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1.
Femina ; 51(8): 502-504, 20230830. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512464

ABSTRACT

Fibroma mole, ou pólipo fibroepitelial, é uma lesão de proporções geralmente reduzidas, de cor hiperpigmentada ou igual à da pele, localizando-se frequentemente na face, pescoço, tronco e regiões intertriginosas. É um tumor classificado como benigno e pode acometer tanto homens quanto mulheres em idade reprodutiva e depois da quarta década de vida. Ocorre principalmente em obesos, diabéticos e durante a gestação. Com menor frequência, podem alcançar dimensões que excedem 5 cm. Seu crescimento pode ser lento ou rápido e comumente são assintomáticos, mas podem promover sangramentos por conta de ulcerações decorrentes de traumas repetidos. Apresentamos neste relato um fibroma mole, gigante, de localização vulvar, com 11 cm de comprimento, 11 cm de largura e 5 cm de espessura, pesando 500 g.


Giant soft vulvar fibroma is a fibroepithelial polyp lesion with generally reduced proportions, with a hyperpigmented color or similar to that of the skin, frequently located on the face, neck, trunk and intertriginous regions. It is a tumor classified as benign, can affect both men and women, of reproductive age and after the fourth decade, mainly obese, diabetic and during pregnancy. However, less frequently, they can reach dimensions that exceed 5 cm, may have a slow or accelerated evolution. They are commonly asymptomatic, but bleeding may be present due to ulcerations resulting from repeated trauma. In the current study, we describe a giant soft fibroma with a vulvar location measuring 11 cm in length, 11 cm in width, 5 cm in thickness and weighing 500 grams.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Fibroma/surgery , Fibroma/etiology , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures , Vulva/pathology , Vulvar Diseases/complications , Vulvar Neoplasms , Wounds and Injuries/complications , Case Reports , Stromal Cells/pathology , Neoplasms, Fibroepithelial/rehabilitation
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986863

ABSTRACT

Corded and hyalinized endometrioid carcinoma (CHEC) is a morphologic variant of endo-metrioid adenocarcinoma. The tumor exhibits a biphasic appearance with areas of traditional low-grade adenocarcinoma merging directly with areas of diffuse growth composed of epithelioid or spindled tumor cells forming cords, small clusters, or dispersed single cells. It is crucial to distinguish CHEC from its morphological mimics, such as malignant mixed mullerian tumor (MMMT), because CHECs are usually low stage, and are associated with a good post-hysterectomy prognosis in most cases while the latter portends a poor prognosis. The patient reported in this article was a 54-year-old woman who presented with postmenopausal vaginal bleeding for 2 months. The ultrasound image showed a thickened uneven echo endometrium of approximately 12.2 mm and a detectable blood flow signal. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed an abnormal endometrial signal, considered endometrial carcinoma (Stage Ⅰ B). On hysterectomy specimen, there was an exophytic mass in the uterine cavity with myometrium infiltrating. Microscopically, most component of the tumor was well to moderately differentiated endometrioid carcinoma. Some oval and spindle stromal cells proliferated on the superficial surface of the tumor with a bundle or sheet like growth pattern. In the endometrial curettage specimen, the proliferation of these stromal cells was more obvious, and some of the surrounding stroma was hyalinized and chondromyxoid, which made the stromal cells form a cord-like arrangement. Immunostains were done and both the endometrioid carcinoma and the proliferating stroma cells showed loss of expression of DNA mismatch repair protein MLH1/PMS2 and wild-type p53 protein. Molecular testing demonstrated that this patient had a microsatellite unstable (MSI) endometrial carcinoma. The patient was followed up for 6 months, and there was no recurrence. We diagnosed this case as CHEC, a variant of endometrioid carcinoma, although this case did not show specific β-catenin nuclear expression that was reported in previous researches. The striking low-grade biphasic appearance without TP53 mutation confirmed by immunohistochemistry and molecular testing supported the diagnosis of CHEC. This special morphology, which is usually distributed in the superficial part of the tumor, may result in differences between curettage and surgical specimens. Recent studies have documented an aggressive clinical course in a significant proportion of cases. More cases are needed to establish the clinical behaviors, pathologic features, and molecular profiles of CHECs. Recognition of the relevant characteristics is the prerequisite for pathologists to make correct diagnoses and acquire comprehensive interpretation.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/surgery , Endometrial Neoplasms/pathology , Endometrium/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Stromal Cells/pathology
3.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 153-159, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970150

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the pathological features and the clinicopathological significance of TERT detection in those tumors that were difficult to diagnosis. Methods: A total of 93 cases of fibroepithelial tumors without definite diagnosis were collected from the Affiliated Hospital of Qigndao University between 2013 and 2021. The clinical details such as patients' age and tumor size were collected. All slides were re-reviewed and the pathologic parameters, including stromal cellularity, stromal cell atypia, stromal cell mitoses, and stromal overgrowth were re-interpreted. Sanger sequencing was used to detect TERT promoter status, and immunohistochemistry was performed to detect TERT protein expression. The relationship between TERT promoter mutation as well as protein expression levels and the clinicopathological parameters were also analyzed. Results: The patients' ages ranged from 30 to 71 years (mean of 46 years); the tumor size ranged from 1.2 to 8.0 cm (mean 3.8 cm). These tumors showed the following morphologic features: leafy structures in the background of fibroadenoma, or moderately to severely abundant stromal cells. The interpretations of tumor border status were ambiguous in some cases. The incidence of TERT promoter mutation was high in patients of age≥50 years, tumor size≥4 cm, and stromal overgrowth at ×4 or ×10 objective, and these clinicopathologic features were in favor of diagnosis of phyllodes tumors. TERT protein expression levels was not associated with the above clinicopathologic parameters and its promoter mutation status. Conclusions: The diagnostic difficulty for the breast fibroepithelial tumors is due to the difficulty in recognition of the leafy structures or in those cases with abundant stromal cells. A comprehensive evaluation combined with morphologic characteristics and molecular parameters such as TERT promoter may be helpful for the correct diagnosis and better evaluating recurrence risk.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Female , Neoplasms, Fibroepithelial/pathology , Phyllodes Tumor/genetics , Stromal Cells , Fibroadenoma/pathology , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Mutation , Telomerase/genetics
4.
Acta cir. bras ; 38: e386823, 2023. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1527604

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To determine molecular events involved in the tumorigenesis of phyllodes tumors (PT) and the role of each stromal (SC) and epithelial (EC) cell. Methods: Frozen breast samples enriched with epithelial and stromal cells from three fibroadenomas and 14 PT were retrieved and laser microdissected. Sanger and polymerase chain reaction-based sequencing of exon 2 MED12 and TERT promoter hotspot mutations were performed; 44K microarray platform was used to analyze gene expression. Results: All three fibroadenomas (FAs) presented mutations in MED12, but not in TERT, whose mutation was observed in five of the 14 PTs. EC and SC of each affected tumor displayed identical alterations. Of the total differentially expressed genes (DEG) (EC = 1,543 and SC = 850), 984 were EC-eDEGs and 291 were SC-eDEGs. We found a high similarity of diseases and functions enriched by both cell types, but dissimilarity in the number of enriched canonical pathways. Three signaling canonical pathways overlapping with EC and SC were predicted to be activated in one cell type and inactivated in the other, while no overlap in eDEGs was assigned to them. We also identified 13 EC-eDEGs and five SC-eDEGs enriched networks, in which the SC-eDEGs were able to segregate FA from PT samples. Conclusions: Identical TERT mutations from both SC and ES origins might affect the PTs tumorigenesis. Gene expression differences suggest coordinated molecular processes between these components with determinant differences acquired by SC, able to fully distinguish PTs from FAs lesions.


Subject(s)
Stromal Cells , Fibroadenoma , Phyllodes Tumor , Epithelial Cells
5.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 68(2): 227-233, Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365336

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The stroma surrounding the tumor cells is important in tumor progression and treatment resistance, besides the properties of tumor cells. Studies on the tumor stroma characteristics will contribute to the knowledge for new treatment approaches. METHODS: A total of 363 breast cancer patients were evaluated for the tumor-stroma ratio. The percentage of stroma was visually assessed on hematoxylin-eosin stained slides. The cases of tumor-stroma ratio more than 50% were categorized as tumor-stroma ratio high, and those less than 50% and below were categorized as tumor-stroma ratio low. RESULTS: Tumor-stroma ratio-high tumors had shorter overall survival (p=0.002). Disease-free survival tended to be shorter in tumor-stroma ratio-high tumors (p=0.082) compared with tumor-stroma ratio-low tumors. Tumor-stroma ratio was an independent prognostic parameter for the total group of patients (p=0.003) and also axillary lymph node metastasis and tumor-stroma ratio was statistically associated (p=0.004). Also, tumor-stroma ratio was an independent prognostic parameter in node-positive Luminal A and B subgroups for overall survival (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Tumor-stroma ratio is an independent prognostic parameter that can be evaluated quite easily in all molecular subtypes of all breast cancers and does not require extra cost and time to evaluate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Stromal Cells/pathology , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Disease-Free Survival , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936288

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the expression of CCN5 in endometriotic tissues and its impact on proliferation, migration and invasion of human endometrial stromal cells (HESCs).@*METHODS@#We collected ovarian endometriosis samples from 20 women receiving laparoscopic surgery and eutopic endometrium samples from 15 women undergoing IVF-ET for comparison of CCN5 expression. Cultured HESCs were transfected with a recombinant adenovirus Ad-CCN5 for CCN5 overexpression or with a CCN5-specific siRNA for knocking down CCN5 expression, and the changes of cell proliferation, migration and invasion were evaluated using CCK-8 assay, wound healing assay and Transwell chamber assay. RT-qPCR and Western blotting were used to examine the expression levels of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers including E-cadherin, N-cadherin, Snail-1 and vimentin in HESCs with CCN5 overexpression or knockdown.@*RESULTS@#CCN5 expression was significantly decreased in ovarian endometriosis tissues as compared with eutopic endometrium samples (P < 0.01). CCN5 overexpression obviously inhibited the proliferation, migration and invasion of HESCs, significantly increased the expression of E-cadherin and decreased the expressions of N-cadherin, Snail-1 and vimentin (P < 0.01). CCN5 knockdown significantly enhanced the proliferation, migration and invasion of HESCs and produced opposite effects on the expressions of E-cadherin, N-cadherin, Snail-1 and vimentin (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#CCN5 can regulate the proliferation, migration and invasion of HESCs and thus plays an important role in EMT of HESCs, suggesting the potential of CCN5 as a therapeutic target for endometriosis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Endometriosis/metabolism , Endometrium/metabolism , Epithelial Cells , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Stromal Cells
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935830

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of exosomes from mild-inflammation- stimulated human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSC) combined with stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) on dental pulp regeneration in rats. Methods: Primary hDPSCs were isolated, cultured and then stimulated by using lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The exosomes from the hDPSCs with (L-EXO) or without (N-EXO) LPS were extracted by overspeed differential centrifugation and were identified by transmission electron microscopy and Western blotting. Forty SD rats, aged 6-8 weeks, were equally divided into S group (SDF-1 alone), L+S group (L-EXO combined with SDF-1), N+S group (N-EXO combined with SDF-1) and blank control group (no substance implanted into the root canal) by random number table method. Bilateral mandibular first molars were used as the experimental teeth to establish pulpless root canal models and different contents were implanted into the root canals according to the groups. All rats were over-anesthetized and sacrificed at the 30th day after content implantation. Bilateral mandibular tissues were taken for histological evaluation by means of HE, Masson and immunohistochemical stainings. Results: The HE staining showed new pulp-like tissue in the root canals of all three experimental groups. The amount of new tissues and the number of cells in the tissues were greatest in L+S group and least in S group. Masson staining showed that the mineralized tissue in L+S group was arranged longitudinally along the root canal wall and the collagen fibers were arranged in an orderly fashion, while those in N+S group showed an irregular and disordered distribution. Quantitative analysis of the area of neovascularization in each group showed that the density of vessels in the L+S group [(2.03±0.65)%] was significantly higher than that in the S group [(0.65±0.05)%] and the N+S group [(1.06±0.38)%] respectively (F=5.879, P<0.05). Immunohistochemical staining showed that the expression of CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) was significantly lower in S and L+S groups than in N+S group, with a statistically significant difference (F=8.633, P<0.01). Conclusions: Exosomes secreted by hDPSCs combined with SDF-1 might increase the amount of new tissue in the root canal and the density of blood vessels in the tissue. L-EXO showed a stronger effect than N-EXO did. The combination of L-EXO with SDF-1 might result in more regular arrangement of mineralized tissue and collagen fibers in the regenerative tissues.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Cell Differentiation , Dental Pulp , Exosomes , Lipopolysaccharides , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Regeneration , Stem Cells , Stromal Cells
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928713

ABSTRACT

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a kind of the most common hematopoietic malignancy, its recurrence and drug resistance are closely related to the bone marrow microenvironment. Bone marrow stromal cell (BMSC) is an important part of the bone marrow microenvironment and their interaction with leukemia cells cannot be ignored. BMSC participates in and regulate signaling pathways related to proliferation or apoptosis of ALL cells by secretes cytokines or extracellular matrix proteins, thus affecting the survival of ALL cells. In this review, the research advance of several signaling pathways of the interaction between BMSC and ALL cells was summarized briefly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Stromal Cells , Tumor Microenvironment
9.
Rev. venez. cir ; 75(2): 57-60, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554050

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los tumores del estroma endometrial representan menos del 2% de los tumores uterinos, estando dentro de las neoplasias menos comunes del cuerpo uterino. Se pueden dividir en cuatro categorías principales: nódulo del estroma endometrial, sarcoma del estroma endometrial de bajo grado, sarcoma del estroma endometrial de alto grado y sarcoma uterino indiferenciado. En el presente trabajo se describe el caso de un paciente con diagnóstico de nódulo del estroma endometrial. Caso clínico : Paciente femenino de 50 años de edad, quien refiere inicio de enfermedad en marzo de 2022, caracterizado por presentar sangrado uterino anormal anemizante y aumento de volumen abdominal, por lo que acude a facultativo foráneo, donde indican paraclínicos. Para el día 12 de julio de 2022, presentó dolor abdominal de aparición brusca de moderada a severa intensidad. Motivo por el cual acudió a nuestro centro. Se determina anemia y leucocitosis. Estudios de imagen reportan masa voluminosa, densidad mixta, bien delimitada. Otra lesión hiperecogénica, que corresponde a quiste unicameral de ovario derecho. Se decide resolución quirúrgica, mediante la realización de laparotomía exploradora más protocolo de endometrio, con evolución satisfactoria de la paciente. Conclusión : La histerectomía es el tratamiento de elección. El estudio anatomopatológico es fundamental para su diagnóstico final y diferenciación de los sarcomas estromales, ya que su pronóstico, tratamiento y seguimiento es diferente(AU)


Introduction: Endometrial stromal tumors represent less than 2% of uterine tumors, being among the least common neoplasms of the uterine body. They can be divided into four main categories: endometrial stromal nodule, low-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma, high-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma and undifferentiated uterine sarcoma. This paper describes the case of a patient with a diagnosis of endometrial stromal nodule.Clinical case : A 50-year-old female patient, who reported the onset of the disease in March 2022, characterized by abnormal uterine bleeding with anemia and increased abdominal volume, for which she went to a foreign physician, where they indicated paraclinical tests. On July 12, 2022, he presented abdominal pain of sudden onset of moderate to severe intensity. Which is why she came to our center. Anemia and leukocytosis are determined. Imaging studies report a voluminous mass, mixed density, well delimited. Another hyperechoic lesion, which corresponds to a unicameral cyst of the right ovary. Surgical resolution was decided by performing an exploratory laparotomy and endometrial protocol, with satisfactory evolution of the patient.Conclusion : Hysterectomy is the treatment of choice. The anatomopathological study is fundamental for its final diagnosis and differentiation of stromal sarcomas, since its prognosis, treatment and follow-up are different(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Uterine Neoplasms , Stromal Cells , Endometrial Stromal Tumors , Sarcoma, Endometrial Stromal
10.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 175-180, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878246

ABSTRACT

The great omentum is an intraperitoneal organ and plays an important role in protecting the environment of the peritoneal cavity. Several specialized innate immune cells including B1 cells and resident macrophages are found in the omentum, which may be attributed to the unique niche and its special stromal cells. However, it is not clear how these omental innate immune cells contribute to the peritoneal immunity. This review attempts to summarize the latest research on the omental innate immunity and discuss its involvement in the immune response of the peritoneal cavity.


Subject(s)
Immunity, Innate , Macrophages , Omentum , Peritoneal Cavity , Stromal Cells
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878875

ABSTRACT

Mechanism study was performed to explore how Shouhui Tongbian Capsules promotes energy metabolism of gastrointestinal stromal cells. In this study, gastrointestinal stromal cells line GIST-882 was used as the model to explore energy metabolism regulation effects of Shouhui Tongbian Capsules extract(10, 20, 50 and 100 μg·mL~(-1)) by measuring the cell proliferation, ATP level, mitochondrial membrane potential, and mitochondrial isocitrate dehydrogenase activity. Meanwhile, Western blot was used to detect the proteins expression of SCF/c-Kit and CDK2/cyclin A signaling pathways. Our results showed that Shouhui Tongbian Capsules promoted cell proliferation and increased ATP level of gastrointestinal stromal cells. In addition, Shouhui Tongbian Capsules obviously improved mitochondrial structural integrity, and increased mitochondrial membrane potential in GIST-882 cells. Mechanism study revealed that Shouhui Tongbian Capsules increased mitochondrial isocitrate dehydrogenase activity and up-regulated the proteins expression of SCF/c-Kit and CDK2/cyclin A signaling pathways. Collectively, our study indicated that Shouhui Tongbian Capsules promoted the energy metabolism for gastrointestinal stromal cells proliferation by activating mitochondrial isocitrate dehydrogenase to induce ATP production, as well as activating SCF/c-Kit and CDK2/cyclin A signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Humans , Capsules , Cell Line, Tumor , Energy Metabolism , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit/metabolism , Stromal Cells/metabolism
12.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 27(supl.1): 126-134, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341328

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are hematopoietic stem cells with high capacity of differentiation to other cellular lineages, depending on the microenvironment in which they live as well as on the interaction and signaling pathways they establish with the extracellular matrix. Several properties have been described in these cells: proangiogenic, antifibrotic and immunomodulatory. These properties are being studied as a therapeutic approach for autoimmune diseases such as cutaneous systemic sclerosis (SSc). SSc is a systemic chronic disease, with an approximate prevalence of 35.6 cases per 100,000 inhabitants in North America and of 0.02% in Colombia in 2018. There are two different clinical variants, diffuse and localized. In both variants an important skin involvement and a rapidly deterioration of organs is present, which can overshadow the clinical prognosis and increase the mortality. Options for the treatment of advanced diffuse SSc are scarce mainly targeting symptomatic control with little impact on the progression and mortality. Therefore, there is an increasing interest in new therapies like advanced cellular therapy with hematopoietic stem cells and stromal mesenchymal cells. This article reviews the information related to the use of stromal mesenchymal cells in patients with this disease.


RESUMEN Las células mesenquimales estromales son células madre no hematopoyéticas pluripotenciales con alta capacidad de derivación a diferentes linajes celulares, dependiendo tanto del microambiente en el que se encuentren, como de la interacción y señalización que establezcan con la matriz extracelular del entorno, esto ha permitido describir un potencial proangiogénico, antifibrótico e inmunomodulador, que ha sido blanco de investigación en enfermedades autoinmunes como la esclerosis sistêmica cutánea. Considerando que la esclerosis sistêmica cutánea es una enfermedad inflamatoria crónica, con una prevalencia estimada de 35,6 casos por cada 100.000 habitantes en Norte América y de 0,02% en nuestro país para el 2018, se caracteriza por presentar dos variables clínicas principalmente; una variante limitada y una variante difusa, presentando en ambas un compromiso extenso de piel y órganos que puede ser rápidamente progresivo y deteriorar el pronóstico de los pacientes que la padecen aumentando su mortalidad. Debido a que las opciones terapéuticas en esta entidad son limitadas y buscan únicamente el control de síntomas, pero con poco impacto en progresión y mortalidad, terapias celulares avanzadas han surgido como nuevas opciones terapéuticas incluyendo el trasplante de células madre hematopoyéticas y las células mesenquimales estromales. A continuación, se revisará acerca de la utilidad y evidencia de células mesenquimales estromales en pacientes con esta enfermedad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Therapeutics , Stromal Cells , Patients , Scleroderma, Systemic , Autoimmune Diseases
13.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(10): e201901005, Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054671

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To quantify and compare the expression of stromal elements in prostate adenocarcinoma of different Gleason scores with non-tumor area (control). Methods: We obtained 132 specimens from samples of prostate peripheral and transition zone. We analyzed the following elements of the extracellular matrix: collagen fibers, elastic system, smooth muscle fibers and blood vessels. The tumor area and non-tumor area (control) of the TMA (tissue microarray) were photographed and analyzed using the ImageJ software. Results: The comparison between the tumor area and the non-tumor area showed significant differences between stromal prostate elements. There was an increase of collagen fibers in the tumor area, mainly in Gleason 7. Elastic system fibers showed similar result, also from the Gleason 7. Blood vessels showed a significant increase occurred in all analyzed groups. The muscle fibers exhibited a different behavior, with a decrease in relation to the tumor area. Conclusions: There is a significant difference between the extracellular matrix in prostate cancer compared to the non-tumor area (control) especially in Gleason 7. Important modifications of the prostatic stromal elements strongly correlate with different Gleason scores and can contribute to predict the pathological staging of prostate cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Stromal Cells/pathology , Reference Values , Blood Vessels/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Collagen/analysis , Tissue Array Analysis , Elastic Tissue/anatomy & histology , Neoplasm Grading , Muscle, Smooth/pathology
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772625

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aims to compare the osteogenic differentiation capability of stem cells derived from human inflammatory periodontal ligament tissues (iPDLSCs) with those of stem cells derived from healthy periodontal ligament tissues (hPDLSCs). Both types of tissues were induced by stromal cell derived factor (SDF-1) in vitro.@*METHODS@#iPDLSCs and hPDLSCs were primarily cultured by tissue digestion method and purified by limited dilution cloning. The cells were passaged and identified by stem cell surface marker expression through flow cytometry. Then, we used thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide to detect and compare the proliferation capabilities of the iPDLSCs and hPDLSCs. Express of bone volumes were detected by alizarin red staining after SDF-1 was added to the cells. Using alkaline phosphatase, we evaluated the osteogenic differentiation capability of the cells induced by SDF-1. The expression levels of the osteogenesis-related genes of the cells induced by SDF-1 were determined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction.@*RESULTS@#After purification, both iPDLSCs and hPDLSCs expressed stem cell markers. hPDLCSs had a higher proliferation capability than iPDLSCs. Osteogenesis-related genes had higher expression levels in the cells induced by SDF-1 than in those without induction (P<0.05). SDF-1 at 50 and 200 ng·mL⁻¹ concentration greatly affected the differen-tiation capabilities of iPDLSCs and hPDLSCs respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#iPDLSCs and hPDLSCs had osteogenic differentia-tion capability. The level of osteogenic differentiation in normal and inflamed periodontal ligament stem cells increases after SDF-1 induction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Osteogenesis , Periodontal Ligament , Stem Cells , Stromal Cells
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774330

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of damage of bone marrow stroma cells induced by chemotherapeutic drug on the function of normal hematopoitic cells.@*METHODS@#Senescence cells were detected by flow cytometry after SA-β-gal staining; real-time PCR was used to detect the expression of a serial molecules in bone marrow stromal cell line OP9 cells; the expression of γ-H2AX was determined by flow cytometry after histone γ-H2AX staining; the colony forming ability of hematopoietic cells was tested by colony formation assay.@*RESULTS@#The percentage of senescence cells in OP9 cells after DNR treatment was 2.24 times as much as that in untreated OP9 cells (P<0.05). Compared with normal OP9 cells, the expression levels of IL-6 and TNF-alpha in DNR-treated OP9 cells increased by 2.73 times (P<0.01) and 0.56 times (P<0.01), and the expression levels of N-cadherin, alpha smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA), angiopoietin1 (Angpt1) and osteopontin (OPN) decreased by 69.54%(P<0.01),63.90%(P<0.01),87.41%(P<0.01)and 42.78%(P<0.01)respectively. After the co-culture with DNR-treated OP9 cells, the colony formation of normal hematopoietic cells decreased by 47.10% than that co-cultured with untreated OP9 cells (P< 0.05), meanwhile, the percentage of γ-H2AX+ cells in normal hematopoietic cells increased by 2.19 times (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#After treatment with DNR, the senescence cell number of OP9 cells sgnificantly increases; the expression of TNF-α and IL-6 is up-regulated, while the expression of α-SMA, Angpt-1 and OPN is down-regulated as compared with normal OP9 cells. In addition, after co-culture of DNR-treated OP9 cells with normal hematopoietic cells, the colony formation ability of hematopoietic cells decreases and the genome instability of hematopoietic cells increases as compared with normal hematopoietic cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Cells, Cultured , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Stromal Cells
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742384

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to investigate the effect of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) on the mobilization of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from the bone marrow (BM) into the peripheral blood (PB) in rats. METHODS: GM-CSF was administered subcutaneously to rats at 50 µg/kg body weight for 5 consecutive days. The BM and PB of rats were collected at 1, 3, and 5 days during the administration for analysis. RESULTS: Upon GM-CSF administration, the number of mononuclear cells increased rapidly at day 1 both in the BM and PB. This number decreased gradually over time in the BM to below the initial amount by day 5, but was maintained at a high level in the PB until day 5. The colony-forming unit-fibroblasts were increased in the PB by 10.3-fold at day 5 of GM-CSF administration, but decreased in the BM. Compared to GM-CSF, granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) stimulated lower levels of MSC mobilization from the BM to the PB. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that GM-CSF induced a hypoxic and proteolytic microenvironment and increased C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) expression in the BM. GM-CSF added to BM MSCs in vitro dose-dependently increased CXCR4 expression and cell migration. G-CSF and stromal cell derived factor-1 (SDF-1) showed similar results in these in vitro assays. Know-down of CXCR4 expression with siRNA significantly abolished GM-CSF- and G-CSF-induced MSC migration in vitro, indicating the involvement of the SDF-1-CXCR4 interaction in the mechanism. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that GM-CSF is a useful tool for mobilizing BM MSCs into the PB.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Hypoxia , Body Weight , Bone Marrow , Cell Movement , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor , In Vitro Techniques , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , RNA, Small Interfering , Stromal Cells
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761897

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Provision of optimal endometrial stromal cells is essential in uterine tissue engineering. Culture of these cells is significantly influenced by gonadotropin hormones. This investigation attempted to define the proliferation profiles of murine uterine endometrial stromal cells during in vitro culture with recombinant follicle stimulating hormone (rFSH), urinary follicle stimulating hormone (uFSH), and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). METHODS: Murine uterine endometrial stromal cells were collected from 8-week-old mice and cultured in vitro up to 72 h, with rFSH, uFSH, or hCG. Cell cycles were analyzed by BrdU assay, and cyclin D1 expression was evaluated according to dose and duration of gonadotropin treatment. RESULTS: BrdU assay showed a further inhibitory effect on murine uterine endometrial stromal cell proliferation when cultured with rFSH compared to uFSH, and a similar inhibitory proliferation profile when cultured with hCG at a specific range of concentrations. The expression of cyclin D1 of murine uterine endometrial stromal cells was down-regulated when cultured with rFSH, uFSH, or hCG, compared to control. CONCLUSIONS: FSH may inhibit the proliferation of murine uterine endometrial stromal cells during in vitro culture. rFSH may have more significant inhibitory effects on the proliferation of endometrial stromal cells than uFSH. Establishing an optimal endocrine milieu is necessary using more advanced combination of female hormones for in vitro culture of this type of cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Bromodeoxyuridine , Cell Cycle , Chorionic Gonadotropin , Cyclin D1 , Follicle Stimulating Hormone , Gonadotropins , In Vitro Techniques , Stromal Cells , Tissue Engineering , Uterus
18.
Journal of Liver Cancer ; : 97-107, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765720

ABSTRACT

The pathogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a complex process. During the last decade, advances in genomic technologies enabled delineation of the genomic landscape of HCC, resulting in the identification of the common underlying molecular alterations. The tumor microenvironment, regulated by inflammatory cells, including cancer cells, stromal tissues, and the surrounding extracellular matrix, has been extensively studied using molecular data. The integration of molecular, immunological, histopathological, and clinical findings has provided clues to uncover predictive biomarkers to enhance responses to novel therapies. Herein, we provide an overview of the current HCC genomic landscape, previously identified gene signatures that are used routinely to predict prognosis, and an immune-specific class of HCC. Since biomarker-driven treatment is still an unmet need in HCC management, translation of these discoveries into clinical practice will lead to personalized therapies and improve patient care, especially in the era of targeted and immunotherapies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Extracellular Matrix , Immunotherapy , Pancreatic Pseudocyst , Pancreatitis , Patient Care , Prognosis , Stromal Cells , Tumor Microenvironment
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739931

ABSTRACT

Although previous and ongoing clinical studies have used stromal cells during renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI), there is little consensus regarding the optimal protocol. We aimed to optimize the protocol for hypoxic preconditioned human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cell (HP-hBMSC) therapy in a rat model of renal IRI. We determined the optimal injection route (renal arterial, renal parenchymal, and tail venous injection), dose (low-dose: 1×10⁶, moderate-dose: 2×10⁶, and high-dose: 4×10⁶), and injection period (pre-, concurrent-, and post-IRI). During optimal injection route study, renal arterial injections significantly reduced the decreasing glomerular filtration rate (GFR), as compared to GFRs for the IRI control group, 2 and 4 days after IRI. Therapeutic effects and histological recoveries were the greatest in the group receiving renal arterial injections. During the dose finding study, high-dose injections significantly reduced the decreasing GFR, as compared to GFRs for the IRI control group, 3 days after IRI. Therapeutic effects and histological recoveries were the greatest in the high-dose injection group. While determining the optimal injection timing study, concurrent-IRI injection reduced elevated serum creatinine levels, as compared to those of the IRI control group, 1 day after IRI. Pre-IRI injection significantly reduced the decreasing GFR, as compared with GFRs for the IRI control group, 1 day after IRI. Therapeutic effects and histological recoveries were the greatest in the concurrent-IRI group. In conclusion, the concurrent-IRI administration of a high dose of HP-hBMSC via the renal artery leads to an optimal recovery of renal function after renal IRI.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Acute Kidney Injury , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Consensus , Creatinine , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Models, Animal , Renal Artery , Reperfusion Injury , Stromal Cells , Tail , Therapeutic Uses
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739928

ABSTRACT

Improved approaches for promoting umbilical cord blood (CB) hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) homing are clinically important to enhance engraftment of CB-HSCs. Clinical transplantation of CB-HSCs is used to treat a wide range of disorders. However, an improved understanding of HSC chemotaxis is needed for facilitation of the engraftment process. We found that ectopic overexpression of miR-9 and antisense-miR-9 respectively down- and up-regulated C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) expression in CB-CD34⁺ cells as well as in 293T and TF-1 cell lines. Since CXCR4 is a specific receptor for the stromal cell derived factor-1 (SDF-1) chemotactic factor, we investigated whether sense miR-9 and antisense miR-9 influenced CXCR4-mediated chemotactic mobility of primary CB CD34⁺ cells and TF-1 cells. Ectopic overexpression of sense miR-9 and antisense miR-9 respectively down- and up-regulated SDF-1-mediated chemotactic cell mobility. To our knowledge, this study is the first to report that miR-9 may play a role in regulating CXCR4 expression and SDF-1-mediated chemotactic activity of CB CD34⁺ cells.


Subject(s)
Cell Line , Cell Movement , Chemotaxis , Fetal Blood , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , MicroRNAs , Stromal Cells
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