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1.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(1): 1-13, mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151571

ABSTRACT

Las complicaciones cardiovasculares representan la principal causa de morbilidad y mortalidad en pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica, por lo que el objetivo de este artículo es demostrar la influencia de la permanencia de la fístula arteriovenosa sobre variables eco cardiográficamente mensuradas en el corazón izquierdo. Para ello, se definió un estudio multivariable, longitudinal, prospectivo y controlado de grupos independientes después de una intervención que incluyó 39 pacientes a los que se le cerró el angioacceso (grupo de estudio) y 42 que no fueron expuestos a la cirugía (grupo control). Ambos grupos exhibían trasplante renal funcionante. Los principales resultados surgenal comparar el predominio entre el grupo de estudio con el de control, la edad promedio; 45,6 y 44,1 años, el sexo masculino, 24 (60%) y 23 (53,5%) y el color de la piel blanca; 33 (82,5%) y 32 (74,4%). La etiología de la nefropatía originaria más frecuente fue la nefropatía vascular hipertensiva; 12 (30%) vs 14 (32,6%). Entre las manifestaciones clínicas, en el grupo de estudio se evidenció remisión de las palpitaciones y la disnea de esfuerzo. Respecto a la tensión arterial, para la sistólica oscilaba; de 123 ±13,4 a 120,5 ±9,2 vs de 125,6 ±8,4 a 128 ±8,3 mm Hg (p= 0,000), mientras la diastólica variaba de; 76,8 ±7,5 a 76,3 ±6,2 vs 78,6 ±4,9 a 82,4 ±3,9 mm Hg (p= 0,000). El hematocrito comportaba valores equivalentes; 0,43 ±0,06 y 0,45 ±0,06 vs 0,42 ±0,05 y 0,42 ±0,06 l/l (p= 0,035) y la creatinina sérica mostró descenso en los pacientes intervenidos de; 106,8 ± 26,2 hasta 99,8 ±23,9 µ Mol/l vs 114 ±27,8 a 120,3 ±31 µ Mol/l (p= 0,002). Las variables ecocardiográficas mensuradas comparativamente según la localización de los angioaccesos a nivel del codo izquierdo; diámetro del ventrículo izquierdo: 3,12 ±4,08 vs 1,48 ±3,46 mms (p=0,001), fracción de eyección del ventrículo izquierdo: 2,99 ±5,47 vs -1,98 ±6,23 % (p=0,018) y el volumen telediastólico: -23 ±33,41 vs 10,86 ±36,87 ml (p=0,006). El codo contralateral revelaba; para la fracción de eyección del ventrículo izquierdo: 3,32 ±3,42 vs -2,18 ±4,78 % (p=0,037) y para el gasto cardíaco: -1,29 ±0,88 vs -0,26 ±0,86 l/min (0,020). Las conclusiones demuestran que el cierre del angioacceso a pacientes con trasplante renal funcionante respecto a los no intervenidos, contribuye a la regresión de las alteraciones morfológicas y hemodinámicas constatadas por ecocardiografía transtorácica en el corazón izquierdo a nivel de las diferentes localizaciones de los accesos vasculares.


Cardiovascular complications represent the main cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic renal disease, so the objective of this article is to demonstrate the influence of the patency of the arteriovenous fistula on echocardiographic variables measured in the left heart. For this, a multivariate study, longitudinal, prospective and controlled study of independent groups after an intervention that included 39 patients who had their angioaccess closed (study group) and 42 who were not exposed to surgery (control group). Both groups exhibited functional kidney transplantation. The main results emerge when comparing the prevalence between the study group and the control group, the average age; 45.6 and 44.1 years, the male sex, 24 (60%) and 23 (53.5%) and the white skin color; 33 (82.5%) and 32 (74.4%). The most frequent etiology of the original nephropathy was hypertensive vascular nephropathy; 12 (30%) vs 14 (32.6%). Among the clinical manifestations, remission of palpitations and dyspnea on exertion were evidenced in the study group. With regard to blood pressure, for the systolic it ranged from 123 ±13.4 to 120.5 ±9.2 vs. 125.6 ±8.4 to 128 ±8.3 mmHg (p= 0.000), while the diastolic varied from; 76.8 ±7.5 to 76.3 ±6.2 vs. 78.6 ±4.9 to 82.4 ±3.9 mmHg (p= 0.000). The hematocrit had equivalent values; 0.43 ±0.06 and 0.45 ±0.06 vs 0.42 ±0.05 and 0.42 ±0.06 l/l (p= 0.035) and the serum creatinine showed decrease in the operated patients from; 106.8 ±26.2 to 99.8 ±23.9 µMol/l vs 114 ±27.8 to 120.3 ±31 µMol/l (p= 0.002). The echocardiographic variables measured comparatively according to the location of the angioaccesses at the left elbow level; diameter of the left ventricle: 3.12 ±4.08 vs 1.48 ±3.46 mms (p=0.001), ejection fraction of the left ventricle: 2.99 ±5.47 vs -1.98 ±6.23 % (p=0.018) and the telediasolic volume: -23 ±33.41 vs 10.86 ±36.87 ml (p=0.006). The contralateral elbow revealed; for the left ventricular ejection fraction: 3.32 ±3.42 vs -2.18 ±4.78 % (p=0.037) and for cardiac output: -1.29 ±0.88 vs -0.26 ±0.86 l/min (0.020). The conclusions show that the our study has shown that closing the angioaccess to patients with functioning renal transplants with respect to those not operated, contributes to the regression of morphological and hemodynamic alterations observed by transthoracic echocardiography in the left heart at the different locations of the vascular accesses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Arteriovenous Fistula/physiopathology , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Longitudinal Studies , Arteriovenous Fistula/surgery , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Kidney Diseases/complications
2.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(6): e10558, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249309

ABSTRACT

Hypercalcemia is common in patients after kidney transplantation (KTx) and is associated with persistent hyperparathyroidism in the majority of cases. This retrospective, single-center study evaluated the prevalence of hypercalcemia after KTx. KTx recipients were evaluated for 7 years after receiving kidneys from living or deceased donors. A total of 301 patients were evaluated; 67 patients had hypercalcemia at some point during the follow-up period. The median follow-up time for all 67 patients was 62 months (44; 80). Overall, 45 cases of hypercalcemia were classified as related to persistent post-transplant hyperparathyroidism (group A), 16 were classified as "transient post-transplant hypercalcemia" (group B), and 3 had causes secondary to other diseases (1 related to tuberculosis, 1 related to histoplasmosis, and 1 related to lymphoma). The other 3 patients had hypercalcemia of unknown etiology, which is still under investigation. In group A, the onset of hypercalcemia after KTx was not significantly different from that of the other groups, but the median duration of hypercalcemia in group A was 25 months (12.5; 53), longer than in group B, where the median duration of hypercalcemia was only 12 months (10; 15) (P<0.002). The median parathyroid hormone blood levels around 12 months after KTx were 210 pg/mL (141; 352) in group A and 72.5 pg/mL (54; 95) in group B (P<0.0001). Hypercalcemia post-KTx is not infrequent and its prevalence in this center was 22.2%. Persistent hyperparathyroidism was the most frequent cause, but other important etiologies must not be forgotten, especially granulomatous diseases and malignancies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Hypercalcemia/etiology , Hypercalcemia/epidemiology , Hyperparathyroidism , Parathyroid Hormone , Calcium , Retrospective Studies , Kidney
3.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 54: e0269-2020, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155566

ABSTRACT

Abstract Reactivation of chronic Trypanosoma cruzi infection in solid organ transplant recipients (SOTRs) has been reported. The patient presented with a 2-week history of two painful erythematous, infiltrated plaques with central ulceration and necrotic crust on the left thigh. She had a history of chronic indeterminate Chagas disease (CD) and had received a kidney transplant before 2 months. Skin biopsies revealed lobular panniculitis with intracellular amastigote forms of T. cruzi. The patient was diagnosed with CD reactivation. Treatment with benznidazole significantly improved her condition. CD reactivation should be suspected in SOTRs living in endemic areas with clinical polymorphism of skin lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Trypanosoma cruzi , Panniculitis , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Chagas Disease/diagnosis , Thigh
4.
Rev. cuba. med ; 59(3): e1371, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1139057

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las complicaciones cardiovasculares constituyen la primera causa de morbilidad y mortalidad en el receptor de trasplante renal. Objetivo: Caracterizar la repercusión de la fístula arteriovenosa sobre variables hemodinámicas del corazón derecho en trasplante renal. Métodos: Estudio prospectivo, longitudinal. Se incluyeron 52 pacientes, evaluados clínica y ecocardiográficamente. Se compararon cinco variables hemodinámicas en el corazón derecho, previos y seis meses posteriores al cierre de la fístula arteriovenosa. Resultados: La edad promedio 46,02 años, 29 masculinos (55,8 por ciento). El diámetro de la aurícula derecha en las fístulas cerradas en la muñeca izquierda 8805; 6 años disminuyó (p=0,044), al igual que en el ventrículo derecho <6 años a nivel del pliegue del codo izquierdo (p=0,004). La presión sistólica de la arteria pulmonar descendió tras el cierre en el codo izquierdo lt;6 años (p=0,002), en las 8805;6 (p=0,05) y en el derecho (p=0,006). La presión media de la arteria pulmonar se redujo en las cerradas en pliegue del codo izquierdo <6 años (p=0,001) y 8805;6 años (p=0,017) al igual que en el derecho (p=0,009). La fracción de eyección del ventrículo derecho se incrementó al cierre en muñeca izquierda ;6 años (p=0,046) y en el codo derecho 8805;6 años (p=0,027). Conclusiones: La permanencia de la fístula arteriovenosa en el receptor de trasplante renal contribuye a la perpetuación y progresión de la disfunción cardiovascular preexistente(AU)


Introduction: Cardiovascular complications are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in kidney transplant recipients. Objective: To describe the consequence of arteriovenous fistula on hemodynamic variables of the right heart in kidney transplantation. Methods: We conducted a prospective, longitudinal study. Fifty two patients were included, and they were clinically and echocardiographically assessed. Five hemodynamic variables were compared in the right heart, prior to the closure of the arteriovenous fistula and six months after. Results: The average age was 46.02 years, 29 were male (55.8 percent). The diameter decreased in the right atrium in closed fistulas in the left wrist #8805; 6 years (p = 0.044). The same occurred in the right ventricle <6 years at the level of the left elbow crease (p = 0.004). The systolic pressure of the pulmonary artery decreased after closure in the left elbow <6 years (p = 0.002), in ≥6 (p = 0.05) and in the right (p = 0.006). The mean pressure of the pulmonary artery was reduced in those closed in the crease of the left elbow <6 years (p = 0.001) and ≥6 years (p = 0.017) as well as in the right (p = 0.009). The right ventricular ejection fraction increased at closure in the left wrist <6 years (p = 0.046) and in the right elbow ≥6 years (p = 0.027). Conclusions: The permanence of arteriovenous fistula in the kidney transplant recipient contributes to the perpetuation and progression of the pre-existing cardiovascular dysfunction(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Arteriovenous Fistula/complications , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Hemodynamics/physiology , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
5.
Rev. Col. méd. cir ; 159(1): 3-8, abr 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA | ID: biblio-1096974

ABSTRACT

La Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS),declaró el 11 de marzo de 2020, la COVID-19 como una pandemia. Aun cuando se observa el crecimiento epidemiológico de esta pandemia, al momento no contamos con un protocolo de manejo de los pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica y trasplante renal que sean afectados por esta enfermedad. Los miembros del Departamento de Nefrología y Trasplante del Hospital General San Juan de Dios de Guatemala, desarrollaron este documento con la finalidad de establecer guías de manejo de los pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Betacoronavirus , Patient Isolation/methods , Tissue Donors , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Chloroquine/therapeutic use , Renal Dialysis/adverse effects , Interferons/therapeutic use , Pandemics/prevention & control
6.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(2): 153-159, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136178

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVES To prospectively investigate the alterations and normal ranges of ureteral jet dynamics after double-J-stent (DJS) removal in patients who underwent renal transplantation (RTx). METHODS Patients who underwent RTx were prospectively evaluated between November 2017 and June 2018. After RTx, Doppler ultrasonography (D-US) was performed on all patients after DJS removal. Renal artery resistive index (RA-Ri), renal pelvis anterior-posterior diameter (RP-APD), pelvicalyceal system dilation (PCSD), and ureteral jet flow dynamics (maximum and average velocity; JETmax and JETave) were measured by D-US. Also, patients' demographics, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) levels, and acute rejection were investigated in the study. Patients were assessed two different times by D-US, about 6 and 12 weeks after DJS removal, and the two different measurements were compared with the Wilcoxon test and Chi-square test. RESULTS A total of 25 patients were evaluated in the study. Nonobstructive PCSD rate (12% vs 8%), JETave (18.8 vs 12.9 cm/sec), and JETmax (29.2 vs 20 cm/sec) levels were significantly decreased (p values are 0.01, 0.010 and 0.014, respectively). In addition, monophasic and square pattern rates were significantly observed to increase over time (p=0.035); however, ureteral jet patterns were correlated between the two different D-US measurements (R=0.225, p=0.032). CONCLUSION After RTx, dilation rate and ureteral jet flow velocities were significantly decreased, and monophasic and square JETpattern rates were significantly increased over time. Ureteral jet dynamics can provide useful information about the follow-up of peristaltic activity in the pelvic-ureteric system.


RESUMO OBJETIVOS Investigar prospectivamente as alterações e as variações normais da dinâmica do jato ureteral após a remoção do J-stent duplo (DJS) em pacientes submetidos a transplante renal (RTx). MÉTODOS Pacientes submetidos a RTx foram avaliados prospectivamente entre novembro de 2017 e junho de 2018. Após o RTx, o D-US foi realizado em todos os pacientes após a remoção do DJS. Índice de resistência da artéria renal (RA-Ri), diâmetro ântero-posterior da pelve renal (AP-DPR), dilatação do sistema pelvicaliceal (PCSD) e dinâmica do jato ureteral (velocidade máxima e média; JETmax e JETave) foram medidos por D-US. Além disso, a demografia dos pacientes, os níveis estimados de taxa de filtração glomerular (eGFR) e a rejeição aguda foram investigados no estudo. Os pacientes foram avaliados em dois momentos diferentes pelo D-US, cerca de 6 e 12 semanas após a remoção do DJS, e as duas medidas diferentes foram comparadas com o teste de Wilcoxon e o teste do qui-quadrado. RESULTADOS Um total de 25 pacientes foi avaliado no estudo. Taxa de PCSD não obstrutiva (12% vs. 8%), JETave (18,8 vs. 12,9 cm/seg) e JETmax (29,2 vs. 20 cm/seg), os níveis foram significativamente diminuídos (valores de p são 0,01, 0,010 e 0,014, respectivamente). Além disso, as taxas de padrão monofásico e quadrado foram significativamente observadas para aumentar ao longo do tempo (p=0,035); no entanto, padrões de jato ureteral foram correlacionados entre as duas diferentes medidas D-US (R=0,225, p=0,032). CONCLUSÃO Após o RTx, a velocidade de dilatação e as velocidades de fluxo do jato ureteral foram significativamente diminuídas e as taxas de JET padrão monofásico e quadrado foram significativamente aumentadas ao longo do tempo. A dinâmica do jato ureteral pode fornecer informações úteis sobre o acompanhamento da atividade peristáltica no sistema pélvico-ureteral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Ureter/physiopathology , Urodynamics/physiology , Urinary Catheterization/adverse effects , Stents/adverse effects , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Time Factors , Ureter/diagnostic imaging , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Ultrasonography, Doppler/methods , Statistics, Nonparametric , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Middle Aged
7.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(1): 45-49, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098060

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Direct-acting antivirals have revolutionized hepatitis C treatment, also for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), but some controversy exists regarding the use of sofosbuvir (SOF) in patients with glomerular filtration rate (GFR) <30 mL/min. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of these regimens for hepatitis C treatment of patients with CKD and after renal transplantation, as well as the impact of SOF on renal function in non-dialysis patients. METHODS: All patients with hepatitis C and CKD or renal transplant treated with direct-acting antivirals at a referral center in Brazil between January 2016 and August 2017 were included. Efficacy was evaluated based on viral load (HCV RNA) and a sustained virological response (SVR) consisting of undetectable RNA 12 and/or 24 weeks after the end of treatment (SVR12 and SVR24) was defined as cure. Safety was determined by adverse events and ribavirin, when combined, was administered in escalating doses to all patients with GFR <60 mL/min. The impact of SOF on renal function was determined by the measurement of baseline creatinine during and after the end of treatment and its increase was evaluated using the Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) classification. RESULTS: A total of 241 patients (52.7% females) with a mean age of 60.72±10.47 years were included. The combination of SOF+daclatasvir was the predominant regimen in 75.6% of cases and anemia was present in 28% of patients who used ribavirin (P=0.04). The SVR12 and SVR24 rates were 99.3% and 97.1%, respectively. The treatment was well tolerated and there were no major clinically relevant adverse events, with the most prevalent being asthenia (57.7%), itching (41.1%), headache (40.7%), and irritability (40.2%). Among conservatively treated and renal transplant patients, oscillations of creatinine levels (AKIN I) were observed in 12.5% of cases during treatment and persisted in only 8.5% after the end of treatment. Of these, 2.0% had an initial GFR <30 mL/min and this percentage decreased to 1.1% after SOF use. Only 0.5% and 1.6% of the patients progressed to AKIN II and AKIN III elevation, respectively. CONCLUSION: The direct-acting antivirals were safe and efficacious in CKD patients treated with SOF-containing regimens, with the observation of high SVR rates, good tolerability and few severe adverse events. The combination with ribavirin increased the risk of anemia and the administration of escalating doses seems to be useful in patients with GFR <60 mL/min. In patients with GFR <30 mL/min, SOF had no significant renal impact, with serum creatinine returning to levels close to baseline after treatment.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Os antivirais de ação direta revolucionaram o tratamento da hepatite C, inclusive para os pacientes com doença renal crônica (DRC), porém ainda há divergências no emprego do sofosbuvir (SOF) quando taxa de filtração glomerular (TFG) <30 mL/min. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a eficácia e segurança desses esquemas no tratamento da hepatite C em pacientes com DRC e pós-transplante renal, além de avaliar o impacto do SOF sobre a função renal dos não-dialíticos. MÉTODOS: Todos os pacientes com hepatite C e DRC ou transplante renal que realizaram tratamento com antivirais de ação direta em centro referenciado do Brasil no período de janeiro/2016 a agosto/2017 foram incluídos. A eficácia foi avaliada por meio da carga viral (HCV-RNA), considerando-se cura uma resposta virológica sustentada (RVS) com resultado indetectável após 12 e/ou 24 semanas do término do tratamento (RVS12 e RVS24). A segurança foi determinada pelos eventos adversos e a ribavirina, quando associada, foi introduzida de forma escalonada em todos os pacientes com TFG <60 mL/min. Para determinação do impacto do SOF sobre a função renal, foram observadas as dosagens de creatinina basal, durante e após término do tratamento com seu incremento avaliado por meio da classificação de AKIN (acute kidney injury network). RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos 241 pacientes, sendo 52,7% do sexo feminino, com média de idade de 60,72±10,47 anos. A associação de SOF+daclatasvir predominou em 75,6% dos casos e anemia esteve presente em 28% dos pacientes que utilizaram ribavirina (P=0,040). As taxas de RVS12 e RVS24 foram de 99,3% e 97,1%. O tratamento foi bem tolerado, com eventos adversos pouco relevantes, sendo os mais prevalentes: astenia (57,7%), prurido (41,1%), cefaleia (40,7%) e irritabilidade (40,2%). Entre os pacientes em tratamento conservador e transplantados renais, os valores de creatinina sofreram oscilações AKIN I em 12,5% dos casos, durante o tratamento, persistindo em apenas 8,5% da amostra após o término, dos quais 2,0% apresentavam TFG <30 mL/min inicialmente, com queda para 1,1% após uso do SOF. Apenas 0,5% e 1,6% evoluíram com elevação AKIN II e AKIN III. CONCLUSÃO: Os antivirais de ação direta foram seguros e eficazes em pacientes com DRC tratados com esquemas contendo SOF, apresentando altas taxas de RVS, boa tolerabilidade e poucos eventos adversos graves. A associação com ribavirina aumentou o risco de anemia, portanto sua introdução de forma escalonada parece ser útil nos pacientes com TFG <60 mL/min. Em pacientes com TFG <30 mL/min o SOF não apresentou impacto renal significativo, com creatinina sérica retornando a valores próximos ao basal após o tratamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antiviral Agents/administration & dosage , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Hepacivirus/genetics , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Ribavirin/administration & dosage , Treatment Outcome , Viral Load , Drug Therapy, Combination , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/surgery , Simeprevir/administration & dosage , Sofosbuvir/administration & dosage , Sustained Virologic Response , Genotype , Glomerular Filtration Rate/genetics , Imidazoles/administration & dosage , Middle Aged
8.
Clinics ; 75: e1983, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133389

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) rapidly progresses to severe acute respiratory syndrome. This review aimed at collating available data on COVID-19 infection in solid organ transplantation (SOT) patients. We performed a systematic review of SOT patients infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The MEDLINE and PubMed databases were electronically searched and updated until April 20, 2020. The MeSH terms used were "COVID-19" AND "Transplant." Thirty-nine COVID-19 cases were reported among SOT patients. The median interval for developing SARS-CoV-2 infection was 4 years since transplantation, and the fatality rate was 25.64% (10/39). Sixteen cases were described in liver transplant (LT) patients, and the median interval since transplantation was 5 years. The fatality rate among LT patients was 37.5% (6/16), with death occurring more than 3 years after LT. The youngest patient who died was 59 years old; there were no deaths among children. Twenty-three cases were described in kidney transplant (KT) patients. The median interval since transplantation was 4 years, and the fatality rate was 17.4% (4/23). The youngest patient who died was 71 years old. Among all transplant patients, COVID-19 had the highest fatality rate in patients older than 60 years : LT, 62.5% vs 12.5% (p=0.006); KT 44.44% vs 0 (p=0.039); and SOT, 52.94% vs 4.54% (p=0.001). This study presents a novel description of COVID-19 in abdominal SOT recipients. Furthermore, we alert medical professionals to the higher fatality risk in patients older than 60 years. (PROSPERO, registration number=CRD42020181299)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pneumonia, Viral/mortality , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Liver Transplantation/adverse effects , Coronavirus Infections/mortality , Betacoronavirus , Kidney Transplantation/mortality , Liver Transplantation/mortality , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19
9.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(4): 570-574, Out.-Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056613

ABSTRACT

Abstract The occurrence of ascites after Renal Transplant (RT) is infrequent, and may be a consequence of surgical or medical complications. Case report: 61 year-old, male, history of arterial hypertension, tongue carcinoma and alcoholic habits 12-20g/day. He had chronic kidney disease secondary to autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, without hepatic polycystic disease. He underwent cadaver donor RT in September 2017. He had delayed graft function by surgically corrected renal artery stenosis. He was admitted in January 2018 for ascites de novo, with no response to diuretics. HE had visible abdominal collateral circulation. Graft dysfunction, adequate tacrolinemia, Innocent urinary sediment, mild anemia, without thrombocytopenia. Serum albumin 4.0g / dL. Normal hepatic biochemistry. Peritoneal fluid with transudate characteristics and serum albumin gradient > 1.1. Ultrasound showed hepatomegaly, permeable vascular axes, without splenomegaly. Mycophenolate mofetil was suspended, with reduced remaining immunosuppression. He maintained refractory ascites: excluded infectious, metabolic, autoimmune and neoplastic etiologies. No nephrotic proteinuria and no heart failure. MRI: micronodules compatible with bile cysts. Upper Digestive Tract Endoscopy did not show gastroesophageal varicose veins. Normal abdominal lymphoscintigraphy. He underwent exploratory laparoscopy with liver biopsy: incomplete septal cirrhosis of probable vascular etiology some dilated bile ducts. He maintained progressive RT dysfunction and restarted hemodialysis. The proposed direct measurement of portal pressure was delayed by ascites resolution. There was further recovery of the graft function. Discussion: Incomplete septal cirrhosis is an uncommon cause of non-cirrhotic portal hypertension. Its definition is not well known, morphological and pathophysiological. We have not found published cases of post-RT ascites secondary to this pathology, described as possibly associated with drugs, immune alterations, infections, hypercoagulability and genetic predisposition.


Resumo A ocorrência de ascite no pós-Transplante Renal (TR) é infrequente, podendo ser consequência de complicações cirúrgicas ou médicas. Caso clínico: 61 anos, masculino, antecedentes de hipertensão arterial, carcinoma da língua e hábitos alcoólicos 12-20g/dia. Doença renal crônica secundária à doença renal poliquística autossômica dominante, sem poliquistose hepática. Submetido a TR de doador cadáver em setembro de 2017. Atraso na função de enxerto por estenose da artéria renal, corrigida cirurgicamente. Internado em janeiro de 2018 por ascite de novo, sem resposta a diuréticos. Circulação colateral abdominal visível. Disfunção do enxerto, tacrolinemia adequada. Sedimento urinário inocente. Anemia ligeira, sem trombocitopenia. Albumina sérica 4,0g/dL. Bioquímica hepática normal. Líquido peritoneal com características de transudado e gradiente sero-ascítico de albumina > 1,1. Ecografia com hepatomegalia, eixos vasculares permeáveis, sem esplenomegalia. Suspendeu micofenolato mofetil, reduziu restante imunossupressão. Manteve ascite refratária: excluídas etiologias infecciosas, metabólicas, autoimunes e neoplásicas. Sem proteinúria nefrótica e sem insuficiência cardíaca. RM: micronódulos compatíveis com quistos biliares. EDA sem varizes gastroesofágicas. Linfocintigrafia abdominal normal. Submetido a laparoscopia exploradora com biópsia hepática: cirrose septal incompleta de provável etiologia vascular, alguns ductos biliares dilatados. Manteve disfunção progressiva do TR, reiniciou hemodiálise. Proposta medição direta da pressão portal, protelada por resolução da ascite. Recuperação posterior da função de enxerto. Discussão: A cirrose septal incompleta é uma causa incomum de hipertensão portal não cirrótica. A sua definição é morfológica e a fisiopatologia, pouco conhecida. Não encontramos publicados casos de ascite pós-TR secundária a esta patologia, descrita como possivelmente associada a fármacos, alterações imunitárias, infecções, hipercoagulabilidade e predisposição genética.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Ascites/etiology , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/surgery , Liver Cirrhosis/pathology , Ascites/diagnosis , Renal Dialysis/standards , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Dominant/complications , Delayed Graft Function/complications , Hypertension, Portal/etiology , Liver Cirrhosis/complications
10.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(4): 575-579, Out.-Dec. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056614

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT In 2004, a global spread of Chikungunya fever affected most tropical and subtropical regions of the world. In 2016, an outbreak occurred in Northeast Brazil with hundreds of cases documented. Solid organ transplant recipients have a modified immune response to infection and the clinical course is usually different from immunocompetent patients. The diagnosis can be challenging in this population. Most reports describe patients residing in endemic areas, although we must emphasize the importance of differential diagnosis in kidney transplanted travelers who visit endemic regions, such as Northeast Brazil. Here, we reported a case of a kidney transplant recipient that acquired Chikungunya fever after a trip to an endemic region at Northeast Brazil during the outbreak in 2016, with a good clinical evolution. We also present warning recommendations for travelers to endemic areas as additional measures to prevent disease outbreaks.


RESUMO Em 2004, um surto global de Chikungunya afetou a maioria das regiões tropicais e subtropicais do mundo. Em 2016, um surto ocorreu no Nordeste do Brasil com centenas de casos documentados. Receptores de transplantes de órgãos sólidos têm uma resposta imune modificada à infecção, e o curso clínico é geralmente diferente daquele em pacientes imunocompetentes. O diagnóstico pode ser desafiador nessa população. A maioria dos relatos descreve pacientes residentes em áreas endêmicas, embora devamos enfatizar a importância do diagnóstico diferencial em viajantes transplantados renais que visitam regiões endêmicas, como o Nordeste do Brasil. Aqui, nós relatamos o caso de um receptor de transplante renal que adquiriu febre Chikungunya após uma viagem a uma região endêmica no Nordeste do Brasil durante o surto de 2016, com uma boa evolução clínica. Também apresentamos recomendações de alerta para viajantes em áreas endêmicas, como medidas adicionais para prevenir surtos de doenças.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Chikungunya virus/immunology , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Chikungunya Fever/complications , Chikungunya Fever/therapy , Brazil/epidemiology , Chikungunya virus/genetics , Kidney Transplantation/methods , Treatment Outcome , Chikungunya Fever/diagnosis , Chikungunya Fever/immunology , Hospitalization , Immunosuppressive Agents/standards , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use
11.
Autops. Case Rep ; 9(4): e2019112, Oct.-Dec. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1024207

ABSTRACT

Renal transplant patients are treated with immunosuppressive drugs that decrease the effectiveness of the immune system, making them more prone to developing cancer. Skin and lip carcinomas are common malignancies encountered after transplantation, whereas oral carcinomas are rare. We report the case of a 51-year-old female Caucasian patient, with no history of smoking, who presented white lesions on the tongue and an ulcerated lesion on the lower lip beginning 4 months prior. Diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma for both lesions was made following incisional biopsies. Interestingly, the patient reported a renal transplantation 23 years prior, and was maintained on a combination of cyclosporine, mycophenolate sodium and prednisone. The patient also presented a history of several basal and squamous cell carcinomas on sun-exposed areas of the skin. Both lesions were surgically excised. No sign of recurrence or new lesions in the oral cavity have been observed; however, new skin lesions are frequently diagnosed. This case report highlights that oral cancers may occur in transplant patients in the absence of classical risk factors. Thus, clinicians must be aware of the importance of thorough oral examination in transplant patients in routine follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Mouth Neoplasms/etiology , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Mouth Neoplasms/prevention & control , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Immunosuppressive Agents/adverse effects
12.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(5): 925-931, Sept.-Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040066

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the effectiveness and outcomes of endovascular treatment of TRAS with PTA. Materials and Methods We searched our prospectively collected database looking at cases of TRAS between January 2005-December 2011. CCT was the gold-standart for diagnosis of TRAS. Parameters analysed comprised technical aspects, arterial blood pressure variation, and renal function. A minimum follow-up of 24 months was considered. Results Of the 2221 renal transplants performed in the selected period, 22 (0.9%) patients were identified with TRAS. Fourteen (63.6%) were male and mean age was 377±14.8years (12-69). Kidney graft was from deceased donnors in 20 (80%) cases. On doppler evaluation, mean blood flow speed after transplantation, at TRAS diagnosis and after TAP was 210.6±99.5, 417±122.7 and 182.5±81.6mL/sec, respectively (p<0.001). For SBP and DBP, there was a significant difference between between pre-intervention and all post-treatment time points (p<0.001). After 1 month of the procedure, there was stabilization of the Cr level with a significant difference between mean Cr levels along time (p<0.001). After a mean follow-up of 16±4.2 (3-24) months, overall success rate was 100%. Conclusions Endovascular treatment with PTA/stenting is a safe and effective option for managing TRAS, ensuring the functionality of the graft and normalization of blood pressure and renal function.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Renal Artery Obstruction/surgery , Renal Artery Obstruction/etiology , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Angioplasty/methods , Renal Artery Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Time Factors , Blood Pressure/physiology , Angiography/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Creatinine/blood , Middle Aged
13.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 48(3): e276, jul.-set. 2019. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126637

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las infecciones fúngicas invasivas son producidas casi universalmente por Candida o Aspergillus, pero se identifican otros hongos que requieren abordajes individualizados, principalmente en pacientes inmunocomprometidos. El micetoma es una enfermedad granulomatosa crónica, generalmente limitada a la piel y al tejido subcutáneo; sin embargo, existen localizaciones como la torácica y abdominal, consideradas de mal pronóstico, debido a una diseminación visceral. Objetivo: Mostrar otra alternativa de diseminación visceral de un micetoma, en un paciente que fue sometido a un trasplante renal. Caso clínico: Paciente que se sometió a un trasplante de riñón de un donante de cadáver. Se le diagnosticó micetoma por Candida albicans en el brazo derecho y daño pulmonary. Tuvo buena respuesta al tratamiento. Comentarios: Las infecciones fúngicas invasivas son cada vez más frecuentes en la práctica clínica, especialmente en pacientes inmunodeprimidos. En la actualidad, hay nuevos medicamentos disponibles que son útiles para el tratamiento de estos pacientes, pero el pronóstico continúa siendo desalentador en muchos casos. Estas entidades tienen la capacidad de afectar a diferentes órganos, lo cual condiciona un compromiso grave para el paciente(AU)


Introduction: Invasive fungal infections are almost universally produced by Candida or Aspergillus, but other fungi are identified that require individualized approaches, mainly in immunocompromised patients. Mycetoma is a chronic granulomatous disease, usually limited to the skin and subcutaneous tissue; however, there are localizations such as the thoracic and abdominal, considered of poor prognosis due to a visceral dissemination. Objective: To show another alternative of visceral dissemination of a mycetoma in a patient who underwent a kidney transplant. Clinical case: We report the case of a female patient who underwent a kidney transplant from a cadaveric donor. She had a diagnosis of Candida albicans mycetoma in the right arm and lung damage. She had a good response to treatment. Comments: Invasive fungal infections are becoming more frequent in clinical practice, especially affecting immunosuppressed patients. At present, new drugs are available that are useful in the treatment of these patients, but the prognosis continues to be discouraging in many cases. These infections have the capacity to affect different organs, which determines a serious problem for the patient(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Candida albicans , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Immunocompromised Host , Invasive Fungal Infections
14.
Rev. enferm. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 27(3): 154-162, Jul-Sep 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1047306

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el trasplante renal (TR) es la terapia de elección en la mayoría de los pacientes con insuficiencia renal crónica terminal. El conocimiento cada vez más amplio de la inmunología, la mejoría en las técnicas quirúrgicas, el uso de mejores fármacos inmunosupresores y los cuidados en el seguimiento posterior al trasplante han permitido reducir la incidencia de pérdida de injerto y han mejorado la calidad de vida de los pacientes luego del TR. Objetivo: identificar las complicaciones más frecuentes en las primeras 48 horas en pacientes con TR en un hospital de tercer nivel de atención. Métodos: estudio descriptivo y transversal en una muestra aleatoria de 41 pacientes con TR registrados del 5 de enero al 5 de septiembre de 2017 en un hospital de tercer nivel de atención de la ciudad de Veracruz. La información se recabó del expediente clínico como unidad de análisis. Los datos se analizaron con medidas de tendencia central y dispersión. Resultados: el 65.9% fueron hombres; la edad promedio fue de 35 ± 11.3 años. La principal causa de lesión renal crónica fue etiología no determinada (53.7%) e hipoplasia renal (14.6%). El motivo de egreso fue por mejoría en 97.6%. Solo en 10% de los pacientes se presentaron complicaciones, principalmente trombosis segmentada de vena safena interna (30%), trombosis de injerto (3%), trombosis venosa profunda de segmento femoral (2%) y disminución del flujo vascular renal de polo inferior (2%). Conclusión: las complicaciones que se presentaron en los pacientes postrasplantados de riñón en las primeras 48 horas fueron las de tipo vascular.


Introduction: Kidney transplantation is the therapy of choice in the majority of patients with end-stage chronic renal failure. The increasing knowledge of immunology, the improvement in surgical techniques, the use of better immunosuppressive drugs and post-transplant follow-up care have reduced the incidence of graft loss and improved the patients' quality of life after kidney transplantation. Objective: To identify the most frequent complications in the first 48 hours in patients who underwent kidney transplantation in a third level hospital. Methods: Cross-sectional, descriptive study in a random sample of 41 patients with kidney transplantation registered from January 5 to September 5, 2017, in a third level hospital from the city of Veracruz. The information was collected from the clinical record as an analysis unit. Data were analyzed with measures of central tendency and dispersion. Results: 65.9% of patients were male; the average age was 35 ± 11.3 years. The main cause of chronic renal injury was undetermined etiology (53.7%) and renal hypoplasia (14.6%). The reason for discharge was improved health in 97.6% of patients. Only 10% of patients presented complications, mainly internal saphenous vein thrombosis (30%), graft thrombosis (3%), deep venous thrombosis of the femoral segment (2%) and decreased renal vascular flow of the lower pole (2%). Conclusion: The complications that occurred in patients who underwent kidney transplantation in the first 48 hours were vascular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Transplantation Immunology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Acute Kidney Injury , Graft Rejection , Hospitals, Public , Hospitals, Special , Immunosuppressive Agents , Mexico
15.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(3): 760-766, May.-Jun. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1013564

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the risk factors related to Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase infection after renal transplantation. Methods: This was a retrospective epidemiological (case-control) study, conducted from October 2011 to march 2016. Transplanted patients with infection by this bacteria during hospitalization were selected as cases. The controls were paired by age, sex, type of donor and transplant time. The proportion of cases and controls was 1:2. Results: Thirty hundred and five patients were included in the study (45 cases and 90 controls). The risk factors found for infection by KPC were: time of hospitalization after the transplant (OR: 4.82; CI95% 2.46-9.44), delayed kidney function (OR: 5.60; CI95% 1.91-11.01) and previous infectious for another microorganism ( OR: 34.13 CI95% 3.52-132.00). Conclusion: The risk of acquisition of this bacterium was directly related to invasive procedures and exposure to the hospital environment. The findings reinforce the importance of prevention measures and control of infection by this microorganism.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar los factores de riesgo relacionados con la infección por Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemasa después del trasplante renal. Método: Estudio retrospectivo epidemiológico (caso-control), realizado de octubre de 2011 a marzo de 2016. Pacientes transplantados con infección por esa bacteria durante la internación fueron seleccionados como casos. Los controles se parearon por edad, sexo, tipo de donante y tiempo de trasplante. La proporción de casos y controles fue de 1: 2. Resultados: Treinta y cinco pacientes fueron incluidos en el estudio (45 casos y 90 controles). Los factores de riesgo para la infección encontrados por KPC fueron: tiempo de hospitalización después del trasplante (OR: 4,82, IC95% 2,46-9,44), función renal retardada (OR: 5,60, IC95% 1, 91-11,01) y anterior infecciosa para otro microorganismo (OR: 34,13 IC95% 3,52-132,00). Conclusión: El riesgo de adquisición de esta bacteria estuvo directamente relacionado a procedimientos invasivos y exposición al ambiente hospitalario. Los hallazgos refuerzan la importancia de medidas de prevención y control de la infección por ese microorganismo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Pneumonia/ethnology , Bacterial Proteins/adverse effects , beta-Lactamases/adverse effects , Klebsiella Infections/etiology , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Pneumonia/chemically induced , Pneumonia/epidemiology , Bacterial Proteins/metabolism , beta-Lactamases/metabolism , Brazil/epidemiology , Klebsiella Infections/metabolism , Klebsiella Infections/epidemiology , Case-Control Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Kidney Transplantation/methods , Klebsiella pneumoniae/metabolism , Klebsiella pneumoniae/pathogenicity , Middle Aged
16.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(2): 231-241, Apr.-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012530

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Delayed graft function (DGF) is a frequent complication after deceased donor kidney transplantation with an impact on the prognosis of the transplant. Despite this, long-term impact of DGF on graft function after deceased donor kidney transplantation has not been properly evaluated. Objective: The main objective of this study was to evaluate risk factors for DGF and the impact of its occurrence and length on graft survival and function. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed in 517 kidney transplant recipients who received a deceased donor organ between January 2008 and December 2013. Results: The incidence of DGF was 69.3% and it was independently associated with donor's final serum creatinine and age, cold ischemia time, use of antibody induction therapy and recipient's diabetes mellitus. The occurrence of DGF was also associated with a higher incidence of Banff ≥ 1A grade acute rejection (P = 0.017), lower graft function up to six years after transplantation and lower death-censored graft survival at 1 and 5 years (P < 0.05). DGF period longer than 14 days was associated with higher incidence of death-censored graft loss (P = 0.038) and poorer graft function (P < 0.001). No differences were found in patient survival. Conclusions: The occurrence of DGF has a long-lasting detrimental impact on graft function and survival and this impact is even more pronounced when DGF lasts longer than two weeks.


Resumo Introdução: A função tardia do enxerto (FTE) é uma complicação frequente após transplantes renais com doadores falecidos com repercussões sobre o prognóstico do transplante. Contudo, o impacto a longo prazo da FTE sobre a função do enxerto após transplante renal com doador falecido não foi avaliado adequadamente. Objetivo: O principal objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar os fatores de risco para FTE e o impacto de sua ocorrência e duração na sobrevida e função do enxerto. Métodos: O presente estudo observacional retrospectivo incluiu 517 receptores de transplante renal que receberam órgãos de doadores falecidos entre janeiro de 2008 e dezembro de 2013. Resultados: A incidência de FTE foi de 69,3%. Foi identificada associação independente entre FTE e creatinina sérica final e idade do doador, tempo de isquemia fria, uso de terapia de indução com anticorpos e diabetes mellitus do receptor. A ocorrência de FTE também foi associada a incidência mais elevada de rejeição aguda com classificação de Banff ≥ 1 A (P = 0,017), função reduzida do enxerto até seis anos após o transplante e menor sobrevida do enxerto censurada para óbito em 1 e 5 anos (P <0,05). Períodos de FTE superiores a 14 dias foram associados a maior incidência de perda do enxerto censurada para óbito (P = 0,038) e pior função do enxerto (P <0,001). Não foram identificadas diferenças de sobrevida nos pacientes. Conclusões: A ocorrência de FTE traz prejuízos de longa duração à função e sobrevida do enxerto. Tal impacto é ainda mais pronunciado quando a FTE persiste por mais de duas semanas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Tissue Donors , Cadaver , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Delayed Graft Function/epidemiology , Graft Survival , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Creatinine/blood , Delayed Graft Function/economics , Cold Ischemia/adverse effects , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Graft Rejection/epidemiology , Hypertension/complications
17.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(3): 287-292, May-June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP, SESSP-ILSLPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-ILSLACERVO, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1011110

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: Renal transplant recipients are submitted to immunosuppression to avoid graft rejection, which makes them susceptible to various conditions. Furthermore, these individuals present malignant tumors more frequently than the general population, including nonmelanoma skin cancer. The individual genetic basis that acts in the pathogenesis of cutaneous cancer may present a protection or susceptibility factor for disease development. One of these factors is the HLA complex. Objective: To investigate HLA alleles association to the occurrence of nonmelanoma skin cancer in renal transplant recipients from São Paulo State. Methods: A total of 213 patients (93 renal transplant recipients with nonmelanoma skin cancer and 120 renal transplant recipients without nonmelanoma skin cancer) were evaluated by retrospective and cross-sectional study. Epidemiological, clinical and HLA typing data were found in databases. HLA class I (A, B) and class II (DR) alleles were compared to establish their association with nonmelanoma skin cancer. Results: Comparing renal transplant recipients with and without nonmelanoma skin cancer, the HLA-B*13 allele was associated with higher risk of developing nonmelanoma skin cancer while B*45 and B*50 alleles were associated with protection. Study limitations: The HLA A, B and DR alleles identification for the kidney transplantation routine is done by low and medium resolution techniques that do not allow discrimination of specific alleles. Conclusion: The involvement of HLA alleles in nonmelanoma skin cancer in renal transplant recipients was confirmed in this study. Renal transplant recipients with HLA-B*13 showed higher risk for developing a skin cancer (OR= 7.29) and should be monitored for a long period of time after transplantation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Skin Neoplasms/genetics , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , HLA Antigens/genetics , Skin Neoplasms/etiology , Skin Neoplasms/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , HLA-A Antigens/genetics , HLA-B Antigens/genetics , HLA-DR Antigens/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Alleles , Transplant Recipients
18.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(2): 247-250, Feb. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004339

ABSTRACT

Patients transplanted from solid organs have an increased risk of cancer, especially lymphomas. Lymphomas correspond to 4 to 5% of malignant neoplasms in the general population and in solid organ transplant patients it reaches an incidence of 21%. The incidence of non-Hodgkin lymphomas is 10 times higher than in the non-transplanted population. We report the case of a 68-year-old man with a kidney transplant who 6 years after transplantation, developed a non-Hodgkin diffuse large cells B lymphoma with lymph node and pulmonary involvement, with markers of very poor prognosis (triple MYC expressor, BCL2 and BCL6). and its evolution with chemotherapy with DA R EPOCH.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/genetics , Vincristine/therapeutic use , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/etiology , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/drug therapy , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Genes, myc/genetics , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/etiology , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-6/genetics , Etoposide/therapeutic use
19.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(1): 193-193, Jan.-Feb. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040052

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN) has become the standard of care and popular among most of the transplant centres across the globe. Objective of this video is to report different vascular injuries, their management during LDNs and propose risk reduction strategies. Patient and methods: This was a retrospective analysis of all the LDNs performed between January 2011 and March 2016. All donor nephrectomies were performed laparoscopically by transperitoneal route, under ideal operative conditions by expert laparoscopic surgeons and by novice surgeons. Results: 858 LDNs (left, n = 797; right, n = 61) were performed during the study period with 5 cases of vascular injuries. Mean (SD) donor age was 45.5 (± 10.76) years and the operative time was 165 (± 44.4) min. Of these five cases, two had renal vein injury, while the three others had renal artery, inferior vena cava and aortic injury (one each). Four injuries occurred during left LDN and only one during a right LDN. Vascular injuries were managed using the Rescue stitch or metallic clips as indicated. Risk reduction strategy was developed to avoid vascular injuries during LDN, which include - meticulous attention to port placement, addition of fourth port, complete dissection of upper pole and pedicle before clipping, and judicious use of ultrasonic diathermy. Conclusions: Careful evaluation of computed tomography angiography just before surgery will act like a global positioning system (GPS) for the operating surgeon. Rescue stitch is a saviour. Not to panic and being well versed with the risk reduction strategies of laparoscopy and rescue measures is of paramount importance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Vascular System Injuries/etiology , Nephrectomy/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Living Donors , Risk Reduction Behavior , Computed Tomography Angiography , Middle Aged , Nephrectomy/methods
20.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(1): e2096, 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-990365

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar o impacto financeiro das complicações pós-operatórias no transplante simultâneo pâncreas-rim durante a internação hospitalar. Métodos: estudo retrospectivo dos dados da internação hospitalar dos pacientes submetidos consecutivamente ao transplante simultâneo pâncreas-rim no período de janeiro de 2008 a dezembro de 2014 no Hospital do Rim/Fundação Oswaldo Ramos. As principais variáveis estudadas foram a reoperação, pancreatectomia do enxerto, óbito, complicações pós-operatórias (cirúrgicas, infecciosas, clínicas e imunológicas) e os dados financeiros da internação para o transplante. Resultados: a amostra foi composta de 179 pacientes transplantados. As características dos doadores e receptores foram semelhantes nos pacientes com e sem complicações. Na análise dos dados, 58,7% dos pacientes apresentaram alguma complicação pós-operatória, 21,8% necessitaram de reoperação, 12,3%, de pancreatectomia do enxerto e 8,4% evoluíram para o óbito. A necessidade de reoperação ou pancreatectomia do enxerto aumentou o custo da internação em 53,3% e 78,57%, respectivamente. A presença de complicação pós-operatória aumentou significativamente o custo. Entretanto, a presença de óbito, hérnia interna, infarto agudo do miocárdio, acidente vascular cerebral e disfunção do enxerto pancreático não apresentaram significância estatística no custo, cuja média foi de US$ 18,516.02. Conclusão: complicações pós-operatórias, reoperação e pancreatectomia do enxerto aumentaram significativamente o custo médio da internação hospitalar do SPK, assim como as complicações cirúrgicas, infecciosas, clínicas e imunológicas. No entanto, o óbito durante a internação, a hérnia interna, o infarto agudo do miocárdio, o acidente vascular cerebral e a disfunção do enxerto pancreático não interferiram estatisticamente neste custo.


ABSTRACT Objective: considering simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation cases, to evaluate the financial impact of postoperative complications on hospitalization cost. Methods: a retrospective study of hospitalization data from patients consecutively submitted to simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPKT), from January 2008 to December 2014, at Kidney Hospital/Oswaldo Ramos Foundation (Sao Paulo, Brazil). The main studied variables were reoperation, graft pancreatectomy, death, postoperative complications (surgical, infectious, clinical, and immunological ones), and hospitalization financial data for transplantation. Results: the sample was composed of 179 transplanted patients. The characteristics of donors and recipients were similar in patients with and without complications. In data analysis, 58.7% of the patients presented some postoperative complication, 21.8% required reoperation, 12.3% demanded graft pancreatectomy, and 8.4% died. The need for reoperation or graft pancreatectomy increased hospitalization cost by 53.3% and 78.57%, respectively. The presence of postoperative complications significantly increased hospitalization cost. However, the presence of death, internal hernia, acute myocardial infarction, stroke, and pancreatic graft dysfunction did not present statistical significance in hospitalization cost (in average US$ 18,516.02). Conclusion: considering patients who underwent SPKT, postoperative complications, reoperation, and graft pancreatectomy, as well as surgical, infectious, clinical, and immunological complications, significantly increased the mean cost of hospitalization. However, death, internal hernia, acute myocardial infarction, stroke, and pancreatic graft dysfunction did not statistically interfere in hospitalization cost.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Pancreatectomy/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/economics , Reoperation/economics , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Pancreas Transplantation/adverse effects , Hospitalization/economics , Pancreatectomy/economics , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Kidney Transplantation/economics , Pancreas Transplantation/economics , Costs and Cost Analysis , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data
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