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1.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e243813, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1431124

ABSTRACT

Este estudo propõe analisar as relações e os processos de subjetivação de mulheres quebradeiras de coco babaçu decorrentes das intervenções de políticas desenvolvimentistas em seus territórios de vida e reverberações no Movimento Interestadual de Quebradeiras de Coco Babaçu (MIQCB). Sob a perspectiva ético-estético-política da Cartografia, acompanhamos as narrativas das histórias de vida de 24 mulheres, suas atividades cotidianas e eventos do MIQCB, também analisamos os documentos das políticas. Entendemos que, ao passo que tais políticas de desenvolvimento rural contribuem para a melhoria das condições de vida, em termos materiais e simbólicos, elas também produzem ressonâncias relacionadas ao modo de subjetivação do tipo "empresário de si", que agenciam seus modos de viver, de produzir e de se relacionar consigo e com os outros na lógica capitalista neoliberal. A resistência às capturas neoliberais também estão presentes ao ampliarem as mobilizações coletivas do próprio movimento, articulando com outros na produção de um "comum".(AU)


This study proposes to analyze the relations and the processes of subjectivation of babassu coconut-breaker women arising from developmental policy interventions in their territories of life and reverberations in the Babassu Coconut-breaker Interstate Movement (MIQCB). From the ethical-aesthetic-political perspective of Cartography, we followed the narratives of the life stories of 24 women, their daily activities and promoted events by MIQCB, we also analyzed the policy documents. We understand that while these policies of rural development contribute to improve the living conditions, in material and symbolic terms, they also produce resonances related to the "self-entrepreneur" mode of subjectivation, which has been handling their ways of living, producing, and relating to themselves and others in the neoliberal capitalist logic. Resistance to neoliberal captures is also present as they expand the collective mobilizations of the movement itself, articulating with others, in the production of a "common."(AU)


Este estudio tiene como objetivo analizar los procesos de subjetivación de las mujeres que rompen coco babaçu que surgen de las intervenciones de las políticas de desarrollo en sus territorios de vida y las reverberaciones en el Movimiento Interestadual de las Mujeres que Rompen Coco Babaçu (MIQCB). Desde la perspectiva ético-estético-política de la Cartografía, seguimos las narraciones de las historias de vida de 24 mujeres, sus actividades diarias y eventos del MIQCB, y también analizamos los documentos de las políticas. Si bien estas políticas han contribuido a mejorar las condiciones de vida de las mujeres, en términos materiales y simbólicos, también han producido resonancias del modo de subjetivación "autoempresarial", que ha agenciado sus formas de vivir, producir y relacionarse consigo mismas y con los demás en la lógica capitalista neoliberal. La resistencia a las capturas neoliberales también está presente cuando amplían las movilizaciones colectivas del propio movimiento, articulándose con otros en la producción de un "común".(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Growth and Development , Economics , Government , Politics , Poverty , Psychology , Psychology, Social , Public Policy , Retirement , Rural Population , Social Desirability , Social Justice , Social Problems , Social Sciences , Soil , Women's Rights , Wood , Health Policy, Planning and Management , Socioeconomic Planning , Social Control Policies , Legislation, Environmental , Brazil , Water , Exercise , Ethnicity , Economic Development , Poverty Areas , Land Use , Rural Areas , Forests , Organizations , Environmental Health , Conflict of Interest , Workload , Family Planning Policy , Entrepreneurship , Agrochemicals , Interview , Collective Bargaining , Commerce , Crops, Agricultural , Environmental Management , Natural Resources Exploitation , Natural Resources , Renewable Resources , Natural Reservations , Flora , Conservation of Natural Resources , Cultural Diversity , Nature , Feminism , Extraction and Processing Industry , Natural Resources Management , Rural Economy , Capitalism , State , Public Power , Biodiversity , Agriculture , Efficiency , Environment , Environment and Public Health , Health Sciences, Technology, and Innovation Management , Projects , Job Market , Health Surveillance of Products , Control and Sanitary Supervision of Foods and Beverages , Foods Containing Coconut , Machinery , Sustainable Agriculture , Non-Renewable Resources , Agribusiness , Environmental Communication , Femininity , Environmental Policy , Small Business , Ethnic Violence , Sociological Factors , Food , Work-Life Balance , Political Activism , Stakeholder Participation , Socioeconomic Rights , Occupied Territories , Sustainable Development , Social Programs , Indigenous Peoples , Right to Work , Empowerment , Social Inclusion , Gender Equity , Gender Role , Social Vulnerability , Environmental Responsability , Socio-Environmental Responsibility , Diversity, Equity, Inclusion , Working Conditions , Wildlife Trade , Health Services Needs and Demand , Housing , Human Activities , Human Rights , Labor Unions , Life Change Events , Anthropology , Mining , Occupational Groups
2.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e257337, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529205

ABSTRACT

Este estudo objetivou compreender a experiência de mulheres companheiras de homens privados de liberdade acerca da conjugalidade. Para tanto, realizou-se uma pesquisa qualitativa, em que participaram 12 mulheres companheiras de homens presos. Como instrumentos, utilizou-se um questionário de dados sociodemográficos e uma entrevista semiestruturada, a qual foi analisada por meio da Análise Temática. Os resultados encontrados demonstraram que as mulheres lançavam mão de diferentes estratégias para se manterem próximas de seus companheiros, engajando-se no tratamento penal deles, o que repercutiu em uma percepção de incremento da coesão conjugal. O compromisso assumido com seus relacionamentos mostrou-se relacionado, além do amor sentido pelos parceiros, a um desejo de manutenção do casamento e da família nuclear, além de evidenciar experiências de ciúme por parte dos homens. Dificuldades na comunicação, conflitos relacionados à insatisfação com o contexto prisional, além da falta de privacidade na intimidade e sexualidade do casal foram referidos pelas participantes.(AU)


This study aimed to understand the experience of conjugality of female partners of imprisoned men. Therefore, 12 female partners of imprisoned men participated in a qualitative study. The participants answered to a sociodemographic questionnaire and a semi-structured interview, which was analyzed via Thematic Analysis. The results showed that women used different strategies to stay close to their partners, engaging in their criminal treatment, which reflected in a perception of increased marital cohesion. The commitment to the relationship was related to the love felt towards the partners, the desire to maintain the marriage and the nuclear family, in addition to the experience of men's jealousy. Moreover, it was identified difficulties in communication, conflicts related to dissatisfaction with prison context, and lack of privacy related to couple's intimacy and sexuality.(AU)


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo comprender la experiencia de las mujeres parejas de hombres encarcelados sobre la conyugalidad. Para ello, se realizó una investigación cualitativa, en la cual participaron doce mujeres parejas de hombres encarcelados. El instrumento utilizado fue un cuestionario de datos sociodemográficos y una entrevista semiestructurada, la cual se aplicó el análisis temático. Los resultados encontrados demostraron que las mujeres usaban diferentes estrategias para mantenerse cerca de sus parejas, comprometiéndose en el tratamiento delictivo de ellos, lo que repercutió en una percepción de mayor cohesión marital. El compromiso asumido con sus relaciones se mostró relacionado, además del amor a los cónyuges, a un deseo de mantenimiento del matrimonio y del núcleo familiar, y reveló experiencias de celos por parte de los hombres. Las dificultades en la comunicación, los conflictos relacionados a la insatisfacción con el contexto carcelario, y la ausencia de privacidad en la intimidad y sexualidad de la pareja fueron mencionadas por las participantes.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Prisons , Prisoners , Marriage , Anxiety , Personal Satisfaction , Poverty , Prejudice , Psychology , Public Policy , Punishment , Quality of Life , Audiovisual Aids , Sexual Behavior , Shame , Social Isolation , Social Problems , Spouse Abuse , Telephone , Violence , Divorce , Child Rearing , Family Characteristics , Health , Mental Health , Family Health , Self-Injurious Behavior , Parenting , Interview , Coitus , Domestic Violence , Confidentiality , Conflict, Psychological , Privacy , Life , Substance-Related Disorders , Criminal Law , Affect , Hazards , Surveillance in Disasters , Complicity , Criminal Liability , Dissent and Disputes , Law Enforcement , Aggression , Dominance-Subordination , Emotions , Empathy , Fear , Masculinity , Social Stigma , Pandemics , Social Networking , Social Marginalization , Hope , Drug Trafficking , Integrality in Health , Protective Factors , Courage , Criminal Behavior , Defamation , Gender-Based Violence , Recidivism , Stakeholder Participation , Expression of Concern , Frustration , Embarrassment , Psychological Distress , Correctional Facilities , Betrayal , Gender Equity , Gender Role , COVID-19 , Sociodemographic Factors , Social Vulnerability , Family Support , Psychological Well-Being , Correctional Facilities Personnel , Guilt , Health Promotion , Human Rights , Loneliness , Morale
3.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e248692, 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1422409

ABSTRACT

Este artigo é uma produção teórica de caráter reflexivo que focaliza a relação entre pesquisa e militância a partir do construtivismo semiótico-cultural em psicologia, tendo como base o caso da militância monodissidente. A noção de monodissidência foi cunhada no percurso da militância bissexual para se referir a uma ferramenta analítica de ordem político-comunitária que contempla todas as pessoas que se atraem sexual e/ou romanticamente por mais de um gênero. São contrapostas concepções distintas de militância político-social em psicologia: de um lado, militância é entendida a partir de um autocentramento do militante, vinculado a uma rede de exclusões, negações, vedação e defesas psicológicas em relação à experiência; de outro, há uma compreensão dialógica de militância. Metodologicamente, a proposta de pesquisa se fundamenta no campo da participação observante, entendendo que o pesquisador está, primeiro, na condição de participante de certo campo sociocultural, a partir do qual passa a observar e refletir sobre fenômenos que ocorrem nele. Tomamos como ilustração a trajetória de construção da militância monodissidente do primeiro autor, trazendo tensionamentos dialógicos para a análise, postos em discussão com outras reflexões situadas sobre o tema. O conjunto de tensionamentos dialógicos emergidos nesse percurso foi mapeado e compreendido como um processo de multiplicação dialógica no encontro de self pesquisador com o self militante.(AU)


This paper is a theoretical production of reflective character that focuses on the relationship between research and activism from the semiotic-cultural constructivism in psychology, based on the case of monodissident activism. The notion of monodissent was coined during bisexual activism to refer to an analytical tool of a political-community order that includes all people who are sexually and/or romantically attracted to more than one gender. Different conceptions of political-social activism in psychology are opposed: on the one hand, activism is understood from the militant's self-centeredness, linked to a network of exclusions, denials, gatekeeping, and psychological defenses regarding experience; on the other hand, there is a dialogical understanding of activism. Methodologically, the research proposal is based on the field of observant participation, understanding that the researcher is, first, in the condition of a participant in a certain sociocultural field, from which he starts to observe and reflect on phenomena that occur there. We take as an illustration the trajectory of the construction of the monodissident activism of the first author, bringing dialogical tensions to the analysis, discussed with other reflections on the subject. The set of dialogic tensions that emerged in this path was mapped and understood as a process of dialogic multiplication in the encounter of the researcher self with the activist self.(AU)


Este artículo realiza una producción teórica y reflexiva sobre la relación entre investigación y activismo desde el constructivismo semiótico-cultural en Psicología, a partir del caso del activismo monodisidente. La noción de monodisidencia fue acuñada en el transcurso de la militancia bisexual para referirse a una herramienta analítica de orden político-comunitario que incluye a todas las personas que se sienten atraídas sexual y / o románticamente por más de un género. Se contraponen distintas concepciones de la militancia político-social en Psicología: por un lado, la militancia se entiende desde el egocentrismo del militante, vinculado a un entramado de exclusiones, negaciones, sellamientos y defensas psicológicas con relación a la experiencia; por otro, existe una comprensión dialógica de la militancia. La investigación utiliza como metodología la participación del observador, entendiendo que el investigador se encuentra, en primer lugar, en la condición de participante de determinado campo sociocultural, desde donde comienza a observar y reflexionar sobre los fenómenos que allí ocurren. Tomamos como ilustración la trayectoria de la construcción de la militancia monodisidente del primer autor, trayendo tensiones dialógicas al análisis, discutidas con otras reflexiones sobre el tema. El conjunto de tensiones dialógicas que surgieron en este camino se caracteriza y se comprende como un proceso de multiplicación dialógica en el encuentro del self investigador con el self militante.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Psychology , Homeopathic Semiology , Sexuality , Self Psychology , Culture , Ego , Political Activism , Politics , Public Policy , Self Concept , Sexual Behavior , Sex Education , Social Sciences , Stereotyping , Transsexualism , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Bisexuality , Marriage , Sexually Transmitted Diseases , Mental Health , Civil Rights , Vulnerable Populations , Education , User Embracement , Sexual Health , Sexism , Gender-Based Violence , Stakeholder Participation , Social Oppression , Gender Diversity , Monosexuality , Pansexuality , Sexuality Disclosure , Gender Norms , Respect , Intersex Persons , Psychosocial Intervention , Social Cohesion , Human Development , Human Rights
4.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e252949, 2023. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1440791

ABSTRACT

As startups são empresas que apresentam modelos de negócios marcados pela inovação, rapidez, flexibilidade e alta capacidade de adaptação aos mercados. Atuando em diferentes setores socioeconômicos, elas prometem criar e transformar produtos e serviços. A emergência e disseminação dessas empresas ocorrem em um momento histórico de mudanças iniciadas a partir de 1970 e marcadas pelas crises geradas com o esgotamento do paradigma da sociedade urbano industrial. No Brasil, o número desse modelo de negócio apresentou uma expansão expressiva, alcançando a marca de 13.374 nos últimos cinco anos. Atento a esse cenário, o objetivo desta pesquisa consistiu em compreender como sujeitos, grupos e instituições atribuem sentidos à experiência de trabalho nas chamadas startups. Na parte teórica, as condições sociais e econômicas que possibilitaram a emergência e disseminação das startups são analisadas em uma perspectiva crítica. A parte empírica, por sua vez, apresenta depoimentos de empreendedores relatando o contexto geral de atuação nas startups. Ao final deste artigo, conclui-se que há uma instrumentalização capitalística de componentes subjetivos específicos selecionados e colocados em circulação para fortalecer o modo de produção capitalista financeirizado.(AU)


Startups are companies that have business models characterized by innovation, speed, flexibility, and a high capacity to adapt to markets. Operating in different socioeconomic sectors, they promise to create and transform products and services. The emergence and dissemination of these companies occur at a historical moment of changes that began from 1970 and are marked by the crises generated by the exhaustion of the paradigm of industrial urban society. In Brazil, the number of businesses in this model showed a significant expansion, reaching 13,374 companies in the last five years. Attentive to this scenario, the objective of this research was to understand how subjects, groups, and institutions attribute meanings to the work experience in so-called startups. In the theoretical part, the social and economic conditions that enabled the emergence and dissemination of startups are analyzed in a critical perspective. The empirical part presents entrepreneurs reporting the general context of action in startups. At the end of this article, it is concluded that there is a capitalistic instrumentalization of specific subjective components that are selected and put into circulation to strengthen the financed capitalist production.(AU)


Las startups son empresas que tienen modelos de negocio marcados por la innovación, la velocidad, la flexibilidad y una alta capacidad de adaptación a los mercados. Desde diferentes sectores socioeconómicos, las startups prometen crear y transformar productos y servicios. La aparición y difusión de estas empresas se produce en un momento histórico de cambios que comenzó a partir de 1970 y que está marcado por crisis generadas por el agotamiento del paradigma de la sociedad urbana industrial. En Brasil, estas empresas se expandieron significativamente alcanzando la marca de 13.374 empresas en los últimos cinco años. En este escenario, el objetivo de esta investigación fue entender cómo los sujetos, grupos e instituciones atribuyen significados a la experiencia laboral en las startups. En la parte teórica, se analizan las condiciones sociales y económicas que permitieron el surgimiento y la difusión de las startups en una perspectiva crítica. La parte empírica presenta testimonios de emprendedores que informan sobre el trabajo en startups. La investigación concluye que hay una instrumentalización capitalista de componentes subjetivos específicos que se seleccionan y ponen en circulación para fortalecer el modo de producción capitalista financiero.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Personal Satisfaction , Psychology, Social , Work , Organizations , Capitalism , Organization and Administration , Organizational Innovation , Peer Group , Personality , Politics , Professional Corporations , Professional Practice , Psychology , Public Relations , Risk Management , Safety , Salaries and Fringe Benefits , Social Adjustment , Social Change , Social Values , Technology , Thinking , Work Hours , Decision Making, Organizational , Competitive Bidding , Capital Financing , Artificial Intelligence , Consensus Development Conferences as Topic , Organizational Culture , Health , Administrative Personnel , Occupational Health , Planning Techniques , Adolescent , Entrepreneurship , Employment, Supported , Private Sector , Models, Organizational , Interview , Total Quality Management , Time Management , Efficiency, Organizational , Competitive Behavior , Natural Resources , Consumer Behavior , Contract Services , Benchmarking , Patent , Outsourced Services , Cultural Evolution , Marketing , Diffusion of Innovation , Economic Competition , Efficiency , Employment , Scientific and Educational Events , Products Commerce , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Agribusiness , Planning , High-Throughput Screening Assays , Small Business , Social Networking , Financial Management , Inventions , Crowdsourcing , Cloud Computing , Work-Life Balance , Stakeholder Participation , Sustainable Growth , Freedom , Big Data , Facilities and Services Utilization , e-Commerce , Blockchain , Universal Design , Augmented Reality , Intelligence , Investments , Mass Media , Occupations
5.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e244670, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448956

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi testar um modelo teórico-explicativo para as representações sociais sobre o cenário sociopolítico brasileiro de 2017, de acordo com as seguintes relações: as representações seriam influenciadas diretamente pela confiança nas instituições, e essa confiança, determinada pelas simpatias ideológicas. Participaram 164 estudantes universitários - cuja idade média era 24 anos - que responderam a escalas intervalares. Realizaram-se modelagens de equações estruturais para testar o modelo teórico proposto. Os resultados indicaram: adequabilidade do modelo; dois grupos de variáveis apresentando relações positivas entre as variáveis do mesmo grupo e negativas na comparação intergrupos. No primeiro grupo constaram as variáveis: ideias-força de esquerda, confiança nos movimentos sociais, avaliação do governo Dilma e avaliação das políticas de esquerda; no segundo: ideias-força de direita, confiança nas instituições de controle, confiança na mídia, avaliação do governo Temer e avaliação das políticas de esquerda. Concluiu-se que a confiança institucional e a simpatia ideológica ancoravam as representações sociais do cenário brasileiro na população universitária estudada.(AU)


The aim of this study was to test an explanatory theoretical model about the social representations about Brazilian social-political scenario in 2017, based on the following relations: representations were directly influenced by the trust in institutions, and this trust, determined by ideological sympathies. A sample of 164 college students - whose average age was 24 years - answered interval scales. We performed structural equation modeling to test the proposed model. The results indicated: the suitability of the model; two groups of variables presenting positive relations in the in-group comparison and negative relations in the comparisons between groups. The first group showed the variables: Leftist ideas-forces, trust in social movements, evaluation of Dilma's administration, and evaluation of Leftist policies; the second: Rightist ideas-forces, trust in control institutions, trust in the media, evaluation of Temer's administration, and evaluation of Leftist policies. In conclusion, the institutional trust and ideological sympathies anchored the social representations of the Brazilian scenery for the studied university population.(AU)


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo probar un modelo teórico explicativo de las representaciones sociales en el escenario sociopolítico brasileño de 2017 según las siguientes relaciones: las representaciones estarían directamente influenciadas por la confianza en las instituciones, y esta confianza, determinada por las simpatías ideológicas. Participaron en este estudio 164 estudiantes universitarios, con edad media de 24 años, quienes respondieron a escalas intervalares. Se llevaron a cabo modelos de ecuaciones estructurales para probar el modelo teórico propuesto. Los resultados indicaron: adecuación del modelo; dos grupos de variables que presentaban relaciones positivas entre las variables del mismo grupo y negativas en la comparación intergrupal. El primer grupo incluía las variables: ideas-fuerza de la izquierda, confianza en los movimientos sociales, evaluación del gobierno de Dilma y evaluación de las políticas de la izquierda; el segundo: ideas-fuerza de la derecha, confianza en las instituciones de control, confianza en los medios de comunicación, evaluación del gobierno Temer y evaluación de las políticas de la izquierda. Se concluyó que la confianza institucional y la simpatía ideológica funcionaron como fundamentos de las representaciones sociales del escenario político brasileño en la población universitaria estudiada.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Politics , Students , Universities , Culture , Trust , Ethics, Institutional , Social Representation , Morals , Ownership , Philosophy , Political Systems , Poverty , Psychology , Psychology, Social , Public Policy , Quality of Life , Rationalization , Safety , Salaries and Fringe Benefits , Science , Authoritarianism , Social Change , Social Problems , Social Responsibility , Social Sciences , Social Security , Social Values , Socialism , Socioeconomic Factors , Sociology , Technology , Technology, Industry, and Agriculture , Thinking , Unemployment , Women , Behavior , Labor Relations , Black or African American , Brazil , Ill-Housed Persons , Adaptation, Psychological , Attitude , Ethnicity , Economic Development , Child Advocacy , Child Welfare , Surveys and Questionnaires , Liability, Legal , Civil Rights , Negotiating , Public Sector , Private Sector , Disabled Persons , Communication , Communism , Privacy , Constitution and Bylaws , Feminism , Guideline Adherence , Modernization of the Public Sector , Crime , Civil Conflicts , Personal Autonomy , Capitalism , Access to Information , State , Legislative , Democracy , Aggression , Human Rights Abuses , French Revolution , Economics , Education , Emotions , Employee Grievances , Employment , Environment , Job Market , Population Studies in Public Health , Sanitary Supervision , Agribusiness , Industrial Development , Diplomacy , Work-Life Balance , Sexual and Gender Minorities , Fascism , Political Activism , Stakeholder Participation , Extremism , Social Oppression , Freedom , Gender-Inclusive Policies , Respect , Leadership and Governance Capacity , Corruption , Solidarity , Outdated Modernization , Social Programs , Indigenous Peoples , Environmentalism , Environmental Justice , Sociodemographic Factors , Social Vulnerability , Citizenship , Socio-Environmental Responsibility , Hierarchy, Social , Human Rights , Individuation , Jurisprudence , Leadership , Lobbying , Mass Behavior , Mass Media , Military Personnel , Occupational Groups
7.
Rev. adm. pública (Online) ; 55(3): 594-624, maio-jun. 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288141

ABSTRACT

Resumo Estudamos como uma comunidade brasileira respondeu a um desastre com várias inovações sociais (IS) propiciadas por bricolagem social e intermediação com stakeholders. O artigo busca explicar tais processos e sua inter-relação. A abordagem metodológica foi majoritariamente indutiva, utilizando entrevistas abertas e semiestruturadas e análise documental, além da experiência do autor principal, que residiu na localidade antes, durante e após o desastre. Nossos resultados sugerem que este abalou o equilíbrio social da comunidade de diversas maneiras e desencadeou ondas subsequentes de IS ligadas a bricolagem social e intermediação, as quais se amenizaram parcialmente ao longo do tempo. A originalidade e o valor do artigo derivam do contexto único e negligenciado de recuperação pós-desastre em um país emergente e da aplicação de avanços na conceitualização da intermediação e de sua relação com a bricolagem social e a IS.


Resumen Estudiamos cómo una comunidad brasileña respondió a un desastre con varias innovaciones sociales (IS) propiciadas por el bricolaje social y la intermediación con stakeholders. El artículo busca explicar tales procesos y su interrelación. El enfoque metodológico fue principalmente inductivo, utilizando entrevistas abiertas y semiestructuradas y análisis documental, además de la experiencia del autor principal que residió en la localidad antes, durante y después del desastre. Nuestros resultados sugieren que dicho acontecimiento afectó el equilibrio social de la comunidad de diversas maneras y desencadenó oleadas subsiguientes de IS relacionadas con el bricolaje social y la intermediación que se atenuaron parcialmente con el tiempo. La originalidad y el valor del artículo derivan del contexto único y de abandono de recuperación posdesastre en un país emergente y de la aplicación de avances en la conceptualización de la intermediación y de su relación con el bricolaje social y la IS.


Abstract We studied how a Brazilian community responded to a disaster using social innovations (SI) developed based on social bricolage and brokerage with stakeholders. The paper seeks to explain these processes and their interrelation. The methodological approach was primarily inductive, using semi-structured and open-ended interviews, document analysis, and the residential experience of the senior author before, during, and after the disaster. Our results suggest that the disaster upset the social balance of the community in several ways and triggered waves of subsequent SI related to social bricolage and brokerage that faded somewhat over time. Originality and value of the paper derive both from the unique and neglected context of post-disaster recuperation in a developing country and from the application of advances in the conceptualization of brokerage and its relation to social bricolage and SI.


Subject(s)
Creativity , Stakeholder Participation
8.
Rev. cuba. salud pública ; 47(1): e1663, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289568

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los intereses y roles permiten comprender la manera en que las personas son motivadas a realizar las actividades que llenan sus vidas y a establecer patrones de comportamiento; estos elementos conforman la vida cotidiana, afectan el proceso de jubilación y el desempeño ocupacional posterior. Objetivo: Caracterizar los intereses y roles de los trabajadores prejubilables de la Universidad del Valle, Campus San Fernando, Cali, Colombia. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal a 52 trabajadores prejubilables, a los cuales se les aplicó dos instrumentos: el Listado de Intereses modificado de Kielhofner y Neville (1983) y el Listado de Roles de Oakley, Kielhofner y Barris (1985). Los datos fueron analizados mediante distribuciones de frecuencia. Resultados: Las actividades que plantearon los trabajadores prejubilables se correlacionan con sus intereses y estos con la participación que tienen y desean tener en el presente y en el futuro. Los roles se encuentran internalizados, pero existen diferencias en la asignación de valor, entre hombres y mujeres y se observa una disminución en la brecha de participación laboral por sexo. Conclusiones: Para enfrentar los cambios venideros después de la jubilación es necesario un ajuste en las actividades y transformaciones en los roles a desempeñar por los prejubilados que se incorporen a su cotidianidad, para así tener más posibilidades de reaccionar con formas adaptativas positivas a su nueva realidad(AU)


Introduction: Interests and roles allow us to understand the way in which people are motivated to carry out the activities that fill their lives and to establish patterns of behavior; these elements make up daily life, they affect the retirement process and subsequent occupational performance. Objective: To characterize the interests and roles of early retirement workers at Universidad del Valle, San Fernando Campus, Cali, Colombia. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out on 52 early retirement workers, to whom two instruments were applied: the modified List of Interests by Kielhofner and Neville (1983) and the List of Roles by Oakley, Kielhofner and Barris (1985). The data were analyzed using frequency distributions. Results: The activities proposed by the early retirement workers correlate with their interests and their interests with their participation and what they wish to have in the present and in the future. The roles are internalized, but there are differences in assigning values between men and women. Additionally, a decrease in the labor participation gap by sex is observed. Conclusion: To face the changes after retirement, it is necessary to adjustment the activities and transformations of the roles to be played by early retirees when they joint heir daily lives; thus they would have greater possibility of reacting with positive adaptive ways to their new reality(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Retirement , Stakeholder Participation/psychology , Human Activities , Motivation , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Colombia
9.
Ghana Med. J. (Online) ; 55(2): 3-9, 2021.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1293245

ABSTRACT

Objective: We assessed the level of community acceptance of COVID-19, identified and implemented strategies to demystifying stigma in a severely affected population in Tema. Design and Setting: We conducted a cross-sectional study to assess stigma among the Tema community, then identified and implemented interventions to demystify COVID-19 stigma. We interviewed positive cases, their contacts, contact tracers, case management team members, and community members who shared their first hand experiences and knowledge on the current pandemic. Intervention: Based on the information received, we came up with ways of reducing stigma and implemented them in their community. Main Outcome: Stigma demystified Results: Cases and contacts reported being avoided, discriminated against, insulted or had derogatory words used on them by family, friends, work colleagues or the community. Cases and their contacts stated that stigmatisation was fueled by the presence of COVID -19 branded vehicles and security officials at their homes or workplaces. Stakeholder engagement, education and extensive sensitisation of community members were implemented to reduce stigma. Conclusion: We observed deeply entrenched stigma to COVID - 19 positive patients and their contacts in the community. Health care response mechanisms such as the presence of security personnel with contact tracers and case managers and the use of COVID -19 branded vehicles fueled stigma. A multifaceted approach through the engagement of key stakeholders, training of health workers and extensive education and community sensitisation was essential in reducing stigma.


Subject(s)
Social Stigma , Stakeholder Participation , COVID-19 , Ghana
10.
Psicol. soc. (Online) ; 33: e235136, 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1346834

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo deste relato é apresentar uma experiência sobre o desenvolvimento do Protagonismo Juvenil dos adolescentes e jovens que estão em cumprimento de medidas socioeducativas em meio aberto, a partir de Oficinas Temáticas realizadas no Centro de Referência Especializado de Assistência Social (CREAS). Para o desenvolvimento das oficinas foi construído um jogo de interpretação de personagem que teve a missão de revitalizar uma quadra de esportes. Partindo de um tema de interesse e de um jogo criado a partir da realidade concreta dos jovens, foi possível perceber o papel protagônico e o envolvimento dos jovens, que fomentou discussões sobre os serviços públicos e como poderiam se articular para modificar a realidade da quadra esportiva. Além disso, foi possível ampliar as discussões sobre outros direitos, como o direito ao esporte e ao lazer. Assim, trabalhar o protagonismo juvenil é reafirmar os adolescentes e jovens como sujeitos de direitos.


Resumen El propósito de este informe es presentar una experiencia sobre el desarrollo del Protagonismo Juvenil de adolescentes y jóvenes que están cumpliendo medidas socioeducativas en ambiente abierto, a partir de talleres temáticos realizados en el Centro de Referencia Especializado de Asistencia Social (CREAS). Para el desarrollo de los talleres se construyó un juego de rol con la misión de revitalizar una cancha deportiva. A partir de un tema de interés y un juego creado a partir de la realidad concreta de los jóvenes, se pudo percibir el papel protagonista y la implicación de los jóvenes, lo que propició discusiones sobre los servicios públicos y cómo se podían articular para cambiar la realidad de la cancha deportiva. Además, fue posible ampliar los debates sobre otros derechos, como el derecho al deporte y al esparcimiento. Así, trabajar con el protagonismo juvenil significa reafirmar a los adolescentes y jóvenes como sujetos de derechos.


Abstract This report aims to present an experience on the development of youth protagonism of teenagers and young people who are in compliance with socio-educational measures in open environment, based on Thematic Workshops held at the Specialized Reference Center for Social Assistance (CREAS). For the development of the workshops, a role-playing game was built with the mission of revitalizing a sports court. Starting from a topic of interest and a game created from the concrete reality of young people, it was possible to perceive the leading role and involvement of young people, which fostered discussions about public services and how they could articulate themselves to change the reality of the sports court. In addition, it was possible to expand discussions on other rights, such as the right to sport and leisure. Thus, working with youth protagonism means reaffirming adolescents and young people as subjects of rights.


Subject(s)
Role Playing , Child Advocacy , Education/methods , Stakeholder Participation/psychology , Social Support , Sports
11.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 156(5): 372-378, sep.-oct. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249934

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: México es el país con mayor mortalidad por infarto agudo de miocardio con elevación del segmento ST (IAM CEST), por lo que el Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social desarrolló el protocolo de atención para los servicios de urgencias denominado Código Infarto. En este artículo se discuten aspectos de la medicina traslacional con una perspectiva bioética e integral. Objetivo: Analizar el protocolo Código Infarto desde la perspectiva de la bioética traslacional. Método: Se realizó una aproximación centrada en el problema a través del equilibrio reflexivo, así como la aplicación del método integral para el discernimiento ético. Resultados: El protocolo de atención para los servicios de urgencias Código Infarto se rige por la medicina basada en la evidencia y la medicina basada en valores; se orienta por el principio de integridad que considera las seis dimensiones de la calidad para la atención de pacientes con IAM CEST. Conclusión: El protocolo supera algunos determinantes sociales adversos que afectan la atención médica del IAM CEST, disminuye la mortalidad, la carga económica global de la enfermedad y desarrolla una medicina de excelencia de alto alcance social.


Abstract Introduction: Mexico is the country with the highest mortality due to ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI), and the IMSS has therefore developed the protocol of care for emergency departments called Código Infarto (Infarction Code). In this article, aspects of translational medicine are discussed with a bioethical and comprehensive perspective. Objective: To analyze the Código Infarto protocol from the perspective of translational bioethics. Method: A problem-centered approach was carried out through reflective equilibrium (or Rawls' method), as well as by applying the integral method for ethical discernment. Results: The protocol of care for emergency services Código Infarto is governed by evidence-based medicine and value-based medicine; it is guided by a principle of integrity that considers six dimensions of quality for the care of patients with STEMI. Conclusion: The protocol overcomes some adverse social determinants that affect STEMI medical care, reduces mortality and global economic disease burden, and develops medicine of excellence with high social reach.


Subject(s)
Humans , Myocardial Reperfusion/ethics , Clinical Protocols , Bioethical Issues , Emergency Service, Hospital/ethics , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Myocardial Reperfusion/statistics & numerical data , Reproducibility of Results , Evidence-Based Medicine , Fibrinolytic Agents/administration & dosage , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/mortality , Stakeholder Participation , Mexico
13.
Acta fisiátrica ; 26(4): 220-229, Dez. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1129890

ABSTRACT

A deficiência múltipla (DM) é caracterizada pela presença de duas ou mais deficiências que são capazes de influenciar o desenvolvimento e a funcionalidade dos indivíduos que a possui. A reabilitação nestes casos passa invariavelmente pela atuação fisioterapêutica que pode proporcionar ganhos funcionais e sociais para a crianças que sofrem com a DM e para suas famílias. Objetivo: Analisar como a literatura científica aborda a percepção dos pais em relação ao tratamento fisioterapêutico de crianças com deficiência múltipla. Método: Foi realizada uma metassíntese qualitativa por meio de uma busca sistemática de estudos qualitativos publicados entre 2013 e 2018 nas bases de dados Scopus e PsycINFO. A análise dos dados consistiu em três etapas propostas: sistematização dos conceitos de primeira ordem, que envolvem a identificação dos conceitos encontrados nos artigos originais; a interpretação de segunda ordem, processo de comparação e interpretação de conceitos que se repetem e, por fim, a síntese interpretativa, que são uma reinterpretação dos conceitos de segunda ordem. Resultados: Foram incluídos oito estudos e deles emergiram cinco conceitos de segunda ordem que serviram de base para a elaboração de duas sínteses interpretativas: Participação dos pais no processo de reabilitação e Informação e comunicação entre pais e fisioterapeutas na percepção das melhoras físicas obtidas com o tratamento. Conclusão: Os estudos apontaram que os pais percebem a eficácia do tratamento fisioterapêutico, no entanto, foram identificadas algumas barreiras que dificultam a realização de uma intervenção adequada.


Multiple disability (MD) is characterized by the presence of two or more deficiencies that are capable of influencing the development and functionality of the individuals who have it. Rehabilitation in these cases invariably involves physical therapy that can provide functional and social gains for children suffering from MD and their families. Objective: Analyze how the scientific literature addresses the perception of parents regarding the physical therapy treatment of children with multiple disability. Methods: A qualitative metasynthesis was performed through a systematic earch of qualitative studies published between 2013 and 2018 in the Scopus and PsycINFO databases. The data analysis consisted of three stages proposed: systematization of the first order concepts, which involve the identification of the concepts found in the original articles; the second order interpretation, process of comparison and interpretation of concepts that are repeated and, finally, the interpretative synthesis, which are a reinterpretation of second order concepts. Results: Eight studies were included and from them emerged five second order concepts that served as the basis for the elaboration of two interpretative syntheses: Parent's participation in the process of rehabilitation and Information and communication between parents and physiotherapists in the perception of physical improvements obtained with the treatment. Concluision: The studies pointed out that parents perceive the efficacy of physiotherapeutic treatment, however, some barriers have been identified that make it difficult to carry out an adequate intervention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Parents , Attitude to Health , Physical Therapy Modalities , Disabled Children/rehabilitation , Professional-Family Relations , Qualitative Research , Stakeholder Participation
15.
Rev. Kairós ; 21(3): 293-316, set. 2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1008629

ABSTRACT

O artigo tem por objetivo a compreensão do protagonismo dos idosos na construção das Políticas Municipais de Saúde. Os dados foram coletados através de vinte e seis relatos pessoais dos Conselheiros Idosos Representantes do segmento Usuários, ao longo de três gestões do Conselho Municipal. Os dados revelam a luta cotidiana dos idosos e seu protagonismo pela participação na batalha pela melhoria da qualidade no atendimento à saúde da população nos estabelecimentos de saúde de Vila Velha, ES, Brasil, buscando garantir a Saúde Pública.


The goal of this article is the understanding of the elderly protagonism in the construction of the Public Health Policies. The data were collected through twenty-six personal reports of elderly counselors who represents the users segment throughout three administrations of the city council. The data reveal the daily struggle of the elderly and their protagonism by the participation in the battle for the improvement of the quality in health care in the health stablishment of Vila Velha, ES, Brazil, seeking to guarantee public health.


El artículo tiene por objetivo la comprensión del protagonismo de los ancianos en la construcción de las Políticas Municipales de Salud. Los datos fueron recolectados a través de veintiséis relatos personales de los Consejeros Ancianos Representantes del segmento Usuarios a lo largo de tres gestiones del Consejo Municipal. Los datos revelan la lucha cotidiana de los ancianos y su protagonismo por la participación en la batalla por la mejora de la calidad en la atención a la salud de la población en los establecimientos de salud de Vila Velha, ES, Brasil, buscando garantizar la Salud Pública.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Stakeholder Participation/psychology , Health Policy/legislation & jurisprudence , Health of the Elderly , Health Councils , Narration , Qualitative Research
16.
Salud pública Méx ; 60(4): 462-471, Jul.-Aug. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-979155

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To analyze the role of stakeholders to three alternative strategies to improve processes and practices regarding the regulation, assessment, and management of orthopaedic medical devices in Mexico. Materials and methods The study was based on document analysis and 17 structured interviews with multiple key actors within the Mexican health system to inform a stakeholder analysis aiming at assessing the political feasibility of these strategies. Results Central level government agencies, those with a relation to quality of care, were identified as most relevant stakeholders to influence the adaption and application of the strategies. Major barriers identified are financial and human resources, and organisational culture towards reform. Conclusion Discussed strategies are political feasible. However, solving identified barriers is crucial to achieve changes directed to improve outputs and outcomes of medical device life cycle and positively influence the quality of health care and the health system's performance.


Resumen Objetivo Analizar el papel de actores clave ante tres estrategias para mejorar los procesos y prácticas relacionados con la regulación, evaluación y gestión de dispositivos médicos ortopédicos en México. Material y métodos Análisis de grupos de interés (stakeholder analysis) basado en un análisis documental y 17 entrevistas estructuradas con actores clave, dirigido a evaluar la viabilidad política de las estrategias. Resultados El papel de las agencias federales de gobierno, principalmente las relacionadas con calidad de atención, fue identificado como central y con mayor poder para influenciar la adaptación y aplicación de las estrategias. Como barreras se identificaron los recursos financieros y humanos, y reorientar la cultura organizacional hacia la reforma. Conclusión Las estrategias discutidas son políticamente viables. Resolver las barreras es importante para lograr cambios que optimicen el ciclo de vida de los dispositivos médicos e influyan positivamente en la calidad de atención y el desempeño del sistema de salud.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Orthopedic Equipment/economics , Orthopedic Equipment/supply & distribution , Orthopedic Equipment/statistics & numerical data , Public Policy , Feasibility Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Stakeholder Participation , Government Agencies , Mexico
17.
Rev. adm. pública (Online) ; 52(4): 593-609, jul.-ago. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-957555

ABSTRACT

Abstract Collaborative stakeholder influence and open budget actions are important elements in governance in order to promote social development (Ansell and Gash, 2008). However, it is important to clarify how to measure these supposedly independent elements. The aim of the article is to identify ways to measure the influence of collaborative stakeholders and open budget actions. The methodological aspects focus on data collection through interviews and content analysis. The conclusion is that the number of civil society organizations and the presence of social councils and their operational components are relevant measures of collaborative stakeholder influence and open budget actions, respectively. In addition, this article highlights the relevance of integrating collaborative stakeholder influences with open budget actions. Finally, a research agenda is proposed.


Resumen La influencia colaborativa de las partes interesadas y las acciones de presupuesto abierto son elementos importantes en la gobernanza para promover el desarrollo social (Ansell y Gash, 2008). Un punto que necesita ser aclarado es cómo medir estos elementos supuestamente independientes. El objetivo del documento es identificar maneras de medir la influencia de las partes interesadas de colaboración y acciones de presupuesto abierto. Los aspectos metodológicos se centran en la recogida de datos mediante entrevistas y análisis de contenido para la identificación de resultados. Concluimos que el número de organizaciones de la sociedad civil y la presencia de los consejos sociales y sus componentes operacionales son medidas relevantes de influencia colaborativa de las partes interesadas y acciones de presupuesto abierto, respectivamente. Además, este documento destaca la relevancia para integrar las influencias colaborativas de las partes interesadas con las acciones de presupuesto abierto. Finalmente, propone una agenda de investigación.


Resumo A influência colaborativa dos stakeholders e as ações de orçamento aberto são elementos importantes na governança para promover o desenvolvimento social (Ansell e Gash, 2008). No entanto, um ponto que precisa ser esclarecido é como medir esses elementos supostamente independentes. Nesse sentido, o objetivo deste artigo é identificar maneiras de medir a influência colaborativa dos stakeholders e das ações de orçamento aberto. Os aspectos metodológicos centram-se na coleta de dados por meio de entrevistas e na análise de conteúdo para identificação dos resultados. Conclui-se que o número de organizações da sociedade civil e a presença de iniciativas no âmbito dos conselhos sociais são formas de medir a influência colaborativa dos stakeholders e nas ações de orçamento aberto, respectivamente. Além disso, este trabalho destaca a importância de se integrar a influência colaborativa dos stakeholders e das ações de orçamentos abertos. Por fim, propõe-se uma agenda de pesquisa.


Subject(s)
Social Change , Budgets , Stakeholder Participation
18.
Salud pública Méx ; 60(1): 86-96, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-903847

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Objective: To design and analyze the efficacy of an Ecohealth competency-based course on the prevention and control of vector-borne-diseases for specific stakeholders. Materials and methods: Multiple stakeholders and sectors of the region were consulted to identify Ecohealth group-specific competencies using an adjusted analysis matrix. Eight courses based on the competencies were implemented to train EA tutors. The effectiveness of the course was evaluated through the use of paired- t-tests by intervention group. Results: Strategic, tactical, academia and community stakeholder groups and their competencies were identified. An overall gain of 43 percentage points (p<0.001) was observed in terms of competencies score in trained tutors, which further trained 1 033 people. Conclusion: The identification of the stakeholders and their competencies proved to be useful to guide training courses to significantly improve the initial competencies and create a critical mass to further advance the EA in the region.


Resumen: Objetivo: Diseñar y analizar la eficacia de un curso basado en competencias de Eco-Salud para la prevención y control de enfermedades transmitidas por vectores, para actores específicos. Material y métodos: Se consultaron múltiples actores y sectores de la región para identificar las competencias específicas del enfoque de Ecosalud, que deberían de tener los grupos clave utilizando un análisis de matriz ajustado. Se implementaron cursos de capacitación utilizando las competencias para capacitar a tutores en el enfoque. La efectividad del curso se evaluó mediante el uso de pruebas t pareadas por grupo de intervención. Resultados: Se identificaron los grupos clave para la prevención y control de las ETVs: estratégico, táctico, académico y comunitario, así como sus competencias. Se capacitaron tutores y se obtuvo un incremento en relación con las competencias iniciales de 43 puntos porcentuales (p <0.001). Conclusión: La identificación de los grupos clave y sus competencias demostró ser útil en el diseño de un curso para incrementar el nivel inicial de competencias y crear una masa crítica para Ecosalud en la región.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Infection Control/methods , Chagas Disease/prevention & control , Dengue/prevention & control , Ecology/education , Infectious Disease Medicine/education , Malaria/prevention & control , Program Evaluation , Chagas Disease/transmission , Chagas Disease/epidemiology , Curriculum , Teacher Training , Stakeholder Participation , Insect Vectors , Latin America/epidemiology
19.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 247-253, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959800

ABSTRACT

@#<p><strong>OBJECTIVES:</strong> Stakeholders and stakeholder engagement in agenda setting are not well documented despite its increased recognition. This paper aimed to describe stakeholder engagement in the agenda setting. Specifically, it aimed to (1) describe the process of stakeholder engagement in the development of the NUHRA 2017-2022; (2) describe characteristics of stakeholders involved; and (3) identify lessons learned during the engagement.</p><p><strong>METHODS:</strong> Documents pertinent to the agenda setting process, which included profile of participants and feedback on the consultation process were reviewed and analyzed. Key informant interviews were also conducted among selected PCHRD officials and members of the Philippine National Health Research System - Research Agenda Committee. Stakeholder mapping was conducted prior to the engagement to identify potential stakeholders. Consultations were conducted in each region involving different stakeholders. Stakeholders in the consultation process were national government agencies, local government units, academe, public and private health facilities, and non-government organizations (NGOs).</p><p><strong>RESULTS:</strong> The stakeholder with the highest representation was the national government (n=110), while the lowest were public and private health facilities (n=14 each). Interactive discussion of stakeholders with diverse background, is the top item that went well during the consultation and should be retained in the future, and; brainstorming session and presentation were identified item that needs improvement.</p><p><strong>CONCLUSION:</strong> A diverse and well-represented set of stakeholders is important in an agenda setting to appropriately identify priorities and to improve uptake of the agenda. Stakeholder engagement, however, should not be limited to agenda setting, collaborative work must be sustained in all aspects of the research cycle.</p>


Subject(s)
Stakeholder Participation , Philippines
20.
EMHJ-Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal. 2018; 24 (02): 146-153
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-190336

ABSTRACT

Background: In Pakistan, there is high prevalence of mental health disorders, but mental health services to address these are not well developed. To provide effective mental health services, the World Health Organization emphasizes the integration of mental health into primary health care [PHC]. Objectives: This study aimed to assess the views of key stakeholders about integration of mental health into PHC in Karachi, Pakistan. Methods: A qualitative, exploratory study was conducted between June and September 2013 among 15 decision-making [from the Department of Health] and implementation-level stakeholders [mental health and public health professionals and primary care staff] from both the public and private sectors. Face-to-face, in-depth interviews were conducted using a semi-structured interview guide. Data were collected until theoretical saturation was achieved and conventional content analysis was carried out. Results: Although there was general support among all the stakeholders for integration of mental health services within PHC, there were also a number of reservations. First was the perceived lack of support within the system in terms of resource allocation and acceptance from the community. Second was the lack of human resources in the field of mental health. In addition, resistance at the PHC level is likely as staff are already burdened with other preventive care services. Conclusions: The study suggests that strong political commitment, adequate human and financial resources, and strong advocacy are needed for the integration of mental health into PHC in Pakistan


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Delivery of Health Care, Integrated , Primary Health Care , Stakeholder Participation , Mental Disorders/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires
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