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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928716

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Two sgRNAs transfected FLT3-ITD+AML cell line MV411 with different binding sites were introduced into CRISPR/cas9 to obtain MV411 cells with miR-155 gene knockout. To compare the efficiency of miR-155 gene knockout by single and double sgRNA transfection and their effects on cell phenotypes.@*METHODS@#The lentiviral vectors were generated containing either single sgRNA or dual sgRNAs and packaged into lentivirus particles. PCR was conducted to measure gene editing efficiency, and miR-155 expression was evaluated by qPCR. CCK-8 assay was used to evaluate the cell proliferation, and calculate drug sensitivity of cells to adriamycin and quizartinib. Annexin V-APC/7-AAD staining was used to label cell apoptosis induced by adriamycin and quizartinib.@*RESULTS@#In the dual sgRNAs transfected cells, a cleavage band could be observed, meaning the success of gene editing. Compared with the single sgRNA transfected MV411 cells, the expression level of mature miR-155-5p was lower in the dual sgRNA transfected cells. And, dual sgRNA transfected MV411 were more sensitive to adriamycin and quizartinib with lower IC50 and higher apoptosis rate.@*CONCLUSION@#The inhibition rate of miR-155 gene expression transfected by dual sgRNA is higher than that by single sgRNA. Dual sgRNA transfection can inhibit cell proliferation, reverse drug resistance, and induce apoptosis more significantly. Compared with single sgRNA transfection, dual sgRNA transfection is a highly efficient gene editing scheme.


Subject(s)
CRISPR-Cas Systems , Doxorubicin/pharmacology , Drug Resistance , Gene Editing , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Guide/genetics , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3/genetics
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929040

ABSTRACT

Generation of mutants with clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein 9 (Cas9) is commonly carried out in fish species by co-injecting a mixture of Cas9 messenger RNA (mRNA) or protein and transcribed guide RNA (gRNA). However, the appropriate expression system to produce functional gRNAs in fish embryos and cells is rarely present. In this study, we employed a poly-transfer RNA (tRNA)-gRNA (PTG) system driven by cytomegalovirus (CMV) promoter to target the medaka (Oryzias latipes) endogenous gene tyrosinase(tyr) or paired box 6.1 (pax6.1) and illustrated its function in a medaka cell line and embryos. The PTG system was combined with the CRISPR/Cas9 system under high levels of promoter to successfully induce gene editing in medaka. This is a valuable step forward in potential application of the CRISPR/Cas9 system in medaka and other teleosts.


Subject(s)
Animals , CRISPR-Cas Systems , Cell Line , Gene Editing , Oryzias/genetics , RNA, Guide/genetics , RNA, Transfer/genetics
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4342-4350, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921510

ABSTRACT

The CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing system has been widely used in basic research, gene therapy and genetic engineering due to its high efficiency, fast speed and convenience. Meanwhile, the discovery of novel CRISPR/Cas systems in the microbial community also accelerated the emergence of novel gene editing tools. CRISPR/Cpf1 is the second type (V type) CRISPR system that can edit mammalian genome. Compared with the CRISPR/Cas9, CRISPR/Cpf1 can use 5'T-PAM rich region to increase the genome coverage, and has many advantages, such as sticky end of cleavage site and less homologous recombination repair. Here we constructed three CRISPR/Cpf1 (AsCpf1, FnCpf1 and LbCpf1) expression vectors in silkworm cells. We selected a highly conserved BmHSP60 gene and an ATPase family BmATAD3A gene to design the target gRNA, and constructed gHSP60-266 and gATAD3A-346 knockout vectors. The efficiency for editing the target genes BmATAD3A and BmHSP60 by AsCpf1, FnCpf1 and LbCpf1 were analyzed by T7E1 analysis and T-clone sequencing. Moreover, the effects of target gene knockout by different gene editing systems on the protein translation of BmHSP60 and BmATAD3A were analyzed by Western blotting. We demonstrate the CRISPR/Cpf1 gene editing system developed in this study could effectively edit the silkworm genome, thus providing a novel method for silkworm gene function research, genetic engineering and genetic breeding.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bombyx/metabolism , CRISPR-Cas Systems/genetics , Endonucleases/genetics , Gene Editing , RNA, Guide/genetics
4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3880-3889, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921473

ABSTRACT

In the application of CRISPR genome editing, direct cellular delivery of non-replicable Cas9/sgRNA may reduce unwanted gene targeting and integrational mutagenesis, thus offering greater specificity and safety. Cas9/sgRNA delivery system holds great potential for treating genetic diseases. This review summarizes the advances of Cas9/sgRNA delivery systems and its therapeutic applications, providing new understandings and inspirations for vector design and future clinical applications.


Subject(s)
CRISPR-Cas Systems/genetics , Gene Editing , RNA, Guide/genetics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879256

ABSTRACT

The emergence of regular short repetitive palindromic sequence clusters (CRISPR) and CRISPR- associated proteins 9 (Cas9) gene editing technology has greatly promoted the wide application of genetically modified pigs. Efficient single guide RNA (sgRNA) is the key to the success of gene editing using CRISPR/Cas9 technology. For large animals with a long reproductive cycle, such as pigs, it is necessary to screen out efficient sgRNA


Subject(s)
Animals , CRISPR-Cas Systems/genetics , Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats/genetics , Gene Editing , RNA, Guide/genetics , Swine
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1385-1395, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878640

ABSTRACT

Streptococcus pyogenes Cas9 (SpCas9) has become a powerful genome editing tool, but has a limited range of recognizable protospacer adjacent motifs (PAMs) and shows off-target effects. To address these issues, we present a rational approach to optimize the xCas9 mutant derived from SpCas9 by directed evolution. Firstly, energy minimization with the Rosetta program was applied to optimize the three-dimensional structure of Cas9 to obtain the lowest energy conformation. Subsequently, combinatorial mutations were designed based on the mutations sites of xCas9 acquired during the directed evolution. Finally, optimal mutants were selected from the designed mutants by free energy ranking and subjected to experimental verification. A new mutant yCas9 (262A/324R/409N/480K/543D/694L/1219T) with multiple PAM recognition ability and low off-target effects was obtained and verified by DNA cleavage experiments. This mutant recognizes the NG, GAA and GAT PAMs and shows low off-target DNA cleavage activity guided by mismatched sgRNA, thus provides a gene editing tool with potential applications in biomedical field. Furthermore, we performed molecular dynamics simulations on the structures of SpCas9, xCas9 and yCas9 to reveal the mechanisms of their PAM recognition and off-target effects. These may provide theoretical guidance for further optimization and modification of CRISPR/Cas9 proteins.


Subject(s)
CRISPR-Associated Protein 9/metabolism , CRISPR-Cas Systems/genetics , Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats , Gene Editing , RNA, Guide/genetics , Streptococcus pyogenes/metabolism
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