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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e255916, 2024. tab, graf, mapas
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1364509

ABSTRACT

This study aims at reporting the indigenous knowledge of the medicinal flora from the inhabitants of surroundings of the World's largest artificial planted forest "Changa Manga", Pakistan. Data were collected by direct interviews and group meetings from 81 inhabitants including 32 local healers having information regarding the use of indigenous medicinal plants over a period of one year. Different statistical tools were applied to analyze the data including Frequency citation (FC), Relative frequency citation (RFC), Use Value, Factor of informants consensus and fidelity level. This study reported 73 plant species belonging to 37 plant families and 46 genera. The majority of plant species belong to compositae family. The most commonly used medicinal plants were P. hysterophorus L., P. dactylifera L., S. indicum L, P. harmala L., P. emblica L., and A. indica A.Juss. The greatest number of species was used to cure gastrointestinal disorders. The highest fidelity level (68.18%) was of E. helioscopia to cure gastrointestinal disorders. Maximum fresh uses (17) were reported by C. dactylon (L.) Pars. While the highest number of species reporting fresh uses in similar number was 13. In this study, five novel plants are being reported for the first time in Pakistan for their ethnomedicinal worth. Our data reflect unique usage of the medicinal plants in the study area. The statistical tools used in the study proved useful in pointing the most important and disease category specific plants. High use value plant and the new reported medicinal plants might prove an important source of the isolation of pharmacologically active compounds.


Este estudo tem como objetivo relatar o conhecimento indígena sobre a flora medicinal dos habitantes do entorno da maior floresta artificial plantada do mundo, a Changa Manga, no Paquistão. Os dados foram coletados por meio de entrevistas diretas e reuniões em grupo de 81 habitantes, incluindo 32 curandeiros locais, com informações sobre o uso de plantas medicinais indígenas durante o período de um ano. Diferentes ferramentas estatísticas foram aplicadas para analisar os dados, incluindo citação de frequência (FC), citação de frequência relativa (RFC), valor de uso, fator de consenso dos informantes e nível de fidelidade. Este estudo relatou 73 espécies de plantas pertencentes a 37 famílias de plantas e 46 gêneros. A maioria das espécies de plantas pertence à família Compositae. As plantas medicinais mais utilizadas foram P. hysterophorus L., P. dactylifera L., S. indicum L., P. harmala L., P. emblica L. e A. indica A. Juss. O maior número de espécies foi usado para curar distúrbios gastrointestinais. O maior nível de fidelidade (68,18%) foi de E. helioscopia para cura de distúrbios gastrointestinais. Os usos máximos em fresco (17) foram relatados por C. dactylon (L.) Pars. enquanto o maior número de espécies relatando usos frescos em número semelhante foi de 13. Neste estudo, cinco novas plantas estão sendo relatadas pela primeira vez no Paquistão por seu valor etnomedicinal. Nossos dados refletem o uso exclusivo das plantas medicinais na área de estudo. As ferramentas estatísticas utilizadas no estudo mostraram-se úteis para apontar as plantas mais importantes e específicas da categoria de doença. Plantas de alto valor de uso e as novas plantas medicinais relatadas podem ser uma importante fonte de isolamento de compostos farmacologicamente ativos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plants, Medicinal , Forests , Gastrointestinal Diseases , Indigenous Peoples , Medicine, Traditional , Pakistan
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e250256, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355912

ABSTRACT

Abstract Ferns are often used by indigenous people in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. This study was designed to collect the ethnomedicinal and traditional knowledge of these locals about this group of vascular plants. Forty taxa belong to nineteen genera and ten families are used in the treatment of different diseases. The Pteridaceae was the most representative family with twelve taxa (30%), followed by Athyriaceae and Dryopteridaceae with six taxa each (30%), and Thelypteridaceae with five taxa (12.5%). Regarding the genera, Adiantum, Asplenium and Dryopteris ranked first with four taxa each (30%), followed by Aleuritopteris, Diplazium, Pteris and Equisetum with three taxa each (30%), followed by Athyrium, Oeosporangium, Polystichum and Pseudophegopteris with two taxa each (20%). These taxa were commonly used in the treatment of respiratory disorders i.e. asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, pneumonia; intestinal ulcer, stomach, urinary ailments and skin disorders by the methods of decoction and infusion. Traditional knowledge about ethnomedicinal plants is a valuable and essential source for the discovery of allopathic, herbal and homeopathic medicines.


Resumo As samambaias são frequentemente usadas pelos indígenas em Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Paquistão. Este estudo foi desenhado para coletar o conhecimento etnomedicinal e tradicional desses moradores sobre este grupo de plantas vasculares. Quarenta táxons pertencem a dezenove gêneros, e dez famílias são utilizadas no tratamento de diferentes doenças. Pteridaceae foi a família mais representativa com doze táxons (30%), seguida por Athyriaceae e Dryopteridaceae com seis táxons cada (30%), e Thelypteridaceae com cinco táxons (12,5%). Em relação aos gêneros, Adiantum, Asplenium e Dryopteris ficaram em primeiro lugar com quatro táxons cada (30%), seguidos por Aleuritopteris, Diplazium, Pteris e Equisetum com três táxons cada (30%), e Athyrium, Oeosporangium, Polystichum e Pseudophegopteris com dois táxons cada (20%). Estes táxons foram comumente usados ​​no tratamento de distúrbios respiratórios, isto é, asma, bronquite, enfisema, pneumonia; úlcera intestinal, estômago, doenças urinárias e doenças da pele pelos métodos de decocção e infusão. O conhecimento tradicional sobre plantas etnomedicinais é uma fonte valiosa e essencial para a descoberta de medicamentos alopáticos, fitoterápicos e homeopáticos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plants, Medicinal , Ferns , Tracheophyta , Pakistan , Phytotherapy , Medicine, Traditional
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246803, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339417

ABSTRACT

Abstract Traditional medicine is cheaper and easily available to local people, to care for most frequent diseases in the Northern parts of Pakistan. Our study aimed at inventorying medicine from local plants, documenting their uses, and assessing their market value in 2015-2018 during spring, summer, and winter seasons. A total of 15 trips were made, 5 in each season. Semi-structured interviews with 165 inhabitant's age range between 20-80 years were conducted, analyzed the data is analyzed using Relative frequency of citation(RFC), Use Value(UV), Fidelity Level(FL), Informants consensus factor(ICF), and Jaccard index(JI) to find the most frequent and well-known used species in the area. A total of 86 species belonging to 39 vascular plant families, 33 genera were documented as medicinally important. Family Asteraceae was observed as the dominant family among all the families with 10 species, the leaf was the most used parts and decoction 36% was the most preferred preparation type. Herb was the predominant life form (67%). The maximum UV (0.92) was demonstrated by J. adhatoda L. species, while A. sativum L. shows maximum RFC (0.58), the highest ICF value represented by diarrhea and dermatitis 0.92, and high FL value is recorded 100%. According to our collections, wild species were 45%, invasive species were 38% and cultivated 17% recorded, dicots species were recorded more 81%. Seven 7 medicinal species is being economically important and export to the local and international market of the world, whereas P. integrima L. species were the most exported species according to the local dealers. The investigated area is rural and the local people depend on the area's plants for their health needs, and other uses like a vegetable, fuelwood, fodder, etc. The current result of RFC, UV, ICF, FL, and JI shows that medicinal flora needs to be pharmacologically and phytochemically investigated to prove their efficacy. The documentation of medicinal knowledge is important to preserve this precious old knowledge before it is lost forever, due to technological and environmental changes in the world.


Resumo A medicina tradicional é mais barata e facilmente disponível à população local para cuidar das doenças mais frequentes nas áreas do norte do Paquistão. Nosso estudo teve como objetivo inventariar medicamentos de plantas locais, documentar seus usos e avaliar seu valor de mercado em 2015-2018 durante as temporadas de primavera, verão e inverno. Foram feitas 15 viagens, 5 em cada temporada. Foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas com 165 moradores na faixa etária de 20 a 80 anos, com dados analisados ​​por meio de frequência relativa de citação (RFC), valor de uso (UV), nível de fidelidade (FL), fator de consenso de informantes (CIF), e o índice de Jaccard (JI) para encontrar as espécies utilizadas mais frequentes e conhecidas na área. Um total de 86 espécies pertencentes a 39 famílias de plantas vasculares, 33 gêneros foram documentados como medicamente importantes. A família Asteraceae foi observada como a família dominante entre todas as famílias com 10 espécies, a folha foi a parte mais utilizada e a decocção 36% foi o tipo de preparação mais preferido. A erva foi a forma de vida predominante (67%). O UV máximo (0,92) foi demonstrado pelas espécies de J. adhatoda L., enquanto A. sativum L. mostra RFC máximo (0,58), o maior valor de ICF representado por diarreia e dermatite 0,92, e alto valor de FL é registrado 100%. De acordo com nossas coleções, as espécies selvagens foram 45%, as espécies invasoras 38% e as cultivadas 17% registradas, as espécies dicotiledôneas foram registradas mais 81%. Sete espécies medicinais estão sendo economicamente importantes e exportadas para o mercado local e internacional do mundo, enquanto as espécies de P. integrima L. foram as espécies mais exportadas de acordo com os comerciantes locais. A área investigada é rural e a população local depende das plantas da área para suas necessidades de saúde e outros usos como vegetal, lenha, forragem etc. O resultado atual de RFC, UV, ICF, FL e JI mostra que a flora medicinal precisa ser investigada farmacológica e fitoquimicamente para comprovar sua eficácia. A documentação do conhecimento medicinal é importante para preservar esse precioso conhecimento antigo antes que se perca para sempre, devido às mudanças tecnológicas e ambientais do mundo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Plants, Medicinal , Pakistan , Surveys and Questionnaires , Plant Leaves , Ethnobotany , Phytotherapy , Medicine, Traditional
4.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(3): 158-166, junio 2022. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1368135

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Existen estudios que dan cuenta del uso extendido de la medicina tradicional (MT) en diversos países. La formación del pediatra es escasa en este campo. Objetivo. Describir las características de la MT utilizada por los pacientes de un hospital pediátrico de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires. Población y métodos. Diseño cualitativo, basado en la teoría fundada. Entrevista a cuidadores de niños de 0 a 11 años. Resultados. Se entrevistaron 30 personas de diferentes colectividades, la gran mayoría mujeres amas de casa. Casi la totalidad refirió haber utilizado la MT. La fuente de recomendación más utilizada fue la familia. En general, el uso de la MT precede a la consulta a un médico del sistema de salud. Se acude a la MT por entidades definidas por la medicina convencional, pero también por otras propias, como pata de cabra, ojeo y empacho. Las prácticas terapéuticas incluyen la administración de preparados a base de plantas, infusiones, caldos, como también rituales conducidos por curanderos. Todos los usuarios refirieron una valoración positiva de la MT. Una gran parte de los entrevistados consideró importante que el médico conozca y pregunte sobre ella. Todos refirieron que su uso no fue abordado en consultas previas. Conclusiones. La MT se extiende como conocimiento y/o práctica en toda la población estudiada y forma parte de su vida cotidiana. Los métodos utilizados son muy diversos, así como las situaciones para las que se utiliza; las principales causas son de origen gastrointestinal y respiratoria. No es abordada en la consulta pediátrica, pero sus usuarios desearían que lo fuera.


Introduction. Several studies have reported on the widespread use of traditional medicine (TM) in different countries. Pediatricians receive scarce training in this field. Objective. To describe the characteristics of TM used by patients attending a children's hospital in the City of Buenos Aires. Population and methods. Qualitative design based on grounded theory. Interview with caregivers of children aged 0-11 years. Results. Thirty people from different communities were interviewed, mostly homemakers. Almost all referred having used TM. The most common source of recommendation was the family. In general, TM use precedes the visit to a physician in the health system. TM is used to manage conditions defined by conventional medicine, but also to treat folk illnesses such as Simeon's disease, evil eye, and indigestion. Therapeutic practices include plant-based preparations, infusions, broths, as well as other rituals performed by folk healers. All users had a positive opinion about TM. Most interviewees considered that physicians should know and ask about TM. All participants referred that its use had not been addressed in prior visits. Conclusions. TM spreads as knowledge and/ or practice across the studied population and is part of everyday life. TM methods vary greatly, as well as the conditions for which it is used; the main reasons for use included gastrointestinal and respiratory conditions. It is not addressed in pediatric visits, but users wish it was.


Subject(s)
Humans , Physicians , Medicine, Traditional , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Pediatricians , Hospitals, Pediatric
5.
Medwave ; 22(2): e.002096, mar.2022.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366382

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La población del Resguardo Indígena Muisca de Cota, Colombia, se encuentra en un proceso de fortalecimiento cultural. Ahora busca la recuperación de sus saberes ancestrales relacionados con la medicina tradicional. OBJETIVO: Explorar la ocurrencia de la medicina tradicional y factores asociados con su vigencia en el resguardo indígena Muisca de Cota, Colombia. MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal participativo con los miembros del resguardo. Para este estudio se aplicó en abril de 2019 un instrumento de 44 preguntas a 471 madres de familia que tenían por lo menos un hijo mayor de diez años. A través de él se indagaron algunos factores demográficos, sociales y culturales. Además, se plantearon preguntas relacionadas con conocimiento, uso y práctica de medicina tradicional. Usamos el procedimiento de Mantel-Haenszel para establecer las asociaciones mediante el Odds ratio e intervalos de confianza del 95%. RESULTADOS: El 66,2% (312/471) de las madres conocía al menos tres casos de enfermedades tradicionales, el 56,8% (267/470) tenía y usaba plantas medicinales, el 15,8% (73/462) practicaba cuidados tradicionales de la gripa, la menstruación y el puerperio, y el 11,8% (54/458) reportó que han acudido a parteras, sobanderos y curanderos. El consumo de tres alimentos tradicionales, la tenencia de huertos y plantas tradicionales, tener la vivienda dentro del resguardo y padres nacidos en un municipio de influencia indígena, fueron los principales factores asociados con la prevalencia de la medicina tradicional (p < 0,05). CONCLUSIONES: El estudio mostró que la permanencia de la medicina tradicional está fuertemente asociada a la alimentación tradicional, a la vocación agrícola y a la tenencia y uso de plantas medicinales. Los resultados sugieren que la estrategia de recuperación de la medicina tradicional podría enfocarse en promover un mayor vínculo entre identidad indígena, territorio, alimentación y salud.


INTRODUCTION: The Muisca Indigenous people in Cota, Colombia, has committed to reviving and strengthening their traditional culture, including the ancestral knowledge associated with their traditional medicine. OBJECTIVE: To explore the occurrence of traditional medicine and factors associated with its use among the Muisca people in Cota, Colombia. METHODS: A participatory cross-sectional study applied a questionnaire to 471 Muisca mothers who had at least one child over 10 in April 2019. The 44 questions inquired demographic, social, and cultural factors of participants and their knowledge, use and practice of traditional medicine. We used the Mantel-Haenszel procedure to measure the associations using Odds Ratio and 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS: 66.2% (312/471) of the mothers knew at least three cases of traditional diseases; 56.8% (267/470) had and used medicinal plants; 15.8% (73/462) had practiced traditional self-care for flu, menstruation and postpartum; and 11.8% (54/458) reported that they had gone to midwives, bonesetters and healers. Four factors had a significant association (p < 0.05) with traditional medicine: consumption of three traditional foods; having traditional gardens and plants; living within the reservation; and parents born in a municipality of indigenous influence. CONCLUSIONS: The study showed that the permanence of traditional medicine is strongly associated with traditional food, agricultural vocation and the possession and use of medicinal plants. The results suggest that the strategy for the recovery of traditional medicine could focus on promoting a stronger link between indigenous identity, territory, food and health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Plants, Medicinal , Medicine, Traditional , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Colombia
6.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 27(3): 989-998, mar. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364696

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este estudo foi desenvolvido na interseção entre as ciências da saúde e a antropologia, com finalidade de compreender a importância da medicina tradicional afro-brasileira retratada nas casas de candomblé, explorando interações de seus membros com o sistema biomédico de saúde. A antropologia da saúde objetiva compreender o fenômeno da saúde como uma elaboração sociocultural, e partir disso desenvolve a noção de sistema cultural de saúde, operador teórico deste estudo. Esta proposta pode contribuir para superar os desafios enfrentados no campo da saúde coletiva, ao possibilitar diálogo entre sistemas culturais de saúde, favorecendo a criação de políticas mais eficazes. Este artigo, de inspiração etnográfica, foi desenvolvido a partir do levantamento bibliográfico específico, seguido de observações participantes e entrevistas com membros da comunidade Ilé Alákétu Asè Ifá Omo Oyá, localizada em São Paulo. A prática em saúde no candomblé consegue alcançar lacunas deixadas pela biomedicina, associando de forma não autoritária, colonialista ou excludente saberes de saúde distintos, considerando os processos simbólicos, culturais, subjetivos e espirituais envolvidos nos processos de adoecimento.


Abstract This study was developed at the intersection of health sciences and anthropology in order to understand the value of traditional Afro-Brazilian Medicine portrayed in houses of Candomblé exploring its member's interactions with the biomedical system of health. The anthropology of health aims to understand the phenomenon of health as a socio-cultural elaboration and from this, develops the notion of cultural health system, the theoretical operator of this study. This proposal can contribute to the challenges faced in the field of collective health by enabling dialogue between cultural health systems, supporting the creation of more effective policies. This ethnographic-inspired article was developed from a specific bibliographic survey, followed by participant observations and interviews with members of the community Ilé Alákétu Asè Ifá Omo Oyá, located in São Paulo. The health practice in candomblé manages to reach gaps left by biomedicine by associating itself in a non-authoritarian, colonialist or exclusive way taking into account the symbolic, cultural, subjective and spiritual processes involved in the processes of illness. This practice brings other possible ways of interpretation, treatment and cure for health problems.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Traditional , Anthropology, Cultural , Brazil
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929215

ABSTRACT

Traditional medicine systems around the globe, like Unani, Ayurveda and traditional Chinese medicine, include a number of sugar-based formulations, which contain a large amount of saccharide-containing sweetener, such as honey, sucrose or jaggery. With pervasive lifestyle disorders throughout the world, there have been discussions to consider alternative sweetening agents. Here, from the perspective of Unani medicine, we discuss how the saccharide-based sweeteners may be an essential component of these traditional preparations, like electuaries, which may be deprived of their bioactivities without these saccharides. With contemporary researches, it is known that apart from their own therapeutic effects, saccharides also form deep eutectic solvents which help in enhancing the bioactivity of other ingredients present in crude drugs. In addition, they provide energy for fermentation which is essential for biotransformation of compounds. Interestingly, the sugars also increase the shelf-life of these compound drugs and act as natural preservatives. On the basis of this review, we strongly believe that saccharide-based sweeteners are an essential component of traditional medicines and not merely an excipient.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Ayurvedic , Medicine, Traditional , Medicine, Unani , Sugars , Sweetening Agents
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927423

ABSTRACT

By arranging Mr. LU Shan-zhong's papers and works, his academic contributions to acupuncture and moxibustion were summarized. It mainly includes standardizing the clinical diagnosis and treatment of acupuncture and moxibustion, and finding the fusion point of the western and traditional medicine; building the acupuncture and moxibustion education system, innovating acupuncture and moxibustion talent training programs; exploring the academic connotation of acupuncture and moxibustion, and promoting acupuncture and moxibustion therapy.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture/education , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , China , Medicine, Traditional , Moxibustion , Schools
9.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e239747, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249277

ABSTRACT

Abstract Oncideres females girdle tree branches of the Fabaceae family, interrupting the sap flow and turning the wood conditions ideal for their larvae development. The bark of Stryphnodendron adstringens (Mart.) Coville, a species native to the Brazilian Cerrado, is widely used in the traditional medicine. The objectives were to report, for the first time, Oncideres saga (Dalman), using S. adstringens as a host and to describe the pattern of branch girdling and oviposition distribution by this insect on these branches. The diameter at the base and the length of the girdled branches were measured and the number of incisions made by the O. saga females to oviposit, per branch section (basal, median and apical), counted. The emerged specimens were counted and the diameter of the exit holes measured. The average diameter at the base of the girdled branches was 2.5 ± 0.16 cm and the length was 90.6 ± 4.6 cm. The average number of incisions per branch was 37.7 ± 2.7. Damage by O. saga can reduce the growth and cause losses on S. adstringens, a tree with great extractivism potential.,


Resumo As fêmeas de Oncideres anelam galhos de árvores da família Fabaceae, interrompendo o fluxo de seiva, tornando a madeira ideal para o desenvolvimento de suas larvas. A casca de Stryphnodendron adstringens (Mart.) Coville uma espécie nativa do cerrado brasileiro, é amplamente utilizada na medicina tradicional. Os objetivos foram relatar, pela primeira vez, Oncideres saga (Dalman), usando S. adstringens como hospedeiro e descrever o padrão dos galhos anelados e a distribuição das posturas desse inseto. O diâmetro na base e o comprimento dos galhos anelados foram medidos e o número de incisões feitas pelas fêmeas por seção do galho (basal, mediana e apical) quantificados. Os espécimes emergidos foram contados e o diâmetro dos orifícios de emergência medidos. O diâmetro médio, dos galhos anelados, na base foi de 2,58 ± 0,16 cm e o comprimento de 90,6 ± 4,6 cm. O número médio de posturas por galho foi 37,7 ± 2,7. Danos por O. saga podem reduzir o crescimento e causar perdas em S. adstringens, árvore com grande potencial extrativista.


Subject(s)
Female , Fabaceae , Brazil , Plant Extracts , Medicine, Traditional
10.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e243811, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249262

ABSTRACT

Abstract An ethnobotanical study was conducted to document indigenous medicinal plants and their usage from knowledgeable and elderly persons in Razzar and Gadoon valley of Swabi and Allai and Tanawal valley of Hazara region of Pakistan during 2016-2019. Several systematic field visits and questionnaire surveys were carried out in selected sites of the study area to gather relevant information from the local community. Rapid assessment method was adopted for data collection by interviewing the local people having enough knowledge of medicinal plants use for treatment of different ailments. UV (UV) formula was applied to calculate the relative importance of medicinal plant species in each site of the study area. In the present study, 221 medicinal plants belonging to 105 families have been reported through 580 respondents (385 males, 138 females and 57 local health healer) from the Swabi and Hazara region. The main sources of herbal medicines were leaves (21%) followed by fruits (21%), seeds (17%), whole plants (14%), roots (9%), bark (9%), flowers (7%) and gum (2%). Mentha spicata L. and Berberis lycium Royle were reported with highest UV (UV) i.e. 0.92 and 0.68 in Razzar tehsil and Gadoon valley of Swabi, whereas Mentha longifolia L and Geranium wallichianum D were reported with highest UV i.e. (0.65) and (0.88) in Allai and Tanawal valley of Hazara region, respectively. It was concluded that Swabi and Hazara region is rich in medicinal plants species and associated traditional knowledge. Moreover, ethno-medicines have played significant role in the indigenous healthcare system of the study area. However, uprooting the entire plant for ethno-medicine is a big threat to conservation of medicinal plants diversity in the study area.


Resumo Um estudo etnobotânico foi realizado para documentar as plantas medicinais indígenas e seu uso por pessoas experientes e idosas em Razzar e Gadoon, no vale de Swabi e no vale Allai e Tanawal da região de Hazara, no Paquistão, durante 2016 a 2019. Várias visitas sistemáticas de campo e pesquisas por questionário foram realizadas em locais selecionados da área de estudo para coletar informações relevantes da comunidade local. O método de avaliação rápida foi adotado para a coleta de dados por meio de entrevistas com a população local, com conhecimento suficiente do uso de plantas medicinais para o tratamento de diferentes enfermidades. A fórmula UV (UV) foi aplicada para calcular a importância relativa das espécies de plantas medicinais em cada local da área de estudo. No presente estudo, 221 plantas medicinais pertencentes a 105 famílias foram relatadas por 580 entrevistados (385 homens, 138 mulheres e 57 curandeiros locais) da região de Swabi e Hazara. As principais fontes de medicamentos fitoterápicos foram folhas (21%), seguidas de frutas (21%), sementes (17%), plantas inteiras (14%), raízes (9%), cascas (9%), flores (7%) e goma (2%). Mentha spicata L. e Berberis lycium Royle foram relatados com maior UV (UV), ou seja, 0,92 e 0,68 em Razzar tehsil e vale Gadoon de Swabi, enquanto Mentha longifolia L. e Geranium wallichianum D. foram relatados com maior UV, isto é, 0,65 e 0,88 no vale Allai e Tanawal da região de Hazara, respectivamente. Concluiu-se que a região de Swabi e Hazara é rica em espécies de plantas medicinais e conhecimentos tradicionais associados. Além disso, etnomedicamentos têm desempenhado um papel significativo no sistema de saúde indígena da área de estudo. No entanto, arrancar a planta inteira para etnomedicina é uma grande ameaça à conservação da diversidade de plantas medicinais na área de estudo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Plants, Medicinal , Pakistan , Ethnobotany , Phytotherapy , Medicine, Traditional
12.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e254291, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355847

ABSTRACT

Abstract Medicinal plants have long been prescribed in Thailand for centuries. Different constituents of extracts have been used for treating of various infectious diseases. However, there is even less information available regarding the use in fungal skin infection. In order to assess traditional Thai claims about the therapeutic potential, this study is focused on exploring the anti-dermatophyte property of the plants that are currently used as traditional medicines. The potential of four different plant species were selected for investigate in vitro anti-dermatophyte activity. Ethanolic extracts of Chromolaena odorata (L.), Ageratina adenophora (Spreng.), Eclipta prostrate (Linn.), and Acorus calamus (L.). were analysed for their total phenolic content as well as total flavonoid content and were then subjected to test of their anti-dermatophyte properties using agar well diffusion method. Qualitative flavonoids and phenolics analysis of the extracts showed their biologically active constituents. Among the species examined, the result indicated that most of the extracts demonstrated anti-dermatophyte activity. In particular, A. calamus showed the highest efficacy against test organisms. The experiment confirmed the chemical constituents and efficacy of some selected plants and provides a scientific confirmation of the use of Thai plants in traditional medicine for fungal skin infections.


Resumo As plantas medicinais são prescritas há muito tempo na Tailândia, há séculos. Diferentes constituintes de extratos têm sido usados para o tratamento de várias doenças infecciosas. No entanto, existem ainda menos informações disponíveis sobre o uso em infecções fúngicas da pele. A fim de avaliar as alegações tradicionais tailandesas sobre o potencial terapêutico, este estudo está focado em explorar a propriedade antidermatófita das plantas que são usadas atualmente como medicamentos tradicionais. O potencial de quatro espécies de plantas diferentes foi selecionado para investigar a atividade antidermatófita in vitro. Extratos etanólicos de Chromolaena odorata (L.), Ageratina adenophora (Spreng.), Eclipta prostrate (Linn.) e Acorus calamus (L.) foram analisados quanto ao seu conteúdo fenólico total, bem como ao conteúdo de flavonoides totais. E então submetidos ao teste de suas propriedades antidermatófitas usando o método de difusão em ágar bem. A análise qualitativa de flavonoides e fenólicos dos extratos mostrou seus constituintes biologicamente ativos. Entre as espécies examinadas, o resultado indicou que a maioria dos extratos demonstrou atividade antidermatófita. Em particular, A. calamus mostrou a maior eficácia contra organismos de teste. O experimento confirmou os constituintes químicos e a eficácia de algumas plantas selecionadas e fornece uma confirmação científica do uso de plantas tailandesas na medicina tradicional para infecções fúngicas da pele.


Subject(s)
Plants, Medicinal , Phenols/analysis , Thailand , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Medicine, Traditional
13.
14.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud. Instituto Nacional de Salud. Centro Nacional de Salud Intercultural; 1 ed; Nov. 2021. 17 p. ilus.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS, MINSAPERU, INS-PERU | ID: biblio-1380564

ABSTRACT

La presente publicación describe las pautas que contribuyen en la revalorización, rescate, conservación y difusión del conocimiento de las plantas medicinales como componente fundamental de la medicina tradicional o ancestral. Asimismo, brinda orientación técnica al personal de salud para la estandarización de los procedimientos y métodos para la la colecta y recopilación de plantas medicinales e información de su uso tradicional a nivel nacional


Subject(s)
Plants, Medicinal , Herbal , Medicine, Traditional
15.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 20(6): 638-648, nov. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369909

ABSTRACT

The prevalence, morbidity and costs of asthma care have increased worldwide. This study describes the effect and safety of an outpatient medical treatment with traditional medicine for asthma, through a retrospective case series with patients admitted to outpatient consultation from 1995 to 2015 in Cota, Colombia. Analyzing 26 cases with a clinical diagnosis of asthma, during the treatment 34.6% (9/26) did not present episodes of uncontrolled asthma and 61.5% (16/26) were classified as controlled asthma in their last consultation of control. 88.4% (23/26) of the patients reported no adverse reactions and the three reported were mild. The results allow to generate hypotheses about the effectiveness and safety of an outpatient treatment based on the incorporation of resources from traditional medicine. These observations could beexplored with experimental studies to determine their long-term effectiveness, safety and low cost.


La prevalencia, morbilidad y costos de atención del asma se ha incrementado en el mundo. Este estudio describe el efecto y la seguridad de un tratamiento médico ambulatorio con recursos de la medicina tradicional para el asma, mediante una serie de casos retrospectiva con pacientes admitidos a consulta externa de 1995 a 2015 en Cota, Colombia. Analizando 26 casos con diagnóstico clínico de asma, durante el tratamiento el 34,6% (9/26) no presentó episodios de asma no controlada y el 61,5% (16/26) fueron clasificados como asma controlada en su última consulta de control. El 88,4% (23/26) de los pacientes no reportó reacciones adversas y las tres reportadas fueron leves. Los resultados permiten generar hipótesis acerca de la efectividad y seguridad de un tratamiento ambulatorio basado en la incorporación de recursos de la medicina tradicional. Estas observaciones podrían ser exploradas con estudios experimentales, para determinar su efectividad, seguridad y bajo costo a largo plazo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Plants, Medicinal , Asthma/drug therapy , Medicine, Traditional , Safety , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Colombia , Ambulatory Care , Culturally Competent Care
16.
Edumecentro ; 13(3): 426-430, jul.-sept. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, MTYCI | ID: biblio-1283607

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades respiratorias infecciosas afectan con frecuencia a los pacientes que acuden a consultas; constituyen una de las más incapacitantes e incluso, si no se atienden adecuadamente generan una evolución tórpida y pueden comprometer la vida del paciente. En su tratamiento se emplean medicamentos alopáticos, así como modalidades terapéuticas de medicina natural y tradicional. Teniendo en cuenta el desarrollo de la homeopatía en Cuba en los últimos años, se propone como objetivo enfatizar en la importancia de la superación por parte de los profesionales de la salud en el uso de esta modalidad terapéutica, a fin de utilizarla en los diferentes niveles de atención por su pertinencia en tiempos de pandemia.


Infectious respiratory diseases frequently affect patients who attend consultations; they constitute one of the most incapacitating and even, if they are not taken care properly they generate a torpid evolution and can jeopardize the life of the patient. In its treatment allopathic medications are used, as well as therapeutic modalities of herbal and folk medicine. Taking into account the development of homeopathy in Cuba in recent years, it is proposed as an objective to emphasize the importance of improvement by health professionals in the use of this therapeutic modality, in order to use it at different levels of care for its relevance in times of pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Homeopathy , Respiratory Tract Diseases , Cuba , Medicine, Traditional
17.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 20(5): 482-495, sept. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368643

ABSTRACT

Semi-structured interviews (80) were applied in order to document the medicinal plants used by the Pijao indigenous community in Natagaima, Colombia. As a result, a total of 110 species distributed in 54 families were registered, Asteraceae and Fabaceae (9% each) being the most important families. Regarding the parts of the plant, the most used structure was leaves (46.7%), the main form of preparation was infusion (32%), and the most used way of administration was oral (77.8%). The value of use of the species by informants (VUis), therelative importance of medicinal species (IRE) and the index of cultural value of medicinal species (IVUs) were determined. The most important species according to their value of use were: Tamarindus indicaL., Psidium guajavaL., Menthax piperitaL., Moringa oleiferaLam. The most reported ailments were gastrointestinal problems such as stomach pain and diarrhea, general aches, headache, fever, swollen liver, and respiratory problems.


Entrevistas semiestructuradas (80) fueron aplicadas con el fin de documentar las plantas medicinales utilizadas por la comunidad indígena Pijao en Natagaima, Colombia. Como resultado seregistraron un total de 110 especies distribuidas en 54 familias, siendo Asteráceas y Fabáceas (9% cada una) las más importantes. El órgano más utilizado fueron las hojas (46.7%). La forma de preparación principal fue la infusión (32%), y la vía de administración más utilizada fue la oral (77.8%). Se determinó el valor de uso de la especie por informante (VUis), importancia relativa de especies medicinales (IRE) y el índice de valor cultural de especies medicinales (IVUs). Las especies más importantes según el valor de uso fueron: Tamarindus indicaL., Psidium guajavaL., Menthax piperitaL. Moringa oleifera Lam. Las afecciones mayormente registradas fueron los problemas gastrointestinales, tales como dolor de estómago y diarrea; dolores corporales generales, dolor de cabeza, fiebre, hígado inflamado y problemas respiratorios.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plants, Medicinal , Ethnobotany , Medicine, Traditional , Surveys and Questionnaires , Colombia
18.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 20(5): 524-535, sept. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369071

ABSTRACT

Microsechium helleri (Cucurbitaceae) has been used in ethnopharmacological as a lotion to prevent hair loss, diuretic and cathartic, in the region of central Veracruz, Mexico is used as antidiabetic. The antioxidant properties of the hexanic (EHex), chloroformic (ECHCl3) and ethanolic (EEtOH) extracts, were evaluated by 2,2diphenyl-1-pychrylhydrazyl (DPPH) test, the Ferric Reducing/Antioxidant Power (FRAP) and the total phenolic content test. The anti-inflammatory effect was evaluated in the acute ear edema induced with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (TPA) in mouse and the hypoglycemic and cardioprotective effects of the EEtOH were determined in rats. The EEtOH was the most active in the antioxidant potential DPPH test and the ECHCl3 was the best in the FRAP assay and the total polyphenols content. In the anti-inflammatory assay, the ECHCl3 showed the most activity. The EEtOH had the decreased the glucose levels and reduced myocardial damage. The results support the use of this plant in folk medicine in Mexico as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, hypoglycemic and cardioprotective.


Microsechium helleri (Cucurbitaceae) se utiliza en etnofarmacología como una loción para prevenir la caída del cabello, como diurético y catártico, en la región del centro de Veracruz, México es usado como antidiabético. Las propiedades antioxidantes de los extractos hexánico (EHex), clorofórmico (ECHCl3) y etanólico (EEtOH), se evaluaron mediante la prueba de 2,2difenil-1-psililhidrazilo (DPPH), el poder reductor férrico/poder antioxidante (FRAP) y el contenido fenólico total. El efecto anti-inflamatorio se evaluó en el edema agudo de la oreja inducido con forbol 12-miristato 13-acetato (TPA) en ratones y se determinaron los efectos hipoglucémicos y cardioprotectores del EEtOH en ratas. El EEtOH fue el más activo en la prueba DPPH de potencial antioxidante y el ECHCl3 fue el mejor en el ensayo FRAP y el contenido total de polifenoles. En el ensayo antiinflamatorio, el ECHCl3 mostró la mayor actividad. El EEtOH disminuyó los niveles de glucosa y redujo el daño miocárdico. Los efectos hipoglucémicos y cardioprotector del extracto de EEtOH se determinaron en ratas, donde el extracto disminuyó los niveles de glucosa y redujo el daño miocárdico. Los resultados apoyan el uso de esta planta en la medicina popular en México como antioxidante, anti-inflamatorio, hipoglucemiante y cardioprotector.


Subject(s)
Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Cardiotonic Agents/pharmacology , Cucurbitaceae/chemistry , Hypoglycemic Agents/pharmacology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Cardiotonic Agents/chemistry , Free Radical Scavengers , Phenolic Compounds/analysis , Hypoglycemic Agents/chemistry , Medicine, Traditional , Mexico , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/chemistry
19.
rev. cuid. (Bucaramanga. 2010) ; 12(3): 1-18, 20210821.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1343591

ABSTRACT

Introducción: revalorizar y resignificar la identidad de los saberes tradicionales en salud es retador, en una cultura mediada por la industrialización, perviviendo con un pasado histórico, patrimonial cultural y simbólico, desde una identidad mixturada que se conjuga en un sincretismo territorial, que persiste a través de huellas físicas y culturales de tradiciones mágico religiosas. Objetivo: reconocer las particularidades etnográficas de los agentes portadores de saberes populares en salud que les permite afianzar sus prácticas en el municipio de Andes- Antioquia. Y resignificar estas prácticas para recuperar sus entornos identitarios y rituales simbólicos, en la configuración de su identidad como cuerpo orgánico en los espacios sociales. Metodología: investigación cualitativa, de tipo descriptivo, con perspectiva etnográfica (microetnográfica), sistematizada a través de entrevistas a profundidad acompañadas de registros fotográficos y observaciones participantes. Resultados: se reconocen 48 agentes sociales entre 30 y 70 años, la mayoría asentados en la ruralidad. Entre ellos: sobanderos con secreto, sobanderos con dolor o componedores, hierbateros y rezanderos. Se reconoce su identidad diversa desde una emergencia mágica religiosa y se exponen las características de sus saberes heredados, en una ritualidad envolvente que los recrea y vitaliza en los espacios sociales. Discusión: se analizan los resultados en el marco del espacio social, multidimensional y complejo, a través de sus tres elementos: estructuras sociales, relaciones sociales y formas espaciales. Conclusiones: las formas espaciales trasladan el simbolismo al espacio social físico con características que afianzan el ejercicio de su saber y su identidad. La brecha entre los conocimientos occidentales y los saberes tradicionales se cierra cada vez más por la fuerza de sus realidades en la vida cotidiana, de una sociedad globalizada.


Introduction: revaluing and re-signifying the identity of traditional health knowledge is challenging in a culture mediated by industrialization, surviving with a historical past, cultural and symbolic heritage, from a mixed identity that is conjugated in a territorial syncretism, which persists through physical and cultural traces of magical-religious traditions. Objective: to recognize the ethnographic particularities of the agents who carry popular knowledge in health that allows them to strengthen their practices in the Andes-Antioquia municipality. To re-signify these practices to recover their identity and symbolic ritual environments, in the configuration of their identity as an organic body in social spaces. Methodology: qualitative, descriptive type research, with ethnographic perspective (micro-ethnographic), systematized through in-depth interviews, accompanied by photographic records and participant observations. Results: 48 social agents between 30 and 70 years old, most of them settled in rural areas, were identified. Among them: sobanderos with secret, sobanderos with pain or componedores, hierbateros and rezanderos. Their diverse identity is recognized from a magical religious emergence and the characteristics of their inherited knowledge are exposed, in an enveloping rituality that recreates and vitalizes them in social spaces. Discussion: the results are analyzed within the framework of social, multidimensional and complex spaces, through its three elements: social structures, social relations and spatial forms. Conclusions: spatial forms transfer symbolism to the physical social space with characteristics that strengthen the exercise of their knowledge and identity. The gap between western knowledge and traditional knowledge is closing more and more due to the strength of its realities in the daily life of a globalized society.


Introdução: revalorizar e resignificar a identidade dos conhecimentos tradicionais em saúde é um desafio em uma cultura mediada pela industrialização, sobrevivendo com um passado histórico, cultural e simbólico, a partir de uma identidade mista de sincretismo territorial, que persiste através de traços físicos e culturais de tradições mágico-religiosas. Objetivo: reconhecer as particularidades etnográficas dos agentes portadores de conhecimentos populares em saúde que lhes permitam fortalecer suas práticas no município de Andes, Antioquia. E resignificar estas práticas a fim de recuperar seus espaços de identidade e rituais simbólicos, na configuração de sua identidade como um corpo orgânico em espaços sociais. Metodologia: pesquisa qualitativa, descritiva, com uma perspectiva etnográfica (microetnográfica), sistematizada através de entrevistas em profundidade acompanhadas de registros fotográficos e observações dos participantes. Resultados: Foram identificados 48 agentes sociais entre 30 e 70 anos de idade, a maioria deles instalados em áreas rurais. Entre eles: sobanderos com secreto, sobanderos com dor ou componedores, herboristas e curandeiros. Sua identidade diversificada é reconhecida a partir de uma emergência mágica religiosa e as características de seus conhecimentos herdados são expostas, em um ritual envolvente que os recria e os vitaliza nos espaços sociais. Discussão: os resultados são analisados no âmbito do espaço social, multidimensional e complexo, através de seus três elementos: estruturas sociais, relações sociais e formas espaciais. Conclusões: As formas espaciais traduzem o simbolismo em espaço social físico com características que fortalecem o exercício de seu conhecimento e identidade. A distância entre o conhecimento ocidental e o conhecimento tradicional está se fechando cada vez mais devido à força de suas realidades na vida cotidiana em uma sociedade globalizada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Ethnobotany , Spiritual Therapies , Medicine, Traditional , Anthropology, Cultural
20.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 20(4): 406-415, jul. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352429

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an age-related neurodegenerative disorder. Sever cognitive and memory impairments, huge increase in the prevalence of the disease, and lacking definite cure have absorbed worldwide efforts to develop therapeutic approaches. Since many drugs have failed in the clinical trials due to multifactorial nature of AD, symptomatic treatments are still in the center attention and now, nootropic medicinal plants have been found as versatile ameliorators to reverse memory disorders. In this work, anti-Alzheimer's activity of aqueous extract of areca nuts (Areca catechu L.) was investigated via in vitro and in vivo studies. It depicted good amyloid ß (Aß) aggregation inhibitory activity, 82% at 100 µg/mL. In addition, it inhibited beta-secretase 1 (BACE1) with IC50 value of 19.03 µg/mL. Evaluation of neuroprotectivity of the aqueous extract of the plant against H2O2-induced cell death in PC12 neurons revealed 84.5% protection at 1 µg/mL. It should be noted that according to our results obtained from Morris Water Maze (MWM) test, the extract reversed scopolamine-induced memory deficit in rats at concentrations of 1.5 and 3 mg/kg.


La enfermedad de Alzheimer (EA) es un trastorno neurodegenerativo relacionado con la edad. Los severos deterioros cognitivos y de la memoria, el enorme aumento de la prevalencia de la enfermedad y la falta de una cura definitiva han absorbido los esfuerzos mundiales para desarrollar enfoques terapéuticos. Dado que muchos fármacos han fallado en los ensayos clínicos debido a la naturaleza multifactorial de la EA, los tratamientos sintomáticos siguen siendo el centro de atención y ahora, las plantas medicinales nootrópicas se han encontrado como mejoradores versátiles para revertir los trastornos de la memoria. En este trabajo, se investigó la actividad anti-Alzheimer del extracto acuoso de nueces de areca (Areca catechu L.) mediante estudios in vitro e in vivo. Representaba una buena actividad inhibidora de la agregación de amiloide ß (Aß), 82% a 100 µg/mL. Además, inhibió la beta-secretasa 1 (BACE1) con un valor de CI50 de 19,03 µg/mL. La evaluación de la neuroprotección del extracto acuoso de la planta contra la muerte celular inducida por H2O2 en neuronas PC12 reveló una protección del 84,5% a 1 µg/mL. Cabe señalar que, de acuerdo con nuestros resultados obtenidos de la prueba Morris Water Maze (MWM), el extracto revirtió el déficit de memoria inducido por escopolamina en ratas a concentraciones de 1,5 y 3 mg/kg.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Areca/chemistry , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Alzheimer Disease/drug therapy , beta-Amylase/antagonists & inhibitors , Amyloid beta-Peptides/drug effects , Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases/antagonists & inhibitors , Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases/drug effects , Neuroprotective Agents , Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases/antagonists & inhibitors , Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases/drug effects , Alzheimer Disease/enzymology , Alzheimer Disease/prevention & control , Morris Water Maze Test , Medicine, Traditional
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