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1.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 44: e258953, 2024. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1558742

ABSTRACT

O modelo de demandas e recursos foi utilizado para identificar o poder preditivo do estilo pessoal do terapeuta e do trabalho emocional (demandas), e da inteligência emocional e autoeficácia profissional (recursos) sobre as dimensões da síndrome de Burnout (SB), em uma amostra de 240 psicólogos clínicos brasileiros. Os dados foram coletados por meio de plataforma online, tendo como instrumentos de pesquisa um Questionário de dados sociodemográficos e laborais, o Cuestionario para la Evaluación del Síndrome de Quemarse por el Trabajo, o Cuestionario del Estilo Personal del Terapeut, o Questionário de Avaliação Relacionado a Demandas Emocionais e Dissonância da Regra da Emoção, Medida de Inteligência Emocional, e Escala de Autoeficácia Geral Percebida. Os resultados obtidos revelaram um modelo preditor das dimensões da SB, constituído pelas variáveis dissonância emocional, automotivação, demandas emocionais, instrução, envolvimento e autoeficácia. Ressalta-se a relevância de estratégias voltadas para a prevenção da SB nessa categoria profissional, bem como a necessidade de ações que visem a promoção e o desenvolvimento da inteligência emocional e da autoeficácia como fortalecimento dos recursos emocionais para atuação na prática clínica.(AU)


The Model of Demands - Resources was used to identify the predictive power of therapist's personal style, emotional work (Demands), Emotional intelligence, and professional self-efficacy (Resources) over the Burnout syndrome dimensions in a sample of 240 Brazilian clinical psychologists. The data was collected by an on-line platform using a Labor and social demographic data questionnaire, a work Burnout Syndrome Evaluation questionnaire (CESQT - Cuestionario para la Evaluación del Síndrome de Quemarse por el Trabajo), the short version of the Therapist Personal Style Questionnaire (EPT-C Cuestionario del Estilo Personal del Terapeuta), an Evaluation questionnaire related to emotional demands and emotion rule dissonance, and the Emotional Intelligence Measure (EIM) and Perceived General Self-Efficacy Scale (GPSS) as research instruments. Results showed a predictor model of Burnout syndrome constituted by the variables Emotional dissonance, Self-motivation, Emotional demands, Instruction, Involvement, and Self-efficacy. We emphasize the relevance of strategies to prevent Burnout Syndrome in this professional category and the need for actions to promote and develop emotional intelligence and self-efficacy as a strengthening factor of the emotional resources to work as a clinical psychologist.(AU)


Se utilizó el modelo demandas y recursos para identificar el poder predictivo del estilo personal del terapeuta y del trabajo emocional (demandas), y de la inteligencia emocional y autoeficacia profesional (recursos) sobre las dimensiones del síndrome de Burnout (SB), en una muestra de 240 psicólogos clínicos brasileños. Los datos se recolectaron de una plataforma en línea, utilizando como instrumentos de investigación un cuestionario de datos sociodemográficos y laborales, el Cuestionario para la Evaluación del Síndrome de Quemarse por el Trabajo, el Cuestionario del Estilo Personal del Terapeuta, el Cuestionario de Evaluación Relacionado con Demandas Emocionales y Disonancia de la Regla de la Emoción, la Medida de Inteligencia Emocional y Escala de Autoeficacia General Percibida. Los resultados obtenidos revelaron un modelo predictor de las dimensiones de SB, constituido por las variables disonancia emocional, automotivación, exigencias emocionales, instrucción, implicación y autoeficacia. Se destaca la relevancia de las estrategias dirigidas a la prevención del SB en esta categoría profesional, así como la necesidad de acciones dirigidas a promover y desarrollar la inteligencia emocional y la autoeficacia como fortalecimiento de los recursos emocionales para trabajar en la práctica clínica.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Societies , Burnout, Professional , Self Efficacy , Emotional Intelligence , Burnout, Psychological , Psychotherapists , Organizational Innovation , Anxiety , Pathologic Processes , Patient Participation , Permissiveness , Personal Satisfaction , Personality , Personnel Turnover , Poverty , Professional Practice , Psychology , Psychology, Clinical , Quality of Life , Aspirations, Psychological , Salaries and Fringe Benefits , Signs and Symptoms , Achievement , Social Behavior , Social Class , Psychological Distance , Social Justice , Social Mobility , Stress, Psychological , Task Performance and Analysis , Unemployment , Behavior , Health Services Administration , Adaptation, Psychological , Cardiovascular Diseases , Organizational Culture , Attitude , Indicators of Quality of Life , Mental Health , Family Health , Liability, Legal , Occupational Health , Mental Competency , Practice Guideline , Health Personnel , Health Care Quality, Access, and Evaluation , Time Management , Efficiency, Organizational , Comprehensive Health Care , Conflict, Psychological , Community Participation , Counseling , Health Management , Creativity , Credentialing , Defense Mechanisms , Depersonalization , Depression , Efficiency , Emotions , Empathy , Employee Grievances , Employee Incentive Plans , Employee Performance Appraisal , Employment , Workforce , Job Market , Ethics, Institutional , Mental Fatigue , Resilience, Psychological , Pleasure , Capacity Building , Social Networking , Hope , Karoshi Death , Compassion Fatigue , Emotional Adjustment , Self-Control , Occupational Stress , Frustration , Economic Status , Sadness , Emotional Regulation , Psychological Distress , Social Factors , Caregiver Burden , Financial Stress , Induced Demand , Community Support , Sociodemographic Factors , Psychological Well-Being , Collective Efficacy , Working Conditions , Group Dynamics , Overtraining Syndrome , Workforce Diversity , Psychological Growth , Coping Skills , Emotional Exhaustion , Time Pressure , Guilt , Health Occupations , Health Promotion , Income , Intelligence , Job Satisfaction , Labor Unions , Leadership , Occupational Diseases , Occupational Health Services
2.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 41(1): 147-158, 27 feb 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1426138

ABSTRACT

Objective. To determine the effect of fear and coping with death on compassion fatigue in nurses working in the intensive care unit. Methods. Correlational-predictive design, applied in 245 nurses working in the intensive care unit through intentional sampling. The study applied a personal data card, the Collet-Lester Fear of Death Scale (α=0.72), the Bugen Fell of Death Scale (α=0.82), and the Empathy Exhaustion Scale (α=0.80). Descriptive and inferential statistics were performed, such as Spearman's test and a structural equation model. Results. The work had 255 nurses who participated, finding a relationship among fear and coping toward death and compassion fatigue (p<0.01), together with the equation model showing that fear and coping toward death have a positive effect in 43.6% on compassion fatigue. Conclusion. Fear and coping with death have an effect on compassion fatigue in nurses working in the intensive care unit, so that when working in a critical area it can cause health effects


Objetivo. Determinar el efecto del miedo y afrontamiento ante la muerte sobre la fatiga por compasión en enfermeros que laboran en la unidad cuidados intensivos. Método. Diseño correlacional-predictivo. A través de un muestreo intencional se seleccionaron 255 enfermeros que laboraban en Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos de Adultos de hospitales de la Península de Yucatán (México). Se aplicó una cédula de datos personales, la escala de miedo a la muerte de Collet-Lester (α=0.72), la escala de Bugen de afrontamiento de la muerte (α=0.82) y la escala de agotamiento por empatía (α=0.80). Se realizó estadística descriptiva e inferencial como prueba de Spearman y un modelo de ecuación estructural. Resultados. Se encontró relación del miedo y el afrontamiento hacia la muerte con la fatiga por compasión (p<0.01). Adicionalmente, el modelo de ecuaciones muestra que el miedo y el afrontamiento hacia la muerte predice en un 43.6% sobre la fatiga por compasión. Conclusión. El miedo y el afrontamiento hacia la muerte tienen efecto sobre la fatiga por compasión en los enfermeros que laboran en la unidad de cuidados intensivos, por lo que al estar laborando en esta área crítica puede provocar afectaciones en su estado de salud.


Objetivo. Determinar o efeito do medo e enfrentamento da morte na fadiga por compaixão em enfermeiros que atuam em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (UTI). Métodos. Desenho preditivo correlacional. Por meio de amostragem intencional, foram selecionados 255 enfermeiros que trabalhavam em Unidades de Terapia Intensiva de Adultos de hospitais da Península de Yucatán (México). Foi aplicada uma ficha de dados pessoais, a escala de medo da morte de Collet -Lester (α=0.72), a escala de Bugen de enfrentamento da morte (α=0.82) e a escala de exaustão por empatia (α=0.80). Foram realizadas estatísticas descritivas e inferenciais como o teste de Spearman e um modelo de equação estrutural. Resultados. Encontrou-se relação entre medo e enfrentamento da morte e fadiga por compaixão (p<0.01). Além disso, o modelo de equação mostra que o medo e o enfrentamento da morte preveem 43.6% da fadiga por compaixão. Conclusão. O medo e o enfrentamento da morte afetam a fadiga por compaixão em enfermeiros que atuam em UTI, portanto, trabalhar nessa área crítica pode afetar seu estado de saúde.


Subject(s)
Critical Care , Death , Empathy , Fatigue , Mental Fatigue , Nursing Staff , Fear
3.
Rev. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Quito) ; 48(1): 18-26, Ene 01, 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526673

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome de Burnout es un fenómeno muy común en los diferentes am-bientes de trabajo, pero estudios de prevalencia en profesionales y estudiantes de terapia ocupacional son limitados.Objetivo: Establecer la presencia de síndrome de Burnout en estudiantes y profesionales de los centros de práctica de la carrera de Terapia Ocupacional de la Universidad Central del Ecuador.Material y métodos: Diseño de estudio observacional, descriptivo, de corte transversal, en 177 estudiantes de la carrera de Terapia Ocupacional y 35 profesionales en el área que laboran en los centros de práctica vinculados a la práctica preprofesional. En cada suje-to se determinó agotamiento emocional, despersonalización y falta de realización personal mediante la Escala Maslach Burnout Inventory; la presencia de nivel alto en las subescalas agotamiento emocional y despersonalización y nivel bajo en realización personal define sín-drome de Burnout. Se calculó la prevalencia del síndrome en estudiantes y profesionales y la correlación con años de ejercicio laboral y sexo.Resultados: El 2.9 % (1/35) de los profesionales y 4.5 % (8/177) de estudiantes presentaron síndrome Burnout, el que se relacionó con las variables ambientales personales incluidas en la escala de Maslach. Del 45.83% al 82.14 % de estudiantes presentaron niveles bajos de cansancio emocional y despersonalización, mientras que, del 37.14 % al 52.94 %, presenta-ron niveles medios de realización personal.Conclusión: La prevalencia del síndrome de Burnout es baja en los profesionales y en los estudiantes de la carrera de Terapia Ocupacional que hacen prácticas preprofesionales en diferentes instituciones.


Introduction: Burnout syndrome is a very common phenomenon in different work environments; however, prevalence studies in occupational therapy professionals and students are limited.Objective: To establish the presence of Burnout syndrome in students and professionals at practice centers of the Occupational Therapy Career from Universidad Central del Ecuador.Material and methods: Cross-sectional, descriptive, observational study design in 177 stu-dents belonging to the Occupational Therapy Career and 35 professionals in the area who work in the practice centers linked to pre-professional practice. Emotional exhaustion, de-personalization and lack of personal fulfillment were determined in each subject using the Maslach Burnout Inventory Scale; the presence of a high level in the emotional exhaustion and depersonalization subscales and a low level of personal fulfillment defines Burnout syn-drome. The prevalence of Burnout syndrome in students and professionals and the correla-tion with years of work practice and gender were calculated.Results: 2.9% (1/35) of the professionals and 4.5% (8/177) of the students presented Bur-nout syndrome, which was related to the personal environmental variables included in the Maslach scale. From 45.83% to 82.14% of students presented low levels of emotional fati-gue and depersonalization; on the other hand, from 37.14% to 52.94% presented average levels of personal fulfillment.Conclusion: The prevalence of Burnout syndrome is low as in professionals as in students of the Occupational Therapy Career who do pre-professional practices in different institutions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Students, Health Occupations , Burnout, Psychological , Universities/statistics & numerical data , Occupational Therapy , Mental Fatigue
4.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e247962, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1422424

ABSTRACT

Resumo Conceitos como o de alteridade, encontro de saberes, polifasia cognitiva, o princípio de familiaridade e de representações sociais operaram na complexa tarefa de compreender como os encontros entre profissionais e usuários sustentavam e/ou transformavam as práticas de acolhimento. Entretanto, a experiência da minha pesquisa de doutorado me levou a questionar os próprios conceitos utilizados da Teoria das Representações Sociais. Ao final do ensaio, após discutir aspectos teórico-metodológicos, o princípio de familiaridade e a questão da tensão e dos afetos nas representações sociais, espero evidenciar como o movimento provocado pelo encontro com usuários e profissionais de uma Rede de Atenção Psicossocial levou-me a questionar pontos essenciais da teoria: o papel domesticador das representações, a forma ainda estática de evidenciar os fenômenos, a separação entre um sujeito que representa e o objeto representado e a dificuldade em usar suas ferramentas conceituais para acompanhar processos me fazem repensar meu lugar e minha função de pesquisador.


Abstract Concepts such as alterity, encounter of knowledge, cognitive polyphasia, the principle of familiarity and the very concept of social representations operated in the complex task of understanding how the encounters between professionals and users supported and / or transformed user embracement practices. However, the experience of my doctoral research led me to question the very concepts used in the Theory of Social Representations. At the end of the essay, after discussing theoretical and methodological aspects, the principle of familiarity and the issue of tension and affects in social representations, I hope to show how the movement caused by the encounter with users and professionals of a Psychosocial Care Network, led me to question essential points of the theory: the domesticating role of representations, the still static way of showing phenomena, the separation between a subject that represents and the object represented and the difficulty in using their conceptual tools to accompany processes makes me rethink my place and role as a researcher.


Resumen Conceptos como la alteridad, el encuentro de saberes, la polifasia cognitiva, el principio de familiaridad y el concepto mismo de representaciones sociales operaron en la compleja tarea de comprender cómo los encuentros entre profesionales y usuarios apoyaron y / o transformaron las prácticas de acogimiento. Sin embargo, la experiencia de mi investigación doctoral me llevó a cuestionar los propios conceptos utilizados en la Teoría de las Representaciones Sociales. Al final del ensayo, después de discutir aspectos teóricos y metodológicos, el principio de familiaridad y el tema de tensión y afectos en las representaciones sociales, Espero mostrar cómo el movimiento provocado por el encuentro con usuarios y profesionales de una Red de Atención Psicosocial, me llevó a cuestionar puntos esenciales de la teoría: el rol domesticador de las representaciones, la forma todavía estática de mostrar los fenómenos, la separación entre un sujeto que representa y el objeto representado y la dificultad para utilizar sus herramientas conceptuales para acompañar procesos, me hace repensar mi lugar y rol como investigador.


Subject(s)
Humans , Psychology, Social , Qualitative Research , Social Representation , Pain , Patient Care Team , Politics , Prejudice , Problem Solving , Psychiatric Nursing , Psychiatry , Psychology , Psychopharmacology , Psychotherapy, Group , Public Policy , Rehabilitation , Sex Offenses , Social Isolation , Social Support , Social Welfare , Social Work , Socioeconomic Factors , Sociology , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic , Substance Withdrawal Syndrome , Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms , Thinking , Unemployment , Health Surveillance , Ill-Housed Persons , Biotransformation , Inactivation, Metabolic , Health Behavior , Family , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Illicit Drugs , Hygiene , Mental Health , Treatment Refusal , Patient Satisfaction , Parenting , Crack Cocaine , Commitment of Mentally Ill , Risk Assessment , Life , Substance-Related Disorders , Counseling , Crisis Intervention , Affective Symptoms , Psychosocial Impact , Personal Autonomy , State , Harm Reduction , Aggression , Depressive Disorder , Economics , Empathy , Methodology as a Subject , User Embracement , Ethics , Family Relations , Mental Fatigue , Resilience, Psychological , Drug Users , Drug Overdose , Community Integration , Sociological Factors , Compassion Fatigue , Emotional Adjustment , Pessimism , Psychological Trauma , Psychiatric Rehabilitation , Occupational Stress , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Health Risk Behaviors , Incivility , Survivorship , Involuntary Treatment, Psychiatric , Worldview , Freedom , Self-Neglect , Solidarity , Psychological Distress , Food Insecurity , Home Environment , Social Vulnerability , Family Support , Coping Skills , Homicide , Hospitals, Psychiatric , Intelligence , Life Change Events , Loneliness , Mental Disorders
5.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e252098, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1440797

ABSTRACT

Este estudo teve como objetivo identificar o risco de desenvolvimento de transtorno de estresse pós-traumático (TEPT), bem como sua associação com pensamentos ou tentativas suicidas e a saúde mental de policiais militares feridos por arma de fogo, na Região Metropolitana de Belém (RMB), nos anos de 2017 a 2019. A pesquisa contou com a participação de 30 entrevistados, que responderam o Inventário Demográfico e a Lista de verificação de TEPT para o DSM-5 (PCL-5). Para análise dos dados, utilizou-se a técnica estatística Análise Exploratória de Dados e a técnica multivariada Análise de Correspondência. Os resultados revelaram a existência de risco de desenvolvimento do transtorno de forma parcial ou total em uma expressiva parcela da população entrevistada, tendo homens como maioria dos sintomáticos, com média de 38 anos, exercendo atividades operacionais e vitimados em via pública quando estavam de folga do serviço. O ferimento deixou a maioria com sequelas, com destaque para dores crônicas, limitações de locomoção e/ou mobilidade e perda parcial de um membro. E, ainda, policiais sintomáticos apresentaram comportamentos suicidas, relatando já terem pensado ou tentado tirar a própria vida. Desta forma, conclui-se que policiais militares são expostos constantemente a traumas inerentes a sua profissão. Quando há ameaça de vida, como nos casos de ferimentos por arma de fogo, são suscetíveis a sequelas físicas decorrente do ferimento, somadas a sequelas mentais tardias, como o surgimento de sintomatologias de TEPT e ideação suicida.(AU)


This study aimed to identify the risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and its associations around suicidal thoughts or attempts and mental health in military police officers injured by firearms, in the Metropolitan Region of Belem (RMB), from 2017 to 2019. The research had the participation of 30 respondents who answered the Demographic Inventory and the PTSD checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5). For data analysis, we used the statistical technique Exploratory Data Analysis and the multivariate technique Correspondence Analysis. The results revealed the existence of risk of developing partial or total disorder in a significant portion of the interviewed population, with men as most of the symptomatic individuals, with mean age of 38 years, developing operational activities and victimized on public roads when they were off duty. The injuries left most of them with sequelae, especially chronic pain, limited locomotion and/or mobility, and partial loss of a limb. In addition, symptomatic officers showed suicidal behavior, such as reporting they had thought about or tried to take their own lives. Thus, we conclude that military policemen are constantly exposed to traumas inherent to their profession. When their lives are threatened, as in the case of firearm wounds, they are susceptible to physical sequelae resulting from the injury, in addition to late mental sequelae, such as the appearance of PTSD symptoms and suicidal ideation.(AU)


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo identificar el riesgo de desarrollo de trastorno de estrés postraumático (TEPT) y sus asociaciones con pensamientos o tentativas suicidas y la salud mental en policías militares heridos por armamiento de fuego, en la Región Metropolitana de Belém (Brasil), en el período entre 2017 y 2019. En el estudio participaron 30 entrevistados que respondieron el Inventario Demográfico y la Lista de verificación de TEPT para el DSM-5 (PCL-5). Para el análisis de datos se utilizaron la técnica estadística Análisis Exploratoria de Datos y la técnica multivariada Análisis de Correspondencia. Los resultados revelaron que existen riesgos de desarrollo de trastorno de estrés postraumático de forma parcial o total en una expresiva parcela de la población de policías entrevistados, cuya mayoría de sintomáticos eran hombres, de 38 años en media, que ejercen actividades operacionales y fueron victimados en vía pública cuándo estaban de día libre del servicio. La lesión dejó la mayoría con secuelas, especialmente con dolores crónicos, limitaciones de locomoción y/o movilidad y la pierda parcial de un miembro. Aún los policías sintomáticos presentaran comportamiento suicida, tales como relataran qué ya pensaron o tentaron quitar la propia vida. Se concluye que los policías militaran se exponen constantemente a los traumas inherentes a su profesión. Cuando existe amenaza de vida, como en los casos de heridas por armamiento de fuego, son expuestos a secuelas físicas transcurridas de la herida, sumado a secuelas mentales tardías, como el surgimiento de sintomatologías de TEPT y la ideación suicida.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Pain , Wounds and Injuries , Wounds, Gunshot , Psychic Symptoms , Risk , Psychological Distress , Anxiety , Anxiety Disorders , Phobic Disorders , Prisons , Psychology , Runaway Behavior , Safety , Attention , Sleep Wake Disorders , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic , Suicide , Suicide, Attempted , Therapeutics , Violence , Behavioral Symptoms , Work Hours , Burnout, Professional , Adaptation, Psychological , Catatonia , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy , Occupational Health , Self-Injurious Behavior , Civil Defense , Civil Rights , Panic Disorder , Public Sector , Cognition , Efficiency, Organizational , Contusions , Crime Victims , Substance-Related Disorders , Wit and Humor , Crime , Emergency Watch , Civil Protection Program , Civil Protection , Legal Process , Death , Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , Aggression , Depression , Dizziness , Dreams , Alcoholism , Escape Reaction , Disease Prevention , Surveillance of the Workers Health , Surveillance of Working Environment , Mental Fatigue , Fear , Catastrophization , Medicalization , Hope , Mindfulness , Criminal Behavior , Trauma and Stressor Related Disorders , Psychological Trauma , Physical Abuse , Cortical Excitability , Work-Life Balance , Occupational Stress , Gun Violence , Disaster Risk Reduction , Kinesiophobia , Psychological Well-Being , Suicide Prevention , Accident Prevention , Guilt , Headache , Health Promotion , Homicide , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Job Satisfaction , Mental Disorders
6.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e253333, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1440788

ABSTRACT

Este discute a representatividade da disciplina Psicologia do Esporte nos cursos de Psicologia e Educação Física em instituições de ensino superior reconhecidas pelo MEC e situadas na região Sul do país. Foi realizado um estudo documental, com base nos currículos das Instituições. Os resultados revelaram que no Sul do Brasil 21,02% dos cursos de Psicologia, 41,96% dos cursos de bacharelado em Educação Física e apenas 14,83% dos cursos de licenciatura em Educação Física apresentam a disciplina Psicologia do Esporte em sua grade curricular. Observou-se que a disciplina é ofertada mais frequentemente em regime obrigatório nos cursos de bacharelado em Educação Física. Nos cursos de Psicologia, quando ofertada, costuma ser optativa. Os resultados evidenciam uma maior oferta da disciplina para os estudantes de Educação Física, em relação aos de Psicologia, o que pode estar relacionado ao próprio contexto de surgimento da disciplina e sua popularização no meio acadêmico. Para que esse panorama possa mudar e se possa oferecer uma formação adequada no curso de Psicologia para fomentar essa opção de carreira, há necessidade de se repensar o currículo e o próprio perfil do egresso, de forma a dar mais oportunidade aos estudantes para que conheçam as bases teóricas e os campos de aplicação da Psicologia do Esporte. Tal lacuna pode acarretar a fragilização da disseminação desse conhecimento aos estudantes de graduação e a consequente ocupação do mercado de trabalho.(AU)


This study discusses the representativeness of Sports Psychology in Psychology and Physical Education courses at higher education institutions from Southern Brazil. A documentary study was conducted based on the institutions' curricula. Results show that 21.02% of the Psychology major, 41.96% of the bachelor's in Physical Education, and only 14.83% of the license in Physical Education offer Sports Psychology in their curricula. Sports Psychology is most often offered as a compulsory subject in the bachelor's program in Physical Education, whereas Psychology courses offer it mainly as an elective. Physical Education students have greater contact with the discipline when compared with Psychology students, which may be explained by its context of development and popularization in the academic environment. To change this scenario and offer adequate education in the Psychology programs to foster this career option, institutions must rethink their curriculum and the graduate profile itself. This would give students better opportunity to get to know its theoretical bases and fields of application. Such a gap can hinder the dissemination of this knowledge to undergraduate students and the consequent labor market occupation.(AU)


El objetivo de este estudio es discutir la representatividad de la materia Psicología del Deporte en los cursos de Psicología y Educación Física en instituciones de educación superior de la región Sur de Brasil, reconocidas por el Ministerio de Educación (MEC). Se realizó un estudio documental, basado en los planes de estudio de las instituciones. Los resultados revelaron que, en el Sur de Brasil, el 21,02% de los cursos de Psicología, el 41,96% de los cursos de licenciatura en Educación Física y sólo el 14,83% de los cursos de profesorado en Educación tienen la materia Psicología del Deporte en sus planes de estudio. Se observó que la materia Psicología del Deporte se ofrece con mayor frecuencia como asignatura obligatoria en los cursos de licenciatura en Educación Física. Cuando se ofrece en los cursos de Psicología, es una materia optativa. Los resultados muestran una mayor oferta para los estudiantes de Educación Física en comparación con Psicología, lo que puede estar relacionado con el contexto del surgimiento de la Psicología del Deporte como materia y su popularización en el ámbito académico. Para que este escenario cambie y sea posible ofrecer una formación adecuada en el curso de Psicología con el fin de fomentar esta opción de carrera, es necesario repensar el plan de estudios y el perfil del egresado, así los estudiantes tendrán más oportunidades de conocer sus bases teóricas y sus campos de actuación. Tal brecha puede debilitar la difusión de este conocimiento a los estudiantes de grado y la consecuente ocupación en el mercado laboral.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Physical Education and Training , Psychology , Curriculum , Educational Measurement , Psychology, Sports , Anxiety , Perception , Appetite , Personal Satisfaction , Personality , Aptitude , Physiology , Professional Competence , Professional Practice Location , Psychology, Educational , Quality of Life , Rehabilitation , Attention , Self Concept , Self-Evaluation Programs , Soccer , Social Change , Social Control, Formal , Specialization , Sports , Sports Medicine , Stress, Physiological , Stress, Psychological , Track and Field , Vocational Guidance , Wounds and Injuries , Bicycling , Biomechanical Phenomena , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy , Health , Mental Health , Physical Fitness , Liability, Legal , Walking , Relaxation Therapy , Staff Development , Guidelines as Topic , Disabled Persons , Cognition , Cultural Diversity , Creativity , Credentialing , Cultural Characteristics , Decision Making , Government Regulation , Depression , Diet , Education , Emotions , Innovation and Development Policy , Higher Education Policy , National Organizations of Higher Education , Professional Training , Fatigue , Mental Fatigue , High-Throughput Screening Assays , Sedentary Behavior , Athletes , Disease Resistance , Sports Nutritional Sciences , Self-Control , Return to Sport , Cardiorespiratory Fitness , Mentoring , Academic Performance , Physical Functional Performance , Burnout, Psychological , Social Defeat , Psychological Well-Being , Group Dynamics , Overtraining Syndrome , Habits , Health Promotion , Homeostasis , Ergonomics , Jurisprudence , Leadership , Leisure Activities , Life Style , Memory , Motivation , Motor Activity , Muscle Relaxation , Muscle Tonus , Neuroanatomy
7.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e253652, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448950

ABSTRACT

Martin Heidegger, em sua ontologia, destaca uma característica específica da atualidade que atravessa o comportamento humano, na filosofia, na ciência ou no senso comum: o esquecimento do ser. O filósofo diferencia a época atual das demais épocas históricas. O horizonte histórico contemporâneo se desvela por meio do desafio e da exploração, da tentativa de controle e domínio dos acontecimentos, ao modo da disponibilidade e em função da produtividade. O filósofo esclarece que todo esse desenraizamento do homem atual está atrelado ao esquecimento daquilo que é o mais essencial, qual seja, a existência. A questão que norteia este estudo é apurar, por meio das referências de Heidegger e dos estudos sobre suicídio, o quanto a interpretação da morte voluntária nos dias atuais está atravessada por tal esquecimento. Pretendemos investigar o quanto as ações de prevenção desenvolvidas pela suicidologia se encontram atravessadas por tal esquecimento do ser do homem e, dessa forma, acabam por estabelecer relações entre ser e ente em uma consequente redução ao ente como invariante e atemporal. O caminho para investigar a questão iniciará por abordar, em maiores detalhes, a analítica existencial, a questão da técnica e o movimento de esquecimento do ser apontados por Heidegger a fim de problematizar as perspectivas científicas atuais sobre o suicídio em sua prevenção para, então, estabelecer uma compreensão fenomenológica e existencial sobre o referido fenômeno.(AU)


Martin Heidegger, in his ontology, highlights a specific characteristic of the present moment that crosses human behavior, in philosophy, science, or common sense: the forgetfulness of being. The philosopher differentiates the current age from other historical ages. The contemporary historical horizon is unveiled by the challenge and the exploration, from the attempt to control and dominate events, to the mode of standing reserve and in terms of productivity. The philosopher clarifies that all this uprooting of the current man is linked to the forgetfulness of what is the most essential, namely, the existence itself. The question that guides this study is to investigate, via Heidegger's references and studies on suicide, to what extent the interpretation of voluntary death today is crossed by such forgetfulness. We intend to investigate to what extent the prevention actions developed by suicidology are crossed by such forgetfulness of the human's being and, in this way, they end up establishing relationships between being and entity in a consequent reduction to entity as an invariant and timeless. The path to investigate the issue will start by addressing, in greater detail, the existential analytics, the question concerning technique and the movement of forgetting the being pointed out by Heidegger to problematize the current scientific perspectives on suicide and its prevention to, then, propose a phenomenological and existential understanding about the referred phenomenon.(AU)


Martin Heidegger en su ontología destaca una característica específica del presente que atraviesa el comportamiento humano, ya sea en la filosofía, la ciencia o el sentido común: el olvido del ser. El filósofo diferencia la época actual de otras épocas históricas. El horizonte histórico contemporáneo se devela el desafío y la exploración, el intento de controlar y dominar los eventos, en la modalidad de disponibilidad y en términos de productividad. Y así aclara que todo este desarraigo del hombre actual está involucrado en el olvido de lo más esencial, que es la existencia misma. A partir de las referencias a Heidegger y de los estudios sobre el suicidio, este estudio busca saber hasta qué punto la interpretación de la muerte voluntaria hoy está atravesada por este olvido. Pretendemos investigar en qué medida las acciones de prevención desarrolladas por la suicidología se encuentran atravesadas por el olvido del ser del hombre y, de esta manera, terminan por establecer relaciones entre el ser y el ente, en una consecuente reducción al ente como invariante y atemporal. Para investigar el tema se abordará inicialmente, con mayor detalle, la analítica existencial, la cuestión de la técnica y el movimiento del olvido del ser señalado por Heidegger para problematizar las perspectivas científicas actuales sobre el suicidio y su prevención y, luego, proponer una comprensión fenomenológica y existencial sobre el referido fenómeno.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Suicide , Disease Prevention , Suicide Prevention , Anxiety , Pain , Personal Satisfaction , Personality , Prejudice , Psychiatry , Psychological Phenomena , Psychology , Psychopathology , Psychotherapy, Group , Psychotic Disorders , Schizophrenia , Self Care , Self Concept , Social Problems , Stress, Psychological , Awareness , Suicide, Attempted , Therapeutics , Behavior , Behavioral Sciences , Neurosciences , Humans , Power, Psychological , Family , Catatonia , Mental Health , Causality , Risk Factors , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Self-Injurious Behavior , Panic Disorder , Suicide, Assisted , Cognition , Combat Disorders , Conflict, Psychological , Conscience , Meditation , Cultural Diversity , Life , Substance-Related Disorders , Crisis Intervention , Affective Symptoms , Death , Depression , Drive , Alcoholism , User Embracement , Existentialism , Mental Fatigue , Resilience, Psychological , Theory of Mind , Suicidal Ideation , Apathy , Pandemics , Early Medical Intervention , Gene Ontology , Protective Factors , Behavior Observation Techniques , Moral Status , Freedom , Sadness , Emotional Regulation , Psychological Distress , Suicide, Completed , Social Inclusion , Genetics, Behavioral , Family Support , Psychological Well-Being , Hospitals, Psychiatric , Interpersonal Relations , Life Change Events , Life Style , Loneliness , Mental Disorders , Morals , Dissociative Identity Disorder , Neurotic Disorders , Obsessive Behavior , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
8.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e255629, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529219

ABSTRACT

Sobreviventes ao suicídio são pessoas que têm suas vidas profundamente afetadas e apresentam sofrimento psicológico, físico ou social após serem expostas a esse fato. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a experiência de sobreviventes ao suicídio de jovens, a partir do luto. Participaram sete sobreviventes entre familiares, amigos e parceiros amorosos de jovens que cometeram suicídio. A análise de conteúdo de entrevistas narrativas apontou que os participantes utilizam explicações racionalizadas ou dissociadas, criando uma distância entre o evento e eles mesmos. Como formas de lidar com o sofrimento podem buscar o isolamento, apoio entre amigos, prática religiosa e/ou a dedicação ao trabalho. Reafirma-se a dimensão do luto diante dessa experiência, além da importância da prevenção ao suicídio e da posvenção aos sobreviventes.(AU)


Suicide survivors are people who have their lives deeply affected; they experience psychological, physical, and social suffering following the occurrence. The aim of this study is to analyze the experience of survivors of youth suicide attempts, based on grief. Seven survivors participated among family, friends, and romantic partners of young people who committed suicide. The content analysis of narrative interviews showed that the participants use rationalized or dissociated explanations, creating a distance between the event and themselves. As ways to deal with suffering, they seek isolation, support among friends, religious practice, and/or dedication to work. The dimension of grief in the face of this experience is reaffirmed, as well as the importance of suicide prevention and postvention for survivors.(AU)


Este artículo tiene como objetivo presentar la construcción metodológica desarrollada en una investigación de maestría, en la que sostenemos la escritura de escenas como método de investigación de la escucha clínica. Las escenas del trabajo en cuestión se recogieron a lo largo del tiempo desde la experiencia en un proyecto de extensión universitario de atención a la niñez y adolescencia en situación de vulnerabilidad social aplicado en una comunidad periférica. En este texto, presentamos los interrogantes que se elaboraron en torno a la elección por el trabajo con escenas y compartimos el rescate histórico de las mismas como un método de escribir la clínica y la reanudación del análisis a partir de la tradición psicoanalítica. Amparadas en el psicoanálisis y en lecturas y contribuciones del filósofo francés Jacques Derrida, nos basaremos en la noción de que la escena se constituye como un lugar de producción, engendrando la configuración particular de elementos significantes en los procesos de subjetivación y de construcción social. La escena no es aquí una representación de lo que pasa en la clínica, sino un modo de producir escucha y sus procesos de investigación.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Suicide , Bereavement , Adolescent , Survivors , Anxiety , Personal Satisfaction , Professional-Family Relations , Professional-Patient Relations , Psychology , Psychology, Social , Psychotropic Drugs , Religion , Self Care , Self Concept , Self Mutilation , Social Isolation , Social Support , Societies , Stress, Psychological , Suicide, Attempted , Therapeutics , Violence , Women , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Humans , Child , Mental Health , Child Health , Self-Injurious Behavior , Intergenerational Relations , Suicide, Assisted , Crime Victims , Adolescent Health , Death , Trust , Qualitative Research , Vulnerable Populations , Aggression , Depression , Developing Countries , Empathy , User Embracement , Family Conflict , Family Relations , Mental Fatigue , Wandering Behavior , Bullying , Suicidal Ideation , Apathy , Forgiveness , Hope , Protective Factors , Help-Seeking Behavior , Psychological Trauma , Physical Abuse , Burnout, Psychological , Frustration , Emotional Regulation , Social Integration , Suicide, Completed , Internet Addiction Disorder , Emotional Abuse , Social Interaction , Family Support , Psychological Well-Being , Suicide Prevention , Guilt , Health Promotion , Interpersonal Relations , Life Cycle Stages , Loneliness , Antidepressive Agents , Negativism , Antisocial Personality Disorder
9.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1421384

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Caracterizar la percepción de carga mental de trabajo en personal administrativo de una municipalidad de Chile. Metodología: Investigación de abordaje cuantitativo, con un diseño descriptivo, de corte transversal. Se utilizó un cuestionario que consta de dos partes: a) antecedentes biosociodemográficos y b) escala subjetiva de carga mental de trabajo (ESCAM), censándose a un total de 47 personas funcionarias administrativas de una municipalidad de Chile. Para el análisis de datos, se usó el programa ''Statistical Package of Social Sciences'' (SPSS) versión 25.0. Posteriormente, se procedió al cálculo estadístico descriptivo con cálculo de media, desviación estándar y rango. Se respetaron los principios éticos de Ezequiel Emmanuel y se contó con la autorización del comité ético científico. Resultados: Las personas trabajadoras presentan nivel de carga mental global medio alto (𝒙̅: 3,38); los factores con mayor exposición a carga mental son características de la tarea (𝒙̅: 4,09), demanda cognitiva y complejidad de la tarea (𝒙̅: 3,89), el factor ritmo de trabajo es el que muestra resultados más bajos (𝒙̅: 2,47). Conclusión: Las características del trabajo realizado por el personal administrativo implica un esfuerzo mental asociado al cumplimiento de la tarea, durante la cual están expuestos a interrupciones y distracciones. Esta característica genera en ellos una percepción de agotamiento y dificultad para relajarse después de terminada la jornada, lo que podría producir efectos negativos en su salud física y mental.


Aim: To characterize the perception of mental workload in administrative employees of a municipality in Chile. Methods: This was a quantitative study with a descriptive and cross-sectional design. A two-part questionnaire (bio sociodemographic background and subjective scale of mental workload (SMWS)) was used to survey a total of 47 administrative employees of a municipality in Chile. The 25.0 version of the Statistical Package of Social Sciences (SPSS) was used for the data analysis; this was followed by descriptive statistical calculation of mean, standard deviation, and range. The ethical principles of Ezequiel Emmanuel were respected, and the authorization of the scientific ethical committee was obtained. Results: Those who worked presented a high average global mental workload level (𝒙̅: 3.38). The factors with the highest mental workload exposure were task characteristics (𝒙̅: 4.09) and cognitive demand and task complexity (𝒙̅: 3.89) whereas the work rhythm factor showed the lowest results (𝒙̅: 2.47). Conclusion: The characteristics of the work performed by the administrative personnel force them to perform a mental effort associated with the completion of the task exposed to interruptions and distractions. These characteristics tires them and causes them difficulties to relax after the end of the day; this could cause negative effects on their physical and mental health.


Objetivo: Caracterizar a percepção da carga mental de trabalho em funcionários administrativos de uma prefeitura do Chile. Metodologia: Pesquisa de abordagem quantitativa, com desenho descritivo e de corte transversal. Quarenta e sete funcionários administrativos de uma prefeitura do Chile responderam a um questionário composto por duas partes: a) antecedentes sociodemográficos e b) escala subjetiva de carga mental de trabalho (ESCAM). Os dados foram analisados com o programa ''Statistical Package of Social Sciences'' (SPSS) versão 25.0, foi considerada a estatística descritiva com cálculos de média, desvio padrão e amplitude. O estudo foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa com seres humanos e foram seguidos os princípios éticos de Ezequiel Emmanuel. Resultados: As pessoas que trabalham apresentam nível de carga mental global médio-alto (𝒙̅: 3,38); os fatores com maior exposição à carga mental são características da tarefa (𝒙̅: 4,09) e demanda cognitiva e complexidade da tarefa (𝒙̅: 3,89). O fator ritmo de trabalho é o que apresenta os menores resultados (𝒙̅: 2,47). Conclusão: As características do trabalho realizado pelos funcionários administrativos os obriga a um esforço mental associado ao cumprimento da tarefa, em que estão expostos a interrupções e distrações. Esta característica gera nos trabalhadores uma percepção de cansaço e dificuldade em relaxar após a jornada de trabalho, o que poderia produzir efeitos negativos em sua saúde física e mental.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Occupational Health , Municipal Management/organization & administration , Chile , Mental Fatigue
10.
Motriz (Online) ; 28: e10220004822, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386383

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aim: This narrative review aimed to explore the effect of mental fatigue on physical, technical, and tactical performance in ball sports. Methods: Three Databases, PUBMED, SCOPUS, and SCIELO, were used to search for a scientific publication. The criterions adopted were: a) published in a peer-reviewed journal; b) adopted at least one manipulation check related to mental fatigue; c) mental fatigue induced by a cognitive task before the outcome task, and d) study participants were ball sports athletes. Result: The quality of this narrative review was rated at 11 (SANRA scale 0-12), and the papers analyzed were published between 2015 and 2022. Twenty-one experimental studies were included in this review. Most studies were in invasion sports (n = 13; 72%), and non-ecological tasks were used to induce mental fatigue (n = 15; 83%). Regarding performance in endurance tests, mentally fatigued athletes had performance impaired. However, when assessed during a small-sided or simulated game, data were inconclusive within the literature. Moreover, athletes presented attenuated perceptual skills (e.g., visual field). Consequently, this worsened motor skills, technical-tactical performances, and tactical behavior. Conclusions: Cognitively demanding tasks should be avoided before training and sports competitions because they can lead the athlete to mental fatigue and impair performance. This impairment is identified in physical performance (endurance tasks) and technical and tactical performance. Finally, it is recommended that athletes do not perform tasks that cause mental fatigue 2 h before the sports event.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sports , Athletic Performance , Mental Fatigue , Cognitive Neuroscience , Psychology, Sports
11.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(5): 485-489, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288625

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Regarding sports mental fatigue research, foreign countries mainly discuss the theoretical model of mental exhaustion. Among them, Silva's theoretical model believes that sports mental fatigue is a negative training stress response. Domestic research mainly analyzes and discusses the concept, causes, and monitoring of mental fatigue. Objective: This study explores the relationship between sports fatigue and mental health of elite athletes through investigation and analysis; analyzes whether social support plays a moderating role in training stress and how aspect support plays an important role. Methods: Based on the stress theory and the negative training stress response model theory, the paper used the Mental Health Inventory (PHI), Athlete Exercise Fatigue Questionnaire, Social Support Rating Scale, and Perceived Social Support Scale to analyze 163 outstanding athletes above the first level. Carry out investigation, use SPSS10.0 software to carry out reliability analysis, Pearson correlation analysis, and multiple linear stepwise regression analysis. Results: The mental health level of elite athletes is closely related to the degree of sports fatigue, and the correlation coefficients between most factors have reached a significant level. The physical (emotional) exhaustion in sports fatigue is an important predictor of the mental health of elite athletes; age, sports grade, economic conditions, perceived family support, and mental health are important predictors of sports fatigue for elite athletes; social support is an important external "buffer" in the process of training stress, in which family support and emotional support play a major regulatory role. Conclusions: The research results can provide references for maintaining and promoting athletes' physical and mental health, provide some useful references for mental health education of sports teams, and provide empirical data for sports psychology and health psychology. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução: Em relação à pesquisa sobre fadiga mental no esporte, os países estrangeiros discutem principalmente o modelo teórico de esgotamento mental. Entre eles, o modelo teórico de Silva acredita que a fadiga mental esportiva é uma resposta negativa ao estresse do treinamento. A pesquisa doméstica examina e discute principalmente o conceito, as causas e o monitoramento da fadiga mental. Objetivo: Este estudo explora a relação entre fadiga esportiva e saúde mental em atletas de elite por meio de pesquisa e análise; se o suporte social desempenha um papel moderador no treinamento de estresse e como os suportes de aparência desempenham um papel importante. Métodos: Com base na teoria do estresse e na teoria do modelo de resposta negativa ao estresse do treinamento, o artigo utilizou o Mental Health Inventory (PHI), o Athlete Exercise Fatigue Questionnaire, a Social Support Rating Scale e a Perceived Social Support Scale para analisar 163 atletas de destaque. Realizamos uma investigação e usamos o software SPSS10.0 para realizar a análise de confiabilidade, a análise de correlação de Pearson e a análise de regressão linear múltipla stepwise. Resultados: O nível de saúde mental de atletas de elite está intimamente relacionado ao grau de fadiga esportiva, e os coeficientes de correlação entre a maioria dos fatores atingiram um nível significativo. A exaustão física (emocional) na fadiga esportiva é um importante preditor de saúde mental em atletas de elite; idade, nível atlético, condições econômicas, apoio familiar percebido e saúde mental são importantes preditores de fadiga esportiva para atletas de elite; O suporte social é um importante "amortecedor" externo no processo de treinamento do estresse, no qual o suporte familiar e emocional desempenham um papel regulador importante. Conclusiones: Los resultados de la investigación pueden proporcionar referencias para mantener y promover la salud física y mental de los atletas, proporcionar algunas referencias útiles para la educación en salud mental de los equipos deportivos y proporcionar datos empíricos para la psicología del deporte y la psicología de a saúde. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos: investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: En cuanto a la investigación sobre la fatiga mental deportiva, los países extranjeros discuten principalmente el modelo teórico del agotamiento mental. Entre ellos, el modelo teórico de Silva cree que la fatiga mental deportiva es una respuesta negativa al estrés del entrenamiento. La investigación doméstica examina y discute principalmente el concepto, las causas y el seguimiento de la fatiga mental. Objetivo: Este estudio explora la relación entre la fatiga deportiva y la salud mental de los deportistas de élite a través de la investigación y el análisis; si el apoyo social juega un papel moderador en el entrenamiento del estrés y cómo los apoyos de aspecto juegan un papel importante. Métodos: Basado en la teoría del estrés y la teoría del modelo de respuesta negativa al estrés del entrenamiento, el documento utilizó el Inventario de Salud Mental (PHI), el Cuestionario de Fatiga del Ejercicio del Atleta, la Escala de Calificación de Apoyo Social y la Escala de Apoyo Social Percibido para analizar 163 atletas destacados. Realizamos una investigación, y utilizamos el software SPSS10.0 para realizar análisis de confiabilidad, análisis de correlación de Pearson y análisis de regresión lineal múltiple por pasos. Resultados: El nivel de salud mental de los deportistas de élite está estrechamente relacionado con el grado de fatiga deportiva, y los coeficientes de correlación entre la mayoría de factores han alcanzado un nivel significativo. El agotamiento físico (emocional) en la fatiga deportiva es un importante predictor de la salud mental de los deportistas de élite; la edad, el nivel deportivo, las condiciones económicas, el apoyo familiar percibido y la salud mental son predictores importantes de la fatiga deportiva para los atletas de élite; El apoyo social es un importante "amortiguador" externo en el proceso de entrenamiento del estrés, en el que el apoyo familiar y el apoyo emocional juegan un papel regulador importante. Conclusiones: Los resultados de la investigación pueden proporcionar referencias para mantener y promover la salud física y mental de los atletas, proporcionar algunas referencias útiles para la educación en salud mental de los equipos deportivos y proporcionar datos empíricos para la psicología del deporte y la psicología de la salud. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Stress, Psychological , Mental Health , Mental Fatigue/psychology , Athletes/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires
12.
Ciênc. cuid. saúde ; 20: e60841, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1375111

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: analisar o estresse percebido e a Síndrome de Burnout entre profissionais de saúde de unidades de pronto atendimento durante a pandemia da COVID-19. Método: estudo transversal, realizado com 55 profissionais de saúde de dois serviços de pronto atendimento localizados no Paraná (Brasil). Os dados foram coletados de setembro a novembro de 2020, mediante aplicação da Escala de Estresse Percebido, Questionário Preliminar de Identificação da Burnout e questionário sociodemográfico, que foram analisados com auxílio da estatística descritiva e inferencial. Resultados: a média de estresse percebido foi de 24,1 e o nível mais elevado esteve associado ao sexo, carga horária de trabalho e percepção de cansaço físico e mental. A Burnout instalada/avançada foi identificada em 65,5% dos participantes e associou-se ao sexo, tempo de formação e especialização em emergência. Conclusão: para os entrevistados, durante a pandemia, a Síndrome de Burnout e o estresse percebido estiveram associados a fatores sociodemográficose profissionais.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar el estrés percibido y el Síndrome de Burnout entre profesionales sanitarios de unidades deur-gencia durante la pandemia del COVID-19. Método: estudio transversal realizado con 55 profesionales sanitarios de dos servicios de urgencias ubicados en Paraná (Brasil). Los datos fueron recogidos de septiembre a noviembre de 2020, mediante la aplicación de la Escala de Estrés Percibido, el Cuestionario Preliminar de Identificación del Burnout y un cuestionario sociodemo-gráfico, los cuales fueron analizados mediante estadística descriptiva e inferencial. Resultados: la media de estrés percibido fue de 24,1 y el nivel más alto se asoció con el sexo, la carga de trabajo y la percepción de fatiga física y mental. El Burnout instalado / avanzado se identificó en el 65,5% de los partici-pantes y se asoció con el sexo, el tiempo desde el grado y la especialización en urgencia. Conclusión: para los encuestados, durante la pandemia, el Síndrome de Burnout y el estrés percibido se asocia-ron con factores sociodemográficos y profesionales


ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze the perceived stress and Burnout Syndrome among health professionals in emergency care units during the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: this is a cross-sectional study conducted with 55 health professionals from two emergency care services located in Paraná (Brazil). Data were collected from September to November 2020, by applying the Perceived Stress Scale, Preliminary Burnout Identification Questionnaire, and sociodemographic questionnaire, which were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: The average perceived stress was 24.1 and the highest level was associated with gender, workload, and perception of physical and mental fatigue. Installed/advanced burnout was identified in 65.5% of the participants and was associated with gender, time since graduation, and specialization in emergency. Conclusion: for the respondents, during the pandemic, Burnout Syndrome and perceived stress were associated with sociodemographic and professional factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Health Personnel , Pandemics , Occupational Stress , Burnout, Psychological , COVID-19 , Syndrome , Work , Workload , Coronavirus Infections , Delivery of Health Care , Emergencies , Emergency Medical Services , Emergency Service, Hospital , Fatigue , Mental Fatigue , Ambulatory Care , Sociodemographic Factors
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888226

ABSTRACT

Mental fatigue is the subjective state of people after excessive consumption of information resources. Its impact on cognitive activities is mainly manifested as decreased alertness, poor memory and inattention, which is highly related to the performance after impaired working memory. In this paper, the partial directional coherence method was used to calculate the coherence coefficient of scalp electroencephalogram (EEG) of each electrode. The analysis of brain network and its attribute parameters was used to explore the changes of information resource allocation of working memory under mental fatigue. Mental fatigue was quickly induced by the experimental paradigm of adaptive N-back working memory. Twenty-five healthy college students were randomly recruited as subjects, including 14 males and 11 females, aged from 20 to 27 years old, all right-handed. The behavioral data and resting scalp EEG data were collected simultaneously. The results showed that the main information transmission pathway of the brain changed under mental fatigue, mainly in the frontal lobe and parietal lobe. The significant changes in brain network parameters indicated that the information transmission path of the brain decreased and the efficiency of information transmission decreased significantly. In the causal flow of each electrode and the information flow of each brain region, the inflow of information resources in the frontal lobe decreased under mental fatigue. Although the parietal lobe region and occipital lobe region became the main functional connection areas in the fatigue state, the inflow of information resources in these two regions was still reduced as a whole. These results indicated that mental fatigue affected the information resources allocation of working memory, especially in the frontal and parietal regions which were closely related to working memory.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Brain , Frontal Lobe , Memory, Short-Term , Mental Fatigue , Resource Allocation
14.
Motriz (Online) ; 27: e10200146, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154897

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aims: This study aimed to verify whether vigorous exercise is capable of generating mental fatigue. Methods: To do so, 16 young adult male (29.4 ± 5.2 years old) cyclists (5.4 ± 4.6 years of training) underwent three visits: 1) control session (rest); 2) session with cognitive demand (20 minutes of AX-CPT); 3) session with vigorous exercise (10km time trial). Mental fatigue was assessed using the visual analog scale of fatigue in the pre-and post-session moments. A two-way ANOVA of repeated measures followed by the Bonferroni posthoc was used to verify the effect of the condition (control, cognitive demand, and exercise) and time (pre and post) interaction. The paired "t" test was used to compare the delta of mental fatigue (post - pre) of the sessions. The partial eta squared was used to determine the effect size of the variance. The significance adopted was p < 0.05. Results: A condition x time interaction was observed (F (2.30) = 5.349, p = 0.010, partial η2 = 0.263). When comparing the deltas, a mean difference was found between the control and vigorous exercise (p = 0.033) conditions and cognitive demand and vigorous exercise (p = 0.017) conditions. Control and cognitive demand sessions showed no difference (p = 0.801). Conclusion: The findings suggest that intense physical exercise seems to cause mental fatigue after practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Exercise/physiology , Mental Fatigue/etiology , Analysis of Variance , Visual Analog Scale , Cyclist
15.
Ciênc. cogn ; 25(1): 30-42, 30 nov. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292732

ABSTRACT

O objetivo geral deste estudo é analisar, por meio da revisão sistemática da literatura, os efeitos da fadiga mental provocada por uma tarefa cognitiva de imagética motora. Para a análise literária, foram utilizados os bancos de dados eletrônicos: Public Medline (PubMed), Scientific Electronic Library Online (Scielo) e Scopus. Foram analisados estudos experimentais, realizados em humanos, nos idiomas português e inglês, publicados de 2004 a 2019. As palavras chaves utilizadas foram: motor imagery/ imagética motora, sustained attention/ atenção sustentada e mental fadigue/ fadiga mental. A tarefa de Imagética Motora (IM) é definida como uma execução mental do movimento do corpo, entretanto, sem nenhuma saída motora. Alguns autores sugerem que o indivíduo começaria a desenvolver fadiga acima de 60 trilhas de imagética motora. Dessa forma, pode comprometer os resultados de protocolos terapêuticos e/ou desportivos, além de desempenhar um risco eminente de problemas de saúde, como é o caso das doenças cardiovasculares, epiléticas e Karoshi (morte por excesso de trabalho). Sendo assim, em tarefas mais prolongadas, a fadiga mental diminui o desempenho na tarefa e aumenta o tempo para a sua execução. Portanto, conclui-se que o tempo da tarefa cognitiva interfere no tempo de reação devido a fadiga mental provocado pela tarefa cognitiva de atenção sustentada.


The general objective of this study is to analyze the effects of mental fatigue caused by cognitive task of motor imagery through the systematic analysis of the literature. For the literary analysis we used the electronic databases: Public Medline (PubMed), Scientific Electronic Library Online (Scielo) and Scopus. The experimental studieswere performed in humans, both Portuguese and English, published from 2004 to 2019. The keywords used were motor imagery, sustained attention and mental fatigue. The task of Motor Imagery (IM) it is as a mental execution of body movement, however, with not motor output response. Some authors suggest people begin to develop fatigue that over 60 tracks of motor imagery. In this way, it can compromise the results of therapeutic and/or sports protocols, as well as pose an imminent risk of health problems, such as cardiovascular diseases, epilepsy and Karoshi (death from overwork). Thus, in longer tasks, mental fatigue decreases performance on the task and increases the time for its execution. Therefore, it is conclusion that time of the cognitive task interferes in the reaction time due to the mental fatigue caused by the cognitive task of sustained attention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Data Collection , Mental Fatigue , Attention , Electroencephalography , Fatigue
16.
Cambios rev. méd ; 19(1): 37-43, 30/06/2020. graf., tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1122423

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. La fatiga es el estado de cansancio o somnolencia resultante de sueño insufi-ciente, trabajo mental/físico prolongado, períodos prolongados de estrés o ansiedad. La fatiga es reconocida como factor de riesgo de lesiones y enfermedades en el lugar de trabajo. La violencia en el trabajo se define como "actos violentos, incluidas agresiones físicas y amenazas, dirigidos hacia personas en el trabajo". OBJETIVO. Establecer niveles de fatiga laboral en personal de salud y su relación con agresiones por parte de usuarios. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio cuantitativo, descriptivo, observacional y transversal. De una población de 194, se tomó una mues-tra de 180 trabajadores en el Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín en el período marzo-mayo 2019, que cumplieron con el único criterio de inclusión: Personal adulto (≥ 18 años) que al momento del estudio estuvieron laborando en la Unidad de Adultos Área de Emergencias, Derivaciones de Urgencias y Jefatura de Guardia mínimo por un periodo de 6 meses. Se aplicó el cuestionario de síntomas subjetivos de fatiga de Yoshitake 1967 y el cuestionario de Agresiones El Ochoa 2016. Los datos se analizaron en el programa estadístico International Business Ma-chines Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, Versión 25.0. RESULTADOS. Se obtuvo una prevalencia de agresiones del 97,2% (175; 180). La fatiga laboral estuvo presente en el 79,3% (88; 111) en mujeres y 78,3% (54; 69) en hombres. Los médicos tuvieron los mayores niveles de fatiga general 53,1% (24; 45), y mental 24,4% (11; 45). En enfermeros predominó la fatiga general 47,4% (36; 76). CONCLUSIÓN. La mayoría de los trabajadores tuvieron fatiga laboral; los más afectados fueron los médicos y enfermeros, y no se relacionó con el tipo de agresión o género de los trabajadores.


INTRODUCTION. Fatigue is the state of tiredness or drowsiness resulting from insufficient sleep, prolonged mental / physical work, prolonged periods of stress or anxiety. Fatigue is recognized as a risk factor for injury and illness in the workplace. Violence at work is defined as "violent acts, including physical assaults and threats, directed at people at work". OBJECTIVE. Establish levels of job fatigue in health personnel and their relationship with assaults by users. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Quantitative, descriptive, observational and cross-sectional study. From a population of 194, a sample of 180 workers was taken at the Carlos Andrade Marín Specialties Hospital in the period March-May 2019, who met the only inclusion criteria: Adult staff (≥ 18 years) who at the time of the study they were working in the Adult Unit of the Emergency Area, Emergency Referrals and Headquarters of the Guard for a minimum period of 6 months. The Yoshitake 1967 subjective symptoms of fatigue questionnaire and the El Ochoa 2016 Aggression questionnaire were applied. The data was analyzed in the International Business Machines Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, Version 25.0. RESULTS. A prevalence of aggressions of 97,2% (175; 180) was obtained. Work fatigue was present in 79,3% (88; 111) in women and 78,3% (54; 69) in men. Doctors had the highest levels of general fatigue 53,1% (24; 45), and mental 24,4% (11; 45). In nurses, general fatigue prevailed 47,4% (36; 76). CONCLUSION. Most of the workers had job fatigue; The most affected were the doctors and nurses, it was not related to the type of aggression or gender of the workers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Patients , Risk Factors , Health Personnel , Aggression/psychology , Mental Fatigue , Workplace Violence , Anxiety , Violence , Health Personnel , Workplace , Hazards , Hospitals
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828172

ABSTRACT

With the wide application of virtual reality technology and the rapid popularization of virtual reality devices, the problem of brain fatigue caused by prolonged use has attracted wide attention. Sixteen healthy subjects were selected in this study. And electroencephalogram (EEG) signals were acquired synchronously while the subjects watch videos in similar types presented by traditional displayer and virtual reality separately. Two questionnaires were conducted by all subjects to evaluate the state of fatigue before and after the experiment. The mutual correlation method was selected to construct the mutual correlation brain network of EEG signals before and after watching videos in two modes. We also calculated the mutual correlation coefficient matrix and the mutual correlation binary matrix and compared the average of degree, clustering coefficient, path length, global efficiency and small world attribute during two experiments. The results showed that the subjects were easier to get fatigue by watching virtual reality video than watching video presented by traditional displayer in a certain period of time. By comparing the characteristic parameters of brain network before and after watching videos, it was found that the average degree value, the average clustering coefficient, the average global efficiency and the small world attribute decreases while the average path length value increased significantly. In addition, compared to traditional plane video, the characteristic parameters of brain network changed more greatly after watching the virtual reality video with a significant difference ( < 0.05). This study can provide theoretical basis and experimental reference for analyzing and evaluating brain fatigue induced by virtual reality visual experience.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain , Physiology , Electroencephalography , Healthy Volunteers , Mental Fatigue , Virtual Reality
18.
Rev. cienc. cuidad ; 17(3): 108-121, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1122501

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los profesionales de enfermería están expuestos constantemente a situaciones que generan carga como consecuencia del esfuerzo físico, mental, emocional y económico del cuidado. Objetivo: Identificar a través de la literatura científica el concepto de "Carga Mental en enfermeras", los instrumentos de medición y las estrategias para mitigarla o prevenirla. Metodología: Se realizó una revisión integradora de literatura durante los años 2017 a 2019 sobre artículos publicados desde el año 2000. Se utilizaron las palabras clave DeCS en Español, Inglés y Portugués de: Carga de Trabajo-Workload-Carga de Trabalho, Fatiga Mental- Mental Fatigue- Fadiga Mental, Atención a la Salud Mental-Mental Health Assistance- Assistência à Saùde Mental, Enfermeras-Nurses-Enfermeiras. Las bases de datos consultadas fueron: ProQuest, Scielo, ScienceDirect, Ovid Nursing, Wiley Online Library, EBSCO, ClinicalKey, PubMed, SCOPUS. Se analizaron 39 artículos que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Resultados: Las categorías de análisis fueron: Concepto de carga mental, instrumentos de medición de carga mental en enfermeras y estrategias para mitigarla o prevenirla. Conclusiones: La carga mental es un constructo complejo sin consenso en su definición, incluye varias dimensiones, implica realizar mediciones e intervenciones cognitivas de la función mental, estrés, asertividad y percepción. Se valora a través de medidas fisiológicas de rendimiento y subjetivas. Las últimas han sido las más utilizadas aplicando el método NASA TLX. Las estrategias para mitigarla son: Uso de tecnologías, potenciación de capacidades individuales, justicia distributiva y comunicación asertiva.


Introduction: Nursing professionals are constantly exposed to situations that generate burden as a consequence of the physical, mental, emotional and economic effort of care. Objective: To identify through the scientific literature the concept of "Mental Burden in nurses", the measurement instruments and the strategies to mitigate or prevent it. Methodology: An integrative literature review was carried out during the years 2017 to 2019 on articles published since 2000. The DeCS keywords in Spanish, English and Portuguese were used: Workload-Workload-Workload, Mental Fatigue- Mental Fatigue- Fadiga Mental, Attention to Mental Health-Mental Health Assistance- Assistência à Saùde Mental, Nurses-Nurses-Diseases. The databases consulted were: ProQuest, Scielo, ScienceDirect, Ovid Nursing, Wiley Online Library, EBSCO, ClinicalKey, PubMed, SCOPUS. 39 articles that met the inclusion criteria were analyzed. Results: The categories of analysis were: Concept of mental load, instruments for measuring mental load in nurses and strategies to mitigate or prevent it. Conclusions: The mental load is a complex construct without consensus in its definition, it includes several dimensions, it implies carrying out measurements and cognitive interventions of mental function, stress, assertiveness and perception. It is assessed through subjective and physiological performance measures. The last ones have been the most used applying the NASA TLX method. The strategies to mitigate it are: use of technologies, empowerment of individual capacities, distributive justice and assertive communication.


Introdução: Os profissionais de enfermagem estão constantemente expostos a situações que geram carga em consequência do esforço físico, mental, emocional e econômico do cuidado. Objetivo: Identificar, através da literatura científica, o conceito de "Carga Mental no enfermeiro", os instrumentos de medida e as estratégias para mitigá-lo ou preveni-lo. Metodologia: Foi realizada uma revisão integrativa da literatura durante os anos de 2017 a 2019 em artigos publicados desde 2000. As palavras-chave DeCS em espanhol, inglês e português de: Carga de trabalho-Carga de trabalho-Carga de trabalho, Fadiga mental- Fadiga Mental - Fadiga Mental, Assistência à Saúde Mental - Assistência em Saúde Mental - Assistência à Saúde Mental, Enfermeiros-Enfermeiros-Doenças. Os bancos de dados consultados foram: ProQuest, Scielo, ScienceDirect, Ovid Nursing, Wiley Online Library, EBSCO, ClinicalKey, PubMed, SCOPUS. Foram analisados 39 artigos que atenderam aos critérios de inclusão. Resultados: As categorias de análise foram: conceito de carga mental, instrumentos para medir a carga mental em enfermeiros e estratégias para mitigá-la ou preveni-la. Conclusões: A carga mental é um construto complexo, sem consenso em sua definição, inclui várias dimensões, envolve a realização de medidas cognitivas e intervenções da função mental, estresse, assertividade e percepção. É avaliado através de desempenho fisiológico e medidas subjetivas. Estes últimos foram os mais amplamente utilizados aplicando o método TLX da NASA. As estratégias para mitigá-lo são: uso de tecnologias, fortalecimento de capacidades individuais, justiça distributiva e comunicação assertiva.


Subject(s)
Mental Health , Occupational Stress , Review Literature as Topic , Nursing , Mental Fatigue
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764754

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate how college students' perceived stress, cognitive stress, and somatization affect their heart rate variability (HRV). METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional survey research on 191 university students, registered at the G University. The perceived stress scale (PSS) and cognitive stress response scale, were used to assess level of stress. The somatization symptom scale of the Symptom Check List 90 (SCL-90), was used to assess level of somatization caused by stress. To assess heart rate variability (HRV), we conducted a five-minute test using a pulse wave analyzer, to analyze short-term HRV. RESULTS: The SCL-90 somatization score had relatively high positive correlation (p<.001) with cognitive stress, but low positive correlation (p<.001) with perceived stress. Cognitive stress response had low negative correlation (p<.001) with 1nSDNN and 1nRMSSD among HRV parameters. Perceived stress was not correlated with HRV. Multiple regression analysis showed that variables of perceived stress, cognitive stress, and somatization symptoms, could not explain HRV. By contrast, one of the HRV indicators, 1nSDNN, was affected by age, gender, and aggressive-hostile thought, the latter being a subscale of the cognitive stress response scale. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that stress evaluation for people in early adulthood will be more effective, if the evaluation examines cognitive stress and heart rate variability.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cross-Sectional Studies , Heart Rate , Heart , Mental Fatigue , Somatoform Disorders
20.
Rev. cienc. salud (Bogotá) ; 16(spe): 52-63, dic. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-959708

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To develop a quasi-experimental study to know the changes in physiological responses and perceived efforts of a group of fifteen healthy students that performed a simulated task related with the operation of a CNC lathe in a lab environment. Materials and Methods: The participants were asked to randomly complete a total of eight sessions including single and combined test of physical and mental load. Low/High Physical Load and Low/ High Mental Load were established as independent variables. Heart rate, physical performance, mental performance, and effort perception were established as dependent variables. Conclusions: High load levels have a significant effect on the heart rate increasing, but not in the perception of effort. High levels of mental load have a significant effect on physical and mental performance.


Resumen Objetivo: Desarrollar un estudio quasi-experimental para conocer los cambios en las respuestas fisiológicas y esfuerzos percibidos en un grupo de quince estudiantes sanos que realizaron una tarea simulada relacionada con la operación de un torno CNC en ambiente de laboratorio. Materiales y métodos: Los participantes completaron un total de ocho sesiones que incluyeron pruebas individuales y combinadas de esfuerzo físico y mental. La Carga Mental Baja/Alta y Carga Física Baja/Alta fueron establecidas como variables independientes. Frecuencia cardiaca, desempeño físico, desempeño mental y la percepción de esfuerzo fueron establecidas como variables dependientes. Conclusiones: Los niveles altos de carga física tienen un efecto significativo en el incremento de la frecuencia cardiaca, pero no en la percepción de esfuerzo. Los niveles altos de carga mental tienen un efecto significativo en el desempeño físico y mental.


Resumo Objetivo: Desenvolver um estudo quase-experimental para conhecer as mudanças nas respostas fisiológicas e esforços percebidos em um grupo de 15 estudantes saudáveis que realizaram uma tarefa simulada relacionada com a operação de um torno CNC em ambientes de laboratório. Materiais e métodos: Os participantes completaram um total de 8 sessões que incluíram provas individuais e combinadas de esforço físico e mental. A Carga Mental Baixa/Alta e a Carga Física Baixa/Alta foram estabelecidas como variáveis independentes. Frequência cardíaca, desempenho físico, desempenho mental e a percepção de esforço foram estabelecidas como variáveis dependentes. Conclusões: Os níveis altos de carga física têm um efeito significativo no incremento da frequência cardíaca, mas não na percepção de esforço. Os níveis altos de carga mental têm um efeito significativo no desempenho físico e mental.


Subject(s)
Humans , Physical Exertion , Students , Mental Fatigue , Simulation Training , Physical Functional Performance , Mexico
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