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1.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-10, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1353703

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the effect of application of Biodentine (BD), Photobiomodulation (PBM) using 810 nm diode laser and both on the proliferation and odontogenic differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells (HDPSCs). Material and Methods: HDPSCs were collected, isolated, and characterized and then divided into six groups: groups 1, control; groups 2, biodentine (BD); group 3, irradiation at 1 J/cm 2 of 810-nm diode laser; group 4, irradiation at 1 J/cm 2 and culture with BD; group 5, irradiation at 2 J/cm 2, and group 6, irradiation at 2 J/cm 2 and culture with BD. Viability assay was measured through MTT assay and Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) enzyme activity and mRNA levels of RUNX2, collagen 1 (Col-1) and BMP2 were also assessed. Results: Photobiomodulation at 1 and 2 J/cm 2 combined with biodentine significantly promoted HDPSCs proliferation (in MTT assay results) and odontogenic differentiation (through the gene expression of RUNX2, Col-1 and BMP2 levels (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Photobiomodulation at 2 J/cm 2 combined with biodentine enhanced proliferation and odontogenic differentiation of cultured HDPSCs and thus could further be beneficial for dentin regeneration (AU)


Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito da aplicação de Biodentina (BD), Fotobiomodulação (PBM) usando diodo de laser de 810 nm e ambos na proliferação e diferenciação odontogênica de células tronco cultivadas da polpa dental (HDPSCs). Material e Métodos: HDPSCs foram coletadas, isoladas, caracterizadas e então divididas em seis grupos: grupo 1, controle; grupo 2, biodentina (BD); grupo 3, irradiação com diodo de laser a 1 J/cm2 de 810- nm; grupo 4, irradiação a 1 J/cm 2 e cultivo com BD; grupo 5, irradiação a 2 J/cm2, e grupo 6, irradiação a 2 J/cm2 e cultivo com BD. A viabilidade foi mensurada através do teste MTT e a atividade da enzima Fosfatase alcalina (ALP), e níveis de RNAm de RUNX2, de colágeno 1 (Col-1) e de BMP2 foram também mensurados. Resultados: Fotobiomodulação a 1 e 2 J/cm 2 combinada com biodentina promoveu significativa proliferação de HDPSCs (nos resultados do teste MTT) e diferenciação odontogênica (através da expressão genética dos níveis de RUNX2, Col-1 e BMP2 (p < 0.05)). Conclusão: Fotobiomodulação a 2 J/cm2 combinada com biodentina aumentou a proliferação e diferenciação odontogênica de HDPSCs cultivadas e dessa forma poderia ser benéfica para a regeneração dentinária. (AU)


Subject(s)
Stem Cells , Collagen Type I , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit
2.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210114, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365227

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To compare the cytotoxicity of commercial reparative endodontic cements on human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs). Material and Methods The culture of hPDLSCs was established. Cell density was set at 2 × 104 cells/well in 96-well plates. Extracts of Biodentine, Bio-C Repair, Cimmo HD, MTA Repair HP and White MTA were prepared. Then, the extracts were diluted (pure, 1:4 and 1:16) and inserted into cell-seeded wells for 24, 48, and 72 h to assess cell viability through MTT assay. hPDLSCs incubated with culture medium alone served as a negative control group. Data were analyzed by Two-Way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=0.05). Results At 24 h, pure extract of MTA Repair HP and Biodentine 1:16 presented higher cell viability compared to control. Lower cell viability was found for pure extract of Cimmo HD, MTA Repair HP 1:4 and 1:16, and White MTA 1:16. At 48 h, pure extract of Bio-C Repair and MTA Repair HP presented higher cell viability compared to control. At 72 h, only the pure extract of MTA Repair HP led to higher cell proliferation compared to control. Conclusion Biodentine, Bio-C Repair and MTA Repair HP were able to induce hPDLSCs proliferation. Cimmo HD and White MTA were found to be mostly cytotoxic in hPDLSCs.


Subject(s)
Periodontal Ligament/anatomy & histology , Root Canal Filling Materials , Stem Cells/immunology , Cytotoxicity Tests, Immunologic/instrumentation , Dental Cements , Immunologic Tests/instrumentation , Brazil , Cell Count , Analysis of Variance , Endodontics , Primary Cell Culture
3.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-12, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1363062

ABSTRACT

Objective: 1) To critically review the published literature on applications of dental stem cells in the regeneration of intraoral tissues. 2) To provide an evidence-based level on research regarding application of dental stem cells in intraoral tissues regeneration. Methodology: This systematic review is conducted as per the JBI guidelines and reported as per the PRISMA. An initial literature search of papers published between 2004 and 2018 yielded 421 manuscripts. Nineteen studies satisfied the inclusion / exclusion criteria and were included for qualitative synthesis. Studies were categorized as animal (11) and human (8) trials. Five independent reviewers critically assessed the included studies. Risk of bias was assessed using SYstematic Review Centre for Laboratory animal Experimentation (SYRCLE) bias risk tool, robins-I tool for non-randomised clinical trial and Cochrane Collaboration's Tool for randomised clinical trial. Evidence levels were assessed based on JBI Criteria. Results: Animal trials mainly focused on periodontal regeneration. A high or unclear Risk of bias was more commonly found amongst animal studies. Laboratory, clinical and radiographic evaluation were used to assess the outcome. A total of Eight Human studies were conducted on a total samples size of 153 upon a wide age ranging from seven years to 60 years. Nearly 70% of the human studies used DPSC for regenerating alveolar bone defects. Conclusion: Appropriate well designed double-blind randomized clinical trials of longer duration are yet to be performed. Evidence for the included studies were 1C and 1D as per the JBI Criteria. Stem cell therapy demonstrated promising results in Periodontal tissue and alveolar bone regeneration. However, the number of studies to claim such a benefit are very limited (AU)


Objetivo: 1) Revisar criticamente a literatura publicada sobre aplicações de células-tronco dentárias na regeneração de tecidos intraorais. 2) Fornecer um nível baseado em evidências sobre pesquisas relacionadas à aplicação de células-tronco dentárias na regeneração de tecidos intraorais. Metodologia: Esta revisão sistemática é conduzida de acordo com as diretrizes do JBI e relatada de acordo com o PRISMA. Uma pesquisa bibliográfica inicial de artigos publicados entre 2004 e 2018 resultou em 421 manuscritos. Dezenove estudos satisfizeram os critérios de inclusão / exclusão e foram incluídos para síntese qualitativa. Os estudos foram categorizados como ensaios em animais (11) e humanos (8). Cinco revisores independentes avaliaram criticamente os estudos incluídos. O risco de viés foi avaliado usando a ferramenta de risco de viés do Centro de Revisão Sistemática para Experimentação com Animais de Laboratório (SYRCLE), a ferramenta robins-I para ensaios clínicos não randomizados e a Ferramenta da Colaboração Cochrane para ensaios clínicos randomizados. Os níveis de evidência foram avaliados com base nos critérios JBI. Resultados: Os ensaios em animais focaram principalmente na regeneração periodontal. Um risco alto ou pouco claro de viés foi mais comumente encontrado entre os estudos com animais. Avaliações laboratorial, clínica e radiográfica foram utilizadas para avaliar o resultado. Um total de oito estudos em humanos foram conduzidos em um tamanho total de amostras de 153 com ampla faixa etária, variando de sete a 60 anos. Quase 70% dos estudos em humanos usaram DPSC para regeneração de defeitos ósseos alveolares. Conclusão: Ensaios clínicos randomizados duplo-cegos apropriados e bem elaborados de maior duração ainda precisam ser realizados. As evidências para os estudos incluídos foram 1C e 1D de acordo com os critérios JBI. A terapia com células-tronco demonstrou resultados promissores na regeneração do tecido periodontal e do osso alveolar. No entanto, o número de estudos para reivindicar tal benefício é muito limitado (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Stem Cells , Tooth, Deciduous , Guided Tissue Regeneration, Periodontal , Dental Pulp
5.
Rev. cienc. salud ; 19(2): 1-15, mayo-ago. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357203

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: el desarrollo alcanzado en la medicina regenerativa posibilita el tratamiento de enfer medades incurables o que tienen una respuesta reducida a las terapéuticas actuales, así como la dis minución del consumo de medicamentos, en algunos casos. En Cuba, las especialidades de angiología y de ortopedia y traumatología son las que más han aplicado esta terapia. En el artículo se interpretan estadísticamente los resultados de la comparación, mediante STATGRAPHICS® Centurion XVI, de las varia bles controladas en dos tratamientos de osteoartritis en rodilla, uno empleando células madre mononucleares obtenidas de la sangre periférica y otro con la terapia convencional, para fundamentar la superioridad del nuevo tratamiento. Presentación del caso: se trataron 100 pacientes adultos atendidos en el Departamento de Ortopedia del Instituto de Hematología e Inmunología por osteoartrosis de rodilla, divididos en dos grupos. El grupo A (control) recibió el tratamiento convencional de infiltración con acetato de triamcinolona en la articulación afectada. El grupo B (estudio) recibió la implantación del concentrado de células mononucleares adultas hematopoyéticas por vía percutánea. Conclusión: se analizaron cada una de sus variables y se pudo comprobar que la mayoría de los datos recopilados no cumplía con una distribución normal, por lo que las siguientes pruebas se ejecutaron tomando como referencia la mediana de cada muestra. Se comparó entre la evaluación del dolor a la actividad y el consumo de medicamentos de cada uno de los grupos de tratamiento. Se evidenció la mejor respuesta de los pacientes para el tratamiento con células madre y una disminución en el consumo de fármacos.


Abstract Introduction: The development achieved in regenerative medicine has allowed the treatment of incurable diseases or those with a reduced response to current therapies, as well as cases with decreased consump tion of medicines. In Cuba, angiology, orthopedic, and traumatology specialists use this therapy the most. In this paper, we have presented the statistical analysis using the STATGRAPHICS® Centurion XVI for controlled variables in two osteoarthritis-knee treatments, one using mononuclear stem cells obtained from the peripheral blood and the other with a conventional therapy so as to demonstrate the superiority of the new treatment regime. Case report: A total of 100 adult patients treated in the Orthopedic Department at the Hematology and Immunology Institute for osteoarthritis-knee pains were studied. Group A (control) received the conventional treatment with triamcinolone acetate infiltration in the affected knee. Group B received the percutaneous implantation of the hematopoietic adult mononuclear cell concentrate. Conclusion: The analysis of each of the variables was performed to verify that most of the collected data did not comply with a normal distribution; hence, the following tests were performed taking the median of each sample as a reference. Comparisons were made between the evaluation of pain to the activity, as well as the consumption of drugs from each of the treatment groups. The best response of the patients was indicated for treatments with stem cells and a decrease in the consumption of drugs.


Resumo Introdução: o desenvolvimento alcançado na medicina regenerativa possibilita o tratamento de doenças incuráveis ou que têm uma resposta reduzida frente às terapias atuais, bem como a redução do consumo de medicamentos, em alguns casos. Em Cuba, as especialidades de angiologia e ortopedia e traumato logia são as que mais têm aplicado esta terapia. O estudo interpreta estatisticamente os resultados da comparação, por meio do STATGRAPHICS® Centurion XVI, das variáveis controladas em dois tratamentos de osteoartrite de joelho, sendo um utilizando células-tronco mononucleares obtidas de sangue periférico e outro com terapia convencional, com o objetivo de comprovar a superioridade do novo tratamento. Apresentação do caso: foram tratados 100 pacientes adultos atendidos no Departamento de Ortopedia do Instituto de Hematologia e Imunologia para osteoartrite de joelho, divididos em dois grupos. O grupo A (controle) recebeu tratamento convencional de infiltração com acetato de triancinolona na articulação afetada. O grupo B (estudo) recebeu implantação percutânea de concentrado de células mononucleares hematopoiéticas adultas. Conclusão: a análise de cada uma de suas variáveis foi realizada e constatou-se que a maioria dos dados coletados não obedecia a uma distribuição normal, de modo que os seguintes testes foram realizados tomando-se como referência a mediana de cada amostra. Foram feitas compara ções entre a avaliação da dor à atividade, bem como o consumo de medicamentos em cada um dos grupos de tratamento. Evidenciou-se uma melhor resposta dos pacientes ao tratamento com células-tronco e diminuição do consumo de medicamentos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stem Cells , Osteoarthritis , Therapeutics , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Cuba , Pain Management , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Data Analysis
6.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 65-74, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345502

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study investigated the effect of three commercial calcium silicate-based materials (CSBM) on cytotoxicity and pro-and anti-inflammatory cytokines production in cultured human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs). Culture of hPDLSCs was established and characterized. Extracts of Bio-C Sealer (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brazil), MTA Fillapex (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brazil) and PBS Cimmo HP (Cimmo Soluções em Saúde, Pouso Alegre, MG, Brazil) were prepared by placing cement specimens (5 x 3 mm) in culture medium. Then, the extracts were serially two-fold diluted (1, 1:2, 1:4, 1:8, 1:16) and inserted into the cell-seeded wells for 24, 48 and 72 h for MTT assays. TNF-α and IL-10 cytokines were quantified by ELISA at 24h-cell supernatants. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). All CSBM exhibited some cytotoxicity that varied according to extract concentration and time of evaluation. MTA Fillapex presented the highest cytotoxic effects with significant reduction of metabolic activity/cell viability when compared to Bio-C Sealer and Cimmo HP®. TNF-α was significantly upregulated by the three tested cements (p < 0.05) while only MTA Fillapex significantly upregulated IL-10 in comparison to control. Taken collectively, the results showed that PBS Cimmo HP®, Bio-C Sealer and MTA Fillapex present mild and transient cytotoxicity and slightly induced TNF-α production. MTA Fillapex upregulated IL-10 release by hPDLSCs.


Resumo Este estudo investigou o efeito de três materiais comerciais à base de silicato de cálcio (CSBM) na citotoxicidade e na produção de citocinas pró e antiinflamatórias em células-tronco do ligamento periodontal humano (hPDLSCs). Cultura de hPDLSCs foi estabelecida e caracterizada. Extratos de Bio-C Sealer (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brasil), MTA Fillapex (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brasil) e PBS Cimmo HP® (Cimmo Soluções em Saúde, Pouso Alegre, MG, Brasil) foram preparados com a colocação de espécimes dos cimentos (5 x 3 mm) em meio de cultura. Em seguida, os extratos foram diluídos (1, 1: 2, 1: 4, 1: 8, 1:16) e inseridos nos poços semeados de células para ensaio de citotoxicidade por meio de MTT por 24, 48 e 72 h. As citocinas TNF-α e IL-10 foram quantificadas por ELISA em sobrenadantes de células de 24 h. Os dados foram analisados por ANOVA e teste de Tukey (α = 0,05). Todos os CSBM exibiram alguma citotoxicidade que variou de acordo com a concentração do extrato e o tempo de avaliação. O MTA Fillapex apresentou os maiores efeitos citotóxicos com redução significativa da atividade metabólica / viabilidade celular quando comparado ao Bio-C Sealer e Cimmo HP®. O TNF-α foi regulado positivamente pelos três cimentos testados (p <0,05), enquanto apenas o MTA Fillapex regulou positivamente a liberação de IL-10 em comparação com o controle. Tomados em conjunto, os resultados mostraram que PBS Cimmo HP®, Bio-C Sealer e MTA Fillapex apresentam citotoxicidade leve e transitória e induziram a produção de TNF-α. O MTA Fillapex regulou positivamente a liberação de IL-10 por hPDLSCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontal Ligament/cytology , Root Canal Filling Materials/adverse effects , Stem Cells/drug effects , Silicates/adverse effects , Calcium Compounds/adverse effects , Oxides , Materials Testing , Cytokines/metabolism , Aluminum Compounds
7.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(3): 342-351, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285166

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Adipose tissue-derived stromal/stem cells (ASCs) and vitamin D have immunomodulatory actions that could be useful for type 1 diabetes (T1D). We aimed in this study to investigate the safety and efficacy of ASCs + daily cholecalciferol (VIT D) for 6 months in patients with recent-onset T1D. Materials and methods: In this prospective, dual-center, open trial, patients with recent onset T1D received one dose of allogenic ASC (1 x 106 cells/kg) and cholecalciferol 2,000 UI/day for 6 months (group 1). They were compared to patients who received chol-ecalciferol (group 2) and standard treatment (group 3). Adverse events were recorded; C-peptide (CP), insulin dose and HbA1c were measured at baseline (T0), after 3 (T3) and 6 months (T6). Results: In group 1 (n = 7), adverse events included transient headache (all), mild local reactions (all), tachycardia (n = 4), abdominal cramps (n = 1), thrombophlebitis (n = 4), scotomas (n = 2), and central retinal vein occlusion at T3 (n = 1, resolution at T6). Group 1 had an increase in basal CP (p = 0.018; mean: 40.41+/-40.79 %), without changes in stimulated CP after mixed meal (p = 0.62), from T0 to T6. Basal CP remained stable in groups 2 and 3 (p = 0.58 and p = 0.116, respectively). Group 1 had small insulin requirements (0.31+/- 0.26 UI/kg) without changes at T6 (p = 0.44) and HbA1c decline (p = 0.01). At T6, all patients (100%; n = 7) in group 1 were in honeymoon vs 75% (n = 3/4) and 50% (n = 3/6) in groups 2 and 3, p = 0.01. Conclusions: Allogenic ASC + VIT D without immunosuppression was safe and might have a role in the preservation of β-cells in patients with recent-onset T1D. ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT03920397.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stem Cells/cytology , Cholecalciferol/therapeutic use , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/drug therapy , Pilot Projects , Adipose Tissue/cytology , Prospective Studies
8.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 84(3): 282-296, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248965

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This review is intended to describe the therapeutic approaches for corneal blindness, detailing the steps and elements involved in corneal wound healing. It also presents the limitations of the actual surgical and pharmacological strategies used to restore and maintain corneal transparency in terms of long-term survival and geographic coverage. In addition, we critically review the perspectives of anabolic agents, including vitamin A, hormones, growth factors, and novel promitotic and anti-inflammatory modulators, to assist corneal wound healing. We discuss the studies involving nanotechnology, gene therapy, and tissue reengineering as potential future strategies to work solely or in combination with corneal surgery to prevent or revert corneal blindness.(AU)


RESUMO O presente trabalho traz uma revisão das abordagens terapêuticas para a cegueira da córnea. O estudo detalha as etapas e os elementos envolvidos na cicatrização da córnea. Ele mostra as limitações das estratégias cirúrgicas e farmacológicas usadas para restaurar e manter a transparência da córnea em termos de sobrevida a longo prazo e alcance geográfico. As perspectivas dos agentes anabólicos, incluindo vitamina A, hormônios, fatores de crescimento e novos moduladores pró-mitóticos e anti-inflamatórios para auxiliar a cicatrização da ferida na córnea, são revisadas criticamente. Aqui, apresentamos estudos envolvendo nanotecnologia, terapia gênica e reengenharia de tecidos como possíveis estratégias futuras para atuar de maneira isolada ou combinada com a cirurgia da córnea para prevenir ou reverter a cegueira corneana.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Blindness/prevention & control , Blindness/therapy , Corneal Injuries/prevention & control , Corneal Injuries/therapy , Stem Cells , Vitamin A/therapeutic use , Genetic Therapy/instrumentation , Nanotechnology/instrumentation , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/therapeutic use , Hormones/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use
9.
Rev. cienc. salud (Bogotá) ; 19(1): 74-87, ene.-abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289167

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Multipurpose solutions (MPS) for soft contact lenses (SCL) play an essential role in inhibiting potentially pathogenic agents. Their antimicrobial effectiveness is assessed in vitro and their safety in vivo, with clinical trials that include a combination of different solutions and lens materials. The objective is to assess the biocompatibility of a new SCL MPS produced in Colombia that contains polyhexamethylene biguanide (PHMB) and to determine its antimicrobial activity. Materials and Methods: This was a crossover study with 25 subjects who did not wear lens and who were fitted with different combinations of five SCL materials with either MPS or control physiological saline solution (CS). Corneal thickness, conjunctival hyperemia, corneal staining, and comfort were assessed after two hours of wearing SCL. Antimicrobial effectiveness was measured using ISO 14729 standard assays. Results: When considering SCL material, there was a statistically significant difference between the new MPS and the CS for Comfilcon A (p < 0.05). There was no statistical or clinically significant difference for corneal thickness or corneal staining between the combination of lens material and new MPS with the CS (p > 0.05). After two hours of lens insertion, comfort scores were higher than 7.8. The MPS reduced bacteria colony forming units (CFU) in over 3 log, and fungal CFU in over 1.0 log. Conclusions: The new MPS met the antimicrobial standards of ISO 14729, is considered safe and biocompatible with the ocular surface and retains high comfort levels.


Resumen Introducción: las soluciones multipropósito (SMP) para lentes de contacto blandos (LCB) desempeñan un papel esencial en la inhibición de agentes potencialmente patógenos. Su efectividad antimicrobiana se evalúa in vitro, y su seguridad, in vivo, con ensayos clínicos que incluyen una combinación de diferentes soluciones y materiales para lentes. El objetivo es evaluar la biocompatibilidad de una nueva SMP producida en Colombia que contiene polihexametileno biguanida (PHMB) y determinar su actividad antimicrobiana. Materiales y métodos: estudio cruzado con 25 sujetos no usuarios de lentes, que fueron adaptados con cinco combinaciones diferentes de materiales de LCB con una nueva SMP o solución salina fisiológica de control (CS). El grosor corneal, la hiperemia conjuntival, la tinción corneal y la comodidad se evaluaron después de dos horas de uso del LC. La efectividad antimicrobiana se midió utilizando ensayos estándar ISO 14729. Resultados: considerando el material del LCB, solo hubo una diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre la nueva SMP y el CS para el Comfilcon A (p < 0.05). Tampoco hubo diferencias estadísticamente o clínicamente significativas para el grosor corneal o la tinción corneal, entre la combinación del material del lente y la nueva SMP con el CS (p > 0.05). Después de dos horas de uso del lente, las puntuaciones de confort fueron superiores a 7.8. La SMP redujo las unidades formadoras de colonias (UFC) de bacterias en más de 3 log, y las UFC fúngicas en más de 1.0 log. Conclusiones: la nueva SMP cumplió con los estándares antimicrobianos de ISO 14729, y se considera segura y biocompatible con la superficie ocular, con altos niveles de confort.


Resumo Introdução: as soluções multipropósito (SMP) para lentes de contato macias (LCM) apresentam um papel essencial na inibição de agentes potencialmente patógenos. Sua eficácia como agente antimicrobiano se valia in vitro, e sua segurança, in vivo, como ensaios clínicos que incluem uma combinação de diferentes soluções e materiais para lentes. O objetivo é avaliar a biocompatibilidade de uma nova SMP produzida na Colômbia a base de polihexametileno biguanida (PHMB) e determinar seu potencial antimicrobiano. Materiais e métodos: estudo cruzado com 25 indivíduos não usuários de lentes, que foram adaptados com cinco combinações diferentes de LCM como uma nova SMP ou solução salina fisiológica como controle (CS). A espessura da córnea, a hiperemia conjuntival, a coloração da córnea e a comodidade, foram avaliadas após duas horas de uso da LCB. A eficácia antimicrobiana foi medida com ensaios padrão ISO 14729. Resultados: considerando o material da LCB, houve apenas uma diferença estatisticamente significativa entre a nova SMP e o CS, paro o Comfilcon A (p <0.05). Não houve diferença estatisticamente ou clinicamente significativa para a espessura da córnea ou a coloração da córnea, entre a combinação do material da lente e a nova SMP com o controle CS (p > 0.05). Após duas horas de uso, as pontuações de conforto foram superiores a 7,8. A SMP reduziu as unidades formadoras de colônias (UFC) de bactérias em mais de 3 log, e as UFC fúngicas em mais de 1.0 log. Conclusões: a nova SMP cumpriu com os padrões antimicrobianos ISO 14729, é considerada segura e biocompatível com a superfície ocular, com altos níveis de conforto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Contact Lenses, Hydrophilic , Hyperemia , Stem Cells
10.
Medisan ; 25(2)mar.-abr. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1250353

ABSTRACT

La endodoncia regenerativa comprende un conjunto de procedimientos biológicos que se efectúan en los dientes permanentes con ápice no formado y necrosis pulpar, cuyo fin es sustituir los tejidos dañados, incluidas la dentina y la estructura radicular, así como las células del complejo pulpodentinario. En este artículo se describen las bases celulares y moleculares de esta terapia, sustentada en una compleja interacción entre las células madre dentales de la papila apical, los factores de crecimiento y los biomateriales con el microambiente donde se va a restablecer. Asimismo, se argumenta cómo las condiciones ambientales en las que se lleva a cabo el proceso terapéutico influyen en la regeneración, con una función esencial en la regulación de la diferenciación de los tejidos.


The regenerative endodontics comprises a group of biological procedures that are made in the permanent teeth with non-formed apex and pulpar necrosis whose end is to substitute the damaged tissues, including the dentine and radicular structure, as well as the cells of the dentin pulp complex. The cellular and molecular basis of this therapy are described in this work, sustained in a complex interaction between the dental stem cells of the apical papilla, the growth factors and biomaterials with the microenvironment where it will be recover. Likewise, it was argued how the environmental conditions in which the therapeutic process is carried out influence in the regeneration, with an essential function in the regulation of the differentiation of tissues.


Subject(s)
Stem Cells , Dentition, Permanent , Regenerative Endodontics/methods , Biocompatible Materials
11.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 37(1): e1310, ene.-mar. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251720

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los síndromes mielodisplásicos constituyen un grupo heterogéneo de desórdenes hematológicos clonales adquiridos, que afectan la célula madre. Se caracterizan morfológicamente por: hematopoyesis ineficaz, citopenias periféricas progresivas, displasia en uno o más linajes celulares y tendencia evolutiva a leucemia aguda. Los avances recientes en la comprensión de los mecanismos genéticos y moleculares de los síndromes mielodisplásicos, han revelado la asociación entre alteraciones inmunológicas y las mutaciones recurrentes. Las células de la respuesta inmune innata y adaptativa, así como diversos mediadores solubles liberados por ellas, pueden establecer una respuesta antitumoral protectora o, por el contrario, inducir eventos de inflamación crónica que favorezcan la promoción y progresión de esta enfermedad. Objetivos: Resumir los conocimientos actuales de la relación sistema inmune-síndromes mielodisplásicos, enfatizando en las células inmunes del microambiente de la médula ósea y su importancia en la clínica de la enfermedad. Métodos: Se realizó investigación bibliográfica-documental acerca del tema. Se consultaron las bases de datos Scielo y Pubmed. Conclusiones: La comprensión de la función dual que ejerce el sistema inmune en los síndromes mielodisplásicos, constituye un desafío y son necesarios estudios clínicos rigurosos para poder establecer el valor de la manipulación del sistema inmune como una forma posible de tratamiento de esta enfermedad(AU)


Introduction: Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) constitute a heterogeneous group of acquired clonal hematological disorders that affect the stem cell. These are characterized morphologically and clinically by: ineffective hematopoiesis, progressive peripheral cytopenia, dysplasia in one or more cell lineages, in most of cases and evolutionary tendency to acute leukemia. Recent advances in understanding the genetic and molecular mechanisms of MDS have revealed the association between immunological alterations and recurrent mutations. Cells of the innate and adaptive immune response, as well as various soluble mediators released by them, can establish a protective antitumor response or, on the contrary, induce events of chronic inflammation that favor the promotion and progression of this disease. Objective: To summarize the current knowledge of the immune system-MDS relationship, emphasizing the immune cells of the bone marrow microenvironment and their importance in the clinic of the disease. Methods: A bibliographic-documentary research was carried out on the subject. The Scielo and Pubmed databases were consulted. Conclusions: Understanding the dual role of the immune system in MDS constitutes a challenge and rigorous clinical studies are necessary to establish the value of manipulating the immune system as a possible form of treatment of this disease(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Stem Cells , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/complications , Leukemia , Adaptive Immunity , Hematopoiesis/genetics , Immune System/physiopathology , Inflammation/diagnosis
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922471

ABSTRACT

Human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) are easily obtained multipotent cells, however, their potential value in regenerative medicine is hindered by the phenotypic and functional changes after conventional monolayer expansion. Here, we employed single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) to comprehensively study the transcriptional difference between the freshly isolated and monolayer cultured DPSCs. The cell cluster analysis based on our scRNA-seq data showed that monolayer culture resulted in a significant cellular composition switch compared to the freshly isolated DPSCs. However, one subpopulation, characterized as MCAM(+)JAG(+)PDGFRA(-), maintained the most transcriptional characteristics compared to their freshly isolated counterparts. Notably, immunofluorescent staining revealed that the MCAM(+)JAG(+)PDGFRA(-) hDPSCs uniquely located in the perivascular region of human dental pulp tissue. Flow-cytometry analysis confirmed that their proportion remained relatively stable (~2%) regardless of physiological senescence or dental caries. Consistent with the annotation of scRNA-seq data, MCAM(+)JAG(+)PDGFRA(-) hDPSCs showed higher proliferation capacity and enhanced in vitro multilineage differentiation potentials (osteogenic, chondrogenic and adipogenic) compared with their counterparts PDGFRA(+) subpopulation. Furthermore, the MCAM(+)JAG(+)PDGFRA(-) hDPSCs showed enhanced bone tissue formation and adipose tissue formation after 4-week subcutaneous implantation in nude mice. Taken together, our study for the first time revealed the cellular composition switch of monolayer cultured hDPSCs compared to the freshly isolated hDPSCs. After in vitro expansion, the MCAM(+)JAG(+)PDGFRA(-) subpopulation resembled the most transcriptional characteristics of fresh hDPSCs which may be beneficial for further tissue regeneration applications.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Dental Caries , Dental Pulp , Humans , Mice , Mice, Nude , Stem Cells
13.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 602-610, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922364

ABSTRACT

Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) is a promising therapy that has been increasingly explored in basic research and clinical applications. LIPUS is an appealing therapeutic option as it is a noninvasive treatment that has many advantages, including no risk of infection or tissue damage and no known adverse reactions. LIPUS has been shown to have many benefits including promotion of tissue healing, angiogenesis, and tissue regeneration; inhibition of inflammation and pain relief; and stimulation of cell proliferation and differentiation. The biophysical mechanisms of LIPUS remain unclear and the studies are ongoing. In recent years, more and more research has focused on the relationship between LIPUS and stem/progenitor cells. A comprehensive search of the PubMed and Embase databases to July 2020 was performed. LIPUS has many effects on stem cells. Studies show that LIPUS can stimulate stem cells in vitro; promote stem cell proliferation, differentiation, and migration; maintain stem cell activity; alleviate the problems of insufficient seed cell source, differentiation, and maturation; and circumvent the low efficiency of stem cell transplantation. The mechanisms involved in the effects of LIPUS are not fully understood, but the effects demonstrated in studies thus far have been favorable. Much additional research is needed before LIPUS can progress from basic science research to large-scale clinical dissemination and application.


Subject(s)
Cell Proliferation , Humans , Signal Transduction , Stem Cells/radiation effects , Ultrasonic Therapy/methods , Ultrasonic Waves
14.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3961-3974, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921479

ABSTRACT

Novel model systems have provided powerful tools for the research of human biology. Despite of being widely used, the conventional research models could not precisely describe the human physiological phenomenon. Organoids are three-dimensional multicellular aggregates derived from stem cells or organ progenitors that could differentiate and self-organize to recapitulate some specific functionalities and architectures of their in vivo counterpart organs. Organoids can be used to simulate organogenesis because of their human origin. In addition, the genomic stability of organoids could be well maintained during long-term amplification in vitro. Moreover, organoids can be cryopreserved as a live biobank for high-throughput screening. Combinatorial use of organoids with other emerging technologies (e.g. gene editing, organ-on-a-chip and single-cell RNA sequencing) could overcome the bottlenecks of conventional models and provide valuable information for disease modelling, pharmaceutical research, precision medicine and regenerative medicine at the organ level. This review summarizes the classifications, characteristics, current applications, combined use with other technologies and future prospects of organoids.


Subject(s)
Gene Editing , Humans , Models, Biological , Organoids , Regenerative Medicine , Stem Cells
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921372

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aims to explore the effect and molecular mechanism of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily Q member 1 overlapping transcript 1 (KCNQ1OT1) on proliferation and osteogenic differentiation in human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs).@*METHODS@#The hPDLSCs of normal periodontal tissues were isolated and cultured. The mineralized solution induced the osteoblast differentiation of hPDLSCs. The down-regulation of lncRNA KCNQ1OT1, the overexpression of anti-miR-24-3p on the proliferation and the levels of osteocalcin (OCN), osteopontin (OPN) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) of hPDLSCs were investigated. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to detect the levels of lncRNA KCNQ1OT1, miR-24-3p, OCN, OPN, and ALP. Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) method was used to detect cell viability and activity. Cell proliferation was evaluated by MTT. Western blot was used to detect protein expression. The targeted relationship between lncRNA KCNQ1OT1 and miR-24-3p was detected by double-luciferase experiment.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of lncRNA KCNQ1OT1 increased, and that of miR-24-3p decreased during the osteogenesis of hPDLSCs (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Down-regulation of lncRNA KCNQ1OT1 inhibited the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of hPDLSCs by targeting the up-regulated expression of miR-24-3p.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , Osteogenesis , Periodontal Ligament/cytology , Potassium , Potassium Channels, Voltage-Gated , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Stem Cells/cytology
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880087

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of etoposide (ETO) on elimination of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) stem cells by imatinib mesylate(IM) in vivo.@*METHODS@#SCL-tTA/BCR-ABL mice were used as CML animal model. Flow cytometry was used to assess the effect of ETO alone or in combination with IM on the number of leukemia stem cell (LSC) in bone marrow and spleen, and peripheral blood neutrophils in CML mice and normal control FVB mice.@*RESULTS@#The results showed that in CML mice, the number and proportion of LSC in bone marrow and the proportion of neutrophils in peripheral blood decreased significantly after ETO and IM combined treatment, and the degree of decrease was more significant than that of both alone. While in wild type FVB mice, the combination of ETO and IM showed no significant effect on the number and proportion of LSK cells in bone marrow and the proportion of neutrophils in spleen.@*CONCLUSION@#ETO can selectively enhance elimination of CML LSC by IM in vivo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Etoposide , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Imatinib Mesylate , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/drug therapy , Mice , Stem Cells
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878418

ABSTRACT

Cartilage stem cells (CSCs) are cells that self-proliferate, have surface antigen expression, and have multidirectional differentiation potential in the articular cartilage. CSCs, as an ideal source of stem cells, has a good application prospect in stem cell therapy. This article reviews the CSCs markers, cartilage differentiation signaling pathway, and clinical treatment of osteoarthritis.


Subject(s)
Cartilage, Articular , Cell Differentiation , Chondrocytes , Humans , Osteoarthritis , Stem Cells
18.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 181-196, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878247

ABSTRACT

Organoids are self-organized cellular clusters in three-dimensional culture, which can be derived from a single stem cell, progenitor or cell clusters of different lineages resembling in vivo tissue architecture of an organ. In the recent years, organoids technology has contributed to the revolutionary changes in stem cell and cancer fields. In this review, we have briefly overviewed the emerging landscape of prostate organoid technology (POT) in prostate research. In addition, we have also summarized the potential application of POT in the understanding of prostate stem cell and cancer biology and the discovery of novel therapeutic strategies for prostate cancer. Lastly, we have critically discussed key challenges that lie in the current state of POT and provided a future perspective on the second-generation of POT, which should better recapitulate cellular behaviors and drug responses of prostate cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Gold , Humans , Male , Neoplasms , Organoids , Prostate , Stem Cells , Technology
20.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20210138, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340112

ABSTRACT

Abstract Mesenchymal and epithelial stem cells were identified in dental tissues; however, knowledge about the odontogenic stem cells is limited, and there are some questions regarding their temporo-spatial dynamics in tooth development. Objective Our study aimed to analyze the expression of the stem cell markers CD146 and p75NTR during the different stages of odontogenesis. Methodology The groups consisted of 13.5, 15.5, 17.5 days old embryos, and 14 days postnatal BALB/c mice. The expression of CD146 and p75NTR was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. Results Our results showed that positive cells for both markers were present in all stages of tooth development, and the number of positive cells increased with the progression of this process. Cells of epithelial and ectomesenchymal origin were positive for CD146, and the expression of p75NTR was mainly detected in the dental papilla and dental follicle. In the postnatal group, dental pulp cells were positive for CD146, and the reduced enamel epithelium and the oral mucosa epithelium showed immunostaining for p75NTR. Conclusions These results suggest that the staining pattern of CD146 and p75NTR underwent temporal and spatial changes during odontogenesis and both markers were expressed by epithelial and mesenchymal cell types, which is relevant due to the significance of the epithelial-ectomesenchymal interactions in tooth development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Odontogenesis , Stem Cells , Cell Differentiation , Receptors, Nerve Growth Factor , CD146 Antigen , Mice, Inbred BALB C
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