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1.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 432-457, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982589

ABSTRACT

The liver has a complex cellular composition and a remarkable regenerative capacity. The primary cell types in the liver are two parenchymal cell populations, hepatocytes and cholangiocytes, that perform most of the functions of the liver and that are helped through interactions with non-parenchymal cell types comprising stellate cells, endothelia and various hemopoietic cell populations. The regulation of the cells in the liver is mediated by an insoluble complex of proteins and carbohydrates, the extracellular matrix, working synergistically with soluble paracrine and systemic signals. In recent years, with the rapid development of genetic sequencing technologies, research on the liver's cellular composition and its regulatory mechanisms during various conditions has been extensively explored. Meanwhile breakthroughs in strategies for cell transplantation are enabling a future in which there can be a rescue of patients with end-stage liver diseases, offering potential solutions to the chronic shortage of livers and alternatives to liver transplantation. This review will focus on the cellular mechanisms of liver homeostasis and how to select ideal sources of cells to be transplanted to achieve liver regeneration and repair. Recent advances are summarized for promoting the treatment of end-stage liver diseases by forms of cell transplantation that now include grafting strategies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Liver/surgery , Hepatocytes/transplantation , Stem Cells/metabolism , Liver Diseases/surgery
2.
Arq. Ciênc. Vet. Zool. UNIPAR (Online) ; 25(2): e8895, jul-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1399615

ABSTRACT

O hemangiossarcoma é uma neoplasia mesenquimal maligna agressiva com elevada taxa de morbidade e de mortalidade em cães e gatos; que se desenvolve mais frequentemente em baço, fígado, coração, ossos além de poder manifestar metástases regionais. O presente relato tem por objetivo descrever um caso de um canino diagnosticado com hemangiossarcoma hepático em lobo caudado submetido a uma lobectomia total. A técnica cirúrgica consistiu na utilização da sutura de guilhotina modificada na base do lobo acometido utilizando fio de polidioxanona e, com o auxílio de um bisturi elétrico unipolar, e respeitando o distanciamento de 0,5 cm da sutura, foi realizada a lobectomia. Após a remoção do lobo, foi fixada uma esponja hemostática de colágeno na região da incisão como forma de auxílio no controle hemorrágico. Foi indicado também a realização de tratamento quimioterápico adjuvante, entretanto o tutor do animal optou pela não realização da mesma. Ainda assim, o paciente do presente relato obteve uma boa resposta ao procedimento, e o tutor ficou muito satisfeito, relatando que houve uma grande melhora na qualidade de vida do animal e que ele não sentia mais dor, voltando a ter o seu comportamento habitual.(AU)


Hemangiosarcoma is an aggressive malignant mesenchymal neoplasm with a high rate of morbidity and mortality in dogs and cats; which develops more frequently in the spleen, liver, heart, bones, in addition to being able to manifest regional metastases. The present report aims to describe a case of a canine diagnosed with hepatic hemangiosarcoma in the caudate lobe submitted to a total lobectomy. The surgical technique consisted of using a modified guillotine suture at the base of the affected lobe using polydioxanone thread and, with the aid of a unipolar electric scalpel, and respecting the distance of 0.5 cm from the suture, lobectomy was performed. After removing the lobe, a hemostatic collagen sponge was fixed in the region of the incision as an aid in hemorrhagic control. Adjuvant chemotherapy treatment was also indicated, however the animal's tutor chose not to perform it. Even so, the patient in the present report had a good response to the procedure, and the tutor was very satisfied, reporting that there was a great improvement in the animal's quality of life and that he no longer felt pain, returning to his usual behavior.(AU)


El hemangiosarcoma es una neoplasia mesenquimatosa maligna agresiva con una alta tasa de morbilidad y mortalidad en perros y gatos; la cual se desarrolla con mayor frecuencia en bazo, hígado, corazón, huesos, además de poder manifestar metástasis regionales. El presente reporte tiene como objetivo describir un caso de un canino con diagnóstico de hemangiosarcoma hepático en el lóbulo caudado sometido a una lobectomía total. La técnica quirúrgica consistió en utilizar una sutura de guillotina modificada en la base del lóbulo afectado con hilo de polidioxanona y, con la ayuda de un bisturí eléctrico unipolar, y respetando la distancia de 0,5 cm de la sutura, se realizó la lobectomía. Después de retirar el lóbulo, se fijó una esponja hemostática de colágeno en la región de la incisión como ayuda para el control hemorrágico. También se indicó tratamiento de quimioterapia adyuvante, sin embargo el tutor del animal optó por no realizarlo. Aun así, el paciente del presente reporte tuvo una buena respuesta al procedimiento, y el tutor quedó muy satisfecho, informando que hubo una gran mejoría en la calidad de vida del animal y que ya no sintió dolor, volviendo a su comportamiento habitual.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy/methods , Hemangiosarcoma/surgery , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Animal Welfare , Liver/surgery
3.
Cir. Urug ; 6(1): e201, jul. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1384405

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El control pedicular durante las resecciones hepáticas puede hacerse mediante disección hiliar extrahepática (DHE) o abordaje glissoniano (AG). El AG intrahepático (AGI) según técnica de Machado puede brindar ciertas ventajas, especialmente en disecciones difíciles. Sin embargo, es menos empleado que la DHE. Objetivo: Analizar las bases anatómicas del AGI y comunicar nuestra experiencia clínica inicial. Material y métodos : El AGI según técnica de Machado se practicó en seis (6) hígados cadavéricos. Luego se hizo la disección hepática para valorar la efectividad del cargado pedicular y medir la profundidad de los diferentes pedículos glissonianos. La aplicación clínica de la técnica fue gradual y selectiva, aplicándola cuando nos parecía factible y que aportaba alguna ventaja sobre la DHE. Resultados: en los 6 hígados cadavéricos fue posible realizar el cargado de todos los pedículos glissonianos (lobares y sectoriales bilateralmente, así como los segmentarios izquierdos). Estos se encuentran a una profundidad menor a 2 cm de la capsula hepática, siendo accesibles para su control mediante AGI. La principal excepción es el pedículo anterior derecho, cuyo nacimiento es más profundo, lo que asociado a su origen en sentido cefálico y a veces ramificado, puede hacer más difícil su cargado. La aplicación del AGI se llevo a cabo en 5 pacientes, en todos fue efectiva, insumió poco tiempo y no tuvo complicaciones intraoperatorias. Conclusiones: el AGI según técnica de Machado es un procedimiento sistematizado, reproducible, factible y seguro, aún en su aplicación clínica inicial. El conocimiento anatómico de los pedículos glissonianos es fundamental para llevarlo a cabo con éxito.


Introduction: Pedicle control during liver resections can be done by extrahepatic hilar dissection (EHD) or the Glissonian approach (GA). Intrahepatic GA (IGA) according to the Machado technique can offer certain advantages, especially in difficult dissections. However, it is used less than the DHE. Objective : to analyze the anatomical bases of the IGA and to communicate our initial clinical experience. Material and methods : IGA according to the Machado technique was performed on six (6) cadaveric livers. Liver dissection was then performed to assess the effectiveness of pedicle loading and measure the depth of the different Glissonian pedicles. The clinical application of the technique was gradual and selective, applying it when it seemed feasible and that it provided some advantage over DUS. Results : in the 6 cadaveric livers it was possible to load all the Glissonian pedicles (lobar and sectoral bilaterally, as well as the left segmental ones). These are found at a depth of less than 2 cm from the hepatic capsule, being accessible for control by IGA. The main exception is the right anterior pedicle, whose origin is deeper, which, associated with its cephalad and sometimes branched origin, can make it more difficult to load. The application of the IGA was carried out in 5 patients, in all of them it was effective, it took little time and there were no intraoperative complications. Conclusions: the IGA according to the Machado technique is a systematic, reproducible, feasible and safe procedure, even in its initial clinical application. The anatomical knowledge of the Glissonian pedicles is essential to carry it out successfully.


Introdução: o controle pedicular durante as ressecções hepáticas pode ser feito por dissecção hilar extra-hepática (DHE) ou abordagem Glissoniana (AG). A AG intra-hepática (AGI) segundo a técnica de Machado pode oferecer algumas vantagens, principalmente em dissecções difíceis. No entanto, é usado menos do que o DHE. Objetivo: Analisar as bases anatômicas da AGI e comunicar nossa experiência clínica inicial. Material e métodos : A AGI segundo a técnica de Machado foi realizada em seis (6) fígados cadavéricos. A dissecção do fígado foi então realizada para avaliar a eficácia da carga pedicular e medir a profundidade dos diferentes pedículos Glissonianos. A aplicação clínica da técnica foi gradativa e seletiva, aplicando-a quando parecia viável e que proporcionava alguma vantagem sobre o USD. Resultados: nos 6 fígados cadavéricos foi possível carregar todos os pedículos Glissonianos (lobares e setoriais bilateralmente, assim como os segmentares esquerdos). Estes são encontrados a menos de 2 cm da cápsula hepática, sendo acessíveis para controle por AGI. A principal exceção é o pedículo anterior direito, cuja origem é mais profunda, o que, associado à sua origem cefálica e por vezes ramificada, pode dificultar o carregamento. A aplicação da AGI foi realizada em 5 pacientes, em todos foi eficaz, em pouco tempo e sem complicações intraoperatórias. Conclusões : AGI segundo a técnica de Machado é um procedimento sistemático, reprodutível, factível e seguro, mesmo em sua aplicação clínica inicial. O conhecimento anatômico dos pedículos Glissonianos é essencial para realizá-lo com sucesso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatectomy/methods , Hepatic Veins/surgery , Liver/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Hepatectomy/adverse effects , Hepatic Veins/anatomy & histology , Intraoperative Complications , Liver/anatomy & histology
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880447

ABSTRACT

The methods of monitoring the thermal ablation of tumor are compared and analyzed in recent years. The principle method results and insufficient of ultrasound elastography and quantitative ultrasound imaging are discussed. The results show that ultrasonic tissue signature has great development space in the field of real-time monitoring of thermal ablation, but there are still some problems such as insufficient monitoring accuracy difficulty in whole-course monitoring and insufficient


Subject(s)
Humans , Catheter Ablation , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Hyperthermia, Induced , Liver/surgery , Neoplasms/surgery , Ultrasonography
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2081-2090, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887596

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#High-frequency irreversible electroporation (H-FIRE) is a novel, next-generation nanoknife technology with the advantage of relieving irreversible electroporation (IRE)-induced muscle contractions. However, the difference between IRE and H-FIRE with distinct ablation parameters was not clearly defined. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of the two treatments in vivo.@*METHODS@#Ten Bama miniature swine were divided into two group: five in the 1-day group and five in the 7-day group. The efficacy of IRE and H-FIRE ablation was compared by volume transfer constant (Krans), rate constant (Kep) and extravascular extracellular volume fraction (Ve) value of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI), size of the ablation zone, and histologic analysis. Each animal underwent the IRE and H-FIRE. Temperatures of the electrodes were measured during ablation. DCE-MRI images were obtained 1, 4, and 7 days after ablation in the 7-day group. All animals in the two groups were euthanized 1 day or 7 days after ablation, and subsequently, IRE and H-FIRE treated liver tissues were collected for histological examination. Student's t test or Mann-Whitney U test was applied for comparing any two groups. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) test and Welch's ANOVA test followed by Holm-Sidak's multiple comparisons test, one-way ANOVA with repeated measures followed by Bonferroni test, or Kruskal-Wallis H test followed by Dunn's multiple comparison test was used for multiple group comparisons and post hoc analyses. Pearson correlation coefficient test was conducted to analyze the relationship between two variables.@*RESULTS@#Higher Ve was seen in IRE zone than in H-FIRE zone (0.14 ± 0.02 vs. 0.08 ± 0.05, t = 2.408, P = 0.043) on day 4, but no significant difference was seen in Ktrans or Kep between IRE and H-FIRE zones at all time points (all P > 0.05). For IRE zone, the greatest Ktrans was seen on day 7, which was significantly higher than that on day 1 (P = 0.033). The ablation zone size of H-FIRE was significantly larger than IRE 1 day (4.74 ± 0.88 cm2vs. 3.20 ± 0.77 cm2, t = 3.241, P = 0.009) and 4 days (2.22 ± 0.83 cm2vs. 1.30 ± 0.50 cm2, t = 2.343, P = 0.041) after treatment. Apoptotic index (0.05 ± 0.02 vs. 0.73 ± 0.06 vs. 0.68 ± 0.07, F = 241.300, P  0.05). Electrode temperature variations were not significantly different between the two zones (18.00 ± 3.77°C vs. 16.20 ± 7.45°C, t = 0.682, P = 0.504). The Ktrans value (r = 0.940, P = 0.017) and the Kep value (r = 0.895, P = 0.040) of the H-FIRE zone were positively correlated with the number of hepatocytes in the ablation zone.@*CONCLUSIONS@#H-FIRE showed a comparable ablation effect to IRE. DCE-MRI has the potential to monitor the changes of H-FIRE ablation zone.


Subject(s)
Animals , Contrast Media , Electroporation , Follow-Up Studies , Liver/surgery , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Swine
7.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202784, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155372

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: the aim of this study was to identify associated factors with the increased length of hospital stay for patients undergoing surgical treatment for liver trauma, and predictors of mortality as well as the epidemiology of this trauma. Methods: retrospective study of 191 patients admitted to the Cajuru University Hospital, a reference in the treatment of multiple trauma patients, between 2010 and 2017, with epidemiological, clinicopathological and therapeutic variables analyzed using the STATA version 15.0 program. Results: most of the included patients were men with a mean age of 29 years. Firearm injury represents the most common trauma mechanism. The right hepatic lobe was injured in 51.2% of the cases, and hepatorraphy was the most commonly used surgical correction. The length of hospital stay was an average of 11 (0-78) days and the length of stay in the intensive care unit was 5 (0-52) days. Predictors for longer hospital stay were the mechanisms of trauma, hemodynamic instability at admission, number of associated injuries, degree of liver damage and affected lobe, used surgical technique, presence of complications, need for reoperation and other surgical procedures. Mortality rate was 22.7%. Conclusions: the study corroborated the epidemiology reported by the literature. Greater severity of liver trauma and associated injuries characterize patients undergoing surgical treatment, who have increased hospital stay due to the penetrating trauma, hemodynamic instability, hepatic packaging, complications and reoperations.


RESUMO Objetivo: identificar fatores associados ao aumento do tempo de hospitalização de pacientes submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico por trauma hepático e descrever preditores de mortalidade, assim como a epidemiologia desse trauma. Métodos: estudo retrospectivo de 191 pacientes admitidos no Hospital Universitário Cajuru, referência no atendimento de politraumatizados, no período entre 2010 e 2017, com variáveis epidemiológicas, clinicopatológicas, terapêuticas analisadas por meio do programa STATA versão 15.0. Resultados: maioria dos pacientes incluídos eram homens com média de idade de 29 anos. Ferimento por arma de fogo representou o mecanismo de trauma mais comum. O lobo hepático direito foi lesado em 51,2% dos casos e hepatorrafia foi a correção cirúrgica mais empregada. O tempo de internamento hospitalar foi em média de 11(0-78) dias e o tempo de internação em unidade de terapia intensiva de 5 (0-52) dias. Preditores de maior tempo de hospitalização foram mecanismo de trauma, instabilidade hemodinâmica à admissão, número de lesões associadas, grau da lesão hepática e lobo acometido, técnica cirúrgica empregada, presença de complicações, necessidade de reoperação e outros procedimentos cirúrgicos. Taxa de mortalidade foi de 22,7%. Conclusões: o estudo corroborou a epidemiologia descrita na literatura. Maior gravidade do trauma hepático e das lesões associadas caracterizam os pacientes submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico, que apresentam aumento de tempo de hospitalização devido a trauma penetrante, instabilidade hemodinâmica, tamponamento hepático, complicações e reoperações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Wounds, Gunshot , Firearms , Trauma Centers , Injury Severity Score , Retrospective Studies , Hospitalization , Length of Stay , Liver/surgery , Liver/injuries
8.
Colomb. med ; 51(4): e4134365, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154009

ABSTRACT

Abstract The liver is the most commonly affected solid organ in cases of abdominal trauma. Management of penetrating liver trauma is a challenge for surgeons but with the introduction of the concept of damage control surgery accompanied by significant technological advancements in radiologic imaging and endovascular techniques, the focus on treatment has changed significantly. The use of immediately accessible computed tomography as an integral tool for trauma evaluations for the precise staging of liver trauma has significantly increased the incidence of conservative non-operative management in hemodynamically stable trauma victims with liver injuries. However, complex liver injuries accompanied by hemodynamic instability are still associated with high mortality rates due to ongoing hemorrhage. The aim of this article is to perform an extensive review of the literature and to propose a management algorithm for hemodynamically unstable patients with penetrating liver injury, via an expert consensus. It is important to establish a multidisciplinary approach towards the management of patients with penetrating liver trauma and hemodynamic instability. The appropriate triage of these patients, the early activation of an institutional massive transfusion protocol, and the early control of hemorrhage are essential landmarks in lowering the overall mortality of these severely injured patients. To fear is to fear the unknown, and with the management algorithm proposed in this manuscript, we aim to shed light on the unknown regarding the management of the patient with a severely injured liver.


Resumen El hígado es el órgano solido más comúnmente lesionado en casos de trauma abdominal. El manejo del trauma penetrante hepático es un dilema para los cirujanos. Sin embargo, con la introducción del concepto de la cirugía de control de daños y los avances tecnológicos en imagenología y técnicas endovasculares han permitido que el enfoque del tratamiento cambie. La disponibilidad inmediata de la tomografía computarizada permite estadificar el grado de la lesión e incrementar la posibilidad de un manejo conservador en pacientes hemodinámicamente estables con trauma hepático. El trauma hepático severo que se asocia con inestabilidad hemodinámica tiene una alta mortalidad debido a la hemorragia activa. El objetivo de este artículo es proponer un algoritmo de manejo producto de un consenso de expertos acerca del abordaje de los pacientes hemodinámicamente inestables con trauma hepático penetrante. El manejo debe ser por parte de un equipo multidisciplinario que comienza desde la evaluación inicial de los pacientes, la activación temprana de protocolo de transfusión masiva y el control temprano de la hemorragia, siendo estos aspectos esenciales para disminuir la mortalidad. El miedo a lo desconocido es el dilema quirúrgico donde existen pocas opciones y es imperante decisiones rápidas y oportunas; por esta razón, se propone dar una luz de guía sobre lo desconocido respecto al manejo del paciente con trauma hepático severo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Liver/surgery , Liver/injuries , Decision Trees
9.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 40(2): 198-201, abr-jun 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144662

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE) representa el tratamiento de primera línea para el drenaje biliar en pacientes con obstrucción biliar maligna avanzada. Sin embargo, este procedimiento representa un desafío en pacientes con anatomía alterada quirúrgicamente. El ultrasonido endoscópico (USE) permite la toma de muestras de tejido mediante punción aspiración con aguja fina y también representa una alternativa de drenaje biliar al abordaje percutáneo o quirúrgico. Nuestro objetivo es comunicar un caso en el que la ecoendoscopia permitió el diagnóstico definitivo de la recurrencia de la enfermedad oncológica de base y el alivio de la obstrucción biliar en un paciente con anatomía alterada quirúrgicamente.


ABSTRACT Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography with biliary stenting is the generally recognized optimal treatment of malignant biliary obstruction. This procedure, though, is challenging in patients with surgically altered anatomy. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) enables tissue sampling by means of fine-needle aspiration and also represents an alternative recourse for biliary drainage in preference to a percutaneous approach. We aimed to report a case in which EUS enabled a definitive diagnosis of the recurrence of oncologic disease and the relief of biliary obstruction in a patient with a surgically altered anatomy.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Gastrostomy/methods , Gastric Bypass , Cholestasis/surgery , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Endosonography , Surgery, Computer-Assisted , Gastrectomy/methods , Liver/surgery
10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 835-840, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878273

ABSTRACT

Associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) can speed up the regeneration of future liver remnant (FLR) in short period of time, and offer a chance for surgical resection for patients without sufficient FLR. However, ALPPS still remains controversy due to its high perioperative morbidity and mortality, as well as the uncertain long-term oncological benefits. How to solve these problems is the key to ensure the safety of surgery.This article focus on the indication selection, liver function reserve evaluation and timing to perform the second stage surgery, surgical mode evolution and comparison with portal venous embolization/portal venous ligation+two-stage hepatectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Embolization, Therapeutic , Hepatectomy/methods , Ligation , Liver/surgery , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Liver Regeneration , Portal Vein/surgery , Treatment Outcome
11.
ABCD (São Paulo, Impr.) ; 33(1): e1484, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088501

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Hepatectomies promote considerable amount of blood loss and the need to administrate blood products, which are directly linked to higher morbimortality rates. The blood-conserving hepatectomy (BCH) is a modification of the selective vascular occlusion technique. It could be a surgical maneuver in order to avoid or to reduce the blood products utilization in the perioperative period. Aim: To evaluate in rats the BCH effects on the hematocrit (HT) variation, hemoglobin serum concentration (HB), and on liver regeneration. Methods: Twelve Wistar rats were divided into two groups: control (n=6) and intervention (n=6). The ones in the control group had their livers partially removed according to the Higgins and Anderson technique, while the rats in the treatment group were submitted to BCH technique. HT and HB levels were measured at day D0, D1 and D7. The rate between the liver and rat weights was calculated in D0 and D7. Liver regeneration was quantitatively and qualitatively evaluated. Results: The HT and HB levels were lower in the control group as of D1 onwards, reaching an 18% gap at D7 (p=0.01 and p=0.008, respectively); BCH resulted in the preservation of HT and HB levels to the intervention group rats. BCH did not alter liver regeneration in rats. Conclusion: The BCH led to beneficial effects over the postoperative HT and serum HB levels with no setbacks to liver regeneration. These data are the necessary proof of evidence for translational research into the surgical practice.


RESUMO Racional: As hepatectomias compreendem considerável perda sanguínea e utilização de hemoderivados, o que diretamente estão relacionados com maior morbimortalidade. A hepatectomia hemoconservadora (HH) é modificação da técnica de oclusão vascular seletiva em hepatectomia. Ela pode ser alternativa cirúrgica para evitar ou diminuir o uso de hemoderivados no perioperatório. Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos da HH sobre o volume globular (VG), concentração de hemoglobina (HB) e sobre a regeneração hepática em ratos. Métodos: Dois grupos de ratos Wistar foram constituídos: controle (n=6) e intervenção (n=6). Os do grupo controle foram submetidos à hepatectomia parcial de Higgins e Anderson e os do grupo Intervenção à HH. VG e HB foram medidos nos dias D0, D1 e D7. A relação peso do fígado/peso do rato foi calculada em D0 e D7. A regeneração hepática foi analisada qualitativamente e quantitativamente. Resultados: Houve diminuição dos níveis de VG e HB nos ratos do grupo controle a partir de D1, atingindo decréscimo de 18% em D7 (p=0,01 e p=0,008 respectivamente); a HH permitiu a manutenção dos níveis de VG e HB nos ratos do grupo intervenção. A HH não alterou a regeneração hepática. Conclusão: HH resultou em níveis maiores de VG e HB pós-operatórios sem alterar a regeneração hepática. Pode-se considerar estes dados como a prova necessária para a translação à pesquisa clinicocirúrgica.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Veins/physiology , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver/surgery , Liver/blood supply , Liver Regeneration , Portal Vein/surgery , Postoperative Period , Blood Volume/physiology , Hepatic Veno-Occlusive Disease/physiopathology , Hemoglobins/analysis , Rats, Wistar , Hematocrit
12.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(6): e201900607, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019264

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose Coleus forskohlii Briq., a medicinal plant originally from India, has been indicated against heart disease, expiratory disorders, convulsions, and hepatic changes, among others. In view of the broad pharmacological potential of the plant and the scarce information about its effects, the objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of its use for pretreatment of partially hepatectomized rats. Methods The animals were divided into two experimental groups: Control (CG) receiving physiological saline for 10 days before partial hepatetctomy, and Treated (TG) receiving 40 mg Coleus forskohlii/kg/day for 10 days before partial hepatectomy. The treatments were performed by gastric gavage. After the surgical procedure, treatment was continued according to the following groups: CG 24 h, CG 48 h, TG 24 h, and TG 48 hs, and liver tissue and intracardiac blood samples were obtained for histological and biochemical analysis, respectively. Results No significant differences were observed in mitotic or apoptotic index or in the concentrations of the enzymes AST, ALT and alkaline phosphatase, and no areas of fibrosis were detected. Conclusion Treatment with Coleus forskohlii did not interfere with the course of hepatic hyperplasia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Plectranthus/chemistry , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver/pathology , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Biomarkers/blood , Hepatocytes/drug effects , Alanine Transaminase/blood , Alkaline Phosphatase/blood , Hyperplasia/drug therapy , Liver/surgery , Liver/drug effects
13.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(11): 975-982, Nov. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973472

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To discuss the use of models of hepatic retraction by laparoscopy, to present a new Hepatic Retractor (HR) and to evaluate its practicality, efficacy and safety in Esophageal Hiatus Exposure (EHE). Methods: Experimental cross - sectional study with a quantitative character. It was carried out in the Laboratory of Health Training of Christus University Center. The sample consisted of 12 livers of adult pigs weighing between 30 and 45 kg. A circular-shaped HR, 5 cm diameter and deformable materials was developed with a polypropylene cloth, metallic guide wire, epidural needle plastic guide and nylon string. The practicality of HR management was measured by the time required to use the instrument, efficacy by exposure to the operative field and safety by macroscopic assessment of liver damage. Results: The average time to complete the procedure was 3.24 minutes and reached less than 2 minutes after 12 repetitions. In eight experiments the maximum degree of EHE was obtained. No macroscopic lesions were observed. Conclusion: The use of HR described can broaden the operative field, without causing macroscopic liver lesions and prolonging the surgical time.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Surgical Instruments , Laparoscopy/instrumentation , Liver/surgery , Reference Values , Swine , Cross-Sectional Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Models, Animal , Equipment Design , Operative Time
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010424

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the comparative therapeutic efficacy of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and hepatic resection (HR) for breast cancer liver metastases (BCLMs).@*METHODS@#Studies that had examined the outcomes for both RFA and HR for BCLM were identified by searching the electronic databases PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library. Pooled analyzes of the overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), and short-term outcomes of BCLM were performed.@*RESULTS@#Patients with BCLM gained many more survival benefits from HR than from RFA with regard to the 3-year OS rate (combined odds ratio (OR) 0.41, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.29-0.59, P<0.001), 5-year OS rate (combined OR 0.38, 95% CI 0.32-0.46, P<0.001), 3-year DFS (combined OR 0.36, 95% CI 0.27-0.49, P<0.001), and 5-year DFS (combined OR 0.51, 95% CI 0.40-0.66, P<0.001). RFA had fewer postoperative complications (combined OR 0.30, 95% CI 0.20-0.44, P<0.001) and shorter hospital stays (combined OR -9.01, 95% CI -13.49-4.54, P<0.001) than HR.@*CONCLUSIONS@#HR takes precedence over RFA in the treatment of patients with BCLM, considering the better survival rate. RFA gives rise to fewer complications and can be carried out with a shorter hospital stay, compared to HR. RFA should be reserved for patients who are not optimum candidates for resection.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/surgery , Catheter Ablation , Disease-Free Survival , Hepatectomy , Length of Stay , Liver/surgery , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Odds Ratio , Prognosis , Radiofrequency Ablation , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome
15.
Clinics ; 73: e289, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952809

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The prognosis of patients with biliary atresia undergoing Kasai portoenterostomy is related to the timing of the diagnosis and the indication for the procedure. The purpose of the present study is to present a practical flowchart based on 257 children who underwent Kasai portoenterostomy. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent Kasai portoenterostomy between 1981 and 2016. RESULTS: During the first period (1981 to 2009), 230 infants were treated, and the median age at the time of surgery was 84 days; jaundice was resolved in 77 patients (33.5%). During the second period, from 2010 to 2016, a new diagnostic approach was adopted to shorten the wait time for portoenterostomy; an ultrasonography examination suggestive of the disease was followed by primary surgical exploration of the biliary tract without complementary examination or liver biopsy. Once the diagnosis of biliary atresia was confirmed, a portoenterostomy was performed during the same surgery. During this period, 27 infants underwent operations; the median age at the time of surgery was 66 days (p<0.001), and jaundice was resolved in 15 patients (55.6% - p=0.021), with a survival rate of the native liver of 66.7%. CONCLUSION: Primary surgical exploration of the biliary tract without previous biopsy was effective at improving the prognostic indicators of patients with biliary atresia undergoing Kasai portoenterostomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Biliary Atresia/surgery , Portoenterostomy, Hepatic/methods , Time Factors , Biliary Atresia/mortality , Biliary Atresia/pathology , Brazil/epidemiology , Portoenterostomy, Hepatic/mortality , Survival Rate , Retrospective Studies , Age Factors , Liver Transplantation/methods , Liver Transplantation/mortality , Treatment Outcome , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Jaundice, Neonatal/surgery , Jaundice, Neonatal/pathology , Liver/surgery , Liver/pathology
16.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(4): e6062, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889069

ABSTRACT

Liver resection is the standard treatment for any liver lesion. Laparoscopic liver resection is associated with lower intra-operative blood loss and fewer complications than open resection. Access to the posterior part of the right liver lobe is very uncomfortable and difficult for surgeons due the anatomic position, especially when employing laparoscopic surgery. Based on these experiences, a new laparoscopic device was developed that is capable of bending its long axis and allowing the application of radiofrequency energy in areas that were not technically accessible. The device is equipped with four telescopic needle electrodes that cause tissue coagulation after the delivery of radiofrequency energy. Ex vivo testing was performed in 2012 and 2014 at the University Hospital, Ostrava, on a porcine liver tissue. The main goal of this testing was to verify if the newly proposed electrode layout was suitable for sufficient tissue coagulation and creating a safety zone around lesions. During the ex vivo testing, the material of needle electrodes was improved to achieve the lowest possibility of adhesion. The power supply was adjusted from 20 to 120 W and the ablation time, which varied from 10 to 110 s, was monitored. Subsequently, optimal power delivery and time for coagulation was determined. This experimental study demonstrated the feasibility and safety of the newly developed device. Based on the ex vivo testing, LARA-K1 can create a safety zone of coagulation. For further assessment of the new device, an in vivo study should be performed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Catheter Ablation/instrumentation , Laparoscopy/instrumentation , Equipment Design , Hemostasis, Surgical/instrumentation , Hepatectomy/instrumentation , Liver/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Hepatectomy/methods
17.
Int. j. morphol ; 35(4): 1525-1539, Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-893165

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El hígado es un órgano sólido, de gran relevancia para la fisiología. Es asiento potencial de lesiones tumorales quísticas y sólidas; benignas y malignas (primarias y secundarias); razón por la cual, conocer su anatomía radiológica y quirúrgica es muy relevante. Los antecedentes históricos comienzan con Berta en 1716, quien fue el primero en realizar una resección hepática; en 1888, Lagenbuch fue el primero el realizar una resección hepática programada. En 1889, Keen realizó la primera lobectomía hepática izquierda, seguido de Webde, en 1910, quien ejecutó la primera lobectomía hepática derecha. Más tarde, Couinaud, en 1957, realizó ua descripción completa de la anatomía segmentaria del hígado, dando una mejor comprensión quirúrgica de la morfología hepática, para su abordaje en distintas patologías. Un hito fundamental en el desarrollo del estudio del hígado, fue el establecimiento de la "Clasificación de Brisbane", por parte del Comité Científico de la Asociación Internacional Hepatobilio-Pancreática, poniendo fin a la confusión terminológica establecida entre los términos franceses y anglosajones. Y desde el ámbito anatómico, se destaca la aparición de Terminologia Anatomica, por parte del Programa Federativo Internacional de Terminologia Anatomica (FIPAT) dependiente de la Federación Internacional de Asociaciones de Anatomistas (IFAA), quienes dentro de la misma, establecieron los términos anatómicos correspondientes al hígado. El objetivo de este manuscrito, es entregar un resumen esquemático de la anatomía quirúrgica y radiológica del hígado, que fundamentan las diferentes opciones de resecciones hepáticas.


SUMMARY: The liver is a solid organ which is most relevant for physiology. It is a potential site for cystic and solid (primary and secondary) benign and malignant tumor lesions. Therefore, thorough knowledge of its radiological and surgical anatomy is important. Historical background of liver resections began with Berta in 1716, who was the first to carry out the procedure. In 1888, Lagenbuch performed the first programmed liver resection and subsequently, in 1889 Keen performed the very first left hepatic lobectomy, followed by Webde in 1910, who performed the first right hepatic lobectomy. Later in 1957, Couinaud recorded a complete description of the segmental anatomy of the liver, providing a greater surgical understanding of the hepatic morphology, for approach in various pathologies. A fundamental milestone in the development of the liver study was the establishment of the "Brisbane Classification" by the Scientific Committee of the International Hepatobiliary-Pancreatic Association, which ended previous confusion between the French and Anglo-Saxon terminology. Furthermore, within the scope of anatomy, the introduction of Terminología Anatómica, by the International Federative Program of Anatomical Terminology (FIPAT) which depends on the International Federation of Associations of Anatomists ( IFAA), established the anatomical terms for the liver The objective of this manuscript is to provide a schematic summary of the surgical and radiological anatomy of the liver, on which the different options for liver resections are based.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatectomy , Liver/anatomy & histology , Liver/diagnostic imaging , Liver/surgery
18.
Acta cir. bras ; 32(8): 673-679, Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886232

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To analyze the use of this sponge in pediatric patients undergoing split-liver transplantation. Methods: Retrospective study, including 35 pediatric patients undergoing split-liver transplantation, divided into two groups according to the use of the sponge: 18 patients in Group A (no sponge) and 17 in Group B (with sponge). Results: The characteristics of recipients and donors were similar. We observed greater number of reoperation due to bleeding in the wound area in Group A (10 patients - 55.5%) than in Group B (3 patients - 17.6%); p = 0.035. The median volume of red blood cells transfused in Group A was significantly higher (73.4 ± 102.38 mL/kg) than that in Group B (35.1 ± 41.67 mL/kg); p = 0.048. Regarding bile leak there was no statistical difference. Conclusion: The use of the human fibrinogen and thrombin sponge, required lower volume of red blood cell transfusion and presented lower reoperation rates due to bleeding in the wound area.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Fibrinogen/therapeutic use , Hemostatics/therapeutic use , Thrombin/therapeutic use , Surgical Sponges , Liver Transplantation/methods , Hemostasis, Surgical/methods , Reoperation , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Blood Loss, Surgical/prevention & control , Liver Transplantation/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Erythrocyte Transfusion , Statistics, Nonparametric , Surgical Wound/drug therapy , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver/surgery
19.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 15(2): 178-185, Apr.-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-891376

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To analyze the influence of portal vein ligation in hepatic regeneration by immunohistochemical criteria. Methods Ten pigs divided into two groups of five animals underwent hepatectomy in two stages, and the groups were differentiated by ligation or not of the left portal vein tributary, which is responsible for vascularization of the left lateral and medial lobes of the pig liver. Five days after the procedure, the animals underwent liver biopsies for further analysis of histological and immunohistochemical with marker Ki67. Results The group submitted to hepatectomy with vascular ligation showed an increase of approximately 4% of hepatocytes in regeneration status, as well as a greater presence of Kupffer and inflammatory cells as compared to control. Conclusion As a result of positive cell replication observed through the Ki67 marker, we can suspect that the ligation of a tributary of the portal vein associated with liver resection promoted a greater stimulus of liver regeneration when compared to liver resection alone.


RESUMO Objetivo Analisar a influência da ligadura da tributária da veia porta no estímulo regenerativo hepático por meio de critérios imuno-histoquímicos. Métodos Dez suínos, divididos em dois grupos de cinco animais, foram submetidos à hepatectomia em dois estágios, sendo que os grupos foram diferenciados pela ligadura ou não da tributária da veia porta, responsável pela vascularização dos lobos lateral e medial esquerdos do fígado do suíno. Cinco dias após o procedimento, os animais foram reabordados para retirada de amostras hepáticas para posterior análise de histológica e imunoistoquímica com o marcador Ki67. Resultados O grupo submetido à hepatectomia com ligadura vascular apresentou incremento de 4% aproximadamente de hepatócitos em processo de regeneração, bem como grande número de células de Kupffer e células inflamatórias, quando comparado ao controle. Conclusão Em virtude da análise positiva da replicação celular observada por meio do marcador Ki67, pode-se observar que a ligadura de uma tributária da veia porta promoveu um maior estímulo de regeneração hepática, efeito observado com menor intensidade no grupo submetido apenas à ressecção hepática.


Subject(s)
Animals , Portal Vein/surgery , Parenchymal Tissue/surgery , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver/surgery , Liver Regeneration , Swine , Random Allocation , Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism , Hepatocytes/metabolism , Models, Animal , Parenchymal Tissue/pathology , Leukocytes , Ligation/methods , Liver/pathology
20.
Acta cir. bras ; 32(3): 194-202, Mar. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-837694

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the effects of lycopene and resveratrol pretreatment on hepatic hyperplasia in partially hepatectomized rats. Methods: The lycopene group and the resveratrol group received 40 mg/kg/day of lycopene or resveratrol, respectively (dissolved in olive oil or in saline solution, respectively) and administered via a gastric tube for 30 days. The partially hepatectomzed (PH) control groups received saline or olive oil via a gastric tube for 30 days, respectively, and the normal control group received no treatment. Liver tissue and intracardiac blood samples were obtained 24, 36 or 48 h after PH. Results: No areas of fibrosis were detected. No significant changes in mitotic index, in the number of apoptosis events or in aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase levels were observed. Conclusions: Lycopene and resveratrol pretreatment did not interfere on hepatic hyperplasia in partially hepatectomized rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Stilbenes/pharmacology , Carotenoids/pharmacology , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver/surgery , Liver/drug effects , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Time Factors , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Apoptosis/drug effects , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Alanine Transaminase/blood , Liver/enzymology , Liver/pathology , Liver Regeneration/drug effects , Mitotic Index
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