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4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010333

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The effects of acupuncture have varied in different randomized controlled trials (RCTs), and there are many factors that influence treatment effect of acupuncture in different outcomes, with conflicting results.@*OBJECTIVE@#To identify factors and their impact on the treatment effect of acupuncture in different outcomes.@*METHODS@#Acupuncture RCTs were searched from 7 databases including Medline (PubMed), Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Database, VIP Database, and China Biology Medicine disc between January 1st, 2015 and December 31st, 2019. Eligible studies must compare acupuncture to no acupuncture, sham acupuncture, or waiting lists, and report at least 1 patient-important outcome. A multi-level meta-regression was conducted using a 3-level robust mixed model and univariate analyses were performed for all independent variables, even those excluded from the multivariable model due to collinearities. We used thresholds of 0.2 and 0.4 for the difference of standardized mean differences (SMDs), categorising them as small (<0.2), moderate (0.2-0.4), or large (>0.4) effects.@*RESULTS@#The pain construct analysis involved 211 effect estimates from 153 studies and 14 independent variables. High-frequency acupuncture treatment sessions produced larger effects compared to low-frequency sessions [large magnitude, the difference of adjusted SMDs 0.46, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.07 to 0.84; P=0.02]. The non-pain symptoms construct analysis comprised 323 effect estimates from 231 studies and 15 independent variables. Penetrating acupuncture showed moderately larger effects when compared to non-penetrating acupuncture (0.30, 95% CI 0.06 to 0.53; P=0.01). The function construct analysis included 495 effect estimates from 274 studies and 14 independent variables. Penetrating acupuncture and the flexible acupuncture regimen showed moderately larger effects, compared to non-penetrating acupuncture and fixed regimen, respectively (0.40, 95% CI 0 to 0.80; P=0.05; 0.29, 95% CI 0.06 to 0.53; P=0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#High-frequency acupuncture sessions appear to be a more effective approach to managing painful symptoms. Penetrating acupuncture demonstrated greater effect in relieving non-painful symptoms. Both penetrating acupuncture type and flexible acupuncture regimen were linked to significant treatment effects in function outcomes. Future studies should consider the factors that are significantly associated with the effects of acupuncture in patient-important outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Pain , Pain Management , China
5.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535462

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La medición de la presión arterial es uno de los procedimientos más realizados en la práctica clínica. La presente revisión narrativa pretende sintetizar los aspectos relevantes que rodearon la definición de la hipertensión arterial, el recorrido histórico del tratamiento de esta y el aporte de los estudios a la disminución de la mortalidad por enfermedad cardiovascular en el tiempo. Metodología: Revisión narrativa de la historia de la hipertensión arterial, desde el reconocimiento de la presión arterial alta como un factor asociado al riesgo cardiovascular y la evolución histórica del tratamiento hasta los hallazgos significativos del estudio SPRINT, publicado en 2015. Resultados: Hasta hace aproximadamente 50 años la hipertensión arterial era conocida como una patología esencial, es decir, esta condición no siempre fue considerada como una enfermedad. El descubrimiento de la presión sanguínea ha sido atribuido a Stephen Hales, poeta, orador y sacerdote nacido en Inglaterra. La primera medición de la presión sanguínea e incidentalmente de la presión del pulso la realizó en 1733 en animales. Se describe el origen de la presión arterial, la hipertensión arterial, el camino recorrido para el reconocimiento de esta condición como enfermedad y posteriormente su tratamiento, hasta llegar al estudio SPRINT en 2015, el cual fue contundente en demostrar el beneficio de reducir la cifra de presión arterial sistólica objetivo en una población no diabética. Conclusión: Los resultados de esta revisión narrativa exponen cómo el reconocimiento de la presión arterial alta como un factor de riesgo cardiovascular permitió el avance en la investigación científica para determinar el tratamiento y las cifras de presión arterial que favorecen la reducción de la mortalidad y morbilidad por esta causa.


Background: Blood pressure measurement is one of the most performed procedures in clinical practice. This narrative review aims to expose the relevant aspects surrounding the definition of arterial hypertension, the historical path of its treatment, and the contribution of studies to the decrease in mortality due to cardiovascular disease over time. Methodology: Narrative review of the history of arterial hypertension from recognizing high blood pressure as a factor associated with cardiovascular risk to the historical evolution of treatment up to the SPRINT study published in 2015. Results: Until about 50 years ago, arterial hypertension was known as an essential pathology; this condition was not always considered a disease. The discovery of blood pressure has been attributed to Stephen Hales, a poet, orator and priest born in England. The first measurement of blood pressure and incidentally pulse pressure was made in 1733 in animals. The origin of blood pressure, arterial hypertension, and the path travelled for recognizing this condition as a disease and later its treatment until reaching the SPRINT study in 2015, which demonstrated the benefit of reducing the target systolic blood pressure figure in a non-diabetic population. Conclusion: This narrative review demonstrates that the recognition of high blood pressure as a cardiovascular risk factor allowed progress in scientific research to determine the treatment and blood pressure figures that favor the reduction of mortality and morbidity from this cause.


Subject(s)
Humans , Narration , Heart Disease Risk Factors , History , Hypertension , Therapeutics , Review Literature as Topic , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Treatment Outcome
6.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 73(6): 794-809, Nov.Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520384

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: This study compares Fascia Iliaca compartment (FI) block and Pericapsular Nerve Group (PENG) block for hip surgery. Methods: Pubmed, Embase and Cochrane were systematically searched in April 2022. Inclusion criteria were: Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs); comparing PENG block versus FI block for hip surgery; patients over 18 years of age; and reporting outcomes immediately postoperative. We excluded studies with overlapped populations and without a head-to-head comparison of the PENG block vs. FI block. Mean-Difference (MD) with 95% Confidence Intervals (CI) were pooled. Trial Sequential Analyses (TSA) were performed to assess inconsistency. Quality assessment and risk of bias were performed according to Cochrane recommendations. Results: Eight RCTs comprising 384 patients were included, of whom 196 (51%) underwent PENG block. After hip surgery, PENG block reduced static pain score at 12h post-surgery (MD = 0.61 mm; 95% CI 1.12 to -0.09; p = 0.02) and cumulative postoperative oral morphine consumption in the first 24h (MD = -6.93 mg; 95% CI -13.60 to -0.25; p = 0.04) compared with the FI group. However, no differences were found between the two techniques regarding dynamic and static pain scores at 6 h or 24 h post-surgery, or in the time to the first analgesic rescue after surgery. Conclusion: The findings suggest that PENG block reduced opioid consumption in the first 24 h after surgery and reduced pain scores at rest at 12 h post-surgery. Further research is needed to fully understand the effects of the PENG block and its potential benefits compared to FI block. PROSPERO registration: CRD42022339628 PROSPERO registration: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/display_record.php? RecordID=339628


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Femoral Nerve , Nerve Block/methods , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Fascia/injuries
7.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 73(6): 782-793, Nov.Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520392

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of trans-nasal Sphenopalatine Ganglion (SPG) block over other treatments for Post-Dural Puncture Headache (PDPH) management. Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted on databases for Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) comparing trans-nasal SPG blockade for the management of PDPH over other treatment modalities. All outcomes were pooled using the Mantel-Haenszel method and random effect model. Analyses of all outcomes were performed as a subgroup based on the type of control interventions (conservative, intranasal lignocaine puffs, sham, and Greater Occipital Nerve [GON] block). The quality of evidence was assessed using the GRADE approach. Results: After screening 1748 relevant articles, 9 RCTs comparing SPG block with other interventions (6 conservative treatments, 1 sham, 1 GON and 1 intranasal lidocaine puff) were included in this meta-analysis. SPG block demonstrated superiority over conservative treatment in pain reduction at 30 min, 1 h, 2 h, 4 h after interventions and treatment failures with "very low" to "moderate" quality of evidence. The SPG block failed to demonstrate superiority over conservative treatment in pain reduction beyond 6 h, need for rescue treatment, and adverse events. SPG block demonstrated superiority over intranasal lignocaine puff in pain reduction at 30 min, 1 h, 6 h, and 24 h after interventions. SPG block did not show superiority or equivalence in all efficacy and safety outcomes as compared to sham and GON block. Conclusion: Very Low to moderate quality evidence suggests the superiority of SPG block over conservative treatment and lignocaine puff for short-term pain relief from PDPH. PROSPERO Registration: CRD42021291707.


Subject(s)
Humans , Post-Dural Puncture Headache/therapy , Sphenopalatine Ganglion Block/methods , Pain , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Lidocaine
8.
Rev Enferm UFPI ; 12(1): e3845, 2023-12-12. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1525426

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Caracterizar os Ensaios Clínicos Randomizados sobre procedimentos de Enfermagem registrados por enfermeiros no Brasil. Métodos: Estudo bibliométrico, que aconteceu por meio do acesso à plataforma digital de Registro Brasileiro de Ensaios Clínicos entre os anos de 2010 e 2021, no qual foram incluídos 65 ensaios registrados por enfermeiros. A análise dos dados ocorreu com auxílio do software R. Resultados: Constatou-se aumento dos registros acerca dos procedimentos de enfermagem ao longo dos anos, em que a maioria das pesquisas foi oriunda da região Sudeste, por profissionais com titulação de doutor, vinculados a instituições públicas, e sobre a população estudada ocorreu predominância de pacientes. A maior parte dos estudos foi realizada na atenção secundária, com ênfase no procedimento de punção venosa e arterial. Conclusão: A caracterização dos ensaios clínicos randomizados sobre procedimentos de enfermagem pode contribuir para evidenciar os avanços e as lacunas das condutas desses profissionais na assistência à saúde. Verifica-se o crescimento no desenvolvimento de ensaios clínicos randomizados com o passar dos anos, no entanto sua incorporação à prática clínica ainda representa um desafio. Descritores: Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto; Cuidados de Enfermagem; Pesquisa em Enfermagem Clínica


Objective: To characterize the Randomized Clinical Trials on Nursing procedures registered by nurses in Brazil.Methods: Bibliometric study, which took place through access to the digital platform of the Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials between the years 2010-2021, in which 65 trials registered by nurses were included. Data analysis occurred with the aid of the software R. Results: There was an increase in records about nursing procedures over the years, in which most of the research came from the southeast region, by professionals with PhD degree, linked to public institutions, and on the population studied there was a predominance of patients. Most studies were conducted in secondary care, with emphasis on venous and arterial puncture. Conclusion: The characterization of randomized clinical trials on nursing procedures can contribute to highlight the advances and gaps in the conduct of these professionals in health care. There is a growth in the development of randomized clinical trials over the years, so its incorporation into clinical practice still represents a challenge. Descriptors: Randomized Controlled Trials as Subject; Nursing care; Clinical Nursing Research


Subject(s)
Clinical Nursing Research , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Nursing Care
9.
Actual. osteol ; 19(3): 199-210, Sept - Dic 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1555762

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el músculo pronador cuadrado funciona como un estabilizador dinámico de la articulación radiocubital distal. Su reparación posterior a la fijación interna con placa de bloqueo volar en fracturas distales del radio es controvertida. Objetivo: determinar si la reparación del músculo pronador cuadrado influye en los resultados clínicos y funcionales de pacientes con fractura de radio distal que se sometieron a reducción abierta y fijación interna con placa de bloqueo volar. Materiales y métodos: se realizó una revisión sistemática y metanálisis. Las bases de datos analizadas fueron PubMed/Medline, Embase y Bireme/Lilacs (búsqueda realizada hasta el 20 de febrero del año 2023). Los términos de búsqueda fueron: distal radius fracture AND volar plate AND pronator quadratus. Se determinó la calidad metodológica según el manual de revisiones Cochrane. Resultados: en total se incluyeron 4 ensayos clínicos aleatorizados de adecuada calidad metodológica, lo cual corresponde al análisis de 213 participantes. Existen mejores resultados en la puntuación DASH a los 12 meses de seguimiento en el grupo de no reparación del músculo pronador cuadrado DM 2,8 [IC 95%: 0,51;5,10]. No hubo diferencias significativas al año de seguimiento en las puntuaciones de dolor, rangos de movilidad de la muñeca, fuerza de agarre e incidencia de complicaciones. Conclusión: no existe evidencia que sustente la reparación rutinaria del músculo pronador cuadrado posterior a la fijación interna con placa de bloqueo volar en las fracturas de radio distal. (AU)


Introduction: the pronator quadratus muscle functions as a dynamic stabilizer of the distal radioulnar joint, and its repair after internal fixation with volar locking plate in distal radius fractures is controversial. Objective: to determine whether the repair of the pronator quadratus muscle influences the clinical and functional outcomes of patients with distal radius fracture who underwent open reduction and internal fixation with volar locking plate. Materials and methods: a systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted. The analyzed databases were Pubmed/Medline, Embase, and Bireme/Lilacs (search performed until February 20th, 2023). The search terms were distal radius fracture AND volar plate AND pronator quadratus. Methodological quality was determined according to the Cochrane Reviewer's Handbook. Results: a total of 4 randomized clinical trials of adequate methodological quality, corresponding to the analysis of 213 participants, were included. Better DASH scores were observed at 12 months of follow-up in the non-repair group of the pronator quadratus muscle, with a mean difference of 2.8 [95% CI 0.51; 5.10]. There were no significant differences at one-year follow-up in pain scores, wrist mobility ranges, grip strength, and incidence of complications. Conclusion: there is no evidence to support routine repair of the pronator quadratus muscle after internal fixation with volar locking plate in distal radius fractures. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Radius Fractures/surgery , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Wrist Injuries/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Bone Plates , Pain Measurement , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome , Fracture Fixation, Internal/rehabilitation
10.
Rev. Ciênc. Saúde ; 13(1): 3-13, Março 2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1444157

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar as características de programas de exercício físico para idosos e seus efeitos durante a pandemia de COVID-19. Métodos: revisão integrativa, realizada entre os meses de janeiro a março de 2022. As buscas foram realizadas no MEDLINE via PubMed, Lilacs via BVS, PEDro e Cochrane Library. Foram incluídos artigos experimentais (ensaios clínicos randomizados, ensaios não randomizados ou estudos quase-experimentais) publicados de 2019 a 2021, sem restrição de idioma, e que utilizaram programas de exercício físico para idosos (> 60 anos) em sua intervenção. A seleção dos estudos foi realizada através da leitura de título e resumo, e seguida da leitura do texto completo. Os artigos selecionados tiveram seus resultados extraídos com auxílio de um formulário on-line, tabulados com a utilização de planilha eletrônica e analisados qualitativa e quantitativamente. Resultados: Foram identificados 113 estudos; 7 preencheram os critérios de elegibilidade e foram incluídos na revisão, todos ensaios clínicos randomizados. Os programas de exercícios foram em maior frequência, multicomponente (resistência, equilíbrio, flexibilidade e aeróbico), entregues de forma on -line, sendo realizados de 2 a 7 vezes na semana, com duração entre 30 e 50 min. Efeitos significativos foram observados na função física, composição corporal, triglicerídeo sanguíneo, incidência de quedas, atividade física e capacidade funcional.Conclusões: Os programas de exercício físico utilizados durante a pandemia da COVID-19 apresentaram resultados promissores para a população idosa, se mostrando uma alternativa viável para a manutenção das funções físicas, mentais e cognitivas dos idosos em momentos de calamidade pública.


Objective: To evaluate the characteristics of physical exercise programs for older adults and their effects during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: An integrative review was conducted between January and March 2022. A search was conducted in MEDLINE via PubMed, Lilacs via BVS, PEDro, and Cochrane Library. Experimental articles (randomized clinical trials, non-randomized trials, or quasi-experimental studies) published from 2019 to 2021, with no language restriction, and that used physical exercise programs for older adults (> 60 years) in their intervention were included. The studies were selected by reading the title, abstract, and full text. The selected articles had their results extracted using an online form, tabulated using an electronic spreadsheet, and analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively. Results: 113 studies were identified; 7 met the eligibility criteria and were included in the review, all randomized controlled trials. The multi-component exercise programs were more frequent (resistance, balance, flexibility, and aerobic), delivered remotelyand performed 2 to 7 times a week, lasting between 30 and 50 minutes. Significant effects were observed on physical function, body composition, blood triglycerides, the incidence of falls, physical activity, and functional capacity. Conclusions: The physical exercise programs used during the COVID-19 pandemic showed promising results for older adults. The programs proved to be a viable alternative for maintaining the physical, mental, and cognitive functions of older adults in times of public calamity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged , Exercise , Coronavirus , Pandemics , COVID-19 , Triglycerides , Aging , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Review , Cellular Senescence , Database , Sedentary Behavior
11.
Femina ; 51(7): 390-399, 20230730. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512437

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Apresentar a atualização das recomendações do Colégio Brasileiro de Radiologia e Diagnóstico por Imagem, da Sociedade Brasileira de Mastologia e da Federação Brasileira das Associações de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia para o rastreamento do câncer de mama no Brasil. Materiais e Métodos: Foram feitas buscas das evidências científicas publicadas nas bases Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, EBSCO, CINAHL e Lilacs, entre janeiro de 2012 e julho de 2022. As recomendações foram baseadas nessas evidências, mediante consenso da comissão de especialistas das três entidades. Recomendações: O rastreamento mamográfico anual é recomendado para as mulheres de risco habitual entre 40 e 74 anos. Acima de 75 anos, deve ser reservado para as que tenham expectativa de vida maior que sete anos. Mulheres com risco maior que o habitual, entre elas as com mamas densas, com história pessoal de hiperplasia lobular atípica, carcinoma lobular in situ clássico, hiperplasia ductal atípica, tratamento de câncer de mama ou de irradiação no tórax antes dos 30 anos ou, ainda, portadoras de mutação genética ou com forte história familiar, beneficiam-se do rastreamento complementar, sendo consideradas de forma individualizada. A tomossíntese é uma evolução da mamografia e deve ser considerada no rastreamento, sempre que acessível e disponível. (AU)


Objective: To present the update of the recommendations of the Brazilian College of Radiology, the Brazilian Society of Mastology and the Brazilian Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics Associations for breast cancer screening in Brazil. Materials and Methods: Scientific evidence published in Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, Ebsco, Cinahl and Lilacs between January 2012 and July 2022 was searched. Recommendations were based on this evidence, by consensus of the expert committee of the three entities. Recommendations: Annual mammographic screening is recommended for women aged between 40 and 74 years old. Above 75 years should be reserved for those with a life expectancy greater than seven years. Women at higher than usual risk, including those with dense breasts, a personal history of atypical lobular hyperplasia, classic lobular carcinoma in situ, atypical ductal hyperplasia, treatment for breast câncer, chest irradiation before age 30, carriers of genetic mutation or with a strong family history, benefit from complementary screening, being considered individually. Tomosynthesis is an evolution of mammography and should be considered in screening, whenever accessible and available. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Breast Neoplasms/prevention & control , Mass Screening/adverse effects , Quality of Life , Thorax/radiation effects , Breast/pathology , Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Mammography , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Cohort Studies , Women's Health , Systematic Review
12.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 22(1): 162-168, jun 22, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451610

ABSTRACT

Introdução: as cirurgias cardíacas são as intervenções de escolha em níveis mais avançados das doenças cardiovasculares, e complicações pulmonares podem ocorrer como consequência das alterações fisiológicas causadas pela circulação extracorpórea, pela anestesia e pela incisão esterno torácica. A fisioterapia atua com o intuito de prevenir e tratar essas complicações, através da utilização de uma das técnicas de expansão pulmonar mais utilizadas na reversão de hipoxemia e atelectasias, a manobra de recrutamento alveolar, com o objetivo de abrir alvéolos colapsados e aumentar as trocas gasosas. Objetivo: revisar sistematicamente os efeitos da manobra, na relação PaO2/FiO2, SatO2, o tempo de ventilação mecânica, o tempo de internamento, a incidência de atelectasia, a pressão arterial média e a frequência cardíaca. Metodologia: revisão de ensaios clínicos controlados e randomizados nas bases de dados PubMed, Cochrane Library, LILACS e PEDro. Foram incluídos estudos que utilizaram a manobra como prevenção de complicações pulmonares, publicados em inglês e português. Resultados: foram incluídos 4 estudos, publicados entre os anos 2005 e 2017. O nível de pressão da manobra variou entre 30 cmH2O a 40 cmH2O. Os estudos mostraram que a manobra foi estatisticamente relevante na relação PaO2/FiO2, SatO2 e na redução da incidência de atelectasias, sem impacto no tempo de ventilação mecânica, no tempo de internamento, na pressão arterial média e na frequência cardíaca. Conclusão: a manobra de recrutamento pode ser considerada como uma técnica a ser utilizada na prevenção de alterações pulmonares, porém não é possível afirmar se os benefícios da manobra perduraram em longo prazo.


Introduction: Cardiac surgeries are the interventions of choice in more advanced levels of cardiovascular disease, and pulmonary complications can occur as a result of physiological changes caused by cardiopulmonary bypass, anaesthesia and the sternum thoracic incision. Physiotherapy acts with the aim of preventing and treating these complications, through the use of one of the most used lung expansion techniques in the reversal of hypoxemia and atelectasis, the alveolar recruitment maneuver, with the objective of opening collapsed alveoli and increasing gas exchanges. Objective: To systematically review the effects of the maneuver on the PaO2/FiO2 ratio, SatO2, duration of mechanical ventilation, length of hospitalization, incidence of atelectasis, mean arterial pressure and heart rate. Methodology: Review of controlled and randomized clinical trials in PubMed, Cochrane Library, LILACS and PEDro databases. Studies that used the maneuver to prevent pulmonary complications, published in English and Portuguese, were included. Results: 4 studies, published between 2005 and 2017, were included. The maneuver pressure level ranged from 30 cmH2O to 40 cmH2O. The studies showed that the maneuver was statistically relevant in relation to PaO2/FiO2, SatO2 and in reducing the incidence of atelectasis, with no impact on the duration of mechanical ventilation, length of hospitalization, mean arterial pressure and heart rate. Conclusion: The recruitment maneuver can be considered as a technique to be used in the prevention of pulmonary alterations; however, it is not possible to state whether the benefits of the maneuver lasted in the long term.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Thoracic Surgery , Cardiovascular Diseases , Positive-Pressure Respiration , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
13.
Diagn. tratamento ; 28(2): 87-92, abr-jun. 2023. tab, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1427640

ABSTRACT

Contextualização: A migrânea, também conhecida por enxaqueca, é um distúrbio sensorial relacionado a fatores genéticos, psicológicos e anatômicos, que afeta cerca de 10% dos adultos, trazendo impacto pessoal, social e econômico. Objetivos: Sumarizar as evidências de revisões sistemáticas, referentes à efetividade da toxina botulínica para prevenção de migrânea. Métodos: Trata-se de overview de revisões sistemáticas. Procedeu-se à busca em três bases eletrônicas de dados: Cochrane - Central de Registros de Ensaios Clínicos ­ CENTRAL (2023), PubMed (1966-2023) e EMBASE (1974-2023), sendo utilizados os descritores MeSH "Migraine disorders" e "Botulinum toxins". Todas as revisões sistemáticas de ensaios clínicos randomizados (ECRs) em humanos foram incluídas. O desfecho primário de análise foi a melhora clínica. Resultados: Foram recuperadas 21 revisões sistemáticas e, diante dos critérios de inclusão, 4 foram incluídas, totalizando 94 ECRs (n = 16.104 participantes). Os estudos sugerem que a toxina botulínica pode ser benéfica na redução do número de crises, intensidade de dor e melhora na qualidade de vida dos pacientes. Entretanto, a evidência é limitada. Discussão: Embora os estudos incluídos tragam benefícios favoráveis à toxina botulínica para prevenção da migrânea, a evidência é de baixa qualidade, diante da heterogeneidade, fragilidades metodológicas e riscos nas análises desses estudos. Sugere-se a comparação da efetividade da toxina botulínica com outras intervenções disponíveis, objetivando melhor elucidação da questão. Conclusão: Parece haver algum benefício da toxina botulínica para prevenção de crises de migrânea, mas a evidência até o momento é limitada, sendo recomendada a comparação com outras terapêuticas utilizadas para prevenção da migrânea.


Subject(s)
Humans , Botulinum Toxins/therapeutic use , Evidence-Based Medicine , Migraine Disorders/prevention & control , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Treatment Outcome , Systematic Reviews as Topic
14.
São Paulo; s.n; 20230301. 62 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1417551

ABSTRACT

O objetivo desta revisão sistemática foi coletar e comparar os dados de sobrevida após o reparo e substituição para restaurações com falhas em dentes decíduos e permanentes. As buscas foram realizadas em dez/2020 e atualizado em abr/2022 de forma sistemática nas bases de dados PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase, OpenSigle e ProQuest. Dois revisores independentes calibrados (kappa=0,87) avaliados como critérios de inclusão: (1) estudos de reparo e substituição, (2) dados de sucesso, longevidade ou sobrevivência, (3) ensaios clínicos controlados aleatoriamente; e para os critérios de exclusão (1) perda para acompanhamento superior a 30%, (2) acompanhamento inferior a 12 meses, (3) dentes anteriores. A ferramenta RoB 2 foi utilizada para avaliar o risco de viés, enquanto que a certeza da evidência foi medida por meio da ferramenta GRADE. Foi identificado 4.070 publicações potencialmente relevantes, entretanto apenas três estudos apresentaram todos os critérios para elegibilidade e foram incluídos na análise qualitativa. Nenhum estudo reportou a taxa de sucesso das intervenções na dentição decídua. Foi coletado um tempo padrão de acompanhamento entre os estudos, e a taxa de sobrevivência agregada foi de 99% após três anos. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre as abordagens e nenhuma heterogeneidade entre os estudos foi apontada. Todos os estudos incluídos apresentaram alto risco de viés, além de que a certeza da evidência para a medida do desfecho sucesso foi muito baixa. É importante ressaltar que devido à longevidade similar de ambas as técnicas, é fortemente recomendado realizar a técnica de reparo para restaurações que apresentam falha, uma vez que esta técnica está associada à odontologia de intervenção mínima. Mais estudos clínicos bem delineados são necessários para aumentar a certeza da evidência. Registro do RS: Esta revisão sistemática foi registrada na plataforma Prospero (CRD42021238063)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth, Deciduous , Dentition, Permanent , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Time Factors , Bias , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
15.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(1): 35-44, feb. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430519

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Conventional implant treatment cannot always be used to rehabilitate edentulous patients with advanced maxillary atrophic. Zygomatic dental implants have been used over the past 20 years as an alternative treatment solution to bone grafting. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to evaluate the implant and prosthetic survival rate in non-oncologic patients with a severely atrophic maxilla. This review also aims to better understand the rate of peri-operative complications in this cohort of patients. A multi-database (PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHAL) focused systematic search was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) recommendations. Any randomised control trials studies involving human participants treated with zygomatic osseous implants were included. After eliminating duplicates, a total of 4 studies met the inclusion criteria for this meta-analysis review. With all the studies included there was a total of 174 patients treated with zygomatic osseous implants. The overall implant success rate was 98.03 %. The prosthetic success rate was 96.4 %. The most frequent peri-operative complication was sinusitis. Based on the limited data available in literature, zygomatic dental implants represent a valid alternative to bone augmenting procedure. However, they are not without risks and longer follow-ups are required to confirm the validity of the treatment in long term.


Los tratamientos convencionales con implantes no siempre pueden ser usados para rehabilitar pacientes edentulos con atrofia maxilar avanzada. Los implantes dentales zigomáticos son usados por los pasados 20 años como alternativa de tratamiento a las reconstrucciones óseas. El objetivo de este meta-análisis es evaluar la sobrevida de implantes y prótesis en pacientes no oncológicos con maxila severamente atrófica. Esta revisión también pretende entender al promedio de complicaciones peri operatorias en esta cohorte de pacientes. Una búsqueda sistemática en bases de datos múltiples (PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE y CINAHAL) fue desarrollada de acuerdo a recomendaciones de Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). Cualquier estudio clínico aleatorizado de participantes humanos donde se utilizaron los implantes zigomáticos fueron incluidos. Después de eliminar duplicados, un total de 4 estudios cumplieron los criterios de inclusión para esta meta análisis. Con todos los estudios incluidos se obtuvieron 174 pacientes tratados con implantes zigomáticos. El promedio de éxito fue de 98,03 %. El promedio de éxito de la rehabilitación fue de 96,4 %. La complicación mas frecuente fue la sinusitis. Basados en los datos limitados en la literatura, los implantes zigomáticos representan una alternativa valida a los procedimientos de aumento óseo. Sin embargo, estos no están libres de riesgos y seguimientos de mayores periodos son necesarios para confirmar la validez de los tratamientos en el largo plazo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Zygoma/surgery , Maxillary Diseases/rehabilitation , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/methods , Atrophy , Maxillary Diseases/surgery , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
16.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 22(supl.1): e20236653, 03 fev 2023. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1452112

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Avaliar os ensaios clínicos randomizados existentes na literatura sobre os efeitos da terapia assistida com animais no manejo da dor, em pessoas com quadros álgicos, comparando-a ao tratamento convencional ou a outras intervenções não farmacológicas. MÉTODO: Trata-se de um protocolo de revisão sistemática reportado segundo o Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P). O protocolo foi registrado na International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO). A busca será realizada em bases de dados variadas, combinando os descritores 'Animal Assisted Therapy', 'Pain Management' e 'Controlled Clinical Trial' e suas variações. Serão incluídos apenas ensaios clínicos randomizados e o gerenciamento dos resultados se dará nos softwares EndNote e Rayyan. A ferramenta Cochrane Collaboration Risk of Bias 2 será utilizada para avaliação do risco de viés, e a ferramenta Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) será utilizada para avaliação da certeza de evidência. Se possível, a metanálise será realizada para determinar o efeito da terapia assistida com animais sobre a intensidade da dor.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the existing randomized clinical trials in the literature on the effects of Animal Assisted Therapy on pain management in people with pain when compared to conventional treatment or other non-pharmacological interventions. METHOD: Systematic Review, reported according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P). The protocol was registered at the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO). The search will be carried out in various sources of information, combining the descriptors 'Animal Assisted Therapy', 'Pain Management', and 'Controlled Clinical Trial' and their variations. Only randomized clinical trials will be included, and results will be managed in EndNote and Rayyan software. The assessment of bias risk will be carried out by the Cochrane Collaboration Risk of Bias 2 tool, and the assessment of the certainty of evidence by the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation. If possible, a meta-analysis will be performed to determine the effect of Assisted Therapy with Animals on pain intensity.


Subject(s)
Pain , Animal Assisted Therapy , Pain Management , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
18.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1438288

ABSTRACT

This study sought to review randomized clinical trials of home-based physical exercises and their effects on cognition in older adults. An integrative review was carried out after searching the PubMed, Google Scholar, MEDLINE, LILACS, SciELO, and PEDro databases. The risk of bias of the included randomized controlled trials was assessed using the PEDro Scale. Fourteen studies were included, with an average PEDro score of 6.1±1.7 (range, 3 to 9) points. Overall, the studies found that interventions consisting of home-based physical exercise programs, whether strength training alone or combined with aerobic and balance exercises, performed three times a week in 60-minute sessions for a minimum duration of 8 weeks, contribute to cognitive performance in older adults, with particular impact on executive function. We conclude that home-based physical exercises constitute a strategy to minimize the negative implications associated with cognitive impairment in older adults


Este estudo buscou revisar ensaios clínicos randomizados com exercícios físicos domiciliares e seus efeitos na cognição de idosos. Foi feita uma revisão integrativa com seleção nas bases de dados PubMed, Google Scholar, MEDLINE, LILACS, SciELO e PEDro. A avaliação do risco de viés dos ensaios clínicos randomizados incluídos foi feita usando a Escala PEDro. Catorze estudos foram incluídos, cuja pontuação dos artigos na escala PEDro foi em média de 6,1±1,7 pontos, com a pontuação total variando de 3 a 9. De forma geral, os estudos apontaram que a intervenção com programas de exercícios domiciliares de treino de força isolado ou combinado com exercícios aeróbio e de equilíbrio, realizado três vezes na semana com 60 minutos por sessão e duração mínima de oito semanas, contribui para o desempenho cognitivo de idosos, especialmente sobre a função executiva. Concluiu-se que exercícios domiciliares se apresentam como uma estratégia para minimizar as consequências negativas associadas ao déficit cognitivo em idosos


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Exercise , Cognition Disorders/rehabilitation , Exercise Therapy/methods , Health Services for the Aged , Home Care Services , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Cognition Disorders/prevention & control
19.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 968-974, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010893

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically review safety and tolerance of enteral nutrition (EN) in a prone position, as well as the risks of increased gastric residual volume (GRV), vomiting, aspiration, and ventilator-associated pneumonia, and determine the ways to improve EN tolerance in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).@*METHODS@#Databases including PubMed, Embase and Wanfang Medical data of the English and Chinese literatures were retrieved up from January 1979 to January 2022 to collet the randomized controlled trial (RCT), non-RCT, and observational studies, concerning safety and tolerance of EN in a prone position with ARDS. All trials must have a minimum of two patient groups, one of which must be prone to ARDS and receive EN. Data searching extracting and quality evaluation were assessed by two reviewers independently. RevMan 5.4 software was used for analysis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 9 studies were included, including 2 RCTs, 2 non-RCTs, 4 prospective observational studies, and 1 retrospective observational study. The starting and increasing rate of EN were typically well tolerated in the prone position compared to the supine position in patients with ARDS, there was no significant increase in GRV (mL: 95 vs. 110), and the incidence of vomiting was not noticeably higher (0%-35% vs. 33%-57%). The incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia with EN was not significantly higher in the prone position than in the supine position in patients with ARDS (6%-35% vs. 15%-24%). Aspiration occurred at a similar rate in patients in the nasogastric tube and post-pyloric feeding groups with EN in patients with ARDS in the prone position (22% vs. 20%). EN tolerability with nasogastric and nasojejunal tubes was similar in prone positions, with no significant difference in EN intolerance incidences (15% vs. 22%). Head elevation (30 degree angle-45 degree angle) improved EN tolerance in the prone position in patients with ARDS, thereby increasing the early EN dose [odds ratio (OR) = 0.48, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 0.22-1.08, P = 0.08]. Additionally, prophylactic application of gastrointestinal motility drugs, such as erythromycin, at the start of EN in a prone position significantly improved patients' EN tolerance (OR = 1.14, 95%CI was 0.63-2.05, P = 0.67).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The use of gastric tube for EN in prone position and similar feeding speed to the supine position in patients with ARDS is safe and well tolerated. The initiation and dosing of EN should not be delayed in the prone position. EN tolerance may be increased by elevating the head of the bed during enteral feeding in a prone position, and gastrointestinal motility medications should be promptly administered with EN initiation in patients with ARDS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Ventilator-Associated/etiology , Enteral Nutrition , Prone Position , Respiration, Artificial/adverse effects , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/etiology , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Observational Studies as Topic
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 45-52, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970075

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Managing acute postoperative pain is challenging for anesthesiologists, surgeons, and patients, leading to adverse events despite making significant progress. Patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) is a recommended solution, where oxycodone has depicted unique advantages in recent years. However, controversy still exists in clinical practice and this study aimed to compare two drugs in PCIA.@*METHODS@#We performed a literature search in PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang, and VIP databases up to December 2020 to select specific randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the efficacy of oxycodone with sufentanil in PCIA. The analgesic effect was the primary outcome and the secondary outcome included PCIA consumption, the Ramsay sedation scale, patients' satisfaction and side effects.@*RESULTS@#Fifteen RCTs were included in the meta-analysis. Compared with sufentanil, oxycodone showed lower Numerical Rating Scale scores (mean difference [MD] = -0.71, 95% confidence interval [CI]: -1.01 to -0.41; P < 0.001; I2 = 93%), demonstrated better relief from visceral pain (MD = -1.22, 95% CI: -1.58 to -0.85; P < 0.001; I2 = 90%), promoted a deeper sedative level as confirmed by the Ramsay Score (MD = 0.77, 95% CI: 0.35-1.19; P < 0.001; I2 = 97%), and resulted in fewer side effects (odds ratio [OR] = 0.46, 95% CI: 0.35-0.60; P < 0.001; I2 = 11%). There was no statistical difference in the degree of patients' satisfaction (OR = 1.13, 95% CI: 0.88-1.44; P = 0.33; I2 = 72%) and drug consumption (MD = -5.55, 95% CI: -14.18 to 3.08; P = 0.21; I2 = 93%).@*CONCLUSION@#Oxycodone improves postoperative analgesia and causes fewer adverse effects, and could be recommended for PCIA, especially after abdominal surgeries.@*REGISTRATION@#PROSPERO; https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO/; CRD42021229973.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oxycodone/therapeutic use , Sufentanil/therapeutic use , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Analgesia, Patient-Controlled
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