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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928570

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the efficacy and safety of early intratracheal administration of budesonide combined with pulmonary surfactant (PS) in preventing bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD).@*METHODS@#A prospective randomized controlled trial was designed. A total of 122 infants with a high risk of BPD who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January to July 2021 were enrolled. The infants were randomly divided into a conventional treatment group with 62 infants (treated with PS alone at an initial dose of 200 mg/kg, followed by a dose of 100 mg/kg according to the condition of the infant) and an observation group with 60 infants (treated with PS at the same dose as the conventional treatment group, with the addition of budesonide 0.25 mg/kg for intratracheal instillation at each time of PS application). The two groups were compared in terms of the times of PS use, ventilator parameters at different time points, oxygen inhalation, incidence rate and severity of BPD, incidence rate of complications, and tidal breathing pulmonary function at the corrected gestational age of 40 weeks.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the conventional treatment group, the observation group had a significantly lower proportion of infants using PS for two or three times (P<0.05). Compared with the conventional treatment group, the observation group had a significantly lower fraction of inspired oxygen at 24 and 48 hours and 3, 7, and 21 days after administration, significantly shorter durations of invasive ventilation, noninvasive ventilation, ventilator application, and oxygen therapy, a significantly lower incidence rate of BPD, and a significantly lower severity of BPD (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence rate of glucocorticoid-related complications between the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with PS use alone in preterm infants with a high risk of BPD, budesonide combined with PS can reduce repeated use of PS, lower ventilator parameters, shorten the duration of respiratory support, and reduce the incidence rate and severity of BPD, without increasing the incidence rate of glucocorticoid-related complications.


Subject(s)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/prevention & control , Budesonide , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Prospective Studies , Pulmonary Surfactants/therapeutic use , Respiration, Artificial , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/therapy
2.
Rev. pediatr. electrón ; 17(2): 46-53, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224107

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad de membrana hialina se debe a la deficiencia de surfactante en los pulmones de los recién nacidos especialmente los menores de 37 semanas de gestación. El manejo materno con corticoides prenatales en este grupo, disminuye la morbimortalidad asociada a esta patología neonatal. Se analiza desde el punto de la evidencia actualmente existente la administración de surfactante a estos prematuros y se revisa el tipo de surfactante a administrar, cuando es el mejor momento para administrarlo, la dosis y la forma de administrarlo.


Hyaline membrane disease is due to surfactant deficiency in the lungs of newborns, especially those younger than 37 weeks gestation. Maternal management with prenatal corticosteroids in this group reduces the morbidity and mortality associated with this neonatal pathology. The administration of surfactant to these preterm infants is analyzed from the point of the currently existing evidence and the type of surfactant to be administered is reviewed, when is the best time to administer it, the dose and the form of administration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Hyaline Membrane Disease/physiopathology , Hyaline Membrane Disease/drug therapy , Pulmonary Surfactants/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Infant, Premature, Diseases/drug therapy
3.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(6): 397-404, dic. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1046389

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Evaluar la percepción del dolor de recién nacidos prematuros a quienes se les administró surfactante mediante diferentes técnicas, utilizando la variabilidad de la frecuencia cardíaca (VFC).Métodos. Se aleatorizó a los recién nacidos que requirieron tratamiento con surfactante por SDR a los grupos INSURE o MIST. El análisis de la VFC se realizó con la tecnología NIPE para evaluar el componente parasimpático del sistema nervioso autónomo de los recién nacidos. Se registró la VFC antes, durante y después de administrar el surfactante. La evaluación del dolor se determinó con la escala PIPP. Resultados. Se incluyó a 14 recién nacidos en el estudio. Los grupos tenían características demográficas similares. Los puntajes de la escala PIPP no difirieron entre los grupos INSURE y MIST (p = 0,05). Se observó una diferencia estadísticamente significativa en la mediana de la VFC durante la administración del surfactante entre los grupos INSURE y MIST (52 frente a 56, p = 0,03). El análisis de la VFC fue similar entre los grupos antes y después de administrar el surfactante.Conclusión. La administración de surfactante mediante la técnica MIST podría ser más cómoda para los recién nacidos prematuros con SDR. No obstante, es necesario realizar otros estudios con series más importantes.


Objective. We aimed to assess the pain perception of preterm infants treated with different surfactant administration techniques by using heart rate variability (HRV).Methods. Preterm infants who required surfactant therapy for RDS were randomized to INSURE or MIST groups. HRV analysis was performed by Newborn Infant Parasympathetic Evaluation monitor. HRV was recorded before, during and after surfactant administration. Pain assessment was determined by Premature Infant Pain Profile (PIPP) score.Results. Fourteen infants were enrolled in the study. Demographic characteristics of the groups were similar. PIPP scores did not differ between INSURE and MIST groups (p = 0.05). Statistically significant difference in median HRV during surfactant administration was observed between INSURE and MIST groups (52 vs. 56, p = 0.03). HRV analysis was similar between groups before and after surfactant administration. Conclusion. Surfactant administration with MIST technique might be more comfortable for preterm infants with RDS. However further studies with larger series are needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/diagnosis , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/therapy , Pulmonary Surfactants/therapeutic use , Infant, Premature , Pain , Prospective Studies , Intensive Care Units , Intubation
4.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 35(3): 207-218, 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058076

ABSTRACT

La Proteinosis Alveolar Pulmonar (PAP) es una enfermedad poco frecuente, caracterizada por la acumulación de material lipoproteico derivado del surfactante pulmonar al interior de los alvéolos por una falla de depuración de este material por los macrófagos alveolares, siendo la causa más frecuente de esta disfunción la acción bloqueadora producida por anticuerpos anti factor estimulante de colonias de granulocitos y macrófagos (GM-CSF) lo que lleva a un deterioro del intercambio gaseoso. La evolución es variable abarcando desde la resolución espontánea hasta la insuficiencia respiratoria grave y la muerte. Se describen tres formas de PAP: Genética, secundaria y autoinmune (antes primaria o idiopática) siendo esta última la más frecuente en adultos. Clínicamente, se manifiesta por disnea, tos seca e hipoxemia que pueden ser progresivas. En la radiografía de tórax se encuentran opacidades bilaterales y la tomografía computarizada de tórax de alta resolución (TACAR) muestra vidrio esmerilado con sobre posición de engrosamiento septal intra e interlobulillar, patrón conocido como "crazy paving". El diagnóstico se basa en la clínica y en el lavado broncoalveolar con material PAS positivo. La biopsia quirúrgica es confirmatoria. El tratamiento clásico es el lavado pulmonar total (LPT) para remover el contenido alveolar. Otras alternativas son la administración de GM-CSF subcutáneo o inhalado, plasmaferesis y rituximab, cuyos resultados son variables. Diferentes autores han modificado la forma del LPT y combinado los diferentes métodos de tratamiento con el fin de obtener resultados más rápidos y efectivos.


Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis (PAP) is a rare disease characterized by the accumulation of surfactant derived lipoproteinaceous material filling the alveoli, secondary to failure of its clearance by macrophages. Most of the patients are adults that have auto antibodies directed to Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony Stimulating Factor (GM-CSF). The evolution is towards disturbed gaseous exchange with a wide spectrum of disease from spontaneous recovery to death. There are three forms of PAP: genetic, secondary and autoimmune. Symptoms are scarce and patients may present with dyspnea, dry cough and hypoxemia. Chest X ray shows bilateral opacities and thorax CT depicts ground glass opacities surrounded by septal widening, the so called "crazy paving" pattern. Diagnosis is made on clinical and radiological grounds and confirmed by PAS positive staining of bronchoalveolar lavage material or surgical lung biopsy. Accepted treatment is whole lung lavage (WLL) with saline. Alternatives are subcutaneous or inhaled GM-CSF, Plasmapheresis or Rituximab, and even modification of the method of WLL and combination of different manner of treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis/diagnosis , Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis/therapy , Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis/etiology , Pulmonary Surfactants/therapeutic use , Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor , Plasmapheresis , Bronchoalveolar Lavage , Rituximab/therapeutic use
5.
Rev. cuba. obstet. ginecol ; 42(4): 474-484, sep.-dic. 2016. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-845033

ABSTRACT

Introducción: los glucocorticoides prenatales aumentan los efectos beneficiosos de la terapia con surfactante exógeno. Objetivo: analizar el efecto de los glucocorticoides prenatales en recién nacidos pretérminos tratados con surfactante exógeno. Método: se realizó un estudio descriptivo, longitudinal y prospectivo, no controlado, multicéntrico, desde enero de 2007 hasta diciembre de 2009, en una población de 259 recién nacidos pretérminos, tratados con surfactante exógeno a los que se les evaluó el efecto del uso de los glucocorticoides prenatales. Resultados: los glucocorticoides prenatales fueron utilizados en 59,5 por ciento de las madres, disminuyó el tiempo en ventilación mecánica a los recién nacidos (123/31) p: 0,0068; RR: 1,74 (IC:1,16 - 2,60) y el riesgo de morir p: 0,0003; RR: 2,43 (IC: 1,47 - 4,03). Conclusiones: el uso de glucocorticoides prenatales, en pacientes tratados con surfactante natural porcino, disminuyó la necesidad de soporte ventilatorio y la mortalidad neonatal(AU)


Introduction: The antenatal corticosteroids increase the beneficial effects of the therapy with exogenous surfactant. Objective: To find out the effect of the antenatal corticosteroids in preterm newborns treated with exogenous surfactant. Methods: A multicenter, uncontrolled, prospective, longitudinal and descriptive study was carried from January 2007 to December 2009 in a population of 259 preterm newborns treated with exogenous surfactant to evaluate the effect of the use of antenatal corticosteroids. Results: The antenatal corticosteroids were used in 59,5 percent of mothers; the length of assisted ventilation in newborns as well as the risk of death were reduced (123/31) p: 0.0068; RR: 1.74 (IC:1.16 - 2.60) and p: 0.0003; RR: 2.43 (IC: 1.47 - 4.03), respectively. Conclusions: The use of antenatal corticosteroids in patients treated with natural porcine-derived surfactant reduced the assisted ventilation support requirement and the neonatal mortality(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Pulmonary Surfactants/therapeutic use , Premature Birth/prevention & control , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Longitudinal Studies
6.
Rev. cuba. farm ; 49(3)jul.-set. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: lil-779729

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el SURFACEN® es un surfactante natural cubano, de origen porcino, que desde su registro sanitario en 1995, se prescribe para tratar el Síndrome de Dificultad Respiratoria del pretérmino. Objetivo: ratificar la efectividad del SURFACEN® en recién nacidos pretérmino con síndrome de dificultad respiratoria. Método: se diseño un estudio descriptivo, longitudinal, prospectivo, de seguimiento poscomercialización, no controlado, multicéntrico nacional, durante el periodo comprendido del 2007 al 2009. El universo de estudio estuvo constituido por 259 recién nacidos con síndrome de dificultad respiratoria y menos de 37 semanas de edad gestacional, a los que se les administró SURFACEN®. La variable principal para evaluar la efectividad del surfactante fue la mortalidad neonatal. Resultados: predominó el sexo masculino en el 58,7 por ciento y los nacidos por cesárea en el 66,4 por ciento. Se aplicó como rescate tardío, el tiempo en ventilación mecánica fue de siete días y la mortalidad fue de un 19,7 por ciento, las complicaciones con mayor riego de morir fue la enterocolitis necrotizante. Conclusión: el SURFACEN® en la práctica clínica habitual demostró su efectividad(AU)


Introduction: SURFACEN® is a Cuban natural surfactant of swine origin, which since its sanitary registration in 1995, is prescribed to treat respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infants. Objective: to ratify the effectiveness of SURFACEN® in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome. Method: anational descriptive, longitudinal, prospective, post-market monitoring, uncontrolled and multicentered study was designed and conducted during the period from 2007 to 2009. The universe of study consisted of 259 infants with respiratory distress syndrome and less than 37 weeks old gestational age, who were administered SURFACEN®. The primary endpoint for evaluation of the surfactant effectiveness was neonatal mortality. Results: males prevailed in 58.7 percent and those born by Caesarean section in 66. 4 percent. It was applied as late rescue, length of time on mechanical ventilation was seven days and mortality was 19.7 percent, the complications with the highest risk of dying were necrotizing enterocolitis. Conclusions: SURFACEN® demonstrated its effectiveness in clinical practice(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/drug therapy , Pulmonary Surfactants/therapeutic use , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/mortality , Reference Drugs , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Cuba
7.
Arch. méd. Camaguey ; 19(2): 138-147, mar.-abr. 2015. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: lil-745698

ABSTRACT

FUNDAMENTO: el Centro Nacional Coordinador de Ensayos Clínicos, el Centro Nacional de Sanidad Agropecuaria y unidades de cuidados intensivos cubanas, ejecutaron ensayos clínicos con SURFACEN® para tratar el síndrome de dificultad respiratoria. OBJETIVO:describir la actuación ética en el diseño, conducción y monitoreo de estos ensayos clínicos, así como determinar su validez interna y externa. MÉTODOS: se realizó un estudio prospectivo y descriptivo entre 2004 y 2014. Se diseñaron protocolos, cuadernos de recogida de datos, consentimiento informado; se planificaron sitios clínicos, recursos humanos y materiales; se capacitaron investigadores clínicos y se monitoreó la ejecución de ensayos clínicos fase II, III y IV, que evaluaron el efecto, la eficacia, efectividad y seguridad del SURFACEN® para tratar el síndrome de dificultad respiratoria en tres grupos poblacionales: neonatos, niños (entre 28 días y 18 años de edad) y adultos. RESULTADOS: participaron 41 unidades de cuidados intensivos (17 de neonatología, 7 de pediatría y 17 de adultos). Se evaluaron 1 413 pacientes y se incluyeron 306. Se capacitaron en Buenas Prácticas Clínicas 709 profesionales de la salud. Del monitoreo, revisión de la documentación y los procederes realizados, se evidenció el cumplimiento de las normas éticas para la investigación en humanos. La validez interna de los resultados se demostró con la objetividad de la observación, comparación recurrente y asignación aleatoria de tratamientos, planificación y ejecución conforme a las Guías de Buenas Prácticas Clínicas. La validez externa se evidenció en la modificación del registro sanitario del producto con la aprobación de tres nuevas indicaciones: en el síndrome de dificultad respiratoria aguda en pediatría y adultos, así como el uso temprano (primeras 2 horas de vida) en recién nacidos pre-términos. CONCLUSIONES: el diseño, la conducción y el monitoreo de ensayos clínicos con SURFACEN® cumplimentó los principios éticos básicos para la investigación clínica y garantizó la validez interna y externa de los resultados.


BACKGROUND: the Coordinating National Center of Clinical Trial, the National Center of Agricultural Health and the Cuban intensive care units carried out clinical trials with SURFACEN® to treat respiratory distress syndrome. Objective: to describe the ethical in the design, conduction and monitoring of these clinical trials, as well as determine its internal and external validity. METHODS: a descriptive, prospective study was conducted between 2004 and 2014. Protocols, data collecting notebooks and informed consent were designed; clinical sites, human and material resources were planned; clinical investigators were trained; also, the implementation of clinical trials stages II, III, and IV that evaluated the effect, effectiveness and security of SURFACEN® to treat respiratory distress syndrome in three population groups: newborn babies, infants, children (up to 18 years old) and adults, was monitored. RESULTS: forty-one intensive care units participated (17 of neonatology, 7 for pediatric patients and 17 for adults), 1 413 patients were evaluated and 306 were included and 709 health professionals were trained in Good Clinical Practice. The performance of the ethical norms for the investigation in human beings could be shown in the monitoring, the revision of the documentation and the carried-out procedures. The internal validity of the results could be shown through the objectivity of the observation, the recurrent comparison and the random assignment of treatments, and through the planning and performance according to the Guides of Good Clinical Practice. The external validity could be shown in the change of the legislation of the product with the approval of three new indications: for the acute respiratory distress syndrome in pediatric patients and adults and for preterm babies with an early use (two hours old). CONCLUSIONS: the design, conduction and monitoring of clinical trials with SURFACEN® performed the basic ethical principles for the clinical investigation and guaranteed the internal and external validity of the results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Young Adult , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/therapy , Respiratory Distress Syndrome , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/prevention & control , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/rehabilitation , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/therapy , Pulmonary Surfactants/therapeutic use , Clinical Trials as Topic , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies
8.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 73(2): 159-162, 02/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741173

ABSTRACT

Initially the trajectory of the historical forerunners and conceptions of senile dementia are briefly presented, being highlighted the name of Alois Alzheimer who provided clinical and neuropathological indicators to differentiate a group of patients with Senile dementia. Alzheimer's examination of Auguste D’s case, studied by him with Bielschowsky’s silver impregnation technique, permitted to identify a pathological marker, the intraneuronal neurofibrillary tangles, characterizing a new disease later named after him by Kraepelin – Alzheimer’s disease. Over the time this disorder became one of the most important degenerative dementing disease, reaching nowadays a status that may be considered as epidemic.


Incialmente é apresentada brevemente a trajetória histórica dos precursores e dos conceitos da demência senil, sendo destacado o nome de Alois Alzheimer que forneceu indicadores clínicos e neuropatológicos para diferenciar um grupo de pacientes com Demência senil. O exame de Alzheimer do caso de Auguste D, estudado por ele com a técnica de impregnação argêntica de Bielschowsky, permitiu identificar um marcador patológico, os emaranhados neurofibrilares intraneuronais, caracterizando uma nova doença, mais tarde denominada com seu nome por Kraepelin – doença de Alzheimer. Com o passar do tempo esta desordem tornou-se uma das mais importantes doenças demenciante degenerativa, alcançando, na atualidade, um status que pode ser considerado como epidêmico.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Fetal Diseases/prevention & control , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Glucocorticoids/pharmacology , Prenatal Care/methods , Drug Administration Schedule , Glucocorticoids/adverse effects , Lung/embryology , Pulmonary Surfactants/therapeutic use
10.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 12(4): 397-404, Oct-Dec/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-732467

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy and safety of a new porcine-derived pulmonary surfactant developed by Instituto Butantan with those of animal-derived surfactants commercially available in Brazil, regarding neonatal mortality and the major complications of prematurity in preterm newborns with birth weight up to 1500g and diagnosed with respiratory distress syndrome. Methods Neonates diagnosed with respiratory distress syndrome were randomized to receive either Butantan surfactant (Butantan group) or one of the following surfactants: Survanta® or Curosurf®. Newborns receiving Survanta® or Curosurf® comprised the control group. The main outcome measures were mortality rates at 72 hours and at 28 days of life; the typical complications of prematurity as evaluated on the 28th day of life were defined as secundary outcomes. Results No differences were observed between the Butantan (n=154) and control (n=173) groups in relation to birth weight, gestational age, sex, and prenatal use of corticosteroids, or in mortality rates both at 72 hours (14.19% versus 14.12%; p=0.98) and at 28 days (39.86% versus 33.33%; p=0.24) of life. Higher 1- and 5-minute Apgar scores were observed among control group newborns. No differences were observed as regards the secondary outcomes, except for greater need for supplemental oxygen and a higher incidence of interstitial pulmonary emphysema in the Butantan group. Conclusion The mortality rates at 72 hours and 28 days of life and the incidence of major complications of prematurity were comparable to those found with the animal-derived surfactants commercially available in Brazil, showing the efficacy and safety of the new surfactant in the treatment of respiratory distress syndrome ...


Objetivo Comparar a eficácia e a segurança de um novo surfactante pulmonar de origem porcina, desenvolvido pelo Instituto Butantan, com os surfactantes de origem animal disponíveis no país, em relação à mortalidade neonatal e às principais complicações da prematuridade, em prematuros com peso de nascimento até 1500g e diagnóstico de síndrome do desconforto respiratório. Métodos Recém-nascidos com diagnóstico de síndrome do desconforto respiratório foram randomizados para receber surfactante Butantan (Grupo Butantan) ou um dos seguintes surfactantes: Survanta® ou Curosurf®. Os recém-nascidos que receberam Survanta® ou Curosurf® formaram o Grupo Controle. Foram definidas, como variáveis primárias, as mortalidades com 72 horas e 28 dias de vida e, como variáveis secundárias, as principais complicações típicas da prematuridade, avaliadas no 28O dia de vida. Resultados Não foram observadas diferenças em relação ao peso de nascimento, idade gestacional, sexo e corticoide pré-natal, assim como em relação à mortalidade dos recém-nascidos dos Grupos Butantan (n=154) e Controle (n=173), tanto com 72 horas (14,19% versus 14,12%; p=0,98) como em 28 dias de vida (39,86% versus 33,33%; p=0,24). Foram observados maiores valores do boletim de Apgar de 1 e de 5 minutos entre os recém-nascidos do Grupo Controle. Os grupos não diferiram em relação às variáveis secundárias, exceto por uma maior necessidade de uso de oxigênio e de enfisema pulmonar intersticial no Grupo Butantan. Conclusão As taxas de mortalidade com 72 horas ...


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Biological Products/therapeutic use , Phospholipids/therapeutic use , Pulmonary Surfactants/therapeutic use , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/drug therapy , Birth Weight , Double-Blind Method , Gestational Age , Infant Mortality , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/mortality , Statistics, Nonparametric , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
12.
Braz. j. phys. ther. (Impr.) ; 18(2): 152-164, 16/05/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-709560

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The practice of minimal handling is recommended for preterm infants (PTIs). However, few studies have investigated the effects of this practice among these infants or the time needed to ensure greater physiological stability, especially after exogenous surfactant treatments. OBJECTIVE: The current study compared the effects of two protocols of minimal handling on the physiological variables of PTIs after surfactant therapy. METHOD : An exploratory prospective observational study was performed with 40 PTIs weighing less than 1,500 g. The infants were divided into two groups and monitored for 72 hours. One group received the standard minimal handling procedure during the first 12 hours after surfactant therapy; the other group (i.e., the modified group) received minimal handling within 72 hours after surfactant therapy. Infant heart rate (HR), oxygen saturation, body temperature, and the adverse events associated with changes to these variables were monitored every 10 minutes. RESULTS : Significant between-group differences were not found with regard to the occurrence of the adverse events associated with physiological changes (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: The practice of minimal handling among very low birth weight infants did not alter their physiological stability when performed either 12 or 72 hours after surfactant therapy. .


CONTEXTUALIZAÇÃO: A prática de manuseio mínimo é recomendada a recém-nascidos pré-termo. Contudo, há escassez de estudos, na literatura, sobre os efeitos da utilização dessa prática nesses recém-nascidos e sobre o tempo necessário para garantir maior estabilidade fisiológica a eles, principalmente após terapia com surfactante exógeno. OBJETIVO: Comparar o efeito de dois protocolos de manuseio mínimo em variáveis fisiológicas de recém-nascidos pré-termo após terapia com surfactante. MÉTODO: Foi realizado um estudo observacional prospectivo exploratório com 40 recém-nascidos, menores que 1500g, distribuídos em dois grupos que foram monitorizados e seguidos durante 72 horas. Um grupo permaneceu em manuseio mínimo padrão durante as primeiras 12 horas após surfactante; o outro grupo, denominado grupo modificado, ficou em manuseio mínimo por 72 horas após surfactante. As variáveis de frequência cardíaca, saturação periférica de oxigênio e temperatura axilar e eventos adversos associados a essas variáveis foram monitorados de dez em dez minutos. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferenças significativas na ocorrência de eventos adversos associados às variáveis estudadas, entre os grupos, em relação ao tempo de manuseio mínimo (p>0,05). CONCLUSÃO: A prática de manuseio mínimo em recém-nascidos de muito baixo peso não alterou a estabilidade fisiológica quando executada durante 12 horas ou 72 horas após administração surfactante. .


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Intensive Care, Neonatal/methods , Physical Therapy Modalities , Pulmonary Surfactants/therapeutic use , Respiration, Artificial , Clinical Protocols , Infant, Premature , Prospective Studies , Time Factors
13.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 47(3): 259-264, 03/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-704627

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated whether the use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in the delivery room alters the need for mechanical ventilation and surfactant during the first 5 days of life and modifies the incidence of respiratory morbidity and mortality during the hospital stay. The study was a multicenter randomized clinical trial conducted in five public university hospitals in Brazil, from June 2008 to December 2009. Participants were 197 infants with birth weight of 1000-1500 g and without major birth defects. They were treated according to the guidelines of the American Academy of Pediatrics (APP). Infants not intubated or extubated less than 15 min after birth were randomized for two treatments, routine or CPAP, and were followed until hospital discharge. The routine (n=99) and CPAP (n=98) infants studied presented no statistically significant differences regarding birth characteristics, complications during the prenatal period, the need for mechanical ventilation during the first 5 days of life (19.2 vs 23.4%, P=0.50), use of surfactant (18.2 vs 17.3% P=0.92), or respiratory morbidity and mortality until discharge. The CPAP group required a greater number of doses of surfactant (1.5 vs 1.0, P=0.02). When CPAP was applied to the routine group, it was installed within a median time of 30 min. We found that CPAP applied less than 15 min after birth was not able to reduce the need for ventilator support and was associated with a higher number of doses of surfactant when compared to CPAP applied as clinically indicated within a median time of 30 min.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pregnancy , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure , Delivery Rooms , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight/physiology , Pulmonary Surfactants/therapeutic use , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/prevention & control , Airway Extubation , Brazil , Hospital Mortality , Hypertension/diagnosis , Intubation, Intratracheal , Length of Stay , Maternal Welfare , Prenatal Diagnosis , Respiration, Artificial
14.
Lima; s.n; 2014. 58 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: lil-758187

ABSTRACT

El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo determinar si existen diferencias en el nivel de la mortalidad de prematuros extremos con EMH cuando son tratados solo con corticoides antenatales o solamente con surfactante pulmonar post natal en el Hospital Loayza - periodo Mayo 2011-Abril 2013 Lima-Perú. El tipo de estudio de investigación fue analítico y el diseño de investigación fue: Observacional correlacional comparativo. La muestra estuvo constituida por 93 prematuros extremos de ambos sexos, se elaboró el Instrumento a emplear para la recolección de datos y la información contenida en las historias clínicas se trasladó a una ficha de datos para su posterior análisis y tabulación. Los resultados mostraron que en relación al tipo de tratamiento recibido, 67.7 por ciento de los neonatos recibieron surfactante posnatal, el resto (32.3 por ciento) recibió corticoide antenatal, del total de neonatos de la muestra 2l.5 por ciento murió antes de los 7 días de nacido. La tasa de mortalidad de los prematuros extremos estudiados fue de 22 por ciento. La edad gestacional se calculó mediante el método de Capurro y se observó que las dos terceras partes de los prematuros extremos con menos de 28 semanas de gestación (66.7 por ciento), fallecieron por enfermedad de membrana hialina, mientras que entre los que tienen entre 28 y 34 semanas de gestación (8.3 por ciento) la mortalidad se reduce significativamente (p=0.000). La dificultad respiratoria se evaluó mediante el score de Silverman-Andersen, encontrándose que 17.2 por ciento de los prematuros extremos presentó dificultad respiratoria severa y 82.8 por ciento entre leve y moderada. Entre los que presentaron dificultad respiratoria severa, la mortalidad fue significativamente mayor (p=0.000). El 72 por ciento de los prematuros extremos estudiados recibió ventilación mecánica y la tasa de mortalidad en este grupo fue del 29.9 por ciento. En el grupo que no recibió ventilación mecánica (28 por ciento), todos los neonatos...


The present study aimed to determine whether there are differences in the level of mortality of infants with HMD ends when treated with antenatal corticosteroids alone or with only postnatal pulmonary surfactant in the Hospital Loayza period May 2011 - April 2013 - Lima-Peru. The type of study was correlational and analytical research and design research was: Observational. The sample consisted of 93 extremely premature infants of both sexes, the instrument to be used for data collection was developed and the information contained in the medical records was transferred to a data sheet for further analysis and tabulation. The results showed that in relation to the type of treatment received, 67.7 per cent of infants received postnatal surfactant, the rest (32.3 per cent) received antenatal corticosteroids of all infants in the sample 21.5 per cent died before 7 days old. The mortality rate of extremely premature infants was 22 per cent. Gestational age was calculated by the Capurro method and found that two-thirds of the extremely preterm at less than 28 weeks' gestation (66.7 per cent), dying of hyaline membrane disease, while among those aged 28 and 34 weeks (8.3 per cent) mortality was significantly reduced (p=0.000). Respiratory distress was assessed using the Silverman-Anderson score, finding that 17.2 per cent of extremely premature infants had severe respiratory distress and 82.8 per cent mild to moderate. Among those who had severe respiratory distress, mortality was significantly higher (p=0.000) 72 per cent of extremely premature infants received mechanical ventilation and mortality in this group was 29.9 per cent. In the group not receiving mechanical ventilation (28 per cent), all infants survived (p=0.001). The study concluded by noting that the mortality rate increased significantly (p=0.000) when the birth weight between 500 and less than 1,000 grams (59.3 per cent) compared with infants weighing between 1,000 and 1,500 grams, the mortality is...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Infant, Premature, Diseases/mortality , Respiratory Insufficiency , Infant, Extremely Premature , Pulmonary Surfactants/therapeutic use , Observational Studies as Topic
16.
Salud pública Méx ; 54(supl.1): s73-s81, 2012. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-647990

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the cost-effectiveness ratio of surfactant rescue treatment of premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) who are covered by the Medical Insurance for a New Generation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cost-effectiveness evaluation was conducted from the third-payer perspective. Comparisons were made between the use of bovine surfactant (BS) therapy and without BS therapy. A decision tree model with a lifetime horizon was used where the measurements of effectiveness were life years gained (LYG) and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs). A 5% discount rate was considered for costs and health outcomes. All costs are expressed in Mexican pesos 2009. RESULTS: Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICER) were MXN$136670 per LYG and MXN$125250 per QALY. CONCLUSION: Surfactant therapy was confirmed as a cost-effective strategy in accordance with World Health Organization criteria of three per capita gross domestic product (GDP) per QALY in premature infants with RDS in Mexico.


OBJETIVO: Estimar la razón de costo efectividad incremental del tratamiento de surfactante de rescate en pacientes pretérmino con Síndrome de Dificultad Respiratoria (SDR) cubiertos por el Seguro Médico para una Nueva Generación. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Evaluación de costo-efectividad desde la perspectiva del tercer pagador. Los comparadores fueron la terapia de surfactante bovino y la alternativa de no emplear ésta. Se utilizó un árbol de decisión que consideró la esperanza de vida como horizonte temporal y las medidas de efectividad fueron los años de vida ganados (AVG) y los años de vida ajustados por calidad de vida ( AVAC).Resultados en pesos mexicanos del 2009. RESULTADOS: Las RCEI por AVG y AVAC fueron de MXN$136670 y MXN$125250. CONCLUSIÓN: La razón de costo por AVG y AVAC para la terapia de surfactantes en pacientes prematuros con SDR en México fue menor a tres veces el PIB per cápita, por lo que es una estrategia costo-efectiva según los criterios de la OMS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pulmonary Surfactants/economics , Pulmonary Surfactants/therapeutic use , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/drug therapy , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Infant, Premature , Mexico
17.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 82(5): 395-401, oct. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-612168

ABSTRACT

Introduction: It is thought that intrauterine growth restriction induces respiratory maturation. The information varies if the studies consider analysis based on birth weight or gestational age. Objective: The goal of this study is to compare the incidence and evolution of hyaline membrane disease (HMD) between small and adequate premature babies under 35 weeks of gestational age (< 35 wGA) based on data in the literature. Patients and Methods: Two databases were created and analyzed: a) 2 022 newborns < 35 wGA admitted to the Service, whose incidence of HMD was calculated, and b) 733 newborns < 35 wGA with HMD and treated with surfactant, to describe the evolution. Results: Analysis of GA group shows a higher incidence of HMD (35.2 percent) among small for GA, and less (29.1 percent) among those who are not small for GA (p: 0.026). If a subset is formed for the newborns < 1 500 g in birth weight, those small for gestational age have a lower incidence (47.5 percent) than those adequate for GA (60.7 percent). Logistic regression analysis for discharge with oxygen of newborns with HMD shows association with lower z score for birth weight, corticosteroid use and oxygen dependence at 36 weeks. Conclusions: Preterm newborns small for GA show a higher incidence of HMD and oxygen dependence when comparing for GA.


Introducción: Tradicionalmente se ha considerado que la restricción de crecimiento intrauterina produce maduración respiratoria, pero la información es diferente según si los estudios consideran el análisis por grupos de peso de nacimiento o edad gestacional. Objetivo: El objetivo de este análisis fue comparar la incidencia y evolución de membrana hialina, de los prematuros menores de 35 semanas de edad gestacional según fueran pequeños o no para edad gestacional. Pacientes y Método: Se analizaron dos bases de datos: 2 022 menores de 35 semanas hospitalizados en el Servicio para determinar incidencia de membrana hialina y 733 menores de 35 semanas tratados con surfactante con diagnóstico de membrana hialina para comparar evolución de ésta. Resultados: El análisis por grupos de edad gestacional muestra una incidencia de membrana hialina mayor, de 35,2 por ciento, en los pequeños para la edad gestacional, y de 29,1 por ciento en los no pequeños (p: 0,026). Si se analiza sólo menores de 1 500 gramos de peso de nacimiento, el grupo pequeño tiene una incidencia menor, de 47,5 por ciento, y los no pequeños de 60,7 por ciento. El análisis de regresión logística para alta con oxígeno de los que tuvieron membrana hialina, muestra asociación con menor puntaje z de peso de nacimiento, uso de corticoides y dependencia de oxígeno a las 36 semanas. Conclusiones: El recién nacido pretérmino pequeño para edad gestacional tiene mayor incidencia de membrana hialina y evoluciona con mayor dependencia de oxígeno al comparar por edad gestacional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Hyaline Membrane Disease/epidemiology , Infant, Premature , Child, Hospitalized , Hyaline Membrane Disease/mortality , Hyaline Membrane Disease/therapy , Fetal Growth Retardation , Incidence , Infant, Small for Gestational Age , Logistic Models , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy , Pulmonary Surfactants/therapeutic use
18.
Indian J Pediatr ; 2010 July; 77(7): 751-754
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-142623

ABSTRACT

Objective. To compare the complications among preterm infants treated with two different natural surfactants. Methods. In a randomized clinical trial, 150 preterm infants with Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) treated with exogenous surfactant, were enrolled in the study. Group A consisted of 79 neonates that received poractant (curosurf). Seventy one newborn infants in group B were treated with beractant (Survanta). Results. The mean gestational age for group A and B were 29.40±2.90 wk and 29.50±2.73 wk (P=0.82), respectively. The demographic and clinical variables were similar in both groups. The mean duration of intubation (as a primary outcome) was significantly shorter in infants treated with poractant (3.13±1.80 vs 4.06±2.7 days p=0.05). The mean duration of need for oxygen and hospitalization of patients in group A and B were 17.73±22.25 vs 19.14±17.85days (p=0.67) and 24.89±26.41 vs 29.14±23.54 days (p= 0.32), respectively. There was no significant difference between groups with respect to mortality and morbidity, including pulmonary hemorrhage, intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), patent ductus arteriosus, sepsis, and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (secondary outcome). Conclusions. In this study, infants who received poractant had shorter duration of intubation than infants treated with beractant, without any difference in the duration of oxygen therapy or hospitalization. There was no significant superiority of poractant over beractant.


Subject(s)
Biological Factors/therapeutic use , Female , Hospital Mortality , Humans , India/epidemiology , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Male , Morbidity , Phospholipids/therapeutic use , Pulmonary Surfactants/therapeutic use , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/drug therapy , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/epidemiology , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/mortality
19.
Rev. cuba. farm ; 43(2)mayo-ago. 2009.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-531358

ABSTRACT

El Surfacen® es un medicamento utilizado en el tratamiento del síndrome de dificultad respiratorio del recién nacido, causa importante de mortalidad y morbilidad neonatal. Este se fabrica en el Centro Nacional de Sanidad Agropecuaria (La Habana, Cuba) bajo un Sistema de Gestión de la Calidad y Buenas Prßcticas de Fabricación. El pulmón porcino constituye la materia prima fundamental, y es a partir de su calidad microbiológica y la del proceso productivo que se garantiza un producto final libre de contaminantes microbianos y de pirógenos. A partir del dise±o de protocolos específicos y de las regulaciones existentes se demostró que la crianza de cerdos, su proceso de sacrificio y los materiales utilizados en la obtención de los lavados pulmonares, permiten alcanzar una calidad microbiológica definida y bajo control. El proceso de producción fue capaz de eliminar la carga microbiana presente en los lavados pulmonares que junto al resto de las operaciones de preparación de materiales estériles, su traslado, uso, al igual que la limpieza y desinfección de las ßreas limpias, el llenado aséptico y el personal garantizaron la esterilidad del producto final. Todos estos resultados permiten concluir que los procesos críticos de la producción de Surfacen® estßn validados y garantizan que este sea estéril, libre de pirógenos y sin residuales tóxicos, lo que demuestra su seguridad, reproducibilidad y consistencia.


Surfacen® is a drug used in treatment of newborn respiratory distress syndrome, a significant cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity. This drug is manufactured by National Center of Farming and livestock Hygiene (La Habana, Cuba) under a Management System of Quality and Good Practices of Manufacture. Pig lung is the essential raw material, and it is from microbiologic quality and that of productive process, that a free of microbial contaminant and pyrogen end product is guaranteed. From design of specific protocols and of the available regulations, it was demonstrated that pig breeding, its sacrifice process, and materials used in achievement of lung lavages, allow us to obtain a defined microbiologic quality and under control. Production process was able to eliminate microbial charge present in lung lavages, which together with the remainder preparation tasks of sterile materials, its transfer, use, as well as cleaning and disinfection of clean areas, the aseptic filling, and staff guaranteed sterility of end product. All these results allow us to conclude that the critical processes of Surfacen® production are validated and guarantee that this one be sterile, pyrogen-free, and without toxic residuals, demonstrating its safety, reproducibility and consistence.


Subject(s)
Phospholipids , Biological Products/therapeutic use , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/drug therapy , Pulmonary Surfactants/therapeutic use
20.
Pulmäo RJ ; 18(3): 148-154, 2009. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-607378

ABSTRACT

A síndrome do desconforto respiratório agudo (SDRA) acarreta disfunção quantitativa e qualitativa do sistema de surfactante pulmonar endógeno, levando à disfunção respiratória. Nesse contexto, a administração de surfactante pode vir a ser uma opção de terapêutica na SDRA, com importante impacto sobre a função pulmonar e a oxigenação. O presente artigo apresenta uma breve revisão acerca do potencial terapêutico do surfactante na SDRA. Para tal, foi realizada uma revisão sistemática da literatura, através das bases de dados MedLine, Scielo e Lilacs, onde foram incluídos artigos dos últimos anos, referentes ao assunto. Os artigos incluídos abordaram a terapêutica de reposição do surfactante em estudos experimentais e clínicos, assim como revisões sistemáticas sobre aspectos bioquímicos e fisiológicos do surfactante e da SDRA. Apesar de diversos estudos experimentais terem evidenciado efeitos benéficos com o uso do surfactante exógeno na SDRA, proporcionando melhora da função pulmonar, os trabalhos clínicos vêm apresentando resultados controversos. Entretanto, a administração de novos surfactantes exógenos tem apresentado resultados promissores. Concluindo, o uso do surfactante exógeno pode vir a fazer parte do tratamento dos pacientes portadores de SDRA.


Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) causes changes in pulmonary surfactant leading to respiratory dysfunction. In this context, the administration of surfactant may become a therapeutic option for ARDS with significant impact on lung function and oxygenation. This article presents a brief review regarding the potential of surfactant therapy in acute respiratorydistress syndrome. We performed a systematic review of the literature using the following databases: MedLine,SciELO and Lilacs. Experimental and clinical studies related to surfactant therapy in ARDS as well as systematic reviews of the biochemical and physiological aspects of surfactant were included in the present manuscript. Despite several experimental studies have shown beneficial effects with the use of surfactant in ARDS, leading to improvement in lung function, clinicalstudies have shown controversial results. However, the use of new surfactants has providing promising results. Therefore, use of surfactant can become part of ARDS patient treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Lung Compliance , Respiratory Distress Syndrome , Pulmonary Surfactants/therapeutic use , Pulmonary Alveoli , Respiratory Function Tests , Review , Pulmonary Surfactants/metabolism , Total Lung Capacity
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