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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(3): e202310204, jun. 2024. tab, gráf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1554934

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El descenso de las coberturas de vacunación fue muy significativo en la última década. Los pediatras son una pieza fundamental para recuperar coberturas y aumentar la confianza en la vacunación. Objetivos. Describir la percepción de los pediatras acerca del conocimiento y prácticas sobre vacunas, e identificar barreras en el acceso. Métodos. Estudio analítico observacional, mediante encuesta en línea. Se incluyeron variables del perfil del profesional, capacitación y barreras en inmunizaciones. Resultados. Participaron 1696 pediatras (tasa de respuesta: 10,7 %), media de 50,4 años. El 78,7 % fueron mujeres. El 78,2 % contaba con ≥10 años de ejercicio profesional. El 78,4 % realizaba atención ambulatoria y el 56,0 % en el subsector privado. El 72,5 % realizó una capacitación en los últimos 2 años. Se manifestaron "capacitados" para transmitir a sus pacientes los beneficios de las vacunas: 97,2 %; objetivos de campañas: 87,7 %; contraindicaciones: 82,4 %; efectos adversos: 78,9 %; recupero de esquemas: 71,2 %; notificación de ESAVI: 59,5 %. La proporción fue estadísticamente superior, en todos los aspectos, en pediatras con ≥10 años de ejercicio y en aquellos con capacitación reciente (p ≤ 0,01). Barreras identificadas en el acceso a la vacunación: falsas contraindicaciones (62,3 %); falta temporaria de vacunas (46,4 %); motivos culturales (41,4 %); horario restringido del vacunatorio (40,6 %). Conclusiones. La percepción del grado de capacitación fue variable según el aspecto de la vacunación. Aquellos con mayor tiempo de ejercicio profesional y con actualización reciente se manifestaron con mayor grado de capacidad. Se identificaron múltiples barreras frecuentes asociadas al acceso en la vacunación.


Introduction. The decline in vaccination coverage has been very significant in the past decade. Pediatriciansplay a key role in catching-up coverage and increasing confidence in vaccination. Objectives. To describe pediatricians' perceptions of vaccine knowledge and practices and to identify barriers to access. Methods. Observational, analytical study using an online survey. Variables related to professional profile, training and barriers to vaccination were included. Results. A total of 1696 pediatricians participated (response rate: 10.7%). Their mean age was 50.4 years; 78.7% were women; 78.2% had ≥ 10 years of experience; 78.4% provided outpatient care and 56.0%, in the private subsector; and 72.5% received training in the past 2 years. Respondents described themselves as "trained" in convey the following aspects to their patients: benefits of vaccines: 97.2%; campaign objectives: 87.7%; contraindications: 82.4%; adverse effects: 78.9%; catchup vaccination: 71.2%; reporting of events supposedly attributable to vaccination or immunization: 59.5%. The proportion was statistically higher in all aspects, among pediatricians with ≥ 10 years of experience and those who received training recently (p ≤ 0.01). The barriers identified in access to vaccination were false contraindications (62.3%), temporary vaccine shortage (46.4%), cultural reasons (41.4%), and restricted vaccination center hours (40.6%). Conclusions. The perception of the level of training varied depending on the vaccination-related aspect. Pediatricians with more years of professional experience and those who received recent updates perceivedthemselves as more trained. Multiple barriers associated with access to vaccination were identified.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Vaccines , Vaccination , Perception , Argentina , Surveys and Questionnaires , Pediatricians
2.
Med. infant ; 30(4): 358-365, Diciembre 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1524215

ABSTRACT

La plagiocefalia posicional (PP) es una de las causas más frecuentes de consulta en neurocirugía pediátrica. La incidencia de PP aumentó en los '90, a partir de la campaña Dormir de espaldas. Junto con el aumento de la demanda de atención, se verifica un debate acerca de la eficacia de los distintos tratamientos. La interacción padres ­ pediatra orientada a elegir la mejor terapéutica adquiere importancia, particularmente cuando se trata de decisiones sensibles a la preferencia. Es necesario saber más acerca de la naturaleza de la toma de decisiones de tratamiento de PP, para contribuir al desarrollo de procesos decisorios eficaces. Se realizó una revisión narrativa sobre investigaciones en toma de decisiones de tratamiento en PP. Se identificaron artículos en PubMed y Google Scholar (1990 ­ 2022) en una búsqueda con los descriptores "plagiocephaly", "decision making" y "parents". Se incluyeron artículos cuyo tema central fuera la toma de decisiones en PP, o que la desarrollaran como parte de otro tema. Se excluyeron trabajos en los que la toma de decisiones aparece de modo secundario o tangencial. Se encontraron 3 artículos con distintos diseños metodológicos, en los que la severidad de la presentación, los elementos socioculturales y emocionales, y los aspectos relacionados con el tratamiento son los factores más implicados en la toma de decisiones. Las relaciones entre la ansiedad parental, las expectativas de tratamiento y la percepción subjetiva de la PP, y el rol del pediatra como proveedor de información válida y confiable son temas que necesitan de ulterior investigación (AU)


Positional plagiocephaly (PP) is one of the main reasons for consultation in pediatric neurosurgery. The incidence of PP increased in the 1990s, after the "Back to Sleep" campaign. Concurrently, the growing demand for care has led to a debate regarding the effectiveness of the different treatments. The parent-pediatrician interaction is aimed at choosing the best therapeutic approach becomes important, particularly when it comes to preference-sensitive decisions. There is a need to better understand the nature of PP treatment decision-making in order to contribute to the development of effective decisionmaking processes. In this narrative review, we evaluated the research on treatment decision-making in PP. Articles were identified in PubMed and Google Scholar (1990 - 2022) using the search terms "plagiocephaly", "decision-making" and "parents". Articles were included if their central theme was decision-making in PP, or if they developed it as part of another subject. We excluded articles in which decision-making appeared in a secondary or tangential way. Three articles were identified with different methodological designs, in which the severity of the presentation, sociocultural and emotional aspects, and aspects related to treatment were the factors most implicated in decision making. The relationships between parental anxiety, treatment expectations, subjective perception of PP, and the role of the pediatrician as a provider of valuable and reliable information are topics that require further investigation (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Parents/psychology , Decision Making , Plagiocephaly, Nonsynostotic/therapy , Pediatricians , Head Protective Devices
3.
Rev. Ciênc. Saúde ; 13(2): 52-58, Junho 2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1444168

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto da pandemia de COVID-19 na produção ambulatorial de pediatras e odontopediatras no Sistema Único de Saúde do Brasil (SUS). Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo ecológico com abordagem analítica e quantitativa, usando dados de domínio público do Departamento de Informática do SUS. Foram recuperadas as quantidades mensais de profissionais que atuaram no SUS, a quantidade de procedimentos ambulatoriais de cada categoria profissional e a projeção de residentes de zero a 13 anos para normalizá-la. Os dados foram comparados entre os períodos pré-pandemia (2018-2020) e pandêmicos (2020-2022), com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Houve uma redução significativa na quantidade mensal de procedimentos ambulatoriais realizados no SUS pelos pediatras no primeiro e no segundo ano pandêmico de COVID-19 quando comparados ao período pré-pandemia (p < 0,001 e < 0,002, respectivamente). Tal redução representa uma redução mediana percentual de -57,1% (IC95% -51,3%; -71,7%) no primeiro e -22,3% (IC95% -0,55%; -31,5%) no segundo ano pandêmico. Em relação aos odontopediatras, redução significativa foi observada somente entre o período pré-pandemia e o primeiro ano pandêmico (p < 0,001), representando -82.0% (IC95% -73,4%; -93,6%). Além disso, observou-se uma correlação significativa, positiva e moderada entre a produtividade de ambas as categorias profissionais no SUS durante todo o período investigado (p < 0,001; ρ = 0,744). Conclusão: A pandemia de COVID-19 afetou negativamente a oferta de cuidado ambulatorial médico-odontológico especializado para crianças no SUS


Objective: To evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the outpatient production of pediatricians and pediatric dentists in the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS). Methods: An ecological study was conducted with an analytical and quantitative approach using public domain data from the SUS Department of Informatics. The monthly number of professionals who worked in the SUS, the number of outpatient procedures in each category, and the projection of residents from zero to thirteen years old to normalize it were retrieved. Data were compared by pre-pandemic (2018-2020) and pandemic (2020-2022) periods with a significance level of 5%. Results: There was a significant reduction in the monthly number of outpatient procedures performed in the SUS by pediatricians in the first and second pandemic years of COVID-19 compared to the pre-pandemic period (p < 0.001 and 0.002, respectively). This reduction represents a median percentage reduction of -57.1% (95%CI -51.3%, -71.7%) in the first and -22.3% (95%CI -0.55%, -31.5%) in the second pandemic year. Regarding pediatric dentists, a significant reduction was observed only between the pre-pandemic period and the first pandemic year (p < 0.001), representing -82.0% (95%CI -73.4%, -93.6%). Moreover, a significant positive and moderate correlation was observed between the productivity of both professional categories in the SUS throughout the investigated period (p < 0.001, ρ= 0.744). Conclusion: The COVID-19 pandemic negatively affected the provision of specialized medical and dental outpatient care for children in the SUS


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , COVID-19 , Pediatricians , Access to Primary Care
5.
Montevideo; Plus-Ultra; 2023. 387 p. ilus.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1437882
6.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 56-63, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980496

ABSTRACT

Background@#Dental caries is a tolerated and overlooked chronic disease in the Philippines. The 2018 National Survey on Oral Health of the Department of Health found that 85.2% of Filipino children aged five years old have dental caries. Prevention and management of this disease can be established early with better collaborations between dental professionals and pediatricians who generally see children promptly in their well-baby check-ups.@*Objective@#The study aimed to evaluate pediatricians' knowledge, attitude, and practices on dental caries prevention among their child patients.@*Method@#A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in March 2017 among pediatricians working in a tertiary public hospital in Metro Manila through a self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire gathered data on knowledge about dental caries prevention, attitude towards the importance of dental screening and oral hygiene instructions, and dental health practices.@*Results@#Among the 122 participants, 67.8% scored high in the oral health knowledge part, 85.0% revealed a positive attitude toward dental caries prevention, and many claimed that they frequently included dental caries risk assessment and preventive oral health education in their clinical practices.@*Conclusion@#Most pediatricians had high knowledge and a positive attitude toward dental caries prevention, although responses varied in the practice component. It will be valuable to continue improving the oral health proficiency of pediatricians to benefit early dental caries prevention in young patients.


Subject(s)
Knowledge , Attitude , Dental Caries , Pediatricians , Philippines
7.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e254081, 2023. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1440799

ABSTRACT

Este artigo pretende conhecer como a rede de cuidados em saúde tem se operacionalizado a partir da percepção de familiares de crianças com demanda de cuidado em saúde mental (SM). Foram realizados dois grupos focais, um com familiares da Atenção Básica (AB) e outro com familiares do Centro de Atenção Psicossocial Infantojuvenil (CAPSij), totalizando 15 participantes. Seguiu-se com a análise lexical do tipo classificação hierárquica descendente, com o auxílio do software R Interface, a fim de análises multidimensionais de textos e questionários (IRaMuTeQ), resultando em cinco classes: A Pílula Mágica; Forças e Fraquezas dos serviços; Procurando por ajuda; Aceitando o diagnóstico da criança e Onde procurei ajuda. Os resultados apontam para dificuldades presentes na AB em identificar e manejar situações de Saúde Mental Infantojuvenil (SMIJ), por meio de uma lógica ainda medicalizante. Ressalta-se que a escola é apresentada como lugar de destaque na produção da demanda por cuidado e a família ainda é pouco convocada à construção das ações. Conclui-se, então, que avanços ainda são necessários para operacionalização de um cuidado pautado nas diretrizes da política de SMIJ.(AU)


This article aims to know how the healthcare network has been operationalized from the perception of family members of children with demand for mental health care (MH). Two focus groups were held, one with family members from Primary Care (PC) and the other with family members from the Child Psychosocial Care Center (CAPSij), totaling 15 participants. A lexical analysis of the descending hierarchical classification type was performed with the help of the software R Interface for multidimensional analyzes of texts and questionnaires (IRAMUTEQ), resulting in five classes: The Magic Pill; Strengths and Weaknesses of services; Looking for help; Accepting the child's diagnosis; and Where did I look for help. The results point to difficulties present in PC in identifying and managing situations of mental health in children and adolescents (MHCA), with a medicalization logic. Note that the school is presented as a prominent place in producing the demand for care, and the family is still not very much involved in the actions. It is, thus, concluded that advances are still needed for operationalization of care guided by MHCA policy guidelines.(AU)


Este artículo tuvo por objetivo conocer cómo opera una red asistencial a partir de la percepción de familiares de niños con demanda de atención en salud mental (SM). Se realizaron dos grupos focales, uno con familiares de Atención Primaria (AP) y otro con familiares del Centro de Atención Psicosocial Infantojuvenil (CAPSij), totalizando 15 participantes. Se realizó análisis léxico del tipo clasificación jerárquica descendente con la ayuda del software Interface de R pour les Analyses Multidimensionnelles de Textes et de Questionnaires (IRAMUTEQ), lo que resultó en cinco clases: "La píldora mágica"; "Fortalezas y debilidades de los servicios"; "En busca de ayuda"; "Aceptar el diagnóstico del niño" y "¿Dónde busqué ayuda?". Los resultados apuntan las dificultades presentes en AP para identificar y manejar situaciones de salud mental infantojuvenil (SMIJ) mediante una lógica aún medicalizante. La escuela tiene un lugar destacado en la producción de la demanda de cuidados y la familia aún no está muy involucrada en la construcción de acciones. Se concluye que se necesitan avances para ofertar una atención guiada por lineamientos de la política del SMIJ.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Child , Adolescent , Intersectoral Collaboration , Mental Health Assistance , Health Policy , Anxiety Disorders , Parents , Patient Escort Service , Pediatrics , Play and Playthings , Play Therapy , Prejudice , Professional-Family Relations , Professional-Patient Relations , Proprioception , Psychoanalysis , Psychology , Psychomotor Disorders , Psychotherapy , Psychotic Disorders , Referral and Consultation , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity , Self Care , Autistic Disorder , Social Alienation , Social Environment , Social Isolation , Social Support , Socialization , Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms , Therapeutics , Violence , Mainstreaming, Education , Shyness , Neurosciences , Adaptation, Psychological , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Health Centers , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy , Comorbidity , Child Advocacy , Child Behavior Disorders , Child Care , Child Development , Developmental Disabilities , Child Language , Occupational Therapy , Cognition , Communication Disorders , Neurobehavioral Manifestations , Stereotypic Movement Disorder , Behavioral Disciplines and Activities , Disabled Children , Affect , Crying , Aggression , Dermatitis, Contact , Diagnosis , Dissociative Disorders , Dyslexia , Echolalia , Education , Education of Intellectually Disabled , Education, Special , Emotions , Family Conflict , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Medication Adherence , Apathy , Acceptance and Commitment Therapy , Emotional Adjustment , Literacy , Neurodevelopmental Disorders , Autism Spectrum Disorder , Orientation, Spatial , Applied Behavior Analysis , Cognitive Remediation , Emotion-Focused Therapy , Pediatricians , Data Analysis , Sadness , Psychological Distress , Social Interaction , Health Services Accessibility , Human Rights , Hyperkinesis , Intelligence , Interpersonal Relations , Anger , Language Disorders , Learning , Learning Disabilities , Loneliness , Malpractice , Mental Disorders , Intellectual Disability , Nervous System Diseases , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
8.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 94(4)dic. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1441815

ABSTRACT

La fecundidad adolescente en Cuba es elevada y muestra resistencia a su reducción en los últimos años a pesar de las acciones realizadas. Para promover una sexualidad responsable en los adolescentes, se requiere de un diferente y particular accionar de los pediatras. El objetivo de esta colaboración es aportar elementos que sensibilicen e involucren a los pediatras cubanos para que ofrezcan orientación a los adolescentes sobre el ejercicio de una sexualidad plena, libre y responsable, que contribuya a la reducción de la fecundidad y al cuidado integral de la salud sexual y reproductiva. El método utilizado fue la revisión de las legislaciones vigentes y las recomendaciones de varias sociedades internacionales de pediatría, respecto a la función e importancia de la especialidad en la prevención del embarazo adolescente. Se destacan las ventajas del pediatra para la prevención de la fecundidad adolescente, se explican las habilidades que deben adquirir para informar y orientar a los adolescentes, se analizan las barreras que debe favorecer el acceso del adolescente a la prevención de la fecundidad y se exponen las recomendaciones específicas para su actuación Se concluye que los pediatras cubanos pueden contribuir a la reducción de la fecundidad y mejorar el cuidado integral de la salud sexual y reproductiva de los adolescentes(AU)


Adolescent fertility in Cuba is high and shows resistance to its reduction in recent years despite the actions taken. To promote responsible sexuality in adolescents, a different and particular action of pediatricians is required. The objective of this collaboration is to provide elements that sensitize and involve Cuban pediatricians to offer guidance to adolescents on the exercise of a full, free and responsible sexuality, which contributes to the reduction of fertility and comprehensive care of sexual and reproductive health. The method used was the review of current legislation and the recommendations of several international pediatric societies, regarding the role and importance of the specialty in the prevention of adolescent pregnancy. The advantages of the pediatrician for the prevention of adolescent fertility are highlighted, the skills they must acquire to inform and guide adolescents are explained, the barriers that the pediatrician must face to favor the access of adolescents to prevent fertility are analyzed, and the specific recommendations for the action of the pediatrician in the prevention of adolescent fertility are exposed. It is concluded that Cuban pediatricians can contribute to the reduction of fertility and improve the comprehensive care of sexual and reproductive health of adolescents(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Physician's Role , Fertility , Reproductive Health/education , Pediatricians , Sex Counseling/trends , Nurses, Pediatric/education
9.
Ludovica Pediatr ; 25(2): 18-26, dic.2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1414510

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los trabajadores de la salud (TS) poseen la mayor exposición laboral al contagio SARS-CoV-2. Los residentes forman parte fundamental de los servicios de salud por lo que no se encuentran exentos del impacto físico, psíquico, social y económico negativo producido por la pandemia por COVID-19. Objetivo: : Describir el impacto epidemiológico de la enfermedad profesional por COVID-19 en médicos residentes de pediatría. Material y métodos: Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal en médicos residentes de pediatría del H.I.A.E.P "Sor María Ludovica". El período comprendido en el estudio fue del 01/10/2020 al 30/09/2021. Se evaluaron los siguientes datos: género, edad, antecedentes personales, vacunación, cuadro clínico, métodos diagnósticos, aislamientos epidemiológicos, evolución y licencias tramitadas. Los datos fueron registrados por la jefatura de residentes. Resultados: 143 casos sospechosos de COVID-19, de ellos 30 resultaron confirmados de COVID-19. La edad media de los enfermos fue de 31 años (26-46 años) de los cuales 14 (47%) no estaban vacunados contra SARS COV-2, 11 (36%) estaban completamente inmunizados y 5 (17%) tenían calendario incompleto. 2 casos (6,6%) reportaron comorbilidad previa. Se realizaron pruebas de laboratorio en 130 de los 143 casos. 13 casos se descartaron por criterio clínico. La tasa de positividad fue 23,1%. 26 casos fueron confirmados por laboratorio y 4 casos mediante criterio clínico epidemiológico. Todos los casos fueron leves y evolucionaron favorablemente. Fueron gestionadas 326 licencias relacionadas a la pandemia por COVID-19 que significaron la pérdida de 2.830 días laborales. Conclusión: En el presente estudio se evidenció una alta tasa de incidencia de COVID-19 en residentes de pediatría en un año: 23,1%


Introduction: Health workers (HCWs) have the highest occupational exposure to SARS-CoV-2 contagion. Residents are a fundamental part of health services, so they are not exempt from the negative physical, psychological, social and economic impact caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. Objectives: To describe the epidemiological impact of the occupational disease by COVID-19 in resident pediatricians. Material and methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study in pediatric residents of the H.I.A.E.P "Sor María Ludovica". The period covered by the study was from 10/01/2020 to 09/30/2021. The following data were evaluated: gender, age, personal history, vaccination, clinical picture, diagnostic methods, epidemiological isolates, evolution and licenses processed. The data was recorded by the head of residents. Results: 143 suspected cases of COVID-19, of which 30 were confirmed to be COVID-19. The mean age of the patients was 31 years (26-46 years), of which 14 (47%) were not vaccinated against SARS COV.-2, 11 (36%) were fully immunized and 5 (17%) had an incomplete schedule. 2 cases (6.6%) reported previous comorbidity. Laboratory tests were performed in 130 of the 143 cases. 13 cases were ruled out based on clinical criteria. The positivity rate was 23.1%. 26 cases were confirmed by laboratory and 4 cases by clinical epidemiological criteria. All cases were mild and evolved favorably. 326 licenses related to the COVID-19 pandemic were managed, which meant the loss of 2,830 working days. Conclusion: In the present study, a high rate of incidence of COVID-19 was evidenced in pediatric residents in one year: 23.1%


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Occupational Exposure/statistics & numerical data , Pediatricians/statistics & numerical data , COVID-19/epidemiology , Internship and Residency/statistics & numerical data , Argentina/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Incidence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Vaccination/statistics & numerical data , Sick Leave/statistics & numerical data
12.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(4): 288-288, Agosto 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1373115
13.
14.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(3): 158-166, junio 2022. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1368135

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Existen estudios que dan cuenta del uso extendido de la medicina tradicional (MT) en diversos países. La formación del pediatra es escasa en este campo. Objetivo. Describir las características de la MT utilizada por los pacientes de un hospital pediátrico de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires. Población y métodos. Diseño cualitativo, basado en la teoría fundada. Entrevista a cuidadores de niños de 0 a 11 años. Resultados. Se entrevistaron 30 personas de diferentes colectividades, la gran mayoría mujeres amas de casa. Casi la totalidad refirió haber utilizado la MT. La fuente de recomendación más utilizada fue la familia. En general, el uso de la MT precede a la consulta a un médico del sistema de salud. Se acude a la MT por entidades definidas por la medicina convencional, pero también por otras propias, como pata de cabra, ojeo y empacho. Las prácticas terapéuticas incluyen la administración de preparados a base de plantas, infusiones, caldos, como también rituales conducidos por curanderos. Todos los usuarios refirieron una valoración positiva de la MT. Una gran parte de los entrevistados consideró importante que el médico conozca y pregunte sobre ella. Todos refirieron que su uso no fue abordado en consultas previas. Conclusiones. La MT se extiende como conocimiento y/o práctica en toda la población estudiada y forma parte de su vida cotidiana. Los métodos utilizados son muy diversos, así como las situaciones para las que se utiliza; las principales causas son de origen gastrointestinal y respiratoria. No es abordada en la consulta pediátrica, pero sus usuarios desearían que lo fuera.


Introduction. Several studies have reported on the widespread use of traditional medicine (TM) in different countries. Pediatricians receive scarce training in this field. Objective. To describe the characteristics of TM used by patients attending a children's hospital in the City of Buenos Aires. Population and methods. Qualitative design based on grounded theory. Interview with caregivers of children aged 0-11 years. Results. Thirty people from different communities were interviewed, mostly homemakers. Almost all referred having used TM. The most common source of recommendation was the family. In general, TM use precedes the visit to a physician in the health system. TM is used to manage conditions defined by conventional medicine, but also to treat folk illnesses such as Simeon's disease, evil eye, and indigestion. Therapeutic practices include plant-based preparations, infusions, broths, as well as other rituals performed by folk healers. All users had a positive opinion about TM. Most interviewees considered that physicians should know and ask about TM. All participants referred that its use had not been addressed in prior visits. Conclusions. TM spreads as knowledge and/ or practice across the studied population and is part of everyday life. TM methods vary greatly, as well as the conditions for which it is used; the main reasons for use included gastrointestinal and respiratory conditions. It is not addressed in pediatric visits, but users wish it was.


Subject(s)
Humans , Physicians , Medicine, Traditional , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Pediatricians , Hospitals, Pediatric
15.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(3): 195-199, junio 2022.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1368230

ABSTRACT

La revolución digital que se produjo con la llegada de la web 2.0 y el advenimiento de las redes sociales, ha cambiado la forma de comunicación entre los seres humanos, y la relación médico-paciente no escapa a este nuevo ecosistema. La génesis de una identidad digital es fundamental para poder participar como comunicadores en las redes sociales, pero el profesionalismo digital debe enmarcarse en las recomendaciones de buena práctica con marcos ético-legales bien definidos. El objetivo de este documento es brindar herramientas para el buen uso de las redes sociales y la presencia digital, considerando el cuidado de la imagen personal y de la información que se difunde.


The digital revolution resulting from the emergence of the Web 2.0 and the arrival of social media have changed how humanbeings communicate, and the physician patient relationship is not an exception to this new environment. The origin of a digital identity is critical for our participation in social media as social communicators, but digital professionalism should be framed within good practice recommendations with well-defined legal and ethical outlines. The objective of this article is to provide tools for the adequate use of social media and digital presence, taking the protection of personalimage and disseminated information into consideration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Social Media , Professionalism , Pediatricians
17.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 93(1): e204, jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1383644

ABSTRACT

Introducción: en los últimos años el incremento de vegetarianos es considerable. Se debe tener cautela al incorporar este tipo de dietas en la población pediátrica. No son contempladas en las actuales guías de nutrición nacionales, generando incertidumbre al realizar recomendaciones. Objetivo: describir los conocimientos sobre dietas vegetarianas en niños por parte de médicos pediatras, posgrados y residentes socios de la Sociedad Uruguaya de Pediatría en el período de junio-setiembre 2020. Determinar la necesidad de incorporar dietas vegetarianas a las guías uruguayas de nutrición pediátrica por parte de los encuestados. Material y método: estudio observacional descriptivo, tipo encuesta transversal, en el período entre junio y setiembre de 2020. Los criterios de inclusión fueron médicos residentes/posgrados en pediatría y pediatras de la Sociedad Uruguaya de Pediatría, de Montevideo y el interior del país. La fuente de datos fue una encuesta online anónima. El análisis de datos fueron frecuencias relativas y absolutas para variables cualitativas. Resultados: se enviaron 1.080 encuestas online, de las que se incluyeron 119. Sobre la autopercepción en el conocimiento de los encuestados, el 58,0% se calificó dentro del rango medio. Acerca del concepto de dieta ovolactovegetariana, 63,9% seleccionó la opción correcta. Más de 50,0% respondió correctamente acerca de conocimientos sobre nutrientes en la mayoría de los ítems. Iniciar estas dietas en la alimentación complementaria fue desaconsejado por el 58% de los socios. Un 79,8% pretende adquirir más conocimientos del tema. Conclusiones: más de la mitad de los profesionales tiene los conocimientos correctos acerca de la correcta planificación y suplementación de dietas vegetarianas en niños. Se destaca la necesidad de incluir dietas vegetarianas en las guías de alimentación pediátrica en territorio uruguayo.


Introduction: the number of vegetarian people has increased considerably in recent years. Caution is suggested when incorporating this type of diet to the pediatric population. This diet has not been contemplated in the current national nutritional guidelines, generating uncertainty among pediatricians when making recommendations. Objective: describe the knowledge Pediatric Physicians and graduate / resident members of the Uruguayan Society of Pediatrics have regarding vegetarian diets in children during the period June-September 2020. Determine the need of the participants of the survey to incorporate vegetarian diet information into the Uruguayan Pediatric Nutritional Guidelines. Materials and methods: descriptive observational study, cross-sectional survey carried out from June to September 2020. The inclusion criteria included resident doctors / postgraduate pediatricians and pediatricians from the Uruguayan Society of Pediatrics of Montevideo and the interior of the country. The data source was an anonymous online survey. The data analyses were relative and absolute frequencies of qualitative variables. Results: 1.080 online surveys were sent and 119 were included. Regarding the respondents' self-perception of knowledge, 58.0% were rated within the medium range. Regarding the concept of lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet, 63.9% selected the correct option. Regarding knowledge about nutrients, we obtained more than 50.0% of correct answers in most of the items. Starting these diets as supplementary food was discouraged by 58% of the participants. 79.8% expressed the intention to acquire more knowledge regarding the subject. Conclusions: more than half of the professionals have the correct knowledge about the correct planning and supplementation of vegetarian diets in children. They stressed the need to include vegetarian diets in pediatric food guidelines in Uruguay.


Introdução: nos últimos anos, o aumento das pessoas vegetarianas tem sido considerável. Deve-se ter cuidado ao incorporar esse tipo de dieta na população pediátrica. Ela não está incluída nas atuais diretrizes nacionais de nutrição, gerando incerteza nos pediatras no momento de fazer recomendações. Objetivo: descrever o conhecimento sobre dietas vegetarianas em crianças dos Pediatras e pós-graduados/residentes da Sociedade Uruguaia de Pediatria no período de junho a setembro de 2020 para poder determinar a necessidade de incorporar dietas vegetarianas às diretrizes nutricionais pediátricas uruguaias. Material e métodos: estudo observacional descritivo, tipo de pesquisa transversal realizada no período de junho a setembro de 2020. Os critérios de inclusão foram médicos residentes/pós-graduados em pediatria e pediatras da Sociedade Uruguaia de Pediatria, Montevidéu e interior do país. A fonte de dados foi uma pesquisa on-line anônima sobre a necessidade de incorporar dietas vegetarianas às diretrizes uruguaias para nutrição pediátrica. As análises dos dados foram frequências relativas e absolutas de variáveis qualitativas. Resultados: 1.080 pesquisas online foram enviadas e 119 foram incluídas. Quanto à autopercepção de conhecimento dos entrevistados, 58,0% foram avaliados dentro da faixa média. Quanto ao conceito de dieta lacto-ovo-vegetariana, 63,9% selecionaram a opção correta. Quanto ao conhecimento sobre nutrientes, obtivemos mais de 50,0% das respostas corretas na maioria dos itens. O início dessas dietas como alimentos suplementares foi desencorajado por 58% dos participantes. 79,8% expressaram a intenção de adquirir mais conhecimento sobre o assunto. Conclusões: mais da metade dos profissionais têm o conhecimento correto sobre o planejamento correto e suplementação de dietas vegetarianas em crianças. Eles enfatizaram a necessidade de incluir dietas vegetarianas nas diretrizes de alimentos pediátricos no Uruguai.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Diet, Vegetarian/methods , Clinical Competence/statistics & numerical data , Pediatricians/education , Vitamin B 12 , Diet Surveys/statistics & numerical data , Iron, Dietary , Dietary Supplements , Eating , Child Nutrition
18.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(1): 46-: I-53, III, feb 2022. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353491

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El tratamiento de la diarrea aguda se basa en prevenir la deshidratación, reducir la duración y gravedad de la enfermedad. El objetivo fue conocer los patrones de tratamiento ambulatorio de la diarrea aguda en <5 años. Métodos. Estudio observacional, analítico, mediante encuestas autoadministradas a pediatras de un hospital de niños de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires. Se indagó: edad, sexo, lugar de trabajo, fuentes bibliográficas, indicación de tratamientos farmacológicos, no farmacológicos y medidas de prevención e higiene. Se evaluó la asociación entre prescripciones farmacológicas y características de los encuestados. Resultados. Respondieron 182/216 pediatras; la edad media fue 42,4 ± 10,24 años (el 78,6 %, mujeres); el 59,2 %, del sector público; el 22,4 %, de servicios de guardia. El 91,2 % consultaba guías/consensos. El 92,9 % prescribió fórmulas de rehidratación oral; el 46,2 %, antieméticos; el 43,4 %, antiácidos y/o protectores gástricos; el 35,7 %, probióticos, y el 30,7 %, cinc. El 91,7 % indicó realimentación precoz; el 96,7 %, lactancia materna y el 96-100 %, medidas de prevención e higiene. En el análisis multivariado, tener >40 años se asoció con prescribir antiácidos/protectores gástricos (odds ratio [OR] 2,6; 1,22-5,61), probióticos (OR 3,03; 1,34-6,83) y cinc (OR 0,39; 0,17-0,87); trabajar en el sector privado con prescribir probióticos (OR 3,05; 1,56-5,94) y en servicios de guardia, con prescribir antiácidos/ protectores gástricos (OR 2,60; 1,22-5,54). Conclusiones. El tratamiento se basó principalmente en hidratación, alimentación precoz y lactancia. La edad y el lugar de desempeño de los pediatras modifican el patrón de prescripción.


Introduction. The management of acute diarrhea is based on preventing dehydration and reducing disease duration and severity. The study objective was to establish the patterns for the outpatient management of acute diarrhea in children younger than 5 years. Methods. Observational, analytical study using a self-administered survey among pediatricians from a children's hospital in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires. Age, sex, place of work, bibliographic sources, indication of drug and non-drug therapies, and preventive and hygiene measures were recorded. The association between drug prescription and the characteristics of surveyed pediatricians was assessed. Results. In total, 182/216 pediatricians completed the survey. Their mean age was 42.4 ± 10.24 years; 78.6% were females; 59.2% worked in the public sector; 22.4% worked in the emergency department; and 91.2% consulted guidelines and/or consensuses. Also, 92.9% prescribed oral rehydration solutions; 46.2%, antiemetics; 43.4%, antacids and/or gastric protectors; 35.7%, probiotics; and 30.7%, zinc. Early food reintroduction was indicated by 91.7%; breastfeeding, by 96.7%; and preventive and hygiene measures, by 96-100%. The multivariate analysis showed an association between age > 40 years and prescribing antacids/ gastric protectors (odds ratio [OR]: 2.6; 1.22-5.61), probiotics (OR: 3.03; 1.34-6.83), and zinc (OR: 0.39; 0.17-0.87); between working in the private sector and prescribing probiotics (OR: 3.05; 1.565.94); and between working in the emergency department and prescribing antacids/gastric protectors (OR: 2.60; 1.22-5.54). Conclusions. Treatment was mainly based on hydration, early food reintroduction, and breastfeeding. Age and work sector affected the prescription pattern.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Adult , Middle Aged , Outpatients , Practice Patterns, Physicians' , Pediatricians/psychology , Diarrhea/prevention & control , Diarrhea/therapy , Hospitals, Pediatric
19.
Distúrb. comun ; 33(4): 741-750, dez.2021. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1414452

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: desenvolver e analisar um ambiente virtual de aprendizagem (AVA) sobre a aquisição e desenvolvimento da linguagem infantil voltado à orientação de médicos pediatras. Métodos: o conteúdo abordado foi delimitado considerando as dúvidas que os médicos pediatras possuíam sobre a aquisição e o desenvolvimento da linguagem infantil, e construído a partir de revisão da literatura científica. A produção do material seguiu as fases de desenvolvimento de design instrucional englobando análise e planejamento, modelagem, implementação e avaliação. Foram convidados fonoaudiólogos para participar da avaliação da qualidade do conteúdo e dos recursos tecnológicos utilizando o questionário Health-Related Web Site Evaluation Form Emory e o Questionário de Conteúdo desenvolvido pela pesquisadora. Resultados: o conteúdo contemplou as etapas de desenvolvimento da linguagem, principais características e os marcos do desenvolvimento em cada fase. O material confeccionado está disponível no endereço eletrônico http://fonoaudiologiaparapediatras.wordpress.com. Na etapa de avaliação do AVA, participaram 63 fonoaudiólogos que classificaram o blog como excelente para a qualidade e conteúdo. Conclusão: portanto, um AVA, em formato de blog, contendo informações sobre a aquisição e desenvolvimento da linguagem foi desenvolvido a fim de orientar médicos/pediatras desde fases típicas até alterações, prevenção, fases do desenvolvimento e possíveis encaminhamentos.


Objective: to develop and analyze a virtual learning environment (AVA) on the acquisition and development of children's language for the guidance of pediatric physicians. Methods: the content was delimited considering the doubts that pediatricians had about the acquisition and development of children's language and was constructed from a review of the scientific literature. The production of the material followed the developmental stages of instructional design encompassing analysis and planning, modeling, implementation and evaluation. Speech-language pathologists were invited to participate in the assessment of the quality of content and technological resources using the Health-Related Web Site Evaluation Form Emory questionnaire and the Content Questionnaire developed by the researcher. Results: the content included the stages of language development, main characteristics and development milestones in each phase. The material prepared is available at http://fonoaudiologiaparapediatras.wordpress.com. At the AVA evaluation stage, 63 speech-language pathologists who classified the blog as excellent for quality and content participated. Conclusion: an AVA, in a blog format, containing information about the acquisition and development of language was developed in order to guide physicians / pediatricians from typical phases to alterations, prevention, development phases and possible referrals.


Objetivo: desarrollar y analizar un ambiente de aprendizaje virtual (AVA) sobre la adquisición y desarrollo del lenguaje infantil dirigido a la orientación de los médicos pediatras. Metodos: el contenido cubierto se delimitó de las dudas que tenían los médicos pediatras sobre la adquisición y desarrollo del lenguaje infantil, y se construyó a partir de una revisión de la literatura científica. La producción del material siguió las fases de desarrollo del diseño instruccional, incluido el análisis y la planificación, el modelado, la implementación y la evaluación. Se invitó a los logopedas a participar en la evaluación de la calidad del contenido y los recursos tecnológicos utilizando el cuestionario Emory del Formulario de evaluación del sitio web relacionado con la salud y el Cuestionario de contenido desarrollado por el investigador. Resultados: el contenido incluyó las etapas del desarrollo del lenguaje, las principales características e hitos del desarrollo en cada fase. El material elaborado está disponible en la dirección electrónica http://fonoaudiologiaparapediatras.wordpress.com. En la etapa de evaluación de la AVA participaron 63 logopedas, quienes calificaron el blog como excelente por su calidad y contenido. Conclusión: por lo tanto, se desarrolló un AVA, en formato de blog, que contiene información sobre la adquisición y el desarrollo del lenguaje con el fin de orientar a los médicos / pediatras, que van desde las fases típicas hasta los cambios, prevención, fases de desarrollo y posibles derivaciones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child Language , Education, Distance/methods , Blog , Pediatricians/education , Surveys and Questionnaires , Telemedicine , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences
20.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(6): 419-: I-423, I, dic. 2021. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1342856

ABSTRACT

La teleconsulta es uno de los componentes de la telemedicina. Los pediatras del desarrollo realizan evaluaciones y seguimiento de niños y niñas con esafíos en su desarrollo. Durante la pandemia, debido a las restricciones de movilidad y traslado y la importancia de la continuidad de la atención, comenzaron a trabajar de manera remota realizando consultas virtuales. El objetivo del trabajo fue describir la implementación de la atención virtual, las características de los pacientes atendidos y la percepción de sus familias. Se programaron 122 teleconsultas. La media de edad de los pacientes fue de 40 ± 13 meses. Los motivos de consulta más frecuentes fueron ausencia y retraso lenguaje y dificultades conductuales. Si bien un 16 % de las familias encontró alguna dificultad, todas se mostraron agradecidas con las consultas. La atención virtual debe considerarse como un complemento de la presencialidad, que disminuye los costos y los tiempos de traslado y acerca a los pediatras del desarrollo a lugares remotos.


Teleconsultation is one of the components of telemedicine. Developmental pediatricians provide assessments and follow-up to children with developmental challenges. During the pandemic, due to movement and travel restrictions and the importance of continued care, pediatricians started working remotely with virtual consultations. The objective of this study was to describe the implementation of virtual care, the characteristics of patients seen, and their families' perception. A total of 122 teleconsultations were scheduled. Patients' mean age was 40 ± 13 months. The most common reasons for consultation were absence of and delay in language and behavioral difficulties. Although 16 % of families described some obstacles, all were grateful for the consultations. Virtual health care should be regarded as a complement to in-person care, alongside reductions in costs and travel time and the possibility of bringing developmental pediatricians to remote locations


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Remote Consultation , COVID-19 , Pandemics , Pediatricians , Hospitals
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