incorrecta. Tales deficiencias pueden resultar en procedimientos dolorosos, deterioro del control glucémico y complicaciones de salud para las personas con diabetes Mellitus. Conclusión: los resultados mostraron que la realidad de la insulina autoadministrada en adultos con diabetes Mellitus en el hogar puede modificarse a partir de la educación en salud brindada por enfermeros, además de ayudar a planificar acciones estratégicas para reducir dichos problemas.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Self Care , Diabetes Mellitus/drug therapy , Medication Therapy Management , Insulin/administration & dosage , Primary Health Care , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Health Education , Glycemic Control
3.
Más Vita ; 4(1): 104-112, mar. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1372135

ABSTRACT

La diabetes Mellitus es un padecimiento que empieza cuando el páncreas no realiza un uso adecuado de la insulina que produce o no puede lograr producir insulina. Se descomponen en glucosa en la sangre todos los alimentos ricos en hidratos de carbono; la insulina da ayuda a la glucosa para que esta pueda ingresar en las células. Los niveles de azúcar en la sangre al no funcionar bien el páncreas suben, lo cual debe ser controlado por medio de un tratamiento médico de por vida, y lo más importante la persona debe cambiar de hábitos en su salud. Objetivo: El objetivo principal de esta investigación es definir el efecto que produce la adherencia a la insulinoterapia en los pacientes con diabetes tipo II del Hospital del Día Mariana de Jesús. Materiales y Métodos: Se utilizó una investigación cuantitativa, transversal ya que se realizó una encuesta a los pacientes, la cual se procedió a la recolección y análisis e interpretación de datos. La muestra trabajada fue de 100 pacientes, los cuales fueron atendidos en el Hospital por concepto de diabetes tipo II en el área de emergencia. Resultados: Como resultado de la investigación tenemos que el 76% de los encuestados conocen sobre el tratamiento de la insulinoterapia, el 85% se rehusó a utilizar insulina cuando inició su tratamiento, el 75% ha tenido dificultad para la conservación de la insulina, el 63% considera que el uso de la insulina es riesgos, el 53% indicó haber recibido asesoría sobre los posibles efectos de la insulina, al 65% de encuestados su jornada laboral no le permite asistir a su control médico, el 72% ha sentido un desmejoro en su salud al dejar el tratamiento y el 63% de los encuestados indicó que ha abandonado en algún momento su tratamiento por temor a los efectos secundarios que dicen tener. Conclusiones: Se estableció el tipo de complicaciones que se dan en los pacientes ante la no adherencia a la insulinoterapia, uno de ellos fue, que al dejar el tratamiento los pacientes sintieron un desmejoro en su estado de salud, así también, los pacientes han abandonado el tratamiento en algún momento por miedo a los efectos secundarios que dicen tener la insulina(AU)


Diabetes Mellitus is a condition that begins when the pancreas does not make proper use of the insulin it produces or cannot achieve produce insulin. All foods rich in glucose are broken down into glucose in the blood. carbohydrates; insulin helps glucose to enter the cells cells. When the pancreas does not work well, blood sugar levels rise, which must be controlled by lifelong medical treatment, and most importantly the person must change their health habits. Objective: The main objective of this research is to define the effect produced by adherence to insulin therapy in patients with type II diabetes at Hospital del Día Mariana de Jesús. Materials and Methods: A quantitative, cross-sectional investigation was used since a patient survey which proceeded to the collection and analysis and interpretation of data. The sample worked was 100 patients who were treated at the Hospital for type II diabetes concept in the emergency area. Results: Like result of the investigation we have that 76% of the respondents know about the insulin therapy treatment, 85% refused to use insulin when they started their treatment, 75% have had difficulty conserving insulin, 63% considers that the use of insulin is risky, 53% indicated having received counseling about the possible effects of insulin, 65% of those surveyed did not care about their working hours. allows them to attend their medical control, 72% have felt a deterioration in their health when leaving the treatment and 63% of those surveyed indicated that they had abandoned their treatment at some point. treatment for fear of the side effects they claim to have. Conclusions: If established the type of complications that occur in patients due to non-adherence to insulin therapy, one of them was that when leaving the treatment the patients felt a deterioration in their state of health, as well as the patients have abandoned the treatment at some point for fear of the side effects that they claim to have insulin(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Therapeutics , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Insulin , Pancreas/physiopathology , Blood Glucose , Surveys and Questionnaires , Drug Therapy , Life Style
4.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 66(1): 3-11, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364308

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Our aim was to analyze levels of proinflammatory biomarker interleukin-18 (IL-18) in healthy controls and patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) focusing on its association with obesity, clinical, hormonal, and metabolic characteristics. Subjects and methods: Fifty-eight patients with PCOS were enrolled in the study fulfilling the Rotterdam criteria and were matched for age, body mass index (BMI), and ethnicity with 30 healthy controls. Detailed anthropometric measurements, clinical investigations, hormonal and biochemical tests were obtained between the 3rd and 5th day of a menstrual cycle. A subanalysis of the PCOS group was performed separating patients into several groups according to a waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), insulin resistance (IR), and free androgen index (FAI). Serum IL-18 levels were measured using the ELISA method. Results: Levels of IL-18 were similar between PCOS patients and controls. IL-18 was higher in overweight/obese women compared to normal-weight women when analyzing all participants together and separately PCOS or controls group (p < 0.001, p < 0.001, p = 0.01, respectively). Additionally, IL-18 levels were higher in high-WHtR and IR subgroups compared to low-WHtR (p < 0.001) and non-IR PCOS women (p < 0.001). PCOS women with high FAI had greater serum IL-18 levels than normal-FAI patients (p = 0.002). Levels of IL-18 correlated positively with most of the anthropometric and metabolic parameters. In multiple linear regression, age, waist circumference, and fasting insulin were independently related factors with IL-18. Conclusion: Elevated levels of IL-18 were related to several indices of general and visceral adiposity and insulin resistance in PCOS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome , Insulin Resistance , Interleukin-18 , Body Mass Index , Adiposity , Waist Circumference , Insulin
5.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 150(2): 163-171, feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389635

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Appetite regulation is integral to food intake and is modulated by complex interactions between internal and external stimuli. Hormonal mechanisms which stimulate or inhibit intake have been characterized, but the physiologic effects of serum levels of such hormones in short-term appetite regulation have received little attention. AIM: To evaluate whether fasting levels of orexigenic/anorexigenic hormones were associated with energy intake at breakfast, served soon after drawing a fasting blood sample, in a group of adolescents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Anthropometry, body composition and fasting blood levels of leptin, insulin, ghrelin, and orexin-A were measured in 655 Chilean adolescents aged 16.8 ± 0.3 years (52% males). Energy intake was measured at a semi-standardized breakfast. Associations between hormone levels and energy intake were studied using multivariate linear models. RESULTS: Thirty nine percent of participants were overweight/ obese. After an overnight fast, median values for leptin, insulin, ghrelin and orexin-A were 7.3 ng/mL, 6.7 IU/dL, 200.8 pg/mL, and 16.1 pg/mL, respectively. Participants ate on average 637 ± 239 calories at breakfast. In multivariable models, insulin levels were inversely and independently associated with caloric intake at breakfast (β = −18.65; p < 0.05), whereas leptin, ghrelin and orexin-A levels were positively and independently associated with intake: β= 5.56, β = 0.34 and β = 8.40, respectively, p < 0.05. CONCLUSIONS: Fasting leptin, ghrelin and orexin-A were positively associated with energy intake during breakfast provided soon after the blood draw. Insulin was negatively associated with energy intake. Modifiable factors influencing levels of appetite regulating hormones could be a potential target for influencing food intake.


ANTECEDENTES: La regulación del apetito es parte integral de la ingesta alimentaria y es modulada por complejas interacciones entre estímulos internos y externos. Se han caracterizado los mecanismos hormonales que estimulan o inhiben la ingesta, pero los efectos fisiológicos de los niveles séricos de tales hormonas en la regulación del apetito a corto plazo han recibido poca atención. OBJETIVO: Evaluar si los niveles en ayunas de hormonas orexigénicas/ anorexigénicas se asocian con la ingesta energética en el desayuno, entregado inmediatamente después de una muestra de sangre en ayunas, en un grupo de adolescentes. MATERIAL Y MÉTODO: Se efectuaron mediciones antropométricas, composición corporal y medición de niveles en ayunas de leptina, insulina, grelina y orexina-A en 655 adolescentes de 16,8 ± 0,26 años. La ingesta energética se midió en un desayuno semiestandarizado. Se estudiaron las asociaciones entre los niveles hormonales y la ingesta energética mediante modelos lineales multivariados. RESULTADOS: Los valores de leptina, insulina, grelina y orexina-A fueron 7,3 ng/mL, 6,7 UI/dL, 200,8 pg/mL y 16,1 pg/mL respectivamente. Los participantes comieron un promedio de 637 ± 239 calorías en el desayuno. Los niveles de insulina se asociaron inversa e independientemente con la ingesta del desayuno (β = −18,65; p < 0,05), mientras que los niveles de leptina, grelina y orexina-A se asociaron positiva e independientemente con la ingesta: β = 5,65; β = 0,34; β = 8,40, (p < 0,05). CONCLUSIONES: La leptina, grelina y orexina-A en ayunas se asociaron positivamente con la ingesta de energía durante el desayuno proporcionado poco después de la muestra de sangre. La insulina se asoció negativamente con la ingesta de energía. Los factores modificables que influyen en las hormonas reguladoras del apetito podrían ser un objetivo potencial para influir en la ingesta de alimentos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Appetite/physiology , Breakfast , Energy Intake/physiology , Chile , Fasting , Leptin , Ghrelin , Orexins , Insulin
6.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 150(1): 115-119, ene. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389609

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Insulin antibodies (IAs) induced by exogenous insulin rarely cause hypoglycemia. However, insulin autoantibodies (IAAs) in insulin autoimmune syndrome (IAS) can cause hypoglycemia. The typical manifestations of IAS are fasting or postprandial hypoglycemia, elevated insulin level, decreased C-peptide levels, and positive IAA. We report a 45-year-old male with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) treated with insulin analogues suffering from recurrent hypoglycemic coma and diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). His symptoms were caused by exogenous insulin and were similar to IAS. A possible reason was that exogenous insulin induced IA. IA titers were 61.95% (normal: 300 mU/L and < 0.02 nmol/L when hypoglycemia occurred. Based on his clinical symptoms and other examinations, he was diagnosed with hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia caused by IA. His symptoms improved after changing insulin regimens from insulin lispro plus insulin detemir to recombinant human insulin (Gensulin R) and starting prednisone.


Los anticuerpos contra la insulina (AI) inducidos por la insulina exógena raramente causan hipoglucemia. No obstante, los autoanticuerpos contra la insulina (AIA) en el síndrome autoinmune de insulina (SAI) pueden causar hipoglucemia. Las manifestaciones típicas del SAI son la hipoglucemia en ayunas o posprandial, niveles elevados de insulina, la disminución del nivel de péptido C y AIA positivos. Presentamos un paciente hombre de 45 años con diabetes mellitus de tipo 1 (DMT1) tratado con análogos de insulina, que sufría comas hipoglucémicos recurrentes y cetoacidosis diabética (CAD). Sus síntomas fueron causados por la insulina exógena y fueron similares al SAI. La posible razón fue que la insulina exógena indujo AI. El título de AI era del 61,95% (Normal: 300 mU/L y < 0,02 nmol/L cuando se producía la hipoglucemia. Basados en sus síntomas clínicos y otros exámenes, se le diagnosticó hipoglucemia hiperinsulinémica causada por la AI. Sus síntomas mejoraron después de cambiar el régimen de insulina de lispro más insulina detemir a insulina humana recombinante (Gensulin R) y de empezar a tomar prednisona.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Autoimmune Diseases/diagnosis , Diabetic Ketoacidosis/complications , Diabetic Ketoacidosis/chemically induced , Diabetic Ketoacidosis/drug therapy , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/drug therapy , Hypoglycemia/chemically induced , C-Peptide/therapeutic use , Coma , Hypoglycemic Agents/adverse effects , Insulin/therapeutic use , Insulin Antibodies/therapeutic use
7.
Vitae (Medellín) ; 29(1): 1-9, 2022-01-09. Ilustraciones
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1363761

ABSTRACT

Background: Diabetes mellitus treatment is based on oral hypoglycemic agents or insulin. Medicinal plants constitute an option, and the leaves of Prosopis ruscifolia (Pr) were shown to be effective in reducing glycemia in hyperglycemic animals. Objective: In this paper, we report the effect of P. rusciofolia (Pr) on insulin and incretin secretion in alloxan-induced hyperglycemic rats. Methodology: The effective dose was selected, and four groups (n=10) of Wistar rats were used. Two groups with normal glycemia received water or Pr (75 mg/Kg, per os, p.o.), and two groups with hyperglycemia induced by alloxan (intraperitoneal, ip), received water or Pr (75 mg/Kg, p.o.) for 2 weeks. Oral glucose tolerance test, and incretin and insulin levels were measured at the end of the experimental period. Results: The results showed that extract promotes better tolerance to oral glucose overload, in addition to a statistically significant (p<0.001) increase in blood levels of incretin and insulin, compared to the hyperglycemic rats. Conclusion: It is concluded that the ethanolic extract of P. ruscifolialeaves has a hypoglycemic effect in hyperglycemic animals by a mechanism that involves the incretin-insulin system


Antecedentes: la diabetes mellitus es una enfermedad metabólica cuyo tratamiento se basa en el uso de agentes hipoglicemiantes orales o insulina. Una opción al tratamiento son las plantas medicinales y en ese sentido, estudios previos en animales con hojas de Prosopis ruscifolia (Pr) han demostrado efecto hipoglicemiante. Objetivo: en este trabajo se reporta el efecto de P. rusciofolia (Pr) en la secreción de insulina e incretina, en ratas hiperglicémicas por aloxano. Metodología: se emplearon cuatro grupos de ratas Wistar (n=10). Dos grupos con glicemia normal que fueron tratadas con agua Pr (75 mg/Kg, per os, p.o.) y dos grupos con hiperglicemia inducida por la inyección intraperitoneal de aloxano recibieron agua Pr (75 mg/Kg, per os, p.o.) durante dos semanas. Se midieron la tolerancia oral a la glucosa, y los niveles de incretina e insulina al final del periodo de experimentación. Resultados: se encontró que el extracto promueve una mayor tolerancia a la sobrecarga de glucosa, y además un incremento significativo (p<0.001) de los niveles de incretina e insulina en sangre, comparados al grupo de ratas hiperglicémicas. Conclusión: se concluye que e l estracto etanólico de las hojas de P. ruscifolia tienen efecto hipoglicemiante en animales hiperglicémicos por un mecanismo que incluye al sistema incretina-insulina


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Rats , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Prosopis/chemistry , Incretins/metabolism , Hyperglycemia/drug therapy , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Insulin/metabolism , Biochemical Phenomena , Rats, Wistar , Alloxan , Hyperglycemia/chemically induced
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936328

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect CD36 deficiency on muscle insulin signaling in mice fed a normal-fat diet and explore the possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#Wild-type (WT) mice and systemic CD36 knockout (CD36-/-) mice with normal feeding for 14 weeks (n=12) were subjected to insulin tolerance test (ITT) after intraperitoneal injection with insulin (1 U/kg). Real-time PCR was used to detect the mRNA expressions of insulin receptor (IR), insulin receptor substrate 1/2 (IRS1/2) and protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B), and Western blotting was performed to detect the protein expressions of AKT, IR, IRS1/2 and PTP1B in the muscle tissues of the mice. Tyrosine phosphorylation of IR and IRS1 and histone acetylation of PTP1B promoter in muscle tissues were detected using co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP), respectively.@*RESULTS@#CD36-/- mice showed significantly lowered insulin sensitivity with obviously decreased area under the insulin tolerance curve in comparison with the WT mice (P < 0.05). CD36-/- mice also had significantly higher serum insulin concentration and HOMA-IR than WT mice (P < 0.05). Western blotting showed that the p-AKT/AKT ratio in the muscle tissues was significantly decreased in CD36-/- mice as compared with the WT mice (P < 0.01). No significant differences were found in mRNA and protein levels of IR, IRS1 and IRS2 in the muscle tissues between WT and CD36-/- mice (P>0.05). In the muscle tissue of CD36-/- mice, tyrosine phosphorylation levels of IR and IRS1 were significantly decreased (P < 0.05), and the mRNA and protein levels of PTP1B (P < 0.05) and histone acetylation level of PTP1B promoters (P < 0.01) were significantly increased as compared with those in the WT mice. Intraperitoneal injection of claramine, a PTP1B inhibitor, effectively improved the impairment of insulin sensitivity in CD36-/- mice.@*CONCLUSION@#CD36 is essential for maintaining muscle insulin sensitivity under physiological conditions, and CD36 gene deletion in mice causes impaired insulin sensitivity by up-regulating muscle PTP1B expression, which results in detyrosine phosphorylation of IR and IRS1.


Subject(s)
Animals , Gene Deletion , Histones/genetics , Insulin , Insulin Receptor Substrate Proteins/metabolism , Insulin Resistance/genetics , Membrane Cofactor Protein/genetics , Mice , Mice, Knockout , Muscles/metabolism , Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases/metabolism , Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 1/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Receptor, Insulin/metabolism , Tyrosine/genetics , Up-Regulation
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929248

ABSTRACT

Simiao Wan (SMW) is a traditional Chinese formula, including Atractylodis Rhizoma, Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix, Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex and Coicis Semen at the ratio of 1:1:2:2. It can be used to the treatment of diabetes. However, its bioactive compounds and underlying mechanism are unclear. This study aimed to screen the antilipolytic fraction from SMW and investigate its therapeutic mechanisms on hepatic insulin resistance. Different fractions of SMW were prepared by membrane separation combined with macroporous resin and their antilipolytic activities were screened in fasted mice. The effects of 60% ethanol elution (ESMW) on lipolysis were investigated in 3T3-L1 adipocytes stimulated by palmitic acid (PA) and high fat diet (HFD)-fed mice. In our study, ESMW is the bioactive fraction responsible for the antilipolytic activity of SMW and 13 compounds were characterized from ESMW by UHPLC-QTOF-MS/MS. ESMW suppressed protein kinase A (PKA)-hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) related lipolysis and increased AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) phosphorylation in PA challenged 3T3-L1 adipocytes. AMPKα knockdown abolished the inhibitory effects of ESMW on IL-6 and HSL pSer-660, revealing that the antilipolytic and anti-inflammatory activities of ESMW are AMPK dependent. Furthermore, ESMW ameliorated insulin resistance and suppressed lipolysis in HFD-fed mice. It inhibited diacylglycerol accumulation in the liver and inhibited hepatic gluconeogenesis. Conditional medium collected from ESMW-treated 3T3-L1 cells ameliorated insulin action on hepatic gluconeogenesis in liver cells, demonstrating the antilipolytic activity contributed to ESMW beneficial effects on hepatic glucose production. In conclusion, ESMW, as the antilipolytic fraction of SMW, inhibited PKA-HSL related lipolysis by activating AMPK, thus inhibiting diacylglycerol (DAG) accumulation in the liver and thereby improving insulin resistance and hepatic gluconeogenesis.


Subject(s)
AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Animals , Insulin/metabolism , Lipolysis/physiology , Liver/metabolism , Mice , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928990

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Patients with classical type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) require lifelong dependence on exogenous insulin therapy due to pancreatic beta-cell destruction and absolute insulin deficiency. T1DM accounts for about 90% of children with diabetes in China, with a rapid increase in incidence and a younger-age trend. Epidemiological studies have shown that the overall glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) and compliance rate are low in Chinese children with T1DM. Optimal glucose control is the key for diabetes treatment, and maintaining blood glucose within the target range can prevent or delay chronic vascular complications in patients with T1DM. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the glycemic control of children with T1DM from Hunan and Henan Province with flash glucose monitoring system (FGMS), and to explore factors associated with glycemic variability.@*METHODS@#A total of 215 children with T1DM under 14 years old were enrolled continuously in 16 hospitals from August 2017 to August 2020. All subjects wore a FGMS device to collect glucose data. Correlation of HbA1c, duration of diabetes, or glucose scan rates with glycemic variability was analyzed. Glucose variability was compared according to the duration of diabetes, HbA1c, glucose scan rates and insulin schema.@*RESULTS@#HbA1c and duration of diabetes were positively correlated with mean blood glucose, standard deviation of glucose, mean amplitude of glucose excursions (MAGE), and coefficient of variation (CV) of glucose (all P<0.01). The glucose scan rates during FGMS wearing was significantly positively correlated with time in range (TIR) (P=0.001) and negatively correlated with MAGE and mean duration of hypoglycemia (all P<0.01). Children with duration ≤1 year had lower time below range (TBR) and MAGE when compared with those with duration >1 year (all P<0.05). TIR and TBR in patients with HbA1c ≤7.5% were higher (TIR: 65% vs 45%, TBR: 5% vs 4%, P<0.05), MAGE was lower (7.0 mmol/L vs 9.4 mmol/L, P<0.001) than those in HbA1c >7.5% group. Compared to the multiple daily insulin injections group, TIR was higher (60% vs 52%, P=0.006), MAGE was lower (P=0.006) in the continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion group. HbA1c was lower in the high scan rates (≥14 times/d) group (7.4% vs 8.0%, P=0.046), TIR was significantly higher (58% vs 47%, P<0.001), and MAGE was lower (P<0.001) than those in the low scan rate (<14 times/d) group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The overall glycemic control of T1DM patients under 14 years old in Hunan and Henan Province is under a high risk of hypoglycemia and great glycemic variability. Shorter duration of diabetes, targeted HbA1c, higher glucose scan rates, and CSII are associated with less glycemic variability.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Blood Glucose , Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring , Child , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/drug therapy , Glucose , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Humans , Hypoglycemia/prevention & control , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Insulin/therapeutic use
11.
Ciênc. cuid. saúde ; 21: e58574, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1384511

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a utilização de diferentes estratégias de educação em saúde destinadas ao cuidado das pessoas com diabetes em tratamento de insulinoterapia. Métodos: revisão integrativa da literatura, com busca realizada no período de junho de 2021 e março de 2022, com recorte temporal de dez anos, nas bases eletrônicas Science Direct, Cumulative index to nursing and Allied Health Literature, portal PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Scientific Electronic Library Online e Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, com descritores controlados indexados no Descritores em Ciências da Saúde e no Medical Subject Headings. Resultados: nos oito estudos selecionados a partir dos critérios de inclusão, as estratégias encontradas foram o uso de material impresso, a orientação verbal individual e em grupo, o emprego de recurso audiovisual e a simulação clínica. Conclusão: a análise dos estudos permitiu verificar que diferentes modalidades de educação em saúde são eficazes para auxiliar no gerenciamento do diabetes. Entretanto, os métodos de ensino passivos ainda são maioria, o que torna necessário que novos estudos explorem outras formas de preparo para o cuidado em saúde, como as metodologias ativas de ensino-aprendizagem.


RESUMEN Objetivo: evaluar la utilización de diferentes estrategias de educación en salud dirigidas al cuidado a las personas con diabetes en tratamiento de insulinoterapia. Métodos: revisión integradora de la literatura, con búsqueda realizada en el período de junio de 2021 y marzo de 2022, con recorte temporal de diez años, en las bases electrónicas Science Direct, Cumulative index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, portal PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Scientific Electronic Library Online y Biblioteca Virtual em Salud, con descriptores controlados indexados en el Descritores em Ciências da Saúde y en el Medical Subject Headings. Resultados: en los ocho estudios seleccionados a partir de los criterios de inclusión, las estrategias encontradas fueron el uso de material impreso, la orientación verbal individual y en grupo, el empleo de recurso audiovisual y la simulación clínica. Conclusión: el análisis de los estudios permitió verificar que diferentes modalidades de educación en salud son eficaces para ayudar en el manejo de la diabetes. Sin embargo, los métodos de enseñanza pasivos todavía son mayoría, lo que hace necesario que nuevos estudios exploren otras formas de preparación para el cuidado en salud, como las metodologías activas de enseñanza-aprendizaje.


ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the use of different health education strategies aimed at the care of people with diabetes undergoing insulin therapy treatment. Methods: integrative literature review, with a search conducted in June 2021 and March 2022, with a ten-year time frame, in the electronic bases Science Direct, Cumulative index to nursing and Allied Health Literature, PubMed portal, Web of Science, Scopus, Scientific Electronic Library Online and Virtual Health Library, with controlled descriptors indexed in Descriptors in Health Sciences and Medical Subject Headings. esults: in the eight studies selected based on the inclusion criteria, the strategies found were the use of printed material, individual and group verbal guidance, the use of audiovisual resources and clinical simulation. Conclusion: the analysis of the studies allowed us to verify that different modalities of health education are effective to assist in the management of diabetes. However, passive teaching methods are still majority, which makes it necessary for further studies to explore other forms of preparation for health care, such as active teaching-learning methodologies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Health Education/methods , Convulsive Therapy/methods , Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control , Audiovisual Aids/supply & distribution , Teaching/organization & administration , Models, Educational , Knowledge , Simulation Exercise , Libraries, Digital/statistics & numerical data , Insulin , Learning/physiology
12.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 56: e20210249, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1356734

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To identify factors related to tissue complications resulting from insulin therapy. Method: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional study carried out in a capital of northeastern Brazil. A semi-structured form and an observation guide were applied to assess the performance of insulin preparation and administration techniques. Descriptive statistics, association test, and multivariate logistic regression were used for data analysis. Results: Most participants were female (74.2%), aged between 51 and 70 years (50.0%), and had nine to eleven years of education (36.7%). The presence of some type of local complication in 73.5% of the participants and the failure to rotate the injection sites in 82.3% are highlighted. Being single/widowed and not rotating insulin application sites were related to local complications and increased the chances of their occurrence by 3.51 and 6.70 times, respectively. Conclusion: Marital status and nonrotation of injection site were related to the increased chances of tissue complications resulting from insulin therapy.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Identificar factores relacionados con la aparición de complicaciones tisulares resultantes de la terapia con insulina. Método: Estudio descriptivo, transversal, realizado en la capital del noreste de Brasil. Se aplicó un formulario semiestructurado y un guión de observación para evaluar el desempeño de las técnicas de preparación y administración de insulina. Para el análisis de los datos se utilizó estadística descriptiva, prueba de asociación y regresión logística multivariante. Resultados: La mayoría de los participantes eran mujeres (74,2%), con edades comprendidas entre 51 y 70 años (50,0%) y con nueve a once años de escolaridad (36,7%). Se destaca la presencia de algún tipo de complicación local en el 73,5% de los participantes y mala rotación de los sitios de inyección en el 82,3%. Ser soltero/viudo y no rotar los sitios de aplicación de insulina se relacionaron con complicaciones locales y aumentaron la posibilidade de su ocurrencia en 3,51 y 6,70 veces, respectivamente. Conclusión: Se demostró que el estado civil y la mala rotación de los sitios de aplicación estaban relacionados con el aumento de las posibilidades de complicaciones tisulares como resultado de la terapia con insulina.


RESUMO Objetivo: Identificar os fatores relacionados à ocorrência de complicações teciduais decorrentes da insulinoterapia. Método: Estudo descritivo, transversal, realizado em capital do nordeste brasileiro. Aplicaram-se formulário semiestruturado e roteiro de observação para avaliação do desempenho das técnicas de preparo e administração de insulina. Estatística descritiva, teste de associação e regressão logística multivariada foram utilizadas para análise dos dados. Resultados: A maioria dos participantes era do sexo feminino (74,2%), com idades entre 51 e 70 anos (50,0%), e nove a onze anos de estudo (36,7%). Destaca-se a presença de algum tipo de complicação local em 73,5% dos participantes e a não realização do rodízio dos locais de injeção em 82,3%. Estar solteiro/viúvo e não realizar rodízio dos locais de aplicação da insulina relacionaram-se às complicações locais e aumentaram as chances de ocorrência destas em 3,51 e 6,70 vezes, respectivamente. Conclusão: O estado civil e a não realização de rodízio dos locais de aplicação mostraram-se relacionados ao aumento das chances de complicações teciduais decorrentes da insulinoterapia.


Subject(s)
Needlestick Injuries , Diabetes Complications , Nursing , Diabetes Mellitus , Insulin
13.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2022. 54 p. graf.
Thesis in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396676

ABSTRACT

Skeletal muscle is an important metabolic tissue in glucose uptake and thus in glycemic homeostasis. Evidence suggests that phenolic compounds may exert beneficial health effects against metabolic disorders associated to obesity including its state of peripheral insulin resistance. The objective of this work was to investigate the role of phenolic compounds present in two Brazilian native fruits, cambuci (Campomanesia phaea Berg.) and jaboticaba (Plinia jaboticaba (Vell.) Berg), on the insulin resistance in the skeletal muscle of obese mice fed a high-fat-sucrose diet (HFS). For this, two independent experimental protocols were used for each fruit, where male C57BL/6J mice fed the HFS diet for the induction to obesity were used. Once the condition of obesity was established, animals started to receive daily oral administration (by gavage) of extracts enriched in phenolic compounds obtained from each fruit, in doses reachable through the diet. At the end of the experiments, the animals were euthanized and their tissue and organs collected. The animals receiving extracts of jaboticaba and cambuci, regardless of the dose, presented lower body weight gain in relation to the HFS group. The results for weekly fasting glycemia and glucose tolerance of the animals that received the phenolic extracts of both fruits showed an improvement in glycemic homeostasis even when fed with the deleterious diet. In the gastrocnemius muscle of the animals was demonstrated that cambuci and jaboticaba extracts significantly increased the content of glucose transporter protein 4 (GLUT-4) and AMPactivated protein kinase (AMPK-Thr172), which has a broad role in metabolic regulation. Regarding inflammation, the administration of extracts from both fruits favored the reduction of phosphorylation and activation of the nuclear factor-κe (NF-κB) and the expression of some genes such as IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1ß, and JNK, whose increase has been associated with insulin resistance. In conclusion, this study suggests that the phenolics present in both native fruits may be important therapeutic agents in the reduction of muscle insulin resistance and inflammation associated with obesity


O músculo esquelético é um tecido metabólico importante na captação de glicose e, portanto, na homeostasia glicêmica. Evidências sugerem que compostos fenólicos podem exercer efeitos benéficos à saúde contra distúrbios metabólicos associados à obesidade incluindo o seu quadro de resistência à insulina. O objetivo deste trabalho foi investigar o papel dos compostos fenólicos presentes em dois frutos nativos brasileiros, cambuci (Campomanesia phaea Berg.) e jaboticaba (Plinia jaboticaba (Vell.) Berg), na resistência à insulina no músculo esquelético de camundongos obesos alimentados com dieta rica em gorduras e sacarose (HFS, high-fat highsucrose diet). Para tal, foram utilizados dois protocolos experimentais independentes para cada fruto, onde foram usados camundongos machos C57BL/6J alimentados com dieta HFS para indução à obesidade. Uma vez instaurado o quadro de obesidade, os animais passaram a receber a administração diária, por gavagem, de extratos enriquecidos em compostos fenólicos obtidos a partir dos frutos, em doses atingíveis através da dieta. Ao final do período experimental os animais foram eutanasiados e seus tecidos e órgãos coletados. Os animais tratados com os extratos de jaboticaba e cambuci, independente da dose, apresentaram menor ganho de massa corporal em relação ao grupo HFS. Os resultados para glicemia de jejum semanal e a tolerância à glicose dos animais que receberam os extratos fenólicos de ambos os frutos demonstraram melhora na homeostase glicêmica, mesmo alimentados com a dieta deletéria HFS. No músculo gastrocnemius dos animais foi demonstrado que os extratos de cambuci e jaboticaba aumentaram significativamente o conteúdo da proteína transportadora de glicose 4 (GLUT-4) e da proteína quinase ativada por AMP (AMPK-Thr172), que possui um papel amplo na regulação metabólica. No que tange à inflamação, a administração dos extratos de ambos os frutos favoreceu a diminuição da fosforilação e ativação do fator nuclear-κB (NF-κB) e a expressão de alguns genes como IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1ß, e JNK cujo aumento tem sido associado com a resistência à insulina. Deste modo, este estudo sugere que os fenólicos presentes em ambos os frutos nativos podem ser agentes terapêuticos importantes na atenuação da resistência à insulina muscular e da inflamação associada à obesidade


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Muscle, Skeletal , Phenolic Compounds , Fruit/anatomy & histology , Insulin/pharmacology , Myrtaceae/classification , Mice, Obese , Obesity/chemically induced
15.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eRW6155, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360404

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To compare the major outcomes of use of metformin and glyburide in treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus. Methods Studies published in English, in the last 10 years, in the databases MEDLINE®, SciELO, LILACS and Cochrane Library were analyzed, and randomized controlled trials were selected. Health Sciences Descriptors were used to compose the search phrase, and the keywords "Gestational diabetes", "Glyburide", "Metformin" and their variations were searched in the Medical Subject Headings. PRISMA systematization was used to prepare this review, and a meta-analysis was conducted aiming to mathematically show the results of fasting blood glucose, postprandial blood glucose, birth weight and weight gain during pregnancy after using metformin and glyburide. Results The studies evaluated birth weight, neonatal hypoglycemia, mode of delivery, need for intensive care, Apgar score, macrosomia, fasting glucose, postprandial glucose and weight gain during pregnancy. In 60% of studies, there were no statistically significant differences regarding safety and efficacy of administration of metformin and glyburide. Meta-analysis demonstrated the absence of statistical differences between these drugs in fasting blood glucose (p=0.821), postprandial blood glucose (p=0.217) and birth weight (p=0.194). However, significant differences were shown in weight gain during pregnancy (p=0.036). Conclusion The methods are effective, but the adverse effects of glyburide are more common; therefore, the use of metformin should be recommended, if in monotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Diabetes, Gestational/drug therapy , Metformin/adverse effects , Metformin/therapeutic use , Blood Glucose , Glyburide/adverse effects , Glyburide/therapeutic use , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Insulin/therapeutic use
17.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 139-146, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928531

ABSTRACT

The renin angiotensin system (RAS) appears to influence male fertility at multiple levels. In this work, we analyzed the relationship between the RAS and DNA integrity. Fifty male volunteers were divided into two groups (25 each): control (DNA fragmentation ≤20%) and pathological (DNA fragmentation >20%) cases. Activities of five peptidases controlling RAS were measured fluorometrically: prolyl endopeptidase (which converts angiotensin [A] I and A II to A 1-7), neutral endopeptidase (NEP/CD10: A I to A 1-7), aminopeptidase N (APN/CD13: A III to A IV), aminopeptidase A (A II to A III) and aminopeptidase B (A III to A IV). Angiotensin-converting enzyme (A I to A II), APN/CD13 and NEP/CD10 were also assessed by semiquantitative cytometry and quantitative flow cytometry assays, as were the receptors of all RAS components: A II receptor type 1 (AT1R), A II receptor type 2 (AT2R), A IV receptor (AT4R or insulin-regulated aminopeptidase [IRAP]), (pro)renin receptor (PRR) and A 1-7 receptor or Mas receptor (MasR) None of the enzymes that regulate levels of RAS components, except for APN/CD13 (decrease in fragmented cells), showed significant differences between both groups. Micrographs of RAS receptors revealed no significant differences in immunolabeling patterns between normozoospermic and fragmented cells. Labeling of AT1R (94.3% normozoospermic vs 84.1% fragmented), AT4R (96.2% vs 95.3%) and MasR (97.4% vs 87.2%) was similar between the groups. AT2R (87.4% normozoospermic vs 63.1% fragmented) and PRR (96.4% vs 48.2%) were higher in non-fragmented spermatozoa. These findings suggest that fragmented DNA spermatozoa have a lower capacity to respond to bioactive RAS peptides.


Subject(s)
Angiotensins , DNA Fragmentation , Humans , Insulin , Male , Renin-Angiotensin System/physiology , Spermatozoa
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928018

ABSTRACT

This study explored the mechanism of Shenling Baizhu Powder(SLBZP) in the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes from the perspective of flora disorder and chronic inflammation. Fifty rats were randomly divided into normal control group, model control group, low-dose SLBZP group, medium-dose SLBZP group, and high-dose SLBZP group, with 10 rats in each group. The rats of 5 weeks old were administrated by gavage with ultrapure water and different doses of SLBZP decoction. The basic indicators such as body weight and blood glucose were monitored every week, and stool and intestinal contents were collected from the rats of 9 weeks old for 16 S rRNA sequencing and metabolomic analysis. An automatic biochemical analyzer was used to measure the serum biochemical indicators, ELISA to measure serum insulin, and chipsets to measure leptin and inflammatory cytokines. The results showed that SLBZP reduced the body weight as well as blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, and lipid levels. In the rats of 9 weeks, the relative abundance of Anaerostipes, Turicibacter, Bilophila, Ochrobactrum, Acinetobacter, and Prevotella decreased significantly in the model control group, which can be increased in the high-dose SLBZP group; the relative abundance of Psychrobacter, Lactobacillus, Roseburia and Staphylococcus significantly increased in the model control group, which can be down-regulated in the high-dose SLBZP group. The differential metabolites of intestinal flora included 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvic acid, phenylpyruvic acid, octanoic acid, 3-indolepropionic acid, oxoglutaric acid, malonic acid, 3-methyl-2-oxovaleric acid, and methylmalonic acid. Moreover, SLBZP significantly lowered the levels of free insulin, insulin resistance and leptin resistance in rats. The variations in the serum levels of interleukin 1β(IL-1β) and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1(MCP-1) showed that SLBZP could alleviate chronic inflammation in rats. In conclusion, SLBZP can regulate intestinal flora and metabolites and relieve chronic inflammation to control obesity and prevent type 2 diabetes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Inflammation/drug therapy , Insulin , Powders , Rats
19.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 255-264, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927601

ABSTRACT

The synthesis and decomposition of glycogen adjust the blood glucose dynamically to maintain the energy supply required by the cells. As the only hormone that lowers blood sugar in the body, insulin can promote glycogen synthesis by activating the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway and increasing glucose transporter translocation, and inhibit gluconeogenesis to lower blood glucose. In the endometrium, glycogen metabolism is active, but gluconeogenesis does not occur. The glycogen metabolism in the endometrium is controlled not only by the classical glucose regulating hormones, but also by the ovarian hormones. The functional activities related to implantation of the endometrium during the implantation window require glucose as energy source. A large amount of glucose is used to synthesize glycogen in the endometrium before implantation, which could meet the increased energy demand for embryo implantation. In diabetes, glycogen metabolism in the endometrium is impaired, which frequently leads to implantation failure and early abortion. This article reviews the glycogen metabolism in the endometrium and discusses its role in embryo implantation, which provide new ideas for embryo implantation research and infertility treatment.


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose/metabolism , Embryo Implantation , Endometrium , Female , Glucose/metabolism , Glycogen/metabolism , Humans , Insulin/metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Pregnancy
20.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(6): e610-e615, dic. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353045

ABSTRACT

La intoxicación por bloqueantes de los canales de calcio es un cuadro poco frecuente en la población pediátrica. Los signos y síntomas pueden progresar de forma rápida y llevar al colapso cardiovascular y muerte. El sostén hemodinámico con inotrópicos y vasopresores no suele ser efectivo. La terapia con insulina y glucosa es un complemento eficaz del tratamiento inicial, que está ampliamente estudiado, y se utiliza en diferentes patologías con compromiso hemodinámico. Se presenta el caso de una paciente pediátrica con antecedente de ingestión de dosis altas de amlodipina con fines suicidas, con descompensación hemodinámica refractaria al tratamiento de soporte inotrópico habitual. A partir del tratamiento con insulina y glucosa, se logró la estabilidad hemodinámica, con evolución favorable de la paciente.


Calcium channel blocker poisoning is a rare condition in the pediatric population. Signs and symptoms can be rapidly progressive and lead to cardiovascular collapse and death. Hemodynamic support with inotropics and vasopressors is usually not effective. The insulin/glucose therapy is an effective complement to the initial treatment, which is widely studied and used in different pathologies with hemodynamic compromise. The case of a pediatric patient with a history of high-dose ingestion of amlodipine for suicidal purposes, with hemodynamic decompensation refractory to usual inotropic support treatment, is presented. From the insulin/glucose treatment, hemodynamic stability was achieved with a favorable evolution


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Suicide, Attempted , Calcium Channel Blockers/poisoning , Amlodipine/poisoning , Drug Overdose/therapy , Glucose/therapeutic use , Insulin/therapeutic use
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