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1.
Rev Enferm UFPI ; 12(1): e3640, 2023-12-12. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1525423

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar as contribuições de enfermeiros no processo de adesão ao tratamento da tuberculose. Métodos: Revisão integrativa nas bases de dados Cumulative Index toNursing and Allied Health Literature, Medline completeEbsco, PubMed Central, Science Direct,Scopuse Web of Sciencea partir da utilização dos descritores Patient Compliance, Medication adherence, Treatment adherence and compliance, Tuberculosise Nurse's Role. Resultados: A partir dos artigos que compuseram a amostra final, as contribuições de enfermeiros no processo de adesão que emergiram consistiram em aconselhamento, visitas domiciliares, uso de tecnologias e de programas, tais como o Tratamento Diretamente Observado, supervisão por vídeo e suporte social. Conclusão: O enfermeiro é um profissional que contribui na implementação desses métodos. O uso de tecnologia sem fio adicionada aos métodos eletrônicos é promissor e pode significar um grande avanço, uma vez que a supervisão direta não vem se mostrando viável e factível em diversas realidades. Descritores: Tuberculose; Cooperação do Paciente; Adesão à Medicação; Enfermagem; Saúde Pública


Objective: To identify the contributions of nurses in the process of adherence to tuberculosis treatment. Methods: Integrative review in the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Medline complete Ebsco, PubMed Central, Science Direct, Scopus and Web of Science databases using the descriptors Patient Compliance, Medication adherence, Treatment adherence and compliance, Tuberculosis and Nurse's Role. Results: From the articles that composed the final sample, the contributions of nurses in the adherence process that emerged consisted of counseling, home visits, use of technologies and programs such as Directly Observed Treatment, video supervision and social support. Conclusion: Nurses are professionals who contribute to the implementation of these methods. The use of wireless technology added to electronic methods is promising and can mean a great advance, since direct supervision has not been economically viable and feasible in several realities.Descriptors:Tuberculosis; Patient cooperation; Adherence to medication; Nursing; Public health


Subject(s)
Tuberculosis , Public Health , Nursing , Patient Compliance , Medication Adherence
2.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 43(2): 270-281, jun. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533934

ABSTRACT

Introducción. En el contexto de la pandemia por la COVID-19 es escasa la información de factores asociados al cumplimiento del tratamiento antituberculoso en las zonas de alta prevalencia de tuberculosis. Objetivo. Evaluar si existe asociación entre el apoyo social, la preocupación por el contagio de COVID-19 y el conocimiento de la tuberculosis, frente al incumplimiento del tratamiento antituberculoso. Materiales y métodos. Se trata de un estudio transversal de pacientes en tratamiento antituberculoso durante los meses de enero a marzo del 2022 en centros ubicados en áreas de alta prevalencia de tuberculosis en Lima. Se utilizó el cuestionario de Morisky Green-Levine para evaluar el cumplimiento del tratamiento como variable dependiente; las variables independientes se evaluaron usando el Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey para determinar el apoyo social percibido y la preocupación por la infección de COVID-19, y el test de Batalla para evaluar el conocimiento del paciente sobre su enfermedad. Se utilizó la regresión de Poisson con varianza robusta para determinar la asociación entre las variables. Resultados. De un total de 101 participantes (73,3 % hombres y edad media 35,1 ± 16 años), el 51,5 % no observaron el tratamiento antituberculoso. El nivel de preocupación medio o alto de contagiarse y desarrollar COVID-19 se asoció con una mayor prevalencia de incumplimiento del tratamiento (razón de prevalencia: 1,68; intervalo de confianza del 95 %: 1,09-2,57) (ajustada por las variables de confusión consideradas). Conclusiones. El incumplimiento del tratamiento antituberculoso es una condición frecuente entre los pacientes de una zona de alta prevalencia de tuberculosis en Lima especialmente entre aquellos con mayor preocupación al contagio por el virus de SARS- CoV-2, causante de la COVID-19.


Introduction. In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, information on factors associated with adherence to antituberculosis treatment in areas with high prevalence of tuberculosis is scarce. Objective. To evaluate whether there is an association between social support, concern about COVID-19 infection and knowledge about tuberculosis, and non-adherence to antituberculosis treatment. Materials and methods. A cross-sectional study was carried out on patients under antituberculosis treatment, from January to March, 2022, in centers located in areas with a high prevalence of tuberculosis in Lima. We used the Morisky Green-Levine questionnaire to assess adherence to treatment as the dependent variable; the independent variables were evaluated using the Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey for perceived social support and concern about COVID-19 infection, and the Battle Test to assess patients' knowledge about their disease. We used Poisson regression with robust variance to evaluate the association between the independent variables and the dependent one. Results. Out of 101 participants (73.3% male with an average age of 35.1 ±16 years), 51.5% were non-adherent to antituberculosis treatment. Medium or high level of concern about getting COVID-19 was associated with a higher prevalence of non-adherence to treatment (odds ratio: 1.68; 95 % confidence interval: 1.09-2.57) (adjusted for considered confounding variables). Conclusions. Non-adherence is a frequent condition among patients living in an area with a high prevalence of tuberculosis in Lima, especially among those with a higher concern for COVID-19 infection.


Subject(s)
Tuberculosis, Pulmonary , Social Support , Patient Compliance , COVID-19
3.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 27: 1528, jan.-2023. Tab.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1527389

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar como as recomendações sobre adesão terapêutica presentes em manuais de controle da tuberculose constituem estratégias biopolíticas de Promoção da Saúde na vertente neoliberal. Método: pesquisa documental e qualitativa que analisou cinco manuais publicados entre 2002 e 2019, a partir da metodologia pós-crítica de inspiração foucaultiana. Resultados: foram identificadas quatro estratégias biopolíticas, que correspondem às categorias analítica deste estudo: i) Exaltação do saber da estatística como fortalecimento da lógica gerencialista; ii) Priorização do tratamento dos casos bacilíferos e instituição de medidas de controle do risco da contaminação como forma de manter a segurança da população saudável; iii) Ênfase discursiva na população vulnerável como forma de omitir corpos precarizados; e iv) Discurso do empreendimento de si para superação da pobreza, como compensação da falta de políticas de proteção social. Conclusões: algumas recomendações de controle da tuberculose consistem em estratégias biopolíticas de Promoção da Saúde na vertente neoliberal, promovendo discursos sanitários que enfatizam os aspectos individuais, como o autocuidado, a autorresponsabilização, a autonomia e o empoderamento do sujeito. Mesmo nos casos em que percebemos associação do adoecimento com determinantes sociais da saúde e com situações de vulnerabilidade, as ações de controle da tuberculose insistem em ações inscritas numa perspectiva gerencialista da saúde. Na prática, parece haver um vazio de políticas de proteção social e de ações capazes de combater as iniquidades, o que é imprescindível para a efetiva adesão terapêutica e para a cura.(AU)


Objective: to analyze how the recommendations on therapeutic adherence present in tuberculosis control manuals constitute biopolitical Health Promotion strategies in the neoliberal perspective. Method: documentary and qualitative research that analyzed five manuals published between 2002 and 2019, based on the post-critical methodology inspired by Foucault. Results: four biopolitical strategies were identified, which correspond to the analytical categories of this study: i) Exaltation of statistical knowledge as a strengthening of managerial logic; ii) Prioritizing the treatment of bacilliferous cases and establishing measures to control the risk of contamination as a way of maintaining the safety of the healthy population; iii) Discursive emphasis on the vulnerable population as a way of omitting precarious bodies; and iv) Discourse about self-employment to overcome poverty, as compensation for the lack of social protection policies. Conclusions: some recommendations for tuberculosis control consist of biopolitical Health Promotion strategies in a neoliberal perspective, promoting health discourses that emphasize individual aspects, such as self-care, self-responsibility, autonomy, and empowerment of the subject. Even in cases where we perceive an association between illness and social determinants of health and situations of vulnerability, tuberculosis control actions insist on actions based on a health managerial perspective. In practice, there appears to be a lack of social protection policies and actions capable of combating inequities, which is essential for effective therapeutic adherence and cure.(AU)


Objetivo: el propósito es examinar de qué manera las directrices sobre el cumplimiento terapéutico en los manuales de control de la tuberculosis representan estrategias biopolíticas de Promoción de la Salud en el contexto neoliberal. Método:Se llevó a cabo una investigación documental cualitativa que analizó cinco Manuales publicados entre 2002 y 2019, utilizando un enfoque postcrítico inspirado en las ideas de Foucault.Resultados: se identificaron cuatro tácticas biopolíticas (categorías de análisis): 1) Enfatizar el valor del conocimiento estadístico como refuerzo de la lógica administrativa; 2) Priorizar el tratamiento de los casos con bacilos y establecer medidas de control del riesgo de contagio para salvaguardar a la población sana; 3) Poner un énfasis discursivo en la población vulnerable para dejar de lado a los cuerpos en situación precaria; y 4) Promover el autoempleo como solución para superar la pobreza, en sustitución de políticas de protección social insuficientes.Conclusiones: algunas recomendaciones dirigidas al control de la tuberculosis adoptan tácticas biopolíticas de fomento de la salud en el marco neoliberal, empleando discursos relacionados con la salud que ponen un énfasis en aspectos individuales como el autocuidado, la asunción de responsabilidad personal, la autonomía y el empoderamiento del individuo. Aun en situaciones en las que se percibe una correlación entre la enfermedad y los factores sociales que afectan la salud, así como con contextos de vulnerabilidad, las medidas de control de la tuberculosis siguen promoviendo enfoques alineados con una perspectiva de gestión...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Strategies , Social Determinants of Health , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Health Promotion , Patient Compliance , Guidelines as Topic , Disaster Vulnerability , Health Policy
5.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 28: e2704, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439466

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo identificar os motivos que levam o indivíduo a seguir ou não a recomendação da necessidade do uso do aparelho de amplificação sonora individual (AASI) e a utilização desse dispositivo ao longo dos anos. Estratégia de pesquisa orientações do Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) foram seguidas. As bases de dados pesquisadas foram: Pubmed, Pubmed Central, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science e Cochrane, utilizando os seguintes descritores: "Hearing Aids", "Patient Compliance" e o indicador booleano AND. Critérios de seleção artigos originais primários com desenhos prospectivos, retrospectivos, observacionais ou experimentais; que levantassem, relatassem, verificassem ou analisassem os motivos de adesão ou não ao uso de AASI, independentemente de ser usuário experiente ou não; realizados com a população jovem, adulta e idosa; com indivíduos com qualquer grau, tipo e configuração de perda auditiva; com adaptações unilaterais ou bilaterais e em português, inglês e espanhol. Resultados incluídos 27 estudos na análise. Verificaram-se duas situações distintas no processo de reabilitação auditiva: aceitação à indicação do uso do AASI e a continuidade do uso do dispositivo de maneira efetiva. Os aspectos que auxiliaram positivamente, negativamente ou não interferiram nessas duas fases foram compilados e apresentados. Conclusão os fatores de maior relevância para a não aquisição do AASI são: percepção de baixo custo-benefício, falta de entendimento da real necessidade e dificuldade de aceitação do uso, enquanto que os que mais impactam na continuidade do uso são: qualidade sonora do AASI, dificuldades de manuseio e percepção de pouco benefício.


ABSTRACT Purpose To identify the reasons that lead the individual to follow or not the recommendation to use the hearing aid and its use over the years. Research strategy Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) recommendations were followed. The databases searched were: Pubmed, Pubmed Central, Scopus, Embase, Web of science and Cochrane, using the following descriptors: "Hearing Aids", "Patient Compliance" and the Boolean indicator AND. Selection criteria primary original articles with prospective, retrospective, observational or experimental designs; that raise, report, verify or analyze the reasons for adherence or not to the use of hearing aids, regardless of being an experienced user or not; carried out with the young, adult and elderly population; with individuals with any degree, type and configuration of hearing loss; with unilateral or bilateral adaptations and in Portuguese, English and Spanish. Results 27 studies were included in the analysis. There were two distinct situations in the auditory rehabilitation process: acceptance of the indication of the use of HA and the continuity of the effective use. Thus, the aspects that positively, negatively or do not interfere in these two phases were compiled and presented. Conclusion the most relevant factors in the non-adherence to HA were: perception of low cost-benefit, lack of understanding of the real need and difficulty in accepting its use; while the ones that most impacted the continuity of use were: HA sound quality, handling difficulties and perception of little benefit.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patient Compliance , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Hearing Aids , Hearing Loss/rehabilitation
6.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 16(3): 80-86, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451971

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Evaluar el tiempo en rango de glucosa y su asociación con otras medidas del control glicémico establecidas por el consenso internacional del tiempo en rango en usuarios de vida real del sistema flash de monitorización de glucosa FreeStyle LibreTM en Chile. MÉTODOS: Se analizaron los datos provenientes de la base de datos Freestyle Libre™ entre diciembre de 2014 y enero de 2022. Las lecturas se dividieron en 10 grupos (deciles) del mismo tamaño (cada decil contenía aproximadamente 498 usuarios) en función del tiempo en rango. Para cada decil se calculó la media de determinaciones diarias, el promedio de glucosa, la HbA1c, la desviación estándar de glucosa, el coeficiente de variación de la glucosa, el tiempo en rango, el tiempo de glucosa (porcentaje) por encima de 250 mg/dL (TA250), el tiempo de glucosa (porcentaje) por encima de 180 mg/dL (TA180), el tiempo por debajo (porcentaje) de 70 mg/dL (TB70) y el tiempo por debajo (porcentaje) de 54 mg/dL (TB54). RESULTADOS: Desde diciembre de 2014 hasta enero de 2022 hubo 4984 lectores. El grupo con el mayor tiempo en rango mostró significativamente una menor glucosa promedio que el grupo con el tiempo en rango más bajo (decil 1: media 248,3 mg/dL, decil 10: media 113,2 mg/L, diferencia ­135,1 mg/dL, p<0.05). Asimismo, el mayor tiempo en rango se asoció con una menor desviación estándar (decil 1: media 93,7mg/dL, decil 10: media 26,7mg/L, diferencia: -67,0 mg/ dL, p<0,05), menor coeficiente de variación (decil 1: media 37,8%, decil 10: media 23,3%, diferencia: -14,5%, p<0,05), menor TA250 (decil 1: media 46,5%, decil 10: media 0,2%, diferencia: -46,3%, p<0.05), menor TA180 (decil 1: media 73,9%, decil 10: media 3,8%, diferencia: -70,1%, p<0.05), menor TB70 (decil 5: mediana 6,13%, decil 10: mediana 1,70%, diferencia: -4,43%, p<0.05) y menor TB54 (decil 5: mediana 1,79%, decil 10: mediana 0,12%, diferencia: -1,67%, p<0.05). El mayor tiempo en rango se asoció también significativamente con más determinaciones diarias (decil 1: media 11,4, decil 10: media 16,6, diferencia: 5,2, p<0,05). La frecuencia media de las determinaciones entre todos los lectores fue de 14,7 determinaciones diarias. CONCLUSIONES: En los pacientes con diabetes en Chile, el empleo del sistema flash de monitorización demuestra la asociación entre el mayor tiempo en rango, la reducción de la variabilidad de la glucosa y un menor riesgo de hiperglucemias e hipoglicemias y también con un mayor compromiso.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate glucose time in range and its association with other metrics of glucose control established by the International Consensus on TIR amongst real-life patients using the Flash Glucose Monitoring system FreeStyle LibreTM in Chile. METHODS: Data from the Freestyle Libre™ database between December 2014 and January 2022 were analyzed. Readers were divided into 10 groups (deciles) of the same size (each decile had approximately 498 users) according to time in range. For each decile of time in range, the mean of daily scans, average glucose, estimated HbA1c, glucose standard deviation, glucose coefficient of variation, time in range, glucose time (percentage) above 250 mg/dL (TA250), and glucose time (percentage) above 180 mg/dL (TA180), and the median of glucose time (percentage) below 70 mg/dL (TB70) and glucose time (percentage) below 54 mg/dL (TB54), were calculated. RESULTS: From December 2014 to January 2022, there were 4984 readers. The group with the highest TIR showed significantly lower average glucose than the group with the lowest TIR (decile 1: mean 248.3 mg/dL, decile 10: mean 113.2 mg/L, difference: ­135.1 mg/dL, p<0.05). In addition, more time in range was associated with a lower glucose standard deviation (decile 1: mean 93.7 mg/dL, decile 10: mean 26.7 mg/L, difference: -67.0 mg/dL, p<0.05), lower glucose coefficient of variation (decile 1: mean 37.8%, decile 10: mean 23.3%, difference: -14.5%, p<0.05), lower TA250 (decile 1: mean 46.5%, decile 10: mean 0.2%, difference: -46.3%, p<0.05),lower TA180 (decile 1: mean 73.9%, decile 10: mean 3.8%, difference: -70.1%, p<0.05), lower TB70 (decile 5: median 6.13%, decile 10: median 1.70%, difference: -4.43%, p<0.05) and lower TB54 (decile 5: median 1.79%, decile 10: median 0.12%, difference: -1.67%, p<0.05). Greater TIR was also associated with significantly more daily scans (decile 1: mean 11.4, decile 10: mean 16.6, difference: 5.2, p<0.05). Mean scan frequency amongst all readers was 14.7 daily scans. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with diabetes from Chile, the use of the flash glucose monitoring system demonstrates the association between greater TIR, reduced glucose variability, and reduced risk of hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia, and also its association with greater engagement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring/methods , Diabetes Mellitus , Glycemic Control/methods , Time Factors , Blood Glucose , Chile , Patient Compliance , Extracellular Fluid , Data Accuracy
7.
Bogotá; s.n; 2023. 152 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1451593

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La falla cardiaca (FC) afecta a más de 23 millones de personas en el mundo. Se ha demostrado que las intervenciones de enfermería mejoran el conocimiento, comportamientos y reingresos hospitalarios. Objetivo: Determinar la efectividad de intervención de enfermería para fortalecer la cooperación al tratamiento en pacientes con FC. Métodos: Estudio pretest y postest cuasi experimental en una muestra conveniente de 70 pacientes con FC, grupo control (n=35) que recibió atención habitual y grupo experimental (n=35) tuvo la IE. Se utilizaron dos instrumentos: Escala Europea de Autocuidado EHFScB y la nueva escala de cooperación ECOOPFRGv1 previo proceso de validación por expertos. El estudio contó con el aval de comité de ética institucional y consentimiento informado de pacientes. Resultados: Se evaluó el efecto de la intervención de enfermería, los hallazgos evidenciaron que existió diferencia estadísticamente significativa (p=<0,001) en el grupo experimental con respecto a las mediciones obtenidas en el grupo control. Conclusiones: Se comprueba la efectividad de la intervención de enfermería para fortalecer la cooperación al tratamiento en los pacientes con FC. Los hallazgos sugieren la importancia de desarrollar programas de educación que se centren en mejorar la cooperación al tratamiento y los comportamientos de gestión del cuidado. (AU)


Introduction: Heart failure (HR) affects more than 23 million people worldwide. Nursing interventions have been shown to improve hospital knowledge, behaviors, and readmissions. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of nursing intervention to strengthen treatment cooperation in patients with CF. Methods: Pretest and quasi- experimental posttest study in a suitable sample of 70 patients with CF, control group(n=35) who received usual care and experimental group (n=35) had EI. Two instruments were used: European Self-Care Scale EHFScB and the new ECOOPFRGv1 cooperation scale after validation process by experts. The study was endorsed by the institutional ethics committee and informed consent of patients. Results: The effect of the nursing intervention was evaluated, the findings showed that there was a statistically significant difference (p = < 0.001) in the experimental group with respect to the measurements obtained in the control group. Conclusions: The effectiveness of nursing intervention to strengthen treatment cooperation in patients with CF was verified. The findings suggest the importance of developing education programs that focus on improving treatment cooperation and care management behaviors. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patient Compliance , Heart Failure/nursing , Effectiveness , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Nursing Care
8.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e264324, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529206

ABSTRACT

O estudo teve como objetivo identificar os argumentos da estratégia de persuasão dos discursos apresentados na audiência pública sobre a Arguição de Descumprimento de Preceito Fundamental-ADPF 442, realizada em 2018, cujo propósito era discutir sobre a interrupção voluntária da gravidez até a 12ª semana. Para tal, foi realizada uma pesquisa de abordagem qualitativa, analítico-descritiva e documental. O objeto de análise foi o registro da audiência, apresentado em vídeo, disponibilizado na plataforma digital YouTube, e em ata lavrada pelo STF, ambos de acesso público. A partir de uma análise do discurso, identificou-se os argumentos utilizados na estratégia de persuasão, que foram sistematizados em quatro categorias de argumentos para cada um dos dois grupos identificados: o grupo pró e o grupo contra a descriminalização do aborto. As três primeiras categorias, Saúde mental, Direito e Saúde pública, mesmo com diferenças na forma de apresentar o argumento, se repetem nos dois grupos. Todavia, a quarta categoria, Pressupostos, se diferenciou. No grupo pró descriminalização do aborto, apresentou-se como Pressupostos filosóficos e científicos, e no grupo contra, como Pressupostos morais. Por fim, a defesa da saúde mental das mulheres foi o principal argumento numa forma de humanizar o sofrimento vivido pelas que desejam abortar e não encontram o suporte do Estado para assegurar sua dignidade, cidadania e efetiva igualdade, garantidas constitucionalmente.(AU)


The study aimed to identify the arguments of the persuasion strategy of the speeches presented at the public hearing on the Action Against the Violation of Constitutional Fundamental Rights -ADPF 442, held in 2018, whose purpose was to discuss the voluntary interruption of pregnancy until the 12th week. To this end, a qualitative, analytical-descriptive, and documentary research was carried out. The object of analysis was the video recording of the hearing available on the YouTube platform, and in minutes drawn up by the STF, both of which are public. Based on a discourse analysis, the arguments used in the persuasion strategy were identified, which were systematized into four categories of arguments for each of the two identified groups: the group for and the group against the decriminalization of abortion. The first three categories, Mental Health, Law and Public Health, even with differences in the way of presenting the argument, are repeated in both groups. However, the fourth category, Assumptions, differed. In the group for the decriminalization of abortion, it was presented as Philosophical and Scientific Assumptions, whereas the group against, as Moral Assumptions. Finally, the defense of women's mental health was the main argument in a way of humanizing the suffering experienced by those who wish to have an abortion and do not find the support of the State to guarantee their dignity, citizenship, and effective equality, constitutionally guaranteed.(AU)


El estudio tuvo como objetivo identificar los argumentos de la estrategia de persuasión de los discursos presentados en la audiencia pública sobre el Argumento por Incumplimiento de un Percepto Fundamental -ADPF 442, realizada en 2018, con el objetivo de discutir la interrupción voluntaria del embarazo hasta la 12.ª semana. Para ello, se llevó a cabo una investigación cualitativa, analítico-descriptiva y documental. El objeto de análisis fue la grabación de la audiencia, que está disponible en la plataforma digital YouTube, y actas levantadas por el Supremo Tribunal Federal -STF, ambas de acceso público. A partir de un análisis del discurso se identificaron los argumentos utilizados en la estrategia de persuasión, los cuales se sistematizaron en cuatro categorías de argumentos para cada uno de los dos grupos identificados: el grupo pro y el grupo en contra de la despenalización del aborto. Las tres primeras categorías ("salud mental", "derecho" y "salud pública") aún con diferencias en la forma de presentar el argumento se repiten en ambos grupos. Pero difiere la cuarta categoría "supuestos". En el grupo a favor de la despenalización del aborto se presentó como "supuestos filosóficos y científicos", y en el grupo en contra, como "supuestos morales". Finalmente, la defensa de la salud mental de las mujeres fue el principal argumento en un intento por humanizar el sufrimiento que viven aquellas que desean abortar y no encuentran el apoyo del Estado para garantizar su dignidad, ciudadanía e igualdad efectiva, preconizadas por la Constitución.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Abortion, Criminal , Mental Health , Abortion , Anxiety , Pain , Parity , Pregnancy, Unwanted , Prejudice , Psychology , Public Policy , Rape , Religion , Reproduction , Safety , Audiovisual Aids , Sex , Sex Education , Sex Offenses , Social Behavior , Suicide , Obstetric Surgical Procedures , Torture , Violence , Public Administration , Unified Health System , Brazil , Pregnancy , Bereavement , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Abortion, Eugenic , Christianity , Women's Health , Patient Compliance , Civil Rights , Negotiating , Abortion, Induced , Condoms , Abortion, Legal , Communications Media , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Pregnancy Reduction, Multifetal , Contraceptive Devices , Contraceptive Devices, Male , Feminism , Life , Advertising , Crime , Personal Autonomy , Patient Rights , Legal Intervention , Death , Information Dissemination , Prenatal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena , Wedge Argument , Beginning of Human Life , Sexology , Depression , Reproductive Rights , Disease Prevention , Family Development Planning , Health of Specific Groups , Violence Against Women , Control and Sanitary Supervision of Equipment and Supplies , Cerebrum , Family Planning Services , Fertilization , Fetal Distress , Health Communication , Fetus , Social Networking , Reproductive Health , Sexual Health , Sexism , Social Discrimination , Help-Seeking Behavior , Public Service Announcements as Topic , Political Activism , Freedom , Sadness , Psychological Distress , Internet Use , Gender Equity , Citizenship , Document Analysis , Guilt , Human Rights , Anencephaly , Love , Mental Disorders , Morale
9.
Bull. W.H.O. (Online) ; 101(2): 111-120, 2023. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1414505

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the link between coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccination status and adherence to public health and social measures in Members of the Eastern Mediterranean Region and Algeria. Methods: We analysed two rounds of a large, cross-country, repeated cross-sectional mobile phone survey in June­July 2021 and October­November 2021. The rounds included 14 287 and 14 131 respondents, respectively, from 23 countries and territories. Questions covered knowledge, attitudes and practices around COVID-19, and demographic, employment, health and vaccination status. We used logit modelling to analyse the link between self-reported vaccination status and individuals' practice of mask wearing, physical distancing and handwashing. We used propensity score matching as a robustness check. Findings: Overall, vaccinated respondents (8766 respondents in round 2) were significantly more likely to adhere to preventive measures than those who were unvaccinated (5297 respondents in round 2). Odds ratios were 1.5 (95% confidence interval, CI: 1.3­1.8) for mask wearing; 1.5 (95% CI: 1.3­1.7) for physical distancing; and 1.2 (95% CI: 1.0­1.4) for handwashing. Similar results were found on analysing subsamples of low- and middle-income countries. However, in high-income countries, where vaccination coverage is high, there was no significant link between vaccination and preventive practices. The association between vaccination status and adherence to public health advice was sustained over time, even though self-reported vaccination coverage tripled over 5 months (19.4% to 62.3%; weighted percentages). Conclusion Individuals vaccinated against COVID-19 maintained their adherence to preventive health measures. Nevertheless, reinforcement of public health messages is important for the public's continued compliance with preventive measures.


Subject(s)
Therapeutics , Hand Disinfection , Public Health , Patient Compliance , Physical Distancing , COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Cross-Sectional Studies , Immunization , Algeria , Facial Masks
10.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1511715

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar a efetividade da relação interpessoal no cuidado de enfermagem e sua relação com as práticas de autocuidado geral e com os pés em pessoas com diabetes tipo 2. Método: estudo transversal, analítico, realizado em um Hospital Universitário, com 150 pessoas com diabetes tipo 2 que responderam ao Questionário relação interpessoal no cuidado de enfermagem, questionário de atividades de autocuidado com diabetes e questionário da avaliação da adesão ao autocuidado com os pés. Resultados: os resultados mostraram que a efetividade da relação interpessoal no cuidado variou de moderada a alta. Os escores do questionário mostraram significância comorbidades nefropatia, acidente vascular encefálico, aderir à dieta e receber orientações sobre cuidados som os pés. Conclusão: a relação interpessoal no cuidado efetiva pode fortalecer a criação de vínculos, a confiança e verbalização de sentimentos, contribuindo para melhoria na educação em diabetes e para adesão de comportamentos de autocuidado.


Objectives: to analyze the effectiveness of the interpersonal relationship in nursing care and its relationship with general self- care and foot care in people with type 2 diabetes. Method: this cross-sectional, analytical study was conducted at a University Hospital with 150 people with type 2 diabetes who answered the Interpersonal Relationship in Nursing Care Questionnaire, a questionnaire on self-care activities with diabetes, and a questionnaire to assess adherence to feet self-care. Results: the results showed that the effectiveness of the interpersonal relationship in care ranged from moderate to high. The questionnaire scores were significant with nephropathy comorbidities, cerebrovascular accident, diet adherence, and receiving foot care guidance. Conclusion: interpersonal relationships in effective care can strengthen bonding, trust, and verbalization of feelings, improving diabetes education and adherence to self-care behaviors.


Objetivos:analizar la efectividad de la relación interpersonal en el cuidado de enfermería y su relación con las prácticas generales de autocuidado y con los pies en personas con diabetes tipo 2. Método: estudio transversal, analítico, realizado en un Hospital Universitario, con 150 personas con diabetes tipo 2 que respondieron el Cuestionario de Relación Interpersonal en el Cuidado de Enfermería, cuestionario sobre actividades de autocuidado con diabetes y cuestionario para la evaluación de adherencia al autocuidado con los pies. Resultados:los resultados mostraron que la efectividad de la relación interpersonal en el cuidado varió de moderada a alta. Los puntajes del cuestionario mostraron significación con las comorbilidades de la nefropatía, el accidente cerebrovascular, la adherencia a la dieta y recibir orientación sobre el cuidado de los pies. Conclusión:la relación interpersonal en el cuidado efectivo puede fortalecer la creación del vínculo, la confianza y la verbalización de los sentimientos, contribuyendo para una mejoría en la educación en diabetes y la adherencia a las conductas de autocuidado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Diabetic Foot/nursing , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/nursing , Nurse-Patient Relations , Cross-Sectional Studies , Patient Compliance/psychology , Nursing Care
11.
Ann. afr. méd. (En ligne) ; 16(4): 5351-5362, 2023. tables, figures
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1512505

ABSTRACT

Le VIH est un fléau le plus meurtrier de l'histoire et les antirétroviraux demeurent une panacée. Cette étude cherche à identifier les facteurs associés à l'inobservance des personnes vivant avec le VIH (PVVIH) à la thérapie antirétrovirale (TARV). Méthodes L'étude transversale analytique a été menée au sein de la structure ActionsCommunautaires SIDA/ Avenir Meilleur pour les Orphelins. Elle a ciblé les PVVIH éligibles. L'échantillonnage non probabiliste du type occasionnel a été utilisé par la technique d'interview. Les analyses bivariée et multivariée ont été utilisées ainsi que la régression logistique par le logiciel SPSS version 16.0. Résultats 72 PVVIH ont été interviewées dont l'âge moyen était de 44 ans, avec un sex ratio de 2 femmes pour 1 homme. L'observance thérapeutique était de 55,6 %. Les facteurs associés à l'inobservance sont l'anxiété (51,4%), le stress, la mauvaise relation avec le soignant (44,4%), l'oubli (37,5%), la démotivation sexuelle (20,8%), la conscience personnelle (19,4%) et le manque de confidentialité (13,9%). Conclusion L'inobservance à la thérapie antirétrovirale constitue une problématique dans le contexte de la RDC. Il est important d'insister sur l'éducation thérapeutique dans le succès de la thérapie antirétrovirale


Subject(s)
Patient Compliance , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active , Therapeutics , Epidemiology , TATA-Binding Protein Associated Factors , HIV Testing
12.
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1560728

ABSTRACT

Considérée comme une stratégie efficace pour l'amélioration des indicateurs du développement socio-économique et démographique, la pratique de la planification familiale reste encore faible en Côte d'Ivoire. L'objectif de cette recherche estde déterminer les facteurs pouvant contribuerà rehausser le taux d'adhésion des femmes en âge de procréer à la pratique de la planification familiale.L'étude s'est déroulée à Yopougon. 212 femmes âgées de 15 à 45 ans ont été interrogées à l'aide d'un questionnaire.Le logiciel SPSS est sollicité pour le traitement des données notamment le calcul du Khi carré.Les résultats indiquent d'une part quel'avis du partenaire influence significativement la femme dans sa pratique de la planification familiale. D'autre part, les agents de santé constituent la source d'information significative la plus importante et la plus efficace dans la sensibilisation à la pratique du planning familial.


Considered an effective strategy for improving socio-economic and demographic development indicators, the practice of family planning is still low in Côte d'Ivoire. The objective of this research is to determine the factors that can contribute to raising the adherence rate of women of childbearing age to the practice of family planning.The study took place in Yopougon. 212 women aged 15 to 45 were interviewed using a questionnaire. SPSS software is used for data processing, in particular the calculation ofthe Chi square.The results indicate on the one hand that the opinion of the partner significantly influences the woman in her practice of family planning. On the other hand, health workers are the most important and effective source of significant information in raising awareness about the practice of family planning.


Subject(s)
Patient Compliance , Contraceptive Agents, Female
13.
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1561304

ABSTRACT

Cet article s'intéresse aux rôlesdes perceptionssocio-économiquesdansl'adhésion et lerecours à la Couverture Maladie Universelle(CMU)à Ziguinchor. En effet, la CMU est un programmenationald'assurance santé lancé en 2013 par le gouvernement du Sénégal. Ce programme s'appuie sur les mutuelles communautaires de santé pour s'étendre et se développer. La CMU offre aux populations exclues du système de protection sociale un accès financier aux soins et structures de santé par le moyen d'une assurance santé subventionnéepar l'Etat.S'appuyant sur une enquête par questionnaire auprès de 150 chefs de ménage, l'étude montre que les facteurs socio démographiques n'ont pas d'effet sur l'adhésion à la Couverture maladie Universelle à Ziguinchor. Au contraire, cette recherche montre d'une part qu'il y a un lien entre l'existence de besoins de soins dans le ménage et l'adhésion et d'autre part, lesdimensions socio-économiquessont très importantes pour l'adhésion et le recours aux services de la Couverture Maladie Universelle.


This article focuses on the roles of socio-economic perceptions in adherence to and use of Universal Health Coverage(UHC)in Ziguinchor. Indeed, the UHCis a national health insurance program launched in 2013 by the government of Senegal. This program relies on community health mutuals to expand and develop. It offers populations excluded from the social protection system financial access to health care and structures through subsidized health insurance.Based on a questionnaire survey of 150 heads of household, the study shows that socio-demographic factors have no effect on adherence to Universal Health Coverage in Ziguinchor. On the contrary, this research shows on the one hand that there is a link between the existence of care needs in the household and adherence and on the other hand, the socio-economic dimensions are very important for adherence. and the use of UniversalHealth Coverage services.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Surveys and Questionnaires , Universal Health Coverage , Community-Based Health Insurance , Insurance, Health , Senegal , Patient Compliance
14.
Ethiop. Med. j ; 61(2): 131-142, 2023. tables, figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1426892

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 outbreak response in Nigeria was challenged by the existing weak health sector and the frontline health workers for COVID-19 pandemic response are exposed to the pathogen. One militating factor undermining the control and prevention of COVID-19 in Nigeria was poor compliance to preventive measures. This study assessed the compliance with COVID-19 prevention protocols among healthcare workers in Federal Teaching Hospital, Ido-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria. Methods: A cross sectional study and subjects were selected through a multi-stage sampling technique. Data collection was done using interviewer-administered semi-structured questionnaire over a period of five months (JuneOctober, 2021). Data was analyzed using IBM, Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 27.0 and p value was set at <0.05 as the threshold for statistical significance. Results: Majority (60.1%), of the respondents got information on COVID-19 protocols through seminars and workshops. However, more than a quarter (28.8%) of the respondents said the use of available PPE was suboptimal. More than one-third, (35.8%), of respondents believe the protocols are too strict. There is, however, good perception (93.3%), but relatively lower compliance (58.7%) of COVID-19 protocols among the staff. Age, marital status and sex were associated with compliance towards COVID-19 protocols in this study (P<0.05). Identified significant predictors (p<0.05) of compliance include age (AOR=1.944), female sex (AOR=7.829). Conclusion: Most respondents had good knowledge of availability, perception of effectiveness, but relatively lower compliance with the COVID-19 protocols in this facility. The government or hospital authority make sure that necessary steps to further boost compliance are taken


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , Medical Staff, Hospital , Perception , Patient Compliance , Disease Prevention , Health Facilities
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982357

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Gastrointestinal endoscopy plays an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of gastrointestinal diseases. The satisfaction degree of gastrointestinal endoscopy can directly affect the patient's compliance and further impact the treating effect. At present, there is no scale to evaluate the satisfaction degree of gastrointestinal endoscopy in China. This study aims to develop a satisfaction scale of gastrointestinal endoscopy suitable for national conditions and to evaluate its reliability and validity, which provides a tool for clinic to evaluate patients' satisfaction with gastrointestinal endoscopy.@*METHODS@#The original gastrointestinal endoscopy satisfaction scale was compiled by literature review, consulting senior endoscopists and experts. Through the first round of survey about 120 patients, the original scale was analyzed and modified according to the results to get the gastrointestinal endoscopy satisfaction scale (formal scale). The formal scale was used to conduct the second round of survey about 200 patients. The reliability and validity of the scale were analyzed and evaluated according to the survey results.@*RESULTS@#The reliability of the original scale was good but the validity was poor. The formal scale had 2 dimensions and 10 items, the Cronbach's alpha and split-half reliability were 0.889 and 0.823. The structure validity index χ2/df was 2.513, root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) was 0.094, goodness of fit index (GFI) was 0.914, adjusted goodness of fit index (AGFI) was 0.861, comparative fit index (CFI) was 0.946, normed fit index (NFI) was 0.915. The aggregate validity was general, the discriminative validity was good, and the direct score of patients was strongly correlated with the total score of the scale.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The gastrointestinal endoscopy satisfaction scale has good reliability and validity, which can be used as a tool to evaluate patients' satisfaction with gastrointestinal endoscopy in China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reproducibility of Results , China , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Patient Compliance , Personal Satisfaction
16.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 41(3): 170-179, dic. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423689

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: En prevención secundaria cardiovascular, el control de los factores de riesgo es deficiente y la falta de adherencia terapéutica parece ser uno de los factores causales. El cumplimiento terapéutico se asocia a un 20% de disminución del riesgo de enfermedad cardiovascular y un 38% de disminución de mortalidad por cualquier causa. Sin embargo, la adherencia a los fármacos preventivos ronda el 50% al año después del alta hospitalaria, lo que multiplica por 3 el riesgo de mortalidad. Objetivos: Describir la adherencia a mediano plazo a tratamiento de prevención secundaria post síndrome coronario agudo de los pacientes adultos ingresados al Hospital Hernán Henríquez Aravena durante el año 2018. Determinar las características clínicas y sociodemográficas de la población y explorar las posibles causas asociadas a la falta de adherencia terapéutica en este grupo de pacientes. Métodos y Resultados: Se evaluaron 396 pacientes con síndrome coronario agudo en el Hospital Hernán Henríquez Aravena de Temuco durante el año 2018. La adherencia a terapia farmacológica se evaluó mediante el cuestionario de Morisky-Green de ocho ítems, aplicado vía telefónica. Se evaluó la asociación de variables clínicas y sociodemográficas con el nivel de adherencia mediante regresión ordinal y análisis de correspondencias. Resultados: Un 41.9% de los pacientes mantuvieron adherencia a la terapia a 2 años de seguimiento. Variables sociodemográficas como el bajo nivel educacional, la ruralidad, y la presencia de 1 o 2 apellidos mapuche se asociaron con baja adherencia a terapia farmacológica. Conclusión: La adherencia a medidas de prevención secundaria después del tratamiento por un síndrome coronario aguda es baja. Los principales factores relacionados a la falta de adherencia fueron el bajo nivel educacional y la ruralidad.


Background: a lack of therapeutic adherence to secondary prevention measures after acute coronary events leads to a poor control of risk factors. Adherence to treatment is associated with a reduction of 20% in the risk of cardiovascular disease and 38% reduction in all-cause mortality long term. However, adherence to drug therapy is about 50% a year after hospital discharge, which leads to an approximately three fold increase in mortality. Objectives: to describe the medium-term adherence to secondary prevention treatment following an acute coronary syndrome in adult patients admitted to a general hospital during 2018. In addition, to relate clinical and sociodemographic characteristics related to poor adherence and also to explore possible causes associated with the lack of therapeutic adherence in this group of patients. Methods: 396 patients treated for an acute coronary syndrome were followed after being discharged from the Hernán Henríquez Aravena Hospital in Temuco (Chile) during 2018. Adherence to pharmacological therapy was evaluated using the eight-item Morisky-Green questionnaire applied via phone call. The association of clinical and sociodemographic variables with the level of adherence was evaluated using ordinal regression and correspondence analysis. Results: Only 41.9% of patients maintained adherence to therapy at 2 years of follow-up. Low educational level, rurality, and the presence of 1 or 2 mapuche surnames were associated to poor adherence to drug therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome/prevention & control , Treatment Adherence and Compliance/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Surveys and Questionnaires , Follow-Up Studies , Patient Compliance/statistics & numerical data , Myocardial Ischemia/prevention & control , Secondary Prevention , Sociodemographic Factors
17.
Rev Enferm UFPI ; 11(1): e2846, 2022-12-31. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1519126

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever a regulação emocional, a percepção da doença e a adesão ao tratamento de brasileiros diagnosticados com hipertensão arterial. Método: Estudo transversal. A coleta ocorreu com 30 participantes, através de um questionário eletrônico, divulgado em redes sociais, com a versão brasileira do Difficulties in EmotionRegulation Scale, versão brasileira do Questionáriode Percepção de Doenças Versão Breve e Questionário de Adesão ao Tratamento da Hipertensão Arterial Sistêmica. Foram realizadas análises descritivas por meio do software IBM SPSS Statistics versão 25. Resultados: Amédia do somatório do instrumento de regulação emocional foi 81,4 ± 20,9. Sobre o instrumento de percepção da doença, a dimensão da eficácia do tratamento teve menor média (1,2± 1,9) e o instrumento de adesão ao tratamento anti-hipertensivo teve a média de 92,9 ± 6,9. Conclusão: Os participantes demonstraram ter maior dificuldade em se concentrar e realizar tarefas ao experimentar emoções negativas, percebem o tratamento com pouca relevância para a ameaça da doença e deixam de tomar a medicação, nos horários estabelecidos, ao menos uma vez por mês. Descritores: Hipertensão. Emoções. Cooperação do Paciente.


Objective: To describe the emotional regulation, disease perception, and treatment adherence of Brazilians diagnosed witharterialhypertension. Method: Across-sectional study. The collection occurred with 30 participants, through an electronic questionnaire, disseminated on social networks, with the Brazilian versionof the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale, the Brazilian version of the Questionnaire of Perception of Disease Brief Version,and the Questionnaire of Adherence to Treatment of Systemic Arterial Hypertension. Descriptive analyses were performed using IBM SPSS Statistics version 25software.Results: The mean sum of the emotional regulation instrument was 81.4 ± 20.9. On the disease perception instrument, the dimension of treatment efficacy had the lowest mean (1.2 ± 1.9) and the instrument of adherence to antihypertensive treatmenthad amean of 92.9 ± 6.9. Conclusion: Participants showed greater difficulty in concentrating and performing tasks when experiencing negative emotions, perceived the treatment with little relevance to the threat of the disease,and stopped taking medication at the established times, at least once a month. Descriptors:Hypertension. Emotions. Patient Compliance


Subject(s)
Patient Compliance , Emotions , Hypertension
18.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 13: 1-6, dez. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1413682

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar os fatores associados à adesão a terapia imunossupressora em indivíduos transplantados renais. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo de corte transversal, com indivíduos transplantados renais em acompanhamento ambulatorial, na cidade do Recife, Nordeste do Brasil. Utilizou-se a Assessment of Adherence with Immunosuppressive Medication Scale para avaliar a adesão aos imunossupressores. Resultados: Em 147 transplantados renais, foi observada uma prevalência de mulheres (51,70%) com baixa escolaridade e baixo nível socioeconômico (60,54%). A amostra foi composta, em sua maioria, por receptores de enxerto renal proveniente de doador cadáver (50,34%), com tempo de espera para o transplante de até 48 meses (62,59%). A taxa de adesão dos participantes foi de 56,42%, e esteve associada ao tempo médio pós-transplante (p=0,033), com maior índice naqueles com menos de 5 anos de transplante renal. Os fatores associados a não adesão foram atrasos e esquecimentos. Conclusão: Considerando a necessidade de ampliar a taxa de adesão, é fundamental considerar o tempo de transplante renal no planejamento das ações. Além disso, é preciso utilizar estratégias que auxiliem na manutenção da tomada dos imunossupressores conforme prescrição médica a fim de contribuir para a manutenção do enxerto renal. (AU)


Objective: To analyze the factors associated with adherence to immunosuppressive therapy in kidney transplant patients. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study, with kidney transplant patients undergoing outpatient follow-up, in the city of Recife, Northeast Brazil. The Assessment of Adherence with Immunosuppressive Medication Scale was used to assess adherence to immunosuppressants. Results: In 147 kidney transplant recipients, there was a prevalence of women (51,70%), with low education and low socioeconomic status (60,54%). The sample consisted, mostly, of kidney graft recipients from cadaver donors (50,34%), with a waiting time for transplantation of up to 48 months (62,59%). The adherence rate of the participants was 56.42%, and was associated with the average post-transplant time (p = 0.033), with a higher rate in those with less than 5 years of kidney transplantation. The factors associated with non-adherence were delays and forgetfulness. Conclusion: Considering the need to increase the adherence rate, it is essential to consider the time of kidney transplantation when planning actions. In addition, it is necessary to use strategies that assist in maintaining the intake of immunosuppressants according to medical prescription in order to contribute to the maintenance of the renal graft. (AU)


Objetivo: Analizar los factores asociados a la adherencia a la terapia inmunosupresora en receptores de trasplante renal. Métodos: Se trata de un estudio transversal con pacientes con trasplante renal en seguimiento ambulatorio, en la ciudad de Recife, noreste de Brasil. Se utilizó la Assessment of Adherence with Immunosuppressive Medication Scale para evaluar la adherencia a los inmunosupresores. Resultados: En 147 receptores de trasplante renal, hubo una prevalencia de mujeres (51,70%), con bajo nivel educativo y nivel socioeconómico bajo (60,54%). La muestra estuvo compuesta, mayoritariamente, por receptores de injerto renal de donante cadáver (50,34%), con un tiempo de espera para el trasplante de hasta 48 meses (62,59%). La tasa de adherencia de los participantes fue del 56,42% y se asoció con el tiempo medio pos trasplante (p = 0,033), con una tasa mayor en aquellos con menos de 5 años de trasplante renal. Los factores asociados a la no adherencia fueron los retrasos y el olvido. Conclusión: Considerando la necesidad de incrementar la tasa de adherencia, es fundamental considerar el momento del trasplante renal a la hora de planificar acciones. Además, es necesario utilizar estrategias que ayuden a mantener la ingesta de inmunosupresores según prescripción médica para contribuir al mantenimiento del injerto renal. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Immunosuppression Therapy , Kidney Transplantation , Medication Adherence , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Cross-Sectional Studies , Patient Compliance , Self Report
19.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 73(3): 265-273, July-Sept. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1408051

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivos: Evaluar la adherencia a las recomendaciones de tamización para la prevención de la sepsis neonatal, describir la prevalencia de colonización por estreptococo del grupo B y los desenlaces perinatales asociados a la colonización por esta bacteria. Materiales y métodos: Estudio de cohorte retrospectiva que incluyó gestantes a término y sus recién nacidos, en una clínica universitaria privada de alta complejidad en Bogotá, entre el 1 de julio y el 31 de diciembre de 2019. Se evaluó la adherencia a la tamización y a la profilaxis antibiótica intraparto para las gestantes colonizadas con EGB, la prevalencia de colonización y los desenlaces perinatales adversos tempranos. Resultados: Se incluyeron 1.928 mujeres. La adherencia a la tamización fue de 68,0 % (IC 95 %: 66-70,1), a la administración de antibióticos intraparto de 87,9 % (IC 95 %: 87,8 -88), pero hubo uso no indicado de antibióticos en 14,7 % de mujeres para una adherencia final a profilaxis antibiótica de 86,3 %. La prevalencia de colonización por EGB fue 12,5 % (IC 95 %: 10,7-14,3), la incidencia de hospitalización neonatal fue de 27,5 % (IC 95 %: 16,3-33,7); no hubo casos de mortalidad ni sepsis neonatal temprana atribuibles al estado de tamización, colonización o profilaxis antibiótica para EGB. Conclusiones: Se requieren nuevos estudios en otras instituciones para determinar la adherencia a esta guía, en especial en aquellas regiones que atienden usuarias adscritas al régimen subsidiado, con cobertura a la población más vulnerable, así como nuevos estudios poblacionales de prevalencia de EGB y costo-efectividad de la estrategia de tamización universal en comparación con la profilaxis antibiótica basada en factores de riesgo.


ABSTRACT Objectives: To assess adherence to screening recommendations for the prevention of neonatal sepsis, and describe the prevalence of colonization by Group B streptococcus (GBS) as well as the perinatal outcomes associated with colonization by this bacterium. Material and methods: Retrospective cohort study that included pregnant women at term and their newborns, seen at a private high-complexity clinic in Bogota, between July 1 and December 31, 2019. Adherence to screening and intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis in pregnant women colonized with group B streptococcus, as well as the prevalence of colonization and early adverse perinatal outcomes were assessed. Results: Overall, 1928 women were included. Adherence to screening was 68.0 % (95 % CI: 66-70.1) and 87.9 % to intrapartum antibiotic administration (95 % CI: 87.8-88); non-indicated use of antibiotics occurred in 14.7 % of the women, for 86.3 % final adherence to antibiotic prophylaxis. The prevalence of GBS colonization was 12.5 % (95 % CI: 10.7-14.3); the incidence of neonatal hospitalization was 27.5 % (95 % CI: 16.3-33.7). There were no cases of mortality or early neonatal sepsis attributable to screening status, colonization or prophylactic antibiotics for GBS. Conclusions: Additional studies in other centers are required in order to determine adherence to this guideline, particularly in those that receive users affiliated to the subsidized regime which covers the most vulnerable population. Also, new population studies of GBS prevalence and cost-effectiveness of universal screening compared to risk factor-based antibiotic prophylaxis are needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Young Adult , Streptococcal Infections/epidemiology , Streptococcus agalactiae , Mass Screening/statistics & numerical data , Patient Compliance , Neonatal Sepsis/prevention & control , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Colombia/epidemiology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
20.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 40(2): 107-120, 15 de junio 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1379494

ABSTRACT

Objective. To determine the effect of interdisciplinary discharge planning on treatment adherence and readmission in the patients undergoing coronary artery angioplasty in the south of Iran in 2020. Methods. This experimental study had an intervention group and a control group with pre-test and post-test. 70 patients participated in the study who were randomly divided into the groups (intervention group (n=35) and control group (n=35)). In the intervention group, discharge planning was performed based on an interdisciplinary approach. Treatment adherence before, immediately, and one month after the intervention was evaluated with a 10-question survey scored from 1 to 5 (maximum score = 50), as well as readmission three months after the discharge was examined in both groups. Results. Before the intervention, there was no statistically significant difference between the intervention and the control groups in the treatment adherence score (18.22 versus 17.37; p=0.84) but immediately and one month after the intervention statistically significant differences between the groups were showed (21.51 versus 46.14 and 23.28 versus 43.12, respectively; p<0.001). Within three months after discharge, the readmission rate was 11.4% in the control group, while no readmission was reported in the intervention group. Within three months after discharge, the readmission rate was 11.4% in the control group, while no readmission was reported in the intervention group. Conclusion. The implementation of interdisciplinary discharge planning had positive effects on treatment adherence and readmission rate in patients undergoing coronary artery angioplasty; therefore, it is suggested that health care system managers make the necessary plans to institutionalize this new educational approach for other patients discharge planning


Objetivo. Determinar el efecto de la planificación interdisciplinaria del alta en la adherencia al tratamiento y el reingreso en los pacientes sometidos a angioplastia de la arteria coronaria en el sur de Irán en 2020. Métodos. Este estudio experimental contó con un grupo de intervención y un grupo de control con evaluación pre-test y post-test. Participaron en el estudio 70 pacientes que se dividieron aleatoriamente en los grupos. En el grupo de intervención, la planificación del alta se realizó sobre la base de un enfoque interdisciplinario. En ambos grupos se examinó la adherencia al tratamiento antes, inmediatamente y un mes después de la intervención con una encuesta de 10 preguntas puntuadas de 1 a 5 (máximo puntaje = 50), así como el reingreso hasta tres meses después del alta. Resultados. Antes de la intervención, no hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre el grupo de intervención y el de control en la puntuación de la adherencia al tratamiento (18.22 versus 17.37; p=0.84), pero inmediatamente y un mes después de la intervención los grupos mostraron una diferencia estadísticamente significativa (21.51 versus 46.14 y 23.28 versus. 43.12, respectivamente; p<0.001). A los tres meses del alta, la tasa de reingreso fue del 11.4% en el grupo de control, mientras que no se registró ningún reingreso en el grupo de intervención. Conclusión. La aplicación de la planificación interdisciplinaria del alta tuvo efectos positivos la adherencia del tratamiento y la tasa de reingreso en los pacientes sometidos a angioplastia de las arterias coronarias; por lo tanto, se sugiere que los gestores del sistema sanitario hagan los planes necesarios para institucionalizar este nuevo enfoque educativo para la planificación del alta de otros pacientes


Objetivo. Determinar o efeito do planejamento de alta interdisciplinar na adesão ao tratamento e readmissão em pacientes submetidos à angioplastia de artéria coronária no sul do Irã em 2020. Métodos. Este estudo experimental contou com um grupo intervenção e um grupo controle com avaliação pré-teste e pós-teste. Participaram do estudo 70 pacientes que foram divididos aleatoriamente em grupos. No grupo intervenção, o planejamento da alta foi realizado com base na abordagem interdisciplinar. Em ambos os grupos, a adesão ao tratamento foi examinada antes, imediatamente e um mês após a intervenção com um questionário de 10 questões pontuadas de 1 a 5 (pontuação máxima = 50), bem como a readmissão até três meses após a alta. Resultados. Antes da intervenção, não houve diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os grupos intervenção e controle na pontuação de adesão ao tratamento (18.22 vr. 17.37; p = 0.84), mas imediatamente e um mês após a intervenção os grupos apresentaram diferença estatisticamente significativa (21.51 vr. 46.14 e 23.28 vr. 43.12, respectivamente; p <0.001). Aos três meses após a alta, a taxa de readmissão foi de 11.4% no grupo de controle, enquanto nenhuma readmissão foi registrada no grupo de intervenção. Conclusão. A aplicação do planejamento de alta interdisciplinar teve efeitos positivos na adesão ao tratamento e na taxa de readmissão em pacientes submetidos à angioplastia de artéria coronária; portanto, sugere-se que os gestores do sistema de saúde façam os planos necessários para institucionalizar essa nova abordagem educativa para o planejamento da alta de outros pacientes


Subject(s)
Humans , Patient Discharge , Patient Readmission , Patient Compliance , Angioplasty , Interprofessional Relations
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