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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Online) ; 43(3): 24-32, set.-dez. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1381063

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do presente estudo foi identificar quais EPIs foram utilizados pelos cirurgiões-dentistas e a relação destes EPIs com a presença de dores osteomusculares em virtude do novo estilo de vida profissional ocasionado pelo SARS-CoV-2. Foram aplicados dois questionários com a temática por intermédio da plataforma Google Forms®. Os participantes da pesquisa (n= 110) tiveram acesso aos questionários via e-mail e através das redes sociais. A análise de dados foi realizada por meio de teste qui-quadrado com nível de confiança de 95%. Os resultados obtidos demonstraram predomínio de indivíduos do sexo masculino, com idade entre 21 a 29 anos, solteiros, entre 1 a 10 anos de formado, possuindo renda mensal de 1 a 5 salários-mínimos, especialistas, atuando em consultório particular, com atualizações para atendimento durante o período de pandemia. Observou-se relação estatisticamente significativa (p<0,05) na utilização de gorro durante os atendimentos odontológicos para os profissionais que realizaram atualizações para atendimento durante o período de pandemia da COVID-19. Em relação aos demais EPIs não houve relação estatisticamente significativa (p>0,05). No que diz respeito às dores osteomusculares, observou-se relação estatisticamente significativa (p<0,05) apenas entre a utilização de avental descartável e o relato de dores na região do pescoço, ombro e costas. Ademais, não foi possível observar relação estatisticamente significativa (p>0,05) entre EPIs e dores osteomusculares. Pôde-se concluir que uma grande parcela dos cirurgiões-dentistas adotou medidas de proteção contra o novo Coronavírus (SARS-CoV-2), utilizando os EPIs recomendados para executar atendimento durante o período pandêmico. Com relação às dores osteomusculares, os participantes relataram dor com ou sem a utilização de EPIs, porém ao utilizarem avental descartável, houve predominância de sintomatologia na região do pescoço, ombros e coluna(AU)


The aim of this study was to identify which PPE was used by Dental Surgeons and the relationship of this PPE with the presence of musculoskeletal pain due to the new professional lifestyle caused by SARS-CoV-2. Two questionnaires with the theme were applied through the Google Forms® platform. Research participants (n = 110) had access to the questionnaires via e-mail and through social networks. Data analysis was performed using a chi-square test with a 95% confidence level. The results showed a predominance of male individuals, aged between 21 and 29 years old, single, between 1 and 10 years since graduation, having a monthly income of 1 to 5 minimum wages, specialists, working in private practice, with updates for care during the pandemic period. There was a statistically significant relationship (p<0.05) in the use of a cap during dental care for professionals who updated for care during the COVID-19 pandemic period. About the other PPE there was no statistically significant relationship (p>0.05). Regarding musculoskeletal pain, there was a statistically significant relationship (p<0.05) only between the use of a disposable apron and the report of pain in the neck, shoulder, and back. Furthermore, it was not possible to observe a statistically significant relationship (p>0.05) between PPE and musculoskeletal pain. It was concluded that a large portion of dentists adopted protective measures against the new Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), using the recommended PPE to perform care during the pandemic period. Regarding musculoskeletal pain, participants reported pain with or without the use of PPE, however, when using a disposable apron, there was a predominance of symptoms in the neck, shoulders, and back(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Dentists , Musculoskeletal Pain , Personal Protective Equipment , COVID-19 , Shoulder , Occupational Risks , Occupational Health , SARS-CoV-2 , Ergonomics
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(1): 120-127, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365755

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives Glenoid component failure is the main cause of total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) revision, and component design seems to influence the failure rate. The aim of the present study was to clinically and radiographically (through X-rays and computed tomography scan) evaluate the results of TSA using a minimally cemented glenoid component. Methods Total should arthroplasties performed using the minimally cemented Anchor Peg (DuPuy Synthes, Warsaw, IN, USA) glenoid component between 2008 and 2013 were evaluated. University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) scores were calculated, and standardized plain film and computed tomography images were obtained, at a minimum follow-up of 24 months. The presence of bone between the fins of the central component peg, which indicates its integration, was assessed on the images, as well the presence of radiolucent lines around the glenoid component. Results Nineteen shoulders in 17 patients were available for evaluation. According to the UCLA score, clinical results were satisfactory in 74% of cases and fair in 21% of cases. One patient had a poor result. Component integration was found in 58% of patients (total in 42% and partial in 16%). Radiolucent lines were observed in 52% of cases. No relationship was detected between component integration and clinical results. Conclusion Satisfactory clinical results were achieved in most patients undergoing TSA using a minimally cemented glenoid component. Radiolucent lines around the glenoid component are common, but do not interfere with the clinical results. Level of evidence IV; Case series; Treatment study.


Resumo Objetivos A falha do componente glenoidal é a principal causa de revisão da artroplastia total do ombro (ATO) e sua frequência parece ser influenciada pelo design do componente. O objetivo deste estudo foi a avaliação clínica e radiográfica (através de raios X e tomografia computadorizada) dos resultados da ATO com componente glenoidal minimamente cimentado. Métodos O presente trabalho analisou ATOs realizadas com componente glenoidal Anchor Peg (DuPuy Synthes, Warsaw, IN, EUA) minimamente cimentado entre 2008 e 2013. Por um período mínimo de acompanhamento de 24 meses, escores segundo critérios da University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) e imagens padronizadas de radiografia simples e tomografia computadorizada foram analisadas. A presença de osso entre as aletas do pino do componente central, que é um indicador de sua integração, foi avaliada nas imagens, bem como a presença de linhas radiotransparentes ao redor do componente glenoidal. Resultados Dezenove ombros de 17 pacientes foram avaliados. De acordo com o escore da UCLA, os resultados clínicos foram satisfatórios em 74% dos casos e moderados em 21% dos casos. O resultado foi ruim em um paciente. A integração de componentes foi observada em 58% dos pacientes, sendo total em 42% e parcial em 16% dos casos. Linhas radiotransparentes foram observadas em 52% dos pacientes. Nenhuma relação entre a integração de componentes e os resultados clínicos foi detectada. Conclusão A maioria dos pacientes submetidos à ATO com componente glenoidal minimamente cimentado apresentou resultados clínicos satisfatórios. Linhas radiotransparentes ao redor do componente glenoidal são comuns, mas não interferem nos resultados clínicos Nível de evidência IV; Série de caso; Estudo terapêutico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Shoulder , Prosthesis Failure , Tomography , Radiographic Image Enhancement , Arthroplasty, Replacement
3.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 29(1): 22-27, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1369636

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La escala de ASES (American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons) es una herramienta de medición funcional para evaluar problemas alrededor del hombro. Desarrollada en inglés, se utiliza desde 1993 en su idioma original. Está conformada por datos demográficos, una sección de evaluación médica y otra sección autodiligenciada por el paciente. El objetivo de este estudio es la traducción al español de Colombia de la escala ASES y su validación. Materiales y métodos: Estudio de traducción al español y validación de la escala de ASES. Se incluyeron pacientes con patología en el hombro entre diciembre de 2015 y marzo de 2016. Los pacientes respondieron la escala en dos ocasiones, con diferencia de 7-14 días entre una y otra. Se calculó el alfa de Cronbach (AC) y el coeficiente de correlación intraclase (CCI) para determinar la consistencia interna y la confiabilidad test-retest. Se utilizó el gráfico de Bland-Altman para determinar el error de medición. Resultados: Sesenta y cinco pacientes con patología de hombro fueron incluidos en el estudio, la lesión del manguito rotador (27%) fue la patología más frecuente. El alfa de Cronbach fue de 0.76 y el coeficiente de correlación intraclase fue de 0.74. El gráfico de Bland-Altman determinó la ausencia de error sistemático. Conclusiones: La versión en español para Colombia de la escala de ASES es una herramienta válida y confiable para evaluar calidad de vida en pacientes con patología en el hombro y puede ser aplicada en pacientes de habla hispana en Colombia.


Introduction: The ASES (American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons) score, is a measurement tool developed in English for evaluating function around the shoulder. It has been used since 1993 in its original language. It is made up of demographic data, a medical evaluation section and another section self-completed by the patient. The aim if the study was to translate the ASES score to Colombian Spanish and validate it. Materials and methods: This is a translation and validation study of Spanish of the ASES score. Patients with shoulder problems were included between December 2015 and March 2016. Patients answered the score twice, during the first consultation and again 7-14 days after. Statistical analysis was performed with Stata 13.0. Cronbach's alpha (AC) and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) were calculated to determine internal consistency and test-retest reliability. The Bland-Altman plot was used to determine the measurement error. Results: Sixty-five patients were included in the study. The first cause of consultation was rotator cuff tear (27%). Cronbach's alpha was 0.76 and the intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.74. The Bland-Altman showed absence of systematic error. Conclusion: The Colombian Spanish version of the ASES score is a valid and reliable tool to assess the quality of life in patients with shoulder pathology and can be used in Colombia on Spanish speaking patients.


Subject(s)
Shoulder , Translating , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Colombia
4.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 181-183, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928497

ABSTRACT

Arthroscopic superior capsular reconstruction is an innovative technique for the irreparable rotator cuff tears, but spontaneous pneumothorax after surgery is very rare. The present case was a 66-year-old female with irreparable rotator cuff tears of the right shoulder, treated with the arthroscopic shoulder superior capsular reconstruction. The general anesthesia and operation went smoothly, but the patient experienced stuffiness in the chest and shortness of breath after recovery from anesthesia. Thoracic CT scans showed spontaneous pneumothorax in the right side, which was successfully treated by the conservative treatments (oxygen therapy) according to multidisciplinary team. Prompt and accurate early-stage diagnosis is necessary in controlling postoperative complications and standardized treatment is the key to relieve the suffering. Spontaneous pneumothorax after arthroscopic shoulder surgery has been rarely reported in previous literatures.


Subject(s)
Aged , Arthroscopy/methods , Female , Humans , Pneumothorax/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Shoulder , Shoulder Joint , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928297

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the MRI findings of os acromiale and to analyze the relationship between os acromiale and the supraspinatus and infraspinatus injury.@*METHODS@#From January 2010 to August 2020, 21 patients with os acromiale (os arcomiale group) were compared with 21 subjects with no evidence of os acromiale (no os arcomiale group). There were 14 males and 7 females in the os arcomiate group, aged from 29 to 77 years old, mean aged (55.5±11.5) years old. While in the control group, there were 10 males and 11 females in no os arcomiale group, aged from 31 to 70 years old, mean aged (51.1±10.0) years old. The os acromiales were classified as edematous os acromiale or non-edematous os acromiale based on whether the presence of marrow edema, and as displaced os acromiale or non-displaced os acromiale based on whether the presence of displacement of the os acromiale. The MRI features of os acromiale were analyzed. Statistical analyses were performed to identify the differences between the os arcomiale group and no os arcomiale group regarding rotator cuff tear, supraspinatus and infraspinatus injury. Differences in the supraspinatus and infraspinatus tear between the edematous and non-edematous os acromiale group, the displaced and non-displaced os acromiale group, the displaced os acromiale and no os arcomiale group were also assessed.@*RESULTS@#On MRI, all the 21 os acromiales appeared as a triangular or irregular bone fragment of the distal acromion, and forms a pseudo-acromioclavicular joint with the acromion. Eleven cases were edematous os acromiale, 11 cases were displaced os acromiale. In the os arcomiale group, 17 had supraspinatus tear, 1 had supraspinatus tendinitis, 11 had infraspinatus tear, and 4 had infraspinatus tendinitis. In the no os arcomiale group, 11 had supraspinatus tear, 2 had supraspinatus tendinitis, 5 had infraspinatus tear, and 1 had infraspinatus tendinitis. No statistically significant difference between the os arcomiale group and no os arcomiale group regarding the rotator cuff tear, supraspinatus and infraspinatus injury (P>0.05). In the 11 cases of edematous os arcomiale, 10 had supraspinatus tear and 7 had infraspinatus tear. In the 10 cases of non-edematous os acromiale, 7 had supraspinatus tear and 4 had infraspinatus tear. No statistically significant difference was noted between the edematous os acromiale and non-edematous os acromiale in terms of supraspinatus and infraspinatus tear (P>0.05). In the 11 cases of displaced os acromiale, 11 had supraspinatus tear and 9 had infraspinatus tear. In the 10 cases of non-displaced os acromiale, 6 had supraspinatus tear and 2 had infraspinatus tear. In the no os arcomiale group, 11 had supraspinatus tear and 5 had infraspinatus tear. There was a statistically significant increases in the prevalence of supraspinatus and infraspinatus tear in the displaced os acromiale group compared with non-displaced os acromiale group, the displaced os acromiale group and no os arcomiale group(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Shoulder MRI can very well depict os acromiale and can reveal associated abnormalities such as adjacent bone marrow edema, displaced deformity, and rotator cuff tear, and it can be used to assess the stability of the os acromiale. The presence of os acromiale may not increase the risk of supraspinatus and infraspinatus tear significantly. However, the presence of displaced os acromiale is at greater risk of supraspinatus and infraspinatus tear.


Subject(s)
Acromion/diagnostic imaging , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Rotator Cuff , Rotator Cuff Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Shoulder
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928295

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effect of two different arthroscopic procedures, threading lasso fixation and full-thickness conversion, for repairing articular-sided partial-thickness supraspinatus tendon tear.@*METHODS@#From July 2015 to November 2018, 21 patients with articular-sided partial-thickness supraspinatus tendon tears underwent arthroscopic modified threading lasso fixation repair(group A). There were 12 males and 9 females in the group, with an average age of(53.2±6.4)years old. Twenty-four patients with articular-sided partial-thickness supraspinatus tendon tears received arthroscopic full-thickness conversion repair(group B). In this group, there were 14 males and 10 females, with an average age of (55.7±5.2) years old. The American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score and University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) shoulder score were used to evaluate preoperative and postoperative clinical function. MRI was used to examine the healing status of the reconstructed rotator cuff.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 20 to 27 months, with a mean of (23.7±3.1) months. In threading lasso fixation group, ASES score and UCLA score increased from 50.6±6.4 and 15.6±2.7 preoperatively to 87.3±5.2 and 31.6±2.4 postoperatively. In full-thickness conversion group, ASES score and UCLA score increased from 52.3±5.6 and 16.8±2.4 scores to 90.1±4.8 and 32.1±2.8. There were also no significant differences in ASES score and Constant score between the two groups before and after operation. There were no significant differences in rotator cuff healing between the two groups(χ2=2.374, P=0.128).@*CONCLUSION@#For the treatment of articular-sided partial-thickness supraspinatus tendon tears both arthroscopic repairs employing threading lasso fixation and full-thickness conversion could achieve satisfactory clinical results, and there are no significant differences in clinical outcomes between the two techniques. Arthroscopic repair with threading lasso fixation is a novel transtendinous procedure in which integrity of the tendon can be preserved.


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy/methods , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Rotator Cuff , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Shoulder/surgery , Tendons
7.
Singapore medical journal ; : 97-104, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927276

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Shortening of the tendon and muscle is recognised as a strong predictor of surgical failure of supraspinatus tendon tears. Changes in muscle architecture following repair have not been thoroughly investigated. Hence, we aimed to compare the pre- and postoperative architecture of the supraspinatus.@*METHODS@#We recruited eight participants with full-thickness supraspinatus tears. Images of the supraspinatus were captured preoperatively (pre-op) and postoperatively at one month (post-op1), three months (post-op2) and six months (post-op3) in relaxed and contracted states (0º and 60º glenohumeral abduction). Fibre bundle length (FBL), pennation angle (PA) and muscle thickness were quantified. Self-reported function, and maximal isometric abduction and external rotation strengths were assessed.@*RESULTS@#The mean FBL increased from pre-op to post-op1 (p = 0.001) in the relaxed state and from pre-op to post-op2 (p = 0.002) in the contracted state. Decrease in FBL was observed from post-op2 to post-op3 in the relaxed state. The mean PA decreased from pre-op to post-op1 (p < 0.001) in the relaxed state, but increased from post-op2 to post-op3 in both relaxed (p = 0.006) and contracted (p = 0.004) states. At post-op3, external rotation (p = 0.009) and abduction (p = 0.005) strengths were greater than at post-op2. Overall function increased by 47.67% from pre-op to post-op3.@*CONCLUSION@#Lengthening of the supraspinatus occurs with surgery, altering the length-tension relationship of the muscle, which can compromise muscle function and lead to inferior surgical outcomes. These findings may guide clinicians to optimise loads, velocities and shoulder ranges for effective postoperative rehabilitation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Shoulder/surgery , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Tendons
8.
Cuad. Hosp. Clín ; 62(2): 42-46, dic. 2021. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358062

ABSTRACT

Paciente de sexo femenino, de 39 años y de ocupación modista, con antecedentes mórbidos de importancia de artritis reumatoide en tratamiento con corticoides desde los 31 años, presenta sintomatología en la articulación glenohumeral derecha de forma insidiosa con dolor leve y limitación funcional que va aumentando por ocho meses hasta hacerse invalidante, siendo controlada únicamente por consultorio de reumatología; acude a consultorio de traumatología en diciembre de 2018, al examen físico pre quirúrgico limitación completa de todos los arcos de movimiento de articulación glenohumeral derecha que se encontraba asociado a dolor intenso a la realización de movimientos forzados presentando los siguientes arcos de movimiento: flexión 50°, abducción 15°, rotación interna 20°, rotación externa 15°, extensión 10°y dolor a la movilización pasiva y activa. Por exámenes complementarios radiológicos, tomográficos y de resonancia magnética se llega al diagnóstico de necrosis de cabeza humeral derecha con ruptura completa de supraespinoso, infra espinoso y subescapular. Se realiza procedimiento en el complejo hospitalario de Miraflores; se decide la artroplastia reversa de hombro por el compromiso articular y afectación del componente musculo tendinoso del manguito rotador. Teniendo un post quirúrgico con excelentes resultados funcionales que le devuelven los arcos de movilidad para desempeñar una vida cotidiana normal sin dolor.(AU)


A 39 year old female patient with a dressmaker occupation, with a significant morbid history of rheumatoid arthritis under treatment with corticosteroids since the age of 31, presents insidious symptoms in the right glenohumeral joint with mild pain and functional limitation that increases due to eight months until it became invalidating, being controlled only by the rheumatology office; he attended the trauma clinic in December 2018, for the pre-surgical physical examination, complete limitation of all the arches of motion of the right glenohumeral joint, which was associated with severe pain when performing forced movements, presenting the following arches of movement: 50° flexion, abduction 15°, internal rotation 20°, external rotation 15°, extension 10° and pain on passive and active mobilization. By complementary radiological, tomographic and magnetic resonance examinations, the diagnosis of necrosis of the right humeral head with complete rupture of the supraspinatus, infraspinous and subscapularis was reached. Procedure is performed at the Miraflores hospital complex; Reverse shoulder arthroplasty was decided due to joint involvement and involvement of the muscletendon component of the rotator cuff. Having a surgical post with excellent functional results that return the mobility arches to carry out a normal daily life without pain.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Shoulder , Humeral Head , Shoulder Prosthesis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Shoulder Joint
9.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(6): 777-783, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357133

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To study the anatomy of the medial coracoclavicular ligament and assess the contribution of the acromioclavicular, coracoclavicular and medial coracoclavicular ligaments to the stability of the acromioclavicular joint. Methods Twenty-six shoulders from 16 fresh cadavers were dissected after placement in dorsal recumbency with a 15-cm cushion between the shoulder blades. An extended deltopectoral approach was performed proximally and medially, followed by plane dissection and ligament identification. The acromioclavicular and coracoclavicular distances were measured using points previously marked with a millimeter caliper. Six of these specimens were submitted to a biomechanical study. The acromioclavicular ligament, the coracoclavicular ligament and the medial coracoclavicular ligament were sectioned sequentially, and a cephalic force of 20 N was applied to the lateral clavicle. The acromioclavicular and coracoclavicular distances were measured in each of the ligament section stages. Results The right medial coracoclavicular ligament presented, on average, 48.9 mm in length and 18.3 mm in width. On the left side, its mean length was 48.65 mm, with a mean width of 17.3 mm. Acromioclavicular, coracoclavicular and medial coracoclavicular ligament section resulted in a statistically significant increase in the coracoclavicular distance and posterior scapular displacement. Conclusion The medial coracoclavicular ligament is a true ligamentous structure found in all dissected shoulders. Our results showed that the scapular protraction relaxed the medial coracoclavicular ligament, while scapular retraction tensioned it; in addition, our findings demonstrate that this ligament contributes to the vertical and horizontal stability of the acromioclavicular joint.


Resumo Objetivo Estudar a anatomia do ligamento coracoclavicular medial e avaliar a contribuição do ligamento acromioclavicular, coracoclaviculares e coracoclavicular medial na estabilidade da articulação acromioclavicular. Métodos Foram dissecados 26 ombros de 16 cadáveres frescos, posicionados em decúbito dorso-horizontal, com um coxim de 15 cm de altura entre as escápulas. Realizou-se uma via deltopeitoral estendida proximal e medialmente. Realizou-se dissecção por planos e identificação dos ligamentos. Realizou a medida da distância acromio-clavicular e coracoclavicular usando pontos previamente demarcados com paquímetro milimetrado. Em seis dessas amostras foi realizado estudo biomecânico. Seccionando, nesta ordem, o ligamento acromioclavicular, os coracoclaviculares e o ligamento coracoclavicular medial com uma força cefálica de 20N foi aplicada na clavícula lateral. Foi medida a distância acromio-clavicular e coracoclavicular em cada uma das etapas de secção dos ligamentos. Resultados A média de comprimento do ligamento coracoclavicular medial foi de 48,9mm e a média de largura, de 18,3mm no lado direito. No esquerdo, a média de comprimento foi de 48,65mm e a média da largura, 17,3mm. Após a secção dos ligamentos acromioclaviculares, coracoclaviculares, com a secção do ligamento coracoclavicular medial houve aumento estatisticamente significativo da distância córaco-clavicular e um deslocamento posterior da escápula. Conclusão O ligamento coracoclavicular medial é uma estrutura ligamentar verdadeira, presente em todos os ombros dissecados. Nossos resultados demonstraram que o ligamento coracoclavicular medial encontra-se relaxado com a escápula em protração e tenso com a escápula em retração e segundo nossos resultados participa tanto da estabilidade vertical quanto da estabilidade horizontal da articulação acromioclavicular.


Subject(s)
Scapula , Shoulder , Acromioclavicular Joint/anatomy & histology , Cadaver , Clavicle , Joint Dislocations , Dissection
10.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(2): 327-332, set 29, 2021. fig
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354629

ABSTRACT

Introduction: curved and hooked acromia play a key role in shoulder impingement syndrome. Little is known about acromial type in the Brazilian population. Aim: To describe the acromial profile of Brazilian young adults; to evaluate its correlation with gender and handedness and the occurrence of symmetry between the genders. Methodology: forty acromia in 20 Brazilian adults of both genders, aged 21-25 years, were studied. The acromial type was classified through the Bigliani/Epstein method using radiographs in supraspinatus outlet view. Results: as there was no gender difference in occurrences of acromial type, we considered the male and female groups together. Thus, among the 20 right acromia, we found 5 type I (25%), 8 type II (40%) and 7 type III (35%). Among the 20 left acromia, we found 4 type I (20%), 11 type II (55%) and 5 type III (25%). The only left-handed volunteer (100%) presented acromial type III in both the right and the left shoulder. Among the 19 right-handed volunteers, 5 (26.3%) presented right acromion type I, 8 (42.1%) had type II and 6 (31.6%) had type III; for the left acromion, 4 (21.1%) presented type I, 11 (57.9%) had type II and 4 (21.1%) had type III. Acromial symmetry occurred in 60% of females and 70% of males. Conclusion: type II acromion was predominant, in both the right and the left shoulder in Brazilian young adults. There was no correlation between acromial type and gender. It was not possible to analyze the correlation between acromial type and handedness. Acromial type tended to be symmetrical in our sample.


Introdução: o acrômio curvo e gancho desempenham um papel fundamental na Síndrome do impacto do ombro. Pouco se sabe sobre o tipo acromial na população brasileira. Objetivo: descrever o perfil do tipo acromial em adultos jovens brasileiros e avaliar sua correlação com o gênero e a lateralidade e a ocorrência de simetria entre os sexos. Metodologia: foram estudados 40 acrômios de 20 adultos brasileiros, de ambos os sexos, com idade entre 21 e 25 anos. O tipo acromial foi classificado pelo método de Bigliani/ Epstein nas radiografias de perfil de escápula. Resultados: como não houve diferença na ocorrência do tipo acromial quanto ao gênero, consideramos os grupos masculino e feminino juntos. Assim, dos 20 acrômios direitos, foram encontrados 5 (25%) do tipo I, 8 (40%) do tipo II e 7 (35%) do tipo III, enquanto que dos 20 acrômios esquerdos, foram encontrados 4 (20%) tipo I, 11 (55%) tipo II e 5 (25%) tipo III. O único voluntário canhoto (100%) apresentou para o ombro direito e esquerdo o tipo acromial III. Dos 19 voluntários destros, 5 (26,3%) apresentavam acrômio direito tipo I, 8 (42,1%) tipo II e 6 (31,6%) tipo III; para o acrômio esquerdo, 4 (21,1%) apresentavam tipo I, 11 (57,9%) tipo II e 4 (21,1%) tipo III. A simetria acromial ocorreu nos grupos feminino (60%) e masculino (70%). Conclusão: o acrômio tipo II foi o mais predominante para os ombros direito e esquerdo em adultos jovens brasileiros. Não houve correlação entre o tipo de acromial e o gênero. Não foi possível analisar a correlação entre o tipo acromial e a lateralidade. O tipo acromial tende a ser simétrico em na amostra estudada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Scapula , Shoulder , Shoulder Impingement Syndrome , Shoulder Pain , Rotator Cuff Injuries , Gender Identity , Functional Laterality
11.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 28(4): 63-69, ago. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342443

ABSTRACT

O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar a amplitude de movimento articular de praticantes de um programa de condicionamento extremo. O estudo transversal, descritivo, caracteriza-se por uma pesquisa quanti-qualitativa. Os praticantes responderam perguntas sociodemográficas, relacionadas à prática da modalidade, se possuía alguma dor/desconforto articular e realizaram testes para a avaliação da amplitude articular de ombro, punho, quadril e tornozelo. Os testes realizados foram: Reverse Wall Slide para o ombro, Weight-Bearing Box Test para o punho, Supine Kness-To-Chest para o quadril e Weight-Bearing Lunge Test para a articulação do tornozelo. Foram avaliados 46 praticantes, sendo 26 mulheres e 20 homens. Os resultados foram analisados e apresentados de forma descritiva com cálculo da média e desvio padrão. Nos praticantes avaliados cerca de 30,43%; 80,45%; 58,69% e 60,28% apresentaram avaliação positiva para a amplitude de movimento de ombro, punho, quadril e tornozelo, respectivamente. Foi encontrado correlação positiva e fraca somente entre o resultado do teste de mobilidade do tornozelo e dor/desconforto.(AU)


The objective of this study was to evaluate the range of articular movement of practitioners of an extreme conditioning program. The cross-sectional, descriptive study is characterized by quantitative and qualitative research. The practitioners answered sociodemographic questions, related to the practice of the sport, if they had any joint pain / discomfort and performed tests to assess the shoulder, wrist, hip and ankle joint amplitude. The tests performed were: Reverse Wall Slide for the shoulder mobility, WeightBearing Box Test for the wrist mobility, Supine Kness-To-Chest for the hip mobility and Weight-Bearing Lunge Test for the ankle mobility. Was evaluated 46 practitioners, 26 women and 20 men. The results were analyzed and presented descriptively with calculation of the mean and standard deviation. In the evaluated practitioners about 30.43%; 80.45%; 58.69% and 60.28% had a positive evaluation for the range of motion of the shoulder, wrist, hip and ankle, respectively. A positive and weak correlation was found only between the result of the ankle mobility test and pain / discomfort.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pain , Shoulder , Range of Motion, Articular , Seismic Waves Amplitude , Hip , Ankle , Ankle Joint , Sports , Women , Men
12.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 11(3): 561-568, ago.2021. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292209

ABSTRACT

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVO: A literatura tem mostrado efeito promissor no fortalecimento dos rotadores internos do ombro em atletas rápidos. No entanto, nenhum estudo anterior demonstrou o efeito da técnica de energia muscular para rotadores externos de ombro em arremessadores rápidos. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a eficácia do fortalecimento dos músculos dos rotadores internos do ombro e da técnica de energia muscular para os rotadores externos aumentando a velocidade do boliche entre jogadores de críquete. MÉTODOS / DESENHO: Os participantes serão selecionados com base nos critérios de inclusão e exclusão. Dados demográficos devem ser coletados. Os participantes escolhidos devem estar na faixa etária entre 18-30 anos, sendo distribuídos aleatoriamente em dois grupos. Grupo exercício e grupo MET. Os resultados considerados no estudo são Goniômetro universal e velocidade de boliche km \ h. Este é um ensaio clínico randomizado de dois grupos, pré-teste e pós-teste. Os participantes receberão 5 sessões por semana em 2 meses. A amplitude de movimento e a velocidade da bola são as medidas de resultado primárias para o efeito pré e pós-intervenção dos tratamentos. PERSPECTIVAS: Os resultados deste estudo podem fornecer a base para estudar o fortalecimento dos músculos do rotador interno do ombro e MET dos rotadores externos do ombro para serem usados na reabilitação e instalações clínicas que fornecerão ajuda adicional aos jogadores de arremesso para aumentar a velocidade do boliche. O procedimento do estudo é não invasivo, seguro e viável. A eficácia do fortalecimento dos rotadores internos do ombro e da técnica de energia muscular para os rotadores externos do ombro em lançadores rápidos em cada grupo será estabelecida com este estudo. REGISTRO DE ENSAIO: Registro de Ensaios Clínicos - Índia. (CTRI / 2020/06/026046). Número de teste universal - U1111-1257-4649.


BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The literature has shown the promising effect on shoulder internal rotators strengthening on fast bowlers. However, no previous study has demonstrated the effect of muscle energy technique for shoulder external rotators on fast bowlers. This study aims to analyze the efficacy of shoulder internal rotators muscles strengthening and muscle energy technique for external rotators enhancing the bowling in speed among fast bowlers in cricket. METHODS/DESIGN: Participants will be screened based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Demographic data shall be collected. Participants taken shall be in the age group between 18-30 years, be randomly assigned into two groups: exercise group and MET group. Outcomes considered in the study are Universal Goniometer and Bowling speed km\h. This is a two-group, pre-test, post-test randomized clinical trial. Participants will receive 5 sessions per week within 2 months. The range of motion and speed of the ball is the primary outcome measures to the pre and post-intervention effect of the treatments. PERSPECTIVES: Results from this study can provide the basis for studying the strengthening of the shoulder internal rotator muscles and MET of shoulder external rotators in rehabilitation and clinical setups, which will provide additional help to the bowlers increase bowling speed. The procedure of the study is noninvasive, safe, and feasible. The efficacy of shoulder internal rotator strengthening and muscle energy technique for shoulder external rotators on fast bowlers in each group will be established with this study. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Trials Registry- India. (CTRI/2020/06/026046). Universal Trial Number- U1111-1257-4649.


Subject(s)
Shoulder , Gryllidae
13.
Fisioter. Bras ; 22(3): 318-333, Jul 15, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284270

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A bandagem elástica é uma fita elástica adesiva utilizada na prevenção e reabilitação do complexo do ombro. Entretanto, existem divergências na literatura sobre seus efeitos na atividade eletromiográfica dos músculos periescapulares durante exercícios com carga. Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos da bandagem elástica na atividade eletromiográfica de músculos periescapulares durante o movimento de flexão do ombro sem carga e com halter em indivíduos saudáveis. Métodos: Vinte e seis indivíduos do sexo masculino realizaram o movimento de flexão do ombro sem carga e com halter com a bandagem elástica sobre o trapézio descendente. Foram avaliadas as atividades eletromiográficas de trapézio descendente, trapézio ascendente e serrátil anterior. São comparados os valores de pico e RMS em percentual da contração isométrica voluntária máxima através da ANOVA One Way. Resultados: Na flexão de ombro com halter ocorreu diminuição do pico da atividade eletromiográfica do trapézio descendente (p = 0,035). Não houve influência sobre os demais músculos periescapulares (p > 0,05). Conclusão: A bandagem elástica diminuiu o pico da atividade eletromiográfica do trapézio descendente durante a flexão do ombro com halter. Pode-se aplicar este resultado na prevenção de indivíduos que podem tender a aumentar a atividade do trapézio descendente. (AU)


Introduction: The kinesio tape is an elastic adhesive tape used in the prevention and rehabilitation of the shoulder complex. However, there are divergences in the literature about its effects on the electromyographic activity of the periescapular muscles during load exercises. Objective: To evaluate the effects of kinesio tape on the electromyographic activity of the periescapular muscles during the flexion of the shoulder without load and with a dumbbell in healthy subjects. Methods: Twenty-six male individuals perform the flexion movement of the shoulder without load and halter with and kinesio tape over the upper trapezius muscle. The electromyographic activities of upper trapezius, lower trapezius and anterior serratus were evaluated. Normalized Peak and RMS through percentage of maximum voluntary isometric contraction were compared using ANOVA One Way. Results: During flexion of the shoulder with a dumbbell, the electromyographic activity of the upper trapezius (p = 0.035) decreased. We did not observe influence on the other periescapular muscles (p > 0.05). Conclusion: The kinesio tape decrease the peak value of the upper trapezius during the flexion of the shoulder with dumbbell. We can apply this result to individuals who may increase the activity of the upper trapezius. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Electromyography , Athletic Tape , Shoulder , Exercise , Healthy Volunteers , Movement
14.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(1): 33-39, maio 5, 2021. fig, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354793

ABSTRACT

Introdução: em 1875, Hamilton identificou o formato do acrômio como uma etiologia de dor no ombro. Neer, em 1972, descreveu a síndrome do impacto no ombro como uma relação de causa e efeito entre a morfologia do acrômio e o impacto subacromial. Em 1986, Bigliani et al. apresentaram um esquema de classificação do acrômio de acordo com o formato de sua superfície inferior: plano (tipo I), curvo (tipo II) e gancho (tipo III). Em 1993, Epstein et al. proporam que o acrômio tipo II apresentaria um declive em seu terço médio e o tipo III no seu terço anterior. Objetivo: avaliar a reprodutibilidade/confiabilidade interavaliador do método de Bigliani et al. (1986) refinado por Espstein et al. (1993) para a classificação do tipo acromial. Metodologia: casuística composta por 20 voluntários brasileiros, de ambos os gêneros, entre 21-25 anos. A incidência radiográfica utilizada para visualizar o formato do acrômio foi perfil de escápula. O tipo acromial foi classificado por três avaliadores. A reprodutibilidade e confiabilidade foram avaliadas pelo teste McNemar e pelo índice Kappa. Resultados: teste de McNemar com p > 0,05; índice Kappa entre 0,61 e 0,8; e probabilidade de significância p de Kappa < 0,05 confirmam a muito boa reprodutibilidade e confiabilidade do método para classificação do tipo acromial entre os três avaliadores. Conclusão: o método de Bigliani et al. (1986) refinado por Epstein et al. (1993) para classificação do tipo acromial mostrou concordância entre todos os avaliadores confirmando a muito boa reprodutibilidade e confiabilidade entre os avaliadores do estudo.


Introduction: in 1875, Hamilton identified that acromion shape was an etiology for shoulder pain. In 1972, Neer described shoulder impact syndrome as a cause and effect relationship between acromion morphology and subacromial impact. In 1986, Bigliani et al. presented an acromion classification scheme according to the shape of its lower surface: flat (type I), curved (type II) and hook (type III). In 1993, Epstein et al. proposed that the type II acromion would have a slope in its middle third and type III in its anterior third. Objective: to evaluate the inter-rater reproducibility and reliability of the method of Bigliani et al. (1986) for classifying acromial type, as refined by Epstein et al. (1993). Methodology: this was a case series composed of 20 Brazilian volunteers of both genders, aged 21-25 years. The shape of the acromion was visualized radiographically using the supraspinatus outlet view. Acromial type was classified by three evaluators. Reproducibility and reliability were assessed using the McNemar test and kappa index. Results: the McNemar test showed probability p > 0.05 and the kappa index was between 0.61 and 0.8 significant result: p < 0.05. These confirmed that this method had very good reproducibility and reliability for classifying acromial type among the three evaluators. Conclusion: the method of Bigliani et al. (1986) for classifying acromial type, as refined by Epstein et al. (1993) showed agreement among all the evaluators. This confirmed that there was very good reproducibility and reliability among the evaluators of this study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Shoulder , Acromion , Radiography , Shoulder Pain
15.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(3): 275-280, May-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288680

ABSTRACT

Abstract Most shoulder injuries occur due to repetitive overhead movements. Before studying the treatment of these shoulder injuries, it is paramount that health professionals have an understanding of the etiology of and the underlying mechanisms for shoulder pathologies. The act of overhead throwing is an eloquent full-body motion that requires tremendous coordination from the time of force generation to the end of the pitch. The shoulder is a crucial component of the upper-body kinetic chain, as it transmits force created in the lower body to the arm and hand to provide velocity and accuracy to the pitch.


Resumo A maioria das lesões do ombro ocorre devido aos movimentos repetitivos acima do nóvel da cabeça. Antes de estudar o tratamento dessas lesões, é fundamental que os profissionais de saúde tenham um entendimento da etiologia e dos mecanismos que causam essas patologias. O ato do arremesso acima do nóvel da cabeça exige considerável coordenação de todo o corpo, desde o momento de geração de força até o final do arremesso. O ombro é um componente crucial da cadeia cinética da extremidade superior, por transmitir a força gerada na extremidade inferior para o braço e mão para produzir velocidade e precisão no lançamento da bola.


Subject(s)
Humans , Athletic Injuries , Shoulder , Therapeutics , Lower Extremity , Upper Extremity , Joint Instability
16.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(3): 281-290, May-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288662

ABSTRACT

Abstract Massive irreparable posterosuperior rotator-cuff tears are debilitating lesions that usually require surgical treatment. Even though there is no consensus regarding the best surgical technique, tendinous transfers around the shoulder are the most commonly performed procedures. The latissimus dorsi tendon remains the most commonly used, but different modifications to the original technique have been shown to minimize complications and to improve functional results and satisfaction. Other techniques, such as the transfer of the lower trapezius tendon, are promising and should be considered, especially for patients with isolated loss of external rotation. The present paper is a literary review regarding tendon transfers for irreparable posterosuperior rotator-cuff tears.


Resumo As grandes lesões posterossuperiores irreparáveis do manguito rotador são debilitantes e, de modo geral, requerem tratamento cirúrgico. Embora não haja consenso sobre a melhor técnica cirúrgica, as transferências tendíneas no ombro são os procedimentos mais realizados. O tendão do grande dorsal continua a ser o mais utilizado, mas diferentes modificações na técnica original têm minimizado as complicações e melhorado os resultados funcionais e a satisfação com o procedimento. Outras técnicas, como a transferência do tendão do trapézio inferior, são promissoras e devem ser consideradas, principalmente em pacientes com perda isolada da rotação externa. Este artigo é uma revisão da literatura a respeito da transferência de tendões para tratamento das lesões posterossuperiores irreparáveis do manguito rotador.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shoulder , Tendon Transfer , Rotator Cuff Injuries
17.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(2): 213-217, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251351

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present paper aims to evaluate the quality of a mobile phone application (app) designed to guide patients after shoulder surgical procedures. Methods A free and easily accessible app was developed to help patients at home. Patients were monitored for app use and adaptation before physical therapy started. At the end of 6 weeks, a qualitative questionnaire was employed to determine the usability of the app. Results In total, 97% of the respondents reported that the app was easy to download, the exercises were readily understood, and they would recommend the app. Ninety-three percent of the participants agreed that the app made them feel a greater degree of participation in the treatment of their illness, while 90% considered the app self-explanatory. Conclusion The virtual platform helps the patients to understand the treatment, aiding the medical prescription of postoperative exercises to be performed at home.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a qualidade de um aplicativo de celular desenvolvido para orientar pacientes em período pós-operatório de procedimentos cirúrgicos do ombro. Métodos Desenvolveu-se um aplicativo gratuito e de fácil acesso para auxiliar os pacientes em domicílio. Os indivíduos foram monitorados quanto ao uso do aplicativo e adaptação à sua prática antes do início da fisioterapia. Ao final de 6 semanas, aplicou-se um questionário qualitativo para avaliar a usabilidade do aplicativo. Resultados Um total de 97% dos respondentes afirmaram que foi fácil executar o download do aplicativo, que os exercícios sugeridos foram prontamente entendidos, e relataram que indicariam o aplicativo. Noventa e três por cento da amostra concorda que o aplicativo fez com que se sentissem mais participativos com relação ao tratamento de sua doença, enquanto 90% consideraram o aplicativo autoexplicativo. Conclusão O uso de uma plataforma virtual é uma ferramenta de compreensão sobre o tratamento e auxilia na prescrição médica de exercícios pós-operatórios domiciliares.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Shoulder/surgery , Patient Education as Topic , Physical Therapy Specialty , Mobile Applications , Shoulder Injuries/therapy , Cell Phone Use
18.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(1): 83-90, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288654

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To describe a new presentation of tears and retears of the rotator cuff, which we denominate captured rotator cuff (CRC). We also aim to evaluate it clinically and through images. Methods We assessed retrospectively 16 patients with intraoperative diagnosis of CRC between March 2005 and September 2017; by means of imaging (radiography and magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]) and functional scores (UCLA and Constant & Murley). In images we analyzed the evolution for rotator cuff arthropathy and presence of retears. Functionally, we compared the affected side with the contralateral side and extensive lesions with nonextensive. Results Five (31.25%) patients presented with rotator cuff arthropathy, and 10 (62.5%) with retears. Three (75%) patients with nonextensive lesions had good/excellent UCLA and Constant & Murley scores. In patients with extensive lesions, when the Constant & Murley score was evaluated, 6 (50%) presented good/excellent results, and in the UCLA score, 7 (58.3%). Comparing the affected side (Constant 74.72 points; UCLA 20 points) with the contralateral side (Constant 96.96 points; UCLA 25.63 points), there were worse functional results with statistical significance. Conclusion The diagnosis of CRC is suspected by characteristic findings on MRI and confirmed in arthroscopy. The affected shoulders present worse functional postoperative scores.


Resumo Objetivo Descrever uma nova apresentação de ruptura e rerruptura do manguito rotador (MR), a qual denominamos manguito capturado (MC). Objetivamos também avaliá-la clinicamente e por meio de imagens. Métodos Foram avaliados retrospectivamente 16 pacientes com diagnóstico intraoperatório de MC no período de março de 2005 a setembro de 2017; por meio de exames de imagem (radiografia e ressonância magnética [RM]) e escores funcionais (UCLA e Constant & Murley). Nas imagens, analisamos a evolução para artropatia do manguito rotador e presença de rerrupturas. Funcionalmente, comparamos o lado afetado com o contralateral e as lesões extensas com nãoextensas. Resultados Cinco (31,25%) pacientes evoluíram com artropatia do manguito rotador e 10 (62,5%) tiveram rerrupturas. Três (75%) pacientes com lesões não extensas tiveram UCLA e Constant & Murley bons/excelentes. Nos pacientes com lesões extensas, quando avaliado Constant & Murley, 6 (50%) apresentaram resultados bons/excelentes, e no escore UCLA, 7 (58,3%). Comparando o lado acometido (Constant 74,72 pontos; UCLA 20 pontos) com o contralateral (Constant 96,96 pontos; UCLA 25,63 pontos), houve pior resultado funcional com significância estatística. Conclusão O diagnóstico de MC é suspeitado por achados característicos na RM e confirmado na artroscopia. Os ombros acometidos apresentam piores escores funcionais pós-operatórios.


Subject(s)
Prognosis , Rupture , Shoulder , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Rotator Cuff , Shoulder Impingement Syndrome , Joint Diseases
19.
Rev. colomb. ortop. traumatol ; 35(1): 12-20, 2021. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1378448

ABSTRACT

La inestabilidad glenohumeral posterior crónica, tiene como presentación la subluxación posterior recurrente que se caracteriza por dolor mas que sensación de inestabilidad; sin embargo si esta acompañada de otras inestabilidades como la anterior o inferior, estaríamos ante un escenario diferente, conocido como inestabilidad multidireccional. Si bien la inestabilidad posterior de hombro es una patología poco común en comparación con la inestabilidad anterior, cada vez hay más investigaciones y literatura del tema, que ha llevado a los especialistas a mejorar el conocimiento y entendimiento del mecanismo y la fisiopatología de dicha entidad.


Chronic posterior glenohumeral instability presents recurrent posterior subluxation that is characterized by pain rather than a sensation of instability. However, if it is accompanied by other instabilities such as the previous or lower one, we would be facing a different scenario known as multidirectional instability. Although posterior shoulder instability is a rare pathology compared to anterior instability, there is an increasing amount of research and literature on the subject, which has led specialists to improve the knowledge and understanding of the mechanism and pathophysiology of this entity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shoulder , Joint Instability
20.
Rev. colomb. ortop. traumatol ; 35(1): 21-25, 2021. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1378457

ABSTRACT

Introducción Dentro de la patología ortopédica se encuentran las fracturas y entre ellas se distingue la fractura de clavícula, que suele ser frecuente en su mayoría en la población joven, afectando por lo general al género masculino. Dentro de los objetivos del estudio se busca tener una apreciación más cercana respecto al tratamiento para dichas fracturas enfocados en el manejo no quirúrgico. Materiales & Métodos Se trata de un estudio de tipo descriptivo retrospectivo, llevado a cabo en la Clínica Medilaser de Tunja con recopilación de la información por medio de registros clínicos a pacientes que fueron ingresados entre el 2013 y 2019 con dicha afectación. Resultados Este estudió contó con una población de 134 pacientes, entre ellos 101 varones y 33 mujeres, las edades oscilan entre los 10 y 85 años, de los cuales el 73% estaban satisfechos con su tratamiento, el otro 27% estuvieron inconformes. Discusión La fractura de clavícula, es más frecuente en varones, con edades entre los 20 a 59 años y las causas más comunes fueron las caidas en general, predominando la caída en bicicleta. Del total de pacientes, el 65% se manejaban de manera incruenta, con buena evolución. El 93% de los pacientes refieren dolor residual, el 13% retorna con limitaciones, el 1% cambia de actividad laboral y el 73% estuvieron satisfechos con el tratamiento.


Background Clavicle fracture is particularly prevalent in young population, usually affecting the male gender. Aim of the study is to evaluate outcomes of non-surgical management of clavicle fractures. Methods This is a retrospective descriptive study, carried out at the Tunja Medical Clinic with information gathering through clinical records of patients admitted between 2013 and 2019 with such involvement. Results This study had a population of 134 patients, including 101 men and 33 women, the ages range between 10 and 85 years, of which 73% were satisfied with their treatment, the other 27% were dissatisfied. Discussion Clavicle fracture is more frequent in men, with ages between 20 and 59 years and the most common causes were falls in general, predominantly falling by bicycle. Of the total of patients, 65% were managed in a bloodless way, with good evolution. 93% of patients affected residual pain, 13% return with limitations, 1% change their work activity and 73% satisfied satisfied with the treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clavicle , Shoulder , General Surgery , Acromioclavicular Joint , Fractures, Bone , Conservative Treatment
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