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Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 54: e0514-2020, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155581


Abstract A 31-year-old male patient developed an ulcer on the glans penis that evolved for three months without healing. We diagnosed it as leishmaniasis using polymerase chain reaction. No immunosuppression or associated diseases were observed. The patient was treated with meglumine antimoniate that cured the lesion in a month post-treatment. Here, we report this case of cutaneous leishmaniasis lesion at the unusual location of glans penis in an immunocompetent individual. The lesion likely developed due to the bite of a vector, highlighting the need for considering cutaneous leishmaniasis among differential diagnosis of sexually transmitted diseases in areas endemic for leishmaniasis.

Humans , Male , Adult , Organometallic Compounds/therapeutic use , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/diagnosis , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/drug therapy , Antiprotozoal Agents/therapeutic use , Brazil , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Meglumine Antimoniate/therapeutic use , Genitalia , Meglumine/therapeutic use
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(3): 459-467, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012312


ABSTRACT Purpose: 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT imaging is a promising modality for the staging of recurrent prostate cancer (PCa). Current evidence suggests limited diagnostic value of the 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT in PSA-levels ≤0.3ng/mL. Experimental data have demonstrated an increase in PSMA-expression in PCa metastases by androgen deprivation in vitro. The aim of the current study was to investigate a possible enhancing effect of PSMA with low-dose androgen deprivation in patients with BCR and low PSA-levels. Materials and Methods: Five patients with PCa and BCR, following radical prostatectomy, underwent 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT. A consecutive 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT was performed 6 to 11 days after injection of 80mg of Degarelix (Firmagon®). We recorded PSA and testosterone serum-levels and changes of PSMA-uptake in 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT images. Results: Median PSA prior 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT was 0.27ng/mL. All patients had a decrease in testosterone serum levels from median 2.95μg/l to 0.16μg/l following Degarelix injection. We observed an increase in the standardized uptake value (SUV) in PSMA-positive lymphogenous and osseous lesions in two patients following androgen deprivation. In another two patients, no PSMA positive signals were detected in either the first or the second scan. Conclusion: Our preliminary results of this feasibility assessment indicate a possible enhancing effect of PSMA-imaging induced by low-dose ADT. Despite several limitations and the small number of patients, this could be a new approach to improve staging by 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT in PCa patients with BCR after primary therapy. Further prospective studies with larger number of patients are needed to validate our findings.

Humans , Male , Aged , Organometallic Compounds , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Membrane Glycoproteins , Radiopharmaceuticals , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography/methods , Androgen Antagonists/therapeutic use , Neoplasm Metastasis/diagnostic imaging , Oligopeptides/therapeutic use , Reference Values , Time Factors , Reproducibility of Results , Prostate-Specific Antigen/blood , Neoplasm Grading , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology
Gac. méd. Méx ; 155(2): 191-195, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286482


Resumen La enfermedad de Menkes es una patología neurodegenerativa y letal debida a mutaciones génicas de la enzima ATP-7A trasportadora de cobre; se manifiesta por síntomas neurológicos y alteraciones del tejido conectivo de severidad variable. El uso subcutáneo oportuno de histidinato de cobre (Cu-His) es determinante en la calidad de vida. Se reportan las primeras experiencias en México en la síntesis y uso seguro de Cu-His en tres casos en los que corroboramos hipocupremia e hipoceruloplasminemia. Bajo asesoramiento del Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canadá, elaboramos una solución de 500 µg/mL. En los tres casos aplicamos 250 µg de Cu-His, sin efectos indeseables relevantes durante 30 días y observamos las siguientes determinaciones séricas de cobre (Cu en µg/L) y ceruloplasmina (Cp en mg/dL): caso 1, Cu días 0 y 30, 8 y 504 µg/L; Cp días 0 y 30, 4 y 10.75 mg/dL; caso 2, Cu días 0 y 30, < 50 y 502, µg/L; Cp días 0 y 30, 2 y 15 mg/dL; caso 3, Cu días 0 y 30, 3 y 84.2 µg/L; Cp días 0 y 30, 4 y 10.7 mg/dL. En México es posible la síntesis segura de Cu-His y tratar la enfermedad de Menkes, la cual debe ser intencionalmente buscada.

Abstract Menkes disease is a neurodegenerative and lethal pathology caused by gene mutations of the copper-transporting ATP-7A enzyme; it manifests itself by neurological symptoms and connective tissue changes of varying severity. Timely subcutaneous use of copper histidinate (Cu-His) is determinant for quality of life. We report the first experiences in Mexico on Cu-His synthesis and its safe use in 3 cases where hypocupremia and hypoceruloplasminemia were corroborated. With advice of the Hospital for Sick Children of Toronto Canada, we prepared a 500 µg/mL solution. In all three cases were 250 µg of Cu-His applied without relevant undesirable effects for 30 days. Serum copper (Cu, expressed in µg/L) and ceruloplasmin (Cp, in mg/dL) were determined: case 1, Cu days 0 and 30, 8 and 504 µg/L; Cp days 0 and 30, 4 and 10.75 mg/dL; case 2, Cu days 0 and 30, <50 and 502 µg/L; Cp days 0 and 30, 2 and 15 mg/dL; case 3, Cu days 0 and 30, 3 and 84.2 µg/L; Cp days 0 and 30, 4 and 10.7 mg/dL. In Mexico, it is possible to safely synthesize Cu-His and treat MD, which must be intentionally sought.

Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Organometallic Compounds/administration & dosage , Quality of Life , Drug Compounding/methods , Histidine/analogs & derivatives , Menkes Kinky Hair Syndrome/drug therapy , Organometallic Compounds/adverse effects , Copper/blood , Pharmaceutical Solutions , Histidine/administration & dosage , Histidine/adverse effects , Mexico
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 114: e190020, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012670


BACKGROUND The multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype is frequently observed in Acinetobacter baumannii, the most clinically relevant pathogenic species of its genus; recently, other species belonging to the A. calcoaceticus-A. baumannii complex have emerged as important MDR nosocomial pathogens. OBJECTIVES The present study aimed to verify the occurrence of metallo-β-lactamase genes among distinct Acinetobacter species in a hospital located in the Brazilian Amazon Region. METHODS Antimicrobial susceptibility profiles were determined by broth microdilution. The genetic relationships among these isolates were assessed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multilocus sequence typing (MLST). Pyrosequencing reads of plasmids carrying the bla NDM-1 gene were generated using the Ion Torrent™ platform sequencing. FINDINGS A total of six isolates carried bla NDM-1: A. baumannii (n = 2), A. nosocomialis (n = 3), and A. pittii (n = 1); three carried bla IMP-1: A. baumannii, A. nosocomialis, and A. bereziniae. Resistance to colistin was observed for an NDM-1-producing A. nosocomialis isolate. Diverse PFGE patterns and sequence types were found among A. nosocomialis and A. baumannii isolates. The bla NDM-1 sequence was inserted in a Tn125 transposon, while the bla IMP-1 was found as a gene cassette of the class 1 integron In86. MAIN CONCLUSIONS To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report describing the dissemination of bla NDM-1 among distinct Acinetobacter species recovered from the same hospital in South America.

Humans , Organometallic Compounds , Acinetobacter/isolation & purification , Acinetobacter/genetics , beta-Lactamases , Drug Resistance, Microbial/drug effects , Cross Infection/transmission , Intensive Care Units
Acta cir. bras ; 34(12): e201901201, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054690


Abstract Purpose To evaluate the effect of Rut-bpy (Cis-[Ru(bpy)2(SO3)(NO)]PF 6), a novel nitric oxide donor, able to modulate the histological changes caused by the NASID (meloxicam). Methods Wistar rats were assigned into three groups (n=6 rats/group): Sham group (saline solution), NSAID group (meloxicam - 15 mg/kg) and Rut-bpy group (100 mg/kg of Rut-bpy associated with 15mg/kg of meloxicam). At the end of experiments, kidneys were removed for histological study, fractal dimension and lacunarity in all animals. Results At the histological examination, all animals (six animals - 100 %) in the NSAID group had membrane thickening and other changes (necrosis, acute tubular congestion and vascular congestion); on the other hand, only one animal (16.6 %) of the Rut-bpy group had congestion. The fractal dimension and lacunarity were greater in the control and Rut-bpy group than in NSAIDs group (p<0.05). Conclusion Rut-bpy may prevent renal histological changes in rats caused by meloxicam.

Animals , Male , Organometallic Compounds/pharmacology , Ruthenium/pharmacology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/adverse effects , Nitric Oxide Donors/pharmacology , Meloxicam/adverse effects , Kidney Diseases/chemically induced , Kidney Diseases/prevention & control , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Wistar , Fractals , Kidney Diseases/pathology
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2019. 124 p. ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1053043


O receptor do ácido γ-aminobutírico do tipo A (GABAA) é o receptor de ação rápida mais amplamente distribuído no sistema nervoso central (SNC) dos mamíferos. Os receptores GABAA são canais iônicos pentaméricos transmembranares e apresentam alta heterogeneidadede entre suas subunidades. Quando estes receptores são ativados pelo neurotransmissor GABA, permitem a passagem de íons cloreto para dentro dos neurônios, resultando em uma hiperpolarização destas células, as tornando menos reativas a neurotransmissores excitatórios. Os receptores GABAA são alvos de vários grupos farmacológicos com propriedades anestésicas e sedativas. A ativação destes receptores pode ser modulada por diferentes grupos de compostos, incluindo os benzodiazepínicos (BZDs), que se tornaram o grupo farmacológico prescrito mais consumido no mundo, sendo indicados no tratamento de ansiedade, insônia, relaxamento muscular e epilepsia. Apesar de serem indicados no tratamento em diversas manifestações clínicas, podem apresentar efeitos adversos, como comprometimento da memória, síndrome de descontinuação, além da sua ineficiência no tratamento em alguns casos de epilepsia. Nesse contexto, é importante identificar e desenvolver novos compostos que apresentem as mesmas características e eficiência dos BZDs clássicos, porém minimizando seus efeitos adversos.

Uma abordagem interessante é a síntese de compostos de coordenação, a partir da associação entre compostos orgânicos com elementos metálicos a partir dos BZDs clássicos, como o diazepam. Neste trabalho, foi analisada a interação do receptor GABAA com cinco compostos de coordenação derivados do diazepam com íon paládio ([(DZP)PdOAcPPh3], [(DZP)PdClPPh3], [(DZP)PdClPy], ([(DZP)PdCl]2 e [(DZP)PdOAc]2) em um modelo heteropentamérico da principal combinação de isoformas do receptor GABAA (α1ß2γ2) construído pela técnica de modelagem comparativa. Com o intuito de predizer a pose dos ligantes, foram realizadas simulações de docking molecular entre os compostos de coordenação e o diazepam com o receptor GABAA, utilizando o software AutoDock. Nossos resultados indicam que os compostos de coordenação apresentaram energia livre de ligação estimada mais baixa que o ligante diazepam, com destaque para o composto o [(DZP)PdOAc]2. Foram identificados quatro resíduos que aparentemente contribuem para a interação proteína-ligante: His101(α1), Ser204(α1), Tyr58(γ2) e Phe77(γ2). O metal paládio incluso nos compostos de coordenação apresentou um papel de estabilidade estrutural, conferindo um maior número de interações com o receptor GABAA no sítio dos benzodiazepínicos. (AU)

Humans , Organometallic Compounds , Receptors, GABA-A , Molecular Docking Simulation
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(3): 393-396, Apr.-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-957422


Abstract Visceral leishmaniasis is a systemic disease that is potentially severe and endemic in Brazil. It clinically manifests as fever, weight loss, swelling, hepatosplenomegaly, paleness, and edema. In this study, we discuss a case of a 1-year-old child diagnosed with refractory visceral leishmaniasis after being treated with liposomal amphotericin B in two distinct occasions. Considering the persistent clinical features and weak response to conventional treatment, a combination therapy with liposomal amphotericin B (ambisome), n-methylglucamine antimoniate (glucantime), and pentamidine isethionate was initiated, and response to treatment was good.

Humans , Male , Infant , Organometallic Compounds/administration & dosage , Pentamidine/administration & dosage , Amphotericin B/administration & dosage , Leishmaniasis, Visceral/drug therapy , Meglumine/administration & dosage , Antiprotozoal Agents/administration & dosage , Drug Therapy, Combination , Meglumine Antimoniate
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 84(2): 150-158, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889367


Abstract Introduction The literature has reported the association between lead and auditory effects, based on clinical and experimental studies. However, there is no consensus regarding the effects of lead in the auditory system, or its correlation with the concentration of the metal in the blood. Objective To investigate the maturation state of the auditory system, specifically the auditory nerve and brainstem, in rats exposed to lead acetate and supplemented with ferrous sulfate. Methods 30 weanling male rats (Rattus norvegicus, Wistar) were distributed into six groups of five animals each and exposed to one of two concentrations of lead acetate (100 or 400 mg/L) and supplemented with ferrous sulfate (20 mg/kg). The maturation state of the auditory nerve and brainstem was analyzed using Brainstem Auditory Evoked Potential before and after lead exposure. The concentration of lead in blood and brainstem was analyzed using Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry. Results We verified that the concentration of Pb in blood and in brainstem presented a high correlation (r = 0.951; p < 0.0001). Both concentrations of lead acetate affected the maturation state of the auditory system, being the maturation slower in the regions corresponding to portion of the auditory nerve (wave I) and cochlear nuclei (wave II). The ferrous sulfate supplementation reduced significantly the concentration of lead in blood and brainstem for the group exposed to the lowest concentration of lead (100 mg/L), but not for the group exposed to the higher concentration (400 mg/L). Conclusion This study indicate that the lead acetate can have deleterious effects on the maturation of the auditory nerve and brainstem (cochlear nucleus region), as detected by the Brainstem Auditory Evoked Potentials, and the ferrous sulphate can partially amend this effect.

Resumo Introdução A literatura relatou a associação entre o chumbo e os efeitos auditivos, com base em estudos clínicos e experimentais. No entanto, não há consenso em relação aos efeitos do chumbo no sistema auditivo, ou sua correlação com a concentração do metal no sangue. Objetivo Investigar o estado de maturação do sistema auditivo, especificamente do nervo auditivo e do tronco encefálico, em ratos expostos ao acetato de chumbo e suplementados com sulfato ferroso. Método 30 ratos machos desmamados (Rattus norvegicus, Wistar) foram distribuídos em seis grupos de cinco animais e expostos a uma de duas concentrações de acetato de chumbo (100 ou 400 mg/L) e suplementados com sulfato ferroso (20 mg/kg). O estado de maturação do nervo auditivo e do tronco encefálico foi analisado pelo Potencial Evocado Auditivo do Tronco Encefálico antes e após a exposição ao chumbo. A concentração de chumbo no sangue e tronco encefálico foi analisada utilizando-se Espectrometria de Massa com Plasma Indutivamente Acoplado. Resultados Verificamos que as concentrações de Pb no sangue e no tronco encefálico apresentaram alta correlação (r = 0,951, p < 0,0001). Ambas as concentrações de acetato de chumbo afetaram o estado de maturação do sistema auditivo, a maturação foi mais lenta nas regiões correspondentes à porção do nervo auditivo (onda I) e dos núcleos cocleares (onda II). A suplementação com sulfato ferroso reduziu significativamente a concentração de chumbo no sangue e no tronco encefálico no grupo exposto à menor concentração de chumbo (100 mg/L), mas não para o grupo exposto à maior concentração (400 mg/L). Conclusão Esse estudo indica que o acetato de chumbo pode ter efeitos deletérios na maturação do nervo auditivo e do tronco encefálico (região do núcleo coclear), como detectado pelos potenciais evocados auditivos do tronco encefálico, e que o sulfato ferroso pode diminuir parcialmente esse efeito.

Animals , Male , Rats , Organometallic Compounds/adverse effects , Brain Stem/drug effects , Ferrous Compounds/administration & dosage , Cochlear Nerve/drug effects , Lead/toxicity , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem , Rats, Wistar , Models, Animal , Lead/blood
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 113(9): e180200, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-955123


BACKGROUND Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a world-wide health problem which currently lacks effective, affordable and easy to use therapy. Recently, the meglumine antimoniate (MA) intralesional infiltration was included among the acceptable therapies for New World leishmaniasis. While this approach is attractive, there is currently little evidence to support its use in Americas. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to provide information about effectiveness and safety of a standardised MA intralesional infiltration technique for the treatment of CL. METHODS It is a single-arm phase II clinical trial conducted at a Brazilian referral centre. CL cases with parasitological confirmation presenting a maximum of three CL-compatible skin lesions were treated with weekly MA intralesional infiltration by using a validated technique, up to a maximum of eight infiltrations. RESULTS A total of 53 patients (62 lesions) were included. Overall, patients received a median of seven infiltrations (IQR25-75% 5-8) over a median treatment period of 43 days (IQR25-75% 28-52 days). The definitive cure rate at D180 was 87% (95% CI:77-96%). The majority of adverse events were local, with mild or moderate intensity. Bacterial secondary infection of the lesion site was observed in 13% of the treated patients, beside two intensity-three adverse events (hypersensitivity reactions).

Humans , Organometallic Compounds/administration & dosage , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/drug therapy , /therapeutic use , Injections, Intralesional , Antiprotozoal Agents/adverse effects
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2018. 166 p. graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1026858


Compostos organometálicos do tipo rutênio-areno têm sido estudados no transcurso dos últimos anos em razão do potencial que apresentam para o tratamento de doenças dentre as quais se destaca o câncer. Neste contexto, o presente trabalho teve como principal objetivo o estudo de organometálicos de Ru(II)-p-cimeno contendo como ligantes fármacos anti-inflamatórios não esteroides (FAINEs) ou seus derivados piridinaamida (FAINE-amida). Foram realizadas as sínteses de duas classes de compostos de fórmulas gerais [RuCl(p-cimeno)L] e [RuCl2(p-cimeno)Lam] em que L = ibuprofeno, naproxeno ou indometacina e Lam = derivado amida desses FAINES, respectivamente. A composição e estrutura dos compostos foram elucidadas principalmente com base em análise elementar, espectrometria de massas (ESI-MS), espectroscopia de ressonância magnética nuclear (1H RMN, 13C RMN, HSQC, HMBC) e espectroscopia vibracional ATR/FT-IR. Os dados indicaram que todos os fármacos-ligantes utilizados estabilizam a unidade Ru(II)-areno, sendo que os carboxilatos coordenam-se ao Ru(II) de modo bidentado por ambos os átomos de oxigênio, enquanto que a coordenação dos derivados amida ocorre pelo nitrogênio do anel piridínico. No entanto, em contraste ao comportamento em solventes não-coordenantes como clorofórmio, estudos em solução indicaram que a presença de dimetilsulfóxido promove dissociação do fármaco ligante acompanhada pela coordenação do solvente (gradual, no caso de L, ou imediata total no caso de Lam). Resultados preliminares de estudos de espectroscopia de fluorescência sugerem interação dos compostos de Ru(II)-areno-indometacina com albumina de soro humano (HSA)

Ruthenium-arene organometallics have been investigated in recent years due to the potential for treatment of diseases among which cancer is highlighted. In this context, the main objective of the present work is the study of organometallics of Ru(II)-p-cymene bearing non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or their pyridine-amide (NSAIDamide) as ligands. Two classes of compounds of general formula [RuCl(p-cymene)L] and [RuCl2(p-cymene)Lam], in which L = ibuprofen, naproxen or indomethacin and Lam = amide derivative of these NSAIDs, respectively have been synthesized. The composition and the structure of these compounds have been elucidated mainly based on elemental analysis, mass spectrometry (ESI-MS), nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H RMN, 13C RMN, HSQC, HMBC) and vibrational spectroscopy (ATR/FT-IR). The data indicate that all the used drug-ligands stabilize the Ru(II)-arene framework, being that the carboxylates coordinate Ru(II) in bidentate mode through both oxygen atoms while the coordination of the amide derivatives occurs via nitrogen atom of the pyridine ring. However, in contrast to the behavior in non-coordinating solvents such as chloroform, studies in solution indicate that the presence of dimethylsulfoxide promotes dissociation of the drug ligand accompanied by the coordination of the solvent (gradual, for L, or total immediate for Lam). Preliminary results from fluorescence spectroscopy suggest interaction of the Ru(II)-arene-indomethacin compounds with human serum albumin (HSA)

Organometallic Compounds/chemical synthesis , Ruthenium/analysis , Mass Spectrometry/instrumentation , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/instrumentation , Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(3): 224-232, 2018. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959375


Resumen Introducción La efectividad de la colonoscopia depende de múltiples factores, destacando la calidad de preparación intestinal y la tolerabilidad que tenga el paciente a la preparación administrada. Objetivo Comparar dos agentes de preparación intestinal, el polietilenglicol (PEG) y el picosulfato de sodiocitrato de magnesio (PSCM) en términos de efectividad y tolerabilidad de la preparación. Pacientes y Método Ensayo clínico aleatorizado en pacientes ambulatorios sometidos a colonoscopia en Clínica INDISA. Evaluando efectividad y tolerabilidad con el Boston Bowel Preparation Score (BBPS) y cuestionario de Lawrence [compuesto por escala Likert, dos preguntas cualitativas y escala visual análoga (EVA)], respectivamente. Resultados 189 pacientes, de los cuales 123 se aleatorizaron a PEG y 66 a PSCM. El BBPS en los pacientes que utilizaron PEG, la media fue 7,51 (DS 1,66) y con PSCM fue 7,12 (DS 1,71) (p = 0,111). Al analizar la tolerabilidad con escala Likert, la media con PEG fue 0,94 (DS 0,68) y con PSCM fue 0,63 (DS 0,61) (p = 0,0004). La EVA con PEG tuvo una media de 7,68 (DS 2,4) y con PSCM de 9,04 (DS 1,59) (p < 0,0001). Al preguntar ausentismo laboral, no hubo diferencias significativas en ambos grupos y al preguntar si ocuparía la misma preparación en una futura colonoscopia, hubo significancia estadística a favor del PSCM (p = 0,026). Conclusión No encontramos diferencias en la efectividad de preparación intestinal al comparar PEG y PSCM, sin embargo, el PSCM es mejor tolerado.

Introduction The effectiveness of colonoscopy depends on multiple factors, being two of the most important ones an adequate bowel preparation and the patient's tolerability to the preparation. Objectives Compare effectiveness and tolerability of two bowel preparation agents, polyethylene glycol (PEG) and sodium picosulfate/magnesium citrate (SPMC). Patients and Methods Randomized clinical trial on outpatients that went into colonoscopy in INDISA Clinic. We evaluated effectiveness and tolerability with Boston Bowel Preparation Score (BBPS) and Lawrence questionnaire [composed by Likert scale, two qualitative questions and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for pain], respectively. Results 189 patients, 123 were randomized to PEG and 66 to SPMC. BBPS average in patients in the PEG branch was 7.51 (SD 1.66) and for SPMC 7.12 (SD 1.71) (p = 0.111). Likert scale for evaluating tolerability average for PEG was 0.94 (SD 0.68) and for SPMC 0.63 (SD 0.61) (p = 0.0004). VAS scale for PEG had an average of 7.68 (SD 2.4) and for PSCM 9.04 (SD 1.59) (p < 0.0001). When we asked for workplace absenteeism, there were no significant differences between both groups and when we asked about using the same intestinal preparation in a future colonoscopy there was statistical significance in favor to SPMC (p = 0.026). Conclusions No differences were noted on effectiveness between the PEG and SPMC bowel preparations. Nevertheless, SPMC appeared to be better tolerated by patients.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Organometallic Compounds/administration & dosage , Polyethylene Glycols/administration & dosage , Cathartics/administration & dosage , Colonoscopy/methods , Citrates/administration & dosage , Picolines/administration & dosage , Preoperative Care/methods , Single-Blind Method , Surveys and Questionnaires , Patient Satisfaction
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 112(12): 838-843, Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-894858


BACKGROUND American tegumentary leishmaniasis (ATL) is a non-lethal parasitic disease that presents with cutaneous (CL) and mucosal (ML) clinical forms. ATL treatment aims at healing the lesions and preventing the development of the late mucosal form. Systemic meglumine antimoniate (MA) therapy with 10-20 mg Sb5+/kg/day is the first choice of treatment. However, alternative therapies using 5 mg Sb5+/kg/day or intralesional (IL) MA are the usual regimens at the National Institute of Infectious Diseases (NIID), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. OBJECTIVES To evaluate lethality and the incidence of relapse and development of late ML in CL patients treated at NIID from 2001 until 2013. METHODS Data were recovered from records of all ATL patients diagnosed during that period. FINDINGS Out of 777 patients, 753 were treated with MA (96.9%). Of those, 89.1% received alternative therapy of 9.9% IL and 79.2% systemic 5 mg Sb5+/kg/day. Some patients required 1-3 additional courses of treatment, thus making a total of 997 courses; 85.2% of them were subjected to alternative therapies. Lethality was 0.1%, relapse incidence 5.8%, and late ML incidence 0.25%. As a final outcome for the 777 patients, 95.9% were cured, 0.1% died and 4.0% were not able to follow-up. MAIN CONCLUSIONS Alternative MA schedules resulted in low lethality without increase of relapse or late ML incidence.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/mortality , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/drug therapy , Meglumine/administration & dosage , Organometallic Compounds/administration & dosage , Injections, Intralesional/methods , Treatment Outcome
Actual. osteol ; 13(3): 198-206, Sept - DIc. 2017. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1117027


La osteoporosis afecta al 6-7% de la población masculina. Es alta la proporción de pacientes con fracturas sin diagnóstico previo de esta enfermedad. La mortalidad luego de una fractura es mayor en hombres que en población femenina; a pesar de esto, la mayoría de los pacientes no reciben tratamiento. Los fármacos aprobados, en nuestro medio, para tratar la osteoporosis masculina son: bifosfonatos, teriparatida y ranelato de estroncio. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el efecto del ranelato de estroncio sobre la densidad mineral ósea en hombres después de 1 año de tratamiento. Se incluyeron los registros de 20 hombres de 67,8±3,0 años, tratados con ranelato de estroncio (2 g/día) durante 1 año. Todos los pacientes presentaban un T-score inferior a -2,5 en cadera o columna vertebral o un T-score inferior a -2,0 y factores de riesgo de fractura. No hubo modificación de parámetros de laboratorio luego del tratamiento (calcemia, calciuria, fósforo sérico, parathormona, 25(OH)vitamina D, fosfatasa alcalina y desoxipiridinolina) en relación a los basales. Luego del tratamiento con ranelato de estroncio se observó incremento de la densidad mineral ósea en columna lumbar: 0,953±0,029 versus 0,997±0,030 g/cm2 (p=0,0068), cuello femoral: 0,734±0,013 versus 0,764±0,016 g/cm2 (p=0,0084) y cadera total: 0,821±0,02 versus 0,834±0,02 g/cm2 (p=0,0419). Conclusión: el tratamiento con ranelato de estroncio produjo un incremento significativo de la densidad mineral ósea en columna lumbar y fémur proximal en hombres con osteoporosis. (AU)

Osteoporosis affects 6-7% of the male population. The proportion of patients with fragility fractures but without diagnosis of the disease is high. Mortality after hip fracture is higher in men than in women; in spite of this, most patients are left without treatment for osteoporosis. Drugs approved, for the treatment of osteoporosis in our country are bisphosphonates, teriparatide, and strontium ranelate (SrR). The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of SrR on axial BMD in men after one year of treatment. We obtained pertinent data from medical registries of 20 men aged 67,8±3,0 years, treated with oral SrR (2 g/day) for 12 months. All patients had a T-score below -2,5 at the hip or the lumbar spine, or a T-score below -2,0 and one or more risk factors for fracture. The levels of serum calcium, phosphate, alkaline phosphatase, 25-hydroxyvitamin D, or PTH, or urinary calcium and desoxipyridinoline remained unchanged following SrR administration. After treatment with SrR there were significant increases in BMD at the lumbar spine: 0,953±0,029 versus 0,997±0,030 g/cm2 (p=0,0068), femoral neck: 0,734±0,013 versus 0,764±0,016 g/cm2 (p=0.0084), and total hip: 0,821±0,02 versus 0,834±0,02 g/cm2 (p=0,0419). Conclusion: in osteoporotic men, treatment with SrR significantly increases BMD in the lumbar spine and the proximal femur. (AU)

Humans , Male , Aged , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Strontium/chemistry , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/drug therapy , Bone Density/drug effects , Organometallic Compounds , Osteoporosis/diagnosis , Argentina , Strontium/administration & dosage , Testosterone/therapeutic use , Thiophenes , Vitamin D/administration & dosage , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/metabolism , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/blood , Body Mass Index , Sex Factors , Calcium/administration & dosage , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Bone Density Conservation Agents/therapeutic use , Osteoporotic Fractures , Hypogonadism/complications
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 50(4): 478-482, July-Aug. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-896990


Abstract INTRODUCTION: The drugs available for visceral leishmaniasis (VL) treatment in Brazil have specific characteristics in terms of operability, effectiveness, toxicity, and cost. The aim of this study was to estimate the direct costs of therapies recommended by the Ministry of Health (MH) for VL treatment in Brazil. METHODS: The analytical perspective used was that adopted by the Brazilian Public Health System. Three drugs and four regimens were included: 1) N-methyl glucamine antimoniate intramuscularly at 20mg per kg per day for 30 days; 2) N-methyl glucamine antimoniate intravenously at 20mg per kg per day for 30 days; 3) amphotericin B deoxycholate at 1mg per kg per day for 21 days; and 4) liposomal amphotericin B at 3mg per kg per day for a 7 days treatment. RESULTS: The estimated direct costs of treatment for an adult patient using N-methylglucamine antimoniate administered via the intramuscular and intravenous routes were USD 418.52 and USD 669.40, respectively. The estimated cost of treatment with amphotericin B deoxycholate was USD 1,522.70. Finally, the estimated costs of treatment with liposomal amphotericin B were USD 659.79, and USD 11,559.15 using the price adopted by the WHO and the Drug Regulation Board, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This analysis indicates the economic feasibility of replacing N-methyl glucamine antimoniate with liposomal amphotericin B, which allows a shorter treatment period with less toxicity compared with other treatments, provided that the purchase value used by the WHO and transferred to the MH is maintained.

Humans , Health Care Costs/statistics & numerical data , Leishmaniasis, Visceral/drug therapy , Antiprotozoal Agents/economics , Organometallic Compounds/economics , Organometallic Compounds/therapeutic use , Brazil , Amphotericin B/economics , Amphotericin B/therapeutic use , Clinical Protocols , Deoxycholic Acid/economics , Deoxycholic Acid/therapeutic use , Drug Combinations , Meglumine Antimoniate , Leishmaniasis, Visceral/economics , Meglumine/economics , Meglumine/therapeutic use , Antiprotozoal Agents/therapeutic use
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(3): 282-289, May-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893629


Abstract Zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate (ZLS) is a ceramic that promises to have better mechanical properties than other materials with the same indications as well as improved adaptation and fracture strength. Objective In this study, marginal and internal misfit and fracture load with and without thermal-mechanical aging (TMA) of monolithic ZLS and lithium disilicate (LDS) crowns were evaluated. Material and methods Crowns were milled using a computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing system. Marginal gaps (MGs), absolute marginal discrepancy (AMD), axial gaps, and occlusal gaps were measured by X-ray microtomography (n=8). For fracture load testing, crowns were cemented in a universal abutment, and divided into four groups: ZLS without TMA, ZLS with TMA, LDS without TMA, and LDS with TMA (n=10). TMA groups were subjected to 10,000 thermal cycles (5-55°C) and 1,000,000 mechanical cycles (200 N, 3.8 Hz). All groups were subjected to compressive strength testing in a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min until failure. Student's t-test was used to examine misfit, two-way analysis of variance was used to analyze fracture load, and Pearson's correlation coefficients for misfit and fracture load were calculated (α=0.05). The materials were analyzed according to Weibull distribution, with 95% confidence intervals. Results Average MG (p<0.001) and AMD (p=0.003) values were greater in ZLS than in LDS crowns. TMA did not affect the fracture load of either material. However, fracture loads of ZLS crowns were lower than those of LDS crowns (p<0.001). Fracture load was moderately correlated with MG (r=-0.553) and AMD (r=-0.497). ZLS with TMA was least reliable, according to Weibull probability. Conclusion Within the limitations of this study, ZLS crowns had lower fracture load values and greater marginal misfit than did LDS crowns, although these values were within acceptable limits.

Organometallic Compounds/chemistry , Succinates/chemistry , Zirconium/chemistry , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported/methods , Dental Restoration Failure , Crowns , Reference Values , Surface Properties , Time Factors , Tooth Fractures , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Dental Prosthesis Design , Computer-Aided Design , Statistics, Nonparametric , Compressive Strength , X-Ray Microtomography
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 50(2): 269-272, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-842839


Abstract Although New World cutaneous leishmaniasis is not itself a life-threatening disease, its treatment with systemic antimonials can cause toxicity that can be dangerous to some patients. Intralesional meglumine antimoniate provides a viable, less toxic alternative. Herein, we describe an alternative treatment with subcutaneous intralesional injections of meglumine antimoniate into large periarticular lesions of three patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis and comorbidities. This treatment was safe, successful, and well tolerated. This case series suggests that intralesional meglumine antimoniate is an effective therapy for cutaneous leishmaniasis, even with periarticular lesions. This hypothesis should be tested in controlled clinical trials.

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Organometallic Compounds/administration & dosage , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/drug therapy , Meglumine/administration & dosage , Antiprotozoal Agents/administration & dosage , Time Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Injections, Intralesional , Treatment Outcome , Meglumine , Middle Aged