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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e224013, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354702

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the cleaning of mandibular incisors with WaveOne Gold® (WO) under different preparation techniques. Methods: A total of 210 human mandibular incisors were selected and divided into seven groups (n = 30), prepared by WO single-files (Small 20/.07 ­ WOS; Primary 25/.07 ­ WOP; Medium 35/.06 ­ WOM; or Large 45/.05 - WOL) and sequential-file techniques (WOS to WOP; WOS to WOM; and WOS to WOL). Further subdivision was made according to irrigation protocol: control group (manual irrigation - CON), E1 Irrisonic® - EIR, and EDDY® - EDD. Debris removal and the smear layer were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy. Data were analyzed by using Spearman's correlation test. The significance level was set at 5%. Results: For debris and smear layer removal, WOS and WOP, EIR differed from CON and EDD (p <0.05). Conclusion: Regardless of the instrumentation used, the agitation of the irrigant solution provided better cleanability. These findings reinforce the need for agitation techniques as adjuvants in cleaning root canal systems in mandibular incisors


Subject(s)
Root Canal Irrigants , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Root Canal Preparation , Endodontics
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(3): 488-495, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388010

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the systemic effect of Hancornia speciosa latex on bone neoformation and mineralization in rats. Methods For that, the latex was first collected, and its composition was analyzed. A total of 30 male Wistar rats were used, which were simultaneously submitted to two surgical procedures: extraction of an incisor and creation of a defect with 2 mm in diameter in the parietal bone. The rats were divided into two groups: systemic control (SC) systemic latex (SX) which were administered, orally and daily, 1.5 mL of water or a solution containing 50% of water and 50% of latex by gavage, respectively. After 15 days of the treatment, the animals were euthanized and their samples were collected. Results The results were statistically analyzed, and the level of significance was set at 0.05. We showed that H. speciosa latex contained calcium. The oral and daily administration of the latex for 15 days increased the contents of calcium and phosphorus in the basal bone and newly-formed bone in the mandibular alveolus of rats. Conclusion The present was a pioneer study demonstrating the potential of H. speciosa latex in increasing bone mineralization. Our results may aid in the conception and development of a natural drug.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o efeito sistêmico do látex de Hancornia especiosa na neoformação óssea e mineralização em ratos. Métodos Para isso, primeiro o látex foi coletado, e sua composição foi analisada. No estudo, foram utilizados 30 ratos Wistar machos submetidos simultaneamente a dois procedimentos cirúrgicos: extração de incisivo e criação de um defeito de 2 mm de diâmetro no osso parietal. Os ratos foram divididos em dois grupos: controle sistêmico (CS) e látex sistêmico (XS), aos quais foi administrado, oral e diariamente, 1,5 mL de água ou uma solução contendo 50% de água e 50% de látex por gavagem, respectivamente. Após 15 dias do tratamento, os animais foram eutanizados, e suas amostras, coletadas. Resultados Os resultados foram analisados estatisticamente, e o nível de significância foi fixado em 0,05. Mostramos que o látex de H. speciosa continha cálcio. A administração oral e diária deste látex por 15 dias aumentou o conteúdo de cálcio e fósforo de osso basal e de osso recém-formado no alvéolo mandibular de ratos. Conclusão Este foi um estudo pioneiro, que demonstrou o potencial do látex de H. speciosa no aumento da mineralização óssea. Nossos resultados podem ajudar na concepção e no desenvolvimento de uma droga natural.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Complementary Therapies , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Durapatite , Apocynaceae/anatomy & histology
3.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 21(1): 134-137, maio 05,2022. fig
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370811

ABSTRACT

Introduction: although reports on dental erosion have appeared in literature for a long time, there is currently a growing interest among researchers and clinicians about this matter. Potential risk factors for loss of dental hard tissue are changed lifestyle and eating patterns, with increased consumption of acid foods and beverages. Case report: an atypical tooth wear on the buccal surfaces of the mandibular teeth in a 45-year-old woman referred for orthodontic treatment, associated with the frequent consumption of whiskey and lemon, is reported. A comprehensive approach, such as the recognition of dental erosion joined with a careful investigation about eating habits was performed. Ultrastructural examination of replicas of the teeth showed practically structureless enamel and dentin surfaces. Conclusion: the screening for dental erosion in patients seeking orthodontic treatment is advisable to be a usual procedure. Recommendations for treatment and prophylactic measures are made emphasizing the need of multiprofessional attention.


Introdução: embora relatos sobre erosão dentária já apareçam há bastante tempo na literatura, existe atualmente interesse crescente entre pesquisadores e clínicos sobre esse assunto. Fatores que representam riscos potenciais para a perda de tecido duro do dente são as mudanças no estilo de vida e no padrão de alimentação, com o aumento no consumo de alimentos e bebidas ácidas. Relato de caso: lesões atípicas de desgaste dentário na superfície vestibular das unidades inferiores, em uma mulher com 45 de idade, encaminhada para tratamento ortodôntico, associadas ao consumo frequente de uísque e limão, foram relatadas. Uma abordagem abrangente, como o reconhecimento da erosão dentária, em conjunção com a investigação cuidadosa dos hábitos alimentares, foi realizada. O exame por meio da microscopia eletrônica de varredura, realizada em réplicas dos dentes, revelou superfícies de esmalte e dentina praticamente desprovidos de elementos estruturais. Conclusão: sugere-se que uma avaliação direcionada à busca por erosão dentária em pacientes que procuram por tratamento ortodôntico seja um procedimento rotineiro. A atenção multiprofissional, envolvendo o tratamento e o uso de medidas preventivas, é essencial para a adequada atuação junto ao paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Tooth Erosion/etiology , Alcoholic Beverages/adverse effects , Acidity , Tooth Erosion/diagnostic imaging , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929026

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Root canal therapy is the most effective and common method for pulpitis and periapical periodontitis. During the root canal preparation, chemical irrigation plays a key role. However, sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), the widely used irrigation fluid, may impact the bonding strength between dentin and restorative material meanwhile sterilization and dissolving. Therefore, it's important to explore the influence of NaOCl on the adhesion between dentin and restoration materials to ensure clinical efficacy. This study aims to explore the effect of NaOCl on dentine adhesion and evaluate the effect of dentine adhesion induced by sodium erythorbate (ERY), and to provide clinical guidance on dentin bonding after root canal therapy.@*METHODS@#Seventy freshly complete extracted human third molars aged 18-33 years old, without caries and restorations were selected. A diamond saw was used under running water to achieve dentine fragments which were divided into 10 groups with 14 fragments in each group: 2 control [deionized water (DW)±10% ERY] and 8 experimental groups (0.5%, 1%, 2.5%, and 5.25% NaOCl±10% ERY). The dentine specimens in the control group (treated with DW) and the experimental groups (treated with 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, 2.5% NaOCl, and 5.25% NaOCl) were immersed for 20 min using corresponding solutions which were renewed every 5 min. The other 5 groups were immersed in 10% ERY for 5 min after an initial washing with DW for 1 min. Then, we selected 4 dentine fragments from all 14 fragments in each group and the numbers and diameters of opening dentinal tubules were observed under scanning electron microscope (SEM). The other 10 dentine fragments from each group were used to make adhesive samples by using self-etch adhesive wand composite resin. All the above adhesive samples were sectioned perpendicular to the bonded interface into 20 slabs with a cross-sectional area of 1 mm×1 mm using a diamond saw under the cooling water, and then the morphology of 10 slabs in each group's bonding interface was observed from aspects of formation of resin tags, depth of tags in dentin, and formation of hybrid layer under SEM. The other 10 slabs of each group's microtensile bond strength and failure modes were also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among the 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, 2.5% NaOCl, and 5.25% NaOCl groups, the number and diameter of patent dentinal tubules gradually increased with the rise of concentration of NaOCl solution (all P<0.05). Among the DW, 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, 2.5% NaOCl, and 5.25% NaOCl groups, the number and diameter of patent dentinal tubules increased after using ERY, but without significant difference (all P>0.05). Among the DW, 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, and 2.5% NaOCl groups, the scores of formation of resin tags under SEM gradually increased with the increase of concentration of NaOCl solution, while the score in the 5.25% NaOCl group decreased significantly compared with the score of the 2.5% NaOCl group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference between using 10% ERY groups and without using 10% ERY groups (all P>0.05). The scores of length of the tags under SEM in the 5.25% NaOCl group was significantly higher than the scores of DW, 0.5% NaOCl, and 1% NaOCl groups (all P<0.05), and it was also higher than the score of the 2.5% NaOCl group, but without significant difference (P>0.05). There was no significant difference between using 10% ERY groups and without using 10% ERY groups (P>0.05). The scores of formation of hybrid layer under SEM in the 2.5% NaOCl and 5.25% NaOCl groups significantly decreased compared with the score of the DW group (all P<0.05). There were significant differences between the 2.5% NaOCl±10% ERY groups and between the 5.25% NaOCl±10% ERY groups (all P<0.05). Microtensile bond strength was greater in the 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, and 2.5% NaOCl groups, but lower in the 5.25% NaOCl group than that in the DW group (all P<0.05). There were significant differences between the 2.5% NaOCl±10% ERY groups and between the 5.25% NaOCl±10% ERY groups (all P<0.05). The incidence of type "Adhesive" of failure modes in the 5.25% NaOCl group was significantly higher than that in other groups (all P<0.05), while the incidence of type "Adhesive" in the 5.25% NaOCl+10% ERY group was lower than that in the 5.25% NaOCl group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The bonding strength to dentine increases with the increase of NaOCl concentration when the concentration lower than 2.5%; whereas it is decreased at a higher concentration (such as 5.25%). 10% ERY has a definite recovery effect on attenuated bonding strength to 5.25% NaOCl-treated dentine.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Ascorbic Acid , Dental Bonding , Dentin , Dentin-Bonding Agents/pharmacology , Diamond/pharmacology , Humans , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Resin Cements/pharmacology , Sodium Hypochlorite/pharmacology , Tensile Strength , Water/pharmacology , Young Adult
5.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e19586, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384008

ABSTRACT

Abstract Design of experiment (DoE) is a useful time and cost-effective tool for analyzing the effect of independent variables on the formulation characteristics. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of the process variables on the characteristics involved in the preparation of Diclofenac Sodium (DC) loaded ethylcellulose (EC) nanoparticles (NP) using Central Composite Design (CCD). NP were prepared by W/O/W emulsion solvent evaporation method. Three factors were investigated (DC/EC mass ratio, PVA concentration, homogenization speed) in order to optimize the entrapment efficiency (EE) and the particle size of NP. The optimal formulation was characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), and in vitro release. Optimized formulation showed an EE of 49.09 % and an average particle size of 226.83 nm with a polydispersity index of 0.271. No drug-polymer interaction was observed in FTIR and DSC analysis. SEM images showed that the particles are spherical and uniform. The in vitro release study showed a sustained release nature, 53.98 % of the encapsulated drug has been released over 24hours period. This study demonstrated that statistical experimental design methodology can optimize the formulation and the process variables to achieve favorable responses.


Subject(s)
Pharmaceutical Preparations , Diclofenac/analysis , Process Optimization , Nanoparticles/analysis , In Vitro Techniques/instrumentation , Calorimetry, Differential Scanning/instrumentation , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning/methods , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Costs and Cost Analysis/methods , Methodology as a Subject , Fourier Analysis
6.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e244526, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278511

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study is to examine the dorsal lingual epithelium of the peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) of the family Falconidae. The tongue in its dorsal, lateral and ventral surfaces is covered with a non-keratinized multilayered stratified squamous epithelium. Lamina propria is present beneath the epithelial layers. Morphometrically, thickness of the apex tongue epithelium is more than that in the tongue body. Thickness of the ventral surface of the tongue is less than that in the dorsal one. Thickness of the lateral surface of the tongue was thicker than that in the ventral one and tongue body. Large and small conical papillae appeared on the posterior dorsal surface of the lingual body. There are lingual glands in certain areas of tongue body with numerous openings through the dorsal surface.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo é examinar o epitélio lingual dorsal do falcão peregrino (Falco peregrinus) da família Falconidae. A língua em suas superfícies dorsal, lateral e ventral é coberta por um epitélio escamoso estratificado de múltiplas camadas não queratinizado. A lâmina própria está presente abaixo das camadas epiteliais. Morfometricamente, a espessura do epitélio do ápice da língua é maior do que a do corpo da língua. A espessura da superfície ventral da língua é menor do que a dorsal. A espessura da face lateral da língua foi mais espessa do que na ventral e no corpo da língua. Papilas cônicas grandes e pequenas apareceram na superfície posterior dorsal do corpo lingual. Existem glândulas linguais em certas áreas do corpo da língua com numerosas aberturas na superfície dorsal.


Subject(s)
Animals , Falconiformes , Tongue , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Epithelium
7.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 56: e20210552, 2022. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1365410

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the microbiological and microstructural part of indwelling urinary catheters and their association with urinary tract infection prevention. Method: This is a cross-sectional study, from June to December 2020, in which 42 indwelling urinary catheter tips and sterile urine samples were collected for analysis of crystals in optical microscopy and biofilms in scanning electron microscopy. Culture analysis and specification of the type of bacteria were performed. Results: It was found that 35.71% of the samples had mature biofilm adhered to the catheter tip. Biofilms of Proteus mirabilis, Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Enterococcus faecium and Enterobacter cloacae stood out. The presence of magnesium-ammonium-phosphate crystal was associated with the presence of urinary tract infection and with Proteus mirabilis. There was a significant association (p = 0.001) between the use of prophylactic antibiotics versus urine culture >105 CFU/mL. Conclusion: The analyzes contributed to clinical practice, as it reinforces the development of effective and monitored strategies on cultures and urinary tract infection prevention associated with indwelling urinary catheters.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Analizar la parte microbiológica y microestructural de los catéteres urinarios permanentes y su asociación con la prevención de la infección del tracto urinario. Método: Transversal, de junio a diciembre de 2020, en el que se recolectaron 42 puntas de sonda urinaria permanente y muestras de orina estéril para análisis de cristales en microscopía óptica y biopelículas en microscopía electrónica de barrido. Se realizaron análisis de cultivo y especificación del tipo de bacteria. Resultados: Se encontró que el 35,71% de las muestras presentaban biopelícula madura adherida a la punta del catéter. Se destacaron las biopelículas de Proteus mirabilis, Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Enterococcus faecium y Enterobacter cloacae. La presencia de cristales de fosfato de magnesio-amonio se asoció con la presencia de infección del tracto urinario y con Proteus mirabilis. Hubo una asociación significativa (p = 0,001) entre el uso de antibióticos profilácticos versus urocultivo >105 UFC/mL. Conclusión: Los análisis contribuyeron a la práctica clínica, ya que refuerzan el desarrollo de estrategias efectivas y monitoreadas sobre cultivos y prevención de la infección del tracto urinario asociada a los catéteres urinarios permanentes.


RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar a parte microbiológica e microestrutural dos cateteres vesicais de demora e sua associação com a prevenção de infecção do trato urinário. Método: Transversal, entre junho e dezembro de 2020, em que foram coletadas 42 pontas cateteres vesicais de demora e amostras de urina estéril para análise de cristais em microscopia óptica e de biofilmes em microscopia eletrônica de varredura. Fez-se analise de cultura e especificação do tipo de bactérias. Resultados: Verificou-se que 35,71% das amostras apresentaram o biofilme maduro aderido à ponta do cateter. Destacaram-se biofilmes de Proteus mirabilis, Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Enterococcus faecium e Enterobacter cloacae. A presença do cristal magnésio-amônio-fosfato foi associada à presença de infecção do trato urinário e ao Proteus mirabilis. Verificou-se associação significativa (p = 0,001) entre o uso de antibiótico profilático versus a urocultura >105 UFC/mL. Conclusão: As análises contribuíram para a prática clínica, pois reforçam a elaboração de estratégias efetivas e monitoradas sobre culturas e prevenção de infecção do trato urinário associada ao cateter vesical de demora.


Subject(s)
Urinary Tract Infections , Urinary Catheters , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Public Health , Public Health Surveillance
8.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 51: e20210024, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1377169

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Screw-retained restorations have a screw access hole (SAH) sealed with resin composite aiming at safe-guarding the aesthetic features of the ceramic veneer. The loss or wear of the resin composite applied in sealing the SAH is among the most common complications in implant prosthodontics, as the fracture of ceramic veneer. Objective: Evaluate the influence of sealant materials on the fracture resistance of resin composite applied in sealing screw access hole in screwed (SAH) implants. Material and method: The samples were produced from UCLA abutments in metallic NiCr alloy with subsequent application of ceramic. After asperisation and conditioning ceramic surface, was applied silane and dentin adhesive, before sealing the conduits with resin composites Z100 and P60. Nine groups (n=10) were evaluated: sealing with Z-100 (ZNC) and P-60 (PNC) without obturation of SAH; sealing with Z100 (ZCP) and P-60 (PCP) with absorbent cotton; Z100 (ZPT) and P60 (PPT) with polytetrafluoroethylene; Z100 (ZGP) and P60 (PGP) with gutta-percha and a cemented ceramic crown (ICS). After the fracture resistance test, the data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey HSD tests (p<.05). Result: The fracture mode was evaluated by scanning electron microscope. Irrespective of the filling material, the highest mean values of fracture resistance were observed in the sealing with P60 (p=.002). When combined with resins composed of a sealing material, the results obtained were: ZGP: 805.5N/ PGP: 929.5N

Introdução: As próteses parafusadas possuem orifício de acesso ao parafuso (SAH), os quais são selados com resina composta. Sua perda ou desgaste está entre as complicações mais comuns em próteses sobre implantes, associadas a fratura da lâmina cerâmica. Objetivo: Assim, é importante avaliar a influência dos materiais de selamento na resistência à fratura de resina composta aplicada ao SAH no selamento de prótese sobre implantes parafusadas. Material e método: As amostras foram produzidas utilizando pilares UCLA em liga metálica de NiCr com posterior aplicação de cerâmica. Após asperização e condicionamento da superfície cerâmica, foram aplicados silano e adesivo dentinário, antes da selagem dos condutos com as resinas compostas Z100 e P60. Foram avaliados nove grupos (n = 10): selamento com Z-100 (ZNC) e P-60 (PNC) sem selamento do SAH; selamento com Z100 (ZCP) e P-60 (PCP) com algodão absorvente; Z100 (ZPT) e P60 (PPT) com politetrafluoroetileno; Z100 (ZGP) e P60 (PGP) com guta-percha e coroa de cerâmica cimentada (ICS). Após o teste de resistência à fratura, os dados foram analisados usando ANOVA de dois fatores e testes Tukey HSD (p<0,05). O tipo de fratura foi avaliado por microscópio eletrônico de varredura. Resultado Independentemente do material obturador, os maiores valores médios de resistência à fratura foram observados no selamento com P60 (p=0,002). Quando combinados com resinas compostas por um material de selamento, os resultados obtidos foram: ZGP: 805,5N/ PGP: 929,5N

Subject(s)
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Analysis of Variance , Composite Resins , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Dental Implantation , Flexural Strength , Mouth Rehabilitation
9.
Rev. ADM ; 78(6): 314-331, nov.-dic. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354416

ABSTRACT

La dentina se compone de un mineral de fosfato de calcio identificado como dahllita, que se dispone en pequeños cristales de hidroxiapatita carbonatada con dimensiones de 36 × 25 × 4 nm, y por una fase orgánica cuyo principal componente es el colágeno tipo 1 en 90%, que se orienta en forma de malla. Esta conformación corresponde a los dientes permanentes. Dentro de las estructuras, encontramos túbulos dentinarios que miden, aproximadamente, entre 0.5-1 µm de diámetro en la periferia y hasta 3-5 µm cerca de la pulpa. En el presente estudio, realizado en dentina de dientes temporales, el lumen de dichos túbulos es más grande cuando se encuentra cerca de la pulpa dental. Asimismo, se encontraron cambios elementales importantes de acuerdo con las diferentes profundidades en las que se observó, encontrando un aumento en el peso porcentual de carbono cuando se encuentra a mayor profundidad, lo que indica una composición orgánica mayor en la dentina pulpar. En estudios de dientes permanentes esta composición es disminuida y con mayor concentración en la dentina cercana a la unión amelodentinaria. En dentina de dientes temporales se encontraron diferencias en el recuento de túbulos dentinarios por mm2, comparado a la dentina de dientes permanentes, donde el número de túbulos no varía mucho (AU)


Dentin is composed of a calcium phosphate mineral identified as dahllite, which is arranged in small crystals of carbonated hydroxyapatite with dimensions of 36 × 25 × 4 nm, and by an organic phase whose main component is type l collagen in 90%, which is oriented in the form of a mesh. This conformation corresponds to permanent teeth. Within the structures, we find dentin tubules that measure approximately 0.5-1 µm in diameter at the periphery and up to 3-5 µm near the pulp. In the present study, carried out in dentin of primary teeth, the lumen of these tubules is larger when it is close to the dental pulp. Likewise, important elemental changes were found according to the different depths in which it was observed, finding an increase in the percentage weight of carbon when it is at a greater depth, indicating a greater organic composition in the pulp dentin. In studies of permanent teeth, this composition is decreased and with a higher concentration in the dentin near the amelodentinal junction. In dentin of primary teeth, differences were found in the count of dentin tubules per mm2, compared to dentin of permanent teeth, where the number of tubules did not vary much (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth, Deciduous , Dentin/ultrastructure , Dentinogenesis , Phosphates , Phosphoric Acids , Acid Etching, Dental , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Calcium , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Collagen , Durapatite , Dentition, Permanent , Collagen Type I , Minerals
10.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e214873, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254742

ABSTRACT

Aim: To compare the marginal fit of lithium disilicate CAD/CAM crowns and heat-pressed crowns fabricated using milled wax patterns, and evaluate its effect on stress distribution in implantsupported rehabilitation. Methods: A CAD model of a mandibular first molar was designed, and 16 lithium disilicate crowns (8/group) were obtained. The crown-prosthetic abutment set was evaluated in a scanning electron microscopy. The mean misfit for each group was recorded and evaluated using Student's t-test. For in silico analysis, a virtual cement thickness was designed for the two misfit values found previously, and the CAD model was assembled on an implant-abutment set. A load of 100 N was applied at 30° on the central fossa, and the equivalent stress was calculated for the crown, titanium components, bone, and resin cement layer. Results: The CAD/CAM group presented a significantly (p=0.0068) higher misfit (64.99±18.73 µm) than the heat-pressed group (37.64±15.66 µm). In silico results showed that the heat-pressed group presented a decrease in stress concentration of 61% in the crown and 21% in the cement. In addition, a decrease of 14.5% and an increase of 7.8% in the stress for the prosthetic abutment and implant, respectively, was recorded. For the cortical and cancellous bone, a slight increase in stress occurred with an increase in the cement layer thickness of 5.9% and 5.7%, respectively. Conclusion: The milling of wax patterns for subsequent inclusion and obtaining heat-pressed crowns is an option to obtain restorations with an excellent marginal fit and better stress distribution throughout the implant-abutment set


Subject(s)
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Finite Element Analysis , Dental Materials
11.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(3): 328-331, May-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285053

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cutis rhomboidalis nuchae was assessed in a 65-year-old patient. Optical microscopy showed basophilic agglomerations in the reticular dermis with decreased elastic fibers. Trans- mission electron microscopy showed elongated, curved and fragmented structures, and in their interior the presence of electron-dense lumps was reduced and irregular, similar to modified elastic fibers, whereas the collagen fibers had a normal aspect. Scanning electron microscopy showed deposits between the bundles of collagen, resembling pebbles or stones. These findings demonstrate that, at one stage of the disease, the collagen remains normal and the alterations are seen in the elastic tissue.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Skin Diseases , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Dermis , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Elastic Tissue
12.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(2): 47-60, maio 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1282724

ABSTRACT

Introdução:As atuaisresinas Bulk-Fill apresentamcomovantagens e propriedades: menor tempo clínico, baixa contração de polimerização, maior translucidez, entre outros. Objetivo:Avaliar a topografia superficial de restaurações com diferentes tipos de resina composta antes e após submetê-las a diferentes sistemas de acabamento e polimento. Metodologia:Confecção de100 corpos de prova, sendo 50 de cada composto resinoso, apresentando cinco grupos (n=10) sorteados de forma aleatória, de acordo com o sistema de acabamento e polimento empregado. Foram utilizadas as resinas Filtek Z350 XT e a Bulk Fill Filtek One Bulk Fill e os sistemas de acabamento e polimento: Discos de Lixa Sof-Lex Pop On Kit;Discos Diamantado Espiral Sof-Lex; Ponta Enhance e Broca Carbide Multilaminada nº 0283F, que foram comparados com superfície deixada pela Tira de Poliester (Controle Negativo). Após 7 dias de armazenamento em água destilada, os corpos de provaforam submetidos aoMicroscópio Eletrônico de Varredura.Resultados:Os corpos de provada resina Bulk Fill tiveram como melhor resultado o sistema de acabamento e polimentocom broca carbidee resultado não satisfatório com discodiamantado espiral Sof-lex, enquanto a ponta Enhance e lixa Sof-lex Pop Ontiveram resultados semelhantes. Os corpos de prova da resina Filtek Z350 XT tiveram melhor aspecto visual de lisura no grupo controle negativoe pior resultado no grupo com disco diamantado espiral Sof-lex. Conclusões:Dessa forma, o sistema que apresentou melhor resultado foi a broca Carbidena resina Bulk Fill, enquanto a Filtek Z350 XT apresentou-se melhor no grupo controle. Porém, ainda são necessáriosestudos para se chegar em um protocolo de acabamento e polimento mais eficiente (AU).


Introduction:The current Bulk-Fill resins have the following advantages and properties: less clinical time, low polymerization shrinkage, greater translucency, among others.Objective:Toevaluate the topography of restorations with different types of composite resin before and after submitting them to different finishing and polishing systems.Methodology:Manufacture of 100 specimens, 50 of each resin compound, presenting five groups (n = 10) drawn at random, according to the finishing and polishing system employed. Filtek Z350 XT resins and Bulk Fill Filtek One Bulk Fill andfinishing and polishing systems were used: Sof-Lex Pop On Kit Sanding Discs; Diamond Spiral Sof-Lex Discs; Tip Enhance and Multilaminated Carbide Drill nº 0283F, which were compared with the surface left by the Polyester Strip (Negative Control). After 7 days of storage in distilled water, the specimens were submitted to a Scanning Electron Microscope.Results:The Bulk Fill resin specimens had the best result of the finishing and polishing system with carbide drill and unsatisfactory result with Sof-lex spiral diamond disc, while the Enhance tip and Sof-lex Pop On sandpaper had similar results. The Filtek Z350 XT resin specimens had a better visual aspect of smoothness in the negative control group and a worse result in the group with Sof-lex spiral diamond wheel.Conclusions:Thus, the system that showed the best result was the Carbide drill in Bulk Fill resin, while Filtek Z350 XT was better in the control group. However, studies are still needed to arrive at a more efficient finishing and polishing protocol (AU).


Introducción:Las actuales resinas Bulk-Fill tienen las siguientes ventajas y propiedades: menor tiempo clínico, baja contracción de polimerización, mayor translucidez, entre otras.Objetivo: Evaluar la topografía de restauraciones con diferentes tipos de resina compuesta antes y después de someterlas a diferentes sistemas de acabado y pulido.Metodología: Fabricación de 100 probetas, 50 de cada resina compuesta, presentando cinco grupos (n = 10) extraídos al azar, según el sistema de acabado y pulido empleado. Se utilizaron resinas Filtek Z350 XT y Bulk Fill Filtek One Bulk Fill y sistemas de acabado y pulido: Discos de lijado Sof-Lex Pop On Kit; Discos Sof-Lex en espiral de diamante; Broca Realce de Punta y Carburo Multilaminado nº 0283F, que fueron comparadas con la superficie dejada por la Tira de Poliéster (Control Negativo). Después de 7 días de almacenamiento en agua destilada, lasmuestras se sometieron a un Las muestras de resina Bulk Fill tuvieron el mejor resultado del sistema de acabado y pulido con broca de carburo y un resultado insatisfactorio con el disco de diamante en espiral Sof-lex, mientras que la punta Enhance y el papel de lija Sof-lex Pop On tuvieron resultados similares. Las muestras de resina Filtek Z350 XT tuvieron un mejor aspecto visual de suavidad en el grupo de control negativo y un peor resultado en el grupo con disco de diamante en espiral Sof-lex.Conclusiones: Así, el sistema que mejor resultado mostró fue la broca Carbide en resina Bulk Fill, mientras que Filtek Z350 XT fue mejor en el grupo control. Sin embargo, aún se necesitan estudios para llegar a un protocolo de acabado y pulido más eficiente (AU).


Subject(s)
Surface Properties , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning/instrumentation , Composite Resins , Dental Polishing/instrumentation , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Brazil , Guidelines as Topic , Polymerization
13.
Dent. press endod ; 11(1): 40-45, Jan-Apr2021. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348171

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Testar a hipótese nula de que a orientação das ranhuras superficiais não influencia na vida em fadiga de fios de níquel-titânio (NiTi). Material e Métodos: Segmentos de fio de NiTi (Moreli, Sorocaba/SP, Brasil) medindo 30mm e com diâmetro de 0,40mm foram utilizados. As ranhuras foram criadas em relação à direção longitudinal, em 45 e 90 graus. O fio foi analisado sob microscopia eletrônica de varredura e a rugosidade, quantificada por interferometria. O número de ciclos para a fratura (NCF) foi determinado pelo teste de flexão rotativa. Resultados: A rugosidade entre os grupos de 45 e 90 graus apresentou diferenças estatisticamente significativas (p<0,05). O grupo sem ranhuras apresentou o maior NCF (p<0,05). O grupo com ranhuras em 45 graus apresentou maior NCF, em comparação ao grupo com 90 graus (p<0,05). Conclusões: A direção das ranhuras possui influência na vida em fadiga dos fios de NiTi. O NCF aumenta com a redução do ângulo das ranhuras em relação ao longo eixo do fio, independentemente da profundidade das ranhuras (AU).


Objective: this study tested the null hypothesis that the surface grooves orientation does not influence the NiTi wire cyclic fatigue. Material and methods: Segments of NiTi wire (Moreli, Sorocaba, Brazil) measuring 30mm and with a 0.40mm of diameter were used. Grooves were created in the longitudinal direction, at 45 degrees and 90 degrees. The wire was analyzed with SEM and the roughness was quantified by interferometry. The number of cycles until fracture (NCF) was determined by the cyclic fatigue test. Results: the roughness between 45 and 90 degrees groups presented differences (p<0.05). The group without grooves presented the highest NCF (p<0.05). The group with 45 degrees grooves presented better NCF in comparison to the group with 90 degrees (p<0.05). Conclusions: the direction of the grooves influences the fatigue life. The NCF increases with the reduction of the angle of the grooves in relation to the long axis, regardless of the depth of the grooves (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Physical Phenomena , Dental Alloys , Fatigue , Interferometry
14.
Dent. press endod ; 11(1): 63-71, Jan-Apr2021. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348216

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar a resistência à fadiga cíclica e torcional de instrumentos rotatórios de níquel-titânio com secções transversais semelhantes e confeccionados com diferentes tipos de tratamentos térmicos: Hyflex CM (HCM 25/.06), Vortex Blue (VB 25/.06), Sequence Rotary File (SRF 25/.06) e EdgeSequel (EDF 25/.06) (n=20). Métodos: O teste de fadiga cíclica avaliou o tempo e o número de ciclos para a fratura (NCF) dos instrumentos em canal artificial com 60° de curvatura e 5mm de raio (n=10). O teste de torção avaliou o torque máximo e a deflexão angular para a fratura dos 3mm da ponta dos instrumentos (n=10). Após o teste de torção e de fadiga cíclica, os instrumentos foram avaliados em microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV) (n=10). Os dados foram analisados empregando-se os testes ANOVA e de Tukey, sendo selecionado um nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: HCM apresentou o maior tempo e NCF entre todos os instrumentos avaliados (p<0,05). O SRF apresentou um tempo semelhante (p>0,05) e menor NCF (p<0,05) do que o VB. Em relação ao teste torcional, o HCM apresentou menor valor de torque e maior deflexão angular entre os grupos avaliados (p<0,05). Não houve diferenças significativas entre VB, SRF e EDF em relação à deflexão angular (p>0,05). Conclusão: O HCM apresentou maior resistência à fadiga cíclica e deflexão angular. Entretanto, o VB apresentou maior resistência torcional para a fratura (AU).


Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the cyclic and torsional fatigue resistance of Nickel-Titanium rotary instruments with similar cross-sectional design and manufactured by different thermal treatments: Hyflex CM (HCM 25/.06) Vortex Blue (VB 25/.06), Sequence Rotary File (SRF 25/.06) and EdgeSequel (EDF 25/.06) (n=20). Material and Methods: Cyclic fatigue test evaluated the time and number of cycles to failure (NCF) in an artificial stainless steel canal with 60° and 5-mm radius of curvature (n=10). The torsional test (ISO 3630-1) evaluated he maximum torque and distortion angle to failure at 3 mm from the tip (n=10). After the torsional and cyclic fatigue test the instruments were evaluated by scanning electron microscope (SEM). Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey tests, and the level of significance was set at 5%. Results: The HCM presented the longest time and highest NCF to fatigue than all the groups (P<0.05). The SRF presented similar time (P>0.05) and lower NCF (P<0.05) to fatigue than VB. Regarding to the torsional test, HCM presented the lowest torque load and the highest distortion angle of all the groups (P<0.05). No significant difference was found among VB, SRF and EDF regarding the distortion angle (P>0.05). Conclusion: The HCM presented the highest cyclic fatigue resistance and distortion angle to failure. However, the VB showed higher torsional load to failure. (AU).


Subject(s)
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Torque , Dental Instruments , Endodontics , Titanium , Analysis of Variance , Fatigue , Nickel
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887981

ABSTRACT

The basic features of glandular and non-glandular trichomes on leaves of Artemisia argyi( germplasms from Qichun,Ningbo,Tangyin,and Anguo,respectively) and related species A. stolonifera were observed by scanning electron microscopy( SEM)and compared. There were significant differences in trichome characteristics of leaves at all parts of A. argyi and A. stolonifera,which were closely related to the difference in chemical components. The length of non-glandular trichomes and size of glandular trichomes on middle leaves were the stablest. A. argyi and A. stolonifera can be distinguished by the density of glandular trichome. Additionally,the four germplasms of A. argyi can be discriminated via the density and curvature of non-glandular trichome. The density of non-glandular trichomes was the highest in A. stolonifera. For A. argyi,the germplasm from Qichun had the highest density of non-glandular trichomes on the abaxial surfaces of upper leaves and that from Ningbo had the largest non-glandular trichome curvature. With regard to the germplasm from Anguo,the T-shaped non-glandular trichomes of long stalks on the adaxial surfaces of the middle leaves were lodging-susceptible,and those with slender heads were wave-like. Statistics results of A. argyi and A. stolonifera are as follows: largest glandular trichomes on the adaxial and abaxial surfaces and highest glandular trichome density on the abaxial surfaces of the lower leaves in A. argyi germplasm from Ningbo,highest density of non-glandular trichomes on the abaxial surfaces of upper leaves in A. stolonifera,and highest density of glandular trichomes and non-glandular trichomes on the adaxial surfaces of the upper leaves in A. argyi germplasm from Qichun. According to the observation result under fluorescence microscope( FM),flavonoids were closely related to the size and density of non-glandular trichomes and size of glandular trichomes. The fluorescence intensity was the strongest and fluorescence area was the largest for flavonoids in A. argyi germplasms from Qichun and Tangyin,while the fluorescence for flavonoids was the weakest in A. stolonifera. It was the first time to observe and analyze the trichome ultrastructure of A. argyi leaves at different positions by SEM and FM. This study clarifies the differences between A. stolonifera and four famous A. argyi germplasms,which provides new evidence for the microscopic identification of A. argyi and its related species and serves as a reference for the study of the relationship of A. argyi structure with its components and functions.


Subject(s)
Artemisia , Flavonoids , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Plant Leaves , Trichomes
16.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 30(3): e008120, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1341187

ABSTRACT

Abstract Helminthiasis occurs frequently in wild or domestic pigs in the most varied environments or production systems; however, the literature includes few taxonomic studies for the purpose of expanding this knowledge about the parasitic diversity in these animals. Thus, in order to expand this knowledge regarding parasitic diversity in these animals, the present study reports the occurrence and redescribes Globocephalus urosubulatus infecting domestic pigs in the state of Pará, Brazil, using microscopy. Four hundred and ten specimens of Sus scrofa intestinal nematodes were collected extensively in the municipality of Moju, northeastern mesoregion of Pará and observed under light and scanning electron microscopy. Based on morphological characteristics, the nematodes were identified as G. urosubulatus, and new morphological data were added by light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy for the diagnosis of this parasite.


Resumo As helmintíases ocorrem frequentemente em porcos selvagens ou domésticos nos mais variados ambientes ou sistemas de produção, porém a literatura contempla poucos estudos taxonômicos. Assim, com a finalidade de ampliar esses conhecimentos sobre a diversidade parasitária nesses animais, o presente estudo relata a ocorrência e redescreve Globocephalus urosubulatus infectando porcos domésticos no estado do Pará, Brasil, utilizando-se microscopia. Foram recolhidos 410 exemplares de nematoides do intestino de Sus scrofa, criados extensivamente no município de Moju, mesorregião nordeste do Pará e observados em microscopia de luz e eletrônica de varredura. Com base em características morfológicas, os nematoides foram identificados como G. urosubulatus, sendo adicionados novos dados morfológicos por microscopia de luz e microscopia eletrônica de varredura para o diagnóstico desse parasito.


Subject(s)
Animals , Parasites , Nematoda , Brazil , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning/veterinary
17.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 30(3): e004321, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1288712

ABSTRACT

Abstract The genus Setaria is known worldwide for parasiting wild and domestic mammals, with 43 species registered, of which five occur in the American continent. The objective of this study was to characterize the occurrence, morphology and morphometry of S. labiatopapillosa in B. taurus and B. bubalis in Marajó Island, Brazil. Carcass inspections of 420 cattle were carried out in two slaughterhouses in Pará. The nematodes were found on the white and serous viscera of the small intestine, being cleaned and discussed for analysis by light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The morphological and morphometric characteristics are compatible with S. labiatopapillosa parasitizing both species, with a prevalence of 25% (B. bubalis) and 24% (B. taurus). Information obtained by scanning electron microscopy was added to the description of the species, in addition to expanding the distribution of this parasite in the national territory.


Resumo O gênero Setaria é mundialmente conhecido parasitando mamíferos selvagens e domésticos, sendo registradas 43 espécies, das quais cinco ocorrem no continente americano. Este estudo objetivou caracterizar a ocorrência, morfologia e morfometria de S. labiatopapillosa em B. taurus e B. bubalis na Ilha de Marajó, Brasil. Foram realizadas inspeções de carcaça de 420 bovinos em dois abatedouros no Pará. Os nematódeos foram encontrados sobre as vísceras brancas e serosa do intestino delgado, sendo limpos e conversados para análise por microscopia de luz e microscopia eletrônica de varredura. As características morfológicas e morfométricas são compatíveis com S. labiatopapillosa parasitando ambas as espécies, com prevalência de 25% (B. bubalis) e 24% (B. taurus). Informações obtidas por microscopia eletrônica de varredura foram adicionadas à descrição da espécie, além de ampliar a distribuição desse parasito no território nacional.


Subject(s)
Animals , Nematoda , Brazil , Cattle , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning/veterinary , Abattoirs
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879969

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect of captopril on the dentin bonding durability of self-etch adhesive. Different concentrations of captopril ethanol solutions or captopril ethanol/water solutions were prepared to pretreat dentin as primer for the self-etch adhesives. The surface morphology of the dentin was observed with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Based on the morphology analysis, the pretreatment condition was selected and two self-etch adhesives were employed to evaluate the improvement effect of the captopril pretreatment on the dentin bonding durability. : SEM showed that the pretreatment of captopril ethanol solutions and captopril ethanol/water solutions were able to remove the smear lay and partially expose collagen matrix. According to the SEM results, the pretreating condition of captopril ethanol/water solution with the pretreating time of was selected for further dentin bonding study. For Clearfil SEBOND system, the immediate bonding strength increased from to  (0.05]. For Clearfil S BOND system, there was no significant difference in the immediate bonding strength between the experimental group [(4.07) MPa] and the control group[(4.11) MPa]. But after one-year aging, the bonding strength of the experimental group was higher than that of the control group <0.05]. : The pretreatment with captopril ethanol/water solution increases the dentin bonding strength of the self-etch adhesive systems and also improves the bonding durability.


Subject(s)
Adhesives , Captopril , Dental Bonding , Dentin , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Resin Cements
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921762

ABSTRACT

Targeting the poor powder characteristics of the contents in Hewei Jiangni Capsules, this study characterized the powder properties of the contents and employed particle design technique for improving the content quality. The content composite particles of Hewei Jiangni Capsules prepared by the particle design technique were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy(SEM), followed by infrared ray(IR), content uniformity, and in vitro dissolution detection. It was found that there was a good correlation between the crushed particle size of slices and the crushing time, and the calcined Haematitum was responsible for the poor content uniformity. After the fine powder of calcined Haematitum was super-finely ground for 8.5 min and those of the other contents in the capsule for 1 min, they were prepared into the composite particles, whose property characterizations were compared with those of the physical mixtures. The content uniformity of the prepared composite particles was significantly improved, and the preparation process was stable and reliable. The adoption of particle design technology to correct the poor uniformity of the physical mixture, solve the pharmaceutical defects of Hewei Jiangni Capsules, and improve the quality of prescriptions has provided important reference for the clinical application and development of Chinese medicinal preparations.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Particle Size , Powders
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921389

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study was performed to evaluate the occlusion of monetite paste on dentine tubule and provide a new potential method for treating dentine hypersensitivity.@*METHODS@#Calcium oxide, strontium chloride, and polyethylene glycol phosphate were mixed in a certain proportion and ground in a planetary ball mill. The reaction was carried out by adjusting the pH to obtain monetite and hydroxyapatite paste. The morphological characteristics of the paste were observed through scanning electron microscope (SEM). The structure and composition were analyzed through X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR). The extracted third molar was selected to undergo demineralization to establish the @*RESULTS@#XRD and FTIR showed that the composition of the paste was mainly monetite, and the composition of hydroxyapatite paste was mainly composed of hydroxyapatite. SEM revealed that the size of the crystal particles of the synthesized paste was tens to hundreds of nanometers. Monetite and hydroxyapatite paste could produce a thicker mineralization layer on the dentin surface, and the mineralization of the dentin tubules of monetite was deeper than that of hydroxyapatite paste. The microhardness of the monetite paste group was significantly less than those of the hydroxyapatite paste groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Monetite paste could effectively block the exposed dentin tubules and be used for treating dentin hypersensitivity.


Subject(s)
Calcium Phosphates , Dentin , Dentin Sensitivity , Durapatite , Humans , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
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