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1.
Evid. actual. práct. ambul. (En línea) ; 27(1): e007117, 2024. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1552325

ABSTRACT

Así como planteamos en la primera entrega de esta serie de artículos de actualización sobre la obesidad, resulta urgente revisar el abordaje tradicional que la comunidad médica le ofrece a las personas con cuerpos gordos. En este segundo artículo desarrollaremos en profundidad diferentes alternativas terapéuticas para los pacientes que desean bajar de peso:plan alimentario, actividad física, tratamiento farmacológico y cirugía metabólica. (AU)


As we proposed in the first issue of this series of articles, it is urgent to review the traditional approach that the medical community offers to people with fat bodies. This second article will develop different therapeutic alternatives for patients who want to lose weight: eating plans, physical activity, pharmacological treatment, and metabolic surgery. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Exercise , Bupropion/administration & dosage , Diet , Overweight/therapy , Bariatric Surgery , Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor/agonists , Naltrexone/administration & dosage , Obesity/therapy , Body Mass Index , Bupropion/adverse effects , Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor/administration & dosage , Healthy Lifestyle , Weight Prejudice , Food, Processed , Naltrexone/adverse effects
2.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528263

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Verificar a efetividade do monitoramento remoto da enfermagem associada a um programa multi-profissional de tratamento de obesidade na melhora dos biomarcadores cardiometabólicos e indicadores da aptidão física relacionada à saúde de adultos com obesidade acompanhados durante a pandemia da COVID-19. Métodos: Estudo caracterizado como um Ensaio Clínico Pragmático, realizado em um município do Sul do Brasil, com 22 mulheres, com idade entre 18 e 50 anos, portadores de telefone celular com acesso ao aplicativo WhatsApp® durante 16 semanas. Foram realizadas avaliações pré e pós intervenção por meio de exames labo-ratoriais, capazes de determinar os biomarcadores cardiometabólicos: HDL, triglicerídeos, LDL, colesterol total, glicemia, hemoglobina glicada, insulina, Homa-IR, Homa-β, PCR-us; e de testes capazes de avaliar os níveis da aptidão física relacionada à saúde: composição corporal, aptidão cardiorrespiratória, força muscular e flexibili-dade. Os dados obtidos foram analisados através do teste t para amostras pareadas e correlacionados a partir do valor de delta absoluto de cada variável por meio da correlação de Pearson. Os resultados foram considerados significantes quando o valor de p foi < 0,05. Este estudo possui parecer favorável do Comitê Nacional de Ética em Pesquisas. Resultados: Foram observadas melhoras significativas nos níveis de glicemia, insulina, Homa-IR e HDL, bem como nos indicadores de aptidão cardiorrespiratória e força muscular. Conclusão: O monitoramento remoto da enfermagem associado a um programa multiprofissional de tratamento de obesidade é uma inter-venção efetiva na melhoria dos biomarcadores cardiometabólicos e dos indicadores da AFRS.


Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad del monitoreo remoto de enfermería, en asociación con un programa multiprofesional de tratamiento de la obesidad, para mejorar los biomarcadores cardiometabólicos y los indicadores de aptitud física relacionados con la salud en adultos obesos durante la pandemia de COVID-19.Métodos: Se llevó a cabo un Ensayo Clínico Pragmático en un municipio del sur de Brasil, con la participación de 22 mujeres de edades comprendidas entre los 18 y 50 años, que contaban con teléfonos móviles con acceso a la aplicación WhatsApp® durante un período de 16 semanas. Se realizaron evaluaciones pre y postintervención mediante exámenes de laboratorio, que permitieron determinar los biomarcadores cardiometabólicos: HDL, triglicéridos, LDL, colesterol total, glucemia, hemoglobina glucosilada, insulinemia, Homa-IR, Homa-β, hs-CRP; y pruebas para evaluar los niveles de aptitud física relacionados con la salud: composición corporal, aptitud cardiorrespiratoria, fuerza muscular y flexibilidad. Los datos obtenidos se analizaron utilizando la prueba t para muestras pareadas y se correlacionaron mediante la correlación de Pearson, a partir del valor delta absoluto de cada variable. Se consideraron resultados significativos cuando el valor de p fue < 0,05. Este estudio recibió la aprobación del Comité Nacional de Ética en Investigación.Resultados: Se observaron mejoras significativas en los niveles de glucosa en sangre, insulina, Homa-IR y HDL, así como en los indicadores de aptitud cardiorrespiratoria y fuerza muscular.Conclusión: El monitoreo remoto de enfermería, en asociación con un programa multidisciplinario de tratamiento de la obesidad, resulta en una intervención eficaz para mejorar los biomarcadores cardiometabólicos y los indicadores de aptitud física relacionados con la salud.


Objective: To verify the effectiveness of remote nursing monitoring associated with a multi-professional obesity treatment program to improve cardiometabolic biomarkers and health-related physical fitness indicators in obese adults followed during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: The study was characterized as a Pragmatic Clinical Trial, carried out in a municipality in the south of Brazil. It involved 22 women aged between 18 and 50 years, who had cell phones with access to the WhatsApp® application for 16 weeks. Pre- and post-intervention evaluations were carried out through laboratory tests capable of determining cardiometabolic biomarkers: HDL, triglycerides, LDL, total cholesterol, glycemia, glycated hemoglobin, insulinemia, Homa-IR, Homa-β, hs-CRP. As well as tests capable of assessing the levels of physical fitness related to health: body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness, muscle strength and flexibility. The data obtained were analyzed using the t-test for paired samples and correlated from the absolute delta value of each variable using Pearson's correlation. Results were considered significant when the p value was <0.05. This study received a favorable opinion from the National Research Ethics Committee. Results: The study observed significant improvements in blood glucose, insulin, Homa-IR and HDL levels, as well as in indicators of cardiorespiratory fitness and muscle strength. Conclusion: Remote nursing monitoring associated with a multidisciplinary obesity treatment program is an effective intervention for improving cardiometabolic biomarkers and AFRS indicators.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Physical Fitness , COVID-19 , Obesity/therapy , Patient Care Team , Brazil , Biomarkers , Exercise , Body Mass Index , Obesity/nursing
3.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528264

ABSTRACT

Diante ao preocupante cenário mundial sobre a obesidade e a importância de intervenções multiprofissionais para mudança no estilo de vida da população com obesidade. O Objetivo foi analisar os efeitos de um programa multiprofissional para tratamento da obesidade com treinamento aquático, nos parâmetros bioquímicos, composição corporal e da aptidão física de adultos obesidade severa. O estudo foi conduzido por equipe multiprofissional com profissionais de Educação Física, Nutrição, Psicologia e Medicina, durante 24 semanas, com 16 indivíduos classificados com obesidade severa (IMC > 40 kg/m2). As Intervenções do programa proposto no estudo foram realizadas através treinamento aquático de exercícios aeróbicos associados com a orientação nutricional e psicológica. Foi analisada diminuição significativa no índice de Proteína C Reativa (mg/L) (p=0,0439); no percentual de gordura (%), ao final das 24 semanas do programa de tratamento (p=0,0136), também houve aumento significativo na força de pressão manual (kg) com 16 semanas (p=0,0006) e 24 semanas (p=0,0014). Este estudo apresentou resultados significativos na melhora dos parâmetros bioquímicos, composição corporal e da aptidão física em adultos com obesidade severa, justificando o quanto programas de tratamentos que visam a mudanças nos hábitos alimentares e estilo de vida são de grande importância para a saúde pública.


Ante el preocupante panorama mundial de la obesidad y la importancia de intervenciones multiprofesionales para el cambio en el estilo de vida de la población con obesidad, este estudio tiene como objetivo analizar los efectos de un programa multiprofesional para el tratamiento de la obesidad mediante entrenamiento acuático en parámetros bioquímicos, composición corporal y aptitud física en adultos con obesidad severa. El estudio fue llevado a cabo por un equipo multiprofesional compuesto por profesionales de Educación Física, Nutrición, Psicología y Medicina, durante un período de 24 semanas. Participaron 16 individuos clasificados con obesidad severa (IMC > 40 kg/m2). Las intervenciones del programa propuesto en el estudio incluyeron ejercicios aeróbicos acuáticos junto con orientación nutricional y psicológica. Se evidenció una disminución significativa en el índice de Proteína C Reactiva (mg/L) (p=0.0439); en el porcentaje de grasa (%), al final de las 24 semanas del programa de tratamiento (p=0,0136), también se evidencio un aumento estadísticamente significativo de la fuerza de presión manual (kg) con 16 semanas (p=0,0006) e 24 semanas (p=0,0014). Este estudio presentó resultados significativos en la mejora de los parámetros bioquímicos, composición corporal y aptitud física en adultos con obesidad severa, lo que justifica la importancia de los programas de tratamiento que se centran en los cambios en los hábitos alimentarios y el estilo de vida para la salud pública.


In the context of the concerning global prevalence of obesity and the critical need for multidisciplinary interventions to drive lifestyle changes among individuals with obesity, this study aims to investigate the effects of a comprehensive multidisciplinary program, including aquatic training, on biochemical parameters, body composition, and physical fitness in severely obese adults. Over a period of 24 weeks, a team of diverse professionals in Physical Education, Nutrition, Psychology, and Medicine collaborated on this research. The study enrolled sixteen participants with severe obesity (BMI > 40 kg/m2). The interventions encompassed aquatic aerobic exercises, accompanied by nutritional and psychological guidance. Significant improvements were observed in the C-Reactive Protein index (mg/L) (p=0.0439), with a notable reduction in body fat percentage (%) after the 24-week treatment program (p=0.0136). Additionally, manual pressure force (kg) displayed a statistically significant increase at 16 weeks (p=0.0006) and 24 weeks (p=0.0014). These compelling findings underscore the remarkable progress in biochemical parameters, body composition, and physical fitness among severely obese adults, underscoring the critical importance of treatment programs targeting dietary and lifestyle changes for public health improvement. By adopting a multidisciplinary approach, this study emphasizes the effectiveness of comprehensive interventions in addressing the complex challenges posed by severe obesity. In summary, this research reinforces the significance of implementing multidisciplinary programs to foster lifestyle modifications and provides valuable insights into tackling severe obesity in adult populations. By highlighting the pivotal role of holistic interventions, this study contributes to the ongoing global efforts to combat the escalating obesity epidemic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Body Composition , Exercise , Aquatic Therapy/methods , Obesity/therapy , Patient Care Team , Body Mass Index , Anthropometry , Physical Fitness
4.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0172, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394831

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The unregulated development in the current life pattern has strengthened obesity among adolescents, and this problem is becoming more serious. Objective: Compare the impact of two exercise methods on the physical health of obese adolescents. Methods: 24 obese adolescents (12 females; BMI>30% ± 3%; age concentrated between 10 and 16 years) were selected and divided into group I and group II for a 4-week experimental study, and changes in physical fitness and function were recorded. Results: After four weeks of aerobic exercise control (group I), waist circumference, hip circumference, skinfold thickness, and abdominal fold thickness were significantly reduced in boys (p<0.05), and girls' body shape indicators were significantly altered (p<0.05). After four weeks of aerobic exercise combined with resistance training (group II), the effects of weight, BMI, and body size were significant in boys and girls. Conclusion: Aerobic exercise can effectively improve the physical problems of obese adolescents. Under the same external conditions, the effect of aerobic exercise was shown to be more effective when combined with resistance training in the physical improvement of the analyzed group. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: O desenvolvimento desregrado no padrão de vida atual fortaleceu a obesidade entre os adolescentes e esse problema está se tornando cada vez mais grave. Objetivo: Comparar o impacto entre dois métodos de exercício na saúde física de adolescentes obesos. Métodos: Foram selecionados 24 adolescentes obesos (12 mulheres; IMC>30% ± 3%; idade concentrada entre 10 e 16 anos) e divididos no grupo I e no grupo II para um estudo experimental de 4 semanas, sendo registradas as alterações no condicionamento e função física. Resultados: Após 4 semanas de controle de exercício aeróbico (grupo I), a circunferência da cintura, circunferência do quadril, espessura da dobra cutânea e espessura da dobra abdominal foram significativamente reduzidas em meninos (p<0,05), e os indicadores de forma corporal das meninas foram significativamente alterados (p<0,05). Após 4 semanas de exercício aeróbico combinado com treinamento de resistência (grupo II), os efeitos do peso, IMC e tamanho do corpo foram significativos em meninos e meninas. Conclusão: O exercício aeróbico pode melhorar efetivamente os problemas físicos dos adolescentes obesos. Sob as mesmas condições externas, o efeito do exercício aeróbico demonstrou-se mais eficaz quando aliado ao treinamento de resistência na melhoria física do grupo analisado. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: El desarrollo desordenado en el patrón de vida actual ha potenciado la obesidad entre los adolescentes y este problema es cada vez más grave. Objetivo: Comparar el impacto de dos métodos de ejercicio en la salud física de adolescentes obesos. Métodos: Se seleccionaron 24 adolescentes obesos (12 mujeres; IMC>30% ± 3%; edad concentrada entre 10 y 16 años) y se dividieron en el grupo I y el grupo II para un estudio experimental de 4 semanas, y se registraron los cambios en la aptitud física y la función. Resultados: Después de 4 semanas de control de ejercicio aeróbico (grupo I), la circunferencia de la cintura, la circunferencia de la cadera, el grosor de los pliegues cutáneos y el grosor de los pliegues abdominales se redujeron significativamente en los niños (p<0,05), y los indicadores de la forma corporal de las niñas se alteraron significativamente (p<0,05). Tras 4 semanas de ejercicio aeróbico combinado con entrenamiento de resistencia (grupo II), los efectos del peso, el IMC y el tamaño corporal fueron significativos en chicos y chicas. Conclusión: El ejercicio aeróbico puede mejorar eficazmente los problemas físicos de los adolescentes obesos. En las mismas condiciones externas, el efecto del ejercicio aeróbico se mostró más eficaz cuando se combinó con el entrenamiento de resistencia en la mejora física del grupo analizado. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Exercise Therapy/methods , Obesity/therapy , Weight Loss , Body Mass Index , Inspiratory Capacity , Arterial Pressure/physiology , Heart Rate/physiology
5.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29(spe1): e2022_0185, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394853

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Disparate to the development of society, health indices in Chinese college students have shown a pronounced decline in recent years. Government concern over this recent challenge has encouraged research for practical solutions, including optimized physical activity protocols. Objective Explore the effects of an exercise intervention on the health of Chinese university students. Methods Full-time university students (80 males and 55 females) were selected and randomly assigned into two groups. Before and after the experiment, the college students' body composition scale and exercise experience were tested, focusing on the relationship between exercise prescription and changes in physical and mental health indicators. Results The body fat percentage of male and female students decreased significantly after the experiment. After eight weeks of the exercise prescription experiment, the weight of male and female college students was controlled or reduced. The suggested exercise prescription achieved a good moderating effect on the weight of the volunteers. There was a significant difference between the two groups, indicating that the experiment had a beneficial effect on vital capacity (p<0.01). Conclusion The suggested exercise prescription proved to be feasible to guide and intervene in the physical exercise of college students aiming at a beneficial impact on the physical health of college students. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução Díspares ao desenvolvimento da sociedade, os índices de saúde nos estudantes universitários chineses apresentam uma queda acentuada nos últimos anos. A preocupação governamental sobre esse recente desafio tem incentivado pesquisas para soluções práticas, incluindo protocolos de atividades físicas otimizados. Objetivo Explorar os efeitos da intervenção por exercícios físicos na saúde dos estudantes universitários chineses. Métodos Universitários de período integral (80 homens e 55 mulheres) foram selecionados e distribuídos aleatoriamente em dois grupos. Antes e depois do experimento, foi testada a escala de composição corporal e experiência de exercício dos universitários, com foco na relação entre prescrição de exercício e mudanças nos indicadores de saúde física e mental. Resultados O percentual de gordura corporal de estudantes do sexo masculino e feminino diminuiu significativamente após o experimento. Após 8 semanas de experimento de prescrição de exercícios, o peso de estudantes universitários do sexo masculino e feminino foi controlado ou reduzido. A prescrição de exercícios sugerida alcançou um bom efeito moderador no peso dos voluntários. Houve diferença significativa entre os dois grupos, indicando que o experimento teve efeito benéfico sobre a capacidade vital (p<0,01). Conclusão A prescrição de exercícios sugerida demonstrou-se viável para orientar e intervir no exercício físico dos universitários visando um impacto benéfico sobre a saúde física nos universitários. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción A diferencia del desarrollo de la sociedad, los índices de salud de los estudiantes universitarios chinos muestran un fuerte descenso en los últimos años. La preocupación de los gobiernos por este reciente desafío ha fomentado la investigación de soluciones prácticas, entre ellas la optimización de los protocolos de actividad física. Objetivo Explorar los efectos de la intervención de ejercicio en la salud de los estudiantes universitarios chinos. Métodos Se seleccionaron estudiantes universitarios a tiempo completo (80 hombres y 55 mujeres) y se asignaron al azar en dos grupos. Antes y después del experimento, se analizó la escala de composición corporal de los estudiantes universitarios y su experiencia con el ejercicio, centrándose en la relación entre la prescripción de ejercicio y los cambios en los indicadores de salud física y mental. Resultados El porcentaje de grasa corporal de los estudiantes masculinos y femeninos disminuyó significativamente después del experimento. Tras 8 semanas del experimento de prescripción de ejercicio, el peso de los estudiantes universitarios de ambos sexos se controló o redujo. La prescripción de ejercicio sugerida logró un buen efecto moderador en el peso de los voluntarios. Hubo una diferencia significativa entre los dos grupos, lo que indica que el experimento tuvo un efecto beneficioso sobre la capacidad vital (p<0,01). Conclusión La prescripción de ejercicio sugerida demostró ser factible para guiar e intervenir en el ejercicio físico de los estudiantes universitarios apuntando a un impacto beneficioso en la salud física de los estudiantes universitarios. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Student Health Services , Exercise Therapy , Obesity/therapy , Weight Loss , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980792

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of moxibustion combined with coptis chinensis ointment sealing on plaque psoriasis complicated with obesity.@*METHODS@#A total of 52 patients of plaque psoriasis complicated with obesity were randomized into an observation group (26 cases) and a control group (26 cases, 2 cases dropped off). Coptis chinensis ointment sealing was adopted in the control group. On the basis of the treatment in the control group, moxibustion was applied at ashi point (area of local target lesions), Zhongwan (CV 12) and bilateral Zusanli (ST 36), Fenglong (ST 40), Quchi (LI 11), Tianshu (ST 25), Shangjuxu (ST 37) in the observation group. The treatment was given 30 min each time, once a day for 4 weeks in both groups. The psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) score, obesity related indexes (body mass, waist circumference, body mass index [BMI]), triglyceride, cholesterol, uric acid and plasma glucose were compared before and after treatment, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the PASI scores were decreased compared with those before treatment in the two groups (P<0.01), and the PASI score in the observation group was lower than that in the control group (P<0.05); the body mass, waist circumference, BMI, triglyceride, cholesterol, uric acid and plasma glucose were decreased compared with those before treatment in the observation group (P<0.01, P<0.05), the triglyceride and cholesterol in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 53.8% (14/26) in the observation group, which was superior to 20.8% (5/24) in the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion combined with coptis chinensis ointment sealing can effectively improve the clinical symptoms in patients of plaque psoriasis complicated with obesity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Moxibustion , Blood Glucose , Ointments , Uric Acid , Psoriasis/therapy , Triglycerides , Obesity/therapy
7.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1229-1234, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007470

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To compare the effect of different frequency of acupoint thread-embedding on weight loss in subjects with overweight/obesity of spleen deficiency and dampness retention.@*METHODS@#A total of 126 subjects with overweight/obesity of spleen deficiency and dampness retention were randomized into a 2-week group(63 cases, 13 cases dropped out)and a 3-week group(63 cases, 11 cases dropped out, 1 case was eliminated). The two groups were treated with acupoint thread-embedding once every 2 weeks and once every 3 weeks respectively, Zhongwan(CV 12), Shuifen(CV 9), Qihai(CV 6), Guanyuan(CV 4) and bilateral Zhangmen(LR 13), Tianshu(ST 25), Liangmen(ST 21), Daheng(SP 15), Fujie(SP 14), Pishu(BL 20), Yinlingquan(SP 9)were selected. Four times were required in the two groups. Before and after treatment, follow-up after 2 months of treatment completion, the body mass index(BMI), body weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, obesity degree, fat percentage(F%), skin fold thickness were observed in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment and in follow-up, the BMI, body weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, obesity degree, F%, skin fold thickness in the two groups were decreased compared with those before treatment (P<0.001, P<0.01), the changes of BMI, body weight, obesity degree, F%, skin fold thickness in the 2-week group were larger than those in the 3-week group(P<0.05, P<0.01, P<0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The effect of acupoint thread-embedding once every 2 weeks on weight loss in subjects with overweight/obesity of spleen deficiency and dampness retention is superior to that once every 3 weeks.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Overweight/therapy , Spleen , Obesity/therapy , Body Weight , Acupuncture Therapy , Weight Loss
8.
Demetra (Rio J.) ; 18: 65401, 2023. ^etab ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1518642

ABSTRACT

Abordagens comportamentais têm contribuído para a efetividade do tratamento da obesidade. A avaliação do equilíbrio de decisões (ED) para redução de peso, isto é, o equilíbrio entre prós e contras da mudança de comportamento, é estratégica no tratamento, contribuindo para a pactuação de estratégias para o enfrentamento dos desafios. É necessário, porém, utilizar instrumentos válidos para mensurar o ED. Objetivo: Avaliar a qualidade de instrumentos de avaliação do ED para redução do peso corporal visando qualificar o cuidado da pessoa com obesidade no Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Métodos: Realizou-se revisão sistemática da literatura sobre o desenvolvimento e a validação de instrumentos em sete bases de dados seguindo a metodologia Cosmin. Variações dos termos psicometria, obesidade e ED foram combinadas com operadores booleanos. Em duplicada e independentemente, duas pesquisadoras realizaram: extração de dados, avaliação da qualidade e síntese de evidências, sendo as divergências solucionadas por consenso. Esta revisão foi registrada na base internacional Prospero (CRD42020197797). Resultados: Identificaram-se cinco estudos, sendo que três realizaram a tradução e adaptação transcultural do mesmo instrumento. Todos os estudos apresentaram ED em duas dimensões (prós e contras), mas usaram métodos duvidosos ou inadequados, e a maioria apresentou evidências científicas de muito baixa qualidade. Conclusões: Os resultados não sustentaram o uso dos instrumentos existentes nem sua tradução e adaptação transcultural, sendo necessário o desenvolvimento de um novo instrumento. Este estudo, ao disponibilizar um instrumento válido para uso no SUS, poderá contribuir para qualificar o cuidado da pessoa com obesidade e deter o crescimento da obesidade no país.


Introduction: Behavioral strategies have been adding to the effectiveness of obesity treatment. And the assessment of the decisional balance (DB) for weight reduction, that is, the balance between expected losses and gains around the behavioral changes, is strategic for managing obesity. The DB assessment may contribute to the agreement on strategies to face the challenges of the treatment. But, there is a need to use a valid instrument to assess the DB. Objective: evaluate the quality of instruments assessing DB for weight reduction to qualify obesity management in the Sistema Único de Saúde ­ SUS (Unified Health System). Methods: A systematic review of studies about instrument development and/or validation was carried out on seven databases using the Cosmin methodology. Terms related to psychometrics, obesity, and DB were combined with Boolean operators to guide the search. Two researchers performed independently and in duplicate: data extraction, quality assessment, and evidence synthesis, and divergences were resolved by consensus. This review was registered in the international database Prospero (CRD42020197797). Results: Five studies were identified. Three of them reported translations and cross-cultural validity of the same instrument. All analyses presented DB in two dimensions (pros and cons, but used doubtful or inadequate methods. Most of the evidence was very low rate. Conclusions: The results did not support the instrument's use, translations, or cross-cultural adaptation. It is necessary to develop a new tool. By providing a valid instrument for use in SUS, this study could contribute to qualifying the care of people with obesity and stopping the growth of obesity in the country.


Subject(s)
Humans , Unified Health System , Weight Loss , Decision Making , Evaluation of Research Programs and Tools , Overweight/therapy , Obesity/therapy , Brazil , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Transtheoretical Model
9.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 1163-1190, set-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1414434

ABSTRACT

Nos últimos anos, a obesidade vem aumentando consideravelmente entre adultos e crianças e, segundo a OMS, estima-se que em 2025 o número de obesos ultrapasse a 2,3 milhões em todo o mundo. O indivíduo obeso apresenta maiores riscos de desenvolver doenças crônicas não transmissíveis, como diabetes, doenças cardiovasculares, dislipidemias e ainda alguns tipos de cânceres. O tratamento para a obesidade é variado e inclui mudanças no estilo de vida como: hábitos alimentares e prática de atividade física, tratamento medicamentoso, cirurgia bariátrica e fitoterápicos com o potencial de auxiliar no tratamento. O objetivo deste trabalho foi realizar uma revisão bibliográfica a fim de avaliar os benefícios da utilização de medicamentos fitoterápicos como auxiliar no tratamento da obesidade, seus principais ativos, mecanismos de ação e sua utilização popular. Dentre as plantas pesquisadas e que demonstraram potencial para atuar no tratamento da obesidade encontram-se Camelia sinensis, Citrus aurantium, Hibiscus sabdariffa, Coffea arabica, Ephedra sinica, Zingiber oficinale e Senna alexandrina. Os principais mecanismos de ação envolvidos no potencial anti-obesidade das plantas medicinais são a capacidade de controle do apetite e ingestão de energia, estímulo da termogênese, inibição da lipase pancreática e redução da absorção de gordura, diminuição da lipogênese e aumento da lipólise. Desta forma, conclui-se que as plantas selecionadas neste estudo apresentaram efeitos positivos nos parâmetros bioquímicos e físicos, podendo ser incluídas nos protocolos como coadjuvantes nos tratamentos de emagrecimento.


In recent years, obesity has increased considerably among adults and children and according to the WHO, it is estimated that in 2025 the number of obese people will exceed 2.3 million worldwide. The obese individual is at greater risk of developing non-communicable chronic diseases, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, dyslipidemia and even some types of cancer. The treatment for obesity is varied, including changes in lifestyle such as eating habits and physical activity, drug treatment, bariatric surgery and phytotherapy with the potential to aid in the treatment. The objective of this work was to carry out a literature review, evaluating the benefits of using herbal medicines as an aid in the treatment of obesity, their main assets, mechanisms of action and their popular use. Among the plants researched and that have shown potential to act in the treatment of obesity are Camelia sinensis, Citrus aurantium, Hibiscus sabdariffa, Coffea arabica, Ephedra sinica, Zingiber officiale and Senna alexandrina. The main mechanisms of action involved in the antiobesity potential of medicinal plants are the ability to control appetite and energy intake, thermogenesis stimulation, pancreatic lipase inhibition and reduction of fat absorption, lipogenesis decrease and lipolysis increase. Thus, it is concluded that the plants selected in this study showed positive effects on biochemical and physical parameters, and can be included in the protocols as adjuvants in weight loss treatments.


En los últimos años, la obesidad ha aumentado considerablemente entre adultos y niños y, según la OMS, se estima que en 2025 el número de obesos superará los 2,3 millones en todo el mundo. Los individuos obesos tienen un mayor riesgo de desarrollar enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles, como la diabetes, las enfermedades cardiovasculares, las dislipidemias e incluso algunos tipos de cáncer. El tratamiento de la obesidad es variado e incluye cambios en el estilo de vida como: hábitos alimenticios y práctica de actividad física, tratamiento farmacológico, cirugía bariátrica y medicamentos a base de hierbas con potencial para ayudar en el tratamiento. El objetivo de este trabajo fue realizar una revisión bibliográfica para evaluar los beneficios del uso de las hierbas medicinales como ayuda en el tratamiento de la obesidad, sus principales activos, mecanismos de acción y su uso popular. Entre las plantas investigadas y que mostraron potencial para actuar en el tratamiento de la obesidad están Camelia sinensis, Citrus aurantium, Hibiscus sabdariffa, Coffea arabica, Ephedra sinica, Zingiber oficinale y Senna alexandrina. Los principales mecanismos de acción implicados en el potencial antiobesidad de las plantas medicinales son la capacidad de controlar el apetito y la ingesta de energía, estimular la termogénesis, inhibir la lipasa pancreática y reducir la absorción de grasas, disminuir la lipogénesis y aumentar la lipólisis. Por lo tanto, se concluye que las plantas seleccionadas en este estudio mostraron efectos positivos sobre los parámetros bioquímicos y físicos, y pueden ser incluidas en los protocolos como coadyuvantes en los tratamientos de pérdida de peso.


Subject(s)
Phytotherapeutic Drugs , Obesity/therapy , Plants, Medicinal/drug effects , Tea/drug effects , Weight Loss/drug effects , Citrus/drug effects , Zingiber officinale/drug effects , Overweight/therapy
10.
Acta bioeth ; 28(2): 215-226, oct. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1402924

ABSTRACT

Resumen: En los últimos años se han realizado estudios de asociación del genoma completo, con el objetivo de identificar variantes genéticas asociadas a la interindividualidad de la respuesta a tratamientos dietéticos para la pérdida de peso. Estos esfuerzos de la genómica nutricional contribuyen con los avances de la ciencia de la nutrición 4.0: preventiva, participativa, predictiva y personalizada. Sin embargo, aunque a la fecha se ha descubierto millones de polimorfismos en el genoma humano, estos hallazgos no indican que la presencia de estas variaciones determina un efecto sobre la salud del individuo. Por lo anterior, el uso del perfil nutrigenético para la pérdida de peso conduce a un análisis sobre riesgos y beneficios a la luz de los principios bioéticos centrados en la unidad, individualidad y unicidad de la persona humana. Así, con base en pensadores clásicos como Aristóteles y Tomás de Aquino, pero con la contribución de filósofos contemporáneos, como Robert Spaemman, se define a la persona como sustancia individual de naturaleza racional, desglosando las dimensiones fundamentales para demostrar, por argumentación, que el principio de individualidad no solo incluye la dimensión biológica (naturalismo materialista), sino la unidad de la persona perteneciente a la naturaleza humana.


Abstract: In recent years, whole genome association studies have been conducted to identify genetic variants associated with the interindividuality of response to dietary treatments for weight loss. These nutritional genomics efforts contribute to the advancement of nutrition science 4.0: preventive, participatory, predictive and personalized. However, although to date more than 85 million polymorphisms have been discovered in the human genome, these findings do not indicate that the presence of these variations determines an effect on a personal health. Therefore, the use of the nutrigenetic profile for weight loss leads to analyze the risks/benefits with the bioethical principles focused on the unity, individuality and uniqueness of the human person. Thus, based on classical thinkers such as Aristotle and Thomas Aquinas, but with the contribution of contemporary philosophers, such as Robert Spaemman, the person is defined as an individual substance of a rational nature, breaking down the fundamental dimensions to demonstrate, by argumentation, that the principle individuality not only includes the biological dimension (materialistic naturalism), but the unity of the person belonging to human nature.


Resumo: Nos últimos anos tem se realizado estudos de associação do genoma completo, com o objetivo de identificar variantes genéticas associadas à inter-individualidade da resposta a tratamentos dietéticos para a perda de peso. Esses esforços da genômica nutricional contribuem para os avanços da ciência da nutrição 4.0: preventiva, participativa, preditiva e personalizada. Sem dúvida, ainda que até hoje tenham sido descobertos milhões de polimorfismos no genoma humano, esses achados não indicam que a presença dessas variações determine um efeito sobre a saúde do indivíduo. Assim, o uso do perfil nutrigenético para a perda de peso conduz a uma análise sobre os riscos/benefícios à luz dos princípios bioéticos centrados na unidade, individualidade e unicidade da pessoa humana. Assim, com base em pensadores clássicos como Aristóteles e Tomás de Aquino, porém com a contribuição de filósofos contemporâneos como Robert Spaemman, define-se a pessoa como substância individual de natureza racional, separando as dimensões fundamentais para demostrar, por argumentação, que o princípio da individualidade não somente inclui a dimensão biológica (naturalismo materialista), como também a unidade da pessoa pertencente à natureza humana.


Subject(s)
Humans , Risk Assessment , Nutrigenomics/ethics , Individuality , Obesity/therapy , Weight Loss
11.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1401831

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Bariatric surgery is considered the most effective obesity treatment. Obese patients have a high prevalence of eating disorders. Objectives: Evaluate the occurrence of eating disorders and eating patterns in candidates for bariatric surgery and associate eating disorders with sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted using electronic charts of candidates for bariatric surgery. Data were collected on sex, age, marital status, schooling, occupation, non-communicable diseases, body mass index (BMI), eating disorders, and eating patterns. Results: Among the 281 patients evaluated, eating disorders were detected in 26.7%; 10.3% had binge eating disorder, 6.6% had bulimia nervosa, and 5.3% had the night-eating syndrome. The specific eating patterns were overeating (46.6%), binge eating during periods of stress (9.3%), eating sweets (4%), and snaking (1.3%). BMI ranged from 35.38 to 59.03 kg/m² (mean: 44.37 ± 5.89). All individuals (100%) had systemic arterial hypertension, and 23.3% had type 2 diabetes mellitus or dyslipidemia. Conclusions: The frequency of eating disorders was low in the sample studied, the most common of which was binge eating disorder. Non-communicable diseases were associated with eating disorders. Among the eating patterns observed, the most frequent was overeating (AU)


Introdução: A cirurgia bariátrica é considerada o tratamento mais eficaz para a obesidade. Pacientes obesos possuem elevada prevalência de transtornos alimentares. Objetivos: Avaliar a presença de transtornos alimentares e padrões alimentares em candidatos à cirurgia bariátrica, associando os transtornos alimentares aos dados sociodemográficos e clínicos. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo de cunho documental, com base em prontuários eletrônicos de pacientes candidatos à cirurgia bariátrica. Foram obtidas variáveis como sexo, idade, estado civil, nível de escolaridade, ocupação, doenças crônicas não transmissíveis, índice de massa corporal (IMC), transtorno e padrão alimentar. Resultados: Dos 281 pacientes avaliados, foi detectado 26,7% de transtornos alimentares, sendo 10,3% transtorno de compulsão alimentar periódica, 6,6% de bulimia nervosa e 5,3% de síndrome do comer noturno. Os padrões alimentares específicos encontrados foram: glutões (46,6%), compulsivos alimentares em períodos de estresse (9,3%), comedores de doces (4%) e beliscadores (1,3%). O IMC variou de 35,38 a 59,03 kg/m² (44,37±5,89), com 100% do grupo apresentando Hipertensão Arterial Sistêmica e 23,3% com Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2 ou dislipidemia. Conclusões: Constatou-se baixa frequência de transtornos alimentares na amostra estudada, sendo o transtorno de compulsão alimentar periódica o mais observado. Doenças crônicas não transmissíveis foram associadas com a presença de transtornos alimentares. Dentre os padrões alimentares observados, os glutões foram os mais frequentes (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Bariatric Surgery/psychology , Binge-Eating Disorder/epidemiology , Obesity/therapy
12.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 72(3): 174-184, sept. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1399247

ABSTRACT

Introducción: A nivel global ha existido un incremento en el peso corporal. Ante ello, se han implementado programas para diagnosticar y tratar la obesidad. Se requiere documentar si dichos programas han propiciado que las personas con obesidad reciban diagnóstico y tratamiento eficaz. Objetivo: Determinar y comparar los cambios entre 2006 y 2018 en las prevalencias de diagnóstico y tratamiento de la obesidad y pérdida intencional de peso en adultos mexicanos e identificar si en este periodo existieron cambios en las disparidades sociales en dichos eventos. Materiales y métodos: Se analizaron las bases de datos de la Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Nutrición de México realizada en 2006 (N=26.738) y 2018 (N= 12.205), Los eventos fueron diagnóstico y tratamiento de obesidad y de pérdida intencional de peso en adultos mexicanos con IMC > 30. Las variables independientes fueron: sexo, edad, índice de masa corporal, nivel socioeconómico y región geográfica. Resultados: De 2006 a 2018, aumentó la prevalencia de personas con obesidad que recibieron diagnóstico (de 20,4% a 51,1%) o tratamiento (de 8,3% a 21,4%). La prevalencia de pérdida intencional de peso también aumentó (de 5,5% a 10,0%), pero esto básicamente ocurrió en las personas con nivel socioeconómico alto. En modelos multivariados se observó que, las mujeres, las personas con mayor IMC y quienes tenían mayor nivel socioeconómico tuvieron mayor probabilidad de recibir diagnóstico y tratamiento. Conclusiones: Aunque en México el acceso a diagnóstico y tratamiento a la obesidad se ha incrementado, la prevalencia de pérdida intencional de peso es baja, además, persisten disparidades socioeconómicas en estos eventos(AU)


Introduction: Worldwide, there has been an increase in body weight. Because of this, programs have been implemented to diagnose and treat obesity. It is required to document whether these programs have led people with obesity to receive effective diagnosis and treatment. Objective: To determine and compare the changes between 2006 and 2018 in the prevalences of diagnosis and treatment of obesity and intentional weight loss among Mexican adults and to identify whether there were changes in the social disparities in these events during this period. Materials and methods: The databases of the National Health and Nutrition Survey of Mexico carried out in 2006 (N=26,738) and 2018 (N= 12,205) were analyzed. The events were diagnosis and treatment of obesity and intentional weight loss in Mexican adults with BMI > 30. The independent variables were sex, age, body mass index, socioeconomic status, and geographic region. Results: From 2006 to 2018, the prevalence of people with obesity who received the diagnosis (from 20.4% to 51.1%) or treatment (from 8.3% to 21.4%) increased. The prevalence of intentional weight loss also increased (from 5.5% to 10.0%), but this was mainly in people with high socioeconomic status, Multivariate regression models revealed that, women, people with a higher BMI, and those with a higher socioeconomic status were more likely to receive diagnosis and treatment. Conclusions: Although in Mexico access to diagnosis and treatment of obesity has increased, the prevalence of intentional weight loss is low,In addition, socioeconomic disparities persist in these events(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Weight Loss , Obesity/diagnosis , Obesity/therapy , Socioeconomic Factors , Body Weight , Body Mass Index , Overweight , Sociodemographic Factors
13.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 150(5): 575-583, mayo 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1409848

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Diet and exercise are the mainstay of weight reduction programs. Aim: To evaluate the effect of diet and exercise on body weight and composition and resting metabolic rate (RMR) in obese adults. Material and Methods: Twenty-eight obese adults aged 22 to 61 years (18 women) completed four months of diet and exercise. They attended monthly nutritional consultations, and two-three weekly exercise sessions. At baseline and the end of the intervention, anthropometry, body composition by bioimpedance and RMR by indirect calorimetry (IC) were measured. Metabolic adaptation, defined as a decrease in thermogenesis to an extent greater than predicted based on the change in body weight and composition, was calculated. RESULTS: Significant reductions in body weight and fat mass were observed in both genders. Fat-free mass decreased in women and remained unchanged in men. RMR remained stable. Metabolic adaptation was observed in 11/27 participants. Fat mass change in participants with and without metabolic adaptation was 8 Kg and 4,4 kg, respectively (p = 0,018). In the linear regression analysis, male sex accounted for a higher RMR (247.80 Kcal, p = 0,006) than females. For each kg of fat and fat free mass, the RMR varies 7.25 Kcal, (p = 0.02) and 9.79 Kcal (p = 0,006), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The intervention reduced body weight and fat mass and maintained RMR. Fat free mass decreased in women. Participants with metabolic adaptation showed greater changes in fat mass.


ANTECEDENTES: Para el tratamiento de la obesidad, la dieta y ejercicio físico (EF) contribuyen a reducir el peso corporal (PC), masa grasa (MG) y a mantener la masa libre de grasa (MLG) y tasa metabólica en reposo (TMR). Objetivo: Evaluar el efecto de la dieta y EF sobre el PC, composición corporal (CC), TMR y la presencia de adaptación metabólica. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Veintiocho adultos obesos completaron cuatro meses de dieta y EF. Los adultos asistieron a consulta nutricional mensual y a 2-3 sesiones de EF semanal. En el período basal y después de la intervención se midió antropometría, CC por bioimpedanciometria y TMR por calorimetría indirecta. Se calculo la presencia de adaptación metabólica, definida como una disminución de la termogénesis mayor que la predicha por el cambio en peso y composición corporal. Resultados: Se observó una disminución significativa de PC y MG en hombres y mujeres. La MLG disminuyó en las mujeres y se mantuvo en los hombres. La TMR se mantuvo estable. Se observó adaptación metabólica en 11/27 participantes y una relación significativa con el cambio en MG (p = 0,018). En la regresión lineal, el sexo masculino da cuenta de una mayor TMR (247,80 Kcal, p = 0,006) que el sexo femenino. Por cada kg de MG y MLG la TMR varía 7,25 Kcal, (p = 0,02) y 9,79 Kcal, (p = 0,006) respectivamente. CONCLUSIONES: La intervención redujo el PC y la MG, y mantuvo TMR. La MLG disminuyó en las mujeres. Los sujetos con adaptación metabólica mostraron mayores cambios de MG.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Basal Metabolism , Weight Loss , Body Composition , Body Weight , Exercise , Body Mass Index , Chile , Diet , Obesity/metabolism , Obesity/therapy
14.
Motriz (Online) ; 28: e10220009721, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365157

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aim: This quasi-experimental study, analyzes if periodized combined training's influence on plasma cytokine levels, muscle strength, and cardiorespiratory fitness in physically active women with overweight and/or obesity over 50 years. Methods: The sample was composed of 33 physically active women who were randomly allocated to three groups: Non-Periodized (NP) (n = 11); Undulating Periodization (UP) (n = 9); and Flexible Undulating Periodization (FUP) (n = 13). This study was conducted for 17 weeks, which included adaptation (weeks 1-3), baseline testing (week 4), training program (weeks 5-16), and post-evaluation (week 17). The training frequency comprised of three weekly sessions, with 30 min of aerobic exercise and 45 min of strength exercises. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and analysis of variance. The level of significance was p ≤ 0.05. Results: No differences were observed in weight parameters, plasma levels of cytokines, and biochemical parameters in any group, before and after the completion of the training period. Participants demonstrated increase in strength of the upper limbs in the UP (p = 0.032) and FUP (p = 0.021) groups, an increase in aerobic fitness in the NP (p = 0.041) and UP (p = 0.005) groups, and an increase in the amount of time of vigorous activity per week in the NP group (p = 0.019). Conclusion: This study shows that periodized combined training in physically active women with overweight and/or obesity over 50 years proved to be beneficial for all groups; although, the UP group exhibited better performance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aging/physiology , Circuit-Based Exercise/instrumentation , Cardiorespiratory Fitness/physiology , Obesity/therapy , Analysis of Variance , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic/instrumentation
16.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 288-291, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939888

ABSTRACT

Theoretically, a new diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) requires a dramatic change in an individual's way of life. Weight loss and physical activity can lead to remission of diabetes, which has been associated with a lower risk of developing complications. Today, the importance of a healthy lifestyle is further highlighted by data showing that obesity and diabetes increase the risk of severe complications from coronavirus disease 2019. However, remission rarely occurs in reality, probably due to the inability of people with T2DM to adhere to the intensive lifestyle interventions that are necessary. The complexity of contributing factors may explain why making these changes is so challenging and underscore the fact that there is no magical solution for T2DM. Instead, hard work from both patients and health care providers is needed for the conversion to be achieved. This article calls for more research on the underlying reasons why adhering to a healthy way of life is so difficult for people with diabetes and obesity. Clearly defining these barriers would facilitate the planning of effective policies to promote the adoption of appropriate lifestyle changes early in the course of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/therapy , Exercise , Life Style , Obesity/therapy
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927348

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the therapeutic effect and safety of acupoint thread embedding therapy in treatment of simple obesity of stomach heat and damp obstruction.@*METHODS@#A total of 144 patients with simple obesity of stomach heat and damp obstruction were randomized into an acupoint thread embedding group (72 cases, 3 cases dropped off and 1 case removed) and a sham-embedding group (72 cases, 6 cases dropped off and 3 cases removed). On the base of the lifestyle adjustment, the acupoint thread embedding therapy with PGLA thread was applied to Tianshu (ST 25), Zhongwan (CV 12), Ganshu (BL 18), Shuidao (ST 28), etc. in the acupoint thread embedding group, while in the sham-embedding group, the acupoint selection and operation were all same as the acupoint thread embedding group, but without PGLA thread embedded. In either group, the treatment was given once every 2 weeks, consecutively for 12 weeks and the follow-up was conducted for 3 months after treatment. Separately, before and after treatment as well as in follow-up, the obesity indices (body mass index [BMI], waist circumference [WC], waist-to-hip ratio [WHR] and fat percentage [F%]) were observed in the two groups. Before and after treatment, the indices of blood glucose and insulin (fasting blood glucose [FBG], fasting insulin [FINS] and insulin resistance index [HOMA-IR]), adipocyte factor indices (adiponectin, leptin [LP] and serine protease inhibitor [Vaspin]) and inflammatory factor indices (tumor nercosis factor [TNF-α], interleukin-1β [IL-1β] and interleukin-6 [IL-6]) were observed separately in the two groups. The therapeutic effect and safety were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment and in follow-up, except WC and WHR in the sham-embedding group, BMI, WC, WHR and F% were all reduced as compared with those before treatment in the two groups (P<0.01, P<0.05), and the values in the acupoint thread embedding group were lower than the sham-embedding group (P<0.01). After treatment, except FBG, LP and Vaspin in the sham-embedding group, FBG, FINS, HOMA-IR, LP and Vaspin were all reduced as compared with those before treatment in the two groups (P<0.01, P<0.05), and adiponectin was increased as compared with that before treatment (P<0.01, P<0.05); the improvements in the acupoint thread embedding group were more significant than the sham-embedding group (P<0.01). After treatment, the levels of serum TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 in the acupoint thread embedding group were reduced as compared with the values before treatment and those in the sham-embedding group separately (P<0.01). The total effective rate was 89.7% (61/68) in the acupoint thread embedding group, higher than 19.0% (12/63) in the sham-embedding group (P<0.01). There was no severe adverse reaction reported in the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Acupoint thread embedding therapy with PGLA thread can alleviate obesity, regulate glucose metabolism and adipocyte factors activity, improve insulin resistance and inhibit the expression of pro-inflammatory factors in the patients with simple obesity with stomach heat and damp obstruction, and this therapy presents a satisfactory safety in treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Body Mass Index , Hot Temperature , Obesity/therapy , Stomach
18.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(6): 821-831, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349997

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the effects of an interdisciplinary intervention on biomarkers of inflammation and their relationship with fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) concentrations in women with overweight and obesity. Subjects and methods: Thirty-one women were enrolled in a 12-week interdisciplinary weight loss program delivered by a team comprising an endocrinologist, nutritionist and exercise physiologist. Body composition; anthropometric measures; metabolic and inflammatory markers including adiponectin, leptin, and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) were assessed at baseline and post-therapy. The homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and the homeostasis model assessment of adiponectin (HOMA-AD) were calculated. The participants were divided into two groups: those with increased FGF21, and those with decreased FGF21. Results: The sample comprised women aged 32 ± 5 years with a body mass index of 33.64 ± 3.49 kg/m2. Body weight, waist circumference and leptin concentration were decreased in the whole sample after therapy. However, only the group with an increase in FGF21 concentration presented significant improvements in adiponectin concentration and adiponectin/leptin ratio. Moreover, although there was a reduction of leptin in both groups, it was greater in the increased FGF21 groups. There was a reduction in ANP in the decreased FGF21 group. Conclusions: Changes in FGF21 concentrations were different among the women participating in the weight loss program, with some having increased levels and some reduced levels. Furthermore, improvements in adiponectin and the adiponectin/leptin ratio were found only in the group with increased FGF21 concentration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Weight Reduction Programs , Obesity/therapy , Insulin Resistance , Biomarkers/blood , Body Mass Index , Leptin , Adiponectin , Fibroblast Growth Factors/blood
19.
Brasília; Fiocruz Brasília;Instituto de Saúde de São Paulo; 16 nov. 2021. 39 p. tab.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, PIE | ID: biblio-1361686

ABSTRACT

Contexto: As práticas de atividade física são fortes aliadas na redução dos riscos à saúde, bem como no tratamento de doenças. Destaca-se sua relevância no cuidado a pessoas com doenças crônicas não transmissíveis, para as quais é importante investir na qualidade de vida. Esta revisão rápida aborda os efeitos não-clínicos das intervenções de atividade física em pessoas com diabetes mellitus tipo 2, hipertensão arterial sistêmica e sobrepeso/obesidade. Pergunta: Quais são os efeitos não-clínicos de diferentes modalidades de atividade física no tratamento de pessoas com diabetes, hipertensão ou obesidade? Métodos: Seguindo protocolo prévio, foram realizadas buscas por revisões sistemáticas (RS) em oito bases eletrônicas da literatura, em setembro de 2021. Nesta revisão rápida foram incluídas RS publicadas nos últimos 10 anos, com algumas especificações quanto a contexto e população. Apenas o processo de seleção foi realizado em duplicata e de forma independente. A avaliação da qualidade das RS foi feita por um revisor e checada por outro, por meio da ferramenta AMSTAR 2. Os resultados foram reunidos em síntese narrativa conforme similaridade do tipo de atividade física e população. Resultados: De 4.421 relatos encontrados nas bases de dados, 23 RS foram incluídas após processo de seleção e elegibilidade. Na avaliação da qualidade metodológica, uma RS foi considerada de confiança moderada, uma de confiança baixa e as demais de confiança criticamente baixa. As revisões apresentaram resultados de exercícios aeróbicos, anaeróbicos, combinados e de tipo não informado, envolvendo pessoas com diabetes mellitus tipo 2, hipertensão arterial sistêmica e sobrepeso/obesidade. O tipo de atividade mais presente foi de exercícios aeróbicos e a condição mais estudada foi diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Apenas uma RS apresentou informação a respeito da segurança da prática de atividade física, sem ocorrência de eventos adversos. Diversas modalidades de atividade física mostraram promover benefícios não-clínicos no tratamento de pessoas com diabetes, hipertensão e obesidade. Considerações finais: As evidências indicam que pessoas com diabetes ou hipertensão podem ter sua qualidade de vida melhorada com a prática de exercícios, em especial os aeróbicos. Para pessoas com obesidade ou comorbidades, as evidências são menos robustas. É importante levar em consideração algumas incertezas apontadas pelas RS, bem como as falhas metodológicas da maioria dessas RS.


Context: Physical activity practices are strong allies in reducing health risks, as well as in the treatment of diseases. Its relevance in the care of people with non-communicable chronic diseases is highlighted, for whom it is important to invest in quality of life. This rapid review addresses the non-clinical effects of physical activity interventions in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus, systemic arterial hypertension, and overweight/obesity. Question: What are the non-clinical effects of different physical activity modalities in the treatment of people with diabetes, hypertension or obesity? Methods: Following a previous protocol, searches for systematic reviews (SR) were carried out in eight electronic databases of the literature, in September 2021. This rapid review included SRs published in the last 10 years, with some specifications regarding context and population. Only the selection process was carried out in duplicate and independently. The evaluation of the quality of the SRs was carried out by one reviewer and checked by another, using the AMSTAR 2 tool. The results were gathered in a narrative synthesis according to the similarity of the type of physical activity and population. Results: Of the 4,421 reports found in the databases, 23 SRs were included after the selection and eligibility process. In the evaluation of methodological quality, one SR was considered moderately reliable, one of low confidence and the others of critically low confidence. The reviews presented results of aerobic, anaerobic, combined and unreported exercises involving people with type 2 diabetes mellitus, systemic arterial hypertension and overweight/obesity. The most common type of activity was aerobic exercises and the most studied condition was type 2 diabetes mellitus. Only one SR presented information about the safety of physical activity, without the occurrence of adverse events. Several modalities of physical activity have been shown to promote non-clinical benefits in the treatment of people with diabetes, hypertension and obesity. Final considerations: The evidence indicates that people with diabetes or hypertension can have their quality of life improved with the practice of exercises, especially aerobic ones. For people with obesity or comorbidities, the evidence is less robust. It is important to take into account some uncertainties pointed out by the SRs, as well as the methodological flaws of most of these SRs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Exercise , Diabetes Mellitus/therapy , Hypertension/therapy , Obesity/therapy , Quality of Life
20.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 149(11): 1594-1605, nov. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389402

ABSTRACT

Coaching is increasingly used to treat obesity or overweight. We conducted a systematic review to explore the intervention's characteristics, effectivity, and quality of the published studies. The search was carried out on Pubmed, Scielo and Scopus databases. We considered studies published in peer-reviewed journals between 2014 and 2019 in English and Spanish. Following PRISMA guidelines, we selected and analyzed 22 articles, 46% of which were randomized controlled trials. Most of the studies had moderate quality, according to the risk of bias assessment carried out by three independent researchers based on the Study Quality Assessment Tool. Seventy seven percent of interventions targeted adults, and their duration ranged between two and 19 months. They were delivered in both private and public contexts, with face-to-face or remote interventions and combined techniques, mainly from the United States (82%). The interventions showed a 51% effectiveness in reducing weight, increasing physical activity, and changing eating habits. We conclude that coaching might be an effective therapeutic strategy for obesity and overweight.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Overweight/therapy , Mentoring , Exercise , Feeding Behavior , Obesity/therapy
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