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1.
Brasília; Brasil. Ministério da Saúde; 2022.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1373168
2.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(2): e3156, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289395

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La caries es una de las enfermedades bucodentales más frecuentes y, por ser las primeras en emerger, los primeros molares permanentes son las piezas más susceptibles a esta afección. Objetivo: Estimar la prevalencia de caries y factores asociados a esta en los primeros molares permanentes en escolares de segundo grado de primaria. Métodos: Estudio transversal, en estudiantes de segundo grado en 17 de 67 escuelas públicas de Acapulco, Guerrero. Un cuestionario autoadministrado se utilizó para obtener datos sociodemográficos y hábitos de higiene dental. La caries y la presencia de placa dentobacteriana se midieron a través de índices epidemiológicos, el CPOD (diente cariado, obturado y perdido) y el O'Leary. Se estimó la razón de momios e intervalo de confianza de 95 por ciento, ajustada por conglomerado, como medida de la fuerza de asociación mediante análisis multivariado. Resultados: Se revisaron 3332 primeros molares permanentes, el 21 por ciento tuvo caries, el 6 por ciento tuvo obturaciones y el 1 por ciento ya se había extraído. El índice CPOD de caries grupal fue 0,27. Cinco factores estuvieron asociados a la caries de los primeros molares permanentes: higiene dental deficiente (RMa = 2,87), técnica de cepillado dental inadecuada (RMa = 1,70), tomar alguna bebida dulce antes de ir a dormir (RMa = 1,68), visitar al dentista (RMa = 0,67) y aplicación de flúor (RMa = 0,61). Conclusiones: La prevalencia de caries en los primeros molares permanentes fue 21 por ciento dentro del rango reportado en otros estudios. Fueron identificados cinco factores asociados a la caries: higiene dental deficiente, técnica de cepillado inadecuado, consumo de azúcares antes de dormir, visitas al dentista y aplicación de flúor. Estos factores orientan sobre qué medidas preventivas se deben promover en los escolares para la preservación de sus piezas dentales(AU)


Introduction: Caries is the most frequent oral disease and the first permanent molars are very susceptible to this condition because they are the first teeth to emerge. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of caries its associated factors in the first permanent molars in second grade primary school children. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in second grade students in 17 out of 67primary public schools in Acapulco, Guerrero. We applied a self-administered questionnaire to obtain sociodemographic data and dental hygiene habits. Caries and the presence of dentobacterial plaque were measured through epidemiological indices, CPOD (decayed, blocked and lost tooth) and O'Leary index. The odds ratio and 95 percent confidence interval, adjusted by cluster, were estimated as a measure of strength of association through multivariate analysis. Results: We reviewed 3 332 permanent first molars, 21 percent had cavities, 6 percent had seals and 1 percent had already been removed. The CPOD index of group caries was 0,27. We found five factors associated with caries of the first permanent molars: deficient dental hygiene (RMa=2,87), inadequate tooth brushing technique (RMa=1,70), drinking a sweet drink before bedtime (RMa=1,68), visiting the dentist (RMa=0,67) and fluoride application (RMa=0,61). Conclusions: Prevalence of caries in the first permanent molars was 21 percent, within the range reported in other studies. Five factors associated with caries were identified: poor dental hygiene, inadequate brushing technique, consumption of sugars before going to sleep, visits to the dentist and application of fluoride. These factors guide what preventive measures should be promoted in schoolchildren for the preservation of their teeth(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , School Health Services , Toothbrushing/methods , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Molar/injuries , Oral Hygiene/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies
3.
Rev. Fundac. Juan Jose Carraro ; 24(44): 26-31, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223237

ABSTRACT

Los cepillos interproximales son una herramienta de higiene interdental que tiene variadas indicaciones y múltiples beneficios. Pacientes con enfermedad periodontal, con papilas que no llenan el espacio interdentario, portadores de aparatología ortodóncica, prótesis fija o de implantes entre otros casos, pueden beneficiarse con su utilización. El presente artículo tiene como objetivo dar una orientación de su uso clínico basado en la evidencia científica disponible. Los resultados apoyan su utilización en combinación con el hilo dental para la prevención y tratamiento de las enfermedades bucales más prevalentes, con un efecto marcado sobre el control del biofilm y la inflamación gingival (AU)


Interproximal brushes are an interdental hygiene tool with diverse indications that have, multiple benefits. Among other uses, they are indicated in patients with periodontal disease, with papillae that do not fill the interdental space, patients with orthodontic appliances, fixed prosthesis or implant-supported prosthesis. The aim of this article is provide guidance on their clinical use based on the available evidence. The results support their use in combination with dental floss for preventing and treating the most prevalent oral diseases, with a significant effect on biofilm control and gingival inflammation (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Oral Hygiene/methods , Dental Devices, Home Care , Periodontal Diseases/prevention & control , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Plaque/prevention & control , Evidence-Based Dentistry , Gingival Diseases/prevention & control
4.
São Luís; s.n; 2021. 18 p. ilus.
Monography in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-MA | ID: biblio-1358162

ABSTRACT

Este manual é uma produção científica da Residência Multiprofissional em Saúde, com área de Concentração em Terapia Intensiva Adulto, da Secretaria Estadual de Saúde do Maranhão. O principal objetivo é orientar a equipe multiprofissional acerca dos cuidados necessários com a saúde bucal dos pacientes em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva, e discorrer sobre o Atendimento Odontológico em UTI em tempos de pandemia da Covid-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oral Hygiene/methods , Dental Care , COVID-19/complications , Intensive Care Units , Mouth Diseases/prevention & control
5.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(4): 508-512, dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134528

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: ¿Por qué es importante la salud oral en la prevención de enfermedades respiratorias en tiempos de pandemia? La razón es simple, cualquier enfermedad respiratoria en la persona mayor, podría eventualmente activar alarma de COVID-19 positivo, pudiendo ser esta ocasionada por otro motivo, sin mencionar el riesgo aumentado de tener una enfermedad previa de tipo respiratoria en tiempos de pandemia, sobre todo, en una población de riesgo como las personas mayores institucionalizadas. Por esta razón, la prevención en higiene oral de personas mayores mediante un Protocolo que proponga lineamientos a seguir en Establecimientos de Larga Estadía para Adultos Mayores, es fundamental en la prevención de Neumonía por aspiración. Cabe mencionar, que desde antes de surgir el COVID-19, ya la Neumonía se considera la principal causa de muerte por enfermedades infecciosas en la población chilena, y la primera causa específica de muerte en los mayores de 80 años.


ABSTRACT: Why is oral health important in the prevention of respiratory diseases in times of pandemic? The reason is simple, any respiratory disease in the elderly could eventually trigger a positive COVID-19 alarm, and this could be caused by another reason, not to mention the increased risk of having a previous respiratory-type illness in times of pandemic, over everything, in a population of risk like the institutionalized older people. For this reason, the prevention of oral hygiene in older people through a Protocol that proposes guidelines to be followed in long-stay establishments for older adults, is essential in the prevention of aspiration Pneumonia. It is worth mentioning that, before the emergence of COVID-19, Pneumonia was considered the main cause of death from infectious diseases in the Chilean population and the first specific cause of death in those over 80 years of age.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged, 80 and over , Oral Hygiene/methods , Pneumonia, Aspiration/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Chile/epidemiology , Clinical Protocols , Oral Health/statistics & numerical data , Long-Term Care , Pandemics/prevention & control , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data
6.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(4): e3094, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144444

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The oral health of students from rural areas is a priority public health problem in Peru. Objective: To determine socioeconomic factors in relation to oral health in students from a rural Peruvian area. Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional observational study. The sample consisted of 604 students from a rural Peruvian area selected for convenience, meeting criteria of inclusion and exclusion, following ethical standards in scientific research. Socioeconomic factors were assessed using a structured questionnaire and the oral health using an epidemiological record with the indicators: DMFT index, Significant Caries Index (SiC), Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (OHI-S), Index of clinical consequences of untreated dental caries (PUFA). The evaluation was performed with natural light by calibrated observers. The data was analyzed in the program STATA 14 through frequency distribution tables and graphics. The relationship of each of the socioeconomic factors with the experience of dental caries was evaluated by the simple binary logistic regression tests. Results: The prevalence of dental caries was 85, 26 percent (DMFT = 6, 60 SiC=7, 23). The most frequent oral hygiene condition was regular, the prevalence of untreated tooth decay was 61.75 percent. Conclusions: The level of illiterate instruction, family responsibility and independent parental occupation showed a statistically significant association with their children's dental caries experience in a rural Peruvian area. (p < 0.001)(AU)


RESUMEN Introducción: La salud bucal de los estudiantes de zonas rurales es un problema prioritario de salud pública en el Perú. Objetivo: Determinar la relación entre factores socioeconómicos y salud bucal en estudiantes de una zona rural peruana. Métodos: Estudio observacional, descriptivo, de corte transversal. La muestra estuvo conformada por 604 estudiantes de una zona rural peruana, los que fueron seleccionados por conveniencia. Se evaluaron los factores socioeconómicos mediante un cuestionario estructurado y la salud bucal a través de una ficha epidemiológica con los indicadores: Índice CPOD, índice de significancia de caries dental (SIC), índice de higiene oral simplificado (IHO-S), índice de consecuencias clínicas de caries no tratadas (PUFA), la evaluación fue realizada con luz natural por observadores calibrados. Los datos se analizaron en el programa STATA v.14 mediante tablas de distribución de frecuencias y figuras. La relación de cada uno de los factores socioeconómicos con la experiencia de la caries dental se evaluó mediante pruebas de regresión logística binarias simples. Resultados: La prevalencia de caries dental fue de 85,26 por ciento (CPOD = 6,60, SIC = 7,23) y la prevalencia de caries dental no tratada fue 61,75 por ciento . La condición de higiene oral más frecuente fue regular. Conclusiones: El nivel de instrucción analfabeto, la responsabilidad familiar y la ocupación independiente de los padres mostraron asociación estadísticamente significativa con la experiencia de caries dental de sus hijos en un área rural peruana (p < 0,001)(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Oral Hygiene/methods , Socioeconomic Factors , Students , Oral Health , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Peru , Rural Areas , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
7.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(2): e2954, abr.-jun. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126510

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Introdução: A halitose é um sinal da presença de mau cheiro ofensivo ao olfato humano, geralmente é provocada pela falta de higiene ou estilo de vida e afeta milhares de pessoas em todo o mundo. Objetivo: Realizar uma revisão de literatura a respeito da etiologia, diagnóstico e tratamento da halitose buscando proporcionar um maior embasamento cientifico com informações atualizadas para os profissionais da área. Métodos: O estudo caracterizou-se por uma busca de artigos na base de dados eletrônicos PubMed, Lilacs, Google Acadêmico e Scielo publicados entre 2014 e 2019, em inglês, português e espanhol. Foram consultados 52 trabalhos, destes, 28 foram selecionados após uma criteriosa filtragem. Análise e integração das informações: Diversas etiologias advindas da cavidade bucal podem provocar a halitose. Existem vários exames complementares para auxílio diagnóstico da halitose, tais como testes sialométricos, organoléptico e a análise de presença de saburra para o diagnóstico. Há diversos protocolos instituídos para o tratamento da halitose, desde procedimentos preventivos a curativos. Conclusão: No que concerne a etiologia, a halitose pode ocorrer por fatores fisiológicos ou patológicos; 90 porcento dos casos tem como origem a cavidade oral, podendo estar associada ao biofilme dentário, cárie, língua saburrosa, próteses mal adaptadas e cicatrização tecidual. O diagnóstico deve ser realizado por meio de um exame clínico criterioso. A utilização de questionários para colher informações como frequência, duração, quantidade de vezes que aparece no mesmo dia, hábitos e medicamentos utilizados ajudarão na elucidação do caso. O sucesso do tratamento depende do diagnóstico e da implementação de uma terapia relacionada com a causa-efeito e de uma abordagem multidisciplinar racional que se torna essencial para a obtenção de bons resultados, com objetivo de melhorar a saúde oral, bem como, seus efeitos individuais e sociais(AU)


RESUMEN Introducción: Halitosis o mal olor es ofensivo al olfato humano, generalmente es provocada por la falta de higiene o estilo de vida y afecta a miles de personas en todo el mundo. Objetivo: Llevar a cabo una revisión de la literatura sobre la etiología, el diagnóstico y el tratamiento de la halitosis buscando proporcionar una mayor base científica con información actualizada para los profesionales en el campo. Métodos: El estudio se caracterizó por una búsqueda de artículos en la base de datos electrónica PubMed, Lilacs, Google Scholar y SciELO publicados entre 2014 y 2019, en inglés, portugués y español. Se consultaron 52 documentos, de los cuales 28 fueron seleccionados después de un filtrado cuidadoso. Análisis e integración de las informaciones: Diversas etiologías provenientes de la cavidad bucal pueden provocar la halitosis. Existen varios exámenes complementarios para ayudar a diagnosticar la halitosis, tales como pruebas sialométricas, organolépticas y el análisis de presencia de saburra para el diagnóstico. Hay varios protocolos instituidos para el tratamiento de la halitosis, desde procedimientos preventivos a curativos. Conclusiones: En cuanto a la etiología de la halitosis puede ocurrir debido a factores fisiológicos o patológicos. Aunque el 90 por ciento de los casos se originan en la cavidad bucal y pueden estar asociados con biopelículas dentales, caries, toques de lengua, prótesis mal adaptadas y cicatrización de tejidos. El diagnóstico debe hacerse mediante un examen clínico cuidadoso. El uso de cuestionarios para recopilar información como la frecuencia, la duración, la cantidad de veces que aparece el mismo día, los hábitos y los medicamentos utilizados ayudarán a dilucidar el caso. El tratamiento exitoso depende del diagnóstico y la implementación de la terapia de causa y efecto y de un enfoque multidisciplinario racional que es esencial para obtener resultados exitosos para mejorar la salud bucal y sus efectos individuales y social(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Oral halitosis or malodor is offensive to the human sense of smell. It is often the result of poor hygiene or lifestyle and affects thousands of people worldwide. Objective: Conduct a literature review about the etiology, diagnosis and treatment of halitosis with the purpose of contributing a broader scientific basis of updated information for professionals in the field. Methods: The study was characterized by a search for papers published in the electronic databases PubMed, Lilacs, Google Scholar and Scielo between 2014 and 2019 in English, Portuguese or Spanish. A total 52 papers were consulted, of which 28 were selected after careful filtering. Data analysis and integration: Halitosis may be due to a variety of oral cavity etiologies. Several complementary tests are available which help diagnose halitosis, e.g. sialometric tests, organoleptic tests and analysis of the presence of saburra for the diagnosis. Several protocols have been implemented for the treatment of halitosis. These range from preventive to healing procedures. Conclusions: The etiology of halitosis may be due to physiological or pathological factors. Although 90 percent of the cases originate in the oral cavity and may be associated with dental biofilm, caries, tongue saburra, ill-fitted prostheses or tissue scarring, diagnosis should be based on careful clinical examination. Using questionnaires to gather information such as frequency, duration, number of times it appears on the same day, habits and medications will help elucidate the case. Successful treatment depends on the diagnosis and implementation of a cause-and-effect therapy and a rational multidisciplinary approach which is essential to obtain positive outcomes and improve oral health as well as its individual and social effects(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Oral Hygiene/methods , Oral Health , Halitosis/diagnosis , Halitosis/etiology , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic , Halitosis/therapy
8.
Rev. ADM ; 76(3): 141-145, mayo-jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1021580

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La caries es una enfermedad multifactorial que se ha asociado con hábitos de higiene bucal deficientes. La Federación Dental Internacional establece el cepillado con una pasta fluorada dos veces por día como el patrón básico de higiene dental personal. Objetivo: Describir la frecuencia de caries y hábitos de higiene oral en un grupo de adultos mayores. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio de tipo observacional, prolectivo, transversal, descriptivo, en 74 adultos mayores del Estado de México con una media de edad de 63.4 (± 5.9); 73% (54) del sexo femenino y 27% (20) del masculino. Se valoraron la higiene dental con el índice IHOS y la experiencia de caries con el CPOD, y se aplicó un cuestionario sobre hábitos de higiene oral, que incluía las preguntas de frecuencia de cepillado y uso de hilo dental. Resultados: La experiencia de caries dental medida a través del índice CPOD para el total de la población fue de 20.0 (± 4.5); la categoría más alta del índice fue cariado con una media de 9.3 (± 6.0), al análisis por sexo se observó que el 70% (38) de las mujeres y el 65% (13) de los hombres presentan más de seis dientes con lesión cariosa ­no se encontró una diferencias estadísticamente significativa­. A la pregunta de cuántas veces se cepilla los dientes, el 32% (24) no lo hacía o lo realizaba sólo una vez al día; de éstos, 17 presentaban ≥ 6 lesiones cariosas. El 94% (66) usa para el cepillado de dientes pastas comerciales con flúor; cuatro usan alternativas como jabón de baño, detergente, pasta naturista, bicarbonato; dos adultos mayores usan sólo agua. La valoración de la higiene dental en el 70% (52) de los adultos mayores se califica como deficiente; 20 adultos mayores ­de ellos, 16 son mujeres­ reportan el uso de hilo dental. Conclusión: Los hábitos de higiene oral en los adultos mayores aún se encuentran lejos del patrón establecido por la Federación Dental Internacional, lo que contribuye al incremento de enfermedades bucodentales, entre éstas, las enfermedades periodontales y la caries radicular que, junto con las enfermedades sistémicas, coadyuvan al deterioro de la calidad de vida de los ancianos (AU)


Introduction: Caries is a multifactorial disease that has been associated with deficient oral hygiene habits. The FDI Word Dental Federation establishes brushing with a fluoridated paste twice a day as the basic standard of personal oral hygiene. Objective: Describe the frequency of tooth decay and oral hygiene habits in a group of elderly. Material and methods: An observational, prolective, cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted in 74 elderly of the State of Mexico with an average age of 63.4 (± 5.9); 73% (54) female and 27% (20) male. The oral hygiene with the IHOS index, the cavity experience with the DMFT was assessed, and a questionnaire on oral hygiene habits was applied, which included the questions of frequency of brushing and flossing. Results: The tooth decay experience measured through the CPOD index for the total population was 20.0 (± 4.5); the highest category of the index was decayed with an average of 9.3 (± 6.0), to the analysis by sex it was observed that, 70% (38) of the women and 65% (13) of the men present more than six teeth with a carious lesión ­no statistically significant differences were found­. To the question of how many times you brush your teeth, 32% (24) did not do it or did it only once a day, of these, 17 had ≥ 6 carious lesions. 94% (66) uses for tooth brushing, commercial pastes with fluoride; four ethereal, naturist paste like soap or detergent, bicarbonate; two senior adult uses only water. The evaluation of oral hygiene in 70% (52) of the elderly is classified as deficient; 20 senior adults ­of whom 16 are women­ report the use of dental floss. Conclusion: Oral hygiene habits in senior adults are still far from the pattern established by the FDI which contributes to the increase of oral diseases, including periodontal diseases and root decay which, together with systemic diseases contribute to deterioration of the quality of life of the elderly (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Oral Hygiene/methods , DMF Index , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Toothbrushing , Aged/psychology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Surveys and Questionnaires , Age and Sex Distribution , Observational Study , Mexico
9.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4649, 01 Fevereiro 2019.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-997887

ABSTRACT

In 1895, the first definition of behavior management was mentioned by McElroy with the following words: "although the operative dentistry may be perfect, the appointment is a failure if the child departs in tears" [1]. This approach, which argues that the success of dental treatment in pediatric patients depends on the attitude created in children rather than in the technical or clinical evaluation, was supported by the following words in American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD)'s guideline about 100 years later: "Behavior guidance techniques, both nonpharmalogical and pharmalogical, are used to alleviate anxiety, nurture a positive dental attitude, and perform quality oral health care safely and efficiently for infants, children, adolescents, and persons with special health care needs" [2]. The terms of behavior management, which is the global term of choice, or behavior guidance which is now used by AAPD are widely used in dental literature.


Subject(s)
Oral Hygiene/methods , Child , Child Behavior/psychology , Oral Health/education , Dental Anxiety/psychology , Pediatric Dentistry
10.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4533, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-998260

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the extent of bleeding on probing, probing pocket depth and the level of oral hygiene and caries prevalence among pregnant women. Material and Methods: Random samples of pregnant women attending eight public health centers were examined. Their periodontal and caries statuses were examined using the Community Periodontal Index, Simplified Oral Hygiene Index and DMF-T. The good criteria of OHI-S ranged from 0 to 1.2, the fair from 1.3 to 3.0 and the poor from 3.1 to 6.0. Descriptive statistics were used to calculate the absolute and relative frequencies. Results: 84.7% had caries and the DMF-T index score was 4.34 (fair). 73% suffered gingival bleeding, 34% with 4-5 mm pocket depth, 2% with 6 mm or deeper pocket depth, while the majority had good oral hygiene. The prevalence of 4-5 mm probing pocket depth increased between the first and second trimesters (12.1% to 48.5%), before undergoing a slight decrease in the third trimester (39.4%). Gingival bleeding was found to be most prevalent in the third trimester. Pocket depth of 4-5 mm was found to be highest in the second trimester. Pocket depth of 6 mm or more was restricted to the third trimester. Oral hygiene scores increased in tandem with gestational age. Conclusion: The majority had caries, which strongly suggests that the awareness of the pregnant women regarding their oral hygiene remains limited.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Oral Hygiene/methods , Periodontal Diseases/diagnosis , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Pregnant Women , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Data Interpretation, Statistical
11.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4620, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-998275

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyse issue of teeth brushing according to age, gender and length in Slovak patients with multiple sclerosis disease (MS). Material and Methods: In this descriptive study, the questionnaires were collected in neurologists from December 2016 until September 2017. The study sample consisted of 103 MS patients (44.7% of men) in a mean age of 38.4 ± 9.95 years. The study sample of MS patients was divided into two sub-groups. The first sub-group consisted of MS patients who were restricted in teeth brushing (n=56) and the second group of MS patients, which had no restrictions in teeth brushing (n=47). Descriptive statistics were used to calculate the absolute and relative frequencies, mean and standard deviation. A two-sample ttest was used to compare of the proportion between sub-groups with restrictions and sub-group no restrictions in teeth brushing. The statistically significant level was determined at p<0.05. Results: The significant higher mean age (40.4 ± 10.8 years) was found in MS patients who had restrictions in teeth brushing (p=0.043). Females described often no restrictions in teeth brushing than males (59.6% vs. 40.4%; p<0.05). Length in MS disease (≤3 years) has significant impact on patients in who were not found restrictions in teeth brushing (31.9%; p=0.037). Conclusion: We recommend individual doctor approach to MS patients in older age and using of electric toothbrushes in MS patients who have hand functioning restrictions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Oral Hygiene/methods , Toothbrushing/methods , Multiple Sclerosis , Nervous System Diseases/diagnosis , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Surveys and Questionnaires , Slovakia , Statistics, Nonparametric
12.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180331, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-990103

ABSTRACT

Abstract The tongue is one of the primary sources of halitosis. The manual or mechanical removal of biofilm is known to decrease oral malodor. Objective: To evaluate a new tongue hygiene technique hereby referred to as "the X technique" and its effects on both halitosis and the number of microorganisms based on microbiological parameters and diagnostic features of the breath. Material and Methods: The study included thirty patients divided into a control group (patients without systematized guidelines of lingual hygiene, but who performed the mechanical cleaning of tongue dorsum, each in its own way), the 3R group (instructed to perform the movements of the X technique for 3 repetitions at each brushing), and the 6R group (instructed to perform 6 repetitions of the technique at each brushing). After two weeks, a new data collection was performed. Results: Patients in the 6R group presented the lowest score on the organoleptic assessment scale at the second consultation, followed by the 3R group and the controls. Regarding the self-perception of breath by the method of Visual Analog Scale (VAS), the control group did not perceive improvements in oral malodor; the results of the 3R group and the 6R group were similar. Conclusion: These results indicate that the X technique improves both measurements and perceptions of halitosis. Microbiological analyses revealed greatest reduction in the 6R group. The findings show that the X technique reduces both organoleptic scores and the number of bacterial colonies, and improves users' perceptions of their breath.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Oral Hygiene/methods , Tongue/microbiology , Halitosis/prevention & control , Oral Hygiene/instrumentation , Toothbrushing/instrumentation , Toothbrushing/methods , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Biofilms , Diagnostic Self Evaluation , Visual Analog Scale , Middle Aged
13.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 55(3): 1-11, jul.-set. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-991064

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: evaluar la supervivencia de las restauraciones adhesivas sobre cavidades preparadas con remoción parcial de caries o remoción total de caries. Métodos: se planteó un ensayo clínico aleatorizado, doble ciego. La muestra estuvo constituida por 107 piezas dentarias de 32 niños de 4 a 8 años de edad, que cumplieron los criterios de inclusión y exclusión previamente determinados, con cavidades profundas que abarcaban una o dos superficies dentales, las cuales fueron tratadas mediante remoción parcial de caries o remoción total de caries. Las evaluaciones fueron realizadas cada 6 meses durante 2 años, desde el punto de vista radiográfico y clínico. De manera complementaria los menores y sus responsables recibieron motivación, capacitación, acompañamiento y dispositivos de aseo bucal de forma permanente. Los datos obtenidos fueron sometidos a análisis estadístico de supervivencia de Kaplan-Meier y para la diferencia de tratamientos se utilizó la prueba Log Rank. Se realizó un análisis con tabla de supervivencia incluyendo los dos tratamientos a los 6, 12, 18 y 24 meses. Resultados: no se encontró diferencia significativa entre las técnicas de remoción total y parcial de caries (p= 0,61). El análisis mostró que los porcentajes de supervivencia fueron de 95 por ciento a los 6 meses, 88 por ciento a los 12 meses, 81 por ciento a los 18 meses y 55 por ciento a los 24 meses. Conclusiones: la utilización de remoción parcial o total de caries para la preparación de cavidades demostró no tener diferencias significativas. Para futuros estudios en los que se analice la supervivencia de las restauraciones se deberá considerar una pérdida de participantes del 30 por ciento(AU)


Objective: Evaluate the survival of adhesive restorations in cavities prepared with partial or total caries removal. Methods: A randomized double-blind clinical trial was conducted. The sample was composed of 107 teeth of 32 children aged 4-8 years who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria set for the trial. These children had deep cavities that covered one or two dental surfaces, which were treated by partial or total caries removal. Radiographic and clinical evaluations were performed every six months for two years. The children involved in the trial and the adults in charge of them also received motivation sessions, training, support and oral hygiene devices on a permanent basis. The data obtained were subjected to Kaplan-Meier survival statistical analysis, and the Log Rank test was used to determine the difference between the treatments. Survival table analysis was performed which included the two treatments at 6, 12, 18 and 24 months. Results: No significant difference was found between total and partial caries removal techniques (p= 0.61). Survival percentages were found to be 95 percent at 6 months, 88 percent at 12 months, 81 prcent at 18 months and 55 prcent at 24 months. Conclusions: No significant difference was found between the use of partial and total caries removal for cavity preparation. Further studies about restoration survival should consider a 30 percent dropout rate(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Oral Hygiene/methods , Dental Bonding/methods , Dental Caries/diagnostic imaging , Double-Blind Method , Data Interpretation, Statistical
14.
ImplantNewsPerio ; 3(2): 335-339, mar.-abr. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-883520

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: tendo em vista a relevância da prevenção à gengivite, e consequentemente à periodontite, e a falta de consenso na literatura sobre a efetividade do fio dental como medida protetora ao sangramento gengival, este artigo buscou revisar a literatura objetivando responder a seguinte pergunta: "O uso do fio dental é efetivo para prevenir o sangramento gengival?". Material e métodos: revisões sistemáticas foram buscadas na base de dados Pubmed, sem limite de data e de linguagem. Resultados: duas revisões foram encontradas, e seus resultados foram sumarizados. Conclusão: a literatura científica sugere que o uso do fio dental associado à escovação é adequado para o controle do biofilme, e consequentemente, do sangramento gengival. Entretanto, essa evidência apresenta inúmeras limitações, e seus resultados precisam ser confirmados. Assim, são necessários mais estudos que demonstrem claramente o efeito do fio dental sobre o sangramento gengival.


Objectives: given the relevance of gingivitis prevention, and consequently periodontitis, and the lack of consensus in the literature on the effectiveness of dental floss as a protective measure of gingival bleeding, this article aimed to revise the literature in order to answer the following question: Is flossing effective in preventing gum bleeding? Material and methods: systematic reviews were searched on Pubmed database, with no limits for date and language. Results: two reviews were found, and their results were summarized. Conclusion: the scientific literature suggests that flossing associated with brushing is adequate for biofilm control, and consequently, for preventing gingival bleeding. However, this evidence has relevant limitations, therefore, these results need to be carefully considered. Thus, further studies are needed to clearly demonstrate the effect of dental floss on prevention of gingival bleeding.


Subject(s)
Dental Devices, Home Care/statistics & numerical data , Gingivitis/prevention & control , Oral Hygiene/methods , Periodontal Diseases , Periodontitis/prevention & control
15.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 18(1): 3897, 15/01/2018. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-966737

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the impact of three different education methods on the oral hygiene levels of school children using clinical and theoretical findings. Material and Methods: 144 children (72 males and 72 females), whose ages ranged between 8-13, were divided into 12 equal experimental groups according to their ages and gender. They were all considered to have poor hygiene. Only one out of the three different education methods (brochure, model or video) was applied to each group. The percentage change in PI, GI, BOP and theoretical test points from the baseline to the 6th months were evaluated. The data was statistically analysed by using Kolmogorov- Smirnov and One-way ANOVA tests. Results: Reduction in PI, GI and BOP scores was significantly greater (p<0.05) in the video applied groups compared to the brochure groups in the age of 8-10 groups for both genders and in 11-13-year-old males. In 11- 13-year-old females, all methods showed similar results (p>0.05). There was no significant difference in test points in 8-10 and 11-13-year-old female groups (p>0.05), whereas a significant increase in test points was observed in the video and model applied groups compared to the brochure groups in 8-10 and 11-13-year-old male groups (p<0.05). Conclusion: It may be more helpful and effective for children to get the oral hygiene education using the visual methods, especially for those under the age of ten.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Oral Hygiene/methods , Child , Dental Plaque Index , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Health Education, Dental , Toothbrushing , Turkey , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric
16.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 18(1): 3982, 15/01/2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-965743

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the chronology of first deciduous tooth eruption in children with microcephaly associated with presumed or confirmed Zika virus. Material and Methods: A longitudinal study was developed with 74 children of both sexes. Data on prematurity, gestational age (in weeks), anthropometric characteristics at birth [length (cm), weight (g) and cephalic perimeter (cm)] and dental eruption (chronological age and corrected age for prematurity in months) were collected and presented through descriptive statistics. Data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences. Results: The majority of children were female (54.1%) and 14.9% were born premature. The mean gestational age was 38.2 (± 1.9) weeks, while length, weight and cephalic perimeter at birth were 45.6 (± 3.1) cm, 2750 (± 526.6) and 30 (± 2.3) cm, respectively. The eruption of the first tooth occurred on average at 12.3 (± 3.0) months of chronological age and at 11.1 (± 2.3) months of corrected age. The first erupted teeth were the lower deciduous central incisors (82.4%). The mean age for dental eruption in males was 12.5 months (± 3.0) and in females 12.0 months (± 3.1) among full-term children. For premature infants, the mean corrected age of dental eruption was 11.5 months (± 3.4) for boys and 11 months (± 1.7) for girls. Conclusion: In this group of children with microcephaly, the first tooth to erupt was the lower central incisor around the first year of life. Girls had lower average eruption time when compared to boys in both chronological age and age corrected for prematurity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Tooth, Deciduous/abnormalities , Tooth Eruption , Brazil , Child , Zika Virus Infection/diagnosis , Microcephaly/diagnosis , Oral Hygiene/methods , Epidemiologic Studies
17.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170630, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-954502

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of nonsurgical periodontal therapy considering the salivary stress-related hormone and cytokine levels in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) on pregnant and nonpregnant women. Material and Methods Thirty non-pregnant (control group) and 30 pregnant women (test group) that met the study inclusion criteria were chosen. Only participants with gingivitis were included. Clinical data and samples of GCF and saliva were collected at baseline and after periodontal therapy. The levels of interleukin-1 beta (Κ-1β) and IL-10, and concentration of salivary chromogranin A (CgA) hormone were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The repeated measures analysis of variance was used for intragroup and intergroup analyses. Results A major decrease in the gingival inflammation was observed in both groups after periodontal therapy (p<0.05). Periodontal treatment decreased the level of IL-1β in GCF (p<0.05) in control group, but no statistical difference was determined for GCF IL-1β in the test group. However, after periodontal therapy, the CgA hormone concentration was reduced in both groups (p<0.05). However, there was no difference in salivary CgA concentration, GCF IL-10 levels, and perceived stress scale (PSS)-10 between the groups (p>0.05). Conclusions Within the limitations of this study, periodontal therapy significantly improved the periodontal status and stress level. In addition, the severity of the gingival inflammation during pregnancy was related to stress. However, further studies will be needed to substantiate these early findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Pregnancy Complications/metabolism , Pregnancy Complications/psychology , Saliva/chemistry , Gingival Crevicular Fluid/chemistry , Interleukin-10/analysis , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , Chromogranin A/analysis , Gingivitis/therapy , Oral Hygiene/methods , Stress, Psychological/metabolism , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Biomarkers/analysis , Periodontal Index , Analysis of Variance , Gingival Crevicular Fluid/metabolism , Dental Scaling/methods , Treatment Outcome , Gingivitis/metabolism
18.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-894376

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Pregnancy is a transient physiological state which brings about different hormonal changes in a woman's body. These effects are generalized and there are various oral changes as well. There are a number of especially important alterations in the periodontal conditions within the oral cavity. These changes have important implications as they have been known to cause adverse pregnancy outcomes. Better knowledge about these scenarios among health care professionals and women would go a long way toward avoiding or minimizing these adverse outcomes. Health education is an important tool in creating awareness among pregnant women regarding improvement of their oral health. Awareness among the health professionals and good inter-departmental collaboration would help toward a more efficient treatment of these pregnancy related conditions.


RESUMO A gravidez é um estado fisiológico transitório que produz uma série de alterações hormonais no corpo da mulher. Esses efeitos são generalizados e incluem várias alterações orais. Uma destas afeta condições periodontais. Essas mudanças têm implicações importantes, pois sabe-se que causam resultados adversos na gravidez. Um melhor conhecimento sobre esses cenários entre os profissionais de saúde e entre as mulheres seria um passo importante para evitar ou minimizar tais resultados adversos. A educação para a saúde é uma ferramenta importante na conscientização das mulheres grávidas em relação à melhoria da saúde bucal. A consciência entre os profissionais de saúde e a boa colaboração interdisciplinar ajudaria a efetivar tratamento mais eficiente dessas condições relacionadas à gravidez.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Oral Hygiene/methods , Oral Health , Health Education, Dental , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Pregnant Women
19.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 28(3): 1-11, set.-dic. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-901027

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Candida spp. es un habitante normal de la microbiota humana, que puede originar infecciones superficiales y sistémicas de carácter oportunista. En pacientes diabéticos se incrementa el riesgo de infecciones por esta levadura, lo cual estaría determinado por la portación de Candida spp. Esta portación es variable, así se observa en cavidad oral desde 13,7 al 64 por ciento. Objetivo: establecer los porcentajes de colonización y posibles factores asociados en este grupo de alto riesgo. Método: se realizó un estudio descriptivo en un total de 172 pacientes diabéticos y no diabéticos. Las muestras de enjuague bucal se sembraron en agar Sabouraud y CHROMagar Candida. Los aislamientos se sometieron a pruebas fenotípicas y a reacción en cadena de la polimerasa múltiple para su identificación. Las variables demográficas, los hábitos de higiene oral, el uso de prótesis dental, así como los niveles de hemoglobina glucosilada se evaluaron para determinación de frecuencias y asociación por chi2 y análisis multivariado, mediante el programa SPSS versión 19.0. Resultados: el porcentaje de colonización en el total de la población diabética y no diabética (n= 172) fue de 33,7 por ciento. La distribución por especies fue de Candida albicans (63,8 por ciento), Candida glabrata (10,3 por ciento), Candida tropicalis (6,9 por ciento), Candida krusei (5,2 por ciento), Candida dubliniensis (3,4 por ciento), Candida parapsilosis (3,4 por ciento), Candida lusitaniae (1,7 por ciento), Candida guilliermondii (1,7 por ciento) y Candida spp. (no identificada, 3,4 por ciento). En sujetos no diabéticos el porcentaje de colonización fue de 27,9 por ciento y en diabéticos de 36,9 por ciento. En los sujetos del estudio se encontró que 14,9 por ciento tenía control glúcemico por los niveles de hemoglobina glucosilada, el 57,6 por ciento utilizaba prótesis dentales y el 63,9 por ciento practicaba higiene oral regular. Conclusión: Candida albicans es la especie predominante en ambos grupos, con un porcentaje significativo de las especies no albicans en estos pacientes. El uso de prótesis dental es un factor coadyuvante para la colonización por especies del género Candida(AU)


Introduction: Candida spp. is a normal inhabitant of the human microbiota, which can cause superficial and systemic infections of an opportunistic nature. In diabetic patients the risk of infections by this yeast increases, which would be determined by the carrying of Candida spp. This carrying is variable, as observed in the oral cavity from 13.7 to 64 percent. Objective: to establish the percentages of colonization and possible associated factors in this high-risk group. Method: a descriptive study was carried out in a total of 172 diabetic and non-diabetic patients. Mouthwash samples were seeded on Sabouraud agar and CHROMagar Candida. The isolates were subjected to phenotypic tests and to a multiple polymerase´s chain reaction for identification. Demographic variables, oral hygiene habits, the use of dental prostheses, as well as glycosylated hemoglobin levels were evaluated for frequency and association determination by chi2 and multivariate analysis, using the SPSS program version 19.0. Results: the percentage of colonization in the total of the diabetic and non-diabetic population (n= 172) was 33.7 percent. The distribution by species was Candida albicans (63.8 percent), Candida glabrata (10.3 percent), Candida tropicalis (6.9 percent), Candida krusei (5.2 percent), Candida dubliniensis (3.4 percent), Candida parapsilosis (3.4 percent), Candida lusitaniae (1.7 percent), Candida guilliermondii (1.7 percent), and Candida spp. (unidentified, 3.4 percent). In non-diabetic patients the percentage of colonization was 27.9 percent and in diabetics 36.9 percent. In the study´s patients, it was found that 14.9 percent had glycemic control by glycosylated hemoglobin levels, 57.6 percent used dental prostheses, and 63.9 percent practiced regular oral hygiene. Conclusion: Candida albicans was the predominant specie in both groups, with a significant percentage of the non-albicans species in these patients. The use of dental prostheses was a contributory factor for colonization by species of the genus Candida(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Oral Hygiene/methods , Candida/isolation & purification , Dental Prosthesis/adverse effects , Diabetes Mellitus/etiology , Mouth/parasitology , Epidemiology, Descriptive
20.
Rev. medica electron ; 39(5): 1073-1083, set.-oct. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-902226

ABSTRACT

Introducción: los adultos mayores dependientes presentan una mayor prevalencia y severidad de patologías bucales que el resto de la población, estas pueden influir negativamente en su calidad de vida. Objetivo: caracterizar el estado de salud oral y la calidad de vida relacionada en pacientes adultos mayores dependientes moderados y severos inscritos en el CESFAM Boca Sur, Chile. Materiales y Métodos: se realizó un estudio de corte transversal, la población en estudio fueron adultos mayores dependientes moderados y severos usuarios del CESFAM Boca Sur, Chile. Previo consentimiento informado de los pacientes y sus cuidadores, se les aplicó un cuestionario con variable sociodemográficas a pacientes y cuidadores. Se registraron enfermedad principal, índice COPD, estado periodontal, índice de higiene oral, portador o necesidad de prótesis removible y calidad de vida asociada a salud oral a través del cuestionario OHIP-14Sp validado en población adulta mayor chilena. La tabulación se realizó en Microsoft Excel y el análisis estadístico se hizo en STATA/MP 13.0. Resultados: se incluyeron 47 pacientes, 91,5% de los pacientes requerían algún tipo de tratamiento odontológico. 24 pacientes presentaron estado cognitivo normal. El OHIP-14Sp fue de 11,3±11,7 en pacientes con dependencia moderada, 12,1±9,9 en severa y 11,8±10,4 para la muestra total, las correlaciones del OHIP-14Sp con dientes cariados, perdidos e higiene oral fueron todas menores a 0,2. Conclusiones: la mayoría de los pacientes dependientes moderados y severos inscritos en el CASFAM Boca Sur presentan un mal estado de salud oral y mala calidad de vida relacionada a esta (AU).


Introduction: dependent older adults have a higher prevalence and severity of oral diseases that other populations, they can adversely affect their quality of life Objective: to characterize the state of oral health and related quality of life in moderate and severe dependents elderly patients enrolled in the CESFAM Boca Sur, Chile. Materials and Methods: a cross-sectional study was conducted, the study population were moderate and severe dependents elderly patients enrolled in the CESFAM Boca Sur, Chile. After the informed consent of patients and their caregivers was obtained, were applied a sociodemographic questionnaire. Chief disease, COPD index, periodontal status, oral hygiene index, carrier or need removable prosthesis and quality of life associated with oral health through OHIP-14Sp questionnaire validated in Chilean adult population were registered. Tabulation was done in Microsoft Excel and statistical analysis was done in STATA / MP 13.0. Results: forty-seven patients were included, 91.5% of patients required some type of dental treatment. Twenty-four patients had normal cognitive status. The OHIP-14Sp was 11.3 ± 11.7 in patients with moderate dependence, 12.1 ± 9.9 in severe dependence and 11.8 ± 10.4 for the total sample, the correlations of OHIP-14Sp with decayed teeth , lost and oral hygiene were all less than 0.2. Conclusions: most of the moderate and severe dependent patients enrolled in the CASFAM Boca Sur have a poor oral health and poor quality of life related to it (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Quality of Life , Oral Health/trends , Frail Elderly , Oral Hygiene/methods , Patients , Chile , Caregivers , Mouth Diseases/diagnosis , Mouth Diseases/pathology , Mouth Diseases/prevention & control , Mouth Diseases/epidemiology
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