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Braz. j. biol ; 84: e253616, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355880


Abstract This study evaluated the effect of the volatile oil of Alpinia zerumbet (VOAz) on caveolin-1 gene expression and muscular fibrosis. The rats were immobilized to induce fibrosis of the gastrocnemius muscle, and they were treated with VOAz. Collagen quality was assessed by histology and the expression of the caveolin-1 (CAV-1) gene was evaluated using qPCR. Histomorphological analysis indicated a significant reduction in the perimeter, width, and intensity of collagen in the treated groups, thus showing that the oil was effective in regulating the quality of collagen at the three concentrations. The results of expression levels suggested a decrease in the lesioned group and in two treatment groups (0.0115 µg/g and 0.009 µg/g). However, with the lowest concentration (0.0065 µg/g), no significant difference was observed, with levels similar to those found in healthy tissue. Therefore, the results showed that VOAz has the potential to be a non-invasive and low-cost alternative to aid in the treatment of muscular fibrosis.

Resumo Este estudo avaliou o efeito do óleo volátil de Alpinia zerumbet (OVAz) na expressão do gene da caveolina-1 e na fibrose muscular. Os ratos foram imobilizados para induzir a fibrose do músculo gastrocnêmio, e foram tratados com OVAz. A qualidade do colágeno foi avaliada com histologia e à expressão do gene caveolina-1 (CAV-1) foi avaliada usando qPCR. A análise histomorfológica indicou uma redução significativa no perímetro, largura e intensidade do colágeno nos grupos tratados. Os resultados dos níveis de expressão sugeriram diminuição nos grupos de lesão e em dois grupos de tratamento (0,0115 µg/g e 0,009 µg/g). No entanto, com a menor concentração (0,0065 µg/g), não foi observada diferença significativa, apresentando níveis semelhantes aos encontrados em tecido saudável. O uso do OVAz foi eficaz para reverter as alterações do colágeno causadas pela fibrose, e sua menor concentração apresentou uma possível tendência de aumento na expressão do CAV-1. Portanto, os resultados mostraram que o OVAz tem potencial para ser uma alternativa não invasiva e de baixo custo para auxiliar no tratamento da fibrose muscular.

Animals , Rats , Oils, Volatile/pharmacology , Collagen/metabolism , Alpinia/chemistry , Caveolin 1/metabolism , Muscles/drug effects , Fibrosis , Plant Oils/pharmacology , Brazil , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Muscles/pathology
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eAO6450, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364794


ABSTRACT Objective To understand the feasibility of FGFR3 tests in the Brazilian public health context, and to sample the mutational burden of this receptor in high-grade muscle invasive bladder cancer. Methods A total of 31 patients with high-grade muscle-invasive bladder cancer were included in the present study. Either transurethral resection of bladder tumor or radical cystectomy specimens were analyzed. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue blocks were sectioned, hematoxylin and eosin stained, and histologic sections were reviewed. Total RNA was extracted using the RNeasy DSP formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded kit. Qualitative results were displayed in Rotor-Gene AssayManager software. Results Six patients were excluded. From the samples analyzed, four (16.7%) were considered inadequate and could not have their RNA extracted. Two patients presented FGFR3 mutations, accounting for 9.5% of material available for adequate analysis. The two mutations detected included a Y373C mutation in a male patient and a S249C mutation in a female patient. Conclusion FGFR3 mutations could be analyzed in 84% of our cohort and occurred in 9.5% of patients with high-grade muscle invasive bladder cancer in this Brazilian population. FGFR3 gene mutations are targets for therapeutic drugs in muscle-invasive bladder cancer. For this reason, know the frequency of these mutations can have a significant impact on public health policies and costs provisioning.

Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/genetics , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/genetics , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/metabolism , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/pathology , Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 3/genetics , Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 3/metabolism , Brazil , RNA , Prevalence , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Hematoxylin , Muscles/metabolism , Muscles/pathology , Mutation
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 145-152, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929212


BACKGROUND@#Core muscle functional strength training (CMFST) has been reported to reduce injuries to the lower extremity. However, no study has confirmed whether CMFST can reduce the risk of low back pain (LBP).@*OBJECTIVE@#This study identified the effects of CMFST on the incidence of LBP in military recruits.@*DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTION@#We performed a prospective, open-label, randomized, controlled study in a population of young healthy male naval recruits from a Chinese basic combat training program. Participants were randomly assigned to either the core group or the control group. In additional to normal basic combat training, recruits in the core group underwent a CMFST program for 12 weeks, while recruits in the control group received no extra training.@*MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES@#At the beginning of the study and at the 12th week, the number of participants with LBP was counted, and lumbar muscle endurance was measured. In addition, when participants complained of LBP, they were assessed using the visual analog scale (VAS) and Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ).@*RESULTS@#A total of 588 participants were included in the final analysis (295 in the core group and 293 in the control group). The incidence of LBP in the control group was about twice that of the core group over the 12-week study (20.8% vs 10.8%, odds ratio: 2.161-2.159, P < 0.001). The core group had better lumbar muscle endurance at 12 weeks than the control group ([200.80 ± 92.98] s vs [147.00 ± 84.51] s, P < 0.01). There was no significant difference in VAS score between groups, but the core group had a significantly lower RMDQ score at week 12 than the control group (3.33 ± 0.58 vs 5.47 ± 4.41, P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#This study demonstrated that the CMFST effectively reduced the incidence of LBP, improved lumbar muscle endurance, and relieved the dysfunction of LBP during basic military training.

Humans , Low Back Pain/prevention & control , Male , Military Personnel , Muscles , Prospective Studies , Resistance Training , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927392


OBJECTIVE@#To compare the improvement effect between simultaneous electroacupuncture at antagonistic muscle and agonistic muscle and simple electroacupuncture at antagonistic muscle on spasticity degree, upper-extremity motor function and activity of daily living in patients with upper-extremity spasticity after stroke.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with upper-extremity spasticity after stroke were randomized into a comprehensive group (30 cases, 1 case dropped off) and an antagonistic muscle group (30 cases, 2 cases dropped off). In the antagonistic muscle group, acupuncture was applied at Jianyu (LI 15), Binao (LI 14), Zhouliao (LI 12), Shousanli (LI 10), Waiguan (TE 5) and Houxi (SI 3), electric stimulation was attached to Jianyu (LI 15)-Binao (LI 14), Zhouliao (LI 12)-Shousanli (LI 10) and Waiguan (TE 5)-Houxi (SI 3), with discontinuous wave, 15 Hz in frequency. On the basis of the treatment in the antagonistic muscle group, acupuncture was applied at Tianquan (PC 2), Chize (LU 5), Jianshi (PC 5) and Daling (PC 7) in the comprehensive group, electric stimulation was attached to Tianquan (PC 2)-Chize (LU 5) and Jianshi (PC 5)-Daling (PC 7), with continuous wave, 5 Hz in frequency. The treatment was given once a day, 6 days a week for 4 weeks in the two groups. Before and after treatment, the scores of modified Ashworth scale (MAS), Fugl-Meyer assessment upper extremity scale (FMA-UE) and modified Barthel index (MBI) scale were observed in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the MAS scores of elbow flexors and wrist flexors after treatment were decreased (P<0.05), the scores of FMA-UE and MBI scale after treatment were increased in the two groups (P<0.05). The scores of FMA-UE and MBI scale after treatment in the comprehensive group were higher than those in the antagonistic muscle group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Simultaneous electroacupuncture at antagonistic muscle and agonistic muscle and simple electroacupuncture at antagonistic muscle can both improve the spasticity degree in patients with upper-extremity spasticity after stroke, however, the former can better restore motor function and improve activity of daily living.

Electroacupuncture , Gonadal Steroid Hormones , Humans , Muscle Spasticity/therapy , Muscles , Stroke/therapy , Stroke Rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome , Upper Extremity
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927368


OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effect among ultrasound-guided electroacupuncture (EA) at suprahyoid muscle group, conventional acupuncture and conventional EA at suprahyoid muscle group on pharyngeal dysphagia after stroke, and to explore its biomechanical mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 120 patients with pharyngeal dysphagia after stroke were randomly divided into an observation group, a control-1 group and a control-2 group, 40 cases in each group. The patients in the observation group were treated with ultrasound-guided EA at suprahyoid muscle group; the patients in the control-1 group were treated with EA at Lianquan (CV 23), Wangu (GB 12) and Fengchi (GB 20), etc.; the patients in the control-2 group were treated with EA at suprahyoid muscle group according to anatomical location. The EA in the three groups were discontinuous wave, with frequency of 5 Hz and current intensity of 1 mA. The EA was given for 30 minutes, once a day, 6 times were taken as a course of treatment, and 4 courses of treatment were provided. The video floroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) was performed before and after treatment. The Rosenbek penetration-aspiration scale (PAS) score, the forward and upward movement distance of hyoid bone and thyroid cartilage, Ichiro Fujima ingestion-swallowing function score were recorded in the three groups, and the incidences of subcutaneous hematoma were recorded after treatment.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the PAS scores were reduced and the Ichiro Fujima ingestion-swallowing function scores were increased after treatment in the three groups (P<0.05); the PAS scores in the observation group were lower than those in the control-1 group and the control-2 group, and the Ichiro Fujima ingestion-swallowing function scores in the observation group were higher than those in the control-1 group and the control-2 group (P<0.05). After treatment, the forward and upward movement distance of hyoid bone and thyroid cartilage in the observation group and the control-2 group was increased (P<0.05), and the forward and upward movement distance of hyoid bone was increased in the control-1 group (P<0.05); the forward and upward movement distance of hyoid bone and thyroid cartilage in the observation group was longer than that in the control-1 group and the control-2 group (P<0.05). The incidence of subcutaneous hematoma in the observation group was 0% (0/40), which was lower than 20.0% (8/40) in the control-1 group and 47.5% (19/40) in the control-2 group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Ultrasound-guided EA at suprahyoid muscle group could improve the swallowing function in patients with pharyngeal dysphagia after stroke by increasing the motion of hyoid laryngeal complex. Its effect and safety are better than conventional acupuncture and conventional EA at suprahyoid muscle group.

Deglutition Disorders/therapy , Electroacupuncture , Humans , Muscles , Stroke/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Interventional/adverse effects
Revista brasileira de ciência e movimento ; 29(1): [1-14], nov. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348181


O objetivo desse artigo foi analisar criticamente a literatura a respeito da ativação muscular pelo uso do Conceito Bobath em indivíduos com Paralisia Cerebral. As bases de dados consultadas foram Pubmed, Science Direct, Scielo, Lilacs, PEDro e ResearchGate, não limitando o período de publicação, sendo incluídos artigos publicados até maio de 2020. Foram encontrados na literatura 827 estudos, destes apenas cinco foram incluídos nessa revisão. Os artigos inclusos, a partir de critérios pré-estabelecidos, avaliaram através da eletromiografia diferentes musculaturas pelo uso de manuseios do Conceito Bobath. As musculaturas avaliadas estão relacionadas ao controle de cervical e de tronco, além dos músculos oblíquo interno, transverso do abdome e reto abdominal. A ativação muscular foi avaliada nas posturas de decúbito lateral, decúbito ventral e sedestação. Os artigos revisados identificaram através da eletromiografia que ocorre ativação muscular durante alguns manuseios do Conceito Bobath em indivíduos com paralisia cerebral, contudo as pesquisas são escassas, já que os estudos apresentam limitações nos desenhos experimentais e amostras pequenas. Isso reforça a importância de ampliar a investigação acerca da ativação muscular durante os manuseios com esta abordagem, o que poderá contribuir efetivamente na tomada de decisão dos profissionais que atuam nesta área, visando maior eficácia no tratamento e qualidade de vida desta população.AU)

The aim of this article was to critically analyze the literature on muscle activation by the use of the Bobath Concept in individuals with Cerebral Palsy. The databases consulted were Pubmed, Science Direct, Scielo, Lilacs, PEDro and ResearchGate, not limiting the publication period, including articles published until May 2020. A total of 827 studies were found in the literature, and of these only five were included in this review. The included articles, based on pre-established criteria, evaluated through electromyography different muscles using the Bobath Concept handling. The muscles evaluated are related to cervical and trunk control, in addition to the internal oblique, transverse muscles of the abdomen and rectum. Muscle activation was evaluated in lateral decubitus postures, ventral decubitus and sedestation. The reviewed articles identified, through electromyography, that muscle activation occurs during some handling of the Bobath Concept in individuals with cerebral palsy, however research is scarce, since studies have limitations in experimental designs and small samples. This reinforces the importance of expanding the investigation about muscle activation during handling with this approach, which can effectively contribute to the decision making of professionals working in this area, aiming at greater efficiency in the treatment and quality of life of this population.(AU)

Humans , Child , Adolescent , Cerebral Palsy , Physical Therapy Modalities , Electromyography , Publications , Research , Brain Injuries , Treatment Outcome , Prone Position , PubMed , Abdomen , Exercise Therapy , Muscle Stretching Exercises , Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation , LILACS , Literature , Motor Activity , Muscles
Revista brasileira de ciência e movimento ; 29(1): [1-8], nov. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348350


O objetivo do estudo foi realizar um breve comunicado sobre a adoção da densidade com uma nova métrica de quantificação de cargas no treinamento de força. Descrevemos como quantificá-la e destacamos as possíveis implicações da sua manipulação. Uma vez que considera o intervalo de recuperação entre as séries - onde podem ocorrer processos metabólicos importantes, como a ressíntese de fosfocreatina - a densidade pode ser um parâmetro representativo da magnitude do estresse metabólico induzido pelas sessões. Recomendamos que treinadores e pesquisadores da área de ciências do esporte passem a reportar quantificar e reportar a densidade dos treinos. Técnicas de treinamento que manipulam as pausas entre as séries, repetições e exercícios, como os treinos em circuito, o restpause, cluster training, intra-set rest e/ou inter-repetion rest, podem ter novas análises e, consequentemente, resultados interessantes a serem reportados.(AU)

The aim of the study was to provide a short communication about the adoption of density as a new metric to quantify strength training loads. We describe how quantify and highlighted the possible implications of density manipulation. Since considers the rest interval between sets - where important metabolic process such as phosphocreatine resynthesizes may occurs ­ density may represent the magnitude of metabolic stress induced by training session. In this sense, is recommended that sports sciences coach's and researchers report the training density. Training techniques that manipulate the rest intervals between sets, repetitions, and exercises, such as circuit tra ining, rest pause, cluster training, intra-set rest, and/or inter-repetition rest may have new analysis, and consequently interesting results to be reported.(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Phosphocreatine , Sports , Stress, Physiological , Exercise , Resistance Training , Physical Education and Training , Guidelines as Topic , Skeletal Muscle Enlargement , Muscles
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 79(10): 900-903, Oct. 2021. graf


Abstract Background: Pruritus is a common complaint in dermatology. Wartenberg, in 1943, associated pruritus with neuropathy, relating it to the "posterior antebrachial cutaneous nerve neuropathy". In 1968, Waisman described patients with frequent pruritus complaints in the upper limb during the summer, which he named "brachioradial summer pruritus". Currently, this pruritus is named brachioradial pruritus (BRP). BRP is characterized by a chronic pruritus, usually localized, with a long duration, and without apparent cutaneous abnormalities. Neurological disorders both from the central and peripheral nervous systems, including multiple sclerosis, are associated with pruritus. Objective: To investigate correlations between symptomatic dermatomes and alterations in the myotomes, as evidenced by electroneuromyography (ENMG). Methods: Forty-six patients with BRP dermatological diagnoses were subjected to upper limb ENMG. Results: Among 46 patients with C5 to C8 dermatomal pruritus, we evaluated 113 symptomatic dermatomal areas. Overall, 39 (85%) patients had radicular involvement and 28 (60%) had agreement between complaint and the ENMG findings (p=0.015). A total of 80% of the patients with complaints at C7 and 47% at C6 had radicular involvement at the same level. Conclusions: Among the patients who presented complaints, 47 and 80%, respectively, had ENMG alterations in the C6 and C7 myotomes. We conclude that peripheral nervous system involvement is associated with BRP.

RESUMO Antecedentes: O prurido constitui queixa frequente e desafiadora na prática dermatológica. O primeiro estudo a relacionar prurido com neuropatia foi de Wartenberg, em 1943, que associou à "neuropatia do nervo cutâneo antebraquial posterior". Em 1968, Waisman descreveu pacientes com queixas recorrentes de prurido em membros superiores no verão, sendo denominado, então, "brachioradial summer pruritus". Atualmente, esse prurido é denominado como prurido braquiorradial (PBR). O PBR é caracterizado por prurido crônico, geralmente bem localizado, de longa duração e sem anormalidades cutâneas aparentes. Doenças neurológicas, tanto centrais, esclerose múltipla ou acidente vascular cerebral como do sistema nervoso periférico, estão associadas a prurido. Objetivo: Investigar os dermátomos sintomáticos pela eletroneuromiografia (ENMG). Métodos: Foram estudados 46 pacientes com diagnóstico dermatológico de PBR com a eletroneuromiografia dos membros superiores. Resultado: Foram avaliados 46 pacientes com queixa dermatológica de C5 a C8 somando 113 áreas dermatoméricas sintomáticas. Observou-se que 39 (85%) pacientes apresentavam comprometimento radicular, sendo que em 28 (60%) houve concordância plena entre as queixas e os achados da ENMG (p=0,015), e que 80% dos pacientes com queixa em território de C7 e 47% em C6 apresentavam comprometimento radicular no mesmo nível. Conclusões: As queixas mais frequentes foram as correspondentes aos territórios de C6 e C7, sendo que 47 e 80%, respectivamente, apresentaram alteração na ENMG nesses miótomos. Dessa forma, evidenciou-se correlação entre comprometimento do sistema nervoso periférico (i.e., radicular) com PBR.

Humans , Pruritus , Peripheral Nervous System , Arm , Radiculopathy , Electromyography , Muscles , Nervous System Diseases
Braz. j. biol ; 81(3): 814-821, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153402


Abstract Untreated sewage and industrial wastes from Faisalabad city are disposed to River Chenab through Chakbandi Main Drain (CMD). The present project is planned to investigate the effects of this freshwater pollution on the body of fish Ictalurus punctatus. The specimens of this fish species were collected upstream and downstream of the entrance of CMD into River Chenab. Fish gills, liver, kidney and muscles from dorsolateral regions of fish were subjected to histopathology. Farmed fish and fish from upstream areas were used as control. Fish collected from polluted experimental sites showed significant damage in selected organs. Gill tissues showed an abnormality in the form of an uplifting of the primary epithelium, fusion, vacuolation, hypertrophy, and necrosis. While liver tissues subjected to hepatocytes degeneration, necrosis, mitochondrial granular hepatocyte, and sinusoids dilation. Kidney tissues indicated increased bowmen space and constricted glomerulus and degenerated nephrons. Edema, necrosis, and atrophy were observed in muscle tissues of fish from polluted areas. Fish from the upstream area showed fused gill lamellae, inflammatory cell infiltration, hypertrophy and vacuolation in hepatocytes. Kidney tissues indicated the presence of nuclear tubular cells, destructive renal tubules, hemorrhage, and necrosis at tubular epithelium. Intra myofibril spaces were also observed in muscles. Specimens of control fish indicated no variation in gills, liver, kidney, and muscles. The present study revealed a strong correlation between the degree of tissue damage and environmental contamination. Present findings also compel global warnings to protect our water bodies and fish to rescue the human population.

Resumo O esgoto não tratado e os resíduos industriais da cidade de Faisalabad, no Paquistão, são descartados no Rio Chenab através do dreno principal de Chakbandi (CMD). O presente projeto busca investigar os efeitos dessa poluição de água doce no corpo de peixes Ictalurus punctatus. Os espécimes deste peixe foram coletados a montante e a jusante da entrada do CMD no Rio Chenab. Brânquias, fígado, rim e músculos das regiões dorsolaterais dos peixes foram submetidos à histopatologia. Peixes de criação e peixes de áreas a montante foram utilizados como controle. Peixes coletados em locais experimentais poluídos mostraram danos significativos em órgãos selecionados. Os tecidos branquiais mostraram uma anormalidade na forma de elevação do epitélio primário, fusão, vacuolação, hipertrofia e necrose. Observou-se que os tecidos hepáticos estão sujeitos a degeneração de hepatócitos, necrose, hepatócitos mitocondriais granulares e dilatação de sinusoides. Os tecidos renais indicaram aumento do espaço dos arqueiros, glomérulos contraídos e néfrons degenerados. Edema, necrose e atrofia foram observados nos tecidos musculares de peixes de áreas poluídas. Peixes da área a montante apresentaram lamelas branquiais fundidas, infiltração de células inflamatórias, hipertrofia e vacuolização em hepatócitos. Os tecidos renais indicaram a presença de células tubulares nucleares, túbulos renais destrutivos, hemorragia e necrose no epitélio tubular. Os espaços intramiofibrilas também foram observados nos músculos. Amostras de peixes controle não indicaram variação em brânquias, fígado, rim e músculos. O presente estudo revelou uma forte correlação entre o grau de dano tecidual e a contaminação ambiental. As descobertas atuais também constituem avisos globais para proteger nossos corpos d'água e peixes para resguardar a população humana.

Humans , Animals , Water Pollutants, Chemical , Ictaluridae , Gills , Kidney , Liver , Muscles
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(9): 1233-1239, Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351454


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between muscle mass depletion and compromising of the cell membrane integrity and clinical-anthropometric characteristics in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. METHODS: This observational study evaluated waist circumference, body mass index, and waist-to-height ratio in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Skeletal mass index corrected by weight and impairment of cell membrane integrity were assessed using bioelectrical impedance analysis. RESULTS: In 56 patients, muscle mass depletion was observed in 62.5% and cell membrane impairment in 28.6%. The metabolic syndrome and elevated aspartate aminotransferase were the only clinical factors associated with mass depletion (p<0.05). The linear regression analysis showed association between skeletal mass index and waist-to-height ratio and waist circumference, after adjustments (p<0.05). The phase angle value was not different between those with and without mass depletion, and also it did not have correlation with skeletal mass index and clinical parameters (p>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of mass depletion and cell membrane impairment was higher in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. The muscle mass depletion was associated with central obesity, aspartate aminotransferase elevated, and metabolic syndrome; however, the phase angle is not associated with clinical and anthropometric data.

Humans , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Body Mass Index , Cell Membrane , Risk Factors , Waist Circumference , Muscles
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(3): 257-261, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288584


ABSTRACT Introduction Study the relationship between the metabolic enzyme and the biological image, filtered by an adaptive filtering algorithm. Objective The research aims to In this study, human metabolic enzymes were evaluated by electrocardiogram and electromyogram images, and an adaptive filtering algorithm removed the noises in the images. Methods The electrocardiogram and electromyogram images at different periods were obtained, and the calculation method and application scope of the adaptive filtering algorithm were analysed. Results Adaptive filter was designed by the combination of adaptive filtering algorithm and dynamic information. Therefore, the artefact of the image was removed. Conclusions The adaptive filtering algorithm can effectively remove the noise or artefact in electrocardiogram and electromyogram signals. The optimal image information can be obtained. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.

RESUMO Introdução Estudar a relação entre a enzima metabólica e a imagem biológica filtrada por um algoritmo de filtragem adaptativa. Objetivo O objetivo da pesquisa, neste estudo, é avaliar enzimas metabólicas humanas por meio de imagens de eletrocardiograma e eletromiograma, sendo que um algoritmo de filtragem adaptativa eliminou o ruído nas imagens. Métodos Imagens de eletrocardiograma e eletromiograma foram obtidas em diferentes períodos e foram analisados o método de cálculo e o escopo de aplicação do algoritmo de filtragem adaptativa. Resultados a filtragem adaptativa foi projetada combinando um algoritmo de filtragem adaptativa e informações dinâmicas. Portanto, o artefato foi removido da imagem. Conclusões O algoritmo de filtragem adaptativa pode efetivamente eliminar ruído ou artefato em sinais de eletrocardiograma e eletromiograma. Informações de imagem ideais podem ser obtidas. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos: investigação dos resultados do tratamento.

RESUMEN Introducción Estudiar la relación entre la enzima metabólica y la imagen biológica, filtrada por un algoritmo de filtrado adaptativo. Objetivo La investigación tiene como objetivo, en este estudio, evaluar las enzimas metabólicas humanas mediante imágenes de electrocardiograma y electromiograma, y un algoritmo de filtrado adaptativo eliminó los ruidos en las imágenes. Métodos Se obtuvieron las imágenes de electrocardiograma y electromiograma en diferentes períodos y se analizó el método de cálculo y alcance de aplicación del algoritmo de filtrado adaptativo. Resultados El filtrado adaptativo se diseñó mediante la combinación de un algoritmo de filtrado adaptativo e información dinámica. Por lo tanto, se eliminó el artefacto de la imagen. Conclusiones El algoritmo de filtrado adaptativo puede eliminar eficazmente el ruido o artefacto en las señales de electrocardiograma y electromiograma. Se puede obtener la información de imagen óptima. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Fatigue/enzymology , Fatigue/metabolism , Muscles/metabolism , Algorithms , Electrocardiography , Electromyography , Models, Biological
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(4): 803-818, Jul.-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286784


ABSTRACT Background: Guideline-based best practice treatment for muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) involves neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by radical cystectomy (NACRC). Prior studies have shown that a minority of patients receive NACRC and older age and renal function are drivers of non-receipt of NACRC. This study investigates treatment rates and factors associated with not receiving NACRC in MIBC patients with lower comorbidity status most likely to be candidates for NACRC. Materials and Methods: Retrospective United States National Cancer Database analysis from 2006 to 2015 of MIBC patients with Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) of zero. Analysis of NACRC treatment trends in higher CCI patients was also performed. Results: 15.561 MIBC patients met inclusion criteria. 1.507 (9.7%) received NACRC within 9 months of diagnosis. NACRC increased over time (15.0% in 2015 compared to 3.6% in 2006). Higher NACRC was noted in females, cT3 or cT4 cancer, later year of diagnosis, and academic facility treatment. Lower utilization was noted for blacks and NACRC decreased with increasing age and CCI. Only 16.9% of patients aged 23-62 in the lowest age quartile with muscle invasive bladder cancer and CCI of 0 received NACRC. Conclusions: Although utilization is increasing, receipt of NACRC remains low even in populations most likely to be candidates. Further study should continue to elucidate barriers to utilization of NACRC.

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/surgery , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/drug therapy , United States , Comorbidity , Cystectomy , Retrospective Studies , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Muscles , Neoplasm Invasiveness
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(4): 372-376, Aug. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288601


ABSTRACT Objective: By studying the recognition effect of ultrasonic biological image data analysis on muscle group motion function, the evaluation value and significance of ultrasonic biomedical image combination algorithm on muscle group motion function are discussed. Methods: A Gabor filtering algorithm is proposed to smooth the original image. The MVEF algorithm is used to enhance the ultrasonic image and binary further the image again. Using the principle of the Hove transform, the thickness of the muscle is automatically estimated. Results: The square of correlation coefficients of the manual measurement method, Gabor filtering algorithm and MVEF algorithm are 91.3%, 91.3% and 87.8%, respectively. The difference between the manual measurement and the estimation based on the Gabor filtering algorithm is 1.45 ± 0.48mm. The difference between the results of manual measurement and the MVEF algorithm is 1.38 ± 0.56mm. The computation time of the MVEF algorithm and Gabor algorithm are 5 seconds and 0.3 seconds, respectively. Conclusions: The algorithm proposed in this study can effectively measure the muscle thickness, fast, convenient and accurate, and can reflect the contractility of skeletal muscle well, which is of great value for the recognition and evaluation of muscle group movement function. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.

RESUMO Objetivo: Ao estudar o efeito de reconhecimento da análise de dados de imagem biológica ultrassônica na função de movimento do grupo muscular, o valor de avaliação e a importância do algoritmo de combinação de imagem biomédica ultrassônica na função de movimento do grupo muscular são discutidos. Métodos: Um algoritmo de filtragem Gabor é proposto para suavizar a imagem original. O algoritmo MVEF é usado para aprimorar ainda mais a imagem ultrassônica e binar a imagem novamente. Usando o princípio da transformada de H ove, a espessura do músculo é automaticamente estimada. Resultados: O quadrado dos coeficientes de correlação do método de medição manual, algoritmo de filtragem Gabor e algoritmo MVEF são 91,3%, 91,3% e 87,8%, respectivamente. A diferença entre a medição manual e a estimativa baseada no algoritmo de filtragem Gabor é 1,45 ± 0,48 mm. A diferença entre os resultados da medição manual e o algoritmo MVEF é de 1,38 ± 0,56 mm. O tempo de cálculo do algoritmo MVEF e do algoritmo Gabor é de 5 segundos e 0,3 segundos, respectivamente. Conclusões: O algoritmo proposto neste estudo pode medir efetivamente a espessura muscular, de forma rápida, conveniente e precisa, e pode refletir bem a contratilidade do músculo esquelético, o que é de grande valor para o reconhecimento e avaliação da função de movimento do grupo muscular. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos- investigação dos resultados do tratamento.

RESUMEN Objetivo: Al estudiar el efecto de reconocimiento del análisis de datos de imágenes biológicas ultrasónicas sobre la función del movimiento del grupo muscular, se discuten el valor de evaluación y la importancia del algoritmo de combinación de imágenes biomédicas ultrasónicas sobre la función del movimiento del grupo muscular. Métodos: Se propone un algoritmo de filtrado de Gabor para suavizar la imagen original. El algoritmo MVEF se utiliza para mejorar aún más la imagen ultrasónica y volver a binar la imagen. Utilizando el principio de la transformada de H ove, el grosor del músculo se estima automáticamente. Resultados: El cuadrado de los coeficientes de correlación del método de medición manual, el algoritmo de filtrado de Gabor y el algoritmo MVEF son 91,3%, 91,3% y 87,8%, respectivamente. La diferencia entre la medición manual y la estimación basada en el algoritmo de filtrado de Gabor es de 1,45 ± 0,48 mm. La diferencia entre los resultados de la medición manual y el algoritmo MVEF es 1,38 ± 0,56 mm. El tiempo de cálculo del algoritmo MVEF y el algoritmo de Gabor son 5 segundos y 0,3 segundos respectivamente. Conclusiones: El algoritmo propuesto en este estudio puede medir eficazmente el grosor muscular, de forma rápida, conveniente y precisa, y puede reflejar bien la contractilidad del músculo esquelético, lo cual es de gran valor para el reconocimiento y evaluación de la función del movimiento de grupos musculares. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos- investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

Humans , Ultrasonics/methods , Algorithms , Muscles/physiopathology , Muscles/diagnostic imaging , Data Analysis
Medisan ; 25(4)2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1340212


Se presenta el caso clínico de un adolescente de 18 años de edad, atendido en el Policlínico Docente Armando García Aspurú de Santiago de Cuba por presentar antecedentes de retardo en el desarrollo psicomotor, marcha anadeante, caídas frecuentes, signo de Gowers positivo, fuerza muscular proximal disminuida en miembros superiores e inferiores, pseudohipertrofia de los gemelos, atrofia de cuádriceps pectoral y escapular. Los signos y síntomas clínicos permitieron diagnosticar una distrofia muscular de Duchenne. Como no pudo realizarse el tratamiento rehabilitador necesario, se produjo un deterioro músculo - esquelético progresivo y severo del paciente.

The case report of an 18 years adolescent is presented. He was assisted at Armando García Aspurú Teaching Polyclinic in Santiago de Cuba due to a history of psychomotor development retardation, wandering march, frequent falls, positive Gowers sign, diminished proximal muscular force in upper and lower limbs, twins pseudohypertrophy, atrophy of pectoralis and scapular quadriceps. The clinical signs and symptoms allowed to diagnose a Duchenne muscular dystrophy. As the necessary rehabilitative treatment could not be carried out, a progressive and severe musculoskeletal deterioration of the patient took place.

Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/diagnosis , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/rehabilitation , Developmental Disabilities/diagnosis , Adolescent , Muscles/pathology
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 28(4): 120-128, ago. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342754


O treinamento de força (TF) demonstra importante impacto para melhora e/ou manutenção da aptidão física. Programas de TF tem como principal objetivo o aumento de força e da área de secção transversa. Essas adaptações crônicas do TF são induzidas por vias de sinalização para otimizar o aumento da área de secção transversa. Portanto, a interação entre as variáveis do TF torna possível uma prescrição adequada dos programas. Sendo algumas das variáveis do TF definidas pela seleção dos exercícios, volume, intensidade, intervalo entre séries, velocidade de execução (cadência), ordem dos exercícios, ação muscular, frequência semanal. O objetivo do presente estudo foi verificar quais variáveis do TF são manipuladas nas planilhas de treinamento, nas academias da região metropolitana de Campinas (RMC). O estudo contou com a participação de 114 academias da RMC do estado de São Paulo (SP). Foi verificada através de inspeção visual as variáveis do TF exercícios, volume, intensidade, intervalo entre séries, velocidade de execução, ordem dos exercícios, ação muscular e frequência semanal presente nas planilhas de treinamento, além da quantidade de funcionários envolvidos durante o processo de prescrição e monitoramento do TF. Os resultados do presente estudos demonstram que as variáveis exercício, volume, intensidade e ordem dos exercícios estão presente em 100% das planilhas de treinamento, enquanto que menos de 50% das planilhas de treinamento apresentam as variáveis intervalo entre séries, velocidade de execução e ação muscular. Os achados do presente estudo sugerem concluir que as principais variáveis do TF não são manipuladas nas planilhas de treinamento das academias da RMC.(AU)

Resistance training (RT) demonstrates important impact to improving and/or maintaining physical fitness. RT program has as main purpose the increase of strength and cross-sectional area. These chronic adaptations are induced by signaling pathways to optimize the increase of cross-sectional area. Therefore, the interaction between RT variables makes it possible a adequate prescription of program. Some of the RT variables are defined by exercises selection, volume, intensity, intervals between set, speed of execution, exercises order, muscle action, weekly frequency. The purpose of present study was verify which RT variables are manipulated in training worksheets, in fitness center of metropolitan region of Campinas (MRC). The study counted with the participation of 114 fitness center of MRC of São Paulo (SP) state. It was verified through visual inspection the RT variables exercises, volume, intensity, intervals between set, speed of execution, exercises order, muscle action, weekly frequency, besides the quantity of employed involved during prescription process and monitoring the RT. The results of the present study demonstrate that variables exercise, volume, intensity and exercise order are present in 100% of training worksheets, while less 50% of training worksheets exhibited the variables intervals between sets, speed of execution and muscle action. The findings of present study suggest conclude that the main RT variables are not manipulated in training of worksheets of fitness center of MRC.(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Exercise , Fitness Centers , Resistance Training , Muscles , Physical Education and Training , Physical Fitness , Environmental Monitoring , Prescriptions
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 28(4): 180-193, ago. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342865


Este estudo investiga o efeito da autoliberação miofascial sobre o desempenho de potência muscular no salto vertical, salto horizontal e agilidade uniplanar em atletas de futebol sub-13, cuja amostra foi composta por 22 adolescentes do sexo masculino, praticantes de uma escolinha de futebol da cidade de Juiz de Fora, MG. Ao todo, realizaram-se três dias de testes de cada variável, assim como o protocolo de autoliberação, com intervalo de 48 horas entre as sessões. Para o protocolo controle, os participantes foram orientados a realizar três tentativas de salto horizontal, vertical e agilidade uniplanar, com intervalo de dois minutos para cada tentativa e uma pausa de cinco minutos entre os testes. Os mesmos procedimentos foram repetidos para a realização do protocolo experimental de autoliberação, porém executou-se, nos pré-testes de membros inferiores, um minuto de autoliberação miofascial, com ordem aleatória dos grupos musculares (quadríceps, isquiostibiais e gastrocnêmio), com o total de seis minutos de autoliberação, validando-se os melhores resultados de cada teste dos protocolos controle e experimental, em que utilizou-se o Foam Rolling. Observou-se uma média de 2,8 (±0,8) para os estágios de desenvolvimento dos participantes, considerando a Escala de Tanner. Quanto ao protocolo de autoliberação, o desempenho no salto vertical foi significativamente superior após a utilização do Foam Rolling, comparado ao controle. Não houve diferença significativa no desempenho de salto horizontal e agilidade uniplanar ao comparar o protocolo controle com o experimental, todavia, efeitos adversos não foram observados na utilização deste método.(AU)

This study investigates the effect of myofascial self-liberation on the performance of muscle power in the variables of vertical jump, horizontal jump and uniplanar agility in under-13 soccer athletes, whose sample was composed of 22 male adolescents, practitioners of a soccer school from the city of Juiz de Fora, MG. In all, three days of tests were performed for each variable, as well as the self-release protocol, with an interval of 48 hours between sessions. For the control protocol, participants were instructed to make three attempts to jump horizontally, vertically and uniplanar agility, with an interval of two minutes for each attempt and a five-minute pause between tests. The same procedures were repeated for the experimental self-liberation protocol, however, in the lower limb pre-tests, a minute of myofascial self-liberation was performed, with a random order of the muscle groups (quadriceps, hamstrings and gastrocnemius), with the total of six minutes of self-liberation, validating the best results of each test of the control and experimental protocols, in which Foam Rolling was used. An average of 2.8 (± 0.8) was observed for the participants' developmental stages, considering the Tanner Scale. As for the selfliberation protocol, the performance in the vertical jump was significantly higher after using Foam Rolling, compared to the control. There was no significant difference in the performance of horizontal jump and uniplanar agility when comparing the control protocol with the experimental one, however, adverse effects were not observed in the use of this method.(AU)

Humans , Male , Adolescent , Soccer , Sports , Exercise , Adolescent , Musculoskeletal Manipulations , Fascia , Potency , Lower Extremity , Efficiency , Athletes , Muscles
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 52: 67-75, July. 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283594


BACKGROUND: Adipogenesis and fibrogenesis can be considered as a competitive process in muscle, which may affect the intramuscular fat deposition. The CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein beta (C/EBPb) plays an important role in adipogenesis, which is well-characterized in mice, but little known in bovine so far. RESULTS: In this study, real-time qPCR revealed that the level of C/EBPb was increased during the developmental stages of bovine and adipogenesis process of preadipocytes. Overexpression of C/EBPb promoted bovine fibroblast proliferation through mitotic clonal expansion (MCE), a necessary process for initiating adipogenesis, by significantly downregulating levels of p21 and p27 (p < 0.01). Also, the PPARc expression was inhibited during the MCE stage (p < 0.01). 31.28% of transfected fibroblasts adopted lipid-laden adipocyte morphology after 8 d. Real-time qPCR showed that C/EBPb activated the transcription of early stage adipogenesis markers C/EBPa and PPARc. Expression of ACCa, FASN, FABP4 and LPL was also significantly upregulated, while the expression of LEPR was weakened. CONCLUSIONS: It was concluded C/EBPb can convert bovine fibroblasts into adipocytes without hormone induction by initiating the MCE process and promoting adipogenic genes expression, which may provide new insights into the potential functions of C/EBPb in regulating intramuscular fat deposition in beef cattle.

Cattle/metabolism , Adipocytes/metabolism , CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Protein-beta/metabolism , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Adipose Tissue/metabolism , Clone Cells , Cell Proliferation , Adipogenesis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Mitosis , Muscles
J. bras. nefrol ; 43(2): 191-199, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286933


Abstract Background: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are affected by dynapenia, sarcopenia, and vascular calcification. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) may accumulate in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients and favor sarcopenia via changes in collagen cross-linking, muscle protein breakdown, and the calcification of arterial smooth muscle cells via p38-MAPK activation. The aim of this study is to explore the relationships between AGEs, muscle degeneration, and coronary artery calcification. Methods: This was a clinical observational study in patients with CKD undergoing PD, in which serum and skin AGEs (AGEs-sAF), cumulative glucose load, muscle strength and functional tests, muscle ultrasounds with elastography, coronary artery calcium (CAC) quantification, and muscle density by multislice computed tomography were measured. Results: 27 patients aged 48±16 years, dialysis vintage of 27±17 months, had AGEs-sAF levels of 3.09±0.65 AU (elevated in 13 [87%] patients), grip strength levels of 26.2±9.2 kg (11 [42%] patients with dynapenia), gait speed of 1.04±0.3 m/s (abnormal in 14 [58%] patients) and "timed-up-and-go test" (TUG) of 10.5±2.2s (abnormal in 7 [26%] patients). Correlations between AGEs-sAF levels and femoral rectus elastography (R=-0.74; p=0.02), anterior-tibialis elastography (R= -0.68; p=0.04) and CAC (R=0.64; p=0.04) were detected. Cumulative glucose load correlated with femoral rectal elastography (R=-0.6; p=0.02), and serum glycated hemoglobin concentrations correlated with psoas muscle density (R= -0.58; p=0.04) and CAC correlated with psoas muscle density (R=0.57; p=0.01) and lumbar square muscle density (R=-0.63; p=0.005). Conclusions: The study revealed associations between AGEs accumulation and lower muscle stiffness/density. Associations that linked muscle degeneration parameters with vascular calcification were observed.

Resumo Histórico: Pacientes com doença renal crônica (DRC) são afetados pela dinapenia, sarcopenia e calcificação vascular. Produtos finais da glicação avançada (AGEs) podem se acumular em pacientes em diálise peritoneal (DP) e favorecer a sarcopenia por meio de alterações em ligações cruzadas do colágeno, quebra da proteína muscular e calcificação das células do músculo liso arterial por meio da ativação da p38-MAPK. O objetivo deste estudo é explorar as relações entre AGEs, degeneração muscular e calcificação da artéria coronária. Métodos: Este foi um estudo clínico observacional em pacientes com DRC submetidos à DP, no qual foram medidos os AGEs séricos e teciduais (AGEs-sAF), a carga cumulativa de glicose, a força muscular e testes funcionais, ultrassonografias musculares com elastografia, quantificação do cálcio da artéria coronária (CAC), e a densidade muscular por tomografia computadorizada multislice. Resultados: 27 pacientes com idade entre 48±16 anos, tempo de diálise entre 27±17 meses, tinham níveis de AGEs-sAF de 3,09±0,65 UA (elevado em 13 [87%] pacientes), níveis de força de preensão de 26,2±9,2 kg (11 [42%] pacientes com dinapenia), velocidade de marcha de 1,04±0,3 m/s (anormal em 14 [58%] pacientes) e teste "timed-up-and-go" (TUG) de 10,5±2,2s (anormal em 7 [26%] pacientes). Foram detectadas correlações entre os níveis AGEs-sAF e a elastografia do reto femoral (R=-0,74; p=0,02), a elastografia tibial anterior (R= -0,68; p=0,04) e a CAC (R=0,64; p=0,04). A carga cumulativa de glicose se correlacionou com a elastografia do reto femoral (R=-0,6; p=0,02), as concentrações séricas de hemoglobina glicada se correlacionaram com a densidade muscular do psoas (R= -0,58; p=0,04) e o CAC se correlacionou com a densidade do músculo psoas (R=-0,57; p=0,01) e a densidade do músculo quadrado lombar (R=-0,63; p=0,005). Conclusões: O estudo revelou associações entre o acúmulo de AGEs e menor rigidez/densidade muscular. Foram observadas associações que ligavam parâmetros de degeneração muscular com a calcificação vascular.

Humans , Peritoneal Dialysis , Glycation End Products, Advanced/metabolism , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Vascular Calcification/etiology , Vascular Calcification/diagnostic imaging , Renal Dialysis , Muscles/physiopathology