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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009472

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the significance of interleukin-17C(IL-17C)-mediated follicular helper T cell (Tfh) differentiation in atopic dermatitis (AD) model. Methods BALB/c mice were divided into control group, AD model group, low-dose MOR106 (anti-IL-17C huIgG1)(MDR106-L)treatment group and high-dose MOR106 (MOR106-H) treatment group, 8 mice in each group. Except for the control group, all the other groups were treated with 2, 4- dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB) to establish AD models. The low-dose and high-dose MOR106 groups were treated with 5 mg/kg or 10 mg/kg MOR106 respectively. The differentiation of Tfh cell subsets in peripheral blood of mice was analyzed by flow cytometry, and the expression of Janus kinase 2/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3(JAK2/STAT3) signal pathway protein in skin tissue was detected by Western blot analysis. Results Compared with the control group, the dermatitis severity score, mass difference between two ears, spleen mass and spleen index of DNCB group increased significantly, while those of MOR106-L group and MOR106-H group decreased significantly. Compared with the control group, the Tfh subgroup of AD mice showed deregulated differentiation, resulting in a significant increase in the percentage of CD4+CXCR5+IFN-γ+Tfh1 cells, CD4+CXCR5+IL-17A+Tfh17 and CD4+CXCR5+IL-21+Tfh21 cells, and a significant decrease in the percentage of CD4+CXCR5+IL-10+Tfh10 cells and CD4+CXCR5+FOXP3+Tfr cells in peripheral blood. The protein levels of phosphorylated JAK2(p-JAK2) and p-STAT3 were significantly increased. MOR106 effectively reversed these changes of Tfh1, Tfh10, Tfh17, Tfh21 and Tfr cells in peripheral blood of AD mice. Compared with AD group, the levels of p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 protein in low-dose and high-dose MOR106 treatment groups decreased significantly. Conclusion MOR106 can reduce the inflammatory response of AD mice by blocking JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway and inhibiting the differentiation of Tfh cells mediated by IL-17C.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Dermatitis, Atopic/drug therapy , Interleukin-17 , T Follicular Helper Cells , Janus Kinase 2 , Dinitrochlorobenzene , Inflammation , Cell Differentiation , Signal Transduction
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009469

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the phenotypic conversion of regulatory T cells (Tregs) in the lungs of mice with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD)-affected mice. Methods A total of 20 newborn C57BL/6 mice were divided into air group and hyperoxia group, with 10 mice in each group. The BPD model was established by exposing the newborn mice to hyperoxia. Lung tissues from five mice in each group were collected on postnatal days 7 and 14, respectively. Histopathological changes of the lung tissues was detected by HE staining. The expression level of surfactant protein C (SP-C) in the lung tissues was examined by Western blot analysis. Flow cytometry was performed to assess the proportion of FOXP3+ Tregs and RORγt+FOXP3+ Tregs in CD4+ lymphocytes. The concentrations of interleukin-17A (IL-17A) and IL-6 in lung homogenate were measured by using ELISA. Spearman correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between FOXP3+Treg and the expression of SP-C and the correlation between RORγt+FOXP3+ Tregs and the content of IL-17A and IL-6. Results The hyperoxia group exhibited significantly decreased levels of SP-C and radical alveolar counts in comparison to the control group. The proportion of FOXP3+Tregs was reduced and that of RORγt+FOXP3+Tregs was increased. IL-17A and IL-6 concentrations were significantly increased. SP-C was positively correlated with the expression level of RORγt+FOXP3+ Tregs. RORγt+FOXP3+ Tregs and IL-17A and IL-6 concentrations were also positively correlated. Conclusion The number of FOXP3+ Tregs in lung tissue of BPD mice is decreased and converted to RORγt+ FOXP3+ Tregs, which may be involved in hyperoxy-induced lung injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Interleukin-17 , Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1, Group F, Member 3 , Hyperoxia , Interleukin-6 , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Lung
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(2): 583-590, abr. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440339

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) that affects the synovial knee joint causes swelling of the synovial membrane and tissue damage. Interleukin-17A (IL-17A) and the enzyme glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK3β) are involved in the pathogenesis of RA. The link between IL-17A, GSK3β, the oxidative stress, and the profibrogenic marker alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) with and without TDZD-8, GSK3β inhibitor has not been studied before. Consequently, active immunization of rats was performed to induce RA after three weeks using collagen type II (COII) injections. The treated group received daily injection of 1 mg/kg TDZD-8 for 21 days following the immunization protocol (COII+TDZD-8). Blood and synovium tissue samples were harvested at the end of the experiment. RA development was confirmed as corroborated by a substantial increase in blood levels of the highly specific autoantibody for RA, anti-citrullinated protein antibody as well as augmentation of reactive oxidative species (ROS) levels measured as lipid peroxidation. RA induction also increased synovium tissue levels of IL-17A and the profibrogenic marker, α-SMA. All these parameters seemed to be significantly (p<0.0001) ameliorated by TDZD-8. Additionally, a significant correlation between IL-17A, ROS, and α-SMA and biomarkers of RA was observed. Thus, knee joint synovium RA induction augmented IL-17A/GSK3β/ROS/α-SMA axis mediated arthritis in a rat model of RA, which was inhibited by TDZD-8.


La artritis reumatoide (AR) que afecta la articulación sinovial de la rodilla provoca inflamación de la membrana sinovial y daño tisular. La interleucina-17A (IL-17A) y la enzima glucógeno sintasa quinasa-3β (GSK3β) están involucradas en la patogenia de la AR. No se ha estudiadol vínculo entre IL-17A, GSK3β, el estrés oxidativo y el marcador profibrogénico actina de músculo liso alfa (α-SMA) con y sin inhibidor de TDZD-8, GSK3β. En consecuencia, se realizó una inmunización activa de ratas para inducir la AR después de tres semanas usando inyecciones de colágeno tipo II (COII). El grupo tratado recibió una inyección diaria de 1 µg/ kg de TDZD-8 durante 21 días siguiendo el protocolo de inmunización (COII+TDZD-8). Se recogieron muestras de sangre y tejido sinovial al final del experimento. El desarrollo de AR se confirmó como lo corroboró el aumento sustancial en los niveles sanguíneos del autoanticuerpo altamente específico para AR, el anticuerpo antiproteína citrulinada, así como el aumento de los niveles de especies oxidativas reactivas (ROS) medidos como peroxidación lipídica. La inducción de AR también aumentó los niveles de tejido sinovial de IL-17A y el marcador profibrogénico, α-SMA. Todos estos parámetros parecían mejorar significativamente (p<0,0001) con TDZD-8. Además, se observó una correlación significativa entre IL- 17A, ROS y α-SMA y biomarcadores de AR. Por lo tanto, la inducción de AR en la sinovial de la articulación de la rodilla aumentó la artritis mediada por el eje IL-17A/GSK3β/ROS/α-SMA en un modelo de rata de AR, que fue inhibida por TDZD-8.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Thiadiazoles/administration & dosage , Fibrosis , Immunohistochemistry , Blotting, Western , Actins , Immunization , Reactive Oxygen Species , Rats, Wistar , Interleukin-17 , Collagen Type II/administration & dosage , Disease Models, Animal , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta
4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1157-1164, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007459

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of moxibustion at "Mingmen" (GV 4) and "Guanyuan" (CV 4) on immune function and intestinal flora in healthy rats, thereby investigating the underlying mechanism of moxibustion on immune function.@*METHODS@#Twenty 8-week-old SD rats were randomly divided into a young blank group and a young moxibustion group, with 10 rats in each group. Similarly, twenty 8-month-old SD rats were randomly divided into a middle-aged blank group and a middle-aged moxibustion group, with 10 rats in each group. The rats in the two moxibustion groups received moxibustion at "Mingmen" (GV 4) and "Guanyuan" (CV 4), 15 min per session, once daily, five times a week, for a total of four months. The rats in the two blank groups were fed under normal conditions. After the intervention, thymus and spleen indexes were calculated; the morphology of thymus and spleen tissues was observed using HE staining; the flow cytometry was used to detect the expression of CD and CD T lymphocytes and the CD/CD ratio was calculated; ELISA was used to measure the serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10), and interleukin-17 (IL-17); 16S rRNA high-throughput sequencing was used to analyze the intestinal flora. Additionally, the correlation between the relative abundance of intestinal flora and serum levels of TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-6, IL-10 and IL-17 was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the young blank group, the young moxibustion group exhibited an increase in the cortical area of thymus tissue with tighter lymphocyte arrangement; compared with the middle-aged blank group, the middle-aged moxibustion group showed an increase in thymus index (P<0.05) and an increase in the cortical area of thymus tissue. There were no significant differences in spleen index between the 2 moxibustion groups and the 2 blank groups (P>0.05). There were no significant differences in the expression of CD, CD, and CD/CD ratio between the 2 moxibustion groups and the corresponding blank groups (P>0.05). Compared with the young blank group, the young moxibustion group had elevated IL-6 level (P<0.05); compared with the middle-aged blank group, the middle-aged moxibustion group had decreased IL-10 and IL-17 levels (P<0.05). Compared with the young blank group, the young moxibustion group exhibited increased Sobs index, Ace index, and Chao index (P<0.01, P<0.05), as well as increased relative abundance of Spirochaetota, Treponema, Turicibacter, Rikenellaceae_RC9_gut_group (P<0.05), and decreased relative abundance of Dubosiella (P<0.05). Compared with the middle-aged blank group, the middle-aged moxibustion group had increased relative abundance of Spirochaetota, Treponema, norank_f_Peptococcaceae (P<0.05), and decreased relative abundance of Proteobacteria, Allobaculum, and Faecalibaculum (P<0.05). Correlation analysis revealed that relative abundance of Eubacterium_xylanophilum_group and unclassified _f_Lachnospiraceae was negatively correlated with serum TNF-α level (r=-0.39, P=0.03; r=-0.24, P=0.04), while relative abundance of norank_f_norank_o_Clostridia_UCG-014 and Lactobacillus was positively correlated with serum TNF-α level (r=0.37, P=0.04; r=0.43, P=0.02). The relative abundance of Roseburia and Monoglobus was negatively correlated with serum IFN-γ level (r=-0.40, P=0.02; r=-0.44, P=0.01), while relative abundance of Lactobacillus was positively correlated with serum IL-10 level (r=0.43, P=0.02).@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion could improve immune function in healthy rats, and its mechanism may be related to the regulation of relative abundance of intestinal flora.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Moxibustion , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Interleukin-10/genetics , Interleukin-17 , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Interleukin-6/genetics , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S , Interferon-gamma , Immunity
5.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1128-1133, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007455

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy between the combined therapy of fire needling and cupping, and western medication on herpes zoster of acute stage, as well as the effects on Th17 and Treg cells and inflammatory factors, i.e. IL-10 and IL-17 in the peripheral blood.@*METHODS@#Eighty patients with herpes zoster of acute stage were randomly divided into a combined therapy (fire needling plus cupping) group and a western medication group, 40 cases in each one. In the combined therapy group, the pricking and scattering techniques with fire needle were used at ashi points and Jiaji (EX-B 2) corresponding to the affected spinal segments; afterwards, cupping therapy was delivered. The combined treatment was given once daily. In the western medication group, valaciclovir hydrochloride tablet and vitamin B1 tablet were administered orally. The duration of treatment in each group was 10 days. Before each treatment from day 1 to day 10 and on day 11 , the score of symptoms and physical signs was observed in the two groups separately. Before each treatment from day 1 to day 10 and on day 11, 30, 60, the score of visual analogue scale (VAS) and skin lesion indexes were observed in the two groups. On day 60, the incidence of postherpetic neuralgia was recorded in the two groups. The levels of Th17 and Treg cells, Th17/Treg ratio in the peripheral blood, as well as serum levels of IL-10 and IL-17 were detected before and after treatment in the two groups. The clinical efficacy was compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#From day 6 to day 10 during treatment and on day 11, the scores of symptoms and physical signs in the combined therapy group were lower than those of the western medication group (P<0.05, P<0.01). On day 3, day 6 to day 10 during treatment and day 11, day 30, VAS scores in the combined therapy group were lower than those of the western medication group (P<0.05, P<0.01). On day 60, the incidence of postherpetic neuralgia in the combined therapy group was lower compared with that in the western medication group (P<0.05). The blister arresting time and scabbing time in the combined therapy group were shorter than those of the western medication group (P<0.05). After treatment, the level of Th17, and Th17/Treg ratio in the peripheral blood, as well as the serum levels of IL-10 and IL-17 were all lower in comparison with those in the western medication group (P<0.05). The curative and remarkably effective rate was 82.5% (33/40) in the combined therapy group, higher than 62.5% (25/40) in the western medication group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The early application of fire needling combined with cupping therapy can effectively treat herpes zoster of acute stage, relieve pain, and reduce the incidence of postherpetic neuralgia, which may be related to reducing the levels of Th17 and Treg cells, and Th17/Treg ratio in the peripheral blood, as well as the serum levels of IL-10 and IL-17 so that the cellular immune balance is modulated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neuralgia, Postherpetic , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-17 , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Cupping Therapy , Th17 Cells , Herpes Zoster/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Tablets
6.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 584-592, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010967

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore whether the ethanol extract of Herpetospermum caudigerum Wall (EHC), a Xizang medicinal plant traditionally used for treating liver diseases, can improve imiquimod-induced psoriasis-like skin inflammation.@*METHODS@#Immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence staining were used to determine the effects of topical EHC use in vivo on the skin pathology of imiquimod-induced psoriasis in mice. The protein levels of interferon-γ (IFN-γ), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-17A (IL-17A) in mouse skin samples were examined using immunohistochemical staining. In vitro, IFN-γ-induced HaCaT cells with or without EHC treatment were used to evaluate the expression of keratinocyte-derived intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and chemokine CXC ligand 9 (CXCL9) using Western blotting and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide and proteasome inhibitor MG132 were utilized to validate the EHC-mediated mechanism underlying degradation of ICAM-1 and CXCL9.@*RESULTS@#EHC improved inflammation in the imiquimod-induced psoriasis mouse model and reduced the levels of IFN-γ, TNF-α, and IL-17A in psoriatic lesions. Treatment with EHC also suppressed ICAM-1 and CXCL9 in epidermal keratinocytes. Further mechanistic studies revealed that EHC suppressed keratinocyte-derived ICAM-1 and CXCL9 by promoting ubiquitin-proteasome-mediated protein degradation rather than transcriptional repression. Seven primary compounds including ehletianol C, dehydrodiconiferyl alcohol, herpetrione, herpetin, herpetotriol, herpetetrone and herpetetrol were identified from the EHC using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time of flight-mass spectrometry.@*CONCLUSION@#Topical application of EHC ameliorates psoriasis-like skin symptoms and improves the inflammation at the lesion sites. Please cite this article as: Zhong Y, Zhang BW, Li JT, Zeng X, Pei JX, Zhang YM, Yang YX, Li FL, Deng Y, Zhao Q. Ethanol extract of Herpetospermum caudigerum Wall ameliorates psoriasis-like skin inflammation and promotes degradation of keratinocyte-derived ICAM-1 and CXCL9. J Integr Med. 2023; 21(6): 584-592.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Interleukin-17/metabolism , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Imiquimod/adverse effects , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Ligands , Psoriasis/chemically induced , Keratinocytes , Inflammation/drug therapy , Chemokines/metabolism , Interferon-gamma/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Mice, Inbred BALB C
7.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1250-1254, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010935

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the expression level of cytokines in patients with sepsis and its effect on prognosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of sepsis patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2020 to December 2022 were analyzed retrospectively, including gender, age, and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II), blood routine, procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), and cytokines levels [interleukins (IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-17), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interferon-γ (IFN-γ)] within 24 hours of admission to ICU. The 28-day prognosis of the patients was followed up. The patients were divided into survival group and death group according to the prognosis. The clinical data between the two groups of sepsis patients with different prognosis were compared. Binary Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of patients with sepsis, and the receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was drawn to evaluate the predictive value of each risk factor for the prognosis of patients with sepsis.@*RESULTS@#(1) A total of 227 patients with sepsis were enrolled, including 168 patients in the survival group (survival rate 74.0%) and 59 patients in the death group (mortality 26.0%). There were no significant differences in age (years old: 55.97±2.13 vs. 54.67±1.11) and gender (male: 71.2% vs. 57.1%) between the death group and the survival group (both P > 0.05), indicating that the baseline data of the two groups were comparable. (2) The APACHE II (19.37±0.99 vs. 14.88±0.61, P < 0.001) and PCT (μg/L: 12.39±2.94 vs. 4.14±0.90, P < 0.001) in the death group were significantly higher than those in the survival group, while the platelet count [PLT (×109/L): 144.75±12.50 vs. 215.99±11.26, P = 0.001] and thrombocytocrit [(0.14±0.01)% vs. (0.19±0.01)%, P = 0.001] were significantly lower than those in the survival group. (3) The level of IL-6 in the death group was significantly higher than that in the survival group (ng/L: 577.66±143.16 vs. 99.74±33.84, P < 0.001). There were no statistically significant differences in other cytokines, IL-2, IL-4, IL-10, TNF-α, IFN-γ and IL-17 between the death group and the survival group [IL-2 (ng/L): 2.44±0.38 vs. 2.63±0.27, P = 0.708; IL-4 (ng/L): 3.26±0.67 vs. 3.18±0.34, P = 0.913; IL-10 (ng/L): 33.22±5.13 vs. 39.43±2.85, P = 0.262; TNF-α (ng/L): 59.33±19.21 vs. 48.79±29.87, P = 0.839; IFN-γ (ng/L): 6.69±5.18 vs. 1.81±0.16, P = 0.100; IL-17 (ng/L): 2.05±0.29 vs. 2.58±0.33, P = 0.369]. (4) Binary Logistic regression analysis showed that APACHE II and IL-6 were independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of patients with sepsis [odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI) were 1.050 (1.008-1.093) and 1.001 (1.000-1.002), P values were 0.019 and 0.026, respectively]. (5) ROC curve analysis showed that APACHE II and IL-6 had certain predictive value for the prognosis of patients with sepsis, the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was 0.754 (95%CI was 0.681-0.827) and 0.592 (95%CI was 0.511-0.673), P values were < 0.001 and 0.035, respectively. When the optimal cut-off value of APACHE II was 16.50 score, the sensitivity was 72.6% and the specificity was 69.9%. When the optimal cut-off value of IL-6 was 27.87 ng/L, the sensitivity was 67.2% and the specificity was 52.8%.@*CONCLUSIONS@#APACHE II score and IL-6 level have certain predictive value for the prognosis of patients with sepsis, the higher APACHE II score and IL-6 level, the greater the probability of death in patients with sepsis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-17 , Cytokines , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Interleukin-6 , Retrospective Studies , Interleukin-2 , Interleukin-4 , ROC Curve , Sepsis/diagnosis , Prognosis , Procalcitonin , Interferon-gamma , Intensive Care Units
8.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 504-508, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986160

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of combined blockade of interleukin-33 (IL-33) and inducible co-stimulatory molecule (ICOS) on carbon tetrachloride-induced chronic liver fibrosis and imbalance of T helper lymphocyte subsets in mice. Methods: There were 40 BALB/c mice in each model and control group. Flow cytometry was used to determine the proportion of Th1/Th2/Th17 cells in the splenic lymphocyte suspension of mice, the expression levels of interferon γ, IL-4, and IL-17 in the splenic lymphocyte suspension of liver fibrosis mice after combined blockade of IL-33 and ICOS, and the pathological changes of liver histopathology in mice with liver fibrosis. Two independent sample t-test was used to compare data between groups. Results: Compared with the non-blocking group, the proportion of Th2 and Th17 cells in the IL-33/ICOS blocking group was significantly down-regulated (Th2: 65.96% ± 6.04% vs. 49.09% ± 7.03%; Th17: 19.17% ± 4.03% vs. 9.56% ± 2.03%), while the proportion of Th1 cells and Th1/Th2 ratio were up-regulated (Th1: 17.14% ± 3.02% vs. 31.93% ± 5.02%; Th1/Th2: 0.28 ± 0.06 vs. 0.62 ± 0.23), and the difference was statistically significant (t = 5.15, 6.03, 7.14, 4.28, respectively, with P < 0.05). After entering the chronic inflammation stage of liver fibrosis in mice (10 weeks), compared with the non-blocking group, the expression levels of IL-4 and IL-17 in the blockade group were significantly down-regulated [IL-4: (84.75 ± 14.35) pg/ ml vs. (77.88 ± 19.61) pg/ml; IL-17: (72.38 ± 15.13) pg/ml vs. (36.38 ± 8.65) pg/ml], while the expression of interferon γ was up-regulated [(37.25 ± 11.51) pg/ml vs. (77.88 ± 19.61) pg/ml], and the difference was statistically significant (t: IL-4: 4.71; IL-17: 5.84; interferon γ: 5.05, respectively, with P < 0.05). Liver histopathological results showed that hepatic necrosis, hepatic lobular structural disorder, and fibrous tissue hyperplasia were significantly lower in the blockade group than those in the non-blocking group at 13 weeks of liver fibrosis. Conclusion: Combined blockade of the ICOS signaling pathway and IL-33 can regulate Th2 and Th17 polarization, down-regulate the inflammatory response, and inhibit or prevent the occurrence and progression of fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Interferon-gamma/metabolism , Interleukin-17/metabolism , Interleukin-33/metabolism , Cytokines/metabolism , Carbon Tetrachloride , Th2 Cells , Interleukin-4/metabolism , Liver Cirrhosis/pathology , Th1 Cells , Th17 Cells/pathology , Immunity
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971530

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation of inducible co-stimulatory molecules (ICOS) with mesenteric vascular endothelial- mesenchymal transition (EndMT) and sclerosis in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR).@*METHODS@#Twenty 4-week-old WKY rats and 20 SHRs of the same strain were both randomly divided into 4 groups for observation at 4, 6, 10 and 30 weeks of age. ICOS expression frequency in rat spleen CD4+T cells was analyzed using flow cytometry, and the expressions of ICOS, VE-cad, α-SMA and Col3 mRNA in rat mesentery were detected by RT-PCR. The distributions of ICOS, IL-17A and TGF-β in rat mesentery were detected by immunohistochemistry. The levels of IL-17A and TGF-β in rat plasma were measured using ELISA. The morphological changes of rat mesenteric vessels were observed with Masson staining. Spearman or Pearson correlation analyses were used to evaluate the correlation between ICOS expression and the expressions of the markers of vascular EndMT and sclerosis.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control WKY rats, the SHRs began to show significantly increased systolic blood pressure and ICOS expression frequency on CD4+T cells at 6 weeks of age (P < 0.05). In the SHRs, the mRNA and protein expressions of ICOS, α-SMA, Col3, IL-17A and TGF-β in the mesentery were significantly higher than those in control group (P < 0.05), while the mRNA and protein expressions of VE-cad started to reduce significantly at 10 weeks of age (P < 0.05). The plasma levels of IL-17A and TGF-β were significantly increased in SHRs since 6 weeks of age (P < 0.05) with progressive worsening of mesenteric vascular sclerosis (P < 0.05). ICOS mRNA and protein expression levels in the mesenteric tissues of SHRs began to show positive correlations with α-SMA and Col3 expression levels and the severity of vascular sclerosis at 6 weeks of age (P < 0.05) and a negative correlation with VE-cad expression level at 10 weeks (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#ICOS play an important pathogenic role in EndMT and sclerosis of mesenteric vessels in essential hypertension by mediating related immune responses.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Rats, Inbred SHR , Rats, Inbred WKY , Hypertension , Interleukin-17 , Sclerosis/pathology , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Mesentery/pathology , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Blood Pressure
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971365

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Ozone is widely applied to treat allergic skin diseases such as eczema, atopic dermatitis, and contact dermatitis. However, the specific mechanism remains unclear. This study aims to investigate the effects of ozonated oil on treating 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB)-induced allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) and the underling mechanisms.@*METHODS@#Besides the blank control (Ctrl) group, all other mice were treated with DNCB to establish an ACD-like mouse model and were randomized into following groups: a model group, a basal oil group, an ozonated oil group, a FcεRI-overexpressed plasmid (FcεRI-OE) group, and a FcεRI empty plasmid (FcεRI-NC) group. The basal oil group and the ozonated oil group were treated with basal oil and ozonated oil, respectively. The FcεRI-OE group and the FcεRI-NC group were intradermally injected 25 µg FcεRI overexpression plasmid and 25 µg FcεRI empty plasmid when treating with ozonated oil, respectively. We recorded skin lesions daily and used reflectance confocal microscope (RCM) to evaluate thickness and inflammatory changes of skin lesions. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, real-time PCR, RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq), and immunohistochemistry were performed to detct and analyze the skin lesions.@*RESULTS@#Ozonated oil significantly alleviated DNCB-induced ACD-like dermatitis and reduced the expressions of IFN-γ, IL-17A, IL-1β, TNF-α, and other related inflammatory factors (all P<0.05). RNA-seq analysis revealed that ozonated oil significantly inhibited the activation of the DNCB-induced FcεRI/Syk signaling pathway, confirmed by real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry (all P<0.05). Compared with the ozonated oil group and the FcεRI-NC group, the mRNA expression levels of IFN-γ, IL-17A, IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, and other inflammatory genes in the FcεRI-OE group were significantly increased (all P<0.05), and the mRNA and protein expression levels of FcεRI and Syk were significantly elevated in the FcεRI-OE group as well (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Ozonated oil significantly improves ACD-like dermatitis and alleviated DNCB-induced ACD-like dermatitis via inhibiting the FcεRI/Syk signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Dinitrochlorobenzene/metabolism , Skin/metabolism , Cytokines/metabolism , Interleukin-17/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/pathology , Dermatitis, Atopic/chemically induced , Signal Transduction , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Mice, Inbred BALB C
11.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 592-597, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982638

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of interleukin-17A (IL-17A) on liver and kidney injury and prognosis in septic mice.@*METHODS@#A total of 84 SPF male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into sham operation group (Sham group), cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) induced sepsis model group (CLP group), and IL-17A intervention group. IL-17A intervention group were then divided into five subgroups according to the dose of IL-17A (0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4 μg). Mice in the IL-17A intervention group were intraperitoneally injected with the corresponding dose of IL-17A 100 μL immediately after surgery. The other groups were intraperitoneally injected with 100 μL phosphate buffer solution (PBS). The survival rate of mice was observed at 7 days, and peripheral blood and liver, kidney and spleen tissues were collected. According to the 7-day survival, another 18 mice were randomly divided into Sham group, CLP group, and 1 μg IL-17A intervention group. Peripheral blood samples were collected at 12 hours and 24 hours after CLP, and the mice were sacrificed to obtain liver, kidney, and spleen tissues. The behavior and abdominal cavity of each group were observed. The levels of peripheral blood liver and kidney function indexes and inflammatory factors were detected. The histopathological changes of liver and kidney were observed under light microscope. The peripheral blood and spleen tissues were inoculated in the medium, the number of bacterial colonies was calculated, and the bacterial migration of each group was evaluated in vitro.@*RESULTS@#Except for the Sham group, the 7-day survival rate of mice in the 1 μg IL-17A intervention group was the highest (75.0%), so this condition was selected as the intervention condition for the subsequent study. Compared with Sham group, the liver and kidney functions of CLP group were significantly damaged at each time point after operation. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine (SCr) reached the peak at 24 hours after operation, and the liver and kidney pathological scores reached the peak at 7 days after operation, the levels of inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL-17A, IL-6, IL-10) reached the peak at 12 hours after operation, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) reached the peak at 24 hours after operation. In addition, a large number of bacteria proliferated in the peripheral blood and spleen, which reached the peak on day 7. Compared with the CLP group, exogenous administration of 1 μg IL-17A significantly delayed the rising trend of each index in the early stage of sepsis [24-hour ALT (U/L): 166.95±5.20 vs. 271.30±6.11, 24-hour AST (U/L): 599.42±7.25 vs. 1 013.27±3.37, 24-hour BUN (mg/L): 815.4±26.3 vs. 1 191.2±39.4, 24-hour SCr (μmol/L): 29.34±0.87 vs. 60.75±3.83, 7-day liver pathological score: 2.50 (2.00, 3.00) vs. 9.00 (8.50, 9.00), 7-day kidney pathological score: 1.00 (1.00, 2.00) vs. 5.00 (4.50, 5.00), 12-hour IL-17A (ng/L): 105.21±0.31 vs. 111.28±1.37, 12-hour IL-6 (ng/L): 83.22±1.01 vs. 108.88±0.99, 12-hour IL-10 (ng/L): 731.54±3.04 vs. 790.25±2.54, 24-hour TNF-α (μg/L): 454.67±0.66 vs. 576.18±0.76, 7-day peripheral blood colony count (CFU/mL): 600 (400, 600) vs. 4 200 (4 200, 4 300), 7-day spleen tissue colony count (CFU/g): 4 600 (4 400, 4 600) vs. 23 400 (23 200, 23 500), all P < 0.05].@*CONCLUSIONS@#Appropriate dose (1 μg) of exogenous IL-17A can reduce the lethal inflammatory response induced by CLP and improve the ability of bacterial clearance, thereby alleviating liver and kidney injury and improving the 7-day survival rate of septic mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-17/pharmacology , Interleukin-6 , Kidney/physiopathology , Liver/physiopathology , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Prognosis , Sepsis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982370

ABSTRACT

Spinal cord injury (SCI) causes motor, sensory, and autonomic dysfunctions. The gut microbiome has an important role in SCI, while short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) are one of the main bioactive mediators of microbiota. In the present study, we explored the effects of oral administration of exogenous SCFAs on the recovery of locomotor function and tissue repair in SCI. Allen's method was utilized to establish an SCI model in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. The animals received water containing a mixture of 150 mmol/L SCFAs after SCI. After 21 d of treatment, the Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan (BBB) score increased, the regularity index improved, and the base of support (BOS) value declined. Spinal cord tissue inflammatory infiltration was alleviated, the spinal cord necrosis cavity was reduced, and the numbers of motor neurons and Nissl bodies were elevated. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), and immunohistochemistry assay revealed that the expression of interleukin (IL)‍-10 increased and that of IL-17 decreased in the spinal cord. SCFAs promoted gut homeostasis, induced intestinal T cells to shift toward an anti-inflammatory phenotype, and promoted regulatory T (Treg) cells to secrete IL-10, affecting Treg cells and IL-17+ γδ T cells in the spinal cord. Furthermore, we observed that Treg cells migrated from the gut to the spinal cord region after SCI. The above findings confirm that SCFAs can regulate Treg cells in the gut and affect the balance of Treg and IL-17+ γδ T cells in the spinal cord, which inhibits the inflammatory response and promotes the motor function in SCI rats. Our findings suggest that there is a relationship among gut, spinal cord, and immune cells, and the "gut-spinal cord-immune" axis may be one of the mechanisms regulating neural repair after SCI.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Interleukin-17 , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Recovery of Function , Spinal Cord Injuries/drug therapy , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, gamma-delta/immunology
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982292

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To examine the anti-inflammatory effect of grape seed extract (GSE) in animal and cellular models and explore its mechanism of action.@*METHODS@#This study determined the inhibitory effect of GSE on macrophage inflammation and Th1 and Th17 polarization in vitro. Based on the in vitro results, the effects and mechanisms of GSE on multiple sclerosis (MS)-experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) mice model were further explored. The C57BL/6 mice were intragastrically administered with 50 mg/kg of GSE once a day from the 3rd day to the 27th day after immunization. The activation of microglia, the polarization of Th1 and Th17 and the inflammatory factors such as tumor necrosis factor- α (TNF- α), interleukin-1 β (IL-1 β), IL-6, IL-12, IL-17 and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) secreted by them were detected in vitro and in vivo by flow cytometry, enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), immunofluorescence staining and Western blot, respectively.@*RESULTS@#GSE reduced the secretion of TNF-α, IL-1 β and IL-6 in bone marrow-derived macrophages stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (P<0.01), inhibited the secretion of TNF-α, IL-1 β, IL-6, IL-12, IL-17 and IFN-γ in spleen cells of EAE mice immunized for 9 days (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and reduced the differentiation of Th1 and Th17 mediated by CD3 and CD28 factors (P<0.01). GSE significantly improved the clinical symptoms of EAE mice, and inhibited spinal cord demyelination and inflammatory cell infiltration. Peripherally, GSE downregulated the expression of toll-like-receptor 4 (TLR4) and Rho-associated kinase (ROCKII, P<0.05 or P<0.01), and inhibited the secretion of inflammatory factors (P<0.01 or P<0.05). In the central nervous system, GSE inhibited the infiltration of CD45+CD11b+ and CD45+CD4+ cells, and weakened the differentiation of Th1 and Th17 (P<0.05). Moreover, it reduced the secretion of inflammatory factors (P<0.01), and prevented the activation of microglia (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#GSE had a beneficial effect on the pathogenesis and progression of EAE by inhibiting inflammatory response as a potential drug and strategy for the treatment of MS.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Encephalomyelitis, Autoimmune, Experimental/pathology , Grape Seed Extract/therapeutic use , Interleukin-17 , Interleukin-1beta , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Th1 Cells , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Interferon-gamma/therapeutic use , Th17 Cells/metabolism , Interleukin-12/therapeutic use , Cytokines/metabolism
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970014

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#There is a paucity of information on the cytokine, complement, endothelial activation, and coagulation profiles of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in adults (MIS-A), a rare but serious complication following recovery from SARS-CoV-2 infection. We aim to examine the immune biomarker and coagulation profiles in association with the clinical presentation and course of MIS-A.@*METHOD@#The clinical features of MIS-A patients admitted to our tertiary hospital were documented. Their levels of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-10, IL-17, IL-18, interferon-α (IFN-α), IFN-γ, interferon gamma-induced protein 10 (IP-10), tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α, monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1, complement activation product (complement 5a [C5a]), and endothelial biomarker intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) levels were assayed. The haemostatic profile was assessed with standard coagulation testing and thromboelastography.@*RESULTS@#Three male patients were diagnosed with MIS-A at our centre from January to June 2022 with a median age of 55 years. All had tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 12-62 days prior to MIS-A presentation, with gastrointestinal and cardiovascular systems as the most commonly involved. Levels of IL-6, IL-10, IL-18, IP-10 and MCP-1 were raised whereas IL-1β, IFN-α, IFN-γ, IL-17 and TNF-α remained normal. Markedly elevated levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), ferritin and ICAM-1 were present in all. C5a was elevated in 2 patients. A hypercoagulable state was demonstrated by raised levels of D-dimer, factor VIII, von Willebrand factor antigen, and ristocetin cofactor with corresponding raised parameters in thromboelastography in the 2 patients who had their coagulation profile assessed.@*CONCLUSION@#MIS-A patients demonstrate activation of pro-inflammatory cytokines, endotheliopathy, complement hyperactivation and hypercoagulability.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Male , Middle Aged , COVID-19/complications , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-18 , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Interleukin-17 , Chemokine CXCL10 , Interleukin-6 , SARS-CoV-2 , Connective Tissue Diseases , Hemostatics
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986946

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects and clinical significance of NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome activated by interleukin (IL)-17A in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). Methods: Patients underwent nasal endoscopic surgery in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from January 2020 to December 2021 were collected, including 28 CRSwNP (including 19 males and 9 females, aged 19 to 67 years), 22 chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyps (CRSsNP) and 22 controls. qRT-PCR was used to detect the expressions of IL-17A, NLRP3, IL-1β and IL-18 in the three groups, and their correlations were analyzed. The positions of IL-17A, NLRP3 and IL-18 in nasal polys were analyzed by immunofluorescence. Western Blotting and ELISA were employed to detect the expression of NLRP3, IL-1β and IL-18 in the human nasal epithelial cells after using IL-17A stimulation or IL-17A receptor inhibitor. Immunofluorescence was used to observe the NLRP3, IL-1β, and IL-18 protein expression after IL-17A stimulating human nasal epithelial cells, and after the use of IL-17A receptor inhibitor and NLRP3 inhibitor MCC950. The correlations between NLRP3, IL-1β, IL-18 and CT scores, nasal endoscopic scores, visual analogue scale (VAS) scores, and sino-nasal outcome test (SNOT) 22 scores of CRSwNP patients were analyzed. SPSS 20.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: The expressions of IL-17A, NLRP3, IL-1β and IL-18 in the tissues of CRSwNP patients were significantly higher than those in CRSsNP group(P=0.018,P<0.001,P=0.005, P=0.016) and the control group(all P<0.001). IL-17A was positively correlated with the expression of NLRP3, IL-1β, and IL-18(r ralue was 0.643,0.650,0.629,respectively, all P<0.05). IL-17A, NLRP3, and IL-18 were co-localized in the epithelial propria of polyp tissue. IL-17A stimulated the expressions of NLRP3, IL-1β, and IL-18 in human nasal epithelial cells. After the use of IL-17A receptor inhibitor, the expressions of NLRP3, IL-1β, and IL-18 were significantly down-regulated. After the use of NLRP3 inhibitor MCC950, IL-17A was significantly down-regulated to promote the expression of NLRP3, IL-1β, and IL-18. The expressions of NLRP3, IL-1β and IL-18 were positively correlated with CT, nasal endoscopy, VAS, and SNOT22 scores in patients with CRSwNP. Conclusions: IL-17A promotes the release of IL-1β and IL-18 by activating the NLRP3 inflammasome and aggravates the severity of the disease in CRSwNP.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Chronic Disease , Clinical Relevance , Inflammasomes , Interleukin-17/metabolism , Interleukin-18 , Nasal Polyps/metabolism , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Rhinitis/metabolism , Sinusitis/metabolism
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981326

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to elucidate the effect and underlying mechanism of Bovis Calculus in the treatment of ulcerative colitis(UC) through network pharmacological prediction and animal experimental verification. Databases such as BATMAN-TCM were used to mine the potential targets of Bovis Calculus against UC, and the pathway enrichment analysis was conducted. Seventy healthy C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into a blank group, a model group, a solvent model(2% polysorbate 80) group, a salazosulfapyridine(SASP, 0.40 g·kg~(-1)) group, and high-, medium-, and low-dose Bovis Calculus Sativus(BCS, 0.20, 0.10, and 0.05 g·kg~(-1)) groups according to the body weight. The UC model was established in mice by drinking 3% dextran sulfate sodium(DSS) solution for 7 days. The mice in the groups with drug intervention received corresponding drugs for 3 days before modeling by gavage, and continued to take drugs for 7 days while modeling(continuous administration for 10 days). During the experiment, the body weight of mice was observed, and the disease activity index(DAI) score was recorded. After 7 days of modeling, the colon length was mea-sured, and the pathological changes in colon tissues were observed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin-1β(IL-1β), interleukin-6(IL-6), and interleukin-17(IL-17) in colon tissues of mice were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The mRNA expression of IL-17, IL-17RA, Act1, TRAF2, TRAF5, TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, CXCL1, CXCL2, and CXCL10 was evaluated by real-time polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR). The protein expression of IL-17, IL-17RA, Act1, p-p38 MAPK, and p-ERK1/2 was investigated by Western blot. The results of network pharmacological prediction showed that Bovis Calculus might play a therapeutic role through the IL-17 signaling pathway and the TNF signaling pathway. As revealed by the results of animal experiments, on the 10th day of drug administration, compared with the solvent model group, all the BCS groups showed significantly increased body weight, decreased DAI score, increased colon length, improved pathological damage of colon mucosa, and significantly inhibited expression of TNF-α,IL-6,IL-1β, and IL-17 in colon tissues. The high-dose BCS(0.20 g·kg~(-1)) could significantly reduce the mRNA expression levels of IL-17, Act1, TRAF2, TRAF5, TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, CXCL1, and CXCL2 in colon tissues of UC model mice, tend to down-regulate mRNA expression levels of IL-17RA and CXCL10, significantly inhibit the protein expression of IL-17RA,Act1,and p-ERK1/2, and tend to decrease the protein expression of IL-17 and p-p38 MAPK. This study, for the first time from the whole-organ-tissue-molecular level, reveals that BCS may reduce the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines by inhibiting the IL-17/IL-17RA/Act1 signaling pathway, thereby improving the inflammatory injury of colon tissues in DSS-induced UC mice and exerting the effect of clearing heat and removing toxins.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Colitis, Ulcerative/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Interleukin-17/pharmacology , TNF Receptor-Associated Factor 2/pharmacology , TNF Receptor-Associated Factor 5/metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Signal Transduction , Colon , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Dextran Sulfate/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971067

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the expression of interleukin-17A (IL-17A) in the serum of children with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG)-resistant Kawasaki disease (KD) and its clinical significance.@*METHODS@#A total of 143 children with KD who were hospitalized in Wuhan Children's Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, from June 2021 to June 2022 were enrolled in this prospective study, among whom 115 had IVIG-sensitive KD and 28 had IVIG-resistant KD. After matching for sex and age, 110 children with acute respiratory infectious diseases (fever time ≥5 days but without KD) were enrolled as the control group. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure the serum level of IL-17A. The levels of white blood cell count (WBC), neutrophil count (NE), platelet count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and C-reactive protein (CRP) were measured. The receiver operating characteristic curve was plotted to analyze the value of WBC, NE, CRP, and IL-17A in the prediction of IVIG-resistant KD. The multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the predictive factors for resistance to IVIG in children with KD.@*RESULTS@#Before IVIG treatment, the KD group had a significantly higher serum level of IL-17A than the control group (P<0.05), and the children with IVIG-resistant KD had a significantly higher serum level of IL-17A than those with IVIG-sensitive KD (P<0.05). The receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that WBC, NE, CRP, and IL-17A had an area under the curve of 0.718, 0.741, 0.627, and 0.840, respectively, in the prediction of IVIG-resistant KD. With serum IL-17A ≥44.06 pg/mL as the cut-off value, IL-17A had a sensitivity of 84% and a specificity of 81% in the prediction of IVIG-resistant KD. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that a high serum level of IL-17A was a predictive factor for resistance to IVIG in children with KD (OR=1.161, P=0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Serum IL-17A levels are elevated in children with IVIG-resistant KD, and serum IL-17A level (≥44.06 pg/mL) may have a predictive value for resistance to IVIG in children with KD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Infant , Aged, 80 and over , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous/therapeutic use , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/drug therapy , Interleukin-17 , Clinical Relevance , Prospective Studies , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Retrospective Studies
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1315-1321, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009987

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of cytokine levels on early death and coagulation function of patients with newly diagnosed acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL).@*METHODS@#Routine examination was performed on 69 newly diagnosed APL patients at admission. Meanwhile, 4 ml fasting venous blood was extracted from the patients. And then the supernatant was taken after centrifugation. The concentrations of cytokines, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and ferritin were detected by using the corresponding kits.@*RESULTS@#It was confirmed that cerebral hemorrhage was a major cause of early death in APL patients. Elevated LDH, decreased platelets (PLT) count and prolonged prothrombin time (PT) were high risk factors for early death (P <0.05). The increases of IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12p70 and IL-17A were closely related to the early death of newly diagnosed APL patients, and the increases of IL-5 and IL-17A also induced coagulation disorder in APL patients by prolonging PT (P <0.05). In newly diagnosed APL patients, ferritin and LDH showed a positive effect on the expression of IL-5, IL-10 and IL-17A, especially ferritin had a highly positive correlation with IL-5 (r =0.867) and IL-17A (r =0.841). Moreover, there was a certain correlation between these five high-risk cytokines, among which IL-5 and IL-17A (r =0.827), IL-6 and IL-10 (r =0.823) were highly positively correlated.@*CONCLUSION@#Elevated cytokine levels in newly diagnosed APL patients increase the risk of early bleeding and death. In addition to the interaction between cytokines themselves, ferritin and LDH positively affect the expression of cytokines, thus affecting the prognosis of APL patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute/diagnosis , Cytokines/metabolism , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-17/metabolism , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Interleukin-5/metabolism , Blood Coagulation Disorders , Ferritins , Tretinoin
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009416

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of T cell immunoreceptor with Ig and ITIM domains (TIGIT) on the function of CD8+ T cells in the lungs of Plasmodium infected mice. Methods The lungs of the mice infected with Plasmodium yoelii were isolated, weighed and photographed after 12 days' infection. After dissolution, lung lymphocytes were isolated, counted and stained, and then the contents of CD8+ and TIGIT+CD8+ T cells were detected by flow cytometry. The expressions of L selectin (CD62L), CD69, programmed death 1 (PD-1), CD25, and C-X3-C motif chemokine receptor 1 (CX3CR1) on TIGIT+CD8+ T cells were detected by flow cytometry. After stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and ionomycin, the ability of TIGIT+CD8+T cells to secrete interferon γ(IFN-γ), interleukin 21 (IL-21), IL-4, IL-17, and IL-10 was detected. Results The body mass of mice with Plasmodium infection was reduced. The lungs became darker, and the ratio of the lung mass to body mass was significantly increased. Compared with the normal mice, the percentages and absolute quantity of CD8+ and TIGIT+CD8+ T cells in the lungs of the infected mice were significantly increased. The percentage of TIGIT+CD8+ T cells expressing CD62L in the infected group was significantly lower, while the percentage of the CD69, PD-1, and CX3CR1 cells were significantly higher than that of TIGIT+CD8+ T cells from the normal mice. The percentages of TIGIT+CD8+ T cells secreting IL-21, IL-4, IL-17 and IL-10 cells in the infected group were significantly lower. Conclusion The lung lesions from mice with Plasmodium infection are obvious, the numbers of TIGIT+CD8+ T cells increase, and these cells express a variety of activation-related molecules, but the ability to secrete cytokines is reduced.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Cytokines/metabolism , Interferon-gamma/metabolism , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Interleukin-17/metabolism , Interleukin-4/metabolism , Lung/metabolism , Malaria/metabolism , Plasmodium yoelii/metabolism , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/metabolism
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009191

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mechanism of Haitongpi Prescription extract in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis based on transcriptome.@*METHODS@#Total of 12 SPF grade rats were divided into control group(group C), model group(group M), and Haitongpi prescription group(group HP). The knee osteoarthritis rat model was established using the Panicker method for group M and group HP, and group HP was intervened by local topical application of Haitongpi Prescription extract for 4 weeks. Total RNA from mouse knee cartilage was extracted and three sets of differential genes were obtained through sequencing.Differential genes were prediction and analysis through GO function and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 109 differentially expressed genes were identified in Group C versus Group M, while 118 differentially expressed genes were identified in Group M versus Group HP, resulting in a total of 28 genes. GO functional enrichment analysis showed that the mechanism of HP extract in treating knee osteoarthritis mainly involved immunoglobulin mediated immune response, immunoglobulin complexes, and antigen binding; KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed correlation with tumor necrosis factor (TNF) signaling pathway, interleukin 17(IL-17) signaling pathway, and estrogen signaling pathway.@*CONCLUSION@#HP extract can exert therapeutic effects on knee osteoarthritis through mechanisms such as immunoglobulin mediated immune response, immunoglobulin complexes, and antigen binding, as well as signaling pathways such as TNF signaling pathway, IL-17 signaling pathway, and estrogen signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Mice , Rats , Animals , Osteoarthritis, Knee/genetics , Transcriptome , Interleukin-17 , Ointments , Estrogens , Immunoglobulins
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