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1.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 616-628, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940978

ABSTRACT

Objective: To prepare graphene oxide (GO)-containing gelatin methacrylate anhydride (GelMA) hydrogel and to investigate the effects of in situ photopolymerized GO-GelMA composite hydrogel in wound vascularization of full-thickness skin defect in mice. Methods: The experimental study method was used. The 50 μL of 0.2 mg/mL GO solution was evenly applied onto the conductive gel, and the structure and size of GO were observed under field emission scanning electron microscope after drying. Human skin fibroblasts (HSFs) were divided into 0 μg/mL GO (without GO solution, the same as below) group, 0.1 μg/mL GO group, 1.0 μg/mL GO group, 5.0 μg/mL GO group, and 10.0 μg/mL GO group treated with GO of the corresponding final mass concentration, and the absorbance value was detected using a microplate analyzer after 48 h of culture to reflect the proliferation activity of cells (n=6). HSFs and human umbilical vein vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs) were divided into 0 μg/mL GO group, 0.1 μg/mL GO group, 1.0 μg/mL GO group, and 5.0 μg/mL GO group treated with GO of the corresponding final mass concentration, and the migration rates of HSFs at 24 and 36 h after scratching (n=5) and HUVECs at 12 h after scratching (n=3) were detected by scratch test, and the level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) secreted by HSFs after 4, 6, and 8 h of culture was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method (n=3). The prepared GO-GelMA composite hydrogels containing GO of the corresponding final mass concentration were set as 0 μg/mL GO composite hydrogel group, 0.1 μg/mL GO composite hydrogel group, 1.0 μg/mL GO composite hydrogel group, and 5.0 μg/mL GO composite hydrogel group to observe their properties before and after cross-linking, and to detect the release of GO after soaking with phosphate buffer solution for 3 and 7 d (n=3). The full-thickness skin defect wounds were made on the back of 16 6-week-old female C57BL/6 mice. The mice treated with in situ cross-linked GO-GelMA composite hydrogel containing GO of the corresponding final mass concentration were divided into 0 μg/mL GO composite hydrogel group, 0.1 μg/mL GO composite hydrogel group, 1.0 μg/mL GO composite hydrogel group, and 5.0 μg/mL GO composite hydrogel group according to the random number table, with 4 mice in each group. The general condition of wound was observed and the wound healing rate was calculated on 3, 7, and 14 d of treatment, the wound blood perfusion was detected by laser Doppler flowmetry on 3, 7, and 14 d of treatment and the mean perfusion unit (MPU) ratio was calculated, and the wound vascularization on 7 d of treatment was observed after hematoxylin-eosin staining and the vascular density was calculated (n=3). The wound tissue of mice in 0 μg/mL GO composite hydrogel group and 0.1 μg/mL GO composite hydrogel group on 7 d of treatment was collected to observe the relationship between the distribution of GO and neovascularization by hematoxylin-eosin staining (n=3) and the expression of VEGF by immunohistochemical staining. Data were statistically analyzed with analysis of variance for repeated measurement, one-way analysis of variance, and Tukey's method. Results: GO had a multilayered lamellar structure with the width of about 20 μm and the length of about 50 μm. The absorbance value of HSFs in 10.0 μg/mL GO group was significantly lower than that in 0 μg/mL GO group after 48 h of culture (q=7.64, P<0.01). At 24 h after scratching, the migration rates of HSFs were similar in the four groups (P>0.05); at 36 h after scratching, the migration rate of HSFs in 0.1 μg/mL GO group was significantly higher than that in 0 μg/mL GO group, 1.0 μg/mL GO group, and 5.0 μg/mL GO group (with q values of 7.48, 10.81, and 10.20, respectively, P<0.01). At 12 h after scratching, the migration rate of HUVECs in 0.1 μg/mL GO group was significantly higher than that in 0 μg/mL GO group, 1.0 μg/mL GO group, and 5.0 μg/mL GO group (with q values of 7.11, 8.99, and 14.92, respectively, P<0.01), and the migration rate of HUVECs in 5.0 μg/mL GO group was significantly lower than that in 0 μg/mL GO group and 1.0 μg/mL GO group (with q values of 7.81 and 5.33, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01 ). At 4 and 6 h of culture, the VEGF expressions of HSFs in the four groups were similar (P>0.05); at 8 h of culture, the VEGF expression of HSFs in 0.1 μg/mL GO group was significantly higher than that in 0 μg/mL GO group and 5.0 μg/mL GO group (with q values of 4.75 and 4.48, respectively, P<0.05). The GO-GelMA composite hydrogels in the four groups were all red liquid before cross-linking, which turned to light yellow gel after cross-linking, with no significant difference in fluidity. The GO in the GO-GelMA composite hydrogel of 0 μg/mL GO composite hydrogel group had no release of GO at all time points; the GO in the GO-GelMA composite hydrogels of the other 3 groups was partially released on 3 d of soaking, and all the GO was released on 7 d of soaking. From 3 to 14 d of treatment, the wounds of mice in the 4 groups were covered with hydrogel dressings, kept moist, and gradually healed. On 3, 7, and 14 d of treatment, the wound healing rates of mice in the four groups were similar (P>0.05). On 3 d of treatment, the MPU ratio of wound of mice in 0.1 μg/mL GO composite hydrogel group was significantly higher than that in 0 μg/mL GO composite hydrogel group, 1.0 μg/mL GO composite hydrogel group, and 5.0 μg/mL GO composite hydrogel group (with q values of 10.70, 11.83, and 10.65, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01). On 7 and 14 d of treatment, the MPU ratios of wound of mice in the four groups were similar (P>0.05). The MPU ratio of wound of mice in 0.1 μg/mL GO composite hydrogel group on 7 d of treatment was significantly lower than that on 3 d of treatment (q=14.38, P<0.05), and that on 14 d of treatment was significantly lower than that on 7 d of treatment (q=27.78, P<0.01). On 7 d of treatment, the neovascular density of wound of mice on 7 d of treatment was 120.7±4.1 per 200 times of visual field, which was significantly higher than 61.7±1.3, 77.7±10.2, and 99.0±7.9 per 200 times of visual field in 0 μg/mL GO composite hydrogel group, 1.0 μg/mL GO composite hydrogel group, and 5.0 μg/mL GO composite hydrogel group (with q values of 12.88, 7.79, and 6.70, respectively, P<0.01), and the neovascular density of wound of mice in 1.0 μg/mL GO composite hydrogel group and 5.0 μg/mL GO composite hydrogel group was significantly higher than that in 0 μg/mL GO composite hydrogel group (with q values of 5.10 and 6.19, respectively, P<0.05). On 7 d of treatment, cluster of new blood vessels in wound of mice in 0.1 μg/mL GO composite hydrogel group was significantly more than that in 0 μg/mL GO composite hydrogel group, and the new blood vessels were clustered near the GO; a large amount of VEGF was expressed in wound of mice in 0.1 μg/mL GO composite hydrogel group in the distribution area of GO and new blood vessels. Conclusions: GO with mass concentration lower than 10.0 μg/mL had no adverse effect on proliferation activity of HSFs, and GO of 0.1 μg/mL can promote the migration of HSFs and HUVECs, and can promote the secretion of VEGF in HSFs. In situ photopolymerized of GO-GelMA composite hydrogel dressing can promote the wound neovascularization of full-thickness skin defect in mice and increase wound blood perfusion in the early stage, with GO showing an enrichment effect on angiogenesis, and the mechanism may be related to the role of GO in promoting the secretion of VEGF by wound cells.


Subject(s)
Anhydrides , Animals , Endothelial Cells , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Female , Gelatin/pharmacology , Graphite , Hematoxylin , Humans , Hydrogels/pharmacology , Methacrylates , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Skin Abnormalities , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939857

ABSTRACT

Pulp loss is accompanied by the functional impairment of defense, sensory, and nutrition supply. The approach based on endogenous stem cells is a potential strategy for pulp regeneration. However, endogenous stem cell sources, exogenous regenerative signals, and neovascularization are major difficulties for pulp regeneration based on endogenous stem cells. Therefore, the purpose of our research is to seek an effective cytokines delivery strategy and bioactive materials to reestablish an ideal regenerative microenvironment for pulp regeneration. In in vitro study, we investigated the effects of Wnt3a, transforming growth factor-beta 1, and bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP7) on human dental pulp stem cells (h-DPSCs) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells. 2D and 3D culture systems based on collagen gel, matrigel, and gelatin methacryloyl were fabricated to evaluate the morphology and viability of h-DPSCs. In in vivo study, an ectopic nude mouse model and an in situ beagle dog model were established to investigate the possibility of pulp regeneration by implanting collagen gel loading BMP7. We concluded that BMP7 promoted the migration and odontogenic differentiation of h-DPSCs and vessel formation. Collagen gel maintained the cell adhesion, cell spreading, and cell viability of h-DPSCs in 2D or 3D culture. The transplantation of collagen gel loading BMP7 induced vascularized pulp-like tissue regeneration in vivo. The injectable approach based on collagen gel loading BMP7 might exert promising therapeutic application in endogenous pulp regeneration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 7/pharmacology , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Collagen/pharmacology , Dental Pulp , Dogs , Endothelial Cells , Gelatin , Humans , Methacrylates , Mice , Regeneration , Stem Cells
3.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e219342, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253927

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the microtensile bond strength (µTBS) and the characteristics of the adhesive interface of Scotchbond Universal - SU ­ etch-and-rise mode (3M ESPE) and Adper Scotchbond Multi-Purpose - MP (3M ESPE) to dentin over time. Methods: Class I cavity preparations were performed in 60 human molars that were randomly divided according to the dentin bonding system (DBS) used (n=30): (1) Acid conditioning + SU and (2) Acid conditioning + MP. For bonding strength (BS) analysis, 30 teeth (n = 15) were sectioned into sticks and submitted to the microtensile test in a universal testing machine after 24 hours and 12 months. The adhesive interface of the others 30 teeth was analyzed in a confocal microscope after 24 hours and 12 months. The data of µTBS were analyzed by two-way repeated measures ANOVA and Tukey's HSD (α = 0.05). Results: SU presented the lowest DBS compared to MP (p=0.000). Time did not influenced DBS for both adhesive systems (p=0.177). Confocal microscopy analysis showed no cracks between both adhesive systems tested. Conclusion: The results indicate that MP - µTBS showed a better performance compared to SU in total-etch mode


Subject(s)
Humans , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Microscopy, Confocal , Dentin , Methacrylates
4.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(1): 59-66, Jan.-Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180731

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate, in vitro and in vivo, the biocompatibility of experimental methacrylate-based endodontic sealers containing α-tricalcium phosphate (α-TCP) or nanostructured hydroxyapatite (HAp). Experimental methacrylate-based dual-cure sealers with the addition of α-TCP or HAp, at 10%wt were formulated and compared to AH Plus (AHP). Cell viability was assessed by 3-(4,5-dimethyl-thiazoyl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT), and sulforhodamine B (SRB). Sealers were implanted in rats' subcutaneous tissue and histologically evaluated. Bioactivity was assessed by alkaline phosphatase enzyme activity (ALP) and Alizarin Red (AR), using apical papillary cells (SCAPs), and by the bone deposition measured in surgical cavities on rats' femur filled with AH Plus or α-TCP. In both viability assays, HAp and AHP sealers were similar, and α-TCP presented lower viability compared to the others at MTT assay (p<0.05). A gradual decrease of the inflammatory response according to the periods was observed and AHP was the only that presented giant cells (7-day period). Collagen fibers condensation increased according to the periods, with no differences among sealers. There was an increase at ALP activity and mineralized nodules deposition according to periods. HAp and α-TCP presented higher values for ALP activity at 5 days and at 5, 10, and 15 days for AR and were different from AHP (p<0.05). α-TCP presented superior values at 10 and 15 days compared to HAp and AHP for AR (p<0.05). At 90 days, α-TCP and control (empty cavity) showed high bone deposition compared to AHP (p<0.05). α-TCP and HAp, in a methacrylate-based sealer, presented biocompatibility and bioactivity, with the potential to be used as endodontic sealers in clinical practice. Further investigations are required to gain information on the physicochemical properties of these sealers formulation before its clinical implementation.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a biocompatibilidade de cimentos endodônticos experimentais à base de metacrilato contendo fosfato α-tricálcico ou hidroxiapatita nanoestruturada in vitro e in vivo. Cimentos experimentais de cura dual à base de metacrilato com a adição de fosfato de α-tricálcico (α-TCP) ou hidroxiapatita (HAp), a 10% em peso, foram formulados e comparados com AH Plus (AHP). Viabilidade celular foi avaliada por brometo de 3- (4,5-dimetil-tiazoil) -2,5-difenil-tetrazólio (MTT) e sulforodamina B (SRB). Cimentos foram implantados no tecido subcutâneo dos ratos e avaliados histologicamente. Bioatividade foi avaliada pela atividade da enzima fosfatase alcalina (ALP) e Alizarin Red (AR) utilizando células da papila apical (SCAPs) e pela deposição óssea, medida em cavidades cirúrgicas no fêmur de ratos preenchidos com AH Plus e α-TCP. Nos dois ensaios de viabilidade, HAp e AHP não apresentaram diferenças estatísticas, α-TCP apresentou menores resultados de viabilidade para o ensaio MTT (p <0,05). Resultados histológicos mostraram que houve uma diminuição do conteúdo inflamatório de acordo com os períodos, e o AHP foi o único grupo que apresentou células gigantes (período de 7 dias). A condensação das fibras colágenas aumentou conforme os períodos, sem diferenças entre os grupos. Houve aumento da atividade da ALP e deposição de nódulos mineralizados de acordo com os períodos. HAp e α-TCP apresentaram maiores valores para a atividade de ALP em 5 dias e em 5, 10 e 15 dias para AR, com diferença para o AHP (p <0,05). O α-TCP apresentou valores superiores aos 10 e 15 dias quando comparado ao HAp e AHP para AR (p <0,05). Aos 90 dias, α-TCP e controle (cavidade vazia) apresentaram maior deposição de tecido ósseo quando comparado ao AHP (p <0,05). α-TCP e HAp, presentes nos cimentos à base de metacrilato, apresentaram biocompatibilidade e potencial para serem utilizados como seladores endodônticos na prática clínica. Investigações adicionais são necessárias para obter informações sobre as propriedades físico-químicas dessas formulações de cimentos antes de sua implementação clínica.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Root Canal Filling Materials , Materials Testing , Calcium Phosphates , Cell Survival , Epoxy Resins , Methacrylates
5.
Clinics ; 76: e2728, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278925

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the safety and efficacy of combined tirofiban-ozagrel therapy for treating progressive stroke patients out of thrombolytic therapy time window. METHODS: This prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled study included 337 patients who had experienced an acute ischemic stroke between November 2017 and December 2018. All patients were randomized into three groups: 1) the tirofiban/ozagrel group (n=113), 2) the tirofiban group (n=110), and 3) the ozagrel group (n=114). The platelet aggregation (PAG), thrombin time (TT), prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), and fibrinogen (FIB) levels in the patients from these groups were evaluated before starting treatment and then, at 24h, 7 days, and 14 days after treatment. The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores were evaluated before treatment and then, 24h, 1 week, 2 weeks, and 4 weeks after treatment. The Barthel Index (BI) score was used to measure safety, and the modified Rankin scale (mRS) was used to evaluate disability following 3 months of treatment. The risk factors affecting clinical outcomes were analyzed using logistic multivariate regression. RESULTS: The mean NIHSS score for all the patients was 13.17±3.13 before treatment, and no significant difference between the basic clinical parameters of the three patient groups was found. Following treatment, both PAG and FIB were significantly reduced compared with the baseline (p<0.05). The levels of PAG and FIB in the tirofiban/ozagrel group were significantly lower than those in the tirofiban and ozagrel groups at 24h and 7 days after treatment (p<0.05). The NIHSS score decreased significantly in all treatment groups (p<0.05). The tirofiban/ozagrel NIHSS scores were significantly lower than that of the tirofiban and ozagrel groups at 24h, 1 week, and 2 weeks post initiation (p<0.05 for all). There were no significant differences in the BI and mRS scores or the intracranial hemorrhage rates; further, age, sex, Trial of ORG 10172 in acute stroke treatment (TOAST) type, baseline NIHSS and 24-h NIHSS scores, baseline thrombus-related factors, and treatment methods were shown to not be independent risk factors for clinical outcomes. CONCLUSION: The combination of tirofiban and ozagrel, as well as monotherapy with either tirofiban or ozagrel, transiently improves the neural function of patients and reduces platelet aggregation and fibrinogen formation in the first 4 weeks following a stroke event; additionally, none of these treatments increased the risk for hemorrhage in these progressive stroke patients over a 3-month period.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , Stroke/drug therapy , Thrombolytic Therapy , Cerebral Infarction/drug therapy , Double-Blind Method , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Tirofiban/therapeutic use , Methacrylates
6.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20201031, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250189

ABSTRACT

Abstract Fixed orthodontic appliances may lead to biofilm accumulation around them that may increase caries risk. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of quaternary ammonium methacrylates (QAMs) on the physicochemical properties, cytotoxicity, and antibacterial activity of adhesive resins for orthodontic purposes. Methodology: A base resin was prepared with a comonomer blend and photoinitiator/co-initiator system. Two different QAMs were added to the base adhesive: dimethylaminododecyl methacrylate at 5 wt.% (DMADDM) or dimethylaminohexadecyl methacrylate (DMAHDM) at 10 wt.%. The base adhesive, without QAMs, (GC) and the commercial Transbond™ XT Primer 3M (GT) were used as control. The resins were tested immediately and after six months of aging in the water regarding the antibacterial activity and shear bond strength (SBS). The antibacterial activity was tested against Streptococcus mutans via metabolic activity assay (MTT test). The groups were also tested for the degree of conversion (DC) and cytotoxicity against keratinocytes. Results: The resins containing QAM showed antibacterial activity compared to the commercial material by immediately reducing the metabolic activity by about 60%. However, the antibacterial activity decreased after aging (p<0.05). None of the groups presented any differences for SBS (p>0.05) and DC (p>0.05). The incorporation of DMADDM and DMAHDM significantly reduced the keratinocyte viability compared to the GT and GC groups (p<0.05). Conclusion: Both adhesives with QAMs showed a significant reduction in bacterial metabolic activity, but this effect decreased after water aging. Lower cell viability was observed for the group with the longer alkyl chain-QAM, without significant differences for the bonding ability and degree of conversion. The addition of QAMs in adhesives may affect the keratinocytes viability, and the aging effects maybe decrease the bacterial activity of QAM-doped materials.


Subject(s)
Orthodontic Brackets , Streptococcus mutans , Materials Testing , Biofilms , Resin Cements , Dental Cements , Methacrylates , Anti-Bacterial Agents
7.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e099, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132660

ABSTRACT

Abstract The composition of infiltrants can influence their physical properties, viscosity and depth of penetration (DP). Strategies are used to increase the DP, such as the addition of diluents or the use of heat. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of preheating and composition on physical properties and DP of infiltrants in demineralized enamel. The groups were assigned, and the following experimental formulations were made: 25%BisEMA +75%TEGDMA; 25%BisEMA +65%TEGDMA +10%ethanol; 25%BisEMA +65%TEGDMA +10%HEMA; 100%TEGDMA; 90%TEGDMA +10%ethanol; 90%TEGDMA +10%HEMA. The samples were photoactivated at two temperatures (25°C and 55°C). Degree of conversion (DC) was performed using an infrared spectrophotometer. Elastic modulus (E), flexural strength (FS) and contact angle (CA) tests were also performed. The DP of an infiltrant in demineralized enamel was determined by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) using an indirect labeling technique. The data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test. DC increased after preheating in all the groups; however, 90%TEGDMA+10%ethanol showed the lowest DC for both temperatures, and the lowest E. Preheating did not influence E or FS. The CA increased at 55°C for most groups, but decreased for groups containing HEMA. Temperature did not seem to influence DP, and Icon showed the lowest DP values. The 100%TEGDMA composition showed more homogeneous penetration, whereas Icon showed heterogeneous and superficial penetration. The preheating technique does not improve all properties in all the material compositions. The composition of a material can influence and improve its properties.


Subject(s)
Dental Enamel , Polyethylene Glycols , Polymethacrylic Acids , Viscosity , Materials Testing , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate , Composite Resins , Elastic Modulus , Methacrylates
8.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190499, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1101251

ABSTRACT

Abstract Enzymatic degradation of the hybrid layer can be accelerated by the activation of dentin metalloproteinases (MMP) during the bonding procedure. MMP inhibitors may be used to contain this process. Objective To evaluate the degree of conversion (DC%), dentin bond strength (µTBS) (immediate and after 1 year of storage in water), and nanoleakage of an experimental (EXP) and a commercial (SB) adhesive system, containing different concentrations of the MMP inhibitor GM1489: 0, 1 µM, 5 µM and 10 µM. Methodology DC% was evaluated by FT-IR spectroscopy. Dentin bond strength was evaluated by µTBS test. Half of beams were submitted to the µTBS test after 24 h and the other half, after storage for 1 year. From each tooth and storage time, 2 beams were reserved for nanoleakage testing. Data were analyzed using ANOVA and Tukey's test to compare means (α=0.05). Results All adhesive systems maintained the µTBS after 1 year of storage. Groups with higher concentrations of inhibitor (5 µM and 10 µM) showed higher µTBS values than groups without inhibitor or with 1 µM. The nanoleakage values of all groups showed no increase after 1 year of storage and values were similar for SB and EXP groups, in both storage periods. The inhibitor did not affect the DC% of the EXP groups, but the SB5 and SB10 groups showed higher DC% values than those of SB0 and SB1. Conclusions The incorporation of GM1489 in the adhesive systems had no detrimental effect on DC%. The concentrations of 5 µM GM1489 for SB and 5 µM or 10 µM for EXP provided higher μTBS than groups without GM1489, in the evaluation after 1 year of storage; whereas the concentration of inhibitor did not affect adhesive systems nanoleakage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Polyethylene Glycols/chemistry , Polymethacrylic Acids/chemistry , Dental Cements/chemistry , Dentin/chemistry , Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors/chemistry , Methacrylates/chemistry , Reference Values , Surface Properties , Tensile Strength , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Dental Bonding/methods , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Leakage , Dentin/drug effects , Dental Etching/methods
9.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e018, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089390

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of hydrofluoric acid (HF) concentration, etching time, and application of phosphoric acid (PA) followed by neutralization with sodium bicarbonate on the bond strength between a feldspar ceramic and resin cement. Thus, 80 blocks (10 x 12 x 2 mm) of glass ceramic (VM - Vita Mark II - Vita Zahnfabrik) were made and randomly assigned to eight groups (n = 10) according to the factors: HF concentration (5 and 10%), etching time (60 and 120 s), and use of phosphoric acid (PA) (with and without). According to the experimental group, 37% PA (Condac, FGM) was applied after HF etching for 60s. Afterwards, samples were immersed in sodium bicarbonate for 1 min then in an ultrasonic bath in distilled water (5 min) for cleaning. After surface bonding treatment, cylinders (Ø = 2 mm; h = 2 mm) of dual resin cement (AllCem / FGM) were made in the center of each block. The samples were then stored in water (37ºC) for 90 days and submitted to the shear bond test (50 KgF, 1 mm/min). Failure analysis was performed by stereomicroscope and scanning electron microscopy. Data (MPa) were analyzed with 3-way ANOVA and Tukey's test. Only the factor "HF concentration" was significant (p = 0.02). Most failures were of cohesive in ceramic (40%) and mixed types (42.5%). The 10% HF resulted in higher shear bond strength value than the 5% HF. Surface cleaning with phosphoric acid followed by sodium bicarbonate and HF time (60 or 120 seconds) did not influence the resin bond strength to feldspar ceramic.


Subject(s)
Phosphoric Acids/chemistry , Dental Bonding/methods , Potassium Compounds/chemistry , Aluminum Silicates/chemistry , Hydrofluoric Acid/chemistry , Reference Values , Silanes/chemistry , Surface Properties , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Resin Cements/chemistry , Shear Strength/drug effects , Dental Porcelain/chemistry , Methacrylates/chemistry
10.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(3): 272-278, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011552

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to use the isobornyl methacrylate (IBOMA) as a combining or substituent diluent monomer in the resin matrix of dental resin composites. Thus, the resin matrix was formulated with 60 wt% of BisGMA and 40 wt% of diluent monomers. TEGDMA as the only diluent monomer was used as control with 40 wt%, while total substitution of TEGDMA was done with 40 wt% of IBOMA. The combination of IBOMA and TEGDMA was done with 20 wt% of each monomer. To the resin matrix, 65 wt% of filler particles was added. Degree of conversion (DC) using FT-IR, flexural strength (FS), flexural modulus (FM), polymerization shrinkage by gap formation (GF), Knoop hardness (KH) and solvent degradation (SD) were evaluated. Data were analyzed using ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=0.05; b=0.2). The results showed that reducing or substituting TEGDMA using IBOMA did not affect the DC (0.085), FS (p=0.886) or FM (p=0.414). Also, when IBOMA was used, lower GF was found in comparison to the control containing only TEGDMA as the diluent monomer (p=0.032). However, even though all composites presented reduction in KH during the SD test, the combination of IBOMA and TEGDMA showed similar reduction in KHN in comparison to the control group (p=0.001), while the total substitution of TEGDMA with IBOMA decreased KHN after SD (p=0.041). Thus, the combination of IBOMA and TEGDMA seem to reduce SD and GF without affecting the properties of resin composites.


Resumo O objetivo nesse estudo foi utilizar o isobornil metacrilato (IBOMA) como monômero combinante ou substituinte na matriz resinosa de resinas compostas odontológicas. Para tanto, a matriz resinosa foi formulada com 60 % em peso de BisGMA e 40 % em peso de monômero diluente. O TEGDMA foi utilizado como único monômero diluente para o grupo controle com 40 % em peso, enquanto a substituição total de TEGDMA foi feita com 40 % em peso de IBOMA. Na combinação de IBOMA e TEGDMA foram utilizados 20 % em peso de cada monômero. Na matriz resinosa, 65 % em peso de partículas de carga foi adicionado. O grau de conversão (GC) utilizando FT-IR, a resistência flexural (RF), o módulo flexural (MF), a contração de polimerização por formação de gap (FG) utilizando Microscopia Confocal à Laser, a Dureza Knoop (DK) e a degradação em solvente (DS) foram avaliados. Todos os dados foram analisados utilizando ANOVA e teste de Tukey (α=0.05; b=0.2). Os resultados demonstraram que reduzindo ou substituindo o TEGDMA utilizando o IBOMA não afetou o GC (p=0.085), a RF (p=0.886) ou o MF (p=0.414). Ainda, quando o IBOMA foi utilizado como um monômero combinante ou substituinte, menor FG foi observada em comparação ao controle contendo apenas TEGDMA como monômero diluente (p=0.032). Contudo, apesar de todos os compósitos terem apresentados redução na DK durante o teste de DS, a combinação de IBOMA e TEGDMA demonstrou uma redução na DK similar ao grupo (p=0.001), enquanto a substituição total de TEGDMA com IBOMA reduziu a DK após DS (p=0.041). Dessa forma, a combinação do IBOMA e TEGDMA parece reduzir DS e a FG sem afetar as propriedades de resinas compostas.


Subject(s)
Composite Resins , Methacrylates , Polyethylene Glycols , Polymethacrylic Acids , Solvents , Materials Testing , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Polymerization
11.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(3): 208-212, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011546

ABSTRACT

Abstract The most common main materials for dentin bonding for composite resin restoration is 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA). HEMA has beneficial physical and chemical properties, and stable, yet toxic. The addition of ethanol or water, may reduce the toxic effect of HEMA. Ethanol solvent has lower H-bonding capacity compared to water solvent, so it can bind less free radicals from the residual monomer. This study aimed to analyze apoptosis due to dentine bonding application with ethanol and water solvent. Fibroblast culture cells were obtained from extracted third molar, by means of tripsinasion method. The cells were divided into 4 groups as reached confluent: cell culture without treatment as control, cell culture with scaffold chitosan, cell culture with scaffold and polymerized dentin bonding with ethanol or water solvent. Apoptosis observation was conducted using immunohistochemistry method with ethidium bromide acridin orange staining, under fluorescent microscope with 40´ magnification. There was a significant difference among groups (p=0.0001), yet no differences found between different solvent. Apoptosis rate in fibroblast cells culture exposed to HEMA bonding with ethanol solvent was 67%, while the cells exposed to HEMA bonding with water solvent was 44%. The effect of dentin bonding with ethanol solvent and water solvent towards apoptosis rate of pulp fibroblast cells is not different.


Resumo Os principais materiais para adesão dentinária em restaurações de resina composta são o 2-hidroxietil metacrilato (HEMA). O HEMA possui propriedades físicas e químicas benéficas e estáveis, ainda que tóxicas. A adição de etanol ou água pode reduzir o efeito tóxico do HEMA. O solvente etanol possui uma menor capacidade de ligação H em comparação com o solvente água, de modo que pode ligar menos radicais livres do monômero residual. Este trabalho teve como objetivo analisar a apoptose pela aplicação de adesivos dentinários com solventes etanol e água. Células de cultura de fibroblastos foram obtidas a partir do terceiro molar extraído, por meio do método de tripsinaion. As células foram divididas em 4 grupos como confluentes: cultura celular sem tratamento como controle, cultura celular com arcabouço de quitosana, cultura celular com arcabouço e adesivo dentinário polimerizado com solvente etanol ou água. A observação da apoptose foi realizada utilizando o método imunohistoquímico com coloração com brometo de etídio e acridina laranja, sob microscópio de fluorescência com aumento de 40´. Houve uma diferença significativa entre os grupos (p = 0,0001), mas não houve diferenças entre os solventes. A taxa de apoptose em cultura de células de fibroblastos expostos à adesão baseada em HEMA com solvente etanol foi de 67%, enquanto as células expostas à adesão baseada em HEMA com solvente de água foi de 44%. O efeito da adesão dentinária com solvente etanol e solvente água sobre a taxa de apoptose de células de fibroblastos de polpa não é diferente.


Subject(s)
Dental Bonding , Ethanol , Solvents , Materials Testing , Water , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Apoptosis , Dentin , Fibroblasts , Methacrylates
12.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180529, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1012507

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: Dental composites release unreacted resin monomers into the oral environment, even after polymerization. Periodontal cells are, therefore, exposed to substances that potentially elicit the immune inflammatory response. The underlying molecular mechanisms associated with the interaction between resin monomers and human immune cells found in the gingival crevicular fluid are not fully understood yet. This study investigated the ability of bisphenol A-glycidyl methacrylate (BISGMA), urethane dimethacrylate (UDMA) and triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) to induce apoptosis and cytokine release by human leukocytes stimulated with a periodontal pathogen. Methodology: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from 16 healthy individuals were included in this study. To determine the toxicity, the PBMC were incubated for 20 hours, with monomers, for the analysis of cell viability using MTT assay. To evaluate cell death in the populations of monocytes and lymphocytes, they were exposed to sub-lethal doses of each monomer and of heat-inactivated Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) for 5 hours. Secretions of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α were determined by ELISA after 20 hours. Results: UDMA and TEGDMA induced apoptosis after a short-time exposure. Bacterial challenge induced significant production of IL-1β and TNF-α (p<0.05). TEGDMA reduced the bacterial-induced release of IL-1β and TNF-α, whereas UDMA reduced IL-1β release (p<0.05). These monomers did not affect IL-10 and IL-6 secretion. BISGMA did not significantly interfere in cytokine release. Conclusions: These results show that resin monomers are toxic to PBMC in a dose-dependent manner, and may influence the local immune inflammatory response and tissue damage mechanisms via regulation of bacterial-induced IL-1β and TNF-α secretion by PBMC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Polyethylene Glycols/pharmacology , Polymethacrylic Acids/pharmacology , Polyurethanes/pharmacology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects , Cytokines/metabolism , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/pharmacology , Porphyromonas gingivalis/physiology , Methacrylates/pharmacology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/metabolism , Cell Survival/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Cytokines/analysis , Cytokines/drug effects , Apoptosis/drug effects , Statistics, Nonparametric , Necrosis
13.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180358, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1002407

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The aim of this randomized, controlled, prospective clinical trial was to evaluate the performances of two different universal adhesives and one etch-rinse adhesive for restoration of non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs). Material and Methods Twenty patients with at least seven NCCLs were enrolled. Lesions were divided into seven groups according to adhesive systems and application modes: GSE: GLUMA Universal-self-etch, GSL: GLUMA Universal-selective etching, GER: GLUMA Universal-etch-and-rinse, ASE: All-Bond Universal-self-etch, ASL: All-Bond Universal-selective etching, AER: All-Bond Universal-etch-and-rinse, SBE (Control): Single Bond2-etch-and-rinse. A total of 155 NCCLs were restored with a nano hybrid composite (Tetric N-Ceram). Restorations were scored with regard to retention, marginal discoloration, marginal adaptation, recurrent caries and post-operative sensitivity using modified United States Public Health Service (USPHS) criteria after one week, 6, 12 and 24 months. Statistical evaluations were performed using Chi-square tests (p=0.05). Results The recall rate was 81.9% after the 24-month follow-up. The cumulative retention rates for self-etch groups (GSE: 72.2%, ASE:75%) were significantly lower than other experimental groups (GSL: 93.7%, GER: 100%, ASL: 94.1%, AER: 100%, SBE: 100%) at the 24-month follow-up (p<0.05). Regarding marginal adaptation and marginal discoloration, GSE and ASE groups demonstrated more bravo scores after 6 and 12-month observations but differences were not significant (p>0.05). Only one restoration from ASL group demonstrated post-operative sensitivity at 6 and 12-month observations. No secondary caries was observed on the restorations at any recall. At the end of 24-month observations, no significant differences were detected among groups regarding any of the criteria assessed, except retention. Conclusion GLUMA Universal and All-Bond Universal showed better results in etch-and-rinse and selective etching mode compared to the self-etch mode regarding retention. Etch-and-rinse and selective etching application modes of the current universal adhesives tended to provide better clinical outcomes considering the criteria evaluated at the end of 24-month evaluation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Polymethacrylic Acids/therapeutic use , Glutaral/therapeutic use , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/therapeutic use , Composite Resins/therapeutic use , Dental Caries/therapy , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Dental Etching/methods , Methacrylates/therapeutic use , Time Factors , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Dental Restoration Failure , Middle Aged
14.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180132, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-975898

ABSTRACT

Abstract Bulk-fill composites were introduced in dentistry to accelerate clinical procedures while providing adequate outcomes. Concerns regarding the use of bigger composite increments rely on the polymerization shrinkage and shrinkage stress, which may generate gaps on the adhesive interface and result in a reduced success rate. Objective: To evaluate the polymerization shrinkage stress of different bulk-fill resin composites and their elastic modulus. Materials and Methods: Fourteen specimens were made for each of the nine different resin composites (seven with 12 mm3 and seven with 24 mm3): Surefill SDR flow (SDR), X-tra Base (XB), Filtek Bulk Fill Flowable (FBF), Filtek Z350XT Flow (Z3F); Tetric Evo Ceram Bulk Fill (TBF), X-tra Fil (XF), Filtek Bulk Fill (FBP), Admira Xtra Fusion (ADM) and Filtek Z350 XT (Z3XT). Linear shrinkage stress was evaluated for 300 s with the aid of a linear shrinkage device adapted to a Universal Testing Machine. For each composite group, seven additional specimens (2x2x25 mm) were made and Young's modulus was evaluated with a 3-point bending device adapted in a Universal Testing Machine with 0.5 mm/min crosshead speed and 50 KgF loading cell. Results: For 12 mm3 specimens, three-way ANOVA showed that only SDR and TBF generated lower stress after 20 s. Considering 300 s, TBF, SDR, and XF generated the lowest stress, followed by ADM, FBP, XB, and FBF, which were similar to Z3XT. Z3F generated the highest stress values for all time points. Considering 24 mm3 specimens after 20 s, all bulk fill composites generated lower stress than Z3XT, except XB. After 300 s, SDR, FBP, and ADM generated the lowest stress, followed by TBF and XF. For elastic modulus, one-way ANOVA showed that FBF, SDR, Z3F, and ADM presented the lowest values, followed by XB and TBF. FBP, Z3XT, and XF presented the highest elastic modulus among the evaluated composites. Conclusions: Bulk-fill resin composites presented equal to lower shrinkage stress generation when compared to conventional composites, especially when bigger increments were evaluated. Bulk-fill composites showed a wide range of elastic modulus values, but usually similar to "regular" composites.


Subject(s)
Stress, Mechanical , Composite Resins/chemistry , Elastic Modulus , Polymerization , Reference Values , Siloxanes/chemistry , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Stress Analysis , Methacrylates/chemistry
15.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180183, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-975880

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: This study investigated the physical and mechanical properties, antibacterial effect and biocompatibility of novel elastomeric temporary resin-based filling materials (TFMs) containing zinc methacrylate (ZM). Material and Methods: Experimental TFMs were prepared by mixing the zinc methacrylate with monomer, co-monomer, photoinitiator and fillers. A ZM concentration of 0 (control), 0.5% (Z0.5); 1% (Z1), 2% (Z2), or 5% (ZM5) wt% was added to the TFMs. Fermit-N (F) was used for comparison with the experimental material. Microleakage, water sorption/solubility, degree of conversion, depth of cure, ultimate tensile strength, and hardness were determined and compared. A modified direct contact test (DCT) with Enterococcus faecalis and a Streptococcus mutans' biofilm accumulation assay was carried out to evaluate the antimicrobial effect and cytotoxicity of the assay. Statistical comparisons were performed (α=5%). Results: The results showed that the physical and mechanical properties of the experimental TFMs with ZM are comparable with the properties of the commercial reference and some properties were improved, such as lower microleakage and water sorption, and higher ultimate tensile strength values. TFMs with ZM killed E. faecalis only after 1 h. Biofilm development of S. mutans was not affected by the inclusion of ZM in the experimental TFMs. Conclusions: The present findings suggest that the physical, mechanical and biological properties of the experimental TFMs with ZM are comparable with the properties of the commercial reference. However, some properties were improved, such as lower microleakage and water sorption, and higher ultimate tensile strength values.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Zinc/chemistry , Composite Resins/chemistry , Elastomers/chemistry , Dental Restoration, Temporary/methods , Methacrylates/chemistry , Reference Values , Solubility , Streptococcus mutans/drug effects , Tensile Strength , Time Factors , Zinc/pharmacology , Materials Testing , Colony Count, Microbial , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Enterococcus faecalis/drug effects , Composite Resins/pharmacology , Elastomers/pharmacology , Dental Leakage , Hardness Tests , Methacrylates/pharmacology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
16.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180111, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-975872

ABSTRACT

Abstract Several anti-proteolytic dentin therapies are being exhaustively studied in an attempt to reduce dentin bond degradation and improve clinical performance and longevity of adhesive restorations. Objectives This study assessed the effect of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on long-term bond strength when incorporated into adhesives. Material and Methods Adhesive systems were formulated with EGCG concentrations of 0 wt%: (no EGCG; control); 0.5 wt% EGCG; 1.0 wt% EGCG, and 1.5 wt% EGCG. Flexural strength (FS), modulus of elasticity (ME), modulus of resilience (MR), compressive strength (CS), degree of conversion (DC), polymerization shrinkage (PS), percentage of water sorption (%WS), percentage of water solubility (%WL) and cytotoxicity properties were tested. Dentin microtensile bond strength (µTBS) was evaluated after 24 h and again after 6 months of water storage. The adhesive interface was analyzed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Results No significant differences were found among the groups in terms of FS, ME, MR, CS and PS. EGCG-doped adhesives increased the DC relative to the control group. EGCG concentrations of 1.0 wt% and 0.5 wt% decreased the WS of adhesives. WL decreased in all cases in which EGCG was added to adhesives, regardless of the concentration. EGCG concentrations of 1.0 wt% and 0.5 wt% reduced cytotoxicity. EGCG concentrations of 1.0 wt% and 0.5 wt% preserved µTBS after 6 months of storage, while 1.5 wt% EGCG significantly decreased µTBS. SEM: the integrity of the hybrid layer was maintained in the 0.5 wt% and 1.0 wt% EGCG groups. Conclusion EGCG concentrations of 1.0 wt% and 0.5 wt% showed better biological and mechanical performance, preserved bond strength and adhesive interface, and reduced cytotoxicity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Catechin/analogs & derivatives , Dentin-Bonding Agents/chemistry , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/chemistry , Methacrylates/chemistry , Reference Values , Solubility , Surface Properties , Tensile Strength , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Camphor/analogs & derivatives , Camphor/chemistry , Water/chemistry , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Catechin/toxicity , Catechin/chemistry , Cell Line , Cell Survival/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Dentin-Bonding Agents/toxicity , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/toxicity , Compressive Strength , Dentin/drug effects , Dentin/chemistry , Elastic Modulus , Polymerization , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Flexural Strength , Methacrylates/toxicity
17.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180262, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1019969

ABSTRACT

Abstract The incorporation of antimicrobials in the composites as an attempt to reduce bacterial adhesion without jeopardizing mechanical properties is a challenge for Dentistry. Objective: To evaluate the bacterial adhesion and physical properties of a composite containing the methacrylate triclosan- derivative monomer (TM). Methodology: TM was synthesized and added to an experimental composite. Samples were divided into two groups: Control and TM (13.4 wt%). Antibacterial Activity: Three specimens of each material were prepared and placed on bacterial suspensions of Streptococcus mutans for 1, 5 and 10 days. After these periods the counting of the colonies (log10) was performed. Assays was performed in triplicate. Physical Properties: Three-body Abrasion (TBA): Ten specimens of each material were prepared and stored at 37°C/24 h. The surface roughness (Ra) and hardness (KHN) were analyzed. Next, the specimens were submitted to abrasive wear (30,000 cycles) and re-evaluated for Ra and KHN; Sorption/solubility (SS): cylindrical specimens (n=10) were prepared and weighted. The specimens were immersed in deionized water for 7 days at 37°C and then their weight was verified again. SS were calculated using accepted formulas; Diametral tensile strength (DTS): specimens (n=10) underwent test performed in an Instron universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min. Data were submitted to appropriate statistical tests according to data distribution and assay (p<0.05). Results: Bacterial Adhesion: TM showed a significant reduction on biofilm accumulation in the evaluated periods: 1 day (1.537±0.146); 5 days (2.183±0.138) and 10 days (4.469±0.155) when compared with Control: 1 day (4.954±0.249); 5 days (5.498±0.257) and 10 days (6.306±0.287). Physical Properties: For TBA, SS and DTS no significant difference was found between groups Control and TM. The incorporation of methacrylate triclosan-based monomer in the experimental composite reduce bacterial adhesion of S. mutans and did not affect important polymer properties.


Subject(s)
Triclosan/chemistry , Composite Resins/chemistry , Methacrylates/chemistry , Anti-Bacterial Agents/chemistry , Reference Values , Solubility , Streptococcus mutans/drug effects , Surface Properties , Tensile Strength , Time Factors , Toothbrushing , Triclosan/pharmacology , Bacterial Adhesion/drug effects , Materials Testing , Colony Count, Microbial , Reproducibility of Results , Composite Resins/pharmacology , Hardness Tests , Methacrylates/pharmacology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774212

ABSTRACT

A diblock copolymer, poly(ethylene glycol) methacrylate-block-glycidyl methacrylate (PEGMA-GMA), was prepared on glass substrate by surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (SI-ATRP), and endothelial specific peptide Arg-Glu-Asp-Val (REDV) was immobilized at the end of the PEGMA-GMA polymer brush by ring opening reaction through the rich epoxy groups in the GMA. The structure and hydrophilicity of the polymer brushes were characterized by static water contact angle, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The results showed that the REDV modified copolymer brushes were successfully constructed on the glass substrates. The REDV peptide immobilized onto surface was quantitatively characterized by ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-VIS). The blood compatibility of the coating was characterized by recalcification time and platelet adhesion assay. The results showed that the polymer coating had good blood compatibility. The multifunctional active polymer coating with PEGMA and peptide produced an excellent prospect in surface construction with endothelial cells selectivity.


Subject(s)
Biocompatible Materials , Cells, Cultured , Endothelial Cells , Glass , Humans , Immobilized Proteins , Methacrylates , Oligopeptides , Platelet Adhesiveness , Polyethylene Glycols , Polymers , Surface Properties
19.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2019. 130 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1016413

ABSTRACT

A maioria das resinas compostas apresenta metacrilatos como principais monômeros em sua composição. A liberação de monômeros de metacrilato, associada aos produtos de polimerização, tem sido considerada como fonte de uma série de reações biológicas como toxicidade ou reações pulpares. Os objetivos deste estudo foram avaliar o desempenho clínico de restaurações em LCNC com resina composta considerando-se também a presença de citocinas IL-1ß e IL-6 no fluido crevicular gengival e a liberação de componentes resinosos para a saliva. Utilizou-se o sistema restaurador FL-Bond II, (sistema adesivo) / Beautifil Bulk (resina composta restauradora). Foi feito um estudo clínico longitudinal in vivo, no qual foram selecionados pacientes que apresentavam uma lesão cervical não cariosa com necessidade restauradora. Dentes anteriores e posteriores com LCNC e sensibilidade foram designados como grupo experimental e o dente correspondente como grupo controle. Previamente ao tratamento, houve avaliação periodontal, coleta de saliva e de fluido crevicular gengival (FCG). As restaurações foram confeccionadas e, após 10 minutos, 7 dias, 1 mês e 6 meses foi realizada avaliação clínica das mesmas de acordo com o critério Federal Dentist International (FDI) e da resposta periodontal. Adicionalmente, em todos estes períodos de avaliação houve coleta de saliva e de fluido crevicular. As amostras de saliva foram analisadas por LC-EM a fim de identificar eventual presença dos monômeros Bis-GMA e TEGDMA. As amostras de fluido crevicular foram analisadas utilizando-se método ELISA para identificação e quantificação de interleucinas. Para realizar as comparações inter e intragrupo dos parâmetros clínicos foi utilizado o teste de McNemar para as variáveis categóricas e o teste de Wilcoxon para as variáveis numéricas. Para comparar a classificação do critério FDI entre os tempos foi utilizado o teste de Stuart-Maxwell. Para a análise da saliva, os dados de quantidade de monômeros liberados ao longo do tempo foram submetidos ao teste t de Student e a relação com quantidade total liberada foram correlacionados com o número de restaurações e com o volume total coletado de cada restauração por meio da Correlação de Pearson. O desempenho clínico das restaurações de LCNCs de um sistema restaurador resinoso bulk- fill por meio dos critérios FDI foi considerado satisfatório ao longo de 6 meses. Os parâmetros clínicos periodontais Sangramento a Sondagem, Ìndice Gengival e Profundidade de Sondagem foram mais pronunciados em torno dos dentes restaurados. O material restaurador resinoso bulk-fill não causou alteração estatisticamente significante no volume de FCG e as citocinas ao redor de dentes restaurados na amostra avaliada. Não detectou-se Bis-GMA nas amostras de saliva coletadas antes, 01 e 06 meses após. A liberação de TEGDMA média antes da restauração foi estatisticamente menor do que após 10 minutos. Os resultados do presente estudo sugerem que a restauração do LCNC pode afetar os parâmetros clínicos periodontais, porém não foi capaz de afetar a liberação de citocinas e o volume de FCG. A liberação de Bis-GMA não foi considerada significante ao longo de 6 meses, entretanto a liberação de TEGDMA foi expressiva apenas 10 minutos após a execução da restauração.


Most composite resins present methacrylates as the main monomers of their composition. In composite resins, the release of methacrylate monomers, associated with the polymerization products, has been considered as the source of a series of biological reactions such as toxicity or pulp reactions. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the clinical performance of NCCL restorations with composite resin, to determine also the presence of IL-1ß and IL-6 cytokines in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and the release of resinous components to saliva. The FL-Bond II restorative system (adhesive system) / Beautifil Bulk (restorative composite resin) was used. A longitudinal clinical study was performed in vivo, where patients with a non-carious cervical lesion with a restorative need were selected. Anterior and posterior teeth with NCCL and sensitivity were designated as experimental group and the corresponding tooth as control group. Prior to the treatment, were performed periodontal evaluation, collection of saliva and gingival crevicular fluid. The lesions were restored and, after 10 minutes, 7 days, 1 month and 6 months, there was a clinical evaluation of the restorations according to the FDI criteria and the periodontal response were made. Additionally, in all of these evaluation periods there was collection of saliva and crevicular fluid were colleted. Saliva samples were analyzed by LC-MS in order to identify the possible presence of monomers. Crevicular fluid samples were analyzed using the ELISA method for identification and quantification of interleukins. To perform intra- and inter group comparisons of clinical parameters, the McNemar test for categorical variables and the Wilcoxon test for numerical variables were used. To compare the classification of the FDI criterion between the times, the Stuart-Maxwell test was used. For the analysis of saliva, the data of quantity of monomers released over time were submitted to Student's t-test and the relation with total amount released were correlated with the number of restorations and with the total volume collected from each restoration by means of Pearson's Correlation. The clinical performance of NCCL restorations of a bulk-fill resin restorative system by FDI criteria was considered satisfactory over 6 months. Considering the periodontal response of the surrounding tissue to the NCCL restorations, it was observed that periodontal clinical parameters Bleeding on Probing, Gingival Index and Prohibing on Depth were more pronounced around the restored teeth. The bulk-fill resin restorative material did not cause statistically significant changes in the volume of GCF and in the IL-1ß and IL-6 cytokines around restored teeth in the evaluated sample. No Bis-GMA was detected in the saliva samples collected before, 01 and 06 months after. For the Bis-GMA, there was no statistical difference between the analyzed periods. The mean TEGDMA release before the restoration was statistically lower than after 10 minutes. The results of the present study suggest that NCCL restoration may affect periodontal clinical parameters, but it was not able to affect the release of cytokines and the volume of GCF. The release of Bis-GMA was not considered significant over 6 months. However, the release of TEGDMA was significant only 10 minutes after the restoration was performed.


Subject(s)
Adult , Tooth Abrasion , Tooth Erosion , Materials Testing , Interleukins , Composite Resins , Tooth Attrition , Dental Cements , Dental Enamel , Methacrylates
20.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e075, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019599

ABSTRACT

Abstract Resinous infiltrants are indicated in the treatment of incipient carious lesions, and further development of these materials may contribute to greater control of these lesions. The aim of this study was to analyze the physical and antibacterial properties of experimental infiltrants containing iodonium salt and chitosan. Nine experimental infiltrants were formulated by varying the concentration of the diphenyliodonium salt (DPI) at 0, 0.5 and 1 mol%; and chitosan at 0, 0.12 and 0.25 g%. The infiltrants contained the monomeric base of triethylene glycol dimethacrylate and bisphenol-A dimethacrylate ethoxylate in a 75 and 25% proportion by weight, respectively; 0.5 mol% camphorquinone and 1 mol% ethyl 4-dimethylaminobenzoate. The degree of conversion was evaluated using Fourier transformer infrared spectroscopy, and the flexural strength and elastic modulus using the three-point bending test. Sorption and solubility in water, and antibacterial analysis (minimum inhibitory concentration and minimum bactericidal concentration) were also analyzed. Data was analyzed statistically by two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (p<0.05), with the exception of the antibacterial test, which was evaluated by visual inspection. In general, the infiltrant group containing 0.5% DPI and 0.12% chitosan showed high values of degree of conversion, higher values of elastic modulus and flexural strength, and lower sorption values in relation to the other groups. Antibacterial activity was observed in all the groups with DPI, regardless of the concentration of chitosan. The addition of DPI and chitosan to experimental infiltrants represents a valid option for producing infiltrants with desirable physical and antibacterial characteristics.


Subject(s)
Polyethylene Glycols/chemistry , Polymethacrylic Acids/chemistry , Salts/chemistry , Composite Resins/chemistry , Chitosan/chemistry , Elastic Modulus , Methacrylates/chemistry , Anti-Bacterial Agents/chemistry , Polyethylene Glycols/pharmacology , Polymethacrylic Acids/pharmacology , Reference Values , Salts/pharmacology , Solubility , Streptococcus mutans/drug effects , Materials Testing , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Composite Resins/pharmacology , Chitosan/pharmacology , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives , Flexural Strength , Lactobacillus acidophilus/drug effects , Methacrylates/pharmacology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
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