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1.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 32(8): 812-816, ago. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-649524

ABSTRACT

O trabalho teve por objetivo comparar os valores goniométricos das articulações dos membros torácicos e pélvicos em ovinos da raça Santa Inês em duas faixas etárias (jovens e adultos). Foram utilizados 30 ovinos hígidos, fêmeas, divididos em dois grupos: Grupo 1 com 15 animais jovens (idade entre 6 e 12 meses), Grupo 2 com 15 animais adultos (entre 3 e 6 anos). Foram aferidas a máxima flexão, a máxima extensão e calculou-se a amplitude de movimento das articulações, direita e esquerda, dos membros torácicos (ombro, cotovelo e carpo) e pélvicos (coxofemoral, joelho e tarso), com o emprego de um goniômetro universal de plástico. Cada articulação foi aferida em triplicata por dois avaliadores com o animal em estação. Não foram detectadas diferenças estatísticas entre as médias em ambos os lados, entre os avaliadores ou entre os grupos. Foi possível assim concluir que, em ovinos hígidos, os valores goniométricos não foram influenciados pela idade.


The purpose of this study was to compare goniometric values for forelimb and hind limbs in clinically healthy Santa Ines sheep with two ages (young and adult). Thirty female Santa Ines sheep were separated into two groups of 15 animals each: Group 1 with 6 to 12-month-old sheep (classified as young), and Group 2 with 3 to 6-year-old sheep (classified as adult). Maximum flexion, maximum extension, and range of motion (ROM) of the shoulder, elbow, carpal, hip, stifle, and tarsal joints, in the right and left limbs were measured with a standard transparent plastic goniometer. The measurements were performed in triplicate by two independent investigators with the sheep in a standing position. There was no statistically significant difference between the right and left sides, between investigators or between groups. In conclusion, in clinically healthy sheep the goniometric values were not influenced by age.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Arthrometry, Articular/veterinary , Sheep/anatomy & histology , Pelvis/physiology , Upper Extremity , Age Distribution , Range of Motion, Articular/physiology , Control Groups
2.
Radiol. bras ; 41(5): 343-348, set.-out. 2008. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-496940

ABSTRACT

Os procedimentos percutâneos orientados por imagem têm ganhado espaço crescente na radiologia intervencionista, constituindo ferramenta eficaz para a abordagem diagnóstica e terapêutica de massas e coleções nos diversos segmentos corporais. No entanto, localizações pélvicas profundas ainda representam grande desafio para o radiologista, por causa da interposição de estruturas anatômicas. Para que o procedimento seja bem sucedido é fundamental o planejamento da via de acesso baseado no conhecimento detalhado da anatomia radiológica da pelve. As principais vias de acesso para a abordagem destas lesões são: transabdominais (anterior e lateral), extraperitoneal ântero-lateral, transvaginal, transretal e transglútea. O objetivo deste trabalho é fazer uma revisão da anatomia seccional pélvica normal, demonstrando as diversas vias de acesso para biópsias e drenagens guiadas pela ultra-sonografia e pela tomografia computadorizada, bem como discutir as principais vantagens e complicações potenciais de cada uma delas.


Image-guided percutaneous procedures have increasingly been established as safe and effective interventional tools in the diagnosis and management of masses and collections in several body segments. However, lesions in deep pelvic sites still pose a challenge for radiologists because of overlying anatomic structures. The success of a percutaneous biopsy depends on a safe access route planning based on a deep understanding of cross sectional anatomy of the pelvis. Anterior and lateral transabdominal, anterolateral extraperitoneal, transvaginal, transrectal and transgluteal approaches are described. The present study was aimed at reviewing the normal pelvic cross-sectional anatomy, demonstrating the different access routes for ultrasonography and computed tomography guided pelvic biopsies and drainages as well as discussing the main advantages and complications associated with these approaches.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drainage , Pelvis/anatomy & histology , Pelvis/physiology , Pelvis , Biopsy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Interventional/methods , Radiology, Interventional
4.
Kinesiologia ; (58): 13-21, mar. 2000. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-267637

ABSTRACT

El dolor lumbo pélvico es una de las patologías más frecuentes de consulta médica. Evidencia clínica importante señala que la articulación sacroilíaca es fuente de origen de dolor lumbar y de otras disfunciones de la cintura pélvica. El presente trabajo revisa la biomecánica funcional y los elementos anatómicos que participan en la estabilidad, tanto dinámica como estática de la cintura pélvica. Además se mencionan las estructuras pasivas y activas que intervienen en dicha estabilización. La evaluación de la cintura pélvica por medio de tests funcionales engloba a todas las articulaciones que la componen. Gran relevancia se da a las disfunciones que pueden emanar de las articulaciones sacroilíacas dado a que estas modifican los patrones biomecánicos de los segmentos supra e infrayacentes. Para que exista una mayor fiabilidad en la evaluación, se sugiere la aplicación de al menos cuatro tests para determinar el lado y tipo de disfunción


Subject(s)
Humans , Pelvis/physiology , Physical Fitness/physiology , Sacroiliac Joint/physiopathology , Low Back Pain/etiology , Physical Examination/methods , Physical Therapy Specialty , Sacrum/physiology , Pubic Symphysis/physiology
6.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 237-251, 2000.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-74162

ABSTRACT

This study's purpose was to compare the treatment efficacy and the effects on the patients' quality of life of the pelvic floor muscle (PFM) exercise and the functional electrical stimulation (FES)-biofeedback method. Ninety female incontinence patients were randomly selected and evenly divided into three groups: control, intensive PFM exercise, and FES-biofeedback groups. They were treated for 6 weeks. The subjective changes in the severity of incontinence and discomfort in daily and social life were measured using a translated version of Jackson's Bristol female urinary symptom questionnaire. Objective changes of pelvic muscle contraction force were measured by perineometer. Pre and post-treatment maximal pelvic floor muscle contractile pressure (PMC pressure) among the three groups showed statistically significant differences (p < 0.001). Especially the FES-biofeedback group showed significantly increased maximal PMC pressure compared with other groups (p < 0.001). From the questionnaire, pre and post-treatment changes in the severity of urinary incontinence and discomfort due to incontinence showed significant differences among the three groups (p < 0.001). The level of discomfort in daily life, social activity, physical activity, personal relations and discomfort due to urinary symptoms had largely changed and the FES-biofeedback group, in particular, showed a significant decrease after treatment. In conclusion, when PFM exercise and FES-biofeedback were compared in terms of their effects on the patients' quality of life, FES-biofeedback proved to be more effective than verbal explanation or simple PFM exercise.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Electric Stimulation , Exercise , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Pelvis/physiology , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Urinary Incontinence, Stress/prevention & control
7.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 153-160, 1995.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-122036

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of the hip flexion upon parameters that are indicators of spinal mobility. These parameters include intervertebral disc angle and lumbar curvature by measurement of the radiography in twenty eight healthy men. The state of knowledge of how these parameters relate to lumbar mobility have resolved. The results of the parameters showed negligible changes in relation to the mobility of lumbar spine according to angle of hip flexion except at L4-L5 intervertebral disc angle and lumbar curvature (p< 0.05). This results of study confirms that hip joint movement therapy can be applied to these norms in patient management in supine position of for the stable spinal injuries in the upper lumbar region during early phase.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Hip Joint/physiology , Humans , Intervertebral Disc/diagnostic imaging , Lumbar Vertebrae/physiology , Male , Middle Aged , Movement , Pelvis/physiology , Range of Motion, Articular , Supine Position
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