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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(3): e142-e146, junio 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1370735

ABSTRACT

La nefronoptisis es una enfermedad renal quística, de herencia autosómica recesiva, causada por mutaciones en genes que codifican proteínas involucradas en la función de cilios primarios, lo que resulta en enfermedad renal y manifestaciones extrarrenales como degeneración retiniana y fibrosis hepática. Según la edad de desarrollo de enfermedad renal crónica terminal, se describen tres formas clínicas de presentación: infantil, juvenil y adolescente. El diagnóstico se realiza por una prueba genética positiva o una biopsia de riñón que demuestre cambios tubulointersticiales crónicos con un engrosamiento de las membranas basales tubulares. No existe hasta la actualidad una terapia curativa, por lo que el trasplante renal oportuno es determinante en cuanto al pronóstico. Se presenta un paciente de 13 meses de edad con poliuria de 3 meses de evolución, insuficiencia renal, anemia y elevación de transaminasas. Con hallazgos histológicos compatibles en la biopsia renal, se arribó al diagnóstico de nefronoptisis infantil, con afectación hepática


Nephronophthisis is an autosomal recessive cystic kidney disease caused by mutations in genes that encode proteins involved in the primary cilia function, resulting in kidney disease and extrarenal manifestations such as retinal degeneration and liver fibrosis. According to the age of development of end-stage chronic kidney disease, three clinical forms of presentation are described: infantile, juvenile and adolescent. Diagnosis is made by a positive genetic test, or a kidney biopsy demonstrating chronic tubulointerstitial changes with thickening of the tubular basement membranes. At the moment there is no healing therapy, so early kidney transplant is a fundamental tool to improve prognosis.We present a 13-month old male patient with polyuria, kidney failure, anemia and elevated aminotransferases over three months. With compatible histological kidney biopsy, the diagnosis of infantile nephronophthisis with liver involvement was reached.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Kidney Diseases, Cystic/diagnosis , Kidney Diseases, Cystic/genetics , Kidney Diseases, Cystic/pathology , Kidney Diseases , Kidney Failure, Chronic/genetics , Proteins , Genetic Testing
2.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 60(2): 156-163, 24-feb-2022. mapas, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367310

ABSTRACT

Introducción: en un contexto donde la prevalencia de diabetes mellitus e hipertensión arterial ha aumentado significativamente en años recientes, las enfermedades renales adquieren importancia por la potencial demanda de atención especializada y de recursos en salud que requieren. Objetivo: analizar la distribución geográfica de la nefropatía diabética (ND) y la insuficiencia renal (IR) con base en las consultas otorgadas en unidades de primer nivel del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS) durante 2019, para identificar las unidades médicas con mayor carga de atención. Material y métodos: estudio ecológico-exploratorio en el que se estimaron indicadores por cada mil derechohabientes en relación a las consultas otorgadas por ND e IR según la ocasión de servicio, la unidad médica familiar (UMF) de primer nivel y la representación. Se utilizó estadística espacial para analizar dichos indicadores. Resultados: el 45% de las consultas otorgadas fue por ND y el 52.4% por IR. La mayor carga por ND se registró en la UMF No. 50 de Cd. Juárez (Chihuahua) y en la No. 49 Gabino Barreda (Veracruz Sur), con 1.7 consultas de primera vez y 148.3 subsecuentes por mil derechohabientes, respectivamente. Mientras que en la UMF No. 40 Manlio Fabio Altamirano y No. 25 Cotaxtla, en Veracruz Norte, la mayor carga fue por IR, con 4.9 consultas de primera vez y 134.2 subsecuentes por mil derechohabientes, respectivamente. Conclusiones: los resultados podrían contribuir al fortalecimiento de las unidades médicas que así lo requieran y en la distribución eficiente de los recursos disponibles para atender la demanda de servicios de salud de ND e IR en el IMSS


Background: In a context where the prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus and Hypertension has increased significantly in recent years, kidney diseases become important for the potential demand for specialized health care and resources required. Objective: To analyze the geographical distribution of Diabetic Nephropathy (DN) and Renal Insufficiency (RI) based on the medical consultations given in first-level units of IMSS during 2019, to identify the medical units with the highest burden of care. Material and methods: Ecological-exploratory study in which indicators were estimated for every thousand persons in relation to medical consultations given by ND and RI according to service time, first-level medical unit (UMF) and representation to analyze the magnitude and geographic distribution at the national level. Results: 45% of medical consultations were by ND and 52.4% by RI. The highest burden per DN was registered in UMF No. 50 Cd. Juarez (Chihuahua) and No. 49 Gabino Barreda (Veracruz Sur), with 1.7 first-time medical consultations and 148.3 subsequent medical consultations per 1,000 persons, respectively. While in UMF No. 40 Manlio Fabio Altamirano and No. 25 Cotaxtla, in Veracruz Norte, the highest burden was for RI, with 4.9 first-time medical consultations and 134.2 subsequent medical consultations per 1000 persons, respectively. Conclusions: The results could contribute to strengthening of medical units where it is necessary and the efficient allocation of resources available to meet the demand for health services of ND and RI in IMSS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Renal Insufficiency , Kidney Diseases , Geographic Information Systems , Spatial Analysis , Geography/statistics & numerical data , Sociodemographic Factors , Mexico
3.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(1): 95-106, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356307

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular impairment, increasing the rates of atherosclerotic and non-atherosclerotic events. Additionally, adverse kidney events are directly linked with T2DM and cardiovascular diseases. In this context, the sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) have demonstrated both cardioprotective and renoprotective effects in patients with or without T2DM. Therefore, the present meta-analysis aims to evaluate cardiovascular outcomes involving SGLT2i as monotherapy or other add-on antidiabetic agents (ADA) in patients with or without T2DM. Objetive: The present meta-analysis aims to evaluate cardiovascular outcomes involving SGLT2i as monotherapy or add-on other ADA in patients with or without T2DM. Methods: The entrance criteria to SGLT2i studies were: describing any data regarding cardiovascular effects; enrolling more than 1,000 participants; being approved by either the FDA or the EU, and having available access to the supplementary data. The trial had to exhibit at least one of the following results: major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), cardiovascular death or hospitalization for heart failure, cardiovascular death, hospitalization for heart failure, renal or cardiovascular adverse events, or non-cardiovascular death. The significance level of 0.05 was adopted in the statistical analysis. Results: Nine trials with a total of 76,285 participants were included in the meta-analysis. SGLT2i reduced MACE (RR 0.75, 95% CI [0.55-1.01]), cardiovascular death or hospitalization for heart failure (RR 0.72, 95% CI [0.55-0.93]), cardiovascular death (RR 0.66, 95% CI [0.48-0.91]), hospitalization for heart failure (RR 0.58, 95% CI [0.46-0.73]), renal or cardiovascular adverse events (RR 0.55, 95% CI [0.39-0.78]), and non-cardiovascular death (RR 0.88, 95% CI [0.60-1.00]). Conclusions: Conjunction overall data suggests that these drugs can minimize the risk of cardiovascular events, thus decreasing mortality in patients, regardless of the presence of T2DM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiotonic Agents , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Cardiovascular Diseases/drug therapy , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Reproducibility of Results , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 , Hospitalization , Kidney Diseases/drug therapy
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929002

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Nephrotic syndrome is a common disease of the urinary system. The aim of this study is to explore the effect of astragalus polysaccharides (APS) on multidrug resistance gene 1 (MDR1) and P-glycoprotein 170 (P-gp170) in adriamycin nephropathy rats and the underlying mechanisms.@*METHODS@#A total of 72 male Wistar rats were divided into a control group, a model group, an APS low-dose group, an APS high-dose group, an APS+micro RNA (miR)-16 antagomir group and an APS+miR-16 antagomir control group, with 12 rats in each group. Urine protein (UP) was detected by urine analyzer, and serum cholesterol (CHOL), albumin (ALB), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and creatinine (SCr) were detected by automatic biochemical analyzer; serum interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-1β, tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) levels were detected by ELISA kit; the morphological changes of kidney tissues were observed by HE staining; the levels of miR-16 and MDR1 mRNA in kidney tissues were detected by real-time RT-PCR; the expression levels of NF-κB p65, p-NF-κB p65, and P-gp170 protein in kidney tissues were detected by Western blotting; and dual luciferase was used to verify the relationship between miR-16 and NF-κB.@*RESULTS@#The renal tissue structure of rats in the control group was normal without inflammatory cell infiltration. The renal glomeruli of rats in the model group were mildly congested, capillary stenosis or occlusion, and inflammatory cell infiltration was obvious. The rats in the low-dose and high-dose APS groups had no obvious glomerular congestion, the proliferation of mesangial cells was significantly reduced, and the inflammatory cells were reduced. Compared with the high-dose APS group and the APS+miR-16 antagomir control group, there were more severe renal tissue structure damages in the APS + miR-16 antagomir group. Compared with the control group, the levels of UP, CHOL, BUN, SCr, IL-6, IL-1β, TNF-α, and MDR1 mRNA, and the protein levels of p-NF-κB p65 and P-gp170 in the model group were significantly increased (all P<0.05); the levels of ALB and miR-16 were significantly decreased (both P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the levels of UP, CHOL, BUN, SCr, IL-6, IL-1β, TNF-α, and MDR1 mRNA, and the protein levels of pNF-κB p65 and P-gp170 in the low-dose and high-dose APS groups were significant decreased (all P<0.05); and the levels of ALB and miR-16 were significantly increased (both P<0.05). Compared with APS+miR-16 antagomir control group, the UP, CHOL, BUN, SCr, IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF-α levels, MDR1 mRNA, and the protein levels of p-NF-κB p65 and P-gp170 were significantly increased (all P<0.05). The levels of ALB and miR-16 were significantly decreased in the APS+miR-16 antagomir group compared with the APS+miR-16 antagomir control group (both P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#APS can regulate the miR-16/NF-κB signaling pathway, thereby affecting the levels of MDR1 and P-gp170, and reducing the inflammation in the kidney tissues in the adriamycin nephropathy rats.


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1/genetics , Animals , Antagomirs , Doxorubicin/toxicity , Genes, MDR , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Kidney Diseases/genetics , Male , MicroRNAs/metabolism , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Polysaccharides/pharmacology , RNA, Messenger , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
5.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 117-124, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927587

ABSTRACT

The ubiquitin-proteasome system plays an important role in protein degradation. The process of ubiquitination requires ubiquitin activating enzyme E1, ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2, and ubiquitin ligase E3 to complete the coordination. Our previous studies have shown that HUWE1 (HECT, UBA and WWE domain containing 1), as an E3 ubiquitin ligase, can degrade epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) to inhibit renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis. However, E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes binding to HUWE1 are still unclear. The aim of the present study was to identify E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes of HUWE1. Real-time PCR was used to identify E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme that may interact with HUWE1. The expression of E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme was detected in kidney of unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) mice and HK-2 cells treated with transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β). The results showed that the expressions of E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme UBE2Q2 were significantly down-regulated at both RNA and protein levels in UUO kidneys. The expression of UBE2Q2 was also down-regulated in HK-2 cells stimulated with TGF-β, which was consistent with the change in the expression of HUWE1. These findings indicated that UBE2Q2 expression was synergistic with HUWE1 in the injured kidney. Co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) experiments showed that HUWE1 interacted with UBE2Q2 in HK-2 cells. The co-localization of UBE2Q2 and HUWE1 was confirmed by cell immunofluorescence staining. After knocking down UBE2Q2 by siRNA, ubiquitin binding to HUWE1 and EGFR was decreased. In sum, our results demonstrated that UBE2Q2, ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme, works with HUWE1 to mediate ubiquitination and degradation of target protein in kidney.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line , Fibrosis , Humans , Kidney Diseases , Mice , Ubiquitin-Conjugating Enzymes/metabolism , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/metabolism , Ubiquitination
6.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 67-72, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927582

ABSTRACT

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are lipid bilayer-enclosed structures containing diverse bioactive cargoes that play a major role in intercellular communication in both physiological and pathological conditions. Currently, the field of EV-based therapy has been rapidly growing, and two main therapeutic uses of EVs can be surmised: (i) exploiting stem cell-derived EVs as therapeutic agents; and (ii) employing EVs as natural therapeutic vectors for drug delivery. This review will discuss the recent advances in EV-based therapy in the treatment of renal disease.


Subject(s)
Cell Communication , Drug Delivery Systems , Extracellular Vesicles , Humans , Kidney Diseases/therapy
7.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 59-66, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927581

ABSTRACT

Vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) is a critical angiogenic factor which is mainly secreted from podocytes and epithelial cells in kidney and plays an important role in renal pathophysiology. In recent years, functions of different isoforms of VEGF-A and the new secretion approach via extracellular vesicles (EVs) have been identified. Thus, further understanding are needed for the role of VEGF-A and its isoforms in renal injury and repair. In this review, we summarized the expression, secretion and regulation of VEGF-A, its biological function, and the role of different isoforms of VEGF-A in the development of different renal diseases. Meanwhile, the research progress of VEGF-A as diagnostic marker and therapeutic target for renal diseases were discussed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Kidney/metabolism , Kidney Diseases , Protein Isoforms/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/physiology
8.
HU rev ; 48: 1-8, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377791

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A análise da ingestão alimentar de pacientes com doença renal crônica (DRC) em tratamento dialítico é eficaz para fornecer informações a fim de auxiliar no diagnóstico nutricional e nortear as condutas dietéticas necessárias. Objetivo: Analisar a adequação do consumo alimentar de acordo com as recomendações publicadas pelo Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative (KDOQI) para macro e micronutrientes, além de avaliar a capacidade antioxidante total da dieta (CATd), de portadores de DRC. Materiais e Métodos: Estudo transversal, com 60 voluntários portadores de DRC em tratamento hemodialítico de um Hospital Universitário de Juiz de Fora ­ MG. A caracterização da amostra foi feita no período de junho de 2019 a fevereiro de 2020, através da aplicação de um Questionário Quantitativo de Frequência Alimentar (QQFA) e de coleta de dados pessoais, clínicos e comorbidades. As análises estatísticas foram conduzidas utilizando-se o software SPSS, versão 20.0. As variáveis numéricas foram apresentadas na forma de média (± desvio-padrão), mediana, mínimo e máximo, enquanto as categóricas em frequência absoluta e relativa. Resultados: Observou-se que 43% e 55% dos pacientes apresentaram um consumo calórico e proteico acima do preconizado pela KDOQI, respectivamente. Para os micronutrientes, foi observado que 77% dos pacientes apresentaram consumo de cálcio abaixo do recomendado e de fósforo 65% maior do que a recomendação atual. Percebeu-se que 67% e 40% dos pacientes apresentaram adequado consumo de sódio e potássio. O perfil lipídico da dieta dos pacientes, demonstrou uma desproporção da razão ômega 6/ômega 3, além de um CATd de 4,05 mmol/dia. Conclusão: Através do presente estudo podemos concluir que o consumo alimentar dos pacientes em hemodiálise avaliados apresenta algumas inadequações em relação às recomendações propostas pela literatura.


Introduction: The analysis of food intake in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing dialysis is effective to provide information to assist in nutritional diagnosis and guide the necessary dietary behaviors. Objective: To analyze the adequacy of food consumption according to the recommendations published by the Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative (KDOQI) for macro and micronutrients, in addition to evaluating the total antioxidant capacity of the diet (CATd) of patients with CKD. Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional study with 60 volunteers with CKD undergoing hemodialysis treatment at a University Hospital in Juiz de Fora ­ MG. The characterization of the sample was carried out from June 2019 to February 2020, through the application of a Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (QQFA) and the collection of personal, clinical and comorbid data. Statistical analyzes were conducted using SPSS software, version 20.0. Numerical variables were presented as mean (± standard deviation), median, minimum and maximum, while categorical variables in absolute and relative frequency. Results: It was observed that 43% and 55% of the patients had a caloric and protein consumption above that recommended by the KDOQI, respectively. For micronutrients, it was observed that 77% of the patients had calcium intake below the recommended level and phosphorus consumption 65% higher than the current recommendation. It was noticed that 67% and 40% of the patients had adequate consumption of sodium and potassium. The lipid profile of the patients' diet showed a disproportion of the omega 6/omega 3 ratio, in addition to a CATd of 4.05 mmol/day. Conclusion: Through the present study we can conclude that the food consumption of the evaluated hemodialysis patients presents some inadequacies in relation to the recommendations proposed by the literature


Subject(s)
Renal Dialysis , Recommended Dietary Allowances , Dialysis , Diet , Eating , Diet, Food, and Nutrition , Food , Kidney Diseases
9.
Oncología (Ecuador) ; 31(3): 176-187, 30-diciembre-2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352463

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La Nefropatía Inducida por Contraste (NIC) es una complicación causada por la ad-ministración intravenosa de medios de contrastes para estudios imagenológicos, lo cual incrementa la morbi-mortalidad y costos hospitalarios. La incidencia oscila el 2% en personas sin factores de riesgo, pudiendo llegar hasta el 25 a 50% cuando se asocian factores predisponentes. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el desarrollo de NIC en pacientes oncológicos y no oncológicos hospitaliza-dos, sus características clínicas, prevalencia, factores asociados y aplicación de una escala de riesgo pre exposición. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio de casos y controles en los Hospitales "Abel Gilbert Pontón" y el Instituto Oncológico Nacional "Dr. Juan Tanca Marengo" - Guayaquil en el período Abril a Septiembre del 2020. La muestra fue no probabilística, de pacientes con y sin diagnóstico oncológico. En ambos grupos se requirió una tomografía contrastada. Se registró edad, sexo, tipo de cáncer, presencia de Diabetes Tipo 2 (DMT2), Hipertensión arterial, creatinina basal y a las 48 horas. Se usó una escala de preexposición para NIC. Se compara las prevalencias con Chi2, y las asociaciones con Odds Ratio. Resultados: Fueron 100 casos y 100 controles. La prevalencia de NIC fue 28% en no oncológicos y 22% en oncológicos (P=0.33), el factor de riesgo asociado fue la Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2 (OR 2.19 [IC95% 1.0007 ­ 4.808; P=0.0498). El valor de creatinina previa no tuvo efecto sobre el desenlace de nefropatía. La distribución de categorías pre exposición no mostró diferencias significativas entre los pacientes que desarrollaron NIC en relación con los que no desarrollaron (P=0.063). Conclusión: El desarrollo de NIC no se ve influenciado por edad, sexo, paciente e HTA, pero si se ve asociado a la presencia de DM2. La estratificación de riesgo pre exposición no fue de utilidad en este caso, su distribución fue similar en pacientes con o sin NIC


Introduction: Contrast Induced Nephropathy (CIN) is a complication caused by intravenous administration of contrast media for imaging studies, which increases morbidity and mortality and hospital costs. The incidence ranges from 2% in people without risk factors, and can reach up to 25 to 50% when predisposing factors are associated. The objective of this study was to evaluate the develop-ment of CIN in hospitalized cancer and non-cancer patients, their clinical characteristics, prevalence, associated factors, and the application of a pre-exposure risk scale. Methodology: A case-control study was carried out at the "Abel Gilbert Pontón" Hospitals and the "Dr. Juan Tanca Marengo "- Guayaquil in the period April to September 2020. The sample was non-probabilistic, of patients with and without oncological diagnosis. Contrast tomography was required in both groups. Age, sex, type of cancer, presence of Type 2 Diabetes (T2DM), arterial hypertension, creatinine at baseline and at 48 hours were recorded. A pre-exposure scale for CIN was used. The prevalences are compared with Chi2, and the associations with Odds Ratio. Results: There were 100 cases and 100 controls. The prevalence of CIN was 28% in non-cancer patients and 22% in oncological patients (P = 0.33). The associated risk factor was Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (OR 2.19 [95% CI 1.0007 - 4.808; P = 0.0498). The previous creatinine value had no effect on the outcome of nephropathy. The distribution of pre-exposure categories did not show significant differences between the patients who developed CIN in relation to those who did not develop (P = 0.063). Conclusion: The development of CIN is not influenced by age, sex, patient and hypertension, but is associated with the presence of DM2. Pre-exposure risk stratification was not useful in this case, its distribution was similar in patients with or without CIN


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Contrast Media , Kidney Diseases , Tomography , Risk Factors , Creatinine
10.
J. bras. nefrol ; 43(4): 586-590, Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350902

ABSTRACT

Abstract Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic multisystem autoimmune inflammatory disease. However, some patients may exhibit a histological pattern of kidney injury, with characteristics indistinguishable from lupus nephritis, but without presenting any extrarenal symptoms or serologies suggestive of SLE. Such involvement has recently been called non-lupus full-house nephropathy. The objective is to report a series of clinical cases referred to the Laboratory of the Federal University of Maranhão that received the diagnosis of "full-house" nephropathy unrelated to lupus, upon immunofluorescence and to discuss its evolution and outcomes. Non-lupus full-house nephropathy represents a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge, because it is a new entity, which still needs further studies and may be the initial manifestation of SLE, isolated manifestation of SLE or a new pathology unrelated to SLE.


Resumo O lúpus eritematoso sistêmico (LES) é uma doença inflamatória crônica autoimune multissistêmica. Alguns pacientes, contudo, podem exibir um padrão histológico de lesão renal, com características indistinguíveis da nefrite lúpica, porém sem apresentar quaisquer sintomas extrarrenais ou sorologias sugestivas de LES. Tal acometimento tem sido recentemente denominado nefropatia "full-house" não relacionada ao lúpus. O objetivo é relatar uma série de casos clínicos encaminhados ao Laboratório da Universidade Federal do Maranhão que receberam o diagnóstico de nefropatia "full-house" não relacionada ao lúpus à imunofluorescência e discutir sua evolução e desfechos. A nefropatia "full-house" não relacionada ao lúpus representa um desafio diagnóstico e terapêutico por ser uma entidade nova, que ainda necessita de maiores estudos e pode ser a manifestação inicial do LES, manifestação isolada do LES ou uma patologia nova não relacionada ao LES.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lupus Nephritis/diagnosis , Kidney Diseases , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/diagnosis , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Kidney
12.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(4): e335-e339, agosto 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1281757

ABSTRACT

La nefropatía por inmunoglobulina M (NIgM) es una glomerulopatía idiopática caracterizada por depósitos mesangiales globales y difusos de IgM. Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de las características clínicas e histopatológicas de los pacientes con NIgM atendidos en nuestro servicio. De 241 biopsias renales, 21 correspondieron a NIgM (8,7 %). Se incluyeron 18 pacientes (14 de sexo femenino, mediana de edad: 3,08 años). Se excluyó a 1 paciente por enfermedad sistémica asociada y a 2 por seguimiento menor a 1 año. Catorce pacientes se manifestaron con síndrome nefrótico (SN) y 4 con proteinuria aislada o asociada a hematuria. En la microscopia óptica, 13 presentaron hiperplasia mesangial, y 5 esclerosis focal y segmentaria. De los pacientes con SN, 7 fueron corticorresistentes, 4 corticodependientes y 3 presentaban recaídas frecuentes. Todos los pacientes con SN y 1 con proteinuria-hematuria recibieron inmunosupresores; los 18 pacientes recibieron, además, antiproteinúricos. Luego de 5,2 años (2-17,5) de seguimiento, 6 pacientes evolucionaron a enfermedad renal crónica


Immunoglobulin M nephropathy (IgMN) is an idiopathic glomerulopathy characterized by diffuse global mesangial deposits of IgM. We retrospectively studied the clinical and histopathological characteristics of the patients with IgMN seen in our service. Of 241 renal biopsies, 21 corresponded to IgMN (8.7 %). One patient was excluded due to associated systemic disease and 2 due to follow-up less than 1 year, 18 were included (14 girls, median age 3.08 years). Fourteen manifested with nephrotic syndrome (NS) and the remaining with proteinuria (isolated or associated with hematuria). On light microscopy, 13 had hyperplasia with mesangial expansion and 5 had focal and segmental sclerosis. Of the patients with NS, 7 were steroid-resistant, 4 steroid-dependent, and 3 frequent relapsers. All patients with NS and 1 with proteinuria-hematuria received immunosuppressants; the 18 patients also received antiproteinuric drugs. After 5.2 years (2-17.5) of follow-up, 6 patients developed chronic kidney disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Immunoglobulin M , Nephrotic Syndrome/pathology , Nephrotic Syndrome/therapy , Kidney Diseases , Nephrotic Syndrome/diagnosis
14.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(6): 1048-1056, Jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278321

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A nefropatia induzida por contraste (NIC) está associada a um risco aumentado de eventos cardiovasculares adversos maiores (ECAM), e a associação entre NIC e mecanismos oxidativos está bem documentada. Objetivo Este estudo visou avaliar a relação entre os níveis séricos da molécula de lesão renal-1 (KIM-1) e a NIC em pacientes idosos com infarto do miocárdio sem supradesnivelamento do segmento ST (IAMSSST). Métodos O presente estudo incluiu um total de 758 pacientes com IAMSSST que foram submetidos a intervenção coronária percutânea (ICP); 15 desenvolveram NIC após a ICP e outros 104 constituíram o grupo controle, pareado por idade > 65 anos. Foram registrados os valores laboratoriais desde a linha de base até o período entre 48 e 72 horas e os achados clínicos. Os pacientes foram acompanhados durante um ano. Foram considerados significativos valores de p < 0,05. Resultados A NIC foi observada em 12,60% dos pacientes. A KIM-1 sérica foi significativamente mais alta no grupo com NIC que no grupo sem NIC (14,02 [9,53 - 19,90] versus 5,41 [3,41 - 9,03], p < 0,001). O escore Mehran foi significativamente mais alto no grupo com NIC do que no grupo sem NIC (14 [5 - 22] versus 5 [2 - 7], p = 0,001). Os ECAM foram significativamente maiores no grupo com NIC do que no grupo sem NIC (7 [46,70%] versus 12 [11,50%], p = 0,001). A análise de regressão logística multivariada mostrou que o nível de KIM-1 basal (OR = 1,652, IC 95%: 1,20 - 2,27, p = 0,002) e o escore Mehran (OR = 1,457, IC 95%: 1,01 - 2,08, p = 0,039) foram preditores independentes da NIC em pacientes idosos com IAMSSST. Conclusão A concentração sérica basal de KIM-1 e o escore de Mehran são preditores independentes de NIC em pacientes idosos com IAMSSST. Além disso, todas as causas de mortalidade, morte cardiovascular, reinfarto do miocárdio, acidente vascular cerebral e MACE foram significativamente maiores no grupo CIN no acompanhamento de um ano. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Abstract Background Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is associated with an increased risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), and the association between CIN and oxidative mechanisms is well documented. Objective This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between serum levels of kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) and CIN in elderly patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Methods This study included a total of 758 patients with NSTEMI, who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI); 15 developed CIN after PCI, and another 104 were the control group, matched for age > 65 years. Baseline to 48-to-72-hour laboratory values and clinical outcomes were recorded. Patients were followed during one year. P values of < 0.05 were considered significant. Results CIN was observed in 12.60% of the patients. Serum KIM-1 was significantly higher in the CIN group than in the non-CIN group (14.02 [9.53 - 19.90] vs. 5.41 [3.41 - 9.03], p < 0.001). The Mehran score was significantly higher in the CIN group than in the non-CIN group (14 [5 - 22] vs. 5 [2 - 7], p = 0.001). MACE were significantly higher in the CIN group than in the non-CIN group (7 [46.70%] vs. 12 [11.50%], p = 0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that baseline KIM-1 level (OR = 1.652, 95% CI: 1.20 - 2.27, p = 0.002) and Mehran score (OR = 1.457, 95% CI: 1.01 - 2.08, p = 0.039) were independent predictors of CIN in elderly patients with NSTEMI. Conclusion Baseline serum KIM-1 concentration and Mehran score are independent predictors of CIN in elderly patients with NSTEMI. Additionally, all-cause mortality, cardiovascular death, myocardial reinfarction, stroke, and MACE were significantly higher in the CIN group at one-year follow-up. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction , Kidney Diseases , Risk Factors , Contrast Media , Kidney
15.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(2): 147-150, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280062

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The indiscriminate use of androgenic steroids may have deleterious effects on human tissue. Objectives: Evaluate the effects of chronic administration of the steroid nandrolone decanoate (DECA) on autonomic cardiovascular modulation, kidney morphometry and the association between these variables in Wistar rats subjected to physical training with swimming. Methods: Thirty-two male Wistar rats aged 20 weeks were distributed among four experimental groups according to the training received: sedentary control (SC), sedentary treated with DECA (SD), trained control (TC) and trained treated with DECA (TD). The hemodynamic parameters, including blood pressure and variations in systolic blood pressure (SBPV) and diastolic blood pressure (DBPV), and kidney morphometry were evaluated. The level of significance adopted was 5%. Results: The SD group had higher baseline SBP and DBP values when compared to the SC, TC and TD groups, which were similar to each other. The rats in the SD group had higher systolic blood pressure (SBPV) and diastolic blood pressure (DBPV) variation values and higher absolute and normalized values in the LF band of the DBPV when compared to the animals in the SC, TC and TD groups. The animals in the SD group had a significantly higher rate of kidney fibrosis compared to the SC, TC and TD groups. There were no significant differences between the sympathetic modulation of SBPV through the LF component and kidney fibrosis. Conclusions: Physical training with swimming was effective in preventing the increase in blood pressure levels and lowering the occurrence of kidney fibrosis in animals treated with anabolic steroids. Level of Evidence IV; Series of cases .


RESUMEN Introducción: El uso indiscriminado de esteroides androgénicos puede tener consecuencias nocivas para el organismo. Objetivo: Evaluar los efectos de la administración crónica del esteroide decanoato de nandrolona (DECA) en ratones Wistar sometidos a entrenamiento físico con natación, sobre la modulación autonómica cardiovascular, morfometría renal y asociación entre esas variables. Métodos: Fueron utilizados 32 ratones Wistar machos con edad de 20 semanas, distribuidos en 4 grupos experimentales de acuerdo con el tratamiento recibido: sedentarios controles (SC), sedentarios que recibieron el DECA (SD), entrenados controles (EC) y entrenados que recibieron el DECA (ED). Se evaluaron parámetros hemodinámicos, como presión arterial y variación de la presión arterial sistólica (VPAS) y diastólica (VPAD) y morfometría renal. El nivel de significancia adoptado fue de 5%. Resultados: El grupo SD presentó valores basales mayores de PAS y PAD cuando comparados a los grupos SC, EC y ED, los cuales fueron semejantes entre sí. Los animales del grupo SD tuvieron valores mayores de la variancia de VPAS y VPAD y valores absolutos mayores y normalizados de la banda LF de la VPAD, en comparación con los animales de los grupos SC, EC y ED. El grupo SD tuvo tasa significativamente mayor de fibrosis renal en comparación con los animales de los grupos SC, EC y ED. No se evidenciaron diferencias considerables entre la modulación simpática de la VPAS a través del componente LF y fibrosis renal. Conclusiones: El entrenamiento físico con natación fue efectivo en prevenir el aumento de niveles presóricos y disminuir la ocurrencia de fibrosis renal en animales tratados con esteroide anabolizante. Nivel de Evidencia IV; Serie de casos .


RESUMO Introdução: O uso indiscriminado de esteroides androgênicos pode ter consequências deletérias no organismo. Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos da administração crônica do esteroide decanoato de nandrolona (DECA) em ratos Wistar submetidos a treinamento físico com natação sobre a modulação autônoma cardiovascular, morfometria renal e associação entre essas variáveis. Métodos: Foram utilizados 32 ratos Wistar machos com idade de 20 semanas, distribuídos em 4 grupos experimentais de acordo com o tratamento recebido: sedentários controles (SC), sedentários que receberam o DECA (SD), treinados controles (TC) e treinados que receberam o DECA (TD). Avaliaram-se parâmetros hemodinâmicos, como pressão arterial e variação da pressão arterial sistólica (VPAS) e diastólica (VPAD) e morfometria renal. O nível de significância adotado foi de 5%. Resultados: O grupo SD apresentou valores basais maiores de PAS e PAD quando comparado aos grupos SC, TC e TD, os quais foram semelhantes entre si. Os animais do grupo SD tiveram valores maiores da variância da VPAS e VPAD e valores absolutos maiores e normalizados da banda LF da VPAD, em comparação com os animais dos grupos SC, TC e TD. O grupo SD teve taxa significativamente maior de fibrose renal em comparação com os animais dos grupos SC, TC e TD. Não se evidenciaram diferenças consideráveis entre a modulação simpática da VPAS através do componente LF e fibrose renal. Conclusões: O treinamento físico com natação foi efetivo em prevenir o aumento de níveis pressóricos e diminuir a ocorrência de fibrose renal em animais tratados com esteroide anabolizante. Nível de Evidência IV; Série de casos .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Autonomic Nervous System/drug effects , Swimming , Cardiovascular System/drug effects , Nandrolone Decanoate/adverse effects , Anabolic Agents/adverse effects , Kidney Diseases/chemically induced , Physical Conditioning, Animal , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Arterial Pressure/drug effects , Kidney Diseases/prevention & control
16.
J. bras. nefrol ; 43(2): 254-262, Apr.-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286931

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Covid-19 has been identified as the cause of acute respiratory disease with interstitial and alveolar pneumonia, but it can affect several organs, such as kidneys, heart, blood, nervous system and digestive tract. The disease-causing agent (Sars-CoV-2) has a binding structure to the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor, enabling entry into cells that express ACE2, such as the pulmonary alveolar epithelial cells. However, studies also indicate the possibility of damage to renal cells, since these cells express high levels of ACE2. Currently, there is no evidence to indicate a specific treatment for covid-19. Several drugs have been used, and some of them may have their excretion process altered in patients with abnormal kidney function. To date, there are no studies that assist health professionals in adjusting the dose of these drugs. Thus, this study aims to review and discuss the topic, taking into account factors associated with kidney injury in covid-19, as well as pharmacokinetic aspects and dose recommendations of the main drugs used for covid-19.


RESUMO A covid-19 foi identificada como a causa de doença respiratória aguda com pneumonia intersticial e alveolar, mas que pode afetar vários órgãos, como rim, coração, sangue, sistema nervoso e trato digestivo. O agente causador da doença (Sars-CoV-2) tem uma estrutura de ligação ao receptor da enzima de conversão da angiotensina 2 (ACE2), permitindo a entrada em células que expressam ACE2, como as células epiteliais alveolares pulmonares. Porém, estudos também indicam a possibilidade de lesão das células renais, uma vez que essas células expressam altos níveis de ACE2. Atualmente, não existem evidências para a indicação de um tratamento específico para a covid-19. Vários medicamentos vêm sendo utilizados, e alguns podem ter o processo de eliminação alterados em pacientes com comprometimento renal. Até o momento, não há estudos que auxiliem os profissionais de saúde no ajuste de dose desses medicamentos. Assim, este estudo tem como objetivo revisar e discutir o tema, levando em consideração os fatores relacionados à lesão renal na covid-19, bem como aspectos farmacocinéticos e recomendações de doses dos principais medicamentos utilizados para covid-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/drug therapy , Kidney/physiopathology , Kidney Diseases/virology , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2
17.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(2): e300, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1251499

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Although the use of matching techniques in observational studies has been increasing, it is not always adequate. Clinical trials are not always feasible in critically ill patients with renal outcomes, and observational studies are an important alternative. Objective Through a scoping review, determine the available evidence on the use of matching methods in studies involving critically ill patients and renal outcome assessments. Methods Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases were used to identify articles published between 1992 and week 10 of 2020. Studies had to assess different exposures in critically ill patients with renal outcomes using propensity score matching. Results Most publications are cohort studies 94 (94.9%), with five (5.1%) reporting cross-sectional studies. The main pharmacological intervention was the use of antibiotics in seven studies (7.1%) and the main risk factor studied was renal injury prior to ICU admission in 10 studies (10.1%). The use of standardized means to assess balance of baseline characteristics was found in only 28 studies (28.2%). Most studies 95 (96%) used logistic regression to calculate the propensity score. Conclusion Major inconsistencies were observed regarding the use of methods and reporting of findings. Considerations related to the use of propensity score matching methods and reporting of findings are summarized.


Resumen Introducción El uso de técnicas de emparejamiento en estudios observacionales ha ido en aumento y no siempre se usa adecuadamente. Los experimentos clínicos no siempre son factibles en los pacientes críticos con desenlaces renales, por lo que los estudios observacionales son una alternativa importante. Objetivo Mediante una revisión de alcance, determinar la evidencia disponible sobre la utilización de los métodos de emparejamiento en los estudios que incluyen pacientes críticamente enfermos y que evalúan desenlaces renales. Métodos Se utilizaron las bases de datos de Medline, Embase, y Cochrane para identificar artículos publicados entre 1992 y 2020 hasta la semana 10, que estudiaran diferentes exposiciones en el paciente crítico con desenlaces renales y utilizaran métodos de emparejamiento por propensión. Resultados La mayoría de las publicaciones (94) son estudios de Cohorte (94,9 %), cinco estudios (5,1 %) correspondieron a cross-secctional. La principal intervención farmacológica fue el uso de antibióticos en siete estudios (7,1 %) y el principal factor de riesgo estudiado fue la lesión renal previa al ingreso a UCI en diez estudios (10,1 %). El balance entre las características de base evaluado mediante medias estandarizadas se encontró solo en 28 estudios (28,2 %). La mayoría de los estudios 95 (96 %) utilizaron regresión logística para calcular el índice de propensión. Conclusiones Se observaron grandes inconsistencias en la utilización de los métodos y en el informe de los hallazgos. Se hace un resumen de los aspectos por considerar en la utilización de los métodos y reporte de los hallazgos con el emparejamiento por índice de propensión.


Subject(s)
Humans , Critical Illness , Renal Replacement Therapy , Critical Care , Libraries, Digital , Propensity Score , Acute Kidney Injury , Kidney Diseases
18.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(5): e480-e486, oct. 2021. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1292126

ABSTRACT

El bajo peso al nacer (BP, < 2500 g), la restricción del crecimiento intrauterino (RCIU) y el parto prematuro (PP, < 37 semanas de gestación) son los factores clínicos más habituales para la programación alterada del número de nefronas y se asocian con un mayor riesgo de hipertensión, proteinuria y enfermedad renal futura en la vida. En la actualidad la evaluación indirecta del número total de nefronas mediante el uso de marcadores en el período posnatal representa el enfoque principal para evaluar el riesgo de evolución futura de los trastornos renales en los recién nacidos con BP, RCIU o PP.Se presentan los avances en la investigación en animales y sobre marcadores bioquímicos en humanos, y recomendaciones para la prevención del daño renal preconcepcional, incluidos los factores sociales y las enfermedades crónicas. La evidencia demuestra que la restricción de crecimiento y la prematuridad solas son capaces de modular la nefrogénesis y la función renal y, cuando son concurrentes, sus efectos tienden a ser acumulativos.


A low birth weight (LBW, < 2500 g), intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), and preterm birth (PB, < 37 weeks of gestational age) are the most common clinical factors for an altered programming of nephron number and are associated with a greater risk for hypertension, proteinuria, and kidney disease later in life. At present, an indirect assessment of total nephron number based on postnatal markers is the most important approach to evaluate the risk for future kidney disorders in newborn infants with a LBW, IUGR or PB.Here we describe advances made in animal experiments and biochemical markers in humans, and the recommendations for the prevention of preconception kidney injury, including social factors and chronic diseases. According to the evidence, IUGR and prematurity alone can modulate nephrogenesis and kidney function, and, if occurring simultaneously, their effects tend to be cumulative.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Premature Birth , Kidney Diseases/etiology , Kidney Diseases/epidemiology , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Gestational Age , Kidney , Nephrons
19.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 54(1): 61-66, 20210000.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178623

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Identificar factores de riesgo para pérdida de la sensibilidad protectora es fundamental para prevenir el Pie Diabético. Objetivos: Analizar los factores de riesgo asociados a la pérdida de la sensibilidad protectora en pacientes con diabetes mellitus y sus complicaciones. Materiales y métodos: diseño observacional, de casos y controles. Se incluyó pacientes de ambos sexos, con diabetes mellitus; ≥ 18 años, a quienes se realizó el Test de monofilamento en la Unidad Multidisciplinaria Hospital de Clínicas, de enero 2014 a julio 2019. Factores de riesgo considerados: edad, años de diabetes mellitus, Hba1c, HTA, dislipidemia; se tuvo en cuenta las complicaciones: retinopatía, enfermedad arterial periférica = ITB <0,9 derecho e izquierdo, enfermedad renal= ClCr <60 ml/min/m2 (MDRD), amputaciones (mayores y menores). Resultados: De 100 pacientes; 33% con pérdida de la sensibilidad protectora; edad 59±9,7 años; 55% masculino. Factores de riesgo: edad: 57,7±1,0 años sin pérdida de la sensibilidad protectora y 61,2±9 años con pérdida de la sensibilidad protectora, p=0.08; años de diabetes mellitus 9,4±8,4 vs 11,5± 8,7 p=0,20; HbA1C 8,8± 2,7% vs 9,1±2% p=0,50; HTA 63,5% vs 75,6% p=0,20; dislipidemias 75,9% vs 57,69%, p=0,09; complicaciones con pérdida de la sensibilidad protectora: retinopatía 88% vs 57,5% OR=1,67, p=0,02. ClCr 84±40,3 ml/min vs 90,9±30,4, p=0,40. Enfermedad arterial periférica derecha 27,78% vs 11,1% OR=0,1, p=0,10; enfermedad arterial periférica izquierda 20% vs 7 15,5% OR=1 p=0,60; amputación 17,5% vs 7,9% OR=2,01, p=0,06. Conclusión: con pérdida de la sensibilidad protectora: la edad, años de diabetes mellitus fueron mayores. HTA fue más frecuente y Hba1c más elevada; nefropatía, enfermedad arterial periférica y amputación con mayor frecuencia, todas no significativas. La retinopatía fue más frecuente en forma significativa.


Introduction: Identifying risk factors for loss of protective sensitivity is essential to prevent Diabetic Foot. Objectives: To analyze the risk factors associated with the loss of protective sensitivity in patients with diabetes mellitus and its complications. Materials and methods: observational, case-control design. Patients of both sexes were included, with diabetes mellitus; ≥ 18 years, who underwent the Monofilament Test in the Multidisciplinary Unit Hospital de Clínicas, from January 2014 to July 2019. Risk factors considered: age, years of diabetes mellitus, Hba1c, HT, dyslipidemia; Complications were taken into account: retinopathy, peripheral arterial disease = ABI <0.9 right and left, kidney disease = CrCl <60 ml / min / m2 (MDRD), amputations (major and minor). Results: Of 100 patients; 33% with loss of protective sensitivity; age 59 ± 9.7 years; 55% male. Risk factors: age: 57.7 ± 1.0 years without loss of protective sensitivity and 61.2 ± 9 years with loss of protective sensitivity, p = 0.08; years of diabetes mellitus 9.4 ± 8.4 vs 11.5 ± 8.7 p = 0.20; HbA1C 8.8 ± 2.7% vs 9.1 ± 2% p = 0.50; HTN 63.5% vs 75.6% p = 0.20; dyslipidemias 75.9% vs 57.69%, p = 0.09; complications with loss of protective sensitivity: retinopathy 88% vs 57.5% OR = 1.67, p = 0.02. CrCl 84 ± 40.3 ml / min vs 90.9 ± 30.4, p = 0.40. Right peripheral arterial disease 27.78% vs 11.1% OR = 0.1, p = 0.10; left peripheral arterial disease 20% vs 7 15.5% OR = 1 p = 0.60; 17.5% amputation vs 7.9% OR = 2.01, p = 0.06. Conclusion: with loss of protective sensitivity: age, years of diabetes mellitus were older. HBP was more frequent and Hba1c higher; nephropathy, peripheral arterial disease and amputation with greater frequency, all not significant. Retinopathy was significantly more frequent.


Subject(s)
Diabetic Foot , Diabetes Mellitus , Dyslipidemias , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Amputation , Risk Factors , Kidney Diseases
20.
Infectio ; 25(1): 45-48, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1154401

ABSTRACT

Resumen La vasculitis leucocitoclastica es una patologìa que compromete los vasos pequeños y cuya causa predominantemente se ha descrito como idiopatica. Se presenta el caso de una mujer de 78 años hipertensa, diabética y con enfermedad renal crónica en estadio 5, que presentó lesiones limitadas a la piel posterior a la administración de oxacilina para manejo de bacteremia por SAMS. La presentación clínica se basó en purpuras palpables predominantemente en miembros inferiores y lesiones dolorosas coalescentes que formaban ampollas de contenido hemorrágico. Estas lesiones resolvieron gradualmente después del cambio de la terapia mencionada anteriormente. La biopsia fue compatible con vasculitis leucocitoclástica, con paraclínicos que descartaron causas infecciosas y autoinmunes.


Abstract Leukocytoclastic vasculitis is a pathology that involves small vessels and whose cause has been predominantly described as idiopathic. The clinical case of a 78-year-old woman with hypertension, diabetic and chronic stage 5 kidney disease, who presented limited skin lesions after administration of oxacillin for management of bacteremia by MSSA. The clinical presentation consisted on palpable purpura predominantly in the lower limbs and painful coalescent lesions that formed blisters of hemorrhagic content. Lesions gradually resolved after the change of the therapy mentioned above. The biopsy was compatible with leukocytocastic vasculitis, with paraclinics who ruled out infectious and autoimmune causes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Vasculitis, Leukocytoclastic, Cutaneous , Oxacillin , Blister , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Kidney Diseases
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