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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e219638, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254752

ABSTRACT

Diagnosis of oral and oropharyngeal cancer in advanced stages may be associated with social nature factors, access to health care, education, occupation, and behavioral/ cultural factors. Aim: To determine the factors related to high clinical-staging in patients diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma in the oral and oropharyngeal region in a Cancer Center in Brazil between 2009 and 2015. Methods: It is an epidemiological, retrospective, and exploratory study. Patients diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma had their medical records analyzed. The variables considered were sociodemographic, lifestyle, and disease characteristics. Descriptive and exploratory tests (Pearson's, chi-square test and, Student's t-test) were realized. Results: We analyzed 365 patient records, among which 289 (79.17%) were male, and 73 (20.0%) were female. Age ranged from 16 to 101 years, with a mean of 61.13. Regarding education, 157 (43.01%) studied < 8 years, 103 (28.21%) were illiterate and 102 (27.94%) studied > 8 years. 305 (83.56%) patients live in urban areas. There was an association between high clinical-staging and low educational level. For high clinical-staging, symptomatology, tobacco, and alcohol intake as well. Conclusion: Patients with low educational levels tend to report the disease later, and their diagnostics occurred in advanced stages. Thus, specific public health policies for this population, including access to dental care to recognize the clinical signs and early diagnosis, are necessary


Subject(s)
Socioeconomic Factors , Mouth Neoplasms/diagnosis , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Medical Records
2.
Rev. Soc. Odontol. La Plata ; 31(60): 23-26, jul. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284468

ABSTRACT

Las neoplasias malignas de la cavidad oral en gran medida (90%) consisten en carcinoma de células escamosas que surgen de la mucosa de revestimiento. El 10% restantes de neoplasias malignas orales de un grupo heterogéneo de tumores de diferente etiología. Presentamos dos casos de patología oncohematológica: Mieloma Múltiple (AU)


Malignant neoplasms of the oral cavity largely (90%) consist of squamous cell carcinoma arising from the lining mucosa. e remaining 10% of oral malignancies from a heterogeneous group of tumors of different etiology. We present two cases of oncohematological pathology: Multiple Myeloma (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Plasmacytoma/diagnosis , Plasmacytoma/pathology , Plasmacytoma/diagnostic imaging , Mouth Neoplasms/diagnosis , Radiotherapy , Biopsy/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Oral Surgical Procedures/methods , Diphosphonates/therapeutic use , Maxillary Sinus/surgery , Multiple Myeloma
3.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(2): 107-118, maio 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1282976

ABSTRACT

Introdução:Os tumores de cabeça e pescoço têm expressiva incidência e mortalidade, assim comoalta letalidade, e constituem um relevante problema de saúde pública, particularmente nos países em desenvolvimento. Dentre as neoplasias malignas diagnosticadas no mundo, aproximadamente 10% estão localizadas na boca, sendo esse o sexto tipo de câncer mais incidente. Objetivo:Avaliar o perfil epidemiológico de pacientes diagnosticados com câncer de boca e faringe da Liga Mossoroense de Estudos e Combate ao Câncer do município de Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte,Brasil,entre janeiro 2013 e junho de 2018.Metodologia:Estudo transversal, fundamentado na análise retrospectiva e descritiva de prontuários médicos.Resultados:Dos221 prontuáriosanalisados, a cor branca (56,6%) e o gênero masculino (70,6%) foram os mais prevalentes, com média de idade entre 55 e65 anos. A maioria (61,9%) apresentava ensino fundamental incompleto, sendo residentes de área urbana (59,6%) com histórico de uso de tabaco (64,6%) e/ou bebidas alcoólicas (53,9%). Osítio mais prevalente de câncer em boca foi a base da língua (12,7%).Conclusões:Conhecer o perfil dos pacientes com câncer de boca e orofaringe é um importante passo para melhor traçar e direcionar ações de saúde pública visando tanto àprevenção quanto o diagnóstico precoce (AU).


Introduction:Head and neck tumors have a significant incidence and mortality, as well as high lethality, and are a relevant public health problem, particularly in developing countries. Among the malignant neoplasms diagnosed in the world, approximately 10% are located in the mouth, this being the sixth most frequent type of cancer. Objective:To evaluate the epidemiological profile of patients diagnosed with oral and pharyngeal cancer of the Mossoroense League of Studies and Cancer Fighting in the municipality of Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil,between January 2013 and June 2018.Methodology:Cross-sectional study, based on retrospective and descriptive analysis of medical records.Results:Of the 221 records analyzed, white (56.6%) and male (70.6%) were the most prevalent, with a mean age between 55 and 65 years. Most (61.9%) had incomplete primary education, being residents of an urban area (59.6%) with a history of tobacco use (64.6%) and / or alcoholic beverages (53.9%).The most prevalent site of cancer in the mouth was the base of the tongue (12.7%). Conclusions:Knowing the profile of patients with oral and oropharyngeal cancer is an important step to better outline and direct public health actions aimed at both prevention and early diagnosis (AU).


Introducción: Los tumores de cabeza y cuello tienen una expresiva incidencia y mortalidad, así como alta letalidad, y constituyen un relevante problema de salud pública, especialmente en los países en desarrollo. Entre las neoplasias malignas diagnosticadas en el mundo,aproximadamente el 10% están localizadas en la boca, siendo este el sexto tipo de cáncer más común.Objetivo: Evaluar el perfil epidemiológico de pacientes diagnosticados con cáncer de boca y faringe de la Liga Mossoroense de Estudos e Combate ao Câncer del municipio de Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil,entre enero de 2013 y junio de 2018.Metodologia: Estudio transversal, basado en el análisis retrospectivo y descriptivo de los registros médicos.Resultados: De los 221 registros analizados, blancos (56,6%) y varones (70,6%) han sido los más prevalentes, con una media de edad entre 55 y 65 años. La mayoría (61,9%) presentaba educación primaria incompleta, siendo residentes de área urbana (59,6%) con antecedentes de uso de tabaco (64,6%) y/o bebidas alcohólicas (53,9%). El sitio más prevalente de cáncer en boca fuelabase de la lengua (12,7%). Conclusiones: Conocer el perfil de los pacientes con cáncer de boca y orofaringe es un importante paso para mejor delinear y dirigir acciones de salud pública objetivando tanto la prevención como el diagnóstico precoz (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Health Profile , Brazil/epidemiology , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Early Diagnosis , Medical Records , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Qualitative Research
4.
Acta méd. colomb ; 46(1): 27-33, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1278152

ABSTRACT

Resumen Propósito: determinar la efectividad de detección de lesiones orales potencialmente malignas de cuatro métodos por medio de revisión sistemática tipo paraguas. Fuente de los datos: la búsqueda fue realizada con bases de datos Pubmed y EBSCOhost. Restricción de los años 2013-2018. Estrategia de búsqueda: (early detection of cáncer) AND (mouth neoplasms), (early detection of cáncer) AND (diagnostic techniques and procedures), (mouth neoplasms) AND (diagnostic techniques and procedures). Selección de los estudios: fueron seleccionadas a través de lectura crítica y la lista de chequeo del formato PRISMA, aquellas revisiones sistemáticas cuyo objetivo sea evaluar la efectividad de al menos uno de los métodos de detección de lesiones orales potencialmente malignas, seis estudios cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Extracción de datos: mediante la realización de lectura crítica de las revisiones sistemáticas seleccionadas previamente. Resultado de síntesis de los datos: se determina la efectividad a través de la comparación de las medias de porcentajes de sensibilidad y especificidad. Las medias de sensibilidad y especificidad de Vizilite fueron de 81.31 y 25.4%, de Microlux DL de 82.63 y 69.52%, de azul de toluidina de 82.07 y 66.27% y de citología exfoliativa de 76.77 y 80.87%, respectivamente. Conclusiones: los métodos de detección de lesiones orales premalignas evaluados en el presente estudio requieren mayor respaldo de evidencia científica para validar su efectividad. El método con mayor eficacia es el Microlux/DL, debido a sus altos niveles de sensibilidad y especificidad.


Abstract Objective: to determine the effectiveness of four methods for detecting potentially malignant oral lesions through an umbrella systematic review. Source of data: the search was performed in the PubMed and EBSCOhost databases. Years of search limited to 2013-2018. Search strategy: (early detection of cancer) AND (mouth neoplasms), (early detection of cancer) AND (diagnostic techniques and procedures), (mouth neoplasms) AND (diagnostic techniques and procedures). Study selection: using critical reading and the PRISMA checklist, systematic reviews with the objective of evaluating the effectiveness of at least one of the detection methods for potentially malignant oral lesions were selected; six studies met the inclusion criteria. Data extraction: through critical reading of the previously selected systematic reviews. Results of data synthesis: effectiveness was determined by comparing the mean percentages of sensitivity and specificity. Vizilite's sensitivity and specificity means were 81.31 and 25.4%, Microlux DL's were 82.63 and 69.52%, toluidine blue's were 82.07 and 66.27%, and exfoliative cytology's were 76.77 and 80.87%, respectively. Conclusions: the detection methods for pre-malignant oral lesions evaluated in this study need greater scientific evidence to validate their effectiveness. The method with the greatest effectiveness is Microlux/DL, due to its high levels of sensitivity and specificity.


Subject(s)
Mouth Neoplasms , Early Detection of Cancer , Sensitivity and Specificity , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Cell Biology
5.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 21(1): 36-39, jan.-mar. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254737

ABSTRACT

The Polymorphous Low Grade Adenocarcinoma (PLGA) is a common minor salivary gland carcinoma. It mostly affects the buccal mucosa and retromolar region, but the palate is an unusual site. As the carcinoma is low grade the recurrence is also uncommon. Our patient had a PLGA initially in the palate which was treated initially through surgical management but had a recurrence after four years. Hence we planned a partial maxillectomy along with level I nodes. Post-operatively follow-up is successful till date. So the management of a recurrent PLGA through careful surgery and post-operative follow ­up with prosthetic rehabilitation is discussed in this article... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Salivary Glands, Minor , Mouth Neoplasms , Adenocarcinoma , Mouth Mucosa , Palate , Recurrence
6.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 10(1): 1-8, feb. 24, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282715

ABSTRACT

Objective: Biopsy is the gold standard for the diagnosis of oral lesions. Correct management and care of biopsy at all steps (before, during and after obtaining a biopsy) is highly important to provide proper tissue samples for microscopic assessment by pathologists. This study aimed to assess and compare the knowledge of dental students (DSs) and general dentists (GDs) on post-oral biopsy instructions. Material and Methods: A questionnaire including two parts was used: 1) Demographic data and self-evaluation of biopsy knowledge by the participants and 2) 11 items about the correct oral biopsy storage and transport to a histopathology laboratory. The data collected from the questionnaires were analyzed by STATA. Results: 48 GDs and 131 DSs participated in this study. The knowledge score of the DSs (5.43±2.01) was significantly lower than GDs (8.33±1.78) (p<0.05). Moreover, there was no significant relationship between GDs' knowledge and their working experience, age, gender and the university they graduated from. However, there was a significant relationship between DSs' school year and their knowledge. Conclusion: The findings showed that the knowledge of DSs was lower than GDs. Since, these students will care for the oral and dental health of the community in the future, upgrading their training (by improving the quantity and quality of theoretical and practical training) is necessary to both understand the different aspects of biopsy, and to be familiar enough with proper oral biopsy storage and transport processes.


Objetivo: La biopsia es el estándar de oro para el diagnóstico de lesiones bucales. El manejo y cuidado correctos de la biopsia durante todos los pasos (antes, durante y después de obtener una biopsia) es muy importante para proporcionar muestras de tejido adecuadas para la evaluación microscópica por parte de los patólogos. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar y comparar los conocimientos de estudiantes de odontología (SD) y dentistas generales (GD) sobre las instrucciones posteriores a la biopsia oral. Material y Métodos: Se utilizó un cuestionario que constaba de dos partes: 1) Datos demográficos y autoevaluación del conocimiento de la biopsia por parte de los participantes y 2) 11 ítems sobre el correcto almacenamiento y transporte de la biopsia oral a un laboratorio de histopatología. STATA analizó los datos recopilados de los cuestionarios. Resultados: 48 GD y 131 SD participaron en este estudio. La puntuación de conocimiento de los DS (5,43 ± 2,01) fue significativamente menor que la de los GD (8,33 ± 1,78) (p <0,05). Además, no hubo una relación significativa entre los conocimientos de los GD y su experiencia laboral, edad, género y la universidad de la que se graduaron. Sin embargo, hubo una relación significativa entre el año escolar de los DS y sus conocimientos. Conclusión: Los hallazgos mostraron que el conocimiento de los SD era menor que el de los GD. Dado que estos estudiantes se ocuparán de la salud bucodental de la comunidad en el futuro, es necesario mejorar su formación (mejorando la cantidad y calidad de la formación teórica y práctica) tanto para comprender los diferentes aspectos de la biopsia como para estar familiarizados suficientemente con los procesos adecuados de almacenamiento y transporte de biopsias orales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students, Dental , Biopsy , Dentists/education , Education, Dental , Mouth Neoplasms , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Knowledge
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880867

ABSTRACT

Neck dissection for oral squamous-cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a clinically controversial issue and has therefore been the subject of abundant research. However, no one has performed a bibliometric study on this topic to date. The aim of this study was to assess the development of research on neck dissection for OSCC in terms of the historical evolution, current hotspots and future directions, particularly including research trends and frontiers from 2010 to 2019. Literature records related to research on neck dissection for OSCC were retrieved from the Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC). CiteSpace was used as a tool to perform a bibliometric analysis of this topic. The survey included 2 096 papers. "Otorhinolaryngology" was the most popular research area. The most active institutions and countries were Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center and the USA, respectively. Shah J.P. was the most cited author. Among the six identified "core journals", Head & Neck ranked first. The top three trending keywords were 'invasion', 'upper aerodigestive' and 'negative neck'. 'D'Cruz AK (2015)' was the most cited and the strongest burst reference in the last decade. The study evaluated the effect on survival of elective versus therapeutic neck dissection in patients with lateralized early-stage OSCC. The depth of invasion and the management of N0 OSCC were research frontiers in this field. The present study provides a comprehensive bibliometric analysis of research on neck dissection for OSCC, which will assist investigators in exploring potential research directions.


Subject(s)
Bibliometrics , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Mouth Neoplasms/surgery , Neck Dissection
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880866

ABSTRACT

As an important component of the tumor microenvironment, cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) secrete energy metabolites to supply energy for tumor progression. Abnormal regulation of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) is thought to contribute to glucose metabolism, but the role of lncRNAs in glycolysis in oral CAFs has not been systematically examined. In the present study, by using RNA sequencing and bioinformatics analysis, we analyzed the lncRNA/mRNA profiles of normal fibroblasts (NFs) derived from normal tissues and CAFs derived from patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). LncRNA H19 was identified as a key lncRNA in oral CAFs and was synchronously upregulated in both oral cancer cell lines and CAFs. Using small interfering RNA (siRNA) strategies, we determined that lncRNA H19 knockdown affected proliferation, migration, and glycolysis in oral CAFs. We found that knockdown of lncRNA H19 by siRNA suppressed the MAPK signaling pathway, 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-biphosphatase 3 (PFKFB3) and miR-675-5p. Furthermore, the lncRNA H19/miR-675-5p/PFKFB3 axis was involved in promoting the glycolysis pathway in oral CAFs, as demonstrated by a luciferase reporter system assay and treatment with a miRNA-specific inhibitor. Our study presents a new way to understand glucose metabolism in oral CAFs, theoretically providing a novel biomarker for OSCC molecular diagnosis and a new target for antitumor therapy.


Subject(s)
Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts/metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Glycolysis , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Mouth Neoplasms/genetics , Phosphofructokinase-2/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Signal Transduction , Tumor Microenvironment
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880864

ABSTRACT

C18 ceramide plays an important role in the occurrence and development of oral squamous cell carcinoma. However, the function of ceramide synthase 1, a key enzyme in C18 ceramide synthesis, in oral squamous cell carcinoma is still unclear. The aim of our study was to investigate the relationship between ceramide synthase 1 and oral cancer. In this study, we found that the expression of ceramide synthase 1 was downregulated in oral cancer tissues and cell lines. In a mouse oral squamous cell carcinoma model induced by 4-nitroquinolin-1-oxide, ceramide synthase 1 knockout was associated with the severity of oral malignant transformation. Immunohistochemical studies showed significant upregulation of PCNA, MMP2, MMP9, and BCL2 expression and downregulation of BAX expression in the pathological hyperplastic area. In addition, ceramide synthase 1 knockdown promoted cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in vitro. Overexpression of CERS1 obtained the opposite effect. Ceramide synthase 1 knockdown caused endoplasmic reticulum stress and induced the VEGFA upregulation. Activating transcription factor 4 is responsible for ceramide synthase 1 knockdown caused VEGFA transcriptional upregulation. In addition, mild endoplasmic reticulum stress caused by ceramide synthase 1 knockdown could induce cisplatin resistance. Taken together, our study suggests that ceramide synthase 1 is downregulated in oral cancer and promotes the aggressiveness of oral squamous cell carcinoma and chemotherapeutic drug resistance.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Down-Regulation , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Mice , Mouth Neoplasms , Oxidoreductases
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880862

ABSTRACT

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) has a high incidence of metastasis. Tumour immunotherapy targeting PD-L1 or PD-1 has been revolutionary; however, only a few patients with OSCC respond to this treatment. Therefore, it is essential to gain insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying the growth and metastasis of OSCC. In this study, we analysed the expression levels of protein kinase D3 (PKD3) and PD-L1 and their correlation with the expression of mesenchymal and epithelial markers. We found that the expression of PKD3 and PD-L1 in OSCC cells and tissues was significantly increased, which correlated positively with that of mesenchymal markers but negatively with that of epithelial markers. Silencing PKD3 significantly inhibited the growth, metastasis and invasion of OSCC cells, while its overexpression promoted these processes. Our further analyses revealed that there was positive feedback regulation between PKD3 and PD-L1, which could drive EMT of OSCC cells via the ERK/STAT1/3 pathway, thereby promoting tumour growth and metastasis. Furthermore, silencing PKD3 significantly inhibited the expression of PD-L1, and lymph node metastasis of OSCC was investigated with a mouse footpad xenograft model. Thus, our findings provide a theoretical basis for targeting PKD3 as an alternative method to block EMT for regulating PD-L1 expression and inhibiting OSCC growth and metastasis.


Subject(s)
Animals , B7-H1 Antigen/metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Feedback , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Mice , Mouth Neoplasms , Protein Kinase C , STAT1 Transcription Factor , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880860

ABSTRACT

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide, and with 354 864 new cases each year. Cancer metastasis, recurrence, and drug resistance are the main causes to cripples and deaths of OSCC patients. As potent growth factors, fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are frequently susceptible to being hijacked by cancer cells. In this study, we show that FGF8 is upregulated in OSCC tissues and high FGF8 expression is related with a set of clinicopathologic parameters, including age, drinking, and survival time. FGF8 treatment enhances the invasive capability of OSCC cells. Lentivirus-based FGF8 expression promotes OSCC metastasis in a mouse lung metastasis model. Further, mechanistic study demonstrates that FGF8 induces epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in OSCC cells. These results highlight a pro-metastatic function of FGF8, and underscore the role of FGF8 in OSCC development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Fibroblast Growth Factor 8 , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Mice , Mouth Neoplasms , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880857

ABSTRACT

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) become a heavy burden of public health, with approximately 300 000 newly diagnosed cases and 145 000 deaths worldwide per year. Nucleotide metabolism fuel DNA replication and RNA synthesis, which is indispensable for cell proliferation. But how tumor cells orchestrate nucleotide metabolic enzymes to support their rapid growth is largely unknown. Here we show that expression of pyrimidine metabolic enzyme dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHODH) is upregulated in OSCC tissues, compared to non-cancerous adjacent tissues. Enhanced expression of DHODH is correlated with a shortened patient survival time. Inhibition of DHODH by either shRNA or selective inhibitors impairs proliferation of OSCC cells and growth of tumor xenograft. Further, loss of functional DHODH imped de novo pyrimidine synthesis, and disrupt mitochondrial respiration probably through destabilizing the MICOS complex. Mechanistic study shows that transcriptional factor SOX2 plays an important role in the upregulation of DHODH in OSCC. Our findings add to the knowledge of how cancer cells co-opt nucleotide metabolism to support their rapid growth, and thereby highlight DHODH as a potential prognostic and therapeutic target for OSCC treatment.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Proliferation , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Mouth Neoplasms , Oxidoreductases Acting on CH-CH Group Donors , SOXB1 Transcription Factors , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880661

ABSTRACT

The preliminary screening of oral cancer mostly depends on the experience of clinicians, The surgical margin of tumor is mostly based on physical examination and preoperative imaging examination. It lacks real-time and objective intraoperative evaluation methods. Indocyanine green (ICG), as a safe and pollution-free organic fluorescent pigments, combined with near-infrared fluorescence imaging can be applied in the screening of early oral cancer, the determination of tumor resection margins, sentinel lymph node biopsy, cervical lymph node dissection, targeted chemotherapy, and other aspects. Near-infrared fluorescence imaging may become a key link in the early diagnosis and accurate treatment for oral cancer in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Indocyanine Green , Lymph Nodes , Mouth Neoplasms/therapy , Optical Imaging , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878450

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aims to investigate the effect of the regulator of G-protein signaling 2 (RGS2) on the proliferation and invasion of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells and its potential molecular mechanism. Metho⁃ds The expression status and clinical significance of RGS2 in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas and matched adjacent normal tissues were evaluated using TCGA database. Three OSCC cell lines (i.e., SCC-9, Cal27, and Fadu) were overexpressed with RGS2, and the effect of RGS2 on cell proliferation and invasion was determined using the Transwell, clone formation, and cell counting kit (CCK)-8 assays. Moreover, the yeast two-hybrid scree-ning and co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) assays were conducted to detect the correlation of RGS2, four and a half LIM domains protein 1 (FHL1), and damage DNA-binding protein 1 (DDB1).@*RESULTS@#The expression level of RGS2 in OSCC was significantly lower than that in matched adjacent normal tissues (@*CONCLUSIONS@#RGS2 plays an important role in the inhibition of OSCC proliferation and invasion. The structure stability of RGS2 is competitively regulated by FHL1 and DDB1.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , GTP-Binding Proteins , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , LIM Domain Proteins , Mouth Neoplasms , Muscle Proteins , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878434

ABSTRACT

Bone invasion by oral cancer is a common clinical problem, which affects the choice of treatment and predicts a poor prognosis. Unfortunately, the molecular mechanism of this phenomenon has not been fully elucidated. Current studies have revealed that oral cancer cells modulate the formation and function of osteoclasts through the expression of a series of signal molecules. Many signal pathways are involved in this process, of which receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand/receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB/osteoprotegerin signaling pathway attracted much attention. In this review, we introduce recent progress in molecular mechanisms of bone invasion by oral cancer.


Subject(s)
Bone Resorption , Bone and Bones , Humans , Mouth Neoplasms , Osteoclasts , Osteoprotegerin , RANK Ligand , Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-kappa B
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878425

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the expression of cyclophilin A (CyPA) in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and explore the effect of downregulating the expression of CyPA gene on the proliferation and invasion of SCC-25 cells.@*METHODS@#A total of 77 cases of patients with OSCC were selected. The expression levels of CyPA proteins in OSCC and adjacent normal tissues were evaluated. SCC-25 cells were cultured and divided into the CyPA interference sequence group, negative control group, and blank group. The expression levels of CyPA mRNA and protein in cells were detected by using real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot, respectively. Cell proliferation was detected by using methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium and plate colony formation assays. Cell invasion was detected by using Transwell assay.@*RESULTS@#The positive expression rate of CyPA protein in OSCC tissues was 76.62%, which was higher than that in adjacent tissues (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The CyPA protein is highly expressed in OSCC tissues, and the downregulation of CyPA gene expression in SCC-25 cells can reduce cell proliferation and inhibit cell invasion.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Cyclophilin A/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Mouth Neoplasms/genetics , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878416

ABSTRACT

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most frequent tumour in head and neck malignant. The current treatment is mainly based on surgery therapy, radiation therapy and chemical therapy. Meanwhile, there are many a defect in the treatment. For example, there are many defects in radiotherapy. Radioactive salivatitis is the most common. In addition, there are a series of changes such as dry mouth, oral mucositis, rampant dental caries, and radioactive osteomyelitis of jaw, which cause swallowing, chewing problems, and taste dysfunction. Currently, the research on radioactive salivatitis is progressing rapidly, but its mechanism is more complication. This paper review aims to summarize the research progress in this field.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Dental Caries , Head and Neck Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Humans , Mouth Neoplasms , Radiation Injuries , Salivary Glands , Xerostomia/etiology
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878412

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to explore the effect of sex determining region Y-box 9 (SOX9) on the microtubule formation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of human oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) CAL27 and the underlying mechanism.@*METHODS@#SOX9-shRNA1 and SOX9-shRNA2 were designed and synthesized and then transfected into CAL27 cells. The expression of SOX9 was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Microtubule formation assay was used to detect the change in the number of microtubule nodules after interfering with SOX9. Immunofluorescence was used to detect the Vimentin content. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of EMT marker molecules and Wnt/β-catenin pathway-related proteins, such as E-cadherin, N-cadherin, Fibronectin, Wnt, β-catenin, T-cell factor-4 (TCF-4).@*RESULTS@#The expression level of SOX9 significantly decreased after transfection with SOX9-shRNA1 and SOX9-shRNA2 in CAL27 cells (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Interference with SOX9 decreased Vimentin content and inhibited the microtubule formation and protein expression of EMT marker molecules, as well as the expression of proteins related to the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. Thus, SOX9 can induce microtubule formation and EMT in CAL27, which was related to the inhibition of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway activation.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Microtubules/metabolism , Mouth Neoplasms , SOX9 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck , Wnt Signaling Pathway , beta Catenin/metabolism
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878404

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the hypoxia response gene and microRNA (miRNA) expression profiles in the pathogenesis and progression of oral leukoplakia (OLK).@*METHODS@#Affymetrix GeneChip human transcriptome array 2.0 was used to detect the transcriptome of normal mucosa, low-risk OLK, high-risk OLK, and early squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Gene ontology function analysis was used to screen genes and key miRNAs whose biological role is hypoxia response. Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase ch-ain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to verify the expression of hypoxia response genes and miRNAs.@*RESULTS@#A total of 7 different genes of hypoxia response between normal mucosa and low-risk OLK, 10 genes between low-risk and high-risk OLK, and 21 genes between high-risk OLK and SCC were identified. The results of qRT-PCR showed that the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α, chemokine cc-motif ligand 2, and matrix metalloproteinase 3 mRNA and miR-21 in normal mucosa, OLK, and SCC increased in a stepwise manner. The expression difference between OLK and SCC was statistically significant and consistent with the results of transcriptome array.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The hypoxia response gene and related miRNA play roles in the development and progression of OLK.


Subject(s)
Carcinogenesis , Humans , Hypoxia , Leukoplakia, Oral , MicroRNAs , Mouth Neoplasms , Transcriptome
20.
CoDAS ; 33(4): e20190236, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286110

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo caracterizar o tempo de decanulação e liberação de dieta por via oral dos pacientes submetidos à cirurgia do câncer de boca no Hospital Alberto Cavalcante, e verificar quais fatores estão associados ao atraso no tempo de decanulação e de liberação de dieta por via oral. Método estudo observacional de análise do banco de dados de 33 pacientes adultos tratados cirurgicamente do câncer de boca e atendidos no período de 2012 a 2017. As variáveis sociodemográficas (idade e sexo) e clínicas (tipo de cirurgia, extensão operatória, tipo de reconstrução, condições clínicas e tempos de decanulação e reintrodução da via oral) foram coletadas por meio de análise de prontuários eletrônicos. Foi realizada análise estatística descritiva com medidas de tendência central, dispersão e proporções. Para análise de associação foi utilizado o teste não paramétrico Mann-Whitney para amostras independentes. Resultados Dos 33 participantes, predominou o sexo masculino e idosos, 69,8% realizaram ressecção de mais de uma estrutura. A mediana do tempo de decanulação entre os pacientes com câncer de boca foi de 8 dias, e da liberação da via oral foi de 9,5 dias. As ressecções com mais de uma estrutura, a presença de fístula e de deiscência interferiram no tempo de liberação de via oral. Conclusão a mediana de tempo de decanulação foi de oito dias e de liberação de via oral de 9,5 dias. As ressecções com mais de uma estrutura, a presença de fístula, e de deiscência de sutura, estão associadas com o aumento do tempo de liberação de via oral.


ABSTRACT Purpose to analyze the time of decannulation and oral diet release of patients undergoing oral cancer surgery at the Hospital Alberto Cavalcante and to verify which factors are associated with the time of decannulation and oral diet release. Methods an observational study of the database of 33 adult patients surgically treated with oral cancer and served between 2012 and 2017. The socio-demographic variables (age and gender) and clinical variables (type of surgery, surgical extension, type of reconstruction, clinical conditions and times of decannulation and reintroduction of the oral route) were collected through electronic medical records analysis. Descriptive statistical analysis was performed with measures of central tendency, dispersion and proportions. For the association analysis, the non-parametric Mann-Whitney U test was used for independent samples. Results of the 33 participants, male and elderly predominated, 69.8% underwent resection of more than one structure. The median time of decannulation among patients with oral cancer was 8 days, and oral clearance of 9.5 days. Resections with more than one structure, the presence of fistula and dehiscence interfered in the oral release time. Conclusion the median time of decannulation was eight days and oral release time of 9.5 days. Resections with more than one structure, the presence of fistula, and suture dehiscence are associated with increased oral release time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Aged , Mouth Neoplasms/surgery , Tracheostomy , Retrospective Studies
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