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1.
Rev. ADM ; 79(3): 146-151, mayo-jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378372

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La finalidad del tratamiento de conductos es conseguir la máxima desinfección, conformación y sellado tridimensional. Objetivo: Comparar la capacidad del sellado apical entre dos técnicas de obturación en conductos mesiales de molares inferiores con limas fracturadas en tercio apical. Material y métodos: Se utilizaron 60 raíces mesiales de molares inferiores, instrumentados con Protaper Universal, se desgastó 4 milímetros la parte activa del instrumento y se fracturó intencionalmente en tercio apical. Se formaron dos grupos de 30 raíces mesiales (n = 30) cada uno y se utilizaron dos técnicas de obturación: grupo 1: condensación lateral clásica y grupo 2: Obtura II. Las muestras se sumergieron en tubos de ensayo y en su interior contenían 5 mL de tinta china, se diafanizaron y observaron con un microscopio estereoscópico (LEICA, EZ4D) a 35x para medir la penetración de tinta china dentro del conducto radicular. Resultados: Se encontró una mayor microfiltración apical con suficiente evidencia estadística en el grupo de Obtura II comparado con el grupo de condensación lateral clásica (p < 0.002). Conclusiones: Ambos grupos presentaron microfiltración apical; sin embargo, en el grupo que se utilizó el sistema de obturación termoplastificada Obtura II se detectó mayor filtración apical comparada con el grupo de condensación lateral clásica (AU)


Introduction: The purpose of root canal treatment is to achieve maximum disinfection, shaping and three-dimensional sealing. Objective: To compare the apical sealing capacity between two obturation techniques in mesial canals of mandibular molars with broken files in the apical third. Material and methods: 60 mesial roots of lower molars were used, instrumented with Protaper Universal, the active part of the instrument was worn by 4 millimeters and it was intentionally broken in the apical third. Two groups of 30 mesial roots (n = 30) each were formed and two filling techniques were used: group 1: classic lateral condensation and group 2: Obtura II. The samples were immersed in test tubes and contained 5 mL of Chinese ink inside, they were clear and observed with a stereomicroscope (LEICA, EZ4D) at 35x to measure the penetration of Chinese ink into the root canal. Results: A higher apical microfiltration with sufficient statistical evidence was found in the Obtura II group compared to the classic lateral condensation group (p < 0.002). Conclusions: Both groups presented apical microfiltration, however, in the group that used the Obtura II thermoplastic obturation system, greater apical filtration was detected compared to the classic lateral condensation group (AU)


Subject(s)
Root Canal Obturation/methods , Dental High-Speed Equipment/adverse effects , Dental Leakage , In Vitro Techniques , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Molar
2.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Online) ; 43(1): 45-50, jan.-abr. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361713

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste relato de caso foi descrever em detalhes a técnica de transfixação de pino de fibra de vidro no sentido horizontal e restauração de resina composta em um dente molar tratado endodonticamete. Paciente, sexo feminino, 51 anos de idade, buscou o Centro Universitário da Serra Gaúcha (FSG ­ Caxias do Sul ­ Rio Grande do Sul) com a necessidade de realizar tratamento endodôntico do elemento molar número 26. Após a avaliação inicial, foi realizada a endodontia. O elemento havia pouca sustentação das paredes vestibular e palatina, então foi proposto a colocação de pino intrarradicular seguido de coroa, entretanto, por questões financeiras a paciente não aceitou. Logo, foi proposto a técnica de transfixação horizontal de pino de fibra de vidro associado a uma restauração de resina composta de forma direta. O procedimento foi realizado em sessão única e foi utilizado um pino de fibra de vidro número 1 disposto transversalmente entre as paredes mesiopalatina e distovestibular. A restauração foi realizada com resina composta Filtek Z350, devolvendo estética e função ao elemento dentário. Pode-se concluir que a técnica de transfixação horizontal de pino de fibra de vidro associado à resina composta é uma alternativa restauradora que possibilita maior resistência aos dentes tratados endodonticamente, apresenta resultados funcionais e estéticos satisfatórios, além de possibilitar uma maior sobrevida aos mesmos(AU)


The purpose of this case report was to describe in detail the technique of horizontal transfixion of a fiberglass post into an endodontically treated tooth. Female patient, 51 years old, sought the University Center of Serra Gaúcha (FSG - Caxias do Sul ­ Rio Grande do Sul) with the need to perform the endodontic treatment of molar element number 26. After the initial evaluation, endodontics was performed. The element had little support for the buccal and palatal walls, so an intraradicular postplacement followed by a crown was proposed, for financial reasons the patient did not accept it. Therefore, the technique of horizontal transfixion of a fiberglass pin was proposed, associated with a restoration of direct composite resin. The procedure was performed in a single session and a number 1 fiberglass post was fixed crosswise between the mesiopalatal and distobuccal walls. The restoration was carried out with composite resin Filtek Z350, restoring aesthetics and function. It can be concluded that the horizontal transfixion of a fiberglass post associated with composite resin technique is a restorative alternative that allows greater resistance to endodontically treated teeth, provides satisfactory esthetics and better survival rates(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Composite Resins , Tooth, Nonvital , Dental Pins , Molar , Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Therapy , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Flexural Strength
3.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Online) ; 43(1): 51-56, jan.-abr. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361718

ABSTRACT

Este trabalho teve como objetivo apresentar um relato de caso clínico de uma restauração do tipo coroa endocrown cerâmica em um dente molar tratado endodonticamente. Paciente com 45 anos de idade, sexo feminino, procurou a clínica do Centro Universitário da Serra Gaúcha (FSG) relatando a necessidade de reabilitação protética no primeiro molar inferior do lado esquerdo. Com base no exame radiográfico e exame clínico foi constatado um primeiro molar inferior do lado esquerdo com tratamento endodôntico satisfatório, mas uma extensa destruição coronária. Após a aprovação da paciente e indicações para a utilização da técnica, optou-se pela confecção de uma coroa endocrown em cerâmica reforçada por dissilicato de lítio. Foi realizado o preparo do remanescente dentário, envolvendo a câmara pulpar, com ângulos arredondados e expulsivos e, após a moldagem do mesmo com silicone de adição, utilizando a técnica simultânea e duplo fio. O provisório foi realizado com resina quimicamente ativada na cor 62 e, na sessão seguinte a coroa endocrown foi ajustada e polida. Após receber o protocolo de condicionamento adequado da peça, a mesma foi cimentada com cimento autopolimerizável Multilink N. Pode-se concluir que a alternativa restauradora Endocrown é um tratamento conservador e favorável para dentes com extensa destruição coronária, permitindo adequada estética e função(AU)


This study aimed to present a clinical case report of an endocrown ceramic crown restoration in na endodontically treated molar tooth. A 45-year-old female patient sought the clinic at the Centro Universitário da Serra Gaúcha (FSG), reporting the need for prosthetic rehabilitation on the lower left first molar. Based on the radiographic and clinical examination, the first molar presented satisfactory endodontic treatment, but extensive coronary destruction. After the approval of the patient and indications for the use of the technique, it was decided to make an endocrown with reinforced ceramic by lithium disilicate. The remaining tooth was prepared, involving the pulp chamber, with rounded and expulsive angles and, after the impression with silicone using the simultaneous and double wire technique was taken. The provisional was made with chemically activated resin in color 62 and, in the following session, the endocrown crown was adjusted and polished. After receiving the proper conditioning protocol, it was lutted with Multilink N self-curing cement. It can be concluded that the Endocrown restorative alternative is a conservative and favorable treatment for teeth with extensive coronary destruction, allowing adequate aesthetics and function(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Ceramics , Tooth, Nonvital , Crowns , Molar , Dental Prosthesis , Dental Pulp Cavity , Prosthesis Retention
4.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Online) ; 43(1): 57-61, jan.-abr. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361720

ABSTRACT

A agenesia dentaria é uma anomalia de desenvolvimento caracterizada pela determinação congênita de menor numero de dentes, podendo estar associada a síndromes genéticas ou ocorrer isoladamente. Embora seja considerada uma das anomalias mais frequentes quando envolve terceiros molares, segundo pré-molares e incisivos laterais, sua ocorrência em dentes estáveis, tais como o canino e o primeiro molar permanente é rara. Desta forma, este relato apresentará o caso de uma paciente do sexo feminino, 8 anos idade, que iniciou tratamento de rotina na Clínica de Odontopediatria da UNIFENAS. Na anamnese não foi relatada pela responsável a ocorrência de alterações sistêmicas, nem queixa ou histórico odontológico relevante. No exame clínico odontológico, notou-se o não irrompimento do primeiro molar permanente superior direito (16). Diante dos exames de imagem, foi confirmada a agenesia do dente 16 e também do canino permanente superior direito (13). A agenesia, sobretudo de dentes estáveis e relevantes no arco dentário, pode comprometer o desenvolvimento adequado da oclusão, mastigação, fonação e estética. Desta maneira, é importante o diagnóstico precoce desta ocorrência com o objetivo de favorecer a elaboração de um adequado plano de tratamento e, minimizar as sequelas destas agenesias atípicas(AU)


Dental agenesis is a developmental anomaly characterized by the congenital determination of fewer teeth, may be associated with genetic syndromes or occur in an isolated form. Although it is considered one of the most frequent anomalies when it involves third molars, second lateral premolars and incisors, the occurrence in stable teeth, such as the permanent canine and the permanent first molar is rare. This report will present the case of an 8-year-old female patient who started routine treatment at the Pediatric Dentistry Clinic of UNIFENAS. In the anamnesis, the responsible person did not report the occurrence of systemic alterations, or a relevant dental complaint or history. On dental clinical examination, it was noticed the non-rupture of the permament maxillar right first molar (16). In view of the imaging tests, the agenesis of tooth 16 and also of the permanent maxillary right canine (13) was confirmed. Agenesis, especially of stable and relevant teeth in the dental arch, may compromise the proper development of occlusion, chewing, phonation and aesthetics. Thus, it is of paramount importance to early diagnosis of this occurrence in order to favor the development of an appropriate treatment plan in order to minimize the sequelae of these atypical agenesis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Phonation , Cuspid , Anodontia , Molar , Dental Occlusion , Esthetics, Dental , Mastication , Anodontia/diagnosis , Anodontia/therapy
5.
Rev. ADM ; 79(1): 12-19, ene.-feb. 2022. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361307

ABSTRACT

El objetivo del presente estudio fue medir la curvatura vestíbulo-lingual de los conductos de las raíces mesiales de primeros molares inferiores en personas adultas del estado de Chihuahua, por medio de la técnica de tomografía computarizada de haz cónico (CBCT, por sus siglas en inglés) y usando el software de análisis 3D EndoTM (Dentsply/Sirona USA). Se llevó a cabo la medición por dos observadoras, empleando dos métodos diferentes, Schneider y 3D EndoTM (Dentsply/Sirona USA). Los resultados obtenidos tuvieron valores mayores a los 100 grados con la técnica 3D EndoTM y a los 20 grados con la técnica de Schneider. No se detectó una diferencia estadística significativa al comparar los diferentes conductos entre sí (AU)


The objective of the present study was to measure the vestibule-lingual curvature of the ducts of the mesial roots of lower first molars, of adults from the state of Chihuahua. Using the cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) technique and using the 3D analysis software EndoTM (Dentsply/Sirona USA). The measurement was carried out by two observers using two different methods, Schneider and 3D EndoTM (Dentsply/Sirona USA). The results obtained had values greater than 100 degrees with the 3D EndoTM technique and at 20 degrees with the Schneider technique. No statistically significant difference was detected when comparing the different ducts with each other (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Pulp Cavity , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Molar , Software , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Mexico
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929133

ABSTRACT

Neural crest-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are known to play an essential function during tooth and skeletal development. PRX1+ cells constitute an important MSC subtype that is implicated in osteogenesis. However, their potential function in tooth development and regeneration remains elusive. In the present study, we first assessed the cell fate of PRX1+ cells during molar development and periodontal ligament (PDL) formation in mice. Furthermore, single-cell RNA sequencing analysis was performed to study the distribution of PRX1+ cells in PDL cells. The behavior of PRX1+ cells during PDL reconstruction was investigated using an allogeneic transplanted tooth model. Although PRX1+ cells are spatial specific and can differentiate into almost all types of mesenchymal cells in first molars, their distribution in third molars is highly limited. The PDL formation is associated with a high number of PRX1+ cells; during transplanted teeth PDL reconstruction, PRX1+ cells from the recipient alveolar bone participate in angiogenesis as pericytes. Overall, PRX1+ cells are a key subtype of dental MSCs involved in the formation of mouse molar and PDL and participate in angiogenesis as pericytes during PDL reconstruction after tooth transplantation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Mice , Molar , Osteogenesis/physiology , Periodontal Ligament
7.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 213-219, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928252

ABSTRACT

Ectopic eruption of the maxillary permanent first molar refers to its deviation from the normal position due to some factors during the eruption process, which will lead to root resorption and early loss of the adjacent second primary molar, mesial movement itself, or serious malocclusion. To solve these problems, the Society of Pediatric Dentistry of Chinese Stomatological Association organized pediatric dental experts from 16 universities and hospitals, including West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine to carry out a panel discussions. The research, and diagnosis and treatment experiences of ectopic eruption of maxillary permanent first molar at home and abroad in recent years were also referred to. The present guideline was eventually developed for the reference of dental clinicians.


Subject(s)
Child , China , Consensus , Humans , Maxilla , Molar , Tooth Eruption, Ectopic/therapy
8.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-10, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1363729

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of root fusion and the incidence of C-shaped canals in maxillary first molar (MFM) and maxillary second molar (MSM) teeth using cone-beam computed tomography. Material and Methods: In this study, a total of 1233 MFMs and 1406 MSMs from 802 patients were analyzed. First, the number of fused rooted teeth and the type of root fusion were determined. Subsequently, incidence and number of C-shaped canals were ascertained according to the type of fusion, location, position, and level of canal merging in teeth with fused roots. Six types were established according to the C-shape configurations observed. Presence of root fusion and the C-shaped canal according to gender, age, and tooth position were evaluated by chi-square test. Values with p< 0.05 were considered significant in statistical tests. Results: The incidence of fusion in the MFM and MSM teeth was 6.16% and 22.40%, respectively. Only three MFMs (0.24%) and 3.77% of the MSMs had C-shaped canals. While the incidence of fusion was higher in women (p< 0.05), the C shaped morphology was not affected by sex (p> 0.05). Individuals over the age of 50 years had a lower incidence of C-shaped canals (p< 0.05). Conclusion: C-shaped canal morphology was more commonly associated with complex types of root fusion involving three roots; 16.83% of MSMs with fused roots had C-shaped canals (AU).


Objetivo: o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a prevalência de fusão radicular e a incidência de canais em C nos dentes do primeiro molar superior (MFM) e do segundo molar superior (MSM) por meio da tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico. Material e Métodos: Neste estudo, um total de 1233 MFMs e 1406 MSMs de 802 pacientes foram analisados. Primeiro, o número de dentes com raízes fundidas e o tipo de fusão radicular foram determinados. Posteriormente, a incidência e o número de canais em forma de C foram verificados de acordo com o tipo de fusão, localização, posição e nível de fusão do canal nos dentes com raízes fundidas. Seis tipos foram estabelecidos de acordo com as configurações em forma de C observadas. A presença de fusão radicular e do canal em C de acordo com sexo, idade e posição dentária foram avaliadas pelo teste do qui-quadrado. Valores com p <0,05 foram considerados significativos nos testes estatísticos. Resultados: A incidência de fusão nos dentes MFM e MSM foi de 6,16% e 22,40%, respectivamente. Apenas três MFMs (0,24%) e 3,77% dos MSMs tinham canais em forma de C. Enquanto a incidência de fusão foi maior em mulheres (p <0,05), a morfologia em forma de C não foi afetada pelo sexo (p> 0,05). Indivíduos com mais de 50 anos apresentaram menor incidência de canais em C (p <0,05). Conclusão: a morfologia do canal em forma de C foi mais comumente associada a tipos complexos de fusão radicular envolvendo três raízes; 16,83% dos HSH com raízes fundidas tinham canais em forma de C (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Root , Dental Pulp Cavity , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Molar
10.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e210432, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254269

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate, by micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) analysis, the remaining filling material during endodontic retreatment performed with Protaper retreatment without solvent. Methods: Forty mandibular molars were divided into two groups (n = 20) according to the sealer used in the obturation: the bioceramic TotalFill BC (TF) or the resin-based AH Plus (AHP). The specimens were scanned before instrumentation, after obturation and after filling removal. Only the mesial roots were analysed. The filling volumes and the remaining filling material were calculated in the entire root canal and in the cervical, middle and apical thirds. Results: The volume of obturation and the volume of remaining filling material in the entire root canal and in the cervical, middle and apical thirds of the canal between the groups were not statistically different (independent t-test, p > 0.05). In the AHP group, there was a higher percentage of remaining filling material in the middle third than in the cervical third (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The filling material could not be entirely removed from any specimen


Subject(s)
Root Canal Filling Materials , Retreatment , X-Ray Microtomography , Molar
11.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(2): 119-123, ago. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348424

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Presentar el caso de una patología poco común como es el fibro-odontoma ameloblástico (FOA), su manejo interdisciplinario y su resolución quirúrgica. Caso clínico: En este reporte de caso describimos un FOA en una paciente de 10 años, ubicado en el cuerpo mandibular derecho, asociado a las raíces de molares temporales que generó la retención de premolares. Se realizó la enucleación completa de la lesión, exodoncia de los temporales asociados y se decidió mantener los dientes definitivos y esperar su erupción espontánea. Es importante considerar la posibilidad de mantener el diente retenido si este no dificulta la exéresis de la lesión, ya sea para su erupción espontánea o rescate ortodóntico, lo cual es posible observar en este caso en el que se aprecia una evolución intraósea favorable. Con respecto al seguimiento, se recomienda el control a largo plazo con el fin de controlar la erupción del órgano dentario o la aparición de posibles recidivas (AU)


Aim: To present a clinical case of a rare pathology, the ameloblastic fibro odontoma (AFO), its interdisciplinary management and its surgical resolution. Clinical case: In this case report we describe an AFO in a 10-years-old patient, localized in the right hand side of the body of the mandible, associated with the roots of temporary molars that generated the retention of the premolars. Complete enucleation of the lesion and the extraction of the associated temporary molars were performed. It was decided to keep the permanent teeth and to wait for their spontaneous eruption. It is important to consider the possibility of keeping the retained teeth if it does not hinder the excision of the lesion, either for its spontaneous eruption or orthodontic rescue, which is possible to see in this case, in which a favorable intraosseous evolution is appreciated. With regard to follow-up, long-term monitoring is recommended in order to control the eruption of the dental organ or the appearance of possible recurrences (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Odontogenic Tumors , Odontoma/surgery , Schools, Dental , Tooth Extraction , Tooth, Impacted , Bicuspid , Biopsy , Chile , Histological Techniques , Oral Surgical Procedures , Molar
12.
Dent. press endod ; 11(2): 69-75, maio-ago.2021. Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378488

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A perfuração radicular é um acidente técnico-operatório que resulta em comunicação da cavidade pulpar com os tecidos periodontais. Esse tipo de acidente pode apresentar prognóstico desfavorável, por afetar significativamente o soalho da câmara coronária ou os terços cervical, médio e apical do canal radicular. Entre os fatores que interferem no prognóstico das perfurações radiculares, destacam-se: localização, extensão, presença ou ausência de bolsa periodontal; tempo decorrido entre a perfuração e o tratamento; e tipo de material obturador. Nesse contexto, os cimentos obturadores de canais denominados biocerâmicos surgiram como uma proposta inovadora para tratamento de perfurações antes consideradas de prognóstico desfavorável. Objetivo: O presente trabalho teve por objetivo relatar o tratamento de uma perfuração radicular em molar inferior com o cimento biocerâmico EndoSequence BC Sealer, com três anos de acompanhamento. Resultados: As imagens radiográficas e os dados clínicos do paciente evidenciaram o sucesso no tratamento da perfuração, com reparo da lesão perirradicular. Conclusão: O cimento endodôntico biocerâmico EndoSequence BC Sealer associado com a retomada do trajeto original do conduto e sua instrumentação favoreceram o reparo dos tecidos perirradiculares, sugerindo propriedades biológicas promissoras de compatibilidade e bioativida (AU).


Introduction: Root perforation is a technical-surgical accident that results in communication of the pulp cavity with periodontal tissues. This type of accident may have an unfavorable prognosis because it significantly affects the floor of the coronary chamber or the cervical, middle and apical thirds of the root canal. Factors that interfere with the prognosis of root perforations include location, extension, presence or absence of periodontal pocket, time elapsed between perforation and treatment, and type of obturator material. In this context, bioceramic canal sealers have emerged as an innovative proposal for treatment of perforations previously considered to have an unfavorable prognosis. Objective: The aim of this study was to report the treatment of a lower molar root perforation with the EndoSequence BC Sealer bioceramic sealer after a 3-year follow up. Results: Radiographic images and patient clinical data showed success in the treatment of perforation with repair of the periradicular lesion. Conclusion: Endo-Sequence BC Sealer bioceramic endodontic sealer associated with the resumption of the original conduit path and its instrumentation favored the repair of periradicular tissues, suggesting promising biological properties of compatibility and bioactivity (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Obturation , Silicate Cement , Conservative Treatment , Molar , Biological Products , Dental Pulp Cavity
13.
Rev. ADM ; 78(3): 135-141, mayo-jun. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254493

ABSTRACT

Se presentan los casos de fracturas verticales sintomáticos que ameritaron la extracción de las órganos dentales afectados en un periodo de cinco meses durante la pandemia por COVID-19 en la ciudad de Chihuahua, México. Material y métodos: Se recolectaron 26 muestras para el estudio, proporcionadas por los cirujanos dentistas integrantes del Grupo de Egresados de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua. Resultados: Los resultados muestran diferencias a lo reportado previamente respecto al tipo de diente involucrado, sexo de los pacientes, restauraciones coronales y tratamientos endodóncicos previos. Conclusiones: Se puede suponer que las modificaciones en el estilo de vida de la población, sumadas a la angustia permanente, pueden ser factores que contribuyen a las fracturas dentales (AU)


There are cases of symptomatic vertical fractures that warranted the extraction of affected teeth are presented, over a period of five months during the COVID-19 pandemic in Chihuahua City, Mexico. Material and methods: 26 samples were collected for the study, provided by the dentist who were members of the Graduate Group of the Faculty of Dentistry of the Autonomous University of Chihuahua. Results: The results show differences from what was previously reported regarding the type of tooth involved, sex of patients, coronal restorations and previous endodontic treatments. Conclusions: It can be assumed that changes in the lifestyle of the population, added to permanent distress, may be factors to preserve dental fractures (AU)


Subject(s)
Tooth Fractures/epidemiology , Tooth Root/injuries , Coronavirus Infections , COVID-19 , Root Canal Therapy/statistics & numerical data , Schools, Dental , Bicuspid , Dental Fissures/epidemiology , Photomicrography , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Post and Core Technique/statistics & numerical data , Tooth Crown/injuries , Dental Restoration, Permanent/statistics & numerical data , Age and Sex Distribution , Mexico/epidemiology , Molar
14.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(2): e3156, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289395

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La caries es una de las enfermedades bucodentales más frecuentes y, por ser las primeras en emerger, los primeros molares permanentes son las piezas más susceptibles a esta afección. Objetivo: Estimar la prevalencia de caries y factores asociados a esta en los primeros molares permanentes en escolares de segundo grado de primaria. Métodos: Estudio transversal, en estudiantes de segundo grado en 17 de 67 escuelas públicas de Acapulco, Guerrero. Un cuestionario autoadministrado se utilizó para obtener datos sociodemográficos y hábitos de higiene dental. La caries y la presencia de placa dentobacteriana se midieron a través de índices epidemiológicos, el CPOD (diente cariado, obturado y perdido) y el O'Leary. Se estimó la razón de momios e intervalo de confianza de 95 por ciento, ajustada por conglomerado, como medida de la fuerza de asociación mediante análisis multivariado. Resultados: Se revisaron 3332 primeros molares permanentes, el 21 por ciento tuvo caries, el 6 por ciento tuvo obturaciones y el 1 por ciento ya se había extraído. El índice CPOD de caries grupal fue 0,27. Cinco factores estuvieron asociados a la caries de los primeros molares permanentes: higiene dental deficiente (RMa = 2,87), técnica de cepillado dental inadecuada (RMa = 1,70), tomar alguna bebida dulce antes de ir a dormir (RMa = 1,68), visitar al dentista (RMa = 0,67) y aplicación de flúor (RMa = 0,61). Conclusiones: La prevalencia de caries en los primeros molares permanentes fue 21 por ciento dentro del rango reportado en otros estudios. Fueron identificados cinco factores asociados a la caries: higiene dental deficiente, técnica de cepillado inadecuado, consumo de azúcares antes de dormir, visitas al dentista y aplicación de flúor. Estos factores orientan sobre qué medidas preventivas se deben promover en los escolares para la preservación de sus piezas dentales(AU)


Introduction: Caries is the most frequent oral disease and the first permanent molars are very susceptible to this condition because they are the first teeth to emerge. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of caries its associated factors in the first permanent molars in second grade primary school children. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in second grade students in 17 out of 67primary public schools in Acapulco, Guerrero. We applied a self-administered questionnaire to obtain sociodemographic data and dental hygiene habits. Caries and the presence of dentobacterial plaque were measured through epidemiological indices, CPOD (decayed, blocked and lost tooth) and O'Leary index. The odds ratio and 95 percent confidence interval, adjusted by cluster, were estimated as a measure of strength of association through multivariate analysis. Results: We reviewed 3 332 permanent first molars, 21 percent had cavities, 6 percent had seals and 1 percent had already been removed. The CPOD index of group caries was 0,27. We found five factors associated with caries of the first permanent molars: deficient dental hygiene (RMa=2,87), inadequate tooth brushing technique (RMa=1,70), drinking a sweet drink before bedtime (RMa=1,68), visiting the dentist (RMa=0,67) and fluoride application (RMa=0,61). Conclusions: Prevalence of caries in the first permanent molars was 21 percent, within the range reported in other studies. Five factors associated with caries were identified: poor dental hygiene, inadequate brushing technique, consumption of sugars before going to sleep, visits to the dentist and application of fluoride. These factors guide what preventive measures should be promoted in schoolchildren for the preservation of their teeth(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , School Health Services , Toothbrushing/methods , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Molar/injuries , Oral Hygiene/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies
15.
Odontol. Clín.-Cient ; 20(3): 19-25, jul.-set. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1372011

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar a cronologia de erupção do primeiro molar permanente em crianças de ambos os sexos, residentes na zona urbana e rural do munícipio de Santa Helena - PR, Brasil. Foi realizado um estudo transversal com 154 crianças da zona rural e 300 crianças da área urbana de 04 a 07 anos (48 a 84 meses). Os primeiros molares avaliados foram considerados irrompidos quando qualquer porção de sua coroa estivesse clinicamente visível. A média de idade para erupção do primeiro molar permanente se mostrou de 72 a 83 meses. Destes, o grupo da zona rural apresentou uma média para idade de erupção mais precoce. Contudo, verificou-se um resultado considerável em crianças na faixa de 48 a 59 meses (4 anos), mostrando mais uma vez a erupção precoce nas crianças da zona rural. Este dente irrompeu primeiro na mandíbula, irrompendo primeiro nas meninas do que nos meninos, e o dente 46 foi o que mais se mostrou presente. A média de idade para erupção do primeiro molar permanente correspondeu àquela descrita pela literatura aos seis anos, mas não correspondeu ao atraso na erupção das crianças residentes em zona rural. Bem como este dente irrompeu primeiro na mandíbula... (AU)


The objective of this study was to compare the chronology of eruption of the first permanent molar in children of both sexes, living in the urban and rural areas of the city of Santa Helena-PR, Brazil. A cross-sectional study was carried out with 154 children from the rural area and 300 children from the urban area from 4 to 7 years old (48 to 84 months). The first molars evaluated were considered erupted when any portion of their crown was clinically visible. The average age for eruption of the first permanent molar was 72 to 83 months. Of these, the rural group had an earlier average age for eruption than the urban group. However, a considerable result was found in children 48-59 months showing once again the early eruption in rural children. This tooth erupted first in the jaw, erupting first in girls rather than boys, and tooth 46 was most present. The mean age of eruption of the first permanent molar corresponded to that described in the literature at age six, but did not correspond to the delayed eruption of children living in rural areas. Just like this tooth erupted in the jaw first... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Tooth/embryology , Tooth Eruption , Child , Dental Care for Children , Molar/embryology , Dentition, Permanent , Jaw , Molar
16.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 6(3): 63-71, set.-dez. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1378323

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a influência do dispositivo banda-alça na perda de espaço após exodontia precoce de molares decíduos inferiores em escolares, em um período de 3 meses. Materiais e métodos: Trata-se de um estudo piloto de ensaio clínico randomizado, com dois grupos paralelos. A amostra incluiu 25 crianças, entre 6 e 9 anos, com indicação clínica e radiográfica de exodontia unilateral de um molar decíduo inferior. Estes foram divididos em Grupo Controle (G1): sem intervenção; e Grupo Intervenção (G2): com instalação de banda-alça. Todos os pacientes foram moldados antes do procedimento de exodontia (T1) e no acompanhamento de 3 meses (T2). Um avaliador cego quanto aos grupos e tempo realizou as medidas estabelecidas nos modelos de gesso. A análise estatística foi realizada por meio dos testes T pareado e T de Student nos casos de distribuição normal dos dados e testes não-paramétricos Wilcoxon e Mann-Whitney para distribuição não normal. Resultados: Todos os participantes foram classificados como Classe I, com overjet de até 3mm e padrão facial mesocéfalo. A maioria (64%) teve o segundo molar decíduo perdido. Após 3 meses, o G1 perdeu, em média, 0,75mm a mais na distância linear do espaço de extração comparado ao G2 (P<0,05). Conclusão: Concluiu-se que, embora os dois grupos apresentaram perda de espaço, o G1 (sem intervenção) apresentou uma perda de espaço maior no período de acompanhamento de 3 meses.


Objective: To evaluate the influence of the band and loop space maintainer on space loss after the early extraction of mandibular primary molars in schoolchildren, over a period of 3 months. Materials and Methods: a pilot study of a randomized clinical trial was carried out, with two parallel groups. The sample included 25 children, aged between 6 and 9 years, with clinical and radiographic indication for unilateral extraction of a mandibular primary molar. The patients were divided into Control Group (G1): with no intervention; and Intervention Group (G2): with the installation of the space maintainer. A dental cast was obtained before the extraction procedure (T1) and at the 3-month followup (T2). An evaluator, blinded to the groups and time, performed the established measures in the dental casts. Statistical analysis was performed using Paired Sample T test and Student's T test in cases of normal data distribution, and nonparametric Wilcoxon and Mann-Whitney tests for non-normal distribution. Results: All participants were classified as Class I, with an overjet of up to 3 mm and a mesocephalic facial pattern. The majority (64%) had a lost second deciduous molar. After 3 months, the G1 lost, on average, 0.75mm more in the linear distance from the extraction space (P<0.05). Conclusion: It was concluded that, although the two groups showed space loss, G1 (without intervention) showed a greater loss of space in the 3-month follow-up period.


Subject(s)
Space Maintenance, Orthodontic , Orthodontics , Orthodontics, Preventive , Tooth, Deciduous , Dental Arch , Molar
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878456

ABSTRACT

With a case of mesial impaction of maxillary first and second molar, the mechanical analysis and clinical applications of a self-made helical spring for the uprighting treatment of mesial impacted molars was introduced.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mandible , Maxilla , Molar , Molar, Third , Tooth Movement Techniques , Tooth, Impacted
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878454

ABSTRACT

Due to the complicated anatomical structures in the furcation area of multirooted mandibular first molars, dental hygiene is greatly compromised once the furcation is involved in the periodontitis, leading to the unfavorable prognosis of teeth with furcation involvement. A patient came to a dental office with the chief complaint of "mobile mandibular posterior tooth" 27 years ago. The periapical film showed alveolar bone resorption at the root furcation of the right mandibular first molar. Flap surgery and fine supportive therapy were conducted. The patient was diagnosed with "furcation involvement Class Ⅲ" during a revisit three years ago. Satisfactory and healthy periodontal statuses were observed 2, 9, 24, and 33 months after the periodontal flap surgery plus tunneling procedures. A follow-up of 27 years in the present case demonstrated that a favorable prognosis of furcation involvement can be achieved after adequate periodontal treatment.


Subject(s)
Follow-Up Studies , Furcation Defects/surgery , Humans , Mandible , Molar , Periodontitis
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878423

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to explore the changes in the expression of the characteristic transcription factor retinoid related orphan receptor γt (RORγt) and the cytokine interleukin-17 (IL-17) of T helper cell 17 (Th17) in the pressure side of the periodontal tissue of rats under different orthodontic forces. Their effects on the expression of osteoprotegerin (OPG) and the quantity of osteoclast (OC) were also explored. The role of Th17 cell in alveolar bone remodeling under different forces was preliminarily investigated.@*METHODS@#A total of 108 rats were chosen and randomly divided into three groups. Mesial forces of 0, 50, and 100 g were loaded on the maxillary first molar in the three groups. The rats were executed at 0, 1, 3, 5, 7, and 14 days. The expression of RORγt mRNA was quantified by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The expression of IL-17 protein was quantified by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The expression levels of RORγt and OPG proteins were quantified, and the quantity of OC was counted via immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#The expression levels of RORγt and IL-17 and the quantity of OC increased first and then decreased in the 50 and 100 g groups, and the peak values of the two groups were on days 5 and 7, respectively. The expression levels in the 50 g group basically recovered to normal level on day 14, while that in the 100 g group remained at a high level. The expression levels in the 50 g group were higher than those in the 0 g group and lower than those in the 100 g group. The expression of OPG in the 50 g group decreased first, then increased, and finally decreased. It basically recovered to normal level on day 14. The expression of OPG in the 100 g group decreased first and then increased. It remained at a high level on day 14. The expression in the 50 g group was significantly higher than that in the 0 g group on day 7, while the expression in the 100 g group was significantly higher than that in the 0 g group on day 14.@*CONCLUSIONS@#RORγt, IL-17, and OPG were expressed regularly over time under different orthodontic forces, indicating that Th17 participated in the process of bone resorption on the pressure side of periodontal tissue by secreting IL-17.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Resorption , Cytokines , Interleukin-17 , Molar , Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1, Group F, Member 3 , Osteoclasts , Osteoprotegerin , Rats , Th17 Cells , Tooth Movement Techniques
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880859

ABSTRACT

Considering the adverse effects of nonimpacted third molars (N-M3s) on the periodontal health of adjacent second molars (M2s), the removal of N-M3s may be beneficial to the periodontal health of their neighbors. This study aimed to investigate the clinical, immunological, and microbiological changes of the periodontal condition around M2s following removal of neighboring N-M3s across a 6-month period. Subjects with at least one quadrant containing an intact first molar (M1), M2, and N-M3 were screened and those who met the inclusion criteria and decided to receive N-M3 extraction were recruited in the following investigation. M2 periodontal condition was interrogated before M3 extraction (baseline) and at 3 and 6 months postoperatively. Improvements in clinical periodontal indexes of M2s in response to their adjacent N-M3 removal, along with changes in inflammatory biomarkers among gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and the composition of subgingival plaque collected from the distal sites of the M2s of the targeted quadrant were parallelly analyzed. Complete data of 26 tooth extraction patients across the follow-up period were successfully obtained and subsequently applied for statistical analysis. Compared to the baseline, the periodontal condition of M2s was significantly changed 6 months after N-M3 removal; specifically, the probing depth of M2s significantly reduced (P < 0.001), the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-8 concentration involved in GCF significantly decreased (P = 0.025), and the abundance of the pathogenic genera unidentified Prevotellaceae and Streptococcus significantly decreased (P < 0.001 and P = 0.009, respectively). We concluded that N-M3 removal was associated with superior clinical indexes, decreased GCF inflammatory biomarkers, and reduced pathogenic microbiome distribution within the subgingival plaque. Although the retention or removal of N-M3s continues to be controversial, our findings provide additional evidence that medical decisions should be made as early as possible or at least before the neighboring teeth are irretrievably damaged.


Subject(s)
Humans , Molar/surgery , Molar, Third/surgery , Periodontal Diseases , Periodontal Index , Tooth Extraction
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