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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(3): 180-186, junio 2022.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1368150

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La exostosis múltiple hereditaria es una enfermedad poco frecuente autosómica dominante caracterizada por presencia de múltiples proyecciones óseas. Objetivo. Analizar factores asociados a la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud (CVRS) en niños >2 años y en adultos en seguimiento en un hospital de pediatría de alta complejidad de Argentina. Población y métodos. Estudio transversal de una cohorte en seguimiento. La CVRS se midió con Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) y Short Form Health Survey (SF-36). Se registró sexo, edad, características sociodemográficas, estatura, radiología, alteración de eje y función de miembros, presencia de dolor y malignización. Se clasificó la gravedad según Pedrini y col. Se realizaron pruebas paramétricas, no paramétricas y análisis de regresión. Resultados. Se incluyeron 66 casos (47 niños y 19 adultos). Relación sexo masculino/femenino: 1,7/1. Mediana de edad: 13,4 años (r: 2,2155,3). Presentaron dolor 30 de 47 niños y 17 de 19 adultos. Si se considera la edad ósea adulta (o cierre epifisario) como punto de corte para definir el estado de adulto, 11 de 37 niños y 18 de 27 adultos presentaron forma grave de enfermedad, y se observó baja estatura en 2 de 38 niños y en 9 de 27 adultos. El valor promedio del componente físico de CVRS en niños fue 65,9 (DE: 22,5) y, en adultos, 27,2 (RIC: 18,5-34,7). La presencia de dolor y la gravedad clínica se asoció significativamente a menor CVRS tanto en niños como en adultos. Conclusiones. En este estudio se observó que el dolor y la gravedad de la enfermedad tuvieron un efecto negativo en la CVRS.


Introduction. Hereditary osteochondromatosis is an uncommon, autosomal, dominant condition characterized by the presence of multiple bone growths. Objective. To analyze factors associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among children > 2 years and adults receiving follow-up at a tertiary care children's hospital in Argentina. Population and methods. Cross-sectional study of a follow-up cohort. HRQoL was measured using the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) and the Short Form Health Survey (SF36). Sex, age, sociodemographic characteristics, height, radiology, axis alteration and limb function, presence of pain, and malignant change were recorded. Severity was classified as per Pedrini et al. Parametric and non-parametric tests and regression analysis were done. Results. A total of 66 cases (47 children and 19 adults) were included. Male/female ratio: 1.7/1. Median age: 13.4 years (r: 2.21-55.3). Pain was observed in 30/47 children and in 17/19 adults. Considering the adult bone age (or epiphyseal closure) as the cutoff point to define adult status, 11/37 children and 18/27 adults had a severe disease and 2/38 children and 9/27 adults had short stature. The average value of the physical component of HRQoL in children was 65.9 (SD: 22.5) and, in adults, 27.2 (IQR: 18.534.7). The presence of pain and clinical severity were significantly associated with a lower HRQoL, both in children and adults. Conclusions. This study found that pain and disease severity had a negative effect on HRQoL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Quality of Life , Osteochondromatosis , Pain , Severity of Illness Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
2.
ABCS health sci ; 47: e022302, 06 abr. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363555

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is characterized as a condition of chronic and generalized muscle pain, resulting primarily in decreased functional capacity and emotional changes of the patient. Physical exercise (PE) can promote different effects in FMS depending on the chosen method: aerobic training (AT) alone, resistance training (RT) alone or the combination of both in concurrent training (CT). OBJECTIVE: To synthesize data from clinical trials on the effects of resistance training and aerobic training in people with FMS. METHODS: Searches were performed in the Pubmed, Scielo, Virtual Health Library, Scopus and Web of Science databases. Articles published between 2009 and 2020 were analyzed. RESULTS: Eighteen randomized clinical trials were included to compose the discussion of this review. Altogether 1,136 individuals with FMS who participated in interventions with PE were analyzed; 10 studies used RT as an intervention method; 8 applied AT and 3 used CT. In 3 studies more than one method was used. Studies pointed out that there were significant improvements in biological and psychophysiological aspects at the end of the interventions. CONCLUSION: The analyzed articles suggested that PE through both RT and AT, alone or combined, is an alternative treatment for the population with FMS, being a low-cost intervention and providing significant improvements for these patients.


INTRODUÇÃO: A síndrome de fibromialgia (SFM) é caracterizada como um quadro de dor muscular crônica e generalizada, que causa principalmente diminuição da capacidade funcional e alterações no aspecto emocional do paciente. O exercício físico (EF) pode promover efeitos distintos na SFM a depender do método aplicado: treinamento aeróbico (TA) isolado, treinamento resistido (TR) isolado, ou a combinação de ambos como treinamento concorrente (TC). OBJETIVO: Sintetizar os dados de ensaios clínicos sobre os efeitos do treinamento resistido e do treinamento aeróbico em pessoas com SFM. MÉTODOS: As buscas foram realizadas nos bancos de dados PubMed, SciELo, Virtual Health Library, Scopus e Web of Science. Foram analisados artigos publicados entre 2009 e 2020. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos 18 ensaios clínicos randomizados para compor a discussão desta revisão. Ao todo foram analisadas 1.136 pessoas com SFM que participaram das intervenções com EF; 10 estudos utilizaram TR como método de intervenção; 8 aplicaram TA e 3 empregaram o TC. Em 3 estudos foram utilizados mais de um método como estratégia. Os estudos apontaram que ao final das intervenções, houve melhoras significativas em aspectos biológicos e psicofisiológicos. CONCLUSÃO: Os artigos analisados sugeriram que o EF por meio tanto do TR quanto do TA, isolado ou combinado, é uma alternativa de tratamento para a população com SFM, por serem intervenções de baixo custo financeiro e proporcionarem melhoras significativas para esses pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Exercise , Fibromyalgia/therapy , Endurance Training , Pain , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
3.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 25(287): 7540-7552, abr.2022. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1372419

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a cognição e presença de dor em idosos após AVE que residem no interior de Coari, Amazonas. Método: Trata-se de um estudo transversal e observacional realizado com 50 idosos pós-AVE no município de Coari, Amazonas. A coleta de dados foi realizada no período de outubro e dezembro de 2019 até janeiro de 2020. Resultados: No MEEM, 78,0% (39) apresentam grave déficit cognitivo demonstrando estarem abaixo da nota de corte para analfabetos (≥20). Sobre o teste de fluência verbal, a maioria dos idosos apresentaram dificuldades de linguagem e memória e não conseguiram no tempo estipulado falar e/ou lembrar de nomes de frutas e animais. 72% (36) dos idosos relataram sentir dor, maioria apresentou dor de intensidade moderada a forte 68,0% (34). Os locais mais referidos de dor foram os membros inferiores 26,0% (13). Conclusão: Após o AVE os idosos deste estudo apresentaram consideráveis alterações cognitivas e piora da dor.(AU)


Objective: To evaluate cognition and presence of pain in elderly people after CVA living in the countryside of Coari, Amazonas. Method: This is a cross-sectional and observational study conducted with 50 post-CVA elderly in the municipality of Coari, Amazonas. Data collection was performed in the period from October and December 2019 to January 2020. Results: In the MMSE, 78.0% (39) present severe cognitive deficit demonstrating to be below the cutoff score for illiterate (≥20). On the verbal fluency test, most of the elderly presented language and memory difficulties and were unable in the stipulated time to speak and/or remember names of fruits and animals. 72% (36) of the elderly reported feeling pain, majority presented pain of moderate to strong intensity 68.0% (34). The most referred sites of pain were the lower limbs 26.0% (13). Conclusion: After the CVA, the elderly in this study presented considerable cognitive changes and worsening of pain.(AU)


Objetivo: Evaluar la cognición y la presencia de dolor en ancianos después del ACV que viven en el campo de Coari, Amazonas. Método: Se trata de un estudio transversal y observacional realizado con 50 ancianos post-CVA en el municipio de Coari, Amazonas. La recogida de datos se realizó en el periodo comprendido entre octubre y diciembre de 2019 y enero de 2020. Resultados: En el MMSE, el 78,0% (39) presentan un déficit cognitivo severo demostrando estar por debajo de la puntuación de corte para analfabetos (≥20). En la prueba de fluidez verbal, la mayoría de los niños presentaban dificultades de lenguaje y memoria y no conseguían, en el tiempo estipulado, decir y/o memorizar nombres de frutas y animales. El 72% (36) de los ancianos dijeron sentir dolor, la mayoría presentó dolor de intensidad moderada a fuerte 68,0% (34). Los lugares de dolor más referidos fueron las extremidades inferiores 26,0% (13). Conclusión: Tras el ACV, los ancianos de este estudio presentaron considerables cambios cognitivos y empeoramiento del dolor(AU)


Subject(s)
Pain , Aged , Cognition , Stroke
5.
Rev. ADM ; 79(1): 38-47, ene.-feb. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361906

ABSTRACT

Las urgencias odontológicas son, quizá, las razones principales de atención en el consultorio, muchas veces el significado de dolor se encuentra acompañado por inflamación; el uso de antiinflamatorios no esteroideos (AINES) es común en el ejercicio de la odontología por la excelente respuesta analgésica y antiinflamatoria que tiene, por lo que es importante conocer la fisiopatología de la inflamación y el dolor y cómo actúan los AINES, ya que algunos de estos fármacos tienen respuestas adversas y sitios de acción importantes. Los factores de riesgo por inflamación y dolor nos obligan a conocer la variedad de fármacos que no entran en la clasificación de AINES y que tenemos a disposición, hay más opciones para la elección ante la presencia de inflamación por un factor en particular, cada uno de éstos tienen indicaciones y contraindicaciones que conoceremos, lo cual nos ampliará el conocimiento para dar una prescripción ante la presencia de eventos inflamatorios. Se realizó un estudio detallado de artículos bibliográficos de cada tema, los fármacos más usados en odontología son los AINES, hay poco uso y conocimiento de antiinflamatorios que podemos usar en urgencias, el porcentaje de uso de los AINES derivados del ácido propiónico es alto por la excelente respuesta en pacientes y otras veces por el desconocimiento de más opciones (AU)


Dental emergencies are perhaps the main reasons for care in the office, many times the meaning of pain is accompanied by inflammation, the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs is common in the practice of dentistry due to the excellent analgesic and anti-inflammatory response it has, important is knowing the pathophysiology of inflammation and pain, how NSAIDs act, some of these drugs have adverse responses and important sites of action, risk factors for inflammation and pain require us to know the variety of drugs that do not enter the classification of NSAIDs and we have at our disposal, there are more options for choosing in the presence of inflammation due to a particular factor, each of these have indications and contraindications that we will know, it expands our knowledge to give a prescription in the presence of inflammatory events. A detailed study of bibliographic articles on each topic was carried out, the drugs most used in dentistry are NSAIDs, there is little use and knowledge of anti-inflammatories that we can use in the emergency room, the percentage of use of NSAIDs derived from propionic acid is high, due to the excellent response in patients and others due to lack of knowledge of more options (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Toothache , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Inflammation , Pain/pathology , Pain, Postoperative , Propionates , Prostaglandins/physiology , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Drug Interactions , Cyclooxygenase 1/pharmacology , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors , Narcotics
6.
Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 43(1): 75-86, jan./jun. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354419

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a automedicação pode aliviar sintomas e doenças agudas por um menor custo. Entretanto, esse consumo de medicamentos por conta própria e sem orientação adequada pode acarretar prejuízos como terapêuticas inadequadas, intoxicações e dependência. Objetivo: estimar a prevalência, os motivadores e os fatores associados à automedicação em adultos e idosos atendidos na Atenção Primária à Saúde (APS). Métodos: estudo transversal realizado de maio a agosto de 2019. A estatística compreendeu o cálculo da prevalência de automedicação, com período recordatório de 30 dias e seu intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC 95%). Para verificação dos fatores ajustados, foram calculadas as Razões de Prevalência (RP), brutas e ajustadas. Resultados: a amostra foi de 1.365 usuários, com prevalência do desfecho de 55% (IC 95%: 53-58), sendo esta maior em mulheres (RP=1,33; IC 95%: 1,17-1,52), adultos (RP=1,27; IC 95%: 1,14-1,41) e naqueles com 12 anos ou mais de estudo (RP=1,22; IC 95%: 1,09-1,37). Os principais motivadores foram dor (89%), gripe, resfriado e dor de garganta (18,9%) e febre (6,9%). Conclusão: verificou-se prevalência importante de automedicação, especialmente em mulheres, jovens e com maior escolaridade. Considerando os riscos, destaca-se a necessidade de políticas públicas para prevenir o uso indiscriminado de medicamentos.


Introduction: self-medication can relieve symptoms and diseases at a lower cost. However, this can lead to losses such as inappropriate therapies, intoxications and dependence. Objective: to estimate the prevalence, motivators and factors associated with self-medication in adults and the elderly treated in Primary Health Care. Methods: cross-sectional study carried out from May to August 2019. The statistics comprised the calculation of the prevalence of self-medication, with a recall period of 30 days and its 95% confidence interval (95% CI). In order to check the adjusted factors, crude and adjusted Prevalence Ratios (PR) were calculated. Results: the sample consisted of 1,365 users, with an outcome prevalence of 55% (95% CI: 53-58), which was higher in women (PR = 1.33; 95% CI: 1.17-1.52), adults (PR = 1.27; 95% CI: 1.14-1.41) and in those with 12 or more years of study (PR = 1.22; 95% CI: 1.09-1.37). The main motivators were pain (89%), flu, cold and sore throat (18.9%) and fever (6.9%). Conclusion: there was an important prevalence of self-medication, especially in women, young people and those with higher education. Considering the risks, the need for public policies to prevent the indiscriminate use of medicines is highlighted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Primary Health Care , Self Medication , Cross-Sectional Studies , Pain , Signs and Symptoms , Therapeutics , Disease
7.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eAO5791, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364808

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To analyze pain, functional capacity, quality of life, anxiety and depression outcomes in patients undergoing lumbar spine surgery following use of the Second Opinion Program, and to present disagreements regarding diagnoses and therapeutic indications between the first and second opinions. Methods A prospective, observational cohort study with 100 patients enrolled in the Second Opinion Program who underwent lumbar spine surgery. Questionnaires addressing pain intensity, level of disability, quality of life, anxiety and depression were applied prior to and within 1, 3, 6 and 12 months of surgery. Descriptive and comparative statistical analyses were performed. The following clinical outcomes were analyzed: pain intensity, level of disability, quality of life, anxiety, and depression. Results In this sample, 88% and 12% out of 100 patients were submitted to lumbar decompression and arthrodesis, respectively. Patients reported improvements in function, pain intensity, and quality of life factors following surgery and were able to attain the minimal clinically important difference relative to the preoperative period. Agreement between the first and second opinions was observed in 44% of diagnoses, and in 27% of therapeutic indications. Conclusion Patients had favorable postoperative outcomes regarding pain, disability, and quality of life. These findings and the high rates of diagnostic and therapeutic indication disagreements corroborate the need of a second opinion in cases of spine disease with surgical indications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Pain , Referral and Consultation , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Disability Evaluation
8.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(3): 1-10, 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1373126

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of calcium hydroxide and triple antibiotic paste as intracanal medication on the interappointment pain at 8, 24, and 48 hours postoperatively in patients with symptomatic apical periodontitis undergoing multiple visit root canal treatment. Material and Methods: Two hundred and seven systemically healthy patients under the age group of 18-45 years with mandibular molars presenting with symptomatic apical periodontitis which require root canal treatments were included in this study. After access cavity preparation, cleaning and shaping was done till ISO 25 size file, and the patients were randomized into three groups (each group of 69 samples). Group I: no medicament, group II: calcium hydroxide and group III: triple antibiotic paste (TAP). Postoperative pain was evaluated at 8 hours, 24 hours and 48 hours. Results: The results showed that at 8 hours, 24hours and 48hours, there was a statistical difference between I and III (p < 0.05); and Group III and Group II (p < 0.05). Within the group, there was a statistical difference at all time points IN Group I and II (p < 0.05) except between 24 hours and 48 hours in the Group III (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, TAP was more effective than calcium hydroxide in relieving pain and reducing the analgesic intake at the first 24hours.(AU)


Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito do hidróxido de cálcio e da pasta tripla de antibiótico como medicação intracanal na dor na interconsulta às 8, 24 e 48 horas de pós-operatório em pacientes com periodontite apical sintomática submetidos ao tratamento endodôntico por múltiplas visitas. Material e Métodos: Duzentos e sete pacientes sistemicamente saudáveis com idade inferior a 18-45 anos com molares inferiores apresentando periodontite apical sintomática que requerem tratamento de canal radicular foram incluídos neste estudo. Após o preparo da cavidade de acesso, a limpeza e modelagem foram feitas até arquivo ISO 25, e os pacientes foram randomizados em três grupos (cada grupo de 69 amostras). Grupo I: sem medicamento, grupo II: hidróxido de cálcio e grupo III: pasta tripla de antibiótico (TAP). A dor pós-operatória foi avaliada em 8 horas, 24 horas e 48 horas. Resultados: Os resultados mostraram que às 8 horas, 24 horas e 48 horas, houve diferença estatística entre I e III (p <0,05); e Grupo III e Grupo II (p <0,05). Dentro do grupo, houve diferença estatística em todos os momentos do Grupo I e II (p <0,05), exceto entre 24 horas e 48 horas no Grupo III (p>0,05). Conclusão: Dentro das limitações deste estudo, o TAP foi mais eficaz do que o hidróxido de cálcio no alívio da dor e na redução da ingestão de analgésicos nas primeiras 24 horas. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Pain , Periapical Periodontitis , Calcium Hydroxide , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Antibiotic Prophylaxis
9.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-8, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361503

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the effectiveness of local and topical anesthesia during gingival retraction in prepared abutment teeth. Material and Methods: 72 patients desiring full mouth rehabilitation or bilateral fixed partial denture in the same arch were selected based on the inclusion criteria framed and were randomly allocated into Groups A and B of 36 each. Patients in Group A received gingival retraction with topical anesthesia and Group B received gingival retraction with infiltration anesthesia. All the patients were tested for pain, discomfort and bleeding during gingival retraction. Results: There was no significant difference in pain, discomfort and gingival bleeding (P >.05) during gingival retraction using topical and local anesthetic agents. Conclusion: Topical anesthesia was equally effective as infiltration anesthesia in managing the pain, discomfort and bleeding during gingival retraction by cord packing in prepared abutment teeth. (AU)


Objetivo: Comparar a eficácia da anestesia local e tópica durante a retração gengival previa a moldagem em dentes pilares preparados. Material e Métodos: Foram selecionados 72 pacientes indicados para reabilitação bucal total ou prótese parcial fixa bilateral na mesma arcada com base nos critérios de inclusão formulados e alocados aleatoriamente nos Grupos A e B com 36 pacientes cada. Os pacientes do Grupo A receberam retração gengival com anestesia tópica e no Grupo B receberam retração gengival com anestesia infiltrativa. Todos os pacientes foram testados para dor, desconforto e sangramento durante o procedimento. Resultados: Não houve diferença significativa na dor, desconforto e sangramento gengival (P>. 05) durante a retração gengival com anestésicos tópicos e locais. Conclusão: A anestesia tópica foi tão eficaz quanto a anestesia de infiltração no controle da dor, desconforto e sangramento durante a retração gengival com fio retrator gengival em dentes pilares preparados.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pain , Dental Leakage , Gingival Retraction Techniques , Anesthetics, Local
10.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e18578, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360165

ABSTRACT

Moringa stenopetala (Baker f.) Cufod., is an endemic species growing in the south of Ethiopia. M. stenopetala is often consumed as food and used in traditional medicine and it has also been traditionally used for relieving of pain in Ethiopia. This study aimed to investigate the antinociceptive effect and mechanisms of action of M. stenopetala leaves methanol extract in mice. The per-oral doses of 50, 100, and 200 mg/kg of M. stenopetala extract were tested for antinociceptive action by using hot-plate, tail-immersion, and writhing tests. The possible mechanisms of in the antinociceptive action were investigated by pre-treatment with 5 mg/kg naloxone (non-selective opioid antagonist), 1 mg/kg ketanserin (5-HT2A/2C receptor antagonist), and 1 mg/kg yohimbine (α2 adrenoceptor antagonist). The methanol extract of M. stenopetala showed antinociceptive effect in all tests. The significant involvement of 5-HT2A/2C receptors and α2 adrenoceptors in antinociception induced by M. stenopetala extract in the hot-plate and tail-immersion tests, as well as significant contribution of opioid receptors and α2 adrenoceptors in writhing test, were identified. In conclusion, these findings demonstrate that the methanol extract of M. stenopetala has potential in pain management. Thisstudywillcontributetonewtherapeuticapproachesandprovideguidancefornewdrug development studies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Mice , Plant Extracts/agonists , Moringa oleifera/adverse effects , Pain , Receptors, Adrenergic/administration & dosage , Receptors, Serotonin/administration & dosage , Immersion , Narcotic Antagonists
11.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e18681, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360162

ABSTRACT

Abstract Vascular ulcers (VU) constitute a major cause of pain and disability, and significantly compromise quality of life. VU have a natural tendency to become chronic and in many cases exhibit anunsatisfactoryresponse to many of the standard therapeutic options.The case of a 73 year-old Caucasian female with severe pain and poorly-controlled pain (Visual Analogic Scale-VAS- of 8-9) due to three lower leg long-standing VUs is reported and discussed herein. The patient was treated with topical instillations of undiluted sevoflurane as per institutional off-label protocol (starting doses of 1mL/cm2 twice a day, and up-titrated according to response to a maximum of 7 mL twice daily). The VAS score dropped to 0-1 shortly after initiation of therapy and remained stable throughout treatment up until the closure of the observations. Subsequently, opioid therapy was gradually tapered down and ultimately abandoned.Sevoflurane application resulted on adequate and sustained pain management of refractory VU, with no significant side effects. On account of its beneficial effectivity and safety profiles, topical sevoflurane emerges as an add-on alternative for the long-term management of VU, and potentially other painful conditions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Pain/drug therapy , Varicose Ulcer , Research Report , Sevoflurane/analysis , Drug Tapering/methods , Analgesics, Opioid/agonists , Patients/classification , Pain Management/classification
12.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-7, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1368112

ABSTRACT

Objective: Impacted tooth develops when the tooth fails to erupt into its anatomical functional position. The aim of this prospective study was to find out common clinical effects of impacted lower molar on adjacent tissues and to evaluate the relationship between signs and symptoms of impacted tooth as regards gender and age respectively. Material and Methods: Data for this study were obtained using a well-structured questionnaire at the Teem Dental Hospital Warri, Nigeria. The data included age, sex, and clinical features of patients with confirmed diagnosis of impacted lower third molar following clinical examination and radiographic investigation. Data were analysed and chi-square was employed. Results: A total of 131 patients were examined, 57 (44.5%) were males and 74 (56.5%) were females within the ages of 10-40 years. Patients within the ages of 21-25 years had the highest frequency (32.1%) of impacted lower third molar. It was observed that impacted tooth had a gender predilection towards females than males. Inflamed gingivae around lower 3rd molar 60(45.8%) and pain on the lower third molar 72(55.0%) were most predominantly associated with impacted third molar teeth. No significant association was observed between age (0.909) and gender (0.461) against symptoms of impacted tooth but significant association (0.001) between age and sign was observed. Conclusion: The most commonly associated effect of impacted third molar is inflammation of the adjacent gingivae alongside pain around the lower third molar. Prevalence of impacted molar tooth was gender based with age being a predilection factor in its signs of presentation. (AU)


Objetivo: O dente impactado se desenvolve quando o dente não consegue irromper em sua posição anatômica funcional. O objetivo deste estudo prospectivo foi identificar os efeitos clínicos comuns do molar inferior impactado nos tecidos adjacentes e avaliar a relação entre os sinais e sintomas do dente impactado em relação ao sexo e idade, respectivamente. Material e Métodos: Os dados para este estudo foram obtidos por meio de um questionário bem estruturado no Teem Dental Hospital Warri, Nigéria. Os dados incluíram idade, sexo e características clínicas de pacientes com diagnóstico confirmado de terceiro molar inferior impactado após exame clínico e investigação radiográfica. Os dados foram analisados e o teste qui-quadrado foi empregado. Resultados: Foram examinados 131 pacientes, 57 (44,5%) do sexo masculino e 74 (56,5%) do sexo feminino na faixa etária de 10 a 40 anos. Pacientes com idades entre 21 a 25 anos tiveram a maior frequência (32,1%) de terceiros molares inferiores impactados. Observou-se que o dente impactado teve uma predileção de gênero para o sexo feminino em relação ao masculino. Gengiva inflamada ao redor do 3º molar inferior 60 (45,8%) e dor no terceiro molar inferior 72 (55,0%) foram predominantemente associadas a terceiros molares impactados. Não foi observada associação significativa entre idade (0,909) e sexo (0,461) diante sintomas de dente impactado, mas foi observada associação significativa (0,001) entre idade e sinal. Conclusão: O efeito mais comumente associado ao terceiro molar impactado é a inflamação da gengiva adjacente associada à dor ao redor do terceiro molar inferior. A prevalência de dente molar impactado foi baseada no gênero, sendo a idade um fator de predileção em seus sinais de apresentação.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Pain , Tooth, Impacted , Gingiva , Molar, Third
13.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 38(2): e00226320, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360278

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The topics of endometriosis and pain imply far-reaching problems for women's health. Using a qualitative research approach, this paper addresses the subjective experience and effects of pain, the methods for dealing with these issues, and the needs of affected women in Austria. Data were collected by problem-focused interviews conducted with ten women suffering from endometriosis, which were later transcribed and subjected to qualitative content analysis. Findings are therefore described using content-related categories. Results show that negative thoughts and feelings like fear, despair, and anger are associated with endometriosis and pain. Moreover, predominantly negative impacts and changes are found in various areas of life, such as the well-being and psyche of those affected, their attitude towards life in general, partnerships, social life, leisure time and work-life balance. In dealing with endometriosis and pain, both Western biomedicine and complementary medicine treatments are used. Support from one's inner circle of friends and exchange and interaction with others affected by the disease are seen to be invaluable. Attending physicians as well as patients themselves and their private, social, and working environment should encourage open communication about endometriosis and the related pain.


Resumo: O tema da endometriose e dor tem implicações relevantes para a saúde das mulheres. O artigo procura contextualizar a experiência subjetiva e os efeitos da dor, os métodos para lidar com essas questões e as necessidades das mulheres afetadas por essa condição na Áustria. Foi escolhida uma abordagem qualitativa para examinar esses temas. Foram realizadas entrevistas focadas em problemas com dez mulheres com história de endometriose. Após a transcrição do material, foi realizada a análise qualitativa do conteúdo. Assim, os achados são retratados com o uso de categorias relacionadas ao conteúdo. Os resultados mostram que pensamentos e sentimentos negativos como medo, desesperança e raiva estão associados com a endometriose e dor. Além disso, são encontrados impactos e mudanças predominantemente negativos em vários domínios da vida, tais como o bem-estar e o estado psicológicos das mulheres afetadas, a atitude geral em relação à vida, parcerias, vida social, tempo de lazer e equilíbrio entre trabalho e vida pessoal. Tanto a medicina ocidental quanto os tratamentos da medicina complementar são utilizados no manejo da endometriose e da dor. O apoio do círculo próximo de amigas e as trocas e interação com outras pessoas afetadas pela doença são vistos como extremamente úteis. Os médicos atendentes e as próprias pacientes e seus ambientes privados, sociais e laborais devem incentivar a comunicação aberta sobre a endometriose e a dor associada.


Resumen: La endometriosis y su dolor asociado implican problemas profundos para la salud de las mujeres. El objetivo de este trabajo es identificar la experiencia subjetiva y los efectos del dolor, los métodos para tratarlos, así como las necesidades de las mujeres afectadas en Austria. Para el examen de los temas mencionados anteriormente, se eligió un enfoque de investigación cualitativo. Las entrevistas enfocadas en los problemas se realizaron con diez mujeres que sufrían endometriosis. Tras la transcripción material de los datos, el análisis se realizó usando un análisis cualitativo de contenido. Por lo tanto, los resultados se describen usando categorías relacionadas con el contenido. Los resultados muestran que los pensamientos negativos y los sentimientos como miedo, desesperación, y enfado están conectados con la endometriosis y el dolor. Además, predominantemente se encontraron impactos negativos y cambios en varias áreas de la vida, tales como: bienestar, psique de quienes se veían afectadas, su actitud ante la vida en general, relaciones, vida social, equilibrio entre tiempo de ocio y trabajo. Para enfrentarse a la endometriosis y el dolor, se utilizan tratamientos biomédicos occidentales, así como medicina complementaria. El apoyo del círculo íntimo de los afectados, como son los amigos, así como el intercambio e interacción con otras personas afectadas por la enfermedad parecen ser muy útiles. Ir al médico, el entorno privado, social y laboral de las pacientes, así como ellas mismas, deben estar y ser animadas para una comunicación abierta sobre la endometriosis y el dolor relacionado con la misma.


Subject(s)
Endometriosis/complications , Endometriosis/therapy , Pain/etiology , Quality of Life , Austria , Brazil , Qualitative Research
14.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-14, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1370579

ABSTRACT

Objective: Various glide path preparation techniques have been introduced, providing easiness to the practitioners. Recent literature has shown that glide path preparation influences the levels of postoperative pain occurrence in individuals receiving endodontic therapy. This systematic review aims to compare the different glide path preparation system in reduction of postoperative pain. Material and Methods: Electronic databases such as PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library, LILACS, Google Scholar, and European PMC were searched for published articles until July 2020. The studies included were randomized control trial (RCT) studies published during this time frame with comparison of continuous glide path system with various other glide path systems in reducing postoperative pain. The studies were reviewed using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta­Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. The studies were reviewed independently by two reviewers who had assessed the included studies, extracted data and the quality using the Cochrane risk of bias assessment tool. Results:544 studies were received from the initial search, 11 articles were included in full text appraisal, 4 studies were obtained for qualitative analysis. Mean VAS Scores showed an increased reduction of postoperative pain in continuous glide path treated individuals (1.90-0.20) compared to reciprocating glide path (2.00-0.50) and manual glide path (3.80-0.85). The consumptions of analgesics were seen to be as follows; Manual Glide Path > Reciprocating Glide Path > Continuous Glide Path. Three out of four studies showed an overall "high" risk of bias and another study showed an overall "unclear" bias. Conclusion: From the achieved results, continuous glide path with 5.25% NaOCl irrigation has shown better reduction of postoperative pain compared to other glide path systems. Individuals who had undergone manual glide path preparation showed higher incidence of postoperative pain compared to other systems. The consumption of analgesics was seen to be higher in manual glide path prepared individuals followed by reciprocating glide path and least being continuous glide path.(AU)


Objetivo: Várias técnicas de preparação do glide path têm sido introduzidas, permitindo maior facilidade aos profissionais. A literatura tem mostrado que a forma de preparação do glide path influencia nos níveis de dor pós-operatória em indivíduos que recebem tratamento endodôntico. Esta revisão sistemática tem como objetivo comparar os diferentes sistemas de preparação do glide path na redução de dor pós-operatória. Material e Métodos: Bases de dados eletrônicas como PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library, LILACS, Google Escolar, e European PMC foram utilizadas para pesquisar artigos publicados até Julho de 2020. Os estudos incluídos foram ensaios clínicos randomizados controlados (ECRC) publicados até este período de tempo que compararam sistema de glide path contínuo com outros sistemas de glide path na redução de dor pós-operatória. Para revisão dos estudos, foi utilizado o 'Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines'. Dois revisores analisaram, independentemente, os estudos incluídos, os dados extraídos e a qualidade através da ferramenta de avaliação de risco de viés da Cochrane. Resultados: 544 estudos foram encontrados na pesquisa inicial, 11 artigos foram selecionados para avaliação de texto completo, 4 estudos foram obtidos para a análise qualitativa. A pontuação média do VAS mostrou um aumento na redução de dor pós-operatória em indivíduos nos quais foi utilizado o sistema de glide path rotatório contínuo (1.90-0.20) quando comparados àqueles nos quais foram utilizados o glide path reciprocante (2.00-0.50) e o glide path manual (3.80-0.85). A utilização de analgésicos foi vista da seguinte forma: Glide path Manual > Glide Path Reciprocante > Glide Path Contínuo. Três dos quatro estudos apresentaram um "alto" risco de viés geral e o outro estudo apresentou risco de viés geral "incerto". Conclusão: O glide path contínuo com irrigração de 5.25% de NaOCl mostrou a melhor redução de dor pós-operatória comparado aos demais sistemas de glide path. Indivíduos que foram submetidos à preparação de glide path pelo sistema manual apresentaram a maior incidência de dor pós-operatória. O consumo de analgésicos foi maior diante do uso do glide path manual, seguido pelo glide path reciprocante, e por último pelo glide path contínuo. (AU)


Subject(s)
Pain , Sodium Hypochlorite , Root Canal Preparation , Endodontics , Analgesics
15.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 51: e20220007, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1377168

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Orthodontic movement can cause painful symptoms, especially in the early stages of treatment. Objective: This study aimed to compare the performance of chewing gum and ibuprofen in pain control during the initial period of orthodontic treatment. Material and method: A randomized blind clinical trial, with an allocation ratio of 1:1, was developed with patients aged ≥18 years old. The sample size was established considering a significance level of 5% and test power of 80%, resulting in a minimum of 30 volunteers per group (n=90). Participants were paired regarding sex, age, the severity of malocclusion, defined by the Dental Health Component (DHC) of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN), and crowding, determined by Little's irregularity index. The sample was randomly allocated to three groups: Group I (control) placebo; Group II chewing gum; and Group III Ibuprofen. Pain perception was evaluated by the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) in the first 24, 36, and 48 hours after activation of the orthodontic appliance. The data were analyzed by generalized linear models for repeated measures in time. Result: No statistically significant difference (p>0.05) was observed among the groups for the methods of pain therapy evaluated in 24, 36, and 48 hours post-activation. Conclusion: There was no difference among the method used for pain control during the orthodontic treatment.


Introdução: A movimentação ortodôntica pode causar sintomatologia dolorosa, principalmente nas fases iniciais do tratamento. Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo comparar o desempenho da goma de mascar e do ibuprofeno no controle da dor durante o período inicial do tratamento ortodôntico. Material e método: Foi desenvolvido um ensaio clínico randomizado cego, com razão de alocação de 1:1, com pacientes com idade ≥ 18 anos. O tamanho da amostra foi estabelecido considerando um nível de significância de 5% e poder do teste de 80%, resultando em um mínimo de 30 voluntários por grupo (n=90). Os participantes foram pareados quanto ao sexo, idade, gravidade da má oclusão, definida pelo Componente de Saúde Bucal (DHC) do Índice de Necessidade de Tratamento Ortodôntico (IOTN), e apinhamento, determinado pelo índice de irregularidade de Little. A amostra foi distribuída aleatoriamente em três grupos: Grupo I (controle) placebo; Goma de mascar Grupo II; e Grupo III Ibuprofeno. A percepção da dor foi avaliada pela Escala Visual Analógica (EVA) nas primeiras 24, 36 e 48 horas após a ativação do aparelho ortodôntico. Os dados foram analisados por modelos lineares generalizados para medidas repetidas no tempo. Resultado Não foi observada diferença estatisticamente significativa (p>0.05) entre os grupos para os métodos de terapia da dor avaliados em 24, 36 e 48 horas pós-ativação. Conclusão: Não houve diferença entre o método utilizado para controle da dor durante o tratamento ortodôntico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Pain , Tooth Movement Techniques , Chewing Gum , Ibuprofen , Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need , Visual Analog Scale , Orthodontic Appliances, Fixed , Mathematical Computing , Analgesics
16.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1367127

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El dolor anterior de rodilla es la causa más frecuente de reoperaciones luego del enclavado endomedular de una fractura de tibia. En los últimos años, los abordajes en semiextensión han facilitado la técnica quirúrgica; sin embargo, el dolor posoperatorio sigue siendo la complicación más frecuente. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar el abordaje pararrotuliano medial con el suprarrotuliano en cuanto al dolor de rodilla y la función posoperatoria luego del enclavado endomedular de tibia. materiales y métodos: Se conformaron retrospectivamente 2 grupos de pacientes con fracturas de tibia tratados con clavo endomedular a través del abordaje pararrotuliano medial (n = 33) y suprarrotuliano (n = 17). Se evaluaron el dolor de rodilla posoperatorio con las escalas analógica visual y de Lysholm, y la función con el SF-12, al mes 1, 3, 6 y 12. Resultados: La edad promedio era de 41.5 años (rango 29-76) para el grupo con abordaje pararrotuliano y de 40.4 años (rango 23-90) para el otro grupo. Los resultados respecto del dolor y la función de la rodilla fueron significativamente mejores en el grupo operado con el abordaje suprarrotuliano. Conclusiones: El abordaje suprarrotuliano se asocia con menor dolor de rodilla y mejor función posoperatoria luego del enclavado endomedular de una fractura de tibia. Sin embargo, estudios prospectivos deberán validar estos resultados. Nivel de Evidencia: III


Anterior knee pain is the most frequent cause of reoperation after intramedullary nailing of a tibial fracture. In recent years, semi-extension approaches have simplified the surgical technique, but postoperative pain continues to be the most frequent complica-tion. The aim of this study is to compare the medial parapatellar approach (PPM) vs the suprapatellar approach (SP) with respect to knee pain and postoperative function after intramedullary tibial nailing. materials and methods: We retrospectively formed 2 groups of patients with tibial fractures treated with intramedullary nailing through the PPM (n:33) and SP (n:17) approaches. We evaluated postoperative knee pain with the VAS and Lysholm score; and function with the SF-12. They were clinically evaluated at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months. Results: The mean age of the groups was 41.5 years (29-76) for the PPM group and 40.4 years (23-90) for the SP group. Pain and knee function were significantly better in the group of patients operated through the SP approach. Conclu-sion: The suprapatellar approach is associated with less knee pain and better postoperative function after intramedullary nailing of a tibial fracture. However, prospective studies should validate these results. Level of Evidence: III


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pain , Tibial Fractures , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Knee Injuries
17.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e253864, 2022. tab
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1350300

ABSTRACT

Abstract Wheat breeders frequently use generation mean analysis to obtain information on the type of gene action involved in inheriting a trait to choose the helpful breeding procedure for trait improvement. The present study was carried out to study the inter-allelic and intra-allelic gene action and inheritance of glaucousness, earliness and yield traits in a bread wheat cross between divergent parents in glaucousness and yield traits; namely Mut-2 (P1) and Sakha 93 (P2). The experimental material included six populations, i.e. P1, P2, F1, F2, BC1, and BC2 for this wheat cross. A randomized complete block design with three replications was used, and a six parameters model was applied. Additive effects were generally more critical than dominance for all studied traits, except for plant height (PH) and grain yield/plant (GYPP). The duplicate epistasis was observed in spike length; SL, spikes/plant; SPP and days to heading; DTH. All six types of allelic and non-allelic interaction effects controlled SL, GYPP, DTH and glaucousness. All three types of epistasis, i.e. additive x additive, additive x dominance, and dominance x dominance, are essential in determining the inheritance of four traits (SL, GYPP, DTH and glaucousness). Dominance × dominance effects were higher in magnitude than additive × dominance and additive × additive in most traits. The average degree of dominance was minor than unity in six traits (glaucousness, grains/spike, spike weight, days to maturity, 100-grain weight and SL), indicating partial dominance and selection for these traits might be more effective in early generations. Meanwhile, the remaining traits (PH, SPP, GYPP and DTH) had a degree of dominance more than unity, indicating that overdominance gene effects control such traits and it is preferable to postpone selection to later generations. The highest values of narrow-sense heritability and genetic advance were recorded by glaucousness trait followed by SL and SPP, indicating that selection in segregating generations would be more effective than other traits.


Resumo Os criadores de trigo frequentemente usam a análise da média de geração para obter informações sobre o tipo de ação do gene envolvida na herança de uma característica para escolher o procedimento de melhoramento útil para o aprimoramento da característica. O presente estudo foi conduzido para estudar a ação do gene interalélico e intraalélico e a herança de características de glaucosidade, precocidade e produção em um cruzamento de trigo mole entre pais divergentes em glaucosidade e características de produção; nomeadamente Mut-2 (P1) e Sakha 93 (P2). O material experimental incluiu seis populações, ou seja, P1, P2, F1, F2, BC1 e BC2 para este cruzamento de trigo. O delineamento experimental foi em blocos ao acaso com três repetições e aplicado um modelo de seis parâmetros. Os efeitos aditivos foram geralmente mais críticos do que a dominância para todas as características estudadas, exceto para altura da planta (AP) e rendimento de grãos / planta (GYPP). A epistasia duplicada foi observada no comprimento da ponta; SL, espigas/planta; SPP e dias para o cabeçalho; DTH. Todos os seis tipos de efeitos de interação alélica e não alélica controlaram SL, GYPP, DTH e glaucosidade. Todos os três tipos de epistasia, ou seja, aditivo x aditivo, aditivo x dominância e dominância x dominância, são essenciais na determinação da herança de quatro características (SL, GYPP, DTH e glaucosidade). Os efeitos de dominância × dominância foram maiores em magnitude do que aditivo × dominância e aditivo × aditivo na maioria das características. O grau médio de dominância foi menor do que a unidade em seis características (glaucosidade, grãos / espiga, peso da espiga, dias até a maturidade, peso de 100 grãos e SL), indicando dominância parcial, e a seleção para essas características pode ser mais eficaz nas gerações iniciais. Enquanto isso, os traços restantes (PH, SPP, GYPP e DTH) tiveram um grau de dominância maior do que a unidade, indicando que os efeitos do gene de superdominância controlam tais traços e é preferível adiar a seleção para gerações posteriores. Os maiores valores de herdabilidade no sentido restrito e avanço genético foram registrados pelo traço de glaucosidade seguido por SL e SPP, indicando que a seleção em gerações segregadas seria mais eficaz do que outros caracteres.


Subject(s)
Triticum/genetics , Bread , Phenotype , Crosses, Genetic
18.
Fractal rev. psicol ; 33(3): 199-204, set.-dez. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1360450

ABSTRACT

O artigo propõe contribuir para a saúde mental dos trabalhadores. Para tanto, buscou-se, como pano de fundo, um breve contexto histórico do trabalho. A expansão do modelo capitalista, na segunda metade do século XX, acarretou um aumento progressivo do tempo e da dedicação ininterrupta ao emprego, o que repercutiu sobre a saúde do trabalhador. Este trabalho avaliou o perfil do trabalhador de sucesso, o sofrimento presente no contexto do trabalho e como Dejours e Nietzsche percebem tragicamente o sofrimento, como inerente à vida, inevitável. Além disso, buscou entender como ambos percebem a utilização de defesas contra o sofrimento nessas organizações de trabalho e as estratégias defensivas contra o sofrimento, que podem trazer o equilíbrio ou o desequilíbrio. E, por último, enfatizou a importância de profissionais críticos e de um espaço que facilite o processo de sofrimento como equilíbrio. A pesquisa adotou o método qualitativo, por meio de uma revisão de literatura, utilizando como referencial teórico a Psicodinâmica do Trabalho e a Filosofia. Identificou-se, com base nos autores estudados, que a dor e o sofrimento são inerentes ao trabalho e que ambos têm caráter constituinte na subjetividade dos trabalhadores.(AU)


This article is meant to consist in a contribution towards worker's mental health understanding. To achieve this goal, we tried to briefly present, as background scenery, the context of work from a historical perspective. The expansion of the capitalist model, in the second half of the 20th century, engendered a progressive increase in the number of average working hours per worker and a continuous increase in time expenditure related to work issues, which seem to be issues that caused tangible effects on workers general health. This work has tried to pursue an evaluation of the successful worker profile, seeing suffering as a relatable presence in his or her working context and, as Dejours and Nietzsche tragically realize, in the understanding of suffering as an unavoidable and inherent feature of life. Besides that, the present article sought to understand precisely how these authors relate themselves with the perception of suffering within working organizational context and how they relate to defensive strategies aimed at mitigating it - which may bring dubious results given that they may either increase or decrease workers mental health condition. Finally, the present study emphasizes the importance of professionals capable of critical thinking and, also, of a working space that enables the perception of suffering process as a form of making mental health equilibrium achievable to the average worker. The research methods of choice were qualitative analysis review of bibliographic sources, and the adopted theoretical framework was technically related with literature in the fields of Psychodynamics of Work and Philosophy. The established result is that pain and suffering are meant to be understood as something inherent to every form of work activity that has a defining character in worker's subjectivity.(AU)


El artículo estudia la contribución a la salud mental de los trabajadores. Para ello, buscamos, como antecedente, un breve contexto histórico de la obra. La expansión del modelo capitalista en la segunda mitad del siglo XX supuso un progresivo aumento del tiempo y una dedicación ininterrumpida al empleo, lo que repercutió en la salud de los trabajadores. Este trabajo evaluó el perfil del trabajador exitoso, el sufrimiento presente en el contexto laboral y cómo Dejours y Nietzsche perciben trágicamente el sufrimiento como inherente a la vida, inevitable. Además, se buscó comprender cómo se percibe tanto el uso de defensas contra el sufrimiento en estas condiciones laborales como las estrategias defensivas frente al sufrimiento, que pueden traer equilibrio o desequilibrio. Y, finalmente, destacó la importancia de los profesionales necesarios y un espacio que facilite el proceso de sufrimiento como equilibrio. La búsqueda adoptó el método cualitativo, a través de una revisión de la literatura, utilizando como marco teórico la Psicodinámica del Trabajo y la Filosofía. A partir de los autores estudiados, se identificó que el dolor y el sufrimiento son inherentes al trabajo y que ambos tienen un carácter constituyente en la subjetividad de los trabajadores.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pain , Work , Occupational Health , Health Strategies
19.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(6): 765-767, Nov.-Dec. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355638

ABSTRACT

Abstract Glomus tumors are rare benign neoplasms arising from the neuromyoarterial structure called glomus body. They present as angiomatous papules, soft and painful, especially to cold and pressure. In general, they are solitary and affect the extremities, located mainly the subungual bed. Extradigital lesions are rare and can constitute a diagnostic challenge. This is the report of a patient with an extradigital lesion on the left arm, and its dermoscopic aspects, including angiomatous lagoons circumscribed by a pale halo, a structure not previously described in the two reports of extradigital glomus tumor with dermoscopic features, found in the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain Neoplasms , Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Pain , Extremities
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