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1.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 1-10, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013408

ABSTRACT

Background and Objective@#Mindfulness-based interventions (MBI), a novel treatment, and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), the standard treatment, are both effective in treating anxiety in adolescents. This study determined the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions versus cognitive behavioral therapy in reducing symptoms of anxiety among adolescents experiencing social anxiety through a systematic review and meta-analysis.@*Methods@#A systematic approach was used to identify eligible studies. Electronic databases, reference lists of relevant articles, and gray literature were searched. Data was analyzed using RevMan to calculate standard mean differences with 95% confidence intervals and subgroups. Heterogeneity was measured using visual assessment, the I2 statistic, and chi-square test. @*Results@#Randomized controlled trials comparing MBI to CBT for adolescents diagnosed with social anxiety or social phobia disorder were analyzed, with non-randomized studies being excluded. Structured searches in electronic databases, reference lists, and gray literature were conducted by four independent reviewers who initially identified potential articles through title and abstract screening. After a comprehensive review of full-text articles and a consensus-building process, the selection of included articles was finalized. Data was analyzed using RevMan to calculate standard mean differences with 95% confidence intervals and to examine subgroups, with heterogeneity being assessed through visual evaluation, the I² statistic, and chi-square tests. Total number of participants was 255; 101 were male and 158 were women. Mean age was 27.5 years old, and diagnosed with Social Anxiety Disorder, Social Phobia, or DSM-IV-Defined-Anxiety-Disorder. They were divided into two groups: 125 participated in 8- to 12-week MBI sessions lasting 2 hours each, while 130 underwent 2-hour CBT sessions spanning 8, 12, or 14 weeks. There is moderate quality of evidence reporting non-significant difference on MBI vs CBT's effectiveness in alleviating symptoms of social anxiety [mean (95% CI) = -0.04 (-0.58, 0.51)]. @*Conclusion@#Study found that there were no significant differences between Mindfulness-Based Interventions and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in reducing social anxiety in adolescents. Mindfulness interventions have advantages in terms of cost-effectiveness for reducing symptoms of anxiety. Future research should include larger sample sizes and longer follow-up periods to further assess long-term effects of these interventions.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Mindfulness , Anxiety , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy , Occupational Therapy
3.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 32: e4101, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1550983

ABSTRACT

Objective: to analyze the effects of a Mindfulness-based intervention on nurse leaders' emotional intelligence and resilience. Method: a pilot study of a randomized crossover clinical trial. The sample (n=32) was randomized into Group A (n=18) and Group B (n=14) and evaluated at the pre-test, post-test and follow-up moments. The outcomes were assessed using the Emotional Intelligence Measure, the Connor-Davidson Resilience Questionnaire and the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire, and analyzed using Generalized Linear Mixed Models. Results: a total of 32 nurses with a mean age of 42.6 years old were evaluated. The analyses showed significant interactions between the effects of the group x moment factors on the Self-motivation (p=0.005), Sociability (p<0.001), Self-control (p=0.013), and Total (p=0.002) emotional intelligence skill scores; as well as on the Observe (p=0.042), Describe (p=0.008), Non-judgment (p<0.001), Act with awareness (p=0.004) and Total (p<0.001) mindfulness facets. Post-test: there was a statistically significant increase in the Sociability (p=0.009) and Self-control (p=0.015) emotional intelligence skills; as well as in the Non-judgment (p=0.022) and Total (p=0.002) mindfulness facets. Follow-up: a significant increase was observed in the Non-judgment (p=0.024) and Total (p=0.026) mindfulness facets. The "resilience" variable did not present statistical significance in the "group x moment" factor, both in the post-test and during follow-up. Conclusion: the Mindfulness-based intervention used proved to be effective in increasing nurse leaders' emotional intelligence and dispositional mindfulness skills. Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials (RBR-3c62gy), registered on March 4 th , 2020, updated on September 16 th , 2022.


Objetivo: analizar los efectos de una intervención basada en mindfulness sobre la inteligencia emocional y la resiliencia de enfermeros líderes. Método: estudio piloto de un ensayo clínico aleatorizado cruzado. Muestra (n=32) aleatorizada en el grupo A (n=18) y grupo B (n=14), se los evaluó en el pretest, postest y seguimiento. Los resultados fueron evaluados mediante la Medida de Inteligencia Emocional, el Cuestionario de Resiliencia de Connor-Davidson y el Cuestionario Mindfulness de Cinco Facetas, y analizados por el Generalized Linear Mixed Models . Resultados: fueron evaluadas 32 enfermeras con una edad promedio de 42,6 años. Los análisis mostraron interacciones significativas de los efectos de los factores grupo vs. momento en los puntajes de las habilidades de automotivación (p=0,005), sociabilidad (p<0,001), autocontrol (p=0,013) y total (p=0,002) de inteligencia emocional; de las facetas observar (p=0,042), describir (p=0,008), no juzgar (p<0,001), actuar con conciencia (p=0,004) y total (p<0,001) de mindfulness. Postest: hubo un aumento estadísticamente significativo de las habilidades de sociabilidad (p=0,009) y autocontrol (p=0,015) de inteligencia emocional; de las facetas no juzgar (p=0,022) y total (p=0,002) de mindfulness . Seguimiento: se observó un aumento significativo en las facetas no juzgar (p=0,024) y total (p=0,026) de mindfulness . La variable resiliencia no presentó significación estadística en el factor grupo vs. momento en el postest y seguimiento. Conclusión: la intervención basada en mindfulness utilizada demostró ser eficaz para aumentar la inteligencia emocional y las habilidades de mindfulness disposicional de los enfermeros líderes. Registro Brasileño de Ensayos Clínicos (RBR-3c62gy), registrado el 4 de marzo de 2020, actualizado el 16 de septiembre de 2022.


Objetivo: analisar os efeitos de uma intervenção baseada em mindfulness na inteligência emocional e resiliência de enfermeiros líderes. Método: estudo-piloto de ensaio clínico randomizado cruzado. Amostra (n=32) randomizada em grupo A (n=18) e grupo B (n=14), avaliados nos momentos pré-teste, pós-teste e seguimento. Os desfechos foram avaliados pela Medida de Inteligência Emocional, pelo Questionário de Resiliência Connor-Davidson e pelo Questionário das Cinco Facetas de Mindfulness , e analisados pelo Generalized Linear Mixed Model . Resultados: foram avaliadas 32 enfermeiras com idade média de 42,6 anos. As análises mostraram interações significativas dos efeitos dos fatores Grupo x Momento nos escores das habilidades de automotivação (p=0,005), sociabilidade (p<0,001), autocontrole (p=0,013) e total (p=0,002) de inteligência emocional; das facetas observar (p=0,042), descrever (p=0,008), não julgar (p<0,001), agir com consciência (p=0,004) e total (p<0,001) de mindfulness . Pós-teste: houve aumento estatisticamente significante das habilidades de sociabilidade (p=0,009) e autocontrole (p=0,015) de inteligência emocional; das facetas não julgar (p=0,022) e total (p=0,002) de mindfulness . Seguimento: observou-se aumento significativo das facetas não julgar (p=0,024) e total (p=0,026) de mindfulness . A variável resiliência não apresentou significância estatística no fator Grupo x Momento, no pós-teste e seguimento. Conclusão: a intervenção baseada em mindfulness utilizada mostrou-se efetiva no aumento das habilidades de inteligência emocional e mindfulness disposicional de enfermeiros líderes. Registro Brasileiro de Ensaios Clínicos (RBR-3c62gy), registrado em 04 de março de 2020, atualizado em 16 de setembro de 2022.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nursing , Clinical Trial , Resilience, Psychological , Emotional Intelligence , Mindfulness , Leadership
4.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 44: e257594, 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1558739

ABSTRACT

Addictive behaviors related to Internet are becoming more common and this tool has been essential once it enables home office, entertainment, homeschooling, and easy access to information. Despite the easiness brought by technology, the exaggerated use has affected users in different ways, including in the development of psychiatric disorders. This study aimed to assess internet addiction, depression, anxiety, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), attention, impulsivity, and stress in 48 adolescents (26 young women and 22 young men), aged from 15 to 18 years, with a mean age of 16.74 (0.61), mostly students of public schools, during COVID-19, to investigate correlations between these variables according to sex and sociodemographic aspects. To assess the factors, the Internet Addiction Test (IAT); the Swanson, Nolan, and Pelham Rating Scale (SNAP-IV) Questionnaire ; the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress scale for brazilian adolescents (EDAE-A); the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11); and a sociodemographic questionnaire were applied. The data collection was performed in schools located in southern Brazil. The results indicated that 12 out of 48 adolescents were considered addicted to the Internet. Moreover, Internet addiction was a predictor of depression in regression analysis (p<0.001). In addition, participants classified as more addicted to the Internet scored lower averages in general attention (p<0.035) and higher averages in behavioral symptoms of inattention and ADHD (p<0.050), stress (p<0.003), anxiety (p<0.016), and depression (p<0.015), with effect sizes ranging from moderate to high. Therefore, the intense internet use by adolescents might cause psychological consequences such as depression in adolescents. Family support and professional intervention might help in the reduction of symptoms and consequences of internet addiction as well as in its prevention.(AU)


A dependência de internet é cada vez mais comum, pois essa ferramenta tem se tornado imprescindível, uma vez que possibilita home office, entretenimento, educação domiciliar e fácil acesso às informações. No entanto, o uso exagerado da tecnologia afeta os usuários de diversas formas, inclusive no desenvolvimento de transtornos psiquiátricos. Este estudo visou avaliar a dependência de internet, depressão, ansiedade, hiperatividade, atenção, impulsividade e estresse em 48 adolescentes (26 meninas e 22 meninos) de 15 a 18 anos, com idade média de 16,74 (0,61), estudantes de escolas públicas do Sul do Brasil durante a covid-19, para investigar correlações entre as variáveis anteriores de acordo com gênero e aspectos sociodemográficos. Para avaliar, aplicou-se o Internet Addiction Test (IAT), um teste de atenção, escala SNAP IV, escala de depressão, ansiedade e estresse para adolescentes (EDAE-A), escala de impulsividade de Barratt e um questionário sociodemográfico. Os resultados indicaram que 12 adolescentes foram considerados viciados em internet, e que a dependência desta foi preditora da depressão na análise de regressão (p < 0,001). Ainda, os participantes classificados como adictos tiveram médias mais baixas em atenção geral (p < 0,035) e mais altas em sintomas comportamentais de desatenção e hiperatividade (p < 0,050), estresse (p < 0,003), ansiedade (p < 0,016) e depressão (p < 0,015), com efeitos que variaram de moderado a alto. Portanto, o uso intenso da internet por adolescentes pode ter consequências psicológicas, como a depressão. Bom apoio familiar e intervenção profissional podem ajudar na redução dos sintomas e consequências, bem como na prevenção da dependência.(AU)


La adicción a Internet es cada vez más habitual, puesto que esta herramienta es esencial para el trabajo remoto, el entretenimiento, la educación domiciliar y el fácil acceso a la información. Sin embargo, su uso exagerado afecta a la vida de las personas de diferentes maneras, incluso en el desarrollo de trastornos psiquiátricos. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la adicción a Internet, depresión, ansiedad, hiperactividad, atención, impulsividad y estrés en 48 adolescentes (26 muchachas y 22 muchachos), de entre 15 y 18 años, con una edad promedio de 16,74 (0,61), en su mayoría estudiantes de escuelas públicas del Sur de Brasil, durante la pandemia de la COVID-19, para investigar las correlaciones entre las variables mencionadas según género y aspectos sociodemográficos. Para evaluar los factores, se aplicaron el Test de Adicción a Internet (TAI), un test de atención, la escala SNAP IV, la Escala de Depresión, Ansiedad y Estrés para adolescentes (EDAE-A), la escala de impulsividad de Barratt y un cuestionario sociodemográfico. Los resultados indicaron que 12 adolescentes fueron considerados adictos a Internet, además, la adicción a Internet fue un predictor de la depresión en el análisis de regresión (p<0,001). Igualmente, los participantes clasificados como más adictos a Internet tuvieron promedios más bajos en atención general (p<0,035), y más altos en síntomas conductuales de falta de atención e hiperactividad (p<0,050), estrés (p<0,003), ansiedad (p<0,016) y depresión (p<0,015), con efectos que varían de moderado a alto. Por lo tanto, el uso intenso podría producir consecuencias psicológicas como la depresión en los adolescentes. Tener un buen apoyo familiar e intervención profesional puede ayudar a reducir los síntomas y las consecuencias de la adicción a Internet, así como prevenirla.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adolescent , Internet Addiction Disorder , Technology Addiction , Mental Disorders , Perception , Personality Development , Psychological Phenomena , Psychological Tests , Psychology , Psychology, Social , Psychomotor Performance , Psychopathology , Psychotherapy , Rejection, Psychology , Self Concept , Sleep Wake Disorders , Social Adjustment , Social Alienation , Social Environment , Social Isolation , Social Sciences , Socialization , Socioeconomic Factors , Sociology , Stress, Psychological , Task Performance and Analysis , Therapeutics , Time , Work Simplification , Physicians' Offices , Bipolar Disorder , Boredom , Computer Communication Networks , Shyness , Activities of Daily Living , Computers , Exercise , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy , Comorbidity , Cerebral Cortex , Child Advocacy , Child Welfare , Mental Health , Public Health , Reproducibility of Results , Adolescent Behavior , Behavior, Addictive , Time Management , Cognition , Communications Media , Consumer Behavior , Neurobehavioral Manifestations , Neurocognitive Disorders , Wit and Humor , Counseling , Education, Distance , Affect , Culture , Adolescent Health , Depressive Disorder , Displacement, Psychological , Economics , Emotions , Equipment and Supplies , Disease Prevention , Exercise Test , Cerebrum , Family Conflict , Fear , Sedentary Behavior , Executive Function , Pandemics , Cognitive Dysfunction , Social Media , Financing, Personal , Mindfulness , Social Skills , Smartphone , Patient Health Questionnaire , Procrastination , Neuroticism , Academic Performance , Academic Success , Virtual Reality , Cyberbullying , Online Social Networking , Screen Time , Frustration , Data Analysis , Internet-Based Intervention , Psychological Distress , Social Comparison , Social Interaction , COVID-19 , Sluggish Cognitive Tempo , Exergaming , Social Deprivation , Sociodemographic Factors , Compulsive Sexual Behavior Disorder , Oppositional Defiant Disorder , Amygdala , Hostility , House Calls , Ergonomics , Impulsive Behavior , Interpersonal Relations , Introversion, Psychological , Anger , Learning , Limbic System , Loneliness , Mental Processes , Motivation , Motor Activity , Movement , Neurology
5.
Psico USF ; 28(3): 461-476, jul.-set. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1521372

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi revisar a produção científica, em busca de reunir evidências empíricas sobre autocompaixão em estudantes universitários. A revisão integrativa abrangeu artigos publicados no período de 2009 a 2021, indexados nas bases PsycINFO, PubMed, Scopus e Web of Science, nos idiomas português, inglês ou espanhol. Um total de 183 estudos foram encontrados e, após as etapas de triagem, elegibilidade e seleção, foram incluídos 9 artigos, seguindo as diretrizes propostas pelo PRISMA. A análise dos resultados foi categorizada a partir de dois tópicos: (i) intervenções baseadas em autocompaixão para acadêmicos e (ii) a autocompaixão como fator psicológico protetivo à saúde mental de estudantes do ensino superior. Os resultados mostraram que a autocompaixão é considerada um importante fator protetivo para o funcionamento psicológico positivo e ao desenvolvimento de características que reflitam dimensões positivas da saúde mental e do desempenho acadêmico em estudantes universitários. (AU)


The objective of this study was to review the scientific literature in order to gather empirical evidence about self-compassion in college students. The integrative review included articles published from 2009 to 2021, indexed in the PsycINFO, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science databases, available in Portuguese, English, or Spanish. A total of 183 studies were found, and after undergoing the screening, eligibility, and selection steps, 9 articles were included, following the guidelines as established by PRISMA. The analysis of the results was categorized into two main topics: (i) self-compassion-based interventions for academics and (ii) self-compassion as a psychological protective factor for the mental health of higher education students. The results showed that self-compassion is considered an important protective factor for positive psychological functioning and for the development of characteristics that reflect positive dimensions of mental health and academic performance in college students. (AU)


El objetivo de este estudio fue revisar la producción científica, con el propósito de reunir evidencias empíricas sobre la autocompasión en estudiantes universitarios. La revisión integrativa incluyó artículos publicados entre 2009 y 2021, indexados en PsycINFO, PubMed, Scopus y Web of Science, en portugués, inglés o español. Se encontraron 183 estudios y, tras las fases de cribado, elegibilidad y selección, se incluyeron 9 artículos, siguiendo las pautas propuestas por PRISMA. El análisis de los resultados se categorizó a partir de dos temas: (i) intervenciones basadas en la autocompasión para académicos y (ii) la autocompasión como factor psicológico protector de la salud mental de los estudiantes de educación superior. Los resultados mostraron que la autocompasión se considera un importante factor de protección para el funcionamiento psicológico positivo y el desarrollo de características que reflejan dimensiones positivas de la salud mental y el rendimiento académico en estudiantes universitarios. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Students/psychology , Mindfulness , Psychology, Positive , Review Literature as Topic , Mental Health , Database
6.
Psicol. teor. prát ; 25(3): 15070, 10 jul. 2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451198

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness, and the sustained effect (follow-up) of a fourweek mindfulness intervention in reducing anxiety and stress in a group of Brazilian university students, the intervention was adapted to be made available through the application Neurosaúde, created as part of this work to serve as a platform for intervention. The research as a whole took place in a virtual environment, with forty-eight participants recruited who were randomly allocated to the intervention group or to the waiting list control. Measures were used to access the levels of mindfulness, anxiety and stress before, after the intervention and at the 4-week follow-up. Applying the intention-to-treat analysis, we found significant differences between the groups for the measurement of anxiety in the follow-up with a large feat size (F (2.92) = 10.275, p = 0.000, η2 = 0.183). Our results suggest that the 4-week mindfulness intervention through a mobile application was able to act as a protective factor against the anxiety developed by university students during the occurrence of the pandemic caused by Covid-19, whereas while the treatment group maintained levels reduced anxiety the control group demonstrated a continuous increase in anxiety in the post-test and follow-up that coincided with the first wave of Covid-19 in the region where the participants lived.


El propósito de este estudio fue probar la eficacia y el efecto sostenido (seguimiento) de una intervención de atención plena de cuatro semanas para reducir la ansiedad y el estrés en un grupo de estudiantes universitarios brasileños, la intervención se adaptó para estar disponible a través del app. Neurosaúde, creada como parte de este trabajo para servir como plataforma de intervención. La investigación en su conjunto se llevó a cabo en un entorno virtual, siendo reclutados cuarenta y ocho participantes que fueron asignados aleatoriamente al grupo de intervención o al control en lista de espera. Se utilizaron medidas para evaluar los niveles de atención plena, ansiedad y estrés antes, después de la intervención y en el seguimiento a las 4 semanas. Al aplicar el análisis por intención de tratar, encontramos diferencias significativas entre los grupos para la medida de ansiedad en el seguimiento con un tamaño de efecto grande (F (2.92) = 10.275, p = 0.000, η2 = 0.183). Nuestros resultados sugieren que la intervención de mindfulness de 4 semanas a través de una aplicación móvil fue capaz de actuar como factor protector contra la ansiedad desarrollada por estudiantes universitarios durante la ocurrencia de la pandemia de Covid-19, ya que mientras el grupo de tratamiento mantuvo niveles, el grupo control demostró un aumento continuo de la ansiedad en el postest y seguimiento que coincidió con la primera ola de Covid-19 en la región donde residían los participantes.


O propósito deste estudo foi testar a eficácia e o efeito sustentado (follow-up) de uma intervenção de mindfulness de quatro semanas na redução da ansiedade e estresse em um grupo de estudantes universitários brasileiros. A intervenção foi adaptada para ser disponibilizada pelo aplicativo Neurosaúde, criado como parte deste trabalho para servir de plataforma para a intervenção. A pesquisa como um todo ocorreu em ambiente virtual, sendo recrutados 48 participantes que foram alocados randomicamente para o grupo intervenção ou para o controle de lista de espera. Medidas foram utilizadas para acessar os níveis de mindfulness, ansiedade e estresse antes, após a intervenção e no follow-up de quatro semanas. Aplicando a análise por intenção de tratar, encontramos diferenças significativas entre os grupos para a medida de ansiedade no follow-up com um tamanho de efeito grande (F (2.92) = 10.275, p = 0.000, η2 = 0.183). Nossos resultados sugerem que a intervenção de mindfulness de quatro semanas por meio de um aplicativo móvel foi capaz de agir como um fator protetor contra a ansiedade desenvolvida pelos estudantes universitários durante a ocorrência da pandemia causada pelo Covid-19, visto que, enquanto o grupo tratamento manteve níveis reduzidos de ansiedade, o grupo controle demonstrou um contínuo aumento de ansiedade no pós-teste e follow-up que coincidiu com a primeira onda de Covid-19 na região onde os participantes residiam.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Anxiety/therapy , Stress, Psychological/therapy , Mindfulness/standards , Internet-Based Intervention , Anxiety/prevention & control , Stress, Psychological/prevention & control , Students/psychology , Analysis of Variance , COVID-19/psychology
7.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 151(4): 435-445, abr. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1560199

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The increasing use of Mindfulness-based interventions requires standardized construct-based measurement instruments for clinical and research purposes. The Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire scale with five factors was developed in the United States and validated in Spain. There are versions of 39, 24 and 15 items (FFMQ-39, FFMQ-24 and FFMQ-15). OBJECTIVE: To validate the FFMQ-24 and FFMQ-15 scale in Chile. METHODOLOGY: Six experts performed a linguistic adaptation of the Spanish version of the FFMQ-24. The adapted instrument was applied to a sample of 795 physicians. Internal validity was analyzed by calculating Cronbach's alpha (α) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Finally, 15 items were retained, and the 5-factor solution was maintained. The FFMQ-15 scale was applied to a sample of 365 medical students and analyzed by calculating (α) and CFA. The external validity of FFMQ-15 was evaluated with the Mental Health Continiuum-14 (MHC-14) scale. RESULTS: Linguistic changes were made. The CFA of FFMQ-24 obtained a lower-than-expected fit for a 5-factor solution. The (α) value varied between .68 and .86 in all dimensions. The FFMQ-15 had an adequate fit for five factors for physicians (c2 = 216.17, df = 80, p < .01; CFI = .96; TLI = .94; RMSEA = .05 [.04, .06]; SRMR = .04) and students (c2 = 163.61, df = 80, p < .01; CF = .96; TLI = .94; RMSEA = .05 [.04, .07]; SRMR = .05). External validity with MHC-14 was adequate. CONCLUSION: The FFMQ-15 scale has acceptable internal consistency and adequate internal and external validity in Chile.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Psychometrics , Students, Medical/psychology , Mindfulness , Physicians/psychology , Translations , Chile , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Factor Analysis, Statistical
8.
Santiago de Chile; Chile. Ministerio de Salud; mar. 2023. 74 p.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BRISA, PIE, MINSALCHILE | ID: biblio-1451995

ABSTRACT

ANTECEDENTES El Departamento de Salud Mental de la División de Prevención y Control de Enfermedades de la Subsecretaría de Salud Pública solicitó a la Unidad de Política de Salud Informadas por Evidencia del Departamento de Evaluaciones de Tecnología Sanitarias y Salud Basada en Evidencia de la División de Planificación Sanitaria el desarrollo de un Resumen de Evidencia para Políticas sobre el problema intervenciones no farmacológicas para abordar las necesidades de adolescentes con Trastorno del Espectro Autista (TEA). METODOLOGÍA Para la elaboración de este informe, el equipo elaborador definió el método con el que se iba a identificar y seleccionar las potenciales opciones de solución. Una vez realizada la selección de las seis opciones, se realizó una búsqueda sistemática y síntesis de evidencia del efecto sobre los desenlaces de interés de cada una, utilizando la metodología GRADE. Luego, se hizo una búsqueda no sistemática de evidencia o antecedentes para analizar las consideraciones de implementación de cada opción. Las opciones evaluadas son: terapia cognitivo conductual, musicoterapia, videomodelamiento, terapia basada en mindfulness, terapia mediada por pares, y terapia de integración sensorial. Los desenlaces de salud priorizados fueron: regulación emocional, síntomas depresivos, síntomas ansiosos, funcionamiento social, calidad de vida y bienestar, habilidades de la vida diaria autodeterminación. RESULTADOS Se observó que la terapía cognitivo conductual y la terapia basada en mindfulness reportan mejoras leves en todos los desenlaces priorizados (certeza de la evidencia de muy baja, baja o moderada). Musicoterapia reporta mejoras leves en la mayoría de los priorizados (certeza de la evidencia baja o muy baja). Mientras que en las intervenciones de videomodelamiento y terapia de integración sensorial, existe amplia incertidumbre dado los resultados y metodología de los estudios encontrados. DISCUSIÓN Las distintas opciones deben ser evaluadas en cuanto a su viabilidad de implementación en el contexto chileno. Algunas requieren capacitación, lugares habilitados, protocolización, etc., lo cual debe ser considerado por los tomadores de decisiones.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Primary Health Care , Chile , Adolescent , Behavior Control , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy , Mental Health , Mindfulness , Evidence-Informed Policy , Music Therapy
9.
Diagn. tratamento ; 28(1): 29-32, jan-mar. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1413201

ABSTRACT

A prevalência das disfunções sexuais é alta na população geral. A capacidade de regular as experiências emocionais facilita o relacionamento mais adaptado aos estados internos e às condições ambientais. A prática da atenção plena promove atenção à experiência do momento presente ­ com curiosidade, abertura, aceitação, não reatividade e não julgamento ­ e tem se mostrado eficaz para melhorar muitas condições biopsicossociais, sendo utilizada em ambientes de saúde, escolas e locais de trabalho. O objetivo é apresentar atualizações na abordagem das dificuldades sexuais por meio do desenvolvimento da atenção plena. Entre outras recomendações, o treinamento para descentralizar a atenção, o desenvolvimento de habilidades para perceber pensamentos e sentimentos como estados mentais, não necessariamente reais, além de promover aceitação, compaixão e melhor gestão de pensamentos intrusivos e ruminativos são alguns pontos positivos da prática da atenção plena como única abordagem ou associada a outras. É apresentado um protocolo com grupo terapêutico para desenvolvimento da atenção plena para casais, em que o parceiro é sobrevivente do câncer de próstata. Segue uma proposta terapêutica com oito módulos desenvolvida em formato presencial e adaptada para a plataforma virtual. Os módulos são: definições e causas da disfunção sexual; conscientização crescente das sensações físicas; exploração do corpo e julgamentos sobre ele; consciência de pensamentos e crenças sexuais; trabalho com aversão e autotoque; consciência das sensações sexuais; foco sensorial com o parceiro; manutenção (e aumento) dos ganhos. Essa prática desenvolvida online abriu um campo importante para beneficiar portadores de disfunção sexual com dificuldade para buscar outras modalidades de intervenção.


Subject(s)
Prostatic Neoplasms , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy , Sexuality , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological , Mindfulness
10.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 22(supl.1): e20236635, 03 fev 2023. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1437014

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Protocolo de revisão de escopo que será conduzida de acordo com a metodologia do Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) para mapear e caracterizar evidências disponíveis sobre o uso de intervenções baseadas em mindfulness para manejo da dor em pessoas com diagnóstico de câncer de mama, nas diferentes etapas de tratamento. MÉTODO: Serão incluídos estudos realizados em mulheres adultas com 18 anos ou acima, que tenham recebido diagnóstico de câncer de mama e que passaram por intervenções baseadas em atenção plena direcionadas para manejo da dor. Será considerado o contexto clínico das participantes. Incluiremos artigos de estudos quantitativos e qualitativos, além da chamada literatura cinzenta, sem limites de idioma e tempo. Será utilizada uma estratégia de pesquisa em 3 etapas. As bases de dados utilizadas serão PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, BVS, PsycInfo e Google Scholar. Os resultados serão apresentados de forma gráfica e resumo narrativo, redigidos de acordo com o PRISMA-ScR.


OBJECTIVE: A scope review protocol that will be conducted according to the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) methodology to map and characterize available evidence on the use of mindfulness-based interventions for pain management in people diagnosed with breast cancer throughout different stages of treatment. METHOD: Studies conducted in adult women aged 18 years or older, who have received a diagnosis of breast cancer and who have undergone mindfulness-based interventions aimed at pain management will be included. The clinical context of the participants will be considered. We will include articles from quantitative and qualitative studies, in addition to the so-called grey literature, with no limits on language and time. A 3-step research strategy will be used. The following databases will be used: PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, VHL, PsycInfo, and Google Scholar. The results will be presented in a graphic and narrative summary, written in accordance with PRISMA-ScR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Chronic Pain , Pain Management , Mindfulness , Cancer Pain
11.
Rev. cient. cienc. salud ; 5(1): 1-7, 26-01-2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1443370

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El estrés, la ansiedad y la depresión son síntomas emergentes en estudiantes universitarios, por esto es vital para controlarlos identificar programas basados en evidencia, de bajo costo, y factibles de ser implementados y replicados en contextos naturalescomo las universidades. Objetivo.Evaluar el efecto de un taller introductorio a la práctica de mindfulness para la reducción de síntomas del estrés, ansiedad y depresión en estudiantes universitarios de la ciudad de Yhú en el periodo lectivo 2022. Materiales y métodos.Estudio cuasi-experimental en el que participaron en los talleres de mindfulness 20 estudiantes por ocho semanas. La escala estandarizada DASS21 se utilizó para la medición de estrés, la ansiedad y la depresión antes y después de la intervención; y la prueba de rangos con signo de Wilcoxon para muestras pareadas para determinar si había una diferencia en los datos previos y posteriores a la intervención en depresión, ansiedad y estrés. Resultados.Hubo diferencia significativa (p <0.001) en los puntajes pre-post de depresión, ansiedady estrés. Conclusión.Este estudio ha demostrado que las técnicas del mindfulness tienen una efectividad significativa en la reducción de síntomas de ansiedad, estrés y depresión en estudiantes universitarios. Serecomienda seguir evaluando el efecto del mindfulness con estudiantes universitarios, y la utilización de ensayos clínicos más complejos, y considerar además medir la validez social de las intervenciones a través de entrevistas o grupos focales con los participantes. Palabras Clave:ansiedad; depresión; mindfulness; estudiantes.


Introduction.Stress, anxiety and depression are emerging symptoms in university students; therefore,inorder to control them it is vital to identify programs based on evidence, at low cost, and feasible of being implemented and replicated in natural contexts such as universities. Objective.To evaluate the effect of an introductory workshop on the practiceof mindfulness for the reduction of symptoms of stress, anxiety and depression in university students from the city of Yhú in the 2022 academic year. Materials and methods.Quasi-experimental study in which 20 students participated in mindfulness workshops for eight weeks. The DASS21 standardized scale was used to measure stress, anxiety and depression before and after the intervention; and the Wilcoxon signed-rank test for paired samples to determine if there was a difference in pre-and post-interventiondata on depression, anxiety, and stress. Results.There was a significant difference (p < 0.001) in the pre-post scores of depression, anxiety and stress. Conclusion.This study has shown that mindfulness techniques are significantly effective in reducingsymptoms of anxiety, stress, and depression in university students. It is recommended to continue evaluating the effect of mindfulness with university students, and the use of more complex clinical trials, and also consider measuring the social validity of the interventions through interviews or focus groups with the participants.Key Words:anxiety; depression; mindfulness; students.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Anxiety , Depression , Students , Mindfulness
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981061

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a mindfulness-based psychosomatic intervention on depression, anxiety, fear of childbirth (FOC), and life satisfaction of pregnant women in China.@*METHODS@#Women experiencing first-time pregnancy ( n = 104) were randomly allocated to the intervention group or a parallel active control group. We collected data at baseline (T0), post-intervention (T1), 3 days after delivery (T2), and 42 days after delivery (T3). The participants completed questionnaires for the assessment of the levels of depression, anxiety, FOC, life satisfaction, and mindfulness. Differences between the two groups and changes within the same group were analyzed at four time points using repeated-measures analysis of variance.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the active control group, the intervention group reported lower depression levels at T2 ( P = 0.038) and T3 ( P = 0.013); reduced anxiety at T1 ( P = 0.001) and T2 ( P = 0.003); reduced FOC at T1 ( P < 0.001) and T2 ( P = 0.04); increased life satisfaction at T1 ( P < 0.001) and T3 ( P = 0.015); and increased mindfulness at T1 ( P = 0.01) and T2 ( P = 0.006).@*CONCLUSION@#The mindfulness-based psychosomatic intervention effectively increased life satisfaction and reduced perinatal depression, anxiety, and FOC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Female , Mental Health , Mindfulness , Pregnant Women/psychology , Anxiety/prevention & control , China , Depression/prevention & control
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982295

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study examined whether a 4-week group-based mindfulness intervention would be superior in reducing psychological distress in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients compared to a psychoeducation and cognitive behavioural skills learning support active control group.@*METHODS@#Patients with CRC were randomized via Computerised Permuted Block Randomisation to mindfulness or active control groups (2-h weekly sessions over 4 weeks). Outcomes were measured pre-intervention, and 8 weeks and 6 months post-baseline. The primary outcome was psychological distress measured by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Secondary outcomes were generic quality of life (QoL), disease specific QoL, mindfulness, and intervention credibility and acceptability.@*RESULTS@#Sixty-eight participants were randomized to mindfulness (n=35) or active control group (n=33). Uptake of potentially eligible patients consenting was low (28.0%) and the dropout rate was 33.8%. Depression scores were reduced in both groups at week 8 (P=0.020). Control participants had greater improvement in generic mental QoL scores at week 8 than mindfulness (P=0.023). In disease specific QoL, there was reduction in impotence symptom in the mindfulness group (P=0.022) and reduction in faecal incontinence in the control group (P=0.019). The embarrassment symptom had a significantly lower increase in the mindfulness group at week 8 compared to the control group (P=0.009). Both groups rated the treatments as credible and acceptable.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Mindfulness was not superior to the active control group in terms of alleviating psychological distress but both treatments were associated with some improvements in depression. There was low uptake of both interventions. (Trial registration number: ACTRN12616001033437).


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Quality of Life , Mindfulness , Colorectal Neoplasms/therapy
14.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e252098, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1440797

ABSTRACT

Este estudo teve como objetivo identificar o risco de desenvolvimento de transtorno de estresse pós-traumático (TEPT), bem como sua associação com pensamentos ou tentativas suicidas e a saúde mental de policiais militares feridos por arma de fogo, na Região Metropolitana de Belém (RMB), nos anos de 2017 a 2019. A pesquisa contou com a participação de 30 entrevistados, que responderam o Inventário Demográfico e a Lista de verificação de TEPT para o DSM-5 (PCL-5). Para análise dos dados, utilizou-se a técnica estatística Análise Exploratória de Dados e a técnica multivariada Análise de Correspondência. Os resultados revelaram a existência de risco de desenvolvimento do transtorno de forma parcial ou total em uma expressiva parcela da população entrevistada, tendo homens como maioria dos sintomáticos, com média de 38 anos, exercendo atividades operacionais e vitimados em via pública quando estavam de folga do serviço. O ferimento deixou a maioria com sequelas, com destaque para dores crônicas, limitações de locomoção e/ou mobilidade e perda parcial de um membro. E, ainda, policiais sintomáticos apresentaram comportamentos suicidas, relatando já terem pensado ou tentado tirar a própria vida. Desta forma, conclui-se que policiais militares são expostos constantemente a traumas inerentes a sua profissão. Quando há ameaça de vida, como nos casos de ferimentos por arma de fogo, são suscetíveis a sequelas físicas decorrente do ferimento, somadas a sequelas mentais tardias, como o surgimento de sintomatologias de TEPT e ideação suicida.(AU)


This study aimed to identify the risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and its associations around suicidal thoughts or attempts and mental health in military police officers injured by firearms, in the Metropolitan Region of Belem (RMB), from 2017 to 2019. The research had the participation of 30 respondents who answered the Demographic Inventory and the PTSD checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5). For data analysis, we used the statistical technique Exploratory Data Analysis and the multivariate technique Correspondence Analysis. The results revealed the existence of risk of developing partial or total disorder in a significant portion of the interviewed population, with men as most of the symptomatic individuals, with mean age of 38 years, developing operational activities and victimized on public roads when they were off duty. The injuries left most of them with sequelae, especially chronic pain, limited locomotion and/or mobility, and partial loss of a limb. In addition, symptomatic officers showed suicidal behavior, such as reporting they had thought about or tried to take their own lives. Thus, we conclude that military policemen are constantly exposed to traumas inherent to their profession. When their lives are threatened, as in the case of firearm wounds, they are susceptible to physical sequelae resulting from the injury, in addition to late mental sequelae, such as the appearance of PTSD symptoms and suicidal ideation.(AU)


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo identificar el riesgo de desarrollo de trastorno de estrés postraumático (TEPT) y sus asociaciones con pensamientos o tentativas suicidas y la salud mental en policías militares heridos por armamiento de fuego, en la Región Metropolitana de Belém (Brasil), en el período entre 2017 y 2019. En el estudio participaron 30 entrevistados que respondieron el Inventario Demográfico y la Lista de verificación de TEPT para el DSM-5 (PCL-5). Para el análisis de datos se utilizaron la técnica estadística Análisis Exploratoria de Datos y la técnica multivariada Análisis de Correspondencia. Los resultados revelaron que existen riesgos de desarrollo de trastorno de estrés postraumático de forma parcial o total en una expresiva parcela de la población de policías entrevistados, cuya mayoría de sintomáticos eran hombres, de 38 años en media, que ejercen actividades operacionales y fueron victimados en vía pública cuándo estaban de día libre del servicio. La lesión dejó la mayoría con secuelas, especialmente con dolores crónicos, limitaciones de locomoción y/o movilidad y la pierda parcial de un miembro. Aún los policías sintomáticos presentaran comportamiento suicida, tales como relataran qué ya pensaron o tentaron quitar la propia vida. Se concluye que los policías militaran se exponen constantemente a los traumas inherentes a su profesión. Cuando existe amenaza de vida, como en los casos de heridas por armamiento de fuego, son expuestos a secuelas físicas transcurridas de la herida, sumado a secuelas mentales tardías, como el surgimiento de sintomatologías de TEPT y la ideación suicida.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Pain , Wounds and Injuries , Wounds, Gunshot , Psychic Symptoms , Risk , Psychological Distress , Anxiety , Anxiety Disorders , Phobic Disorders , Prisons , Psychology , Runaway Behavior , Safety , Attention , Sleep Wake Disorders , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic , Suicide , Suicide, Attempted , Therapeutics , Violence , Behavioral Symptoms , Work Hours , Burnout, Professional , Adaptation, Psychological , Catatonia , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy , Occupational Health , Self-Injurious Behavior , Civil Defense , Civil Rights , Panic Disorder , Public Sector , Cognition , Efficiency, Organizational , Contusions , Crime Victims , Substance-Related Disorders , Wit and Humor , Crime , Emergency Watch , Civil Protection Program , Civil Protection , Legal Process , Death , Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , Aggression , Depression , Dizziness , Dreams , Alcoholism , Escape Reaction , Disease Prevention , Surveillance of the Workers Health , Surveillance of Working Environment , Mental Fatigue , Fear , Catastrophization , Medicalization , Hope , Mindfulness , Criminal Behavior , Trauma and Stressor Related Disorders , Psychological Trauma , Physical Abuse , Cortical Excitability , Work-Life Balance , Occupational Stress , Gun Violence , Disaster Risk Reduction , Kinesiophobia , Psychological Well-Being , Suicide Prevention , Accident Prevention , Guilt , Headache , Health Promotion , Homicide , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Job Satisfaction , Mental Disorders
15.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 45(9): 517-523, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521775

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Gestational diabetes can cause maternal and neonatal morbidity. Psychological factors, especially stress, play a meaningful role in diabetes management. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the effect of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction counseling on blood sugar and perceived stress in women with gestational diabetes. Methods The present quasi-experimental interventional study was performed on 78 women with gestational diabetes. In the intervention group, a Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction counseling program was conducted by the researcher in 8 sessions of 90 minutes twice a week. The Cohen stress questionnaire was filled in both groups. Also, fasting blood sugar and 2-hour blood sugar levels were measured in both groups. Statistical analysis was performed using the independent T-Test, the paired T-Test, the Mann-Whitney and Wilcoxon Tests using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows version 20 version (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA). Results The mean age of pregnant women in the intervention group was 28.84 ± 6.20 years old and 29.03 ± 5.42 years old in the control group. There was a significant mean difference between the fasting blood sugar score (p= 0.02; - 6.01; and - 11.46) and the 2-hour fasting blood sugar score (p< 0.001;12.35; and - 5.3) and the perceived stress score (p< 0.001; 35.57; and - 49.19) existed between the intervention and control groups after the intervention. Conclusion The results of the present study showed that mindfulness-based stress reduction counseling is effective in reducing blood sugar levels and reducing perceived stress in women with gestational diabetes treated with diet.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Stress, Psychological , Blood Glucose , Diabetes, Gestational , Mindfulness
16.
Psicol. reflex. crit ; 36: 32, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529280

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The study investigated the effects of a short video app guided loving-kindness meditation (LKM) on college students' mindfulness, self-compassion, positive psychological capital, and suicide ideation. The purpose of the study is to investigate the intervention effect of LKM training on suicidal ideation among college students with the help of the short video application and to provide an empirical basis for the exploration of early suicide intervention strategies for college students. Methods We recruited 80 college students from a university in China. The final 74 eligible participants were divided into two groups: app use group (n = 37) and the control group (n = 37). The app group accepted an 8-week app use interference, while the control group underwent no interference. We measured four major variable factors (mindfulness, self-compassion, positive psychological capital, and suicide ideation) before and after the app use intervention. Results In the app group, self-compassion and positive psychological capital were significantly higher, and suicide ideation was significantly lower than the control group. In the control group, there were no noticeable differences in any of the four variables between the pre-test and post-test. Conclusions Our findings demonstrate that the short video app guided LKM may help to improve self-compassion, and positive psychological capital, and reduce suicide ideation. The finding of the short video app-guided LKM's effect extends our understanding of the integrative effects of positive psychology and digital media on the reduction of suicide ideation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Students , Meditation/methods , Suicidal Ideation , Mindfulness , Self-Compassion , Universities , Internet-Based Intervention , Psychology, Positive , Suicide Prevention/methods
17.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e244422, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1431118

ABSTRACT

Funções executivas (FE) referem-se ao conjunto de habilidades que, de forma integrada, coordenam o comportamento e a cognição. Assim, o comprometimento no desenvolvimento das FE está ligado a vários desfechos negativos ao longo da vida. Portanto, a avaliação dessas habilidades na infância é essencial para identificar e prevenir prejuízos na vida adulta. Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar evidências de validade do Teste Informatizado para Avaliação das Funções Executivas (Tafe) pelo critério de idade e pelo padrão de correlação entre medidas do TAFE e outras medidas de FE. Para isso, foi utilizada uma amostra de 51 crianças, entre 4 e 10 anos de idade, matriculadas em uma escola privada na cidade de Goiânia (GO), da pré-escola ao 4º ano do ensino fundamental. Como instrumentos, foram utilizados, além do Tafe, as tarefas de Bloco de Corsi, Teste de Trilhas A e B, Teste de Trilhas Pré-Escolares, Teste de Stroop Pré-Escolares e Subteste Dígitos da Escala Wechsler de Inteligência. Foram conduzidas análises estatísticas Kruskal Wallis para verificar a evidência de validade por relação com idade e análises de correlação não paramétrica de Spearman para avaliar as evidências de validade convergente. O instrumento investigado mostrou-se efetivo para discriminar entre as diferentes faixas etárias, assim, sensível ao desenvolvimento das FE. Os resultados obtidos no Tafe correlacionaram-se aos obtidos em outros testes que também avaliaram FE, mostrando claros padrões de convergência. Logo, as análises dos resultados fornecem evidências de validade ao Tafe, derivadas a partir de diferentes estratégias de investigação.(AU)


Executive functions (EF) refer to the set of skills that, in an integrated way, coordinate behavior and cognition. Thus, the commitment in developing EF is linked to several negative outcomes throughout life. Therefore, the assessment of these abilities in childhood is essential to identify and prevent possible harm in adult life. This study aimed to investigate evidences of validity of the Computerized Test for Evaluation of Executive Functions (TAFE) by the age criterion and by the pattern of correlation between TAFE measures and other EF measures. To this end, a sample of 51 children, between 4 and 10 years old, enrolled in a private school in the municipality of Goiânia (GO), from preschool to the 4th year of elementary school, was used. As instruments, in addition to TAFE, the tasks of Corsi Block, Trails Test A and B, Preschool Trails Test, Preschool Stroop Test and the Digits Subtest of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale were used. Kruskal Wallis statistical analyzes were conducted to verify the evidence of validity by age criteria and Spearman's nonparametric correlation analysis to assess evidence of convergent validation. The instrument investigated was effective to discriminate between different age groups, thus being sensitive to the development of EF. The results obtained in TAFE were correlated with those obtained in other tests that also assess FE, showing patterns of convergence. Therefore, the analysis of the results provides validation evidence to TAFE, derived from different investigation methods.(AU)


Las funciones ejecutivas (FE) se refieren al conjunto de habilidades que coordinan la conducta y la cognición. Así, el deterioro en el desarrollo de FE está relacionado con varios resultados negativos durante la vida. Por tanto, la valoración de estas habilidades en la infancia es fundamental para identificar y prevenir posibles daños en la vida adulta. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar la evidencia de validez de la Prueba Computarizada para Evaluación de Funciones Ejecutivas (Tafe) por el criterio de edad y convergencia entre las medidas Tafe y otras medidas de FE. Para ello, se utilizó una muestra de 51 niños, de entre 4 y 10 años de edad, matriculados en un colegio privado de Goiânia (Goiás, Brasil) desde la preescolar hasta 4.º de primaria. Como instrumentos, además del Tafe, se utilizaron las tareas de Bloque de Corsi, el Test de los senderos A y B, el Test de los Senderos Preescolares, el Test de Stroop Preescolar y la Subprueba de Dígitos de la Escala Wechsler de Inteligencia. Se realizaron análisis estadísticos de Kruskal Wallis para verificar la validez por criterios de edad y análisis de correlación no-paramétrica de Spearman para evaluar la evidencia de validez convergente. Tafe demostró ser efectivo para discriminar entre diferentes grupos de edad, así es sensible al desarrollo de FE. Los resultados en Tafe se correlacionaron con los obtenidos en otras pruebas de FE, lo que muestra claros patrones de convergencia. Por tanto, el análisis aporta evidencias de validez para Tafe, derivadas de diferentes estrategias de investigación.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Cognition , Pliability , Inhibition, Psychological , Memory, Short-Term , Perception , Aptitude Tests , Play and Playthings , Play Therapy , Primary Health Care , Problem Solving , Psychological Phenomena , Psychological Tests , Psychology , Mental Recall , Recreation , Retention, Psychology , Attention , Schools , Auditory Perception , Social Adjustment , Social Support , Speech Perception , Stress, Psychological , Task Performance and Analysis , Technology , Therapeutics , Thinking , Wechsler Scales , Behavior , Behavioral Sciences , Neurosciences , Adaptation, Psychological , Child , Child Care , Child, Preschool , Environmental Monitoring , Organizations , Child Health , Cognitive Dissonance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Consciousness , Intuition , Neurobehavioral Manifestations , Behavioral Disciplines and Activities , Self Efficacy , Creativity , Recognition, Psychology , Personal Autonomy , Access to Information , Comprehension , Growth and Development , Discrimination, Psychological , Education , Emotions , Planning , Cerebrum , Resilience, Psychological , Executive Function , Stroop Test , Mindfulness , Spatial Memory , Self-Control , Metacognition , Wechsler Memory Scale , Memory and Learning Tests , Self-Management , Mentalization , Frustration , Systematic Review , Emotional Regulation , Multidimensional Scaling Analysis , Self-Testing , Functional Status , Social Interaction , Cognitive Training , Processing Speed , Psychological Growth , Higher Nervous Activity , Human Activities , Imagination , Language Development , Language Development Disorders , Learning , Mental Processes , Motor Activity , Neuropsychological Tests , Neuropsychology
18.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e254599, 2023.
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448941

ABSTRACT

Student protagonism is paramount in the knowledge construction process. In this paper, we discuss a didactic-pedagogical resource called licentîa hypomnema (LH), inspired in portfolios and learning diaries in which student-teachers record their understandings and reflections regarding pedagogical topics learned at University in a meta-learning process on learning about teaching. The initial context of the research was a Psychological Development and Teaching course, offered in the Teacher Education program at Universidade de Brasília (UnB). Two of the authors, then Literacy and Languages Teaching students, produced their LH and peer assessed each other during the course. In their annotations, the student-authors recorded two pedagogical situations related to the use of LH in their own teaching practices, causing an impact on their formative path. These materials consist of the data for analysis and discussion. Moreover, we discuss possible uses of reflexive writing in teacher education and other learning contexts. Producing a LH supports knowledge production and allows students to connect theory and practice, which consequently influences the student's teaching practice. Since LH is a didactic-pedagogical resource and not a close-ended tool, both the context and individuals who use it should be considered.(AU)


O protagonismo de estudantes tem grande importância no processo de construção do conhecimento. Neste artigo, discutimos um recurso didático-pedagógico chamado licentîa hypomnema (LH), inspirado em portfólios e diários de aprendizagem, isto é, estudantes de licenciatura escrevem suas compreensões e reflexões acerca de assuntos pedagógicos vistos na universidade em um processo de meta-aprendizagem sobre aprender a ensinar. O contexto inicial da pesquisa foi um curso de Desenvolvimento Psicológico e Ensino, ministrado em cursos de Licenciatura da Universidade de Brasília (UnB). Duas das autoras eram estudantes do curso de Letras, elas produziram seus LH, realizando avaliação por pares entre si durante o curso. As estudantes-autoras trouxeram em seus registros duas situações pedagógicas relacionadas ao uso desse recurso em suas próprias práticas de ensino que causaram um impacto em suas trajetórias formativas. São esses relatos que compõem os dados para análise e discussão. Além disso, procuramos discutir possíveis desdobramentos para o uso do recurso da escrita reflexiva na formação docente e em outros contextos de aprendizagem. A produção do LH fornece suporte para a produção de conhecimento e permite ao aluno conectar teoria e prática, o que, consequentemente, reverbera na prática de ensino do aluno. O LH é um recurso didático-pedagógico e não uma ferramenta fechada, portanto, tanto o contexto quanto as pessoas que o utilizam devem ser considerados.(AU)


El protagonismo de los estudiantes tiene gran importancia en el proceso de construcción del conocimiento. En este trabajo, discutimos un recurso didáctico-pedagógico llamado licentîa hypomnema (LH), que se inspira en diarios de aprendizaje, es decir, estudiantes de profesorado escriben sus comprensiones y reflexiones sobre temas pedagógicos aprendidos en la universidad, produciendo un proceso de meta-aprendizaje sobre aprender a enseñar. El contexto inicial de la investigación fue un curso de Desarrollo Psicológico y Enseñanza, impartido en el programa de Formación de Profesores de la Universidade de Brasília (UnB). Dos de las autoras eran alumnas de la carrera de Letras que produjeron sus LH y realizaron una evaluación por pares mutua durante el curso. Las estudiantes autoras plantearon en su LH dos situaciones pedagógicas relacionadas con el uso de este recurso en sus propias prácticas de enseñanza, causando un impacto en su trayectoria formativa. Estos materiales constituyen los datos para el análisis y la discusión en esta investigación. Buscamos discutir posibles desdoblamientos para el uso del recurso de la escritura reflexiva en la formación docente y en otros contextos de aprendizaje. La producción de este recurso da soporte a la producción de conocimiento y permite al estudiante conectar teoría y práctica, lo que consecuentemente repercute en su práctica docente. El LH es un recurso didáctico-pedagógico y no una herramienta cerrada, por lo tanto, se debe considerar tanto el contexto como las personas que lo utilizan.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Diary , Faculty , Handwriting , Organizational Objectives , Aptitude , Psychology , Psychology, Educational , Psychology, Social , Reading , Remedial Teaching , Association , Self Care , Social Change , Social Responsibility , Social Sciences , Speech , Awareness , Thinking , Writing , Activities of Daily Living , Power, Psychological , Mental Competency , Models, Educational , Cognition , Problem-Based Learning , Conditioning, Psychological , Neurobehavioral Manifestations , Behavioral Disciplines and Activities , Creativity , Cultural Evolution , Culture , Personal Autonomy , Decision Making , Interdisciplinary Communication , Comprehension , Educational Measurement , Educational Status , Abstracting and Indexing , Methodology as a Subject , Planning , Existentialism , Knowledge Discovery , Teach-Back Communication , Mindfulness , Mentoring , Self-Directed Learning as Topic , Memory and Learning Tests , Self-Management , Freedom , Self-Testing , Social Interaction , Individuality , Inservice Training , Intelligence , Knowledge of Results, Psychological , Language Arts , Leadership , Learning Disabilities , Life Change Events , Memory , Mental Processes
19.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e262428, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529203

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi conhecer a experiência de alguns professores ao lecionar projeto de vida durante a implementação do componente curricular Projeto de Vida no estado de São Paulo. Realizou-se uma pesquisa qualitativa, de caráter exploratório. Participaram do estudo sete professoras que lecionavam o componente curricular Projeto de Vida em duas escolas públicas, de uma cidade do interior do estado de São Paulo, escolhidas por conveniência. Foram utilizados o Questionário de Dados Sociodemográficos e o Protocolo de Entrevista Semiestruturada para Projeto de Vida de Professores, elaborados para este estudo. As professoras foram entrevistadas individualmente, on-line, e as entrevistas foram gravadas em áudio e vídeo. Os dados foram analisados por meio de análise temática. Os resultados indicaram possibilidades e desafios em relação à implementação do componente curricular Projeto de Vida. Constatou- se que a maioria das docentes afirmou que escolheu esse componente curricular devido à necessidade de atingir a carga horária exigida na rede estadual. As professoras criticaram a proposta, os conteúdos e os materiais desse componente curricular. As críticas apresentadas pelas professoras estão em consonância com aquelas presentes na literatura em relação à reforma do Ensino Médio e ao Inova Educação. Esses resultados sugerem a necessidade de formação tanto nos cursos de licenciatura quanto em ações de formação continuada, para que os professores se sintam mais seguros e preparados para lecionar o componente curricular Projeto de Vida na Educação Básica. Propõe-se uma perspectiva de formação pautada na reflexão e na troca entre os pares para a construção de um projeto coletivo da escola para o componente Projeto de Vida.(AU)


This study aimed to know the experience of some teachers when teaching life purpose during the implementation of the curricular component "Life Purpose" (Projeto de Vida) in the state of São Paulo. A qualitative, exploratory research was carried out. Seven teachers who taught the curricular component "Life Purpose" (Projeto de Vida) in two public schools in a city in the inland state of São Paulo, chosen for convenience, participated in the study. The Sociodemographic Data Questionnaire and the Semi-structured Interview Protocol for Teachers' Life Purposes, developed for this study, were used. The teachers were interviewed individually, online, and the interviews were recorded in audio and video. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis. The results indicated possibilities and challenges regarding the implementation of the Life Purpose curricular component. It was found that most teachers chose this curricular component due to the need to reach the required workload in the state network. The teachers criticized the proposal, the contents and the materials of this curricular component. Teacher's critics are in line with the criticisms present in the literature regarding the reform of High School and Inova Educação. Therefore, training is essential, both in undergraduate courses and in continuing education actions, so that teachers can teach the curricular component Life Purpose in Basic Education. A training perspective based on reflection and exchange between peers is proposed for the construction of a collective school project for the Life Purpose component.(AU)


El objetivo de este estudio fue conocer la experiencia de algunos profesores al enseñar proyecto de vida durante la implementación del componente curricular Proyecto de Vida en el estado de São Paulo. Se realizó una investigación cualitativa, exploratoria. Participaron en el estudio siete profesores que impartían el componente curricular Proyecto de Vida en dos escuelas públicas en un municipio del estado de São Paulo, elegidos por conveniencia. Los instrumentos utilizados fueron el cuestionario de datos sociodemográficos y el protocolo de entrevista semiestructurada para proyectos de vida de profesores, desarrollados para este estudio. Las entrevistas a los profesores fueron en línea, de manera individual, y fueron grabadas en audio y video. Los datos se sometieron a un análisis temático. Los resultados indicaron posibilidades y desafíos en relación a la implementación del componente curricular Proyecto de Vida. La mayoría de los profesores declararon elegir este componente curricular por la necesidad de alcanzar la carga horaria requerida en la red estatal. Los profesionales criticaron la propuesta, los contenidos y los materiales de este componente curricular. Las críticas presentadas están en línea con las críticas presentes en la literatura respecto a la reforma de la educación básica e Inova Educação. Por lo tanto, la formación es fundamental, tanto en los cursos de grado como en las acciones de educación permanente, para que los profesores puedan impartir el componente curricular Proyecto de Vida en la educación básica. Se propone una formación basada en la reflexión y el intercambio entre pares para la construcción de un proyecto escolar colectivo en el componente Proyecto de Vida.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Work , Life , Education, Primary and Secondary , Projects , Faculty , Organization and Administration , Organizational Innovation , Orientation , Perception , Politics , Problem Solving , Professional Competence , Psychology , Psychology, Social , Public Policy , Aspirations, Psychological , Salaries and Fringe Benefits , Self Concept , Self-Evaluation Programs , Social Change , Social Conditions , Social Responsibility , Social Values , Socioeconomic Factors , Sociology , Technology , Thinking , Behavior , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Population Characteristics , Mentors , Adaptation, Psychological , Organizational Culture , Family , Schools, Public Health , Adolescent , Employment, Supported , Workplace , Interview , Time Management , Cognition , Concept Formation , Congresses as Topic , Creativity , Disaster Vulnerability , Cultural Characteristics , Culture , Moral Obligations , Decision Making , Education , Education, Professional , Educational Measurement , Employee Incentive Plans , Methodology as a Subject , Ethics, Professional , Professional Training , Planning , Process Optimization , Pandemics , Remuneration , Hope , Mindfulness , Social Skills , Social Capital , Optimism , Teacher Training , Academic Performance , Freedom , Mentalization , Respect , Teleworking , Interprofessional Education , Social Interaction , COVID-19 , Sociodemographic Factors , Citizenship , Human Development , Interpersonal Relations , Learning , Methods
20.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e257372, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529207

ABSTRACT

Mindfulness has been defined as attention and awareness to the present with an attitude of openness, non-judgment, and acceptance. It is suggested that mindfulness can positively influence experiences in sports and physical activity, increasing adherence to these activities. This study aimed to examine new psychometric properties of the State Mindfulness Scale for Physical Activity (SMS-PA) using classical and modern testing theories among Brazilian sport and exercise practitioners. Two studies were conducted. In the first, with 617 Brazilian sports practitioners, confirmatory factor analysis supported the bifactor structure of the SMS-PA composed of two specific (mental and body mindfulness) and one general factor (state mindfulness), which did not vary among genders. The Rasch Rating Scale Model (RSM) supported essential one-dimensionality indicated by the general factor with good item fit statistics (infit/outfit 0.62-1.27). The model presented a good level of Rasch reliability (0.85), and the items difficulty estimation provided an understanding of the continuum represented by their content. In the second study, with 249 Brazilian exercise practitioners, the structural equation modeling showed that Body Mindfulness was associated with positive outcomes (positive affect and satisfaction with practice). The mediation analysis showed that people with higher levels of Body mindfulness tend to experience greater levels of Positive Affect and, consequently, greater Satisfaction with exercises. The results suggest that the Brazilian version of the SMS-PA is an appropriate measure of the state of mindfulness.(AU)


Mindfulness pode ser definido como atenção e consciência no momento presente com uma atitude de abertura, não julgamento e aceitação. A literatura sugere que o mindfulness pode influenciar positivamente experiências no esporte e atividade física e pode exercer um papel na adesão a essas atividades. Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar novas propriedades psicométricas da State Mindulness Sacale for Physical Activity (SMS-PA) utilizando as teorias clássicas e modernas dos testes em praticantes de exercício físico e esporte brasileiros. Dois estudos foram conduzidos. No primeiro, com 617 brasileiros praticantes de esporte, a Análise Fatorial Confirmatória (AFC) demonstrou adequação à estrutura bifatorial da SMS-PA composta por dois fatores específicos (mindfulness mental e físico) e um fator geral (estado de mindfulness), que apresentou invariância entre sexos. A Rasch Rating Scale Model (RSM) corroborou a unidimensionalidade essencial indicada pelo fator geral com bons índices de ajustes (infit/outfit 0.62 -1.27). O modelo apresentou bom nível de precisão Rasch (.85), e a estimação de dificuldade dos itens possibilitou compreensão do continuum representado pelo conteúdo dos itens. No segundo estudo, com 249 brasileiros praticantes de esporte, a Modelagem de Equações Estruturais demonstrou que o mindfulness físico esteve associado a afetos positivos e satisfação com a prática. A análise de mediação mostrou que pessoas com níveis altos de mindfulness físico tendem a apresentar níveis mais elevados de afeto positivo e, consequentemente, níveis mais elevados de satisfação com a prática. Os resultados sugerem que a versão brasileira do SMS-PA é uma medida apropriada do estado de mindfulness para atividades físicas.(AU)


La atención plena puede definirse como la atención y la conciencia en el momento presente con una actitud de apertura, no juicio y aceptación. La literatura sugiere que el mindfulness puede influir positivamente en las experiencias en el deporte y en la actividad física, además de desempeñar un papel en la adherencia a estas actividades. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar nuevas propiedades psicométricas de la State Mindfulness Scale for Physical Activity (SMS-PA) utilizando las teorías clásicas y modernas de las pruebas en practicantes de ejercicio físico y de deporte en Brasil. Para ello, se realizaron dos estudios. En el primer, participaron 617 practicantes de deporte brasileños, y el análisis factorial confirmatorio (AFC) demostró adecuación en la estructura bifactorial de la SMS-PA, compuesta por dos factores específicos (mindfulness mental y físico) y un factor general (estado de mindfulness), que mostró invarianza entre sexos. El Rasch Rating Scale Model (RSM) corroboró la unidimensionalidad esencial indicada por el factor general con buenos índices de ajuste (infit/outfit 0,62-1,27). El modelo mostró un buen nivel de precisión de Rasch (.85), y la estimación de la dificultad de los ítems permitió comprender el continuo representado por el contenido de estos. En el segundo estudio, con 249 practicantes de deporte, el modelo de ecuaciones estructurales mostró que el mindfulness físico estaba asociado a resultados positivos (afecto positivo y satisfacción con la práctica). El análisis de mediación reveló que las personas con altos niveles de mindfulness físico tendían a tener mayores niveles de afecto positivo y, en consecuencia, mayores niveles de satisfacción con la práctica. Los resultados sugieren que la versión brasileña de la SMS-PA es una medida adecuada de mindfulness.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Psychometrics , Exercise , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Mindfulness , Psychology, Sports , Anxiety , Play and Playthings , Psychological Phenomena , Psychological Tests , Psychology , Quality of Life , Recreation , Reference Standards , Running , Attention , Self Concept , Soccer , Stress, Physiological , Swimming , Temperance , Therapeutics , Thinking , Wounds and Injuries , Wrestling , Yoga , Breathing Exercises , Adaptation, Psychological , Dopamine , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy , Mental Health , Reproducibility of Results , Mental Competency , Cognition , Meditation , Behavioral Disciplines and Activities , Wit and Humor , Affect , Mind-Body Therapies , Professional Role , Personal Autonomy , Harm Reduction , Emotions , Disease Prevention , Athletic Performance , Volleyball , Resilience, Psychological , Feeding Behavior , Pleasure , Sedentary Behavior , Executive Function , Athletes , Pandemics , Acceptance and Commitment Therapy , Psychology, Developmental , Optimism , Self-Control , Healthy Lifestyle , Diet, Healthy , Mentoring , Teacher Training , Healthy Aging , Freedom , Mentalization , Emotional Regulation , Psychological Distress , Psychosocial Functioning , Psychosocial Intervention , COVID-19 , Sociodemographic Factors , Energy Healing , Gymnastics , Habits , Happiness , Health Promotion , Mental Healing , Metabolism , Motivation , Motor Activity , Movement , Muscle Relaxation
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