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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e248828, 2023. tab
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339354

ABSTRACT

Abstract Serum toxic metals have been implicated in development of many diseases. This study investigated the association between blood levels of lead and cadmium with abnormal bone mineral density (BMD) and incidence of osteoporosis. Sixty Saudi male adults age matching were assigned into two groups: A healthy control group (n = 30) and osteoporosis patients diagnosed according to T-score (n = 30). Serum calcium, vitamin D, osteocalcin, lead, cadmium were measured. Osteoporotic group showed a highly significant elevation of blood lead and cadmium levels compared to the control group (p <0.001). BMD was negatively correlated with serum osteocalcin level compared with control. There was a significant negative correlation between the cadmium and lead levels (r=-0.465 and p-value = 0.01) and calcium (p < 0.004). Our findings suggested that high cadmium and lead were negative correlated to BMD and increased the risk factor for osteoporosis.


Resumo Os metais tóxicos do soro têm sido implicados no desenvolvimento de muitas doenças. Este estudo investigou a associação entre os níveis sanguíneos de chumbo e cádmio com densidade mineral óssea anormal (DMO) e incidência de osteoporose. Sessenta adultos sauditas do sexo masculino com idades iguais foram divididos em dois grupos: um grupo de controle saudável (n = 30) e pacientes com osteoporose diagnosticados de acordo com o T-score (n = 30). Cálcio sérico, vitamina D, osteocalcina, chumbo, cádmio foram medidos. O grupo osteoporótico apresentou elevação altamente significativa dos níveis de chumbo e cádmio no sangue em comparação ao grupo controle (p < 0,001). A DMO foi negativamente correlacionada com o nível de osteocalcina sérica em comparação com o controle. Houve correlação negativa significativa entre os níveis de cádmio e chumbo (r = -0,465 ep = 0,01) e cálcio (p < 0,004). Nossos achados sugeriram que cádmio e chumbo elevados foram correlacionados negativamente à DMO e aumentaram o fator de risco para osteoporose.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Osteoporosis/epidemiology , Lead , Saudi Arabia/epidemiology , Absorptiometry, Photon , Osteocalcin , Incidence
2.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368967

ABSTRACT

RESUMO:Introdução: Hipofosfatasia é um distúrbio metabólico que afeta a mineralização óssea e dentária, causada por mutações no gene ALPL, levando à deficiência enzimática da fosfatase alcalina tecido não-específica. A forma adulta caracteriza-se por fraturas atípicas do fêmur, osteomalácia, osteoporose, grave osteoartropatia, condrocalcinose e artralgia. Objetivo: Demonstrar desafios diagnósticos relacionados à hipofosfatasia através do relato de dois casos. Paciente 1: feminino, 59 anos, encaminhada para avaliação clínica devido às fraturas patológicas de difícil consolidação e osteoporose generalizada de causa genética. Relata perda dentária precoce da arcada superior, fraturas na coluna, em ombro esquerdo e no fêmur. Atualmente, queixa-se de dor crônica intensa, com uso de múltiplos medicamentos. Achados clínicos, laboratoriais e radiológicos foram compatíveis com o diagnóstico de hipofosfatasia. Paciente 2: masculino, 31 anos, filho da paciente 1, encaminhado para avaliação clínica por fratura patológica precoce em fêmur esquerdo e osteoporose não esclarecida. Atualmente relata dor e claudicação importante em membro inferior esquerdo, associado à lombalgia crônica. Confirmação do diagnóstico de hipofosfatasia por exames laboratoriais e radiológicos e sequenciamento do gene ALPL, aliados ao diagnóstico da sua genitora. Discussão: Hipofosfatasia é uma doença rara de herança autossômica dominante e recessiva. Pacientes acometidos apresentam fraturas constantes, densidade mineral óssea baixa, cicatrização óssea deficitária. É comum a hipofosfatasia ser diagnosticada erroneamente como osteopenia e/ou osteoporose primária, acarretando prejuízos ao paciente. Ressalta-se a importância da história clínica completa e dos antecedentes familiares a fim de se obter um diagnóstico precoce, garantindo, por sua vez, o adequado acompanhamento e manejo terapêutico. (AU)


ABSTRACT: Introduction: hypophosphatasia is a metabolic disorder affecting bone and tooth mineralization, caused by mutations in the ALPL gene leading to enzymatic deficiency of tissue non-specific alkaline phosphatase. The adult form is characterized by atypical femur fractures, osteomalacia, osteoporosis, severe osteoarthropathy, chondrocalcinosis, and arthralgia. Objective: to demonstrate diagnostic challenges related to hypophosphatasia through the report of two cases. Patient 1: female, 59 years old, referred for clinical evaluation due to pathological fractures of difficult consolidation and generalized osteoporosis of genetic cause. She reports early tooth loss in the upper arch, fractures in the spine, left shoulder and femur. Currently, he complains of severe chronic pain, with use of multiple medications. Clinical, laboratory, and radiological findings were compatible with the diagnosis of hypophosphatasia. Patient 2:male, 31 years old, son of patient 1, referred for clinical evaluation due to an early pathological fracture in the left femur and unclear osteoporosis. He currently reports pain and significant claudication in the left lower limb, associated with chronic low back pain. Confirmation of the diagnosis of hypophasatasia by laboratory and radiological tests and sequencing of the ALPL gene combined with the diagnosis of his mother. Discussion: hypophosphatasia is a rare disease of autosomal dominant and recessive inheritance. Affected patients have constant fractures, low bone mineral density, and impaired bone healing. It is common for hypophosphatasia to be misdiagnosed as osteopenia and/or primary osteoporosis, which can be harmful to the patient. The importance of a complete clinical history and family history is emphasized in order to obtain an early diagnosis, ensuring adequate follow-up and therapeutic management. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Osteoporosis , Alkaline Phosphatase , Fractures, Spontaneous , Hypophosphatasia/diagnosis
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922535

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#In traditional Chinese medicine, the herbal pair, Radix Achyranthis Bidentatae (RAB) and Eucommiae Cortex (EC), is widely used to treat osteoporosis. Herein, we determined whether this herbal pair can be used to ameliorate glucocorticoid (GC)-induced osteoporosis (GIOP) and find its optimal dosage in zebrafish.@*METHODS@#The characteristics of the aqueous extract of RAB and EC were separately characterized using high-performance liquid chromatography. Osteoporosis was induced in 5-day post-fertilization zebrafish larvae by exposing them to 10 μmol/L dexamethasone (Dex) for 96 h. Seven combinations of different ratios of RAB and EC were co-administered. Treatment efficacy was determined by calculating zebrafish vertebral area and sum brightness, via alizarin red staining, and by detecting alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity. Multiple regression analysis was conducted to test the optimal dosage ratio.@*RESULTS@#According to the Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2015), β-ecdysone (β-Ecd) is a major bioactive marker in RAB extract, while pinoresinol diglucoside (PDG) is the major marker in EC extract. Both of β-Ecd and PDG content values aligned with the Chinese Pharmacopoeia standards. Treatment with 10 μmol/L Dex reduced zebrafish vertebral area, sum brightness, and ALP activity, but RAB and EC attenuated these effects. Combining 50 µg/mL RAB and 50 µg/mL EC was optimal for preventing GIOP in zebrafish. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to evaluate the mRNA expression of osteogenesis-related genes. A treatment of 10 μmol/L Dex decreased runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), osteogenic protein-1 (OP-1), bone γ-carboxyglutamic acid-containing protein (BGLAP), and β-catenin levels. This effect was counteracted by RAB and EC co-treatment (P < 0.05). Additionally, the effect of using the two herbal extracts together was better than single-herb treatments separately. These results demonstrated that RAB and EC preserve osteoblast function in the presence of GC. The best mass ratio was 1:1.@*CONCLUSION@#RAB and EC herbal pair could ameliorate GC-induced effects in zebrafish, with 1:1 as the optimal dosage ratio.


Subject(s)
Animals , Glucocorticoids , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Osteogenesis , Osteoporosis/prevention & control , Zebrafish
4.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1358313

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar a qualidade de vida segundo as comorbidades mais prevalentes em idosos com HIV. Método: estudo transversal realizado com 241 idosos de ambos os sexos usuários dos serviços de referência para acompanhamento do paciente com HIV. Os dados foram obtidos por meio da entrevista face a face com o preenchimento de um questionário sociodemográfico e clínico além do HIV/AIDS Target-Quality of life. Resultados: as três comorbidades mais prevalentes foram hipertensão, diabetes e osteoporose e dentre todas as comorbidades encontradas, apenas a hipertensão e o diabetes não apresentaram diferença estatisticamente significante com nenhuma das dimensões do HIV/AIDS Target-Quality of life. Conclusão: osteoporose e osteoartrose são as comorbidades que tem impacto em mais dimensões da qualidade de vida


Objective: to assess quality of life according to the most prevalent comorbidities in elderly people with HIV. Method: cross-sectional study carried out with 241 elderly people of both sexes, users of reference services for monitoring HIV patients. The data were obtained through a face-to-face interview by completing a sociodemographic and clinical questionnaire in addition to the HIV / AIDS Target-Quality of life. Results: the three most prevalent comorbidities were hypertension, diabetes and osteoporosis and among all the comorbidities found, only hypertension and diabetes did not show a statistically significant difference with any of the dimensions of HIV / AIDS Target-Quality of life. Conclusion: osteoporosis and osteoarthritis are comorbidities that have an impact on more dimensions of quality of life


Objetivo: evaluar la calidad de vida según las comorbilidades más prevalentes en ancianos con VIH. Método: estudio transversal realizado con 241 ancianos de ambos sexos, usuarios de servicios de referencia para el seguimiento de pacientes con VIH. Los datos se obtuvieron a través de una entrevista presencial mediante la cumplimentación de un cuestionario sociodemográfico y clínico además de la HIV/AIDS Target-Quality of life. Resultados: las tres comorbilidades más prevalentes fueron hipertensión, diabetes y osteoporosis y entre todas las comorbilidades encontradas, solo la hipertensión y la diabetes no mostraron diferencia estadísticamente significativa con ninguna de las dimensiones de HIV/AIDS Target-Quality of life. Conclusión: la osteoporosis y la osteoartritis son comorbilidades que repercuten en más dimensiones de la calidad de vida


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality of Life , Comorbidity , HIV , Osteoarthritis , Osteoporosis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Diabetes Mellitus , Hypertension
5.
Univ. salud ; 23(3): 248-254, sep.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341771

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Actualmente la vitamina D ha ganado importancia, por ser considerada una hormona y porque sus bajos niveles están asociados con diferentes patologías, especialmente alteraciones de la masa ósea. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de bajos niveles de vitamina D en pacientes adultos con osteopenia y osteoporosis, atendidos en consulta externa de endocrinología en Popayán Cauca. Materiales y métodos: Estudio descriptivo y retrospectivo que incluyó pacientes con diagnóstico de osteopenia y osteoporosis realizado por densitometría ósea entre los años 2013 y 2016, que tenían reporte de niveles de vitamina D obtenidos por cualquier método. Se describieron características sociodemográficas, resultados de densitometría ósea, niveles vitamina D, hormona paratiroidea y calcio iónico. Resultados: Se incluyeron 300 pacientes con diagnóstico de osteopenia y osteoporosis de los cuales 211 tenían bajos niveles de vitamina D, para una prevalencia del 71,3%, el nivel promedio de 25 hidroxivitamina D fue de 24,35ng/ml. Conclusiones: La alta prevalencia de bajos niveles de vitamina D en pacientes con osteopenia y osteoporosis hace indispensable la medición de 25 hidroxivitamina D en esta población, esto con el fin de realizar una intervención terapéutica apropiada.


Abstract Introduction: Vitamin D has gained interest because it is a hormone whose low levels are associated with different pathologies such as bone mass disorders. Objective: To determine the prevalence of low levels of vitamin D in adult patients with osteopenia and osteoporosis who received care at an outpatient endocrinology clinic in Popayan, Cauca. Materials and methods: A retrospective and descriptive study that included patients diagnosed with osteopenia and osteoporosis through bone densitometry between 2013 and 2016, who also had their vitamin D levels measured by means of any laboratory method. Sociodemographic characteristics, bone densitometry results as well as vitamin D, parathormone and ionic calcium levels were described. Results: A total of 300 patients with osteopenia and osteoporosis were included in the study, of which 211 had low levels of vitamin D, representing a prevalence of 71.3%. Finally, the average level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D was 24.35 ng/ml. Conclusion: The high prevalence of low levels of vitamin D in patients with osteopenia and osteoporosis highlights the importance to measure 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels in this population in order to carry out an appropriate therapeutic intervention.


Subject(s)
Vitamin D , Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Osteoporosis , Prevalence
6.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(6): 801-810, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349996

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of osteosarcopenia and the association of osteosarcopenia with trabecular bone score (TBS) in a group of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DMG) compared with a paired control group (CG). Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study with men and women ≥ 50 years recruited by convenience. Patients in both groups answered questionnaires and underwent evaluation of bone mineral density (BMD), handgrip strength (HGS), and TBS. The T2DMG also underwent a gait speed (GS) test. Sarcopenia was defined as low lean mass plus low HGS or GS according to the Foundation for the National Institute of Health Sarcopenia Project, and osteosarcopenia was deemed present when sarcopenia was associated with osteopenia, osteoporosis, or low-energy trauma fractures. Results: The T2DMG (n = 177) and CG (n = 146) had, respectively, mean ages of 65.1 ± 8.2 years and 68.8 ± 11.0 years and 114 (64.4%) and 80 (54.7%) women. T2DMG versus the CG had higher rates of osteosarcopenia (11.9% versus 2.14%, respectively, p = 0.010), sarcopenia (12.9% versus 5.4%, respectively, p < 0.030), and fractures (29.9% versus 18.5%, respectively, p = 0.019), and lower HGS values (24.4 ± 10.3 kg versus 30.9 ± 9.15 kg, respectively, p < 0.001), but comparable BMD values. Mean TBS values were 1.272 ± 0.11 and 1.320 ± 0.12, respectively (p = 0.001). On multivariate analysis, age, greater waist circumference, fractures, and osteoporosis increased the risk of degraded TBS. Osteosarcopenia was associated with diabetes complications (p = 0.03), calcium and vitamin D supplementation (p = 0.01), and all components of osteosarcopenia diagnosis (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Compared with the CG, the T2DMG had a higher prevalence of osteosarcopenia, sarcopenia, and fractures and lower bone quality assessed by TBS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Osteoporosis/etiology , Osteoporosis/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Sarcopenia/etiology , Sarcopenia/epidemiology , Absorptiometry, Photon , Bone Density , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hand Strength , Cancellous Bone/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged
7.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(6): 784-789, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357136

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To measure the levels of vitamin D in patients hospitalized for fractures and to evaluate its relationship with fractures. Methods A primary, analytical, cross-sectional, non-interventional, observational, controlled study was conducted in humans. The serum measurement of: vitamin D, parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and albumin was performed in 49 patients who were consecutively hospitalized for surgery due to fracture(s) (study group), and in 50 patients without fractures, from the various outpatient clinics, and who underwent routine tests (control group). Results The mean level of 25-hydroxyvitaminD (25[OH]D) in patients with fractures was of 23.78 ± 8.01 ng/mL (61.22% of patients with fractures had hypovitaminosis D). The mean 25(OH)D of the control group was of 37.52 ± 9.21 ng/mL (10% of the patients had hypovitaminosis D). Most cases of hypovitaminosis (96%) did not course with secondary hyperparathyroidism (mean PTH = 41.80 ± 22.75 pg/mL). Conclusion Hypovitaminosis D was found in a significant percentage (61.22%) of the patients who suffered fractures. Further studies on the subject are needed to better understand the influence of hypovitaminosis D on the occurrence of fractures, as well as the benefits of vitamin D supplementation in these patients.


Resumo Objetivo Dosar a vitamina D nos pacientes internados por fratura e avaliar sua relação com as fraturas. Métodos Realizou-se estudo primário, analítico, transversal, não intervencional, observacional, controlado, em seres humanos. Fez-se a dosagem sérica de: vitamina D, paratormônio(PTH), cálcio, fósforo, magnésio e albumina em 49 pacientes que foram internados consecutivamente para cirurgia devido a fratura(s) (grupo de estudo), e em 50 pacientes, dos diversos ambulatórios, sem fraturas, e que realizaram exames de rotina (grupo de controle). Resultados A média de 25-hidroxivitamina D (25[OH]D) nos pacientes com fraturas foi de 23,78 ± 8,01 ng/mL (61,22% dos pacientes com fraturas apresentaram hipovitaminose D). A média de 25(OH)D do grupo de controle foi de 37,52 ± 9,21 ng/mL (10% dos pacientes apresentaram hipovitaminose D). A maioria dos casos de hipovitaminose (96%) não cursou com hiperparatireoidismo secundário (média do PTH = 41,80 ± 22,75 pg/mL). Conclusão A hipovitaminose D foi encontrada em um percentual expressivo (61,22%) dos pacientes que sofreram fraturas. Mais estudos sobre o assunto são necessários para se compreender melhor a influência da hipovitaminose D na ocorrência das fraturas e os benefícios da suplementação com vitamina D nesses pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoporosis , Avitaminosis , Vitamin D , Vitamin D Deficiency , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Bone , Hip Fractures
8.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(6): 804-808, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357131

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aims to evaluate the influence of hormonal levels of vitamin D, calcitonin, testosterone, estradiol, and parathyroid in patients with fractures attributed to osteoporosis when compared with young patients with fractures resulting from high-impact accidents. Methods Blood samples were collected from 30 elderly patients with osteoporosisattributed fractures (T-score ≤-2.5) (osteoporotic group), and from 30 young patients with fractures resulting from high-impact accidents (control group). Measurement of 1,25-hydroxyvitamin D (Kit Diasorin, Saluggia, Italy), calcitonin (Kit Siemens, Tarrytown, NY, USA), testosterone, estradiol, and parathyroid hormone (Kit Beckman Couter, Indianapolis, IN, United States) was performed using a chemiluminescence technique. Data were inserted into a Microsoft Excel (Microsoft Corp., Armonk, WA, USA) spreadsheet and analyzed using Statview statistical software. Results showing non-normal distribution were analyzed with nonparametric methods. The Mann-Whitney test was applied for group comparison, and a Spearman test correlated hormonal levels. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. All analyzes compared gender and subjects with and without osteoporosis. Results Women with osteoporosis had significantly lower levels of estradiol and vitamin D (p = 0.047 and p = 0.0275, respectively). Men with osteoporosis presented significantly higher levels of parathyroid hormone (p = 0.0065). There was no significant difference in testosterone and calcitonin levels. Conclusion Osteoporosis patients presented gender-related hormonal differences. Women had significantly lower levels of estradiol and vitamin D, whereas men had significantly higher parathyroid hormone levels, apparently impacting the disease.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a influência dos níveis hormonais de vitamina D, calcitonina, testosterona, estradiol e paratormônio em pacientes com fratura atribuída a osteoporose, quando comparados com pacientes jovens que tiveram fraturas decorrentes de acidente de alto impacto. Métodos Foram coletadas amostras de sangue de 30 pacientes idosos com fratura atribuída a osteoporose (T-score ≤-2,5) (grupo com osteoporose) e 30 amostras de sangue de pacientes jovens que sofreram fraturas decorrentes de acidentes de alto impacto (grupo controle). Foram realizadas dosagem de 1,25-hidroxivitamina D (Kit Diasorin, Saluggia, Italy), calcitonina (Kit Siemens, Tarrytown, NY, USA), testosterona, estradiol e paratormônio (Kit Beckman Couter, Indianapolis, IN, United States) pela técnica de quimiluminescência. Os dados foram inseridos em uma planilha de dados no programa Microsoft Excel (Microsoft Corp., Redmond, WA, EUA) e analisados pelo programa de estatística Statview. Os resultados que apresentaram distribuição não normal foram analisados com métodos não paramétricos. Para análise de variáveis comparando-se os dois grupos, aplicou-se o teste Mann-Whitney. Foi utilizado o teste de correlação de Spearman para a correlacionar os níveis hormonais. Um valor-p >0.05 foi considerado significante. Todas as análises foram feitas comparando gênero e grupos de pacientes come sem osteoporose. Resultados Mulheres com osteoporose apresentam níveis significativamente menores de estradiol e vitamina D (p = 0.047 e p = 0.0275), respectivamente. Homens com osteoporose demonstraram níveis significativamente maiores de paratormônio (p = 0.0065). Não houve diferença significativa nos níveis de testosterona e calcitonina. Conclusão Existem diferenças hormonais entre os gêneros na osteoporose. Em mulheres, níveis significativamente menores de estradiol e vitamina D e, nos homens, níveis significativamente maiores de paratormônio, parecem influenciar na doença.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoporosis , Parathyroid Hormone , Vitamin D , Calcitonin , Control Groups , Estradiol , Fractures, Bone , Gender Identity , Hormones
10.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 28(4): 96-109, ago. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342655

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se comparar performance funcional, composição corporal e medo de cair em idosas com desmineralização óssea caidoras e não caidoras. Estudo transversal, analítico com 19 idosas com baixa da densidade mineral óssea (DMO), sete apresentaram osteoporose e 12 tinham osteopenia. IMC=28,9 ± 4,3kg.m-2 , idade média de 70 ± 5 anos. As idosas foram alocadas em grupos quanto à queda: Caidoras (n=9) e Não Caidoras (n=10). A avaliação da performance funcional englobou: 1) Capacidade Funcional com a bateria Senior Fitness Test (SFT); 2) Variáveis da marcha captadas com o sensor inercial Wivar® Science durante o Teste de Caminhada de 10 metros (TC10M). Composição corporal: DMO, gordura e massa magra foram analisadas através da Absortometria Radiológica de Dupla Energia (DEXA). Verificou-se o medo de cair com a Falls Efficacy Scale - Internacional ­ Brasil. Testou-se a comparação entre médias com teste t de Student e U de Mann Whitney. Quanto ao medo de cair, o escore total atingiu 28±11 pontos. Não houve diferença estatística entre as médias dos testes de capacidade funcional e marcha, exceto a simetria da marcha (p=0,017). Os grupos alcançaram resultados semelhantes de performance funcional, marcha e medo de cair. O estímulo e manutenção da função devem ser feitos como caráter preventivo no público em questão independente do evento queda ter ocorrido. A simetria da marcha pode ser uma variável complementar na avaliação de quedas em idosas com osteopenia e osteoporose.(AU)


The aim of this study was to compare functional performance, body composition and fear of falling in fallers and non-fallers elderly women with bone demineralization. This is a cross-sectional, analytical study with 19 elderly women with low bone mineral density (BMD), seven had osteoporosis and 12 had osteopenia. BMI = 28.9 ± 4.3 kg.m-2 , mean age 70 ± 5 years. The elderly were allocated by fall reported event in groups: Fallers (n = 9) and Non-fallers (n = 10). Functional performance included: 1) Functional Capacity mesuared by Senior Fitness Test (SFT) battery; 2) Walking variables captured by the inertial sensor Wivar® Science during the 10-meter Walk Test (TC10M). Body composition: BMD, fat and lean mass were mesuared by Dual Energy Radiological Absortometry (DEXA). There fear of falling was acessed by Falls Efficacy Scale - International - Brazil. The comparison between means was made with Student's t test and Mann Whitney U test. As results, the total score for fear of falling reached 28 ± 11 points. There was no statistically significant difference between the means of functional capacity and gait tests. Only gait symmetry differed between groups (p = 0.017). Both groups achieved similar results of functional performance, gait and fear of falling. The stimulus and maintenance of the function must be done as a preventive character in the public in question regardless of the event that occurred. The gait symmetry may be a complementary variable to evaluate falls in elderly women with osteopenia and osteoporosis.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Osteoporosis , Women , Body Composition , Accidental Falls , Aged , Physical Functional Performance , Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Bone Density , Fear , Gait
11.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(4): 505-511, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339100

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate changes in bone density and architecture in postmenopausal women with breast cancer (BC) and use of aromatase inhibitor (AI). Subjects and methods: Thirty-four postmenopausal women with BC, without bone metastasis, renal function impairment and who were not receiving bone-active drugs were selected from a population of 523 outpatients treated for BC. According to the presence of hormonal receptors, HER2 and Ki67, seventeen had positive hormonal receptors and received anastrozole (AI group), and seventeen were triple-negative receptors (non-AI group), previously treated with chemotherapy. Areal bone mineral density (aBMD) and vertebral fracture assessment (VFA) analyses were performed by DXA; vBMD and bone microarchitecture were evaluated by HR-pQCT. Fracture risk was estimated using the FRAX tool. Results: No patient referred previous low-impact fracture, and VFA detected one moderate vertebral fracture in a non-AI patient. AI patients showed lower aBMD and BMD T-scores at the hip and 33% radius and a higher proportion of osteoporosis diagnosis on DXA (47%) vs non-AI (17.6%). AI group had significantly lower values for vBMD at the entire, cortical and trabecular bone compartments, cortical and trabecular thickness and BV/TV. They also had a higher risk for major fractures and for hip fractures estimated by FRAX. Several HR-pQCT parameters evaluated at distal radius and distal tibia were significantly associated with fracture risk. Conclusion: AI is associated with alterations in bone density and microarchitecture of both the cortical and trabecular compartments. These findings explain the overall increase in fracture risk in this specific population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Osteoporosis , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Radius , Tibia , Absorptiometry, Photon , Bone Density , Aromatase Inhibitors/adverse effects
12.
Medicina (Ribeirão Preto) ; 54(1)jul, 2021. fig.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353674

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Aims: To identify the frequency in changes of bone metabolism, including below the average value for age, osteopenia, and osteoporosis, in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) and to compare the frequency of factors associated with bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition between sex. Methods: This observational study assessed 106 PLWHA (65 male) recruited from the University Hospital of Ribeirão Preto Medical School from 2013 to 2014. BMD was measured using Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA). Standard deviation values for Z- and T-score proposed by the International Society for Clinical Densitometry were adopted to classify participants below the average value for age, osteopenia, and osteoporosis. Qui-square and Fischer's exact tests were employed to compare males and females based on their factors associated with BMD reduction. Results: Fifty-two (49%) PLWHA presented at least one diagnosis for below the average value for age, osteopenia, and osteoporosis, being 37 (57%) and 15 (37%) male and female, respec-tively. Frequency of alcohol consumption was higher in males (n=20; 30.8%) than females (n=05; 12.2%) (p=0.028).Conclusions: A high rate of PLWHA showed changes in bone metabolism, with a higher frequency in males. The fre-quency of alcohol consumption was higher in males, and it may partially explain the possible causes of the increased rates of bone metabolism changes observed in this group. This information may help develop strategies for reducing the frequency of diagnosis for below the average value for age, osteopenia, osteoporosis improving quality of life in PLWHA. (AU)


RESUMO: Objetivos: Identificar a frequência de alterações no metabolismo ósseo, incluindo valores abaixo do estimado para idade, osteopenia e osteoporose, em pessoas vivendo com HIV/Aids (PVHA) e comparar a frequência de fatores associados à redução da densidade mineral óssea (DMO) e composição corporal entre sexos. Métodos: Estudo observacional que ava-liou 106 PVHA (65 do sexo masculino) recrutadas do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto da Universidade de São Paulo entre os anos 2013 e 2014. A DMO foi medida utilizando a Absorciometria Radiológica de Dupla Energia (DXA). Valores de desvio padrão Z- e T- scores propostos pela Sociedade Internacional para Densitometria Clí-nica foram adotados para classificar os participantes em abaixo do valor estimado para idade, osteopenia e osteoporose. Os testes do qui-quadrado e exato de Fischer foram empregados na comparação entre os sexos baseado em seus respec-tivos fatores associados à redução da densidade mineral óssea. Resultados: Cinquenta e dois (49%) PVHA apresentaram ao menos um diagnóstico para abaixo do valor estimado para idade, osteopenia e osteoporose, sendo 37 (57%) do sexo masculino e 15 (37%) feminino. A frequência de consumo de álcool foi maior no sexo masculino (n=20; 30,8%) compara-do ao feminino (n=5; 12,2%) (p=0,028). Conclusões: Uma alta taxa de PVHA apresentaram alterações no metabolismo ósseo, com maior frequência no sexo masculino. A frequência no consumo de álcool foi maior no sexo masculino, podendo explicar parcialmente as possíveis causas para taxa aumentada de alterações no metabolismo ósseo observada nesse grupo. Essa informação pode contribuir no desenvolvimento de estratégias para redução da frequência do diagnóstico para valores abaixo do estimado para idade, osteopenia e osteoporose, melhorando a qualidade de vida em PVHA


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Osteoporosis , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/diagnosis , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/epidemiology , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , HIV , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active , Densitometry
13.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 52: 52-58, July. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283505

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis attacks approximately 10% of the population worldwide. Sika Deer (Cervus nippon), one of China's precious traditional medicinal animals, has been widely recorded in ancient Chinese medical books and claimed for centuries to have numerous medical benefits including bone strengthening. This study aimed to find the use of Sika Deer bone in treating osteoporosis according to traditional records and to investigate the protective effect of Sika Deer bone polypeptide extract on glucocorticoidinduced osteoporosis (GIOP) in rats. RESULTS: Sika Deer bone polypeptide extract could increase serum Ca2+ and BGP, decrease serum P3+, ALP, PTH, and CT, but had no effect on serum NO in rats with GIOP. The immunohistochemical iNOS results of the rats' distal femur were negative in each group. Besides the model group, the eNOS color reaction in osteoblasts was strongly positive in the other three groups. CONCLUSIONS: Sika Deer bone polypeptide extract can improve pathological changes in the microstructure and stimulate the expression of eNOS in osteoblasts. The protective effect on bone might be mediated by eNOS-dependent NO generation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Osteoporosis/prevention & control , Peptides/pharmacology , Bone and Bones/metabolism , Deer , Osteoblasts , Dexamethasone , Rats, Wistar , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/drug effects
15.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(1): 47-52, maio 5, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354804

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: esse estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a instrução sobre osteoporose de uma amostra da população que frequenta o Centro de Saúde Butantã (CSE), visando incentivar a forma mais adequada de prevenção e/ou tratamento. Metodologia: Foi elaborado e aplicado, durante um mês, um questionário para identificar os fatores de risco de 101 pacientes, de ambos os sexos. Resultados: do total desses pacientes, 49% tinham idade inferior a 45 anos, 33% entre 45 e 65 anos e 18% acima de 65 anos. A cor branca prevaleceu em 66%, sendo que 36% do total possuíam hipertensão, 10% diabetes e 7% outras doenças crônicas. Em relação ao índice de massa corpórea (IMC), 4% estavam abaixo de 20Kg/m2, 37% eutróficos, 30% com sobrepeso, 24% com obesidade grau I e 5% com IMC superior a 35Kg/m2. Foi verificado que 76% da população era sedentária, 35% fumantes, 32% com consumo alcoólico inferior a 3 vezes na semana, 3% superior a 3 vezes e 65% sem consumo de álcool. Quanto a ingestão de leite, 37% não o consumiam e 40% apenas 1 vez ao dia. Não houve diferença estatística entre as pessoas que conheciam ou não a osteoporose, sendo que 60% tinham conhecimento sobre a doença, porém esse grau de instrução não implicou em diferenças nos hábitos de vida. Discussão: em 100% da amostra estudada foi encontrado pelo menos 1 fator de risco para o seu desenvolvimento, principalmente a baixa ingestão de cálcio e a falta de atividade física, confirmando a importância da intervenção nesses fatores preveníveis.


Objective: this study aimed to evaluate the education on osteoporosis in a sample of the population who attends the Center for Health Butantã (CSE), to encourage the most appropriate way of preventing and / or treatment. Methodology: was developed and implemented over a month, a questionnaire to identify risk factors of 101 patients of both sexes. Results: of the total of these patients, 49% were below 45 years, 33% between 45 and 65 and 18% over 65 years. The white prevailed in 66% and 36% of the total had hypertension, diabetes 10% and 7% other chronic diseases. In relation to body mass index (BMI), 4% were below 20Kg/ m2, 37% normal, 30% overweight, 24% with obesity grade I and 5% with BMI greater than 35kg/m2. It was found that 76% of the population was sedentary, 35% smokers, 32% with alcohol consumption less than 3 times a week, 3% more than 3 times and 65% with no consumption of alcohol. As the intake of milk, not the 37% and 40% consumed only 1 day. There was no statistical difference between people who knew or not osteoporosis, while 60% had knowledge about the disease, but this level of education did not lead to differences in living habits. Discussion: in 100% of the studied sample was found at least 1 risk factor for its development, especially the low calcium intake and lack of physical activity, confirming the importance of intervention in those preventable factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Osteoporosis , Calcium , Fractures, Bone , Chronic Disease , Surveys and Questionnaires , Diabetes Mellitus , Hypertension
16.
Rev. cuba. reumatol ; 23(1): e181, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347551

ABSTRACT

El FRAX es una herramienta que mide el riesgo de fractura y cuenta con un algoritmo computarizado desarrollado por la Organización Mundial de la Salud, basado en modelos globales de cohortes de población, combinados con factores de riesgo clínico. La herramienta fue diseñada inicialmente para su aplicación por los médicos de atención primaria en mujeres posmenopáusicas y hombres sobre 50 años, aunque es válida en general entre 40-90 años. Nos propusimos desarrollar un estudio epidemiológico-clínico sobre osteoporosis y fracturas en la población general y algunos grupos especiales de riesgo que incluyen mujeres posmenopáusicas, pacientes con afecciones reumáticas, endocrinas, cáncer y con infección por VIH, así como describir el papel desempeñado por FRAX como herramienta de medición del riesgo de fractura a los 10 años de ocurrida. Asimismo, constituye un gran reto conocer e identificar los principales grupos vulnerables o de riesgo para osteoporosis y fracturas en la población cubana. Esta aplicación nos resulta prioritaria en los grupos identificados, pues permitirá conocer los riesgos de fracturas a corto y largo plazos e implementar correcta y racionalmente los estudios DXA, disponibles en el país para la toma de decisiones terapéuticas(AU)


The FRAX is a tool that has a computerized algorithm developed by the World Health Organization, based on global models of population cohorts, combined with clinical risk factors, which measures the risk of fracture. The tool was initially designed for use by primary care physicians in postmenopausal women and men over 50 years of age, although it is generally valid between 40-90 years. We set out to develop a clinical epidemiological study on osteoporosis and fractures in the general population and some special risk groups that include post-menopausal women, patients with rheumatic, endocrine, cancer and HIV-infected conditions, as well as the role played by FRAX as a measurement tool. The ten-year risk of fracture related to the importance of knowing and identifying the main vulnerable or risk groups for osteoporosis and fractures in the Cuban population constitutes a great challenge. This application is a priority for those groups previously identified as it will allow us to know the short and long-term risks of fractures and implement the correct use of DXA studies, available in the country with a rational use and therapeutic decision-making(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoporosis , Risk Groups , Risk Factors , Fractures, Bone , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/diagnosis , Absorptiometry, Photon/methods , Epidemiologic Studies
17.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 32(1): e256, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289383

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Se ha descrito una probable asociación entre la presencia de osteopenia/osteoporosis y el riesgo incrementado de cardiopatía isquémica. Objetivo: Determinar la posible asociación entre la presencia de síndrome coronario agudo y la densidad mineral ósea disminuida, así como la relación de ambas condiciones con algunos factores de riesgo cardiovascular y variables de la esfera reproductiva en mujeres en etapa de climaterio. Método: Se realizó un estudio transversal descriptivo con 72 mujeres (34 con síndrome coronario agudo y 38 sin síndrome coronario agudo), que fueron seleccionadas de bases de datos del Instituto de Cardiología y Cirugía Cardiovascular. La densidad mineral ósea se determinó mediante absorciometría dual de rayos X en columna lumbar. Las pruebas Chi cuadrado y U de Mann Whitney permitieron evaluar la posible relación entre variables. Resultados: El 55,9 por ciento de las pacientes con síndrome coronario agudo y el 60,5 por ciento de las mujeres sin síndrome coronario agudo tenían densidad mineral ósea disminuida. En las mujeres con densidad mineral ósea disminuida (n=42): 81 por ciento presentaron obesidad abdominal, 78,6 por ciento dislipoproteinemia, 83,3 por ciento hipertensión arterial y 76,2 por ciento refirieron el antecedente familiar de cardiopatía isquémica. Conclusiones: En las mujeres en etapa de climaterio estudiadas no se demostró asociación entre la presencia de síndrome coronario agudo y la densidad mineral ósea disminuida. Tampoco existió relación entre la presencia de síndrome coronario agudo y la densidad mineral ósea disminuida con factores de riesgo cardiovascular, ni con las variables de la esfera reproductiva(AU)


Introduction: A probable association has been described between the presence of osteopenia/osteoporosis and the increased risk of ischemic heart disease. Objective: To determine the possible association between the presence of acute coronary syndrome and decreased bone mineral density, as well as the relationship of both conditions with some cardiovascular risk factors and variables of the reproductive sphere in women during the climacteric stage. Method: A descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out with 72 women (34 with acute coronary syndrome and 38 without acute coronary syndrome), who were selected from databases of the Institute of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery. Bone mineral density was determined by dual lumbar spine X-ray absorptiometry. The chi-square and Mann Whitney U tests allowed to evaluate the possible relationship between variables. Results: 55.9 percent of the patients with acute coronary syndrome and 60.5 percent of the women without acute coronary syndrome had decreased bone mineral density. Among women with decreased bone mineral density (n=42), 81 percent had abdominal obesity, 78.6 percent had dyslipoproteinemia, 83.3 percent had arterial hypertension, and 76.2 percent had a family history of ischemic heart disease. Conclusions: In the women in the climacteric stage studied, no association was shown between the presence of acute coronary syndrome and decreased bone mineral density. There was no relationship either between the presence of acute coronary syndrome and decreased bone mineral density with cardiovascular risk factors, or with variables in the reproductive sphere(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Osteoporosis/diagnosis , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/etiology , Climacteric , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Bone Density , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dyslipidemias/pathology , Acute Coronary Syndrome/pathology
18.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(2): 3192-3201, mar.-abr. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251936

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN En los adultos mayores existen múltiples enfermedades que afectan su calidad de vida y el logro de una longevidad satisfactoria. Una de ellas es la osteoporosis, enfermedad de elevada incidencia a nivel mundial, lo cual también se refleja en Cuba. Siendo una afección que conlleva a un alto grado de discapacidad, constituye un problema en el campo de la salud y de magnitud epidémica, más aún cuando la supervivencia de la humanidad tiende al aumento. Con el objetivo de estructurar los referentes teóricos sobre la osteoporosis, que contribuyan a la capacitación de médicos y estudiantes de Medicina como promotores de salud en prevención primaria de esta enfermedad, se realizó el siguiente artículo científico. Los factores que predisponen la aparición de la enfermedad son diversos, algunos modificables. Se señaló la importancia de su prevención, diagnóstico y tratamiento, así como formas de actuar sobre la misma, para modificar estilos de vida en la comunidad (AU).


ABSTRACT There are many diseases affecting life quality and the achievement of a satisfactory longevity in elder people; osteoporosis, a disease of high incidence around the world that also strikes in Cuba, is found among them. It is an affection leading to a high disability level, being a problem in the health field with an epidemic magnitude, even more when the human kind survival tends to increase. The current scientific article was written with the objective of structuring the theoretical referents on osteoporosis contributing to train Medicine doctors and students as health promoters in the primary prevention of this disease. The factors predisposing the disease's appearance are different, some of them modifiable. It is also stated the importance of its prevention, diagnosis and treatment, and also forms and ways of working on it to modify life styles in the community (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Osteoporosis/epidemiology , Aged/physiology , Osteoporosis/complications , Osteoporosis/diagnosis , Osteoporosis/prevention & control , Osteoporosis/therapy , Quality of Life , Disabled Persons/rehabilitation , Life Style
19.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(2): 152-163, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248820

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the reasons for request of bone mineral density (BMD) evaluation and correlate the BMD results with previous fractures, risk factors for osteoporosis, and clinical characteristics in patients with obesity. Subjects and methods: Cross-sectional, retrospective, single-site study including adult patients with body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m2 and BMD evaluation between January 2015 and May 2016 selected from a BMD database. Data on demographic characteristics, lifestyle habits, comorbidities, medications, risk factors, previous fractures, and indications for BMD evaluation were collected from the participants' medical records. Results: The study included 619 patients (89.9% women, mean BMI 34.79 ± 4.05 kg/m2). In all, 382 (61.7%), 166 (26.8%), and 71 (11.5%) patients had class 1, 2, and 3 obesity, respectively. The most frequent (29.9%) reason for BMD evaluation was for osteoporosis monitoring. In all, 69.4% of the patients had low BMD. Multivariate analysis showed that age, calcium supplementation, and previous osteoporosis or osteopenia were associated with low BMD, while age, vitamin D supplementation, use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), and low BMD were associated with previous fractures (p < 0.05 for all). Conclusions: Among patients with obesity identified from a tertiary hospital database, those with low bone mass and risk factors traditionally associated with fractures had an increased history of fractures. Patients with greater BMI had better bone mass and fewer fractures. These findings indicate that the association between reduced weight, risk factors for osteoporosis, and fractures remained despite the presence of obesity in our population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Osteoporosis/etiology , Osteoporosis/epidemiology , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/etiology , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Obesity/complications
20.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(2): 258-262, Apr.-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251341

ABSTRACT

Abstract Osteoporotic vertebral fractures are a common type of fracture and affect a significant number of subjects with osteoporosis. Despite the high fracture risk, the concomitant occurrence of vertebral fractures at non-contiguous levels is very rare. We report the case of a patient with three burst dorsolumbar spine fractures at non-contiguous levels who was treated with percutaneous kyphoplasty and transpedicular posterior fixation. Six months after the surgery, the patient walks autonomously and without pain; in addition, there is no radiological evidence of fracture reduction loss.


Resumo As fraturas vertebrais osteoporóticas são um tipo comum de fratura e afetam um número significativo da população com osteoporose. Apesar do elevado risco de fratura, a ocorrência concomitante de fraturas vertebrais em níveis não contíguos é muito rara. Reportamos o caso de uma paciente com três fraturas explosivas da coluna dorsolombar em níveis não contíguos, tratada com cifoplastia e fixação posterior transpedicular por via percutânea. Seis meses após a cirurgia, a paciente tem marcha autônoma, sem dor, e, radiologicamente, não existem evidências de perda de redução das fraturas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Osteoporosis/surgery , Spinal Fractures , Fractures, Bone , Osteoporotic Fractures , Kyphoplasty , Fracture Fixation
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