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1.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(11): 1007-1011, Nov. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-976794

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: We conducted this study to define and measure the dorsal radial tilt, and to guide the reduction of distal radius fractures and the pre-bending of steel plates used in surgery. METHODS: The dorsal radial tilt was measured using both computed tomography (CT) and x-ray from both left and right side. The differences and correlations of the data measured by those two methods and from two sides were analyzed. RESULTS: The tilts measured by x-ray were significantly bigger than those measured by CT from the left side (t=55.51, p < 0.01) and from the right side (t=49.81, p < 0.01). The tilts measured by those two methods from the left and right sides were correlated (r=0.85, p < 0.01; r=0.81, p < 0.01). The dorsal radial tilts measured from the left side were not significantly different from those measured from the right side by CT (t=1.49, p > 0.05) and by x-ray (t=1.51, p > 0.05). The dorsal radial tilts measured from the left side by CT were significantly different from those measured from the right side by x-ray (t=43.07, p < 0.01), and these two sets of data were correlated (r=0.71, p < 0.01). The dorsal radial tilts measured from the left side by x-ray was significantly different from that measured from right side by CT (t=40.43, p < 0.01), and those two sets of data were also correlated (r=0.75, p < 0.01). Conclusions: The dorsal radial tilts measured from one side by one method can be used to estimate the tilts measured from the other side / the same side by the same method / the other method.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Realizamos este estudo para definir e medir a inclinação radial dorsal, e para orientar a redução das fraturas do raio distal e a pré-flexão das chapas de aço utilizadas na cirurgia. MÉTODOS: A inclinação radial dorsal foi medida usando tomografia computadorizada (TC) e raios X dos lados esquerdo e direito. As diferenças e correlações dos dados medidos por esses dois métodos e de dois lados foram analisadas. RESULTADOS: As inclinações medidas por raios X foram significativamente maiores que as medidas pela TC do lado esquerdo (t=55,51, p<0,01) e do lado direito (t=49,81, p<0,01). As inclinações medidas por esses dois métodos dos lados esquerdo e direito foram correlacionadas (r=0,85, p<0,01; r=0,81, p<0,01). As inclinações radiais dorsais medidas a partir do lado esquerdo não foram significativamente diferentes das medidas do lado direito por CT (t=1,49, p>0,05) e por raios X (t=1,51, p>0,05). As inclinações radiais dorsais medidas a partir do lado esquerdo por TC foram significativamente diferentes das medidas a partir do lado direito por raios X (t=43,07, p<0,01), e esses dois conjuntos de dados foram correlacionados (r=0,71, p<0,01). As inclinações radiais dorsais medidas a partir do lado esquerdo por raios X foram significativamente diferentes das medidas do lado direito por CT (t=40,43, p<0,01), e esses dois conjuntos de dados também foram correlacionados (r=0,75, p<0,01). CONCLUSÕES: As inclinações radiais dorsais medidas de um lado por um método podem ser usadas para estimar as inclinações medidas do outro lado/o mesmo lado pelo mesmo método/o outro método.


Subject(s)
Humans , Radius/surgery , Radius/diagnostic imaging , Radius Fractures/surgery , Radius Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Radius/anatomy & histology , X-Rays , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 116(4): 630-634, ago. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-950057

ABSTRACT

La luxación de la cabeza radial suele asociarse a fractura o deformidad plástica cubital. La luxación aislada es rara. Sin tratamiento, puede evolucionar hacia deformidad cubital en valgo, lesión nerviosa, artrosis precoz y pérdida del rango de movilidad con limitación funcional. Se presenta a un paciente de 9 años que sufrió traumatismo de codo. Acudió a nuestra Institución a los 40 días y se diagnosticó luxación irreductible de la cabeza radial, primero desapercibida. La luxación era irreductible por un ojal en el ligamento anular y requirió ser reducida a cielo abierto. En ausencia de fractura, incluso sin evidencia de deformidad plástica del cúbito, debe sospecharse la luxación de la cabeza radial. La clínica, junto con el par radiográfico bilateral y el conocimiento de esta entidad poco frecuente, son el trípode necesario para alcanzar el diagnóstico y no demorar el tratamiento.


Anterior radial head dislocation in pediatric population is related to Monteggia fracture-dislocations. Isolated radial head dislocation is uncommon. Sometimes, radial head dislocation becomes irreducible. This entity can develop into chronic conditions such as nerve injuries, early osteoarthritis, limited range of motion and cubitus valgus. We describe a case of a 9-year-old patient who suffered elbow trauma. He was admitted to our institution 40 days after, where radial head dislocation was diagnosed. This condition was misdiagnosed at first stage. It was irreducible due to a tear in the annular ligament. He underwent open reduction. Radial head dislocation must be suspected even if there are no fractures or plastic deformity. Pure irreducible radial head dislocation is rare. Physical examination, together with plain bilateral radiographs and full acknowledgement of this rare condition are the basis to reach early diagnosis, which leads to proper non-delayed treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Radius/diagnostic imaging , Joint Dislocations/diagnostic imaging , Elbow Joint/diagnostic imaging , Monteggia's Fracture/diagnostic imaging , Radius/pathology , Radiography , Joint Dislocations/pathology , Elbow Joint/injuries , Ligaments, Articular/injuries , Monteggia's Fracture/pathology
3.
Acta ortop. mex ; 30(5): 246-250, sep.-oct. 2016. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-949756

ABSTRACT

Resumen: En la fractura del radio distal se requieren proyecciones radiológicas que permitan ver adecuadamente la superficie articular sin interposición de estructuras. El objetivo fue determinar si las proyecciones radiológicas laterales a 7 y 22o mejoran el análisis de esta superficie. Método: Serie de casos con radiografías de pacientes sanos y operados para identificar las facetas del semilunar y escafoides en las proyecciones lateral y anteroposterior, igualmente se evaluó con tornillos. Se analizaron cualitativamente los hallazgos obtenidos en las radiografías de 7 y 22o para la proyección lateral y de 11o en la anteroposterior. Resultados: 14 radiografías de voluntarios sanos, 10 pacientes con fractura de radio que recibieron osteosíntesis y dos piezas anatómicas. En los 14 sanos y los 10 pacientes se encontró que en las proyecciones a 7 y 22o pueden apreciarse mejor las carillas radio-semilunar y radio-escafoides respectivamente, observando imágenes con menor superposición de estructuras en la radiografía de 22o tanto en los sanos como en los pacientes con fracturas. Discusión: Las proyecciones radiológicas son importantes para poder determinar los resultados inmediatos de una osteosíntesis realizada en una fractura de radio distal. En este estudio se observa que la proyección lateral a 7o identifica mejor la posición de los tornillos ubicados en la carilla semilunar del radio. La proyección lateral a 22o muestra mejor la carilla con el escafoides. Por último en la proyección anteroposterior a 11o nos permite ver la articulación radiocarpiana con menor superposición de imágenes.


Abstract: In the distal radius fracture requires radiographic views that allow you to see the articular surface without interposition. The objective was to determine whether lateral radiographic projections 7 and 22o improve the analysis of this surface. Method: Case series study with radiographs of healthy and operated patients, in order to identify the lunate and scaphoid facets in lateral and anteroposterior projections. Qualitative analysis was made on the radiographs of the distal radius with wedges of 7 and 22o in the lateral views and 11o in the anteroposterior view. Results: There were evaluated 14 radiographs of the distal radius of healthy volunteers and 10 patients with distal radius fractures who recieved surgery with internal fixation, and also two anatomical models. In 14 healthy and 10 patients, it was found that the views at 7 and 22o can be better appreciated radio lunate and radio scaphoid surface respectively, observing images with less overlapping in the radiograph of 22o in both groups. Discussion: Radiographic views are important to determine the immediate results of fixation on a distal radius fracture. We observe that the lateral view at 7o is better to show the screws on the lunate facet of the radius. The lateral view at 22o is better to show the facet of the radius with the scaphoid. Finally, the anteroposterior projection at 11o allows us to see the radio carpal joint with lower image overlay.


Subject(s)
Radius Fractures/surgery , Radius Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Wrist/diagnostic imaging , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Radius/diagnostic imaging , Wrist Joint , X-Rays
4.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 178-184, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-86924

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Multiple hereditary exostoses of the forearm typically form in the distal ulna, causing disturbances in the growth of the ulna and functional disability. Multiple hereditary exostoses inhibit the growth of the ulna, leading to an acquisition of a varus deformity in the radius, which sometimes leads to dislocation of the radial head, the development of limitations in the pronation-supination of the forearm, and cosmetic problems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the cases of four patients who had deformities of the forearm with radial head dislocation associated with multiple hereditary exostoses, and evaluated the radiologic and clinical results of excision of the osteochondromas from the distal ulna and gradual ulnar lengthening with an Ilizarov external fixator. RESULTS: Good clinical and radiological results were obtained after a mean follow-up of 25 months. At the most recent follow-up, radial bowing, ulnar shortening, carpal slip, and the pronation/supination arch of the forearm had improved. There was little change in terms of preoperative radial articular angle and the flexion/extension arch of the elbow by the most recent follow-up. CONCLUSION: Treatment of four forearms from four patients by excision of osteochondromas and gradual lengthening of the ulna with an Ilizarov external fixator spontaneously reduced dislocations of the radial heads without the need for any additional operative intervention. All patients were satisfied with the final results.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary/diagnostic imaging , Female , Humans , Male , Radius/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Ulna/diagnostic imaging , Young Adult
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-104732

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Distal radius fracture is the most common fracture of the upper extremity, and approximately 60,000 distal radius fractures occur annually in Korea. Internal fixation with an anatomical volar locking plate is widely used in the treatment of unstable distal radius fractures. However, most of the currently used distal radius anatomical plate systems were designed based on the anatomical characteristics of Western populations. Recently, the Korean-type distal radius anatomical volar plate (K-DRAVP) system was designed and developed based on the anatomical characteristics of the distal radius of Koreans. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the preliminary results of the new K-DRAVP system, and to compare its radiologic and functional results with those of the other systems. METHODS: From March 2012 to October 2012, 46 patients with acute distal radius fractures who were treated with the K-DRAVP system at three hospitals were enrolled in this study. Standard posteroanterior and lateral radiographs were obtained to assess fracture healing, and three radiographic parameters (volar tilt, radial inclination, and radial length) were assessed to evaluate radiographic outcomes. The range of motion and grip strength, the Gartland and Werley scoring system, and the disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) questionnaire were used to assess clinical and functional outcomes. RESULTS: All radiologic parameters were restored to normal values, and maintained without any loosening or collapse until the time of final follow-up. Grip strength was restored to 84% of the value for the unaffected side. The mean range of motion of the wrist at final follow-up was restored to 77%-95% of the value for the unaffected side. According to the Gartland and Werley scoring system, there were 16 excellent, 26 good, and 4 fair results. The mean DASH score was 8.4 points. There were no complications after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: The newly developed K-DRAVP system could be used to restore and maintain good anatomical parameters, and provide good clinical outcomes with low complication rates. This system is a promising surgical option for the treatment of distal radius fractures in the Korean population.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Plates , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal/instrumentation , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Radius/diagnostic imaging , Radius Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Range of Motion, Articular , Republic of Korea , Palmar Plate
6.
J Indian Med Assoc ; 2004 Sep; 102(9): 495-6, 498-9
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-100435

ABSTRACT

The intra-articular fracture of radius has been an enigma for orthopaedic surgeons since time immemorial. It is a dilemma as to when to use the fixator, when to mobilise after fixator or simply treat it by conservative means. Numerous fixators are in vogue depending on the preference of the surgeon--in the present prospective study the results of dynamic external fixator--which, based on the principle of ligamentotaxis, were evaluated over a 3-year period and the results showed that although excellent radiological results were seen in 90% of the cases yet only 75% of the cases had a excellent functional result.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , External Fixators/standards , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Fracture Fixation/instrumentation , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Care , Prospective Studies , Radius/diagnostic imaging , Radius Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Treatment Outcome
7.
IJMS-Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences. 2002; 27 (2): 63-66
in Arabic | IMEMR | ID: emr-59466

ABSTRACT

There are multiple methods for acceleration of bone healing. Bone marrow has been shown to contain osteoprogenitor cells. To determine the effect of percutaneous bone marrow injection on bone healing. 15 mature, 2-kg-weighing white New Zealand rabbits from both sexes were randomized into 3 groups: Group I: Only osteotomy of right radius was performed and a 5 mm bony defect was made. Group II: Same as group I, with the defect filled by bonegraft, taken from the iliac crest. Group III: Same as group I plus percutaneous bone marrow injection 5 days after the operation. 45 days post-operation, the rabbits were sacrificed. The radii of both forelimbs were isolated and tested by tensile testing machine. There was a significant difference between groups I and III [p<0.001] for toleration of maximum load and bending stiffness. No significant difference was observed between groups II and III for these parameters. Bone marrow injection has an effect on bone healing comparable to bone grafting. This technique is non-invasive and simple without any significant complication


Subject(s)
Animals, Laboratory , Bone Regeneration , Bone Transplantation , Rabbits , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Ununited , Biocompatible Materials , Radius/diagnostic imaging
8.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-42460

ABSTRACT

The accuracy of BMD at distal radius was evaluated in terms of sensitivity, specificity, false negative, false positive, predictive value of a positive (osteoporosis) and a negative (normal) test for non-forearm osteoporosis. 278 women (150 osteoporotic and 128 normal) were measured for both distal radius bone mineral density (BMD) using Panasonic (DXA-70) dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) and non-forearm BMD using Hologic (QDR-4500) DEXA on the same day. The results showed that mean age, menopause age, height and weight in the osteoporotic group were not different from the healthy group (p=0.168, 0.091, 0.274 and 0.097, respectively). Mean BMD of both distal radius and lumbar spine in the normal women was significantly higher than that in the osteoporotic group (p<0.001, = 0.002, <0.001, respectively). While mean BMD of the hip, femoral neck and Ward's triangle in both groups was not different (p = 0.330, 0.874, 0.847, respectively). The sensitivity of BMD of the right radius was very high (90.00-95.45%) and specificity was moderately high (53.85-73.68%). While false negative (4.55-10.00%) was less than false positive (26.32-46.15%). The accuracy of right radius BMD when compared with spine, hip, femoral neck and Ward's triangle was 82.35, 66.66, 80.00 and 86.49 per cent, respectively. The sensitivity (85.00-96.67%), specificity (57.69-81.58%), false negative (3.33-15.00%) and false positive (18.42-42.31%) of left radius BMD had the same trend as right radius BMD. Accuracy of the left radius when compared with non-forearm BMD was 88.24, 66.67, 75.71 and 86,49 per cent, respectively. The predictive value of right radius osteoporosis was 73.68, 47.37, 77.78 and 89.66 per cent for detecting osteoporosis at spine, hip, femoral neck and Ward's triangle, respectively. The predictive value of normal right radius BMD was 93.33, 92.86, 87.50 and 75.00 per cent, respectively for normal non-forearm BMD. Moreover, the predictive value of left radius osteoporosis for identifying spinal, hip, femoral neck and Ward's triangle osteoporosis was (80.56, 47.22, 77.55 and 91.07%, respectively) and the predictive value of normal left radius BMD for identifying normal BMD at non-forearm sites (96.88, 90.00, 71.43 and 72.22%, respectively) was revealed. It indicated that forearm DEXA provides adequate accuracy for in vivo determination of spinal, femoral neck and Ward's triangle osteoporosis. However, there was inadequate accuracy and very low predictive ability for identifying hip osteoporosis.


Subject(s)
Absorptiometry, Photon , Adult , Aged , Bone Density , Case-Control Studies , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged , Osteoporosis/diagnostic imaging , Predictive Value of Tests , Radius/diagnostic imaging , Sensitivity and Specificity
9.
J Indian Med Assoc ; 1996 May; 94(5): 170-1
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-100080

ABSTRACT

Excision of the lower end of the radius with centralisation of ulna was done in 3 patients with histology proved diagnosis of giant cell tumour, as secondary procedure in 2 cases following recurrence of tumour in the fibular graft, and as a primary procedure in one, where the segment of fibula required was more than 15.2 cm. After an average follow-up of 2.3 years, the results were assessed both subjectively and objectively. The patients were happy with their hand functions and were able to have more than 80% of the grip strength. They could return to their former occupation. There was no recurrence of tumour and no pain at the wrist.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Bone Transplantation , Female , Giant Cell Tumor of Bone/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Male , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/diagnostic imaging , Radius/diagnostic imaging , Reoperation , Ulna/diagnostic imaging , Wrist/diagnostic imaging
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