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Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(1): 195-200, 20221230. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1417766


Introducción. El trauma cardíaco penetrante es una patología con alta mortalidad, que alcanza hasta el 94 % en el ámbito prehospitalario y el 58 % en el intrahospitalario. El algoritmo internacional para los pacientes que ingresan con herida precordial, hemodinámicamente estables, es la realización de un FAST subxifoideo o una ventana pericárdica, según la disponibilidad del centro, y de ser positivo se procede con una toracotomía o esternotomía. Métodos. Se hizo una búsqueda bibliográfica en las bases de datos Medline, Pubmed, Science Direct y UpTodate, usando las palabras claves: "taponamiento cardíaco", "herida precordial" y "manejo no operatorio". Se tomaron los datos de la historia clínica y las imágenes, previa autorización del paciente. Caso clínico. Paciente masculino ingresó con herida en área precordial, estable hemodinámicamente, sin signos de sangrado activo, con FAST subxifoidea "dudosa". Se procedió a realizar ventana pericárdica, la cual fue positiva para hemopericardio de 150 ml; se evacuaron los coágulos del saco pericárdico, se introdujo sonda Nelaton 10 Fr para lavado con solución salina 500 ml, hasta obtener retorno de líquido claro. Frente al cese del sangrado y estabilidad del paciente se decidió optar por un manejo conservador, sin toracotomía. Conclusiones. No todos los casos de hemopericardio traumático por herida por arma cortopunzante requieren toracotomía. El manejo conservador con ventana pericárdica, drenaje de hemopericardio más lavado y dren es una opción en aquellos pacientes que se encuentran estables hemodinámicamente y no se evidencia sangrado activo posterior al drenaje del hemopericardio.

Introduction. Penetrating cardiac trauma is a pathology with high mortality, reaching up to 94% in the prehospital and 58% in the hospital settings. The international algorithm for patients who are admitted to the hospital with a precordial wound and who are hemodynamically stable is to perform a subxiphoid FAST echo or a pericardial window according to the availability of the center and, if positive, proceed to perform thoracotomy or sternotomy. Methods. A literature search was made in the Medline, Pubmed, ScienceDirect, and UpTodate biomedical databases, using the keywords "cardiac tamponade", "precordial wound" and "non-operative management". The data was taken from the clinical history, the images and the surgical procedure. Clinical case. Male patient who was admitted to the emergency room due to a wound in the precordial area, hemodynamically stable without signs of active bleeding, with subxiphoid FAST that is reported as "doubtful". We proceeded to perform a pericardial window which is positive for 150 ml hemopericardium, evacuation of clots from the pericardial sac, inserted a 10 Fr Nelaton catheter and washed with 500 ml saline solution until the return of clear fluid was obtained. In view of the cessation of bleeding and the stability of the patient, it was decided to opt for a conservative management and not to perform a thoracotomy. Conclusions. Not all cases of traumatic hemopericardium from a sharp injury require thoracotomy. Conservative management with pericardial window drainage of the hemopericardium plus lavage and drain is an option in those patients who are hemodynamically stable and there is no evidence of active bleeding after drainage of the hemopericardium.

Humans , Pericardial Effusion , Pericardium , Pericardial Window Techniques , Wounds and Injuries , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Conservative Treatment
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(4): 581-583, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347167


Abstract Introduction: The presence of mild to moderate pericardial effusion after cardiac surgery is common and oral medical therapy is usually able to treat it. Larger effusions are less frequent and surgical intervention is usually necessary. However, there are some rare cases of large effusions that are recurrent even after intervention and become challenging to treat. Methods: We describe the case of a patient submitted to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) without any intraoperative complications, who was regularly discharged from the hospital. She was referred to our emergency department twice after surgery with large pericardial effusion that was drained. Even after those two interventions and with adequate oral medication, the large effusion recurred. Results: During follow-up, the patient had her symptoms resolved, with no need for further hospital admission. Her echocardiograms after the last intervention showed no pericardial effusion. The present surgical technique demonstrated to be easy to perform, thus it should be considered as a treatment option for these rare cases of large and repetitive effusions, which do not respond to the traditional methods. Conclusions: In challenging cases of recurrent and large pericardial effusions, the pericardial-peritoneal window is an alternative surgical technique that brings clinical improvement and diminishes the risk of cardiac tamponade.

Humans , Female , Pericardial Effusion/surgery , Pericardial Effusion/etiology , Pericardial Effusion/diagnostic imaging , Cardiac Tamponade/surgery , Cardiac Tamponade/etiology , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Pericardiectomy , Pericardial Window Techniques
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-962259


@#Purulent pericarditis with cardiac tamponade caused by community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is rare and fatal. There are limited data in children in the current antibiotic era, and available reports usually involve patients with immune dysfunction and prior thoracic instrumentation or has a thoracic focus of infection. Rapid recognition and treatment are paramount in the survival of patients. We report a case of purulent pericarditis with cardiac tamponade secondary to community-acquired MRSA in a previously healthy 10-month-old male infant who presented with fever, pallor, shock, and cardio-respiratory distress. CBC showed leukocytosis with neutrophilia, markedly elevated inflammatory markers, and cardiomegaly on chest radiography. The ECG showed diffuse concave ST-segment elevation, low QRS voltages on precordial leads, and electrical alternans consistent with pericarditis with probable significant pericardial effusion confirmed by 2D echocardiography with note of cardiac tamponade. He was managed effectively with pericardiostomy in combination with a 4-week course of vancomycin. Blood and pericardial fluid culture grew MRSA. This case underscores the organism’s lethality and its potential to infect immunocompetent children without predisposing factors. The value of early recognition, prompt initiation of treatment and management is of utmost importance.

Pericardial Window Techniques
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(2): 194-202, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990571


Abstract Objective: In this retrospective study, we aimed to observe the efficacy of pericardial effusion (PE) treatments by a survey conducted at the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Atatürk University. Methods: In order to get comparable results, the patients with PE were divided into three groups - group A, 480 patients who underwent subxiphoid pericardiostomy; group B, 28 patients who underwent computerized tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous catheter drainage; and group C, 45 patients who underwent echocardiography (ECHO)-guided percutaneous catheter drainage. Results: In the three groups of patients, the most important symptom and physical sign were dyspnea and tachycardia, respectively. The most common causes of PE were uremic pericarditis in patients who underwent tube pericardiostomy, postoperative PE in patients who underwent CT-guided percutaneous catheter drainage, and cancer-related PE in patients who underwent ECHO-guided percutaneous catheter drainage. In all the patients, relief of symptoms was achieved after surgical intervention. There was no treatment-related mortality in any group of patients. In patients with tuberculous pericarditis, the rates of recurrent PE and/or constrictive pericarditis progress were 2,9% and 2,2% after tube pericardiostomy and ECHO-guided percutaneous catheter drainage, respectively. Conclusion: Currently, there are many methods to treat PE. The correct treatment method for each patient should be selected according to a very careful analysis of the patient's clinical condition as well as the prospective benefit of surgical intervention.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Pericardial Effusion/surgery , Echocardiography/methods , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Drainage/methods , Pericardial Window Techniques/instrumentation , Pericardial Effusion/etiology , Pericarditis/complications , Echocardiography/instrumentation , Cardiac Catheterization/instrumentation , Drainage/instrumentation , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Length of Stay
Case reports (Universidad Nacional de Colombia. En línea) ; 4(1): 30-38, ene.-jun. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-989565


ABSTRACT Introduction: Purulent pericarditis is an inflammatory process in the pericardium caused by bacterial infection. If experienced during childhood and with untimely diagnosis, it has a high mortality rate. Case presentation: A 10-month-old infant was admitted to a high complexity pediatric hospital in the city of Bogotá D.C, Colombia, due to clinical symptoms including cough, respiratory distress and fever. A chest x-ray was taken showing cardiomegaly and multilobar pulmonary involvement. The echocardiogram showed global pericardial effusion managed with pericardiotomy, in which 50 mL of turbid fluid with whitish membranes was obtained. Cytochemical test revealed 2 600 mm3 leukocytes with 90% PMN and protein elevation. Purulent pericarditis was diagnosed based on imaging and laboratory findings. Treatment was initiated with ceftriaxone and clindamycin for four weeks, obtaining effective clinical and echocardiographic resolution. Discussion: The clinical presentation and imaging, paraclinical and electrocardiographic findings suggested purulent pericarditis as the first possibility. This diagnosis was confirmed considering the characteristics of the pericardial fluid, which was compatible with an exudate. Clinical resolution supported by antibiotic management corroborated the diagnosis, even though microbiological isolation was not obtained in cultures. Conclusion: Purulent pericarditis is a rare disease in pediatrics and has a high mortality rate. Making a timely diagnosis and administering early treatment are related to a better prognosis of this pathology.

RESUMEN Introducción. La pericarditis purulenta es un proceso inflamatorio del pericardio producto de una infección bacteriana. De no lograrse un diagnóstico oportuno, se convierte en una patología con alta mortalidad en la infancia. Presentación del caso. Lactante de 10 meses de edad que ingresó a un hospital pediátrico de alta complejidad en Bogotá D.C., Colombia, por un cuadro clínico dado por tos, dificultad respiratoria y fiebre. Se tomó una radiografía de tórax donde se observó cardiomegalia y compromiso neumónico multilobar. El ecocardiograma mostró un derrame pericárdico global que requirió pericardiotomía, en la cual se obtuvo 50 mL de líquido turbio con membranas blanquecinas. En la prueba citoquímica se encontraron 2 600mm3 leucocitos, polimorfonucleares del 90% y elevación de proteínas. Con los hallazgos de imagenología y laboratorio se hizo el diagnóstico de pericarditis purulenta, por lo que se inició tratamiento con ceftriaxona y clindamicina por 4 semanas, obteniendo una resolución clínica y ecocardiográfica efectiva. Discusión. La presentación clínica y los hallazgos imagenológicos, paraclínicos y electrocardiográficos sugirieron como primera posibilidad pericarditis purulenta, lo cual se confirmó por las características de líquido pericárdico, que era compatible con un exudado. La resolución clínica, apoyada por el manejo antibiótico y a pesar de no obtener aislamiento microbiológico en los cultivos, corroboró el diagnóstico. Conclusiones. La pericarditis purulenta es una enfermedad poco frecuente en pediatría pero con alta mortalidad. Realizar un diagnóstico oportuno sumado a un tratamiento tempano se relaciona con un mejor pronóstico de esta patología.

Humans , Pericarditis , Pediatrics , Bacteria , Pericardial Window Techniques
Rev. colomb. cir ; 32(2): 82-93, 20170000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-885073


Introducción. El derrame pericárdico es la complicación cardiaca más frecuente en el paciente con cáncer. El cáncer de pulmón y el cáncer de mama son las neoplasias sólidas más frecuentemente asociadas con derrame pericárdico. El manejo oncológico multimodal ha permitido un aumento de la supervivencia global y ha expuesto complicaciones oncológicas que exigen manejo individualizado para estos pacientes. Objetivo. Se describe la experiencia en el manejo del derrame pericárdico, desde su fisiopatología, la adecuada clasificación en derrame pericárdico asociado a neoplasia maligna, derrame pericárdico maligno o carcinomatosis pericárdica, hasta su abordaje diagnóstico y terapéutico. Resultados. La incidencia del derrame pericárdico en nuestra institución es de 12 %. En casi 100 procedimientos en 11 años de ventana pericárdica, pericardiectomía e instalación de catéter subcutáneo (tunnelized) pericárdico o pleuropericárdico temporal, la mortalidad posoperatoria fue de 1,2 %, y la recurrencia del derrame pericárdico fue de 2,1 % comparada con una de 33 % en los pacientes sometidos a pericardicentesis. Conclusión. El derrame pericárdico maligno es una urgencia oncológica. Requiere manejo costo-efectivo en términos de ser resolutivo, expedito y duradero, sin agregar morbilidad en un paciente ya con deterioro de su estado general. La ventana pericárdica por toracoscopia (Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery, VATS) en pacientes seleccionados y la minitoracotomía antero-lateral son la vía ideal de abordaje del paciente con derrame pericárdico maligno

Introduction: Pericardial effusion is the most frequent cardiac complication in the cancer patient. Lung cancer and breast cancer are the most common solid neoplasms associated with pericardial effusion. Multimodal oncology management has allowed an increase in overall survival and has exposed oncological complications, which require individualized management for these patients Objective: We present our experience in the management of pericardial effusion, from its physiopathology, adequate classification in: pericardial effusion associated with malignancy, pericardial effusion and pericardial carcinomatosis. Diagnostic and therapeutic approach. Results: the incidence of pericardial effusion in our institution is 12%. In almost 100 pericardial window procedures, pericardiectomy and installation of a pericardial or pleuropericardial tunnelled catheter, in 11 years postoperative mortality was 1.2% and pericardial effusion recurrence was 2.1% compared to 33% recurrence in patients Led to pericardicentesis. Conclusion: Malignant pericardial effusion is an oncologic emergency. It requires cost-effective management in terms of being resolute, expeditious and lasting, with no additional morbidity to a patient, who already appears deteriorated in his general condition. The pericardial window by thoracoscopy, VATS in selected patients and the mini anterolateral thoracotomy are the ideal approach for the patient with malignant pericardial effusion

Humans , Pericardial Effusion , Neoplasms , Pericardial Window Techniques , Pericardium
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 970-977, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-123310


A 40-year-old male patient underwent radiofrequency catheter ablation for symptomatic paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). Although pulmonary vein (PV) isolation was successfully completed without acute complications, the patient began complaining of sustained retrosternal pain. Seventeen days after ablation, the patient visited the emergency room with fever and severe chest pain with pericarditis-like features. Chest computed tomography (CT) revealed clustered air bubbles in the pericardial space. Esophagography confirmed leakage of contrast agent into the pericardial space but not into the left atrium. While performing pericardiostomy, the operator confirmed the absence of active bleeding from the left atrium. Because there were no signs of left atrial-esophageal fistula, such as systemic embolization, conservative management based on strict fasting with fluids and antibiotic therapy was undertaken. Follow-up esophagography performed 2 weeks later showed no more contrast agent leakage, and the patient was discharged without further incident.

Adult , Humans , Male , Atrial Fibrillation , Catheter Ablation , Chest Pain , Drainage , Emergency Service, Hospital , Esophagus , Fasting , Fever , Fistula , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Atria , Hemorrhage , Pericardial Window Techniques , Pericardium , Pulmonary Veins , Thorax
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-222285


A 49-year-old female presented with severe dyspnea. She was diagnosed with cardiac tamponade combined with ascending aortic pseudoaneurysm and rupture, which was caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae infection. This extremely rare condition was managed by an emergency pericardiostomy and two separate aortic operations. Antibiotics active for the K. pneumoniae isolate were used throughout. The patient was well for nine months after discharge and continues to be followed up for signs of possible reinfection.

Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aneurysm, False , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Aortic Aneurysm , Aortic Rupture , Cardiac Tamponade , Dyspnea , Emergencies , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Klebsiella , Pericardial Window Techniques , Pericarditis , Pneumonia , Rupture
Korean Journal of Pediatrics ; : S112-S115, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-201847


Noonan syndrome is an autosomal dominant, multisystem disorder. Autoimmune thyroiditis with hypothyroidism is an infrequent feature in patients with Noonan syndrome. A 16-year-old boy was admitted because of chest discomfort and dyspnea; an echocardiogram revealed pericardial effusion. Additional investigations led to a diagnosis of severe hypothyroidism due to Hashimoto thyroiditis. The patient was treated with L-thyroxine at 0.15 mg daily. However, during admission, he developed symptoms of cardiac tamponade. Closed pericardiostomy was performed, after which the patient's chest discomfort improved, and his vital signs stabilized. Herein, we report a case of an adolescent with Noonan syndrome, who was diagnosed with Hashimoto thyroiditis with an unusual presentation of cardiac tamponade.

Adolescent , Humans , Male , Cardiac Tamponade , Diagnosis , Dyspnea , Hashimoto Disease , Hypothyroidism , Noonan Syndrome , Pericardial Effusion , Pericardial Window Techniques , Thorax , Thyroiditis, Autoimmune , Thyroxine , Vital Signs
Ann Card Anaesth ; 2015 Jul; 18(3): 449-452
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-162401


Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is a valuable tool for evaluating hemodynamic instability in patients under general anesthesia. We present the case of a 28‑year‑old man who presented with complaints of testicular pain concerning for testicular torsion. After induction of general anesthesia for scrotal exploration and possible orchiopexy, the patient developed severe and persistent hypotension. Using intraoperative TEE, the diagnosis of pericardial tamponade was made, and an emergent pericardial window was performed.

Adult , Anesthesia/administration & dosage , Anesthesia/complications , Cardiac Tamponade/diagnosis , Cardiac Tamponade/surgery , Echocardiography, Transesophageal/methods , Humans , Male , Pericardial Effusion , Pericardial Window Techniques/methods , Pericarditis , Spermatic Cord Torsion/complications , Spermatic Cord Torsion/therapy
Rev. int. sci. méd. (Abidj.) ; 16(1): 62-64, 2014.
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1269148


Objectif : Cette etude a ete motivee par des constats de recidives de pericardite liquidienne apres drainage pericardique par voie sous-xiphoidienne. Le but vise etait donc de faire un plaidoyer en faveur de la fenetre pericardo- pleurale au detriment du drainage pericardique classique par voie sous-xiphoidienne. Patients et methodes : Il s'agissait d'une etude prospective descriptive qui a ete realisee dans le service de chirurgie cardiovasculaire de l'institut de cardiologie d'Abidjan de mars 2008 a octobre 2012. Les donnees ont ete recueillies sur une fiche d'enquete a partir du suivi direct des patients qui ont beneficies d'une fenetre pericardo-pleurale. Les parametres etudies etaient; le sexe; l'age; l'indication operatoire; le nombre de ponction pleurale pour chaque patient apres ablation du drain pleural; le delai d'assechement pericardo-pleural pour chaque patient. Ont ete exclus de l'etude; les patients chez lesquels il a ete realise un drainage pericardique par voie sous-xiphoidienne (48 patients) un drainage pericardique et pleural par voie sous-xiphoidienne (13 patients) et un drainage pleural a thorax ferme (273 patients).Resultats : Vingt-quatre patients ont ete recenses dont 09 hommes et 15 femmes L'age moyen etait de 28 ans avec des extremes de 19 et 52ans. Les indications de la fenetre pleuro- pericardique etaient representees par : la pleuro-pericardite purulente (04cas); la pleuro-pericardite tuberculeuse (14 cas); la pleuro-pericardite neoplasique (02cas) et la pericardite idiopathique recidivante (04 cas). Aucun accident per- operatoire n'a ete observe. Seule les patients atteints de pleuro-pericardite neoplasique et de pericardite idiopathique recidivante ont eu besoin de ponction pleurales apres la fenetre pericardo-pleurale. Conclusion : La fenetre pericardo-pleurale a certains avantages ; Elle permet la biopsie d'une grande portion de pericarde et donc de favoriser le diagnostic anatomo-pathologique; elle permet en cas de reconstitution de l'epanchement pericardique l'evacuation vers la plevre qui est facilement accessible a la ponction transcutanee; les accidents per-operatoires sont moindres car le pericarde est vu sous un grand jour. Cette technique de drainage doit etre privilegiee tant que faire ce peut

Drainage , Pericardial Window Techniques , Pericarditis , Pericarditis/pathology , Pericarditis/surgery
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 22(supl.5): S32-S34, 2012. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-968850


O traumatismo cardíaco penetrante constitui-se em evento que pode evoluir para o óbito rapidamente e por isso demanda diagnóstico e tratamento imediatos. Apesar da evolução dos métodos de imagem, às vezes não é possível identificá-lo de maneira não invasiva. Assim, o emprego da janela pericárdica constitui-se um método de fácil realização, com elevada sensibilidade e baixa morbidade, especialmente útil em pequenos centros com recursos escassos e limitados. (AU)

The penetrating cardiac trauma is into event that can lead to death quickly and therefore demands immediate diagnosis and treatment. Despite the evolution of the imaging methods, sometimes it is not possible to identify it using a non-invasive method. Thus, the use of pericardial window is an easy to accomplish method, wich has high sensibility and low morbity, specially useful in small centers with few and limited resourses. (AU)

Humans , Pericardial Window Techniques , Myocardial Contusions/surgery , Myocardial Contusions/diagnosis , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Pericardiocentesis , Diagnostic Techniques, Surgical
Cuad. cir ; 25(1): 25-30, 2011. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-695677


Introducción: La videotoracoscopía constituye un abordaje mínimamente invasivo del tórax de gran desarrollo en las últimas décadas, permitiendo la realización de prácticamente todos los procedimientos quirúrgicos del tórax. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar nuestra experiencia inicial con el uso de la videotoracoscopía, sus resultados y realizar una revisión de la literatura. Material y métodos: Se revisó una serie de casos retrospectiva de todos los pacientes intervenidos por vía videotoracoscópica en el Hospital Base Osorno, entre Octubre del 2005 y Septiembre del 2011. Resultados: Se realizaron 31 videotoracoscopías en 29 pacientes. Dieciocho (62 por ciento) pacientes fueron de sexo masculino y 11 (28 por ciento) de sexo femenino. La edad promedio fue de 46,2 +- 16 años de edad. Las indicaciones más frecuentes fueron: estudio de nódulos pulmonares sospechosos de metástasis, empiema pleural y derrame pleural en estudio. Los procedimientos realizados con mayor frecuencia fueron debridaje y aseo, biopsia incisional y biopsia en cuña de nódulos pulmonares. El tiempo operatorio promedio fue de 80,1 +- 43,4 minutos. El tiempo de hospitalización post operatoria promedio fue de 10 +- 10,1 días (rango 1 a 36 días). No hubo mortalidad perioperatoria en la serie. Discusión: Nuestros resultados son satisfactorios y acorde a los reportados en la literatura.

Introduction: the video-assisted thoracoscopy (VATS) is a minimally invasive approach to thoracic surgery with a great development in recent decades, allowing the performance of almost all thoracic surgical procedures. The aim of this study is to present our initial experience with the use of VATS, its results and review the literature. Material and methods: We reviewed a retrospective case series of all patients undergoing VATS in the Hospital Base Osorno between October 2005 and September 2011. Results: We performed 31 VATS in 29 patients. Eighteen (62 percent patients were male and 11 (28 percent female. The average age was 46.2 +- 16 years. The most frequent indications were: study of suspected pulmonary metastasis, pleural empyema and pleura effusion. The most frequently performed procedures were drainage, incisional biopsy and wedge biopsy of lung nodules. The mean operative time was 80.1 +- 43.4 minutes. The mean postoperative hospital stay was 10 +- 10.1 days (range 1 to 36 days). There was no mortality. Discussion: Our results are satisfactory and consistent with those reported in the literature.

Humans , Male , Adult , Female , Middle Aged , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted/methods , Empyema, Pleural/surgery , Pneumothorax/surgery , Thoracoscopy/methods , Pleural Effusion/surgery , Length of Stay , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Pericardial Window Techniques , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-18687


BACKGROUND: We analyzed the results of surgical reduction and fixation of ribs under thoracic epidural anesthesia and analgesia (TEA) in patients who had no more than 3 consecutive rib fractures with severe displacement to examine the clinical usefulness of this method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From May 2008 to March 2010, 35 patients underwent surgical reduction and fixation of ribs under TEA. We reviewed the indications for this technique, number of fixed ribs, combined surgical procedures for thoracic trauma, intraoperative cardiopulmonary events, postoperative complications, reestablishment of enteral nutrition, and ambulation. RESULTS: The indications of TEA were malunion or nonunion of fractured ribs in 29 (82.9%; first operation) and incompletely ribs under previous general anesthesia in 6 (17.1%; second operation). The average number of fixed ribs per patient was 1.7 (range: 1~3). As a combined operation for thoracic trauma, 17 patients (48.6%) underwent removal of intrathoracic hematomas, and we performed repair of lung parenchyma (2), wedge resection of lung (1) for accompanying lung injury and pericardiostomy (1) for delayed hemopericardium. No patient had any intraoperative cardiopulmonary event nor did any need to switch to general anesthesia. We experienced 3 postoperative complications (8.6%): 2 extrapleural hematomas that spontaneously resolved without treatment and 1 wound infection treated with secondary closure of the wound. All patients reestablished oral feeding immediately after awakening and resumed walking ambulation the day after operation. CONCLUSION: Thoracic epidural anesthesia and analgesia (TEA) may positively affect cardiopulmonary function in the perioperative period. Moreover, this technique leads to an earlier return of gastrointestinal function and early ambulation without severe postoperative complications, resulting in a shortened hospital stay and lowered costs.

Humans , Analgesia , Anesthesia , Anesthesia, Epidural , Anesthesia, General , Displacement, Psychological , Early Ambulation , Enteral Nutrition , Hematoma , Length of Stay , Lung , Lung Injury , Pericardial Effusion , Pericardial Window Techniques , Perioperative Period , Postoperative Complications , Rib Fractures , Ribs , Tea , Walking , Wound Infection
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 247-251, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-121799


With the advent of 2- and 3-mm endoscopic instruments, a thoracoscopic pericardiectomy can be performed with relative ease and with almost no postoperative scar. We report a case of a 40-year-old woman with end-stage renal disease who had a large volume of pericardial effusion that did not abate after repeated dialysis. A pericardial window was performed by needlescopy for diagnostic and therapeutic reasons, and her postoperative scar was minimal. Her postoperative course was uneventful, and she has had no complications or recurrence of pericardial or pleural effusion.

Adult , Female , Humans , Cicatrix , Dialysis , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Pericardial Effusion , Pericardial Window Techniques , Pericardiectomy , Pleural Effusion , Recurrence , Renal Dialysis , Temefos , Thoracoscopy
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-203872


BACKGROUND: As the patients who undergo heart transplantation have achieved better survival in recent years, a growing number of recipients are at a risk for experiencing surgical complications in addition to rejection and infection. In this paper, we report on our experience with the surgical complications that occurred in heart transplant recipients. MATERIAL AND METHOD: From April 1994 to September 2003, 37 heart transplantations were performed at our center by a single surgeon. The indications for transplantation were dilated cardiomyopathy, ischemic cardiomyopathy, valvular cardiomyopathy and familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. RESULT: Twenty postoperative complications required surgeries in 15 patients (41%). The types of operations required were; redo-sternotomy for bleeding (5), pericardiostomy for effusion (4), implantation of a permanent pacemaker (1), right lower lobe lobectomy for aspergilloma (1), removal of urinary stone (1), cholecystectomy for gall bladder stone (1), drainage of a perianal abscess (1), paranasal sinus drainage (1), total hip replacement (1), partial gingivectomy due to gingival hypertrophy (1), urethrostomy (1), herniated intervertebral disc operation (1) and total hysterectomy for myoma uteri (1). The locations of the complications were mediastinal in 10 (27%) cases and extramediastinal in 10 (27%) cases. CONCLUSION: The relatively high incidence of extrathoracic complications associated with heart transplantation emphasizes the importance of a multidisciplinary approach to the improve long-term survival when managing those complex patients.

Humans , Abscess , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Cardiomyopathies , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic, Familial , Cholecystectomy , Drainage , Gingival Hypertrophy , Gingivectomy , Heart , Heart Transplantation , Hemorrhage , Hysterectomy , Incidence , Intervertebral Disc , Myoma , Pericardial Window Techniques , Postoperative Complications , Rejection, Psychology , Transplants , Urinary Bladder Calculi , Urinary Calculi , Uterus
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-183038


A 49-year-old man visited our hospital via the emergency room. He had suffered chest trauma by falling down. His chest X-Ray showed pneumomediastinum with pneumopericardium. We checked the Chest CT, and it showed pneumopericardium without any injury to the other organs, the compressed heart and a minimal pneumothorax on the left hemithorax. Closed thoracostomy was then done under local anesthesia. We then performed open pericardiostomy under general anesthesia. We got a good result and so we report on this case.

Humans , Middle Aged , Anesthesia, General , Anesthesia, Local , Emergencies , Heart , Mediastinal Emphysema , Pericardial Window Techniques , Pericardium , Pneumopericardium , Pneumothorax , Thoracostomy , Thorax