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1.
Dent. press endod ; 11(3): 52-57, Sept-Dec.2021. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379356

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a influência do pré-alargamento coronário na resistência à fadiga cíclica de dois instrumentos reciprocantes tratados termicamente. Métodos: 20 instrumentos Reciproc Blue (R25 Blue) e 20 instrumentos X1 Blue (X1) foram utilizados para instrumentar blocos de resina simulando um molar superior com três canais radiculares. Os dentes foram divididos em quatro grupos (n=10), de acordo com o instrumento e com a técnica de instrumentação utilizada: grupos R25 e X1 - instrumentação com R25 Blue (25/0.08) ou X1 Blue (25/0.06), respectivamente, sem alargamento prévio; e grupos R25 ou X1 + pré-alargamento cervical - pré-alargamento com os instrumentos ProTaper Universal SX e S1 antes da instrumentação com R25 Blue ou X1. Os instrumentos foram testados com relação à fadiga cíclica utilizando-se um canal simulado de aço inoxidável com ângulo de curvatura de 86 graus e raio de curvatura de 6 mm. Os instrumentos foram acionados utilizando-se o movimento "RECIPROC ALL" do motor endodôntico (VDW) e o tempo de instrumentação até a fratura do instrumento foi contabilizado. Os resultados foram analisados pelo teste t de Student (p<0,05). Resultados: Os instrumentos X1 apresentaram maior resistência à fadiga cíclica do que R25 Blue em ambas as condições testadas (p<0,05). Não houve diferença entre os grupos com e sem pré-alargamento coronário para os instrumentos R25 Blue e X1 (p>0,05). Conclusão: O instrumento X1 Blue apresentou maior resistência à fadiga cíclica do que o Reciproc Blue. O pré-alargamento coronário não foi capaz de aumentar a resistência à fratura por fadiga cíclica dos instrumentos testados (AU).


Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of cervical pre-flaring on the cyclic fatigue resistance of two heat-treated reciprocating instruments. Methods: 20 Reciproc Blue (R25 Blue) instruments e 20 X1 Blue File (X1) were used to instrument resin blocks simulating an upper molar with 3 root canals. The specimens were divided into four groups (n=10) according the instrument and type of instrumentation used: R25 and X1 groups: root canal preparation with R25 Blue (25/0.08) ou X1 Blue (25/0.06), without cervical pre-flaring; R25 or X1 + cervical pre-flaring- pre-flaring with ProTaper Universal SX e S1 before instrumentation with R25 Blue or X1 blue. After instrumentation the instruments were tested for cyclic fatigue using a simulated stainless steel root canal with 86 degree bending angle and 6 mm bending radius. The instruments were triggered using the "RECIPROC ALL" motion of a reciprocating endodontic motor (VDW) and the instrumentation time until instrument fracture was accounted. Results were analyzed by Students t-test (p<0.05). Results: Statistical analysis showed that the X1 Blue showed higher resistance to cyclic fatigue than the R25 Blue under both conditions tested (p<0.05). There were no differences between the groups with and without coronary pre-flaring for the R25 Blue and X1 Blue (p<0.05). Conclusion: X1 Blue showed higher resistance to cyclic fatigue than the R25 Blue. The cervical pre-flaring did not increased the resistance to cyclic fatigue fracture of the tested instruments (AU)


Subject(s)
Stainless Steel , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Flexural Strength , Hot Temperature , Simulation Exercise , Fatigue
2.
Dent. press endod ; 11(3): 87-93, Sept-Dec.2021. Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380050

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O alargamento do forame refere-se ao alargamento mecânico intencional do forame para reduzir a carga bacteriana em uma área afetada frequentemente por infecções endodônticas além do limite da constrição apical. Objetivo: O objetivo do presente relato de caso é apresentar a técnica de alargamento do forame de um dente com lesão periapical extensa, como complemento do tratamento endodôntico e alternativa precoce à microcirurgia periapical. Métodos: É apresentado o caso de um incisivo lateral superior endodonticamente tratado, com uma extensa lesão periapical associada. Devido à história clínica e radiográfica, tempo decorrido desde o tratamento endodôntico inicial e alta probabilidade de áreas de reabsorção apical com biofilme extrarradicular, o retratamento endodôntico com alargamento do forame foi indicado como primeira opção, adiando a indicação de cirurgia endodôntica de acordo com a evolução. Resultados: Na avaliação de acompanhamento de dois anos, por exame de imagem, observou-se evolução clínica favorável ao retratamento, com aumento total da densidade óssea. O procedimento cirúrgico endodôntico complementar foi descartado. Conclusão: O alargamento do forame é uma alternativa complementar viável em casos de periodontite apical de longa duração com suspeita de biofilme no nível do forame. Pode ser considerado uma opção antes da indicação de retratamento endodôntico cirúrgico (AU).


Introduction: Foraminal enlargement refers to intentional mechanical enlargement of the foramen to reduce the bacterial load in an area frequently affected by endodontic infections beyond the limits of the apical constriction. The objective of this case report is to present the foraminal enlargement technique of a tooth with an extensive periapical lesion as a complement in the endodontic treatment and an early alternative to periapical microsurgery. Materials and methods: The case is presented of an endodontically treated upper lateral incisor with an extensive associated periapical lesion. Due to the clinical and radiographic history, the time elapsed since the initial endodontic treatment, and the high probability of areas of apical resorption with extra-radicular biofilm, endodontic retreatment with foraminal enlargement was indicated as the first option, postponing the indication for endodontic surgery according to evolution. Results: In the follow-up appointment at 2 years, a favorable clinical imaging evolution of retreatment was observed, with a total increase in bone density. The complementary endodontic surgical procedure was discarded. Conclusion: Foraminal enlargement is a viable complementary alternative in cases of long-term apical periodontitis with suspicion of biofilm at the foramen level. It can be considered an option before the indication of surgical endodontic retreatment (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Periapical Periodontitis , Wound Healing , Bacterial Load , Apicoectomy , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Retreatment
3.
Rev. ABENO ; 21(1): 1236, dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1370621

ABSTRACT

Many studies address the quality of root canal treatments, but few refer to endodontics usingrotatory techniques performed by noviceoperators. This study evaluatedthe performance of undergraduates in their first contact with rotary root canal instrumentation concerningthe findings of the final periapical radiograph, and thepostendodontic treatment pain.A longitudinal observational studywas performed on periapical radiographs of 491teethfrom 450 patientssubmitted toroot canal treatmentby undergraduate students from 2015 to 2018. The analysis of the length of root canal filling followed the criteria: (i) acceptable, ifperiapical radiograph presentsroot filling ending 0 -1 mm short of radiographic apex; (ii) over, if periapical radiograph presentsroot filling ending beyond the radiographic apex; and (iii) under, ifperiapical radiograph presentsroot filling ending > 1 mm short of radiographic apex. Evaluation of postendodontic treatment painwas categorized into either absence or presenceof pain. Adequate length root canal filling was observed in 65.9% of the cases (324 teeth). Periapical lesions presenceand dimensions did not interfere to the obturation quality.Statistical relation was found between the pulp condition and postendodontic treatment pain. Thepresence of pain was observed in 4.7% of the vital teeth and 0.3% of non-vital teeth. The presence of periapical lesion did not influence postoperative pain.AdequatelengthrootcanalfillingwasobservedinmostcasesandNitTi rotary instrumentation hadapplicability in undergraduate programs, even with novice operators. Besides that, pulp condition had an effect on post endodontic pain (AU).


Muitos estudos abordam a qualidade dos tratamentos de canal radicular, mas poucos se referem à endodontia por meio de técnicas rotatórias realizada por operadores novatos. Este estudo avaliou o desempenho de graduandos no primeiro contato com a instrumentação endodôntica em relação aos achados da radiografia periapical final e à dor pós-tratamento endodôntico. Um estudo observacional longitudinal foi realizado em radiografias periapicais de 491 dentes de 450pacientes submetidos a tratamento endodôntico por estudantes de graduação no período de 2015 a 2018. A análise do comprimento da obturação de canais radiculares obedeceu aos critérios: (i) aceitável, se a radiografia periapical apresentasse término de obturação 0 -1 mm aquém do ápice radiográfico; (ii) acima, se a radiografia periapical apresentasse obturação que termina além do ápice radiográfico; e (iii) abaixo, se a radiografia periapicalapresentasse obturação, terminando > 1 mm aquém do ápice radiográfico. A avaliação da dor pós-operatória foi categorizada em ausência ou presença de dor. A obturação de canais radiculares de comprimento adequado foi observada em 65,9% dos casos (324 dentes). A presença e as dimensões das lesões periapicais não interferiram na qualidade da obturação. Foi encontrada relação estatística entre a condição pulpar e a dor pós-tratamento endodôntico. Presença de dor foi observada em 4,7% dos dentes vitais e 0,3% dos não vitais. A presença de lesão periapical não influenciou na dor pós-operatória. O comprimento de trabalho adequado foi observado na maioria dos casos e a instrumentação rotatória NitTi teve aplicabilidade em programas de graduação, mesmo com operadores iniciantes. Além disso, a condição pulpar afetou a dor pós-operatória (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pain, Postoperative/surgery , Root Canal Obturation/instrumentation , Students, Dental , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Titanium/chemistry , Chi-Square Distribution , Dental Records , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Longitudinal Studies , Tooth Apex/surgery , Dental Instruments , Endodontics/instrumentation , Observational Study , Nickel/chemistry
4.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(2): 81-85, ago. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348364

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar el tiempo empleado por los instrumen- tos TruNatomy Medium y ProTaper Next X3 para penetrar hasta la longitud de trabajo la masa de obturaciones realizadas con Gut- taCore Primary y sellador en conductos curvos simulados. Materiales y métodos: Se prepararon 20 conductos curvos simulados con instrumentos rotatorios WaveOne Gold Primary y se obturaron con GuttaCore Primary y AH Plus. Las muestras fueron divididas en dos grupos de 10 cada uno. Grupo 1: El material de obturación fue penetrado hasta la lon- gitud de trabajo con instrumentos TruNatomy Medium. Gru- po 2: El material de obturación fue penetrado hasta la longitud de trabajo con instrumentos ProTaper Next X3. Se registraron los tiempos de penetración requeridos para cada grupo y los valores obtenidos fueron analizados mediante la prueba t de Student. Resultados: Los instrumentos ProTaper Next X3 pe- netraron la masa del material de obturación más rápidamente que los instrumentos TruNatomy MediumTM. Las diferencias observadas entre ambos instrumentos fueron estadísticamente significativas (P <0.01). Conclusión: Si bien los instrumentos ProTaper Next X3 y TruNatomy MediumTM penetraron la masa de Gutta- Core Primary de manera eficiente, ProTaper Next X3 penetró hasta la longitud de trabajo más rápidamente (AU)


Aim: Compare the time required by the instruments TruNatomy Medium and ProTaper Next X3 to penetrate up to the working length the mass of fillings made with GuttaCore Primary and sealant in simulated curved canals. Materials and methods: The simulated canals of 20 EndoTraining Blocks were prepared with WaveOne Gold Pri- mary and obturated with GuttaCore Primary and AH Plus. The sample was divided into two groups of 10 each. Group 1: The sealing material was penetrated up to working length with TruNatomy Medium. Group 2: The sealing material was penetrated up to working length with ProTaper Next X3. The penetration time was recorded in each group and the obtained values were statistically analyzed with the Student's t test. Results: ProTaper Next X3 instruments penetrated the sealing material mass faster than TruNatomy Medium. Statis- tically significant differences were observed between the two instruments (P <0.01). Conclusion: While the ProTaper Next X3 and TruNat- omy Medium penetrated the GuttaCore mass to the working length efficiently, the ProTaper Next X3 did it in less time (AU)


Subject(s)
Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Retreatment , Gutta-Percha , Time Factors , Dental High-Speed Equipment , Dental Instruments , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology
5.
Arq. odontol ; 57: 199-207, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1348086

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar o aumento percentual da área da secção reta transversal de canais radiculares, no nível de 3 mm aquém do ápice radicular, após instrumentação com dois sistemas de instrumento único. Métodos: Dezenove primeiros molares inferiores extraídos tiveram as raízes mesiais seccionadas no nível de 3 mm aquém do ápice radicular, sendo os 2 milímetros finais de cada raiz removidos e descartados, para proceder a mensuração da área pré-operatória, através de estereomicroscopia. As raízes foram instrumentadas com os sistemas SAF e Reciproc R25.08 e procedeu-se nova mensuração para comparação do aumento percentual da área. O aumento percentual da área da secção reta transversal foi comparado e analisado estatisticamente pelo teste t de Student. O nível de significância foi estabelecido em 5% (p < 0,05). Resultados: O aumento percentual da área dos canais foi significativamente maior para o grupo Reciproc (p = 0,001) em comparação com o grupo SAF. Os canais instrumentados com o sistema SAF tiveram sua área aumentada em média 53,5%, enquanto que nos instrumentados com o sistema Reciproc a média foi 154,5%. Conclusão: O sistema Reciproc proporcionou um aumento percentual da área da secção reta transversal dos canais radiculares, no nível dos 3 mm apicais, 3 vezes maior que o sistema SAF.


Aim: To compare the percentage increase in the cross-sectional area of root canals, at the level of 3 mm from the root apex after instrumentation with two single instrument systems. Methods: The roots of 19 extracted mandibular first molars were sectioned 3 mm short of the apex level, with the final 2 millimeters of each root removed and discarded in order to enable the preoperative area to be measured by stereomicroscopy. Subsequently, the roots were instrumented with the SAF and Reciproc 25/.08 systems, alternating the technique used per canal from root to root, and a new measurement was performed. After, the percentage increase in area was calculated considering the values of the original and the final area. The Student'st-test was applied to the results, with a level of significance set at 5%. Results: The percentage increase in area of the root canals was significantly higher for the Reciproc (p = 0.001) when compared to the SAF group. In the canals instrumented with the SAF system, the mean increase in area was 53.5%, while in those using the Reciproc system, it was 154.5%. Conclusion:The Reciproc system produced a 3-fold higher percentage increase in the cross-sectional area of the root canals at the level of 3 mm from the root apex than did the SAF system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Root/surgery , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Pulp Cavity/surgery , Dental Instruments
6.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180870

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the effect of Maleic acid and Irritrol (combination of Chlorhexidine & Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid) irrigation on the sealing ability of Biodentine when used as root-end filling material. Material and Methods: Thirty single-rooted human premolars were subjected to standardized root canal instrumentation and were irrigated with 2.5% Sodium Hypochlorite (NaOCl) after each instrument change. Apical root resections were done by removing 3 mm of the apex at a 90° angle to the long axis of the root with a diamond bur. The root end cavity preparation was done using ultrasonic tips at a low power setting under water coolant. They were randomly divided into 3 groups (n=10). Group 1 was irrigated with 7% Maleic acid, Group 2 was irrigated with Irritrol, and Group 3 was irrigated with 0.9% Saline (Control). Then, the root end cavities of all the samples were restored with Biodentine and were subjected to leakage analysis using a glucose filtration test. The mean values for each group were calculated and the obtained data was statistically analysed using ANOVA with post-hoc Tukey's test, ANOVA with post-hoc Games-Howell test and repeated measures ANOVA with post-hoc Bonferroni test. Results: The specimens irrigated with Irritrol showed least microleakage as compared to 7% Maleic acid and 0.9% Saline. Conclusion: A regimen involving irrigation of the root-end cavity with Irritrol followed by root-end filling with Biodentine can improve the apical seal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acids , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Materials , Dental Pulp Cavity , Bicuspid , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Analysis of Variance , India
7.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1351219

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine in vitro the frequency, shape, type, diameter, and patency of accessory canals in the primary molars pulp chamber floor. Material and Methods: Sixteen healthy primary molars were evaluated by micro-computed tomography and scanning electron microscopy. Descriptive analyses of the frequency, shape (round, oval, or irregular), type (blind, true, or hidden), patency and diameter of the accessory canals were performed. Results: Half of the teeth presented accessory canals, 62.5% of which were located in the upper molars and 37.5% in the lower molars. The most frequent shape was irregular. In three-dimensional analysis, blind accessory canals (12.5%) and with patency (18.7%) of the teeth were observed. The average accessory canal diameter was 51.97 µm (± 26.03 µm). Conclusion: Upper molars showed a higher frequency of accessory canals with larger diameters. The irregular shape was the most frequent. 18.7% of accessory channels showed patency.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning/instrumentation , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , X-Ray Microtomography/instrumentation , Molar , Brazil/epidemiology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology
8.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 108(3): 153-156, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147976

ABSTRACT

La alta incidencia de fracturas dentarias producidas a distancia del tratamiento endodóntico ha llevado a desarrollar cambios en los procedimientos operatorios, con el objeto de conservar la mayor cantidad de estructura dentaria durante la terapia de conductos radiculares. En relación con esta idea, el sistema TruNatomy trabaja sobre el concepto de endodoncia mínimamente invasiva. Una zona altamente sensible a ser considerada es el área pericervical, delimitada 4 mm por encima y 4 mm por debajo de la cresta ósea. El objetivo del presente informe es analizar las propiedades y las características técnicas del sistema de instrumentación Tru- Natomy y los cambios conceptuales que su utilización implica (AU)


The high incidence of dental fractures in the long-term after endodontic treatment has led to analyzed how to change the endodontic procedures to preserve the dental structure during root canal therapy. The TruNatomy system was developed based on the concept of Minimally Invasive Endodontics. A highly sensitive zone to be considered is the pericervical area, restricted to 4 mm above and 4 mm below the bone crest. The objective of this report is to analyze the properties and technical characteristics of the TruNatomy instrumentation system and the changes in the concepts in the clinical treatment procedures as a result of its use (AU)


Subject(s)
Tooth Fractures/prevention & control , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Instruments , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Tooth Cervix
9.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 108(2): 52-56, mayo-ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121121

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Evaluar radiográficamente 162 tratamientos endodónticos realizados ex vivo en premolares inferiores y superiores humanos mediante el empleo del sistema ProTaper Next por parte de alumnos de grado de una cátedra de endodoncia de una universidad argentina. Materiales y métodos: Se evaluaron 162 tratamientos endodónticos realizados ex vivo durante los años 2017, 2018 y 2019 (54 por cohorte) en premolares inferiores y superiores humanos por alumnos de grado de la cátedra de Endodoncia I de la Escuela de Odontología de la Universidad del Salvador / Asociación Odontológica Argentina. Para la instrumentación fue empleado el sistema ProTaper Next. La muestra se tomó de forma aleatoria. En un programa de presentación de computadora se incluyeron las radiografías periapicales pre- y posoperatoria para su evaluación. Un evaluador externo analizó las imágenes radiográficas de los tratamientos y los categorizó como correctos o incorrectos teniendo en cuenta tres requisitos excluyentes: la conformación de la preparación quirúrgica, el límite apical y la homogeneidad de la obturación. Para el análisis estadístico, se utilizó la frecuencia relativa (intervalo de confianza 95%) y la prueba de chi-cuadrado. Resultados: La evaluación radiográfica de los tratamientos endodónticos realizados mostró un número considerable de tratamientos correctos. Los resultados para cada cohorte (años 2017, 2018 y 2019) fueron del 96,3% (87,2- 99,5%), el 94,4% (84,6-98,8%) y el 98,2% (90,1-99,9%) respectivamente. El porcentaje global de tratamientos correctos fue del 96,3% (92,1-98,6%). La diferencia entre las cohortes no fue estadísticamente significativa (P>0,05). Conclusión: El empleo del sistema ProTaper Next por parte de estudiantes de grado evaluados mostró resultados radiográficamente satisfactorios en la instrumentación ex vivo de conductos radiculares de premolares inferiores y superiores humanos (AU)


Aim: To evaluate radiographically, 162 endodontic treatments performed ex vivo by three cohorts of students from a school of dentistry in Argentina, using ProTaper Next rotatory system in mandibular and maxillary human premolars. Materials and methods: 162 mandibular and maxillary human premolars received endodontic treatment by undergraduate students from the Department of Endodontics I of the School of Dentistry USAL/AOA. The treatments were performed ex vivo during the academic years 2017, 2018 and 2019 (54 teeth were chosen for each cohort) using the rotatory system ProTaper Next. The samples were taken randomly. Pre and postoperative radiographs were included in a computer presentation program for its evaluation. An external examiner analysed the radiographic images by the shape of the preparation, the apical limit, and the homogeneity of the obturation, considering the treatments well obturated (correct) or ill obturated (incorrect). To be considered correct the case had to meet all the requirements. The statistic calculations used in this study were: relative frequency (confidence interval 95%) and the chi-square test. Results: The radiographic evaluation showed a considerable number of endodontic treatments correctly done using ProTaper Next system. The percentages for each cohort were 96.3% (87.2-99.5%), 94.4% (84.6-98.8%) y 98.2% (90.1-99.9%) for years 2017, 2018 y 2019 respectively. Global percentage of correctly endodontic treatments was 96.3% (92.1-98.6%). The difference between the cohorts was not statistically significant (P>0.05). Conclusion: The use of ProTaper Next by the dental students evaluated showed satisfactory results in the ex vivo instrumentation of mandibular and maxillary human premolar root canals (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Root Canal Therapy/statistics & numerical data , Students, Dental , Dental High-Speed Equipment , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Education, Predental/methods , Educational Measurement , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Bicuspid , Chi-Square Distribution , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Treatment Outcome
10.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(1): 109-116, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056509

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Paredes sin instrumentar y con material obturador endodóntico residual pueden elevar la posibilidad de la falla adhesiva de postes de fibroresina. Las fresas de desobturación y conformación del espacio protésico poseen una sección circular, lo que dificulta una adecuada preparación y limpieza de las paredes de los conductos ovales. El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar la capacidad de limpieza ultrasónica del espacio protésico y cómo ésta influyó en la resistencia a la tracción de postes de fibroresina en conductos ovales. Se utilizaron 30 premolares con conducto ovalado divididos aleatoriamente en 3 grupos de estudio (n=10), siendo: grupo A: preparación rotatoria con complemento ultrasónico, grupo B: preparación rotatoria y grupo C: grupo control. Postes de fibra de vidrio fueron cementados y luego de 7 días se realizaron cortes de un milímetro de grosor del tercio cervical y medio de cada muestra y se evaluó microscópicamente el área de gutapercha remanente y área efectiva de adhesión. Estos fueron sometidos a una prueba de push out evaluando la resistencia adhesiva de los postes. Finalmente fueron observados microscópicamente para analizar tipo de falla. Los resultados se analizaron mediante el test de ANOVA, Bonferroni, Kruskal-Wallis y Mann Whitney (p < 0.05), registrando diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la resistencia a tracción, área de gutapercha remanente y área disponible para la adhesión; además de una relación directa entre gutapercha remanente y menor resistencia a la tracción. Conclusiones: La preparación ultrasónica del espacio protésico aumenta la resistencia a la tracción de postes de fibroresinas cementados en conductos ovalados.


ABSTRACT: Untouched canal walls with residual filling materials can increase the probability of adhesive failure of fiber posts. The drills used for desobturation and conformation of the prosthetic space, has a circular cross section, which does not allow a proper preparation and cleaning of oval-shaped canal walls. The objective of the study was to evaluate the ultrasonic cleaning of the prosthetic space and how this influences the adhesive strength of fiber posts in oval-shaped canals. Thirty (30) oval-shaped canal premolars were randomly divided into 3 groups (n = 10): Group A: rotary desobturation with ultrasonic complement, group B: rotary desobturation without ultrasonic complement and group C: control group. Fiberglass posts were cemented; after 7 days, one-millimeter slices were performed, one of the cervical and another from the middle third of the root. The slices were analyzed under an optical microscope to evaluate remaining gutta percha and effective adhesion area. Samples were subjected to a push-out test to evaluate bond strength of the fiber resin posts. Finally, samples were evaluated microscopically to analyze the type of failure. The results were analyzed using ANOVA, Bonferroni, KruskalWallis and Mann Whitney test (p < 0.05), recording statistically significant differences in bond strength, remaining gutta-percha area and clean walls for adhesion; In addition, to a direct relationship between remaining gutta percha and lower adhesive strength, the ultrasonic preparation of the prosthetic space increases bond strength of fiber posts in oval canals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteotomy/methods , Ultrasonics , Post and Core Technique , Dental Bonding , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Specimen Handling , In Vitro Techniques , Intervention Studies , Analysis of Variance , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Root Canal Preparation/methods
11.
Rev. bras. odontol ; 77(1): 1-4, jan. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1119610

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a quantidade de debris extruídos apicalmente após o preparo do canal com o WaveOne Gold e o uso suplementar do instrumento XP-Endo Finisher. Material e Métodos: Quarenta pré-molares humanos com canal único foram selecionados e divididos em dois grupos (n = 20): preparo com instrumento WaveOne Gold e preparo com instrumento WaveOne Gold + XP-Endo Finisher. Os canais radiculares foram instrumentados seguindo as instruções do fabricante e a água destilada foi usada como irrigante. Debris extruídos apicalmente durante a instrumentação foram coletados em tubos Eppendorf pesados previamente em balança analítico. O peso dos detritos extruídos foi estabelecido subtraindo-se o peso pré-instrumentação e pós-instrumentação dos tubos Eppendorf para cada grupo. Resultados: Os dados foram analisados pelos testes de Shapiro-Wilk e Mann-Whitney, com nível de significância de 5%. Não houve diferença significativa entre os grupos (p = 0,66) em relação à quantidade debris extruídos apicalmente. Conclusão: A presença de debris extruídos apicalmente ocorreu nos dois grupos; no entanto, o uso adicional do instrumento XP-Endo Finisher não contribuiu para o aumento significativo da extrusão apical de detritos quando comparado ao uso isolado do instrumento WaveOne Gold.


Objective: the aim of this study was to evaluate the amount of apically extruded debris after the preparation with WaveOne Gold and additional use of XP-Endo Finisher file. Material and Methods: Forty human one-rooted premolars were selected and divided into two groups (n=20): WaveOne Gold and WaveOne Gold and XP-Endo finisher. Subsequently, the root canals were instrumented following the manufacturer's instructions and distilled water was used as irrigant. Apically extruded debris during instrumentation was collected into pre-weighed Eppendorf tubes. The weight of the dry extruded debris was established by subtracting the pre-instrumentation and postinstrumentation weight of the Eppendorf tubes for each group. Results: The data were analyzed using Shapiro-Wilk and Mann-Whitney tests, with significant level of 5%. There was no significant difference between groups (p=0.66) in relation to apically extruded debris. Conclusion: apically extruded debris occurred in both groups; however, the additional use of the XP-Endo Finisher instrument did not contribute to the significant increase of apical extrusion of debris when compared to the isolated use of WaveOne Gold


Subject(s)
Root Canal Irrigants , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Pulp Cavity
12.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e039, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1100935

ABSTRACT

Abstract To compare the shaping ability of different single-file systems in the preparation of mesial curved canals of mandibular molars using micro-CT technology. Fifteen mesial roots of mandibular molars with two independent and curved canals (n = 30) were selected, scanned at a resolution of 26.7 μm anatomically matched, and distributed into three groups (n = 10), according to the preparation system: WaveOne 25.08, Reciproc 25.08, and OneShape 25.06. A final micro-CT scanning was performed, data sets were registered with their respective counterparts, and compared regarding the three-dimensional (volume, surface area, and structure model index - SMI) and two-dimensional (perimeter, area, roundness, major and minor diameters) parameters, as well as, canal transportation, using ANOVA and post hoc Tukey tests (α = 5%). Overall, no difference was observed between groups regarding area, perimeter, volume, surface area, and canal transportation (p > 0.05). Within group, no canal transportation was significantly higherobserved in the apical third (0.10 ± 0.05 mm) compared to coronal (0.08±0.040 mm) and middle (0.07 ± 0.03 mm) thirds (p < 0.05). Structure model index (SMI) was statistically higher after preparation with OneShape instrument (0.36 ± 0.26) compared to other systems (p < 0.05). Within the parameters of this study, similar shaping ability was observed in the preparation of mesial curved root canals of mandibular molars with Reciproc, OneShape and WaveOne systems.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Reference Values , Materials Testing , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Instruments , Equipment Design , X-Ray Microtomography/methods , Molar/anatomy & histology
13.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135540

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To assess the antibacterial and smear layer removal ability of Trigonella foenum, Syzygium cumini, Terminalia chebula seed extracts against E. faecalis dentinal biofilm. Material and Methods: Agar well diffusion, micro broth dilution assay and time-kill curve assay were performed to determine the antibacterial activity. The ability of the herbal extracts to remove the smear layer on the root canal surface was assessed by scanning electron microscopy. Results: Antibacterial activity was observed for the extracts of S. cumini and T. chebula on E. faecalis dentinal biofilm and its planktonic counterparts. The smear layer was efficiently removed by the seed extracts of T. chebula alone. Seed extracts of T. foenum neither possessed antibacterial effect nor smear layer removal ability. Conclusion: The extracts of T. chebula seeds may replace conventional irrigant due to its antibacterial properties and smear layer removing the ability. The extracts of S. cumini may be used as an intracanal medicament as it exhibited a bactericidal effect against the E. faecalis dentinal biofilm following 18 hours of incubation.


Subject(s)
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning/instrumentation , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Syzygium/microbiology , Plant Preparations/therapeutic use , Endodontics , Statistics, Nonparametric , Biofilms , Agar , India/epidemiology , Anti-Bacterial Agents
14.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(4): 392-397, dic. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056474

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: The objective of this study is to discuss and analyze whether extrusion of endodontic material constitutes avoidable intercurrence, discussing the clinical, ethical and legal implications. Patient LSR, 31 years old, female, attended a dental consultation complaining of pain in the second left maxillary premolar (tooth 25). Radiographically, a single root canal and thickening of the periodontal ligament associated with extravasation of 8 mm of gutta percha to the maxillary sinus were observed. The first endodontic session aimed to performing the desobturation, root canal preparation and intracanal medication placement. The root canal obturation was performed in the second session. Was carried out an apical surgery that removed 2 mm from the root apex and also performed the covered with a collagen membrane. A 22 months follow-up revealed a tooth function, absence of painful symptomatology or infection, and radiographically normal periodontal ligament and bone neoformation. The second single-root premolar is the type of premolar with less distance with the floor of the maxillary sinus. In this case, the extrusion of the obturator material occurred due to the superinstrumentation of the root canal associated with the proximity of the root with the membrane of the maxillary sinus. From the ethical and legal point of view, the patient has the right to be informed about any intercurrences that may arise during or after the treatment, and the informed consent form is essencial. This document will allow the patient to make a decision about performing an endodontic treatment in which the risk of an accident or complication is imminent or that treatment failure is already expected. It is important that professionals make appropriate diagnosis and treatment plan for each case, since this conduct may avoid clinical intercurrences. In addition, if the intercurrences occur, the patient should be advised of how to proceed.


RESUMEN: El objetivo de este estudio fue discutir y analizar si la extrusión de material endodóntico constituye una intercurrencia evitable, discutiendo las implicaciones clínicas, éticas y legales. Paciente LSR, de 31 años de edad, mujer, asistió a una consulta dental quejándose de dolor en el segundo premolar maxilar izquierdo (diente 25). Radiográficamente, se observó un solo conducto radicular y engrosamiento del ligamento periodontal asociado con la extravasación de 8 mm de gutapercha al seno maxilar. La primera sesión de endodoncia tuvo como objetivo realizar la desobturación, la preparación del conducto radicular y la colocación de medicación intracanal. La obturación del conducto radicular se realizó en la segunda sesión. Se llevó a cabo una cirugía apical que extrajo 2 mm del ápice de la raíz y también se realizó el recubrimiento con una membrana de colágeno. Un seguimiento de 22 meses reveló función dental, ausencia de sintomatología dolorosa o infección y ligamento periodontal radiográficamente normal y neoformación ósea. El segundo premolar de una sola raíz es el tipo de premolar con menos distancia con el piso del seno maxilar. En este caso, la extrusión del material obturador se produjo debido a la superinstrumentación del conducto radicular asociada con la proximidad de la raíz con la membrana del seno maxilar. Desde el punto de vista ético y legal, el paciente tiene derecho a ser informado acerca de cualquier inter-ocurrencia que pueda surgir durante o después del tratamiento, y el formulario de consentimiento informado es esencial. Este documento le permitirá al paciente tomar una decisión sobre la realización de un tratamiento de endodoncia en el que el riesgo de un accidente o complicación sea inminente o de que ya se espera un fracaso del tratamiento. Es importante que los profesionales realicen un diagnóstico y un plan de tratamiento adecuados para cada caso, ya que esta conducta puede evitar las intercurrencias clínicas. Además, si se producen intercurrencias, se debe informar al paciente sobre cómo proceder.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Root Canal Irrigants/administration & dosage , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Tooth Apex , Extravasation of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Materials , Therapeutic Irrigation/instrumentation , Maxillary Sinus/diagnostic imaging , Apicoectomy , Surgery, Oral/methods , Radiography, Dental/methods , Maxillary Sinus/physiology
15.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(4): 493-496, dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056490

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: The present study evaluated the presence of apical deviation and tapering in preparations performed with the use of the automated handpieces with continuous motion, the K3 Endo system (Group 1) and instrumentation manually with Protaper (Group 2). 30 simulated roots were divided into two groups and prepared according each technique. The alteration caused by root canal preparation was analyzed by radiographs obtained on a radiographic desk fabricated for the study. The results (X2), demonstrated that the K3 Endo produced a smaller incidence of apical deviation and Protaper produced a greater tapering of the root canals.


RESUMEN: El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar la presencia de desviación y conicidad adecuada apical con el uso del sistema de instrumentación de movimiento continuo K3 Endo (Grupo 1) respecto a la instrumentación manual realizada con Limas Protaper (Grupo 2). Treinta canales curvos simulados fueron divididos aleatoriamente en dos grupos e instrumentados por los diferentes sistemas. La alteración causada por la preparación de los canales fue analizada en radiografías obtenidas, en placas ad hoc. Los resultados (X2) demostraron que el K3. Endo produjo una menor incidencia de desviación apical y Protaper produjo una mayor conicidad de los canales radiculares.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Preparation/methods , X-Ray Microtomography/methods , ROC Curve , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Dental Instruments
16.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 8(4): 325-330, nov. 5, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145355

ABSTRACT

The aim of the study was to quantify and compare apical debris extrusion in two systems of continuous and reciprocating rotary instrumentation with, and without, the use of a patency file. An experimental study was carried out in 120 mesial roots of lower first molars, which were randomized in the following 4 groups: Group A. Reciproc (VDW) R25 without a patency file, Group B Mtwo (VDW) without a patency file, Group C Reciproc (VDW) R25 with a patency file and Group D Mtwo with a patency file. Groups A, B and C presented statistically significant differences in comparison to group D, Mtwo with the use of a patency file (p<0.008 to 95% reliability). In conclusion, the greater amount of debris extruded through the apex occurred in roots instrumented with the reciprocating rotary system; this difference was statistically significant in relation to teeth treated with the Mtwo continuous rotary system with the use of a patency file.


El objetivo del estudio fue cuantificar y comparar la extrusión de residuos apicales en dos sistemas de instrumentación endodónticos rotativos, continuo y recíproco, con y sin el uso de una lima de pasaje apical. Se realizó un estudio experimental en 120 raíces mesiales de primeros molares inferiores, que se aleatorizaron en los siguientes 4 grupos: Grupo A. Reciproc (VDW) R25 sin lima de pasaje apical, Grupo B Mtwo (VDW) sin lima de pasaje apical, Grupo C Reciproc (VDW) R25 con lima de pasaje apical y Grupo D Mtwo con lima de pasaje apical. Los grupos A, B y C presentaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas encomparación con el grupo D, Mtwo con el uso de una lima de pasaje apical (p<0.008 a 95% de confiabilidad). En conclusión, la mayor cantidad de residuos extruidos a través del ápice ocurrió en raíces preparadas con el sistema rotativo recíproco; Esta diferencia fue estadísticamente significativa en relación a los dientes tratados con el sistema rotativo continuo Mtwo con el uso de una lima de pasaje apical.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Root Canal Preparation/methods , Intervention Studies , Tooth Apex , Dental Instruments , Dental Pulp Cavity
17.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(3): 287-291, set. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012424

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: The apical limit of tooth roots for instrumentation and obturation is a controversial subject due to the high morphological complexity presented by the apical zone of the root. The development of electronic apex locators (EALs) has made working length (WL) determination more predictable, producing more accurate results; however, the interpretation mechanisms of different devices may affect measurements taken under different clinical conditions. One hundred premolars were used to compare the effectiveness of Propex II, Raypex 6, Propex Pixi and Root ZX II in locating the apical foramen (AF). No statistically significant differences were observed when the accuracy of measurement was compared between the different groups of EALs, however Root ZX II and Raypex 6 presented the best overall performance.


RESUMEN: El límite apical radicular para la instrumentación y obturación es un tema controversial, debido a la alta complejidad morfológica que presenta la zona apical de la raíz. El desarrollo de localizadores de ápice electrónicos (EALs) ha hecho la determinación de la longitud de trabajo (WL) más predecible y con resultados más precisos. Sin embargo, el mecanismo de interpretación de cada dispositivo puede afectar la determinación de las mediciones en diferentes condiciones clínicas. Cien premolares fueron utilizados para comparar la efectividad de Propex II, Raypex 6, Propex Pixi y Root ZX II en localizar el foramen apical (AF). No se observaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas cuando se comparó la precisión de medición entre los diferentes grupos de EALs, sin embargo, Root ZX II y Raypex 6 mostraron un mejor desempeño global.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Tooth Apex/anatomy & histology , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Electrical Equipment and Supplies/standards , Odontometry/instrumentation , Chile , Tooth Apex/diagnostic imaging , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging
18.
Rev. bras. odontol ; 76(1): 1-8, jan. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121564

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: conhecer as principais práticas adotadas atualmente por cirurgiões dentistas, clínicos gerais e endodontistas na realização do tratamento endodôntico. Material e Métodos: um questionário contendo 21 perguntas de múltipla escolha foi enviado para os profissionais, nas cinco regiões do país. As perguntas abordaram o tempo de experiência, tipos de técnicas, materiais e recursos auxiliares. Resultados: a maior parte dos respondentes são do Sudeste e Sul, endodontistas há menos de 10 anos. Realizam até 20 tratamentos/mês, utilizam localizador apical, instrumentação manual com limas de aço inoxidável associada a brocas gates glidden/largo, lupa e isolamento absoluto. O hipoclorito de sódio (2,5 a 5%) e o EDTA são os irrigantes mais utilizados juntamente com o ultrassom. O tratamento é feito em sessão única, porém o diagnóstico pulpar pode alterar o número de sessões. Quando é necessário o uso de medicação intracanal, o hidróxido de cálcio associado a outras formulações é a primeira escolha. Para obturação do sistema de canais radiculares é utilizada a técnica de condensação lateral e o cimento à base de óxido de zinco e eugenol. O selamento coronário entre sessões é feito com coltosol e com cimento de ionômero de vidro ao término do tratamento, quando os pacientes são encaminhados a outro profissional para restauração final. Atualizam-se através de artigos científicos e mostram abertura para testar novos produtos. Conclusão: a maioria dos participantes aderem a práticas atuais com uso de novas tecnologias durante o tratamento e se atualizam através da leitura de artigos científicos


Objective: to be aware of the main practices currently adopted by general dentists and endodontists when performing endodontic treatments. Material and methods: a questionnaire containing 21 multiple-choice questions was sent to professionals in the five regions of Brazil. These questions covered experience time, techniques, materials and auxiliary resources. Results: most participants are from the Southeast and South regions of Brazil and have been specialized in endodontic for less than 10 years. They perform up to 20 treatments per month, use apex locator, manual instrumentation with stainless steel files associated with gates-glidden or largo burs, magnifying loupes and absolute isolation. Sodium hypochlorite (2.5 to 5.0%) and EDTA are the most used substances for irrigation associated with ultrasound. The treatment is done in a single visit, but pulp diagnosis might alter the number of visits. When intracanal medication is required, calcium hydroxide associated with other formulations is the first choice. For root canal filling, lateral condensation technique, zinc oxide and eugenol based sealers are used. Coronal sealing between sessions is done with Coltosol® and glass ionomer cement at the end of treatment, when patients are referred to another professional for final restoration. These professionals update their knowledge with scientific articles and show availability to test new products. Conclusion: most participants have been adhering to current practices (new technologies) during treatment and has kept updated by reading scientific articles


Subject(s)
Root Canal Irrigants , Root Canal Obturation , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Root Canal Preparation/methods , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Dental Restoration, Temporary
19.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e097, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039297

ABSTRACT

Abstract To evaluate the torsional properties of engine-driven pathfinding instruments manufactured from different NiTi alloys - R-Pilot (tip size 12.5;.04 taper; M-Wire) and One G (tip size 14;.03 taper; Conventional NiTi). A total of 40 NiTi instruments from engine-driven pathfinding instruments (n = 20) were used. The torsion tests followed ISO 3630-1 (1992). Three millimeters of each instrument tip was fastened to a small load cell by a lever arm linked to the axis of torsion. During the test, the torsion testing machine software measured the maximum torsional strength and angle of rotation (0) before instrument failure. The fractured surface of each instrument was assessed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). In addition, a supplementary examination was performed to measure the cross-sectional area and the metal mass volume of each instrument 3 mm from the tip. Data were analyzed using a t-test, with significance level set at 5%. R-pilot had significantly higher torsional strength than did One G (p < 0.05). Regarding the angle of rotation to fracture, One G had higher angles than did R-Pilot (p < 0.05). The supplementary examination showed that R-Pilot had the highest cross-sectional area and volume of metal mass at 3 mm from the tip (p < 0.05). R-pilot (M-Wire NiTi alloy) had a significantly higher torsional strength and One-G (superelastic NiTi alloy) had the highest angle of rotation to fracture.


Subject(s)
Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Alloys/chemistry , Dental Instruments , Alloys/chemistry , Reference Values , Stress, Mechanical , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Equipment Failure Analysis , Torque , Equipment Design
20.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 48: e20190002, 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1043184

ABSTRACT

Resumo Introdução O preparo do canal radicular, em especial o terço apical, é fundamental para o sucesso da terapia endodôntica, pois abriga o forame radicular, local que comunica o endodonto com os tecidos perirradiculares. Objetivo A presente pesquisa avaliou a contaminação do terço apical após a instrumentação de canais radiculares em três comprimentos distintos, através de dois tipos de instrumentação automatizada (rotatória contínua ou reciprocante) e uso de duas substâncias irrigadoras. Material e método Foram selecionados 66 pré-molares superiores birradiculares, os quais tiveram suas coroas removidas e raízes separadas, totalizando 132 corpos de prova (CPs). Na primeira fase, foram estabelecidos por sorteio seis grupos experimentais divididos de acordo com o comprimento de instrumentação (aquém, além e no forame radicular) e o tipo de instrumentação (rotatória contínua ou reciprocante), tendo como irrigante o hipoclorito de sódio. Na segunda fase, foi repetido o mesmo protocolo, utilizando-se como irrigante o cloreto de sódio. Para ratificar os resultados encontrados, foram criados dois grupos controles: positivo e negativo, cada um com seis CP. Resultado Não foram encontradas diferenças entre os grupos com instrumentação rotatória contínua ou reciprocante, nos seus diversos comprimentos de instrumentação, respeitando-se o mesmo irrigante. Os grupos irrigados com hipoclorito não apresentaram crescimento bacteriano, enquanto os irrigados com cloreto de sódio permaneceram contaminados após a instrumentação. Conclusão A ação mecânica dos instrumentos endodônticos sem o uso de substância irrigadora bactericida não promove a descontaminação apical do canal radicular e a escolha do tipo da cinemática dos instrumentos endodônticos (rotatória contínua ou reciprocante) não influencia significativamente a redução de bactérias no interior dos canais radiculares, bem como instrumentações que variam de um milímetro aquém até um milímetro além do forame também não apresentaram diferenças na redução de bactérias nesta pesquisa.


Abstract Introduction The preparation of the root canal is fundamental for the success of endodontic therapy, especially the apical third, since it contains the root foramen, where the endodontium and the periradicular tissues communicate. Objective The present study evaluated the contamination of the apical third after the root canal instrumentation in three different lengths, through two types of automated instrumentation (continuous or reciprocating rotating) and two irrigating substances used. Material and method Sixty-six biradicular maxillary premolars were selected, which had their crowns removed and roots separated, totaling 132 specimens. In the first phase, six experimental groups were divided according to the length of instrumentation (before, beyond and in the radicular foramina) and the type of instrumentation (continuous or reciprocating rotatory) with sodium hypochlorite as irrigator. In the second phase the same protocol was repeated, using sodium chloride as the irrigant. In order to confirm the results, two control groups were created: positive and negative, each with six specimens. Result For the same irrigant, no differences were found between the groups with continuous or reciprocating rotational instrumentation in their different working lengths. The groups irrigated with hypochlorite showed no bacterial growth, whereas those irrigated with sodium chloride remained contaminated after instrumentation. Conclusion Mechanical action of endodontic instruments, without bactericidal irrigating substance, does not promote the apical root canal disinfection and the choice of kinematic type of endodontic instruments (continuous or reciprocating rotatory) does not significantly influence the reduction of bacteria within the root canals as well instrumentations ranging from one millimeter before to one millimeter beyond the foramen also did not present differences in the reduction of bacteria in this research.


Subject(s)
In Vitro Techniques/methods , Disinfection/methods , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Pulp Cavity , Sodium Hypochlorite , Sodium Chloride , Enterococcus faecalis , Tooth Apex , Dental Instruments
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