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1.
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1365217

ABSTRACT

Abstract Vaccination is a procedure considered painful for children; therefore, the healthcare team should provide conditions for adequate pain assessment and control. This study sought to evaluate whether behavioral distraction procedures contribute to reduce pain perception and anxiety indicators in children during vaccination. One hundred and four children between three and 12 years attending a Health Center in the Federal District participated in the study. Children were divided into four groups: baseline, groups with balloons, cards and tablets. Data were obtained by means of sociodemographic questionnaires, the Monica and Friends Pain Scale and the Observational Scale of Distress Behavior. The collected data were measured using the SPSS Statistics program. Results show that the intervention groups had lower averages, concerning pain levels, incidence of competing behaviors and duration of vaccine procedures, compared to baseline.


Resumo A vacina é um procedimento considerado doloroso para crianças, portanto, a equipe de saúde deve fornecer condições para avaliação e controle adequados da dor. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar se procedimentos de distração comportamental contribuem para a redução da percepção de dor e de indicadores de ansiedade de crianças durante a vacinação. Participaram 104 crianças entre três e 12 anos em um Centro de Saúde do Distrito Federal. As crianças foram divididas em quatro grupos: linha de base, grupos com balões, cartões e tablet. Os dados foram obtidos através de: questionários sociodemográficos, Escala de Dor da Turma da Mônica e Observational Scale of Distress Behavior. Os dados coletados foram medidos por meio do programa SPSS Statistics. Os resultados revelaram que os grupos de intervenção apresentaram médias menores, em termos de níveis de dor, incidência de comportamentos concorrentes e duração dos procedimentos de vacina, em relação à linha de base.


Resumen La vacunación es un procedimiento considerado doloroso para los niños, por lo que el equipo de salud debe brindar las condiciones adecuadas para evaluación y control del dolor. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar si los procedimientos de distracción conductual contribuyen a disminuir la percepción del dolor y los indicadores de ansiedad en los niños durante la vacunación. En este estudio participaron 104 niños de entre 3 y 12 años de un Centro de Salud del Distrito Federal (Brasil). Los niños se dividieron en cuatro grupos: grupo de línea de base, grupo con globos, tarjeta y tableta. Los datos se obtuvieron a través de cuestionarios sociodemográficos, la Escala de Dolor de Mónica y sus Amigos y la Observational Scale of Distress Behavior. Los datos recopilados se midieron utilizando el programa SPSS Statistics. Los resultados revelaron que los grupos de intervención tenían medias más bajas, en cuanto a los niveles de dolor, incidencia de conductas concurrentes y duración de los procedimientos de vacunación, en comparación con el de línea de base.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Play and Playthings , Recreation/psychology , Pain Measurement , Surveys and Questionnaires , Immunization , Pain Perception
2.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE003202, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1364208

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Identificar os principais biomarcadores salivares descritos, assim como as técnicas empregadas para coleta das amostras de saliva, em estudos relacionados à avaliação da dor em pacientes submetidos a procedimentos dolorosos ou portadores de patologias dolorosas. Métodos Revisão integrativa da literatura, realizada pelas buscas bibliográficas nas bases Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS), MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL e EMBASE, com recorte temporal de 2009 a 2019 e período de coleta de dados entre outubro e novembro de 2019. Foram utilizados Descritores em Saúde (DeCs)e Medical SubjectHeadings (MeSH), para responder à pergunta norteadora: Quais são e como são utilizados os biomarcadores salivares na avaliação da dor? Foi realizada uma análise descritiva dos artigos, sendo os dados extraídos e registrados em uma planilha desenvolvida para o presente estudo. Resultados Das 126 publicações identificadas, 22 artigos foram incluídos para a análise. Constatou-se que os artigos são, majoritariamente, desenvolvidos com adultos durante realização de procedimentos dolorosos ou portadores de patologias dolorosa. Os principais biomarcadores salivares avaliados foram a alfa-amilase e o cortisol, e as principais técnicas para coleta de saliva foram o Salivette® e a coleta passiva. Conclusão Os estudos indicam que a mensuração objetiva da dor é um desafio. Os principais biomarcadores salivares descritos são o cortisol e a alfa-amilase, sendo o Salivette®a principal técnica utilizada para coleta das amostras de saliva. A dosagem das moléculas salivares é incipiente e empregada de forma complementar na avaliação da dor em pacientes de diferentes faixas estárias, submetidos à procedimentos dolorosos ou portadores patologias dolorosas.


Resumen Objetivo Identificar los principales biomarcadores salivales descriptos, así como las técnicas utilizadas para la recolección de las muestras de saliva en estudios relacionados con la evaluación del dolor en pacientes sometidos a procedimientos dolorosos o con patologías dolorosas. Métodos Revisión integrativa de la literatura, realizada por medio de búsquedas bibliográficas en las bases Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS), MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL y EMBASE, con un recorte temporal del 2009 al 2019 con un período de recolección de datos de octubre a noviembre de 2019. Se utilizaron Descriptores en Salud (DeCs) y Medical SubjectHeadings (MeSH), para responder a la pregunta orientadora: ¿Cuáles son los biomarcadores salivales en la evaluación del dolor y cómo se utilizan? Se realizó un análisis descriptivo de los artículos y los datos extraídos y registrados en una planilla desarrollada para el presente estudio. Resultados De las 126 publicaciones identificadas, se incluyeron 22 artículos para análisis. Se constató que los artículos están, mayoritariamente, desarrollados con adultos durante la realización de procedimientos dolorosos o con patologías dolorosas. Los principales biomarcadores salivales evaluados fueron alfa-amilasa y cortisol, y las principales técnicas para la recolección de saliva fueron Salivette® y la recolección pasiva. Conclusión Los estudios indican que la medición objetiva del dolor es un desafío. Los principales biomarcadores salivales que se describen son el cortisol y la alfa-amilasa y Salivette® la principal técnica utilizada para la recolección de muestras de saliva. La dosificación de las moléculas salivales es incipiente y utilizada de forma complementaria en la evaluación del dolor en pacientes de distintos grupos de edad, sometidos a procedimientos dolorosos o con patologías dolorosas.


Abstract Objective To identify the main salivary biomarkers described and the techniques used for saliva sample collection in studies related to pain assessment in patients undergoing painful procedures or experiencing painful diseases Methods An integrative literature review was conducted via bibliographic searches in the Virtual Health Library (VHL), MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL, and EMBASE databases for the period from 2009 to 2019; data were collected in October and November 2019. The DeCs health descriptors and the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) were used to answer the guiding question: "Which salivary biomarkers are used in pain assessment and how are they employed?" A descriptive analysis of the articles was performed; data were collected and recorded in a spreadsheet developed for the present study. Results Of the 126 published articles identified, 22 articles were included for analysis. The articles were mainly regarding adults undergoing painful procedures or patients experiencing painful diseases. The main salivary biomarkers evaluated were alpha-amylase and cortisol, and the main saliva collection techniques were Salivette® and passive collection. Conclusion The studies indicated that objective pain measurement is a challenge. The main salivary biomarkers evaluated were cortisol and alpha-amylase, and the main technique employed for saliva sample collection was Salivette®. The dosage of salivary molecules is emerging for use as a complement in pain assessment in patients of different ages undergoing painful procedures or experiencing painful diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Saliva , Pain Measurement , Hydrocortisone , Biomarkers , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , alpha-Amylases , Evidence-Based Practice , Anti-Inflammatory Agents
3.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 31: e20200525, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1357477

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: determining the multidimensional factors associated with the severity of chronic back pain is essential to design appropriate interventions. The objective of this study was to assess the physical and emotional factors associated with the severity of chronic back pain in adults. Method: a descriptive, analytical and cross-sectional study, carried out between November 2017 and December 2018 in Family Health Strategies, with 198 adults with chronic back pain. Pain severity, assessed by the Brief Pain Inventory, was considered the outcome variable; and the pain interference in daily activities (Brief Pain Inventory), physical disability (Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire), quality of life (World Health Organization Quality of Life-Brief) and pain threshold (digital algometer) variables were considered explanatory. A Multivariate Multiple Linear Regression analysis, using the stepwise method with 5% significance, was preformed to establish an explanatory model of pain severity. Results: the mean age was 48.03 years old (standard deviation: 12.41). Most of the participants were women, married and worked. The variables that had a significant and joint impact on pain severity were pain interference in daily activities (parameter: 0.196; p-value<0.001) and in mood (parameter: 0.054; p-value=0.039) and physical domain of quality of life (parameter: -0.032; p-value<0.001). Conclusion: physical factors (pain interference in daily activities and physical domain of quality of life) and emotional factors (pain interference in mood) play an important role in the severity of chronic back pain, which reinforces its multidimensional character.


RESUMEN Objetivo: determinar los factores multidimensionales asociados a la gravedad del dolor de espalda crónico es esencial para diseñar intervenciones apropiadas. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar los factores físicos y emocionales asociados a la gravedad del dolor de espalda crónico en adultos. Método: estudio descriptivo y analítico, de corte transversal, realizado entre noviembre de 2017 y diciembre de 2018, en unidades de la Estrategia de Salud Familiar, con 198 adultos que sufren dolor de espalda crónico. La gravedad del dolor, evaluada por medio del Brief Pain Inventory, se consideró como variable de resultado; y las variables interferencia del dolor en las actividades cotidianas (Brief Pain Inventory), discapacidad física (Cuestionario de Discapacidad de Roland Morris), calidad de vida (World Health Organization Quality of Life-Brief) y umbral de dolor (algómetro digital) se consideraron como variables explicativas. Se realizó un análisis multivariado de Regresión Lineal Múltiple, usando el método stepwise con 5% de significancia, para establecer el modelo explicativo de la gravedad del dolor. Resultados: la media de edad fue de 48,03 años (desviación estándar: 12,41). La mayoría de los participantes fueron mujeres, casadas y con alguna actividad laboral. Las variables que ejercieron un impacto sobre la gravedad del dolor en forma significativa y conjunta fueron las siguientes: interferencia del dolor en las actividades cotidianas (parámetro: 0,196; valor p<0,001) y en el estado de ánimo (parámetro: 0,054; valor p=0,039) y el dominio físico de la calidad de vida (parámetro: -0,032; valor p<0,001). Conclusión: los factores físicos (interferencia del dolor en las actividades cotidianas y el dominio físico de la calidad de vida) y emocionales (interferencia del dolor en el estado de ánimo) desempeñan un rol importante en la gravedad del dolor de espalda crónico, lo que refuerza su carácter multidimensional.


RESUMO Objetivo: determinar os fatores multidimensionais associados à severidade da dor crônica nas costas é essencial para traçar intervenções apropriadas. O objetivo deste estudo consistiu em avaliar os fatores físicos e emocionais associados à severidade da dor crônica nas costas em adultos. Método: estudo descritivo analítico, de corte transversal, realizado entre novembro de 2017 e dezembro de 2018, em Estratégias de Saúde da Família, com 198 adultos com dor crônica nas costas. A severidade da dor, avaliada pelo Brief Pain Inventory, foi considera variável de desfecho; as variáveis interferência da dor nas atividades cotidianas (Brief Pain Inventory), incapacidade física (Questionário de Incapacidade de Rolland Morris), qualidade de vida (World Health Organization Quality of Life-Brief) e limiar de dor (algômetro digital) foram consideradas variáveis explicativas. Análise multivariada de Regressão Linear Múltipla, usando o método stepwise com 5% de significância, foi conduzida para estabelecer modelo explicativo da severidade da dor. Resultados: a média de idade foi de 48,03 anos (desvio padrão: 12,41). A maioria eram mulheres, casadas e que trabalhavam. As variáveis que tiveram impacto na severidade da dor de forma significativa e conjunta foram interferência da dor nas atividades cotidianas (parâmetro: 0,196; valor p<0,001) e no humor (parâmetro: 0,054; valor p=0,039) e domínio físico da qualidade de vida (parâmetro: -0,032; valor p<0,001). Conclusão: fatores físicos (interferência da dor nas atividades cotidianas e domínio físico da qualidade de vida) e emocionais (interferência da dor no humor) desempenham importante papel na severidade da dor crônica nas costas, o que reforça o seu caráter multidimensional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pain Measurement , Regression Analysis , Back Pain , Chronic Pain , Activities of Daily Living , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Nursing , Family Health Strategy
4.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(supl.3): 5215-5222, Oct. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345724

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los trastornos del cuello-hombro relacionados con el trabajo son un importante problema de salud. El objetivo de este estudio es establecer el patrón de dolor y discapacidad cervical de trabajadores con pantallas de visualización de datos, así como determinar los factores que predominan en la aparición de un nuevo episodio de dolor de espalda. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo-correlacional, en una muestra de 88 trabajadores usuarios de ordenadores de la Consellería de Sanidade (Xunta de Galicia). Los trabajadores respondieron los cuestionarios: "Neck Disability Index", "Escala analógica visual", "12-item Short Form Health Survey" y se realizó un análisis postural. Para el análisis comparativo se realizaron las pruebas T Student y U de Mann-Whitney. Un análisis de regresión logística binaria se utilizó para la extracción de un modelo predictivo de episodio de dolor cervical. El 58% refirieron dolor cervical. No existieron diferencias significativas entre hombres y mujeres. Las variables que mejor predicen la aparición de un nuevo episodio de dolor son el nivel de discapacidad y la calidad de vida física. Los resultados indican que un trabajador con altos niveles de discapacidad cervical y bajos valores de calidad de vida física, tiene mayor probabilidad de sufrir un episodio de dolor.


Abstract Work-related neck/shoulder disorders are considered an important health issue. This study is aimed at establishing the pain and cervical disability patterns of workers with visual display terminals, as well as at determining the factors that mostly affect the onset of a new episode of back pain. A descriptive, correlational study was carried out on a sample of 88 workers who use visual display terminals, of the Ministry of Health (Xunta de Galicia). The workers completed the following questionnaires: "Neck Disability Index Scale," "Visual Analog Scale," "12-item Short Form Health Survey," and an individual postural analysis was conducted. For the comparative analysis, the Student's t-test, and the Mann-Whitney U test were performed. A binary logistic regression analysis was used to extract a predictive model of a cervical pain episode, and 58% reported cervical pain. There were no differences between men and women. The variables that best predict the onset of a new episode of pain are the level of disability, and the quality of physical life. Study results indicate that a worker who uses visual display terminals, with high levels of cervical disability and low values of physical quality of life, is more likely to suffer an episode of back pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Quality of Life , Data Visualization , Pain Measurement , Neck Pain , Disability Evaluation
5.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 28(4): 138-158, ago. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343083

ABSTRACT

A avaliação fisioterapêutica é fundamental para o diagnóstico cinético funcional da Dor Femoropatelar (DFP), bem como para mensuração da dor, limitações funcionais e déficits musculoesqueléticos destes pacientes. A avaliação também permite avaliar prognóstico, assim como evolução do tratamento fisioterapêutico conservador. Entretanto, devido à falta de padronização e validação dos instrumentos de medida, torna-se dificultosa a escolha da ferramenta mais apropriada para avaliar o processo de reabilitação dos pacientes com DFP. O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar os instrumentos mais adequados para a avaliação da dor, função e cinemática do tronco e membro inferior em pacientes com DFP. Para tal, foi realizado uma consulta à base de dados PubMed, utilizando as palavras-chave: "patellofemoral pain syndrome", "physical therapy" "physiotherapy", "evaluation", "measurement", "kinematics", "functional test", "functional activity". Sendo considerado, artigos em idioma inglês publicados entre 2000 a 2019. Os critérios de inclusão foram: 1) estudos que abordassem instrumentos de avaliação, sendo eles, escalas de dor, questionários que mensuram limitação funcional, e testes funcionais usados para analisar a cinemática do tronco e membro inferior; 2) estudos que analisassem as propriedades clinimétricas destes instrumentos; 3) população com DFP. Foram encontrados 1.399 artigos, sendo que após a retiradas de duplicatas, leitura de títulos e resumos, foram incluídos 13 estudos nesta revisão. Tais estudos foram classificados de acordo com Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine. De acordo com a análise crítica dos artigos, pode-se afirmar que a Escala Visual Analógica e a Escala Numérica são ferramentas adequadas para mensurar a intensidade da dor nestes pacientes. O Anterior Knee Pain Scale, Activities of Daily Living Scale, Pain Severity Scale e Osteoarthritis Outcome Score Patellofemoral Subscale são eficazes para avaliar dor e função em pacientes com DFP, sendo os dois primeiros, os mais indicados. A escolha dos testes funcionais deverá ser realizada de acordo com o nível de capacidade física do paciente, sendo o Step Down Test indicado para a população sedentária, o Single Leg Squat e Single Leg Landing para população ativa, e o Single Leg Triple Hop Test para pacientes atletas.(AU)


: Physical therapy evaluation is fundamental for the functional diagnosis of Patellofemoral Pain (PFP), as well as for measuring pain, functional limitations and musculoskeletal deficits of these patients. The evaluation also allows the evaluation of prognosis, as well as evolution of conservative physiotherapeutic treatment. However, due to the lack of standardization and validation of measurement instruments, it is difficult to choose the most appropriate instrument to evaluate the rehabilitation process of patients with PFP. The aim of this study was to identify the most appropriate instruments for the evaluation of pain, function and kinematics of the trunk and lower limb in patients with PFP. For this purpose, a search was performed to the PubMed database, using the keywords: "patellofemoral pain syndrome", "physical therapy" "physiotherapy", "evaluation", "measurement", "kinematics", "functional test", "functional activity". Being considered, articles in English published between 2000 and 2019. The inclusion criteria were: 1) studies addressing assessment instruments, such as pain scales, questionnaires that measure functional limitation, and functional tests used to analyze the kinematics of the trunk and lower limb; 2) studies analyzing the clinimetric properties of these instruments; 3) population with PFP. A total of 1,399 articles were found, and after the removal of duplicates, reading of titles and abstracts, 13 studies were included in this review. Such studies were classified according to Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine. According to the critical analysis of the articles, it can be affirmed that the Visual Analog Scale and the Numerical Scale are adequate tools to measure pain intensity in these patients. The Previous Knee Pain Scale, Activities of Daily Living Scale, Pain Severity Scale and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score Patellofemoral Subscale are effective for assessing pain and function in patients with PFP, the first two being the most indicated. The choice of functional tests should be performed according to the level of physical capacity of the patient, being the Step Down Test indicated for the sedentary population, Single Leg Squat and Single Leg Landing to active population, and Single Leg Triple Hop Test to athletes patients.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pain Measurement , Physical Therapy Modalities , Pain , Patients , Lower Extremity , PubMed , Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome
6.
Fisioter. Bras ; 22(3): 412-424, Jul 15, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284564

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare in neonates with transitory tachypnea if chest rebalancing thoraco-abdominal method (RTA) increased immediate pain. Methods: This was a randomized controlled clinical trial. Forty-nine neonates with transitory tachypnea and aged < 72 hours were included to receive either conventional physiotherapy (CP) or RTA method. Participants received usual care and one 15- minute session of chest physiotherapy. Neonatal Infant Pain Scale (NIPS), peripheral oxygen saturation, heart rate, respiratory rate, axillary temperature before and after chest physiotherapy were recorded. Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA and Mc Nemar test were used to compare differences between measures. The relative risk (RR) for pain after interventions was calculated using a Poisson regression model (robust estimation). A significance level of 5% (p < 0.05) was adopted for all analyses. Results: RTA was not associated to pain. After chest physiotherapy, NIPS reduced (2 versus 3, p < 0.001) and number of neonates with pain reduced (10.2% versus 28.6%, p = 0.02). RR for pain after chest physiotherapy in comparison to before was 0.3 (95% CI 0.15-0.41; p = 0.02); respiratory frequency decreased after chest physiotherapy (58 versus 70, p < 0.001) and peripheral oxygen saturation increased (98% versus 96%, p < 0.001). Conclusion: In neonates with transitory tachypnea, in the first 72 hours of life, RTA did not influence pain evaluation, chest physiotherapy was safe and reduced immediate pain. (AU)


Objetivo: Comparar em recém-nascidos com taquipneia transitória se o método reequilíbrio tóraco-abdominal (RTA) aumentou a dor imediatamente após. Métodos: Estudo de ensaio clínico randomizado. Quarenta e nove recémnascidos com diagnóstico de taquipneia transitória com menos de 72 horas de vida, foram incluídos para receber fisioterapia respiratória. Os participantes receberam os cuidados usuais e uma sessão de fisioterapia convencional ou do método reequilíbrio tóraco-abdominal. Foram registradas a escala NIPS (Neonatal Infant Pain Scale), a saturação periférica de oxigênio, a frequência cardíaca, a frequência respiratória e a temperatura axilar antes e depois da fisioterapia. Para as comparações entre as medidas, foram utilizados o teste de ANOVA de Kruskal-Wallis e o teste de McNemar. O risco relativo de dor após os procedimentos foi calculado usando o modelo de regressão de Poisson (estimação robusta). Foi considerado o nível de significância de 5% para todas as análises (p < 0,05). Resultados: O método RTA não foi associado a dor. Após a fisioterapia respiratória, a escala NIPS reduziu (2 versus 3, p < 0,001) e a proporção de recém-nascidos com dor também reduziu (10,2% versus 28,6%, p = 0,02). O risco relativo de dor após a fisioterapia respiratória em comparação a antes, foi de 0,3 (IC 95% 0,15-0,41; p = 0,02), a frequência respiratória diminuiu (58 versus 70, p < 0,001) e a saturação periférica de oxigênio aumentou (98% versus 96%, p < 0,001). Conclusão: Em recém-nascidos com taquipneia transitória nas primeiras 72 horas de vida, o método RTA não influenciou a avaliação da dor, a fisioterapia respiratória foi segura e reduziu a dor imediatamente após. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pain Measurement , Infant, Newborn , Physical Therapy Modalities , Pain , Respiration , Thorax , Analysis of Variance , Respiratory Rate
7.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(6): 882-888, June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346902

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine the Turkish validity and reliability of COVERS. METHODS: This study was conducted on 41 newborns as methodological design. The scales, such as newborn information form, COVERS, preterm infant pain profile (PIPP), and neonatal infant pain scale (NIPS), were used in the study. Validity (e.g., language, content concurrent, and construct) and internal consistency and inter-rater reliability of the scale were conducted. RESULTS: It was found that COVERS showed a high correlation with PIPP and NIPS, and the item-total correlation of COVERS was above 0.30 during and after heel lance procedure. The Cronbach's α values were 0.77 and 0.83 during and after heel lance procedure, respectively. The kappa values of the items of COVERS were between 0.38 and 0.78 during heel lance procedure. CONCLUSIONS: It was concluded in this study that there was a moderate correlation in intraclass correlation coefficients for scores of COVERS during both diaper change and heel lance procedures. It has been concluded that the scale is valid and reliable in 27-week-old and older newborns.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Language , Pain/diagnosis , Pain Measurement , Reproducibility of Results
8.
Notas enferm. (Córdoba) ; 20(37): 15-22, jun. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1283217

ABSTRACT

La mirada histórica retrospectiva del dolor nos posiciona frente a su coexistencia con la humanidad. Cada cultura tuvo su peculiar manera de afrontarlo, darle significado y tomar sus medidas de alivio. La ciencia, desde su lugar, ha desarrollado conceptos explicando razones y orígenes de su presencia. Las ciencias médicas en su anhelo de aliviar las dolencias de las personas, elaboraron escalas de evaluación del dolor. En las terapias intensivas, donde el estado de conciencia del paciente varía acorde a la necesidad que se produce a fin de resolver su patología o el motivo de ingreso a este servicio, resulta necesario valorar su estado neurológico para poder así determinar con precisión la escala de evaluación del dolor que aporte el resultado más oportuna según el momento preciso. Debido a los cuidados que lleva a cabo el profesional de enfermería con los internados, es quien permanece mayor tiempo con ellos; pudiendo cultivar una relación interpersonal más profunda, y debido a lo cual, no sólo colaborar en el alivio del dolor, sino también, si fuera necesario, ayudar a que encuentre el sentido a éste, en palabras de Travelbee. Para poder implementar dicha idea, el objetivo del presente protocolo, se define el siguiente objetivo: «Tomar acuerdo e implementar el uso adecuado y continuo de las escalas del dolor, en el paciente de terapia intensiva de adultos, de acuerdo a su grado de conciencia, a fin de reducir el dolor durante su estadía de internación[AU]


The retrospective historical view of pain positions us in front of its coexistence with humanity. Each culture had its own way of dealing with it, giving it meaning, and taking its relief measures. Science, from its place, has developed concepts explaining reasons and origins of its presence. The medical sciences in their desire to alleviate people's ailments, developed pain assessment scales. In intensive therapies, where the patient's state of consciousness varies according to the need that occurs in order to resolve their pathology or the reason for admission to this service, it is necessary to assess their neurological status in order to accurately determine the scale of pain assessment that provides the most timely result according to the precise moment. Due to the care carried out by the nursing professional with the internees, it is he who stays with them the longest; being able to cultivate a deeper interpersonal relationship, and due to which, not only collaborate in the relief of pain, but also, if necessary, help it find meaning to it, in the words of Travelbee. In order to implement this idea, the objective of this protocol, the following objective is defined: "Agree and implement the adequate and continuous use of pain scales, in the adult intensive care patient[AU]


A visão histórica retrospectiva da dor nos posiciona diante de sua convivência com a humanidade. Cada cultura tinha sua própria maneira de lidar com isso, dando-lhe sentido e tomando suas medidas de alívio. A ciência, a partir de seu lugar, desenvolveu conceitos que explicam as razões e as origens de sua presença. As ciências médicas, em seu desejo de aliviar as doenças das pessoas, desenvolveram escalas de avaliação da dor. Nas terapias intensivas, onde o estado de consciência do paciente varia de acordo com a necessidade que ocorre para a resolução de sua patologia ou o motivo da admissão neste serviço, é necessário avaliar seu estado neurológico para determinar com precisão a escala de avaliação da dor que fornece o resultado mais oportuno de acordo com o momento preciso. Devido aos cuidados realizados pelo profissional de enfermagem com os internos, é ele quem fica com eles por mais tempo; ser capaz de cultivar um relacionamento interpessoal mais profundo, e por isso, não só colaborar no alívio da dor, mas também, se necessário, ajudá-la a encontrar sentido para ela, nas palavras de Travelbee. Para concretizar essa ideia, objetivo deste protocolo, é definido o seguinte objetivo: "Acordar e implementar o uso adequado e contínuo de escalas de dor, no paciente adulto em terapia intensiva, de acordo com seu grau de consciência, a fim de reduzir dor durante a sua internação[AU]


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Pain/classification , Pain Measurement , Conscience , Consciousness , Critical Care , Culture , Interpersonal Relations , Empathy
9.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(3): 320-325, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288678

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Retrospectively assess the functional outcome of patients undergoing arthrodesis after septic failure of total knee arthroplasty. Methods Eighteen patients were evaluated, with a mean time of 3.7 years of follow-up. Arthrodesis surgery was performed using a narrow anterior dynamic compression plate, and medial or external fixator in two planes of the joint (Orthofix Bone Growth Therapy, Lewisville, TS, USA), at the surgeon's discretion. Results The most frequent pathogen found was Staphylococcus aureus methicillin sensitive (38.9%). The mean lower limb discrepancy was 3.63 cm. The mean knee society score was 68 points. According to the visual analog scale for pain, 44% of the patients had a 0 score at the time of assessment, and 22.2% were very dissatisfied, despite the bone healing achieved. Patients were assessed for the ability to walk with or without assistance. Conclusion Knee arthrodesis surgery was effective in controlling the infectious process and decreasing pain complaints, but satisfaction with the procedure was low.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar de modo retrospectivo o resultado funcional dos pacientes submetidos a artrodese após falha séptica da artroplastia total de joelho. Métodos Foram avaliados 18 pacientes com tempo médio de 3,7 anos de seguimento. A cirurgia de artrodese foi realizada com placa do tipo dynamic compression plate (DCP) estreita, anterior e medial, ou fixador externo em dois planos da articulação (Orthofix Bone Growth Therapy, Lewisville, TS, EUA), a critério do cirurgião. Resultados O patógeno mais frequentemente encontrado foi o Staphylococcus aureus sensível a meticilina (38,9%). A discrepância de membros inferiores média foi de 3,63 cm. O da knee society score (KSS) médio foi de 68 pontos. Segundo a escala analógica visual de dor, 44% dos pacientes apresentaram pontuação zero no momento da avaliação, e 22,2% estavam muito insatisfeitos a despeito da consolidação óssea obtida. Os pacientes foram avaliados quanto à capacidade de deambular com ou sem auxílio de apoio. Conclusão A cirurgia de artrodese do joelho se mostrou eficiente quanto ao controle do processo infeccioso e diminuição das queixas álgicas, porém a satisfação com o procedimento é baixa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthrodesis , Pain Measurement , Retrospective Studies , External Fixators , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Infections , Knee
10.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(2): 137-143, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290232

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Patients with low back pain frequently undergo a variety of diagnostic and therapeutic interventions, but some of these have uncertain effectiveness. This highlights the importance of the association of healthcare services and therapeutic measures relating to disability. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the use of healthcare services and therapeutic measures among Brazilian older adults with disability-related low back pain. DESIGN AND SETTING: Observational cross-sectional study on baseline assessment data from the Back Complaints in the Elders - Brazil (BACE-B) cohort. METHODS: The main analyses were based on a consecutive sample of 602 older adult participants in BACE-B (60 years of age and over). The main outcome measurement for disability-related low back pain was defined as a score of 14 points or more in the Roland Morris Questionnaire. RESULTS: Visits to doctors in the previous six weeks (odds ratio, OR = 1.82; 95% confidence interval, CI 1.22-2.71) and use of analgesics in the previous three months (OR = 1.57; 95% CI 1.07-2.31) showed statistically significant associations with disability-related low back pain. The probability of disability-related low back pain had an additive effect to the combination of use of healthcare services and therapeutic measures (OR = 2.57; 95% CI 1.52-4.36). The analyses showed that this association was significant among women, but not among men. CONCLUSIONS: Occurrence of the combined of consultations and medication use was correlated with higher chance of severe disability among these elderly people with nonspecific low back pain. This suggested that overuse and "crowding-in" effects were present in medical services for elderly people.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Low Back Pain/therapy , Low Back Pain/epidemiology , Pain Measurement , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Delivery of Health Care , Disability Evaluation
11.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 41(1): 4-8, mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177177

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la osteopatía aborda al paciente de manera global y aplica técnicas de tratamiento manual. Se realizó una evaluación retrospectiva sobre 447 pacientes para conocer los resultados del tratamiento del dolor lumbar y cervical. Material y métodos: fueron incluidos en este estudio 447 pacientes con diagnóstico de lumbalgia y cervicalgia (77,4% de sexo femenino). Los pacientes atendidos ya habían realizado tratamientos convencionales sin haber conseguido resultados satisfactorios. Se evaluó a los pacientes con la escala de valor numérico de dolor (EVN), y los puntajes (scores) de Oswestry (ODI) y el índice de discapacidad de la región cervical (NDI). Los 4 osteópatas intervinientes son profesionales certificados en esta disciplina. Resultados: el 42,8% de los pacientes fueron derivados por el Servicio de Traumatología y el 41,3% por el Servicio de Medicina Familiar. El 34,2% tuvieron diagnóstico de dolor lumbar y al 20,81% se le diagnosticó dolor cervical. Tanto en la valoración del dolor como en los scores utilizados se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre la primera y la última sesión. Discusión: en pacientes con diagnóstico de lumbalgia y cervicalgia que no habían obtenido resultados satisfactorios con tratamientos convencionales previos, el tratamiento osteopático derivó en mejoras significativas en todos los parámetros estudiados. (AU)


Introduction: osteopathy addresses the patient globally and applies manual treatment techniques. A retrospective evaluation was carried out on 447 patients to know the results of the treatment of lumbar and cervical pain. Material and methods: 447 patients with a diagnosis of low back pain and cervical pain (77.4% female) were included in this study. The patients already had undergone conventional treatments without having achieved satisfactory results. The patients were evaluated with the numerical value of pain scale (VNS), and Oswestry scores (ODI) and the index of disability of the cervical region (NDI). The 4 intervening osteopaths are certified professionals in this discipline. Results: 42.8% of the patients were referred by the Traumatology Service and 41.3% by the Family Medicine Service. 34.2% had a diagnosis of lumbar pain and 20.8% were diagnosed with neck pain. Statistically significant differences were found between the first and last sessions in both the pain assessment and the scores used. Discussion: in patients with low back pain and neck pain who had not obtained satisfactory results with previous conventional treatments, osteopathic treatment resulted in significant improvements in all the parameters evaluated. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Osteopathic Medicine/statistics & numerical data , Low Back Pain/therapy , Neck Pain/therapy , Pain Measurement/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Low Back Pain/diagnosis , Neck Pain/diagnosis , Manipulation, Osteopathic/statistics & numerical data , Pain Management/methods
12.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 62(1): 2-10, mar. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342583

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La artrodesis de cuatro esquinas es una técnica de salvataje para los pacientes con artrosis avanzada del carpo. Los objetivos quirúrgicos son disminuir el dolor y mantener cierto movimiento de la muñeca. En el último tiempo, se han descrito técnicas percutáneas con asistencia artroscópica que han logrado resultados favorables, a pesar de que la técnica abierta sigue siendo el gold estándar para realizar esa técnica quirúrgica. OBJETIVO: Comparar resultados funcionales y radiológicos en pacientes con muñecas con colapso avanzado escafolunar (scapholunate advanced collapse, SLAC) o colapso avanzado en la pseudoartrosis del escafoides (scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse, SNAC) operados con técnica quirúrgica abierta versus técnica percutánea con asistencia artroscópica. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Estudio retrospectivo tipo caso-control, de fichas clínicas e imagenología de pacientes con artrosis avanzada del carpo operados con técnica percutánea y asistencia artroscópica y cirugía abierta. Se estudian variables demográficas, dolor mediante la Escala Visual Analógica (EVA), función en rangos de movilidad, tiempo de consolidación, y corrección del ángulo capitolunar. Se describe la técnica quirúrgica de la cirugía abierta y la cirugía percutánea con asistencia artroscópica. RESULTADOS: Se estudiaron 22 pacientes del sexo masculino con edad promedio de 32,5 años. Había 13 pacientes en el grupo de casos (técnica percutánea con asistencia artroscópica) y 9 pacientes en el grupo de controles (técnica abierta). El dolor en la EVA al momento del egreso hospitalario fue de 3 para los casos y de 5 para los controles (p » 0,008), y a los 30 días del postoperatorio, fue de 0 y 3 respectivamente (p » 0,00). Los rangos de extensión y flexión fueron de 52,6° y 38,7° para los casos y de 35,7° y 32,4° para los controles (p » 0,1119 y 0,0016, respectivamente). El ángulo capitolunar fue de 10° para los controles y de 5° para los casos (p » 0,0008). El tiempo de consolidación fue de 8,8 semanas para los casos y de 12,5 semanas para los controles (p » 0,039). DISCUSIÓN: Tanto la técnica percutánea con asistencia artroscópica cuanto la cirugía abierta para realizar una artrodesis de cuatro esquinas son técnicas reproducibles y efectivas en lograr consolidación, disminución del dolor, y mantenimiento de rangos de movimiento en la muñeca. CONCLUSIÓN: En el presente trabajo se demuestran mejores promedios de los parámetros evaluados con la técnica percutánea que con la cirugía abierta; sin embargo, es necesario realizar estudios prospectivos para realizar una recomendación con respecto a la técnica quirúrgica de elección.


INTRODUCTION: Four-corner arthrodesis is a salvage technique for patients with advanced carpal osteoarthritis. This procedure aims to reduce pain and preserve wrist motion. Even though percutaneous techniques with arthroscopic assistance reportedly have favorable outcomes and the advantages of minimal invasiveness, open surgery remains the gold standard for four-corner arthrodesis. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to compare the functional and radiological outcomes of patients with scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC) or scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse (SNAC) submitted to open surgery versus percutaneous surgery with arthroscopic assistance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective case-control study of clinical records and radiological images of patients with advanced carpal osteoarthritis submitted to percutaneous surgery with arthroscopic assistance versus open surgery. Demographic variables, pain score using the visual analog scale (VAS), function ranges of motion, time until consolidation, and correction of the capitolunate angle were analyzed. Both techniques are described. RESULTS: In total, 22 male patients with an average age of 32.5 years were studied, including 13 patients from the case group (percutaneous surgery with arthroscopic assistance) and 9 patients from the control group (open surgery). The VAS score for pain at discharge was of 3 for the cases and of 5 for the controls (p » 0.008); 30 days postoperatively, it was of 0 and 3 respectively (p » 0.00). The ranges of extension and flexion were of 52.6° and 38.7° for the case group, and of 35.7° and 32.4° for the control group (p » 0.119 and 0.0016 respectively). The capitolunate angle was of 10° for the controls and of 5° for the cases (p » 0.0008). The time until consolidation was of 8.8 weeks for the cases and of 12.5 weeks for the controls (p » 0.039). DISCUSSION: Both four-corner arthrodesis techniques are reproducible and effective in achieving consolidation, pain reduction and preservation of wrist motion. CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrates the superiority of the percutaneous technique with arthroscopic assistance over open surgery. Further prospective studies are required for an adequate recommendation.


Subject(s)
Arthrodesis/methods , Wrist Joint/surgery , Scaphoid Bone/surgery , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Arthroscopy , Wrist Joint/physiopathology , Wrist Joint/diagnostic imaging , Pain Measurement , Retrospective Studies , Range of Motion, Articular , Scaphoid Bone/physiopathology , Scaphoid Bone/diagnostic imaging
13.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(3): 1137-1152, mar. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153840

ABSTRACT

Resumo A Escala Visual Analógica (EVA), o Questionário de Incapacidade de Roland Morris (RMDQ) e Questionário de Qualidade de Vida SF-36, amplamente utilizados, tiveram seu conteúdo conectado à CIF por regras propostas em 2002 e 2005. Em 2016 foram refinadas e ainda não foram aplicadas. Aplicar as regras de conexão de conteúdo refinadas para os instrumentos EVA, RMDQ e SF-36. Dois profissionais de saúde identificaram os conceitos significativos e vincularam às categorias mais específicas da CIF, um terceiro arbitrou divergências. O grau de concordância foi dado pelo coeficiente kappa. Houve alto grau de concordância (Kappa=0,93 p<0,001). O conceito principal da EVA foi conectado à categoria b280, os 24 conceitos principais do RMDQ, à categoria b28013 e os 27 adicionais a outras categorias. O SF-36 teve 36 conceitos principais e 30 adicionais identificados, do total, 17 não foram definíveis pela CIF. Dos conceitos conectados dos 3 instrumentos 39 referem-se à Funções do Corpo, 57 à Atividades e Participação e 4 à Fatores Ambientais. O refinamento das regras propiciou mais clareza no processo de identificar, relacionar o conteúdo dos instrumentos à CIF e expor os resultado e aumentou o número de conceitos identificados e categorias contempladas pelos instrumentos.


Abstract The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ), Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) are broadly used and had their content linked to ICF by the linking rules of 2002 and 2005. In 2016 were refined and were not applied yet. To apply the refinements of ICF linking rules to VAS, RMDQ, and SF-36. Two health professionals identified the meaningful concepts and linked to the most precise ICF categories and a third triggered in divergences. The degree of agreement was calculated by kappa statistic. There was almost perfect agreement (Kappa=0.93 p<0,001). The main concept of VAS was linked to ICF category b280, the 24 main concepts of RMDQ linked to b28013, and 27 additional linked to other categories. The SF-36 had 36 main concepts and 30 additional concepts identified which 27 were definable by the ICF and 17 do not. From the total of ICF linked concepts, 39 refer to Body Functions, 57 to Activities and Participation and 4 to Environmental Factors. The refinements of linking rules propitiated more clarity in the process to identify, to link instruments content with ICF and to expose the results. Thus, increased the number of identified and linked concepts as well as the categories in the instruments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Activities of Daily Living , Disability Evaluation , Pain Measurement , Surveys and Questionnaires , Visual Analog Scale
14.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(2): 213-217, Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287826

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of a short-term application of Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation to relieve rest pain in patients with chronic limb-threatening ischemia. METHODS: In patients ³18 years old, with chronic limb-threatening ischemia and rest pain ³3 in the Visual Analogue Scale, without diabetic neuropathy were randomly assigned to 1) Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation (100 Hz, 200 μs) or 2) sham intervention, both during one or two 20 min treatment sessions. The primary outcome was pain intensity, assessed by the visual analogue scale (0-10 cm) and described by the McGill Pain Questionnaire. We used a t-test for difference of means. RESULTS: A total of 169 patients were assessed, 23 met the study criteria and were randomized. Thirty-four applications were performed in two days: in the 17 Transcutaneous Nerve Stimulation and 17 sham. The within-group analysis indicated a pain decrease in both groups (Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation, from 7-3.9 cm, p<0.0001, and sham from 5.8-3.2 cm, p<0.0001). No statistically significant difference was verified between-groups (p=0.5). CONCLUSIONS: Both groups showed a decrease in rest pain of 54 and 55%, respectively. However, there was no difference between short-term high-frequency Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation and sham intervention to relieve ischemic rest pain in chronic limb-threatening ischemia patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation , Pain , Pain Measurement , Treatment Outcome , Inpatients , Ischemia/therapy
15.
Rev. enferm. UFSM ; 11: e31, 2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1177838

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: compreender a complexidade da avaliação e do manejo da dor oncológica crônica da criança hospitalizada. Método: estudo qualitativo baseado na Teoria da Complexidade e na Grounded Theory. Participaram da pesquisa 21 profissionais de saúde. A entrevista semiestruturada e a observação não participante foram usadas para coletar os dados. A análise seguiu as etapas de codificação. Resultado: a avaliação da dor pelos profissionais está embasada no relato do familiar, da criança e na observação do comportamento da mesma. Utilizaram-se escala analógica de cores, escala de faces e escala numérica. A analgesia farmacológica é a prescrição médica e na não farmacológica realizam-se lúdico, conversa, massagem, banho, compressa morna ou fria e promoção de conforto. Conclusão: a avaliação e o manejo da dor oncológica crônica da criança hospitalizada solicitam dos profissionais de saúde preparo técnico e científico para lidar com aspectos objetivos e subjetivos que envolvem esse cuidado.


Objective: to understand the complexity of the assessment and management of chronic oncologic pain in hospitalized children. Method: qualitative study based on Complexity Theory and Grounded Theory. A total of 21 health professionals participated in the research. Semi-structured interview and non-participant observation were used to collect the data. The analysis followed the coding steps. Result: the pain assessment performed by professionals is based on the relative's report, the child's report and the observation of the child's behavior. Analog color scale, face scale and numerical scale were used. Pharmacological analgesia is the medical prescription; and, in non-pharmacological, ludic aspects, conversation, massage, bathing, warm or cold compress and comfort promotion are performed. Conclusion: the assessment and management process of chronic oncologic pain in hospitalized children requires that health professionals have technical and scientific preparation to deal with objective and subjective aspects that involve this care.


Objetivo: comprender la complejidad de la evaluación y el manejo del dolor oncológico crónico en niños hospitalizados. Método: estudio cualitativo basado en la Teoría de la Complejidad y la Teoría Fundamentada. La investigación abarcó 21 profesionales de la salud. Para recoger los datos, se utilizó la entrevista semiestructurada y la observación no participante. El análisis siguió los pasos de codificación. Resultado: la valoración del dolor por parte de los profesionales se basa en el informe del pariente y del niño, así como la observación del comportamiento del niño. Se utilizaron escala de color analógica, escala facial y escala numérica. La analgesia farmacológica es la prescripción médica; y, en la no farmacológica, se realizan ludicidad, conversación, masajes, baños, compresas calientes o frías y promoción del confort. Conclusión: la evaluación y el manejo del dolor oncológico crónico en niños hospitalizados requiere que los profesionales de la salud tengan una preparación técnica y científica para abordar los aspectos objetivos y subjetivos que involucran este cuidado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pediatric Nursing , Pain Measurement , Chronic Pain , Pain Management , Neoplasms
16.
Adv Rheumatol ; 61: 10, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152740

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain disorder characterized by widespread musculoskeletal symptoms, primarily attributed to sensitization of somatosensory system carrying pain. Few reports have investigated the impact of fibromyalgia symptoms on cognition, corticomotor excitability, sleepiness, and the sleep quality — all of which can deteriorate the quality of life in fibromyalgia. However, the existing reports are underpowered and have conflicting directions of findings, limiting their generalizability. Therefore, the present study was designed to compare measures of cognition, corticomotor excitability, sleepiness, and sleep quality using standardized instruments in the recruited patients of fibromyalgia with pain-free controls. Methods: Diagnosed cases of fibromyalgia were recruited from the Rheumatology department for the cross-sectional, case-control study. Cognition (Mini-Mental State Examination, Stroop color-word task), corticomotor excitability (Resting motor threshold, Motor evoked potential amplitude), daytime sleepiness (Epworth sleepiness scale), and sleep quality (Pittsburgh sleep quality index) were studied according to the standard procedure. Results: Thirty-four patients of fibromyalgia and 30 pain-free controls were recruited for the study. Patients of fibromyalgia showed decreased cognitive scores (p = 0.05), lowered accuracy in Stroop color-word task (for color: 0.02, for word: 0.01), and prolonged reaction time (< 0.01, < 0.01). Excessive daytime sleepiness in patients were found (< 0.01) and worsened sleep quality (< 0.01) were found. Parameters of corticomotor excitability were comparable between patients of fibromyalgia and pain-free controls. Conclusions: Patients of fibromyalgia made more errors, had significantly increased reaction time for cognitive tasks, marked daytime sleepiness, and impaired quality of sleep. Future treatment strategies may include cognitive deficits and sleep disturbances as an integral part of fibromyalgia management.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Fibromyalgia/diagnosis , Cognition , Chronic Pain , Sleep Hygiene , Cortical Excitability , Reaction Time , Pain Measurement/instrumentation , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Stroop Test , Observational Study
17.
Ethiop. j. health dev. (Online) ; 35(3): 1-6, 2021. Tables, figures
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1292355

ABSTRACT

Background:Pain is widely prevalent regardless settingsand is thought to be one of themainreasons why patients seek medical care. Pain is consideredas the "fifth vital sign" and there is a need forit to be assessedand recordedregularly,as with other vital signs. Barriers to appropriate pain management includehealth worker's insufficient knowledge on pain assessment toolsandthe general attitude towards patient's pain management. Objective: To assess knowledge, attitude, and practice of childhood pain assessment and the management among pediatrics and pediatric surgical residents in Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital.Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conductedto assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of pediatric and pediatric surgical residents in TASHbasedon pediatric pain assessment and management. The data was collected by a standardized pretested questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS computer software version 25.Results:The mean total score of the residents was 14.56 (SD=3.16) from a total of 27 questions consisting of 15 T/F and 12 MCQ questions. The maximum and minimum scores were 25 and 7 respectively. Most of the study groups (86.2%) were not using pain assessment tools. Final-year residents had 5.5(95% CI=1.38-21.85) more than "average and above" scores than the other year residents. Conclusion and recommendation :Knowledge deficit, poor attitude, and poor practice on pediatric pain assessment and management werediscovered from this study.The findings of the present study emphasize the need to improve the Knowledge, attitude, and practices of residents on assessment and management of pain in children.


Subject(s)
Pain Measurement , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Pediatrics , Surgical Procedures, Operative
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879460

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate clinical efficacy of modified kidner procedure with tendoscopy in treating painful accessory navicular.@*METHODS@#From February 2014 to April 2019, 19 patients with painful accessory navicular were admitted, including 13 males and 6 females with a mean age of 26 years old (ranged from 14 to 58 years old), all of which were unilateral symptoms. The courses of disease ranged from 6 to 60 months. All patients received excision of accessory navicular and reconstruction of posterior tibial tendon insertion on navicular with anchor, and the tendoscopy were used to examin the posterior tibial tendon. American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society(AOFAS) midfoot score and visual analogue scale(VAS) were used to evaluate efficacy before operation and at the latest follow-up.@*RESULTS@#All the patientswere followed up, and the duration ranged from 12 to 73 months, with an average of (35.0±20.9) months. VAS score was 0.20±0.41 at the latest follow-up, showing significant difference when compared with preoperative score of 6.33±1.95(@*CONCLUSION@#The modified kidner procedure with tendoscopy is a good choice for the treatment of painful accessory navicular, which could obviously relieve foot pain, improve foot function, and has certain clinical efficacy.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Foot Diseases , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pain/surgery , Pain Measurement , Tarsal Bones/surgery , Tendons , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879423

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compared with the modified Robert Jones bandage of 3M elastic bandage, to evaluate the fitness, convenience, safety and comfort of the modular combination lower limb elastic compression device.@*METHODS@#Forty healthy adult college students, including 28 males and 12 females, aged 16 to 25 (20.3±2.2) years old and weighing 40 to 81 (60.4±20.2) kg, were randomly divided into two groups with 40 samples in each group. According to the body surface parameters of Chinese lower limbs and guided by the concept of modularization, a group of modular combined lower limb elastic compression device was designed. Each module was combined to evaluate the fitness of the modular combined compression device in thelength and circumference of the lower limbs. The left and right lower limbs were randomly paired and divided into groups, with 40 samples in each group. The convenience of the operation time, adjustment times and required time were compared between two groups. The safety of the two groups after 24 hours of application of pressure injury was compared. The subjective pain feeling changes within 24 hours were recorded by visual analogue scale (VAS) to evaluate the comfort.@*RESULTS@#The device was composed of several elastic compression outer lining modules with different length and width of 15 cm, an inner lining module for buffering, positioning and attaching the main body, and an elastic ankle compression module. The length of the elastic compression outer lining module covers the circumference of the human lower limbs. The length of a single outer lining module increased from 15 cm to 80 cm every 5 cm interval, and the length of a single inner lining module increased from 62 cm to 83 cm every 3 cm interval. After the modules were selected and combined, the length and circumference of the lower limbs can reach 100% fitness. The operation time of the first placement(118.23±7.33) s and re operation(60.08±5.88) s of experimental group were significantly shorter than those of control group (164.68±8.93) s and re operation (131.23±7.91) s. The adjustment times (3) and operation time (3.50±0.71) s of experimental group were significantly shorter than those of control group(11)and operation time(139.00±5.66) s (@*CONCLUSION@#The modular combined elastic compression device has good fitness, better placement and flexible adjustment, convenience and safety, and better comfort than modified Robert Jones bandage of 3M elastic bandage.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Compression Bandages , Female , Humans , Lower Extremity , Male , Pain Measurement , Pressure , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922421

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the current status of the cognition of neonatal pain assessment and analgesia management among medical staff in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).@*METHODS@#A self-made scale was developed according to "Expert consensus on neonatal pain assessment and analgesia management (2020 edition)" and was used to distribute questionnaires to the medical staff in the NICU from the member units of Jiangsu Province Medical Quality Control Centre of Neonatal Department to evaluate their levels of understanding the basic knowledge, assessment, and management of neonatal pain.@*RESULTS@#A total of 957 questionnaires (from 383 doctors and 574 nurses) were collected. Doctors and nurses had mean correct rates of 38% and 39% respectively in answering the questions on the basic knowledge of neonatal pain. They had median correct rates of 0% and 50% respectively in answering the questions on neonatal pain assessment, and mean correct rates of 73% and 68% respectively in answering on analgesia management. Compared with those who did not receive the training on neonatal pain, the medical staff who received such training had significantly higher correct rates in answering the questions on the basic knowledge of neonatal pain and neonatal pain assessment (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The medical staff in the NICU have insufficient cognition of neonatal pain, and thus it is necessary to carry out the special training on neonatal pain, focusing on the promotion and practical application of "Expert consensus on neonatal pain assessment and analgesia management (2020 edition)", in order to improve the level of neonatal pain assessment and analgesia management among medical staff in the NICU.


Subject(s)
Analgesia , Cognition , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Medical Staff , Pain/drug therapy , Pain Measurement , Surveys and Questionnaires
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