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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929073

ABSTRACT

Objective Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are non-coding RNAs (ncRNA) circularized without a 3' polyadenylation [poly-(A)] tail or a 5' cap, resulting in a covalently closed loop structure. circRNAs were first discovered in RNA viruses in the 1970s, but only a small number of circRNAs were discovered at that time due to limitations in traditional polyadenylated transcriptome analyses. With the development of specific biochemical and computational methods, recent studies have shown the presence of abundant circRNAs in eukaryotic transcriptomes. circRNAs play vital roles in many physiological and pathological processes, such as acting as miRNA sponges, binding to RNA-binding proteins (RBPs), acting as transcriptional regulatory factors, and even serving as translation templates. Current evidence has shown that circRNAs can be potentially used as excellent biomarkers for diagnosis, therapeutic effect evaluation, and prognostic assessment of a variety of diseases, and they may also provide effective therapeutic targets due to their stability and tissue and development-stage specificity. This review focuses on the properties of circRNAs and their immune relationship to disease, and explores the role of circRNAs in immune-related diseases and the directions of future research.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Circular , Transcriptome
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928986

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The high morbidity and mortality of colorectal cancer (CRC) have posed great threats to human health. Circular RNA (circRNA) and microRNA (miRNA), acting as competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs), have been found to play vital roles in carcinogenesis. This paper aims to construct a circRNA/miRNA/mRNA regulatory network so as to explore the molecular mechanism of CRC.@*METHODS@#The sequencing data of circRNA from CRC were obtained from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). The differential circRNA was screened and its structure was identified by Cancer-specific CircRNA Database (CSCD); the sequencing data of miRNA and messenger RNA (mRNAs) were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and the differentially expressed genes were screened; the corresponding miRNA of differential circRNAs were predicted by CircInteractome database; DIANA, Miranda, PicTar, and TargetScan databases were used to predict the target genes of different miRNAs; the target genes from Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) were enriched by R language; String database combined with Cytoscape 3.7.2 software was used to construct protein-protein interaction (PPI) network and hub genes were screened; the expressions of mRNAs in the Top10 hub genes were verified in CRC. The network diagrams of circRNAs/miRNAs/mRNAs and circRNAs/miRNAs/Top10 hub mRNAs were constructed by Cytoscape3.7.2. Real-time PCR was used to examine the expression levels of hsa_circRNA_0065173, hsa-mir-450b, hsa-mir-582, adenylate cyclase 5 (ADCY5), muscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2 (CHRM2), cannabinoid receptor 1 (CNR1), and lysophosphatidic acid receptor 1 (LPAR1) in the CRC tissues and the adjacent normal tissues.@*RESULTS@#A total of 14 differential circRNAs were identified, and 8 were found in CSCD; 34 miRNAs targeted by circRNAs were obtained. The PPI network was constructed, and the Top10 hub genes were identified, which were CHRM2, melanin concentrating hormone receptor 2 (MCHR2), G-protein gamma 3 subunit (GNG3), neuropeptide Y receptor Y1 (NPY1R), CNR1, LPAR1, ADCY5, adenylate cyclase 2 (ADCY2), gamma 7 (GNG7) and chemokine 12 (CXCL12), respectively. The expressions of Top 10 hub genes were also verified, and the results showed that the Top 10 hub genes were down-regulated in CRC; the constructed network diagram showed that hsa_circRNA_0065173 may regulate ADCY5, CHRM2, and Hsa-mir-450b by modulating hsa-mir-450b and hsa-mir-582. CNR1 and LPAR1 genes might serve as potentially relevant targets for the treatment of CRC. Real-time PCR results showed that the expression levels of hsa_circRNA_0065173, ADCY5, CHRM2, CNR1 and LPAR1 in the CRC tissues were significantly reduced compared with the adjacent normal tissues (all P<0.05); the expression levels of hsa-mir-450b and hsa-miR-582 were significantly increased (both P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this study, a potential circRNAs/miRNAs/mRNAs network is successfully constructed, which provides a new insight for CRC development mechanism through ceRNA mediated by circRNAs.


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Computational Biology/methods , Gene Regulatory Networks , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Circular/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928381

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of circ-SFMBT2 on the biological behavior of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells and its regulatory role on the miR-7-5p/ADAM10 axis.@*METHODS@#qRT-PCR and Western blotting were used to determine the expression of circ-SFMBT2, miR-7-5p, and ADAM10 in NSCLC tissues and adjacent tissues. Pearson analysis was used to analyze the correlation between circ-SFMBT2 and miR-7-5p, and between miR-7-5p and ADAM10. In vitro cultured human bronchial epithelial-like cells (HBE) and lung cancer cell lines H1650, H460, A549, H1299. CCK-8 and EdU methods were used to assess the ability of cell proliferation. Plate experiment was used to detect the clone formation ability. Flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis rate. Transwell experiment was used to detect cell invasion ability. Dual luciferase reporter experiment detects the targeting relationship between circ-SFMBT2 and miR-7-5p, and between miR-7-5p and ADAM10. Transplanted tumor experiment in nude mice assessed the effect of knocking down circ-SFMBT2 on the growth of transplanted tumor. Immunohistochemical experiments were performed to detect the positive rates of ADAM10 and Ki67 proteins in transplanted tumor tissues.@*RESULTS@#The expression levels of circ-SFMBT2 and ADAM10 were increased in NSCLC tissues and cell lines, while decreased the expression of miR-7-5p. circ-SFMBT2 was negatively correlated with miR-7-5p, while miR-7-5p was negatively correlated with ADAM10. Silencing the overexpression of circ-SFMBT2 and miR-7-5p could inhibit cell proliferation, clone formation and invasion, and also promote apoptosis. circ-SFMBT2 could target miR-7-5p, and ADAM10 was the target gene of miR-7-5p. The combined effect of silencing circ-SFMBT2 and inhibition of miR-7-5p, as well as miR-7-5p overexpression and ADAM10 overexpression could promote cell proliferation, clone formation and invasion, and also suppress cell apoptosis. Silencing circ-SFMBT2 could inhibit the growth of transplanted tumors.@*CONCLUSION@#Silencing circ-SFMBT2 can suppress the proliferation, clone formation, invasion ability and induce apoptosis of NSCLC cells by regulating the miR-7-5p/ADAM10 axis.


Subject(s)
ADAM10 Protein/genetics , Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases/genetics , Animals , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Cell Proliferation , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Mice , Mice, Nude , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Circular , Repressor Proteins
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927850

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects on cell proliferation and invasion of the circular RNA hsa_circ_0067582 in gastric cancer(GC). Methods After hsa_circ_0067582 overexpression (Oe-circ_0067582) plasmid was transfected into AGS and SGC-7901 cells,the cell viability,proliferation,invasion ability,and apoptosis were detected by CCK-8,colony formation and EdU assays,Transwell assay,and flow cytometry,respectively.Western blotting was employed to detect the expression levels of proteins related to the cell apoptosis and epithelial-mesenchymal transition(EMT).The effect of Oe-circ_0067582 on the growth of SGC-7901 cells in nude mice was observed.Bioinformatics tools were used to predict the binding target miRNA of hsa_circ_0067582,and the competing endogenous RNA(ceRNA)regulatory network was established.Finally,functional enrichment was performed to analyze the biological functions of the target genes of the predicted miRNA. Results Compared with the pLO-ciR(empty plasmid)group,the Oe-circ_0067582 group in AGS and SGC-7901 cells attenuated the cell viability(t=7.883,P=0.001;t=5.679,P=0.005),proliferation(t=6.709,P=0.003;t=5.857,P=0.003),and invasion ability(t=7.782,P=0.002;t=6.342,P=0.003)and induced cell apoptosis(t=7.225,P=0.002;t=11.509,P=0.001).Western blotting showed that the Oe-circ_0067582 group in AGS and SGC-7901 cells up-regulated the protein levels of cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase (Caspase) 3(t=6.863,P=0.002;t=7.024,P=0.001),Caspase 7(t=3.295,P=0.04;t=6.008,P=0.004),Caspase 9(t=4.408,P=0.012;t=6.278,P=0.004),and E-cadherin(t=12.453,P=0.002;t=10.867,P=0.001),while down-regulated those of Vimentin(t=7.242,P=0.002;t=5.694,P=0.004)and N-cadherin(t=6.480,P=0.003;t=7.446,P=0.001).Furthermore,Oe-circ_0067582 significantly inhibited the growth of tumor in the SGC-7901 tumor-bearing nude mice(t=3.526,P=0.017).The prediction based on TargetScan and miRnada suggested that hsa_circ_0067582 can competitively bind to hsa-miR-181b-3p,hsa-miR-337-3p,hsa-miR-421,and hsa-miR-548d-3p.The functional enrichment indicated that the target genes of miRNA were involved in multiple cancer-related biological processes including negative regulation of apoptotic process,gene expression,transcriptional misregulation in cancer,transforming growth factor-β,and p53 signaling pathways. Conclusion Oe-circ_0067582 can inhibit the proliferation and attenuate EMT process to reduce the invasion ability of AGS and SGC-7901 cells,which provides a new target for the treatment of GC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Mice , Mice, Nude , RNA, Circular , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology
5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1706-1723, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927813

ABSTRACT

With the development of high-throughput sequencing technology, circular RNAs (circRNAs) have gradually become a hotspot in the research on non-coding RNA. CircRNAs are produced by the covalent circularization of a downstream 3' splice donor and an upstream 5' splice acceptor through backsplicing, and they are pervasive in eukaryotic cells. CircRNAs used to be considered byproducts of false splicing, whereas an explosion of related studies in recent years has disproved this misconception. Compared with the rich studies of circRNAs in animals, the study of circRNAs in plants is still in its infancy. In this review, we introduced the discovery of plant circRNAs, the discovery of plant circRNAs, the circularization feature, expression specificity, conservation, and stability of plant circRNAs and expounded the identification tools, main types, and biogenesis mechanisms of circRNAs. Furthermore, we summarized the potential roles of plant circRNAs as microRNA (miRNA) sponges and translation templates and in response to biotic/abiotic stress, and briefed the degradation and localization of plant circRNAs. Finally, we discussed the challenges and proposed the future directions in the research on plant circRNAs.


Subject(s)
Animals , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Organelle Biogenesis , Plants/metabolism , Protein Biosynthesis/physiology , RNA, Circular/metabolism , RNA, Plant/metabolism , Research/trends , Stress, Physiological/genetics
6.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 39-46, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927579

ABSTRACT

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common clinical syndrome and an independent risk factor of chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal failure. At present, the treatments of AKI are still very limited and the morbidity and mortality of AKI are rising. Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), including microRNAs, long non-coding RNAs and circular RNAs (circRNAs), are RNAs that are transcribed from the genome, but not translated into proteins. It has been widely reported that ncRNA is involved in AKI caused by ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI), drugs and sepsis through different molecular biological mechanisms, such as apoptosis and oxidative stress response. Therefore, ncRNAs are expected to become a new target for clinical prevention and treatment of AKI and a new biomarker for early warning of the occurrence and prognosis of AKI. Here, the role and mechanism of ncRNA in AKI and the research progress of ncRNA as biomarkers are reviewed.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury/metabolism , Humans , MicroRNAs/metabolism , RNA, Circular , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , RNA, Untranslated/genetics , Reperfusion Injury/genetics
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 714-723, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927545

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are considered to be important regulators in cancer biology. In this study, we focused on the effect of circRNA baculoviral inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) repeat containing 6 (circBIRC6) on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) progression.@*METHODS@#The NSCLC and adjacent non-tumor tissues were collected at Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was conducted for assessing the levels of circBIRC6, amyloid beta precursor protein binding protein 2 (APPBP2) messenger RNA (mRNA), baculoviral IAP repeat containing 6 mRNA (BIRC6), and microRNA-217 (miR-217). Western blot assay was adopted for measuring the protein levels of APPBP2, E-cadherin, N-cadherin, and vimentin. Colony formation assay, transwell assay, and flow cytometry analysis were utilized for evaluating cell colony formation, metastasis, and apoptosis. Dualluciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation assay were carried out to determine the interaction between miR-217 and circBIRC6 and APPBP2 in NSCLC tissues. The murine xenograft model assay was used to investigate the function of circBIRC6 in tumor formation in vivo. Differences were analyzed via Student's t test or one-way analysis of variance. Pearson's correlation coefficient analysis was used to analyze linear correlation.@*RESULTS@#CircBIRC6 was overexpressed in NSCLC tissues and cells. Knockdown of circBIRC6 repressed the colony formation and metastasis and facilitated apoptosis of NSCLC cells in vitro and restrained tumorigenesis in vivo. Mechanically, circBIRC6 functioned as miR-217 sponge to promote APPBP2 expression in NSCLC cells. MiR-217 inhibition rescued circBIRC6 knockdown-mediated effects on NSCLC cell colony formation, metastasis, and apoptosis. Overexpression of miR-217 inhibited the malignant phenotypes of NSCLC cells, while the effects were abrogated by elevating APPBP2.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CircBIRC6 aggravated NSCLC cell progression by elevating APPBP2 via sponging miR-217, which might provide a fresh perspective on NSCLC therapy.


Subject(s)
Amyloid beta-Peptides/metabolism , Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor/metabolism , Animals , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , China , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Mice , MicroRNAs/metabolism , RNA, Circular/genetics , RNA, Messenger
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927475

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Sepsis is defined as a life-threatening complication that occurs when the body responds to an infection attacking the host. Sepsis rapidly progresses and patients deteriorate and develop septic shock, with multiple organ failure, if not promptly treated. Currently no effective therapy is available for sepsis; therefore, early diagnosis is crucial to decrease the high mortality rate. Genome-wide expression analyses of patients in critical conditions have confirmed that the expression levels of the majority of genes are changed, suggesting that the molecular basis of sepsis is at the gene level. This review aims to elucidate the role of circular (circ) RNAs in the pathogenesis of sepsis and sepsis-induced organ damage. In addition, the feasibility of using circRNAs as novel diagnostic biomarkers for sepsis is also discussed, as well as circRNA-based therapy.@*METHOD@#This narrative review is based on a literature search using Medline database. Search terms used were "circular RNAs and sepsis", "circRNAs and sepsis", "non-coding RNAs and sepsis", "ncRNAs and sepsis", "circRNAs and septic pathogenesis", "circRNAs and septic model", "circRNAs and septic shock" and "circRNAs, biomarker, and sepsis".@*RESULTS@#Numerous studies indicate that circRNAs might exert pivotal roles in regulating the immune system of the host against various pathogens, such as bacteria and viruses. Dysregulation of circRNA expression levels has been confirmed as an early event in sepsis and associated with the inflammatory response, immunosuppression and coagulation dysfunction. This impairment in regulation eventually leads to multiple organ dysfunctions, including of the kidneys, lungs and heart.@*CONCLUSION@#By investigating the regulation of circRNAs in sepsis, new molecular targets for the diagnosis and intervention of sepsis can be identified. Such an understanding will be important for the development of therapeutic drugs.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Humans , RNA, Circular , Shock, Septic/genetics
9.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(5): e10093, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153556

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to explore the effect of hsa_circ_0002162 on regulating cell proliferation, apoptosis, and invasion, and investigate its potential target microRNA (miRNA) in tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC). Hsa_circ_0002162 expression was detected in human TSCC cell lines and human oral keratinocytes (HOK) cell line. Cell proliferation, apoptosis, invasion, and candidate target miRNA expressions were detected in hsa_circ_0002162 knockdown-treated CAL-27 cells and hsa_circ_0002162 overexpression-treated SCC-9 cells. In the rescue experiment, miR-33a-5p knockdown plasmid was transfected into hsa_circ_0002162 knockdown-treated CAL-27 cells, while miR-33a-5p overexpression plasmid was transfected into hsa_circ_0002162 overexpression-treated SCC-9 cells. Subsequently, cell proliferation, apoptosis, and invasion were detected, and then luciferase reporter assay was performed. Hsa_circ_0002162 expression was increased in human TSCC cell lines SCC-9, CAL-27, HSC-4, and SCC-25 compared with HOK. In CAL-27 cells, hsa_circ_0002162 knockdown inhibited cell proliferation and invasion and promoted apoptosis. In SCC-9 cells, hsa_circ_0002162 overexpression enhanced cell proliferation and invasion and suppressed apoptosis. Furthermore, a negative regulation of hsa_circ_0002162 on miR-33a-5p (but not miR-302b-5p and miR-545-5p) was observed. In the rescue experiment, miR-33a-5p knockdown increased cell proliferation and invasion, and decreased apoptosis in hsa_circ_0002162 knockdown-treated CAL-27 cells, whereas miR-33a-5p overexpression decreased cell proliferation and invasion, but increased apoptosis in hsa_circ_0002162 overexpression-treated SCC-9 cells. The luciferase reporter assay showed the direct binding of hsa_circ_0002162 to miR-33a-5p. In conclusion, hsa_circ_0002162 had an important role in malignant progression of TSCC through targeting miR-33a-5p.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tongue Neoplasms/genetics , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Tongue , Cell Line, Tumor , RNA, Circular
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2573-2582, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921184

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Circular RNA (circRNA) is a type of closed circular noncoding RNA (ncRNA), mostly formed by back-splicing or alternative splicing of pre-messenger RNA (mRNA). The aim of this study was to explore the expression profile of circRNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and discover potential molecular markers of AS.@*METHODS@#The circRNA microarray technology was used to detect the expression of circRNAs in the peripheral blood of 6 patients with AS and 6 healthy controls (HC). To screen the differentially expressed circRNAs by fold change (FC) and P value, these differentially expressed circRNAs were analyzed by bioinformatics. In 60 cases of AS and 30 cases of HC, 4 circRNAs were subjected to real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), and their correlation with various clinical indicators was analyzed. Finally, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze their potential as AS diagnostic markers.@*RESULTS@#The microarray results showed that there were 1369 significantly differently expressed (P  1.5) circRNAs between the AS and HC groups (675 upregulated and 694 downregulated). The results of bioinformatics analysis suggested that they were mainly involved in "enzyme binding," "adenosine ribonucleotide binding," "MAPK signaling pathway", etc. The RT-qPCR results showed that the expressions of hsa_circRNA_001544 (U = 486.5, P < 0.05) and hsa_circRNA_102532 (U = 645, P < 0.05) were significantly different between the AS group and the HC group. The AS group was further divided into two subgroups: active AS (ASA) and stable AS (ASS). After analysis, it was found that compared with the HC group, hsa_circRNA_001544 was significantly increased in both ASA (U = 214, P < 0.05) and ASS groups (U = 273, P < 0.05), while hsa_circRNA_008961 (U = 250, P < 0.05) and hsa_circRNA_102532 (U = 295, P < 0.05) were only significantly increased in the ASA group. Furthermore, hsa_circRNA_012732 was significantly different between the ASA and ASS groups (U = 194, P < 0.05), and there was no statistical significance among the remaining groups. Correlation analysis results showed that hsa_circRNA_012732 was negatively correlated with Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), and globulin (GLOB) and positively correlated with lymphocyte count (LY), mean corpusular volume, and albumin (ALB), and hsa_circRNA_008961 was negatively correlated with platelet (PLT) count. ROC curve analysis showed that hsa_circRNA_001544 (95% CI = 0.610-0.831, P < 0.05) and hsa_circRNA_102532 (95% CI = 0.521-0.762, P < 0.05) were statistically significant, and their area under curve (AUC) values were 0.720 and 0.642, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#There are differentially expressed circRNAs in PBMCs of AS patients, and they may be involved in the occurrence and development of AS. Among these differentially expressed circRNAs, hsa_circRNA_012732 has the potential to become an indicator of disease activity, and hsa_circRNA_001544 has the potential to become a molecular marker for AS diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , RNA/genetics , RNA, Circular , ROC Curve , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/genetics
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888473

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the association of circular RNA (circRNA) and circRNA-microRNA (miRNA) network regulation with brain injury induced by inflammation in preterm mice.@*METHODS@#Pregnant mice were treated with intraperitoneally injected lipopolysaccharide to establish a preterm mouse model of brain injury induced by inflammation (inflammation preterm group with 3 mice). Preterm mice born to normal pregnant mice by cesarean section were selected as controls (non-inflammation preterm group with 3 mice). The gene microarray technique was used to screen out the circRNAs associated with brain injury in preterm mice. The miRNA target prediction software was used to predict the binding sites between circRNAs and miRNAs and analyze the regulatory mechanism.@*RESULTS@#A total of 365 differentially expressed circRNAs were screened out between the inflammation preterm and non-inflammation preterm groups (fold change > 1.5, @*CONCLUSIONS@#Inflammation induces a significant change in the expression profile of circRNAs in the brain tissue of mice, and the change in the expression of circRNAs plays an important role in brain injury induced by inflammation and subsequent brain development in preterm mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain Injuries , Cesarean Section , Female , Gene Expression Profiling , Inflammation/genetics , Mice , MicroRNAs/genetics , Pregnancy , RNA/genetics , RNA, Circular
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887877

ABSTRACT

Circular RNA(circRNA)is a novel type of endogenous non-coding RNA.Most circRNAs act as microRNA(miRNA)sponges to regulate the expression of functional genes.In addition,some circRNAs can be translated and interact with RNA-binding proteins to perform biological functions.The expression of circRNAs is prevalent in tissues and body fluids,and their abnormal expression is related to tumor progression.circRNAs are stable even under the treatment of RNase R because of their circular conformation.As circRNAs have construct stability,wide variety,specific regulation of tumor progression and high expression in body fluids,it is potential for circRNAs to serve as candidate diagnostic,prognostic and therapeutic targets.However,the knowledge about circRNAs remains poor.In addition to the not completely resolved functions and generation mechanisms of circRNAs,the annotations of circRNAs are also waiting for expanding.Here,we review the generation mechanisms,biological functions,and application of circRNAs in tumor research,aiming to provide integrated information for the future research.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , MicroRNAs , Prognosis , RNA, Circular
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887754

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the effects of circ_0005379 on the proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to detect the expression levels of circ_0005379 and miR-17-5p in OSCC tissues and SCC15 cell lines. Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of acyl-CoA oxidase 1 (ACOX1). The circ_0005379 overexpression vector was transfected into SCC15 cells. Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium blue staining, flow cytometry, Transwell, and Western blot were used to detect the effects of circ_0005379 overexpression on the proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion of SCC15 cells and the expression of E-cadherin, β-catenin, and Snail proteins. Dual luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation were used to examine the regulation of circ_0005379, miR-17-5p, miR-17-5p, and ACOX1 in SCC15 cells. A nude mouse xenograft model of SCC15 cells stably overexpressing circ_0005379 was established, and the effect of circ_0005379 overexpression on the growth of xenografts in nude mice was observed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with adjacent cancer tissues, the expression levels of circ_0005379 and ACOX1 proteins in OSCC tissues were decreased (@*CONCLUSIONS@#circ_0005379 may inhibit the proliferation, migration, and invasion of OSCC cells by downregulating the expression of miR-17-5p and upregulating ACOX1, which promote apoptosis and inhibit tumor growth


Subject(s)
Acyl-CoA Oxidase , Animals , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , Cell Proliferation , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Mice , Mice, Nude , MicroRNAs , Mouth Neoplasms/genetics , RNA, Circular , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
14.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 491-500, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887684

ABSTRACT

Many studies have shown that circular RNAs (circRNAs) play a key regulatory role in the whole biological process of tumors. The purpose of this study was to explore the biological function and molecular mechanism of circ_0001666 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), so as to provide new targets for the diagnosis and treatment of NSCLC. Gene expression profiles were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO, GSE101586) and the differential genes were obtained by using GEO2R analysis. The quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression level of circ_0001666 in NSCLC cells. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and Annexin V-FITC apoptosis detection kit were respectively used to assess the cell proliferation and apoptosis, where circ_0001666 was knockdown in NSCLC cells. The targeted relationship among mircoRNA 330-5p (miR-330-5p), circ_0001666, and high mobility group A2 protein (HMGA2) was verified by bioinformatics prediction, dual-luciferase reporter gene, RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) and RNA pull down assay. The results showed that the expression of circ_0001666 in NSCLC cells was significantly up-regulated than that in normal lung epithelial cells. Circ_0001666 knockdown reduced the cell viability and promoted the apoptosis of NSCLC cells, which could be reversed by miR-330-5p inhibitors. MiR-330-5p is the downstream target of circ_0001666 and can be adsorbed by circ_0001666. HMGA2 is a target gene of miR-330-5p, which can be indirectly regulated by circ_0001666. The results suggest that circ_0001666 promotes the proliferation and inhibits apoptosis of NSCLC cells via miR-330-5p/HMGA2 axis.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis/genetics , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , HMGA2 Protein , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Circular
15.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 911-946, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922477

ABSTRACT

Circular RNA (circRNA) is a novel class of single-stranded RNAs with a closed loop structure. The majority of circRNAs are formed by a back-splicing process in pre-mRNA splicing. Their expression is dynamically regulated and shows spatiotemporal patterns among cell types, tissues and developmental stages. CircRNAs have important biological functions in many physiological processes, and their aberrant expression is implicated in many human diseases. Due to their high stability, circRNAs are becoming promising biomarkers in many human diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, autoimmune diseases and human cancers. In this review, we focus on the translational potential of using human blood circRNAs as liquid biopsy biomarkers for human diseases. We highlight their abundant expression, essential biological functions and significant correlations to human diseases in various components of peripheral blood, including whole blood, blood cells and extracellular vesicles. In addition, we summarize the current knowledge of blood circRNA biomarkers for disease diagnosis or prognosis.


Subject(s)
Autoimmune Diseases/blood , Biomarkers, Tumor/blood , Cardiovascular Diseases/blood , Humans , Liquid Biopsy , Neoplasms/blood , RNA, Circular/blood , RNA, Neoplasm/blood
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1719-1726, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922324

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the difference expression of circular RNA (circRNA) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) by using bioinformatics method.@*METHODS@#The microarray chip data of AML was searched and downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) of the National Center for Bioinformatics (NCBI). The differences between AML samples and control samples were analyzed by R software. The interaction between deregulated circRNA, miRNA and mRNA were predicted by miranda software and miRTarBase software. The circRNA-miRNA-mRNA regulatory network was constructed by using the cytoHubba plugin based on the Cytoscape software.@*RESULTS@#A total of 203 differential expression of circRNAs were finally collected, including down-regulated 161 circRNAs and up-regulated 42 circRNAs. CircRNA/miRNA/mRNA interaction network was constructed through software prediction. hsa_circ_0001080, hsa_circ_0004511, hsa_circ_0054211, hsa_circ_0001944 may be positively regulated the gene expression in AML.@*CONCLUSION@#Abnormal expression of circRNA in AML may become a new target for AML treatment.


Subject(s)
Gene Expression , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , RNA, Circular
17.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 698-704, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922243

ABSTRACT

Tumor immunotherapy is a new therapy which developed in recent years, it has greatly changed the therapeutic schedules and brought new options for patients. However, not all patients can have obvious therapeutic effects after using immunotherapy. So selecting more suitable patients and raising immunotherapy effect are worthy to discuss. With the research of circular RNAs (circRNAs), circRNAs have been found that they not only play a significant role in the field of tumor markers, tumor progression and prognosis, but also can abnormally express in a variety of tumors and affect tumor immunity. Therefore, the circRNAs expression may not only can be used as a supplementary method for selecting patients, but also can be used to predict the efficacy of tumor immunotherapy. In this article, we summarize current knowledge on circRNAs abnormally expressed in many cancers, especially lung cancer which can affect tumor immunity, and discuss its potential effects in tumor immunotherapy, and we hope to provide more references for the clinical practice of circRNAs.
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Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Humans , Immunotherapy , Lung Neoplasms/therapy , Prognosis , RNA, Circular
18.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 770-776, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922145

ABSTRACT

As the main type of lung cancer, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a common cancer which is characterized by low 5-year survival rate and worse prognosis. Nowadays, some studies show that the low survival rate and worse prognosis are due to the resistance to radiotherapy caused by circRNA. Therefore, to find out the relationship between circRNA and radiotherapy resistance of NSCLC was imoprtant. According to research the relevant literatures, the relationship between circRNA and radiotherapy resistance of NSCLC was explored. CircRNA plays an important role in the invasion, metastasis, proliferation and treatment resistance of NSCLC. The radiation resistance of tumor cells induced by circRNA has become a crucial problem in radiotherapy. CircRNA plays an important role in the radiotherapy resistance of NSCLC.
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Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/radiotherapy , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/radiotherapy , MicroRNAs , RNA, Circular
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922587

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#White matter hyperintensity (WMH) is an important factor leading to cognitive impairment, and the mechanism has not been clarified. In recent years, studies have found that circular RNA (circRNA) has differential expression in cerebrovascular diseases. This study aims to analyze the expression profile of circRNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) of patients with WMH with cognitive impairment, to screen the differentially expressed circRNA, and to explore the possible role of circRNA in WMH with cognitive impairment.@*METHODS@#CircRNA microarray was used to detect the circRNA expression profile of PBMC in patients with WMH with cognitive impairment, and in patients with WMH without cognitive impairment as well as in normal controls (3 cases each, male to female ratio of 2꞉1). The differentially expressed circRNA in patients with WMH with cognitive impairment was screened. The screening criteria for differentially expressed circRNA was fold change (FC) ≥2.0 (|log@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, there were 5 significantly up-regulated circRNA and 3 down-regulated circRNA in the WMH with cognitive impairment group; 8 circRNA were significantly up-regulated and 2 were down-regulated in the WMH without cognitive impairment group. When compared with the WMH with cognitive impairment group, no co-differentially expressed circRNA was found in WMH without cognitive impairment group and control group. Compared with the control group, the expression of hsa_circ_0092222 was up-regulated and the expressions of hsa_circ_0000662 and hsa_circ_0083773 were down-regulated in the WMH with cognitive impairment group and the WMH without cognitive impairment group, and there was no significant difference between the 2 groups (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#The circRNA expression profile of patients with WMH is changed significantly. The differentially expressed circRNA may be the cause of WMH; Hsa_circ_0092222, hsa_circ_0000662, and hsa_circ_0083773 may regulate the expression of target genes by targeting adsorption of the target miRNA, leading to brain white matter damage through Janus kinase 2 (JAK2)/signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT3) signal pathway and Wnt signal pathway.There is no significant difference in circRNA expression profile between WMH with or without cognitive impairment. Cognitive impairment in patients with WMH may have other reasons.


Subject(s)
Cognitive Dysfunction/genetics , Female , Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Male , MicroRNAs , RNA/genetics , RNA, Circular , Software , White Matter
20.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(8): e10940, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285675

ABSTRACT

Recently, an increasing number of studies have reported that dysregulation of circular RNA (circRNA) expression plays critical roles in the progression of several cancers, including colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the detailed molecular mechanisms of circRNAs involvement in CRC remain largely unknown. Here, we confirmed that the level of circEGFR was significantly increased in CRC tissues compared to matched adjacent non-tumor tissues, and a high level of circEGFR was correlated with poor clinicopathological characteristics and poor prognosis in patients with CRC. Moreover, increased circEGFR expression promoted CRC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in vitro. Mechanistically, circEGFR acted as a ceRNA for miR-106a-5p to relieve the repressive effect of miR-106a-5p on DDX5 mRNA. Moreover, circEGFR enhanced DDX5 expression, thereby upregulating p-AKT levels. Together, these findings showed that circEGFR promoted CRC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion through the miR-106a-5p/DDX5/AKT axis, and may serve as a promising diagnostic marker and therapeutic target for CRC patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , DEAD-box RNA Helicases , RNA, Circular
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