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1.
Vive (El Alto) ; 7(19): 207-225, abr. 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1560613

ABSTRACT

La artrosis de rodilla grado 1 es un problema frecuente a escala mundial. La fisioterapia se presenta como una alternativa prometedora para el tratamiento conservador de esta patología, ya que reduce eficazmente la artralgia. Objetivo. Describir la eficacia de los ejercicios terapéuticos para aliviar el dolor en la artrosis de rodilla grado I. Metodología. Se trata de una revisión sistemática, que abarcó una búsqueda exhaustiva en varias bases de datos como Pubmed, Scielo y Elsevier. Los criterios de búsqueda incluyeron ensayos de control aleatorios, experimentales y cuasiexperimentales realizados entre los años 2017 y 2023. Resultados. De un total de 82 documentos se excluyeron 40 al ser estudios secundarios. Posteriormente, se excluyeron 21 estudios adicionales debido a la escasa relación entre las variables del estudio y a su falta de disponibilidad. Finalmente, se seleccionaron 21 artículos que cumplieron con los criterios de evaluación de calidad metodológica mediante la escala CRF-QS. Para evaluar el dolor, la rigidez, la funcionalidad y la calidad de vida, se utilizaron escalas como EVA, NPRS, WOMAC y OXFORD. Los ejercicios isocinéticos resultaron ser los más efectivos, ya que demostraron un aumento de la fuerza y el grosor del cartílago articular, lo que resultó en una disminución de las puntuaciones de EVA de 8,05 a 3,75. Conclusión. El ejercicio terapéutico supervisado centrado en el fortalecimiento de las extremidades inferiores ha demostrado ser una alternativa efectiva para el tratamiento conservador de la artrosis de rodilla grado I. Este enfoque alivia eficazmente el dolor, mejora la calidad de vida e incluso puede detener la progresión de la enfermedad.


Grade 1 knee osteoarthritis is a common problem worldwide. Physiotherapy is presented as a promising alternative for the conservative treatment of this pathology, since it effectively reduces arthralgia. Aim. To describe the effectiveness of therapeutic exercises to relieve pain in grade I knee osteoarthritis. Methodology. This is a systematic review, which included an exhaustive search in several databases such as Pubmed, Scielo and Elsevier. Search criteria included randomized, experimental and quasi-experimental control trials conducted between the years 2017 and 2023. Results. Of a total of 82 documents, 40 were excluded as they were secondary studies. Subsequently, 21 additional studies were excluded due to poor relationships between study variables and lack of availability. Finally, 21 articles were selected that met the methodological quality evaluation criteria using the CRF-QS scale. To evaluate pain, stiffness, functionality and quality of life, scales such as VAS, NPRS, WOMAC and OXFORD were used. Isokinetic exercises were found to be the most effective, demonstrating an increase in articular cartilage strength and thickness, resulting in a decrease in VAS scores from 8.05 to 3.75. Conclusion. Supervised therapeutic exercise focused on strengthening the lower extremities has been shown to be an effective alternative to the conservative treatment of grade I knee osteoarthritis. This approach effectively relieves pain, improves quality of life, and may even stop the progression of osteoarthritis. disease.


A osteoartrite do joelho grau 1 é um problema comum em todo o mundo. A fisioterapia apresenta-se como uma alternativa promissora para o tratamento conservador desta patologia, uma vez que reduz eficazmente a artralgia. Mirar. Descrever a eficácia dos exercícios terapêuticos no alívio da dor na osteoartrite de joelho grau I. Metodologia. Trata-se de uma revisão sistemática, que incluiu uma busca exaustiva em diversas bases de dados como Pubmed, Scielo e Elsevier. Os critérios de pesquisa incluíram ensaios de controle randomizados, experimentais e quase-experimentais realizados entre os anos de 2017 e 2023. Resultados. De um total de 82 documentos, 40 foram excluídos por se tratarem de estudos secundários. Posteriormente, 21 estudos adicionais foram excluídos devido às más relações entre as variáveis do estudo e à falta de disponibilidade. Por fim, foram selecionados 21 artigos que atenderam aos critérios de avaliação da qualidade metodológica pela escala CRF-QS. Para avaliar dor, rigidez, funcionalidade e qualidade de vida foram utilizadas escalas como VAS, NPRS, WOMAC e OXFORD. Os exercícios isocinéticos foram considerados os mais eficazes, demonstrando um aumento na força e espessura da cartilagem articular, resultando em uma diminuição nos escores VAS de 8,05 para 3,75. Conclusão. O exercício terapêutico supervisionado focado no fortalecimento das extremidades inferiores tem se mostrado uma alternativa eficaz ao tratamento conservador da osteoartrite do joelho grau I. Esta abordagem alivia eficazmente a dor, melhora a qualidade de vida e pode até interromper a progressão da osteoartrite.


Subject(s)
Osteoarthritis, Knee
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009225

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore effect of nerve growth factor (NGF) antibody on knee osteoarthritis (KOA) pain model was evaluated by in vitro model.@*METHODS@#Thirty male SPF rats aged 28-week-old were divided into blank group (10 rats with anesthesia only). The other 20 rats were with monoiodoacetate (MIA) on the right knee joint to establish pain model of OA, and were randomly divided into control group (injected intraperitoneal injection of normal saline) and treatment group (injected anti-NGF) intraperitoneal after successful modeling, and 10 rats in each group. All rats were received retrograde injection of fluorogold (FG) into the right knee joint. Gait was assessed using catwalk gait analysis system before treatment, 1 and 2 weeks after treatment. Three weeks after treatment, right dorsal root ganglia (DRG) were excised on L4-L6 level, immunostained for calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), and the number of DRGS was counted.@*RESULTS@#In terms of gait analysis using cat track system, duty cycle, swing speed and print area ratio in control and treatment group were significantly reduced compared with blank group (P<0.05). Compared with control group, duty cycle and swing speed of treatment group were significantly improved (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in print area ratio between treatment group and blank group (P>0.05). The number of FG-labeled DRG neurons in control group was significantly higher than that in treatment group and blank group (P<0.05). The expression of CGRP in control group was up-regulated, and differences were statistically significant compared with treatment group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Intraperitoneal injection of anti-NGF antibody inhibited gait injury and upregulation of CGRP in DRG neurons. The results suggest that anti-nerve growth factor therapy may be of value in treating knee pain. NGF may be an important target for the treatment of knee OA pain.


Subject(s)
Aged , Animals , Male , Rats , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Ganglia, Spinal/metabolism , Knee Joint , Nerve Growth Factor/therapeutic use , Osteoarthritis, Knee/drug therapy , Pain/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Antibodies/therapeutic use
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009101

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the early effectiveness of local infiltration anesthesia (LIA) with compound betamethasone in total knee arthroplasty (TKA).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 102 patients with knee osteoarthritis who were treated by TKA and met the selection criteria between May 2022 and March 2023 were retrospectively analyzed. They were divided into control group and study group according to whether LIA preparation was added with compound betamethasone, with 51 cases in each group. There was no significant difference of baseline data, such as age, gender, body mass index, operative side, preoperative range of motion (ROM), Knee Society Score (KSS), white blood cell (WBC), and hematocrit between the two groups ( P>0.05). The intraoperative total blood loss and hidden blood loss were recorded, and WBC was recorded on the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd days after operation. Pain was assessed by visual analogue scale (VAS) score on the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd days after operation and morphine intake milligrames equivalent within 48 hours after operation. Passive ROM, maximum extension and flexion angles of knee joint were measured on the 3rd day after operation; the early postoperative complications were recorded.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in total blood loss and hidden blood loss between the two groups ( P>0.05). The postoperative pain levels in both groups were relatively mild, and there was no significant difference in VAS scores in the first 3 days after operation and in morphine intake milligrams equivalent within 48 hours after operation between the two groups ( P>0.05). The WBC in the first 3 days after operation was significantly improved in both groups ( P<0.05). The WBC in the study group was significantly higher than that in the control group on the 1st and 2nd days after operation ( P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between the two groups on the 3rd day after operation ( P>0.05). On the 3rd day after operation, the maximum extension angle of knee joint in the study group was smaller than that in the control group, while the maximum flexion angle and passive ROM of knee joint in the study group were larger than those in the control group, and the differences were significant ( P<0.05). There were 6 cases of fever and 17 cases of deep venous thrombosis in the control group, and 1 case and 14 cases in the study group, respectively. There was no poor wound healing and periprosthetic joint infection in the two groups, and there was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between the two groups ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The application of compound betamethasone in LIA during TKA is a safe and optimal strategy to promote the early postoperative rehabilitation of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Anesthesia, Local , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Knee Joint/surgery , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Blood Loss, Surgical , Morphine
4.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 27(1)mar. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440523

ABSTRACT

Se realizó un estudio cuasiexperimental prospectivo para evaluar la utilidad de la laserterapia en el tratamiento de la gonartrosis, en el Servicio de Rehabilitación Integral del Policlínico Docente «Camilo Cienfuegos», de Zuluetas, Villa Clara. De un universo de 76 pacientes diagnosticados por Ortopedia con gonartrosis, se tomó una muestra de 60, distribuidos al azar en dos grupos equitativos, el grupo de estudio recibió tratamiento con laserterapia y el grupo control con calor infrarrojo; se evaluó la intensidad del dolor según la escala visual, y se practicó un examen físico que incluía la medición de los ángulos de movimiento de la articulación de la rodilla y su capacidad funcional. Se realizó un segundo examen para evaluar su utilidad. Se comprobó que ambas modalidades terapéuticas aportaron beneficios, con resultados significativamente superiores en los pacientes atendidos con laserterapia.


A prospective, quasi-experimental study was carried out to evaluate the usefulness of laser therapy in the treatment of gonarthrosis, in the comprehensive rehabilitation service at «Camilo Cienfuegos» Teaching Polyclinic in Zuluetas, Villa Clara. A sample of 60 patients randomly distributed into two equitable groups was taken from a universe of 76 patients diagnosed with gonarthrosis in the Orthopaedic service, the study group received treatment with laser therapy and the control ones with infrared heat; pain intensity was evaluated according to the visual scale and a physical examination was performed including measurement of the knee joint angles and its functional capacity. A second exam was conducted to assess its usefulness. We found that both therapeutic modalities have benefits in the treatment of gonarthrosis, with significantly better results in patients treated with laser therapy.


Subject(s)
Osteoarthritis, Knee , Laser Therapy
5.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(1): 30-35, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441331

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare the level of quality of life and satisfaction after two years of total knee arthroplasties between individuals above and below 65 years of age and to identify predictor factors of poor clinical outcome and low level of satisfaction in patients undergoing arthroplasty. Methods This is a retrospective cohort with data from patients diagnosed with knee osteoarthritis submitted to primary total knee arthroplasty from 2014 to 2018 (n= 190). Clinical outcomes were assessed using the following scores: visual analog scale (VAS) of pain, EQ-5D-3L and EUROQOL-VAS (quality of life scales), patient satisfaction level, and functional scale of the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), collected through a questionnaire applied preoperatively, as well as 1, 3, 12 and 24 months after surgery. Results Patients < 65 years old presented significantly lower values (clinical worsening) in KOOS-pain and KOOS-symptoms. There are no differences in the principal clinical scores that assess pain, function, and quality of life after the procedure, as well as in the rate of satisfaction with the procedure, among patients < 65 years old when compared with patients ≥ 65 years old. It was also observed that patients who were not satisfied with the procedure in the 24-month evaluation presented clinical results in some analyzed scores (KOOS-pain and EQ-VAS) similar to patients who declared themselves satisfied. Conclusion Scores that assess pain, function, quality of life, as well as satisfaction rate are similar between patients < 65 years old and those ≥ 65 years old.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar a qualidade de vida e satisfação 2 anos após a artroplastia total de joelho em indivíduos com idade ≥ e < 65 anos e identificar fatores preditivos de pior evolução clínica e baixo nível de satisfação nestes pacientes. Métodos Trata-se de uma coorte retrospectiva de dados de pacientes com diagnóstico de osteoartrite de joelho submetidos a artroplastia total primária de joelho entre 2014 e 2018 (n= 190). Os resultados clínicos foram avaliados de acordo com os seguintes escores: escala visual analógica (EVA) de dor, EQ-5D-3L e EUROQOL-VAS (escalas de qualidade de vida), nível de satisfação do paciente e escala funcional do Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS, na sigla em inglês). Estes dados foram coletados por meio de questionário aplicado no período pré-operatório e 1, 3, 12 e 24 meses após a cirurgia. Resultados Os pacientes < 65 anos apresentaram valores significativamente menores (piora clínica) nas escalas KOOS-dor e KOOS-sintomas. Não houve diferenças nas principais pontuações clínicas de dor, função e qualidade de vida após o procedimento, nem no índice de satisfação com a cirurgia, entre pacientes < 65 anos em comparação com aqueles ≥ 65 anos. Observamos também que os pacientes não satisfeitos com o procedimento à avaliação de 24 meses apresentaram resultados clínicos em alguns escores analisados (KOOS-dor e EQ-VAS) semelhantes aos dos pacientes que se declararam satisfeitos. Conclusão Os escores que avaliam dor, função, qualidade de vida e índice de satisfação são semelhantes entre os pacientes < 65 anos e aqueles ≥ 65 anos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality of Life , Patient Satisfaction , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2187-2194, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007640

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Clinical trial evidence is limited to identify better topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for treating knee osteoarthritis (OA). We aimed to compare the clinical efficacy and safety of flurbiprofen cataplasms (FPC) with loxoprofen sodium cataplasms (LSC) in treating patients with knee OA.@*METHODS@#This is an open-label, non-inferiority randomized controlled trial conducted at Peking University Shougang Hospital. Overall, 250 patients with knee OA admitted from October 2021 to April 2022 were randomly assigned to FPC and LSC treatment groups in a 1:1 ratio. Both medications were administered to patients for 28 days. The primary outcome was the change of pain measured by visual analog scale (VAS) score from baseline to day 28 (range, 0-10 points; higher score indicates worse pain; non-inferiority margin: 1 point; superiority margin: 0 point). There were four secondary outcomes, including the extent of pain relief, the change trends of VAS scores, joint function scores measured by the Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), and adverse events.@*RESULTS@#Among 250 randomized patients (One patient without complete baseline record in the flurbiprofen cataplasms was excluded; age, 62.8 ± 10.5 years; 61.4% [153/249] women), 234 (93.6%) finally completed the trial. In the intention-to-treat analysis, the decline of the VAS score for the 24-h most intense pain in the FPC group was non-inferior, and also superior to that in the LSC group (differences and 95% confidence interval, 0.414 (0.147-0.681); P <0.001 for non-inferiority; P = 0.001 for superiority). Similar results were observed of the VAS scores for the current pain and pain during exercise. WOMAC scores were also lower in the FPC group at week 4 (12.50 [8.00-22.50] vs . 16.00 [11.00-27.00], P = 0.010), mainly driven by the dimension of daily activity difficulty. In addition, the FPC group experienced a significantly lower incidence of adverse events (5.6% [7/124] vs . 33.6% [42/125], P <0.001), including irritation, rash and pain of the skin, and sticky hair uncovering pain.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study suggested that FPC is superior to LSC for treating patients with knee OA in pain relief, joint function improvement, and safety profile.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/drug therapy , Flurbiprofen/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Pain/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , Double-Blind Method
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1817-1831, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007599

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Despite the advent of innovative knee prosthesis design, a consistent first-option knee implant design in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) remained unsettled. This study aimed to compare the clinical effects among posterior-stabilized (PS), cruciate-retaining (CR), bi-cruciate substituting (BCS), and bi-cruciate retaining designs for primary TKA.@*METHODS@#Electronic databases were systematically searched to identify eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and cohort studies from inception up to July 30, 2021. The primary outcomes were the range of knee motion (ROM), and the secondary outcomes were the patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and complication and revision rates. Confidence in evidence was assessed using Confidence in Network Meta-Analysis. The Bayesian network meta-analysis was performed for synthesis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 15 RCTs and 18 cohort studies involving 3520 knees were included. The heterogeneity and inconsistency were acceptable. There was a significant difference in ROM at the early follow-up when PS was compared with CR (mean difference [MD] = 3.17, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.07, 7.18) and BCS was compared with CR (MD = 9.69, 95% CI 2.18, 17.51). But at the long-term follow-up, there was no significant difference in ROM in any one knee implant compared with the others. No significant increase was found in the PROMs and complication and revision rates at the final follow-up time.@*CONCLUSIONS@#At early follow-up after TKA, PS and BCS knee implants significantly outperform the CR knee implant in ROM. But in the long run, the available evidence suggests different knee prostheses could make no difference in clinical outcomes after TKA with extended follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Posterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Network Meta-Analysis , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery , Knee Prosthesis , Range of Motion, Articular
8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1118-1122, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007453

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupuncture exercise therapy synchronizing isokinetic muscle strength training on the motor function, stability and proprioception of knee joint, as well as the anxiety emotion in patients after meniscectomy under arthroscopy.@*METHODS@#A total of 70 patients after meniscectomy under arthroscopy were randomized into an observation group (35 cases, 2 cases were eliminated, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (35 cases, 2 cases were eliminated, 1 case dropped off). Acupuncture was applied at Chize (LU 5), Neixiyan (EX-LE 4), Dubi (ST 35),Yanglingquan (GB 34), etc. on the affective side in the two groups. After 30 min, the needles of the knee joint area were withdrew, while the needle at elbow was continuously retained, the observation group was given acupuncture exercise therapy synchronizing isokinetic muscle strength training, and the control group was given conventional acupuncture exercise therapy. The treatment was given once a day, 7-day treatment was taken as one course, and totally 4 courses were required in the two groups. Before and after treatment, the knee joint Lysholm score, the knee joint isokinetic muscle strength flexion/extension ratio (H/Q), joint position sense measurement (JPS) and Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA) score were compared in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the knee joint Lysholm scores and H/Q were increased compared with those before treatment in the two groups (P<0.001), and the knee joint Lysholm score and H/Q in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.001); the JPS and HAMA scores were decreased compared with those before treatment in the two groups (P<0.001), the JPS and HAMA score in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture exercise therapy synchronizing isokinetic muscle strength training can effectively improve the motor function, stability and proprioception of knee joint, as well as the anxiety emotion in patients after meniscectomy under arthroscopy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroscopy , Meniscectomy , Resistance Training , Treatment Outcome , Osteoarthritis, Knee/therapy , Acupuncture Therapy , Exercise Therapy , Muscles , Muscle Strength , Acupuncture Points
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1539-1550, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980814

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Patellofemoral joint (PFJ) degeneration has traditionally been regarded as a contraindication to unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). More recently, some researchers have proposed that PFJ degeneration can be ignored in medial UKA, and others have proposed that this change should be reviewed in PFJ degenerative facets and severity. This study aimed to systematically evaluate the effect of PFJ degeneration on patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and revision rates after medial UKA.@*METHODS@#Electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, etc.) were searched for studies assessing the influence of PFJ degeneration on medial UKA. A random-effects meta-analysis was conducted for the Oxford knee score (OKS), Knee society score (KSS), and revision rates and stratified by PFJ degenerative facets (medial/lateral/trochlear/unspecified), severe PFJ degeneration (bone exposed), and bearing type (mobile/fixed). Heterogeneity was assessed by the Cochran Q test statistic and chi-squared tests with the I-squared statistic.@*RESULTS@#A total of 34 articles with 7007 knees (2267 with PFJ degeneration) were included (5762 mobile-bearing and 1145 fixed-bearing and 100 unspecified). Slight to moderate degenerative changes in the medial and trochlear facets did not decrease the OKS and KSS, and only lateral facets significantly decreased the OKS (mean difference [MD] = -2.18, P   <  0.01) and KSS (MD = -2.61, P   <  0.01). The severity degree of PFJ degeneration had no additional adverse effect on the OKS, KSS, or revision rates. For mobile-bearing UKA, only lateral PFJ degeneration significantly decreased the OKS (MD = -2.21, P  < 0.01) and KSS (MD = -2.44, P  < 0.01). For fixed-bearing UKA, no correlation was found between PROMs/revision rates and PFJ degeneration.@*CONCLUSION@#For medial mobile-bearing UKA, slight to moderate degenerative changes in the PFJ, except lateral facet, did not compromise PROMs or revision rates. For medial fixed-bearing UKA, although it might not be conclusive enough, PROMs or revision rates were not adversely affected by PFJ degeneration (regardless of the facet).


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Patellofemoral Joint/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Knee Prosthesis , Bone Diseases , Knee Joint/surgery , Retrospective Studies
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980752

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of meridian sinew releasing technique on moxibustion sensation of heat-sensitive moxibustion in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA).@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with KOA were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases each group. In the observation group, on the basis of the meridian sinew releasing technique, moxibustion sensation exploration method was applied at Dubi (ST 35) area on the affected side. In the control group, moxibustion sensation exploration method was applied at Dubi (ST 35) area on the affected side. The meridian sinew releasing technique was performed for 20 min each time, the moxibustion sensation exploration method was performed for 60 min each time, once a day for 3 days. The excitation rate, latency, duration time and intensity value of moxibustion sensation of heat-sensitive moxibustion were recorded on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd days of exploration in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The excitation rate on the 3rd day of exploration and total excitation rate in the observation group were higher than the control group (P<0.05). On the 1st, 2nd and 3rd days of exploration, the latency of moxibustion sensation of heat-sensitive moxibustion in the observation group was shorter than the control group (P<0.05), the duration time was longer than the control group (P<0.05), and the intensity value was higher than the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Meridian sinew releasing technique could improve the excitation rate of moxibustion sensation of heat-sensitive moxibustion in patients with KOA, shorten the latency, prolong the duration time, and improve the intensity value.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoarthritis, Knee/therapy , Hot Temperature , Meridians , Moxibustion , Sensation
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980743

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of needle-knife on the chondrocyte apoptosis of knee joint in rabbits with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) based on the CircSERPINE2-miR-1271-5P-E26 specific transformation-related gene (ERG) axis, and to explore the mechanism of needle-knife for KOA.@*METHODS@#Thirty-six New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, a needle-knife group and a sham needle-knife group, 9 rabbits in each group. The rabbits in the model group, the needle-knife group and the sham needle-knife group were treated with modified Videman method to prepare KOA model. After successful modeling, the rabbits in the needle-knife group were treated with needle-knife at cord adhesion and nodules near quadriceps femoris tendon and internal and external collateral ligament on the affected knee joint; the rabbits in the sham needle-knife group were treated with sham needle-knife baside the needle insertion point of the needle-knife group (needle-knife was only inserted, without any operation). The treatment was given once a week, 3 times in total. The Lequesne MG behavioral score was used to evaluate the knee joint damage in each group before and after intervention. After intervention, HE staining and transmission electron microscopy were used to observe the cartilage tissue morphology and ultrastructure of chondrocytes in the knee joint in each group; TUNEL method was used to detect the level of chondrocyte apoptosis in the knee joint; real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR was used to detect the expression of CircSERPINE2, miR-1271-5P and ERG mRNA in knee cartilage tissue in each group.@*RESULTS@#After intervention, compared with the normal group, the Lequesne MG behavioral score in the model group was increased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group and the sham needle-knife group, the Lequesne MG behavioral score in the needle-knife group was decreased (P<0.01). In the model group and the sham needle-knife group, the number of chondrocytes and organelles was decreased, the cell nucleus was shrunk, mitochondria was swelling or disappeared; in the needle-knife group, the number of chondrocytes and organelles was increased, the cell nucleus was not obviously shrunk and the mitochondria was not obviously swelling. Compared with the normal group, the level of chondrocyte apoptosis in the model group was increased (P<0.01); compared with the model group and the sham needle-knife group, the level of chondrocyte apoptosis in the needle-knife group was decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared with the normal group, the expression of CircSERPINE2 and ERG mRNA in the model group was decreased (P<0.01), and the expression of miR-1271-5P mRNA was increased (P<0.01); compared with the model group and the sham needle-knife group, the expression of CircSERPINE2 and ERG mRNA in the needle-knife group was increased (P<0.01), and the expression of miR-1271-5P mRNA was decreased (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Needle-knife could reduce the knee joint damage and chondrocyte apoptosis in KOA rabbits, which may be related to up-regulating the expression of CircSERPINE2 and ERG mRNA, and inhibiting the expression of miR-1271-5P mRNA.


Subject(s)
Rabbits , Animals , Osteoarthritis, Knee/metabolism , Chondrocytes/metabolism , Knee Joint/surgery , Apoptosis , MicroRNAs/genetics
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009205

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To measure and compare medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA) of lower limbs under different axial rotation angles(neutral position, 30° internal rotation, 30° external rotation) on the load position radiographs, and explore changes and significance of MPTA measured within and between groups of tibia at different axial rotation positions.@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to December 2018, 40 patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) were selected, with a total of 80 limbs, including 12 males and 28 females, aged from 29 to 73 years old with an average of (59.6±12.7) years old. Full length radiographs of the lower limbs were taken on neutral tibia position, 30° internal rotation and 30° external rotation, respectively. MPTA was measured and the results were compared between groups and within groups.@*RESULTS@#MPTA measured on the left lower extremity of neutral tibia, 30° internal rotation and 30° external rotation were (86.08±2.48) °, (88.62±2.94) ° and (83.47±3.10) °, respectively. MPTA measured on the right lower limb were (86.87±1.97) °, (89.02±2.39) ° and (83.80±2.77) °, respectively, and there were no significant difference in MPTA measured between rotation angle group (P>0.05). While there were statistical difference in MPTA on the same limb between groups (P<0.05). On 30° internal rotation, MPTA of left and right lower limbs increased by (2.54±1.74) ° and (2.15±1.78) ° compared with tibia neutral position. On 30° external rotation, MPTA of left and right lower limbs decreased (2.61±2.03) ° and (3.07±1.75) ° compared with tibial neutral position.@*CONCLUSION@#When a full-length X-ray film is taken on the weight-bearing position of both lower limbs, if there is axial rotation or external rotation of tibia, MPTA will increase or decrease compared with neutral position, which may cause a certain degree of deviation in clinical operation based on the accurate measurement of MPTA. However, the extent to which this bias affects the clinical operation effect remains to be verified. In addition, limited by the total number of samples and the number of measurement groups, whether there is a linear relationship between MPTA deviation and tibial axial rotation needs to be further studied.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Tibia/surgery , Lower Extremity , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Radiography , Osteotomy/methods , Knee Joint/surgery , Retrospective Studies
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009202

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore relationship between intramuscular fat content of quadriceps femoris and clinical severity of knee osteoarthritis (KOA).@*METHODS@#Totally 30 KOA patients were selected from February 2021 to June 2021, including 6 males and 24 females, aged with an average of (64.20±9.19) years old, and body mass index (BMI) was (24.92±3.35) kg·m-2. Patients were divided into relative severe leg (RSL) and relative moderate leg (RML) according to severity of pain on visual analogue scale(VAS). Musculoskeletal ultrasound was used to collect muscle images of quadriceps muscles on both sides of the patient, and Image J was used to analyze echo intensity (EI) of each muscle. Both VAS and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) were used to assess pain and function. Quadriceps muscle EI on both sides of patients was compared. Pearson correlation analysis was conducted to analyze correlation between quadriceps muscle EI value between RSL and RML, and linear regression was used to analyze relationship between each muscle EI and VAS and WOMA scores of patients.@*RESULTS@#The EI of RSL lateral vastus lateralis (VL) was 123.78±36.25 and RSL vastus medialis (VM) was 109.46±30.36 which were significantly higher than those of 108.03±31.34 and 93.32±26.04 of RML (P<0.05), but there was no statistical significance in EI values of rectus femoris (RF) on both sides (P>0.05). EI values of VL and VM on both sides were significantly correlated (P<0.05). There was a significant positive correlation between VM EI value and VAS score in RSL and RML (P<0.05). VM EI values in RSL were positively correlated with total WOMAC (P<0.05), and VM VL EI values in RML were positively correlated with total WOMAC score (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Intramuscular fat content of quadriceps is closely related to severity of clinical symptoms in KOA patients, and the most obvious one is VM. Therefore, the intramuscular fat content of quadriceps may be an objective indicator to evaluate severity of KOA patients. At the same time, reducing intramuscular fat content of the quadriceps muscle of KOA patients may be a new direction for the prevention and treatment of KOA.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Aged , Middle Aged , Quadriceps Muscle/physiology , Osteoarthritis, Knee/diagnosis , Pain , Body Mass Index , Muscle Strength/physiology , Knee Joint
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009199

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore influence of external factors of wind, cold and dampness on clinical symptoms in knee osteoarthritis (KOA) patients with different constitutions of traditional Chinese medicine.@*METHODS@#A cross-sectional stratified study was performed to select 108 patients with GradeⅡKOA in Kellgren & Lawrence (K-L) classification, including 22 males and 86 females, aged from 47 to 75 years old with an average of (60.7±6.0) years old;body mass index(BMI) ranged from 17.87 to 31.22 kg·m-2 with an average of (23.80±2.86) kg·m-2. According to Classification and Judgment of TCM Physique (ZYYXH/T157-2009), the types of TCM physique were determined and divided into 4 layers according to the deficiency and actual physique. Among them, there were 24 patients without biased physique, 12 males and 12 females, aged from 51 to 73 years old with an average of(62.8±6.0) years old, BMI ranged from 17.87 to 31.14 kg·m-2 with an average of (24.32±3.25) kg·m-2;there were 46 patients with virtual bias constitution, including 7 males and 39 females, aged from 47 to 70 years old with an average of (60.0±5.8) years old, BMI ranged from 19.38 to 31.22 kg·m-2 with an average of(23.42±2.97) kg·m-2;There were 26 patients with solid bias constitution, including 2 males and 24 females, aged from 48 to 75 years old with an average of (60.4±5.8) years old, BMI ranged from 21.16 to 30.76 kg·m-2 with an average of (24.15±2.33) kg·m-2;there were 9 patients with special constitution, 1 male and 8 female, aged from 53 to 75 years old with an average of (59.8±7.5) years old, BMI ranged from 19.26 to 26.67 kg·m-2 with an average of (23.79±2.49) kg·m-2. Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) was used to evaluate severity of clinical symptoms. The wind-cold-dampness external factor score was calculated through the questionnaire of wind-cold-dampness syndrome scale to evaluate degree of influence of wind-cold-dampness external factor. Pearson correlation analysis and partial correlation analysis were used to calculate the correlation coefficient between severity of external factors affecting wind, cold and dampness and severity of clinical symptoms in patients with different TCM constitution stratification.@*RESULTS@#There was no statistical significance between total score of wind-cold-dampness and WOMAC score in patients with no biased constitution and special condition. Total wind-cold-dampness score of patients with virtual biased constitution was positively correlated with WOMAC stiffness score (r=0.327, P=0.032), and total wind-cold-dampness score of patients with solid biased constitution was positively correlated with WOMAC pain score (r=0.561, P=0.005) and WOMAC overall score (r=0.446, P=0.033). After further adjusting for the interaction of external factors of wind-cold-dampness, there was no statistical significance between wind-cold-dampness scores and WOMAC scores in patients with solid biased constitution. The score of dampness and pathogenic factors was positively correlated with WOMAC stiffness score (r=0.414, P=0.007).@*CONCLUSION@#The external factors of wind-cold dampness have different effects on the clinical symptoms of KOA patients with different TCM constitutions. Compared with other constitutions, the rigid symptoms of patients with asthenic biased constitutions are more susceptible to dampness pathogenic factors.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cross-Sectional Studies , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Syndrome , Wind , Cold Temperature
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009194

ABSTRACT

The correct alignment of the knee joint is considered to be one of the most influential factors in determining the long-term prognosis after total knee arthroplasty(TKA). In order to achieve the correct alignment goal, many different alignment concepts and surgical techniques have been established. For example, mechanical alignment(MA), kinematic alignment(KA) and functional alignment(FA) have their own characteristics. MA focuses on achieving neutral alignment of the limbs, parallel and equal bone gaps during stretching and flexion. KA aims to restore the patient 's natural joint line, make the joint level and angle normal and improve the physiological soft tissue balance, and strive to reproduce the normal knee function;among them, functional alignment(FA) developed with robot-assisted surgery technology is a relatively new alignment concept. It not only considers the alignment of the body, but also aims to achieve flexion and extension balance, while respecting the native soft tissue capsule. It not only restores the plane and slope of the in situ joint line accurately during the operation, but also takes into account the balance of soft tissue, which is a better alignment method. Therefore, it is of great significance to correctly construct the lower limb force line of patients, which is helpful to restore knee joint function, relieve pain symptoms and prolong the service life of prosthesi. However, compared with traditional TKA, the operation time of robot-assisted FA-TKA is prolonged, which means that the probability of postoperative infection will be greater. At present, most studies of FA technology report short-term results, and the long-term efficacy of patients is not clear. Therefore, long-term research results are needed to support the application of this technology. Therefore, the author makes a review on the research status of functional alignment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/methods , Robotics , Knee Joint/surgery , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Knee , Knee Prosthesis , Biomechanical Phenomena
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009191

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mechanism of Haitongpi Prescription extract in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis based on transcriptome.@*METHODS@#Total of 12 SPF grade rats were divided into control group(group C), model group(group M), and Haitongpi prescription group(group HP). The knee osteoarthritis rat model was established using the Panicker method for group M and group HP, and group HP was intervened by local topical application of Haitongpi Prescription extract for 4 weeks. Total RNA from mouse knee cartilage was extracted and three sets of differential genes were obtained through sequencing.Differential genes were prediction and analysis through GO function and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 109 differentially expressed genes were identified in Group C versus Group M, while 118 differentially expressed genes were identified in Group M versus Group HP, resulting in a total of 28 genes. GO functional enrichment analysis showed that the mechanism of HP extract in treating knee osteoarthritis mainly involved immunoglobulin mediated immune response, immunoglobulin complexes, and antigen binding; KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed correlation with tumor necrosis factor (TNF) signaling pathway, interleukin 17(IL-17) signaling pathway, and estrogen signaling pathway.@*CONCLUSION@#HP extract can exert therapeutic effects on knee osteoarthritis through mechanisms such as immunoglobulin mediated immune response, immunoglobulin complexes, and antigen binding, as well as signaling pathways such as TNF signaling pathway, IL-17 signaling pathway, and estrogen signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Mice , Rats , Animals , Osteoarthritis, Knee/genetics , Transcriptome , Interleukin-17 , Ointments , Estrogens , Immunoglobulins
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009184

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the correlation between the expression of silencing information regulator 2 related enzyme 1 (SIRT1), tumor necrosis factor like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) and knee osteoarthritis.@*METHODS@#Total of 103 patients with knee joint (knee osteoarthritis group) from February 2019 to August 2021 were selected including 40 males and 63 females with an average age of (62.02±6.09) years;according to the modified Mankin score, 103 patients were divided into mild group (Mankin score 1-4 points, 31 cases) and moderate group (Mankin score 5-8 points, 40 cases) and severe group (Mankin score ≥9, 32 cases). Another 105 physical examination volunteers were selected as the control group including 46 males and 59 females with an average age of (62.11±6.34) years old. The levels of SIRT1 and TWEAK in articular effusion and serum were detected in the knee osteoarthritis group, while serum SIRT1 and TWEAK were detected in the control group only. The relationship between SIRT1, TWEAK and the occurrence and disease of knee osteoarthritis were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Articular cavity fluid TWEAK, serum TWEAK, CRP, IL-6, IL-1β, white blood cell count and ESR were higher than those in the control group(P<0.05), articular cavity fluid SIRT1 and serum SIRT1 were lower than those in the control group(P<0.05). TWEAK level in the severe group was higher than that in the moderate and mild groups(P<0.05), SIRT1 was lower than that in the moderate and mild groups (P<0.05). The level of SIRT1 in articular cavity effusion was positively correlated with the serum level of SIRT1 (P<0.05), and negatively correlated with CRP, IL-6, IL-1β, white blood cell count, modified Mankin score and ESR (P<0.05). TWEAK level in articular cavity fluid was positively correlated with serum TWEAK level (P<0.05), C-reactive protein(CRP), interleukin(IL)-6, IL-1β, white blood cell count, modified Mankin score and erythrocyte sedimentation rate(ESR) (P<0.05). Body mass index, undertaking heavy physical work, and articular cavity fluid TWEAK were risk factors for the occurrence of knee osteoarthritis(P<0.05), and articular cavity fluid SIRT1 was a protective factor for the occurrence of knee arthritis (P<0.05). The area under curve(AUC) of SIRT1 and TWEAK for knee osteoarthritis was 0.641 and 0.653, and the AUC of SIRT1 and TWEAK for knee osteoarthritis was 0.879, which was higher than SIRT1 and TWEAK alone (z=6.105 and 6.225, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The level of SIRT1 in articular fluid in patients with knee arthritis is decreased and the level of TWEAK is increased. Low SIRT1 and high TWEAK are associated with the onset and exacerbation of knee osteoarthritis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Apoptosis , Interleukin-6 , Osteoarthritis, Knee/pathology , Sirtuin 1/blood , Cytokine TWEAK/blood
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009169

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation between the medial meniscal indentation index (MDI) and medial tibiofemoral articular cartilage damage more than 3 degrees in patients aged 40 to 60 years old with suspected or complicated knee osteoarthritis at non-weight-bearing position, and to determine the predictive threshold.@*METHODS@#From June 2016 to June 2020, a total of 308 patients who underwent initial knee arthroscopic exploration for chronic knee pain were collected. The age ranged from 36 to 71 years old with an average of(56.40±1.82) years old, including 105 males and 203 females. And patients with extra-articular malformations (abnormal force lines), a history of trauma, inflammatory arthritis and other specific arthritis were excluded. Finally, 89 eligible cases were obtained, aged from 42 to 60 years old with an average of (59.50±0.71) years old, including 45 males and 44 females. The degree of cartilage damage in the medial compartment of the knee joint was recorded, which was divided into two groups(≥degree 3 and<degree 3) according to Outer-Bridge classification system. The possible risk factors were determined by univariate analysis in the age, gender, affected sides, body mass index (BMI), synovial thickening grade, meniscus injury and MDI of 2 groups. Then, the independent risk factors for cartilage injury of more than grade 3 were determined by further binary Logistic regression analysis. If MDI was taken as an independent risk factor, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed to confirm whether it had diagnostic value for cartilage damage of above degree 3 and calculate the critical value of MDI.@*RESULTS@#A total of 89 eligible patients were obtained. Univariate analysis showed age, BMI, MDI and meniscus injury may be the independent risk factors for cartilage damage of more than 3 degrees, further binary Logistic regression analysis confirmed that MDI[OR=1.66, 95%CI(1.64, 1.69), P=0.01]and BMI [OR=1.58, 95%CI(1.17, 2.15), P=0.03] were independent risk factors for cartilage injury of more than degree 3 in enrolled patients. ROC analysis showed that MDI had more diagnostic value than BMI, and the critical value was 0.355 with a sensitivity of 89.1% and a specificity of 88.2%.@*CONCLUSION@#In doubt or accompanied by 40 to 60 years old patients with knee osteoarthritis, the MDI measured by non-weight-bearing knee MRI has predictive value for cartilage injury of more than degree 3 in medial tibiofemoral joint, and the critical value for diagnosis of cartilage injury of more than degree 3 is 0.355.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Cartilage, Articular/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery , Meniscus , Menisci, Tibial/surgery , Cartilage Diseases , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/adverse effects
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009167

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the short-term efficacy of proximal fibula osteotomy in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis, and to analyze the effect of osteotomy on the tension of the lateral knee soft tissue of patients and verify the reliability of the Arch string theory.@*METHODS@#A total of 71 patients with varus knee osteoarthritis from December 2019 to March 2022 were included, 3 patients dropped out, and 68 patients completed all trials, collected 27 males and 41 females, aged from 51 to 79 years old, with an average of (68.0±7.0 ) years old. The follow-up time ranged from 4 to 12 weeks, with an average of (3.76±1.94) weeks. After admission, the patient underwent Proximal fibula osteotomy, and the tension of lateral knee soft tissue, visual analogue scale (VAS) of pain, the western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) and other indicators were recorded before surgery and 1 month after surgery in the weight-bearing state.@*RESULTS@#According to the VAS, the curative effect of a single index was evaluated by referring to the score before and after treatment by Bao Zongzhao. Thirty seven cases were markedly effective, 27 cases were effective, and 4 cases were ineffective. After surgery, 3 patients presented with weakness of dorsalis pedis extension and 1 presented with paresthesia of dorsalis pedis, which disappeared after symptomatic treatment . The VAS and WOMAC score at 1 month after operation were lower than those before operation, and the differences were statistically significant(P<0.001). The tension of lateral knee soft tissue 1 month after operation was lower than that before operation, and the difference had statistical significance(P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Proximal fibula osteotomy is safe and effective in the treatment of varus knee osteoarthritis in the short term. One month after osteotomy, the tension of lateral knee soft tissue increases under weight-bearing state, but the long-term changes still need further observation and follow-up.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Fibula/surgery , Reproducibility of Results , Tibia/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery , Osteotomy , Treatment Outcome , Retrospective Studies
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009165

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of intercondylar fossa plasty in preventing intercondylar fossa impingement syndrome after high tibial osteotomy.@*METHODS@#From August 2018 to August 2020, 84 patients with inverted knee osteoarthritis were treated by arthroscopy combined with high tibial osteotomy, and were divided into two groups with 42 cases in each group according to different surgical methods. In the intercondylar fossa plasty group, there were 13 males and 29 females, age ranged from 52 to 67 years old with an average of(58.27±4.32) years old, and arthroscopic intercondylar fossa plasty was performed first, and then high tibial osteotomy. In the arthroscopic cleansing group, 16 males and 26 females, age ranged from 50 to 71 years old with an average of (59.02±5.14) years old, underwent arthroscopic cleansing and then high tibial osteotomy. Postoperative treatment was evaluated using visual analogue scale(VAS), hospital for special surgery (HSS) score for the knee, and the occurrence of intercondylar percussa impingement.@*RESULTS@#All 84 patients were followed up, the duration ranged from 12 to 18 months with an average of (14.1±1.6) months. The VAS and HSS score of knee joint at 6, 12 and 18 months after surgery were significantly improved compared with preoperative period, and there was no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05), but the incidence of intercondylar fossa index and intercondylar fossa impact between the two groups was significantly compared 18 months after surgery (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Intercondylar fossa plasty can effectively prevent the incidence of intercondylar fossa impact after high tibial osteotomy, and has a more significant effect on postoperative knee pain and function improvement.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Tibia/surgery , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Osteotomy/methods , Pain, Postoperative , Retrospective Studies
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