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1.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(4): 656-658, ago. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346522

ABSTRACT

Resumen El SARS-CoV-2, la causa de la enfermedad por el nuevo coronavirus de 2019 (COVID-19), ha demostrado producir una variedad de manifestaciones extra pulmonares. La rabdomiólisis debida a la infección por SARS-CoV-ha sido reportada principalmente en el curso temprano de la enfermedad. En el pre sente informe, presentamos el caso de una paciente con infección confirmada por SARS-CoV-2 que se recuperó de neumonía por COVID-19 y posteriormente desarrolló una rabdomiólisis de inicio tardío que fue manejada con éxito con corticosteroides orales e hidratación enérgica durante el curso de la hospitalización. El reconocimiento y diferenciación oportuna de esta subdiagnosticada entidad y las manifestaciones constitucionales usuales du rante el COVID-19, podrían ayudar a prevenir y tratar tempranamente complicaciones posteriores potencialmente mortales.


Abstract SARS-CoV-2, the cause of 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19), has shown to produce a variety of extrapulmonary manifestations. Rhabdomyolysis due to SARS-CoV-2 infection has been reported mainly in the early course of the disease. In this report, we present the case of a female patient with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection who recovered from respiratory compromise and developed a late-onset rhabdomyolysis successfully managed with oral corticoste roids and aggressive hydration. Prompt recognition of this underdiagnosed entity could help prevent subsequent life-threatening complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Rhabdomyolysis/diagnosis , Rhabdomyolysis/etiology , COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 54: e20200319, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143888

ABSTRACT

Abstract Bee venom is a natural toxin composed of several peptides. Massive envenoming causes severe local and systemic reactions. We report two cases of severe bee envenomation, of which one was fatal. We also describe clinical characteristics and immune markers. Both victims suffered from respiratory distress, renal failure, rhabdomyolysis, and shock. They required invasive mechanical ventilation, vasoactive drugs, and renal replacement therapy. Moreover, serum levels of chemokines, cytokines, and cell-free circulating nucleic acids demonstrated an intense inflammatory process. Massive envenoming produced systemic injury in the victims, with an uncontrolled inflammatory response, and a more significant chemotactic response in the fatal case.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rhabdomyolysis/diagnosis , Rhabdomyolysis/etiology , Bee Venoms , Insect Bites and Stings/complications , Bees , Brazil , Biomarkers
3.
In. Manzanares Castro, William; Aramendi Epstein, Ignacio; Pico, José Luis do. Disionías en el paciente grave: historias clínicas comentadas. Montevideo, Cuadrado, 2021. p.137-150, tab.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1344734
4.
In. Manzanares Castro, William; Aramendi Epstein, Ignacio; Pico, José Luis do. Disionías en el paciente grave: historias clínicas comentadas. Montevideo, Cuadrado, 2021. p.303-319.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1344742
5.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(4): 534-538, Out.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056606

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The number of incident and prevalent patients on dialysis has increased, as well as the number of candidates for renal transplantation in Brazil, without a proportional increase in the number of organ donors. The use of expanded kidneys, as to renal function, may be an alternative to increase the supply of organs. Objective: to discuss the feasibility of using expanded kidneys for renal function, which are in severe acute renal injury. Methods: All cases of renal transplantation of deceased donors performed at the Hospital das Clínicas de Botucatu of UNESP, from January 2010 to June 2018, totaling 732 cases were evaluated. Cases with final donor creatinine greater than 6 mg/dL were selected. Results: four patients were selected, of whom all donors were in severe acute kidney injury (AKI). These donors presented rhabdomyolysis as a probable cause of severe AKI, were young, with no comorbidities and had decreased urinary volume in the last 24 hours. The clinical evolution of all the recipients was satisfactory, with a glomerular filtration rate after transplantation ranging from 48 to 98 mL/min/1.73 m2. Conclusion: this series of cases shows the possibility of using renal donors in severe AKI, provided the following are respected: donor age, rhabdomyolysis as the cause of AKI, and implantation-favorable biopsy findings. Additional studies with better designs, larger numbers of patients and longer follow-up times are needed.


RESUMO Introdução: O número de pacientes incidentes e prevalentes em diálise tem aumentado, assim como o número de candidatos ao transplante renal no Brasil, sem um aumento proporcional do número de doadores de órgãos. O uso de rins expandidos, quanto à função renal, pode ser uma alternativa para aumentar a oferta de órgãos. Objetivo: discutir a viabilidade do uso de rins expandidos quanto à função renal, que estejam em lesão renal aguda severa. Métodos: foram avaliados todos os casos de transplante renal de doador falecido realizados no Hospital das Clínicas de Botucatu da UNESP, de janeiro de 2010 a junho de 2018, totalizando 732 casos. Selecionou-se os casos com creatinina final do doador maior do que 6 mg/dL. Resultados: quatro pacientes foram selecionados, dos quais todos os doadores estavam em lesão renal aguda (LRA) severa. Esses doadores apresentavam rabdomiólise como provável causa de LRA severa, eram jovens, sem comorbidades e apresentavam diminuição de volume urinário nas últimas 24 horas. A evolução clínica de todos os receptores foi satisfatória, com taxa de filtração glomerular após o transplante variando entre 48 a 98 mL/min/1,73m2. Conclusão: essa série de casos mostra a possibilidade de utilização de doadores renais em LRA severa, desde que respeitadas as condições seguintes: idade do doador, rabdomiólise como causa de LRA e achados de biópsia favoráveis à implantação. Estudos adicionais com melhores desenhos, maior número de pacientes e maiores tempos de seguimento são necessários.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Rhabdomyolysis/diagnosis , Tissue Donors/statistics & numerical data , Kidney Transplantation/methods , Delayed Graft Function/diagnosis , Acute Kidney Injury/surgery , Research Design , Brazil/epidemiology , Cadaver , Feasibility Studies , Retrospective Studies , Renal Dialysis/statistics & numerical data , Kidney Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Creatinine/blood , Delayed Graft Function/etiology , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Glomerular Filtration Rate/physiology , Graft Survival/physiology , Kidney/physiopathology
6.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(5): 493-496, oct. 2019. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1054969

ABSTRACT

La miositis viral aguda es una complicación posterior a una infección viral causada, principalmente, por virus influenza A y B. Se caracteriza por ser un proceso inflamatorio transitorio, súbito, autolimitado y benigno. Generalmente, afecta a niños preescolares y escolares, que presentan dolor bilateral y sensibilidad en los grupos musculares de los miembros inferiores sin alteración en el examen neurológico. Puede generar alteración de la marcha o de la bipedestación. Su principal complicación es la rabdomiólisis, por lo que se debe hacer un seguimiento clínico y de los valores de la creatinfosfoquinasa. Se presenta el caso de un niño en edad escolar con diagnóstico de miositis viral aguda. Debido a que es poco frecuente y su incidencia en Latinoamérica es desconocida, se considera importante el reporte del caso y la revisión del tema, ya que su curso es benigno, de fácil manejo, y su conocimiento evita estudios y hospitalizaciones innecesarias.


Acute viral myositis is a complication after a viral infection mainly caused by Influenza A and B viruses. It is characterized as a transitory, sudden, self-limiting and benign inflammatory process. It usually affects preschool and school children presenting bilateral pain and sensitivity in the muscle groups of the lower limbs without alteration in the neurological examination. It can affect the gait or standing. The main complication is rhabdomyolysis, which is why clinical followup and values of creatine phosphokinase must be done. We present the case of a school-age child diagnosed with acute viral myositis. Because it is not a frequent entity and its incidence in Latin America is unknown, we consider important to report the case and review the topic, as its clinical course is benign, easily treated, and its knowledge can avoid unnecessary studies and hospitalizations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Myositis/diagnosis , Rhabdomyolysis , Virus Diseases , Gait Apraxia , Myositis/complications , Myositis/therapy
7.
Horiz. méd. (Impresa) ; 19(3): 78-83, Set. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1022500

ABSTRACT

En los servicios de emergencias que atienden a una gran población, muchas veces se encuentran cuadros aislados, como deshidratación severa, hipernatremia o hiponatremia, injuria renal aguda, trastorno de sensorio, entre otras. Sin embargo, muchos de estos cuadros forman parte de una sola patología, y si no se hace una unidad clínica en el momento adecuado, la morbimortalidad se puede incrementar drásticamente. Sobre todo, en enfermedades con baja frecuencia, muy raras o poco habituales, como la que se narrará a continuación, podría empeorar el estado crítico del paciente si no se detecta a tiempo o no se maneja adecuadamente. Este caso clínico es el de una paciente mujer de 74 años, con antecedente de patología psicótica con tratamiento irregular que, tras ingerir carbamazepina y risperidona, presenta los síntomas típicos y poco frecuentes del síndrome neuroléptico maligno (SNM).


In emergency rooms with large numbers of assigned population, we often see isolated conditions, such as severe dehydration, hypernatremia or hyponatremia, acute kidney injury, sensory disorder, among others. However, many of these conditions are part of a single disease and, if they are not gathered together as a medical unit at the right time, morbidity and mortality may drastically increase, especially in the event of diseases with a very rare or unusual frequency. Such is the case of the following disorder, which could worsen the critical condition of the patient if it is not detected on time or not treated appropriately. This clinical case addresses a 74-year-old female patient who reports a history of psychotic disorder with irregular treatment and, after the intake of carbamazepine and risperidone, presents the typical and infrequent symptoms of neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS).


Subject(s)
Humans , Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome , Rhabdomyolysis , Antipsychotic Agents , Muscle Rigidity
10.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 53(1): 79-107, mar. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001081

ABSTRACT

En este trabajo se analizan los micetismos menos comunes, caracterizados por la aparición demorada de síntomas y por tiempos de latencia muy largos. Estas intoxicaciones son provocadas por especies de hongos ectomicorrícicos poco comunes. Se analizan: a) Toxíndrome nefrotóxico demorado o retrasado. Micetismo orellánico o por orellanina. b) Toxíndrome con rabdomiólisis. Micetismos por Tricholoma equestre y Tricholoma terreum. c) Toxíndrome encefalopático o neurotóxico retrasado. Micetismo por Pleurocybella porrigens. d) Toxíndrome cardiovascular. Micetismo por Trogia venenata. Se discuten el tiempo de incubación, las características sintomatológicas, el curso clínico, las toxinas responsables de cada micetismo y su mecanismo de acción, y el tratamiento que ha resultado efectivo para la recuperación de los pacientes.


Less common mycetisms, characterized by delayed-onset and very long latency times are analyzed. These intoxications are caused by rare ectomycorrhizal fungal species. The following syndromes have been taken into account: (a) Delayed nephrotoxic syndrome. Orellanic mycetism or mycetism due to orellanin. (b) Syndrome with rhabdomyolysis. Mycetisms by Tricholoma equestre, and Tricholoma terreum. (c) Delayed encephalopathic or neurotoxic syndrome. Mycetism by Pleurocybella porrigens. (d) Cardiovascular syndrome. Mycetism by Trogia venenata. The incubation time, symptom characteristics, clinical course, toxins responsible for each mycetism and their mechanism of action, and treatment that has shown to be effective for patient recovery are discussed.


Neste trabalho, analisam-se micetismos menos comuns, caracterizados pelo aparecimento retardado de sintomas e tempos de latência muito longos. Essas intoxicações são causadas por espécies raras de fungos ectomicorrízicos. São analisados os seguintes: (a) síndrome de toxicidade nefrotóxica retardada ou atrasada. Micetismo orelânico ou micetismo por orelanina. (b) Toxíndrome com rabdomiólise. Micetismo por Tricholoma equestre e Tricholoma terreum. (c) Toxicidade tardia encefalopática ou neurotóxica. Micetismo por Pleurocybella porrigens. (d) Síndrome cardiovascular. Miceticismo por Trogia venenata. O tempo de incubação, as características sintomatológicas, o curso clínico, as toxinas responsáveis por cada micetismo e seu mecanismo de ação e o tratamento efetivo para a recuperação dos pacientes são discutidos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Syndrome , Cortinarius , Tricholoma , Patients , Poisoning , Rhabdomyolysis , Signs and Symptoms , Toxicology , Toxicity , Fungi
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759512

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most common childhood muscular dystrophy that anesthesiologists can encounter in the operation room, and patients with DMD are susceptible to complications such as rhabdomyolysis, hyperkalemic cardiac arrest, and hyperthermia during the perioperative period. Acute onset of hyperkalemic cardiac arrest is a crisis because of the difficulty in achieving satisfactory resuscitation owing to the sustained hyperkalemia accompanied by rhabdomyolysis. CASE: We here report a case of a 13-year-old boy who had multiple leg fractures and other trauma after a car accident and who had suffered from acute hyperkalemic cardiac arrest. He was refractory to cardiopulmonary resuscitation and showed sustained hyperkalemia. With extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and in-line hemofiltration, he recovered from repeated cardiac arrest and hyperkalemia. CONCLUSIONS: Combining ECMO and in-line hemofiltration might be a safe and effective technique for refractory hyperkalemic cardiac arrest and rhabdomyolysis in patients with DMD.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Fever , Heart Arrest , Hemofiltration , Humans , Hyperkalemia , Leg , Male , Muscular Dystrophies , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne , Orthopedics , Perioperative Period , Resuscitation , Rhabdomyolysis
12.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763545

ABSTRACT

Along with the field of adult psychiatry, antipsychotic agents are increasingly used in the field of child and adolescent psychiatry. Although neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) and rhabdomyolysis are rare complication associated with antipsychotic agent, clinicians should need to pay attention to all potential adverse drug reaction (ADR). Also, ADRs in child and adolescent could show different signs and symptoms compared with those in adult. In this case report, we present a case of NMS in a child which occurred shortly after the resolution of rhabdomyolysis which was induced by low-dose risperidone.


Subject(s)
Adolescent Psychiatry , Adolescent , Adult , Antipsychotic Agents , Child , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Humans , Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome , Rhabdomyolysis , Risperidone
13.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 386-394, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762954

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, prognostic study, level II evidence. PURPOSE: To define the normal change in the creatine kinase (CK) levels in patients undergoing prone or supine lumbar or cervical spine surgery and to determine if positioning influences the postoperative changes in the CK levels. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Spine surgery is one of the most commonly performed and fastest growing areas of surgery in the United States. Thus, the various possible complications need to be understood, and risk factors for these complications need to be mitigated. One of the rare complications, reported in the literature as small case series and case reports, is rhabdomyolysis, diagnosed by high CK levels. Thus far, very few studies have examined the rise in CK levels following spine surgery, and to our knowledge, none has assessed the potential association of surgical positioning and the rise in CK levels. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 94 patients. We obtained their preoperative CK levels, and re-assessed their CK levels at postoperative day (POD) 1, 2, and 3, as well as at their 2-week follow-up. The data were analyzed with respect to the spine level and positioning to determine if positioning had any effect on the postoperative rise in the CK level. RESULTS: Total 94 consecutive patients were enrolled in this study. The average preoperative CK level was 179.64, and the average CK level was 847.04 on POD 1. Prone positioning showed a greater rise in the CK levels following surgery than the supine positioning. In a similar manner, lumbar procedures led to a larger rise in the CK levels than cervical surgery. Prone/lumbar surgery showed the largest increase among all groups. Finally, revision surgery and instrumentation both increased the postoperative CK levels. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that positioning can affect the postoperative CK level rise, with patients undergoing prone/lumbar surgery showing the greatest rise in the postoperative CK levels. This rise, however, may be related to paraspinal muscle damage, rather than the positioning itself.


Subject(s)
Creatine Kinase , Creatine , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Paraspinal Muscles , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Rhabdomyolysis , Risk Factors , Spine , United States
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761557

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The serum aminotransferase level is usually elevated in rhabdomyolysis, and these enzymes originate from the skeletal muscle. On the other hand, there is limited data showing whether the degree of elevation of these enzymes differs according to the concurrent liver disease. METHODS: Patients with rhabdomyolysis were selected when their serum creatinine kinase level was >1,000 U/L. They were categorized as the group with and without concurrent liver disease. The AST and ALT levels in both groups were compared. In addition, the aminotransferase level was compared between those with rhabdomyolysis and those with alcoholic liver disease. RESULTS: Among the 165 patients with rhabdomyolysis, 19 had concurrent liver disease. The median peak AST was higher in the group with concurrent liver disease (332 U/L [interquartile range (IQR), 127–1,604] vs. 219 U/L [IQR, 115–504]). In addition, the median peak ALT was higher in the group with concurrent liver disease (107 U/L [IQR, 74–418] vs. 101 U/L [IQR, 56–218]). On the other hand, there was no significant difference in both enzymes between the two groups. The median peak AST level was significantly higher in those with rhabdomyolysis than in those with alcoholic liver disease (221 U/L [IQR, 118–553] vs. 103 U/L [IQR, 59–206]), but the median peak ALT was not significantly different (102 U/L [IQR, 58–222] vs. 51 U/L [IQR, 26–117]). CONCLUSIONS: Rhabdomyolysis showed an elevated AST-dominant aminotransferase level, which is not different according to concurrent liver disease. Therefore, it is recommended that rhabdomyolysis be considered first in cases of elevated aminotransferase levels in patients with a suspicious skeletal muscle injury.


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Creatinine , Hand , Humans , Liver Diseases , Liver Diseases, Alcoholic , Liver , Muscle, Skeletal , Phosphotransferases , Rhabdomyolysis
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761533

ABSTRACT

Ischemic colitis primarily affects the elderly with underlying disease, but it rarely occurs in young adults with risk factors, such as coagulopathy or vascular disorder. Moreover, it is extremely rare in the very young without risk factors. This paper presents a patient with ischemic colitis associated with heat stroke and rhabdomyolysis after intense exercise under high-temperature conditions. A 20-year-old man presented with mental deterioration after a vigorous soccer game for more than 30 minutes in sweltering weather. He also presented with hematochezia with abdominal pain. The laboratory tests revealed the following: AST 515 U/L, ALT 269 U/L, creatine kinase 23,181 U/L, BUN 29.1 mg/dL, creatinine 1.55 mg/dL, and red blood cell >50/high-power field in urine analysis. Sigmoidoscopy showed ischemic changes at the rectum and rectosigmoid junction. A diagnosis of ischemic colitis and rhabdomyolysis was made, and the patient recovered after conservative and fluid therapy. This case showed that a diagnosis of ischemic colitis should be considered in patients who present with abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea after intense exercise, and appropriate treatment should be initiated immediately.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Aged , Colitis, Ischemic , Creatine Kinase , Creatinine , Diagnosis , Diarrhea , Erythrocytes , Fluid Therapy , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Heat Stroke , Hot Temperature , Humans , Rectum , Rhabdomyolysis , Risk Factors , Sigmoidoscopy , Soccer , Weather , Young Adult
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766751

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Rhabdomyolysis is a syndrome caused by injury to skeletal muscle and characterized by myalgia and swelling of the affected muscles. Peripheral nerve injury rarely occurs in patients with rhabdomyolysis. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 8 consecutive patients with peripheral neuropathies associated with rhabdomyolysis. We assessed the clinical characteristics and electrodiagnostic findings of eight patients. RESULTS: In seven patients, rhabdomyolysis occurred after prolonged immobilization. In one patient, blunt trauma was a cause of rhabdomyolysis. All patients presented with weakness and paresthesia in lower extremities and electrodiagnostic tests showed peripheral nerve injury suggesting sciatic neuropathy or lumbosacral plexopathy. Although rhabdomyolysis itself recovered completely in all patients, neurologic deficits from neuropathy recovered partially and slowly. CONCLUSIONS: Sciatic nerve or lumbosacral plexus was injured in all eight patients. Among the various causes of rhabdomyolysis, prolonged immobilization is associated with development of peripheral neuropathy.


Subject(s)
Electrodiagnosis , Humans , Immobilization , Lower Extremity , Lumbosacral Plexus , Medical Records , Muscle, Skeletal , Muscles , Myalgia , Neurologic Manifestations , Paresthesia , Peripheral Nerve Injuries , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases , Rhabdomyolysis , Sciatic Nerve , Sciatic Neuropathy
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787205

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The serum aminotransferase level is usually elevated in rhabdomyolysis, and these enzymes originate from the skeletal muscle. On the other hand, there is limited data showing whether the degree of elevation of these enzymes differs according to the concurrent liver disease.METHODS: Patients with rhabdomyolysis were selected when their serum creatinine kinase level was >1,000 U/L. They were categorized as the group with and without concurrent liver disease. The AST and ALT levels in both groups were compared. In addition, the aminotransferase level was compared between those with rhabdomyolysis and those with alcoholic liver disease.RESULTS: Among the 165 patients with rhabdomyolysis, 19 had concurrent liver disease. The median peak AST was higher in the group with concurrent liver disease (332 U/L [interquartile range (IQR), 127–1,604] vs. 219 U/L [IQR, 115–504]). In addition, the median peak ALT was higher in the group with concurrent liver disease (107 U/L [IQR, 74–418] vs. 101 U/L [IQR, 56–218]). On the other hand, there was no significant difference in both enzymes between the two groups. The median peak AST level was significantly higher in those with rhabdomyolysis than in those with alcoholic liver disease (221 U/L [IQR, 118–553] vs. 103 U/L [IQR, 59–206]), but the median peak ALT was not significantly different (102 U/L [IQR, 58–222] vs. 51 U/L [IQR, 26–117]).CONCLUSIONS: Rhabdomyolysis showed an elevated AST-dominant aminotransferase level, which is not different according to concurrent liver disease. Therefore, it is recommended that rhabdomyolysis be considered first in cases of elevated aminotransferase levels in patients with a suspicious skeletal muscle injury.


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Creatinine , Hand , Humans , Liver Diseases , Liver Diseases, Alcoholic , Liver , Muscle, Skeletal , Phosphotransferases , Rhabdomyolysis
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787181

ABSTRACT

Ischemic colitis primarily affects the elderly with underlying disease, but it rarely occurs in young adults with risk factors, such as coagulopathy or vascular disorder. Moreover, it is extremely rare in the very young without risk factors. This paper presents a patient with ischemic colitis associated with heat stroke and rhabdomyolysis after intense exercise under high-temperature conditions. A 20-year-old man presented with mental deterioration after a vigorous soccer game for more than 30 minutes in sweltering weather. He also presented with hematochezia with abdominal pain. The laboratory tests revealed the following: AST 515 U/L, ALT 269 U/L, creatine kinase 23,181 U/L, BUN 29.1 mg/dL, creatinine 1.55 mg/dL, and red blood cell >50/high-power field in urine analysis. Sigmoidoscopy showed ischemic changes at the rectum and rectosigmoid junction. A diagnosis of ischemic colitis and rhabdomyolysis was made, and the patient recovered after conservative and fluid therapy. This case showed that a diagnosis of ischemic colitis should be considered in patients who present with abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea after intense exercise, and appropriate treatment should be initiated immediately.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Aged , Colitis, Ischemic , Creatine Kinase , Creatinine , Diagnosis , Diarrhea , Erythrocytes , Fluid Therapy , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Heat Stroke , Hot Temperature , Humans , Rectum , Rhabdomyolysis , Risk Factors , Sigmoidoscopy , Soccer , Weather , Young Adult
19.
Med. interna (Caracas) ; 35(3): 118-121, 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1052943

ABSTRACT

El Síndrome de Conn o hiperaldosteronismo primario se caracteriza por hipertensión, hipopotasemia con alcalosis metabólica y una masa adrenal. La rabdomiólisis puede ser secundaria a traumatismos, excesiva actividad muscular, enfermedades musculares hereditarias y otras causas médicas, como la hipopotasemia. Presentamos el caso de un hombre de 46 años con rabdomiólisis secundaria e hipopotasemia severa como expresión de hiperaldosteronismo primario por un adenoma suprarrenal(AU)


Conn's syndrome or primary hyperaldosteronism is characterized by hypertension, hypokalemia with metabolic alkalosis and the presence of an adrenal mass. Rhabdomyolysis can be secon- dary to trauma, excessive muscle activity, hereditary muscle diseases and other medical causas, such as hypokalemia. We present the case of a 46-year-old man with secondary rhabdomyolisis and hypokalemia as an-expresión of primary hyperaldosteronism due to an adrenal adenoma(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Rhabdomyolysis/etiology , Aldosterone/analysis , Hyperaldosteronism/physiopathology , Hypokalemia/pathology , Adrenal Glands , Internal Medicine , Kidney Diseases
20.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(1): 125-129, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-991383

ABSTRACT

Rhabdomyolysis (RD) is the process that leads to cell destruction of striated muscle. Causes include inherited metabolic defects or acquired disorders. RD is frequently associated with acute kidney injury (AKI) and disorders of calcium metabolism. We report a 33 year old man that after amphetamine consumption and an uninterrupted 3,000 km driving presented vomiting, muscle pain and dark urine. He had elevated creatinkinase levels, severe hypocalcemia and an acute renal failure. He was treated with hemodialysis and calcitriol. He was transferred to our hospital and on admission a serum calcium of 18 mg/dl was detected. He continued on hemodialysis, recovering renal function and with normalization of creatinkinase levels and serum calcium level.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Rhabdomyolysis/complications , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Hypercalcemia/etiology , Radionuclide Imaging/methods , Calcium/blood , Renal Dialysis/methods , Creatine Kinase/blood , Acute Kidney Injury/therapy , Hypercalcemia/diagnostic imaging , Hypocalcemia/etiology
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