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1.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-39381

ABSTRACT

This is a retrospective study which reviewed the effects of the sacral buttress technique of Ramathibodi Spinal System (RSS) instrumentation for degenerative conditions of the spine on L5-S1 motion. The inclusion criteria included patients who were treated by wide decompression and fusion of the lumbar spine. Two treatment groups of a different fusion technique were identified; the first group was treated by conventional fixation and the second group was treated by the sacral buttress technique. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect on L5-S1 motion and translation between the conventional group and sacral buttress group. The material consisted of 66 patients who were operated from 1996 to 1999 for degenerative conditions of the lumbosacral spine. The conventional group included 25 patients in whom instrumentation was stopped at the fifth lumbar spine and the buttress group consisted of 41 patients who underwent the sacral buttress technique with RSS fixation. Dynamic lateral radiographs were measured to determine the motion and translation before and after surgery. In the group with sacral buttress technique, post operation decrease in motion of the lumbosacral joint was statistically significant. Reduced motion was also associated with the level of fusion. The use of the sacral buttress technique with RSS led to significant control in lumbosacral motion without the need for screw fixation to the sacral spine. The usefullness of this technique is a valuable adjunct to spinal fusion in patients who undergo decompressed spinal surgery and may prevent the junctional problem of fusion at this segment and also the upper end of the above fusion level.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/physiology , Male , Middle Aged , Movement , Orthopedic Fixation Devices , Retrospective Studies , Sacrum/physiology , Spinal Fusion/instrumentation
2.
Kinesiologia ; (58): 13-21, mar. 2000. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-267637

ABSTRACT

El dolor lumbo pélvico es una de las patologías más frecuentes de consulta médica. Evidencia clínica importante señala que la articulación sacroilíaca es fuente de origen de dolor lumbar y de otras disfunciones de la cintura pélvica. El presente trabajo revisa la biomecánica funcional y los elementos anatómicos que participan en la estabilidad, tanto dinámica como estática de la cintura pélvica. Además se mencionan las estructuras pasivas y activas que intervienen en dicha estabilización. La evaluación de la cintura pélvica por medio de tests funcionales engloba a todas las articulaciones que la componen. Gran relevancia se da a las disfunciones que pueden emanar de las articulaciones sacroilíacas dado a que estas modifican los patrones biomecánicos de los segmentos supra e infrayacentes. Para que exista una mayor fiabilidad en la evaluación, se sugiere la aplicación de al menos cuatro tests para determinar el lado y tipo de disfunción


Subject(s)
Humans , Pelvis/physiology , Physical Fitness/physiology , Sacroiliac Joint/physiopathology , Low Back Pain/etiology , Physical Examination/methods , Physical Therapy Specialty , Sacrum/physiology , Pubic Symphysis/physiology
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