Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 94
Filter
1.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 38: 40-48, Mar. 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1051342

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The use of agro-industrial wastes to produce high value-added biomolecules such as biosurfactants is a promising approach for lowering the total costs of production. This study aimed to produce biosurfactants using Rhizopus arrhizus UCP 1607, with crude glycerol (CG) and corn steep liquor (CSL) as substrates. In addition, the biomolecule was characterized, and its efficiency in removing petroderivatives from marine soil was investigated. RESULTS: A 22 factorial design was applied, and the best condition for producing the biosurfactant was determined in assay 4 (3% CG and 5% CSL). The biosurfactant reduced the surface tension of water from 72 to 28.8 mN/m and produced a yield of 1.74 g/L. The preliminary biochemical characterization showed that the biosurfactant consisted of proteins (38.0%), carbohydrates (35.4%), and lipids (5.5%). The compounds presented an anionic character, nontoxicity, and great stability for all conditions tested. The biomolecule displayed great ability in dispersing hydrophobic substrates in water, thereby resulting in 53.4 cm2 ODA. The best efficiency of the biosurfactant in removing the pollutant diesel oil from marine soil was 79.4%. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated the ability of R. arrhizus UCP1607 to produce a low-cost biosurfactant characterized as a glycoprotein and its potential use in the bioremediation of the hydrophobic diesel oil pollutant in marine soil


Subject(s)
Rhizopus/metabolism , Surface-Active Agents/metabolism , Gasoline , Soil , Surface-Active Agents/toxicity , Surface Tension , Biodegradation, Environmental , Marine Environment , Zea mays , Agribusiness , Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions , Glycerol , Industrial Waste , Micelles , Mucorales/metabolism
2.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 27: 49-54, May. 2017. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1010292

ABSTRACT

Background: Surfactants are one of the most important raw materials used in various industrial fields as emulsifiers, corrosion inhibitors, foaming agents, detergent products, and so on. However, commercial surfactant production is costly, and its demand is steadily increasing. This study aimed to evaluate the performance of typical strains of Bacillus sp. to produce biosurfactants through fermentation. It also included the investigation of the effect of initial glucose concentration and the carbon to nitrogen ratio. Results: The biosurfactant yield was in the range of 1­2.46 g/L at initial glucose concentrations of 10­70 g/L. The optimum fermentation condition was achieved at a carbon to nitrogen ratio of 12.4, with a decrease in surface tension of up to 27 mN/m. Conclusions: For further development and industrial applications, the modified Gompertz equation is proposed to predict the cell mass and biosurfactant production as a goodness of fit was obtained with this model. The modified Gompertz equation was also extended to enable the excellent prediction of the surface tension.


Subject(s)
Surface-Active Agents/metabolism , Bacillus subtilis/metabolism , Surface-Active Agents/chemistry , Surface Tension , Bacillus subtilis/physiology , Carbon/analysis , Kinetics , Fermentation , Glucose/analysis , Micelles , Nitrogen/analysis
3.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 823-828, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-81889

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Pulmonary surfactants for preterm infants contain mostly animal-derived surfactant proteins (SPs), which are essential for lowering surface tension. We prepared artificial pulmonary surfactants using synthetic human SP analogs and performed in vitro and in vivo experiments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We synthesized peptide analogues that resemble human SP-B (RMLPQLVCRLVLRCSMD) and SP-C (CPVHLKRLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLL). Dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), and palmitic acid (PA) were added and mixed in lyophilized to render powdered surfactant. Synsurf-1 was composed of DPPC:PG:PA:SP-B (75:25:10:3, w/w); Synsurf-2 was composed of DPPC:PG:PA:SP-C (75:25:10:3, w/w); and Synsurf-3 was composed of DPPC:PG:PA:SP-B:SP-C (75:25:10:3:3, w/w). We performed in vitro study to compare the physical characteristics using pulsating bubble surfactometer and modified Wilhelmy balance test. Surface spreading and adsorption test of the surfactant preparations were measured. In vivo test was performed using term and preterm rabbit pups. Pressure-volume curves were generated during the deflation phase. Histologic findings were examined. RESULTS: Pulsating bubble surfactometer readings revealed following minimum and maximum surface tension (mN/m) at 5 minutes: Surfacten® (5.5±0.4, 32.8±1.6), Synsurf-1 (16.7±0.6, 28.7±1.5), Synsurf-2 (7.9±1.0, 33.1±1.6), and Synsurf-3 (7.1±0.8, 34.5±1.0). Surface spreading rates were as follows: Surfacten® (27 mN/m), Synsurf-1 (43 mN/m), Synsurf-2 (27 mN/m), and Synsurf-3 (27 mN/m). Surface adsorption rate results were as follows: Surfacten® (28 mN/m), Synsurf-1 (35 mN/m), Synsurf-2 (29 mN/m), and Synsurf-3 (27 mN/m). The deflation curves were best for Synsurf-3; those for Synsurf-2 were better than those for Surfacten®. Synsurf-1 was the worst surfactant preparation. Microscopic examination showed the largest aerated area of the alveoli in the Synsurf-3 group, followed by Synsurf-1 and Surfacten®; Synsurf-2 was the smallest. CONCLUSION: Synsurf-3 containing both SP-B and SP-C synthetic analogs showed comparable and better efficacy than commercially used Surfacten® in lowering surface tension, pressure-volume curves, and tissue aerated area of the alveoli.


Subject(s)
1,2-Dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine , Adsorption , Animal Experimentation , Animals , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Palmitic Acid , Pulmonary Surfactant-Associated Proteins , Pulmonary Surfactants , Reading , Surface Tension
4.
Braz. dent. j ; 27(5): 584-588, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-828042

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study assessed the antimicrobial efficacy and surface tension of established irrigating solutions with a new experimental chelating solution in infected dentin tubes. Twenty-five specimens were randomly assigned to each of the irrigating solutions. Twenty specimens were used as negative and positive controls. After 21 days of contamination with E. faecalis, the irrigating solutions MTAD, QMiX and Tetraclean NA were delivered into each infected root canal. The solutions were removed and dentin samples were withdrawn from the root canals with sterile low-speed round burs with increasing ISO diameters. The dentin powder samples obtained with each bur were immediately collected in separate test tubes containing 3 mL of BHI broth. After that, 100 μL from each test tube was cultured on blood agar. The grown colonies were counted and recorded as colony-forming units (CFU). The surface tension of the irrigants was measured using a Cahn DCA-322 Dynamic Contact Angle Analyzer. A Kruskal Wallis nonparametric ANOVA and a Friedman test were used (p<0.05). Tetraclean NA showed lower surface tension and CFU values than MTAD and QMiX. Better antibacterial action and low surface tension were observed for Tetraclean NA, probably due to the improved penetration into the root canal and dentinal tubes


Resumo Este estudo avaliou a eficácia antimicrobiana e tensão superficial de soluções irrigadoras e uma nova solução quelante em tubos de dentina infectada. Vinte e cinco espécimes foram aleatoriamente distribuídos conforme as soluções irrigantes. Decorrifdos 21 dias de contaminação com E. faecalis, a soluções de irrigação MTAD, QMiX e Tetraclean NA foram distribuídas em cada canal radicular infectado. As soluções foram removidas e as amostras de dentina foram retiradas dos canais radiculares com brocas esféricas de baixa velocidade com diâmetros ISO sucessivamente maiores. As amostras do pó de dentina obtidas com cada broca foram imediatamente colocadas em tubos de ensaio separados contendo 3 mL de caldo BHI. A seguir, 100 μL de cada amostra do tubo de teste foi cultivada em agar de sangue. As colônias crescidas foram contadas e registadas como unidades formadoras de colônias (UFC). A tensão superficial das soluções irrigantes foi medida utilizando o método de Wilhelmy. A análise não paramétrica de Kruskal-Wallis e o teste de Friedman foram utilizados (p<0,05). Tetraclean NA apresentou menor tensão de superfície e menores valores de UFC do que MTAD e QMiX. A melhor ação antibacteriana e baixa tensão superficial foram observadas para Tetraclean NA, provavelmente devido à melhor penetração no canal radicular e túbulos dentinários.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Anti-Infective Agents/pharmacology , Chelating Agents/chemistry , Surface Tension , Surface-Active Agents/chemistry , Enterobacter/drug effects , Root Canal Irrigants
5.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2016; 29 (2): 521-527
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-176385

ABSTRACT

Micellization is the most important property of surface agents. It plays an important role in the manufacture of pharmaceutical products. The surfactants have many applications in industry, agriculture, mining and oil recovery with functional properties as wetting, foaming and emulsifier in pharmaceutical and cosmetic products. The micellization parameters of surfactants help the manufacture of pharmaceutical products to be appropriate and stable. Therefore, in this study, Polyoxyethylene lauryl ether [C[12]E[23]], Polyoxyethylene [10] cetyl ether [C[16]E[10]] and Polyoxyethylene [20] cetyl ether [C[16]E[20]] were chosen as the nonionic surfactants to examine the effect of temperature variation [10-80[degree]C] on the Critical Micelle Concentration [CMC]. The measurement of surface tension was done by a Du Nöuys ring method. The value of CMC was obtained from the surface tension vs. surfactant concentration curve. Since the temperature was increased, the CMC initially decreased and then increased for each surfactant because the formation of the hydrogen bond is harder in the high temperatures. The surface tension gamma CMC for all three surfactant solutions decreased monotonically as the temperature increased. delta G[degree]m, delta H[degree]m and delta S[degree]m as the thermodynamic parameters of micellization, were also estimated and analyzed. The delta G[degree]m was decreased [10-80[degree]C] if the temperature was increased. The entropy and enthalpy correlation of micellization showed a significant linearity. For C[12]E[23], C[16]E[20] and C[16]E[10], the compensation temperature [Tc] was obtained 309.5, 313.2 and 314.4 K, respectively. The calculated thermodynamic parameters showed that the entropy influenced on the micellization process at lower temperature, but it affected by enthalpy when temperature was increased


Subject(s)
Polyethylene Glycols , Thermodynamics , Temperature , Micelles , Surface Tension
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-162224

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: In this study, we investigated the biodegradation features of 4 perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) alternatives developed at Changwon National University compared to those of PFOS. METHODS: Biodegradation testing was performed with microorganisms cultured in the good laboratory practice laboratory of the Korea Environment Corporation for 28 days following the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development guidelines for the testing of chemicals (Test No. 301 C). RESULTS: While C₈F₁₇SO₃Na, PFOS sodium salt was not degraded after 28 days, the 4 alternatives were biodegraded at the rates of 20.9% for C₁₅F₉H₂₁S₂O₈Na₂, 8.4% for C₁₇F₉H ₂₅S₂O₈Na₂, 22.6% for C₂₃F₁₈H₂₈S₂O₈Na₂, and 23.6% for C₂₅F₁₇H₃₂O₁₃S₃Na₃. CONCLUSIONS: C₂₅F₁₇H₃₂S₃O₁₃Na₃, C₂₃F₁₈H₂₈S₂O₈Na₂, and C₁₅F₉H₂₁S₂O₈Na₂ were superior to PFOS in terms of biodegradation rates and surface tension, and thus they were considered highly applicable as PFOS alternatives. Environmental toxicity, human toxicity, and economic feasibility of these compounds should be investigated prior to their commercialization.


Subject(s)
Humans , Korea , Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development , Sodium , Surface Tension
7.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 203-208, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-220781

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Pulmonary surfactant (PS) replacement has been the gold standard therapy for neonatal respiratory distress syndrome; however, almost all commercial PSs contain animal proteins. We prepared a synthetic PS by using a human surfactant protein (SP) analog and evaluated its in vitro properties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A peptide sequence (CPVHLKRLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLL) of human SP-C was chosen to develop the peptide analog (SPa-C). The new synthetic SP-C PS (sSP-C PS) was synthesized from SPa-C, dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidyl glycerol, and palmitic acid. Physical properties of the sSP-C PS were evaluated by measuring the maximum and minimum surface tensions (STs), surfactant spreading, and adsorption rate. In addition, we recorded an ST-area diagram. The data obtained on sSP-C PS were subsequently compared with those of purified natural bovine surfactant (PNBS), and the commercial product, Surfacten(R). RESULTS: The sSP-C PS and Surfacten(R) were found to have maximum ST values of 32-33 mN/m, whereas that of PNBS was much lower at 19 mN/m. The minimum ST values of all three products were less than 10 mN/m. The values that were measured for the equilibrium ST of rapidly spreading sSP-C PS, Surfacten(R), and PNBS were 27, 27, and 24 mN/m, respectively. The surface adsorptions were found to be the same for all three PSs (20 mN/m). ST-area diagrams of sSP-C PS and Surfacten(R) revealed similar properties. CONCLUSION: In an in vitro experiment, the physical properties exhibited by sSP-C PS were similar to those of Surfacten(R). Further study is required to evaluate the in vivo efficacy.


Subject(s)
1,2-Dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine/analogs & derivatives , Adsorption , Amino Acid Sequence/genetics , Animals , C-Peptide/chemistry , Cattle , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pulmonary Surfactant-Associated Protein C/chemical synthesis , Pulmonary Surfactants/chemical synthesis , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/drug therapy , Surface Properties , Surface Tension , Surface-Active Agents
8.
Braz. dent. j ; 26(1): 66-68, Jan-Feb/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-735832

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of an alcohol-based caries detector (Kurakay) on the surface tension of a conventional sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) preparation, and a product containing a surface-active agent (Chlor-XTRA). The surface tensions of the following solutions were tested: NaOCl, a mixture of NaOCl and Kurakay 9:1 w/w, Chlor-XTRA, a mixture of Chlor-XTRA and Kurakay 9:1 w/w. Ten measurements per test solution were made at 20 C, using an optical method called the "Pendant drop method", with a commercially available apparatus. The addition of Kurakay reduced the surface tension for NaOCl (p<0.05) whilst no significant difference was detected for Chlor-XTRA (p>0.05). Statistically significant differences between the NaOCl and Chlor-XTRA groups were found (p<0.05). The addition of an alcohol-based caries detector resulted in a reduction of the original surface tension values for NaOCl only. Taking into account the fact that mixtures of NaOCl and Kurakay have been used to assess the penetration of root canal irrigants in vitro, the related changes in surface tension are a possible source of bias.


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito de um detector de cárie com álcool (Kurakay) sobre a tensão superficial de um preparado convencional de hipoclorito de sódio (NaOCl) e um produto contendo um agente surfactante (Chlor-XTRA). Foram testadas as tensões superficiais das seguintes soluções: NaOCl, uma mistura de NaOCl e Kurakay na proporção de 9:1 em peso, Chlor-XTRA e um mistura de Chlor-XTRA e Kurakay na proporção de 9:1 em peso. Dez medidas foram feitas com cada solução, a 20 °C, utilizando um método óptico chamado "Método da gota pendente" (Pendant drop method) usando aparelhos disponíveis. Adição do Kurakay reduziu a tensão superficial do NaOCl (p<0,05), mas não houve diferença significante para Chlor-XTRA (p>0,05). Foram encontradas diferenças estatisticamente significantes entre os grupos NaOCl e Chlor-XTRA (p<0,05). Adição de um detector de cárie com álcool resultou na diminuição do valor original da tensão superficial apenas para NaOCl. Considerando que as misturas de NaOCl e Kurakay tem sido usadas para estudar a penetração in vitro dos irrigantes radiculares, as diferenças acima são uma possível fonte de desvio nos resultados.


Subject(s)
Ethanol/chemistry , Propylene Glycols/chemistry , Rhodamines/chemistry , Root Canal Irrigants/chemistry , Sodium Hypochlorite/chemistry , Surface-Active Agents/chemistry , Solutions , Surface Tension
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-43896

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary surfactant instillation is the treatment of choice in neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. The development of artificial surfactant has three decades of history. Animal-derived artificial surfactant is used in most countries and consists of 80% phospholipids and glycerol. 10% of the formulation is comprised of surfactant proteins, which have the critical role in surfactant function of lowering surface tension in the alveoli. Synthetic surfactants are made using synthetic peptide analogues as the surfactant protein counterparts. These are not the same as the human surfactant protein sequences; however, researchers are attempting to find the ideal synthetic peptide sequence for use in synthetic surfactants. Prophylactic and rescue surfactant therapy are two main therapeutic options. A recent recommendation emphasizes the importance of rescue therapy with continuous positive nasal airway pressure, rather than prophylactic use immediate after birth. This article briefly reviews the history and physiology of surfactant use, as well as clinical practice of surfactant and future studies.


Subject(s)
Glycerol , Humans , Parturition , Phospholipids , Physiology , Pulmonary Surfactants , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Surface Tension , Surface-Active Agents
10.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 73(5): 273-278, Sep-Oct/2014. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-741903

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar a secreção lacrimal, coloração da superfície ocular e estabilidade do filme lacrimal em indivíduos submetidos à cirurgia de PRK e LASIK com laser de femtossegundo (femto LASIK). Métodos: Vinte olhos de 10 pacientes submetidos à técnica de Femto LASIK e 11 olhos de 6 pacientes submetidos à técnica de PRK foram estudados de forma prospectiva, longitudinal e intervencionista. Tempo de rotura do filme lacrimal (TRFL), teste de Schirmer basal e coloração da superfície ocular com lissamina verde foram analisados no pré-operatório (pré), no 15º e no 30º dia pós-operatório (15º pós e 30º pós, respectivamente). Resultados: Agrupando todos os olhos, observou-se que o TRFL reduziu-se de forma estatisticamente significante no 15º pós em relação ao valor pré-operatório (p=0,025), mantendo-se reduzido no 30º pós (p= 0,001); não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre o 15º pós e o 30º pós (p=0,219). No teste da lissamina verde, houve aumento significativo desse escore, no 15º pós em relação ao período pré-operatório (p=0,021), havendo, posteriormente, redução no 30º pós (p=0,010). No teste de Schirmer basal, não foi detectada mudança estatisticamente significante ao longo dos três momentos (p=0,107). Comparando-se os testes TRFL, lissamina verde ou Schirmer basal, nos dois grupos estudados (PRK e LASIK), não houve diferença estatisticamente significante em nenhum dos três momentos (pré, 15º pós e 30º pós). Conclusão: Evidenciou-se alteração do filme lacrimal nos pacientes submetidos à cirurgia refrativa, quando foram utilizados os testes de TRFL e lissamina verde. Nas duas técnicas empregadas, não houve diferença estatisticamente significante de alteração do filme lacrimal, quando comparadas entre si (PRK e LASIK). .


Purpose: To evaluate tear film stability, ocular surface staining and tear secretion in patients undergoing PRK and femtosecond laser LASIK. Methods: Twenty eyes of 10 patients submitted to femtosecond laser LASIK and 11 eyes of the 6 patients submitted do PRK underwent tear film break-up time (TBUT), Schirmer’s basal and lissamine green staining measurements pre and postoperatively on days 15 (PO 15) and 30 (PO 30). Results: When grouping all eyes TBUT was reduced on PO 15 (p=0.025) and on PO 30 (p=0.001) compared to preoperative values. No difference was found between PO 15 and PO 30 (p=0.219). Compared to preoperative measurements, lissamine green test demonstrated a significant increase in score on PO 15 (p=0.021) and a significant reduction on PO 30 (p=0.010), when both groups were analyzed together (all 42 eyes). No changes in Schirmer’s basal test were detected in all 3 time periods (p=0.107). TBUT, lissamine green and Schirmer’s basal measurements were no different in all 3 time periods when both groups (PRK and femtosecond laser LASIK) were compared. Conclusion: TBUT and lissamine green measurements were altered after refractive surgery regardless the technique (PRK or femtosecond laser LASIK). When comparing one technique to the other, no difference was found in all measurements. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Tears/metabolism , Dry Eye Syndromes/diagnosis , Dry Eye Syndromes/etiology , Photorefractive Keratectomy/adverse effects , Keratomileusis, Laser In Situ/adverse effects , Lacrimal Apparatus/metabolism , Osmolar Concentration , Postoperative Complications , Staining and Labeling/methods , Surface Tension , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Photorefractive Keratectomy/methods , Fluorescein/administration & dosage , Keratomileusis, Laser In Situ/methods , Lasers, Excimer/therapeutic use , Fluorescent Dyes/administration & dosage , Lissamine Green Dyes/administration & dosage
11.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 17(1): 6-6, Jan. 2014. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-706520

ABSTRACT

Background: Biotechnological processes are costly, especially for the production of biosurfactants. The successful production of a biosurfactant is dependent on the development of processes using low cost raw materials. Considering the importance of the characteristics of a biosurfactant to facilitate its industrial application, the properties of the biosurfactant produced by Candida lipolytica through previously optimized medium have been established. Results: The yeast was grown for 72 h to determine the kinetics of growth and production. The surface tension of the cell-free broth was reduced from 55 to 25 mN/m. The yield of biosurfactant was 8.0 g/l with a CMC of 0.03%. The biosurfactant was characterized as an anionic lipopeptide composed of 50% protein, 20% lipids, and 8% of carbohydrates. Conclusions: The isolated biosurfactant showed no toxicity against different vegetable seeds: Brassica oleracea, Solanum gilo and Lactuca sativa L. and the micro-crustacean Artemia salina. The properties of the biosurfactant produced suggest its potential application in industries that require the use of effective compounds at low cost.


Subject(s)
Surface-Active Agents/metabolism , Surface-Active Agents/chemistry , Candida/metabolism , Artemia , Surface-Active Agents/toxicity , Surface Tension , Kinetics , Biomass , Lipopeptides , Fatty Acids/analysis , Fermentation , Micelles
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329266

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe changes in surface tension of bronchoalveolar lavage fluids (BALF) in rabbits with hyperbilirubinemia and the influence of bile diluents and 5 different bile acids on BALF surface tension to provide better insight into the regulatory role of bile acids on respiratory function.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Bronchoalveolar lavage with 0.9% normal saline was carried out in 30 male New Zealand rabbits and the surface tensions of BALF were measured. The changes in BALF surface tension was measured in rabbits with hyperbilirubinemia. Different concentrations of bile diluents, normal saline, or water solutions of 5 bile acids were added into the collected BALF to test their influence on the surface tension of BALF.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The BALF from rabbits with hyperbilirubinemia showed a significantly increased surface tension (P<0.05). The bile diluents (1:15, 1:10, and 1:5) added into the BALF increased the surface tension of the BALF by 21.15%, 26.09%, and 19.64%, respectively. Among the water solutions of the 5 bile acids, UDCA produced no significant influence on the surface tension of BALF while CDCA, CA, LCA, and DCA increased the surface tension by 16.10%, 21.66%, 14.21%, and 13.05%, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The surface tension of BALF increases significantly during hyperbilirubinemia. Bile diluents as well as the free bile acids CDCA, CA, LCA and DCA, but not UDCA, can increase the surface tension of BALF, suggesting that these bile acids may emulsify pulmonary alveolar surfactants to increase the alveolar surface tension.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Bile , Bile Acids and Salts , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Male , Pulmonary Surfactants , Rabbits , Surface Tension
13.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2013. 61 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-755451

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a dissolução do tecido pulpar pelo NaOCl contendo em sua composição agentes redutores da tensão superfical (Chlor-Xtra®) quando comparados ao NaOCl convencional. Com esta finalidade 44 dentes unirradiculares humanos com tecido pulpar preservado em solução de formol a 10% foram agrupados em 22 pares de acordo com a semelhança de sua anatomia interna previamente avaliada por radiografias. Os canais foram instrumentados com sistema Protaper Universal® e todo o processo de irrigação teve, além do tempo, seu volume e fluxo controlado por meio automatizado por meio do sistema Vatea® Endodontic Iirrigation Device. Após cada canal que compunha um par ter sido instrumentado empregando-se uma das diferentes soluções testadas, as quais foram previamente avaliadas quanto a sua tensão superficial, ambos foram devidamente preparados e enviados para processamento e análise histológica. Cortes a 0,5, 1,2,3 e 4mm do ápice foram realizados, corados e fotografados. As imagens foram analisadas por meio do programa AxioVision® a fim de estabelecer o percentual de tecido remanescente em relação à área total do canal nos segmentos estudados. As análises referentes a tensão superficial revelaram que o Chlor-Xtra® demonstrou possuir significativamente menor tensão superficial quando comparado ao NaOCL convencional (p>0,05). A análise estatística por meio do test T student das áreas dos canais, demonstrou que o pareamento das amostras foi eficiente entre os grupo NaOCl e Chlor-Xtra® (p>0,05). Em relação ao Percentual de Tecido Remanescente (PTR), os resultados revelaram por meio de análise feita pelo teste Kruskal-Wallis e o teste de correlação de Spearman que o nível de corte influencia significantemente o PTR (P<0,05).Por fim, o teste de Mann-Whitney indicou que o PTR não é influenciado pela solução irrigadora utilizada (P>0,05). A partir da análise dos...


Sodium hypochlorite solutions with added wetting agents are advertised to dissolve necrotic tissue in root canals faster than counterparts without lowered surface tension. This was tested in the current study using extracted, single-rooted teeth with oval canals that contained pulp tissue. Formerly vital extracted teeth (N = 44) with similar anatomy were radiographically paired and chemomechanically prepared. In one tooth, a 5.25% NaOCl solution with reduced surface tension was used, in the other a pure, technical-grade NaOCl solution of 5.25%. Percentage of remaining pulp tissue (PRPT) was histologically assessed in root cross-sections. The non-Gaussian raw data was subjected to Kruskal-Walis and Mann-Whitney U tests to verify the respective effect of level of cross-section and solution on the PRPT.The relationship between level of cross-section and PRPT was estimated by Spearman correlation test. Alpha-type error was set at 5%. The level of section significantly influenced the PRPT (P<0.05), whereas the PRPT was not influenced by the solution used (P>0.05). A significant inverse correlation was found between the level of section and PRPT (P<0.05, r = -0.330). The lower the distance to the apex, the higher the PRPT, regardless of the solution used.Contrary to the advertised statement, the dental solution with reduced surface tension did not dissolve vital pulp tissue in oval root canals any better than a conventional NaOCl solution of similar strength. Closer to the apex, pulp tissue dissolution is less efficient, irrespective of the solution...


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Pulp Cavity , Endodontics , Sodium Hypochlorite/therapeutic use , Root Canal Irrigants , Root Canal Preparation , Brazil , Tooth/anatomy & histology , Tooth , Statistics, Nonparametric , Surface Tension
14.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2013. 61 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-867241

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a dissolução do tecido pulpar pelo NaOCl contendo em sua composição agentes redutores da tensão superfical (Chlor-Xtra®) quando comparados ao NaOCl convencional. Com esta finalidade 44 dentes unirradiculares humanos com tecido pulpar preservado em solução de formol a 10% foram agrupados em 22 pares de acordo com a semelhança de sua anatomia interna previamente avaliada por radiografias. Os canais foram instrumentados com sistema Protaper Universal® e todo o processo de irrigação teve, além do tempo, seu volume e fluxo controlado por meio automatizado por meio do sistema Vatea® Endodontic Iirrigation Device. Após cada canal que compunha um par ter sido instrumentado empregando-se uma das diferentes soluções testadas, as quais foram previamente avaliadas quanto a sua tensão superficial, ambos foram devidamente preparados e enviados para processamento e análise histológica. Cortes a 0,5, 1,2,3 e 4mm do ápice foram realizados, corados e fotografados. As imagens foram analisadas por meio do programa AxioVision® a fim de estabelecer o percentual de tecido remanescente em relação à área total do canal nos segmentos estudados. As análises referentes a tensão superficial revelaram que o Chlor-Xtra® demonstrou possuir significativamente menor tensão superficial quando comparado ao NaOCL convencional (p>0,05). A análise estatística por meio do test T student das áreas dos canais, demonstrou que o pareamento das amostras foi eficiente entre os grupo NaOCl e Chlor-Xtra® (p>0,05). Em relação ao Percentual de Tecido Remanescente (PTR), os resultados revelaram por meio de análise feita pelo teste Kruskal-Wallis e o teste de correlação de Spearman que o nível de corte influencia significantemente o PTR (P<0,05).Por fim, o teste de Mann-Whitney indicou que o PTR não é influenciado pela solução irrigadora utilizada (P>0,05). A partir da análise dos ...


Sodium hypochlorite solutions with added wetting agents are advertised to dissolve necrotic tissue in root canals faster than counterparts without lowered surface tension. This was tested in the current study using extracted, single-rooted teeth with oval canals that contained pulp tissue. Formerly vital extracted teeth (N = 44) with similar anatomy were radiographically paired and chemomechanically prepared. In one tooth, a 5.25% NaOCl solution with reduced surface tension was used, in the other a pure, technical-grade NaOCl solution of 5.25%. Percentage of remaining pulp tissue (PRPT) was histologically assessed in root cross-sections. The non-Gaussian raw data was subjected to Kruskal-Walis and Mann-Whitney U tests to verify the respective effect of level of cross-section and solution on the PRPT.The relationship between level of cross-section and PRPT was estimated by Spearman correlation test. Alpha-type error was set at 5%. The level of section significantly influenced the PRPT (P<0.05), whereas the PRPT was not influenced by the solution used (P>0.05). A significant inverse correlation was found between the level of section and PRPT (P<0.05, r = -0.330). The lower the distance to the apex, the higher the PRPT, regardless of the solution used.Contrary to the advertised statement, the dental solution with reduced surface tension did not dissolve vital pulp tissue in oval root canals any better than a conventional NaOCl solution of similar strength. Closer to the apex, pulp tissue dissolution is less efficient, irrespective of the solution.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Pulp Cavity , Endodontics , Sodium Hypochlorite/therapeutic use , Root Canal Irrigants , Root Canal Preparation , Brazil , Tooth/anatomy & histology , Tooth , Statistics, Nonparametric , Surface Tension
15.
São Paulo; Editora da Universidade de São Paulo; 2012. 346 p. ilus, tab, graf.(Acadêmica, 61).
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-695485

ABSTRACT

Paulo Leonel Libardi desenvolve de forma clara os aspectos envolvidos no movimento da água no solo neste livro, destinado a estudantes e profissionais de diferentes ramos do conhecimento envolvidos no estudo do movimento da água em meios porosos, como a geologia e algumas áreas da engenharia, especialmente a agronômica, agrícola, florestal e ambiental. Em dez capítulos e quatro apêndices, são tratadas questões que envolvem a estrutura da água, o cálculo e a avaliação de sua retenção nos poros do solo. Destacam-se tópicos como: tensão superficial, potenciais mátrico, gravitacional e químico, condutividade hidráulica, equações de fluxo e do balanço hídrico. São também apresentados resumos de tópicos importantes da física e da química que oferecem subsídios para o aprofundamento dos temas abordados no livro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Edaphology , Soil , Soil Characteristics , Water , Water Physical Characteristics , Infiltration-Percolation , Surface Tension , Thermodynamics , Hydrologic Balance , Hydrostatic Pressure
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-85057

ABSTRACT

The benefits of exogenous synthetic or animal-derived natural surfactants for treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) are well established. Although synthetic surfactants have potential safety advantages over animal-derived products, they seem to be clinically inferior to animal-derived natural surfactant, based on the results of numerous comparative trials. In recent years, however, synthetic surfactant has experienced a surge in breakthroughs to the point of rivaling natural surfactant, mainly due to the development of protein-containing synthetic surfactant. This article will review the historical background on the development of artificial pulmonary surfactant, compositional and physicochemical aspects on pulmonary surfactant lipids and proteins, results of comparative trials among natural, protein-free and protein-containing surfactants, and current status of development of protein-containing surfactants for treatment of RDS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hyaline Membrane Disease , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Proteins , Pulmonary Surfactants , Surface Tension , Surface-Active Agents
17.
Rev. odonto ciênc ; 26(4): 315-320, 2011. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-625015

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of the Grander technology in reducing the surface tension and contact angle of a self-etch adhesive system. METHODS: Distilled water and Xeno III self-etch adhesive system (Dentsply) were modified by physical contact with the Flexible unit Grander system to revitalize water, for 48 hours, resulting in four groups: Group 1 - Xeno III under normal conditions; Group 2 - Xeno III modified by Grander; Group 3 - distilled water under normal conditions; Group 4 - distilled water system modified by the Grander system;. Surface tension and contact angle (dentin substrate and titanium plate) of the adhesive system and water in normal and Grander-modified conditions was measured with a goniometer. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey test (5%). RESULTS: Grander technology reduced the surface tension of water but not of the adhesive system Xeno III. The contact angle property of the adhesive ystem was not affected. CONCLUSION: Grander technology did not interfere with the surface tension and contact angle physical properties of the Xeno III self-etch adhesive system.


OBJETIVO: Esta pesquisa verificou os efeitos da tecnologia Grander na alteração da tensão superficial e ângulo de contato de um sistema adesivo autocondicionante. METODOLOGIA: O sistema adesivo autocondicionante Xeno III (Dentsply) e a água destilada foram modificados pelo contato físico com a unidade flexible do sistema Grander para revitalização de águas por 48 horas, resultando em 4 grupos: Grupo 1 - sistema adesivo Xeno III em condições de normalidade; Grupo 2 - sistema adesivo Xeno III modificado pelo sistema Grander; Grupo 3 - água destilada em condições de normalidade; Grupo 4 - água destilada modificada pelo sistema Grander. A tensão superficial dos líquidos foi verificada em goniômetro utilizando cinco medidas para cada gota de líquido. O ângulo de contato foi medido com o goniômetro sobre os substratos placa de titânio e dentes bovinos. Os dados foram submetidos aos testes ANOVA e Tukey (5%). RESULTADOS: Houve redução significativa da tensão superficial da água com a modificação pelo sistema Grander. Não houve redução da tensão superficial e ângulo de contato para o sistema adesivo Xeno III. CONCLUSÃO: A tecnologia Grander não interferiu com a tensão superficial e o ângulo de contato para o sistema adesivo Xeno III.


Subject(s)
Distilled Water , Dentin/physiology , Surface Tension
18.
Rev. bras. odontol ; 67(1): 92-96, jul.-dez. 2010. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-563844

ABSTRACT

Este trabalho analisou, por meio do Método de Elementos Finitos, as tensões geradas no osso cortical ao redor de implantes que suportam próteses totais fixas mandibulares com esplintagem dos implantes por meio de uma barra pré-fabricada rígida de titânio (Sistema Neopronto® - Neodent®), após simulação de carga oclusal axial e oblíqua, aplicada no último elemento do cantilever. Os resultados mostraram que o sistema de esplintagem rígida dos implantes transmitiu tensões máximas toleráveis ao osso cortical. Concluiu-se que o carregamento axial transmitiu menor tensão ao osso cortical que o carregamento oblíquo, no entanto, para ambos os tipos de carregamento, não haveria comprometimento da integridade do osso cortical, visto que o limite máximo de tensão atingido foi inferior ao preconizado na literatura (167 MPa).


Subject(s)
Finite Element Analysis , Dental Implants , Jaw, Edentulous , Surface Tension
19.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 15(5): 98-108, set.-out. 2010. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-562900

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: desenvolver e validar, através do Método dos Elementos Finitos (MEF), um modelo numérico tridimensional (3D) de um incisivo central superior para simular o movimento dentário. MÉTODOS: esse modelo contempla a unidade dentária, o osso alveolar e o ligamento periodontal. Permite a simulação dos diferentes movimentos dentários e a determinação dos centros de rotação e de resistência. Limita o movimento ao espaço periodontal, registrando a direção, quantificando o deslocamento dentário e as tensões iniciais no ligamento periodontal. RESULTADOS: a análise dos deslocamentos dentários e das áreas que recebem tensões iniciais possibilita determinar os tipos de movimentos dentários. Com base nas forças ortodônticas, é possível quantificar a intensidade das tensões em cada região do dente, do ligamento periodontal ou do osso alveolar. Com base nas tensões axiais ao longo do ligamento periodontal e da tensão capilar, é possível predizer, teoricamente, as regiões em que deve ocorrer a remodelação óssea. CONCLUSÃO: o modelo foi validado pela determinação do módulo de elasticidade do ligamento periodontal de forma compatível com dados experimentais existentes na literatura. Os métodos utilizados na construção do modelo permitiram a criação de um modelo completo para uma arcada dentária, o qual possibilita realizar variadas simulações que envolvem a mecânica ortodôntica.


OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a three-dimensional (3D) numerical model of a maxillary central incisor to simulate tooth movement using the Finite Element Method (FEM). METHODS: This model encompasses the tooth, alveolar bone and periodontal ligament. It allows the simulation of different tooth movements and the establishment of centers of rotation and resistance. It limits the movement into the periodontal space, recording the direction, quantifying tooth displacement and initial stress in the periodontal ligament. RESULTS: By assessing tooth displacements and the areas that receive initial stress it is possible to determine the different types of tooth movement. Orthodontic forces make it possible to quantify stress magnitude in each tooth area, in the periodontal ligament and in the alveolar bone. Based on the axial stress along the periodontal ligament and the stress in the capillary blood vessel (capillary blood stress) it is theoretically possible to predict the areas where bone remodeling is likely to occur. CONCLUSIONS: The model was validated by determining the modulus of elasticity of the periodontal ligament in a manner consistent with experimental data in the literature. The methods used in building the model enabled the creation of a complete model for a dental arch, which allows a number of simulations involving orthodontic mechanics.


Subject(s)
Finite Element Analysis , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Tooth Movement Techniques/classification , Periodontal Ligament , Surface Tension , Facial Bones , Incisor , Orthodontic Brackets , Orthodontics , Tooth Socket
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328053

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study relationships between the main active ingredients and physical and chemical parameters of dangguibuxue decoction, and to explore the feasibility of characterization the quality of decoction by physical and chemical parameters.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Solutions of ferulic acid and astragaloside with different concentrations were prepared, of which physical and chemical parameters such as surface tension, pH value and conductivity, etc were determined at 25 degrees C. And polynomial regression analysis was used to analyze these data.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>With the increase of concentration of ferulic acid, pH value was decreased and conductivity was increased. And surface tension was decreased in the aqueous solution of astragaloside. In the combined solution of ferulic acid and astragaloside, ferulic acid was the main influencing pH value and conductivity, while astragaloside was the main factor influencing surface tension.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>On one hand, astragaloside concentration has a significant correlation with surface tension, but almost no correlation with pH value and conductivity. On the other hand, ferulic acid concentration has a strong correlation with pH value and conductivity, but almost no correlation with surface tension. In addition, each parameter has strong anti-interference ability and almost didn't change with the addition of another material. These preliminary results suggested that such characteristic parameters could be used to characterize the decoction quality.</p>


Subject(s)
Chemical Phenomena , Coumaric Acids , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Surface Tension
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL