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1.
Rev. ADM ; 79(3): 146-151, mayo-jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378372

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La finalidad del tratamiento de conductos es conseguir la máxima desinfección, conformación y sellado tridimensional. Objetivo: Comparar la capacidad del sellado apical entre dos técnicas de obturación en conductos mesiales de molares inferiores con limas fracturadas en tercio apical. Material y métodos: Se utilizaron 60 raíces mesiales de molares inferiores, instrumentados con Protaper Universal, se desgastó 4 milímetros la parte activa del instrumento y se fracturó intencionalmente en tercio apical. Se formaron dos grupos de 30 raíces mesiales (n = 30) cada uno y se utilizaron dos técnicas de obturación: grupo 1: condensación lateral clásica y grupo 2: Obtura II. Las muestras se sumergieron en tubos de ensayo y en su interior contenían 5 mL de tinta china, se diafanizaron y observaron con un microscopio estereoscópico (LEICA, EZ4D) a 35x para medir la penetración de tinta china dentro del conducto radicular. Resultados: Se encontró una mayor microfiltración apical con suficiente evidencia estadística en el grupo de Obtura II comparado con el grupo de condensación lateral clásica (p < 0.002). Conclusiones: Ambos grupos presentaron microfiltración apical; sin embargo, en el grupo que se utilizó el sistema de obturación termoplastificada Obtura II se detectó mayor filtración apical comparada con el grupo de condensación lateral clásica (AU)


Introduction: The purpose of root canal treatment is to achieve maximum disinfection, shaping and three-dimensional sealing. Objective: To compare the apical sealing capacity between two obturation techniques in mesial canals of mandibular molars with broken files in the apical third. Material and methods: 60 mesial roots of lower molars were used, instrumented with Protaper Universal, the active part of the instrument was worn by 4 millimeters and it was intentionally broken in the apical third. Two groups of 30 mesial roots (n = 30) each were formed and two filling techniques were used: group 1: classic lateral condensation and group 2: Obtura II. The samples were immersed in test tubes and contained 5 mL of Chinese ink inside, they were clear and observed with a stereomicroscope (LEICA, EZ4D) at 35x to measure the penetration of Chinese ink into the root canal. Results: A higher apical microfiltration with sufficient statistical evidence was found in the Obtura II group compared to the classic lateral condensation group (p < 0.002). Conclusions: Both groups presented apical microfiltration, however, in the group that used the Obtura II thermoplastic obturation system, greater apical filtration was detected compared to the classic lateral condensation group (AU)


Subject(s)
Root Canal Obturation/methods , Dental High-Speed Equipment/adverse effects , Dental Leakage , In Vitro Techniques , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Molar
2.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(1): 18-23, jan.-abr. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361569

ABSTRACT

O presente artigo tem como objetivo relatar um caso clínico de selamento de perfuração com uma técnica de inserção modificada do MTA. Após a anestesia, foi realizado o isolamento absoluto do dente e remoção do material presente na câmara, com o auxílio do inserto ultrassônico Smart X 1. Realizada a limpeza da perfuração utilizando hipoclorito de sódio e modelagem do canal com o instrumento rotatório, a obturação foi concebida com cone de guta percha e cimento AHPlus. Com broca Gates Glidden #3 foi removida a guta percha até o nível da perfuração. Em seguida, 5 mg de MTA branco foi manipulado, de acordo com recomendações do fabricante usando água destilada na proporção 1:1 e inserido na canaleta de uma régua endodôntica. Com o auxílio do instrumento de RHEM o material foi removido da canaleta e inserido na perfuração, concluindo o vedamento da mesma. Conclui-se neste caso clínico que o selamento de perfuração com MTA obteve sucesso clínico e radiográfico, utilizando a técnica de inserção com MTA modificada(AU)


This article aims to report a clinical case of sealing drilling rig with a modified MTA insertion technique. After anesthesia, the absolute isolation of the tooth and removing the material present in the Chamber, with the aid of ultrasonic Insert Smart X 1. Held drilling cleaning using sodium hypochlorite and modeling the canall with the Rotary instrument, the filling was designed with cone of gutta percha and cement AHPlus. With Gates Glidden bur #3 removed the gutta percha drilling level. Then 5 mg of white MTA was handled, according to manufacturer 's recommendations using distilled water in the ratio 1:1 and inserted in a canal endodontic ruler. With the aid of RHEM instrument the material was removed from the canal and inserted in drilling, completing the enclosure. It is concluded in this case that the sealing of drilling with clinical and radiographic success MTA, using the technique of does not avoid inserting rotating instrument. The obturation was performed with gutta percha cone and AHPlus cement. Removed gutta percha with Gates Glidden drill to drill level. Then, 5 mg of white MTA was handled, according to manufacturer 's recommendations using distilled water in the ratio 1: 1. Soon after, it was inserted in the caneleta of an endodontic ruler and with the aid of the instrument of RHEM the material was inserted in the indicated place. It is concluded in this clinical case that the perforation sealing with MTA obtained clinical and radiographic success, using the insertion technique with modified MTA(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Obturation , Root Canal Therapy , Sodium Hypochlorite , Biocompatible Materials , Root Canal Preparation , Gutta-Percha
3.
Rev. ABENO ; 21(1): 1236, dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1370621

ABSTRACT

Many studies address the quality of root canal treatments, but few refer to endodontics usingrotatory techniques performed by noviceoperators. This study evaluatedthe performance of undergraduates in their first contact with rotary root canal instrumentation concerningthe findings of the final periapical radiograph, and thepostendodontic treatment pain.A longitudinal observational studywas performed on periapical radiographs of 491teethfrom 450 patientssubmitted toroot canal treatmentby undergraduate students from 2015 to 2018. The analysis of the length of root canal filling followed the criteria: (i) acceptable, ifperiapical radiograph presentsroot filling ending 0 -1 mm short of radiographic apex; (ii) over, if periapical radiograph presentsroot filling ending beyond the radiographic apex; and (iii) under, ifperiapical radiograph presentsroot filling ending > 1 mm short of radiographic apex. Evaluation of postendodontic treatment painwas categorized into either absence or presenceof pain. Adequate length root canal filling was observed in 65.9% of the cases (324 teeth). Periapical lesions presenceand dimensions did not interfere to the obturation quality.Statistical relation was found between the pulp condition and postendodontic treatment pain. Thepresence of pain was observed in 4.7% of the vital teeth and 0.3% of non-vital teeth. The presence of periapical lesion did not influence postoperative pain.AdequatelengthrootcanalfillingwasobservedinmostcasesandNitTi rotary instrumentation hadapplicability in undergraduate programs, even with novice operators. Besides that, pulp condition had an effect on post endodontic pain (AU).


Muitos estudos abordam a qualidade dos tratamentos de canal radicular, mas poucos se referem à endodontia por meio de técnicas rotatórias realizada por operadores novatos. Este estudo avaliou o desempenho de graduandos no primeiro contato com a instrumentação endodôntica em relação aos achados da radiografia periapical final e à dor pós-tratamento endodôntico. Um estudo observacional longitudinal foi realizado em radiografias periapicais de 491 dentes de 450pacientes submetidos a tratamento endodôntico por estudantes de graduação no período de 2015 a 2018. A análise do comprimento da obturação de canais radiculares obedeceu aos critérios: (i) aceitável, se a radiografia periapical apresentasse término de obturação 0 -1 mm aquém do ápice radiográfico; (ii) acima, se a radiografia periapical apresentasse obturação que termina além do ápice radiográfico; e (iii) abaixo, se a radiografia periapicalapresentasse obturação, terminando > 1 mm aquém do ápice radiográfico. A avaliação da dor pós-operatória foi categorizada em ausência ou presença de dor. A obturação de canais radiculares de comprimento adequado foi observada em 65,9% dos casos (324 dentes). A presença e as dimensões das lesões periapicais não interferiram na qualidade da obturação. Foi encontrada relação estatística entre a condição pulpar e a dor pós-tratamento endodôntico. Presença de dor foi observada em 4,7% dos dentes vitais e 0,3% dos não vitais. A presença de lesão periapical não influenciou na dor pós-operatória. O comprimento de trabalho adequado foi observado na maioria dos casos e a instrumentação rotatória NitTi teve aplicabilidade em programas de graduação, mesmo com operadores iniciantes. Além disso, a condição pulpar afetou a dor pós-operatória (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pain, Postoperative/surgery , Root Canal Obturation/instrumentation , Students, Dental , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Titanium/chemistry , Chi-Square Distribution , Dental Records , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Longitudinal Studies , Tooth Apex/surgery , Dental Instruments , Endodontics/instrumentation , Observational Study , Nickel/chemistry
4.
Dent. press endod ; 11(2): 69-75, maio-ago.2021. Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378488

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A perfuração radicular é um acidente técnico-operatório que resulta em comunicação da cavidade pulpar com os tecidos periodontais. Esse tipo de acidente pode apresentar prognóstico desfavorável, por afetar significativamente o soalho da câmara coronária ou os terços cervical, médio e apical do canal radicular. Entre os fatores que interferem no prognóstico das perfurações radiculares, destacam-se: localização, extensão, presença ou ausência de bolsa periodontal; tempo decorrido entre a perfuração e o tratamento; e tipo de material obturador. Nesse contexto, os cimentos obturadores de canais denominados biocerâmicos surgiram como uma proposta inovadora para tratamento de perfurações antes consideradas de prognóstico desfavorável. Objetivo: O presente trabalho teve por objetivo relatar o tratamento de uma perfuração radicular em molar inferior com o cimento biocerâmico EndoSequence BC Sealer, com três anos de acompanhamento. Resultados: As imagens radiográficas e os dados clínicos do paciente evidenciaram o sucesso no tratamento da perfuração, com reparo da lesão perirradicular. Conclusão: O cimento endodôntico biocerâmico EndoSequence BC Sealer associado com a retomada do trajeto original do conduto e sua instrumentação favoreceram o reparo dos tecidos perirradiculares, sugerindo propriedades biológicas promissoras de compatibilidade e bioativida (AU).


Introduction: Root perforation is a technical-surgical accident that results in communication of the pulp cavity with periodontal tissues. This type of accident may have an unfavorable prognosis because it significantly affects the floor of the coronary chamber or the cervical, middle and apical thirds of the root canal. Factors that interfere with the prognosis of root perforations include location, extension, presence or absence of periodontal pocket, time elapsed between perforation and treatment, and type of obturator material. In this context, bioceramic canal sealers have emerged as an innovative proposal for treatment of perforations previously considered to have an unfavorable prognosis. Objective: The aim of this study was to report the treatment of a lower molar root perforation with the EndoSequence BC Sealer bioceramic sealer after a 3-year follow up. Results: Radiographic images and patient clinical data showed success in the treatment of perforation with repair of the periradicular lesion. Conclusion: Endo-Sequence BC Sealer bioceramic endodontic sealer associated with the resumption of the original conduit path and its instrumentation favored the repair of periradicular tissues, suggesting promising biological properties of compatibility and bioactivity (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Obturation , Silicate Cement , Conservative Treatment , Molar , Biological Products , Dental Pulp Cavity
5.
Dent. press endod ; 11(2): 76-83, maio-ago.2021. Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378515

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O preparo químico-mecânico representa uma etapa fundamental, pois promove a antissepsia do complexo sistema de canais radiculares, viabilizando um ambiente biológico favorável para o processo de cura e reparo dos tecidos periapicais. Porém, insucessos podem acontecer em dentes tratados e retratados endodonticamente, sendo a intervenção cirúrgica frequentemente indicada nesses casos. Relato do caso: Paciente do sexo masculino, 32 anos de idade, melanoderma, apresentou-se à clínica-escola de uma faculdade de Odontologia em um município baiano, com queixa principal de "aparecimento de bolha na gengiva e gosto amargo na boca". Ao exame clínico, visualizou-se presença de restauração de resina composta nas faces mesial e palatina, bem como fístula intrabucal ativa na região de fundo de vestíbulo, próximo ao ápice do elemento #22. Por meio de exames clínico e radiográfico, testes de sensibilidade pulpar e rastreamento da fístula, foi estabelecido diagnóstico de tratamento endodôntico concluído, e periapical de abscesso apical crônico. Em seguida, houve indicação de retratamento endodôntico e duas sessões de medicação intracanal com hidróxido de cálcio, seguidas de uma intervenção cirúrgica exploratória. Resultados: O protocolo de tratamento proposto foi eficaz. Constatou-se sucesso clínico, com cicatrização da fístula intrabucal ativa, e radiográfico, com reparação dos tecidos periapicais, além do restabelecimento da estética e função dentária, com acompanhamento de 26 meses. O paciente encontra-se sob acompanhamento semestral. Conclusão: é necessário salientar a relevância de efetuar com segurança um planejamento e prognóstico endodôntico confiável e, igualmente, o acompanhamento do caso, com supervisão clínica e radiográfica periódica (AU).


Introduction: Biological chemical preparation repre- sents a fundamental step, as it promotes asepsis of the complex root canal system, enabling a biological environment favorable to the process of healing and repair of the periapical tissues. However, failures can occur in endodontic treatment and retreatment teeth, where surgical intervention is often indicated in these cases. Description: The patient, a 32-year old man, melanoderma, presented at the school clinic of a School of Dentistry in a city in Bahia, with a chief complaint of "blistering of the gums and bitter taste in the mouth." Clinical examination revealed the presence of composite resin restoration on the mesial and palatine surfaces, and an active intraoral fistula in the vestibular region near the apex of tooth 22. By means of clinical, radiographic, pulp sensitivity tests and sinus tracking, a diagnosis of completed endodontic treatment was established, and periapical diagnosis of a chronic apical abscess. Afterwards, endodontic retreatment was indicated, consisting of two sessions of intracanal medication with calcium hydroxide, followed by an exploratory surgical intervention. Results: The proposed treatment protocol was effective. Clinical and radiographic success with healing of the active intrabuccal fistula and repair of the periapical tissues, as well as reestablishment of esthetics and dental function, was verified, in a period of twenty six months follow-up. At present, the patient is being followed-up semi-annually. Conclusion: it is necessary to emphasize the importance of safely performing reliable endodontic planning and prognosis, as well as follow up of the case, with periodic clinical and radiographic control (AU).


Subject(s)
Periapical Tissue , Root Canal Obturation , Antisepsis , Tooth , Calcium Hydroxide , Retreatment , Research Report
6.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(4): 1-7, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345516

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the 3D quality of root-end filling, assessing the presence (volume and percentage) of marginal gaps and internal voids formed after retro-filling with three calcium silicate-based materials: MTA Angelus (Angelus Soluçoes Odontologicas, Londrina, PR, Brazil), Biodentine (Septodont Ltd., Saint Maur-des-Faussés, France) and Neo MTA Plus (Avalon Biomed Inc., Bradenton, Florida, US). Thirty human, extracted, single rooted teeth were used. Orthograde root canal treatment, root resection (3mm shorter than the apex) and retrograde cavity preparation with ultrasonic tips were performed. Teeth were divided into 3 groups (n =10 each) following a stratified randomization according to the initial volume of the root-end cavity. After retrofilling, samples were stored for 7 days. Then, two rounds of micro-CT scans were performed: soon after root-end preparation (with the cavity still empty) and 7 days after root-end filling. Marginal gaps, internal voids volume (mm3 and %), as well as, the overall defects (sum of gaps and voids) were evaluated. Statistics compared the three groups in relation to those defects. There was not statistical difference between groups regarding the marginal gaps (P≥ 0.05), the internal voids (P≥ 0.05), and the overall defects (P≥ 0.05). Median (mm3) and % of overall air-entrapment defects (gaps and/or voids) was: 0.004mm3 and 1.749% for MTA Angelus, 0.018mm3 and 6.660% for Biodentine, and 0.012mm3 and 4.079% for Neo MTA Plus. All materials had gaps and/or voids. No differences were found between MTA Angelus, Biodentine and Neo MTA Plus.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou a qualidade 3D de retro-obturações, avaliando a presença (volume e percentagem) de "gaps" marginais e "voids" internos formados a partir da retro-obturação com três materiais à base de silicato de cálcio: MTA Angelus (Angelus Soluções Odontológicas, Londrina, PR, Brasil), Biodentine (Septodont Ltd., Saint Maur-des-Faussés, França) and Neo MTA Plus (Avalon Biomed Inc., Bradenton, Flórida, US). Trinta dentes humanos unirradiculares extraídos foram usados. Após tratamento de canal ortrógrado, resecção radicular (3 mm apicais), o prepare da cavidade retrógrada com pontas ultrassônicas foi realizado. Os dentes foram divididos em três grupos (n= 10 cada) seguindo uma randomização estratificada, de acordo com o volume inicial da cavidade retrógrada. Depois da retro-obturação as amostras foram armazenadas por 7 dias. Duas rodadas de escaneamento de micro-CT foram realizadas: logo após o preparo retrógrado (com a cavidade ainda vazia) e 7 dias após a retro-obturação. O volume de "gaps" marginais e de "voids" internos (mm3 e %), bem como, os defeitos totais (soma de "gaps" e "voids") foram avaliados. Não houve diferença estatística entre os grupos em relação aos "gaps" marginais (P≥ 0,05), "voids" internos (P≥ 0,05), e aos defeitos totais (P≥ 0,05). A mediana (mm3) e porcentagem dos defeitos totais de aprisionamento de ar foi 0,004mm3 e 1,749% para o MTA Angelus, 0,018mm3 e 6,660% para o Biodentine, e 0,012mm3 e 4,079% para o Neo MTA Plus. Todos os materiais tiveram defeitos ("gaps"e/ou "voids"). Não houve diferença entre MTA Angelus, Biodentine e Neo MTA Plus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Obturation , Root Canal Therapy , Silicates , Calcium Compounds , X-Ray Microtomography
7.
Dent. press endod ; 11(2): 50-62, maio-ago.2021. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377946

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O objetivo do presente estudo é revisar a literatura sobre os tipos de guta-percha para obturação, as suas formas de apresentação e as características físico-químicas e biológicas do material. Métodos: Artigos publicados entre 1973 e 2016 foram selecionados nas bases de dados PubMed e Science Direct. Foram utilizados como descritores na língua inglesa "gutta-percha and obturation"; "cones of gutta-percha" e "obturation cones and endodontic". Revisão: A guta-percha é um material de origem orgânica que pode ser encontrado em duas formas cristalinas. Encontra-se, geralmente, na forma de cones compostos de guta-percha associada a outras substâncias. A guta-percha é considerada inerte e biocompatível, porque causa pouca reação alérgica e possui biodegradação lenta. Pode sofrer alterações físico-químicas quando utilizada em técnicas de termo-obturação, nas quais as altas temperaturas aceleram a sua degradação, comprometendo a sua função. Além disso, a sua degrada- ção precoce é também afetada pela presença ou ausência de lesões periapicais. Conclusão: Os cones de guta-percha ainda são considerados o material mais adequado e acessível para o preenchimento de canais radiculares (AU).


Objective: The objective of this study was to identify the types of gutta-percha for obturation and their forms of presentation, as well as physical-chemical and biological characteristics of the material. Materials and Methods: Articles were selected from the PubMed and Science Direct databases, published between 1973 and 2016. Were used as descriptors: "gutta-percha and obturation"; "cones of gutta-percha" and "obturation cones and endodontic". Review: Gutta-percha is a material of organic origin, which can be found in two crystalline forms. It is usually found in the form of cones composed of gutta-percha associated with other substances. Gutta-percha is considered inert and biocompatible, because it causes little allergic reaction and slow biodegradation. It can suffer physical-chemical changes when used in thermo-obturation techniques, where the high temperatures accelerate its degradation, compromising its function. In addition, its early degradation is also affected by the presence or absence of periapical lesions. Conclusion: Gutta-percha Cones are still considered the most suitable and accessible material for root canal filling


Subject(s)
Root Canal Obturation , Biological Products , Gutta-Percha , Hypersensitivity , Dental Pulp Cavity , Methods
8.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 21-31, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345507

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study assessed the fracture resistance of simulated immature teeth reinforced with calcium aluminate cement (CAC) or mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) containing calcium carbonate nanoparticles (nano-CaCO3). The microstructural arrangement of the cements and their chemical constitution were also evaluated. Forty-eight canines simulating immature teeth were distributed into 6 groups (n=8): Negative control - no apical plug or root canal filling; CAC - apical plug with CAC; CAC/nano-CaCO3 - apical plug with CAC+5% nano-CaCO3; MTA - apical plug with MTA; MTA/nano-CaCO3 - apical plug with MTA+5% nano-CaCO3; and Positive control - root canal filling with MTA. The fracture resistance was evaluated in a universal testing machine. Samples of the cements were analyzed under Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) to determine their microstructural arrangement. Chemical analysis of the cements was performed by Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS). The fracture resistance of CAC/nano-CaCO3 was significantly higher than the negative control (p<0.05). There was no significant difference among the other groups (p>0.05). Both cements had a more regular microstructure with the addition of nano-CaCO3. MTA samples had more calcium available in soluble forms than CAC. The addition of nano-CaCO3 to CAC increased the fracture resistance of teeth in comparison with the non-reinforced teeth. The microstructure of both cements containing nano-CaCO3 was similar, with a more homogeneous distribution of lamellar- and prismatic-shaped crystals. MTA had more calcium available in soluble forms than CAC.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou a resistência à fratura de dentes imaturos simulados reforçados com cimento de aluminato de cálcio (CAC) ou trióxido agregado mineral (MTA) contendo nanopartículas de carbonato de cálcio (nano-CaCO3). O arranjo microestrutural dos cimentos e sua constituição química também foram avaliados. Quarenta e oito caninos simulando dentes imaturos foram distribuídos em 6 grupos (n=8): Controle negativo - sem plug apical ou obturação do canal radicular; CAC - plug apical com CAC; CAC/nano-CaCO3 - plug apical com CAC + 5% nano-CaCO3; MTA - plug apical com MTA; MTA/nano-CaCO3 - plug apical com MTA + 5% nano-CaCO3; e Controle positivo - obturação dos canais radiculares com MTA. A resistência à fratura foi avaliada em máquina universal de ensaios. Amostras dos cimentos foram analisadas em Microscópio Eletrônico de Varredura (MEV) para determinar seu arranjo microestrutural. A análise química dos cimentos foi realizada por Espectroscopia de Energia Dispersiva de Raio-X (EDS). A resistência à fratura de CAC/nano-CaCO3 foi significativamente maior do que o controle negativo (p<0,05). Não houve diferença significativa entre os outros grupos (p>0,05). Ambos os cimentos apresentaram microestrutura mais regular com a adição de nano-CaCO3. As amostras de MTA apresentaram mais cálcio disponível em formas solúveis do que CAC. A adição de nano-CaCO3 ao CAC aumentou a resistência à fratura dos dentes em comparação aos dentes não reforçados. A microestrutura de ambos os cimentos contendo nano-CaCO3 foi semelhante, com uma distribuição mais homogênea de cristais de formato lamelar e prismático. MTA apresentou mais cálcio disponível nas formas solúveis do que CAC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials , Tooth Fractures , Oxides , Root Canal Obturation , Silicates , Calcium Compounds , Aluminum Compounds , Tooth Apex , Dental Cements , Drug Combinations
9.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(1): 9-19, ene.-abr. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1255416

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Estimar y comparar la eficacia de diferentes técnicas de obturación para impedir el flujo de colorante a través de los conductos laterales. Materiales y métodos: Se emplearon 50 premolares inferiores extraídos y conservados en formol neutro al 5% hasta el momento de su uso, a los cuales se les realizaron conductos laterales artificiales. Una vez instrumentados los conductos principales, los dientes fueron divididos al azar en 5 grupos (n=10) para ser obturados con cuatro técnicas distintas: A) System B + inyección de gutapercha termoplástica del sistema Elements, Extruder; B) obturadores de Thermafil, ProTaper Universal; C) técnica híbrida y D) obturación con inyección de gutapercha termoplástica del sistema Elements, Extruder. Inmersos en tinta china y diafanizadas las raíces, se evaluó la longitud de penetración de la tinta en los conductos laterales. Se empleó el análisis de la varianza para detectar diferencias significativas (P<0,05) entre los niveles medios de penetración del colorante según las técnicas de obturación y las zonas del diente, y se efectuaron pruebas de rango múltiple (HSD de Tukey) para realizar comparaciones dos a dos, manteniendo fija la tasa de error por familia. Resultados: A la técnica B le correspondió el valor medio más bajo (30,63%) de penetración de tinta china. Los valores medios más elevados (54,52% y 51,74%) correspondieron a las técnicas A y C, respectivamente. Conclusión: Ninguna de las técnicas de obturación del conducto radicular empleadas ha sido capaz de impedir la filtración del colorante en los conductos laterales (AU)


Aim: To estimate and compare the different obturation techniques to avoid the flow of colorant through lateral canals. Materials and methods: 50 extracted lower premolars preserved in 5% neutral formol until the moment of use, had artificial lateral canals made. Once canals were instrumented, the teeth were randomly divided into 5 groups (n=10) to be filled with four different techniques: A) System B + injection of thermoplastic gutta-percha, Elements system, Extruder; B) Thermafil, ProTaper Universal obturators; C) hybrid technique, and D) injection of thermoplastic gutta-percha, Elements system, Extruder. Having immersed the premolars in India ink and diaphanized the roots, the penetration length of the India ink inside the canals was assessed. Analysis of variance was used to detect significant differences (P<0.05) between the mean levels of dye penetration according to the filling techniques and tooth areas, and multiple range tests (Tukey's HSD) were performed for two-to-two comparisons, keeping the error rate per family fixed. Results: Technique B had the lowest mean value (30.63%) of penetration. The highest mean values (54.52% and 51.74%) corresponded to techniques A and C, respectively. Conclusion: No obturation technique of the root canal used was able to avoid filtration of colourant in the lateral canals (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Obturation , Dental Leakage/diagnosis , Gutta-Percha , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Bicuspid/anatomy & histology , Transillumination/methods , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology
10.
Dent. press endod ; 11(1): 16-28, Jan-Apr2021. Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348158

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Os acessos endodônticos minimamente invasivos (AEMI) surgiram com o intuito de, por meio da preservação de estrutura dentária, manter a resistência à fratura de dentes tratados endodonticamente. A partir do primeiro estudo, em 2010, vários trabalhos foram desenvolvidos buscando entender qual a influência dos AEMI na resistência à fratura de dentes tratados endodonticamente. No entanto, interferências coronárias causadas pelos AEMI poderiam prejudicar a realização dos procedimentos subsequentes à cavidade de acesso, como a localização, instrumentação, limpeza, descontaminação e obturação dos canais radiculares. Objetivo: Com base nessa premissa, a presente revisão teve como objetivo responder algumas perguntas para que o clínico entenda quais são as principais modalidades de AEMI, os impactos da sua abordagem no tratamento endodôntico e o verdadeiro papel do tratamento endodôntico na perda dos elementos dentários. Resultados: Considerando os dados disponíveis até o presente momento, faltam evidências robustas para apoiar a alegação de que os AEMIs preservem a resistência à fratura dos elementos tratados endodonticamente melhor do que nos dentes acessados de maneira tradicional. Além disso, cavidades de acesso minimamente invasivas podem interferir em outras etapas do tratamento endodôntico, podendo torná-lo imprevisível. Conclusão: Dessa forma, pode-se concluir que há uma falta de evidências que apoiem a utilização de cavidades de acesso minimamente invasivas na prática clínica de rotina e/ou no processo de formação de alunos de graduação e pós-graduação (AU).


Introduction: Minimally invasive access cavities emerged aiming to maintain the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth through the preservation of dental structure. Starting with the first study in 2010, several others were developed to evaluate the influence of minimally invasive access cavities in the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth. However, the coronal interference caused by those access cavities could impair the subsequent procedures of root canal treatment, such as the location, instrumentation, cleaning, disinfection and filling of the root canals. Objective: Based on this premise, the aim of the present review was to answer some questions so that the clinician knows the main modalities of minimally invasive access cavities, the impacts of this approach and the real role of endodontic treatment in the tooth loss. Results: Considering the available data, there is a lack of robust evidence in literature to support the claim that the minimally invasive access cavities preserve the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth better than the traditional one. In addition, these access cavities can interfere in other stages of endodontic treatment, making it unpredictable. Conclusion: Thus, it can be concluded that there is a lack of evidence to support the use of minimally invasive access cavities in routine clinical practice and/or in the process of training undergraduate and graduate students (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Obturation , Therapeutics/methods , Dental Pulp Cavity , Endodontists , Students , Decontamination
11.
Dent. press endod ; 11(1): 35-39, Jan-Apr2021. Tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348160

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O tratamento endodôntico busca sanificar o sistema de canais radiculares para permitir adequada obturação tridimensional. Para tanto, necessita-se de materiais plásticos, como a guta-percha, associados a cimentos endodônticos com adequadas características físico-químicas. Métodos: Comparação das propriedades físico-químicas tempo de endurecimento e escoamento dos cimentos endodônticos AH Plus e Sealer Plus, de acordo com a especificação 57 da American National Standard Institute/American Dental Association para materiais obturadores. Resultados: O tempo de endurecimento do AH Plus foi de 1178 minutos e do Sealer Plus foi de 422 minutos. O escoamento do APlus foi de 3259 milímetros e do Sealer Plus, 3150 milímetros. Conclusões: O tempo de endurecimento do AH Plus foi maior quando comparado ao do cimento Sealer Plus, e não houve diferença estatística no escoamento entre os cimentos estudados (AU).


Introduction: Endodontic treatment seeks to sanitize the root canal system to allow adequate three-dimensional filling, for which plastic materials such as guttapercha are required, associated with endodontic cements with adequate physico-chemical characteristics. Methods: Comparison of the physico-chemical properties hardening and flow time of the AH Plus and Sealer Plus endodontic sealers according to the American Dental Association / American Dental Association Specification 57 for sealing materials. Results: The hardening time of the AH Plus was 1178 minutes and the Sealer Plus was 422 minutes. The AH Plus flow was 3259 millimeters and the Sealer Plus was 3150 millimeters. Conclusions: The AH Plus hardening time was higher when compared to the Sealer Plus cement and there was no statistical difference in the flow between the cements studied (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Obturation , Dental Cements , Gutta-Percha , Chemical Phenomena , Dental Pulp Cavity
12.
Dent. press endod ; 11(1): 54-62, Jan-Apr2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348190

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O presente estudo avaliou a influência de materiais obturadores endodônticos na produção de artefato de imagens de tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC), por meio da análise de densidade de imagem em incisivos centrais e dentes pré-molares unirradiculares. Métodos: Os dentes foram submetidos a instrumentação endodôntica e divididos em cinco grupos: um grupo controle (sem preenchimento endodôntico) e quatro grupos teste, cada um preenchido por um material obturador endodôntico diferente (PulpCanal Sealer, AHPlus, Sealer26 e BCSealer). Após a aquisição da TCFC, as imagens foram avaliadas para determinar variações de tons de cinza nos três terços da raiz (análise objetiva). A segunda análise (subjetiva) comparou o grupo controle com dois dos grupos teste, em um processo randomizado. Resultados: Na análise objetiva, o Sealer26 e o BCSealer mostraram diferença estatística para valores mínimos, em comparação com outros materiais obturadores endodônticos, para dentes anteriores e posteriores. Para valores máximos, apenas o grupo controle diferiu estatisticamente dos grupos teste. Ao comparar os valores dos pré-molares e dos incisivos centrais em tons cinza pelo teste de Kruskal-Wallis, foi encontrada diferença estatisticamente significativa para os valores mínimos. Na análise subjetiva, para dentes anteriores e posteriores, o PulpCanal Sealer foi o material mais frequentemente apontado pelos observadores como aquele que produziu mais interferência de artefato. Conclusões: Os materiais obturadores endodônticos nos dentes posteriores apresentaram comportamento semelhante; somente o PulpCanal Sealer no terço apical apresentou diferenças estatísticas em relação aos demais grupos. Para os dentes anteriores, o BCSealer apresentou valores mínimos maiores em relação aos outros materiais obturadores endodônticos, o que poderia representar maior interferência do artefato (AU).


Objective: This study evaluated the influence of canal obturation materials in the production of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images artifact, by means of image density analysis and comparison between four materials in central incisors and monoradicular premolar teeth. Materials and Methods: The teeth were submitted to endodontic instrumentation and divided into 5 groups: one control group (no endodontic filling) and four test groups each one filled by a different endodontic sealer (PulpCanal Sealer, AHPlus, Sealer26 and BCSealer). After CBCT scanning, the images were assessed to determine grayscale variations in three root thirds (objective analysis). The second (subjective) analysis compared the control group with two of the test groups in a randomized process. Results: In the objective analysis, Sealer26 and BCSealer showed statistical difference for minimum values, in comparison with another sealers, for both anterior and posterior teeth. For maximum values, only control group differed statistically from test groups. When comparing premolars and central incisors grayscale values by ANOVA analysis, a statistically significant difference was found mainly for minimum values. At the subjective analysis, for both anterior and posterior teeth, PulpCanal Sealer was the filling most frequently appointed by the observers as the one that produced more artifact interference. Conclusion: Endodontic fillings at posterior teeth performed similar behavior. Only PulpCanal Sealer on apical third presented higher maximum values in relation to others groups, which could represent more white brands. For anterior teeth, BC Sealer performed higher minimum values in relation to other endodontic fillings, which could represent more dark bands (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Obturation , In Vitro Techniques , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Artifacts , Endodontics
13.
Dent. press endod ; 11(1): 84-91, Jan-Apr2021. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348271

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A obturação do canal radicular tem sido considerada um fator decisivo no sucesso do tratamento endodôntico. Objetivo: O objetivo da presente revisão sistemática foi avaliar estudos em animais que utilizaram parâmetros histopatológicos para determinar a influência da obturação do canal radicular no processo de reparo da periodontite apical. Métodos: As buscas foram realizadas nas bases de dados PubMed, Lilacs, Scielo, Science Direct e BBO, utilizando palavras-chave indexadas e não indexadas. Foram considerados artigos publicados no período de 2003 a 2019, e aplicados critérios de inclusão e exclusão para seleção dos artigos. Resultados: Cinco artigos atenderam aos critérios de elegibilidade e foram incluídos para análise qualitativa na revisão sistemática. Conclusão: A obturação do canal radicular, no que diz respeito ao seu limite apical, pode influenciar o reparo da periodontite apical, quando há presença de bactérias remanescentes no interior do canal. O uso de cimentos endodônticos com propriedades antimicrobianas não foi efetivo na eliminação de bactérias residuais do canal radicular e na reparação completa da periodontite apical.


Introduction: Root canal fillings are a decisive factor in the success of endodontic treatment. This systematic review evaluated animal studies using histopathological parameters to determine the effect of root canal filling on the healing of apical periodontitis. Methods: A search was conducted in PubMed, Lilacs, Scielo, Science Direct and BBO using indexed and non-indexed keywords. Studies published from 2003 to 2019 were selected according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results: Five animal studies met eligibility criteria and were included in the systematic review for a qualitative analysis. Conclusion: The extension of the root canal filling may affect the healing of apical periodontitis when bacteria remain in the canal. Root canal sealers with antimicrobial properties were not effective in eliminating bacteria remaining in the root canal, nor in promoting the complete healing of apical periodontitis (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Periapical Periodontitis , Root Canal Obturation , Bacterial Shedding , Dental Pulp Cavity , Evaluation Studies as Topic
14.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(1): 104-110, Jan.-Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180730

ABSTRACT

Abstract These case reports aimed to describe the management of lateral perforation in the middle cervical third of the root in two maxillary incisors with pulp canal calcification using Bio-C Repair, with safe and viable clinical treatment strategies. Digital radiographic exams were obtained with different angles and analyzed using different filters. Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images were requested to show the actual position of the canal, location of the perforation, and guide the strategic planning of the case. Subsequently, cavity access was prepared with the aid of dental operating microscopy. After perforation was identified, granulation tissue was removed and the original canal was identified and then dressed with calcium hydroxide. In the second visit, the perforation was filled with Bio-C Repair and the canal system filled with gutta-percha points and a root canal sealer (Bio-C Sealer). The teeth were restored with glass fiber post, 4 mm beyond the perforation level, and provisory crowns. Both teeth treated as described above were functional and asymptomatic with a 1-year clinical and radiographic assessment. The Bio-C Repair is suggested as a new cement option for the management of lateral canal perforations, with effective results as observed after a one-year follow-up.


Resumo O presente relato de caso teve como objetivo descrever o manejo da perfuração lateral no terço médio cervical da raiz em dois incisivos superiores com calcificação pulpar utilizando o Bio-C Repair, com estratégias de tratamento clínico seguras e viáveis. Radiografias digitais foram obtidas em diferentes ângulos e analisadas com diferentes filtros. Imagens de tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC) foram solicitadas para mostrar a real posição do canal e a localização da perfuração, e orientar o planejamento estratégico do caso. Posteriormente, o acesso à cavidade foi preparado com auxílio de microscopia cirúrgica. Após a identificação da perfuração, o tecido de granulação foi removido, o canal original foi identificado e, em seguida, recebeu medicação intracanal à base de hidróxido de cálcio. Na segunda visita, a perfuração foi selada com Bio-C Repair e o sistema de canais obturado com cones de guta-percha e cimento endodôntico (Bio-C Sealer). Os dentes foram restaurados com pino de fibra de vidro, 4 mm além do nível da perfuração, e coroas provisórias. Ambos os dentes tratados conforme descrito acima se mostraram funcionais e assintomáticos na avaliação clínica e radiográfica de 1 ano. O Bio-C Repair é sugerido como uma nova opção de cimento endodôntico para o manejo de perfurações laterais, com resultados efetivos observados após um ano de acompanhamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Preparation , Root Canal Obturation , Calcium Hydroxide , Dental Pulp Cavity , Gutta-Percha
15.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(1): 42-47, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180727

ABSTRACT

Abstract New methodologies using micro-CT to evaluate solubility besides dimensional and morphological changes of endodontic materials are proposed. However, there is no standardization in the methods. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of different dimensions of test samples on volumetric change evaluation of different endodontic materials. AH Plus, FillCanal and Sealapex root canal sealers, Biodentine, IRM and MTA root-end filling cements were used in the tests. Samples of each material with a thickness of 1.5 mm and different diameters were manufactured: 6.3, 7.75, and 9.0 mm. The samples were scanned in micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) after setting and after 7 days of immersion in distilled water. The volumetric change was evaluated by means of the difference in the total volume of the specimens before and after immersion. Data were submitted to ANOVA and Tukey tests (p<0.05). The size of the samples did not affect the percentage of volumetric change of the materials (p>0.05). All sample sizes had greater volume loss for Sealapex among the sealers and Biodentine for the cements (p<0.05). In conclusion, Biodentine and Sealapex had the highest volume loss after immersion. Samples with 1.5 mm thickness, and diameters ranging between 6.3 and 9.0 mm can be used to assess the stability of endodontic materials using micro-CT without affecting the percentage of volumetric change.


Resumo Novas metodologias utilizando micro-CT são propostas para avaliar a solubilidade além de alterações dimensionais e morfológicas em materiais endodônticos. No entanto, não há padronização nos métodos. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito de diferentes dimensões de corpos de prova na avaliação da alteração volumétrica de diferentes materiais endodônticos. Os cimentos obturadores AH Plus, FillCanal e Sealapex e os cimentos retrobturadores Biodentine, IRM e MTA foram utilizados nos testes. Foram confeccionadas amostras de cada material com espessura de 1.5 mm e diâmetros diferentes: 6.3, 7.75 e 9.0 mm. As amostras foram escaneadas em microtomografia computadorizada (micro-CT) após a presa e após 7 dias de imersão em água destilada. A alteração volumétrica foi avaliada por meio da diferença no volume total dos corpos de prova antes e após a imersão. Os dados foram submetidos aos testes ANOVA e Tukey (p<0,05). A dimensão das amostras não afetou o percentual de alteração volumétrica dos materiais (p>0,05). Todos os diâmetros de amostra mostraram maior perda de volume para Sealapex entre os cimentos obturadores e Biodentine entre os cimentos retrobturadores (p<0,05). Como conclusão, Biodentine e Sealapex mostraram a maior perda volumétrica após a imersão. Amostras com 1.5 mm de espessura e diâmetros variando entre 6.3 e 9.0 mm podem ser usadas para avaliação da estabilidade de materiais endodônticos utilizando micro-CT, sem influenciar no percentual de alteração volumétrica.


Subject(s)
Root Canal Filling Materials , Oxides , Root Canal Obturation , Materials Testing , Calcium Compounds , Drug Combinations , Epoxy Resins , X-Ray Microtomography
16.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 10(1): 1-7, feb. 24, 2021. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282565

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the micro-push-out bond strength of a mineral-based root canal sealer, BioRoot RCS in canals prepared by K3XF rotary systems of two different tapers. Material and Methods: Eighty caries free maxillary central incisors were used in this study. The samples were allocated into 4 groups (n=20) according to the root canal sealer and taper of the rotary instruments. The samples were obturated using single cone obturation technique. From each root 1mm thick slices at coronal, middle and apical thirds were collected using hard tissue microtome under continuous water coolant. Push-out tests were done for these sections using a Universal testing machine (INSTRON 8801) at a crosshead speed of 1mm/min. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to compare the bond strengths within groups and Tukey's multiple post hoc analysis was used for pair-wise comparison of bond strengths. Results: AH Plus exhibited higher micro-push-out bond strength than BioRootRCS though they did not differ significantly (p>0.05). Preparation of root canals with 6% taper rotary instruments showed higher bond strength than 4% though they did not differ significantly (p>0.05). Conclusion: There was no significant difference between micro-push-out bond strength values of BioRoot RCS and AH Plus. The bond strength values were high in 6% taper canals than 4% canals though the difference was not significant statistically.


Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la fuerza de unión por micro-expulsión de un sellador de conductos radiculares de base mineral, BioRoot RCS, en conductos preparados por sistemas rotativos K3XF con dos conos diferentes. Material y Métodos: En este estudio se utilizaron 80 incisivos centrales superiores libres de caries. Las muestras se distribuyeron en cuatro grupos (n = 20) de acuerdo al sellador del conducto radicular y al cono de los instrumentos rotativos. Las muestras se obturaron mediante la técnica de obturación de un solo cono. De cada raíz se recogieron rodajas de 1 mm de grosor en los tercios coronal, medio y apical utilizando un micrótomo de tejido duro con refrigeración continua por agua. Posteriormente, se realizó una prueba de expulsión para estas secciones utilizando una máquina de prueba universal (INSTRON 8801) a una velocidad del cabezal transversal de 1mm/min. Se utilizó el análisis de varianza unidireccional (ANOVA) para comparar las resistencias de la unión dentro de los grupos y el análisis post hoc multiple de Tukey se utilizó para la comparación por pares de las resistencias de la unión. Resultados: AH Plus exhibió una fuerza de unión de micro-expulsión más alta que BioRootRCS, aunque no difirieron significativamente (p>0,05). La preparación de los conductos radiculares con instrumentos rotativos ahusados al 6% mostró una fuerza de unión superior al 4%, aunque no difirieron significativamente (p>0,05). Conclusión: No hubo diferencias significativas entre los valores de fuerza de unión de micro-expulsión de BioRoot RCS y AH Plus. Los valores de la fuerza de unión fueron más altos en canales cónicos al 6% que en canales al 4%, aunque la diferencia no fue significativa estadísticamente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Obturation/methods , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Flexural Strength , Resins, Synthetic , Analysis of Variance , Root Canal Preparation , Dental Pulp Cavity , Epoxy Resins/chemistry , Minerals
17.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 64(1): 13-17, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248251

ABSTRACT

Se presenta un caso clínico de fractura radicular del tercio medio, de pieza 2.1 con desplazamiento de los cabos de fractura. Es tratado con un novedoso procedimiento terapéutico, mediante la utilización de un biomaterial de tercera generación osteoconductor, osteogénico y osteoinductor. Se obtiene la reparación del tejido conectivo interproximal y la formación de tejido calcificado (AU)


We present a clinical case of root fracture of the middle third, piece 2.1 with displacement of the fracture ends. It is treated with a novel therapeutic procedure, using a thirdgeneration osteoconductive, osteogenic and osteoinductive biomaterial. Interproximal connective tissue repair and calcified tissue formation are obtained (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Tooth Fractures/therapy , Tooth Root/injuries , Biocompatible Materials , Regenerative Endodontics/methods , Osteogenesis , Root Canal Obturation/instrumentation , Tooth Root/diagnostic imaging , Wound Healing/physiology , Dental Fistula/radiotherapy , Dentition, Permanent
18.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200870, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250190

ABSTRACT

Abstract Bio-C Pulpecto (Bio-CP) was recently developed as the first bioceramic root filling material for primary teeth. Objective To evaluate the physicochemical properties of radiopacity, setting time, pH, cytocompatibility and potential of Bio-CP to induce mineralisation, compared with (1) Calen thickened with zinc oxide (Calen-ZO), and (2) zinc oxide and eugenol (ZOE). Methodology Physicochemical properties were evaluated according to ISO 6876. Saos-2 (human osteoblast-like cell line) exposed to extracts of the materials were subjected to assays of methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium, neutral red, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and mineralised nodule production. The results were analysed using one-way or two-way ANOVA and Tukey's or Bonferroni's post-tests (α=0.05). Results All the materials showed radiopacity higher than 3 mm Al. Bio-CP had lower pH than Calen-ZO, but higher pH than ZOE. Calen-ZO and Bio-CP did not set. The setting time for ZOE was 110 min. The cytocompatibility order was Calen-ZO > Bio-CP > ZOE (1:2, 1:4 dilutions) and Calen-ZO > Bio-CP = ZOE (1:12, 1:24 dilutions) and Calen-ZO = Bio-CP > ZOE (1:32 dilution). Bio-CP induced greater ALP activity at 7 days, and greater mineralised nodule production, compared to Calen-ZO (p<0.05). Conclusions Bio-CP showed adequate physicochemical properties, cytocompatibility and potential to induce mineralisation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials , Dental Pulp Cavity , Osteoblasts , Root Canal Obturation , Tooth, Deciduous , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement , Biology
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887757

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The safety of root canal filling with 200 °C hot gutta-percha was investigated to study the effect of continuous wave technique combined with high-temperature injectable gutta-percha condensation technique on the surface temperature of periodontal tissue.@*METHODS@#CT technique and Mimics, Geomagic, and Solidworks software were utilized to build the entity models of alveolar bone, dentin and root canal, periodontal ligament, and blood flow, respectively, which were then assembled in Solidworks into a finite element model of tooth with blood flow. By utilizing ABAQUS collaborative simulation platform, fluid-structure coupling was analyzed on the whole process of root canal filling. Consequently, the surface temperature of the periodontal tissue was obtained.@*RESULTS@#In the absence of blood flow, the temperature of the periodontal ligament surface reached 50.048 ℃ during root canal filling with 200 ℃ gutta-percha. Considering blood flow, the temperature of periodontal ligament surface was 39.570 ℃.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The temperature of the periodontal ligament surface increased when the continuous wave root canal was filled with 200 ℃ gutta-percha, and the periodontal tissue was not damaged.


Subject(s)
Dental Pulp Cavity , Finite Element Analysis , Gutta-Percha , Hot Temperature , Humans , Periodontium , Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Obturation , Temperature
20.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200998, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286921

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of using gel and solution forms of NaOCI during the chemomechanical preparation of the root canals on postoperative pain at different time intervals. Methodology 114 patients with mandibular molar teeth and symptomatic irreversible pulpitis were included in the study. All patients were divided into two groups based on the irrigant used during root canal preparation (n=57): Group 1, 5.25% NaOCI, Group 2, 5.25% NaOCI gel. All groups were filled with gutta-percha and AH Plus root canal sealer using single-cone technique. VAS scale (1-10) was used for postoperative pain assessment. After endodontic treatment, all patients were asked to record their postoperative pain levels at the 6th, 24th, 48th, 72nd hours, and 1 week later. The data were analyzed using Chi-Squared, Independent Samples T, Cochran Q and Friedman tests. Results Statistically significant difference was not found between the distributions of pain levels at different times according to the groups (p>0.050). A statistically significant difference was observed between the distributions of pain levels measured at different times in the solution group (p<0.001). A statistically significant difference was found between the distributions of pain levels measured at different times in the gel group (p<0.001). In both groups, highest postoperative pain levels occurred in the first 6 hours. Pain levels of the gel group as 38,5% mild, 17.3% moderate, 5.8% severe and pain levels of the solution group were obtained as 46.2% mild, 26.9% moderate, 9.6% severe at the 6th hour. Conclusions The use of the gel form of NaOCI during the chemomechanical preparation of the root canals showed similar postoperative pain when compared to the solution form.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials , Sodium Hypochlorite , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Root Canal Obturation , Root Canal Preparation , Dental Pulp , Dental Pulp Cavity , Molar
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