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Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1431040


Abstract Objective: To present the profile of hospitalizations due to transport accidents in individuals aged 0-19 years in a reference hospital for urgent and emergency traumatology care. Material and Methods: This retrospective study is grounded on analyzing medical records of children and adolescents hospitalized due to transport accidents in 2016 and 2017. The bivariate analyses included Chi-square and Fischer's exact tests and binary logistic regression, with a 5% significance level. Results: Four hundred and seventy-five (43.7%) of the 1,088 medical records investigated corresponded to transport accidents, and accidents involving motorcycles were the most frequent (68.3%), affecting adolescents (81.3%), while children were more involved in accidents as pedestrians (57.1%). Advancing age increases the likelihood of the outcome, with a significant association in the multivariate analysis (p<0.001). The mandible was most frequently affected in maxillofacial fractures. Conclusion: Transport accidents predominantly affect male adolescents, involving motorcycles, and the lower limbs are the most affected. The mandible was the most affected bone in maxillofacial fractures.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Accidents, Traffic , Child , Adolescent , Facial Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Traffic Victims , Hospitalization , Chi-Square Distribution , Logistic Models , Medical Records , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Hospitals, Packaged , Maxillary Fractures
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 23: e220017, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1431042


ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate whether the dimensions of cavitated dentin carious lesions on the occlusoproximal surfaces of primary teeth could predict the location of cement-enamel junction (CEJ). Material and Methods: Two hundred extracted primary molars were selected and digital images were obtained. The teeth were set in arch models for clinical measurement. The cervical-occlusal (CO) and buccal-lingual/palatal (BL/P) cavities' dimensions were obtained by digital (Image J) and clinical (periodontal millimeter probe) assessments. The cervical margin location was also determined. The thresholds (cut-off points) were determined by sensitivity, specificity and the areas under the receiver operating characteristics curves (Az) for the two methods. Pearson's correlation coefficient was used to investigate the correlation between clinical and digital measurements. Logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the association between the dimensions and cervical margin location. Results: There was a strong correlation between methods for all measurements (CO: r=0.90, VL/P: r=0.95). Cavities with BL/P distance higher than 4.5 mm and CO dimension higher than 3.5 mm had a lower chance of presenting the cervical limit above the CEJ, irrespective of the measurement method. Conclusion: CO and VL/P dimensions could be used to predict the CEJ location and, ultimately, as a clinical parameter for restorative decision-making.

Humans , Tooth, Deciduous/injuries , Dental Caries/complications , Dental Enamel/injuries , Dentin/injuries , Logistic Models , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Dentistry, Operative , Correlation of Data
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1448788


ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the prevalence of bruxism in Iranian children aged 6 to 12 years. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 600 schoolchildren aged 6-12 years. The questionnaire consisted of two sections: the first section included demographic information, while the second evaluated the occurrence of bruxism. Kruskal-Wallis, Chi-Square, Fisher and Multinomial logistic regression were used. A level of p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: 698 questionnaires were distributed, of which 600 participants were returned. According to Multinomial logistic regression, awake bruxism was associated significantly with the following variables: age, sequence of birth, recurrent headache, gastrointestinal disease, nasal obstruction, neurological disorder, easy child crying, sleep disorders, talking in a dream and snoring and jaw disorder. Sleep bruxism was associated significantly with age, premature birth, allergy, gastrointestinal disease, drooling, mouth breathing, nasal obstruction, oral habit, nail biting, sleep disorder, jaw disorders, and family history. Conclusion: Pre-birth and post-birth factors play an important role in the prevalence of bruxism in society. It is possible to prevent complications of bruxism by informing parents and making a timely diagnosis. Parents should be aware of this occurrence to reduce possible related factors to teeth and the masticatory system.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Sleep Wake Disorders/complications , Bruxism/complications , Bruxism/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Stress, Psychological , Chi-Square Distribution , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Statistics, Nonparametric
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1448799


ABSTRACT Objective: To associate caregivers' sense of coherence (SOC) and untreated caries with oral health status in children covered by a dental public health system. Material and Methods: A convenience sample of caregivers/children in Angra dos Reis, Brazil, was surveyed. Caregivers' SOC was evaluated using the 13-question version questionnaire. For both caregivers/children, sociodemographic information was acquired and caries experience was evaluated by DMFT/dmft and PUFA/pufa index. Statistical associations between children's untreated carious teeth and interest variables from the caregivers were evaluated by binary logistic regression assessed by generalized linear modeling. Results: A total of 233 pairs of caregivers-children were included. Children's untreated permanent and primary carious teeth represented 34.8% and 62.2% of the caries experience, respectively and at least one PUFA/pufa scored tooth was detected in 22.7% of them. Caregivers' DMFT was 13.5±7.0, while 33.6% scored on PUFA. A total of 62.1% of them presented untreated carious lesions. Results from the univariate model, correlating children's untreated caries and caregivers' attributes showed a statistical significance for SOC values (p<0.015), untreated decayed teeth (p<0.035), self-perception of oral health (p<0.022) and oral impact on daily performance (p<0.010). The multivariate logistic first model kept the statistical significance only for the caregiver's untreated decayed teeth. Conclusion: Caregivers' SOC and untreated carious teeth could be used as indicators of dental treatment needs in their offspring.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Oral Health/education , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Sense of Coherence , Health Policy , Mother-Child Relations/psychology , Social Perception , Chi-Square Distribution , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Statistics, Nonparametric
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 23: e220089, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1507021


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the impact of mobile dental clinics on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQL) of children. Material and Methods: A longitudinal epidemiological study was conducted with participants from seven mobile dental clinics carried out between May 2019 and January 2020 by the NGO Missão Sorrisos. Parents and children who attended the program had their sociodemographic data collected. Both completed the Scale of Oral Health 5 (SOHO-5) self-reported questionnaire before treatment and again 30 days after treatment. Results: The improvement in the children's oral health after treatment at the mobile clinics is reflected in the pre-and post-treatment medians measured by the SOHO-5 total score from the children's own reports from the parents' reports. The procedures performed were effective in reducing pain and difficulties in eating, drinking, and sleeping. An improvement in the perception of the children's appearance and self-confidence was reported, both from the perspective of the parents/guardians and the children themselves. The chance of improvement in the perception of the children's oral health was greater for parents (OR=5.96; CI95%: 1.32-26.84) and children (OR=5.76; CI95%: 1.28-25.95) from families whose main caregiver was not professionally active at the time of the study. Conclusion: The mobile dental clinics had a positive impact on the OHRQL of children from the perspective of the participants of the study.

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Quality of Life , Oral Health , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Clinics , Mobile Health Units , Epidemiologic Studies , Logistic Models , Surveys and Questionnaires , Statistics, Nonparametric
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-7, 01/jan./2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361634


Objetivo: aplicar a modelagem logística da primeira onda da COVID-19, com índice nos países com 20 maiores Produto Interno Bruto (PIB). Métodos: foi utilizada a modelagem matemática de crescimento logístico, considerando os seguintes parâmetros: número cumulativo de casos (C), tamanho final da epidemia na onda única de um surto (K), taxa intrínseca de crescimento (y) e tempo de inflexão (τ). Resultados: o Brasil apresentou maior número de casos e mortalidade, e os Estados Unidos da América (EUA) maior número de casos absolutos. A Coreia do Sul evidenciou o menor ponto de inflexão de 15,3 dias, enquanto o maior foi da Indonésia, com 213,9 dias. Na análise entre o ponto de inflexão e casos acumulados (/100 mil habitantes), observou-se correlação positiva moderada significativa (r=0,629 e p=0,003); (r=0,532 e p=0,016). Conclusão: o reconhecimento do comportamento de uma epidemia por meio da modelagem matemática torna possível determinar a propagação de uma epidemia, visto que, com a possibilidade de captar a dinâmica de uma epidemia, torna-se possível prever a necessidade de medidas públicas antecipadas e, consequentemente, diminuição da mortalidade global.

Objective: to apply logistic modeling of the first wave of COVID-19 in countries with the 20 highest Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Methods: logistic growth mathematical modeling was used, considering the following parameters: cumulative number of cases (C), the final size of the epidemic in the single wave of an outbreak (K), intrinsic growth rate (y), and inflection time (τ). Results: Brazil showed the highest number of cases and mortality, and the United States of America (USA) had the highest number of absolute cases. South Korea showed the lowest inflection point of 15.3 days, while the highest infection point was Indonesia, with 213.9 days. In the analysis between the inflection point and cumulative cases (/100,000 population), a moderate significant positive correlation was observed (r=0.629 and p=0.003); (r=0.532 and p=0.016). Conclusion: the recognition of the behavior of an epidemic through mathematical modeling makes it possible to determine the spread of an epidemic, since, with the possibility of capturing the dynamics of an epidemic, it becomes possible to predict the need for anticipated public measures and, consequently, decrease in overall mortality.

COVID-19 , Logistic Models , Gross Domestic Product , Epidemics
Psico USF ; 27(4): 675-688, Oct.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1422347


Trata-se de um estudo brasileiro, transversal, mediado pela Internet com o objetivo de descrever como diferenças temperamentais associam-se ao uso de oito práticas de medicina alternativa e complementar (MAC): ioga, meditação, reiki, acupuntura, massagem, tai chi chuan, homeopatia e floral. A amostra foi composta por 22.415 indivíduos, sendo 69,5% mulheres, com idade média de 28,8 anos (DP = 9,1). As práticas mais utilizadas foram massagem e ioga e as variáveis sexo, idade, renda e diagnóstico psicopatológico ao longo da vida associaram-se a todas as práticas, exceto com tai chi chuan. Análise inferencial se baseou em modelo de regressão logística e os resultados foram calculados com base na razão de chances com intervalo de confiança de 95%. Observou-se que manifestações adaptativas de traços e de tipos psicológicos, associaram-se a maiores chances de praticar MAC. Resultados sugerem que perfis com maior regulação emocional tendem a utilizar mais frequentemente MAC e, possivelmente, obter benefícios. (AU)

The present study is a cross-sectional web-based survey conducted in Brazil aiming to describe how individual differences in temperament traits and types could predict the use of the following eight categories of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM): yoga, meditation, reiki, acupuncture, massage, tai chi chuan, homeopathy, and flower remedies. The sample consisted of 22,415 individuals, 69.5% of whom were women, with a mean age of 28.8 years (SD= 9.1). The most commonly used practices were massage and yoga and the variables sex, age, income, and psychopathological diagnosis throughout life were associated with all practices, except tai chi chuan. The inferential analysis relied on logistic regressions and results were calculated based on the odd ratios with 95% confidence intervals. Adaptive manifestations of psychological traits and types were associated with greater use of complementary and alternative medicine practices. Results suggested that profiles with greater emotional regulation tend to use CAM more frequently and possibly obtain benefits. (AU)

Se trata de un estudio brasileño, transversal, mediado por Internet, con el objetivo de describir cómo las diferencias temperamentales se asocian con el uso de ocho prácticas de medicina alternativa y complementaria (MAC): yoga, meditación, reiki, acupuntura, masaje, tai chi chuan, homeopatía y floral. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 22.415 individuos, de los cuales 69,5 % eran mujeres, con una edad media de 28,8 años (DS= 9,1). Las prácticas más utilizadas fueron el masaje y el yoga, y las variables sexo, edad, renta y diagnóstico psicopatológico a lo largo de la vida se asociaron a todas las prácticas, excepto al tai chi chuan. El análisis inferencial se basó en un modelo de regresión logística y los resultados se calcularon con base en la odds ratio con un intervalo de confianza del 95 %. Se observó que las manifestaciones adaptativas de rasgos y tipos psicológicos se asociaron con mayores posibilidades de practicar MAC. Los resultados sugieren que los perfiles con mayor regulación emocional tienden a usar MAC con mayor frecuencia y, posiblemente, obtienen beneficios. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Temperament , Complementary Therapies/psychology , Individuality , Adaptation, Psychological , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Age and Sex Distribution , Emotional Regulation , Sociodemographic Factors
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 8(3): 28522, out. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1399323


Introdução: Assim como observado no cenário nacional, o município de Mossoró apresentou altas taxas de letalidade nos primeiros meses de pandemia. Todavia, o conhecimento epidemiológico em torno da COVID-19 no município tem ocorrido, sobretudo, através de documentos institucionais das Secretarias de Saúde. Desse modo, a finalidade deste estudo é fornecer evidências que permitam ampliar a compreensão da ocorrência da doença em nível local, ofertar dados e informações que venham a subsidiar as políticas públicas de saúde municipais e gerar hipóteses sobre a morbimortalidade da doença para futuras investigações científicas. Objetivo: Analisar o perfil epidemiológico dos casos internados e confirmados de COVID-19 no município de Mossoró no estado do Rio Grande do Norte/Brasil. Metodologia: Estudo observacional transversal, baseado em dados secundários de casos internados de COVID-19 registrados no Sistema Único de Saúde entre março e outubro de 2020.Resultados:Foram incluídos na amostra 664 pacientes, dos quais 46,5% evoluíram para óbito. Entre as internações, 63,1% resultaram em internações em unidades de terapia intensiva. Observamos diferenças estatísticas significativas entre 'admissão na unidade de terapia intensiva e evolução para óbito' e 'faixa etária e evolução para óbito' e, maior risco entre idosos acima de 60 anos, com comorbidades, dispneia e saturação de O2 <95%. A necessidade de suporte ventilatório invasivo foi considerada fator predisponente para óbito. O risco de internação na unidade de terapia intensiva foi maior entre as idosas. Conclusões: A hospitalização e o óbito de pacientes com COVID-19foram maiores em pacientes idosos com comorbidades (AU).

Introduction:As observed in the national scenario, the city of Mossoró showed high lethality rates in the first months of the pandemic. However, the epidemiological knowledge around COVID-19 in the municipality has occurred mostly through institutional documents from the Health Secretariats. Thus, the purpose of this study is to provide evidence to broaden the understanding of the occurrence of the disease at the local level, provide data and information that will support municipal health public policies and generate hypotheses about the morbidity and mortality of the disease for future scientific investigations. Objective: To analyze the epidemiological profile of hospitalized and confirmed cases of COVID-19 in the municipality of Mossoró in the state of Rio Grande do Norte/Brazil. Methodology:This is a cross-sectional and observational study, based on secondary data from the hospitalized COVID-19 cases recorded in the Unified Health System (Sistema Unificado de Saúde, SUS) between March and October 2020. Results:664 patients were included in the sample, of which 46.5% evolved to death. Among hospitalizations, 63.1% resulted in intensive care units admissions. We observed significant differences between intensive care unit admission and evolution to death' and 'age group and evolution to death' and, higher risk among elderly individuals over 60 years, with comorbidities, dyspnea and O2 saturation<95%. Need for invasive ventilatory support was considered a predisposing factor for death. The risk of intensive care unit admission was higher among eldery women.Conclusions:Hospitalization and death of patients with COVID-19 were higher in elderly patients with comorbidities (AU).

Introducción: Como se observó en el escenario nacional, el municipio de Mossoró presentó altas tasas de letalidad en los primeros meses de la pandemia. Sin embargo, el conocimiento epidemiológico en torno al COVID-19 en el municipio se ha dado principalmente a través dedocumentos institucionales de las Secretarías de Salud. Por lo tanto, el objetivo de este estudio es proporcionar evidencias para ampliar el conocimiento de la ocurrencia de la enfermedad en el ámbito local, proporcionar datos e informaciones que apoyen las políticas públicas municipales de salud y generar hipótesis sobre la morbilidad y mortalidad de la enfermedad para futuras investigaciones científicas. Objetivo: Analizar el perfil epidemiológico de los casos hospitalizados y confirmados de COVID-19 en el municipio de Mossoró en el estado de Rio Grande do Norte/Brasil.Metodología: Se trata de un estudio transversal y observacional, basado en datos secundarios de los casos hospitalizados de COVID-19 registrados en el Sistema Unificado de Salud (SUS) entre marzo y octubre de 2020. Resultados: La muestra incluyó 664 pacientes, de los cuales el 46,5% falleció. Entre los ingresos, el 63,1% resultaron en ingresos en la unidad de cuidados intensivos. Se observaron diferencias estadísticas significativas entre el "ingreso en la unidad de cuidados intensivos y la evolución hasta la muerte" y el "grupo de edad y la evolución hasta la muerte", y un mayor riesgo entre los pacientes mayores de 60 años, con comorbilidades, disnea y saturación de O2 <95%. La necesidad de soporte ventilatorio invasivo se consideró un factor predisponente para la muerte. El riesgo de ingreso en la unidad de cuidados intensivos fue mayor entre las mujeres de edad avanzada. Conclusiones: La hospitalización y la muerte de los pacientes con COVID-19 fueron mayores en los pacientes de edad avanzada con comorbilidades (AU).

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Health Profile , Pandemics/statistics & numerical data , COVID-19/transmission , Health Policy , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Brazil/epidemiology , Chi-Square Distribution , Logistic Models , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 22(3): 631-640, July-Sept. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1406681


Abstract Objectives: to analyze the prevalence of sugar consumption and associated factors in childcare consultations. Methods: cross-sectional study with 599 children > six months to < 24 months of age, assisted by the Family Health Units. Outcomes: daily consumption of sweetened beverages, sweets/candies, recorded in the Food and Nutrition Surveillance System; independent variables: sociodemographic data. Multiple logistic regression test was applied. Results: 62.10% of the children consume sugary drinks and 42.23%, sweets/candies. Consuming sugary drinks was associated with the age of 12-17 months and 29 days (OR=2.525; CI95%=1.68-3.78) and 18-17 months and 29 days (OR=2.90; CI95%=1.90-4.43); children living with more than four people at home (OR=1.59; CI95%=1.11-2.26), aged 12-17 months and 29 days (OR=2.05; CI95%=1.34-3.13) and 18-23 months and 29 days (OR=2.51; CI95%=1.62-3.87) were more likely to consume sweets/candies than younger children. Maternal aspects, such as age (OR=0.66; CI95%=0.46-0.93), marital status (OR=1.67; CI95%=1.06-2.6), schooling (OR=2.14; CI95%=1.12-4.08), and presence of government assistance (OR=2.03; CI95%=1.41-2.93), were conditions associated with the consumption of sweets. Conclusions: the prevalence of sugar in children's diet was high and was associated with sociodemographic aspects. Health education actions should be carried out in childcare, in order to promote healthy food, minimizing the consumption of sugar.

Resumo Objetivos: analisar a prevalência do consumo de açúcar e fatores associados em consultas de puericultura. Métodos: estudo transversal com 599 crianças >seis a <24 meses de idade, assistidas por Unidades de Saúde da Família. Desfechos: consumo diário de bebidas adoçadas, doces/guloseimas, registrados no Sistema de Vigilância Alimentar e Nutricional; variáveis independentes: dados sociodemográficos. Aplicou-se teste de regressão logística múltipla. Resultados: 62,10% das crianças consomem bebidas açucaradas e 42,23% doces/guloseimas. Consumir bebidas açucaradas associou-se à idade de 12-17 meses e 29 dias (OR=2,525; IC95%=1,68-3,78) e 18-17 meses e 29 dias (OR=2,90; IC95%=1,90-4,43); crianças residirem com mais de quatro pessoas na casa (OR=1,59; IC95%:1,11-2,26), terem idade de 12-17 meses e 29 dias (OR=2,05; IC95%=1,34-3,13) e 18-23 meses e 29 dias (OR=2,51; IC95%=1,62-3,87) apresentaram maior chance de consumir doces/guloseimas que crianças mais novas. Aspectos maternos como idade (OR=0,66; IC95%=0,46-0,93), estado civil (OR=1,67; IC95%=1,06-2,6), escolaridade (OR=2,14; IC95%=1,12-4,08), e presença de auxílio do governo (OR=2,03;IC95%=1,41-2,93), foram condições associadas ao consumo de doces/guloseimas. Conclusão: foi alta a prevalência de açúcar na dieta das crianças e esteve associada a aspectos sociodemográficos. Ações de educação em saúde devem ser realizadas na puericultura, a fim de fomentar a alimentação saudável, minimizando o consumo de açúcar.

Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Food and Nutritional Surveillance , Candy/statistics & numerical data , Child Care , Eating , Infant Nutrition , Sugar-Sweetened Beverages/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies , Food Labeling , Sociodemographic Factors
J. bras. psiquiatr ; 71(2): 83-91, abr.-jun. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386078


OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a prevalência de comportamento suicida (ideação, plano e tentativa) nos últimos 12 meses e ao longo da vida e fatores associados entre alunos de Medicina da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). MÉTODOS: Um estudo seccional foi desenvolvido em uma amostra representativa e aleatória (n = 324) de 1.217 estudantes de Medicina da UFRJ entre abril e novembro de 2019. Os dados foram coletados por cinco pesquisadores em uma entrevista presencial com 296 alunos (taxa de participação de 91,4%), usando um questionário do Estudo Multicêntrico de Intervenção no Comportamento Suicida para avaliar o comportamento suicida, o PHQ-9 (Questionário de Saúde do Paciente-9) para avaliar o episódio depressivo maior e o ASSIST (Teste de Triagem do Envolvimento com Substâncias) para aferir o uso e abuso de substâncias. Para a avaliação das associações, utilizou-se o modelo de regressão logística. RESULTADOS: As prevalências nos últimos 12 meses foram de 18,9% (IC de 95%: 14,9-23,8) para ideação, 6,1% (IC de 95%: 3,9-9,4) para plano e 1,7% (IC de 95%: 0,7- 4,1) para tentativa de suicídio. As prevalências ao longo da vida foram de 27,7% (IC de 95%: 22,9-33,0) para ideação, 12,5% (IC de 95%: 9,2-16,7) para plano e 5,7% (IC de 95%: 3,6-9,0) para tentativa de suicídio. Os resultados encontrados foram maiores que os achados dos estudos nacionais. O episódio depressivo maior e o tratamento psicológico atual foram associados ao comportamento suicida na análise final. CONCLUSÕES: A associação com tratamento em saúde mental e episódio depressivo maior sugere que as universidades deveriam implementar programas para a prevenção do comportamento suicida.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to analyze the lifetime and past 12-month prevalence rates of suicidal behavior (suicidal ideation, suicide plans and suicidal attempt) and associated factors among medical students at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. METHODS: Sectional study was applied to a representative and random set (n = 324) of 1,217 medical students between April and November of 2019. The data were collected by five researchers through in-person interviews with 296 of 324 volunteers (participation rate of 91.4%), using the Multisite Intervention Study on Suicidal Behavior interview to assess suicidal behavior, the PHQ-9 (Patient Health Questionnaire-9) to assess major depressive episode, and ASSIST (Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test) to assess substance use and abuse. A logistic regression model was used to calculate associations. RESULTS: The rates of past-12 month were found to be 18.9% (CI 95%: 14.9-23.8) for ideation, 6.1% (CI 95%: 3.9-9.4) for suicide plans and 1.7% (CI 95%: 0.7-4.1) for suicidal attempts. The lifetime prevalence rates were 27.7% (CI 95%: 22,9-33,0) for suicidal ideation, 12.5% (CI 95%: 9.2-16.7) for plans and 5.7% (CI 95%: 3.6-9.0) for suicidal attempts. These rates are higher than the measured results among medical students in Brazil. The factors associated in the final analysis were the major depressive episode and current psychological treatment. CONCLUSIONS: The association between mental health treatment and major depressive episode suggest that the universities should implement suicidal behavior prevention programs.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Students, Medical/psychology , Suicide, Attempted/statistics & numerical data , Suicidal Ideation , Logistic Models , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Depressive Disorder, Major/epidemiology , Sociodemographic Factors
Bol. malariol. salud ambient ; 62(1): 8-15, jun, 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1379267


Introducción: La malaria es una de las enfermedades infecciosas más importantes y para tratarla además de medicamentos, la población emplea plantas medicinales. El objetivo fue establecer los factores asociados a malaria y las plantas empleadas para su tratamiento en habitantes de Corozal. Método: Se aplicó una encuesta con preguntas sociodemográficas, de la vivienda, de conocimiento y de actitudes y las plantas medicinales empleadas para tratarla. Resultados: El 48% emplean plantas medicinales solas o con medicamentos, siendo el Gliricidia sepium (matarratón) y el Acmella oppositifolia (yuyo) las plantas más empleadas. En el 48% de las casas ha habido malaria. Por regresión logística se estableció que la malaria se asoció con conocer cómo se adquiere, consultar al médico tradicional y tener más de 15 años en Corozal. Conclusiones: Las plantas que la población de este estudio reportan no muestran evidencia científica como antimalaricos. Es importante una mayor presencia de las autoridades de salud y su trabajo conjunto con el médico tradicional para lograr estrategias más efectivas(AU)

Introduction: Malaria is one of the most important infectious disease and to treat it in addition to medicines the population uses medicinal plants. The objective was to establish the factors associated with malaria and the plants used for its treatment in inhabitants of Corozal. Method: A survey was applied with sociodemographic questions about housing, knowledge and attitudes, in addition to the medicinal plants used to treat it. Results: 48% use medicinal plants alone or with medicines, Gliricidia sepium (rat poisson) and Acmella oppositifolia (Opposite-leaf Spotflower) are the most used. In 48% of the homes there has been malaria. By logistic regression it was established that malaria was associated with knowing how it is acquired, consulting the traditional doctor and living in Corozal for more than 15 years. Conclusions: The plants that the population of this study report usimg do not show scientific evidence antimalarials. A greater presence of health authorities and their joint work with the traditional doctor for more effective strategies is important(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Plants, Medicinal , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Malaria , Antimalarials/therapeutic use , Logistic Models , Colombia/epidemiology
Bol. malariol. salud ambient ; 62(1): 32-38, jun, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1379293


Hay dos tipos principales de tejido adiposo; el subcutáneo, que es menos activo metabólicamente, y el tejido adiposo visceral, que secreta constantemente citocinas inflamatorias y está relacionado a enfermedades metabólicas y cardiovasculares. Nuestro objetivo fue identificar la asociación entre el exceso de grasa visceral y la severidad de enfermedad en pacientes con COVID-19. Se realizó un estudio observacional analítico que incluyó a pacientes con COVID-19 admitidos al Hospital Carrión de Huancayo, Perú. Se utilizó la balanza de bioimpedancia para cuantificar la composición corporal, la variable dependiente fue la severidad de enfermedad. Se utilizó el análisis de regresión logística para determinar la asociación de la grasa visceral y otros parámetros antropométricos con severidad de enfermedad. Se analizaron a 120 personas con COVID-19, la edad promedio fue 50 años, el sexo masculino fue 60%. De acuerdo a los valores de la composición corporal emitidos por el equipo de bioimpedancia: La grasa visceral > 15Kg (OR 7,31; p = 0,001); la grasa corporal total > 35% (OR 5,58; p = 0,009) y el exceso de peso > 20Kg (OR 6,96; p = 0,011) fueron los parámetros asociados a enfermedad severa por COVID-19. La relación positiva entre el perímetro abdominal y la cantidad de grasa visceral fue significativo (p = 0,01). En la composición corporal, el exceso de grasa visceral es el mayor parámetro asociado a enfermedad severa por COVID-19(AU)

There are two main types of adipose tissue; the subcutaneous, which is less metabolically active, and the visceral adipose tissue, which constantly secretes inflammatory cytokines and is related to metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. Our objetive was to identify the association between the excess of visceral fat and disease severity in COVID-19 patients. An analytical observational study was carried out which included patients with COVID-19 admitted to the Carrión Hospital in Huancayo, Peru. The bioimpedance balance was used to quantify the body composition; the dependent variable was the severity of the disease. A logistic regression analysis was used to determine the association of visceral fat and other anthropometric parameters with the severity of the disease. Out of 120 people with COVID-19 were analyzed, the average age was 50 years, the male sex was 60%. According to the body composition values issued by the bioimpedance team: Visceral fat> 15Kg (OR 7.31; p = 0.001); Total body fat> 35% (OR 5.58; p = 0.009) and excess weight> 20Kg (OR 6.96; p = 0.011) were the parameters associated with severe disease due to COVID-19. The positive relationship between abdominal circumference and the amount of visceral fat was significant (p = 0.01). In body composition, excess visceral fat is the main parameter associated with severe COVID-19 disease(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/epidemiology , Intra-Abdominal Fat/physiopathology , COVID-19/physiopathology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Obesity/physiopathology , Peru/epidemiology , Severity of Illness Index , Body Mass Index , Logistic Models , Regression Analysis , Hospitals
Int. j. morphol ; 40(3): 774-780, jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385678


SUMMARY: The aim of this study is to contribute to sex determination studies from the scapula in the Turkish population and compare with previous studies. This study was performed with 200 scapulae (100 males and 100 females). The age range of the patients was between 18-93 years old. Computed tomography scans were used and length of glenoid cavity (LGC), breadth of glenoid cavity (BGC), depth of glenoid cavity (DGC), perimeter (PM) and volume (VL) were measured. Randomly selected 20 scapulae were measured three times for examine the intra-rater reliability from those measurements. Gender logistic regression analysis was conducted to find the significant variables at sex determination from the scapula. The most effective parameter in determining sex from scapula was found to be VL (88.5%). The effects of LGC, PM, BGC and DGC at sex determination from scapula were found to be 83%, 82.5%, 79.5%, 66%, respectively. The combination of VL and PM (89.5%) was found to be the most effective combination at sex determination from the scapula. The intraclass correlation values of all measurements were found to be at high reliability. According to the literature, PM and DGC along with the VL in Turkish population, were not used previously for sex determination from the scapula. A combination of the VL and PM was found to be the most effective parameters at sex determination from scapula in the Turkish population. There are few studies on the sex determination from scapula in the Turkish population. This study will guide anthropologists, forensic scientists and anatomists at sex determination studies from scapula and surgeons by morphometrically in clinical situations related to the scapula.

RESUMEN: El objetivo de este estudio fue contribuir a la determinación del sexo a partir de la escápula en la población turca y comparar con estudios previos. Esta investigación se realizó con 200 escápulas (100 hombres y 100 mujeres). El rango de edad de los pacientes estaba entre de 18 años y 93 años. Escaner de tomografía computada se usó para medir en la cavidad glenoidea los siguientes parámetros: longitud (LCG), ancho (ACG), profundidad (PCG), perímetro (PG) y volumen (VCG). Se midieron 20 escápulas seleccionadas tres veces al azar para examinar la confiabilidad intraevaluador de estas mediciones. Se realizó un análisis de regresión logística de género para encontrar las variables significativas en la determinación del sexo a partir de la escápula. El parámetro más eficaz para determinar el sexo a partir de la escápula resultó ser VCG (88,5%). Los efectos de LCG, PG, ACG y PCG en la determinación del sexo a partir de la escápula fueron del 83 %, 82,5 %, 79,5 % y 66 %, respectivamente. La combinación de VCG y PG (89,5%) resultó ser la combinación más efectiva en la determinación del sexo a partir de la escápula. Se encontró que los valores de correlación intraclase de todas las mediciones tenían una alta confiabilidad. De acuerdo con la literatura, PG y PCG junto con el VCG en la población turca, no se han utilizado previamente para la determinación del sexo a partir de la escápula. Se determinó que una combinación de VCG y PG son los parámetros más efectivos en la determinación del sexo a partir de la escápula. Existe escasa información sobre la determinación del sexo a partir de la escápula en la población turca. Este estudio guiará a los antropólogos, forenses y anatomistas en los estudios de determinación del sexo de la escápula y sera útil para los cirujanos en situaciones clínicas relacionadas con la escápula.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Sex Determination by Skeleton , Glenoid Cavity/anatomy & histology , Glenoid Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Scapula/anatomy & histology , Scapula/diagnostic imaging , Turkey , Logistic Models
Rev. méd. hondur ; 90(1): 44-52, ene.-jun. 2022. tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BIMENA | ID: biblio-1393228


La pandemia de la COVID-19 continúa reportando casos y fallecimientos a nivel mundial y nacional. La vacuna contra COVID-19, ha logrado contener la propagación de la enfermedad, sin embargo, todavía no tiene una aceptación total. Objetivo: Determinar el nivel de conocimiento, actitudes y aceptabilidad de la vacuna contra la COVID-19 y factores asociados, en estudiantes de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Honduras (UNAH) en año 2021. Métodos: Estudio observacional, transversal, descriptivo con análisis de asociación. La población de estudio fueron los estudiantes de la UNAH. Resultados: Un total de 1,417 estudiantes participaron, de los cuales el 52.3% (741) no estaban vacunados contra la COVID-19. Se encontró que el 93.5% (693/741) aceptaría aplicarse la vacuna. Se realizó una regresión logística binaria múltiple reportando que, el grupo de edad de 40 a 44 años tendrían mayor posibilidad de no aceptabilidad de la vacuna (OR=17, IC95% 2.462-120.661; p=0.004). Con respecto a los factores psicosociales se encontró que, la norma subjetiva y el control conductual inadecuado conllevaría a mayor posibilidad de no aceptación de la vacuna. (OR=11.4, IC95% 3.605- 36.664; p=0.000) y (OR=4.6, IC95% 1.678-12.281; p=0.003), respectivamente. Finalmente, la actitud social y la percepción de riesgo inadecuado implicaría no aceptar la vacuna (OR=13, IC95% 5.683-30.322; p=0.000) y (OR=6, IC95% 2.189- 15.159; p=0.000), respectivamente. Discusión: Según los resultados de este estudio, los estudiantes que no aceptaron vacunarse tuvieron influencia en su entorno familiar, social y de su propia capacidad para decidir, sumado a una percepción de riesgo inadecuada por una influencia directa en los mismos...(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Students/psychology , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Vaccination Refusal/psychology , COVID-19 Vaccines/therapeutic use , COVID-19/prevention & control , Students/statistics & numerical data , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies , Vaccination Refusal/statistics & numerical data , Sociodemographic Factors
ABCS health sci ; 47: e022204, 06 abr. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363533


INTRODUCTION: Kidney transplantation (KT) is the renal replacement therapy (RRT) of choice for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, not every KT is successful and some patients persist on RRT. OBJECTIVE: To model a logistic regression with pre- and post-KT risk covariates capable of predicting secondary allograft dysfunction in need of RRT or reaching stage V of CKD until the first six months post-KT. METHODS: Cohort with KT recipients from Northeastern Brazil. Medical records of KT performed between 2011-2018 were analyzed. KT-recipients with insufficient data or who abandoned follow-up were excluded. The covariables analyzed were: demographic; infectious; pre- and post-KT comorbidities; panel reactive-antibodies; number of HLA mismatches; acute rejection episodes mediated by T-cell (ACR) or antibodies (AAR) six months after KT; and laboratory tests six months after KT. RESULTS: Covariates with higher risk for the analyzed outcomes six months after KT were: elderly KT recipients (OR:1.41; CI95%:1.01-1.99), time between onset of RRT and KT (ΔT-RRT&KT)>10years (OR:3.54; CI95%:1.27-9.87), diabetes mellitus (DM) pre-KT (OR:3.35; CI95%:1.51-7.46), pyelonephritis (OR:2.45; CI95%:1.24-4.84), polyomavirus nephropathy (OR:4.99; CI95%:1.87-13.3), AAS (OR:4.82; CI95%:1.35-17.2), 24h-proteinuria ≥300mg/24h (OR:5.05; CI95%:2.00-12.7) and serum calcium (Ca) <8.5mg/dL (OR:4.72; CI95%:2.00-11.1). The multivariate model presented an accuracy of 88.1% and the mean variance inflation factor is 1.81. CONCLUSION: Elderly-recipients, ΔT-RRT&KT>10 years, pre-KT DM, and post-KT aggressions until six months (pyelonephritis, polyomavirus nephropathy, ABMR, 24h-proteinuria≥300mg/24h, and Ca<8.5mg/dL) are associated with high predictive power for secondary allograft dysfunction in need of RRT or reaching CKD stage V until the first six months post-KT.

INTRODUÇÃO: Transplante renal (TR) é a terapia renal substitutiva (TRS) de escolha para pacientes com doença renal crônica (DRC). Entretanto, nem todo TR é bem-sucedido e alguns pacientes persistem em TRS. OBJETIVO: Modelar uma regressão logística com covariáveis de risco pré e pós-TR preditora da disfunção secundária do aloenxerto com necessidade de TRS ou alcance ao estágio V da DRC até os primeiros seis meses pós-TR. MÉTODOS: Coorte com receptores transplantados realizado em hospital no Nordeste brasileiro. Analisou-se registros médicos dos TR realizados entre 2011-2018. Receptores com dados insuficientes ou que abandonaram seguimento foram excluídos. Foram analisadas covariáveis: demográficas; infecciosas; comorbidades pré e pós-TR; painel de reatividade; incompatibilidades de HLA; episódios de rejeições agudas mediadas por células-T ou por anticorpos; exames laboratoriais seis meses pós-TR. RESULTADOS: Receptores idosos (OR:1,41; IC95%:1,01-1,99), tempo entre início da TRS e TR (∆T-TRS&TR)>10 anos (OR:3,54; IC95%:1,27-9,87), diabetes mellitus (DM) pré-TR (OR:3,35; IC95%:1,51-7,46), pielonefrite (OR:2,45; IC95%:1,24-4,84), nefropatia por poliomavírus (OR:4,99; IC95%:1,87-13,3), RAMA (OR:4,82; IC95%:1,35-17,2), proteinúria de 24h (Pt24h) ≥300mg/24h (OR:5,05; IC95%:2,00-12,7) e cálcio sérico (Ca)<8,5mg/dL (OR:4,72; IC95%:2,00-11,1) foram identificadas como covariáveis de maior risco para os desfechos analisados até seis meses pós-TR. O modelo multivariado apresentou acurácia de 88,1% e fator de inflação da variância médio de 1,81. CONCLUSÃO: Receptores idosos, ∆T-TRS&TR>10anos, DM pré-TR e agressões até seis meses pós-TR (pielonefrite, nefropatia por poliomavírus, RAMA, Pt24h≥300mg/24h e Ca<8,5mg/dL), apresentam alto poder preditivo para disfunção secundária do aloenxerto com necessidade de TRS ou alcance ao estágio V da DRC até os primeiros seis meses pós-TR.

Humans , Male , Female , Risk Factors , Kidney Transplantation , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Allografts , Proteinuria , Pyelonephritis , Logistic Models , Retrospective Studies , Renal Dialysis , Immunosuppression Therapy , BK Virus , Disease Progression , Hypocalcemia
Rev. cuba. cir ; 61(1)mar. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408225


Introducción: La apendicitis aguda es una de las causas más comunes de abdomen agudo quirúrgico y dado que sigue siendo un reto diagnóstico, dispone de diversas escalas diagnósticas. Objetivo: Determinar la superioridad del nuevo score resultante frente al score de Alvarado en el diagnóstico de apendicitis aguda. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio de pruebas diagnósticas con el uso de la base de datos del Servicio de Cirugía del Hospital Regional Docente de Trujillo, entre febrero y diciembre del año 2015. Con los datos extraídos se elaboró un nuevo score diagnóstico que fue evaluado con el informe histopatológico y luego comparado con el score de Alvarado para evaluar su aplicación. Se calculó la sensibilidad, especificidad y los valores predictivos de ambos scores. Resultados: Se incluyeron en el estudio 312 pacientes, 177 fueron hombres (56,73 por ciento) y 135 mujeres (43,27 por ciento), con edad media de 31 años (±11,3). Con un total de 267 (85,58 por ciento) pacientes con apendicitis aguda confirmada por estudio histopatológico. El nuevo score clínico resultante de una regresión logística según la prueba de Wald, estuvo compuesto por 4 variables: sexo masculino, vómitos, automedicación previa y signo de Blumberg. Los resultados del área bajo la curva para el nuevo score clínico y el score de Alvarado fueron 0,711 y 0,707, respectivamente. Conclusiones: El nuevo score clínico es superior al score de Alvarado según el área bajo la curva, pero no en un valor significativo(AU)

Introduction: Acute appendicitis is one of the most common causes of acute surgical abdomen. Since it remains a diagnostic challenge, it has several diagnostic scales available. Objective: To determine the superiority of a new resulting score versus the Alvarado score in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis. Methods: A study of diagnostic tests was carried out using the database of the surgery service of the Regional Teaching Hospital of Trujillo, between February and December 2015. With the data collected, a new diagnostic score was elaborated and assessed with the histopathological report; and then, to assess its application, it was compared with the Alvarado score. Sensitivity, specificity and predictive values of both scores were calculated. Results: 312 patients were included in the study, 177 were male (56.73 percent) and 135 were female (43.27 percent), with a mean age of 31 years (±11.3). A total of 267 (85.58 percent) patients had acute appendicitis confirmed by histopathological study. The new clinical score resulting from a logistic regression according to the Wald test was made up of four variables: male sex, vomiting, previous self-medication and Blumberg's sign. The results of the area under curve for the new clinical score and the Alvarado score were 0.711 and 0.707, respectively. Conclusions: The new clinical score is better than the Alvarado score, according to the area under curve, but not by a significant value(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Appendicitis/diagnosis , Sensitivity and Specificity , Diagnostic Tests, Routine , Logistic Models , Area Under Curve , Research Report , Hospitals, Teaching
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 59(1)mar. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408370


Introducción: La caries de infancia temprana severa es un problema de salud pública que afecta a los niños que la padecen y a sus familias. Objetivo: Determinar la asociación de variables sociodemográficas, de higiene y alimentación con la caries de infancia temprana severa en niños peruanos. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, analítico, de casos y controles, de octubre a diciembre del 2019. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 264 niños de 2-5 años de edad y sus acompañantes (100 del grupo sin caries y 164 del grupo con caries de infancia temprana severa) que asistieron al Departamento de Odontopediatría del Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño en Lima, Perú. Se realizó una entrevista estructurada directa, con preguntas cerradas sobre variables sociodemográficas, de higiene, de alimentación y una evaluación clínica, utilizando el índice cpo-s. Se utilizaron las pruebas estadísticas de chi cuadrado, Kruskal-Wallis y el modelo de regresión logística binaria. Resultados: De las variables sociodemográficas, experiencia dental negativa y seguro de salud, tuvieron un valor p < 0,05. Igual resultado tuvo el uso de una pasta dental fluorada, alimentación por biberón, tiempo de alimentación por biberón y edad de inicio del cepillado dental. En el modelo de regresión logística binaria solo las variables uso de pasta dental fluorada (OR = 0,578; 95 por ciento IC: 0,495-0,674) y edad de inicio del cepillado dental (OR = 0,924; 95 por ciento IC: 0,850-0,938) tuvieron un p < 0,05. Conclusiones: Las variables edad de inicio del cepillado dental y uso de una pasta dental fluorada están asociadas con la aparición de caries de infancia temprana severa en niños peruanos. Las variables sociodemográficas y de alimentación no están asociadas(AU)

Introduction: Severe early childhood caries is a public health problem affecting sufferers and their families. Objective: Determine the association of sociodemographic, hygiene and food intake variables to severe early childhood caries in Peruvian children. Methods: An observational analytical case-control study was conducted from October to December 2019. The study sample was 264 children aged 2-5 years (100 from the group without caries and 164 from the group with severe early childhood caries) and their companions, who attended the Children's Dental Care Department at the National Children's Health Institute in Lima, Peru. Direct structured interviews were held based on closed-ended questions about sociodemographic, hygiene and food intake variables, and a clinical evaluation was performed using the cpo-s index. Use was made of the chi-square statistical test, the Kruskal-Wallis test and the binary logistic regression model. Results: Among the sociodemographic variables considered, a negative dental care experience and health insurance obtained a value of p < 0.05. The same result was obtained by use of fluoride toothpaste, bottle feeding, bottle feeding time and age at tooth brushing start. In the binary logistic regression model only the variables use of fluoride toothpaste (OR = 0.578; 95 por ciento CI: 0.495-0.674) and age at tooth brushing start (OR = 0.924; 95 por ciento CI: 0.850-0.938) obtained a value of p < 0.05. Conclusions: The variables age at tooth brushing start and use of fluoride toothpaste are associated to the appearance of severe early childhood caries in Peruvian children. Sociodemographic and food intake variables are not associated(AU)

Humans , Child, Preschool , Toothbrushing/methods , Oral Health , Child Health , Risk Factors , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Case-Control Studies , Logistic Models , Pediatric Dentistry
Actual. SIDA. infectol ; 30(108): 7-16, 20220000. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1363203


Las infecciones de piel y partes blandas (IPPB) en niños son una de las principales causas de prescripción de antimicrobianos. El objetivo del estudio fue describir las características clínicas y microbiológicas de las IPPB ambulatorias de niños asistidos en dos hospitales zonales. Se realizó un estudio prospectivo entre el 1/11/2017 y el 1/11/2018. Se incluyeron pacientes entre 1 mes y 15 años internados en dos hospitales. Se evaluó: edad, sexo, localidad, factores predisponentes, tipo de IPPB, muestras biológicas realizadas, aislamiento microbiológico, tratamiento empírico indicado y evolución del cuadro. Se realizó antibiograma y determinación genética. Se calculó chi2, IC95, OR; α=5%. N= 94. 58,7% masculinos. 12 pacientes <1 año, 85 >1 año (promedio de edad 4 años, 1-15). El 36% de Tandil y 63,8% de Florencio Varela. El 59,6% corresponden a IPPB purulentas. Se aislaron microorganismos en un 59,6%. Los aislamientos principales: SAMR (40,4%), SAMS (7,4%), S. agalactiae (2,1%) y S. pyogenes (2,1%). El 100% de SAMR son portadores de gen mecA y SCCmec tipo IV, sin multirresistencia. No hubo diferencia estadística entre los factores de riesgo evaluados para el desarrollo de IPPB por SAMR. El 52,1% de los niños recibió tratamiento antibiótico combinado, siendo la más indicada TMS-SMX + CLI en 36 eventos. (38,3%). La evolución fue favorable: no hubo diferencia significativa entre el subgrupo que se aisló SAMR y el que no se aisló SAMR; 91,9% (34/37) y 92,6% (50/54) correspondientemente (chi2: 0,01; p= 0,97 IC95: 0,26-3,88). El principal agente etiológico fue SAMRco, debiendo adecuar los tratamientos a este microorganismo.

Skin and soft tissue infections (SSIs) in children are one of the main causes of antimicrobial prescription. The aim of the study was to describe the clinical and microbiological characteristics of outpatient SSIs in children attended in two hospitals. A prospective study was conducted between 11/1/2017 and 11/1/2018. Patients between 1 month and 15 years old, hospitalized were included. We evaluated: age, sex, locality, predisposing factors, type of IPPB, biological samples taken, microbiological isolation, empirical treatment indicated and evolution of the condition. An antibiogram and genetic determination were performed. Chi2, CI95, OR; α=5% were calculated. N= 94. 58.7% male. 12 patients <1 year, 85 >1 year (mean age 4 years, 1-15). 36% were from Tandil and 63.8% from Florencio Varela. 59.6% corresponded to purulent SSIs. The diagnostic yield was 59.6%. Main isolates: MRSA (40.4%), MSSA (7.4%), S. agalactiae (2.1%) and S. pyogenes (2.1%). 100% of MRSA carried the mecA gene and SCCmec type IV, with no multidrug resistance. There was no statistical difference between the risk factors evaluated. 52.1% of children received combined antibiotic treatment, the most indicated being TMS-SMX + CLI in 36 events. (38,3%). Evolution was favorable: there was no significant difference between the subgroup that isolated MRSA and the subgroup that did not isolate MRSA; 91.9% (34/37) and 92.6% (50/54) respectively (chi2: 0.01; p= 0.97 CI95: 0.26-3.88). The main etiological agent was MRSA, and treatments should be adapted to this microorganism

Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Skin Diseases, Infectious/microbiology , Staphylococcal Infections/microbiology , Staphylococcus aureus/isolation & purification , Soft Tissue Infections/microbiology , Skin Diseases, Infectious/drug therapy , Staphylococcus aureus/genetics , Logistic Models , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Soft Tissue Infections/drug therapy , Drug Therapy, Combination , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus/isolation & purification , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus/genetics , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(2): 230-242, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364972


Abstract Background Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the main cause of morbidity and mortality in Brazil. Objective To provide population-based data on prevalence and factors associated with CVD risk factors. Methods Individuals aged ≥20 years from two editions of the cross-sectional Health Survey of São Paulo focusing on Nutrition (ISA-Nutrition), performed in Sao Paulo city in 2008 (n=590) and 2015 (n=610), were evaluated for: obesity, central obesity, waist/height ratio, high blood pressure (HBP), dyslipidemia, diabetes, and number of CVD risk factors ≥3. Prevalence was estimated according to complex survey procedures. Factors associated with cardiovascular risk factors were assessed using logistic regression, with statistical significance of p<0.05. Results Obesity and older age were associated with higher odds of all cardiovascular risk factors investigated, except for dyslipidemia. HBP was positively associated with being Black/Brown and negatively associated with being physicaly active in leisure time. Women were more likely to have increased adiposity indicators and three or more cardiovascular risk factors than men. Those with higher education had lower chances of having diabetes, HBP and dyslipidemia, and those with higher income had higher chances of having three or more risk factors. Former smokers had higher odds of diabetes, obesity, and high waist/height ratio, and smokers had higher odds of high non-HDL cholesterol levels. From 2008 to 2015, there was an increase (p<0.001) in the prevalence of diabetes (6.9% to 17.3%), HBP (31.9% to 41.8%), dyslipidemia (51.3% to 67.6%), and number of CVD risk factors ≥3 (18.9% to 34.1%). Conclusion This study shows increasing prevalence of CVD risk factors in adult population in Sao Paulo and may support the definition of target groups and priority actions on CVD prevention and treatment.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Cardiometabolic Risk Factors , Brazil , Logistic Models , Odds Ratio , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Surveys , Morbidity , Age Factors , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Age and Sex Distribution , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Waist-Height Ratio , Hypertension/epidemiology , Obesity/epidemiology
Rev. ABENO ; 22(2): 1971, jan. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1413974


O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar os níveis de Letramento em Saúde Bucal (LSB) de pacientes adultos atendidos em uma clínica odontológica universitária (COU) e associações com diversas variáveis. Foi realizado um estudo transversal com amostra de 312 usuários adultos de uma COU, no período de fevereiro a julho de 2018. A coleta de dados foi feita por meio de um questionário autoaplicável incluindo dados demográficos, HeLD-14 para avaliação do LSB, fontes de acesso a informações sobre saúde bucal, autoavaliação de saúde bucal (ASB) e motivos para procurar o dentista. Análises de regressão logística simples e múltipla foram realizadas para avaliar o nível de associação entre as variáveis independentes e dependente (LSB). O valor mediano para HeLD-14 foi de 44,2 (dp=7,8). No modelo final, os seguintes usuários tiveram uma probabilidade significativamente maior de apresentar níveis de OHL mais baixos em relação aos seus pares: aqueles com até o ensino fundamental (OR: 3,82, IC 95%: 1,85-7,88), aqueles com renda menor ou igual a 2 Salários Mínimos (OR: 3,65, IC 95%: 1,37-9,76), aqueles que utilizam televisão/rádio/jornal/revistas/outros como principal fonte de informação sobre saúde bucal (OR: 1,97, IC 95%:1,17 -3,30), os que classificaram sua ASB como regular/ruim (OR: 1,88, IC 95%:1,08-3,26), e os que foram ao dentista pela última vez por dor/extração (OR: 2,28, 95% IC: 1,35-3,85). Os níveis de LSB dos usuários estiveram associados a variáveis sociodemográficas, fontes de informação e saúde bucal, fato que deve ser considerado pelos estudantes de odontologia e seus docentes, nos processos de comunicação e educação em saúde com os usuários da COU, para uma melhor assistência à saúde bucal a eles (AU).

The objective of this study was toevaluate the levels of Oral Health Literacy (OHL) among adult patients attending in a university dental clinic (UDC) and associations with diverse variables. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 312 adultusers of aUDC, from February to July 2018. Data collection was done by using a self-administered questionnaire including demographics, HeLD-14 for evaluating OHL, sources for accessing information about oral health, self-rated oral health (SROH), and reasons to look for the dentist.Simple and multiple logistic regression analyses were performed to assess the level of association between independent and dependent variables (OHL). The median value for HeLD-14 was 44.2 (sd=7.8). In the final model, the following users had a significantly higher likelihood of presenting lower OHL levels compared to their counterparts: those with up to elementary school (OR: 3.82, 95%CI: 1.85-7.88), those whose income was less than or equal to 2 Brazilian Minimum Wages (OR: 3.65, 95%CI: 1.37-9.76), those who use television/radio/newspaper/magazines/others as their main source of oral health information (OR: 1.97, 95%CI:1.17-3.30), those who classified their SROH as fair/poor (OR: 1.88, 95%CI: 1.08-3.26), and those who had gone to the dentist the last time due to pain/extraction (OR: 2.28, 95%CI: 1.35-3.85). The users' OHL levels were associated with sociodemographic variables, sources of information, and oral health, a fact that must be considered by dental students and their professors, in the processes of communication and health education with UDC users, to provide better oral health care for them (AU).

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Health Education, Dental , Dental Care , Information Seeking Behavior , Health Literacy , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Self-Testing , Sociodemographic Factors