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2.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(4): 695-700, 20220906. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396507

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El síndrome de Bouveret es una variante del íleo biliar, de rara presentación dentro de las causas de obstrucción intestinal, generada por la impactación de un lito biliar a nivel del duodeno, secundario a la formación de una fístula bilioentérica. Es más común en mujeres en la octava década de la vida, con múltiples comorbilidades. y presenta síntomas inespecíficos, documentándose la triada de Rigler hasta en el 80 % de las tomografías de abdomen. La cirugía sigue siendo el tratamiento de elección. Caso clínico. Presentamos el caso de una paciente de 76 años, con múltiples antecedentes y cuadros previos de cólico biliar, que consultó por dolor abdominal y signos de hemorragia de vías digestivas altas y se documentó un síndrome de Bouveret. Fue tratada en la misma hospitalización mediante extracción quirúrgica del cálculo con posterior resolución de su sintomatología.Conclusión. A pesar de que el síndrome deBouveret es una entidad de infrecuente presentación, los cirujanos generalesdeben estar familiarizados con esta patología, en el contexto del paciente que consulta con un cuadro de obstrucción intestinal, conociendo el valor de la tomografía de abdomen y la endoscopia de vías digestivas altas, teniendo en cuenta la edad y las condiciones del paciente para definir el manejo quirúrgico más adecuado.


Introduction. Bouveret's syndrome is a variant of gallstone ileus, of rare presentation within the causes of intestinal obstruction, generated by the impaction of a biliary stone at the level of the duodenum, secondary to the formation of a biliary-enteric fistula. It is more common in women in the eighth decade of life, with multiple comorbidities, and presents non-specific symptoms, with Rigler's triad being documented in up to 80% of abdominal CT scans. Surgery remains the treatment of choice. Clinical case. We present the case of a 76-year-old patient, with history of multiple episodes of biliary colic, who consulted for abdominal pain and signs of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Bouveret's syndrome was documented. She was treated in the same hospitalization by surgical extraction of the stone with subsequent resolution of her symptoms. Conclussion. Although Bouveret's syndrome is an entity of infrequent presentation, general surgeons must be familiar with this pathology in the context of the patient who presents with intestinal obstruction, knowing the value of abdominal tomography and upper GI endoscopy, taking into account the age and conditions of the patient to define the most appropriate surgical management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gallstones , Gastric Outlet Obstruction , Intestinal Obstruction , Digestive System Fistula , Biliary Fistula , Duodenal Obstruction
3.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(4): 701-707, 20220906. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396511

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La invaginación intestinal o intususcepción es el deslizamiento de una parte del intestino dentro de otra adyacente. Es la causa más común de obstrucción intestinal en niños entre 3 meses y 6 años de edad, con una baja incidencia en adultos, correspondiente al 1 % del total de los cuadros obstructivos en el adulto. Su localización en colon es poco frecuente, pero conviene prestar especial atención por su asociación a lesiones malignas. Caso clínico. Varón de 39 años que acude a Urgencias con cuadro de obstrucción intestinal secundario a una invaginación en sigmoide. Se intenta reducción endoscópica, sin éxito, por lo que se indicó cirugía urgente, realizando sigmoidectomía y anastomosis colorrectal. El resultado anatomopatológico informó un adenoma de gran tamaño como causante de la invaginación. Conclusión. Existen controversias respecto al manejo endoscópico en invaginación intestinal en los adultos, especialmente en el colon, debido al elevado porcentaje de etiología tumoral maligna, recomendándose actualmente la resección en bloque sin reducción, para minimizar el riesgo de potencial siembra tumoral.


Introduction. Intestinal invagination or intussusception is the sliding of one part of the intestine into the adjacent one. It is the most common cause of intestinal obstruction in children between 3 months and 6 years of age, with a low incidence in adults, corresponding to 1% of all obstructive conditions in adults. Its location in the colon is rare, but special attention should be paid due to its association with malignant lesions. Case report. A 39-year-old male admitted to the emergency department with symptoms of intestinal obstruction secondary to a sigmoid intussusception. Endoscopic reduction was attempted, without success, so urgent surgery was indicated, performing sigmoidectomy and colorectal anastomosis. The pathology result reported a large adenoma as the cause of invagination. Conclusion. There are controversies regarding the endoscopic management of intussusception in adults, especially in the colon, due to the high percentage of malignant tumor etiology, currently recommending en bloc resection without reduction, to minimize the risk of potential tumor seeding.


Subject(s)
Humans , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Intestinal Obstruction , Intussusception , Colectomy , Colonic Neoplasms
4.
Prensa méd. argent ; 108(6): 293-295, 20220000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1397092

ABSTRACT

Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 86 años con una hernia espigeliana complicada por la oclusión intestinal, cuyo diagnóstico se basó en semiología y tomografía computarizada. En la anamnesis, informó dolor en la fosa ilíaca derecha asociada con los vómitos. El examen físico mostró una masa dura, sensible y móvil ubicada en la fosa ilíaca derecha. La tomografía computarizada abdominal mostró un saco hernial de 13 mm con un cuello en la fosa ilíaca derecha, frente a la aponeurosis del músculo oblicuo externo. Eso contenía grasa y un bucle de intestino delgado. El diagnóstico de hernia espigeliana atascada. La cirugía se realizó con un manejo postoperatorio simple.


We present the case of an 86-year-old woman with a Spigelian hernia complicated by intestinal occlusion, whose diagnosis was based on semiology and computed tomography. In the anamnesis, he reported pain in the right iliac fossa associated with vomiting. Physical examination showed a hard, sensitive, and mobile mass located in the right iliac fossa. abdominal computed tomography showed a 13-mm hernial sac with a neck in the right iliac fossa, in front of the aponeurosis of the external oblique muscle. That contained fat and a loop of small intestine. The diagnosis of stuck Spigelian hernia. The surgery was performed with simple postoperative management


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Hernia, Abdominal/surgery , Hernia, Abdominal/diagnosis , Hernia, Abdominal/pathology , Intestinal Obstruction/pathology
5.
Prensa méd. argent ; 108(5): 247-250, 20220000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1392595

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la obstrucción del intestino delgado (SBO) es una presentación común en cualquier unidad de cirugía general. Sin embargo, su diagnóstico y manejo preoperatorio a menudo pueden ser difíciles debido a sus múltiples causas. La obstrucción intestinal pequeña secundaria a la impactación de bezoar es considerablemente infrecuente, con una frecuencia reportada de aproximadamente 0.4% a 4%. La incidencia de bezoar como causa de obstrucción intestinal es baja. El método complementario con la mayor sensibilidad y especificidad continúa siendo CT del abdomen y la pelvis con contraste oral e intravenoso. El tratamiento debe ser quirúrgico. Modificar la dieta junto con el manejo de los trastornos es la mejor forma de prevención.


Introduction: Small Bowel Obstruction (SBO) is a common presentation in any general surgery unit. However, its diagnosis and preoperative management can often be difficult due to its multiple causes. Small bowel obstruction secondary to bezoar impaction is considerably uncommon, with a reported frequency of about 0.4% to 4%. The incidence of bezoar as a cause of intestinal obstruction is low. The complementary method with the highest sensitivity and specificity continues to be CT of the abdomen and pelvis with oral and intravenous contrast. Treatment must be surgical. Modifying the diet along with managing the disorders is the best form of prevention


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Bezoars/surgery , Preoperative Care/methods , Diet , Abdomen, Acute/diagnosis , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery
6.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(3): 455-468, junio 14, 2022. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378744

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Debido a la rareza de la hernia obturatriz y la imposibilidad para desarrollar estudios controlados de alto grado de evidencia, la mayoría de la literatura al respecto proviene de reportes de casos. Lo anterior, aunado al poco conocimiento del área anatómica de presentación y el cuadro clínico, la convierte en la hernia con mayor mortalidad. Métodos. Se realizó una búsqueda de la literatura en las principales bases de datos, ilustrado con pacientes manejados en el Servicio de Cirugía general de la Clínica Santa María de Sincelejo, Colombia. Discusión. La hernia obturatriz se puede descubrir en mujeres ancianas con antecedentes de cirugía abdominal o multiparidad. El signo de Howship­Romberg, que se presenta en la mitad de los pacientes, puede acompañarse de dolor abdominal en hipogastrio, vómitos y distensión progresiva. La radiografía de abdomen simple muestra tardíamente niveles hidroaéreos con ausencia de gas en ampolla rectal, pero como es poco específica para demostrar el sitio de obstrucción, es preferible la Tomografía computarizada. Conclusión. La hernia obturatriz requiere alto índice de sospecha, que ayude a la detección temprana e intervención quirúrgica inmediata, para evitar las complicaciones.


Introduction. Due to the rarity of the obturator hernia and the impossibility to develop controlled studies with a high degree of evidence, most of the reference in the literature comes from case reports. This, coupled with little knowledge of the anatomical area of presentation and clinical picture, makes it the hernia with the highest mortality. Methods. A literature search was carried out in the main databases, illustrated with patients managed in the General Surgery Service of the Clínica Santa María de Sincelejo. Discussion. Obturator hernia can be discovered in elderly women with a history of abdominal surgery or multiparity. The Howship ­ Romberg sign occurs in half of the patients, it can be associated with lower abdominal pain, vomiting, and progressive distension. Plain abdominal X-ray shows delayed air-fluid levels with absence of gas in the rectal ampulla, but since it is not very specific to demonstrate the site of obstruction, computed axial tomography is preferable. Conclusion. Obturator hernia requires a high index of suspicion, which helps early detection and immediate surgical intervention, to avoid complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hernia, Obturator , Intestinal Obstruction , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Abdominal Pain , Pelvic Pain , Diagnosis
7.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(3): 518-524, junio 14, 2022. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378849

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La esclerosis sistémica es una enfermedad del colágeno de etiología autoinmune, con manifestaciones gastrointestinales hasta en un 90 % de los pacientes. Aunque es infrecuente, se han descrito algunos casos de vólvulos colónicos, pero es extremadamente rara la presentación de vólvulo cecal y del colon sigmoide en un mismo paciente. Caso clínico.Paciente femenina de 65 años, con antecedente de esclerosis sistémica, quien consultó a urgencias por dolor y distensión abdominal, asociados a emesis, con ausencia de flatos y deposiciones. Por imágenes sugestivas de obstrucción intestinal con zona de transición en el colon sigmoide se indicó laparotomía exploratoria, con hallazgo de vólvulo del sigmoide. Posteriormente reingresó por sintomatología similar, con imágenes sugestivas de vólvulo cecal. Se realizó hemicolectomía derecha con ileostomía y posterior cierre de ileostomía en misma hospitalización. Discusión. El vólvulo del colon sigmoide y ciego en un mismo paciente es una condición muy infrecuente. Existen pocos casos reportados en la literatura. Conclusión. La resección del segmento colónico afectado es el estándar de manejo quirúrgico.


Introduction. Systemic sclerosis is a collagen disease of autoimmune etiology, with gastrointestinal manifestations in up to 90% of patients. Although infrequent, some cases of colonic volvulus have been described, but the presentation of cecal and sigmoid colon volvulus in the same patient is extremely rarely. Clinical case. A 65-year-old female patient, with a history of systemic sclerosis, who consulted the emergency room due to abdominal pain and distension, associated with emesis and absence of flatus and stools. Due to images suggestive of intestinal obstruction with a transition zone in the sigmoid colon, an exploratory laparotomy was indicated, with the finding of a sigmoid volvulus. She was later readmitted for similar symptoms, with images suggestive of cecal volvulus. Right hemicolectomy was performed with ileostomy and subsequent closure of the ileostomy in the same hospitalization. Discussion. Volvulus of the sigmoid and cecum in the same patient is a very rare condition. There are few cases reported in the literature. Conclusion. Resection of the affected colonic segment is the standard of care management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Scleroderma, Systemic , Intestinal Volvulus , Colon, Sigmoid , Cecum , Colectomy , Intestinal Obstruction
8.
Prensa méd. argent ; 108(3): 151-156, 20220000. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1373112

ABSTRACT

El íleo biliar se define como una obstrucción intestinal mecánica secundaria a la presencia de un cálculo biliar. Menos del 1% de los casos de obstrucción intestinal se derivan de esta etiología. La causa más frecuente es la impactación del cálculo en el íleon, tras su paso por una fístula bilioentérica. Es una complicación rara y potencialmente grave de la colelitiasis. Esta patología se presenta más en adultos mayores, la edad promedio en la que se presenta es entre los 60 y 84 años, afectando principalmente al sexo femenino, atribuido a la mayor frecuencia de patología biliar en dicho sexo. Presenta una alta morbimortalidad, principalmente por la dificultad y la demora diagnóstica.


Gallstone ileus is defined as a mechanical intestinal obstruction secondary to the presence of a gallstone. Less than 1% of cases of intestinal obstruction are derived from this etiology. Te most frequent cause is the impaction of the stone in the ileum, after passing through a bilioenteric fistula. It is a rare and potentially serious complication of cholelithiasis. Tis pathology occurs more in the elderly, the average age at which it occurs is between 60 and 84 years, mainly affecting the female sex, attributed to the higher frequency of biliary pathology in said sex. It presents a high morbidity and mortality, mainly due to the difficulty and the diagnostic delay


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Biliary Tract/pathology , Cholelithiasis/surgery , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Diagnosis, Differential , Ileum/pathology , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Laparotomy
9.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 37(1): 103-106, Jan.-Mar. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376913

ABSTRACT

Abstract In the spectrum of patients with intestinal obstruction, volvulus is one of the least frequent etiologies (5-15 %). Synchronous volvulus of two colonic segments in a patient is regarded as rare, with few cases reported in the literature. The present report of synchronous cecal and sigmoid volvulus documents one of them: a patient who underwent subtotal colectomy and formation of ileostomy. Although the preoperative diagnosis of this entity is rare, it should be considered in these intraoperative findings for both intraoperative management, with resection and anastomosis or resection and stoma, and postoperative management. It has a significant impact on mortality if patients are treated with broad-spectrum antibiotic coverage, given the bacterial translocation and sepsis that they experience.


Resumen En el espectro de los pacientes con obstrucción intestinal, el vólvulo es una de las etiologías menos frecuentes, siendo esta del 5 % al 15 %. La presentación sincrónica de dos segmentos colónicos volvulados en el mismo paciente se considera una entidad rara, con pocos casos reportados en la literatura. El presente caso de vólvulo sincrónico del ciego y del sigmoide documenta uno de ellos, en un paciente que se llevó a colectomía subtotal con ileostomía. Aunque el diagnóstico preoperatorio de esta entidad es poco frecuente, se debe tener en cuenta a la hora de encontrarse estos hallazgos intraquirúrgicos para el manejo tanto intraoperatorio, con resección y anastomosis o resección y estoma, como posoperatorios, lo que tiene un impacto importante en la mortalidad, si se manejan los pacientes con cubrimiento antibiótico de amplio espectro, dada la translocación bacteriana y septicemias con los que cursan estos pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Colon, Sigmoid , Ileostomy , Cecum , Colectomy , Intestinal Volvulus , Mortality , Intestinal Obstruction
10.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369019

ABSTRACT

RESUMO: Obstrução intestinal é a manifestação clínica mais frequente de tumores de cólon sendo esses, em sua maioria, localizados no cólon descendente e reto-sigmoide. A cirurgia de emergência para obstrução intestinal é associada a altos riscos de mortalidade e de morbidade e a abordagem ideal permanece controversa. Procedimentos em vários estágios e o uso de stents como ponte para cirurgia são opções promissoras. É apresentado um caso de paciente de 61 anos, com abdome agudo obstrutivo secundário à neoplasia colorretal, com ênfase em seu diagnóstico e tratamento. (AU)


ABSTRACT: Intestinal obstruction is the most frequent clinical manifestation of colon tumors, most of which are located in the descending and recto-sigmoid colon. Emergency bowel obstruction surgery is associated with high mortality and morbidity risks and the ideal approach remains controversial. Multi-stage procedures and the use of stents as bridges for surgery are promising options. A case of a 61-year-old patient with an acute obstructive abdomen secondary to colorectal neoplasm is presented, with emphasis on its diagnosis and treatment. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Colorectal Neoplasms , Colectomy , Abdomen, Acute , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Megacolon/diagnosis
11.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(1): 67-72, Jan. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360704

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the ability of the biomarkers to predict the surgery treatment and mortality in patients above 18 years of age who were hospitalized with the diagnosis of bowel obstruction from the emergency department. METHODS: This is a 2-year retrospective study. The patients' demographic data, laboratory parameters on admission to emergency department, treatment modalities, and the length of hospital stay were recorded. Patients were divided into two groups: conservative and surgical treatment. Statistical analysis was performed to investigate the value of biomarkers in predicting mortality and the need for surgery. Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS version 22. RESULTS: A total of 179 patients were included in this study. Of these, 105 (58.7%) patients were treated conservative and 74 (41.3%) were treated operatively. The elevated procalcitonin (PCT) level, C-reactive protein, blood urea nitrogen-to-albumin ratio, and lactate-to-albumin ratio were significantly correlated with surgical treatment, length of hospital stay, and mortality. procalcitonin threshold value of 0.13 ng/mL was able to predict the need for surgical treatment, with a sensitivity of 79% and a specificity of 70.3%. Procalcitonin threshold value of 0.65 ng/mL was able to predict the mortality rate of the patients, with a sensitivity of 92.9% and a specificity of 78.1%. CONCLUSIONS: Biomarkers, especially procalcitonin, may be useful in bowel obstruction treatment management and may predict mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Procalcitonin , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnosis , Prognosis , Biomarkers , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936085

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the safety and efficacy of pelvic peritoneal reconstruction and its effect on anal function in laparoscopy-assisted anterior resection of low and middle rectal cancer. Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted. Consecutive patients with low and middle rectal cancer who underwent laparoscopy-assisted transabdominal anterior resection at Naval Military Medical University Changhai Hospital from February 2020 to February 2021 were enrolled. Inclusion criteria: (1) the distance from tumor to the anal verge ≤10 cm; (2) laparoscopy-assisted transabdominal anterior resection of rectal cancer; (3) complete clinical data; (4) rectal adenocarcinoma diagnosed by postoperative pathology. Exclusion criteria: (1) emergency surgery; (2) patients with a history of anal dysfunction or anal surgery; (3) preoperative diagnosis of distant (liver, lung) metastasis; (4) intestinal obstruction; (5) conversion to open surgery for various reasons. The pelvic floor was reconstructed using SXMD1B405 (Stratafix helical PGA-PCL, Ethicon). The first needle was sutured from the left anterior wall of the neorectum to the right. Insertion of the needle was continued to suture the root of the sigmoid mesentery while the Hemo-lok was used to fix the suture. The second needle was started from the beginning of the first needle, after 3-4 needles, a drainage tube was inserted through the left lower abdominal trocar to the presacral space. Then, the left peritoneal incision of the descending colon was sutured, after which Hemo-lok fixation was performed. The operative time, perioperative complications, postoperative Wexner anal function score and low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) score were compared between the study group and the control group. Three to six months after the operation, pelvic MRI was performed to observe and compare the pelvic floor anatomical structure of the two groups. Results: A total of 230 patients were enrolled, including 58 who underwent pelvic floor peritoneum reconstruction as the study group and 172 who did not undergo pelvic floor peritoneum reconstruction as the control group. There were no significant differences in general data between the two groups (all P>0.05). The operation time of the study group was longer than that of control group [(177.5±33.0) minutes vs. (148.7±45.5) minutes, P<0.001]. There was no significant difference in the incidence of perioperative complications (including anastomotic leakage, anastomotic bleeding, postoperative pneumonia, urinary tract infection, deep vein thrombosis, and intestinal obstruction) between the two groups (all P>0.05). Eight cases had anastomotic leakage, of whom 2 cases (3.4%) in the study group were discharged after conservative treatment, 5 cases (2.9%) of other 6 cases (3.5%) in the control group were discharged after the secondary surgical treatment. The Wexner score and LARS score were 3.1±2.8 and 23.0 (16.0-28.0) in the study group, which were lower than those in the control group [4.7±3.4 and 27.0 (18.0-32.0)], and the differences were statistically significant (t=-3.018, P=0.003 and Z=-2.257, P=0.024). Severe LARS was 16.5% (7/45) in study group and 35.5% (50/141) in control group, and the difference was no significant differences (Z=4.373, P=0.373). Pelvic MRI examination 3 to 6 months after surgery showed that the incidence of intestinal accumulation in the pelvic floor was 9.1% (3/33) in study group and 46.4% (64/138) in control group (χ(2)=15.537, P<0.001). Conclusion: Pelvic peritoneal reconstruction using stratafix in laparoscopic anterior resection of middle and low rectal cancer is safe and feasible, which may reduce the probability of the secondary operation in patients with anastomotic leakage and significantly improve postoperative anal function.


Subject(s)
Anastomotic Leak/surgery , Humans , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Laparoscopy , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Prospective Studies , Rectal Diseases/surgery , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Syndrome , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935816

ABSTRACT

Acute carbon monoxide poisoning can cause multiple organ damage due to hypoxia. In severe cases, it can be life-threatening and has a high fatality rate. Intestinal obstruction and thrombosis are rare complications of carbon monoxide poisoning. A case of carbon monoxide poisoning was reported. In addition to the central nervous system lesion, intestinal obstruction and lower limb thrombosis were also found. In the treatment of carbon monoxide poisoning patients, the clinician was able to treat the common complications, attention should be paid to gastrointestinal tract, thrombotic disease and other rare complications, so as to avoid missed diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning/therapy , Humans , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology , Thrombosis/etiology
14.
Mali Médical ; 28(3): 10-14, 30/09/2022. Figures
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1397292

ABSTRACT

ntroduction : L'occlusion intestinale aiguë (OIA) est un syndrome défini par l'arrêt du transit intestinal provoqué par un obstacle ou par une paralysie du péristaltisme intestinal. Il s'agit d'une urgence diagnostique et thérapeutique. Le scanner multibarrette a révolutionné la prise en charge de cette pathologie, car permettant de répondre aux différentes questions du chirurgien.Le but de notre étude était de décrire les aspects scanographiques des OIA, de déterminer les étiologies et de montrer la place de la TDM dans la prise en charge des OIA. Matériel et Méthode : Il s'agissait d'une étude rétrospective descriptive réalisée sur 05ans (Janvier 2010 à décembre 2015) portant sur 81 dossiers de patients colligés dans les services d'imagerie du CHU Aristide Le Dantec et de l'hôpital Principal. Les dossiers retenus sont ceux dont le diagnostic était établi à partir de la clinique, de l'imagerie et/ou non de la chirurgie. Résultats : Les occlusions mécaniques représentaient 94,4% (76 cas) et fonctionnelles 5.6% (05 cas). Elles étaient de type grêle dans 70% des cas et colique dans 30%. Les lésions élémentaires mises en évidence étaient : zone transitionnelle (36 patients), signe du fèces (28 patients), signe du bec (06 patients), signe du tourbillon (11 patients), signes de gravité (36 patients). Soixante-douze patients ont bénéficié d'une chirurgie et 04 patients d'un traitement médical. Le diagnostic préopératoire était confirmé par la chirurgie chez 68 patients. La chirurgie a redressé le diagnostic dans 04 cas. Les signes de gravité étaient confirmés à la chirurgie chez tous nos patients. Conclusion : La TDM occupe une place prépondérante dans le choix thérapeutique des OIA. Elle doit être demandée en première intention devant un syndrome occlusif


Introduction: Acute intestinal obstruction (AIO) is a syndrome defined by the cessation of intestinal transit caused by an obstacle or paralysis of intestinal peristalsis. It is a diagnostic and therapeutic emergency. The multi-bar CT scan has revolutionized the management of this pathology, as it allows the surgeon to answer different questions. The aim of our study was to describe the CT aspects of AIO, to determine the etiologies and to show the place of CT in the management of AIO. Material and Method: This was a retrospective descriptive study conducted over 5 years (January 2010 to December 2015) on 81 patient files collected in the imaging departments of the CHU Aristide Le Dantec and the Hôpital Principal. The files retained were those whose diagnosis was established from the clinic, imaging and/or not from surgery. Results: Mechanical occlusions represented 94.4% (76 cases) and functional occlusions 5.6% (05 cases). They were of the small bowel type in 70% of cases and colonic in 30%. The elementary lesions found were: transitional zone (36 patients), feces sign (28 patients), beak sign (06 patients), whirlpool sign (11 patients), signs of severity (36 patients). Seventytwo patients received surgery and 04 patients received medical treatment. The preoperative diagnosis was confirmed by surgery in 68 patients. Surgery corrected the diagnosis in 04 cases. Signs of severity were confirmed at surgery in all our patients. Conclusion: The CT scan has a major role in the therapeutic choice of AIO. It should be requested in first intention before an occlusive syndrome


Subject(s)
Cathartics , Homeopathic Semiology , Complementary Therapeutic Methods , Abdomen, Acute , Intestinal Obstruction , Patient Freedom of Choice Laws
15.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(1): 83-89, 20211217. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355312

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Las adherencias postoperatorias son la causa más frecuente de obstrucción de intestino delgado. La clínica sugiere el diagnóstico, pero de manera poco precisa la causa y el sitio de la obstrucción. La tomografía computarizada contrastada es el estudio óptimo y permite identificar de manera oportuna a los pacientes que requieren intervención quirúrgica. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la correlación entre la clínica y el sitio de obstrucción detectado en la tomografía computarizada contrastada de abdomen, en pacientes con sospecha diagnóstica de obstrucción de intestino delgado por adherencias. Métodos. Estudio prospectivo, transversal y analítico de pacientes con sospecha clínica de obstrucción de intestino delgado por adherencias y antecedentes quirúrgicos y su correlación con el sitio de obstrucción detectado en la tomografía computarizada de abdomen contrastada, de pacientes atendidos entre marzo de 2016 y febrero de 2019 en un hospital de segundo nivel. Resultados. Se incluyeron 41 pacientes, la media de edad fue de 59 años y el género masculino el más comprometido (68,3 %, n=28); la ausencia de evacuaciones estuvo presente en 97,5 % (p=0,026). La tomografía computarizada contrastada mostró el sitio de obstrucción en 73 % de los pacientes y la localización de la obstrucción más prevalente fue en íleon distal (31,7 %, n=13). Se asoció a leucocitosis (p=0,041) y a dolor más intenso (p=0,049), sin presentar irritación peritoneal. Conclusión. La obstrucción localizada en el íleon distal se caracterizó por presentar más dolor y mayor recuento leucocitario, sin correlación como factor de riesgo para requerir tratamiento quirúrgico.


Introduction. Postoperative adhesions are the most common cause of small bowel obstruction. The clinical presentation suggests the diagnosis, but imprecisely the cause and the site of the obstruction. Contrast computed tomography is the optimal study and allows the timely identification of patients requiring surgical intervention. The objective of this study was to analyze the correlation between the symptoms and the obstruction site detected in the abdominal contrasted computed tomography in patients with suspected diagnosis of small bowel obstruction due to adhesions. Methods. Prospective, cross-sectional and analytical study of patients with clinical suspicion of small bowel obstruction due to adhesions and surgical history, and its correlation with the obstruction site detected in the abdominal contrasted computed tomography, during March 2016 to February 2019 in a secondary level hospital. Results. Forty-one patients were included, the mean age was 59 years and the male gender was the most frequent (68.3%, n=28); the absence of evacuations was present in 97.5% (p=0.026). Contrast computed tomography showed the obstruction site in 73% of the patients. The most prevalent location of the obstruction was in the distal ileum (31.7%, n=13). It was associated with leukocytosis (p=0.041) and more intense pain (p=0.049), without presenting peritoneal irritation. Conclusion. The obstruction located in the distal ileum was characterized by more pain and a higher white blood cell count, without correlation as a risk factor for requiring surgical treatment


Subject(s)
Humans , Intestinal Obstruction , Tissue Adhesions , Diagnosis , Intestine, Small
16.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(4): 501-507, oct.-dic. 2021. graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360975

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los tumores neuroendocrinos del colon son relativamente raros en comparación con el carcinoma colorrectal esporádico; su incidencia es muy baja y la localización más frecuente es en el ciego, colon sigmoideo y recto. Se describe con poca frecuencia la asociación de tumor neuroendocrino con la colitis ulcerativa debido a la inflamación crónica que conduce a la diferenciación de células neuroendocrinas a partir de células multipotenciales en el epitelio displásico, que puede ser responsable del desarrollo de carcinomas neuroendocrinos colorrectales. La presentación del caso se trata de un paciente de 57 años de edad con colitis ulcerativa con cuadro de dolor abdominal, pérdida de peso y diarreas líquidas con moco. En el examen físico presentó una lesión endurecida en el marco colónico derecho con tomografía de lesión neoplásica en el colon ascendente y en su hospitalización presentó un cuadro de oclusión intestinal, por lo que se le realizó una hemicolectomía más ileostomía, cuyo resultado en la biopsia fue un tumor neuroendocrino G3 de células grandes en el colon ascendente. En este artículo se revisan de forma práctica los aspectos relacionados con la fisiopatología, diagnóstico y tratamiento de la asociación de estas dos patologías.


Abstract Neuroendocrine colon tumors are relatively unknown compared with sporadic colorectal cancer; its incidence is low, and it is generally located in the cecum, sigmoid colon, and rectum. The existing relation between neuroendocrine tumors and ulcerative colitis is not frequently described due to the chronic inflammation that leads to neuroendocrine cell differentiation from multipotential cells in the dysplastic epithelium, which can be responsible for colorectal neuroendocrine carcinomas development. The study refers to the case of a patient of 57 years old with ulcerative colitis, abdominal pain, weight loss, and liquid diarrhea with mucus. Physical examination revealed a hardened lesion in the right colonic framework with the tomography of a neoplastic lesion in the ascending colon. When the patient was hospitalized, he developed an intestinal obstruction. A hemicolectomy plus ileostomy procedure was performed resulting in a large cell G3 neuroendocrine tumor in the ascending colon revealed in the biopsy. In this article, the aspects related to the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of the association of these two pathologies are reviewed in a practical way.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Colitis, Ulcerative , Neuroendocrine Tumors , Colon , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine , Pathology , Rectum , Therapeutics , Colorectal Neoplasms , Abdominal Pain , Colitis , Diarrhea , Inflammation , Intestinal Obstruction , Mucus
17.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(4): 519-524, oct.-dic. 2021. graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360978

ABSTRACT

Resumen La enfermedad de Crohn se considera una enfermedad crónica inmunomediada, la cual fisiopatológicamente se caracteriza por ser una enfermedad multifactorial en la que intervienen factores ambientales y genéticos, entre otros. Los pacientes tienen riesgo de desarrollar complicaciones no solamente por la enfermedad sino también por los medicamentos utilizados para tratarla. En la actualidad, esto toma un papel relevante dada la enfermedad por el coronavirus de 2019 (COVID-19), infección que ha demostrado ser más grave en sujetos con comorbilidades, lo que aumenta la morbimortalidad. En este reporte de caso se presenta un hombre joven con antecedente de enfermedad de Crohn con síntomas y signos de obstrucción intestinal y respuesta inflamatoria sistémica, quien cursa por primera vez con un brote grave en el íleon terminal, compatible con perforación asociada a colección local e íleo adinámico secundario, y presenta una coinfección por el coronavirus del síndrome respiratorio agudo grave de tipo 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Se realiza la presentación del caso, discusión y revisión de la literatura del diagnóstico de brote grave de enfermedad de Crohn y coinfección de SARS-CoV-2, enfoque clínico y tratamiento.


Abstract Crohn's disease is considered a chronic immune-mediated disease, which physiopathologically is characterized by being a multifactorial disease in which environmental and genetic factors intervene, among others. Patients have a risk to develop complications not only related to the disease, but also because of the medication used to treat it. This risk plays a relevant role today due to the 2019 coronavirus disease, an infection that has been shown more serious in patients with comorbidities, which increases morbidity and mortality. In this study is analyzed a young man case with underlying Crohn's disease with symptoms and signs of intestinal obstruction and systemic inflammatory response. He was admitted for the first time with a severe flare-up in the terminal ileum, compatible with perforation associated with local collection and secondary adynamic ileus and presents a co-infection with the severe acute respiratory syndrome type 2 coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2). The case presentation, discussion, and review of the literature on the diagnosis of a severe flare-up of Crohn's disease and SARS-CoV-2 coinfection, clinical approach and treatment are carried out.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Crohn Disease , Chronic Disease , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Ileus , Intestinal Obstruction
18.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(1): 122-128, 20211217. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357596

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La hernia de Garengeot se caracteriza por contener el apéndice cecal dentro del saco femoral, y forma parte de una variedad de hernias que reciben el epónimo de acuerdo con su localización anatómica. Entre ellas se encuentra la hernia de Richter, la hernia de Amyand, la hernia de Littré y la hernia de Spiegel. Se presenta una revisión de los abordajes laparoscópicos para estas diversas variantes. Caso clínico. Paciente femenina de 82 años de edad quien consultó al servicio de urgencias por dolor inguinal derecho de ocho días de evolución, asociado a clínica de obstrucción intestinal. Se hizo diagnóstico de hernia inguinal encarcelada y se llevó a cirugía encontrando una hernia de Garengeot. Discusión. Además de los tipos de hernia tradicionalmente conocidos, existen variantes inusuales de hernias de la pared abdominal, que deben ser sospechadas y tenidas en cuenta como diagnóstico diferencial, lo que permitirá realizar su tratamiento de forma oportuna disminuyendo el riesgo de que ocurra una perforación intestinal. Conclusiones. Las variantes de hernia inguinal o de localización inusual, son susceptibles de tratamiento quirúrgico mediante abordajes laparoscópicos con adecuados resultados.


Introduction. Garengeot's hernia is characterized by containing the cecal appendix within the femoral sac, and is part of a variety of hernias that receive their eponymous according to their anatomical location. These include Richter's hernia, Amyand's hernia, Littré's hernia, and Spiegel's hernia. We present a review of the laparoscopic approaches for these variants. Clinical case. An 82-year-old female patient consulted to the emergency department for right groin pain of eight days of evolution, associated with symptoms of intestinal obstruction. With a diagnosis of incarcerated inguinal hernia, she underwent surgery finding a Garengeot ́s hernia. Discussion. In addition to the traditionally known types of hernia, there are unusual variants of hernias of the abdominal wall, which must be suspected and taken into account as a differential diagnosis, which will allow treatment to be carried out in a timely manner, reducing the risk of intestinal perforation. Conclusions. Variants of inguinal hernia or unusual location are susceptible to surgical treatment by laparoscopic approaches with adequate results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hernia , Appendicitis , Laparoscopy , Intestinal Obstruction
19.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(1): 142-145, 20211217. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357601

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El divertículo duodenal intraluminal, también conocido como windsock diverticulum, es una causa rara de dolor abdominal intermitente y plenitud postpandrial, que puede complicarse con obstrucción, sangrado, pancreatitis o colangitis. Suele cursar de forma asintomática y ante la aparición de síntomas el tratamiento de elección es quirúrgico. Caso clínico. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 24 años, sin antecedentes de interés, que es estudiada por dolor abdominal y plenitud postpandrial, que resulta finalmente en una obstrucción intestinal alta. Tras estudio exhaustivo y necesidad de una cirugía previa, es diagnosticada de un divertículo duodenal intraluminal. Conclusión. La paciente se trató mediante cirugía con resolución exitosa del cuadro de obstrucción intestinal.


Introduction: Intraluminal duodenal diverticulum, also known as a windsock diverticulum, is a rare cause of intermittent abdominal pain and postprandial fullness, which can be complicated by obstruction, bleeding, pancreatitis, or cholangitis. It is usually asymptomatic and when symptoms appear, the treatment of choice is surgical. Clinical case: We present the case of a 24-year-old woman with no relevant history who is studied for abdominal pain and postprandial fullness, presented with an upper intestinal obstruction. After an exhaustive study and the need for a previous surgery, she was diagnosed with an intraluminal duodenal diverticulum.Conclusion: The patient was treated by surgery with successful resolution of the intestinal obstruction


Subject(s)
Humans , General Surgery , Duodenal Diseases , Diverticulum , Duodenal Obstruction , Duodenum , Intestinal Obstruction
20.
Dolor ; 31(74): 26-34, sept. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362804

ABSTRACT

El paciente oncológico de cuidados paliativos puede presentar una variedad importante de condiciones clínicas que producen sufrimiento y disminución en la calidad de vida; esto se presenta como un reto para el clínico en la identificación y correcto abordaje de los pacientes. El dolor se ha considerado por años como el síntoma cardinal a tratar en el paciente oncológico, donde se deben considerar sus condicionantes fisiopatológicos, la farmacología de las intervenciones, los posibles efectos secundarios y los condicionantes familiares, sociales y personales del dolor, pero a pesar de su relevancia, no es el único síntoma, estando acompañado de un abanico de patologías, como las afectaciones gastrointestinales, pulmonares, vasculares, hematológicas y neurológicas, que favorecen la pérdida de capacidad del paciente y, en muchas ocasiones, la muerte. Se realizó una revisión actualizada en bases de datos como EMBASE, PUBMED, SCIELO, además de la revisión de guías de asociaciones internacionales con el objetivo de acercar a todos los médicos, sin distinguir su especialidad o área de trabajo, al abordaje y manejo del paciente oncológico en cuidado paliativo, favoreciendo la sensibilización con estas patologías y la importancia en el curso de vida de los pacientes.


The palliative care cancer patient can present a significant variety of clinical conditions that produce suffering and a decrease in the quality of life. This is a challenge for the clinician in the identification and correct approach of patients. Pain has been considered for years as the cardinal symptom to be treated in cancer patients, where its pathophysiological factors, the pharmacology of the interventions, possible side effects and the family, social and personal conditions of pain must be considered, but despite its relevance is not the onset of symptoms and is accompanied by a range of pathologies such as gastrointestinal, pulmonary, vascular, hematological and neurological affectations that favor the loss of capacity of the patient and in many cases death. An updated review was carried out in databases such as EMBASE, PUBMED, SCIELO in addition to the revision of guides from international associations with the aim of bringing all doctors without distinguishing their specialty or area of work to the approach and management of cancer patients in palliative care favoring awareness of these pathologies and their importance in the life course of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Palliative Care/methods , Cancer Pain/drug therapy , Analgesics, Opioid/therapeutic use , Superior Vena Cava Syndrome/diagnosis , Tumor Lysis Syndrome/diagnosis , Emergencies , Venous Thromboembolism/diagnosis , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnosis , Morphine/therapeutic use , Neoplasms/complications
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