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1.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 35-49, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010657

ABSTRACT

Acute hypobaric hypoxic brain damage is a potentially fatal high-altitude sickness. Autophagy plays a critical role in ischemic brain injury, but its role in hypobaric hypoxia (HH) remains unknown. Here we used an HH chamber to demonstrate that acute HH exposure impairs autophagic activity in both the early and late stages of the mouse brain, and is partially responsible for HH-induced oxidative stress, neuronal loss, and brain damage. The autophagic agonist rapamycin only promotes the initiation of autophagy. By proteome analysis, a screen showed that protein dynamin2 (DNM2) potentially regulates autophagic flux. Overexpression of DNM2 significantly increased the formation of autolysosomes, thus maintaining autophagic flux in combination with rapamycin. Furthermore, the enhancement of autophagic activity attenuated oxidative stress and neurological deficits after HH exposure. These results contribute to evidence supporting the conclusion that DNM2-mediated autophagic flux represents a new therapeutic target in HH-induced brain damage.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Hypoxia , Oxidative Stress , Autophagy , Cognition , Sirolimus/therapeutic use
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1848-1854, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007585

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The HELIOS stent is a sirolimus-eluting stent with a biodegradable polymer and titanium oxide film as the tie-layer. The study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of HELIOS stent in a real-world setting.@*METHODS@#The HELIOS registry is a prospective, multicenter, cohort study conducted at 38 centers across China between November 2018 and December 2019. A total of 3060 consecutive patients were enrolled after application of minimal inclusion and exclusion criteria. The primary endpoint was target lesion failure (TLF), defined as a composite of cardiac death, non-fatal target vessel myocardial infarction (MI), and clinically indicated target lesion revascularization (TLR) at 1-year follow-up. Kaplan-Meier methods were used to estimate the cumulative incidence of clinical events and construct survival curves.@*RESULTS@#A total of 2998 (98.0%) patients completed the 1-year follow-up. The 1-year incidence of TLF was 3.10% (94/2998, 95% closed interval: 2.54-3.78%). The rates of cardiac death, non-fatal target vessel MI and clinically indicated TLR were 2.33% (70/2998), 0.20% (6/2998), and 0.70% (21/2998), respectively. The rate of stent thrombosis was 0.33% (10/2998). Age ≥60 years, diabetes mellitus, family history of coronary artery disease, acute myocardial infarction at admission, and device success were independent predictors of TLF at 1 year.@*CONCLUSION@#The 1-year incidence rates of TLF and stent thrombosis were 3.10% and 0.33%, respectively, in patients treated with HELIOS stents. Our results provide clinical evidence for interventional cardiologists and policymakers to evaluate HELIOS stent.@*CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03916432.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Sirolimus/therapeutic use , Drug-Eluting Stents/adverse effects , Prospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Treatment Outcome , Risk Factors , Time Factors , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects , Cardiovascular Agents/therapeutic use , Coronary Artery Disease/therapy , Myocardial Infarction/etiology , Thrombosis/complications , Polymers , Registries
3.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 673-692, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939499

ABSTRACT

Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway (PAM pathway) plays an important role in the development of breast cancer and are closely associated with the resistance to endocrine therapy in advanced breast cancer. Therefore, anti-cancer treatment targeting key molecules in this signaling pathway has become research hot-spot in recent years. Randomized clinical trials have demonstrated that PI3K/AKT/mTOR inhibitors bring significant clinical benefit to patients with advanced breast cancer, especially to those with hormone receptor (HR)-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER) 2-negative advanced breast cancer. Alpelisib, a PI3K inhibitor, and everolimus, an mTOR inhibitor, have been approved by Food and Drug Administration. Based on their high efficacy and relatively good safety profile, expanded indication of everolimus in breast cancer have been approved by National Medical Products Administration. Alpelisib is expected to be approved in China in the near future. The members of the consensus expert panel reached this consensus to comprehensively define the role of PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway in breast cancer, efficacy and clinical applications of PI3K/AKT/mTOR inhibitors, management of adverse reactions, and PIK3CA mutation detection, in order to promote the understanding of PI3K/AKT/mTOR inhibitors for Chinese oncologists, improve clinical decision-making, and prolong the survival of target patient population.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast Neoplasms/metabolism , Consensus , Everolimus/therapeutic use , MTOR Inhibitors , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase/metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Phosphoinositide-3 Kinase Inhibitors , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Sirolimus/therapeutic use , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism
4.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(3): e264-e268, Junio 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1248231

ABSTRACT

La linfangiomatosis pulmonar difusa es una enfermedad rara caracterizada por una marcada proliferación y dilatación de los vasos linfáticos en los pulmones, la pleura y el mediastino. Se desconoce la prevalencia, y la etiología no se comprende completamente.Una niña de 22 meses ingresó por poliserositis, con derrame pericárdico y pleural. Requirió pericardiocentesis y avenamiento pleural, y presentó drenaje de quilo (1,5-4 litros/día) sin respuesta al tratamiento médico (ayuno, nutrición parenteral y octreotide). Se realizó biopsia pulmonar. La anatomía patológica mostró hallazgos compatibles con linfangiomatosis difusa pulmonar. Comenzó tratamiento con sirolimus y propanolol, que disminuyeron las pérdidas por el drenaje pleural a la semana. Presentó buena evolución; suspendió aporte de oxígeno y se retiró el drenaje pleural. Se externó al cuarto mes de internación. El diagnóstico temprano de la linfangiomatosis pulmonar difusa es difícil de lograr, pero permite aplicar terapéuticas que evitan la progresión de enfermedad y disminuir la morbimortalida


Diffuse pulmonary lymphangiomatosis is a rare disease characterized by marked proliferation and dilation of lymphatic vessels in the lungs, pleura, and mediastinum. The prevalence is unknown and the etiology is not fully understood.A 22-month-old girl was admitted for polyserositis, with pericardial and pleural effusion. She required pericardiocentesis and pleural drainage, presenting chyle drainage (1.5-4 liters/day) without response to medical treatment (fasting, parenteral nutrition and octreotide). A lung biopsy was performed. The pathological anatomy showed findings compatible with diffuse pulmonary lymphangiomatosis. Treatment with sirolimus and propanolol began, decreasing losses due to pleural drainage one week after treatment. She progressed well, discontinued oxygen supply and pleural drainage was removed, leaving the patient after the fourth month of hospitalization.Early diagnosis of diffuse pulmonary lymphangiomatosis is difficult to achieve, but it allows the application of therapies that prevent disease progression, reducing morbidity and mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Lung Diseases/congenital , Lymphangiectasis/congenital , Pleural Effusion , Propranolol/therapeutic use , Biopsy , Sirolimus/therapeutic use , Lung Diseases/pathology , Lung Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Lymphangiectasis/pathology , Lymphangiectasis/diagnostic imaging
5.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 121-127, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941247

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the five-year safety and efficacy of the second generation biodegradable polymer sirolimus-eluting stent (EXCROSSAL) in treating patients with de novo coronary artery diseases. Methods: Patients with coronary artery disease (CAD)who were implanted with EXTROSSAL stents in CREDIT Ⅱ and CREDIT Ⅲ study were included. CREDIT Ⅱ was a randomized trial, and CREDIT Ⅲ was a single-arm study. From November 2013 to December 2014, 833 CAD patients with de novo coronary lesions implanted with EXTROSSAL stents were selected from 33 centers in China. The primary outcome was 5-year target lesion failure (TLF), a composite of cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction and clinically indicated target lesion revascularization. Secondary endpoints was patient-oriented composite endpoint (PoCE), including all-cause death, all myocardial infarction, or any revascularization within 5 years post stenting and stent thrombosis according to Academic Research Consortium's (ARC) definition. Kaplan Meier method was used to calculate the incidence of TLF and PoCE within 5 years after operation. Univariate Cox regression analysis was used to analyze the impacts of diabetes, small vessel disease (vessel diameter ≤ 2.74 mm), lesion length ≥ 16.7 mm and multivessel disease on the incidence of TLF within 5 years after operation. Results: A total of 833 patients were included in this study including 579 males (69.5%), the age was (59.3±9.1) years. And 832 (99.9%) patients completed 5-year clinical follow-up. The incidence of TLF and PoCE in the 5-year follow-up were 10.6%(86/811) and 15.5%(126/811), respectively. Stent thrombosis occurred in 1.0%(8/811) of patients. Univariate Cox regression analysis showed that vessel diameter ≤ 2.74 mm (HR=3.20,95%CI 1.90-5.39,P<0.001), lesion length ≥ 16.7 mm (HR=1.88,95%CI 1.18-2.99,P=0.007) and multivessel disease (HR=2.44,95%CI 1.60-3.72,P<0.001) were related factors of TLF within 5 years after operation. Conclusion: EXCROSSAL stent is effective and safe in treating CAD patients with de novo coronary lesions, with low incidence of TLF and PoCE within 5 years after operation.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cardiovascular Agents , China , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Drug-Eluting Stents , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Polymers , Risk Factors , Sirolimus/therapeutic use , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
6.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 90(6): 662-667, dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058198

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El síndrome de CLOVES se caracteriza por sobrecrecimiento lipomatoso asociado a malformaciones vasculares, representando un desafío diagnóstico y terapéutico. La rapamicina, un inhibidor de la vía mTOR, ha demostrado ser una buena alternativa terapéutica en un grupo de anomalías vasculares. Reportamos dos casos de síndrome de CLOVES con buena respuesta al tratamiento con rapamicina oral. OBJETIVO: Reportar la experiencia del uso de rapamicina oral en el tratamiento de dos pacientes con síndrome de CLOVES. CASOS CLÍNICOS: Caso 1: preescolar femenino de tres años de edad con sín drome de CLOVES e historia de hospitalizaciones reiteradas por infección severa de malformaciones linfáticas macroquísticas y episodios trombóticos. Evoluciona con mala calidad de vida, múltiples hospitalizaciones, riesgo quirúrgico y progresión de las lesiones, por lo que se indicó rapamicina oral. A los 6 meses de tratamiento se evidenció reducción clínica y radiológica del tamaño de las masas lipomatosas y linfáticas, ausencia de linforrea cutánea y mejoría significativa de la calidad de vida, sin requerir nuevas hospitalizaciones. Caso 2: escolar femenino de diez años de edad, portadora de síndrome de CLOVES, que desarrolló escoliosis y deterioro de su capacidad motora, haciéndose dependiente del uso de silla de ruedas. Se indicó rapamicina oral, evidenciándose a los cuatro meses de tratamiento mejoría en su capacidad física, independencia y autovalencia, con desaparición de la linforrea. CONCLUSIÓN: Proponemos la rapamicina oral para el tratamiento de pacientes con sín drome de CLOVES que presenten complicaciones y deterioro de la calidad de vida producto de su enfermedad.


INTRODUCTION: CLOVES syndrome is characterized by lipomatous overgrowth associated with vascular malforma tions, representing a diagnostic and a therapeutic challenge. Rapamycin, an mTOR inhibitor, has proved to be a good therapeutic option in some vascular anomalies. In this article, we report two ca ses of CLOVES syndrome with good response to oral rapamycin treatment. OBJECTIVE: To report the outcome of two patients with CLOVES syndrome treated with oral rapamycin. CLINICAL CASES: Case 1: A three-year-old female preschooler with CLOVES syndrome and history of repeated hospita lizations due to severe infections resulting from macrocystic lymphatic malformations and due to thrombotic episodes. The patient evolved with poor quality of life, multiple hospitalizations, surgical risk and progression of the lesions, therefore, oral rapamycin was indicated. After six months of treatment, clinical and radiological reduction in the size of the lipomatous and lymphatic masses, cutaneous lymphorrhea absence and a significant improvement of her quality of life were observed, without requiring new hospitalizations. Case 2: a ten-year-old female schooler with CLOVES syndro me, who developed scoliosis and deterioration of her motor skills, becoming wheelchair-dependent. Oral rapamycin was indicated, showing improvement in her physical capacity, independence and au tonomy, and absence of lymphorrhea after four months of treatment. CONCLUSION: We propose oral rapamycin for the treatment of patients with CLOVES syndrome who present with complications and deterioration in the quality of life as a result of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Sirolimus/therapeutic use , Vascular Malformations/drug therapy , Lipoma/drug therapy , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/therapeutic use , Musculoskeletal Abnormalities/drug therapy , Nevus/drug therapy , Administration, Oral , Sirolimus/administration & dosage , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/administration & dosage
8.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 35(1): 58-62, mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003647

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La linfangioleiomiomatosis Pulmonar (LAM) es una rara y progresiva enfermedad; caracterizada por proliferación excesiva de células musculares lisas a partir de vasos linfáticos, sanguíneos y vías aéreas. En conjunto al anormal crecimiento celular descrito, se aprecia degeneración quística difusa del parénquima pulmonar, lo que puede reflejarse desde cuadros completamente asintomáticos hasta el deterioro severo del intercambio gaseoso con insuficiencia respiratoria fulminante. Descripción del caso: Paciente femenino de 41 años de edad, con cuadro clínico consistente en tos seca ocasional, asociada a dolor leve de características pleuríticas en 'puntada de costado ' derecha. Ante la no mejoría clínica, se indica estudio imagenológico donde se demuestra neumotorax espontáneo derecho. En estudio tomográfico se aprecian además lesiones pulmonares quísticas. El estudio anátomo-patológico demuestra cambios estructurales que se reportan compatibles con LAM. Conclusión: Dada la simplicidad de los síntomas con que la LAM puede debutar, su confirmación diagnóstica se genera en fases avanzadas de la enfermedad, cuando el daño pulmonar importante conlleva a la aparición de factores clínicos con mayor repercusión sobre el estado general de los pacientes por lo que la realización de estudios imagenológicos tempranos gana vital importancia.


Introduction: Pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare and progressive disease; characterized by airway, lymphatic and blood vessels-smooth muscle cells excessive proliferation. Added to the abnormal cell growth, parenchymal cystic degeneration is present, which can be reflected initially as a asymptomatic course and can progress to severe gaseous exchange deterioration and fulminating respiratory insufficiency. Case description: A 41-year-old female patient with a clinical course consisting of occasional dry cough, associated with mild pleuritic pain on the right side of thorax. As no improvement was achieved, thoracic imaging study was performed, where a right pneumothorax was found. Tomography images showed multiple lung cystic lesions. Anatomopathological study reports structural changes compatible with LAM. Conclusion: Given the simplicity of the symptoms that LAM can debut with, its diagnostic confirmation is generated in advanced stages of the disease, when the important pulmonary damage leads to the appearance of clinical factors with greater impact on the general state of patients so early thoracic imaging studies gain vital importance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Lymphangioleiomyomatosis/diagnosis , Lymphangioleiomyomatosis/therapy , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Lung Neoplasms/therapy , Pneumothorax/etiology , Spirometry , Radiography, Thoracic , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Lymphangioleiomyomatosis/complications , Sirolimus/therapeutic use , Cysts/etiology , Lung Neoplasms/complications
9.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(3): 323-331, May-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949890

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Tuberous sclerosis complex is a multisystemic, autosomal dominant genetic disorder with complete penetrance, that can evolve with hamartomas in multiple organs, such as skin, central nervous system, kidney and lung. Due to the wide phenotypic variability, the disease is often not recognized. Tuberous sclerosis complex affects one in 10,000 newborns and most patients are diagnosed during the first 15 months of life. The diagnostic criteria for tuberous sclerosis were reviewed in 2012, at the second International Tuberous Sclerosis Complex Consensus Conference. The diagnosis is based on genetic criteria, by the identification of inactivating pathogenic mutation of tumor suppressor genes TSC1 and TSC2, and clinical criteria, including cutaneous, renal, pulmonary, cardiac and neurological manifestations. The treatment of tuberous sclerosis complex consists, mainly, in management of the symptoms caused by hamartomas and in prevention of organ failure. Multidisciplinary approach is recommended, in order to obtain better clinical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tuberous Sclerosis/diagnosis , Hamartoma/diagnosis , Tuberous Sclerosis/genetics , Tuberous Sclerosis/therapy , Sirolimus/therapeutic use , Hamartoma/genetics , Hamartoma/therapy , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Mutation
10.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 72-79, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742502

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study sought to determine the 1-year clinical effectiveness and safety of a biodegradable, polymer-containing Biolimus A9™-eluting stent (BES) in Korean patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1000 ACS patients with 1251 lesions who underwent implantation of BESs at 22 centers in Korea were enrolled between May 2011 and July 2013. We assessed major adverse cardiac events (MACE) defined as the composite of cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), and clinical-driven target vessel revascularization at 12 months. RESULTS: Patient mean age was 62.6±11.4 years. 72.8% of the patients were male, 28.5% had diabetes, 32.8% had multi-vessel disease (MVD), and 47.9% presented with acute MI (AMI). The mean global registry of acute coronary events risk score of all patients was 103.0±27.6. The number of stents per patient was 1.3±0.6. The incidences of MACE and definite stent thrombosis at 12 months were 3.9% and 0.2%, respectively. On multivariate Cox-regression analysis, age ≥65 years was identified as an independent predictors of 1-year MACE (hazard ratio=2.474; 95% confidence interval=1.202−5.091). Subgroup analyses revealed no significant differences in the incidence of MACE between patients with and without diabetes (4.3% vs. 3.7%, p=0.667), between those who presented with and without AMI (4.4% vs. 3.4%, p=0.403), and between those with and without MVD (4.6% vs. 3.5%, p=0.387). CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated excellent 1-year clinical outcomes of BES implantation in patients at low-risk for ACS.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome/drug therapy , Drug-Eluting Stents/adverse effects , Incidence , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Multivariate Analysis , Proportional Hazards Models , Republic of Korea , Sirolimus/adverse effects , Sirolimus/analogs & derivatives , Sirolimus/therapeutic use , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
11.
Colomb. med ; 47(4): 213-216, Oct.-Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952886

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Gorham-Stout disease (GSD) is a rare disease of unknown etiology characterized by vascular proliferation that produces destruction of bone matrix. Case description: This case is about 43 year old woman who begins with pain in sternum, dyspnea, abdominal mass and, serous-hematic pleural effusion. Imaging tests were performed showing lesions on 6th and 10th left ribs archs. Later, a thoracotomy was performed observed absence of the end of the 6th and lung, pleural and costal biopsy was token. The histologic features described lymphatic vascular proliferation in bone tissue of chest wall. Other pathologies were excluded and in view of the findings, GSD diagnosis was made. Treatment and outcome: treatment was initiated with sirolimus achieving remission of the disease after the first month; however, because the presence of metrorrhagia the treatment was discontinued, reappearing symptoms afterwards. For that reason the treatment was restarted getting disappearance of the symptoms again, 4 weeks later. Clinical relevance: we present the first clinical cases of EGS with pleural effusion with response to sirolimus treatment that could be an alternative to the current therapy.


Resumen Antecedentes: La enfermedad de Gorham-Stout (EGS), es una enfermedad poco común, de etiología desconocida, caracterizada por la proliferación vascular que produce destrucción de la matriz ósea. Caso clínico: Se presenta el caso de mujer de 43 años que comienza con dolor en el esternón, disnea y tumoración abdominal junto con derrame pleural izquierdo de características serohemáticas como forma de presentación de una EGS. En pruebas de imagen que mostraron lesiones líticas en el 6º y 10º arcos costales izquierdos. Posteriormente se realizó toracotomía con biopsia pulmonar, pleural y costal observándose ausencia del extremo de la 6ª costilla. En el estudio histopatológico se describe proliferación vascular linfática en tejido óseo de pared costal. Se excluyeron otras patologías y se diagnosticó EGS. Tratamiento y resultado: Se inició tratamiento con sirolimus consiguiendo remisión completa desde el primer mes. Sin embargo, tras la suspensión del tratamiento por metrorragias, presentó reaparición de los síntomas. Se decide entonces reiniciar el tratamiento, consiguiendo nuevamente desaparición de los síntomas, tras 4 semanas de tratamiento. Relevancia clínica: Se presenta el primer caso clínico de EGS en edad adulta con derrame pleural asociado y con respuesta clínica a sirolimus, fármaco que podría ser una alternativa a la terapéutica actual.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Osteolysis, Essential/drug therapy , Sirolimus/therapeutic use , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Pleural Effusion/etiology , Pleural Effusion/drug therapy , Osteolysis, Essential/diagnosis , Osteolysis, Essential/physiopathology , Treatment Outcome
12.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 144(3): 394-400, mar. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-784911

ABSTRACT

Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare non-Langerhans histiocytic disorder. We report a 76-years-old man who suffered a cardiac tamponade secondary to ECD. A pericardial window was made and during the operation the surgeons observed that the myocardium was diffusely infiltrated. Twenty-eight months before, ECD was clinically diagnosed and prednisone and methotrexate were prescribed. Due to disease progression which culminated in the cardiac tamponade, methotrexate was changed to sirolimus aiming to obtain plasma levels between 5-8 ng/ml. This treatment stabilized his cardiac function allowing a survival of 52 months after its initiation, with fewer side effects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Cardiac Tamponade/etiology , Sirolimus/therapeutic use , Erdheim-Chester Disease/complications , Erdheim-Chester Disease/drug therapy , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Cardiac Tamponade/diagnostic imaging , Methotrexate/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Disease-Free Survival , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use
13.
Brasília; CONITEC; jan. 2016. tab, ilus.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, BRISA | ID: biblio-837391

ABSTRACT

Contexto: Os transplantes de pulmão salvaram mais de 378 vidas no SUS. Entretanto, os transplantes estão entre as trinta terapias mais dispendiosas acessíveis universalmente a toda população brasileira, reembolsadas pelo Sistema Único de Saúde do Brasil, SUS, e há crítica auto-limitação de órgãos e equipes transplantadoras disponíveis. Quase a metade deles apresenta episódios de rejeição que pode não responder aos tratamentos disponíveis no SUS. Além disto, 01 de cada 04 ou 05 transplantados pode desenvolver insuficiência renal em consequência do imunossupressor disponível no SUS. Estima-se que cerca de 300 transplantados poderiam ser beneficiados mediante resgate com alternativas terapêuticas. Perguntas: A incorporação de alternativas terapêuticas para a manutenção da imunossupressão em pacientes com pulmão transplantado, tais como tacrolimo, sirolimo e everolimo podem auxiliar a resgatar episódios de rejeição e eventos adversos graves, a qual custo e qual impacto orçamentário para o SUS? Evidências científicas: Duas das 13 meta-análises comparando ciclosporina e tacrolimo foram selecionadas. Estas incluíram os mesmos 03/30 estudos controlados randomizados, ECRs, já identificados. Dez ECRs com sirolimo e 06 com everolimo foram selecionados, com cada uma das alternativas terapêuticas mTOR. Quanto ao efeito das alternativas terapêuticas: Nas 02 meta-análises destes ECRs, tacrolimo ou ciclosporina não diferiram significativamente nas taxas de rejeição ou de ocorrência de progressão de insuficiência renal. (i) O tacrolimo auxiliou a reduzir mortalidade no 1º. ano pós-transplante. (ii) O estudo de sirolimo e everolimo associados com doses reduzidas de ciclosporina ou tacrolimo mostrou pouco ou nenhum impacto na sobrevida. (iii) Entretanto, a análise empírica dos últimos 224/252 transplantes pulmonares da coorte do InCor-HC/FMUSP mostrou que a probabilidade de sobrevida foi significativamente superior no 1º. ano do período de seguimento. Na coorte de transplantados que sobreviveram ao primeiro ano, observou-se a perda das diferenças de efeito e menor mortalidade na curva da ciclosporina, refletindo as graves condições de deterioro clínico e complicações que levaram ao switch destes pacientes para estas alternativas terapêuticas. O uso de tacrolimo e alternativas com mTORs no InCor-HC/FMUSP, de fato, proporcionou eficiente controle de episódios de rejeição em pacientes que se mostraram refratários ou tiveram eventos adversos, tais como a recidiva de rejeição, insuficiência renal ou intolerância. Discussão: O uso das alternativas terapêuticas varia com a tolerância dos pacientes e também podem causar eventos adversos. Por isto, observa-se uma dinâmica de trocas entre as alternativas visando superar os episódios de rejeição e de progressão de insuficiência renal. Embora a síntese da literatura não mostre taxa diferente de mortalidade entre os esquemas alternativos, estes diversos itinerários terapêuticos permitiram observar uma redução da significativa da mortalidade entre os 224 transplantados no InCor-HCFMUSP, sobretudo no 1º. Ano, resgatando-se os casos refratários. Esta experiência é comparável à evolução publicada na análise da base Heart & Lung Transplantation Registry da International Society, onde 69% dos transplantados são mantidos com alternativas. Decisão: Incorporar o uso dos imunossupressores (everolimo, sirolimo e tacrolimo) em transplante pulmonar, com terapia de resgate e conforme estabelecido em Protocolo do Ministério da Saúde, no âmbito do Sistema Único de Saúde ­ SUS, dada pela Portaria SCTIE-MS nº 3, de 18 de janeiro de 2016, publicada no Diário Oficial da União nº 11 de 18 de janeiro de 2016.


Subject(s)
Humans , Everolimus/therapeutic use , Lung Transplantation , Salvage Therapy , Sirolimus/therapeutic use , Tacrolimus/therapeutic use , Brazil , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Unified Health System
14.
Arch. argent. dermatol ; 66(1): 18-23, ene.-feb. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-915611

ABSTRACT

La esclerosis tuberosa (ET) es un síndrome neurocutáneo autosómico dominante causado por mutaciones en los genes de supresión tumoral TSC1/TSC2, con la consecuente formación de hamartomas y tuberomas en múltiples órganos. Reportamos una paciente que a los 21 años de edad es trasplantada por insuficiencia renal crónica idiopática, a la cual se le diagnostica ET posterior a trasplante renal. A nivel mucocutáneo presentaba las manifestaciones características de la enfermedad. Además refería el antecedente de sufrir crisis comiciales que se correlacionaron con el hallazgo de tuberomas corticales en encéfalo, como así también en el parénquima pulmonar. Dentro del esquema terapéutico inmunosupresor post-trasplante que recibió la paciente se encontraba la rapamicina, un inhibidor de la proteína mTOR (mammalian Target of Rapamycin), que participa en la proliferación y muerte celular. Durante el tratamiento se pudo observar una mejoría clínica de los angiofibromas faciales y del tuberoma pulmonar (AU)


Tuberous sclerosis (TS) is an autosomal dominant neurocutaneous syndrome caused by mutations in tumor suppressor genes TSC1/TSC2, with the consequent formation of hamartomas and tuberomas in multiple organs. A female patient diagnosed with TS after kidney transplantation because idiopathic chronic kidney disease at the age of 21-year-old is reported. Characteristic mucocutaneous manifestations of the disease were present at the examination. Patient also referred a history of seizures which were correlated with cortical tuberomas found in brain, as well as in the lung parenchyma. Patient was treated with rapamycin in the post- transplant immunosuppressive scheme, an inhibitor of mTOR (mammalian Target of Rapamycin), which is involved in proliferation and cell death. Clinical improvement of facial angiofibromas and pulmonary tuberoma were observed during treatment (AU)


Subject(s)
Tuberous Sclerosis/diagnosis , Tuberous Sclerosis/pathology , Sirolimus/therapeutic use , Skin Diseases , Kidney Transplantation , Angiofibroma
16.
J. bras. pneumol ; 41(3): 275-280, May-Jun/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-751965

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare disease that is currently considered a low-grade neoplasm with metastatic potential and variable progression. Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors, such as sirolimus and everolimus, have recently become a treatment option for LAM patients, especially those with extrapulmonary manifestations. The objective of the present study was to describe a case series of four patients with LAM in Brazil who showed significant improvement, particularly in their extrapulmonary manifestations, after treatment with sirolimus (at 1-4 mg/day). METHODS: We describe four cases of LAM patients with different extrapulmonary manifestations who were treated with sirolimus. RESULTS: After treatment with sirolimus for 12 months, one patient presented resolution of severe chylothorax; one had a significant reduction in renal angiomyolipoma volume; and one showed significant regression of retroperitoneal lymphangioleiomyomas and abdominal lymph node enlargement. After treatment with sirolimus for 6 months, the remaining patient had a significant reduction in the volume of a massive retroperitoneal lymphangioleiomyoma. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings confirm that mTOR inhibitors are beneficial for patients with LAM, especially those with extrapulmonary manifestations, such as renal angiomyolipoma, lymphangioleiomyomas, and chylous effusions. However, certain aspects, such as the optimal dose, duration of treatment, and long-term adverse effects, have yet to be sufficiently clarified for mTOR inhibitors to be incorporated into LAM management protocols. .


OBJETIVO: A linfangioleiomiomatose (LAM) é uma doença rara que é atualmente considerada uma neoplasia de baixo grau com potencial metastático e evolução variável. Os inibidores de mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), como o sirolimo e o everolimo, recentemente se tornaram uma opção para o tratamento de pacientes com LAM, especialmente daqueles com manifestações extrapulmonares. O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever quatro casos de pacientes com LAM no Brasil que apresentaram melhora, especialmente das manifestações extrapulmonares, após tratamento com sirolimo (em doses de 1-4 mg/dia). MÉTODOS: Descrevemos quatro casos de pacientes com LAM e diferentes manifestações extrapulmonares tratados com sirolimo. RESULTADOS: Após o tratamento com sirolimo por 12 meses, um paciente apresentou resolução do quilotórax de difícil manejo, um paciente teve redução significativa do volume do angiomiolipoma renal, e uma paciente apresentou regressão importante de linfangioleiomiomas retroperitoneais e linfonodomegalias abdominais. Após tratamento com sirolimo por 6 meses, um paciente apresentou redução significativa de volumoso linfangioleiomioma retroperitoneal. CONCLUSÕES: Nossos achados confirmam que os inibidores de mTOR são benéficos para pacientes com LAM, especialmente para aqueles com manifestações extrapulmonares, tais como angiomiolipomas renais, linfangioleiomiomas e derrames de origem quilosa. Entretanto, alguns pontos, tais como a dose ideal, a duração do tratamento e os efeitos adversos em longo prazo, ainda precisam ser esclarecidos para que os inibidores de mTOR possam ser incorporados na abordagem da LAM. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Lymphangioleiomyomatosis/drug therapy , Sirolimus/therapeutic use , Lung Neoplasms , Lymphangioleiomyomatosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
17.
Rev. bras. cardiol. invasiva ; 22(4): 315-319, Oct-Dec/2015. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: lil-744565

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Polímeros biodegradáveis foram desenvolvidos para reduzir a reação de hipersensibilidade associada aos polímeros duráveis dos stents farmacológicos de primeira geração, mantendo sua eficácia antiproliferativa e aumentado sua segurança. Avaliamos os resultados angiográficos de 9 meses e os resultados clínicos de longo prazo dos stents farmacológicos com polímeros biodegradáveis em pacientes com alto risco de reestenose. Métodos: Pacientes com diâmetro de referência ≤ 2,5 mm, extensão da lesão ≥ 15 mm, diabetes, ou uma combinação dessas características foram selecionados da população do estudo PAINT. Esses pacientes foram previamente randomizados e alocados para intervenção coronária percutânea recebendo os stents farmacológicos com polímeros biodegradáveis com sirolimus ou com paclitaxel ou stents metálicos, na razão 2:2:1. Resultados: Cento e setenta e oito pacientes foram tratados com stents farmacológicos com polímeros biodegradáveis (n = 142) ou stents metálicos (n = 36). No acompanhamento angiográfico de 9 meses, os primeiros mostraram menor perda tardia (0,40 ± 0,42 mm vs. 0,90 ± 0,47 mm; p < 0,01) e reestenose binária (7,4% vs. 25%; p < 0,01). No acompanhamento clínico de 5 anos, o grupo com stents farmacológicos com polímeros biodegradáveis mostrou menores taxas do desfecho combinado de morte cardíaca, infarto do miocárdio e revascularização do vaso-alvo (16,2% vs. 38,0%; p = 0,03), principalmente devido à redução da revascularização do vaso-alvo (9,9% vs. 36,1%; p < 0,01). Morte total, morte cardíaca e infarto do miocárdio não foram diferentes entre os grupos. A trombose do stent, provável ou definitiva, ocorreu em 2,8% vs. 0% (p = 0,30). Conclusões: Os stents farmacológicos com polímeros biodegradáveis eluidores de paclitaxel ou sirolimus foram eficazes na redução de reestenose angiográfica aos 9 meses e na necessidade de reintervenção por reestenose clínica em 5 anos, sem aumentar o risco de...


Background: Biodegradable polymers were developed to reduce the hypersensitivity reaction associated to durable polymers found with the first generation drug-eluting stents, while maintaining antiproliferative efficacy and increasing safety. This study evaluated the 9-month angiographic follow-up and long-term clinical outcomes of biodegradable polymer-coated drug-eluting stents compared with identical platform metallic stents in patients with high-risk for restenosis. Methods: Patients with a reference diameter ≤ 2.5 mm, lesion length ≥ 15 mm, diabetes, or a combination of these characteristics were selected from the population of the PAINT trial. These patients were previously randomized and allocated for percutaneous coronary intervention with either a sirolimus-eluting biodegradable polymer-coated stent, a paclitaxel-eluting biodegradable polymer-coated stent, or an identical metallic platform stent, at a ratio of 2:2:1. Results: One hundred and seventy-eight patients were treated with biodegradable polymer-coated drug-eluting stents (n = 142) or bare metal stents (n = 36). At the 9-month angiographic follow-up, biodegradable polymercoated drug-eluting stents had lower rates of late loss (0.40 ± 0.42 mm vs. 0.90 ± 0.47 mm; p < 0.01) and binary restenosis (7.4% vs. 25%; p <0.01). In the 5-year clinical follow-up, the group with biodegradable polymer-coated drug-eluting stents had lower rates of the composite endpoint of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization (16.2% vs. 38.0%; p = 0.03), especially due to the reduction of target vessel revascularization (9.9% vs. 36.1%; (p 0.01). Total death, cardiac death and myocardial infarction were not different among groups. 0% (p = 0.30). Conclusions: Paclitaxel or sirolimus-eluting biodegradable polymer-coated stents were effective in reducing angiographic restenosis at 9 months and the need of reintervention for clinical restenosis in 5...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Coronary Angiography/methods , Polymers/therapeutic use , Coronary Restenosis/therapy , Stents , Drug-Eluting Stents , Coronary Thrombosis/therapy , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Risk Assessment/methods , Paclitaxel/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Sirolimus/therapeutic use , Coronary Vessels/surgery
18.
Salud(i)ciencia (Impresa) ; 20(8): 811-816, oct. 2014. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-797127

ABSTRACT

La poliquistosis renal autosómica dominante (PQRAD) se caracteriza por la aparición de quistes renales. Objetivos: Evaluar el crecimiento del volumen renal y de los quistes en los pacientes tratados con sirolimus, en comparación con aquellos que reciben el tratamiento habitual para la PQRAD; evaluar la aparición de efectos adversos relacionados con el uso de sirolimus; evaluar los cambios en la presión arterial, la proteinuria y el filtrado glomerular (FG) estimado. Materiales y métodos: Durante 24 meses se asignaron al azar 12 pacientes con PQRAD a un grupo de tratamiento con sirolimus (6 pacientes recibieron sirolimus 2 a 3 mg/m2/día, con un máximo de 5 mg/día) o a un grupo control (bajo tratamiento habitual). Resultados: De los 12 pacientes, los 6 pertenecientes al grupo de tratamiento con sirolimus tuvieron, al final del estudio, un aumento del volumen renal total y del volumen quístico del 13% y el 32%, respectivamente. En el grupo control, los 6 pacientes restantes tuvieron aumentos del 11% y el 23%, respectivamente. El FG fue normal para ambos grupos. La proteinuria para los grupos de sirolimus y control fue inicialmente 7.3 mg/m2/h y 6 mg/m2/h, respectivamente. Al finalizar el estudio era normal para ambos grupos. Tres pacientes tenían hipertensión arterial, pero a los 24 meses la presión arterial fue normal. Los efectos adversos observados fueron: anemia, diarrea y úlceras bucales. Conclusiones: El sirolimus no disminuyó el volumen renal ni el quístico. No hubo un aumento significativo en la proteinuria o una disminución en el FG. La media de la presión arterial se mantuvo normal.


Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) is characterized by the develop-ment of kidney cysts. Objectives: To assess the growth of kidney and cystic volume in patients treated with rapamycin compared with patients receiving the usual treatment for ADPKD; assess the occurrence of adverse effects associated with the use of sirolimus; evaluate changes in blood pressure, proteinuria and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Materials and methods: For a 24-month period, 12 patients with ADPKD were randomly allocated to a sirolimus group (6 patients, received rapamycin, 2-3 mg/m2/day, max. 5 mg/day) and the other 6 patients were allocated to a control group (receiving conventional treatment). Results: Out of the 12 patients, the 6 patients in the sirolimus group had a total increase in kidney and cystic volume of 13% and 32%, respectively, by the end of the study. In the control group, the other 6 patients had increases of 11% and 23%, respectively. eGFR was normal in both groups. Baseline proteinuria was 7.3 mg/m2/hour and 6 mg/m2/hour in the sirolimus- and control groups, respectively. By the end of the study, it was normal in both groups. Three patients had high blood pressure at baseline, but it was normalized at 24 months. Adverse effects were: anemia, diarr-hea, and mouth sores. Conclusions: Sirolimus did not reduce kidney and cystic volume. No significant increase in proteinuria or decrease in eGFR were observed. Mean blood pressure remained normal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Dominant/therapy , Kidney/pathology , Sirolimus/adverse effects , Sirolimus/therapeutic use , Anti-Bacterial Agents/adverse effects , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Organ Size
20.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 84(5): 537-544, oct. 2013. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-698676

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El hemangioendotelioma kaposiforme (HEK) es un tumor vascular poco frecuente, que se asocia a coagulopatía grave, conocida como fenómeno de Kasabach-Merritt (FKM). Puede ser letal en 20 por ciento de los casos. Se han descrito múltiples tratamientos, pero a pesar de las complicaciones potencialmente severas que pueden presentar estos pacientes, no hay hasta ahora un protocolo único. Existen experiencias internacionales, en modelos experimentales, con el uso de Sirolimus (SRL), macrólido, inhibidor de mTOR, con actividad antiangiogénica. Sin embargo, la experiencia de su uso en niños en el tratamiento de anomalías vasculares como el HEK es limitada. Objetivo: Reportar la evolución de dos pacientes con HEK y FKM tratados con SRL en centros oncológicos, después de múltiples fallas con otras terapias. Casos clínicos: Reportamos dos recién nacidos con HEK profundo asociado a FKM, refractarios a terapias habituales y que evolucionaron con complicaciones amenazantes de la vida, en quienes se inicio tratamiento con SRL. El uso de SRL permitió que los dos pacientes mostraran mejoría en su estado clínico, con normalización del recuento de plaquetas y de las pruebas de coagulación, disminución del tamaño de la lesión, del dolor asociado, desaparición del riesgo vital y sin efectos adversos. Conclusión: SRL parece ser efectivo y seguro en el tratamiento de HEK, representando una nueva opción terapéutica, disponible en nuestro medio.


Introduction: Kaposiform Hemangioendothelioma (KHE) is a rare vascular tumor, which is associated with the severe coagulopathy known as Kasabach-Merritt phenomenon (KMP). This condition has a mortality rate around 20 percent. Many treatments have been described, but despite the potentially severe complications that these patients may present, so far there is not a single protocol to follow. International experimental models have used Sirolimus (SRL), a macrolide mTOR inhibitor with antiangiogenic effect. However, its use in children against vascular anomalies, such as KHE, is limited. Objective: To report the development of two patients with KHE and KMP treated with SRL in cancer centers, after multiple failures with other therapies. Case reports: Two infants with severe KHE associated to FKM, resistant to standard therapies and who overcame life-threatening complications after treatment with SRL are presented. After SRL, the two patients showed normal platelet counts and coagulation tests, reduced lesion size and associated pain, no presence of life threatening conditions or side effects. Conclusion: SRL appears to be effective and safe in treating KHE, representing a new available therapeutic option.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/therapeutic use , Hemangioendothelioma/drug therapy , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Vascular Neoplasms/drug therapy , Sirolimus/therapeutic use , Kasabach-Merritt Syndrome
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