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1.
Educ. med. super ; 36(3): e2775, jul.-set. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1404560

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La imagen como medio de enseñanza constituye un recurso de aprendizaje muy empleado en la cirugía general. Objetivo: Exponer la utilidad de la imagen digital como medio de enseñanza ilustrativa en la peritonitis aguda. Métodos: Se realizó una investigación de desarrollo en el Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico Docente Dr. Ambrosio Grillo Portuondo de Santiago de Cuba, desde enero hasta julio de 2020. Se utilizaron como métodos teóricos la sistematización y el histórico-lógico; y como empíricos, el vivencial y la observación, con la práctica atencional-docente de la autora. Resultados: La experiencia práctica contextualizada de la autora en el escenario hospitalario diverso de atención clínico quirúrgica a pacientes con peritonitis aguda permitió constatar el uso de la imagen digital estática y dinámica como herramienta de enseñanza-aprendizaje de la enfermedad. El carácter científico y pedagógico de las imágenes tomadas a este tipo de enfermo incrementó la habilidad diagnóstica y terapéutica en los residentes de cirugía. Conclusiones: La imagen digital como medio de enseñanza ilustrativo de la peritonitis aguda constituye un recurso de aprendizaje de incuestionable valor. Su utilidad, pertinencia y factibilidad incrementan la motivación de los residentes de cirugía en pos de lograr una formación académica integral(AU)


Introduction: Images as teaching aids are learning resources widely used in the field of general surgery. Objective: To show the usefulness of digital images as illustrative teaching tools in acute peritonitis. Methods: A developmental research was carried out at Dr. Ambrosio Grillo Portuondo Clinical Surgical Teaching Hospital, of Santiago de Cuba, from January to July 2020. The historical-logical and systematization methods were used as theoretical methods, while the experiential and observation methods were used as empirical methods, together with the healthcare provision and teaching practice of the author. Results: The contextualized practical experience of the author in the diverse hospital setting of clinical-surgical care for patients with acute peritonitis allowed confirming the use of static and dynamic digital images as tools for teaching and learning about the disease. The scientific and pedagogical character of the images taken of this type of patients increased the diagnostic and therapeutic skills among surgery residents. Conclusions: Digital images as illustrative aids for teaching acute peritonitis are learning resources of unquestionable value. Their usefulness, relevance and feasibility increase the motivation of surgery residents, in view of achieving comprehensive academic training(AU)


Subject(s)
Peritonitis , General Surgery/education , Teaching/education , Learning , Medical Illustration/education
3.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 26: e:1442, abr.2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1378086

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: relatar a experiência da utilização das tecnologias body painting e body projectioncomo ferramentas facilitadoras do processo ensino-aprendizagem na perspectiva de docentes de Enfermagem durante o ensino do exame físico cardiovascular. Método: relato de experiência de estratégia facilitadora aplicada ao processo de ensino-aprendizagem do exame físico cardiovascular durante o curso de graduação em Enfermagem de uma universidade privada de São Paulo­Brasil. Resultados: participaram da experiência 40 estudantes, dois professores, um artista plástico e dois modelos que receberam a pintura corporal. O uso das referidas tecnologias suscitou reflexões sobre a possibilidade de utilizá-las como ferramentas para o ensino de forma lúdica e eficaz, otimizando o contexto acadêmico formal. Conclusão: as ferramentas body painting e body projection, de acordo com a percepção dos docentes, facilitam o processo de ensino-aprendizagem do exame físico cardiovascular, uma vez que aproximam a teoria da prática e permitem, aos estudantes, associações visuais que superam as tradicionais barreiras de ensino-aprendizagem.(AU)


Objective: to report the experience of using the body painting and body projection technologies as facilitating tools in the teaching-learning process from the perspective of Nursing professors during teaching of the cardiovascular physical examination. Method: an experience report of a facilitating strategy applied to the teaching-learning process corresponding to the cardiovascular physical examination in the Nursing undergraduate course at a private university from São Paulo, Brazil. Results: a total of 40 students, two professors, one plastic artist and two models on whom body painting was applied took part in the experience. Use of the aforementioned technologies raised reflections about the possibility of employing them as tools for playful and effective teaching, optimizing the formal academic context. Conclusion: according to the professors' perception, the body painting and body projection tools facilitate the teaching-learning process corresponding to the cardiovascular physical examination, as they bring the theory closer to the practice and allow students to make visual associations that overcome the traditional teaching-learning barriers.(AU)


Objetivo: informar sobre la experiencia del uso de las tecnologías de body painting y body projection como herramientas facilitadoras del proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje desde la perspectiva de los profesores de enfermería durante la enseñanza del examen físico cardiovascular. Método: informe de experiencia de estrategia facilitadora aplicada en el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje del examen físico cardiovascular durante el curso de graduación en enfermería de una universidad privada de São Paulo- Brasil. Resultados: participaron en la experiencia 40 alumnos, dos profesores, un artista plástico y dos modelos que recibieron la pintura corporal. El uso de estas tecnologías suscitó reflexiones sobre la posibilidad de utilizar ambas como herramientas para la enseñanza de forma lúdica y eficaz, optimizando el contexto académico formal. Conclusión: las herramientas de body painting y body projection, según la percepción de los profesores, facilitan el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje del examen físico cardiovascular, ya que aproximan la teoría a la práctica y permiten a los alumnos realizar asociaciones visuales que superan las barreras tradicionales de enseñanza-aprendizaje.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular System/anatomy & histology , Education, Nursing , Learning , Medical Illustration/education , Qualitative Research , Faculty, Nursing , Research Report
9.
Rev. Soc. Peru. Med. Interna ; 33(1): 51-51, ene.-mar. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116254

ABSTRACT

Un varón de 51 años de edad con antecedentes de tuberculosis (TB) pulmonar en el año 2000, tratado por régimen 2RHZE/4RH. Presentó una recurrencia de TB con baciloscopía positiva y sensible a la rifampicina (Figura 1). Recibió etambutol (15 mg/kg/día), isoniacida (300 mg/día), rifampicina (600 mg/día) y pirazinamida (25mg/Kg/ día), más piridoxina 150 mg/ día. Tres meses después, el paciente presentó pérdida de la agudeza visual (AV) en ambos ojos (AO): 1/10 ojo derecho y 2/10 ojo izquierdo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Optic Nerve Diseases/therapy , Ethambutol/adverse effects , Medical Illustration
10.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(1): 108-115, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056353

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Cystectomy with urinary diversion is the gold standard for muscle invasive bladder cancer. It also may be performed as part of pelvic exenteration for non-urologic malignancy, neurogenic bladder dysfunction, and chronic conditions that result in a non-functional bladder (e.g., interstitial cystitis, radiation cystitis). Our objective is to describe the surgical technique of urinary diversion using large intestine as a conduit whilst creating an end colostomy, thereby avoiding a primary bowel anastomosis and to show its applicability with respect to urologic conditions. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed five cases from a single institution that utilized the described method of urinary diversion with large intestine. We describe operative times, hospital length of stay (LOS), and describe post-operative complications. Results: Five patients with a variety of urologic and oncologic pathology underwent the described procedures. Their operative times ranged from 5 hours to 11 hours and one patient experienced a Clavien III complication. Conclusion: We describe five patients who underwent this procedure for various medical indications, and describe their outcomes, and believe dual diversion of urinary and gastrointestinal systems with colon as a urinary conduit to be an excellent surgical option for the appropriate surgical candidate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Colon, Sigmoid/surgery , Colostomy/methods , Urinary Diversion/methods , Urinary Bladder Diseases/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical , Cystectomy/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Operative Time , Length of Stay , Medical Illustration , Middle Aged
11.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190435, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1056593

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To quantify the bone volume that can be safely withdrawn from 3 donor sites: (1) the mandibular symphysis, (2) the oblique mandibular line and (3) the skullcap. Methodology For the symphysis, 200 tomographic exams were evaluated by the extension of the anterior loop of mental foramen, by the nerve, by the distance of the foramens, by the distance between the vestibular cortical and the lingual plates and by the distance between the apexes, or lower anterior teeth, and the mandibular base, using the "distance" tool of the I-CAT Vision, in the panoramic and parasagittal reformations. For the oblique line, 70 TCFC exams were analyzed retrospectively in panoramic and parasagittal reformations, evaluating the thickness of the vestibular cortical and the distance between the cortical and the mandibular canal. For the cranial bone, a hexagonal donor site located in parietal area was considered. Results The average dimensions of the bone blocks that can be safely removed from the region of the mandibular symphysis are: 32.27 mm in length, 4.87 mm in height and 4 mm in thickness, providing a volume of 628.61 mm3 available for grafting. In the oblique line, the available bone volume for grafting was 859.61 mm3. In the region of the cranial vault, multiplying the average bone thickness by the area of the hexagon, an average volume of 2,499 mm3 was obtained. Conclusions Comparing the donor sites, the bone availability in the cranial vault is 3 times greater than in the mandibular posterior region, and at least 2 times greater than in the mandibular symphysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Skull/transplantation , Bone Transplantation/methods , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Transplant Donor Site , Mandible/transplantation , Skull/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Anatomic Landmarks , Transplant Donor Site/diagnostic imaging , Cortical Bone/transplantation , Cortical Bone/diagnostic imaging , Mandible/diagnostic imaging , Medical Illustration
14.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(6): 1238-1248, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056340

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Pubic hypertrophy, defined as an abnormal and abundant round mass of fatty tissue located over the pubic symphysis, is frequently underestimated in patients with hypospadias. We examined the prevalence of this condition, as well as the outcomes associated with its surgical treatment. Material and methods: Within 266 hypospadias patients treated at our clinic, we assessed the prevalence of pubic hypertrophy, and we schematically described the surgical steps of pubic lipectomy. Multivariable logistic regression (MLR) tested for predictors of pubic hypertrophy. Finally, separate MLRs tested for predictors of fistula and any complications after pubic lipectomy. Results: Of 266 hypospadias patients, 100 (37.6%) presented pubic hypertrophy and underwent pubic lipectomy. Patients with pubic hypertrophy more frequently had proximal hypospadias (44 vs. 7.8%), disorders of sex development (DSD) (10 vs. 0.6%), cryptorchidism (12 vs. 2.4%), and moderate (30°-60°) or severe (>60°) penile curvature (33 vs. 4.2%). In MLR, the location of urethral meatus (proximal, Odds ratio [OR]: 10.1, p<0.001) was the only significant predictor of pubic hypertrophy. Finally, pubic lipectomy was not associated with increased risk of fistula (OR: 1.12, p=0.7) or any complications (OR: 1.37, 95% CI: 0.64-2.88, p=0.4) after multivariable adjustment. Conclusions: One out of three hypospadias patients, referred to our center, presented pubic hypertrophy and received pubic lipectomy. This rate was higher in patients with proximal hypospadias suggesting a correlation between pubic hypertrophy and severity of hypospadias. Noteworthy, pubic lipectomy was not associated with increased risk of fistula or any complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Lipectomy/methods , Hypospadias/surgery , Hypospadias/epidemiology , Penis/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Pubic Bone/surgery , Logistic Models , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Serbia/epidemiology , Hypertrophy/surgery , Hypertrophy/epidemiology , Medical Illustration
15.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(5): 618-623, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042033

ABSTRACT

Abstract In aortic valve disease cases, prosthetic valves have been used for valve replacement, however, these prostheses have inherent problems, and their quality in some countries is lower comparing to new-generation models, causing shorter durability. Aortic valve neocuspidization (AVNeo) has emerged as an option, which can be applied to a wide spectrum of these diseases. Despite the promising results, this procedure is not widely spread among cardiac surgeons yet. We developed a surgical technique combining Bentall and Ozaki procedures to treat patients with concomitant ascending aorta replacement and AVNeo and we describe it in this paper.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aorta/surgery , Aortic Valve/surgery , Prosthesis Design/standards , Heart Valve Prosthesis/standards , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Heart Valve Diseases/surgery , Reproducibility of Results , Medical Illustration
16.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 77(9): 646-653, Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038742

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The sciatic nerve forms from the roots of the lumbosacral plexus and emerges from the pelvis passing inferiorly to the piriformis muscle, towards the lower limb where it divides into common tibial and fibular nerves. Anatomical variations related to the area where the nerve divides, as well as its path, seem to be factors related to piriformis syndrome. Objective: To analyze the anatomical variations of the sciatic nerve and its clinical implications. Methods: This was a systematic review of articles indexed in the PubMed, LILACS, SciELO, SpringerLink, ScienceDirect and Latindex databases from August to September 2018. Original articles covering variations of the sciatic nerve were included. The level of the sciatic nerve division and its path in relation to the piriformis muscle was considered for this study. The collection was performed by two independent reviewers. Results: At the end of the search, 12 articles were selected, characterized according to the sample, method of evaluation of the anatomical structure and the main results. The most prevalent anatomical variation was that the common fibular nerve passed through the piriformis muscle fibers (33.3%). Three studies (25%) also observed anatomical variations not classified in the literature and, in three (25%) the presence of a double piriformis muscle was found. Conclusion: The results of this review showed the most prevalent variations of the sciatic nerve and point to a possible association of this condition with piriformis syndrome. Therefore, these variations should be considered during the semiology of disorders involving parts of the lower limbs.


RESUMO O nervo isquiático forma-se a partir das raízes do plexo lombosacro e emerge da pelve passando inferiormente ao músculo piriforme, em direção ao membro inferior onde se divide em nervos tibial e fibular comum. Variações anatômicas relativas ao local onde ocorre a divisão desse nervo, bem como do seu trajeto, parecem ser fatores relacionados à síndrome do piriforme. Objetivo: Analisar as variações anatômicas do nervo isquiático e suas implicações clínicas. Materiais e Métodos: Trata-se de uma revisão sistemática de artigos indexados nas bases de dados PubMed, LILACS, SciELO, SPRINGERLINK, SCIENC DIRECT e LATINDEX. Foram incluídos artigos originais envolvendo as variações do nervo isquiático. Considerou-se para este estudo o nível de divisão do nervo isquiático e o seu trajeto em relação ao músculo piriforme. A coleta foi realizada por dois revisores independentes. Resultados: Ao final da busca foram selecionados 12 artigos, caracterizados quanto à amostra, método para avaliar a estrutura anatômica e principais resultados. A variação anatômica mais prevalente foi aquela em que o nervo fibular comum atravessa as fibras do músculo piriforme (33,3%). Três estudos (25%) observaram, ainda, variações anatômicas não classificadas na literatura e em outros três (25%) constatou-se a presença de um músculo piriforme duplo. Conclusão: Os resultados desta revisão mostram as variações mais prevalentes do nervo isquiático e apontam para uma possível associação dessa condição com a síndrome do piriforme. Desse modo, essas variações devem ser consideradas durante a semiologia dos distúrbios envolvendo os membros inferiores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Sciatic Nerve/anatomy & histology , Piriformis Muscle Syndrome/pathology , Piriformis Muscle Syndrome/etiology , Anatomic Variation , Medical Illustration
17.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(3): 560-571, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012321

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To introduce our experience with intracorporeal ileal conduit and evaluate the safety and feasibility of this endoscopic urinary diversion. Materials and Methods: Between March 2014 and July 2017, thirty-six consecutive patients underwent laparoscopic radical cystectomy with intracorporeal ileal conduit. Patients' demographic data, perioperative data, 90-days postoperative outcomes and complications were collected. This cohort were divided into two groups of 18 patients each by chronological order of the operations to facilitate comparison of clinical data. Data were evaluated using the students' T test, Mann-Whitney test and Fisher's Exact test. Results: All surgeries were completed successfully with no conversion. Median total operating time and median intracorporeal urinary diversion time were 304 and 105 minutes, respectively. Median estimated blood loss was 200 mL, and median lymph node yield was 21. Twenty-six Clavien grade < 3 complications occurred within 30-days and 9 occurred within 30-90 days. Five Clavien grade 3-5 complications occurred within 30 days. No statistically significant differences were found between the two groups except for intracorporeal urinary diversion time. At median follow-up of 17.5 (range 3-42) months, 6 patients experienced tumor recurrence/metastasis and 4 of these patients died. Conclusions: Intracorporeal ileal conduit following laparoscopic radical cystectomy is safe, feasible and reproducible. With the accumulation of experience, the operation time can be controlled at a satisfactory level.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Urinary Diversion/methods , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Cystectomy/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Postoperative Complications , Time Factors , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/pathology , Anastomosis, Surgical , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Surgical Stomas , Neoplasm Grading , Operative Time , Medical Illustration , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging
18.
Rev. méd. hered ; 30(2): 115-115, abr. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058678
19.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(2): 176-182, Mar.-Apr. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001553

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: In rhinoplasty, the nasal dorsum has important relevance regarding the esthetic and functional aspects of the surgery. Its reduction should be performed with maximum accuracy and controlled resection to prevent or minimize potential complications. The septum pyramidal adjustment and repositioning consists of a conservative surgical technique of the nasal dorsum, which does not require the detachment of the upper lateral cartilages of the nasal septum, allowing the remodeling of the nasal dorsum while maintaining esthetic lines and nasal function, potentially reducing frequent complications in more traditional surgeries. Objective: To describe the septum pyramidal adjustment technique in detail, presenting its advantages and disadvantages in relation to the other surgical approaches, as well as to disclose results of this surgical procedure in patients submitted to primary rhinoplasty in a specific hospital. Methods: The medical records of all patients submitted to surgery from 2011 to 2015 through this surgical technique were evaluated by the same team. Of these cases, certain variables were analyzed such as gender, age, indication for reoperation and surgical complications. Results: 153 patients underwent rhinoplasty through septum pyramidal adjustment. Of these, 13 patients experienced an indication for a second surgery and four had some type of postoperative complication. Conclusion: The septum pyramidal adjustment surgical technique is a simple procedure, as it does not require the reconstruction of the nasal dorsum. It has a low number of complications and preserves the anatomical structures.


Resumo Introdução: Na rinoplastia, o dorso nasal tem importante relevância no quadro estético e funcional. A sua redução deve ser realizada com máxima precisão e ressecção controlada a fim de prevenir ou minimizar complicações potenciais. O termo septum pyramidal adjustment and repositioning consiste em uma técnica cirúrgica conservadora do dorso nasal, que não requer a desinserção das cartilagens laterais superiores do septo nasal, que permite remodelar o dorso nasal, manter as linhas estéticas e a função nasal, reduz potencialmente complicações frequentes nas cirurgias mais tradicionais. Objetivo: Descrever em detalhes o septum pyramidal adjustment, expor suas vantagens e desvantagens em relação às outras abordagens cirúrgicas, bem como apresentar resultados desse procedimento cirúrgico em pacientes submetidos à rinoplastia primária em um hospital específico. Método: Foram avaliados os registros médicos de todos os pacientes operados de 2011 a 2015 por essa técnica cirúrgica, pela mesma equipe. Desses casos, foram analisadas algumas variáveis, como: sexo, idade, indicação de reoperação e complicações cirúrgicas. Resultados: Foram submetidos 153 pacientes à rinoplastia por septum pyramidal adjustment. Desses, 13 tiveram segunda indicação cirúrgica e quatro apresentaram alguma complicação pós-operatória. Conclusão: A técnica cirúrgica septum pyramidal adjustment apresenta-se como um procedimento de fácil realização, pois não exige a reconstrução do dorso nasal. Apresenta baixo número de complicações e preserva as estruturas anatômicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Rhinoplasty/methods , Nasal Cartilages/surgery , Nasal Septum/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Rhinoplasty/adverse effects , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Medical Illustration
20.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(2): 187-193, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990579

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The study aimed to compare the clinical outcomes of simplified linear plication and classic patch plasty in patients with left ventricular aneurysm (LVA). Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 282 patients undergoing LVA repair between 2006 and 2016. After propensity score matching, 45 pairs of patients receiving LVA surgery were divided into either a patch group (on-pump endoventricular patch plasty) or a plication group (off-pump linear plication). Then, their early surgical outcomes and long-term survival were compared in two matched groups. Results: The heart function improvement at discharge was similar in the two matched groups, while patients in the patch group more commonly suffered from low cardiac output syndrome (P=0.042) with higher proportion of intra-aortic balloon pumping assistance (P=0.034) than patients in the plication group. Compared with patients in the patch group, the patients in the plication group had shorter recovery times, regarding to mechanical ventilation, intensive care unit stay, and hospital stay (P<0.001, P<0.001, and P=0.001, respectively). No significant difference was found in the long-term survival (P=0.62). Conclusions: Off-pump linear plication presented acceptable results in terms of early outcomes and long-term survival. For high-risk patients, the simplified LVA repair technique may be an option.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Heart Aneurysm/surgery , Heart Aneurysm/mortality , Heart Ventricles/surgery , Reference Values , Time Factors , Survival Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Propensity Score , Length of Stay , Medical Illustration
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