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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 34-43, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007736

ABSTRACT

Lupus nephritis (LN), a severe manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus, poses a substantial risk of progression to end-stage renal disease, with increased mortality. Conventional therapy for LN relies on broad-spectrum immunosuppressants such as glucocorticoids, mycophenolate mofetil, and calcineurin inhibitors. Although therapeutic regimens have evolved over the years, they have inherent limitations, including non-specific targeting, substantial adverse effects, high relapse rates, and prolonged maintenance and remission courses. These drawbacks underscore the need for targeted therapeutic strategies for LN. Recent advancements in our understanding of LN pathogenesis have led to the identification of novel therapeutic targets and the emergence of biological agents and small-molecule inhibitors with improved specificity and reduced toxicity. This review provides an overview of the current evidence on targeted therapies for LN, elucidates the biological mechanisms of responses and failure, highlights the challenges ahead, and outlines strategies for subsequent clinical trials and integrated immunomodulatory approaches.


Subject(s)
Humans , Calcineurin Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/drug therapy , Lupus Nephritis/pathology , Mycophenolic Acid/therapeutic use
2.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 15-22, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012448

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To determine the one-year outcomes of newly-diagnosed patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in a tertiary government hospital in Manila, Philippines.@*Methods@#After ethics approval, we reviewed the medical records of a cohort of 44 newly-diagnosed SLE patients at 6- and 12-months post-diagnosis in 2018-2019. The outcomes of interest were: modified lupus low disease activity state as defined (mLLDAS), remission, hospitalization, 30-day readmission, organ damage, and mortality.@*Results@#The patients were predominantly young females (mean age of 29 ± 9.9 years). There was an average interval period of six months between onset of symptoms and diagnosis (6.4 ± 10.8 months). The most common manifestations were mucocutaneous (86.4%), hematologic (63.6%), musculoskeletal (61.4%), and renal disorder (47.7%). There was at least one positive serologic test in 88.7%. Five patients (11.4%) had comorbidity, usually hypertension (9.1%). The initial lupus treatment consisted of moderate to high doses of glucocorticoids and hydroxychloroquine. Patients with life-threatening or organ-threatening disease, usually nephritis, received cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, or mycophenolate mofetil. One patient received rituximab. Fewer patients with nephritis received cyclophosphamide infusions during the first six months compared to the later six months. Most of the hospitalizations (34/36) occurred during the first six months and 22 of these were for diagnosis. Seven patients had more than one hospitalization and five (20%) had 30-day readmissions. mLLDAS was achieved by 15 (34.1%) and 30 (68.2%) patients at 6- and 12- months, respectively. Only one patient was in remission a year after diagnosis. Seven patients (15.9%) were assessed with organ damage, six (13.64%) of them at 6-months post-diagnosis. Organ damage was most commonly renal. Four (9.1%) patients died, all during their initial hospitalization.@*Conclusion@#In our population observed over a period of one year (2018-2019), there was a very low rate of remission (1/44, 2.3%), mLLDAS in 68.2%, and organ damage in 15.9%. Most of the hospitalizations (65%) were for the diagnosis of lupus and all deaths (9.1%) occurred during this first hospital confinement. We must intensify our efforts to (1) achieve earlier diagnosis, (2) deliver optimal lupus treatment and supportive care during the first lupus hospitalization, and (3) initiate early and persistent immunosuppressive treatment for nephritis to improve outcomes for our patents with SLE.


Subject(s)
Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Hospitalization , Philippines
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009897

ABSTRACT

Neonatal lupus erythematosus (NLE) is caused by the transmission of maternal anti-Ro/SSA antibodies, anti-La/SSB antibodies, and other autoantibodies to the fetus through the placenta. Usually, with the disappearance of autoantibodies in the children's body, abnormal changes in the mucocutaneous, blood system, and digestive system can spontaneously subside, but the damage to various systems caused by autoantibodies may persist for a long time. This article provides a comprehensive review of the manifestations and prognosis of NLE in various systems, including mucocutaneous, blood system, circulatory system, nervous system, digestive system, respiratory system, aiming to provide reference for clinical work.


Subject(s)
Child , Infant, Newborn , Female , Pregnancy , Humans , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/diagnosis , Prognosis , Autoantibodies , Family
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009474

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the correlation between alterations in DNase1 and DNase1L3 enzyme activities and impairment of NET degradation in patients with sporadic SLE, and to investigate the underlying mechanism. Methods 46 sporadic SLE patients and 30 age- and sex-matched healthy individuals were recruited. Serum levels of DNase1, DNase1L3 and corresponding autoantibodies were detected by ELISA. DNase1 and DNase1L3 were isolated by immunoprecipitation; NETs and enzyme degradation activities were detected using a modified immunofluorescence. DNase1L3 secretion by PBMCs was analyzed by ELISPOT, Western blotting and reverse transcription PCR. Results Levels of H3-dsDNA and Ela-dsDNA complexes were significantly elevated in SLE patients. LDGs in SLE population was significantly higher than in the control group, and LDGs was positively correlated with H3-dsDNA and Ela-dsDNA NETs complexes. The ability of SLE patients to degrade NET in vitro was significantly lower than that of the control group. Degradation experiments of DNase1 and DNase1L3 in different proportions showed that the decrease in DNase1L3 activity was the primary contributor to the elevated NET residue level. The concentration of DNase1L3 autoantibodies in SLE patients was significantly elevated compared to the control group. In addition, the capacity of PBMCs to secrete DNase1L3 was significantly lower in the SLE patients compared to the control group. Conclusion Decreased secretion of DNase1L3 and the presence of relevant autoantibodies notably impede NET degradation in patients with SLE, offering new directions for the monitoring and treatment of SLE patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autoantibodies , Blotting, Western , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Extracellular Traps , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
5.
Rev. cuba. med ; 62(4)dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1550896

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La fascitis necrotizante es un cuadro muy grave causado por una infección bacteriana de la piel y de tejidos blandos subcutáneos, cuya evolución es hacia la destrucción y necrosis de los tejidos en un corto espacio de tiempo; el lupus eritematoso sistémico es una enfermedad autoinmune de causa desconocida que quienes la padecen tienen una mayor probabilidad de contraer infecciones debido al mal funcionamiento del sistema inmunológico y/o los efectos secundarios causados por los medicamentos. Objetivo: Observar la importancia de un tratamiento rápido y eficaz de la fascitis necrotizante en un paciente con lupus eritematoso sistémico y esteatohepatitis no alcohólica. Presentación de caso: Se presentó el caso clínico de un paciente de 30 años con diagnóstico de lupus eritematoso sistémico que desarrolló de forma concomitante de fascitis necrotizante y esteatohepatitis no alcohólica. A pesar de un tratamiento adecuado, el paciente fue agresivo. Tuvo una estadía hospitalaria de 83 días, con una evolución desfavorable que conllevó a la muerte(AU)


Introduction: Necrotizing fasciitis is a very serious condition caused by a bacterial infection of the skin and subcutaneous soft tissues, whose evolution is towards the destruction and necrosis of the tissues in a short space of time; Systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disease of unknown cause that sufferers are more likely to contract infections due to poor immune system function and/or side effects caused by medications. Objective: To observe the importance of rapid and effective treatment of necrotizing fasciitis in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. Case report: We report the clinical case of a 30-year-old patient diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus who concomitantly developed necrotizing fasciitis and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Despite adequate treatment, the patient was aggressive. The patient had a hospital stay of 83 days, with an unfavorable evolution that led to his death(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Fasciitis, Necrotizing/mortality , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/complications , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/etiology
6.
Rev. cuba. med ; 62(4)dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1550902

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los autoanticuerpos anti-C1q han sido propuestos como un marcador útil en el lupus eritematoso sistémico por su asociación con la nefritis lúpica. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de anti-C1q en pacientes con lupus eritematoso sistémico y otras enfermedades reumáticas para la evaluar la asociación con la nefropatía lúpica. Métodos: Se incluyeron 179 pacientes con lupus eritematoso sistémico y 82 con otras enfermedades reumáticas. La nefritis lúpica fue diagnosticada en 70 (39 por ciento) de los pacientes con lupus eritematoso sistémico. Los anticuerpos anti-C1q IgG se determinaron por ELISA. Las asociaciones se evaluaron por análisis de regresión logística. Resultados: La prevalencia de anti-C1q fue de 37 poe ciento (66/179) en los pacientes con lupus eritematoso sistémico y de 9 por ciento (7/82) en controles (OR = 6,3; IC 95 por ciento 2,8-14,1; p < 0,001). El anti-C1q fue asociado con proteinuria (OR = 2,6; IC 95 por ciento 1,2-6,0; p < 0,022); eritrosedimentación elevada (OR = 3,2; IC 95 por ciento 1,5-6,7; p < 0,003) y anti-DNAdc (OR = 3,9; IC 95 por ciento 1,7-9,1; p < 0,002). En el modelo de regresión logística ajustado para demografía y anti-DNAdc, aunque la OR del anti-C1q para la nefritis fue 2 veces más alta que en ausencia del anti-C1q, solo se aproximó a la significación estadística. La positividad simultánea de anti-C1q y anti-DNAdc estuvo asociada a la nefritis lúpica (OR = 4,3; IC 95 por ciento 1,9-9,5; p < 0,001). Conclusiones: El anti-C1q se presentó con mayor frecuencia en pacientes con lupus eritematoso sistémico que en los controles. El anti-C1q combinado con anti-DNAdc resultó fuertemente asociado a la nefritis lúpica(AU)


Introducción: Anti-C1q autoantibodies have been proposed as useful marker in systemic lupus erythematosus due to their association with lupus nephritis. Objective: To determine the prevalence of anti-C1q in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and other rheumatic diseases to evaluate the association with lupus nephropathy. Methods: One hundred seventy-nine patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and 82 with other rheumatic diseases were included. Lupus nephritis was diagnosed in 70 (39percent) of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Anti-C1q IgG antibodies were determined by ELISA. Associations were evaluated by logistic regression analysis. Results: The prevalence of anti-C1q was 37percent (66/179) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and 9percent (7/82) in controls (OR = 6.3; 95percent CI 2.8-14). .1; p < 0.001). Anti-C1q was associated with proteinuria (OR = 2.6; 95percent CI 1.2-6.0; p < 0.022); elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (OR = 3.2; 95percent CI 1.5-6.7; p < 0.003) and anti-dsDNA (OR = 3.9; 95percent CI 1.7-9.1; p < 0.002). In the logistic regression model adjusted for demographics and anti-dsDNA, although the OR of anti-C1q for nephritis was 2-fold higher than in the absence of anti-C1q, it only approached statistical significance. Simultaneous positivity of anti-C1q and anti-dsDNA was associated with lupus nephritis (OR = 4.3; 95percent CI 1.9-9.5; p < 0.001). Conclusions: Anti-C1q occurred more frequently in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus than in controls. Anti-C1q combined with anti-dsDNA was strongly associated with lupus nephritis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Lupus Nephritis/epidemiology , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/epidemiology
7.
Rev. argent. reumatolg. (En línea) ; 34(2): 43-50, oct. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1521644

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: el progreso en los tratamientos para el lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES) resultó en una disminución de la mortalidad; sin embargo, la enfermedad cardiovascular y las complicaciones infecciosas aún son las principales causas de muerte. La evidencia apoya la participación del sistema inmunológico en la generación de la placa aterosclerótica, así como su conexión con las enfermedades autoinmunes. Objetivos: describir la frecuencia de eventos cardiovasculares (ECV) en el Registro de Lupus Eritematoso Sistémico de la Sociedad Argentina de Reumatología (RELESSAR) transversal, así como sus principales factores de riesgo asociados. Materiales y métodos: estudio descriptivo y transversal para el cual se tomaron los pacientes ingresados en el registro RELESSAR transversal. Se describieron las variables sociodemográficas y clínicas, las comorbilidades, score de actividad y daño. ECV se definió como la presencia de al menos una de las siguientes patologías: enfermedad arterial periférica, cardiopatía isquémica o accidente cerebrovascular. El evento clasificado para el análisis fue aquel posterior al diagnóstico del LES. Se conformaron dos grupos macheados por edad y sexo 1:2. Resultados: 1515 pacientes mayores de 18 años participaron del registro. Se describieron 80 pacientes con ECV (5,3%). En este análisis se incluyeron 240 pacientes conformando dos grupos. La edad media fue de 47,8 (14,4) y 47,6 (14,2) en el grupo con y sin ECV respectivamente. Los pacientes con ECV tuvieron mayor duración del LES en meses, mayor índice de Charlson, mayor SLICC (Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology), mayor frecuencia de manifestaciones neurológicas, síndrome antifosfolípido, hospitalizaciones y uso de ciclofosfamida. Las únicas variables asociadas en el análisis multivariado fueron el índice de Charlson (p=0,004) y el SLICC (p<0,001). Conclusiones: los ECV influyen significativamente en nuestros pacientes, y se asocian a mayor posibilidad de daño irreversible y comorbilidades.


Abstract Introduction: progress in treatments for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has resulted in a decrease in mortality; however, cardiovascular and infectious diseases remain the leading causes of death. Evidence supports the involvement of the immune system in the generation of atherosclerotic plaque, as well as its connection to autoimmune diseases. Objectives: to describe the frequency of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the cross-sectional RELESSAR registry, as well as its associated variables. Materials and methods: a descriptive and cross-sectional study was performed using patients admitted to the cross-sectional RELESSAR registry. Sociodemographic variables, clinical variables, comorbidities, activity and damage scores were described. CVD was defined as at least one of the following: peripheral arterial disease, ischemic heart disease, or cerebrovascular accident. All patients with at least one CVD were included in our analysis (heart attack, central nervous system vascular disease, and peripheral arteries atherosclerotic disease). The event classified for the analysis was that after the diagnosis of SLE. SLE diagnosis was previous to CVD. Two groups matched by age and sex, 1:2 were formed. Results: a total of 1515 patients older than 18 years participated in the registry. Eighty patients with CVD (5.3%) were described in the registry. Two-hundred and forty patients were included, according to two groups. The mean age was 47.8 (SD 14.4) and 47.6 (SD 14.2) in patients with and without CVD, respectively. Patients with CVD had a longer duration of SLE in months, a higher Charlson index, a higher SLICC, increased frequency of neurological manifestations, antiphospholipid syndrome, hospitalizations, and use of cyclophosphamide. The associated variables in the multivariate were the Charlson Index (p=0.004) and the SLICC (p<0.001). Conclusions: CVDs have a significant influence on our patients, being associated with a greater possibility of damage and comorbidities.


Subject(s)
Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Cardiovascular Diseases , Mortality
8.
MedUNAB ; 26(1): 54-62, 20230731.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1525298

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El síndrome de Rhupus es la superposición de dos enfermedades autoinmunes, la artritis reumatoide o artritis idiopática juvenil y el lupus eritematoso sistémico, la prevalencia es de 7-401 por 100,000 niños. El síndrome de Felty se caracteriza por la tríada de artritis idiopática juvenil, esplenomegalia y neutropenia; padecer más de una patología reumática es un extraño fenómeno estimado entre el 0.01-2%. Objetivo. Describir el proceso de atención de enfermería integral en una adolescente con Rhupus y síndrome de Felty, bajo el modelo de adaptación de Callista Roy. Metodología. Caso clínico de enfermería en una paciente de 15 años seleccionada en hospitalización pediátrica, con previo consentimiento informado; intervenida a través del proceso de atención de enfermería estructurado según la taxonomía de la North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, la Clasificación de Resultados de Enfermería, y la Clasificación de Intervenciones de Enfermería, con intervenciones intrahospitalarias y seguimiento con tele-enfermería. Resultados. Mejoría de la ambulación y afrontamiento de problemas evidenciados por el aumento del bienestar de la paciente y la familia. Conclusiones. Ante una enfermedad desconocida, el proceso de atención de enfermería, con intervenciones directas y acompañamiento continuo, permite realizar una atención integral, a fin de lograr la adaptación de la paciente y su familia. Palabras clave: Adaptación Psicológica; Atención de Enfermería; Enfermería; Síndrome de Felty; Lupus Eritematoso Sistémico; Resiliencia Psicológica.


Introduction. Rhupus syndrome is the overlap of two autoimmune diseases, rheumatoid arthritis or juvenile idiopathic arthritis, and systemic lupus erythematosus, with a prevalence of 7-401 per 100,000 children. Felty's syndrome is characterized by the triad of juvenile idiopathic arthritis, splenomegaly, and neutropenia; experiencing more than one rheumatic pathology is a rare phenomenon estimated between 0.01-2%. Objective. Describe the comprehensive nursing care process in an adolescent with Rhupus and Felty's syndrome, under the adaptation model of Callista Roy. Methodology. Nursing case study of a 15-year-old patient selected in pediatric hospitalization, with prior informed consent; intervened through the structured nursing care process according to the taxonomy of the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, the Nursing Outcomes Classification, and the Nursing Interventions Classification, with in-hospital interventions and follow-up through tele-nursing. Results. Improvement in ambulation and coping with problems evidenced by the increased well-being of the patient and the family. Conclusions. Faced with an unknown disease, the nursing care process, with direct interventions and continuous support, allows for comprehensive care to achieve the adaptation of the patient and her family. Keywords: Adaptation, Psychological; Nursing Care; Nursing; Felty Syndrome; Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic; Resilience, Psychological.


Introdução. A síndrome de Rhupus é a sobreposição de duas doenças autoimunes, artrite reumatoide ou artrite idiopática juvenil e lúpus eritematoso sistêmico, a prevalência é de 7-401 por 100,000 crianças. A síndrome de Felty é caracterizada pela tríade de artrite idiopática juvenil, esplenomegalia e neutropenia; sofrer de mais de uma patologia reumática é um fenômeno estranho estimado entre 0.01-2%. Objetivo. Descrever o processo de assistência integral de enfermagem em uma adolescente com Rhupus e síndrome de Felty, sob o modelo de adaptação de Callista Roy. Metodologia. Caso clínico de enfermagem em uma paciente de 15 anos selecionada em internação pediátrica, com prévio consentimento informado; ela teve intervenção por meio do processo de cuidado de enfermagem estruturado segundo a taxonomia da North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, a Classificação dos Resultados de Enfermagem e a Classificação das Intervenções de Enfermagem, com intervenções intra-hospitalares e acompanhamento com tele-enfermagem. Resultados. Melhora na deambulação e enfrentamento de problemas evidenciados pelo aumento do bem-estar do paciente e da família. Conclusões. Diante de uma doença desconhecida, o processo de assistência de enfermagem, com intervenções diretas e acompanhamento contínuo, permite um cuidado integral, de forma a alcançar a adaptação do paciente e de sua família. Palavras-chave: Adaptação Psicológica; Cuidados de Enfermagem; Enfermagem; Síndrome de Felty; Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico; Resiliência Psicológica.


Subject(s)
Felty Syndrome , Adaptation, Psychological , Nursing , Resilience, Psychological , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Nursing Care
9.
Femina ; 51(6): 374-379, 20230630. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512427

ABSTRACT

O lúpus eritematoso sistêmico é uma doença crônica, complexa e multifatorial que apresenta manifestações em vários órgãos. O seu acometimento ocorre 10 vezes mais no sexo feminino do que no masculino. É uma doença com uma clínica variada e com graus variados de gravidade, causando fadiga, manifestações cutâneas, como rash malar, fotossensibilidade, queda de cabelo e manifestações musculoesqueléticas, como artralgia, mialgia e atrite. Podem ocorrer flares (crises), que se caracterizam por aumento mensurável na atividade da doença. No climatério, no período da pré-menopausa, o lúpus eritematoso sistêmico ocorre com mais frequência, podendo ocorrer também na pós-menopausa. Algumas doenças são mais frequentes na fase do climatério, e a presença do lúpus pode influenciar na sua evolução, como a doença cardiovascular, osteoporose e tromboembolismo venoso. A terapia hormonal oral determina aumento do risco de tromboembolismo venoso no climatério, e na paciente com lúpus eritematoso sistêmico há aumento dos riscos de flares e de trombose. Em vista disso, a terapia hormonal é recomendada apenas para pacientes com lúpus eritematoso sistêmico estável ou inativo, sem história de síndrome antifosfolípides e com anticorpos antifosfolípides negativa, devendo-se dar preferência para a terapia estrogênica transdérmica, em menor dose e de uso contínuo. Na paciente com lúpus eritematoso sistêmico ativo ou com história de síndrome antifosfolípides ou com anticorpos antifosfolípides positiva, recomenda-se a terapia não hormonal, como os antidepressivos. (AU)


Systemic lupus erythematosus is a chronic, complex, multifactorial disease that manifests in several organs. Its involvement occurs 10 times more in females than in males. It is a disease with a varied clinic and varying degrees of severity, causing fatigue, skin manifestations such as malar rash, photosensitivity, hair loss and musculoskeletal manifestations such as arthralgia, myalgia and arthritis. Flare may occur, which are characterized by measurable increase in disease activity. In the climacteric, in the premenopausal period, systemic lupus erythematosus occurs more frequently, and may also occur in the postmenopausal period. Some diseases are more frequent in the Climacteric phase and the presence of lupus can influence its evolution, such as cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis and venous thromboembolism. Oral hormone therapy determines an increased risk of venous thromboembolism in the climacteric and in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus there is an increased risk of flares and thrombosis. In view of this, hormone therapy is only recommended for patients with stable or inactive systemic lupus erythematosus, without a history of antiphospholipid syndrome and with antiphospholipid antibodies, giving preference to transdermal estrogen therapy, at a lower dose and for continuous use. In patients with active systemic lupus erythematosus or with a history of antiphospholipid syndrome or positive antiphospholipid antibodies, non-hormonal therapy, such as antidepressants, is recommended. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/etiology , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/therapy , Osteoporosis/etiology , Thromboembolism/etiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Antiphospholipid Syndrome/complications , Hormones/administration & dosage , Hormones/therapeutic use
10.
Rev. cuba. med ; 62(2)jun. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1530129

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Existe una serie de estudios sobre el lupus eritematoso sistémico y vitamina D, que relacionan su deficiencia y varios aspectos clínicos. Se ha postulado que es uno de los factores ambientales que puede desencadenar la autoinmunidad. Objetivo: Evaluar los niveles séricos de vitamina D en un grupo de pacientes con lupus eritematoso sistémico y su relación con la actividad de la enfermedad. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal en 75 pacientes con diagnóstico de lupus eritematoso sistémico, se revisaron los expedientes clínicos, se registraron las variables sexo, raza, edad, manifestaciones clínicas, niveles de vitamina D en sangre y se midió la actividad de la enfermedad mediante el instrumento SLEDAI. Resultados: Predominó el sexo femenino (88 por ciento), el grupo etario de 40 a 49 años de mayor porcentaje (26,7 por ciento) y la raza blanca (73,3 por ciento). Se demostró la insuficiencia de vitamina D (60 por ciento) con una media de 38,5 y desviación típica de 8,5; las alteraciones de laboratorio que se presentaron con mayor frecuencia fueron leucocituria (52 por ciento) y hematuria (33,3 por ciento). Se relacionó la actividad leve y moderada (60 por ciento) y la insuficiencia de vitamina D (62,2 por ciento). No se evidenció asociación estadística significativa entre los niveles de actividad elevados y los niveles de vitamina D. Conclusiones: Se evaluaron los niveles séricos de vitamina D, resultó que las mujeres blancas con la enfermedad presentaron niveles bajos de vitamina D y actividad de la enfermedad, aunque no se demostró asociación significativa(AU)


Introduction: There are a number of studies on systemic lupus erythematosus and vitamin D, which relate its deficiency and various clinical aspects. It has been postulated that it is one of the environmental factors that can trigger autoimmunity. Objective: To evaluate the serum levels of vitamin D in a group of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and the relationship with the activity of the disease. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in 75 patients diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus, the clinical records were reviewed. The variables sex, race, age, clinical manifestations, vitamin D levels in blood were recorded, and disease activity was measured using the SLEDAI instrument. Results: The female sex (88percent), the age group from 40 to 49 years with the highest percentage (26.7percent) and the white race (73.3percent) predominated. Vitamin D insufficiency was demonstrated (60percent) with a mean of 38.5 and a standard deviation of 8.5; the most frequent laboratory abnormalities were leukocyturia (52percent) and hematuria (33.3percent). Mild and moderate activity (60%) and vitamin D insufficiency (62.2percent) were related. No significant statistical association was found between high activity levels and vitamin D levels. Conclusions: Serum levels of vitamin D were evaluated; it turned out that white women with the disease presented low levels of vitamin D and disease activity, although no significant association was demonstrated(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/diagnosis , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
11.
Rev. ecuat. pediatr ; 24(1): 7-15, 21 de abril 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1433992

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES) es una enfermedad autoinmune que puede afectar a múltiples órganos. Las patologías asociadas como: la hepatitis y la nefritis lúpica no son frecuentes en la población infantil, pero conllevan a consecuencias graves con riesgo de insuficiencia hepática y enfermedad renal crónica, aumentando la mor-bimortalidad en los pacientes pediátricos. Caso clínico: Paciente masculino de 11 años con cuadro clínico caracterizado por: astenia, hiporexia, epistaxis, prurito e ictericia marcada, de cuatro meses de evolución, sin diagnóstico establecido. Se solicitó estudios de laboratorio que reportaron aumento de transaminasas, proteinuria, ANAS y AC. DNA positivo, además se realizaron estudios de imagen, biopsia renal y hepática, con la finalidad de esclarecer el diagnóstico. Evolución: A través de un abordaje clínico multidisciplinar, exámenes paraclínicos y anatomopatológicos se estableció el diagnóstico de LES asociado a Hepatitis Autoinmune y Nefritis Lúpica. Paciente permaneció en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Pediátricos con evolución favorable a tratamiento. Conclusiones: El LES Pediátrico asociado a hepatitis autoinmune y nefritis lúpica es una rara presentación clínica de la cual existen muy pocos casos reportados a nivel mundial. En su diagnóstico se debe resaltar la perspicacia clínica multi-disciplinar, laboratorio, imagenología y datos histopatológicos clave para establecer un diagnóstico oportuno con mejor pronóstico y tratamiento y así evitar desenlaces mortales en los pacientes pediátricos.


Introduction: Systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disease that can affect multiple organs. Associated pathologies such as hepatitis and lupus nephritis are not frequent in the child population. Still, they lead to serious consequences with the risk of liver failure and chronic kidney disease, increasing morbidity and mortality in pediatric patients. Clinical case: An 11-year-old male patient with a clinical picture characterized by: asthenia, hypoxia, epistaxis, pruritus, and marked jaundice, of four months of evolution, without an established diagnosis. Laboratory studies were requested that reported increased transaminases, proteinuria, ANAS, and AC. Positive DNA, imaging studies, and kidney and liver biopsy were also performed to clarify the diagnosis. Evolution: Through a multidisciplinary clinical approach, and paraclinical and pathological examinations, the diagnosis of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus associated with Autoimmune Hepatitis and Lupus Nephritis was established. The patient remained in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit with favorable evolution to treatment. Conclusions: Pediatric Systemic Lupus Erythematosus associated with autoimmune hepatitis and lupus nephritis is a rare clinical presentation of which very few cases are reported worldwide. In its diagnosis, multidisciplinary clinical acumen, laboratory, imaging, and critical histopathological data should be highlighted to establish an opportune diagnosis with better prognosis and treatment and thus avoid fatal outcomes in pediatric patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Lupus Nephritis , Hepatitis, Autoimmune , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality
12.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 30(1)mar. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1536225

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Vitamin D and vitamin D receptor (VDR) polymorphisms are associated with autoimmune diseases including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The aim of this study is to assess the genetic association between VDR polymorphisms: TaqI, ApaI, Bsml and FokI and SLE with serum levels of Vitamin D in the Colombian Caribbean population. Method: Case and control study. One hundred and thirty-three patients with SLE and 100 healthy individuals were included. VDR polymorphism were genotyped by RT-PCR and Taqman® probes. Allelic, genotypic and haplotype associations were estimated. Serum vitamin D concentrations were quantified by Elisa. Values of 30 to 100ng/ml were established as a normal reference range. P values <.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: A high prevalence of SLE was observed in women (94%) and was associated with a higher risk of SLE [OR: 10.8; 95% CI: 4.7-24.6] (p<.05). Moreover, higher risk of SLE was observed in individuals with FokI VDR [rs2228570] [OR: 1.58; 95% CI: 1.05-2.36] in allelic models. The ACCA Haplotype of TaqI/ApaI/Bsml/FokI polymorphisms was associated with higher risk of SLE [OR = 2.28, 95% CI = 1.12-4.66, psim <.01]. Vitamin D deficiency was evidenced in 11.3% of the patients. Conclusion: In this study, the VDR rs2228570 polymorphism and ACCA haplotype were associated with higher SLE risk in an adolescent population.


Introducción: La vitamina D y los polimorfismos en el receptor de vitamina D (VDR) se asocian con enfermedades autoinmunes, incluido el lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES). El objetivo de este estudio es analizar la asociación genética entre los polimorfismos de VDR (Taql, Apal, Bsml y Fokl) y la susceptibilidad al LES, así como su relación con los niveles séricos de vitamina D en población del Caribe colombiano. Metodología: Estudio de casos y controles. Se incluyeron 133 pacientes adultos con diagnóstico de LES y 100 individuos sanos. Los polimorfismos VDR fueron genotipados por RT-PCR y sondas Taqman®. Se estimaron asociaciones alélicas, genotípicas y haplotípicas. Las concentraciones séricas de vitamina D fueron cuantificadas por Elisa. Se establecieron valores de 30 a 100ng/ml como rango normal de referencia. Valores p<0,05 fueron considerados estadísticamente significativos. Resultados: Se observó una alta prevalencia de LES en pacientes femeninas (94%) y se asoció a mayor riesgo de LES (OR: 10,8; IC95%: 4,7-24,6; p < 0,05). Se evidenció mayor riesgo de LES en individuos con polimorfismo Fokl del gen VDR [rs2228570] (OR: 1,58; IC95%: 1,05-2,36) en modelos alélicos. El haplotipo ACCA de los polimorfismos Taql, Apal, Bsml y Fokl se asoció a mayor riesgo de LES (OR: 2,28, IC95%: 1,12-4,66; psim<0,01). Se evidenció deficiencia de vitamina D en el 11,3% de los pacientes. Conclusión: En este estudio, el polimorfismo VDR rs2228570 y el haplotipo ACCA se asociaron a mayor riesgo de LES en población adolescente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Polycyclic Compounds , Polymorphism, Genetic , Genetic Variation , Vitamin D , Skin and Connective Tissue Diseases , Connective Tissue Diseases , Genetic Phenomena , Fused-Ring Compounds , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
13.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 30(1)mar. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1536231

ABSTRACT

Gastrointestinal involvement in SLE has been reported in up to 50%, generally secondary to the adverse effects of treatment. Intestinal pseudo-obstruction is caused by hypomotility related to ineffective propulsion. The case of a 51-year-old patient with intestinal obstruction is presented. She was taken to surgical management due to suspicion of adhesions, with a stationary clinical course; the control tomography documented loop dilation and bilateral hydroureteronephrosis, associated with markers of lupus activity. It was managed as an intestinal pseudo-obstruction due to SLE with resolution of her symptoms. High diagnostic suspicion results in timely treatment and the reduction of complications.


El compromiso gastrointestinal en lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES) ha sido reportado hasta en un 50%, generalmente secundario a los efectos adversos del tratamiento. La pseudoobstrucción intestinal es causada por hipomotilidad relacionada con una propulsión inefectiva. Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 51 arios, con obstrucción intestinal por sospecha de bridas, que fue llevada a manejo quirúrgico y tuvo una evolución clínica estacionaria. La tomografía de control documentó dilatación de asas e hidroureteronefrosis bilateral, en tanto que los paraclínicos mostraron actividad lúpica. Se manejó como una pseudoobstrucción intestinal por LES con resolución del cuadro. La alta sospecha diagnóstica favorece el tratamiento oportuno y la disminución de las complicaciones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Digestive System Diseases , Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction , Skin and Connective Tissue Diseases , Connective Tissue Diseases , Gastrointestinal Diseases , Intestinal Obstruction , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
14.
Rev. cient. cienc. salud ; 5(1): 1-11, 26-01-2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1451749

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La internación de pacientes con lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES) es frecuente. Objetivo. Determinar los factores de riesgo de internación y mortalidad en pacientes con LES internados en el Hospital Nacional de enero del 2016 a diciembre 2019. Metodología. Estudio observacional descriptivo con componente analítico de corte transverso. Se incluyeron pacientes mayores de 15 años con el diagnóstico de LES. Las variables fueron edad, sexo, comorbilidades, abandono de tratamiento, escolaridad, score de SLEDAI, características clínicas y óbito. Los resultados se expresaron en forma de frecuencia para las variables cualitativas, como media y desviación estándar para las variables continuas. Para establecer asociaciones entre las variables cualitativas, se utilizó la prueba de la ji cuadrado y para establecer la fuerza de la asociación se calculó el Odds Ratio(OR) con su intervalo de confianza del 95 %. Resultados. se incluyeron130 pacientes (edad media:31 ± 12,1) que correspondieron a 170 internaciones, el 92% fue del sexo femenino, la hipertensión arterial se presentó en el 51,4%. La causa frecuente de internación fue la actividad de la enfermedad (75,8%). El 21,5% ingresó a UCIA (unidad de cuidados intensivos). El grado de escolaridad, el abandono del tratamiento y la actividad de la enfermedad se relacionaron (p<000001) con el óbito de los pacientes. Conclusiones. La actividad de la enfermedad fue una causa frecuente de internación y se relacionó con el óbito. Además, el abandono del tratamiento se encontró como un factor de riesgo para el óbito. Palabras Claves: hospitalización; lupus eritematoso sistémico; factores de riesgo


Introduction.Hospitalization in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) isfrequent. Objective.To determine hospitalization and mortality risk factors inpatients with SLE admitted to the National Hospital from January 2016 to December 2019. Material and methods. observational descriptivewith an analytical componentandcross-sectional study. Patients over 15 years of age with a diagnosis of SLE were included. The variables were age, sex, comorbidities, abandonment of treatment, education, SLEDAI score, clinical characteristics and death. Results were expressed as frequency for qualitative variables, and mean and standard deviation for continuous variables. To establish associations between the qualitative variables, the chi-square test was used; and the strength of the associationwere measured by the Odds Ratio (OR)with its 95% confidence interval (CI). Results. 130 patients (mean age 31 ± 12.1) corresponding to 170 hospitalizations were studied, 92% were women and arterial hypertension presented 51.4%of the patients. The frequent cause of hospitalization was disease activity (75.8%). A 21.5% were admitted to theICU (intensive care unit). Education level, treatment abandonment and disease activity were associated to mortality(p<000001). Conclusions.Disease activity was a frequent cause of hospitalizationand associated to patient death. Treatment abandonment was also found to be a risk factor for death. Key words:hospitalization; systemic lupus erythematosus; risk factors


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Risk Factors , Hospitalization
15.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 45(1): 11-20, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1431614

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) may cause irreversible organ damage. Pregnancy with SLE may have severe life-threatening risks. The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of severe maternal morbidity (SMM) in patients with SLE and analyze the parameters that contributed to cases of greater severity. Methods This is a cross-sectional retrospective study from analysis of data retrieved from medical records of pregnant women with SLE treated at a University Hospital in Brazil. The pregnant women were divided in a control group without complications, a group with potentially life-threatening conditions (PLTC), and a group with maternal near miss (MNM). Results The maternal near miss rate was 112.9 per 1,000 live births. The majority of PLTC (83.9%) and MNM (92.9%) cases had preterm deliveries with statistically significant increased risk compared with the control group (p = 0.0042; odds ratio [OR]: 12.05; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.5-96.6 for the MNM group and p = 0.0001; OR: 4.84; 95%CI: 2.2-10.8 for the PLTC group). Severe maternal morbidity increases the risk of longer hospitalization (p < 0.0001; OR: 18.8; 95%CI: 7.0-50.6 and p < 0.0001; OR: 158.17; 95%CI: 17.6-1424,2 for the PLTC and MNM groups, respectively), newborns with low birthweight (p = 0.0006; OR: 3.67; 95%CI: 1.7-7.9 and p = 0.0009; OR: 17.68; 95%CI: 2-153.6) for the PLTC and MNM groups, respectively] as well as renal diseases (PLTC [8.9%; 33/56; p = 0.0069] and MNM [78.6%; 11/14; p = 0.0026]). Maternal near miss cases presented increased risk for neonatal death (p = 0.0128; OR: 38.4; 95%CI: 3.3-440.3]), and stillbirth and miscarriage (p = 0.0011; OR: 7.68; 95%CI: 2.2-26.3]). Conclusion Systemic lupus erythematosus was significantly associated with severe maternal morbidity, longer hospitalizations, and increased risk of poor obstetric and neonatal outcomes.


Resumo Objetivo Lúpus eritematoso sistêmico (LES) pode causar danos irreversíveis aos órgãos. A gravidez com LES pode ter riscos para condições ameaçadoras à vida. O presente estudo teve como objetivo determinar a prevalência de MMG em pacientes com LES e analisar os parâmetros que contribuíram para os casos de maior gravidade. Métodos Trata-se de um estudo transversal retrospectivo a partir da análise de dados obtidos de prontuários de gestantes com LES atendidas em um Hospital Universitário no Brasil. As gestantes foram divididas em grupo controle sem intercorrências, grupo com condições potencialmente ameaçadoras a vida (CPAV) e grupo com near miss materno (NMM). Resultados A taxa de NMM foi de 112,9 por 1.000 nascidos vivos. A maioria dos casos de CPAV (83,9%) e NMM (92,9%) teve partos prematuros com risco aumentado estatisticamente significativo em comparação com o grupo controle (p = 0,0042; odds ratio [OR]: 12,05; intervalo de confiança [IC]: 1,5-96,6 para o grupo NMM e p = 0,0001; OR: 4,84; IC95%: 2,2-10,8 para o grupo CPAV). MMG aumenta o risco de maior tempo de internação (p < 0,0001; OR: 18,8; IC95%: 7,0-50,6 e p < 0,0001; OR: 158,17; IC95%: 17,6-1424,2 para os grupos CPAV e NMM, respectivamente), recémnascidos com baixo peso (p = 0,0006; OR: 3,67; IC95%: 1,7-7,9 e p = 0,0009; OR: 17,68; IC95%: 2-153,6 para os grupos CPAV e NMM, respectivamente), bem como doenças renais (CPAV: 58,9%; 33/56; p = 0,0069 e NMM: 78,6%; 11/14; p = 0,0026)]. Os casos de NMM apresentaram risco aumentado para óbito neonatal (p = 0,0128; OR: 38,4; IC95%: 3,3-440,3), natimorto e aborto espontâneo (p = 0,0011; OR: 7,68; IC95%: 2,2-26,3). Conclusão Lúpus eritematoso sistêmico foi significativamente associado à morbidade materna grave, internações mais longas e risco aumentado de desfechos obstétricos e neonatais ruins.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Brief, Resolved, Unexplained Event , Maternal Death , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
16.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 45(10): 568-574, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529884

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Pregnancy in women with lupus poses a higher risk of complications compared with the general population. The present study aimed to determine and describe the obstetric and neonatal outcomes of pregnant women with lupus. Materials and Methods We conducted an observational retrospective study of pregnant women with the diagnosis of lupus, who were selected and followed at the Maternal-Fetal Medicine Clinic of our institution between January 2013 and July 2018. We analyzed 59 pregnancies and 52 newborns, and collected data regarding sociodemographic features, the preconception period, pregnancy, childbirth, postpartum and the newborn. A descriptive analysis of the variables was performed. Results In 58% of the cases, the pregnancy was uneventful. We registered flares in 25% of the cases, preeclampsia in 3%, fetal growth restriction in 12%, gestational loss in 10%, preterm labor in 10%, postpartum complications in 20%, and small for gestational age newborns in 17% of the cases. Conclusions Most pregnancies in women with lupus have favorable obstetric and neonatal outcomes. Prenatal counseling, adequate multidisciplinary surveillance, and optimized treatment of the disease are fundamental pillars for these good results.


Resumo Objetivo A gravidez em mulheres com lúpus representa um risco maior de complicações em comparação com a população em geral. O presente estudo teve como objetivo determinar e descrever os resultados obstétricos e neonatais de gestantes com lúpus. Materiais e Métodos Realizamos um estudo retrospectivo observacional de gestantes com diagnóstico de lúpus, selecionadas e acompanhadas no Ambulatório de Medicina Materno-Fetal de nossa instituição entre janeiro de 2013 e julho de 2018. Analisamos 59 gestações e 52 recém-nascidos e coletamos dados referentes às características sociodemográficas, período pré-concepcional, gravidez, parto, pós-parto e nascimento. Foi realizada uma análise descritiva das variáveis. Resultados Em 58% dos casos, a gravidez transcorreu sem intercorrências. Registramos surtos em 25% dos casos, pré-eclâmpsia em 3%, restrição do crescimento fetal em 12%, perda gestacional em 10%, trabalho de parto prematuro em 10%, complicações pós-parto em 20% e recém-nascidos pequenos para a idade gestacional em 17% dos casos. Conclusões A maioria das gestações em mulheres com lúpus tem resultados obstétricos e neonatais favoráveis. Aconselhamento pré-natal, vigilância multidisciplinar adequada e tratamento otimizado da doença são pilares fundamentais para esses bons resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
17.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(3): 1164-1172, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1425449

ABSTRACT

O Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico (LES) é uma patologia crônica, de origem autoimune e inflamatória. As diversas manifestações clínicas existentes em pacientes acometidos pelo LES, sejam elas sistêmicas ou órgãos-alvo, possibilitam variados diagnósticos diferenciais. Dentre as manifestações clínicas que possibilitam estes diagnósticos está o acometimento cutâneo, com vasta variabilidade de apresentação. Da mesma forma, a sífilis também possui apresentação cutânea, tornando possível o diferencial de diagnóstico com outras patologias, inclusive o próprio LES. O presente estudo tem como objetivo relatar um caso de sífilis mimetizando lúpus eritematoso sistêmico, descrever o quadro clínico apresentado pelo paciente, bem como as ferramentas utilizadas para diagnóstico, e a posterior abordagem terapêutica. O caso relatado refere-se a um paciente de 29 anos, do sexo masculino, procedente de Campos Novos (SC), que apresentou um quadro clínico e laboratorial de lúpus-like induzido por uma infecção aguda de sífilis. A resolução completa de critérios inflamatórios de LES ocorreu após tratamento correto da doença infecciosa, com total melhora clínica e sorológica.


Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease. The various clinical manifestations in SLE patients, both systemic and in target organs, allow for various differential diagnoses. Among the clinical manifestations that aid in diagnosis are the cutaneous injuries, which have a wide range of presentations. Syphilis also has cutaneous manifestations, which aid in the differential diagnosis from other pathologies, including SLE. The present study aims to report a case of syphilis mimicking SLE, describe the clinical condition presented by the patient, the tools used for diagnosis, and the therapeutic approach. The case reported refers to a 29- year-old male patient from Campos Novos (SC), who showed a clinical and laboratory lupus-like condition induced by an acute syphilis infection. The full resolution of SLE inflammatory criteria occurred following appropriate treatment for the infectious disease, with complete clinical and serological improvement.


El lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES) es una enfermedad inflamatoria autoinmune crónica. Las diversas manifestaciones clínicas de los pacientes con LES, tanto sistémicas como en órganos diana, permiten realizar varios diagnósticos diferenciales. Entre las manifestaciones clínicas que ayudan al diagnóstico se encuentran las lesiones cutáneas, que tienen una amplia gama de presentaciones. La sífilis también tiene manifestaciones cutáneas, que ayudan al diagnóstico diferencial con otras patologías, incluido el LES. El presente estudio tiene como objetivo comunicar un caso de sífilis que simula un LES, describir el cuadro clínico presentado por la paciente, las herramientas utilizadas para el diagnóstico y el abordaje terapéutico. El caso relatado se refiere a un paciente masculino de 29 años, natural de Campos Novos (SC), que presentó un cuadro clínico y de laboratorio semejante al lupus, inducido por una infección aguda por sífilis. La resolución completa de los criterios inflamatorios del LES ocurrió tras el tratamiento adecuado de la enfermedad infecciosa, con mejoría clínica y serológica completa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Syphilis/diagnosis , Syphilis/pathology , Syphilis/therapy , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/diagnosis , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/pathology , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/therapy , Skin Manifestations , Adaptation, Biological , Communicable Diseases/pathology , Communicable Diseases/therapy , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/methods , Case Reports as Topic , Infections/diagnosis
18.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e20052, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1429959

ABSTRACT

Abstract The pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is complex. Few studies in Brazilian population have addressed cell phenotypes associated with immunological responses and their associations with SLE activity. The aim of this study is to investigate cell phenotypes associated to SLE diagnosis, treatment and activity. Twenty-eight SLE female patients (17 inactive, 11 active) and 10 healthy women were included in this study. Markers of natural killer (Nk), T and B cells in peripheral blood were evaluated by flow cytometry. Nkt cells were decreased only in SLE active patients. Activated CD4+, regulatory T FoxP3+ and B cells were decreased in both active and inactive SLE patients, compared to control group. The data corroborate the disruption of immune regulatory response in SLE patients and suggest phenotipic changes as possible biomarkers of SLE activity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Flow Cytometry/methods , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/pathology , Patients/classification , Biomarkers/analysis , Natural Killer T-Cells
19.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(1): 52-55, Jan.-Mar. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430687

ABSTRACT

Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus have a higher incidence of neoplasms associated with human papillomavirus infections, such as those that affect the vulva, the vagina, and the cervix; however, little is known about the frequency of anal cancer among these patients. Although there are recommendations for screening for this cancer in immunosuppressed individuals, it is possible that this procedure is not strictly followed. We describe the case of a 47-year-old woman with systemic lupus erythematosus who was treated with immunosuppressants and developed advanced anal squamous cell carcinoma after adequate treatment and healing of a high-grade cervical squamous intraepithelial lesion. Five years after the completion of the anal cancer treatment, the patient presented with cystic hepatic lesions that were histopathologically confirmed to be metastatic squamous cell carcinoma. This report aimed to highlight the need for anal cancer screening in patients with lupus, particularly if there was a history of cervical cytopathological alterations. (AU)


Resumo Pacientes com lúpus eritematoso sistêmico apresentam maior incidência de neoplasias associadas a infecções por HPV, como aquelas que acometem a vulva, a vagina e o colo do útero, mas pouco se sabe sobre a frequência de câncer anal entre essas pacientes. Embora existam recomendações para o rastreamento desse câncer em indivíduos imunossuprimidos, é possível que esse procedimento não esteja sendo rigorosamente seguido. Descrevemos uma mulher de 47 anos com lúpus eritematoso sistêmico, tratada com imunossupressores, que desenvolveu um carcinoma escamocelular anal avançado após tratamento adequado e cicatrização de lesão intraepitelial escamosa cervical de alto grau. Cinco anos após o término do tratamento do câncer anal, a paciente apresentou lesões císticas hepáticas cujo resultado citopatológico confirmou ser carcinoma escamocelular metastático. O presente relato teve como objetivo chamar atenção para a necessidade do rastreamento do câncer anal em pacientes com lúpus, principalmente se houver história prévia de alterações citopatológicas cervicais. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Anus Neoplasms/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Adenosquamous , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Papillomavirus Infections , Liver Neoplasms/secondary
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008117

ABSTRACT

Immune-mediated dermatoses are the skin diseases caused by the breakdown of immune tolerance,including lupus erythematosus and dermatomyositis.The imbalance between regulatory T cells (Tregs) and effector T cells (Teffs) plays a key role in the pathogenesis of these diseases.Low-dose interleukin-2 can preferentially activate Tregs and reverse the imbalance between Tregs and Teffs to recover the immune tolerance,which has attracted attention in the treatment of immune-mediated dermatoses.This review summarizes the research progress in the immunomodulatory mechanism and clinical application of low-dose interleukin-2 in immune-mediated dermatoses,providing a new idea for the clinical treatment of these diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Interleukin-2 , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Skin Diseases/drug therapy
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