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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009217

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of bone cement containing recombinant human basic fibroblast growth factor (rhbFGF) and recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) in percutaneous kyphoplasty(PKP)treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture(OVCF).@*METHODS@#A total of 103 OVCF patients who underwent PKP from January 2018 to January 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, including 40 males and 63 females, aged from 61 to 78 years old with an average of (65.72±3.29) years old. The injury mechanism included slipping 33 patients, falling 42 patients, and lifting injury 28 patients. The patients were divided into three groups according to the filling of bone cement. Calcium phosphate consisted of 34 patients, aged(65.1±3.3) years old, 14 males and 20 females, who were filled with calcium phosphate bone cement. rhBMP-2 consisted of 34 patients, aged (64.8±3.2) years old, 12 males and 22 females, who were filled with bone cement containing rhBMP-2. And rhbFGF+rhBMP-2 consisted of 35 patients, aged (65.1±3.6) years old, 14 males and 21 females, who were filled with bone cement containing rhbFGF and rhBMP-2. Oswestry disability index (ODI), bone mineral density, anterior edge loss height, anterior edge compression rate of injured vertebra, visual analog scale (VAS) of pain, and the incidence of refracture were compared between groups.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed for 12 months. Postoperative ODI and VAS score of the three groups decreased (P<0.001), while bone mineral density increased (P<0.001), anterior edge loss height, anterior edge compression rate of injured vertebra decreased first and then slowly increased (P<0.001). ODI and VAS of group calcium phosphate after 1 months, 6 months, 12 months were lower than that of rhBMP-2 and group rhbFGF+rhBMP-2(P<0.05), bone mineral density after 6 months, 12 months was higher than that of rhBMP-2 and group calcium phosphate(P<0.05), and anterior edge loss height, anterior edge compression rate of injured vertebra of group rhbFGF+rhBMP-2 after 6 months and 12 months were lower than that of group rhBMP-2 and group calcium phosphate(P<0.05). There was no statistical difference in the incidence of re-fracture among the three groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Bone cement containing rhbFGF and rhBMP-2 could more effectively increase bone mineral density in patients with OVCF, obtain satisfactory clinical and radiological effects after operation, and significantly improve clinical symptoms.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Bone Cements/therapeutic use , Fractures, Compression/complications , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/complications , Osteoporotic Fractures/etiology , Kyphoplasty/adverse effects , Vertebroplasty/adverse effects , Calcium Phosphates/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Recombinant Proteins , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 614-624, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970395

ABSTRACT

Papaya, which is mainly cultivated in the southeastern region of China, is one of the four famous fruits in Lingnan. It is favored by people because of its edible and medicinal value. Fructose-6-phosphate, 2-kinase/fructose-2, 6-bisphosphatase (F2KP) is a unique bifunctional enzyme with a kinase domain and an esterase domain that catalyzes the synthesis and degradation of fructose-2, 6-bisphosphate (Fru-2, 6-P2), an important regulator of glucose metabolism in organisms. In order to study the function of the gene CpF2KP encoding the enzyme in papaya, it is particularly important to obtain the target protein. In this study, the coding sequence (CDS) of CpF2KP, with a full-length of 2 274 bp, was got from the papaya genome. The amplified sequence of full-length CDS was cloned into the vector PGEX-4T-1 which was double digested with EcoR I and BamH I. The amplified sequence was constructed into a prokaryotic expression vector by genetic recombination. After exploring the induction conditions, the results of SDS-PAGE showed that the size of the recombinant GST-CpF2KP protein was about 110 kDa. The optimum IPTG concentration and temperature for CpF2KP induction were 0.5 mmol/L and 28 ℃, respectively. The purified sin[A1] gle target protein was obtained after purifying the induced CpF2KP protein. In addition, the expression level of this gene was detected in different tissues, and showed that the gene was expressed at the highest level in seeds and the lowest in pulp. This study provides an important basis for further revealing the function of CpF2KP protein and studying the involved biological processes of this gene in papaya.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carica/genetics , Recombinant Proteins , Carbohydrate Metabolism , Cloning, Molecular , China
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 149-158, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970365

ABSTRACT

Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells play an irreplaceable role in biopharmaceuticals because the cells can be adapted to grow in suspension cultures and are capable of producing high quality biologics exhibiting human-like post-translational modifications. However, gene expression regulation such as transgene silencing and epigenetic modifications may reduce the recombinant protein production due to the decrease of expression stability of CHO cells. This paper summarized the role of epigenetic modifications in CHO cells, including DNA methylation, histone modification and miRNA, as well as their effects on gene expression regulation.


Subject(s)
Cricetinae , Animals , Humans , Cricetulus , CHO Cells , Epigenesis, Genetic/genetics , DNA Methylation , Gene Expression Regulation , Recombinant Proteins/genetics
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982093

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect and relative mechanism of Recombinant Human Thrombopoietin (rhTPO) on long-term hematopoietic recovery in mice with acute radiation sickness.@*METHODS@#Mice were intramuscularly injected with rhTPO (100 μg/kg) 2 hours after total body irradiation with 60Co γ-rays (6.5 Gy). Moreover, six months after irradiation, peripheral blood, hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) ratio, competitive transplantation survival rate and chimerization rate, senescence rate of c-kit+ HSC, and p16 and p38 mRNA expression of c-kit+ HSC were detected.@*RESULTS@#Six months after 6.5 Gy γ-ray irradiation, there were no differences in peripheral blood white blood cells, red blood cells, platelets, neutrophils and bone marrow nucleated cells in normal group, irradiated group and rhTPO group (P>0.05). The proportion of hematopoietic stem cells and multipotent progenitor cells in mice of irradiated group was significantly decreased after irradiation (P<0.05), but there was no significant changes in rhTPO group (P>0.05). The counts of CFU-MK and BFU-E in irradiated group were significantly lower than that in normal group, and rhTPO group was higher than that of the irradiated group(P<0.05). The 70 day survival rate of recipient mice in normal group and rhTPO group was 100%, and all mice died in irradiation group. The senescence positive rates of c-kit+ HSC in normal group, irradiation group and rhTPO group were 6.11%, 9.54% and 6.01%, respectively (P<0.01). Compared with the normal group, the p16 and p38 mRNA expression of c-kit+ HSC in the irradiated mice were significantly increased (P<0.01), and it was markedly decreased after rhTPO administration (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The hematopoietic function of mice is still decreased 6 months after 6.5 Gy γ-ray irradiation, suggesting that there may be long-term damage. High-dose administration of rhTPO in the treatment of acute radiation sickness can reduce the senescence of HSC through p38-p16 pathway and improve the long-term damage of hematopoietic function in mice with acute radiation sickness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mice , Animals , Thrombopoietin/metabolism , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Blood Platelets , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Radiation Injuries , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4809-4823, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008060

ABSTRACT

In order to understand the prevalence and evolution of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) in China and to develop subunit vaccine against the epidemic lineage, the genetic evolution analysis of PRRSV strains isolated in China from 2001 to 2021 was performed. The representative strains of the dominant epidemic lineage were selected to optimize the membrane protein GP5 and M nucleotide sequences, which were used, with the interferon and the Fc region of immunoglobulin, to construct the eukaryotic expression plasmids pCDNA3.4-IFNα-GP5-Fc and pCDNA3.4-IFNα-M-Fc. Subsequently, the recombinant proteins IFNα-GP5-Fc and IFNα-M-Fc were expressed by HEK293T eukaryotic expression system. The two recombinant proteins were mixed with ISA206VG adjuvant to immunize weaned piglets. The humoral immunity level was evaluated by ELISA and neutralization test, and the cellular immunity level was detected by ELISPOT test. The results showed that the NADC30-like lineage was the main epidemic lineage in China in recent years, and the combination of IFNα-GP5-Fc and IFNα-M-Fc could induce high levels of antibody and cellular immunity in piglets. This study may facilitate the preparation of a safer and more effective new PRRSV subunit vaccine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Swine , Porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus/genetics , Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome/prevention & control , HEK293 Cells , Viral Envelope Proteins/genetics , Antibodies, Viral , Viral Vaccines/genetics , Recombinant Proteins , Vaccines, Subunit
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4784-4795, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008058

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to produce recombinant porcine interferon gamma (rPoIFN-γ) by Chinese hamster ovarian (CHO) cells expression system and to analyze its antiviral activity. Firstly, we constructed the recombinant eukaryotic expression plasmid pcDNA3.1-PoIFN-γ and transfected into suspension cultured CHO cells for secretory expression of rPoIFN-γ. The rPoIFN-γ was purified by affinity chromatography and identified with SDS-PAGE and Western blotting. Subsequently, the cytotoxicity of rPoIFN-γ was analyzed by CCK-8 test, and the antiviral activity of rPoIFN-γ was evaluated using standard procedures in VSV/PK-15 (virus/cell) test system. Finally the anti-Seneca virus A (SVA) of rPoIFN-γ activity and the induction of interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs) and cytokines were also analyzed. The results showed that rPoIFN-γ could successfully expressed in the supernatant of CHO cells. CCK-8 assays indicated that rPoIFN-γ did not show cytotoxicity on IBRS-2 cells. The biological activity of rPoIFN-γ was 5.59×107 U/mg in VSV/PK-15 system. Moreover, rPoIFN-γ could induced the expression of ISGs and cytokines, and significantly inhibited the replication of SVA. In conclusion, the high activity of rPoIFN-γ was successfully prepared by CHO cells expression system, which showed strong antiviral activity on SVA. This study may facilitate the investigation of rPoIFN-γ function and the development of novel genetically engineered antiviral drugs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cricetinae , Swine , Interferon-gamma/pharmacology , Cricetulus , CHO Cells , Sincalide , Recombinant Proteins/pharmacology , Antiviral Agents/pharmacology
7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4682-4693, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008050

ABSTRACT

D-mannose has many functional activities and is widely used in food, medicine, agriculture and other industries. D-mannitol oxidase that can efficiently convert D-mannitol into D-mannose has potential application in the enzymatic preparation of D-mannose. A D-mannitol oxidase (PsOX) was found from Paenibacillus sp. HGF5. The similarity between PsOX and the D-mannitol oxidase (AldO) from Streptomyces coelicolor was 50.94%. The molecular weight of PsOX was about 47.4 kDa. A recombinant expression plasmid pET-28a-PsOX was constructed and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3). The Km and kcat/Km values of PsOX for D-mannitol were 5.6 mmol/L and 0.68 L/(s·mmol). Further characterization of PsOX showed its optimal pH and temperature were 7.0 and 35 ℃, respectively, while its enzyme activity could be stably remained below 60 ℃. The molar conversion rate of 400 mmol/L D-mannitol by PsOX was 95.2%. The whole cells of PsOX and AldO were used to catalyze 73 g/L D-mannitol respectively. The reaction catalyzed by PsOX completed in 9 h and 70 g/L D-mannose was produced. PsOX showed a higher catalytic efficiency compared to that of AldO. PsOX may facilitate the enzymatic preparation of D-mannose as a novel D-mannose oxidase.


Subject(s)
Recombinant Proteins/metabolism , Paenibacillus/metabolism , Mannose/metabolism , Escherichia coli/metabolism , Mannitol/metabolism
8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4246-4257, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008024

ABSTRACT

Insulinoma-associated protein-2 (IA-2) is a transmembrane glycoprotein belonging to the tyrosine phosphatase-like protein family as well as an important autoantigen in the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes. IA-2 products have been marketed in Europe and the United States. At present, commercially available IA-2 antigens are either the recombinant IA-2ic domain or the IA-2 naturally extracted from bovine islets. However, the recombinant IA-2 antigen displays weak positive in clinic practice, which often results in occasional detection failures, thus cannot completely replace the naturally extracted IA-2 antigen. In this study, an HEK293 expression system was used to explore the production of recombinant IA-2. An IA-2 transmembrane fragment (IA-2 TMF) located at amino acid position 449-979, also known as the natural membrane protein form of IA-2, was produced in HEK293 through transfection, and both the expression conditions and dissolution conditions of the membrane protein were also optimized. The purified membrane protein yield was 0.78 mg/L cell culture. Subsequently, the antigen activity of IA-2 TMF was compared with RSR rhIA-2 through enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The serum of 77 type 1 diabetes patients and 32 healthy volunteers were detected. Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) curve was used to characterize the sensitivity and specificity of the test results. The results showed that the sensitivity of IA-2 TMF was 71.4% (55/77), while the sensitivity of RSR rhIA-2 was 63.6% (49/77), and the specificity of both antigens were all 100%. There was no significant difference in specificity between the two antigens, but the sensitivity of IA-2 TMF was appreciably better than that of the imported gold standard RSR rhIA-2 antigen. In conclusion, the recombinant IA-2 TMF produced in HEK293 cells can be used as a raw material to develop in vitro diagnostic reagents for type 1 diabetes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Cattle , HEK293 Cells , Insulinoma , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/genetics , Recombinant Proteins , Membrane Proteins , Pancreatic Neoplasms
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981911

ABSTRACT

Objective To express the monkeypox virus (MPXV) A23R protein in Escherichia coli and purify by Ni-NTA affinity column, and to prepare mouse antiserum against MPXV A23R. Methods The recombinant plasmid pET-28a-MPXV-A23R was constructed and transformed into Escherichia coli BL21 to induce the expression of A23R protein. After optimizing the conditions of expression, A23R protein was highly expressed. Recombinant A23R protein was purified by Ni-NTA affinity column and identified by Western blot analysis. The purified protein was used to immunize mice for preparing the A23R polyclonal antibody, and the antibody titer was detected by ELISA. Results The expression of A23R recombinant protein reached the peak under the induced conditions of 0.6 mmol/L isopropyl-β-D-thiogalactoside (IPTG), 37 DegreesCelsius and 20 hours. The purity of the protein was about 96.07% and was identified by Western blot analysis. The mice were immunized with recombinant protein, and the titer of antibody reached 1:102 400 at the 6th week after immunization. Conclusion MPXV A23R is expressed highly and purified with a high purity and its antiserum from mouse is obtained with a high titre.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Monkeypox virus , Antibodies , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Blotting, Western , Recombinant Proteins , Escherichia coli/genetics
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981886

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare a rabbit anti-mouse coiled-coil domain containing 189 (Ccdc189) polyclonal antibody. Methods The pET-28a-Ccdc189 prokaryotic expression plasmid was constructed and transformed into E.coli BL21. IPTG was used to induce the expression of Ccdc189 prokaryotic protein. Adult male New Zealand rabbits were immunized with purified recombinant protein to obtain rabbit anti-mouse Ccdc189 polyclonal antibody. The specificity of the polyclonal antibody was identified by Western blot analysis, indirect ELISA and immunofluorescence histochemical staining. Results The pET-28a-Ccdc189 recombinant plasmid was successfully constructed and the expression of the Ccdc189 recombinant protein was induced. ELISA revealed that the titer of the polyclonal antibody was 1:1 000 000. Western blot and immunofluorescence staining demonstrated that the Ccdc189 polyclonal antibody could specifically identify the Ccdc189 prokaryotic protein and the Ccdc189 protein in adult wild-type mouse testis. Conclusion A polyclonal antibody with high specificity against mouse Ccdc189 was successfully created.


Subject(s)
Rabbits , Male , Animals , Mice , Antibody Specificity , Antibodies , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Blotting, Western , Recombinant Proteins , Escherichia coli/genetics
11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1633-1643, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981159

ABSTRACT

The multiple-step cleavage of amyloid precursor protein (APP) generates amyloid-β peptides (Aβ), highly toxic molecules causing Alzheimer's disease (AD). The nonspecific cleavage between the transmembrane region of APP (APPTM) and γ-secretase is the key step of Aβ generation. Reconstituting APPTM under physiologically-relevant conditions is crucial to investigate how it interacts with γ-secretase and for future AD drug discovery. Although producing recombinant APPTM was reported before, the large scale purification was hindered by the use of biological protease in the presence of membrane protein. Here, we expressed recombinant APPTM in Escherichia coli using the pMM-LR6 vector and recovered the fusion protein from inclusion bodies. By combining Ni-NTA chromatography, cyanogen bromide cleavage, and reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC), isotopically-labeled APPTM was obtained in high yield and high purity. The reconstitution of APPTM into dodecylphosphocholine (DPC) micelle generated mono dispersed 2D 15N-1H HSQC spectra in high quality. We successfully established an efficient and reliable method for the expression, purification and reconstruction of APPTM, which may facilitate future investigation of APPTM and its complex in more native like membrane mimetics such as bicelle and nanodiscs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor/chemistry , Micelles , Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases/metabolism , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Recombinant Proteins
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971131

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of recombinant human thrombopoietin (rhTPO) on hematopoietic reconstruction in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) model.@*METHODS@#The C57BL/6 mice were employed as the donors, and BALB/c mice as recipients. The bone marrow mononuclear cells of the donor mice were extracted and pretreated, which then were injected with 5×106 per mouse through the tail vein of the recipient to establish an allo-HSCT model. The implantation of hematopoietic stem cells in the recipient mice was detected by flow cytometry on the 28th day after transplantation. Next, the successfully modeled recipient mice were randomly divided into experimental group and control group. The rhTPO was injected into mice in the experimental group on the first day after transplantation, while the saline was injected into mice in the control group. Both groups were injected for 14 consecutive days. The peripheral blood and bone marrow hematopoiesis of the two groups were observed on day 1, 3, 7, 14, and 21 after transplantation.@*RESULTS@#The expression rate of H-2Kb in the bone marrow of recipient mice was 43.85% (>20%) on the 28th day after transplantation, which indicated that the recipient mice were successfully chimerized. Meanwhile, counts of PLTs on the day 3, 7, 14, and 21 after transplantation in the experimental group were higher than those in the control group with statistical significances (P<0.05). In addition, hematopoietic function of bone marrow was suppressed in both groups on day 1, 3 and 7 after transplantation, but hematopoietic bone marrow hyperplasia was better in the experimental group than in the control group. On day 14 and 21 after transplantation, the hematopoietic function of bone marrow in the two groups was recovered, and the experimental group showed more obvious than the control group.@*CONCLUSION@#rhTPO can effectively stimulate the production of PLTs and facilitate the recovery of white blood cells and hemoglobin after allo-HSCT, and promote hematopoietic recovery and reconstitution of bone marrow.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Thrombopoietin , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Bone Marrow , Recombinant Proteins , Mice, Inbred BALB C
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985941

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical effect of Qiliqiangxin capsule combined with recombinant human brain natriuretic peptide in acute left heart failure patients 7 days after onset as well as the effects of plasma MDA and ET-1. Methods: In total, 240 hospitalized patients with acute left heart failure from October 2017 to May 2021 were selected from the Department of Emergency and Critical Care Center of Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University and the Department of Cardiology of the Jilin Provincial People's Hospital. They were randomly divided into routine treatment group and combined treatment group, with 120 cases in each group. The routine treatment group was treated with vasodilation, diuresis, cardiotonic and recombinant human brain natriuretic peptide. The combined treatment group was treated with Qiliqiangxin capsules based on the routine treatment group. One week later, the changes in clinical efficacy, ejection fraction, left ventricular commoid diameter, and plasma BNP, MDA, and ET-1 were compared between the two groups before and after treatment. SPSS 11.5 statistical software was used. The measurement data was expressed in x¯±s, the independent sample t-test was used for comparison between groups, and the paired t-test was used for comparison before and after treatment within groups. Counting data was expressed as case (%), and the rank sum test was used for inter-group comparison. Result: In terms of clinical efficacy, the total effective rate of the combined treatment group was significantly higher than that of the conventional treatment group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Compared with the routine treatment group, the left ventricular ejection fraction in the combined treatment group was significantly increased (P<0.05). The levels of plasma BNP, MDA and ET-1 were significantly decreased (P<0.05). Conclusion: Qiliqiangxin capsule combined with rhBNP treatment can effectively improve the clinical symptoms of acute heart failure, as well as reduce the lipid peroxidation product MDA content and endothetin ET-1 level in blood. The clinical application value of the Qiliqiangxin capsule needs to be further confirmed by further trials.


Subject(s)
Humans , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain/therapeutic use , Stroke Volume/physiology , Ventricular Function, Left/physiology , Cardiotonic Agents/therapeutic use , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Cardiovascular Agents/therapeutic use , Drug Therapy, Combination
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009823

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the therapeutic effect of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) on children with growth hormone deficiency (GHD) and different pituitary developmental conditions.@*METHODS@#A prospective study was performed on 90 children with GHD who were admitted to Xuchang Maternity and Child Health Hospital from June 2020 to December 2021. According to pituitary height on the median sagittal plane, they were divided into three groups: pituitary dysplasia group (n=45), normal pituitary group (n=31), and enlarged pituitary growth group (n=14). The changes in body height, growth velocity, height standard deviation score and serum levels of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) were examined after treatment in the above three groups, and the differences of the above indices before and after treatment were compared among the three groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, all three groups had significant increases in body height, growth velocity, height standard deviation score, and the serum levels of IGFBP-3 and IGF-1 (P<0.05). Compared with the normal pituitary group, the pituitary dysplasia group and the enlarged pituitary growth group had significantly higher values in terms of the differences in body height, growth velocity, height standard deviation score, IGF-1, and IGFBP-3 before and after treatment (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence rate of adverse reactions among the three groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In GHD children with different pituitary developmental conditions, rhGH can promote bone growth and increase body height, especially in children with pituitary dysplasia and pituitary hyperplasia, with good safety.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Body Height , Human Growth Hormone/therapeutic use , Hyperplasia , Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3 , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I , Prospective Studies , Pituitary Gland/pathology , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use
15.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 297-302, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009492

ABSTRACT

The Sepsis Coagulopathy Asahi Recombinant LE Thrombomodulin (SCARLET) trial has many defects, and thus cannot be the terminator of recombinant thrombomodulin (rTM). On the contrary, it provides sufficient evidence for further research. Based on analysis focusing on the failure of SCARLET and several previous anticoagulant studies, it is most important for new studies to grasp the following two points: (1) The enrolled cases should have sufficient disease severity and a clear standard for disseminated intravascular coagulation; (2) Heparin should not be used in combination with the investigated drugs. Multiple post-hoc analyses show that no combination of heparin will not increase the risk of thromboembolism. In fact, the combination of heparin can mask the true efficacy of the investigated drug. Due to the complexity of sepsis treatment and the limitations of clinical studies, the results of all treatment studies should be repeatedly verified, rather than be determined at one stroke. Some research conclusions contrary to disease physiology, pharmacology and clinical practice may be deceptive, and should be cautious rather than be simply accepted. On the other hand, the dissenting voices in the "consensus" scene are often well discussed by the authors and should be highly valued.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Thrombomodulin/therapeutic use , Blood Coagulation Disorders , Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation/drug therapy , Sepsis/drug therapy , Heparin/therapeutic use , Recombinant Proteins
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1787-1790, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010038

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To calculate the pharmacokinetic parameters of recombinant human coagulation factor Ⅷ using myPKFiT in patients with severe hemophilia A, and provide an individualized treatment plan for patients.@*METHODS@#A total of 42 patients with severe hemophilia A who were treated with recombinant human coagulation factor Ⅷ were included from January 2021 to December 2021. myPKFiT was used to calculate the pharmacokinetic parameters of FⅧ, and the individualized treatment plan for hemophilia A patients was formulated.@*RESULTS@#The median age of 42 patients with severe hemophilia A was 31(16-50) years old, the average weight was 54.0±9.9 kg, the half-life of FⅧ was 12.05±1.6 h, the time to more than 1% of the baseline was 62.3±15.3 h, and the 0 bleeding rate after the guidance of myPKFiT was significantly increased from 39% to 49%, the Annual bleeding rate was reduced from 3.6±2.5 to 2.1±2.0, and the Annual joint bleeding rate was reduced from 3.2±2.2 to 1.9±0.9, all of which were statistically different (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Individualized therapy in patients with severe hemophilia A who were guided by myPKFiT assay of pharmacokinetics parameters can significantly reduce the annual bleeding rate and annual joint bleeding rate of patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Middle Aged , Adolescent , Young Adult , Blood Coagulation Factors , Factor VIII/pharmacokinetics , Hemophilia A , Hemorrhage , Recombinant Proteins/pharmacokinetics
17.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2023. 76 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512965

ABSTRACT

O controle da leishmaniose visceral (LV) requer um diagnóstico e tratamento adequados, uma vez que o diagnóstico preciso é fundamental para um regime medicamentoso eficaz para os pacientes. Nesse contexto, as ferramentas biotecnológicas devem ser aprimoradas para o manejo clínico e a avaliação epidemiológica da doença. No entanto, existem limitações relacionadas com a sensibilidade e/ou especificidade dos antígenos usados atualmente, mostrando a necessidade de identificação de novas moléculas para serem testadas em um diagnóstico sorológico mais sensível e específico. Neste sentido, no presente estudo, uma abordagem imunoproteômica foi usada para identificar proteínas antigênicas das formas promastigotas e amastigotas da espécie Leishmania infantum, causadora de LV em nosso país, por meio de seu reconhecimento por anticorpos em soros de pacientes com a doença. Amostras de indivíduos saudáveis residentes em região endêmica da doença e de pacientes com Doença de Chagas foram utilizadas com a função de se obter proteínas mais específicas ao parasito Leishmania para serem avaliadas no diagnóstico da LV. Como resultados obtidos, um total de 29 e 21 proteínas foram identificadas nos extratos de formas promastigotas e amastigotas dos parasitos, respectivamente. Para a validação da capacidade diagnóstica, duas proteínas, endonuclease III e GTP-binding protein, foram selecionadas, clonadas, expressas e purificadas para serem testadas em experimentos de ELISA. Os resultados dos testes mostraram valores de sensibilidade e especificidade superiores a 99,0% para a identificação da LV. Os antígenos ainda exibiram um diferencial ao apresentarem baixa reatividade sorológica em pacientes curados e tratados, sugerindo a possibilidade de que as mesmas possam ser aplicadas como marcadores prognósticos da doença. Em conclusão, o estudo imunoproteômico se mostrou eficaz na seleção de proteínas antigênicas de L. infantum e duas delas, endonuclease III e GTP-binding protein, foram bem avaliadas para o diagnóstico da LV frente a um painel sorológico, além de demonstrarem um potencial para monitoramento de pacientes com LV após o tratamento.


The control of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) requires an adequate diagnosis and treatment, since an accurate diagnosis is essential for an effective medication regimen for patients. In this context, biotechnological tools must be improved for the clinical management and epidemiological assessment of the disease. However, there are limitations related to the sensitivity and / or specificity of the antigens currently used, showing the necessity to identify new molecules to be tested in a more sensitive and specific serological diagnosis. In this sense, in the present study, an immunoproteomics approach was used to identify antigenic proteins of the Leishmania infantum promastigote and amastigote forms, which causes VL in our country, through its recognition by antibodies in sera of patients with the disease. Samples from healthy individuals living in an endemic region of the disease and from patients with Chagas disease were used to obtain more specific proteins for the Leishmania parasite, aiming their future application in the VL diagnosis. As results obtained, a total of 29 and 21 proteins were identified in the extracts of parasitic promastigotes and amastigotes, respectively. For validation of the diagnostic capacity, two proteins, endonuclease III and GTP-binding protein, were selected, cloned, expressed and purified to be tested in ELISA experiments. The test results showed sensitivity and specificity values greater than 99.0% for the identification of VL. The antigens also exhibited a differential when presenting low serological reactivity in cured and treated patients, suggesting the possibility that they can be applied as prognostic markers of the disease. In conclusion, the immunoproteomic study proved to be effective in the selection of L. infantum antigenic proteins and two of them, endonuclease III and GTP-binding protein, were well evaluated for the diagnosis of VL against a serological panel, in addition, demonstrating a potential for monitoring patients with VL after treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Recombinant Proteins , Leishmania infantum , Leishmaniasis, Visceral , Diagnosis
18.
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 39(1): 15-23, ene.-mar. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389924

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo. Evaluar in silico y a nivel serológico el potencial antigénico del dominio extracelular recombinante de la proteína de ensamblaje de lipopolisacáridos - D (LptD) de Bartonella bacilliformis (dexr_LptD). Materiales y métodos. Mediante el análisis in silico se realizó la selección de una proteína de B. bacilliformis con potencial antigénico e inmunogénico. El gen de la proteína seleccionada se clonó en Escherichia coli TOP10 y se expresó en Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) pLysS. La proteína recombinante fue expresada usando isopropil-β-D-1-tiogalactopiranósido (IPTG) y se optimizaron las condiciones de inducción. Por último, se purificó con resina Ni-IDA (His60 Ni Superflow) y se realizó un ensayo de Western Blot. Resultados. In silico, la proteína seleccionada fue LptD por estar localizada en la membrana externa y ser antigénica e inmunogénica. Las condiciones optimizadas para la inducción del dexr_LptD fueron 0,5 mM IPTG, 16 h, medio TB (Terrific Broth), etanol al 3% (v/v), 28 ºC, OD600: 1-1,5 y 200 r.p.m. La purificación se realizó en condiciones denaturantes a pequeña escala y se obtuvo 2,6 µg/mL de dexr_LptD parcialmente purificada. El ensayo de Western Blot mostró una reacción positiva entre los sueros provenientes de pacientes con la enfermedad de Carrión y dexr_LptD, ello evidencia la antigenicidad del dexr_LptD. Conclusiones. El dexr_LptD muestra antigenicidad in silico y a nivel serológico, estos resultados son base para posteriores estudios sobre candidatos vacunales contra la enfermedad de Carrión.


ABSTRACT Objective. To evaluate in silico and at the serological level the antigenic potential of the recombinant extracellular domain of the lipopolysaccharide assembly protein - D (LptD) of Bartonella bacilliformis (dexr_LptD). Materials and Methods. Through in silico analysis, we selected a B. bacilliformis protein with antigenic and immunogenic potential. The selected protein gene was cloned into Escherichia coli TOP10 and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) pLysS. Recombinant protein was expressed using isopropyl-β-D-1-thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG) and induction conditions were optimized. Finally, it was purified with Ni-IDA resin (His60 Ni Superflow) and a Western Blot assay was conducted. Results. In silico, the selected protein was LptD because it is located in the outer membrane and is antigenic and immunogenic. Optimized conditions for dexr_LptD induction were 0.5 mM IPTG, 16 hours, TB (Terrific Broth) medium, 3% (v/v) ethanol, 28 ºC, OD600: 1-1.5 and 200 rpm. Purification was carried out under denaturating conditions on a small scale and we obtained 2.6 μg/mL of partially purified dexr_LptD. The Western Blot assay showed a positive reaction between the sera from patients with Carrión's Disease and dexr_LptD, which shows the antigenicity of dexr_LptD. Conclusions. The dexr_LptD shows antigenicity both in silico and at the serological level, these results are the basis for further studies on vaccine candidates against Carrion's Disease.


Subject(s)
Recombinant Proteins , Cloning, Organism , Bartonella bacilliformis , Bartonella Infections , Computational Biology , Immunogenicity, Vaccine
19.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2022. 185 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, InstitutionalDB, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1428081

ABSTRACT

A plataforma de ELISA (ensaio de imunoabsorção por ligação enzimática) tem sido amplamente utilizada para detectar anticorpos anti-SARS-CoV-2 gerados após a exposição ao vírus ou à vacinação. A amostra comumente utilizada para a realização do teste é o soro. Até o momento, nenhum estudo havia investigado a urina do paciente como amostra para detectar anticorpos específicos para o vírus SARS-CoV-2. A urina é um espécime biológico que traz vantagens significativas inerentes ao tipo de amostra, que compreende coleta não invasiva, de fácil manuseio e armazenamento. Neste trabalho, propomos um ELISA indireto in house baseado no uso de urina e proteínas recombinantes do Nucleocapsídeo (N) ou da Spike (S) do vírus SARS-CoV-2. As proteínas recombinantes (r) de SARS-CoV-2, N e as subunidades da proteína S (S-Glic, S1-NGlic e RBD-NGlic), foram avaliadas usando um painel composto por aproximadamente 200 amostras de urina e de soro. A presença de anticorpos anti-SARS-CoV-2 na urina foi detectada com sensibilidade e especificidade similares ou superiores ao soro, nas quais foram obtidos valores de sensibilidade de 94,0%, 75,0%, 81,38% e 89,66%, e especificidade de 100%, 96,0%, 96,77% e 96,77%, frente às proteínas rSARS-CoV-2 N, S-Glic, S1-NGlic e RBDNGlic, respectivamente. Dessa forma, os dados apresentados sugerem que a urina poderia ser considerada como uma potencial amostra biológica para aplicação em plataformas de imunodiagnóstico para a infecção por SARS-CoV-2, trazendo benefícios tanto no contexto individual quanto populacional.


The Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method has been widely used to detect anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies generated after exposure to the virus or vaccination. The sample usually used to perform the test is the serum. Thus far, no study has investigated the urine of patients as biological sample to detect specific SARS-CoV-2 antibodies. Urine is a biological specimen with significant advantages inherent to the type of sample, which comprises non-invasive collection, easy handling and storage. In this work, we propose an in house urine-based indirect ELISA using recombinant proteins from Nucleocapsid (N) and Spike (S) of the SARSCoV-2 virus. SARS-CoV-2 recombinant N and S protein subunits (Gly-S, NonGly-S1 and NonGly-RBD) were evaluated in an ELISA platform with a panel composed about 200 urine and serum samples. The presence of anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in urine was detected with similar or superior sensitivity and specificity to serum, in which sensitivity values of 94.0%, 75.0%, 81.38% and 89.66% were obtained, while specificity values were of 100.0%, 96.0%, 96.77% and 96.77%, respectively, against rSARS-CoV-2 N, S-Glic, S1-NGlic and RBD-NGlic proteins. In conclusion, the data presented suggest that urine could be considered as a potential biological sample for application in immunodiagnostic platforms for SARS-CoV-2 infection, with benefits to the individual and population context.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Urine , Immunologic Tests , Nucleocapsid Proteins , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Antibodies , Viruses , Recombinant Proteins , Vaccination , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Protein Subunits
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941025

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To express and purify the antigenic peptide of adeno-associated virus (AAV) capsid conserved regions in prokaryotic cells and prepare its rabbit polyclonal antibody.@*METHODS@#The DNA sequence encoding the conserved regions of AAV capsid protein was synthesized and cloned into the vector pET30a to obtain the plasmid pET30a-AAV-CR for prokaryotic expression and purification of the conserved peptides. Coomassie blue staining and Western blotting were used to identify the AAV conserved peptides. Japanese big ear white rabbits were immunized with AAV conserved region protein to prepare polyclonal antibody, with the rabbits injected with PBS as the control group. The antibody titer was determined with ELISA, and the performance of the antibody for recognizing capsid protein sequences of AAV1-AAV10 was assessed with Western blotting and immunofluorescence assay.@*RESULTS@#The plasmid pET30a-AAV-CR was successfully constructed, and a recombinant protein with a relative molecular mass of 17000 was obtained. The purified protein induced the production of antibodies against the conserved regions of AAV capsid in rabbits, and the titer of the purified antibodies reached 1:320 000. The antibodies were capable of recognizing a wide range of capsid protein sequences of AAV1-AAV10.@*CONCLUSION@#We successfully obtained the polyclonal antibodies against AAV capsid conserved region protein from rabbits, which facilitate future studies of AAV vector development and the biological functions of AAV.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Antibodies , Capsid , Capsid Proteins/genetics , Dependovirus/genetics , Prokaryotic Cells , Recombinant Proteins/genetics
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